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Full text of "Jets and flashes"

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OOAEPmAHIE ni T. 1) $Hioco<|>ifl BCTopia Jlya Biaaa. 2) Bbko h eio 
<HOBaa Bayica*. 3) HoBiifl BCTopHsi eBpeftcsaro oapo^a. 4) Hto TaEoe 
eHacTi>e? ) FToniB PeHana h Teopifl aBTOHOMiH ih^hocth J^pHnra. 6) KpH- 
THBa yTHiBTapHSiia. 7) 3aiiHCKH IIpo<t»aHa. 

C0jn;EP2KAHIE iV T. 1) XepTBa CTapoff pyccKoft HCTopin. 2) Hj^eaiHSMi, 
flXOionoBiOHCTBO H peaiHBHB. 3) Cysi^aiLiiu h cysxaucKafl spHTBKa. 4). 
xHTeparypHoft x%flTeiBHOCTH S9. P. ^ysoBCsaro oV GUpxb Mapacb nepexi 
cyj^OMi r. D. ^ysoBcsaro. 6) Bb nepeMeauty. 7) UucBMa o npaBjcb h ne- 
npaBjck 8) JlBTepaTypsHfl saiiiTSB 1878 r. 9) IlHCBMa £■& yneeuMB noiEWb. 
10) ^KBTcficKifl H xyj^osecTBeHHUfl itpaiiu. li) JLflTepaTypflufl saiciTKH 1879 1. 
12) JlHTepaTvpHUfl saHtTSH 1880 r. 

COAEPatAHIE V T. 1) aecTORit TaianTB. 2) Pi. H. FcneHCBit. 8) 
nieiq;>Ha'B. 4) Fepoft 6e3BpeiieBbfl. 5) H. B. UleiryHOB'B. 6 3aiiHCjcH coBpe- 
MeHHBJca: L HeaaBBCBiiufl o6cTOflTexbCTBa. II. IlHceMCKOM'b h J[ocToeB- 
CKOH'B. ni. H'b^TO iBAOM'i^pazi. lY. nopHorpad>iH. V. Mt^Hue tt6u h 
BaMOHiui xyniH. VI. nociymaeifb yMHUx'B iDxet. YIL Tpe MHsaBrpoiia. YIII. 
ntcHB TopsecTBynn^efl ih)6bh h nicKOibso Meio^ea. IX. SSypeaiBHoe 
oCospiaie X. TopsecTBo r. ^ioHa, npexa o6pa80BaHHocTH h npoH. XI. 
HtKOTopuxib CTapuxi H HOBUX'B HexopasyM'bBiflX'b. XII Bee 4>pam;y3% raxHTi. 
XIIL tMopTB AapBHHa. XIV. .0 xoflOcax'B. XV. 3a6uTafl a36yKa. XVL PaM- 
leTHSBpoBaHHiiie aopocaxa. 7) IlkcbMa nocTopoHflaro bi peAaBi;iH) cOrene- 
CTBeBBiixi 3anBC0K'b>. 

COJUSPSAHIE VI T. 1) BoiBTepB-^exoB'bK'B h BoibTepi MuciHTeiB. 
2) FpajiB BucMapKi. 8) IIpeAflciOBie s^ KHuri o6'b HBant FposHoirb. 
4) BBaHB FposHufi wb pyccsofi iHtepaTypi. 5) nauca o AByxB soauarb. 
6) PoMaHH^ecicafl HCTopia. 7) IIoiHTHHecKafl dKOHOMia h o^u^ecTBeHHaa 
flayica. 8) AHeBHBS'b ^HraTeja. 9) CjEyHafiBua saHiTSB h nacbMa o passux^ 

paSBOCTflX'b. 



1* 



Mm mm lypeajia <FyCCROE BOriTCTBO>: 

C. A. Ah— CKiH. Oqiepu HapoAHolt jrHTepaTypsi, It. 80 k. 

H. rapMHb. OnepKH e paaoKasu. T. I. Ha^. BTopoe. U;. 1 p. 25 k. 

Ero we. O^epKH h pasoKasH. T. II. H;. 1 p. 

Ero me.rHMHaBHOTH.HsiceiiellHofi xpohhkh. 113^. BTopoe.I^.l p. 25 k. 

Ero we. GTyAeHni. Hs'l cexellHOft xpoHBKH. II. 1 p. 25 k. 

C. fl. EjinaTbeBCKiN. OwpKH Ch6hph. Hba. 2-oe. II|. 1 p. 

Bii. KopojieHKo. Bi roxoAHuft ro;^^. Hsa. ipeiBe. U;. 1 p. 

Ero we. Gjr&nofi MysuKaHTB. Hsa- meoToe. II|. 75 k. 

il. MeiibuiMH-b. B'L Mipt OTBopseHHUxi. SansoKH 6siBniaro UTOps- 
HHRa. n;. 1 p. 50 K. 

H. K. MMxaN/ioBCKiN. CoHSHeidii bi meoTH TOMaxi. YAeujeBJieHHoe HB^a- 
lie 6oj[Bnioro ^opMaia, bi XBa cT0Ji6qa, bi 30 neuTHurb 
noTOB'B Kai^i(fiitt ToiTb. Gz nopmpemoMz aetnopa. B,. 12 p. 

A. 0. HeMMpoBCKiN. HanaoTB. IIOBicTb hbi Bpeiien xoiepioft diaflfi^m 

1892 r. n;. 1 p. 

C. H. IGwaKOB-b. JifiSMm BOKpyrB AbIh. nyreBHfl Bne^arrtHifl. Et Ip. 

50 K. 
n. fl. GTHXOTBOpeHifl. B,. 1 p. 



HOB£IH KHHrH: 

HrAPHEB. ri/IMHA3l/IOTbl (H3i.ce- 
MefiHoft xpoHHKH). 2-06 H3AaHie. D^. 1 p. 25 k. 

Ero TRe. OTy^EHlDI (h3^ ceMefinoS xpo- 
hhkh). 11^. Ip, 25 K. 



Bi EOFHo. C/l-BnOfl MYSblKAHTb. 

{drm^iy). UlecToe (nepecMOTp-feHHoe h fl;onojiHeHHbe) 
H3j;aHie. Il^, 75 k, 



/^BUieCTBEHHXOBPAH^W^ 



SijBl. 0. piT!I«**' 



K3**:i 



CBBTJIua JIYTb. 

riOBiCTb. 



xvn. 

Upomjio HbcBOJiBRO sneft. GipoeBa OROHHaiejiBHO pimua He 
jtexaib AO rtn nop'B, noBa coBepmeHHO He nociaBHn Maxb- 
VKa Ha HorH. Ona Auce cepAiuiacB na ceOa sa to, ^to lara 
npBBflsajiacB ri Eoiiy. c^iaiOy ROHewo, xopomee, — roBopHoia ona, 
HO Tairb, Bi BhjibhI, ^ijiaa xyna o6fl8aHHOCTeft. fl saciaBJUiio 
Apynm pa6oTaTB sa ce6fl». 

TiiTb He Menie ona 6oJibme He nopuBajiacB yixaiB. A Maja- 
HHKB MesAy T^Mx ci BasAUMi AHOMi saM^THO HonpaBJifljicfl. Oaa 
no^n HHRyAa ne BuxoAHJia, Bce CHA'i^iia okojio Hero, HHorAa hh- 
Tajia eiiy RHHry, HHorAa npocio no HH6yAB pascBasuBajia, HHorAa 
pimajiacB cficiB sa nBansHO h cbohmh Ay<$OBUMH naJUBAaioi cb 
ipyAOMx H8o6paxajia KaR0ft-HH6yAB Hecjuosrait mothbb. 

A HaAesAa nBaHOBna, jB^peHHafl^ hto Mosen na nee no- 
jnosHTBCfl, saHHMajiacB ApyrHMH A^aiiH. Ona paaa ABa nodTHJia 
AHTona MnxaftjiOBH^a. Ho ohb ee coBcim ne npHsnajiB. Owb 
laRB 6KUIB Horjion^eHB cbohmh ofipasamr, hto ne xotijrB o6pa- 
niaiB BHHMamfl na hto nnSyAB hsb A'^ftciBHiejiBHaro^ BH^mHaro 
Mipa. Ohb BeorB 6e8K0HeHHHH 6eciAu cb nijiofi cjioacHoft CHCie- 
Mot jiioAet H jHpejRAeHlft. CipaniHoe HanpnaceHie, cb BOTopmrb 
0Hi> cjiymajTB bc^xb OAHOBpeiieHHO h crapajicfl bc^mb OTBinaiB, — 
Bce aio norjiontajio ero. 

Ohb Boo6paauuiB ce6fl oBpyaceHHUMB areHTaMH, Koropue bc% 
cjAjiflstL sa RasAmiB ero ABHsenieMB, noACJiyniHBajiH ero imcjiH, 
8a6Hpaju!CB bb ero Ayniy, HsiciflAJiH no cBoeMy nponsBOJiy ero 
o^yn^eHiH h xejiaHiA. MyHHiejiBHO 6ujio chotpItb na diy CTpani- 
Hyio pa6oTy 6ojiiBHoft muchh. 

Ona yxoAHJia cb CAaBJieHHuiix cepAi^eMB. Hnny AjieRcaHApoBHy 
OHB BceiaRH yBHasajiB. Ona cnasajia OHy: 

— 3to fl, TBO^ MajuoTRa! 

— A^ HajiioTRa, — o^OHB cepBesHO cRasajiB ohb h nocMOTpin 



6 f 7C0R0K BOFATCTBO. 

Ha Hee RaKi to 8a6oTJiHBo.— yxoAH sue OTciojia, a to ohh s 
To6oft en^e saSiiyTCfll jxoahI 

Ona Bumjia h sa SBepBio e^Ba ho yiiaJia. Ho soKTopa csa- 

SaJIH, HTO 60Jli8HB EfifiTh ZOpomO H 1T0 Ha 8T0TL pa8l OHa BOH- 
HHTCfl 6iICTp0. 

cOna npoxoxHrB) TaRi CKasaTB, 8RCTpeHHiiirB 6iroirb. Ectb^ 
TOJiBRO onacHocTB, ^TO OHa ocTaBHTi Bi OFO opraHHsaiiiH 60Jli6 
rjiyCoRift cji^xb. IIpHAeTCfl ohbhb Tn^aTejiBHO oBeperaTL ero orb 
peABAHBa. Ero Haffo6HO Gyxerb yBesTH B^ nycTUHio». 

OcTaJdBHoe BpoMfl 0H% BXBoev'B nocBJin](aj[[H ycTpoflCTBy xoianca, 
ROTopuft Hhhb AjieRcaHxpoBHa yse npio6p&ia b% coCcTBennocTB. 
Repeal Heff&no yoRO xomhri 6hjii coBepmeHHO ycTpooHB. Ty^a 
RynsjiH HOByio M66eJiB, CRpoMnyio, ho ynTnyio h bbhobo bco^ 
oBcTaBHJiH. Hana AjieRcaHApoBHa ciisAiiJia Kb sHBROiioMy a^BO- 
RBTy. Ohi noMorb eft coBepmHTB Bci ^opMajiBHOCTH. 

Bci «naHCiOHepu» 6ujih c^iJiaHH BJnajiijiBitaMH nacra MajieHB- 
Raro AOifHRa. Bujia HaHATa tfpHCJiyra, seHn^HHa, ROTopoft mosrho 
6ujL0 xoBipHTB dTO ffbiio. HeCojiBnioft RanHTajrb, nojiosennuft bs 
6aHR'b, AOJixeffB fiujn noxA^psHBaTB hzi CBpOMHoe cyn^ecTBO^ 
Banie. 

H Borb, HacrynHJiB aohb, Rorxa RBaprapa Ha KnpoTOoft ocbo- 
6oABJiacB OTB HSJoimHHXi sHJiBqoB'B. HHHa AjieRcaHApoBHa CRa- 
Sana: 

— BoiocB, HTO TenepB CyAen en^e rpycrnle, nfbu'h npesA^- 
S yse CBiiRJiacB cb bthhh MajieHBRHicH 8a6oTaMH. 

CTopiilRifl HacTO ^ABJTB BB jn^HeCHHAy, a oTTyAa saisauuiB 
RB Heh*! AjieRcaHApoBHi H RasAuft pasTi coo6n^ajiB Bce fiojuie 
H 6oJii6 fijiaronpiaTHBia cb^a'^^hLi. 

npomjio oROJio AByxB hoa^b hocjA tofo, RaRB Ahtohb Mh* 
xafiJioBHHB nocTyHHJiB BB JiineCHHity. HaAesAft HBanoBHa CojiBine 
HO isAHJia RB HeMy. Eft Chjio Tflsejio nyscTBOBaTB, hto owh ee 
H6 ysHaoTB, a ero cocTOflnie npoHseoABJio na nee cjihoirohb 
TflrocTHoe enenaTJiiHie. Ho HHHa AjieRcaHApoBHa yse roBopHoia 
eft, HTO OHB cpasy npsBHaerB ee, roBopHTB cb hoio, cnpamH- 
BaeTB nanclOHepaxB h ^to ohb cb 6jiaroAapHocTBH> noxaJiB eft 
pyRy, ROFAa ysnajiB o noRynRft AOiia. Bb Apyroft pasB ohb pas- 
cnpamHBajiB ee npo ByRy, a cb Ctop^iirhmb roBopHJTB o Totid- 
noLwb, EyjiBROBoft) o CojuBHEi^i H, HaROHeiTBi A&xe MeHiaJiB o 
tomb, ROFAa 6yAeTB Aona, RorAa ohatb noiA^TB RaTaTBca Ha 
CBoeMB ByRi. OAHasAu cnpocuiB o net, RaRB ona nosHBaeTB. 
PascnpamHsajiB Aa^o o tohb, uh JiomaAB BSHJia 6oxhmot npnsB 
Ha 6'6raxB. 

Cjiobomb, ohb 6ucTpo yjiyHmajicfl. Hponuio en^e AHOft hatb. 

OAHaxAu HaAesAa HsaHOBHa npiixajia na EnpoHHyio se^e- 
pom, HacoBB BB A6BaTB, H 6uJia yAHBJieHa, ycjramaBB bb Ra6H- 
E&rb MyoRCROft rojsoci; ona Bomjna TyAft* 



CB'BTJCEZS XTVb. 7 

Ahtohi MaxaftjioBH^i noAHAJicfl h nomejrb eft naBCtpi^y cb 

paCRpUTHMH 06lflTiiiM?. OhI A^ftCTB&TeOIBHO 06HflJII'B 66 H nOI^- 
JEOBSUTB Kb JSOfo. HSHa AjieKCaHApOBHa CMOTpijia Ha HHX'B Cb 

yjrafiRoft. 

— Hy, cjiaBaBory, spysM moh, hto a cl Bamil — CEasaiTB owb. 

— RorAa? — copocHJia HanesAa HBaHOBHa. 

— GeroAHH Kb o6iAy Bunyn^eHi! 0, Kasoe bto 6jD[as6HCTB0, 
6ktb Buiiyii](eHHUM'B OTRyAa HH6yABl HaHnnaeniB u^Ewih oKHSHBy 
npaBO. H AjMaR), hto, ecjiH6Bt bi oahhi np6RpacHuft a^hb, bu- 

nyCTHJIH Ha CB060Ay BC^XI 3aRJIH>H6HHiIZ'B Ha BiHEua BpeM6Ha, 

TO He 6EIJI0 6bi 6oJi%e CHacTJUBBUx'b JUiOAeft na CBiT^. 

Eny oHeHB xoi^jiocb roBopHTB hhofo, ho eny ne nosBOJOuni. 

YoRe Vh ffiCBTb HaCOBB 06% SeHn^HHlI HaCIOfl^HQO CiaJIH npocHTB 

oro JioauiTBCii cnaxB. Ohi njsoxa cnajni bb 6ojiibhhii'6, h y nero 
emfi 6njn oh6hb yioMJoenHBift bbab. 

Ohb noRopHO corjiaoBJicfl, h ohh cRopo pascTaJiHCB. IIpon^aflCB, 
0E% cRasaji'B UaAesA^ HBaHOBBi: 

— MaJoioTRa roBopHTB, hto b. ne ysnaBajTB Baci h ^0 bu 

06HSeHH. 

— A He ofiBaRena, ho mhA Cujio Cojcbho! — OTB^THJua Ha- 
AesAa HBaHOBHa, 

— A B^AB A Bl Cyn^HOCTH OTJIHHHO SHaJI'B, HTO BTO Bil, HO 

y HOEfl 6£uia RaRaa to cipaHH&fl 8jiio6a npoTHBB Baci. 

— npoTHBi MeHfl?— HaAejRAa HBaHOBHa BSApornyjia. 

— Jifl, HpeACTaBBTe... Mni RasajiocB, hto bu npHHaAJiexHTe 
Ri Tofl Boo6pasaeMoft CBopi, ROTopaa hohh npecjriAOBajia. 9to 

OTTOrO, HTO VU CB BaMH Bl HOCJribAHie AHH npOBOJIH BH^CTi 

MHoro HacoBB. Bu cjiHrnROMB sac&iH Bi voefi jiyuA. A Bce, tto 
Mwb BcnoMHHaj[[OCB, fl OTHOCHJH KB BparaicB. Ho TenepB mu 6ojiib- 
mle xpyvbBj ne npaBAa jih? OcoCenno xopomo cb Bameft cto- 
poHU TO, HTO BU He 8a6uBajiH MOK) vajuoTRy H noMorajiH eft 



Owb sanepca bb RadHneri h hphfotobjiajiica ro cny. Hona 
AjieRcanipoBHa, npon^a^cB ci neio, roBopHJua eft: 

— Ohb asuioro en^e ne sAopoBB. HaoAHHi cb co6oft obtb 
emfi CTpaAaen otb BHAinift, ho ji Bxosy ri neiiy h Hannaio 
roBopsTB Cb HHiTB, HORa OHB HO sacHeTB, TOPAa 8T0 HC^esaen. 
H MeHH ysacHO nyraoTB, hto owb TaR^B nply^HJicfl rb Kopij^iio. 
Be8B Hop^k owb sacHyTB ne mofb h TeaepB, RaseTca, naifi* 
peHB npHfiiraTB Kb diovy, obtb HaueRanB. SI aioro 6ok>cb 
crpaniHo. 

— Mu ero oiynHHi! — CRasaiia HaAesA& nBanoBna vi, npo- 
CTHBDiHCB CB HeK), yixajia. 

— «6oaRe, — AyMajia ona: — neyoRejiH ohb ohatb na^exB shtb, 
RaRi xoFAa? CRa?RH... KpecTOBCEifl... RyxesHl.. Heysem owb 
OHiiTB yHaAOTB? 0, Bose! KaRT» bto CTpamno, ^0 nysna My- 



8 P7CCS0B BOTATCTBO. 

^nrejEKHafl 6oj[i8HB, hjjkho Casyicie, vo6a noxHfliB ^eiOBisa 
mn rpjisH Ha Bucory » . 



xvm. 

Bi 6ojiBHmi ysHajiH o Buzoffi hs'b JDiinefiHiiitBi BapBHHCBaro. 
CeMeHi HBaHOBHTb CHejofb CBOHirb AOJiroirb nodbrmb ero. Oh% 
Hamejn HOJuoBiKa, cuoBHaro Kb myrKi, KOToput npoHHSHpa- 
BajLi HaA'b CBoet HOAaBHeft (k)jii8H6K) H Beceno pascKasuBajTb 
Bumom CBoero 6p6Aa. IlaiiflTB ero yAHBHTeoLBHO cozpaHEJia act 
noxpo6HOCTH. 

Ero nocbTEJTb TexBomHSE, h Ahtohi MHxaftJiOBH<ii cxasan 
eny: 

— ApysHn^e, ckojelko sue ch Te6fl BsucRajin no c^eiy? 

— no RaKOMy CHory?— BOCKJiHKHyjii TeTioumwh. 
~ A Tor^a, vb RpeciOBCEOirb, nocji^AHlft pasi? 

— Ho 8T0 fp Te6fl He Bacaeica; b%ab tu cC'Isajrb! 

— Hy, Bibrh. SI seJiaK) 6viTb b% fpjrb. Mu Tor^a bsajoi 
ejumsoiTb nmpoKift MacmTa6:E, a AyMaio, py6jieft na nonopacTa. 
y Te6a xopomaa npasTHKa, ho ne nacioJiBKO, HTo6hi tu uon 
TasHMH symaMH Bu6pac£iBaTB neghrm un sapiiaHa. 

j[(a, TOO-TO OROJio dToro; mu sanoiaTHJis nonojiairb co 
#ropiARHMi. 

— Tiu7> Jiy^me a^h iceHfl; sHamiy Moa aoju iceHbine. fl 
Tpe6yH) CBOK) aojdo. 

H OHi ojjsfjvb eiiy n£TBAecflTib py6Jie&, ne CMOipfl na co- 
spoTHBJieHie TeiioinHHa. 

ABHJiacB KyjiBBOBa, sartni samejii Kb HOMy h ^epHHi^mrE. 
Ahiohi MHzaftJiOBHHi 6hijrb ci hhitb juodeseHi, ii%hh bhh- 
Mame. 

CjioBOiTb, 6hjio CROJibRO yroftHO saHHBixi Bi noaiBsy loro, 
vo BapBHHeRift bhojih^ onpaBHJicA. Oh'b yze pasa ABa bbAs- 
sajii. Bvbcri Cb Crop&iRHMi owb nociiHJi'B sHirale 6%ra h c:b 
yAOBOJiBCTBleirb npocHAljrb ABa sa'IsAa, ho ho nrpaJTB. 

no BenepaMi ohi» cha^ji'b b'b CBoemb RaGHHeri h A^iejibHO 
pa(k)Tajrb naxi^ CBoefi nanRoft, npHBOAfl bi nopaAORi MaTepian. 

— TucoSHpaembCAHHcaTBABCcepTaiiiK)?— capocHJiaeK) Hana 
ijieRcaHApoBHa. 

— fl He saxosy raRi AftJieRO. fl tojibro xo^y npHBecTH b'b 

HOpflAOR'b aiH RJIIO^RH. 

Owb HacTOflJTB, ?To6u HHHa AjieRcaHApoBHa cbisAHia Cesl 
Hero Bi TeaTp:E; hjlh. ceSfl owb naxoAHJUb bto en^e cmmROicB 
pane, a eft Heo6xoAHMO Cujio ocsisHibCfl. Oaa hooxotho co- 
rjiacHJuacB. Bonpoci 6hiJi'b nocraBJieHb laRi^ ^to 9to uotjlo ao- 
craBHTB eify 6oJiiBmoe yAOBOJiBCTBie. 



CBftTjniS Jiy^TB. 9 

Ho, if^^n Bi leaipij Hma AjieRcaHApoBa saixajia ri Ha- 
^exjck nsaHOBHi h npocHJia ee Ha BCflRift cjnynaft HaB^AaiBCfl 
Ba KepoHHyK). OHa iipH6aBHJia: — Moem BHSHii ri Ban he- 
^ero H6 roBopHTe. 

H HaAesfta HBanoBHa nocnimua HcnoiHHTB ea npocB6y. 
Bi AOBflTB HacoBi OHa Cujia na RHporaofl. Ona sacTaia Bap- 
BHHCRaro 8a pasGopom vaTepiajna. 

— A, — cRasajTL OHb,— bu o'^ohb, ohohb RCTara. Bh b^xb 
vpocMaipflBaju bto? 

— Aa, A Bce npocvorpijra. 

— Hy, H HTO HanuiH? 

— OieHB i(lHHNft MaTepiasi. 

— He npaBAa-jni? Mnb tooro RasajnocB. SI MHoroe Teneps 
iipH6aBHJi'B. MosHO CRasaTB, caiflue csisle h nocTOB^pHue ^asTH. 
Bam HaAO h cb hhmh nosHaROHHT&CH. 

— 3aq%Mi? B'Iab bh, BipoflTHo, CRopo OROH^Hre bck) pa6oTy^ 
H HU npoHHiaeui ee bi nenaiH. 

— Cle HeH3B4ciHO... 

— Ho^eMy? 

— Hy, RaRi BaiTb cRasaiB... He 6yAeirb BAaBaiBCfl b% hs- 
€JiiAOBaHie BonpocoB'b rjD[y6oRHZ'B. CaAHiecB, h Bam npoHHTaio. 

Ofla cijia h nanajia cjiymaTB. Otb npouTas'b et isjbjisA 

^Kb SpKBTh Ha6jIH>AeHift, OHHCaHHUZl Cl yAHBHTeJIBHOt TO^- 
lOCTbB). 

— 3to ohohb BaacHSH BQmjiLl — CRasajia ona. 

— JIfiy HO dio He Bce. Tyn octb npoCijoi. Bu BHAHie, 
SA^CB HapajunejuBHO, OAHOBpeifeHHo HAyn ^Bjienifl ABOJiRaro xa- 
paRiepa. ^HCiaa ^aJ[JIlOI^lHa^ifl, RorAa ABJieHifl npHHHiiaiOTCfl sa 
A^ftcTBHTeJiBHOCTB, RCFAa "^yBCTByion^it cyfixeRTB Tepnen cao- 

Co6hOCTB OTHOCHTBCfl Vb HRMl RpHTH^eCRH H flBJIfleTCfl aRTHB- 

HHm x^fliejiem, y^acTHHRoii^B BOo6pasaeicux'B co6iiTi&, h raji- 
jiiomiHaAiH Apyroro poAa, RorAa flBJieme npeACTaBJiHioTCfl cy6i- 
eRiy nocTopoHHBMi, OTAiJiBHSMi OTB Hero caMoro, h ohi cho- 
TpHTB Ha Hero, RaRi paBHOAymHEift spHTenB. Ohi* voserB cna- 
saiB: MRi npeACTaBJuieTCA Bon ^to! Bu hohajdi? 

— 3ro HCHoI— OTB^THJia HaAesA& HBanoBna, BHEMaieJiBHO 
cjiymaBmafl ero. 

— Hy, A&— TaRi botb hto a ynycTHJTB nsi BHAy. SI see 
ocTanaBJiHBaJicfl na HscoiAOBaHlH oiHomeHift canoro cy6BeRTa 
Ri» Tbm H Ri ApyrBM'B flBJieHlam, n mh^ RaaceTCfl, ^lo ara 
CTopona y venn o6cJi$AOBaHa aobojibho hojiho. Ho h ho o6pa- 
H^ajTB BHHMaHiir Ha to, bi rbroitb OTHomeHiH flBnemH loro n 
Apyroro poAa HazoAflicH nesAJ co6oft, saBHCHTB m ohh oaho 
orb APyroro, BCiynaioTB jih bo BHyipeHHioK) cbasb HesAy co- 
<}oK), ecTB JDH icexAy bhhh RaRoe HH6yAb cpoACiBo, hih ohh 
TOJiBRO napajuejiiBHU h icexAy hhhh wbn HH^ero o6n^aro, RpoM% 



10 P7GCK0B BOrATCTBO. 

offHOBpeMeHHOCTH. SI He Moiy npocTHTB ce5% sto, — ^0 He ocra- 
HaBJiHBajica Ha aroft cToponl. 

— Ho dTO HOSHO ysHaiB HocpeACTBOirb HaGjnoAemji Hax^ 

60JIbBUMH B^b Hameft 60JIIBHHUi... 

— 0, HOcpeACTBOiTB Ha6jiioAeHift! Ho ecjra6i bu ssajiH, 
Kasi Majio eioMy mosho AOB^pjiTB. To ecTB nocpoACTBon pas- 
capocoB'b BU xoTHie CKasaiB? Ho 8th nonreHHiie 6ojibHEie srjvb 
caiuiui GescoB^CTHUirB ofipasoifB. Hsuio Bain> snaiB, hto bcakUI 
AymeBHO-CoJUbHoft, a bi oco6eHHOCTH rajiJiiOAHHarB, vh Cojtb- 
meft HJiH MeHBQieft cTenens nenpeiiiHHO zyAOSHHn; ero 6peAL — 
dTO CescosHaiejiLHoe HHMOBOJiLHoe TBop^ecTBO. Oho ne peryjiH- 
pyercH pasyMOirB, OTioro CescBBSHO, ne CHMMeTpnHHO h hojiho 
qyAOBHn^Hux'B HpeyBOJiH^eHlfl; ho pascKasBiBafl, ohh xothtb bco- 
laRH en^e tbophtb h noTOMy Jiryn, sanojiHflion npofiijiu bh- 
AyHRofl. Taifi, TA^ HiTB KaseTca HespacHBO, hjih HeAOBOJUBHo 
yMHO, OHH co^HHAion. Bi BTOiTb H y6iAHJicH. SI caifB ce6fl jho- 
BHJii Ha dTofl CKJiOHHOCTH K% coHHHeaiK), ROFAa MOHH pascHpa- 
mHBajii HOft Bpani wb ji'|qe6HHii%. Besi coMHiHlfl, a othochjuch 
Ki ce6i 6ojsie kphth^bcrh, Ha ckojibro dTO bosmosiho npH 6o- 
jiisHeBHOM'b cocToaniH^ noToicy hto h Bpani. HaAO ofijiaAaTB ne- 

BipoaTHOft OmiTHOCTBH), HT06U yifiTb OXCpOCHTB AiftCTBHTeJ[BHO& 

orb coHHHeHHaro. Hirb, a zoTijn 6u npoBipHib jraHHU[ir& 

OnUTOHl. 

^ — KaRHHi o6pa80Mx? 

— OieHB npocTo. HicROJibRO Raneoib onia hjih vop^ia BHyrpb^ 
BiiBUBaion y Mena bth aBJiema. 

— HojuHOTe, AHTOHb MsxaftjuoBHTb, aTOfO Hejusa AonycrarB. 

— H-lrb, a dTO CA'i^Jnaio... Si 6yAy Bani pascRasuBaTb, a 
BU caAHxecb h sanHCUBaftxe. Besi dToro Ha6JiK)AeHia Moa RHHra 
noTepaeTi CBoe sHa^eHie. SI xoTijrb ca^^tb 8to yoRe nicRoabRO 
AHeft TOHy HasaA'b, ho HnflyCoiocb BsaTb bi coTpyAHHRH, — aio 
ee BCTpeBOSHTb. A ona h 6e8:b Toro Bsaaa bch) cbok) nopi^iio 

TpeBOFH. 

— Bu AyMaeie, hto MSHa bto ho TpeBoaam? 

— Baci, aio — nnnero. Bu Roaaera! 

— Ho name EAopoBbe h uwb Aoporol — Aposan^Hirb roao- 
coMi npoMoaBHaa ona. 

— Ho BCTHHa Aoaacna 6uTb Bairb AopooRe, RaRib h vh%. 
HaHHeMie onuxi. 

— Ahtohi MnxaflaoBHTb, ayqme ero ne a^atb. 

— CoBC^Mi He ayninel Ecan Baci dTO saxpyAHaerb, a ca'^- 
aaio 6831 Bacb, — npHtSaBHa'b oH'b H^CRoabRO cyxo. 

— Hix^i Bi xaROifb caynai, KhjidAre^ a 6yAy npacyTCTBO- 
Baib. 

— Boil H OTaHiHoI Mu npHfiirneirb R'b Mop^iio. SI npoA- 
HOHBTaK) Bsaxb ero BHyxpb. 



Owh BCTHJii, noxomejii Kb HBfln^Hoiiy, BHciBmeMy sa crtei 
B«B npocTiHRft Mesxy abjxi okoh% MajieHBROHy pisHoiiy niKa* 
^Ry, oxnepi ero h xociaJTB orryAa nysupen. SarbirB czoabji'b 
B'B CTOJiOByiOy npHHecB pioMKy Cb BOAofi, BJUHJii Hs^b nysupBKa 
HicKOJiBKo KanejiB H BunHJii; noTom nysupes'B nocTaBHJi^b bi 

mRd^-b, pIOHKy OTHeCB B'B CTOJIOByiO H, npHCi^Bl Ua AHBaH*!, 

Ha^ajii* roBopHTB hto-to o TpeTBeroAHemHHzi 6iraxib. drorb 
pasroBop'B npoAOJraKaJicfl MHByrb aocjitb. 

— Ara, — saTim CKasaji'B oh^,— caAHiecB h sanHCUBatTe. 
HaAexAa HBaHOBHa cijia sa ctojqii e uoma Bsajra nepo. 

Oea BCDUTHBajia TArociHoe on^yn^esie neJiOB'lKay KOTopufl cos- 
HETejiBHO A'^aen to, Hero ho AOiuseffB a'^Ji^tb h hb MOJRei'b 
OTEasBTBM, HO zBaiaen jm& aroro bojih. 

Ahtohi MnxafljiiOBHTB saKpujii rjsasa, HiRoiopoe Bpeiifl no- 
HOJiHajii s sariiii Hanaji'B roBopniB thxhhe OTpuBHCTiiiiH 
^pasaMH: 

— Ha^HHaioTCJi Tene^OHU.** HeBHaiHO... Mai o^iohb TpyAHO 
BKnisBTb ce6fl H8^ axoro, ohohb ipyAHO... H cxbivMo ycHJiie... 
Mai xo^eTCa OTBinaiB hmi... 

Ohi npoAOJusajdi TaRHMi ofipasoiTB ci qoTBepTB Haca, no- 
TOiTB HaqajTB a^^tb CojuBinifl naysu. HaRoneii'B, oni saicoJiB'B, 
BteH ero njioTHO coMSHyjiBCB h A^xanle cA^^aaocB rJiyfioiuiirB 
H MeAJieHHHM'B. Ohi sacHyju'B. 

HaAejRAa HBaHOBHa nojiosHJua nepo, CRpecTHJia na rpyAH 

pyRH H, CHAfl HenOABHJRHO, Cb TOCROft CMOTp&Ha Ha Hero, OOBCb 

nomeBeJKBByiBCA. 

IIpoSHJio 0ABHHaAi][aTB HacoBx. Cohb ero Ouji'b hb Rpi- 
noffB. Oh:b ycjiBiniaji'B 6oft ^acoBi, RaRi fin npoAOJizafl en^e 
naxoAHTBC^ B'B nojiysatfuTBH. Ohi» co BHHMaHieMi pascicaTpH- 
Bajii* ee. 

— Ys&b nosAHO, Ahtohi MnxafijuoBH^'bl— CRasaoia Hbaosa^ 
HsaHOBHa:— CRopo HHHa AjueRcaHApoBna upBAeTi. 

Oub BCTpXlXHyjICH H HOAHflJICfl Cb ABBBHa. — Axi, A^i A 

cnepaa ne mofb noHflXB, bi neirB a'^Jio. TenepB Bce noHHMaio. 
Hy, HTO, RaacoTCJi, nam^B onurB yAaJica rbri* nejiBsa jrynme? 

— y Baci He 6oJLVLTb rojioBa? — cnpocHJia ona. 

— HirB, a. npHBURi. ^aBaftie npoHHTaeM'B. 
Ona npomajia eny. 

— OtjuhhhoI FjiaBHoe — AOCiOB'IpHO, ne noAJtesHi'B co- 
wsAmio. 

— Bu CRopo npHHerecB sa paCory? 

— Xoiin 6vi RBRi MOSHO CRopibe. Bo nepBuxx, uwb hbao- 

ijLO CTpeHHTBCA Kb BTOft y^OHOft CTenOHH, ROXOpafl Bl CyiI(HOCTH 

KHi He HysHa h MeHJi ho HHTepecyex'B. Hbao ci bthitb no- 
KOH'qBTB. A saxiicB, 3XH HaSjsioAeHifl AOJiaRHH BHecTH Bb Hamy 
HayRy noBuft bsfjuiai. A Ayuaio, hto CeMOHi SBaHOBHH'B nos- 



12 P7CCK0B BOrATCTBO.' 

^Boann icni, Kan eqe BH^opaBJUiBaioiiiieMy, c% w^^^ me 
20XHTb wb 6ojiBHHiQr, sg H BOoCn^o ji npeffioHejii 6u octMrnt^ 

— Kan? no^eMy? 

— TpyxHO pa6oTaTB npn laKHXi yxacHixz'b jaoBian. 
TpyxHO 6uTB noJiesHHM'bl 

— Ho, no KpaflHeft nipi, mu xi^aeirb Bce, hto Mosen. 

— Hin, xajieKO ho Bce. £cjih6h y veHH 6uj[h 6ojaiixLi 
x^pexcTBa, A, HBBoro ho cnpaniHBaiiCE, cpiuTB Cu ao ocHOBaHU 
8Ton pascaAHHR'B HepBHUxi H AynieBHun Coji'bBHet, STon 
CBjaAi 6oJiBBUx'B jiioAeft, BicicTO HSjAieHla sapaxaion^HrB APyn 
Apyra CesyMleirb* EaRi? AymoBHO (k)JiBHoro HOJiOBiica, cyiii[ecTBd 

Cb 60Jli8H6HHOft BneiaTJIHTeAHOCTBK), A^ KOTOpaFO CKpHm ABops, 

vajiMmift sByB'b npeACTaBJuercfl 4^aRT0iii npesBu^aftHot Bas- 
HOCTH H poROBUifb o6pa80irb BJdaen na ero ncHXHsy, ero Aep- 
:RaTb Bi Ky^, wh o6mfit BOMHart, Ghtkovb HafiHTOft, Tfib sax- 
Auft eBo6oAHO npoaBuen CBoe Cesyiilel Bu Ajv^^^t ^ ^^^^^ 
6u BAicjb Cb BaiiH H roBopHJii 6ii TaiCB 8ApaB0, ecjiH6iii Memi 
nocBAHJiH TyAa, hb ary Jlucyio ropy CBoero poAa? IIo Bceft 

B'IpOflTHOCTH, Ji HHKOFAa OTTyAa HO BepSyjUCfl 6U* X^i ^ CpBIJTB 

($Bt AO ocHOBanla aio noHTOHHoe sAasie n nocxpoHJi'b 6vi wb^fto 

HOBOe, Hi^TO COBCilTB, COBC^lClb HOBOe, TA^ Sa GOJIBHOt AyHIOt 

yxasHBajoH 6ii A^ftcTBHiejiibHo, KBKL sa 6oj[BHoft, a He Raicb sa 
npecrynHOfl; ho y Kena nln laRHrb cpeACTBi, y Hehu toso 
Bin. 9ro norpeCoBaao 6u mbjuuohobi! IIodTOicy naAO orpa- 
HHHHTBCH MaauiTb. SI xo^y OTRpuTB y ce6a CesHxaiHyio aii6yjia- 
TopHyK) JiiHoCHHiiy, HCKJiH>HHTejiiBHO A^ 6iAHux'B. TIpieiTb Aoa- 
aceHi 6uTB nijut ffiEh h A^jiyio hohb, a ho tbrb, bbri mk 
HasHanaeirb na HaniHxi Aon^e^RaxB, RoropuH npHRJieHBaein> na 
ABepax'B: no noHeA^^HHRaiii, mojui, orb ACBflTH ao a^ca™ u- 
coBi yipa — A^a 6iAHUXii 6e3cuiaTH0. EiAHue aioAH, kbri i 
Coraiue, 8a6ojiiiBaion ho no noHeAi^BHHRairb tojibbo h ne 
toaBRO orB AeBBTH AO ABcara yipa, a nocioaHHO. 

Ori> pasBEBaai btoti naani cb BooAymeBaeHieirB h bbri 
Bivto BBiHomeHHoe bi kjuA h ray6oRO npo^BCiBOBaHHoe. 

CRopo pasAaaca bbohorb, npiixaaa nsi Teaxpa Hana Aae- 
KCBHApoBHa, oacBBaeHHaa, BSBoaHOBaHHaa* 

HaAesAa HBanoBna eRopo npocTHaacB ci hhkh. He cHoipa 
Ha onacHuft onun ch Mop^ieirB, BapBHHCRift BceiaRH ocTaBHai 
Bi Heft xopomee BnenaTa^Hie. ^eaanie npHnaTBca sa paCory, 
6oAp£ie naaHU OTHOCHToaBHo 6yAyn^aro, HaRoneiiB, caicuft xa- 
paRTep'B BTHxi naanoBB, — ace aio TaRi» ne BasaaocB cb neAaa- 
HHMH MpauHMH pinaMH cMepTH, H eft RasaaocB, hto otb Hero 
noBiaao Raaoft to hoboA, caiiReft, SAopoBoft cipyeft. 



CBWjmi 27^4. la^ 



XIX. 
3HMa npHxoABJia ki ROHi^y. UocsiiKBisL iHCJia ^OBpaoiH npH- 

HeCJIH Ch COSofi COJIHI^e, ROTOpoe AOBOJELHO HBCTO nOflBJIflJIOCB 

Ha neTep6yprcB0irB He6i. OiAajreHHoe BiHHle BecHU Bjusajio 
wb Ajniy 6oApocTB, H nerepSyprcRie shtbjih c^pocaim ci ceSa 
ymuaift 8HMHift bhai; na jum^axi y Bcix'b Hrpajio Bupaseaie 
KARoft TO HeonpeA'i^JieHHoft naAOSAu. 

yoRe 6ojQ[Bme hba'^jih Ahtohi^ MnxafiJuoBBHi cha^a'b sa cBoeft 
KHHrot. HaAesAa HBaHOBHa nacio sazoAHJia ri HHH'b h, xora 
HaxoAHJia ero cnoRoflHUiTB h poBHuirib, t^mi ne M6Hie ociaBa- 
jiacB Hm HeAOBOJiBHa. Ha jsSy ero noaBHjnacB 8a6oTJiiHBafl CRJiaARa 
H RaRoe TO CTpaHHoe BupajReeie saTpyAHesda 6fiiJiio wb ero rjiasaxi. 

CBoeft pa6orl h npesAO ohi BcnoMHHajTB nacTo h hb- 
p^ARO npBHHMajica sa nee, ho ero THHyjio vb pasBJue^emjUii^ 
Kb RaTaaiK), Kb CRaHRam, ri* APyrHiii iieH^ HeBHHHum yAO- 

BOJIBCTBiflm, H OWb pa60Ty OTRJUaAUBaJTb, 06XflCHAfl dTO T^BTB^ 

^nro, wb cyn^HOCTHy OEb HH^ero HOBaro ho CRaserb, hto Hiraa 
AjiORcaHApoBHa npeyBejrHHHBaerb sHa^eme ero CyAyn^eft RHHni^ 
H TOKy noAo6Hoe. 

MesAy Tbui> HHHa AjieRcaHApoBHa BipHJia, hto dra paCoTa 
opasy BUABHHeTi ero hha h BMierl ci rbwb npHHecerB 6ojiib- 
myio noJDtbsy nayRi. 

Bb dTO BpeMfl OHa nojiynoia EVb AdpOBHH HSBicxie, ht(v 
miioniHia A^jsa Tpe6yiorb ea npHcyTCTBk. 

— ^o-SECb,— CRaaajTb Ahtohi MBxaftjioBHTb,-— noissaft, Ma- 
jnoTRa, Tu npoisAHniB ne 6oJiBme HeAiJiH, a a dTO Bpexa 6yAy 
CHA^TB sa pa6oToil. 

Oetb CRasajii dTO TaRi npocTo h cnoRoftHO, mo HHHa Am- 

RCaHApOBHa HOB'IpHJia Bb BOSMOaRHOCTB H CeSOHaCHOCTB ocraBHTB 

ero OAHoro. ^^a A^flcTBBTejBHO Tpe6oBajra, ?to6ii ona pinm- 
jiacB Ha 9T0. EoHOHHO, npH ApyrHxi ycjioBlAxi, ona npeAOCTaBHJia 
6ii HMi HATfl, RaRi» npHAeTCA, HO TenepB bi btoitb, noBHAHMOMy^ 
He 6ujio neoCxoABVocTH. Ona pinnuia ciisAHTB b'b AopesHio. 

HaEanyHi orbisAa ona nociTHJia HaAesAy HBanoBHy h Cto^- 
pii(Raro. HaAezAa HBanoBHa yAHBHjiacB ea pinmocTH. 

— Ha v&jnyio HOAijiK)? — cnpoctiJia ona. 

— ^a b4ab ohb BecB lenepB ymejs'B bi cbok) pa6oTy! — otb4- 
THJia HHHa AjieRcaHApoBHa:— OHB npHBasajicH Kb CBoeiiy Ra6H«- 
HOTy. SI no^TH He BBsy ero 8th ahb. 

H^AesAa HBanoBHa noAyMaara, hto ona npeyBejniHHBaeTB, ho 
CRSsaTB eft dToro ne xoT^jra. Ona 6onmcb paspymHTB ea yBi- 

POHHOCTB H Hpo6yAHTB Wb HOft JCHHTOJIBHOCTB, KOTOpaa OTpaBHJUi 

6u ea DyremecTBie. 



14 P7CGK0B BOrATCTBO. 

— HaffiliocBy Bu, HaAeacxa HBaHOBHa, Hspisica 6yAeTe sais- 
saib z% Hei[y?-*npovoJiBHJia Hheb AjieKcaGgipoBHa. 

— 0, Aa, BoaeHBO. SI bIa^ lenepB noHTH fiesAiJiBHHHaio. 

— OAHaBO, RaB'BOHaHeocTopoxHal— CRaaajia GipoeBa, sorAa 
HHHa AjtescaHApoBHa yizajna. 

— Bi> HeiTb?— cnpocHJia ee HaAes^Aa HBaHOBsa. 

— Ho RaBi se? OcTaBJuerb iiysa Ha HeA^JOo h npocBTS 
Te6fl sa'bBsaTB ri Heny. 

— IIoHeicy se 9to HOOcroposHO? 

— Moft Apyn, TH HBEBHa HJiH HanBHHHaemB? — cnpocHJUt 
GipoeBa. 

— fl Te6a He noHHMaio!— oTBiTHJia HaAeaRsa HBaaoBHa. 

— To ecTB He xoiemb noHflib? BHAHmb jth, Mot Apyn: 
AJTfl Tefia, AOJisHO 6uTb, He Taflna, ^to, ocjih nocTasHTb Tefifl 
pBAOM^b cb HeK), TO OHB HORaseTCH TBoeft vatepbio* Ho, RpOMi 
Toro, HTO Tu MOJioxe, Tbi en^e h RpacHBifl, a BAodaaosi r^b 
8T0My— cHMDaTHHHa evy. Caua pascRaBiiBajia, RaRi ohi npH- 
yAap^JTb sa To6oft... 

— KorAa 6un HerpesBb... 9to cioAa ne othochtch, na- 
A^iocb... npflTOin se, TorAa y nacb ne fiujro Taaaxi Apy^o- 
CRBZX oTHomenift. Ci rbxi nopi TaRb icaoro nepesaio aiitcri 
BasHaro h zopomaro. jQl^a h ohi coBciirb He Torb. 

— Ho OHX BusAopoBijTb. Ero cyMacmeAmafl Ao6poAiTejib 
CRopo coBciicb Hcnesnerb, h bi oahbtb npeRpacHuA Aoab tu 
OHyTHiDbCA jiHAOiTb R'b JUBi^y Cb coBepmeHHO BAopoBUCb sBipearb. 

— Tu B'h nocjiiAHee Bpeiifl crajia Hir&Tb iiHoro npoTHBi 
Hero, Oiibral HpexAe 6ujio rbri pasi naoGopoTi. 

— HpoTHBi Hero hh rbdjih. Ero a. TOJibRo sbji'&k), RaRi 
BCflRaro 6ojibHoro HOJiOBiKa, h oxotho npooiaio eny ero cia- 
60CTH, RBR^b CJia6oBOjrbHOMy. Ho bu cb HbhoA AjieRcannpoBHOfti 
8T0— Apyroe a^ro. HpoTBBi Baci o6tBXi a AtflCTBHrejibHO Roe- 
HTO HMtH). Bu 06*6 BJUK^jreHiii wh Hero h noTOMy 6oJi[i3Hb, npo- 
aBJueme Cesyiiia BOSBOAHie bi HABaJibHue noABBra! 

— Axi, Ojibra, RorAa Bce Rpyroin* TaRb opAHaapao n aro- 
HCTHqHO) TO paAyembCfl BC^Roft cqocoChocth ri aoiiBflryy xoth 
6u OHa o6ycjiOBJiiHBajQ[acb 6ojii^3HbK) bah 6ejyifieiib. A vto Ra- 
caeiCH TBoero o6jiHHeHiH aac^erb BJHoOJieaaocTii, to h Coiocb, 
Ojibra, hto 3to MoaeTb naci noccopaTb. 

— il He DOHHMaio, no^eicy? Ecjia dio Moe Mniaie... 

— HOTOVy TTO BTO HOapaBAa. BJttH)6jlieHH0CTH TyTl He MO- 

aerb Cwrb h pinn, ryri coBctiii Apyroe. 

— ^a, APyroe... 3ro BcerAa naiBHaerca cb Apyroro. Ho 
H81 APyroro BcerAa BuxoAHrb Bb Roai^ib Roai^oBb Tooae casoe. 

— Ho wo-xe, HTO Moxeib fisTb? 

— Axb, B0»e MOlll HO B^A^ 8T0 TBKb HpOCTO! Oai— TOXO- 

B^Ri HO cyn^ecTBy xopomiB, CQOCo6aufi Aase aa Rofl hto bob- 



CBATJOSLfi iTVb. 15 

BHmeHHoe. IIo yify, bto BBiAaioniificA nejioBiRi. Ofli CHMnara- 
^ewb H, ecJH zoHomb, h no BHimHOCTH npiflTOHi. Tyn Bce 
ecxh jfflA caMaro eciecTBeHHaro h sasoHHaro cGjuBxeHifl. 

— IIoJiHo! He 6jjiewb roBopHTB 061 btomi. Ha dTOMi nyeKTi 
HH HHKOrAa B6 coflAeMCJSL cb To6oft, OoTBra, H sHaenib tto: Aasaft 
xaxHiTb fpjn KPjTj cjiobo HHBorAa ero ne KacarLCJi, dioro 
nyHETB. Hy, xonycTHMi, hto, ho chotpb Ha Hamy AaBHioio ApysSy 
H 10, HTO icu 6JIH8K0 8HaeMi spyrb spyra, gctb bi Moeft Aymt 
OAHO ir&cieHKO, B'b Moevi zapasrepiy b^ mohxi Bsrjiiixaxii, — 
soToparo lu ne noHHiiaemB. flflnjcriLWb aro. Tyn HHHero nixi 
HeBOSMOSHaro. H oTKajReMca on aToro Bonpoca, h otjioshitb 
BTon Bonpoci vb CTopoey, hl ho tfyneirb HHsorjia ero KacaTbCA. 

— Xopomol HycTbi HepeMiaHirb pasroBop'b. Ran tu ^y- 
xaemb, Hamero vJnaAeHiia ee nopa en^e BunycTHTb Ha yjiHi^yl 

— fl AyMaio, HTO eme paHO. 

— Ho B^Ab owb yace coBcbMi onpaBHJicJi. 

— On SojiisHB, Aa. Ho ohi panbine lasi ocjiafiijrb, ^0 a 
6oK)Cb, He saxBaTHJTb 6a offb KaKHX'b HH6yAb nycTasoBi BpoA% 
CpoHXHTa Hjra aarHHU... 

MaJibTOK'b A:faflCTBiiTejibHO yse nonpaBHJUcfl, AasHO Bcrajrb ch 
nocieju, HicxoJibRO pasx cnpaBJiiiJicji nacien naiepH h 6paTb- 
eBi» H HH pasy He cnpocHJi'b 061 oinii. Mosso 6UJ10 Aase sa- 
MiniTb, ^TO OH^b yMumjieflHO H36irajrb roBoparb 061 dTOKi, 
xasi 6u 6oflcb, hto, RorAa ynoMflnerb sto hiu, lOT^aci Rc^es- 
Hen Bce o^apoBanle. 

Eiiy pascKasajnH loirb, hto Maib ero h fipaiba xopomo 
ycTpoeHU, HTO y bbxi Tenepb Tenjian KBaptapa h ohh AOBOJibHU. 
06i OTiiii eicy Toace ne CKasaJiH hh cJioBa^ lasi KaRi h cRasaib 
6ujio.He^ero. Owb ne ^bbjica bi CBOHn h ero He pasucRii- 

BBJIH. HeiCb HHHerO BO 6UJI0 HSBiCTHO. MaJIbHHBy 06'£lI(ajlIH 
£KOpoe CBHAIkHie CO CBOHICH. 

HHHa AjieRcaHApoBHa co6pajiacb n yixajia. Ahtohi Mexbh- 
jiOBH^i> eme 6oJ[bnie npesHflro norpysojicii b% pa6oTy. 

KoFAB Ha Apyroft A^Hb HaA^^Aa HsaHOBHa sanna Kb HeMy, 
OH'b Aase He cpasy npHHBoi'b ee, a nosAoposajica Cb neio nepesi 
ABepb H8X Ka^HHeTa h CRasajTb: 

— FojiyCyinBa, nocHABie MEHyiKy B'b rocTHHOfl; h AOROH^y 
crpaHHity. 

HoTOlTb OHl BUmeiTb 60APBlt, OSBBJieHSUft. 

— Sna^n, RHBra noABHraerca, Aaioffb MnxaftJOBBn? — 
xnpocHJua HaAOSAa HBaHOBHa. 

— 0, Aa, Ha nojBHoiTb xoAy. 

H BU AOBOJIbHU? 

— KHHroft noRa AOsoJueH'b, ho co6Dft ho cobc^mi. 

— HoqeMy? 

— A BHaeTOi fl RBRi TO osHAai'b on ce6ji 6ojibme. Mni 



16 P7CGR0K BOrATGTBO. 

Hepen^HjniCB 6oJiie rjiyCoRaji h ocTpoyimaH apryHeHiaififl h 
6ojiiie BaacHue buwkol.. H botb, cipaHHoe oiii[yii^eaie, soropoe 
Morjio 6ii Tose nocjiyzHTB TOMOft ji^s. HHrepecHoft KHHni — on^- 
n^eele cnoiepflBHoft ]aicjni». Mh% EHorAa RaseTca, hto Bon na 
dTOMy HJiH Touy Bonpocy y neHfl bi roJioBt 6HJiia yse mhca — 
Baseafl, r;iy6oKafl mhcjib, ROTopaa ocBi^ajia npeAven yxHBH- 

XeJEBHO flpRO, H a TOWO 296wrb 66. Ho B'B TOJIOBi OCTaJUtCb 

KaKB 6yAT0 TiHB, oTSByKB dToft Mfiicjra... Bu 8T0 noHEvaeie? 
3to nozoaR6 na tO| Rorsa eciB hto HHfiyxB Basnoe CRasaiB 
npiflTeJiH), HO Bi Ton icoiiOHn, Rorna naso, bbi HHRaRB h6 
Hosere npnnoirHHTB. Cjiobomi, ii ne Mory oxapaRTopesoBaTB dTO 
HHa^6, RaRTi — on](yii^eHi6 noT6pjiHHoft mucjih. 

— 0, BU HXl 611^8 HaftAOTd, BTH MUCJOI, OH^ HaB^pHO IipH- 

Ayra. 

— il Ha 3T0 HaA^iocB. Mai Kas6TCfl, hto RorAa oh^^ 
BepnyTCfl, iioa RHHra cpasy ocB^THica RaRHUB to sapoBOirB... 

H no BiipaacoHiK) 6ro rjQtas'B — acHOMy, 668o6jiiaHHOMy, 6iU[0 

BHAHO, ^ITO OWb A'^fiCTBHTeJUBHO yB^pOHl, ^TO 9TH CHOTOpaHHUa 

iiHCJD[H» npHAyrB. Ohi cnpanraBaJTB ee nejiBROiTB npo to, hto 
A^JiaeTca bi CojiBHHQi, RaR^ nosHBaiorB CTopii^Rift, TdxioiiniHi^ 
isjsflTb JiH OHH Ha 6ira. Oaa h6 ycn&ia otb^^thtb, RaRi oh% 
yoRO npB6aBHJrB: 

— EcanGi bu SHaJor, RaRib bto bi cyn^HOCTH asuioro orB 
veHa TenepB! 

— A BU ecsB(h> SHajiRy RaRi a dTOMy paAal — CRasaaa Ha- 

A6XAft HBaHOBHa. 

— Hy, Afti MH% hsbIctho, — iipH6aBnjrB ohb myTa: — uiA 
nsB^CTHO, HTO fflz Baci He 6wL0 6u BiicoHaftmaro HacJiajRAenia, 
ecjiH6ii a HOCTynHJui wb xonacTHpB h npnnajTB cxHMy. 

— Hy, eABa jih sto vorao 6u ciyHHTBca. Ha axo, Raxeica, 

HiT'B HHRaRRXl HaAOSA^. 

— OTHero aR6? A anaere, y icena OAaaacAU 6iiao TaR06 aR6« 
aanie, h oho nyTBCuao ne ocyn^ocTBHaocB. 

— y Baci? 

— BooSpasHTo. 9to 6ujio ropasAO panBme BCTpin Moeft cs 
HehoA. Ha M6Ha Hamao TaROO Hacrpoenie. SL saBeJTB cHomenia 
ch AeoHoiTB H yacB nyxB ne yRji^nuBaxB hoxoaui, no6u ixaTB 
B^ EoHCTaHTHHonojiB. Ho BTO npomao. Hotori xibhh MOHa 
ynaeRi. OAnaRO, bu na vena ne cepAarecB, ecan a ci Bam 
nonpon^aiocB. MoacerB 6utb, xothto ^k), TaRi pacnopaAHxecB. 
9 ceroAHa vh yAapi h xotjt noaBsoBaTBca bthitb. 

Ona, Ronewo, ne paacepAHaacB, ho orB naio oiRaaaaacB &. 
yixaia aomoA. 

Ha ca^Ayion^fl abbb ona namaa ero ApyrHXi. 



CBNJOli JiYWh. IT 



XX. 

Oea Dpiixua paHBme, h npH&oyray oinflpaBinafl eft ABops, 
Ba Bonpocb Bce-M 6jiaronoji;Hflo, thxo CKasajia eft: 

— BapflHB Hfo-TO He wb aj^- IIohth jsflxjd He o6tAUHl 
^yn TOjiBKO npHTpoHyjracB... 

Hig^esA^ HeaHOBHa ne pascnpaniHBajia ee, a npocio CHjpa 
Kotj^^Ky H nepeAajna eft; saiiirb sarjunyjia Bib RaCoHerB^ laicb 
ero He 6ujio, ne ropijia AE^e juaiina na ctojA. Boo6n^e, bi ssap- 
mpi BOBce H6 6iiJio ornfl, zota yse cnycTHjracB cyKepRH. 

— Ohh bi> rocTHHOfl,— meimyjia eft ropHH^Haa. 

— UoHeMj y Baci TeHHO? 

— OflH He BejiijiH saxHratB. 

y HaAexAU HBanoBHti cepAi^e saSHJiocB xpeBoroft. Ona bo- 
mja B7> rocTBHyK) h cb HanpflaKeflHum BHHMaHieMi npHCMa- 
TpHBajiacB K'b MeOejiiHy hto6u omcKaTB ero. Owb^ oneBHAHO, ch- 
xhJL% Txb TO, noTOuy hto msroB'B ne 6bijio cjuinmo. 

— Bu BA^CB, AhTOHI MnxaftJBLOBHHl? — OCTOpOSHO CHpOCHU 

ona. 

— Aa, A 3a^b! — nocjmmajKCH bi otbIti ero xnypuft ro- 

JIOCl. 

— y BaCB TBEB TeMHOy HTO HHHerO HOJIBSfl paSTJUA^TB. 

— BejiHie, noacajiyftcTa, sase^B ^to HsSyAB. Tojubko neMHoro. 
& He BHHomy jipKHxx orneft. 

TopHHuafl ycjodmajna dio h Bnecjia wb rocTHHyio cb^hj, 
aarticB ciajia saxHraiB juuiqbi h bi ApyrHZB ROMHaTaxi. 

Ahtohi> MHxaftJuOBHH^B cHAiJU'B BB yrjiy, na MaJiieHBROirB ab- 
Bani, onepnmcB jiOKTeirB na CTOABmlft okojio nero KpyrJiBift cio- 

JLEK% H SaRpilBX JI06b H FJiasa JiaAOHBK). 

— Bbf, RaxeTCJi, ne bi> Ay^*? 

UaAesAft HBanoBHa noAonuia kb neny h npoMHyia pyqr. 
Owh A'ifiHBO nosajn eft pyRy h He otb^thji'b. 

— A Ban* Mi^maio? 

— ^a Heneiiy irtmaiB... 

Oh:b BCTajTB h, npoMeoiBRHyBB memo Hefly nanaiB maraiB no 
ROMHart. 

Ona nocTOfljia cb MHHyry, hotomi cijia na ero Micro. 

— Bbi ceroAHa He paBoraere? — cnpocEJia ona. 

— KaRX BBAHT6... 

Ohb npoAOJUsanB xoahtb. Ohatb npoHBomjia naysa. 

— PasBi ^To HHfiyAB cjiy^HJiocB?— BHOBB HonpoCoBajia aa-, 
roBopHTB HaAexAd HsaHOBHa. 

— ^TO-si MorJio CJiy^HTBCH B^ diHxi crtHaxi? Bu BHABie: 
noTOjmi He npoBajiiiJiHCB, RapiEHBi bhcatb na cbohx'b M^iaxi... 

— Ho noHOMyse, bb laROirB cjnynai?.. 

J« 4. OTAtJTi L 2 



18 P7GCK0B BOFATCTBO. 

— %T0 &T0, BU MOHJI S0npaiIIHBa6T6? 

— npocTniel— THZHiTB, noAaBJieHHUMi ^oJB[ocoll^ npoMOJiBHJia 
OHa H saMooraajia. 

Ohi xoxHJii no ROMBaTi, h mani ero pasxaBa&HCb Ran to 
MpaHHO H TpesosHO HpH TycKJioirb CB'6r& OAHoft cBi^RH, njiaiu 
xoTopoft MHrajio on xBBSceHifl Bosxyxa, Roropoe owb npoHSBO- 

XUTb CBOefl ZOABfiofi. 

TaRi nponuio h^crojibro MHHyn. H^^exxk HBanoBHi ocra- 
BanocB npoABOJioaRHTB, hto ea. npHcyTCiBle eicy flenpiaiso. Ona 
ROJieCasacB. IIpocTHTbCfl h yftn SHanjuo ocraBHTb ero oahofo 
vb TaROMi cocTOflHiH. CocTOflHlisi BToro OHa en^e h6 noHHMasa. 
Oho Morjio 6urb HacrpoeHieMiii OTHocBBmHMCA rii nefl, TOiAa, 
ROHeHHO, — caMoe Jiyqmee — ocbo6oahtb ero on ce6H\ ho oho 
TaRze Morjuo 6htb npHsnaROMi AypHoro noBopoTa bi ofo qao- 

POBLH, TOFAa OCTaBHTB OFO OAHOFO HeJU&Sfl. 

A OHi npoAOJusaji'b xoahtb, He tjuia^ Ha nee, RaR'b 6yAT0 
ea 8Aic& H He Cujio. 

HaROHen'b, oea noAHHJiacB. — Mni RaseTOfl... Si jry^me ytxy, 
Ahtohi MaxaflJioBHTb,— HopimHTejiBHO npoMOJiBHJia OHa. 

Ohi cjia6o ycMixHyjiCfl. — PasyiiieTCJi, CRyuo bha^tb 
nepoAi co6oft raRyio npaHHyio ^Hrypy! — npoMOjrBHJTL OH'b ckbosb 
8y6H. 

— He CRy^HO, Ahtohi MHxafijioBH«ii, ho s 6oiocb, hto ao- 
cajRAaio Bam. 

— KaRi Bani yroAHO... 

Ohi ociaHOBEJicji y oRHa n rjrflAijui bi nero. 

«HiTi>, fl He AOJURHa yxoAHTB, — noAynaia HaA^sAft HBaHOBHa. 
fl He AOJUKsa ociaBJiaTB ero. Y nero 8j[0B%H(ift bhai».» 

Ofla CRasajia: — H ne yflAy^ Ahtohi MsxaftJiOBH^, ho b ho 
6yAy HaAO^AftTB Bain». fl nocHsy bb ctojioboA. 

Ona HanpaBHJiacB r'b BuxoAy. 

— Bu xoTHTe ciepe^B MeHfl? 

Oaa ociaHOBHJiacB. — Hirbj ne BacB, a aame Hacrpoeme... 
Mozen 6utb, npHAerB APyroe h bu CyAOte AoGpie ro mh%! — 
CB yjKuCKoft .CRasana oea. 

— fl BOBce He KB Bam... — BospasHJH BapBHHCRlft. 

— A Ri ROMy oRe? 

— Si ceC'b, Ri ce6i. Tojibro Kb ceGi, hh r% ROicy 6oJi>me. 
Ofla BepnyjiacB h npH6jiiB8Hj[acB Kb neiiy. — ^lo xe bu ca^ 

xajiH npoTHBi ce6s? 

— A, aro roBopHTB, 8HaHHTB — RasHETB ce6H, — Enpo^ewB, 
.npaCaBHorBOHB, a HHHero ne CA^JiajirB...— Jl HH^ero h ne Mory ca^- 

jiaTB. Aa, H npEHfljicfl ea vok) paCoiy ropano, HeiepnijaiBO. fl 
HanHcaiTB ^leTBepTyio hbctb Moeft rhhth, bto mhofoI A nepewiajTB 
ee. Hflqero ne buxoahtb. Hnnero,* HHHero... 

— IIojiHOTe, HTo bu? 



r- 



CB^TJIHt lyTL. 19 

— JIfi, BfilZOAHn... BWLOJfflTb CTpaHflmi, Ha bthxi cipaHH- 
Harb — HSJioseHie ^asTOBi — ace b:e nop^Aici; nn ^aRToai 

ejAKjiOTb BUBOABi, E dTo Tose Bi nopflAK'6... Ho ace 8to laai 
KaBeHflo, RaR'b coJiAaTCKoe ynesie, aaai nonapno HAjn^ie naHcio- 
Hepn Bib aepKOBB. HHHero HOBaro, Hanero oparHHaJTBHaro, 
HHHero rjiy6oRaro, ocipoyMHaro. KasoHHO, opAHHapao, aaRi 
^AA(]^e6ej[B... 9 nyBCTByio, hto lyrb botl AOJURaa poahtbch 
1CUCJI1B — apKaa, cHJiBHafl, ROTopaa aceiiy npHAacn ocoSuft HHie- 

peCl, BC8 OCB^THT'L fiOBUtfl CBiTOlTB, H OUa HO pOSAft6TCJi, a 

posAaexca aaKoA to HeAoaocoRi), burhauoi'B) nepiBei^'B. Moft 
MOsrB Tynierb. dia npoKjiaTaa 6oji'68Hb A^ftcisyen na aero, aaai 
Moposi Ha saayio laaHB, npoHHsuBaa ee zojiOAom; aposB sacTu- 
Baen h XKaHb ciaHOBHTca MepTBOft. '9io Bce pasno, aaai ecjiiH6H 
BH, sBBaa, npHcyTCTBoaajiH npa tomi, aaai aame rbjio Majio no 
xaiy npeBpan^aeica bti aavenB. 

— Btt npeyaejoH'niBaeTe, Ahtohi MaxafljiOBHHiI 

— A, Aa» BaMi HHHero ne ocTaeica, aaai tojibro caasaiB 
8To! Ho Bu caMH, RaKi» npKVby OHOHB zopomo snaeie, ^xo axo 
xarb H AOJiSHO 6eixb. Bu sHaexe, hxo axo nepioAH^eCRH noaxo- 
paioHiieeca SesyMie ho mosoxi npoxoAHXb Aapoiii aju Mosra. 
HejiBsa pascHHxuaaxB na Cucxpoxy Hon, ecjoH an KasAutt roAi» 
jiOHaexe mTb ai pasHuxi Micxax'B. Kaai* 6ii HcaycHO hh noHHHaoi'B 
Hxi zapyprB, Bce oae oxi> hhx'b HejuBsa SAaxB buhocjihbocth h 
(iucxpoTu. Hacxaaexi MOKeaxi, RgrA& owb coBciirB nepecxaayn 
pa6oxaxB. 

— ycnoROflxecBl 

— Xopomol 9 ycQOROiocB, qxo6u CA'^JiaxB Bam yAoaojiBCxaie! — 
caasaiTB ohb capaacxaqecRH. — B^a^ axo ohohb npocxo: hojiob^kb 
BHi ce6a, Ao6pue saaROMue nonpocHJia ero: ycnoaoflca, a oh>, 
nTo6ii He o6BAixB Ao6piix% snaRoioix'B, asaji'B a& h ycnoKosJicfl. 
A ycnoROBBmacB, a BairB caasy, hxo nycxB rxo xonen aoaaxca 
ch dxoft pa6oxoft, a ee aoH^axB ne 6yAyl 

— Ho 9X0 HeBOSMoacHO, Ahxoh^b MaxafiaoBBTBl 

— Eaai HeaosMoacHo? R'b neny ona? OahoA fiesAapHot 
KHHroft 6yAexi> 6oJiBme? Taaaxib RHan y nacB 6e8i Heaa Haaa- 
caHo MHOsecxBO. <^aRXBi, ^aaxBi, ^aaxul A RorAa cpeAH hhxi 
noHBjiaexca bbiboa'b, o6o6n:(eHle, CMOxpamB, hbi hoa'b hobbixi 
sK06u ^aaxoBii BurjaAuaaex^ llop^^IHHcxaa aosa aaaoft aaCyAB 
cxapyniRH - AORxpEHu, aoxopaa 6ujia MOJiOAa ai npomaoHi cxo- 
JoixiH. He 6yAy a nacaxB axy RHHry. Hphtoitb ecxB a eniie oaho 
npenaTcxaie... 

— KaRoe? 

— He 8HaK), noftMexe jih bu... 

— CaasHxe, a nocxapaK)CB noaaxB. 

— A xo, HTO a yseBAopoBil— npoMoaBHJTB ohb, h ero eaep* 
aaionpft asraaA'b CK0JiiB8Hyjn> no ea jomy. 

2* 



20 P7CCK0B BOFATCTBO* 

— fl He noEHMEK)! — CRasajia Haxessa HBaHOBHa, ho neyBi*- 
>P6HH0, noTOMj HTO Bi TOJuoBi eJi ysce MOJibRHyjia TpoBoseaa mucjib. 

— He noHHMaeTe, a dto TaKi bceo... Yxq Haiypa TflHen 
voHJi KHHsy^ Ki seiurib. MeHfl iJiHen bohi oicioAa, Ha BosAy^'B^ 
^nodi noTOBi acHSHH saxBaTHJii, saxjiecTHyjii neHA... fl roiOBi 
npHHATb Bi oOiJiTla H TenomHHa, h BCiynBTB b% pm^apii era 
opA^Ha— rjnynaro npoacHrafiiJi shshh. Menfl Tanerb Kb Kyxesy, 
Kb nbflHOMy pasryjiy, bo mh^ RHnarb nepnue ocaAKH... 0, Aft Bairb 
H pascRasaTb nejibsfl Bcero roro, hto bo mh^ Oymyeix bi aiy 
HHHyTy. fl npesHpaio Bce arc, a sHaio, nacKOJibKO dio Bce yHB- 
xaen Mena, ho a sHaH), hto npa CjiaronpiATHUX'B o6cTOHTesb- 
CTBaxi fl He ycTOK) h nojueny, RaRi 6a6oqRa na oroHb. H sAopoBii, 
fl QAopoM*- A npoAaio itpoRJBJiTiK) Moe SAopoBbe h bb to xe 
Bpevfl sasAy loro, hto oho Moserb mh^ A&xb... Katcaa lyn 
pa6oTa, RaKoe cJnyjReHie, o ROTopoHi & eo^e Bqepa taRi RpacHo- 
pt^HBO MeHiajiil Hh Ha hto 9to a ho cnocofieH-b! BucoRlfl yMi 
xtsajfiTb npoKaTHTbc^i na Tpofiui, nocTaBHTb lucAHHuft Kymi na 
6irax'b, cTpeiiflTCA Kb safiBeBiio nocpeACiBOMi BBHa, 8BOHa6oRa- 
jroBi, Kb myny hjhocrhxi p'^nefl h rjiyDaro ciiixa, bi o6iflTiji 
npoA&SHux'b seHH^HHi, Rib cavoHy HBSKOMy pasBparyl PasBt bto 
H6 AHRaA myTRa naAi nejiOBiROMil Ho a ne nory Cojibme 60- 
poTbCfl! 9 H6 Horyl a paBo6bK) ce6'l nepen'b... 

Ohi cxBaTHJicfl sa roJiOBy h rp^hro, hto 611J110 cbjiu, en- 
CBjrb ee oC^bhe pyRaMH. £aA6&Aa HBanoBHa cjuunaoia ero 
rjqrCoRoe h hbctoo Auxaaie. 

Ofla noAomjua rb hcm]^ 6jiih8ro h noJuosHJia eicy na njie'io 
ApoxamyK) pyRy- 

— Ahtohi MaxaftJiOBEHil.. Moserb 6iaTb, bu oahhi hb bi 
CBjraxi CopoTbCA ci co6oft, ho APysecRaa noAA^pacRa noiiorjia 6h 
Bam... 

Ohi khfro, ho b% to se BpoMfl H piniHTejiibHO OTBejKi ea 

pyRy, H JllltO/erO HCRpHBBJIOCb HAOBBXOft ycMioiROfl. 

— SHaem mu aiy aRencRyio noAA^psRyl snaeirb vu axy 
xeHCRyK) KPY7Si6j\.. 

— Hi^rb, Bbi He BHaeTe, ecjraTaKb roBopHTe...— thxo Boapa- 
njia ona. 

— Hirb, a snaio. 0, cjehiromb xopomo snaiol 

OhT> OHATb SaXOAHJDl HO R01fHaT% H Bl dlO BpOlffl rOBOpHJTb: 

— ICeHCRaa ApysCial ^encRaxi noAAepsRa! Bh noAAepsH- 
BaeTe naAaioHKaro HOJuoBiRa ne una xoro, ^To6ia nocxaBHTb ero 
Ha HorH, HTo6u ohi noToirb mejii CBoeft Aoporofl^ avouROAU 
Toro, HTo6u OHi ynaJTb ne oahhb, a BMicr& c% Bami! 

— 0, Boae!., 

— 9to TaRi, TaRi! y sacb ace na btomi SHSAOTCfl. Bu 
ocysAaeTe naAaiomaro ^ejiOBiRa bjhh sajiieie ero, 8to Bce 
paBHO, — RorAa ohi naAaerb oabhb hjhh c% Apyi^A seH^H- 



BoS; HO ecjoi oh:^ naxaen c^ Bam, bu totobei bosbbcth aio 
naxenie b% noABcirbl 

— Ahtohi MaxaftjiOBH^^b! 

— n08B0JD[BTei ?T0 BU OTb MeHA ZOTffTe?— pisKo roBopHjm 

OHi H piqB ero npepuBajnacb iflsejunn* AuzaHleifb. — Bu zoiHTe 
jx)6bh? fl He jik)6jik) Baci. CjuimHTe jih, — a Bain> dTO roBopio: 
Ji He jiik)6jik) bbci, a ne zony Baci jih)6ht&I H HHRoro ne jdoCjuOi 
A HHKoro He zo^y j[io6htbI Bu jReHn^HHa, bu spacHBU, bh 

OGOJSBCTHTeJIBHiiy H 8a 8T0 H Baci HeHaBHSJ... 

Oea onycTfljuacb bi» Rpecjio h CHA'^Jia nenoABBSHO, ci CJiix-* 
flUHi jmnpwbj a cepjme ea 6Hjiocb veAJieHHO, to^ho co6Hpaj[ocb 

OCraHOBHTBCfl. 

A OHi He vjiaKkjn na Hee s roeopHJui, roBopflurb, cjiobho 
4iaAaBmBCB qftjiBK) saCpocaTB ee ocRop6jieHifliiB. 

— ECilH CHAHTB BO HHi SB^pB, H B&I 8T0 ZOpomO SHaOTe, TO 

iiycTB 6h oHi cnajTB, — hto Bam* ao nero?.. A bu xoabto ne- 
peAi HHiTB, BU MeJiBsaeie nepoA'B ero oasaifHy APftSHHie h ica* 
HHTO ero CBOHMH HpoJiecTaiCH! 6ain» bo ?to 6u to hh CTajio 
HaAO pasSyAHTB ero, pasApasHHTB, hto6i rjiasa ero sacBepB&HH 
AHKHiTB oraen, hto6u oh:b yxe ne BnaA^'B co6ok), ho SHajcB 
yAepsyl BairB bto naAO, aaicib bto HeoCxoAHHO, noTOny ^to bu 
6wb BToro He MOxeTe hpojrhtbI 

— ^a, A&)— HpoAOJusajn ohi, e^^e 6oJiie ptmHTeJiBHUM'B to- 
Hom, — y BacB ace HanHnaeTca cl BOSBumeHaaro, a RdbHaeTca 
HHSKBiTB. Bu pa6u BBinHxi CTpacToft, Bameft hoxoth, — 6oshme, 
"Awb ifu... Muno spaftHeft nip! jsjbuMu.'b dTO npaifo h OTspu- 
to; mu TaRi h roBopHirB, mu na dTO haobcb; a bu... HanHHaa 
^B HOBjioHeHla yny, noABHSHH^ecTBy, zapasrepy, bu onyTuaaeTO 
HejDioBiRa HapROTHHecRiiirB AuvoifB BaniBzi npejuecTeft h hotoicb, 
ROFAa y Hero saRpyxBTCJi rooiOBa, ozBaTUBaere ero aaouiMH 
KinsHMH pyRanH h CTacRHaaeTe ero bh'^ct^ cb co6oft BBrjiyOo- 
Ryio nponacTB... h bu — toso, tto h Apyria; y aacB tojibro 
JHUHa noRpinqe, ho a cvoTpK) sopso, a npoHHRaio crbobb nee 
BsrjuiAOM'B H Bvacy hoab Heft saipa co Bcimi ero cTpacTanH. 

Ohb ocTaHOBHJica, noTony hto ycjiumaji'B npepuBHCTuft njia^i. 
Ohb BsrjuHyai na nee. Ona CHfiJia wb Rpecji'6, bch naRJiOHH- 

BIHHCB BDepeAB, OHyCTHBl TOJIOBy Ha ROJUiHH H SaRpUB'B JIHUO 

pyRaMH. 

— Hy, Bon BU njna^eTe...— Haa^B to pacTopaHHO npoHsnecB 
ohb: — ^tmiti'b 6ujio hphzoahtb, ecjra... Ecjih a AOCTaBUio bbicb 
TaRia oropHOHia?.. 

Ona He OTnaJia pyai otb jraita, He noAHaoia fojiobu h rayxo 
OTBiTHJia: — HiTB, ne to, ho to... 

Oetb HOAomejTB 6jaise s ocTanoBHaca nepoA'B neio. — Ilepe- 
craHBTe miaRaTBl Stb aama cjiia6ocTB| 9th cjiesu, — ohh CHJiBH'&e 
Acaaoft CBJiu... 



22 pyCCKOE EOFATCTBa. 

Ona noAHMa rojiOBy. Fjnasa ea Csuin BJiassu on cjiesi^ 
iuie?H cjierBa BsxparHsajiH. 

— daniicb Bam noHaxo6Bjiiocb aio?— npoMOJiBHJia ona. 

— %o? 

— OCKOpfiHTB MeHH... MOHJi, npOHHSHyiyiO TaSOft 668ROHeTOOfr 

j[X)6oBBio m> BaMi!.. 

OH'b BecB BBApornyn, Barb 611 on HepBHaro yxapa h, o^y- 

THBmHCB COBCilTB 6jIB8B0 OKOJUO Hea, RpiflKO CXBaTHJTB OA pyBJ. 

Fjiasa ero nuJiajiH BaEHii^b to CTpaHEuici orHeifb. 

— Ki> Heuy... E'b neiiy bu oto CKasaJiH?— BOCKJiHRHyjrb obtb^ 
BBAHMO sanBHaacB h rojioci ero npepuBasca: — «9to cjiobo 
ApasHHn... Bh stoih cj!iob'6 ecn ^to-to Heno6iAHMoe... 

— ycnoROflTecBl — npoMOJiBHJia ona h co CTpaxonn* otrjiohh- 
JsacB on Hero. 

— A, TenepB ycnoKOflTecBL. PasOyAan cnan^aro HOJiOBiRa 
BUCTpiaoMi H3i nymRH h 0010111 noK)n eiiy K0Jru6ej[BHyK> 
n!6cHio: cdb.*. 

— %o Bu roBopHTO? a He noHHMaio! 

— SI roBopio, HTO a mtmi, a Bce jiraji^.^HenpaBAa, hto a 
Baci HOHaBBaiy, Henpasxa, hto a xony ocrop6btb Baci, noToiiy 
HTO a Bacb juioGjiio! Bbi npeKpacBU, bu o6ojiBCTBT6JiiBflu!.. Bh 
saoRrjni MOHa! Bu bbahto, bu nyBCTByere, KaRi a bocb ropio 
CTpacTBH)... fl Baci yace ne Bunymy... Bu CyAeie icoefl... 

— OcTaBBie MeHa!.. 

— Bin, a He ocraBJiio... Bu CRasaJiH dTO cjiobo... Bu npo* 
HHRHyTU aK)6oBBK), 6e8ROHeHHoft jiioOoBBio... Bu aio CRasaan... 
dHaun BU Moa... Moa,.. 0, RaRoe HacJuasAeaie, RaRoe 6aa- 

SOHCTBO!... 

Ahtohi MflxaflaoBHH'B CToaai y ORsa, npHaosHsi CBOft ropa- 
^ft ao6B Kb cTORay. Iljieqa ero onycTHJUHCB, bocb ohb RaRi to 
noASUKca, cieacHaca; jomo ero Bupasaao Tynoe OT^aanie. OffB 
Moa^aaii. 

npomao HOTBepTB ^aca TOMBieaBHaro MoanaHla. Oaa ho sa- 
M^Haaa dioro. Eft 6uao HOEysHO, hto6u owl roBopajii. 

Ho eny RasaaocB, hto dTO icoji^aHie jijiB nea HeBUHOCHHO. 
Ohb OTBeJiB JiEUfi on CTORJia h nojiyo5epsyaca bb ea CTopoay. 

— Bon BHAfiTe, RaROft a noAaeiiB!.. pa86HTUiciy xpnn- 
auMi roaocoMi) npoMOJiBBa'B ohb. 

Ona Bca BSApornyaa h OTRpuaa raasa.— %o?--RaRHirB to 
CMyTHUITB rOJIOCOMB DpoHSHecjia OHa. 

— PasBi a Mory CRasaiB, hto aioCaio aacB? Pasai a hm&ki 
npaao? SI neaoaiRB nopuea, yparaaa*.. dro — caMue HeroAOue 
aiOAH, TaRie, RaRB a... JIk)6obb Tpe5yen yoopcTaa, ycHJiia, no- 
CToaacTBa. jl,a, RorAa a 6uaB CoaoH'B, RorAa a 6ujrB 6e3yiieHi, 
BToro He MorjBo 6u cjsyqHTBca. A renepB a 8AopoBi«.. fl 8AopoBi..v 
EcaH HyacHO, a npomy bbcb npocTBiB... Ho 8to b^ai* rayno... 



•Bmuft i7Tb. 23 

Owb c% MHHyry laRi croajii, nosepHyBi Kb Heft jnofo, ksri 
6h oxHAafl OTB^TS Ha CBon cjiOBa; ho oiBiia He 6ujio. Torsa 
on'h OBBTb npndnHBHJECfl Ri OKHy H npHJiosHJii en^e ropiBoiift 
jiofo xi xoJiOAHOMy CTeRjty. 

nponuno HicROJiiiRO HHHyTB. HaAesxa HBanoBHa noAHiatJracB 
X, HO BBFJiaflyB'b wb ero CTopoHy, thxo nomjia Kb Buxoxy. Owb 
cumajTB ea marH e, Mosen 6iiTB, noHaoTB ea HaM'^pemey ho ho 
nomeBejiBHyjica. 

Ona Bunuia bi nepoAHioio, CHflJia ci B'^majiRB Ro^ry, hoto- 
ponjrHBO HaA^a ee, hotohi RaJnoniH, mJiauKj; a ohi Bce ne 
ABHnuicH Cb MicTa. SarbiTB ona noBepnyjia rjudh'b y ABepH, 
BHnuia h crajia thxo cnycRaiBca no JLicTHBirl* 

Ona Bunura na ynity. Bhuio orojuo AecaiH nacoBi. Bi» roJiOBi 
ea He 6iuio hh oahoA 6e8noRoftHofi hucjah, RaRi 6yAT0 Moarb, 
yTOMJueHHuA npesiiipHoft pa6oToft, OTRasajicfl npoAOJisaiB CBoe 
liMO. Ona He Bsajia HSBOSHHRd, a nuna nimROirb — yjui^a 8a 
yjumeft. 

noroAa CTOHJua nyAHaa, cnirb ciafljii; na HHorBxi yjuHuaxi 
ocTBTRH ero yse co6pajiiH h cBeajnH sa ropoA'B. Maoio no vaxy 
rojiOBa ea ocB^acHJiacB h ona CTaJia Ay^aTB, ho ho o TOin>, hto 
ceftnacB npoHdonuo.— 3to RaRi 6yAT0 oropBajiocB orb oh shshh 
H na b%rh ocTajiocb nosaAn* 

Ero nocJiiAHee npHsnaBle acHO AORasaoio eft, hto MesAy 
9THMH HicROJibRHMH HacaMH, HTO OHa npoBOJiia y Hero, E ea 6y- 
Ayn^Hirb nin h ho 6yAeTB HHRaRoft cbash. 3to CToajio oco6hh* 
ROiTb, KaRi HiHTO CTHxiftHoe, ABRoe, BopBaBmeeca bi ea shshb 
6en ocHOBanift b'b npomjioirb h 6en buboaob'b ji^a. 6yAymaro, 
BopBaBmeeca tbr'b, RaRi neosHAaHHo bi nyTH HanaAaior'b pasCofl- 
hhrh hjih aacTHraerb rposa. 

Ona Aynasa o rowby hto eft cefl^acb hpoactohtb Bcipilu ci 
CipoeBoft. CTpooBa — ea APyr^, oni MHoroe a^aejbh Buicri, h 
Ao cvTb Hopi He 6ujio TaRoft TaftHu, ROTopyio OHa ne CRasajia 6n[ 
eft. Ho dioro ona eft He CRasen. 

KaRi owb BCTpiiaTca? Ea sbh/)^ ea BHimHlft bhai» — bu- 
AaAyii ee. Ona oCcysAaaa, RaRi eft BoftTE, hto CRasaib, RaRi 
ofiiacHHTb h B'b TaRHXb Ay^axi), ROTopua ORasaaHCb rojiOBoaoE- 
HUME H saxBaTEjnei Bce ea BHEManle, ona HesaviTHO Aonum ao 
KoHiDmeHHOft. Yse nacu npo6HJiH rAi-io oAEHHSAiiaTb, RorAa 
mBefti^ap'b BnycTEai ee bi hoab^A'b, ORasaBmiftca HesanepTUHi. 
Ona noAHajiacb r^b ce6i h nosBOHEaa. 

— He cnan en^e? — cnpocEJia ona y FeHpieTii. 

— Uin... Oabra CeprieBHa ceft^aci bhhuih. 

— KyAa? 

— HpExoAEJiE Bacb nosBBTB Ri 6oJi[bHOEy... Tyrb bo ABopi... 
y RaRoft TO npaHRH peCenoRi CTaai saABixaTbca. A RaRi Bacb 
He 6uao, to Oabra CeprieBHa nomjiE. Ohe CRopo Bepnyrca. 



24 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

n FeHplera noAEuiJia pysy, vo6'l cutb cb Hea ro^tj. 

— Hin, fl cana CBHicy... IIpBHecHre HHtciaKaHi xoJioxHoft 
BOffi... XoJioxHOf, Hsi noA'B BpaHa. 

— EaRi? He nepeBapesHyio? — c% ysacoM'b cnpocHJia FeEfpiera. 

— Jifiy AA^ noatajiyflcTa. 

FenpieTa ynuia vb Kjjmo. Haxeacjia HBaHOBHa nocirlmHO 
npomjua nepesi rocTHHyio bi cnajibHio. Fopljui hohhhkii. Majoib- 
HHRb cnaJTb. Ona nicKOJiBRO paai nponuiacB no ROMHaTi, no- 
Ton Bonura vh rocTHsyio, ycbsLMh HaxHBaHi, noJiosHJia nojch 
rojiOBy sEBaHHyio nojQrmRy h saRpujia rjiasa. ^epesi lOHyry 
CTpamHafl ycTaJiocTB oxBanuia ee h OHa saApeirajia. 
;;,. MiiHyni nepesi abcatb BepHyjracB GrpoeBa h pa36yp[jrai ee 
CBOBMH pascRasaMH pefieHRi npaqRH, ROTopuft saABixaJicfl h 
ROToparo OHa cnacjra. GipoeBa saii'bTBJiia bi oa JTHi^i tojibro coh- 
jiHBOCTB H HocoB^TOBajia eA Tonac^B Jie^h bi nocTejiB. Ona o6pa- 
XOBaJiacB 9T0My coaiTy h nocnimHJua bchojihhtb ero. 

GROpO Bl RSapTBpi CTaJIO TBXO B TOMHO. 



XXI. 

Tojibro na Apyrot aohb cb canaro yipa nepBu AaJiB ce6fl 
snaTb. HaAesAft HBaHOBna He Morjia hoahatb tojiobu, h bx to 
BpeiTJi, RBRi CipoeBa AasHo yace BCiajia, HanBJiacB qaio, naRop- 
MBJia najiBHBRa b npoHBTajra rasery, HaAexxa HBanoBHa Bce 
emfi ocTaBajiacB bi» nocTeJifl. Tflseaafl rojiosa en jneacajia na no- 
tjmjA, a rjnasa 6ujm otrphth. 

CrpooBa, HaxoABBmaa, hto bi OABHHaA^aTB qacoBi cnaiB 
yxe HOCTUAHO, noAHi^Jia b'b cnajiBHi mropy h noAonuia Kb Rpo- 

BBTB. 

— AaBHo nopa BCTaaaTBl — cRasajia ona. 

— H He BCTanyl — ycTaiuirB tojiocom'b oTBiTHJia HeAOSAa 
HBanoBHa. 

— Th pa8B% He SAopoBa? 

— Jl^a, AOJr^HO 6bitb, a Bqepa npocTyABJiacB. 

— 3th crpaHHue neTepCypsKU otjtbhho bhhocatb Mopon 
H BBiory B npocTyacBBaiOTCA b:b Tenjuufi, noiTH BecenHift Benepi. 

— jl|a, 8T0 canoe ROBapnoe Bpevii roAa! Y Henfl, aojisho 
6htb, BH(]^jiiiodHi:(a. 

— Tu nocTapaflca en^e sacnyTB, a jibe cb FpHmefi 6yAeM% 
BecTB ce6H thxo, — CRasajna CxpoeBa. H ne Morjia 6u HH^'birB 
AOCTaBBTB HaAemA^ HBaEOBHi eojuBmaro yAOBOJiBCTBiJi. 

Ohb o6a ymJiH bi rocTBHyio, npBTBopnjffB ABepB, h GrpoeBa 
HTO TO HBTaJsa HaJiBHBRy noHTH monoxoMi. A HaAesAa Hsa* 
HOBHa, qpesBBiqaflHO AOBOJUBeaH, qro ee ocraBBJiH HaeABffI ck 
cavoft co6cfl, Ha^ajia o6cyjRAaTB CBoe nojioseme. 



craTjnifi JHTTB. * 25 

Oaa coBciiTb ne AJMajia o ce6i, o tomi, reki* ESHiHATca 
fenepB ea OTHomeBlfl ki> neiiy h ki jsioaah'b. Oea tojilro RaRi 
<Sii iiejiLROMi noHyBCTBOsajia, hto, He CMOTpa hh Ha tto, dTorb 
HeJoroB^Ki TaRxe Aoporb efl ceroxHii, Kani h 6fiijrB, a Mosen 
611TB H 6ojiBnie. Ona npeAcraBJiiijia ero tojibko TaRHKi, RaRHirb 
OHi 6firjrB Torxa, naRanyHi fiesyidfl. Butb MoiRen, tojubro 6e8y- 
Mie H cnoco6HO csiJiaTb nejiOB^Ra BejiHRHBCB, sacTasBTB pasoicB 
orpiniHTBCfl on Bcero, tto cocTaBJiaerb eseAHOBHEift oOrxoab 

HSmefi SH3HH, QTh BCiZB yCJOBHOCTeft, ROTOpUfl BtipaOaTUBaOIHCB 

BisaiCH, pesyjiBTan nocioflHHaro npHcnoco6jieHlfl cob-Icth. 

Ohi 6wrh TaRHMB, hbrto ao Hero He 6HjrB laRBiTB. TaRHZB 
oea BCTpinajia bb RHsraxB, ho bb jrhshh ohb 6iijrB nepsuft. 
Hhhto, hhito He Morjio 6ki saTMHTB bb efl rjiasaxB totb cb%t- 

JHft 06pa8B, bb RaROMB OHB HpOACTailB Oft BB TOTB A^HB, ROr^a 

OHa HiJia sa hhhb, RaRB noRopna^ paCa. 

TenepB ona Ayv&jra tohb, RaRB efl 6utb, RaRB hchojibhtb 
CBofi AOJiFB nepoAB HehoS AjieRcaHApoBHoft, ROTopoft OHa oGi- 
n^ajsa Hasin^aTB ero. tomb, RaRia nepeir^HH aojshu bobhbr* 
HyTB BB HXB oTHomoHiaxB, ea h Hhhu AjieRcaHApoBHU, ona Te- 
nepB He Horjia AynaTB. 9to a^io 6yAyn^aro. A TenepB b^a^ ohb 
eH^e TaRoft neHaAesHuft. 

Ona He mosotb hoAth TyAa. B^ab ona ne snaeTB, bb Ra- 
ROMB HacTpoeHiH HaftAeTB ero. BfirrB moxotb, BCTpi^a cb nett 
npHHHHHTB eiij 60JIB. MeJTBRHyjia mucjib tomb, hto ona mo- 
jceTB HaflTH ero TaRHMB, RaRB Biepa, ho na bto ona CRasana 
ceGi: <H0 TenepB sl 6ujia 6U Apyraa». ^a, noTOMy ^to ona yxe 
HyBCTBOBajia bb ce6% CHJiy npoTHBOCTOATB BCOMy, BCflROMy ypa- 
rany. 

H-Itb, ona hbb sa nero 6oBTca nofiTH TyAa. Ho ho ysnaTB, 

HTO Cl HHMB, RaROBO OFO HaCTpOenie,' RaRB OHB BOAOTB Ce6fly CB 

dTHMB Toace ona ne Moroia npHMnpHTBCfl. Tohb, rotopumb ohb 
CRasaJiB efl Biepa nooiiAHia caoBa, TaRia npaBABBua h TaRia 
o6HAH£ia A^a nea, 6ujrB MpaHHufi, nOA&BJieHHuft h He'o6in^ajrB 
eft HH^ero xopomaro. 

H, RaRB OTBiTB Ha BC% dTH Bonpocfii, eft BB rojiOBy npHmao 
pimenie. Ona yaRe 6ojiie ^aca aesaaa bb OAHHO^ecTBi. Bb ro- 
CTHHOft roBopHJiH moHOTOMB. Ona nosBajoa: 

— OjiBra! 

— Th pasBi He ycnyaa?— cnpocnaa CTpoeaa. 

— j{ npocHyjiacB, saflAH RO mh%. 
GTpoeBa npBmjra bb cnaJiBHio. 

— TeCi ay^me? 

— HeMHoro aynme. Ho a npoAnoHBTaBD en5e ocTaTBca bb 
HOCTOJiH. H xo^y nonpocBTB Te6a... Biepa BapBBHCRift 6HJrB 
AypHO HacTpoeHB h BucRasuBaaB Mpannua Mucan. 

— Hy, H nycTB ero. 



26 "* PyCGEOE BOFATCTBO. 

— Hin, Tas^B H6JiiB8fl. H odbnjju^ ero xewk... Ho a b» 
uoTj cevofiflH. Mosen 6utb, th sanuia 611 ri H6117 Ha noJB[- 
naca E nociioTptJia-6u, ai BasoirB ohi HacTpoeslH. 

— JI^AHO. drby BU, A06pOBOJIBHUA HAHBRB! Ho TOJIBKa 

HAHBHHTbca BH np6AnoHHTaeT6 cb 6opoxaTuiiH xiTBm. 

— KtO Se 8T0 — BH? 

— Hy, Aft Borb xotb bu o6i— tu h ero seHa. 
HasesAa HBanoBHa ho BospasHjia. 9to 6iiJio 6e8no;i68HO. 

GipoeBa sapflAHJiACB cbohmb hobumb HacTpoeHlen nponiBi Bap- 
BHHCKarOi H Bce paBHo HOJibsfl CiULO pa8y6ixHTB*ee. 

CipooBa OA'i^JtacB h noixaia kb BapBHHCROicy. Ahtohb Mh- 

XaflJIOBHTb BCTpiTHJTB 66 hIcROJUBKO paSCiflHHO, HO JUD668H0. 

Owh TOJiBRO ^TO Bepnyjicfl cb nporyansn. Ohb ryjiajiB naca XBa 
niniKOicB. 

— MU ABBHO CB Bans H6 BHAUHCB,— HpOMOJTBHJIB OHB. — 

PaSBi BU H6 iSAHJIH BB BhJIBHO? 

— Bin^ HaAesxa HBanoBHa saxepacasa mohji... 

— A HaAeasAft HsaHOBHa, aojukho 6utb, bb doJiBHflity no- 
izajna?— cnpocHJiB ohb h nps dioiiB BsriflHyjiB Ha nee hbhoa- 

JIOfiBfl. 

— Ona HesAopoBa. 

— HpaBAa? 

— ^a, BHepa npocTyAHJiacB... 

— Fm... Botb RaRxl 3to xajuB. A h xot&ib noroBopHTB c^ 

HeiO 06b OAHOITB AijLi. 

— Ofia saBTpa, B^ipojiTHO, BCTaneiB. Bo bcjirokb cjiy^ai, 
ecJUH BU npiiACTe saBTpa, to ohb hphmotb aacB; bu Mosere 
noroBopHTB. 

— 3aBTpa H He CHory. 3aBTpa sena npiiA^n) ^ AOJURens 

66 BCTp^TBTB H B006n^e 6UTB CB H610. fl HOJTy^HJIB OTB H6A TO* 

jierpaMMy. Oea BepHetca panBme, hIiib AyMaiia. 

— A pasBi jifkjLO cnimHoe? 

— JifiL, Aa... HoasaJiyft, hto CRopift cninmoe, tIicb h^tb. 
BnpoHeicB, HH^ero... KaRB se bu nojKHBaeie? — BApyrb nepeir&- 

HBAB OHB pasrOBOpB, H OHH HpoCOJITaJIH CB HOJUiaca BflJIBHt^ 

TaBiomHefl 6ojiibhhk'6, o BpawxB. SaxiiiB CrpoeBa npocTHJiacB. 
Upon^aacB, ohb Cojo^me he cjiOBa ne CRasauB o HaAesA'i HBa- 
HOBH^ E CBoeMB jijbjrb. 

GTpoeBB npiixasa aoeoS nca bb ipn h pascRasajna o cbo- 

eMB pasrOBOpi cb BapBHHCREEB. 

HaAesAA HBanoBHa tojibro nepecnpocEJua:— Oaa saBTpanpl* 
*AeTB?— H HOJuyMJia noAiBepxAeflie. 

Ho HepesB noji^aca HOCJii aioro ona BCiaJia h Hanajia oa^ 

BaiBCH. 

— Tu saniifb 8T0?— cnpocBJia ee CrpoeBa. 

— fl HO^Ay BB nevy. 



CBiiTflutt Jtnrqii. 27 

— Tu ci yifa coouiat Y re6& HH^jiiOdflAa. Tu dio SHaeniB. 
H ni DOHHiiaeinb RaRi aio onacHO. 

— IlyCTOe. y M6Ba HHRaROft HH^JIlDdHmi WbTb, dtO TBQa, 

^aBTasi^. H yse sxopoBa. 

— Bh Bci BA^Cb npeBpaiBJiBCB bi HepasyiiHim A*i^Teft. 

— Tu cjuimBOirb pasyMHaa, cJiHoisoirb Bspocjaa. 

— He xoAH, HajiesAft HsaHOBHa. 

— EArbj s. noiKJ, ji AOJURsa noixaiB. 

— IIoHeMy jojiacHa? 

— nOTOtfy HTO flOJUXBa. 

n oKk o6i saicojiHajifl. CTpoesa HaAyJiacB. Bi nocni^HeirB 
ea otbIt^ osa yBHAiJia BaBcipeHsoe sejianie 6utb ci hok) hb- 
oncpoBeHHofl, h bto oOsAiiio ee. 

3to Cujoa yse Be nepsaA oCbab bi drorb ea npiisAi. Hr^ 

npeSBlB OTflOmeHiB 6uJ0H yAHBBTeJDBBO OTKpUTU H BCHH. He 

6BIJI0 MexAy HBMH BH HeAOMOJiBOBi), HE BeAopasyiciflift. FopLKiB 
Ben^H BcerAa owb roBopHJiH Apyi^ APyry Tasase npocTO H npBMO^ 

RaKl H npiBTBUB. 

GrpoeBa BunycKajia hsi BHAy, hto TorAa hxi shshb 6ujia. 
npon^e h CiAuie BByipeHBHifH BBJieBiaMfl. H RaacAufl a^bb Bib 
pasroBopi HXB nonaAftJiBCB cjioBa hjib bsfjibau, ROiopue xojio^ 
AHJiH efi ropflHyio Apys6y ri> Hbabxa'^ IlBaHOBBi. 

Oaa H TenepB HcnoAiio6BB CMOTpijia aa to, rbkb la, bo ea 
MfltolK) CoJiBflaB, nocnimBo oA'^BasacB, qTo6u ixaTB bb Bap- 

BBHCROMy. 

cIIo nepBOHy ero cjiOBy pBCRyen BAopoBBeirB^icoserB 6utb,^ 
Aase acBBBBK)! Ayvsuia osa: — H osa en^e p'J^maercB yTBepxA&TB^. 
^To Hxx CBBBBiBaiorB rbrIb-to oiBJie^eHHUB OTHomefliH H qyB* 
CTBa. 3, B^JB, HaAesAft HBaBOBBa, tu laRaB se, rbrb h Bci, 
H nonaiacB hb ly see npHMasRy, sa ROTopyio BAyrk bcI tbrIb 
se BocTopxeflBHB Bcean^HBu, rbri ra»... 

A HaABSAB HBaBOBfla OA'iiiacB, CRasaira eft: €ao cbbabbbb*, 
B ymjia. 

Eft RBsajiocB dTo coBepmeBBo HeoSxoABiiuici se noTOMy, 
HTO BapBHBCRift BupasBJTB seiiBBie BEA'iTB ee, H Be noTOicy, hto 

OBB COCJOaJICB Ba RBROe TO KbJLO — vbj^ OBB He CJIBmROlTB B^pHia 

BB BTO A'bjuo, — a rjuBBBUMi oCpasoifB noTOMy, HTO Oflnb nojiy^Hn 
TeJierpaMHy otb Hbbu AjieRcaBApoBBU. 

Ofla 6uja hohtb yBipeaa, ^to btotb pasroBopB saxoAHTCB 
BB CBB8B ci> TOJierpaMMofl H AOJisoBi DpoBBoflTH AO npi^BAa 
Hbbh AjieRcaBApoBBU. 

£& caMoft 6ujio TBsejio, ho obb SBajia, hto eny TBxejiie 
Bocjii Toro, HTO npoBSomjio. Oaa oabb, a obb BcerAa AOJUReHi 

CHBTBTBCB Cb JLjmoi BTOft SeHIIlHHKI, ROTOpBA HOCBBTHJia BMy 
XH8BB. SBaHBTB, eCJIH OBB HO AOCTaBHrb OMy BOBHOZHOCTH CRB- 



28 F7CGS0B BOFATCTBO. 

ssTb eft TO, HTO 7 Hero ecTB, ceroAHii, to OHa diHHi cff&iaerE 
mvb CBHxaHie 6e8nojie8Ho - raTRejoAWb. 

BoT& no^eicy nosaCuBi CTpamBiyio rojiOBHyio 6ojiiB h, mo- 
xerb 6uTL, Bi cavoici s^jil onacHOCTB npocTyAHTBOi, ona, 
He pasAymiBS^ xojrro, OTnpaBirjiacB vb neuj. KorAa OHa Bonuia 
wb nepeABX)iD, BapBHHCBift BUTJisLnyM'b hbi KafiHHeTa, h jihi^o 
«ro, AO Toro BpeMOHH znypoe, ocb^thjiocb. 

— SApaBCTByflTe, sApaBCTByftTe!— npoHOJiBHJi'B om h b% 
FOJioci ero cjmmajiocb yAOBoncTBle. 

Ofla KHBHyjia eify rojioBoft h Bonuia b'b Ra6HHeTi. 

— Bu A&3Re ropasAO Jiyqnie, ^n a fymhjn* o Baci, — npo- 

MOJIBHJI'B OE'bj BAOpOBaaCb CI HOH). 

— A AyV&AH BU 060 MH% 0H6HB AypHO, ROHeHHO? — CnpO- 
CHJia OHa TOHOHl myTRH. 

— Jly^me, i/bwb rohi 611 to hh 6usio, sa HCRJiioHeHieH^B 
voeft seHU. 

— Aa, OHa jJiyHDie, ^n mh ci Bam... 

— 0, 9T0 He nOAJieSHTB COMHiHilO. 

Owb CTOflJi^B y cTOJia, OHa onycTHJiacB Ha CTyjn». Owb eRa- 

— Bu BHAHxe, ^0 a oieHB paAib? 

— He MoeMy npHzoAy, Rone^Ho, a neiiy HH6yAB APyroMy. 

— Aft) Apyrovy, HTO AORasuBaeTca BamHMi npnxoAOirB^ 

— Hy, TaRi ofiiflCHHTe- 

— A BHAHTe JHy ecjiH 6u BU nocjii hobxi rjiynun» h 

BJIUZl CJDtOBl, ROTOpUfl, BOpOHeiTIi, 6UJIH ECRpeHHH, HO DpHDIJIH 

fljiH, HTO HasuBaeTCfl, nopBaJiH oTHomeHU, to bto 6ujio 6u 
nomjio H bbcb BTorb nami... anHSOAi — npio6piJii 6u xapaRTopi 
HomjuocTH. H B^epa nocTynHJii Aypno, RaR^B MysHHHa,— npaSa- 

<}aBflJll OH'b HOHHSeHHUlCb rOJIOCOHl,— H Hon OSCHAaTB, HTO BU 

ceroAHJi nocTynBTe Aypno, RaRi seHniHHa. Ho bu nocTyoHJiH, 
RasB leJiOB^RT). Bu npBmjuH; nosBOJiBTe no6jDiaroAapHTB BacB. 

Oh'b npoTflnyji'B eft pyRy, ona nosajra ee. 

-^ ^a, npoAOJisajii oh^,— 6e8B ocoSoHHaro . BOJiHeHla npo- 
xajKHBancB no ROHHarl.— Eohoiho, Hame aoctobhctbo pasyMHaro 
cyn^ecTBa Tpe6yerb, no6u BBBicTHaa 6jin80CTB iieacAy MysiH- 
Hoft H acesn^HHoft o6ycjQ[OBJ[RBajiacB HaH6ojiBmeft CTenenBio npas- 

CTBeHHOft 6JIIH80CTH. 3t0 XOpOmO, 8T0 HOJRHO HOCXaBHTB HAOa- 
JIOICB, HO eCJIH MU HHOFAa, H OHOHB HBCTO — HO AOCTBraeHli 8T0r0 

HAeajia, noAAfteiicfl HHHyTHoicy HacTpoeniK), CBJiBHoify h HCRpen- 
HOHy, HO He rjiiy6oROMy... to 8aiiirB ace AljiaTB vn axoro poKO- 
BOft Bonpocx? 

— Bu pa8B% XOTtjUH odz atnOMZ rOBOpHTB?— CB SaM^THOft 

CTporocTBiD cnpocHJia HaAexAa HBaHOBHa. 

— Hirb, H-tTB, HO 061 9T0in>. Ho aroro nejiBSH o6oflTH. H 
OTO B'B nocjAAHift pasi y nacB TBROfi pasroBopi. Bhahto jih^ ji 



en^e h6 sHaio h ho xory cb yB^peHHOCTBio CKasaiB Bam, hto 
CO MHOfl 6yAerfc. Moserb 6uTb, a en^e nonpo6yH) xhtb, a no- 
acerb 6uTB H ynpy. 

— Bu He HMieTe npaea. 

— npasi ho 6jAQWh cnopHib; npeAOCTaBHMi 8to lops- 
CTaiTb; fl BCK) SH8HB, sa HCKJuoHeHieMi B'B oCn^eft cjeookhoctk 
AioscHHu AHefi, A^aJiii TO, Ba HTO He HHijd'b npasa. 3HaHBn, 
ecJH 3T0 cA^Jiaio, to ho 6yAerb oco6aro HapymeHia o6nieft gh- 
CTeira. 9 He ki Tony; a roBopio Borb hto. Ecjbh a H86epy 
BTopoft nyTb, TO ecTb y6bK) ce6fl, hto Becbua bobkoxho, TaR^ 
KaR'b y MeHa Ha dTo ecTb AocTaToiHO npBHHH'b, to Hami pas- 
roBopi noTepaerb cnay; ho bi cjiy^ai nepBaro... Borb a noay- 
HBAi Teaerpaxtfy orb aseHu... 

Ohb noAomea'b ri CToay h nonaBaai aeacaBmyio Ha neirb 
Teaerpaniiy. 

— Ona AoasHa 6biaa npi'ixaTb nosace, — npoAoaacaai owh^ — 
HO KbjLdL laRi CaaronplaTHo caoamancb, hto efl ocTasaTbca ne^ 
sa^iiiii. OnanpBAeTi saBTpa. Bn, mosoti OuTb, ne snaere, Him 
6uaa AJBa iieHa aia acenn^HHa h CRoabRO a eft MyRi AocTaBHai. 
0, a B'h ea shshh arpaai poab Romnapa. Ho Bce ace OHa, ne 
CMOTpa Ha Bci pasoHapoBania, CRaonna ri OHTHHHsicy... Bu no- 
HHHaeTe, o ^ewb a roBopio. Ona yixaaa OTCioAa, Bipa URi h 
Bam, Bipa naicb o6ohmi. Hy, h boti, mosho npeAcraBHTb, 
HTO A^a nea cocTaaeao 6u pasoqapoBanie bi Hac'b...He bo icH'i 

H H6 B^ BaCl, a Bl HaCb OfiOHXl H B'b ea AOB^pHBBOCTH Rl 

Ham... He SHaio, yAacTca an vni bto, ho a Aaio ce6icaoBO h 
noBTopaio ero opn Bacb-ecan ocTanycb acHTb, HBKorAa 6oabme 
He ocRop6aaTb ee... fl xoT^ai 6u, hto6u dTa noaaa anoxa b% ea 
SH3HH He HaHHHaaacb MpaHHUBCb pasoHapoBanieicb. HodTOity a 
npomy aacb, AaflTO caoBo ce6i h hh^, hto mu... KaRi 6u dTO Bspa- 
BHTb?.. ?T0 Mfii saSyAem 8to... ?to eioro ne 6uao coBcim, 
coBcim He 6uao, h hto ona hh hsi Hero, hh hsi caoBi, hie 
Hsi HaMeROBi, HH Hsi BSFaaAOB'b He AoraAaoTca, ne noAyiiaeTb, 
He MeabRHOTi y nea t^hh MucaH, naueRaion^efl na to, hto 6fiiao 
xeacAy HaMH... Ecas a yicpy, mh^ ao dToro h^ti A'i^a. fl ne 
Hory npoABBAiTb xapaRTepi OyAyn^Hxi HacTpoenift h oTHomenU; 
MoacoTi 6uTb, TOFAa dTO 6yAeTi Aa^e noaesno. CaoBom, bu 
TOFAa CBofioAHbi orb dToro oCin^ania. Bu o6in^aeTe? 

— ^a, 6e3ycaoBHO. 

— BoTi Bce... Boabme HHHero... H hu cb 8Tofl MHHyTu 
HBROFAa He BepHOMca ri aTOMy pasroBopy. 

— ^a, Aa... B'b ROTopoMi) nacy saBTpa npi^Aen Hana Aae- 
KcaHApoBHa? — cnpocHaa HaAesA& HBanoBHa, ohobhaho TaRBMiN 
oCTpasoMi nepexoAa ri» Apyroicy DpoAMOTy. 

— B'b OAHHHaAi^aTb. 

— fl npi^Ay Ha BORsaai) BCTpibTHTb ee. 



30 • PTCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

— OtjohhhoI H 0070X1 6yAeTe sasTpaKaTb ci HaiCH! 

— 9 corjiacHa. Toji&ro b&ho 6u vb Couhhu^ aaixatb, — 
iipi[6aB0jia OHa.— MeHfl, RaseTca, OTry^a CRopo BuroHan. 

— He BBJiHRa 6ibAa. Ecjua & ocTanycB jkhtb, y Haci 6yAerb 
KHoro pa6oTU. Si ocTanycb ho Hsane, saRi noxb ycjroBieirb bei- 
nojiHHTb TO, HeiTb* BceHTU a BHCKasuBaJH BaiTb. EcjiE ze a 
yupy, Bu CByBcieTe nonpaBBTB aamy peiryTai^K). ^a, a&> a ocra- 
Hyc& JRHTB TOJiBRO noAi» ycjuoBJeiffi, 4T0 ORasycb ciioco6H&iir& 
Kb CesynpeHBOCTH. Mei Haxoijio 6uTb cjia6uirb, Mfli naAoiJio 
npesHpaTb ce6a. Bi nepauft se jiQUhy Rorsa a no^iyBCTsyio, 
HTo TOMHua cBJiu oBjia^'ftBainrL uaott h noO'bxAaiorb noe Jiy?- 
mee, Hoft jiyxi, bi toti se AOHb a yiipy... Bu wnmn, a ro- 

BOpK) dTO BaiTb H TOJIbRO BaiCb; a HHROMy 3Toro 6ojibine He 

CRasy, jifixe najiioTR'b. 3ro SHaiETi, hto a o^enb i^'Ihh) aacb h 
Bi catfOM'b sjkjii a itiHio Bacx oneHb bbicoro .. Axi, ^a, BOo6pa- 
BHTB, HTO a BCK) dTy HO^L pa6oTaai! 

— ^aA'B RHHroft? 

— Jl^a, a^HanncaJii, RaseTca, jiy^nnia CTpaaBi^u. YxEBHTejibHO, 

CROJDbRO npOTiBOp^Hlft TaHTCa Bl HHOft HOJIOBt^eCROft KJuAl Xo- 

THT6, a Bau'b npoiHTaio? 

— Ci yAOBOJibCTBiem. 

Ohi npoiHTajTB eft to, ito HanHcai'b sa Ho^b. Eft tozo no- 
sasaJDOCb, hto 8to aynmee bsi acero, hto Cujio bi aroft Rrari. 

IIoTOBTb OHH saroBopmiB CipooBoft. HasesAft HBanoBHa 
paecRasajra, hto oh^ Tenepb ccoparca. BapaHHCRift npoHOJiBflurb: 

— CTpoeaa oneeb xopomift, necTHuft neJioaiRi, ho y hbh 
xynia, no tohrocth opraHHsaulHy TaRi cRasarb, BToporo copTa. 

HaAoacAa HaaHOBHa sacTynnjiiacb 3a CTpoeay h bIi to apeica, 
KOFAa roBopHja bi ea saiAHTy, HcnuTUBajia ropbRoe nyacTBono 
noBOAy CBoeft ceroAHamHefi ccopti ci hok). Ona pimHJua TOTqaci, 
ROrAa apHAorb AOMoft, noMBpHibca. 

Ho Cipoeaa b'b aroMi ho HyxAanacb. y nea ropeib a^^bho 
y»e npomjia, h ona saOujia oGi) yTpesneft padMOJiBRi. 

Oicasajiocb, hto, noKa HaAesAa HsaEOBHa Gujia y BapBHH- 
CRaro, Crpoeaa nporyjrajiacb cb FpHmeft. MajibqBR'b fiuji'b o^OHb 
BBBoJiHOBaHi: Ha saBTpa 6hjxo HadHaneHO CBHAaaie cb HBTepbio 
H Cb 6paTbaHB. HpHXOAHJia yxe MHCjrb o tomi, hto eicy CRopo 
npBA^Tca ocTaBHTb rocTenpiaifHfiifi aomi HaAexAU HBanOBHU 
H nepecojiHTLca Kb hbei. Ohi, RasoTca, aToro 6oaJicfl. He 
CMorpa Ha cbok) HCRpeHHEOfo npHBasaHHocTb Kb poAHuirb, no 
KOTopuHi OHi cRynaJsi, oHi HHRaRi HO Horb npeACTaBHTb ce6i 
AOvaniHioH) o6cTaHOBRy HHane, RaRi toio, Raayio ohi> ocTaaflurb 
B'b Toui Oojibmoifb AOMi, OTRyAa ero npHaesjia Kb ceCi H^a^^^ 
HBaHOBHa. 

MezAy npoHBHi, HaAezAa HBanoBHa cooOn^HJia CrpoeBoft, 
HTO sBBTpa no'^A^Ti Ha BORsajii BCip'lHaTb HBHy AjieRcaHApoB- 



CB^TJmft JiT^l. 31 

ay. — ToJiBKO, noacaJiyflCTa, He roBopB mhI o6'f» HH(]^;rK)9Hii'6 h He 
npexocTeperaft neea oti> npocTjAuI— npR6aBnj[ia OHa, cMiHCB^ — 
a TO Hero AoCparo ohjitb noccopHMca. 

— PaSB'b MU CCOpHJIHCB? 

— Bhjio hto to b% 'vrowb po^i. 

— HE^ero noAoCearo ne 6UJ10I — CRasajua GrpoeBa, noAomjia 
Kb Heft H noii'ijiOBaJiia ee bi» rojiosy. 

«KaRoft OHa zopomift neoioB'bRiU — noAyvaira Hanessa Hsa- 

HOBHa. 

BecB ocTajiibHofi x^hb nocjii pasroBopa c% BapaBHCRHMi y 
MBB 6usio HexypHoe HacTpoenie. ^BCTBosajiocb nepBHoe yTOM- 
Jienie, ho oho ne OesnoROHJio ee; HspiAsa tojibro T^b to bi 
rjry6HHi AyniH^BspyrB na urflOBeHie npoMeuBSHerB ito-to ocTpoe, 
noxozee na MHMOJieTHyio 6ojib. Ona BSApornerB h T0T«iaci> se 
TopoHBTca OTornaTB on ceCn dTo MHayTHoe o^yn^eme. Ona 
paHO Bi dTOTi AOHB Jierjua cnaTB. 

XXII. 

BenepoHi, nocjrl Toro, RaR'B Ha^esAa HsaHOBHa ynuia otb 
BapBHflCRaro, Kb Heicy saiaacajiH CTopiEiRifi h TeTioniHH'B, SBajiH 
^ero npoRaTHTBCfl sa ropoAi, ccujiajiHCB na BecenHioio noro^y, ho 
OHi HaoTpisi OTRasancfl. Ho ohh ysnajiH; hto saarpa npitAOTi 
Hnna AjreRcanspoBHa, h oOin^ajiH hbhtbca na BORsajoi. 

HHHa AjieKcaHApoBHa Oujia yAHBJieHa ctojib TopacecTaeHHoft 
Bcrpiqefl. Ofla, RoneHHO, npeasAe Bcero saiiiTHJia AnTOHa Mh- 
xafljiOBH^a H sacunajia ero sonpocaMH sAopoBBi, noTOifB juiito 
efl ocB^THJiocB HoBOfi yjiBi6Rofi, RorAa OHa jBEKkudk HaAesAy 
HaaHOBHy. 3ar&Mi> ona nosajia pyRy GTopiitROHy h TeTiomHHy, 
BSTJiflHyBi na nocjuiAHflro HcnoAJio6Bfl« IIpHcyTCTBie dToro neoro- 
B%Ba BcerAa npo6ysAftiio bi Heft onacenle, TaRi RaRi ao cbxi 
nopi BCTpi^a cb hbmi a^a AHTona MaxaftjiOBBHa hohtb BcerAa 

XOHHaJiaCB HOHOflROft. 

Ho ona coaepmeHHo ycnoROBJiacB, RorAa CTopii:(Rift h TeTH>- 
niBHi, npoBOABBii Bxi AO dRHoaaca, CTajor npon^aTBca, ToponacB 
wb 6ojiBHHiiy Ha o6xoai». 

— A BU pasBi He Cb navH, HaAOSAft HaaHOBHa? — cnpocBJirB 

OTopiURifl, BBAfl, "iTO HaA^^si HaaHOBHa Tose caABTCA bi 8rh- 
naaci. 

— fi saBTpa HaHHy 6bitb BcnpaaHoft, FpHropift HrnaTBe- 
SHHi)!— OTB^THJia eMy cniacB HaAesAa HaanoBHa. 

— He Mory noHaiB, hto Baci BcnopiBJio,— CRaBaJi-B Cto- 
piilRlft; — ysce TenepB EyjuBRoaa bucoro noAHfljia rojioay b cMtjio 

onasAfiiBaerB na ABaAi^aTB HOTupe naca. H HB^ero eft CKasaTb 
HejiBSfl. iHpyraa, mojui, coBciirB He zoabtb, a h tojibro onasAH- 
^an B Bcero tojibro na ABaAi^aTB HOTupe naca! 



32 PyCCKOS BOFATCTBO. 

— A HaBepciaio, rpnroplft HrHaTBeBBTB« 

Ohh no±x2Ljm, HBHa AjseRcaHxpoBHa pascKaBUBajia o A^pe- 
BeHCRHxi A^Jiaxi, coBepmeHHO BunycxBB'b asii BHxy, hto Ka- 
AexAa HBaHOBHa Biiqero bi» hbzi He noHBuaerb h He MOserB 
BHTepecoBaiBca hmh. Et BasajnocB, tto HaxexAa HBaHOBHa Boauia 
BO Bd Hxi BHiepecu fl cxtjaJiacB RaKi 6u ^uieHOicb hzi ceiaB. 

Oea Oujia osBBJieHa. JIbuo oa nibcBOJiBKO nozyA'iJio, ho na 
n^eKaxi Brpajii» pjMsneiii. 3a6oTa h TpeBora, KOTopua oHa 
HcoKTUBajia BO BpeMH nyTH, 6opoJiBCB Cb CBisHiTB BOdAyxon 
H, RaseicA, nocJi:lAHlfl noOiAHJUi. ^to to HeofiuKHOBeHHO 6oApoe 
CB^TBJiocB Bi) ea rjiasax^B. 

^ova a^Aajii Bxi saBTpaK'B, a nocAi saBrpaKa Hana Aji6k- 
caHApoBHa cuasajsa: 

-r- A BSJiJia na ceCfl HenpifliHoe nopyneme, hsi sa Koioparo 
AOJSHa ciisABTB Bi rocTHHut. ^o^B Hamero ynpaBJiBK)n^aro 

rOTOBBTCJi Rl EaROMy TO 6aJiy, KTO to bi COC^ACTBi BiiXOAtin 

sanysii. IIpocHJiin EynflTB h nocjim Maxepiio na HJiaTBe. 

— a aioMy He npenflTCTByio!— CEasaaii BapBimcRifl,— ci*8ah, 
TOJiBRO He HaAOJiro. 

— Ho fl TaRi Majso noHHMaio bi btobtb. 

— En^e 6fii! th cava, Kasexcfl, HH^ero, RpoMi ciparo x 
HepHaro UBixoBi, ne npHSHaeniB. 

— MoxerB 6utb, HaAesAa HBanoBHa noMOsen uab? 
HaAesAa HBanoBHa xoiiara CEasaTB, hto ona noHHicaen 

Bi TpflnKaxi He 6oJiBme eH, ho BApyn AoraAanacB, "iro TpanKH 
saIcb He npHHeicB, ^o Hnna AneRcaHApoBHa xohotb ysnaiB orB 

H6fl TOMl, RaRl BOJH Ce6a dTH AHH AhTOHI MsxaftJIOBH^'B. 

Ona CRasaJoa: — Sl oxotbo noiiory Bairb... ocjih cMory. 

— TaRi cbisjifime BiiicTk 
HaAesAa HBaHOBHa corjiacHJiacB. 

— A MOHfl ociaBJiJieTe bi oAHHOHecTB^?— npoicojiBHJirB Asrooh 

MEXaftJUOBHTO. 

HBHa AjieRcaHApoBHa CKyTBjacB, ho BapBHHCRift 0000*11101)1% 
ycnoROMTB ee: 

— HiTB, H myny, noissaflie, tojibro ho sacHSHBafiTecB 
xaiTB. 51 npHCflAy sa nHCBxeHHuft ctojtb. y moha Eoe 1x0 me- 
BejiHTca Bi roJiOBi. 

JifiMU cRopo co6paJUiCB H yixaju. Ci Toft MHHyTu, Rasi 
owb ocxaJiHCB BABoem, chah p^AOici bi dRBnaaci, HaAesAa 
HBaHOBHa nonyBCTBOBBJia, hto j^jls, hoh bto ho tbk'b jierRO—duTB 
HaeAHHib CB HHHoft AjieRcaHApoBHoft. 

Bi nocjniAHie ahh ao ea ho^sarb naTBHyxocTB, ROTopaa 
BcerAa npexA^ 6um MesAy hhich, HCHesjia. Ho xenepB aBBjrocB 
Apyroe. To, hto ona AOJusna xaBTB oitb Hhhu AjaeRcaHApoBHu, 
TaRi 6JIB8RO RacanocB ea. 

Bb nepBjK) MHHyiy y HaAOSAU HaaHOBHu aBHOLOCB oni^y- 



CB^JIUft XTVb. 33 

n^eHie BBHOBaiocxH nepexb hok), ho 9to Mimajno eft ropas^o 
newke, i!bui> spyroe. IIpH bcohi Ao6pocoBicTHOirB sejnaniH ne 

BSBaJSHBaiB BBHJ Ha KPJVOTO^ OHB HB MOFJia CBCa npHBHaTB BH* 

HOBBTOft nepefti Eeio. To, hto coBepmRjiocB, ^^iftcTBHiejiBHO no- 
xoxHuo Ha yparani, ROTopoMy hpothbocmatb 6iU[0 6e8HaA6JBH0. 
Ho HTO 6h ohb TeoepB hh roBopHJia eft, RaRLi 6h CBHi^iTejiB- 
cTBa H o6%acHeHlH he x&Bajna, Bcer^a ocraHercH HeAoroBopeHHuicL 
1T0 TO BasBoe, BcerAa vb ea OTHomeHiflxi «b Hnni A^excaHA* 
poBfii 6ynen HSBicTHaA xojua jmiteifipiji, HeHCRpeHHOCTH, He- 
HpaBffi.'. Ho BO BceiTb ocraiBHOirb Haxesxa HBaHOBna chh- 
lajia CBOHMB AoiiroKi jinh HHHi AjieBcaHApoBHi to^huA onen. 

— Bu KH^ paacBasHTe, Raraicb ohi Cmrbl— csasaja HHHa 
AieRcaHJipoBHa, RorAa oh& ixajoi BM^eri. 

— Owb 61U11 HepoBBHil — OTBirana Hiuteaw^HBaHOBHa^ — ho 
Ayiraio, hto cyntecTBeHHo-ipeBOSHaro Hsnero ne 6uj[0. B^orxa 
fl sacTaBana ero doxpuwb^ anepiviHO pa6oTaiontHirfc, ho cjiyHa-* 
jiocb BHxiiTB ero upaHHo HacTpoeHHmrB. Ohi roBopHJirb Torxa 
saiATHHz^B nocjrkxcTBim, saKla ocraBJuen CoJiisHL na ero 

JMCTBeHHHX^B CnOC06HOCTHXl, nOTepHHHHZl MHCJUIXl, BOTOpKM 

npesxe 6ume roiOBu b% ero roMffb, a Tenep& Kyxa to sraesjiH. 
Ho noToiTB, HanpHMipi, B^epa, ousajiocB, hto ohi pa6oTajirb 
HOH&K) H HaHHcajn npeBpacHHH crpaHHi^i. Ohi roBopHjn hbcto 
Baci, TOMi, Ran BHHOBaTb nepeffb bbiih, rbri otpbbhjtb 
Bamy shshb, h ji/aairh RJUTBy HSRorxa 6ojiLnie ne ocropCjebtb 
Baci CBOHiTb noBOAeHieirb. 

-r BcARlft pan OHi xaen ce6i am rihtbu, — cRasaia co 
nfftzowb HHHa AjueKcanxpoBHa, h bth ciobb, h btoti^ bsaoxi 
aacTaBHJUH Haxexxy HBanoBHy ohhtb n HOBoft ouoft nepeaoiTB 
ocrpoe MyHeme cobIcth. 

— G^ rOBOpBJIl TOXl... TOMl, HTO MOSeTB 61ITB... 

OHi nepecranerb shtb. 

— 9io He HOBO... ch rpycTBX) CRasajia Hnna AjieRcaHA- 
poBHa,— ofii aroirfc oh% nacTO roBopHTb. 

— Birb^ He touro bto. Ohl nocTaBHJTB bto wb saBHCH- 

MOCTB 0TB CBOerO HOBeXOHlH OTHOCBTeJUBHO BBCB. 

— Aa? 

— ^a, owb TBRi CRasan. HepBaa xhcjib o npeciynjieHiB 
npoTHBi BacB XJD[H Horo 6yxerB JioeyHroirB CMepra. 

— Ho BTO yzacHO... Biw^ a cnoco6Ha npocTHTB eicy Bcel 
PasBi OHi He SHaerb? 

— Ohi BHaerB sto. Ho yse ohi can oRaaKBaerca necao- 
co6HU]rb npon^aTB ce<$i bto. 

— HItb, H^rb, ero hbao c6btb ci aroft xoponi. KoHenno, 

dTO... TBRie ^RTU... MOHa OCROpGaBIOrby RBRB SeH^BHy, RBRl 

xeny ero. Ho paaai a Mory cmotp^tb bb nero, rbri na SAopo- 
Baro H OJOBfaa? CaymaflTe... fiu HMieTe na nero BJiianle. A 

Je 4T OTA-karb I. 8 



34 P7CGK0B BOrATCTBO. 

cjonoKOirL iraoro ycrynan h nponputa eMy, ^10611 mArb na 
Hero KaKoe HE6yxB BiLmle. PaayC^xBre ero wb aiom, nycn 
OHi OTKasercfl on cBoero pimeBdA. Cairoe mBHoe, ;vro6u obi 
jKMJTb. Bee ociamKoe Hiraero ho ctobo^... 

Qai Fb BTO BpeKfl npAxajm Kb rocnHoicy XBopy. Ha- 
xezxb ELBaHOBHi He npHmjuocB BBXipxnrtb BHHiiaHie, no6iii no- 
MOiB HHBi' AMBcaH^OBHi Wb Bi^pi xaTepui fflE CaiBHaro 
DJiaTBH. 06% obA AyHaJiH npyron h Bnojnsi xoBipHJfaicB 
BBjcy npHBasHHKa. Owk npoCiuni b% uKSMwab ho 6ojiie iuth 
XHHyn. Hm BHHecjm noRymey, a OHi noixan o6paTHO. 

— Jta, a noiipo6yK):.. 

— TenepB h yacib ae no^xy ki Bairb! — csasaia Hajiesxa 
HsaHOBHa.— AoBesHTe Mesa xoMoft. Axi, xfty botb tto. CeroffiB 
KH ei CtpoeBoft cotfHpaeMCJi CBesTH Fpimy Kb ero posHuiTB. 
AaBaftre HasHaHHirB nacu x BcrpinHCfl Tarn. .9^ Bacb bto 
<Syxen noBOAom npBiBesTH Tyxa Ahtohb MnxaftJiOBna. Mu 6y- 
AeiTfc Taifb naca wb nerape. 

— 9to xopomol — CRaaajia Hheb AjieKcamQioBHa. — KcTan, 
a ffismo VTb He BHxajia. 

Ona Baaesjia HaAessy HeaHOBHy hb RoHiomeHHyK) h Tyri 
OHi pascTajiHCB. 

— Hy^-^-CBasaJTB Ahtohi MHxaftjiOBHH'B,— Bor^a ona Bepny- 
jiacB ffOHOft oAHa: — HaAiK)CB, ^m Hsffixffk HBanoBna xajia Te6i 
noxpofiHuft onen Moen noBexeeiH. 

— IIoTOMy Tu TBKL j^MaemB? — CHJEbHO cMyTHBmHCB, cnpo- 
CHjni OHa. 

— EcJiH 6u E TaK% AO chxi nopi ho Kjvi2aiy, to CTajrB 6h 
xyMaTB, yBHAaB'b tboh rjEasa. 

— Aa, paeyMieTCfl, ona He Horjuaace MeuoKkambca, co HHOft... 

— Hy-Hy-Hy, Aoporaa MajooTKa, — cKasajrb ohb, bshb^b ea o64 
pyxH H noi^OBBBi Hxi. — Th roTOBa yse h no BTOiiy noBOxy 
CTpaAaiB. Tu CA&iajia cipaAaHle CBoeft cneipaJiBHOCTBR), Bnpo- 
neiTb, npH MoeiTb 6j[arocK]iOHHOii'& ynacrlH. Ho neyacejoi tu 
xyMaeiDB, hto a ho shbio [nocToaHHom naxsopi, conpoBOS- 

JtfMJUfiWb MOK) JKH8HB? 8HaiO H npHBHaiO, HTO Cam BUBUEaK) 

9T0 H TU npaBa. IIpHToirB ase dTori HaAsopi HeHfl ne CTic- 
HHerb. Bo nepBuxi, ohx naccHBeHi, a bo BTopuxi, sorna a 
fiaxosy, HTO 8th TOHeHBKia i^ino^KH ]ih6 M^niaiorb, a ohohb 
jierso H npocTo paspuBas) hx'b. 

— Tu icHoro HanHcajn 6e3% Mena? — cnpocHaa Hbeb Ajib- 
RCSHApoBHa, yBHA'iB'B na CTOJiiero pa6oTy, bi KOTopoft 6ujio 

HiCROJIBBO CBiSHXl CTpORl. 

— Hin, Heoco6eHHO MHoro, a raaBHoe ho TaRi xopomo, 

BBRl XOT^JIOCB. H HO OHpaBAaJIl COGCTBeHHUXl HaAesA^*- 

^ Tu HaB^pHO npHCTpacTeni. Tu aamiKoirb Tpe5oBaTejieHi 
ET^ ce6%. 






CMTIHft tJ^Hb. 35 

— Hy, He 6yffiWb roBopHiB o6i aion. Bo bcakoite cjiyqiai, 
*^CJLB Aftse pa6oTa h6 yxoBJieTBopHn iceHfl, to OHa HaBftpno 
yXOBJieiBopBTB no^TOHHoe co6paHie y^eHEix'B icyacefl, j^ojiseHCT- 

ByH>IIl8Z% BOSBSCOTb MOB HMfl nOCpBACTBOlCl y^BHOft CTBIieHH. 

S, py^uiiocB, mto aia RHiira 6j}Sfirb cnoco6Ha cf^xsLTb w6si xos* 
Topmefl Mejoa^HHU. 

Offb o6fiuurb ee h noi^ibAOBan vb n^esy. 

— Tu sHaemB, — CRasajia HsHa AsescaHxpoBHa, — a hb bb- 
Ajul pacnparaib jioiiiaABt, usb xototca npoRatHTBCfl n To6ot. 

— fl on dToro wh Bociopri. CBroxHa mhofo coxeita.. 
MsHyn HBpen xbcatb ohh C&sjih yse vh ROJUCfffc. He6o 

6wio coBepmeHHO ^hctob, cojihii[b ujiujio rxi-io no KpaairB ero, 
Kass 6yj(io ooacjmBo o6zojtH bbhhi'b, ho bcb xb Jiy^H ero Aft- 
B&iH xocTaio^HO TBajna, hto6u hb KyiaTbca B'b BopoTHHn mj6u\ 
OAHftKO Hana AiBscaHxpoBHa hb nosBOJUuna Myosy nas'bts naiiBTo. 
BoBAyxi 6hUib Tsxi. Bb ropox% ohh ixaiH no rpaHHTHOft mo- 
CTOBofty TasB nasi CH^rb yacB 6tfJii» bbsjc^ y6paHb, ho sa ro- 
poAOicb nomjia nacioaii^aa caHHaa Aopora. FjnytfoKifl, CJierRa 
HoxraaBaBmift cnftrb pasiiflr^HJica on TBHJia, h jnornvtam 61U0 
fflXBJio crynaxL no HBirb^IIodToicy CBprift hobbjcb hxi marom. 
Ohh teAHjra H^CBOJibRO nacoBi. Anrony MHxaftjiOBHvy yjce 

VkBHO ZOltjIOCb AOHOft, XaKb JUUTb OHl HB JDOCHJTb npOXOJIXH- 

TBJibHiix'b nporyjEEOKb Bi KOJUiCR'l. Bepxom offb roxoB'b 6wrb 
npoisAHTb nlbjosA fiftwb. Ho OHb hh OAHHirb cJiOBom hb saflBHJi^b 
npoTBCia n bcb bpbhh noxKBpsHBaJib Bb db6i BecBoioe nacipo 
bhIb. 

fifiUTb ysB TOTBBpiHft ^acb, KorAa Hana AjiBRcaHApoBHa ee* 
A&ia RyHBpy ixan vb «naHCioHb>, RaRb ohh bi myiRy naau- 
BanH ero. Bb hbtupb ^aca 6iijlo ycjiOBJiBHO ciixaTbCfl lan c% 
HaABjRAOfl nBanoBHoft h GipoBBOft. RorAa ohh npiixaJiH, fflMa 
JSB 6UJSH Tan. Poactbbhhob CBHAanie yse npoHBoauro. FpHina, 

JJRB COBBpmeHHO BUSAOpOsiBinifl, T^HX He MesbB HHRaR^b HB 
MOrb OCBOHTbCH Cb HOBOft oSCTaHOBROft. fiaSA^ft npOAMBn BU- 

BUBaJib B'b EQWb yAHBJieHle. 

MajieHbRit AOMHR'b cTOJUib oco6aHRoiCb, npn hbhi Sujib hb- 
Cojiibmoft najiHcaAHHRb n AOBOJibHO Soiibniofl ABop'b, Bb ROTopom 
noirbn^ajicfl norpB6b h en^e RaRin to xosflftcrBBHOttfl cjiyx6fii. 
^Ba aiaaca 6fUH pasA^soHH na hI^crojibro RsapiHpib, HSb roto- 
pHXb Rassaa 6fiii[a caHOCxoflxeiibHa, oSjuaAana oiA^^JibHUHb xo- 
Aon H RyxHBft. He y Bcin 6asio OAHaaROBoe ucjto ROicnarb. 
^°Pm y pascjuaCjieaHaro MOJioAoro HeJuostRa, ROTopuft, xoth h 
BflauTBJibHo yxe onpaBHJicfl, Tiici hb iceHbe ne Morb eiiie Bcra- 
3aTb Cb nocTBJin 6B8b nocToposHeft noHoa^n, 6tfJio Bcero Aet 
MaJiBHbRHXi ROHHaTRH. OAHy saHHHasb OHb| Bi APJ^oft noic%- 
n^ajiacb cTapyxa, ROTopaA sa HHicb xoAHJia. 

Cavafl 6oJibinafl RBapriipa Aociaiiacb ceneftciBy Fpaoiif. Y 

8* 



36 P7CCK0E BOFATCTBO. 

EBXi 6uj[0 HOTupe soMHam, h bc6 ueeu ceicbH 6ujih pasiii^ 
n^eHU npocTopHO h yAoCso. M66ej[b Chu canaa Heo6zoAHMafi 
HO Bce noRa en^e CumcrdJLO HOBHSHoi ehhctotoS. Bnpoqeirfc, h& 

HHCTOnOIOTHOCTB HOBHXl BJiaicijIIBI^eBl ftOMa He CJEHQIKOICI HOJUa- 

rajiHCB. npH AOM% 6Hji[a seHntHHa, HcnoJuuiBmafl oGjisaHHOCTH 
Ran 6u ynpaBETeu Aova. y Hea Giuia MaJieHBRaA KBapupRa. 
BnocJi^ACTBiH npexnojiaraJiocL h sron nocn yHHTrosHTB, ho le- 
nepB 8T0 611J10 enie Heo6zoxHiio. 

EpoMi Toro, HOBiie BJnaA^Bi^Bi npocTO TaKH ho yifiJiH cBJia- 
AiTB>. flsHJicfl H $a6pHHHufl. Ob% HpoxoJisajni paCoiaiB Ha 
$a6pHRi H Bi TO se BpevA AiaTeuHo roroBHJicfl ki naqajiy 
HOCTpoiRH Bi lirk iticraxi, rxt 6ujia $a6pHRa, co6cTBeHHaro 
jiovBRa, Ba cpexcTBa, Roropua eiiy x^a HHHa AjoteRcaHApoBna. 
Oei noRa xBA'b na $a6pHRA, taRi RaRik OMy 6ujiio auoro xo- 
ABTB OTCioAa, a cena ero BJtaffijia RBapTBpot BpeneHHO, soRa 
ycTpoBTCfl Bxi co6cTBeHHut AOMi. Torxa hm^jiocb vb BHxy no- 
M^THTB ciof» Ha HpaBaxx BJiKfibjihjjfiWb Apyroe ceicetcTBo. 

Ahtohi MnxafljiOBBTb ci BBABioiitb yAOBOJacTBieiTb ocica- 
TpHBaJTB AOiTb. Jl^ase rt upa^Hiia CTpyn, ROTopuH om> omjju^ajrh 
MBHyiaMB wb jLjmi b RotopuMik He A^BUTB xoAy, vo6u He crop- 
^mh HBHy AjteRcaHApoBHy, RaRi 6u cmhpbjuicb wb newt. Oh'b 
TBXOHBRO noxBicaAi pyRy senu b roBopHn: €cnacH6o, najnoTRa, 
ciiacB6o. SL xoTkjL'b 6u nonan^e 6oji%tb, htoCi cosAaBaTB laRia 
MaJieBBRla Aijra»... 

Ho RTO tfHJTB Vh BOCTOpri, laRl dTO CrpOeBa. IIpHBilRHyBl 

cyABTB JiiOAflxi no Bxib A^an, ne ynia coBcim AORanu- 
BaTBCH npaBAU no tohrbh'b ABBzeHi£Mi UTb Aynni) ona TenepB 
BApyPB cpasy npHSHaoia HBHy AjiORcaHApoBHy* OcraBniHCB na- 
eABH% Cb HaAexAot IlBaHOBHoft, ona tbxohbro roBopHJia et: 

— SI BEXjj no Bii 06a ea ho croBTe, dTot aceH^Bmi. 0, 
He cMOTpB TBRi; a BBsy, TBI xo^emB CRasaTB, ^to bto ero Biia- 
Ble... HanpacHO, not Apynl Oh^ fobophtb tojibro xopomla 
CJioBa, a j^aerB wb to se npeiia raAOCTB, a Ao6po A&naen 
ona, TOJKBRO OBa. 

— Ho He ona co6pajia anx'B aioAet bsi pasHBixi Tpyn^oGi^ 
a oHil— BOspasBJia HaAesAa HBanoBna. 

— HirB, Aftse He ohi, a 6e8yMie... A RorAa OesyMie npo- 
mao, OHi B He noAyvaai 6u hbxi. A ona ne bi 6e8yMiH, a 
Bi sApaBOMi yiii, 6en caoBi tbxo Bce ero CA^aaa... 

HaAOJRAa HBanoBHa ho cnopnaa. OHa zopomo SHajia orB 
canoft Hhhh AaeRcaHApoBHH, hto 6081 AnTona MBxafiaoBBna,. 
6e8i Tixi npanaAROBi CesyMla, ROTopue OAsaRoaRi TaRi pasyMHO 
H 6aaroTBopHO nanpaBaaan ero Boaio, Hana AaeRcaHApoBna, 6y- 
AyHB npeRpacHUMi neaoB^ROirB b o6aaA&fl bc%bh t^Imb BAeaaB- 
BUMB CTpeMaeHiaMB, aaRia y Hea e€TB,npocBA&aa-6u bciosbshb^. 
He CA^aBi HBHero A'^i>Haro. 



CBVTJlUli JkY^'b. 37 

OfiH npo6iiJ[H Bi AOMHK% j^o cyMep6Ri>, sarliTb ciajiH co6h- 
paibCA AOMOft. FpHmi 6£Uiio npeAJioseHo Ha Bu6opi — ociaBaTbCfl 

Ha CTpoeBj, H rjiasa ero HanojiHHJiHCB cjnesavH. Torsa CrpoeBa, 
(iojQime He npeuiarafl evy HHRaEoro BHfiopa; BsaJia ero sapysy 
1 QOBesjia Ha KoHiomeHHyH). Ohi^ chjibho npHBAsaJucH Kb Heft, h 
OHa 6ujia bthmi Tponyia, ho b'b Tose BpeMH ee nyrajia mucjdo* 
ToiTB, HTO pano HJIH nosAEo OHa AOJisna Gyxer^ yizaiB bi 

BhJIBHO H paSCTaiBCfl Cl MaJIBHHKOirB. 

cHaAeacjia HBanoBna e^Ba jih caoco6Ha yjiijiHTB eny iCHoro 
BHHMaaiA, xyMajia GipoeBa. Ea jiyma norjion^eHacoBC'&M:B Apyrnirbi. 

HaAeacAa HBanoBHa h CipoeBa ci FpHinet yixara paHBme. 
HHHa AiieKcanspoBHa, nepeffi Tiic^b naKi ybxarB^ noAOSB^Jia kii 
ce5i FpHniHHy Man h thxohbro, TaRi, ^to6u ne cjiuinaiiH a^th, 
cnpocHJia ee: 

— GRBKHTe, Bann icyjRi... Mojkbtl 6iit^ ero naAO OTUccaiB 
Hepes'B HOJEHitiK)? 

y xeHH^HHH CA^JiajiocB HcnyraHHoe nisino. 

— BapuHfl, MHJiafl... He nn^Hie ero... He naso. 6on> cb HHjrb! 

— SL snaio, hto sairb 6e8i nero Jiynoie, noioicy "ito ohb 
fl&HHHua. Ho noToinb Moacen bsjSth xyace. TenepB, nosa hkl 
en^e npHHHHaeii'b yqacrie bi BarnHxi a^si^*^) ^ro mosho 6£ijio 
fin ycTpaHHTB. Ho ocjih ohi abhtch BHOCJiiACTBiH H HawexB, 
KaRi Hyxi, npeAi»HBJ[HTb npaBa na Bamy MajieHBRyK) coSctboh* 
HocTb, TOFAa 6yAerk xyse, h otl aioro icoryn aocipaAaiB HHie- 
pecu BamHxi jj^iei. 

— HiTB, 6apHHfl... He npeA'BflBHTil He Mosen npoA'BJiBHrB! 

— Uoieicy JRO bu laRi AyHaeie? Y nero no saRony octb 
B8B']&cxHUH npaBa. 

— Hhrb, CapHHH... Oai... ohi ne no saROHy... 

. H a^eHH^BHa BApyn cipaoiHo noRpacHina h saRpuna Jimto 
nepeAHHRoii'B. 

— TaRi OHB Bauib ne Mysi? 

— Hin, 6ap£iHH Ao6pafl, rojry6ymRa, owb ho uyacB, ohi tbri... 
cb BiTpy... 

— A a:6th? ^*th He ero? 

— H^Tb, a^trh ho ero. ^^trh saROHHaro Myxa Moero^Oni 
noMep^ roAa ipH nasaAi... 

— Sna^HTi, la Hciopia, Roxopyio bei pascRasuBajiH, Ror^a 
nepecejiHJiHCb ri nairb... 

— BuAyvBa, Bce BHAyicRa. Ctuaho 6iiUio CRasarb npaBAy... 
H A'i^Tefl OHi He JiK)6Bjn>, ohi lOJibRO ofiHsan'b hxi. A a, 6apiiHii, 
BiricTO Toro, ^to6h npornaxb ero, jifipsRSHdk b cbohhh TpyAauH 

hH BHHOMi noEJia. KoHOHHO, ROFAa caMa nbanafl Cuuia... 

— Kto ae offb? 

— H AS^e AOCTOBi^pHo ne snaK). TaRi, Cb yjuHitu, nbHHHi^a... 



38 PyCGKOE BOFATCTBO. 

Az'b, 6apHHfl, jrynnie Aaxe He roBopiT^ o tomi! IIoxJKafl a 6uji9b^ 
npoTBBi A^Tefl... TojDLKO, BBAHTe, H XB8BB xe MOfl Cku CTpai&HaH..* 
A TenepB, cjobbo vb pafl nouajra nocii TotsBSBH. Fp^rB xaxe 

BCDOMBBaXB TOMl HeJDOBiR^. JljkfB EBMl BO nOMBHaiOn, En 

Rorja EOTopui bcoombbi'b, tbvl o» cipaza no6&ii6rb. 

— Hy, zopomo, bo GjjfiWb roBopBTL o6h dTom. fl oiesB. 
pa^a, ^TO Bce dro laKi, aro JDj^me ajib BaniBxi xbiet. 

HBBa AjieRcaBApoBBa oTBycTBJua ee. Oaa BBBMaiejiBBO bfji^- 

XijiaCB Vb 6fl CTap006pa8B0e VOpmBBBCTOe JUBAO CB KpaCBUMB 
BiBBMB, CB BCByxmBHB BOCOM'B fl GeSBfCuilB piOMl R BOBflJia, 

Do^eiiy OBa tbkb CMyiBJoacB h noKpacB^jia nps BOCBomBaBiB a 
CBoeMB jiH)6oBBflK%y ROToparo BBfljua CB juBnu H A&2ce Be Morjia^ 
CKaaaTB, rto obb TaROfl. 

Obb yixajiB. Bb ROMCKi Abtobb MaxafljiOBB^B objitb aovaji'B 
efl pyEy b CRasaJDi:— cDacBfio, MajiiOTsa! 

— 3to Be Moe, — oTB^THJia HBBa AireKcaBApoBBa, nflias yse 
HaxexAy saBAsaTB RaRB BB6yAB pasroBopB, ROTopufl et 611011 ByxeBi. 

— KaRB Be TBoe? He 6yAB leCfl b Be 6yAB y Te6fl Aofipofl 
BOJBB Ba 8T0, dTB rocBOAa Bona JIB 6u CBOBa vb enie zyAmee 
BOJiojReBie, ecim 6u bmb npinuDocB BepByTBCB rb npesBBiii 

6iACTBiBMB. 

— Mosen 6utb. Ho ecjiB 6u Be tu, mob AoCpan bojui csajia 6ir 

rJHySORBMB CBOMB. 

— 9, MBJuoTRa, BTO ciapafl CRasRa. Xobbvibii BBorAa 621- 

BaiOTl CJDBmROM'B CRpOMBU B JlH)6flTl BCB CBOe A06pO npEBBCUBaTB 

CBoeMy repoR). SI tboI repot, MajiioTRa, dio bo noAJiexBrB comb^- 

HilO, ZOTB BO UWb TBRB MBJIO repOBHOCRarO. BOTB TU H OTDBCU- 

BaemB mb% bc% cbob Ao6puB A^Jia. 

— HirB, Bin, HenpaBAa, Ahtobb. SI roBopio Bnojmt BCRpeBHo. 
Si BOBce Be CHBTBH) cefifl AypHHHi HOJiOB-iROHB. HosajDy t, Aase Mory 
Be zaaciaiiCB BasaaTB ce6B AoCpofl, ho Ao6poTa BBHero ne ctobtb, 

eCJIH OBa BOROHTCfl BB Aynii H Hfl BB ^eMB BO BpOJiBMeiCB... 

Bi^A^, 6HBaeTB, Ahtobb, hto Aofipaa Aynia ^acTO BanpaajuierB 
CBOK) AoCpyio BOJDK) BO caMot CRBopHofl Aoport... Til 6ujL'b nanpa* 
BHTejreicB Moet bojeb. 

— Hy, xopomo, zopomo. SI npBBBBaio dry BesacjiyseBByK) 

H€CTB. fl B006n^e TOTOBB npBHBMaTB BCJiRit nOTOTB, BOCROJIBRy 

8T0 AOCiaBJUierB leti yAOBOJiBCTBle. Tu HOsemB Aase BasaaTB 
aroTB AOBBRB «yGiaRBn^6iiB emobb ABTOBa BapsBHCRaroi. 

— dioro a Be co6BpaiocB A'^JiaTB, a BBRaRB bo Basoay ero. 

— HiTB, OTHero xe, BasoBB, — roBopBJiB obb, myra. — y HeBB 
CTpaBBBfl pojDB. OCuRflOBesBO TaROFo poAa HecTB AOCiaeiCB ^e* 
jiOB^Ry BOCJDi cnepTB, a Msi npB sbsbb. 

— He bbao roBopBTB tnepTB, RorAa ecTB bbi aa Hero 

XBTBl — OHeBB OCTOpOSBO CRaSBJia HBBa AjieRCBBApOBBa B MeJUB- 

ROMB CpocBJia Ba ero jdbi^o EOHTpojiflpyR^n^ift BsrjiaA'b. 



CB«riUft JK7Tb« 39 

— A puwby MajuoTKa, jfiAcismejihEo ecn zvb sa Hero 
ZHTB? — cnpoaurb Ahtohi MHxaftjioBHn. 

— fi xyHaiol Bon zoTB 6ii hsi sa aroro. 

— Fm... IIOCBflTHTB CBOK) JKH8HB nOCTpotRi XOMHKOBl Alfl 

— I^ myTHIIIB BAKb dTHMl? 

— Bibrbj Majaonca, a He myny, H a roBopio, hto xitciBH- 
TOJOHO xopomo TOMy, RTO Moxen 6uTb yAOBJueiBopeErb laRHicb 
npeBpacBurB, xoia h CBpoxHuicb, sijiOMx, Kasb nocipoflBa na- 
jieHBKHn Bjm 6omiiHxi j(6mobi xjui cWuzi. Ho b%x& a Ha 
arc He rosycb. 

— To ecTb TH He roxHiuBca xu caMoft pa6oTU, ho dioro h 
He HyjKHO. Pa6oTy 6epy a na ceCa. 

— A fl 6yxy tboutl TaftHEorB coB^THEKoicb h Baiieprepoin>? 
9fo zopomol T^^ (kxiBme, hto Taftnue coBiTHHu h BaMeprepn 
nojiy^aioTb xopomee sajiOBaHLe. 

Ona yj[H6HyjacB ero myTEi* 

— Hin, AHTokb, He myra TaKi. fl roBopio, hto shtb 
BooGmfi ecTb 18% aa ^ero. Mnoro-MHoro octb na cvbrb Beniefi, 

■81 8a KOTOpUXb CTOHTb MOOh. 

— He BcaBOMy eTOHH, Mofl xpyn^I ^CTh juoah, npHroxHue 
Ha TO Hjni jQiyroe x&io h ohh — 6oJiBmeK> naciuo CKpoicHHe Jiioffi, 
He aafaion^eM Heo(h»flTHOio sax^neio, npHKOManxEpoBUBaioTB 
ce6fl Kb TaKOMy Aisj, Kb KOTopoMy ohh hphtoxhh, h thxohuo 
A^jiaion ero bch) shshb. Ho octl Tasie cTHxiflHue juoah, Ba^b 
Bon Bj BOTopHe, Hoca Kb ceCi, uoxffn 6iitb, mhofo CHJTb, sa* 
BHcan Bce se ne on ceCa, ne on caoet BHyTpeHnet xyzoa- 
Hot (^npocTHi a on nociopoHHeft chjoi, on HanpaajieHla Bixpa. 
dio He rt» BOTopuxi Ha8HBaion ^^repaiiH. SI ne ^joorepi, a 
He noAWMca xajitHBXoft nepeMiH'i B^Tpa, nyciaROBOiiy noaopoiy 
HanpaBJiieHia. S. ne noBepnycB Kb ly ciopony, Ryxa owb KS&rb. 
Ho cHJOHut BiiepB, yparaHB Mosen cnaHHyib Mesa cb nicTa 
H aacraBHn noRaxHiBca hoxb ropy. TaRie jkioah, tohho JieAanua 
rau6H, chocoGhh aexan na Micii AOJKro-sojiro; nesaiiiTHO hoa- 
TaiBaa, ohh MOiyn pacTaan coacim, HHROMy ne npHHeca hh 
nonsH, hh apoAa, ho ecjm 6ypa copaen any rauCy cb iri^a, 
TO ona RBTHTca, 6e8ToaROBO pasAaaaHaaa na CBoeMB nyTH h 
Ao6poe, H 8aoe cb OAHHaRoamiB ycepAiem. Pasai TaRie jdoah 
roxaica Ha RaRoe-HR6yAB CRpoMHoe a^^o, zova 6u h tbroo zo- 
pomee, saRB nocrpoftRa aomhrobb jsflu 6%ahhzb? Ohh nannyn 
CTpoHn AOMB A^a 6iAHHZB, H BApyFb bb 8T0 BpeMa BHZpB 8a- 
RpyxHn HZB Ha uteri h, cmotphhib, hohhmo hzb aoan, bm%cto 
AOMa ftsa CiABUZB, obh ycTpoHan RaR0fl-HH6yAB aepTenB paa- 
apaTa... JKhtb ctohib, MaaioTRa, are npaaAa, tojibro ne bc^mb.*. 

Qhb roBopaaB dTO 6e8B rope^H, CeaB Maaiflmaro OTriHRa 
rpycTH, noHTH Beceao,H ona 6oaaacB saroaopHTB na cbok) Teiiy 



40 ^ P7GCK0S BOFATCTBO. 

HCHO, vo6u He HapymHTB aio HacTpoeHle, BOTopoe nosBOJUiiJio 
eMy Aaace o CMepni roaopHTL ci yjiiiCKOt. 

— Ho, AEtowbj MOXHO ssTB CI HOJibBot, caicoicy He saxa- 
BBflCB mnpoKHifH Bi^aqaifH. Mosho shtb ffjui ^ejioBiBa, ajih 
OAHoro TOJDbEO HeiOBisa, Boroparo j[H>6HmB, hjih, lasB hjh HHa^ie, 

AOpOSHIHB HlTb. 

— Momno, mosho, mosho! dio a npHSHaio. Hanpsicipi, 

MHi SHTB AJU Te6fll 

— ^a, Aa!— ci acHBOCTBK) noAXBaiHJia oea, o6paAOBaBinBCB, 
HTO OHi cam BUCRasajTB TO, Kb TOMy osa HHRan He Morjia no- 
AoflTH. — A TBI roBopHiHB: SHTB He CTOHTB. Ho pasB^ Te6i He- 

AOCTBTOHHO SHTB KSUi MeHH, etiJtH TU BHaeniB, HTO 6e8B Te6fl H 

a, H MOfl Aofipaa bojia, h to xopomee, hto OHa HHorAa A'^ftcsn, 

KOHHaTCa. 

— Bonpoci HocTaBJueHB cepBeano, h botb hto a Te6i OT^i^y, 
MajnoTBa: a c% BOCToproiTB npHHHMaio oCasaTeaBCTBO shtb a^ 
Te6al Bi cbmoitb a^^) nopa mhI noBBHTaTBca cb To6oft. 

— Si cobcIhb He BTO roBopH)!— Hepe6HJia ona ero. 

— Hy, TBI roBopHHiB He 9T0, a a roBopK) dTo. Ho Bca 6iAa 
BB Tom, HTO a He yiflio xhtb a^ Te6a. fl xony aioro h BApyn 
BHJsy, H BcaRift bto bhahtb, ^0 a HaHHHaio shtb npoTHBi leiSa. 
A corjiacHCB, hto ecaH xhtb aji« Te6a 6yAeTB y nena eABH- 

CTBeHHUMB OCHOBaHleiCB JRHTB, TO TOTB UOMOHrB, KOFAa a JBBSy, 
HTO 7BMBJ npOTHBl Te6a, AOJUKOHl 6UTB A^ Mena pOKOBUMl MO- 
MeHTOM'B. 

— SI HOMory Te6i shtb A^a Mena... Tu tojebko noo6in^aft, 
HTO, BorAB noHyBCTByemB ce6a ocjra6%BaK)n^HMi, tu npisoBeniB 
Mena aa homoh^b. 

— IIoo6in^aTB? Si t^lrb bto CA&iaio, fiesi .o6%ntaHia. Si ne 

JIIO6JIID HyBCTBOBBTB HB Ce6i IftHH oGin^BHla. H H TBBl HBAB- 

RajTB HXB yse mhofo 9 hh OAHoro He HcnoJiHHai. 

yse CTOHHiao, bofab ohh npiixajm AOMOt h dkJOL o6i}SfiiTh. 
Bb 8T0TB Be^epB Ahtohi» MBxaftjiOBEHB He CBAHaca sa pa6oTy; 
owb HOCBaTHJii ero Heh^ AaeBcaHApoBHi. ^bbho ohb hb hom- 
HHaa yjRe ero TaBHMi^ HisHtntB, as^bho owb ne BBUutBUBaJTB eft 

TBBl MHOrO JIIO6BH, BBBB Vb BTOTB BBHepi. Owb HO XOT^Jtl* OTOftTH 

0Tb Hea, nosHMBjn eft pyBH, rjuiAiurk ea Boaocu h roBopBJn 
HtsHua caoBa. 

Bdb AypHKifl BneHaiJuiHia OT^ieia, BOTopuft AftJ^a eft HaAesAa 
UBBHOBfia, Bci crpaxH, HaB^anHHe ea pascBasaiiH) craaAHaHCB 
BB ea Aynrb* Eft BasaaocB, hto bi cbmomi a^^ naHBHaerca 
HOBaa SH8HB, H OHB yso Me^Taaa Tomi, hto GoaisHB HHBorAa 
6ojiBnie He noBTopHrca h ohi» BcerAa 6yAeTi> TaBHiTB, BaRB 6ujrb 
ceroAHa cb Toft MHHyTu, bofab BCTp^THaB ee na BOBsaai. Ona 
aeFBo ofinaHKBaaacB bo bcbmb, hto BacaaocB ao ea ciacTBa^ no- 
TOiiy HTO BTOTB o6MaHi coBHaAaa-B CB ea saBtTHuiiH sejuaHiaiof. 



CBMJIUd JLYWh. 41 

Awnfl en ciiiJio, bi rjKasarB csiTHJiocb BupaseHle hchoA 6ed- 
o6iiaHHoft paAOCTH. 

noTOMi HacTynsjiH ahh, bi npoAOJrxeHle Boiopux'b ohi, 
ocTasaflCB poBHim h juacROBUin cb Heio, nasajicfl eft RaKiiHi 
TO HenpoHHiiaeiuiirb. Eft Bce Mepen^HJiocb, hto wb rjiasax'b y 
Hero KaRaa to HeAOCKaBaHeaa kucjib, h bi cepwi ea HanaJiacB 
TpeBora. ^ \ i. ^tcu^ ^, 

Ofla Ha^aJiacB He japonB. ^^uA£cr:c:!H ro3^^H;H\ 

Bi 310 Bpena, Ha Cojuunoft RoHiomeHHoft, wh RBaprHp^ Ha- 
ifiMim HaaHOBHu MajiBBHHCKOft, npoHCzosHJQi Tose CBoero poxa 

C06HTifl* 

Hanesf a UsaHOBHa ci BOSBpan^OHieirB Hhhu AjueRcaHApoBHU 
cHHTajuk, HTO eft He Haxo BasAuft abhb Cubbtb y BapBHHCKHXi... 
Ona BOBoCHOBHJua nocin^enifl fiouHintH, rA% 6HJia BCTpi^ena 
oSn^HMH npHBiTCTBiaMn h BOsrjiacatfH: 

— Ay HBEOHeiii-To! BBomjio Hame HCHoe eojiHumKol 
CeneHi HaaHOBEHi BucBasajTB HcspeHnee yAOBOJiBCTBie no 

noBOAy ^^ noHBJueHia na o6xoAi* 

— Kb BaiTB noHeaoii CyAemB cnncxoAHTejieHi, noioMy tto 
BH xeH^^[Ha. EasB TaiiB he ypaBHBBaftTO aaniH npaaa, — npH- 
fiaBHJBB OHB CB yjii6&oft,— B Bce se y bbcb BcerAa 6yAeTB hxi 
OojDEBine, HiiCB y hbcb, h6o y bbcb octb BOJoiEoe npaao na chhc- 
xoxAemel 

Ohb yAHBHJiacB, qTO ho bbahtb ^epHHiQiHa, h yseaJia, ^o 
OHB, HasoHeiiB, TasH AOCTHrB acejiasHoft a^jih h nojiyHHJTB 
6oj[BHH^y lA^-TO BB yisA^. Eft pasCKasajni, bbkb ohb bb Kane- 
ctbI cTapmaro Bpau OTA^JiBHOft Cojibehi^u aajifljicfl cb npo- 
maxBEHMH BBBBTaifH KB CeiieHy HBaHOBHiy, noTOMi KB ApyrHHi 
TOBapBiEtaiTb H roJioBa ero 6£iJiia ropAO h bucobo noAQHTa. IIo- 
TOMB ohb ysHajta y CBoero mBeftKapa, hto ohb 6ujdii h y nen, 
ho ho sacrajTb aomb h ocTaaajTB icapTOHRy, Koxopyio sadEUiH eft 
oepeABTB. 

Bb h^cbojibko A^eft HaAOSAa HBaeoBHa onarB nplyiHJta kb 
€e6t Bcixi BB 6ojiBHBi('6, H y»e 6isLim sbChtu bcI oa rpixH. 

Bb 8T0 Bpevfl Grpoeaa noJiy^cHJia bsb Bhjibhu hbcbmo, hbb 
ROToparo ysHaJsa, ^ro AOAme eft bb nerepCypri hojiibsji octb- 
bbtbcb. Ofla OHOHB AopojRHJia cbohmb iiicTOMB npH TaMomHeft 
6OJIBHHI0, vf^ H HBHajiBCTByioii^ie, H TOBapan^B 6ujra eft no 
Aymi H 6ujio y»e mhofo 6ojibhiixb, sa cocTOflHieHB kotopbix'b 
oHa cjn^ABJia. HaBOHei^B, OHaxorbjia coBepmeflciBOBaTBca bb caoeft 
cneAiajtBHOCTH, a sa^cb hphxoabjiocb cea^tb coBcbxB 6e8B A^^a, 
pHCBya nepesafiuTB to, hto sHajia. 



42 P7CCK0B BOrATGTBO. 

Bee dTo 6juo acho h npocro h, kohotho, HaAosxA HsaHOB- 
Ha He nH&iia ocHOBaHlfl saxepsHBai^ ee. 

— Ho a 6oK)CB, TTO HI yse cjramicoicb npHBflsajia r% ce6i 
MajiLURa— CKasau ona.— Mni ffOLe Kasercfl, hto h ni npH- 
BflsajracB Kh Heiiy. 

— ^a, anDTB npmeTCfl nosepiBOBaTB. 

— noHejiy? EcjiH cepBeenaa npHBflsaHHOCTB... 

— noTOMy Hxo ocraTBca sjiibcb uwb ne npH^en, a Tairb 
MHoro A^Jia... A 6pan ero ci» co6ofi a ne hm^k) npana. BceraKi 
sAich ero poffmie, ero cjramKOirb dojcunaa oT^TCTBenHocxB. 
Mni 6jsm> tbjokb Tamejio ocraBHiB ero, Rasi h eiiy pascraTBca 

CO MHOfl. 

BecB 3Ton paaroBopx npoHcxoxu^ Mesxy hhich houh), 
soiw^ FpHma cnajti. Owb Hviero He snajTb o npeAcroanteft 
pasjiyKi. 

MejKxy TiMi na xpyrot jsfinh tun HasHaneHi wbisKh 
GrpoeBot. Ona y^tesajia BenepoMB. Oei oCisajm paHo, naca bb^ 
ABa, H sa odHjiflWh OrpoeBa CRasajia: 

— Hy, FpHma, mu c% To6ofi ceroxHH paaciaeiccfl! 
FpHma He hohhjii h c^ HeAoyH^nieKb nocMorp&rE na 

Hoe. 

— SI ceroAHfl Benepoirb yisxaio bi BHJDObHoI 9to xueso 
OTcioAa, 6ojiiBme maiTHCorb Bepcn. 

— A ROFAa Bu nplijsfite? SaBipa? — cnpoourb Fpnma, ro-* 
Toput, bHOBHAHO, 6ojiBmaro cpoRa ne npHSHaBajiB. 

— HiTB, A&JieRO He BaBipa. Mosen 6htb, Ha Ilacxi a 
ypBycB A^HBRa na abb, ho 6oaBme. 

TyTB npoHsomjio h^^ito xaRoe, nero owb o6i ne osHAan. 
FpHma BupoHHOTb H8B pyRB Jioaucy, roaoBa ero ynaaa na ctojtb 
H om rpoHRO sapuAajTB. 

— ^a Hero se th naanemB, MOft launt? — roBopHia eicy 
GTpoeBa. — Tu ocTaHemBca ne oahhi, cb To6oft 6yAerB HaAeawt 
HBaEOBHa. 

MaaBHHRB oxpHQaiejiBHO noRanaaB roaoBofi h npoAoaauuTB 
puA&TB. 3to CTanoBHaocB HenonaTHHiTB. A HaAexAa HBanoBHa, 
MoanaaHBO npHcyiCTBOBaBmaa npH etoft cm&Biy 6uaa ohohb ho- 
npiaiHe nopasena, RorAa OHQ^THaa bb cboohb cepAn[i npHciynH 
Hero to BpaxAeCnaro rb naanynteMy MaaBHHRy. HacRopo oroh- 
HHBB o6ijs,%, ona npomaa bb cnaaBHio, ciaa y orhb h raaA^aa 
Ha yaaity, ciapaacB hoabbhtb bb ceCi nenpiaTHoe nyBCTBo, fM 
ROToparo ona ne BHA^aa ocHOBamft. 

R0H6HH0, dio 6uao AOcaAHOi hto iiaaBHHRB, ohobhaho, ho 
HHTaar. rb neft hh npHBasaHHOCTH, hh AOBipia. 9to Cuao ne- 
MHOJRRO 06HAH0. Ho pasB^ BTO HO eciecTBeHHO? PasBi Korao 
6fiiTB HHane? 

Bee, HTo nepexHaB ohb xopomaro, Bce, hto npHBasuBaaa 



r 



CBI^TJOlft iWb. 43 

ero Ri Sony, HacroJiBKO, hto oetb npeAnoHean* ero o6n^ecTBy 
poffHiixi, Bce aro Chjdio bi ero jtymi CBflsaHO cb CrpoeBOft. Hh- 
«iero OHa can a jim Hero He Aijiajia. He cjbthhcb ^yn CrpoeBa, 
Moxerb 6uTh Bce cjhoshjiocb 6u HHane, uosen 6iaTB ona oixa- 
jucB 6h yzoiy ea iiajiiiHROirb. ^a^ TaRB HenpeMisHO h $hjio 
6h; y Hefl ee 6iuio 6u bosmoshocth corjiacHTBCH aa npoaCy 
T^huKaBineft Hhhu AaeBcaHApoBHU h, Mosen 6utb, imoroe Baac- 
Hoe H8i Toro, HTO nponomjio, ho npoHsomjio 6u bobco. 

Ho Bce 810 npeAHOJiojKeHlH. A to, hto npoHsonuio, npo- 
■Bonao, H $aBn ion, hto MaJUBHHKi ee HictjirB bosmoshocth 
He TOJiBRO npHBJisaTBCA Ki Hefl, HO Aase AOcraioHHO npHBux- 
HyTB, TaEx RaKi OHa piffco Cusajia AOica, a CojuBinyio nacxB 
BpeifeHH npoBOAHJia y BapBBHCRaro. 

SnaHHTB, fflR Hero renepB die — nacHJodie, hto ero xorsrb 
ocraBHTB CB Heio. A OTCiOAa cjiisyerb, ^to ^ysciBo, KOTopoe 
xenepB 6e8iioKOBTB ee h sacTaBiuo yflTB h3B rociSHoft, Tfjb 
oSiAaJtH, He cnpaBeAJDBBO h ho xojisho 6utb. Ho oho otb aioro 
He yHHHTozHJiocB H npoffojusajio AOcaacAaxB eft. 

A TaMB, BB rocTHHOfl, GTpoeBa nycRaJia bb xoab Bck MipU| 
i^ToOh ^pasyMBTB MajuBHHKa. Ona roBopHjna eiiy o tomb, ^to bb 
eyH^HOCTH dTO He OHa, a Ha^e^a EfBaHOBna BSJiJua ero kb ce6% 
HTo HaxeJKAa HBasoBna npeEpacHuff« xo6piift neoiOBiRB h npH 
TOMB ea Jiy^mift xpyrb h noxoMy ohb sonseHB jih)6htb ee 
TaRze, RaRB h CTpoeBy. MajiBHHRB HHiero ho OTB^qasB h nn 
rocTHHofi rjiyxo aohockjihcb ero pHAaHia. 

TorAa HaxesAa HsaHOBHa noxHJuiacB h, no6opoBB bb ce6i 
crpaHHoe BpaxAeCnoe nyBCTBO, nomna bb rocTHnyio. 

— CMimHOft MajiBHHRB! — ci^aBajia CTpoena,— ohb HHRaRBHe 

zb^eTB HOHflTB, HTO eCTB Ha CBili He06X0XHM0CTB. 

— Hocjuymaft, FpHma, tu pasBi Ayif^eHiB, ^to co mhoA 
Te6i CyxoTB xyAO? — copocHJia ero HaAes^Aa HBaHOBna h hoao- 
nua RB HOMy. 

— Ho' a oCintaio Te6i,— npoAOJiaajia ona,— hto Te(J4 CyAeTB 
TaRjRB xopomo. fl 6yAy satioiHTBCH o Te6i, RaRB h OjoBra Cep- 
lieBHa 8a6oTBj[acB! 

HpH aTHXB cjiOBaxB OHa nojiojRHJia pyRy na ero rojiOBy 
H xoT^jia HorjiaAHTB ee. Ho FpHma BApyrs, tohho rb HOMy 
npHRocHyjracB nivb to ocTpuMB, BBiHupnyjTB hsb hoab en pyRH, 

CHJEBHO TpflXnyJIB rOJIOBOfi H OTeROHHJIB HpO^ OTB CTOJUa. 

CTpoeaa noRanajna rojiOBOft, a HaAesAa HsaHOBHa cb ho- 

fij^AHiBrnHMB JmAOMB, CB HaXMypeHHUMH 6pOBJiMH H HaMOp- 

H^ennsTMB ji6omb, xojioaho nocMOTp&ia na nero h ohatb ynuia 
BB cnaAHK). 

OQa He HMijua npana paecHHTUBaTB na oco6yio npHBHsan- 

HOCTB CO CTOpOHH MaHBHBRa, HO AO^pHft HHCTHHRTB AOJISOHB 

Chixh HOACRaaaTB eny, hto ona xoT^jra eMy tojibro AoCpa. 



44 P7CCK0E BOrATCTBO: 

Oaa cijua na CBoe npesHee uizro, a GvpoeBa ysopHJia TpH- 
my, roBopfl, ^to sa bto h OHa na Hero pascepAHiCH, hto na ra- 
Roe OTHomeBfle ri HaAesff% HaaHOBHi ohi He Hirben npaaa h 
TaRi xajsie. A FpBma, Raxercfl, nepecTajti yse h ee cjiymaTb. 
06o8JieHHHft, AHRift, OHi ymejoLi b% nepexHioio h, npncbBii ravi 
Ha cyHAyRi, ne xortjii Boftn. 

Cipoesa npeRpaTHjra cboh yroBopu h nomjra bi cnajiBHH). 

— He cji^Ayer^b na Hero o6HsaTbCfl!— CKasaiia OHa. — Oai 
TaRofi en^e ne pasBHTOt, rbri co6aHeflRa, Koiopaa xonErb cjii- 
XOiTB sa TiMi, RTO ee RopuHTB H Moers, H pUHHTl Ha BCtel 
ApyrHxi, zoTA 611 ee H xot^jih npHJiacKaib. ^yBCiBa rose boc- 
EHTUBaioTCfl, Moft xpyn>. 

— fl HHRaRoro HyBCTBa ne AofivBaiocBl — oTBttHJia HaAe;RAa 
MsaBOBHa, — ho h He Mory aioro nocTHrHyiB. ?iirz» h BHymaio 
eMy TBRyK) BpaacAy? 

— Hy, BpasAyl 3to cjiHmRoitb ciporoe cjiobo! IIpocTO eiiy 
6tnm xopomo H owb BEK^JSh Bcerxa h bo Bcen MeHA, H37» dioro 
owh saRJiionJii, HTO 9T0 xopomeo HeHsCisHO CBHsano co mhoA, 
H oHi He Moserii hohhtb, RaRi eMy Moxeii 6utb xopomo z 
6631 MeHH. Mh% ysacHO Taasejio ociaBJEATB Ba» bi^ TaRiaxi ot- 
HomeHiJixi. 

— Te6% Tflsejio, a mh% crpamso... Bb neicx RaRaa to op- 
raHH^ecRafl 3Jio6a ro usfb. 9 xo^y hitl saHflTBca... Mat TenepB 

3T0 laRl HyXHO... Ho & npOCTO CoEOCB, HTO MH^ HHRaR'B He 

yxacTCH npHpyuTB ero ri ce6i. 

— Hy, Bon jsR'b n 6oHmbCfll Eiqe ne npo6oBajia, HH^ero 
He cjsjkn^dk js,m aioro h yxe bi oiiaaHiH. HtrB, iipea^Ae Bcero 
noC^AH B% ce6i nyBCTBO o6han[I noBOSHTBca cb AoCpuiTB Cjia- 

rOHpaBHUITB UaJKB^HROlTB A^t ^'h TOMy SLQ euifl Cb rOTOBUMH 8A0- 
POBUMH HyBCTBaMH HpHBASaHHOCTH, 6jiarOAapHOCTH, 9T0 HO TpyAHO, 

Hofi ApyrB. Te6% npeACTonrb fioJiie TpyAHaa saAa^a. IIoboshcb 
cb SJoiiTB H HeCjiaroAapHmrB. Cjiomh ero ahroctb h xecTROCTB, 
cjioMHero nepBoSHTHyio narypy, ROiopaa cRasaaiacB ceroAHA b'b 
nepBuft pasB; TyrB npHAeTca MHorHirB nociyniTBCfl, nosepiBO- 
BaTB, HO sa TO dTO CyAorB A^ficTBHTeJiBHO npeRpacHoe a^jio. 

— SI noiipo6yio! — CRaaaoia HaAexAa HBaHOBHa, en^e a^j^bro 
He y6isA6HHafl AOBOAauH GrpoeBon. — A ecJiH ne yAacTca? 

— A, Bose Jioft! hto HH6yAB naAO se nepeTepir&TB b'b 
jrushhI Fopji Ha CBi^rb mhofo, ho noneny-To ero TepoaTB Apy- 
lie, a HO loi, a im tojkbro cmotphu'b na nysoe rope h TBep- 
AHMi: axi, KaRB CRBepno s^htb na chirbl 

— Ilo'ieiiy A AOJO&Ha lepniTB hmchho 9T0 rope? 

— ^a noTOMy, hto th nanajia bto AiJio. Th BHpsajia MajiB- 
HHRa H8B HepHofl flMH H HORasajia euy, hto octb na csirb n 
xopomlfl H npiaTHUH Ben^H, a ne oahh tojibro nysAa aa cjieau^ 

Tia H AOJUSHa AOBBCTH dTO fi^O AO ROHita. 



— jl^a B^AB fl Be OTRasuBaiocb! 

— Axi, ffij KOHOHHO, Tu He OTBasuBaem&ca, ho 6epeniBca 
3a dTO 6e8i oxoTu, no Heo6xoAHMOCTH, no npHHyaRAenlK). dxo 
MOJReTB nouimaTB ycnixy. Tu npocxH MeHfl, Ha^fl; npaso, ot- 
HecBCB jsii H6My urHOy H^ifb oHi Ki Te6'6, H 0J3Cb y leSfl Ba< 
y^iHTCJi npon^eniio, cnpaBOAinBOCTH h HeaoBi^raocra. Hy^ Tjsjb owh^ 

BTOTb AHKlft IfaJEB^HB'b? 

CrpoeBanonuia b'b rocTHnnyio.— CicHpHJicji? — nposoarsajia osa^ 
OTOBHAHO o6pan^aflCB Kb HeMy.— dRift y Te6fl npaB^b Kpyrofl! Hy, 
noMoraft hhI yCHpaib Ben^v, Fpiinial 

FpHma yxe Cujl'l bi rocTHHOft. Owe chA^jiii Ha CTyjii okojio 
saspHTaro hljihiho h CMorpijii ucnojifloGhB, ho ho njiaKajii. 
Owb HBHero He otb^thjtb na (uiOBa CrpoeBoft, a Korxa ona npH* 
Hecjira HeMoxam, ciajii MOJina noMoraTB et yKJuaffUBaTB Benin. 
HiRTO ne yrasajni 6ii no ero jnmy, RaRia ^ynciBa h pimenla 
TanjDHCB Bi jiymi icajiB^HRa. 

BeiepoMi OHH no-izajin na BORsajra. FpEma csLjs.iii'b y hhxi 
Ha ROJdiHflxi. Ohi» bck) Aopory MOjraajTb. Ha B0R8a:Biy bi to 
BpeMA, Rorxa CTpoeBa n HaAe^SAa HBanoBHa fiojrrajni, FpHma 
cToajTh vb CToponi, HenoAajieRy on hhxi h CMorp&rb bi cto- 
pony, ne npoponHBi hh cJioBa, a Rorxa npo6Hjrb BTopofi sbo- 
HORi H Cipoeaa CTaoia npon^aTbCfl, HajuBHERi, ri en rjiy6oROMy 
HsyMieHiio, ne 6pocHJicfl ri nefi h Bootfn^e ne npoHBHjrb HBRa- 
RHXi npHBHaROBi Fopfl. Owb rjuffijii CB Tynoft xojioahoctbio, 
ROFAa ona noi^oBajia ero bb n^eRy, h ho CABHHyjKCH cb MicTa. 

— Cmotph, RaseTC^, ohb yxe h Te6H neHaBHAHTBl — thxo 
CRasaJia HaAesAft HBanoBna CTpoeBoft.— Tu AyMaemB, a, cnpa- 

BJOOCB CB BTHMl BOJneHROMB? 

— Aojiacna cnpaBHTBCfll ^eoiOBlHecRafl Aynia ne k^jimtca 
H8B rpaHBTa. 

Oh^ en^e pasi noi^iJiOBaJiBCB.— Opon^aft, FpBmal na Ilacxt 
yBHAHMCfl!— RpHRHyjua eiiy CrpoeBa, RorAa ho^sab otxoahjii. 
Ho Fpema CToaJd'B rb neft bb noJio6opoTa, h ry6u ero 6ujih 

RpinRO COMRHyTKI. 

Oh RaRoft TO Taflnot Cohshbh) Bsjuia ero HaAesAa HaanoBBa 
8a pyRy h nonejua kt> buxosj. SariiCB ohh c&joi bb HSBOd^n^Bio 
npojieiRy. Eft 6hjd[o TJiseJio 8aroBopHTB cb hhmb, a ohb ynopno 

MOJIHaJTB. 

HpiixaBB AOMofty FpHma TonacB se naHaoB pa8A%BaTBCA. 
— Th pa8B%He xoHemB Han? — cnpocHjra HaAesAA HaaHOBHa. 

— SI cnaTB xo^yl— yrpH)][o OTB'bTHJiii Fpuna h nomejuB rb 

CBOeft RpOBaTH. 

HaAesAft HBanoBHa cijia nepoAB cauoaapoicB h saAyMajiacB. 
Uoaii OTBisAa Crpoeaoft ee oxBaimio nyacTBO OAHHO^ecTBa. 
8to HyBCTBOBajoEOCB en^e fiojame ottofo, hto TaiCB, bb coc^AHeft 
Roxnari, aopo^ajicfl na Rpoaara laRi HeoxHAanno o6BBBHBmificH, 



46 PrCGKOE BOrATCTBO. 

ea MaxeHbsIft Bpar:b, cyn^eciBO, Koiopoe ona BupBaJia hsi hh- 
n^OTH, oGorptna h BepHyxa «h shbhh. 
Bee 8T0 HaBOAUO Ha pasionnjieHifl. 



XXIV. 

yjce AU HOTupe Haxesxa HBaaoBHa He fiiua y BapsiH 
CKHxi. Ofla HeocoGeHHO 6e8noK0HJiac&, noroiiy hto pasciajiacB cb 
HHMH noAb nplHTHHin> BUeiaraiHieirB. Epoicib xoro, ona 6ujia 
jB^pena, hto ecjm I5u cjijujiocb no HH6yAB TpeBOSHoe, HsHa 
AjieBcaHApoBHa saixasa 6bi Kb net, hjih HanHcajna fin. 

Ho, npoBOAHBi CipoeBy h ocTaBmHCB ci MajiBHHKOirB, ko- 
Topuft CMOipijn Ha Hee BOJinoHRoirb, ona BaxoiiJia HoroBopHtb 

O&b BTOITB CB 5apB9HCR8in». 

Ohb sacTana Aova tojibko oxny HsHy AneKcaHApoBHy* Oaa 
6ujia 6riAHa, h bi rjiasaxi ea 6ujiio BBipaseme pacrepflHHOCTH. 

— Ohi noixaini npoisAHib HOByio jiom^B!— CEcasaoia HsHa 
AjiescaHApoBHa!— Mu KynHim TpeiBaro aba... 

— PasBi OHB HacTOJiBso yse sAopoBi? 

— Jifiy oHi BAopoBi... Ohb, Kasexcfl, coBcbm yace SAopoBi^l 
H cjioBa 8TH ona npoHsnecJia At^oacan^HHi rojiocoirb, sa ro- 

Topuirb cspuBaiHCB ciesu. 

— Bu OHOHB pascxpoeHu, HiiHa AjiOKcaHApoBHal PasBi owb 

HTO HH6yAB... RaKB HHCyAB nOCTyOHJTBt ?T0 HHCyAB CA&HaJTB? 

— HirB... JlyHine 611 ohi hto HH6yAB CA&naJii. Canoe Ayp* 
Hoe, caMoe hhsroo... fl Bce nepeHecjia 6u. 

— Ho "iTO-se? Hxo se? — cb TpeBorot cnpocHjra HaAesAi^ 
HBaHOBHa. Hhhb AjieRcaHApoBHa, A^pxa oe sa pysy, ycaAHja 
pBAOiTB Cb co6oft. 

— HHHero He noHHicafa, ho Bcero CTpamycB. HepBoe h ca- 
noe yoKacHoe, ^ro offB co nnofi ho OTRpoBOHeHi. EorAa ohb ho 
roBopHrb kbH see, sHa^Hn y nero octb nino xaRoe, H^ub ohi 
6oHTCfl Meaa oropHHTB. 

— Oh-b He pafioraen? 

— OffB, RajReicfl, npo6oBaiii» pa6oTaTB, Hoy nero ne buxoahtb. 
Si cjoimajia OAHazAU, RaRii nocjrl THouiHUy^RorAa ohb, aojurho 
611TB9 CHA^JTB Aoaro sa cTOJioirB, ohi BApyrB mBHpHyjrb lexpaAB 
Ha nojTb... CRaxHie, bu snaexe axo,— npaBAaJiH, hto CortsHB 
ocxaBuerB Hary6HBie cjAjsji na yMcxBOHHUxi cnocoSHOcxaxi? 

— 3xonpaBAa, Hnna AneRcaHApoBHa, bto HOHsSisHo! 

— ^a, 8X0 cxpamHoI Oai xaRi cxporB h xpe6oBaxejieHi 
R% ce6i. KoFAa oh% roBopsTB co MHoft, a Bisy, RaRB ohb a^- 
Jiaexi cxpamsoe ycHJde, hto6b no6opoxb bb ce6i Rasyio xo 
BHyxpeHHiOK) pa6oxy h Cuxb MarRHirB co hhoS. Ho neyseoiH se 
OH^ He BHaexB, 1x0 a Bce axo noHHMaio? 



CB^TJUtti svmi. 47 

— Bii npo6oBajDi roBopHTB cb won? 

— jBja, fl cnpamHBaia ero, ^lo ch won, hto ero ipeso- 
mjBTh}.. Ohi npHRHXUBaxcfl ysHBJieHHiiirb: «c'b ^ero tu Bsajia? 
nesfl BK^ro He TpeBoamn, pimHTenHO hhhto.» Ho aro 6iij[o 
TB!Kh CKasaHO, HTO y HeHA spoBb noxojioxiJia. Ohi nepesHBaerii 

BBKOt TO CTpamSKlft KpHSHCl H MOJCHETb HOlCb H HXffiHO UO- 

TOicy MOiraffTb, HTO 0H% CTpannoift. SL ne snax), hto mh% x^- 
.jasb. fl 6oiocB«.. 

HaAexxa nsaHOBHa BHsixa, hto Enrriotb ne Moacen ycno- 
KOHTB ee, H et noRa8ajioa», no Jiyime h ho iipo6oBaTB. To, Hero 
Hnaa AjteBcaHnpoBHa Couacib, moxho fisuio HasBan tojibro 
crpammonb cjioboitb, Roiopoe, cbojibro 6u ero hi noBTopjum, 
BcerAa zojioahtl spoBb... 

OHa npociuacB h ynuia, ociaBHKb HHHy AjtescaBApoBHy 
wh TaBoft ace TpOBoii, KaKi H sacTajia. V hoa cavot abhoiscb 
Mpa^HUx npeffiyBCTBlfli h poKOBoft ncxoKb Kasajucfl eft neHsCis- 



A AHTOSb MnxaftJiOBHTB BepnyjiCA xoMoft BCRopi nocjii ea 
yxoxa; Korxa HHHa AjiecRaHspoBHa CKasajia OMy, hto 6iiJia Ha- 
xexxa HBanoBHa, ohii oiBirajm: — ara! ?TO-ace, ona yacL pa6o- 
Taen bi Cojebhhi^? 

— ^a, OHa izfjsTb ly^a. 

— Hy, zopomo. Ho KpaftHefi uipk He Bci 0T6HJUicb on 
pyKb. 

— A TH He ffyiiaeniB nanaTb pa6oTy wh 6ojiiBHHi]ci?— cnpo- 
«Hiia HHHa AuBcan^OBHa, y KOTopoft MeAKHyjia HanesAa, hto 
npasHnnafl pa6oTa Mosen pasciflTb ero Tucejioe Hacrpoenie. 

— H4rb, a He xonyl— oTBiTHJrb okb. — fl BOoCn^e HH^ero 
He xony... 

— KasB HH?ero, Ahtoh*? 

— HHHOro TBKOro, TTO MOSHO 612 0X06pHTB. Arb, MHJOlfl 

Kpjn^ dTO HaAO noKOH^HTb! 

— ?T0 nOBOHHHTB? 

— Bee... Boace nofil— Bxpyrb saroBopsjTb ohi HeyAopsHKo, 
sasi CyxTO hotoki xaBHO cffepsHBaeiom cjiobi, HaKoneirb, 
npopBajiGfl. HpH BTOiTb owb BCTajTb, 6ucTpo sazoxHJirB no kom- 
hbtI h roBopHJi'b, nepBHO acecnKyjiHpyji: 

— Boxe Mofil a ho Mory hohhtb, no^euy ohh bosatch cb 
Tasoft xp^HHOfi xymofi, Bavb ara — h owl yxapHJti ce6H juwohbio 
Bi rpyxb. — HanuiH bi rpasH pa86HTHft ^epenoxi, 6epyrb ero, 
MOK>rb, BUHHn^aiorb tohho Aparoi^HHOCib, aHepenoKi-xo 6vurb 
fai6pomewb HsiAOiia, rjsjh Cujia crpamHaa CojiisHb h hojiohi 
^apasH. %o sa oxoTa Bam? ^lo sa oxora? 

Hnna AjoKcaHApoBHa noAonua ki neiiy h ocTaHOBHJia ero, 
noJOSHBi eMy pyxy na HJieHO. 

— Ahtohi, nojiHoI He BOJinyftca xasi... HoiCHHinb, lu... tu 



48 P7CCK0B BOrATCTBO. 

He AajDi MH% o6iii^aBU[, ho CKasajii, hto see pasno CA^aemB^ 
910... Eorsa th no^yBCTByeniB cetfa ocjiaOiBaiontHirb, th npHsa- 
BemB Mena na noMoniiB. 

— ^a, ecjoi 6ii a 6ujdi tojibro o€Jia6iBaioii(HMi>! Ho a co- 
bc'Im'b JumeHi chjiiI il jrexy b-b npaxi nepeA& dTHirB nepHHirB 
HyAOBBH^eMiy nepeAi mohhh rHycHiniH BJte^eHiaMH. IIofliiH, HHna^ 
nofiMBl.. 9to npoBJiaToe sAopoBie, oho HaxBHraerca na iieHja! 
^HRia CTpacTH, cjiobho oTxoxHyBi Bo Bpeiia uoeft 6oii8HH s 
HaCpaBiDHCB cHJui/cHOBanoffHajiHCB CO AHa aroro rpasnaro Kona, 
ROTopufi BasuBaeToi Moeft naTypot... Ho bctb en^e bo mh^ cjia- 
6ufl ocTaTOB'B 6e3yMl^, h ohb nouoraen mhI npesHpaiB ceOa aa 
3T0. He Mory jro a paBHOsynrao chotp%tb na to, Kara na MeHJi> 
pasyMHoe cyn^ecTBO, nanHHRaHHoe BCflKHMH HAoaoiaini h bkico- 
RHHH CTpeiueBlaMH, BaRaa to TOMHaa CHora naCpacHBaerb apRani 
H Tanpirb MeBfl bi noMoSHyH) any... 

— HocTofil FoBopH Bce, HTO Tu ^BCTByemB, Kh Heify Te6a 
BJnenerB, roBopn mh%, EaRi caMOHy ce6%. Bigb a hbctb TBoa! 

— ^a, HacTB, TOJTBRO jny^maa, a DOTOMy tu h ho nofliceniB 
ueHa. Hy, xopomo, a cRBJRy T66i. fl pascRaacy Te6i cboh o^y- 
n^enia no nopaxRy. Cjiymaft, ho He roBopH, hto a acecTOKi, tu 
3Toro saxoTijia. Tu koa xena, tu BJio^KHJua bx Mena ffymy, th 
cyn^ecTBo Cesrpinmoe, hectoo, caaToel ^Jia Mena tu Boi—uojir 
BEJTb, caMOOTBepacenle!.. fl 3to snaio r QjrarosapeH'B Te6i 6e8RO- 
HO^HO. H soJUReHi 6ujiiib 6u npeRJEOHHTBca npesi To6oft h cwtetb 
AJia ce6a 6jraseHCTB0M% nojrayio 6jra80CTB ci ToCoft, tojibro cb To6oft^ 
KOTopaa cJiHJiacB co MHOft xymoft h Tijioirbl Ho h ho vory... 
Bo uwb RHHHTi HopoHHocTB, TBOH ^HCTOTa cRyHHa Moet npo- 
KJiaToftHaTypi... Ona m oacerb nojiyuTB ycnoRoenie tojibro cpeffi 
myica ahkhxi k HBaHurb tojiccobi, bi pasryjdb opriii... 

— Boae moHI.. OnaTB, onaiB Bce Toae!..— aocRjiHRHyjia 
HHHa AjieRcaHApoBHa h saRpujia meho pyRami, ho saT^irB.RaRi 
6u cnoxBaTBBmHCB, CucTpo OTAepnyjia vxi> h cxsaniJia ero pyRy. 

— Ho BTO He Bce... FoBopH ace Ksb Bcel Heysean octb 
erne xyxmee? 

— Aa... Hy, BOTb By ocjia6%Bmit, npHsuBaK) Te6a Ha no- 
KoiitB, a Moacerb 6utb bto yse hosaho... SnaeniB jm th, hto a 
yjRe BHHOBeHi nepoAib To6ofi? yse, yace... 

— BorAa? He uojRerB 6utbI.. SL 6uj[a cb To6ot... 

— HirB, OCTaBHlTB BTO... fl HO XOHy rOBOpHTB O&h 3T0irb 

H He BMiio npasa... Aa, TenepB botb a, ocjia6'lBmlS, npHsuBaH) 
Te6a na noMon^B... HoMorH mh^./. 

OnaMOJiHajia^nopajReHHaa ero HeAoroBopeHHUMi npHSHaHieM'B. 
Bi coTufi pasi yace bi acusHH ona nepeaRHBaJia Ty 6opB6y, ro- 
Topaa BcerAa ROHiaaacB ea yHHjRenleM'B. Bi ea rpyAH hoah- 
Majicfl npoTecTi) ocRop(5jieHHofl aseHH^HU, ho HaBCTpiny eHy 
mjia fiesnpeA^jTBHaa jrio6oBB ri aTOny nejioatoy, cnocoOHaa Bce 



GB^TXUft I7TB. 49 

vpocnoh^ Bce, 6e8i KOHi^a. 3to 6iuio h lenepB. Oaa He hohh- 

UUia iiCHO, HTO npOHBOQUIO, HO flJIA HOH H6 6UJI0 COUH^HUi, 

*iio npoHBonuio ocKop6jieHle. Ho rto se, sro? Hhkto eft ne 
paacxasajii HH^ero Tasoro, qio HaBOAHJio 6k Ha ary mhcjib. 6i ea 
OTcyTCTBiH? Ho HaAesAft HsanoBHa 6iua ct> hami dohth ece 
Bpeiffl... 

H BApyrb BTo avfl ocraHOBHoiocB bi ea rojiosi, Ran 6yAT0 
KaRaa to HOBHAHMaa pysa rycTofi nepHoft KpacBoft noA'iepK- 
Hyjia ero. 

cHln, He Mojserb 6iiTBl— roBopHJiaoHaceGi.— Ecjih6» bto 
6iuo, OHa He BCTpbniJiacB 6u co MHOft laKi, Basi BCTpira- 
jiacB». A Apyroft rojioci Bospaxaarb bi ea fjm/b: «Bce Mosen 
6ht&... Hirb TaROft hhsocth, na RaRyio ne (Sun 6u cnocoOeHB 
Hej[[OBiRi>»... 

H OHa R0Jie6ajiacB MesAy dnrb AByz'B rojiocoBi. A noao- 
xeHie 6UJI0 TaROBO, hto hojibsh Cujio AyvaTB, cocpeAOiOTOBaiBca, 
ptmaTB. Offb noBTopHJTB, HOA^epRiBaa: 

— fl npisHBafo Te6a Ha ^0H0^^>! %o-zi tu ho homo- 
raemB mh^? Si roBopio teGi npaMo: Mena lanerb kb pasryjiy, 
bo wA rkhhtb dia MopsocTB. Mni xoneica npHsecn ce6a bi 
TO cocToaHie, RorAa HpaBciBeHHua coo6paseHia HCTOBaiorB, RorAa 
^eaoB^Kib saHHpaeiB h ssipB DOAEUfaerB rojiOBy. Ho vb to se 
BpeMa ^eaoB^Ri en^e Bosnyn^aerca bo mh^. Si ne zo^iy Aony- 

CTHTB Ce6a AO BTOft HH80CTH, H TKI nOHHMaeniB, RaROft OTCIOAa 

bhboai>« 

OHa HOHBHasa, tto om roBopHn o cvepTH, h dTa mhcjib 
yxe coBepmeHHo saiMaaa wb ea kjuA wA o6hau, hto ceft^aci 
TOJTBRO BOJiHOBajiH BO. Kasia TyTB MoryrB Cbitb p^hh 061 ocRop- 
fiaeHlH JKeHH^HHu? Ri ?eMy TyrB AOHCRHBaTBca, rto h RorAa? 
Ana Hero OTCTaBBaTB cboh npaBa na ero b^phoctb, npaBa sen- 
ntHBU, OTAaBmeft Buy cbok) Ayniy, rofab owb ctohtb na Rpaio 
nponacTH ■ nyacHO CHJiBHoft pyROft otbbcth ero? ^a, CHJiBHOft 
pyKOfl. Ea cjD[a6aa pyRa aposhti otb BC%n bthxi yAapoB'B, 
cjrikAOBaBmHX'B oahhi sa ApyrnirB, aposhtb, ho ona AOJUKHa CAi* 
JBTB ee CHaBHofi. 

Bl TBRla MHHyTKI — B 0H& 6HBaJIH ySCO He paSl— Bl BTOITB 
KaJEOHBROlfB CaaCoiTB rblA 6%AH0ft SeHOlBHH, HCTOMJUeHHOft VHO- 

roaixHeft 6opB6oft» oropHemaMH, 0CR0p6aeHiaMH, BApyrBi neis- 
BicxHO OTRyAa, bbi rbrhxi to HespHMiiix'B ray6HH'B, noAUManaGB 
CTpanraaa Boaa, h ohb cnoRoftno h ynipeHHO maa na caico3a6- 
BBBie. 

cH^AO cnacTH ero, hbao cnacTH ero»I— bth caoBa, RaRi 
rpoiTB, SBynaaH bi ea ymaxi^ h saraymaaH ace Apyroe. Ona 
BHOBB saroBopHaa, h bi roaoci ea yse ne caumaaocB hh Apoau, 
hh caa6ocTH, hh noAaaaeHHUxi caesi. Uepexb hhitb CToaai tb- 
nepB caaBHuft ^eaoa^Ri. 

H 4. OTAin L 4 



to PyOGKOI BOrATGTBO. 

— H Tu zopomo CA^Jiaxi, hto npHSBan MeHfl, AhtohiI Tic 
roBopHniB, HTO Kb TBoeft HaTypi npocnyjucb crpacra, eotopha 
HeorpasHuo uHyn re6B wb nponacTB, m th cain> He Mosem 
nepexHTB arot CBoeft hhbocth; ho Hiaocn dra tojisbo npoTVB'b 
nmsi. Bi npHpoA% nin hh HHSsaro, hh BHCORaro. Bee bi Heft 
coBepmaeTca no ea B^^Huirb BaROHam, ero Taiuui HH^xoxHaa 
MBJiOHB vk cpaBflBHiH ch HejOB^HecKoft xHBHUo! 'TaRi cjnyinaft 
xe... Earb 6u hhsko th hh oan, it6 6u ra hh Offb- 
jan npoTHFb Mena, ace paaHO 3to ne ocRopfiHn ueHfl, h 67x7 
crtna Kb 3T0My, h ne yaflxy btofo, h xony BHxiib tojebro ndk 
jRHBHirb paxom co mhoioI.. A, hto TaRoe xeHn^HHa h Tpe6o* 
BaHlfl sencRaro caicojna6Li?fl y6HBaK) ee bi ceGi, bo iih% octaerca 
HejioB%KB H H Te6a jqoGjiio, jdoCjk) bi Te6t ^eaoBiRa, xymy tbok> 
jih>6jiio, H'^oHa irai nysna, 6e» hoh h cyniecTB0BaT& ne iiory. 
fl leOi roBopx), Ahtoh&, Mofl MHjmft, ne xyxaft 060 uafky x^bjnift, 

HTO XOHemB, 2HBH RBRl XO^emB, HO JRHBH, TOJDRO SHBH! 06%- 

niaft MHi dTO— HTO tb HHRorxa xo6poBO«BHO He nepecTanemb 

aRHTb. 

Ona ozBaTHJDEa o6iHMH pyaaMH ero njneHO h npHnnyjia kb 
HeMy JiHitoirb. A ohi cToajcb HenojiBHSRo, cb Mpaumrb bbfju- 
XOiTb, Bib ROTopoiTB efl CHJi&Hiui pisH HO BWBan HH vajtiftoiaro 

npOCB%TJliHlH. 

npomjia MHHyra. Oea noxnajia rojroBy. 

— ^TO se TH MOJiHHmB?— copocHia ona. 

— Hin>, TU He yCriwm Hena, uoa 6'6AHaa MaaioTRal To» 
^10 « roBopHmb, coIhbiu, Roropue uu nycsaein> vb zoa'b— h 
a nycRani hxi bi xoa'b ho pasi— Rorxa Han nenero donme 
CRaeaTB, Rorxa naci npHsaini ri cTtei. Ohh HHorxa cxoxan 
8a HacToan^ie soboxu, ho ho Torxa, Rorxa HOJioaiRi npHmeai 
R!b jniRBHxaKlH. BaxHoib jih, Hana, ecjni6i th CRasaaa laA aro 
hIcrojibrhmh ahhmh noBze, TaRi, nepesi nexizio, ^epesi ab%, 
Rorxa nocjrbxHie caixn Moefl 6ojA8hh ocTaaarb icena, Rorxa a 6uj» 
6h cobcImi, cobcImi sxopoBi, 0, Torxa a Maaoxymao yxaaTKaca 
6h 8a dTH cjroBa, a ciai 6h Bepxoin» na dToro xot^pfti^ kohh 
H HOHHaaca Ou ci Beceaofl xyniOH) vkaaTb cboh rHycHocTH. Ho 
Tenepb— a yace CKasaarb Te61 bto, — Tenepb bo mr^ en^e caxHTb 
Ranaa GesyMia, ROTopaa Mena cnacaerb. 

— Cnacaen? 

— Aft, cnacaen... Oaa cnacen Mena orb aoasHH... On hhs- 

lOft aOiBHH... 

— A a? a? PasBi a Mory ocTaTbca ZHTb 6e8i Te6a? 

— SI BToro Bonpoca ne pimaai. fl pinnuii toabro sa ceta... 

— SHannn, Te6i nin xo Mena x'^a? 

— Axi, HHHa, RaRB th soctoro HCRymaemb Menal Bnaaion 
HoaoxeHla, Roropna moorho BHpasHTb ToabRO xnyua caoBam: cne 
Kory». U Hi^n 6oabnie caoBi xu BHpaseHla hxi. Bon n a ne 




€B«MH& Xm. 51 

JHoty. A ra MHi CTaBHioB fla nyra nperpaxu, nepeuaxHEH, npe- 
saTCTBiJi, crapaacB, ^1061^ ohh 6ujni nosHine, hto6u a He 6iin 
B*b cocioflHiH nepemarayTb ^epesi hhxi. Tu roBopinib: 4 
Te6l nosBOJuiK) 6iitb HHsum h nonuDOiirb, ho b^xb, xpoii 
Te6fl, eciB ente a, h botb a He iiory ce6ft aroro noseojranl 
^TO xb\ 8T0 SHaun MaxHyTL pyKoft na Bce CBaioe h 
TeuHO cnyciHTbca b'b tjt rpflSHyio JUiy, b'b bo] 
xaion 6e8C08HaTejiBH0) Kas'B OTpaBjieHHH^ 
He Bce, MBJiHft MQft f^jn, He Bce, mo] ^ 
OifOTpx CH)xa! 

Owh B9BVh ee sa pyRy h noBJieKii^ 
-CTOiy. . 

— Th bhxhhib wy Terpaffb? fl naoHC 
ee BHHxaTejiBHO. 9to caiiafl opAHHapHaa, nocpexciBenHaa paSoia, 
UKyx) Korxarn6o cosxaBan ^eoiOBiHecKiS ym. fl SHaio bto. 9to 
^rrpaHHoe cboActbo Moero yiia. Om ci KaasAmrb HOBuirb npsnvi- 
KoiTB CojrisHH Tynien, ho bi Hem Kara 6u cozpaHaercir boc- 
HOMHHaHie Jij^noMTb Bpenenaxi, Kor^a bto 6iun> cBiTJOit ym, 
OGTput H rjiy6oBift... Tan bi^ CRasoHmizi cyn^ecTBan, BOioneC- 
CTBOwh npeBpaniieHHim bi SBipeft h81 JiioxeS, coxpaHflerca kbs'b 
6h CMyTHoe cosHaHie, hto ohh Korxa to Cujuh jmjp^m, h b'b to 

Se BpeKfl XHH ynpaBJUUOTb BCi SBipCBifl HaRXOHHOCTH. K 9T0 

tSyxerb pacTH... fl cjunoRoirb zopomo snaio no, noTOxy hto a 
Bpa^i, cneidajacrB. fl rjiy^ORO Hsyujrb cboh> 6oJKi8HB, ea npx- 
HBHH H nocjElxcTBla. pHa 6yxerB noBTopaTBca Bce nao^e h HBsmd, 
nepioxu sxopoBBa 6yxyTi Bce Ropone h Ropone, h BcaRit pasi 
Moft ym 6yxeTi j^uhcn Bce Taxejrbe h Tyoie, a rohhhtca 
no Hjni nojiHiurb, yze 6e8B08BpaTmarb Oesyiiieirb, uh rjiy6o- 
Rim Tynoyxleirb. Xopomo en^e, ecjn mh& na xojrio AOCTaneTca 
HepBoe, HO eejiH BTopoe... ?to aa yzacB— xhtb, enafl HaBtpnoe, 
vo naBHaa ocHOBa TBoero HejioBinecRaro cyo^ecTBa 6yxerb no- 
eroflHHO HOHHsaTBCA, xcnapflTBCH mvh re6af hto xoan, dTon 
gq[)aroitiHHiiit hctohhhkb Kbrb bhcorhxx npoABJieHift xyza, 6y- 
xerb ffipmewbib m tu npeBpaTHmBca wh haIotb, vb RpersHa h 
BceraRH 6yxeniB jrhtb h zbtb. Jl^a nosasyft emie h Torxa vh 
Hem ocraneTCfl no npoBJUToe, HenaBHCTHoe BocnoxHHaHie xyi- 
jsmrb xBflxil SaniiTb oho? Boti h TenepB, eann 6u ero ne 6iuo, 
a HaDHcajBLib 6ii (esxapHyio RHHry h, xoserb 6htii) 6hun> 6u 

Bl BOCIOpii H OTl Hea, H OTb COCa, RaRL 6UBaiOnb Bib BOCTOpii 

orb ceda h on CBOHXb raynux'b RHBFb TucaHH fieaxapmizib aBTopoBi. 
SI 6uxh 61A cqacTJEHBb, ecaaSu RaRoft HH6yxb BoameSHHR'bjyxar 
punb Mena BoamedHiuii MoaoTROxi no roaosi n pasoicb BuOna'b 
6u vn MOHa BOcnowiHaHle ay|DiHZib BpexeHazi Moero xosra, 
Torxa a Tyn&ii 6u cnoRoftno n n Rasxmrb xneirb, Cb Raxxoft 
HOBOft Ranaeft TynoGTH nyBCTBOBajTb 6u ceSa Bce c^acTaHBie... 
A, 6yxerb 060 Bcem noMil 6yxerb, xoa xaaioTRa! y zoxn, oeraBb 
Jiena oxnoro. 

4* 



52 P7CCK0B BOFATCTBO. 

— fl doncb ytTH, AHioffb! 

— Hin, He 6oftca. 3. HH^ero ae CKkMuo... Rjuhjcb Te0if 
Mil en^e yBEXHUca. fl ciaHj j^yiiaTB... Wo xofiparo^ en^e mos 
XPBOXH Ha MOflfl noBJlflK>nl fl CTaHf ^miTb... 7x0^1, noxaiyt- 
en, yzoxH, Kot xpynl KuHycB Te6t, hto a 6jxy fjvnb a 
1661, TOiBKO Te6t.: 

Qsa HOKopHO, mupDHHai&HO BHiua^ vb rocTHHyio, onycnr 
MKk vh qiecio H saicepia 6en xyMH, 6evb on^yn^emfl... 

(OK(mHame ejmdffefm\ 

H. riOTaneNHO* 






ftt- 

KoHeip. ineSS^SfSlrfropBMH. 

(H» idpa OTBepseHHHnV 



I. 
TpeBorN NHoro poAa. 

HeBeoeiaro gbo8otb» oo6finifl oimoHBan h vb npexKXynpnn 
TjaBsn *). H eonta oofiHiifl vol (wol ^isauHHirB usopffom 
Kb eiosioS Hcnopii OTHomemt TenHOft xaxopsHoS ko6hikh n ho- 
<k>iunot xynft xHTouKreHTHHTb apeoraHTon, eon 6h ohh asiuitt 
^rfcin-To Bpoxft oooiftxHaro oioBa vb moA loropiK, poxoBoro h aeiio- 
npaBuaro ojiOBa, to uraTen, 6iiTb Kosen, oxiian 6m m lero 
xase ({oxfce rpyoiHHe beuoah, ^m rt, k'b xaninb npjnoxBn can 
a Bi MiHTTH yiHiui H vjwssBxA oia6oeTH. M HnaTea aron fiun 
liH, Mosen tfHTb, npasi... Ho, kb o^aoruo, x^tcrBnenioon b% 
ea qiiom ho 6iua TasB Mpa^na. Bi oymtioors, omoaiBHi mkoA 
■exopasyiiisui a ooopH 6hu me (Sojdke, xan npexoAfliQam KOKeM- 
TOKb H8i xHorojiiTHet tOBirfcorHot xhbhi laineft os aaToproS, mo- 
MeHTOiTb, KOTopHfl ooBepmeHHO HenpeABHxiHio BHsiipxyn lai 
oavoi npHot h ip7seiD6H08 Txnnmi, paspaauofl puoinb 6yp« 
iKn xoH^nKTOBi telle uh xesbe TparxsoioraeoKaro zapasrepa a 
BarhMi, noGjrt jBOsa TDpemHZ'E rxaeapeft, oirlHuofl npesaet la- 
BosMyTHMofl THinHaott H npesHfln APT^"^oaaiiH OTHomeaiaMKy onan 
WDmBKHoa vjjUEBLh FOXH. TiiTb He KOHibe aron aopoTKitt, opaBHareauo, 
nepioAB Kaaaioa laA ae umeaaHirB oBoero aaa^eHiji a zapasTep- 
aoora; loi AjaajiooB. too oT6pooB a ero, sarb ffbqro aeTaaavioe, 
imoieTHoe, orpaaaqBMr xapTHHOi o^HmixB onomeait ob apeorax- 
TaMx, npexoTaBxexaot bb nepaofl uonx oqepxoBi. — a on aanxooxB 
Moixs, xaxB OTB Boero aenoixaro a xexooxasaaaaTO, aiaxo 6h bb 
SHavreaBHott cieneHX xeaoxpeHaoGTBi), oBoero poAa xoxxmrB, npa- 
Topao-cuiaAKxii'B oaHTHHeHransiioirB. 

Mat ooraeroa tojibxo oxaaaTB no 8TOM7 noao^ty, ^to nepesama 
TpeBojraeaia ae nponrxa feai orixa aa au oxxot xbb BpaaQoaaa- 



♦) «p. B.>, Hofl6pB H xexa6p^ 97 r. 



54 PyCCROS BOrATCTBO. 

msXli OTOpOHl, HH JIMIS. KaTOpPM, HI AU MBWH 01 TOBapHQaiCH. HtO- 

Ksoaeiofl nepBoft, to, npHSHaDCB oTE^BeiHO, ea noBeAeme le pas^ 
Busiisaio BO Hri nySo^aftmee jAHBieHie. HeBOSMOXHO Giuo, Kosevio, 
npeAnonraiB, hto6h jAtiia oo6uTiji 6hib 8a6iiTH en tasi osopo s 
TaKi» OKOHUTeJKBHo; sanpoTEBi, no ofini^eiiy HaorpoeHii) nyBOTBOBaiooB. 
HeplxKo, ^TO apeoraBTaiiE hihto se saCsiTO... H oxaaKO sr pasy h 
HHRTO 181 HExi (xase H8ii oaMsn HepasBaTurb ynoTBeHKo h HpaB- 
0TB6HH0) HO saBOAHjrb Bii HameiTb npHoyroTBii rpoMxaro pasroBopa 
npomAoini. To^ho RaRoe-TO fiesvoiBHoe, ho TBepxoe oorjiameHie 

OOOTOHAOOB HOSAy BOiHH Ea 8T0T1» O^OTL: H02HaTB, HBROrAB HO BOnOHH- 

HaTB TOHi, HTO 6hjiio. CRasHBaiaoK-iH Tyn OBoero poAa AeuRar^ 
HooTB? Hrpaio-jui EiROTopyio pojrB to oGcTOflreaoTBo, qro noAi ro- 
Hei^ii Boneuft Haws yoBOOEa 6H2a noiBTHRa noEadHoro paBEOAynna^ 
Vh Exi EcxoAy s TBepAaro CTOSEifl Ea HsSpaEEOfl pasi nosEi^? Bo 
B08R0HX ojiyna*!, noBTopfli)» EEROFAa 6oiBine e6 BEAan a oo OTopoEH 
samHXii ooxHTexeS ee HajrbflBiaro noaoJi3EOB6Eifl BOSofiEOBMTb ooopH. 
Fopeu o6bah, oaeo BpeHE o6ypeBaBmaH yBxeRaDHQirocE Bamy- 
poBa E TonaBmafl ero Ea Eeo6AyMaEEU6 oiOBa e nooTyoRE, Tose 
ORopo yxerjraoB — otb npipoAH oh'b 6iux Ao6p% e EOBJionaHflTeHi^ 
KpaitEifl HElEiE ero oOi apecraHTan, TaRi Eenpiarso npoTHBopt- 
iBBinifl OAHO Apyrovy e dHcrpo HiEEBmifiOfl, vb le^oEieH'B BpexoEE 

eEETIEIEGb E ypaBEOBtOHUOB.; B% ROEI^ ROEI^OBl, BBrjflAU HamE 
06XB8BAEOB E npEMEpEUOB. Ho, RpOMt TOFO, nepOSETUfl EOnpiaTEOOTE 

Eay^HXE Eaoi Boixi TpoHxi 6uTB oAopsaEiie, sopie ojitABTB 9% 

RaSAHHl CBOBEl BiarOMI, EHlBmBMli XOTB ROOBOBEOe OTEODIOEie Kh 

RaTopri E ea EETopeoaai. Eon, 6jiaroAapa BToay, noBeAeaie Eame, 
0iiTb HOxerB, yTpaTBio EioRoibRo oBoi) npesHVK) EenpHHysAeiEootB 
E EenoopoAOTBeEEOOTb, TO, 0% APyroS oTopoEii, OEO rapaETEpoBaio 
orB EOBHX^ Rpyosiixi omE6oRi», a bto 6hjio, Rose^ao, oaMoe rjiaBEoe. 
MesAy TiiTB, fiaoTynBBmaa oooeb roTOBSJia Eavi EoiiuTaEia e 
TpeBorE ooBoiMi EEoro poAa, — 0Boeo6pa3E£ifi RonmapL, RoxopHft ho- 

XeTB EMiTB HiOTO TOJ^bRO Bl TDpLM^b B TOIBRO A-I^ EETeUEreETEEIX'B^ 

iDAeft. 

Emfi sa DoiroAa ao npR6iiTia 8*^ Illeiat aoBEqEOBx, y moee 
npOEGXOAHJia (sj> 6paBHn» RaiiETaEon» oAEa 6eotAa» ROTopoft a ae^ 
npEAajTB Bi TO Bpeaa oooCeasaro BEa^eaia, rbr^b oaeoA esi 6e8no- 

leEHHXl HEfiyTHHXl ^ETasltt RailETaEa, Bl 60JIBniEE0TBt ojcyiaoB^ 

EEROFAa Ee BEAaBmflrB ooyn^eoTBieaia. 

— A HO oi6HB*TO AOBOjceai TeaepeniEEEi oooToaEieai tdpbhu,— 
Kb oBasE 01 qi^Ei-TO ApyrEMi, saroBopEJTB owhj EaxaypEBaa 6poBE^ 

BO TOEOMl nO^TE APySOOROfi AOBipOHEOOTE: — 8T0 Aa^eRO EO TO, 

teHi a ROFAa-To HeqTaai» a ^to oo6jia8Bajio aeaa npaaaTb npoAio- 
xeEEoe MtoTo EaiaibEERa. 

H noix)6oniiTOTBOBaii ysEBTb, vro, Go6oTBeflHo, aiiBHBaio ero 

BeAOBOIbCTBO. 

— ^a, ecjiE xoTETe, Boe, piniaTeiBEO Boel IlepBOHaEajibEHa^ 



KOHEI^'B MBlABBCEOft TDPBUU. 55 

luaioiTb, Fb oooraBieiOH Koroparo h a apHmcan yiaeiie, 6iuo 
yorpoBTB HS'B UleiaeBOKaro py^HEKa o6pa3i^oB7i> TDp&icy, OTuqEyn 
orb Boin> ooTai&HHxi KaTopsHurb inpeirL. GTporooTb HeyRiOHHafl, 
uoTO-Boemiafl orporooTb bo booitb pesHHi — botb ocaoBHOft npaa- 
i^Hoi, KOTopnft 6tm nooTaBjeHi mhod aa bh;i>. A, saaeTe, Tor^a xe 
cooraBHjTb AouaxHyio sanaosy, bi soropott Boe 8to asjioxHJi'b. A 
npespacHo saaD 9thxi apraoTOBi a saai), Kasi» aysao ynpaauTb 
anal.. Tor^aniaift ry6epBaTopi 6us% bo aoen oo aaoi) oorjiaoeffb. 
Ho... Baai BSBtoaii aama pycoaie nopHAsa? Kaai^exflpntBaa, boxo- 
KHta... KasA^ft pasyMEEill irpoesn pasfiapaeTca' A6caTK0Mi» BJiaoTb 
ajiti)n(Bxi mbhij, a y sas^aro hsi aaxi ooficTBeaaua ^aaTaaiHl Boe 
HOBoe, oparaaaJE^Eoe ae aaxoAan y aaci npaaaaaia... Qo aoeicy 
ajfaay aa^aJiBaaKib meiaeBoaofi TJDpbMU jsfism^wb 6ujL'b aaBBCiiB 
TDXBKo on Bora a ry6epBaTopa, bjib, Bipaie caasaTB, orb pasii aa- 
Boer^a oooiaBJieaaoi aaorpyRi^ia. SastAyDii^il aep^Baoaoi aaToproft 
aaaaaoro sacaTejiBOTfia ae jioimewb 6wn> bmItb bi aiott nopBai: oa% 
aopB 6h yHHTBca baIcb— a aa^ero 6ojibine... TaKObi 6£iJrL aoft B^ean. 
Ho nooMOTpaie, qro Biimjio ax A'^MoTBBTeiBaooTal OcTaaoBBJiacb, Kaa'b 
BoerAB, Ha nojiyalpaxil Tnpbay CAbAajv, Kaai-dyATO, a o6pa8UOBott, 
a n APyrot oxopoau ace ocTasHxa no OTapoay. Bo rjiaBt A'i^A 
cToan Bce to me yfipaBjeaie KaroproH, yqpesAeaie, cKaxy aaa'b 
OTKpoBeaao, AonoTouaoe, aacKBOSb npoaaraaaoe qaBoaaa'iBBM'b 4^op- 
Maiasaoirb h xaiaTQOorbK)! Hy, u qro me buxoabtb bsi boIx^b 
MOHXi EaqaaaalB? Pobbo aaqero. V aeaa wbrb aacasoS cBo6oAfii 
AtftoTBitt, y Meaa noJiOjKBTeJBBO OBBdaau pyRa... Meaa orpaaaqflBa- 
iDTh wh AeaesHfiixx Tpaxaxi, aeHa sacTaBUDirb ry6flTb Bpeaa Ha 
nyoTBEH. BoTb Baai aejiKifi npeirbpi: no mraTy aa'b noiaraeroa 
novon^aairB, o6a3aaaooTb aoTOparo BcnojiBaTB flisoTopua qepana 
pa6oTU — npoadBOAHTb noBipsa apecTaaxairb, aafijiioAaTb sa nopaARoirb 
Bi TB>pb]rb, 3a HaA3HpaTejiaaH... Hy, BOHeqao, aro aeofixoAaao h aih 
aiBOToparo npecTHsa BiaoTa HaqaibaaRa... H ^to me bbe j^nMre^ 
Mail A^H noaon^HHsa, ho xaRoro? H npooan o^ai^epa, qeiOBisa 
3aepraqaaro, plmHTOJibaaro, onocofiaaro ci» A<JCTOflaoTBOMi saiitaflTb 
aeaa caaoro Wb aysaux'b ojiyqaaxii, a oaa aaBaaqaia... sasoro^TO 
OTOTaaaoro Baai](e2apacTa, nponoai^y a TeJieasa, soioparo a 6oi>ob 
uycsaTb B-b TiopbMy a ROTopuft cnoco6ea'b Tojaao oaAi^xb b% aoaropi 
a orpo^BTb 6yaarB... 

Mat SHBO BonoMBBiaob ^arypa SToro cTeaeaRa a npoaoflii[u> — 
isajiRaa, cropfixeaaaa, ci Tpaoyntflaaca pyRaaa a roioaotf, bi rbkoki- 
TO AJiflBBOM'b seaoBOMi saaorb oi a'&AHEiaa nyroaai^aaa, B8o6pa- 
saBmeifb eofioio qBaoBaaq:b]D maaeab. Bi Tupbirb oai noKaduaaaoa 
oqeaB pi&ASO, roioea ero mh no^ta aaRorAa ae oiuxajia, a bbrto bbi 
apeoraaTOBi ae saaxi A&se o6ib ero oij^^^Bi^iaibaoa'b SBaaia cnoMon^- 
aaRa>, a aasbiBaia Boi <nHObuoBOAflTejib». 

— npa xaaaxf yojsoBiaxi TDpbaa ae aoserb 6iiTb o6pa3i(OBoftl — 



56 P7CCK0B BOrATCTBt. 

OB ropeuD npoA(Misan JLjmwpovb: — ■ vh oymaoon. oia urtiCB 
poBEo He oTJUuerea on qpjrHn xaiopsum Tnpeirii. 

— Mffb saseroii, bh sioKoiBBO npeyBeiraBaeie. CjtM no pas 
oxasaiTB apeoraHTOBi, b-b xpyrHxi pfxnKarb HoopaBHeHHO 6oiBiDe 

0BO60AU. 

— To eCTB, BH XOTHTO OSaSaTB— paODJIQeiBOOTH? Ho BUOTe-U, 

no^eicT bto? Toxbko noTOMy, ^no m sa^ob... IIocTaBBTe xa m oe Kioto 

K0r0iIH60 H8l OfiHSHOBeSHHTB OMOTpHTaiet — H SBBTpa SO BH HO 

oTume UleiaeBCKot nopBMH otb SepeiTjIcKoi, AiraqnosoS h 
Boaxoft xpyi^ll 

H xoBOiBHoe, pyimoe ni^o tipasaro xaniraxa npHiuo oTTbsos'B 
Me^iaTeiBEott rpyoiH; oh'b oi rope^BD saBycm inxBiHe yoH h, 
MaxHyBii pyKoft, 6B[OTpo OTomen rB ony. 

— Bapo^en,— TOTiaoi xe onpaBuofl owb n CBonnb BoiHexieirB 
H saroBopHi'B onflTB HenpeiosHHKi, BxaoTiuMB TOHOMi:— a hb Tepan 
eme laAosffH... Hin, a nxran HaAexxy! Ji nonra yBtpoHB... HobhA 
ryfiepHBTopi loace oAotfpaoTB hoe uaHH... y iceHa botb, KpoMi Toro, 
exHHOEEimjieHXEBH... xpysBB... SaiiHQKa Moa TonepB yse paBOMBTpa- 
Baeroa h aeoBxa bobkoxeo, ^to bb oaaom lexajieBoinb 6yxyii(eMB 
BH npsKTaqecBH n Hen noBHasoMHTeoB. 

rjiasa ero BApyrB fiiecEyxa HrpiBujrB oroHBKon.,. OAHaso Ha 
Moen JiRi^i, AOJisHo 6htb, xeiBsa 6hio nponeoTB oEiBHaro xeaaHia 
EocEopte «DpaKnraeoKX» noBHaaoMHTBoa n ero BOHHOTBeHHHMH uia- 
HaMH, noTony ^to oei nooniinfln nepeBeoiH paaroBopi hb Apyryn 
TBMy, a ayAieHii(ia Hoa Bosopi aoamacB. 

noBTopai), a EB npaxaiB bb to Bpeica 6oaBinoro BHa^eHia aiott 

6006^1 H nOTTH BB TOTB Se A6HB BHKHHyjTB 60 H8B FOIOBH. OwaKO 

noort npiiBxa eobhhkobb no TDpBHi ho paBB npoxoAEia cHyTHHO 
oiyxH xaxaxii-TO roTOBamaxoa HOBOBBexoHiaxB oTporaro xapaarepa. 
J(ase HaABHpaTen TOixoBan oSb btomb, xoth nysHo oxasaTB, ^no 
6oaBmHHGTBo vTb OTspHTO CTaaoBHXocB aa oTopoHy apeoraHTOBB h 
OTKpoBeHHo iH6epaxBiHqaxo; HteoTopue xBaiauoB ^BS^t' ^iro «bb 
oxyqat qero» yftAJTB bb ororaBxy... Oahb*b toibxo IIpoHa — <XHBaH 
cHepTB» xaBaxoa en^e 6ojrte, ^hb npea^e, HexoorjaaHMB h boo 
Tyxe H Tyse BaTaraBaica xa Boft nyroBHQH. Ohb a^bho yse 6hi'b 
ja>6HHi^eMB H npaBoft pyxott JyvesapoBa. 

Bb xoHi^ EOHi^OBx, zbxkeA HOBHfl oijxx BCTpeBOSHBan Hame 
BOoGpaaceHie xa oxaHx-ApyroS abhb, a BatixB caosa o^ohb cxopo 
BHieraxB hbb foiobh: HOHoroHHaji, raeTymaa AitoTBaiexBHOOTB eo 
AaBaxa no-xoxry ooraHSBJiaBaTBoa hh hb xopornHxi, eh hb Ayp^uixB 
oiyxaxi. 3a to, opoAx Bcaxaro poAa oropiexift x xenpiXTHOorefl, 
oyABfia noAapxia aaxi., 6e8npaBXHHB x oGeBAOieaxuxB, Apyra, Bip- 
xax npoAaxHOOTB xotoparo xe pasB noAXepacxBaia hbob bb xxxyru 
yxHxia x xe paBB oKaBaia aaxB BnooiiAOTsia xeoipbHxxHa yciyra. 
droTB APyi^ 6hjb— sexmaaa... mieixrapry bqo^o npxxaAiexaia 
saoiyra npio6piTexia cxa^ajia BxaxoxcTBa, a BarixB x jsfijM6u xexH 



SOHBICl mUABBCKOfi TDPBIOI. 57 

saqaiiHHKa usai^Kott ootih, oTonmeft vl mejiai,— c^ofipoft MaTyniKH 
^eoaTiiiiii», Kaii HasHsaJia ^ee (esxHTpoerHaa sofiiuKa. CMj^nooh^ 
^no BOKopt noort ero npH6iiTifl bi nieiaioKifi pjAHEffL ona o^esB 
cepbesHO 8a6oxtia Boonaiedein leruirb i, no o6]i^e]i7 npHSsaHii), 
tqhiXo mieflsrapioirb 6Hia oEaoeoa on oiiepTH. %o6h BiioiHt no- 
MMTh H o](lHHTb TfBOTBO, HanoiHHBmee Aynij BHBAopoBiBineft Cosh" 
soi, HjXHO noBsaxoMHTboa hIokox&ko oi noioseHien h spaBoiBeH- 
wawb oooTOJifliBn aroft OHKnaTMnofl h rxydoao-HeoTOoriot seHmHEH. 
Moioxafl, spacKBaii, iiaxo, npaB^a, otfpasoBaHHafl, ho oi Ao6pHiiii 
oiBHBHEBHiTb Qopfflen H rjMaiHiinai sauoHioorjucH, OHa BHmjia 
aaicyxi 8a noxuoro h bohth mesHaKOMaro ei o$Hi(epa, ujn^ xasii 
j^iaen aro B'b f^uesMTb npoBHHipaiBHHrb saxoiyoTBiixi fioiBniHH- 
exBo HeoBHTSitn voiojchx'l xiBymen — Heo6A7iKaHHo, xeraoKHOieflHO. 
Xhbib bo Bceft OBoell cypoBoll HenpHrmAHOOTH oTKpiuao& ea xony- 
raEHHiTL rjiaBaiTb na KPjvoi me abib noojrt 0BaAB6H. Myanb oxa- 
aaiBfl He sxawb no npapOA^ HeiOBixoxi, ho lynHMi h HexaiexHMi 
(SyptioHom, BBTUAH KOToparo Ha jnoAoi h o6n(eGTBeHHyx> Aiaie^B- 
HOOTB He HoffB oHiy 6hxo HSMiHHTB eft, KOTopafl cana Tonxo omynBX), 

XHCTHHXTOMl OTHOKHBa^a HOTHHy H lOSB [XHBBH. ^OirO OTpaHOTBO- 

Baia Anna ApxaABOBHa oi obohjh nyseinb no pasBiorb riy- 
XHiTb yriaMi SafiaSxaftjaoxoft o6iaoTH x, HasoHei(i, nonaxa vh 
taxyx) Mpauyx) Hopy, xaxox) 6ui% croflBmift opexH laftra h ynu- 
jsTb oonoKi Hami xaTopsHuft ropoxoxi. ^nieb BCipiTHJio ee He 
npooTO umB OToxajioe h OesBBiTHoe o6n(eoTBO, — nirb, bto 6uu 
Haeroflmafl xpinooTHx^eoxaa opexa, seoroxaa, 6e8AyniHafl, oi oaMiiHH 
axTH^eioBiqHHHH nonaTiaiiH, AOOToftraHH nepBo6HTHKixi Auapeft; 
<8To 6iZfl'B xax% 6n yroiOKi opexHHi'L bIkobi, 6epesH0 coxpanflB- 
miftoa H saxoHHO npoi^TaBmifi bi i^HBEJixsoBaHHoS OTpant h b% 
npooBimeHHovB Bixi... rpy6ooTb 6HJia xpyroni oaMaa aap- 
Bapoxaa, xpaBH orxpoBeHHo-SHBOTHue, BHomaxB HHTepecoBB HHxa- 
xxn. JlyqmaMH xftm^vn meJiaftoKaro 6oHOHAa HBjnnoB xaASHpaTexB- 
cxifl axexH, taxi xaxB Jy^esapoBB, MoxaxoBi h MOJioxott xasaipuft 
xopymxift 6umm idah xoxooTMe; bth a&kh, ccopacB nesfy co6oKr, ny6- 
nvo HaBHBaxH oahb Apyryn <mxypaMH» h cnoTaoxymxaHHt... 

Anna ApxaABeaxa AOJSHa 6Hxa hobtophtb 006010 o6H«yx) Ha 
PycH rpyoTHyi) HOTopix) hhx'6h'b HenoHflTurB oTpaAanill h fiesBpe- 
HeHHaro, OAHHOxaro yBflAanifl qyrKoll, ho ciaOoft xencKOft AyioH. 
nepenHOxa ob nOApyraMH-HHOTHryTxaHH, 8a OToyroTBioHB oCinjirb 
peaAasoB HHrepeoofB, nooreneHHo craHOBaxaoB Bxioft h nemfio- 
HHTHoft, Ai^eS HO 6ujio; xnarB p^SL qreHUi ne oTHCXHBaxocB; oiesi 
He xBaraio... HiiTB 6h xoxquacB ara neiaJiBHafl HCTopia? BipoatHte, 
Koneno, Boero, wro h Anna ApxaABOBHa, hoaoCho coTHaHi h th- 
oa^iaHB cbohxb npeAmeoTBeHHHiiB, cAaJiaoB 6h bb xoHicb xohi^obb 
aaoacHBax)n(eft chiI xxTeftoxoft tbhh; aponuo 6h en^e BioxoXBKo 
JiiTB, H OHa, xaxB Bct, yrpaTBJia 6h HOJiOBiqecxii o6pa3x, CAtia- 
JiaoB 6ii Taxoft me, xax'B Boi... Ho xaxB pasB bb ry HHHyiy, xorxa 



58 FYOCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

6siio eme le qobjiho, npHinio enaoeHie. IlepejrB Hex), 6oxBHofl, oisr- 
6oft, oxBaieHEot ropa^e^Hiiiii sapon h BOsSjsseHieMi, vh oxsa 
Bpens H upHSHBaBinell K7» ee6i oicepTB, h iry^iHTeiBHO ea erpanniB- 
metcfl, My^BTeJiBHo xoilBinefi sbtk, BHesanHO noABHXOii MOxoAoty 
»HeprHTO£ift H o^eHB HOAypHOft cofioiD BpaTb, oKpyxeHHHS oaicot se^ 
o6iiKHOBeHHofi ofioraiOBBoi: oo mriiKOMB oojiAara 9a obhboi), n rpem- 
n^HXH Ha Horax^ saHAajravH^oi fipHTOlt roJuoBoi.JIaoEOBHfi oBin ropijrb 
Vh ero riasaxi, vb Kas^oMi oioBi cjfHmaiacB otojsipsmmiui ovxa h na- 
jifimjsj^... Boofipasenie Ahvh ApBajiibeBHu 6hxo nopaxeHO, OHvnaTiH aa- 
BoeBaBH cinepBaro pa8a;a Heaj^7TbtfB,KasAoe HOBoeaortmeHle IIlTettH- 
rapra^ OBpyseHHoe Boe Tolt se TaHHCTBeHHooTBD h HeofiH^a&HooTBio, 
T0J[BK0 yoHiiHBaj[o nepBOHaqaxBHoe o^apoBanie, oTEpsBan vb hojioaohi 
Bpa^'b — RaTopscHBHt Bce HOBHfl h hobuh HeciiiixaHHafl qeptfl h xo- 
cTOHHCTBa, H KTi TOMy BpeHOHH, KOFAa SB8HB 6ojiBHofi HaxoxuaoB yxe Bl^ 
noJDioK 6e3onaoHOOTB, uemjsj hhmh yoaftia yoTaHOBHTBcH cairaii 'rtoHaa h 
B6KpeHB4fl Apys6a. A'H mrefiHrapra bto 6HJ[a, paayidtoTOH, tojibeo 
Apys6a; qlMi c^'biaxoH owb am moioaoI senmHiH — rto uon shhtb 
061 BTOMi, KpoMi Hea oaMofl? j[a 6ojiBiDoft Boapoei euifi, BHaxa-n 
OHa H cava Haoroan^eii'B xapaKTep'b oBoero ^Boxaa? Bo BoasoM'B 
ojsy^ai bto fiHJia TpcraTeAHO-6e8KopH0THaa npexanHooTB. Otohb 
OKopo ApyB^^CRoe paonojioseHie Ahhu ApxaABeBEH nepeHeoxooB h sa 
TOBapumeft dTeiHrapra, soTopiixi oaa HHROrAa wb shbhh ho bh- 
Xaira, h botb ^iiBTpift, BosBpamaaoB co OBHAafliS, oran HeaBiiiHHO 
aasAufl pt^Bi npHHccHTB MHi H BaxepBaay nojuoBH h hphbIth 
oTB OBcelt nai^ieHTKv, a sarlMi, KOr^a n^sua OBHAaHia npeKpara- 
XHOB, Ha^axH noiytiaTBCfl paBxynieHHiui BanHco^iKH crb BooropsoH- 
HHMi o6paii(eBieMi so B&kwb nairB TpoHn: <Apy8Bfl iior!» h (Tb noA- 
uHCBi) «fiaiirB BlpBHt R xi)6an(iS Apyn». G[, RaK'BaoKa8aJn»yBceBHiire, 
era xK>(k)BB h aia BipnooTB 6ujlb h6 pasi Bnoox'j^AOTBiH AORasaas 

SHBHBD, H eCXH Hlf&JIHOB Vb HEXl* OBOH OMilDEtllfl CTOpOHH, TO MHt- 

JTH OHiflTBCfl HaAi* HHMB? 0, 60XH rAi-HR6yAB TH cyn^eoTByemB eme, 
Ao6paa H 6e3XHTpooTHafl Aynia, TaRi mhofo xnOflBmaa a Ta&ii icaxo 
BHAtamaa EarpaAU sa obok) jii)6obb, to qphmh otb Meaa, xotb 
TenepB, sanosAaxuft, ho ae iceH'le otb tofo ropa^ift h HORpea- 

Hii UpHBtTBi... 

BusAopoBiB'B, AHHa ApRaABOBBa^ noHHTBO, crapaxaoB hbuorh- 
bbtb BceBOBMOsHue npeAxora Axa Toro, '9to6h, spoHa otb speueHv, 
cHOBa npHrxainaTB ri cetit IIlTefiHrapTa: to noHBxaxoa y hoe aaaoi- 

Hfl6yAB HOB£[fi EOAyrB, TO BCTpi^axaCB EBAOtiHOOTB BB HOAEI^aSOROrB 

coBtrb A^H ycTpaHesis c]A]s,ovb nepeHeceHHoli Beoaoio TESROi 60- 
xi3EB... Bi 9T0 se Bpevfl OEa oraxa Rpaftae HHTepecoBaTEoa saa- 
ROHCTBOM'B pexHROxtQHaro JlyqesapoBa, BSAa ROToparo paHBure He^ 

MOrxa BUHOOHTB E ROTOpOMy BCEqCORE BHRBBBBaxa BCePAa HBEOe Ee- 

6xaroBOxeBie. TenepB RpacsBafl moxoabe xeHmHEa aa^axa any, ae 
6631 K0ReT0TBa,yxEi6aTBGE, EpHBtTXBBOCB KVLWb saroBapEsaxa, H 6pa- 
Biift RanETaai, EERorAa se GuBinift EeqyBOTBHTexBHiiMii r% seHBRHMB. 



EOHBl^'B niBIABBCKOit TDPLMU. 59< 

^apaiTB, Taiin Kasx^iB Pft^^, ksri booki, h nps Maa'fiBineiii sexcH 
HorauH o6BoposHTeiBHoi eoaynm oorjiaoBjioii 6h o^l^aTboa A^xe 

COBpHTOMT, HT06h BHBBaTB CL TOFO OBtTS, BOixl SBaiCeEBTHXIi 

Bpamft Dponuum b^bobi; vbn toxie ohi fotobi 6eui paspftmsTb 
niTellHrapTy flBaaTbOB no nepaoiiy sobj eoayjia... 

Borb B8% BToro-TO Hcero^flnKa b npBBeoi ounamjifii ^nBTpilt no-^ 
losHTeuHiiH ciAjAEia o HOBEai rpasBBaiBX'B HavBHeDpiflTHooTarB^ 
npo KOTopiifl A^BHO yse roBopsiB pasBue xeitHHe cjKyxE. nepe^i 
rtm OKoio TpexT> hoa'^ib ho BEAaioa obi crh Aflflolt ApEaABOBEoft, 
B TOiBKo pasi sa Boe aro BpeMB 6Hjia nojiyqeBa otb aefl KopoTeHb- 
Kaa sanBOBa: <Bee sniy ojiyqaa e bobmoxeoote bhbbbtb, so BEKaKTB 
Be yAaoTCH. Bodgb, ^to JI. too-to noAospiBaeTi. Eotb bbsbue eo-^ 

BOCTE>. HaKOflei^'B, efi yABJtOOB SaRHin-TO 06pa80M'B AOfiflTBOE OBE- 
ABBiE. 

• — IIpeAOTaBBTe, roonoAa, — pascKasuBaji'b OlTeftErapTB uwh m 
EamypoBy, BepBysmBCB boi TB)pBMy,— e bebjh vb BeHEjrocTB! 

— y IHecTErjiaBaro? 

— Hy, pasyMlercE. ^bbbo, noioxBE'B, a saEiHan yse, ^na 

OWh, BaK'b-6jAT0, BOOHTCE EB MeBfl. 3a BOpOTB TB)pBUH, Kb dOIBEHlTk 
OTBIE BUaUBBTB BB EOOliAHeO BpOlCfl O^OEB P'&AKO, B EeABBBO, FO- 

BopETB, npiiBBcan ^sAaioBa KaKofi-TO Kasa&i e oibseo yEOiEE'B 
pasp^bmETB MEi EaoilAOBBTB ero, eo tbk'b EBeAodEiOEpasplmeEifl... 

Bee 8T0 fl OOlflCBfln OABBKO MESyTEHEE KaapESBEE. 

— By, a TonepB ^^to se OKasuBaeTca? 

— OKasHBaerofl, oeb bea^tb MesE Be mosotb TonepB paBEO- 
AyiEEO. B^epa, KOFAB Abeb ApKBAbeBEa ycEJiesso npflOTaJia eb Eevy 

OB npOCBfiofi BfilBBBTB MeSE, OEB BOnEIXEyjTB, SaETi EOpOXl, E pBSpa- 
BBlCfl A^HEBHM'B EOE020rOirZ), Vb EOTOpOM'B BHOSaSBJIOfl BBOlffb OTSpO- 

Beasc: «IIlTeflEraprB—M8jiB?EniEa, EOToput EoxosETeJiBEO E86ajio- 
BBicE Boi'bAOTBie Eoero MarEaro e% Eeiiy oTEomeHifl! Oei ooBopnieEEO 

8a6HIB TOMB, VTO Ofl^B EBTOpZEHft, ^TO OEy EySEO B^B pyAEESt 

pafioTBTB, a Be BOo6pa8aTB, 6yAT0 oei ^to-to BpoA^ Ea^ajBUbOTBa e 
6yATo Mtt eMy ^faM7»-T0 oSebbeei.— Ho nosaoiBTe^— BcxaBEia Aebb 

ApEBABeBEB, — B^AB ^M, A^^C^BETeiBEO, MEOrEMB OEy 06fl3aEU? — 

TyTB Jly^esapoBii OEOE^aieJiBEO b8i> 066fl BEiaparGE, ebki roBopfln 
apeoiBBTH, E saqaAi otpbi^btb bo ME'b boeeIe SEaflifl e cnooo6EOcTE: 

cEciS E CUJIO EtOEOJIBEO yABUNXB EOXOAOBB B^b OFO npaETESt, TBEl 

8T ) apooTO oqaoTJTEBHlt oifyiafi, Be 6ojiBnie« A se npESEBH) Bpa^a wb 
8T0MB saEoo^EBOEi... EeAoy^E'&I> Abbb ApEBABOBEa 9yTB Be paoua- 
KBJiaeB npE BiErB cjtobbx'b, a Jly^eaapoB'b npoAOJisaiB OTEpoBesEE- 
^tb: cHo 6ojie6ei aaso on Eero e noiBaa 6»ji[a, npEBi^En'B aoxsoei 
6htb Bume noeraBJieE'B. IIlTeftErapT'B — EBTopsauft, e ero A'i^o eb- 
TopsEUMi 6nTB, a Be Bpa^oMi. Bapo^OEB, eb ahexi* bto e Ba^Bei- 
ca...> — ?T0 TaEoe BaueTCB?— «Boo6n^e bobhI nopBAOEB. A nojiy<um, 

EBEOEeAB, A^BEO SABBBllfl HpflSadB yOTpOETB TK)pBMy HO B08E0SE0- 
OTE TBEl, EBEl BTO OTBl'iaeTB EOEMl BSrjKBABM'B B yCybSAOBiflEB. H 



60 FFCCKOB BOriTCTBO. 

1 yoTpon xUoTBHT6XBvo o6pa8ii[OB7i) Tspuiy, a se KaByn to roon- 
Mjnij, xaKOt osa jno oarB nopi 6Hia>. nooreneavo RanaraHi bh- 
6oiTan Boe: aa ortHarb aaaepB 6jjLjrh BHBimeHH neqaTHHa npa- 
BBia (npa oioBi cne^aTHiui oa% nojioxareiBMo saxiefiHBaxoa on 
«ooi!opra), H HeHononeaie arb 6yAen biohb sa 0060X) oairaa oypo- 
BHa aaxasaaifl... Kpoai loro, y aero (yAen aa xutb aaoToamUt novom- 
aan, Taaoft, saxoro owb BoerAa xeian, ^exoBte'b oaiiHt a Alfai- 
TeiBaHft, ae OTon aaTaift, aan cam oai, JlyvesapoBi... Kor^a Aaaa 
ApaaAiOBaa ysaaia ^aaaiin aoBaro noMonpuKa, to Taai a axayia: 
i)aa a jopao xopomo saaia noAnopy^aaa JIoaoBa a aaoiHiDaiaQfc 
mevb Bi oBoe Bpeaa oieaB Maoro. «Aa aiffB bto xy^aaa, Baspa^ajia 
t)aa, aaiero leioaiieosaro wb mvh airLl»— Gi aaaoi xoua aptaia 
oMOTptTb, — OTB'bTOii BainiTaax,— BO Boaaon exjHxk y noxnopyuaa 
MHOro aeooDopaMHTb aootohbctbi: npexA6 Boero oai qeoTea^, ae- 
floxayneai, a riaaaoe aoDofaarejieai. Hy, a aro bi uautejin x^i ae- 
oi^iaBicoe aaieoTBol noaaaoaeaie, aoaoaaaTexBaooxb, aaepria... — ^Aaai 
ApaaxBeBaft npanuooB ynoTpedaiB repoa^eoKia yoaiia Boxa, ^to6h oxep- 
saTB OBoe aeroxoaaaie, a, toabo 6jiaroxapa aapyamoiry onoaottoTBiD, et 
yxaiocB Boe bto BHaixaTB. nepexaflieBamaMiiOBapaniairB,— oaasaia 
oaa aai vb saainieaie,— ^0 TeaepB a 6yxy da Botn aaoi o^obb 
(SoaTBoa! Ha oxaoro Jly^eaapoaa a en^e aona 6h, mosotb Chtb, 
BJiiarB; aysi aoi lose ae sxott ^eioatai a, no6ysxAeiiHt hsoi), 
Toace aeaaoro oxepamaaJi'B 611 ero. Ho trb JloMoauarB noiaxaTB 6y- 
xan aeBOBMOsao: aro ae roioaa, a xepeBO-. Caaxaaia aama, do 
Boel B^^poaTBOoTH, TenepB coBoftai npeapaxaroa, a npaxeroa orpa^ 
aa^BBaTBOfl nepemioaoft, zoia a naoaxB aaxo o^obb, o^bbb ooropoxao. 
£cia aaai oraaerB oiamaoirB nioxo, x^^i^ ^^ saaTB. A aanamy 
vh ?...— TavTi y veaa ootb orapiia eaasa, xpys^* > khI, 6utb 
voaceTB, yxacTOfl ooia6aTB ly^esapoaoaia aaiia... 

— Hy, BOTB voa oeroxaamaia aoBoora, saaoaun f^Mas^^it 
eaoi pasoaasi:— ae otobb to npiaiaHa? 

— Byxea^ sxaTB co6uTitt, sapaale aa^ero ae npaxyaaemB, — 
vopimaia mh, paoxoxaoB no obobitb M'boTaarB: a npoxoisan* en^e 
aaxoxaxBoa ai 6oiBHai^i^; Bamypoai a niTetarapn acaia TeaepB ai 
oxaoft aaaept. 

Co6HTia ae saoraaaia oe6a xoaro xxbtb. OxaasxH yTpovi <nie- 
nexaBHfi xi»aBOjrB», oai xe oTapmit aaxsapareiB, opaaeirB b'b TDpBay 
nyai neqaTaiixib «npaBajrB mejiaeaoaoS aaTopsaot TiopBiiHi, aoxi> 
aoTopHMB apaooaaiaoB apynao noxnaoaaaaa ^aaaia aaoaTaaa Jly- 
^esapoaa, a TopaceoTaeaao oraxi npa6BfiaTB axi aa nepexaett orlai 
aaa^oft asi xoBaTa aaaepi. FpaaoTaHe aai aofiHiaa c% jnofionHT- 
OTBoai npaaaaaoB HaxaxB. Co6cTBeaHo, ^ero aadyxB aoaaro a ae- 
oxaxaaaaro bi araxi npaaajiaxi ae 61110^ ao aoe to, "ito TpefioBaxooB 
OTB apecTaaxoBi a paaBme, xenepB nox^epaaaaxooB a noxapimaxocB 
caaot aa6yxB onpex'^xeaaott yrposoft, ooHiaoll aa Ty aia aayi) 
fpoaayn oiaTBD saaoaa. Cxoaa: posra, nxoTB, oyxB, aapy^oia, aaa- 



KOHBI(B mUAEBGROlt TDPBVH. 61 

Xam, TeMHHfi Kapi^epi, rtieoHoe HaKAsame, umenie BoiBHot Koiiai- 
j(H TaK'B H neorpiu vb riaaaxi*, lasib h 0Bpe6JUi no oepwy , oiobho 
raosffb no oieuf. Bopo^eirB, Ha 6oiBniiHOTBO apeoTasTOBi irenie- 
810 le npoHSBoxo bh Masiftmaro Bne^aTitaiB. 

— 0, 9to6h Ba(y& osbuoI.. A Ajiiajii, iro BBdy^b Hacierb na-^ 
la^eora, a bto to mh h 668% Bameft 6 jMara SHaeiii, — roBopsiH ohb^ 
eme me jifpornvb ao xoHi^a npaBui s ci npespiHieirB otxoas 
iipovB. 

— 8to ^to 8a noioTeHi^e lyn BHBioHJiH? — onpamHBan BOBBpa?^ 
BM^Boiieea oi pafion h en^e Hs^ero He ejnazaBmie. 

— A 8T0 Haoqen, 6pan», nrraHOKb. yBHAaii na^aiBHEBi, ^a 

GIB OrafiBO HSMflTH J HaOl, TaBl BOTIb 061ll^a6n TOnepB BHPJiaABTb. 

OofpoTa BcrrpimaoB o6nqiMx oHixoMi, h onpamBBBBniift bo hh- 
lepecoBBJioa 6oihme ooAepaaHieini 6yiiarH. 

Ho 8a TO AJU Haoi coxepsasie bto 6hjio b% BHomeft oreneBR 
BnepeeHO, Tasi bbei mh OTinqso noHBMaJiH, ?to Bne^aTiiBie oho^ 
pasouTHBaio npossseoTB, naBBHiii o6pa8oinb, Ha naoi. <Pobho b% 
9 HaooB'B Boiepa, inraxH hh^— npn nepBOKb 6apa6aHH0Mi» 6oi b'e 
BaaapMan apeeTaHTu oteaaHH neiieAieHHo ioshteoa onaTb. 3aiit^- 
BeHSHe HaASBpaTeum bi BapjnieHiH 8Toro npasEJia x vb ooiymaHiB 
n nepBHfi pa8i noABeprauTCfl BasaBaHiB) Rapi^epoMi, bo BTopot— > 
po8raB[H>. npaBBBO bto, 8a HOBJiDHexieBi noojiiAHoft yrposH, 6iua 
BSBioTHO H paBBme: bi nepBuft rofnb oyn^eoTBOBaHifl IIIejaeBOBoft 
nopum H8ii-8a Heco6jfl>xeHiB ero buxoxhxh HBorxa oxoboobha ctuhbh 
Vb HaASBpaTeJuiVB; paBa abb bib tph oiyiaiooB XMce, hto apeoxaH- 

fOfn OTBOABXH H Bl BBpi^ep-B, BO TeiiepB BCe 8T0 XftBBHlTB-AMflO^ 

yse tfaxo Ba6HT0, rhm 6ojrte, ^to, yToiueHHiie AHOBBott pa6o- 
Toi, apeoTaBTH h oavH saoHnaxB He nosse a^bbtb ^acoBi seiepa. 
?To BBcaeroA hobh (tb TOBapBii^aMB, to bobi ^aoro bo xoboubob b en^e 
nea noiTopa-XBa. HaxBflpaTeJB OTJnnxo bto sBxiiB, bbaba'b BBorxa 
fl oaBTB nieeTflriaBsitt, npoBSBOAs BonepBie o6xoah tdpbhh, ao 3a- 
irjkHaHUI hhbto bbhi ho js,±Ji9jni. TenepB xe neqaxao oCiBBiBJiaoB hb 
btotb C98TB BHymHTeiBHaH B ]iHoro8HaH6HaTexBHas yrposa... <3a 
oTsasi OTB patfoTH noffB npexiorovB 6ojrb8BH, BOTopofi ho npssHajTB 
Bpan HXH ^xBxniepi (I), a xasxe aa HeBuaoiBeHie ypoBa 668'b ao- 
oraTOHHiixi (!) 00B0BaBift> nasBaqaiooB Tasoe se BaKasaEie: CHa^aia 

Sapi^epi, BBTilTB pOBFB... 

«3a HecBBTie maiiBH nepexB HaiaaB0TBOHi>>, oa A^psKie OTBi- 
m HaABHpaTejuiMi>, caa HeBHBHaHie vb BBOBsy h oBBoisy* b 
sa XHoroe Apyroe vb tohi se poAi — KjiacoHieoKaH xoea, xaaaiooB^ 
nvb B oBEoriJia bi BOSAyxi, TeppopaBBpya b 6e3'B Toro yrHexeHBoe 
B 6oxi3fleBBO BaorpoeBHoe BOo6paBceBie. Toiho nepeuosflJiocB Aaiie^ 
Boro X3% Ha^aiBOTByDn^BX'B JiBm (MtiAOBBJio HaeuBaTB cBame npe- 
BocxoABTexB0TB0> B cBamo BHooKo6iiaropoAie>, b wb bbbbxi oiyqaaxi 
noxaraxoGB oKasaTB tsApaBifl sejiaeMi* bib cpara ciapaTBCfli; a vb 
8aBiB)BeHie Boero oroan xaBolt jKttGoniiTHHfi nyHBTB: cHMSHpaieJUi 



62 pyCCKOK BOriTCTBO. 

HHKOMy flsi apeoraEtOBi He aoxxhh roBopiTB mi, a BciM'B 6wh pas* 
JB^ m«>... Bi pfl^iy npaBHJTB A^a apeciaHTOBi oiaTsa otb, otipa- 
maBinaiiefl n BsynieirieirL Kb sa/isHpaTejiBMi, 00066U0 nopasaia 
CBoelt orpaHHOOTBi) h BiXHiiot HeHysiooTBi)... dra to BBAKMai He- 
HjsHooTB H BBAaBaia oooraBHTeaui HHorpysipH: o^obhxho 6eiio, ^nro 
owb npHAaaan 8T0II cranft ooo6eHEoe dHaneiie^ ^to flMeno wh 
vtowb nyHErt n ocoSeHiHii'B jcepAieirB oapHiiijio no dyiiari paexo- 
XHsmeeoji nepo... 

Kan 6h to bh 6iuo, Ha Tpexi ^eiOBin hsi nojiyTopHxi 00- 
TOH-B apeoraKTOBi BHBimeHHBia nenaTHHa npaania npoisaen 60- 
itsHeEHo yApy^ann^ee BaewTj^kde. Mu, npaBxa, voxiaia h xaae 
HOH^y coteft He xepsan HHRasHXx oobItobi, se iipHHHican hhm- 
KHxi npexfteBpeiieHHHXi pimeHit, ho oepAi^e y EasBAaro HyuTeiuo 
esHMaiooB, H HpaHHKH npeA^yBCTBiH saBoiasKaaxH xjHiy xoioAHuia 
TyManom... IlepoHeKTHBa HOBott 6opb6h, 6op&6M sa oBoe ^eiOBiie- 
OKoe xooTOHHOTBo, vb TO Bpeu Kan yTOHieHBafl xynia sasi^ajia th- 

niHHH H OnOKOttOTBlH, XOTH 6il 0IIOB0ftOTBieHl» BTHinb 6im 06HUHfl 

^Hseiutt cipofi KaTopsHot SH3HH,— nepcnesTHBa 8Ta nyraia h icy- 
^Hia... RoMy K sa^ftiTL 8to nyxHo? ?ero ohh xoTarb on Haoi? 

«HoBiifi nopflAon» HanaioH oiToro, hto, ehb^ohbi na OTtnaxi 
saMepi npaBua, oTapmifl HaffSHpaTeJib noxomen k'b IIlTeftErapTy h 
BamypoBy h^ rxyno yxMiUHHCB h cHikmHO no o6uKHOBeBU> meneioBfl, 
noTpe6oBajn> oti» hhx'b BiixaiH npoornHB, ROTopuMH Bci mh nouso- 
BaiHOL yxe 01 HesanaHflTHBxi Bpenerb: 6paButt UDHTavB, Boerxa 
jiK)6HBfflift H noompflBmift HHOTOiy h onpaTHocTB, bi csoe speHfl en 
6ouniHm yxoBOJiBOTfiieHi pasptmfln joA yaoTpe6jieHie npooTUHB; 
Korxa npiixau hobh^kh, 8to 6iuo jase x^bho yoTaHOBHBmHMOH npe- 
i^exeHTOMi. 

— Ci saaofl cTaTH 0T6HpaeTe bh npootHHH? — yxHBucii IIlTettH* 
rapTB. 

— A Basi sel Bi nJiaBHJiax'B fobohtoji, vo nocrenHiiUi npa- 
flaxiesHOCTH, oxexa e bco npo^ee ffomm (!htb y aieoraETOBi oxe- 
HaKOBoe. 

— Jifk BixB rpasB EeBoo6pa3BMaE saBoxHTca sa nocxejuixit? 

— AieorasTavL nojiaraeroE rjiasB, — noapoOoBas'B OTmyTHTBOH 
^axBEpaTOJiB:— A, BDio^exi, Hai^axBHHn roBopHTB, mo ecu Boi ape- 

CTaBTH SasexyTB npOOTHHE, TaSB BTb U08H0 X03B02HTB. 

Ho Bci apeoTaHTH, soHe'iEo, se Mom «8aBeoTE» oe6i npooniHB, 

H HH TOXe XOJISHH 6SUE OTEUHt OOETB HE OXEHXl rpEBHHXl HOX* 

eTEiKaxi. KaKi he Jindfln meoTErxasHt ^EOTOTy e onpaTEOOTB, eo 
npEH^E^l xu Hero 61111 Buinel HaoTynieEie 6iuo, o^eBEXHo, x^* 
jiOM'B oROHiaTejiBEo ofixTHaEEHM'B E ptmesEUirB. 

BeqepoHi Toro se xhe he noBipsy bbuoe cemi aBTopB npaBEJTB 
oKpyseEEHft BciME mexaitoKflME EaxsEpaTeuME, TopxeoTBeEsul e 
rpodEuli. Hsi Koppexopa 6ojiBEEa;H a 01 ju>6oaHTOTBOH'B h HtooTO- 
ipoft Tpeeoroft Ea6jiK)xax'B wh obeo be i^epeuoHieli; sasx^ft rpomift 



KOKBU'h HUSIAEBCKOi TDPBMH. 63 

'B08rjia» flBOTBeno aohoouoa okbosb orBopeHHyn ^opTouy. IIpo- 
TiiBT» ofiHKHOBeHifl, HeiieAJteHHaro paspimeHifl sa^tTB maaKH ho no- 
eiiiAOBUo, HO fl BiA^n, xasi BamypoBi e IDTeftBraprB (He hsi, 
saBoro-n6o npoieoTa, Kasi sotomi ohh Mst oCxhosbxv, a oosep- 
BxeHHo MamnaiBHO, no npsBH^i) Ha&piUHCB, ho AoxHJKaflOb xoiiaHAU. 
BpaBiii KaairaHii sairbTEn 8to h, Beob noGarpoBtBi, bosbsiohii* 
TorqacB se rojioci: ^ 

— Hnorxa He jiflxxwo HaAtsaTb manon, nosa a He pasp'&BiHrbl 
noeitAOsaio AOiroe h TflrooTHoe xoiqaHie. IIpoBiHHBnrieoH npo- 

XOJDBaiB oTOHTb Bi HiaaKarb. Eme KrHOBOHie— h 6ojiie perHBae hvb 
jHaxsHpareieft ooierkiH 6u k% hhhi (tb KjpHsaMH h yrposaMH, ho 
JLyqesapoBi 6HOTpo OKovaHAOBaji'B: 

— maaKH Ha^iTL... At^ Bon ^toI— npoAOxxan ohi, en^e bosbh- 
anaa roiooi: — HlROTopHe bbi Baoi HaffbBaDn mraHH noBepxi oa- 
soroBi. $opiia Tpe6yeTB, no6H mTaui 3a6HpajiH0B BnyrpB... Jlfk h 

nOMHMO TOrO, HOKpaOHBO TaSB EOOHTB — laKl QlCudu TOIBKO OAHH 

ioohtbI 

n, BUHaJIHB'B 8T0TB yffHBHTeJIBHIlt a^pHBHl, OHl yppDHO SaXOX- 

^aii. Pl^b era npoHSBejia na mohh rbwb 6oile TarooiHoe BnenaTift- 
Hie, wo fl SHan, npoTHBi soro oaa 6Hia nanpaBJieHa: hsi Boeft 
TupbiiH o^HVL TOXBKO BaHiypoBi HaxiBajTb 6pi)KH He no saaeHHOiiy.. 
HeapiHTHoeTH, ojpiaxo, aTixi» ne KOH^HnoB. Eorxa HaABHpaTeu 
osoiiaHxoBaiH apeoraHraH'B pacxoAHTBoa no KanepairB, fh'Ibi nieoTH- 
riasaro onsTB npopBaioH napysy; bu^hhA oxpHn, KaKoro n HHXorAa 
en^e ne oiHXHBan, pasxaios Ha boob ^Bopx: 

— TaHi> He BB Hory HAytB!.. Kto CHieTB ebb phxobb buxoahtb? 
Kto... 

Ho KOIOHHa, KB SOTOpOt OTHOOEIOfl 8T0TB BpREB H BB KOTOpOft 

HaxoAHXHOB H ABa MOEXii TOBapHQ^a, yse yon'bia BorynHTB bb Asepn 
TDpBHH H cftpHTBoa HB-B FjasB. JlyqesapoBi no^eicy to ho sepflyn 
en, xoifl xoiro en^e KpE^ajiB na ABopi — ito EveHHO, e ho otbib 
B0iymEBaTB6H. Cb TflsecTBX) E EpaROMB Ha eepAi^i oTomen a otb 
osEa. 

KaiB oKasaxooB, bo mhofexb KEEepaxB JlynesapoBB roBopuib b% 

TOTB BeqepB KpaiSiE, ho BSyniETeiBEHE p&U, E, R0H6U0, OWb He 

Eorb Ajmmby hto eh ho ysHaeEB exb coAepsaEiA. 

— Bb TDpBvi OyAyTB BBeAeEu HtEOTopiu oiporocTE, — oCbebjuub 
offB apeoTaHTaEB, — ho bu eo aojdbhh hxb nyraTBoa. Ti, kto 6y- 
Aon noojiymeEB e rpotoeb, sEiero otb moee xyAoro eo yBEAflTB. 
.Ho cpeAE BEOB ecTB ropAe]9i... OTponTEBHe... Bh aoishh nooo6ETB 
EEi oGjBfifiTb exbI Ji QiHmaiB, uto e BaEi oee eo npHnuTEOB no 
BKycy, Tiwb sjHme. 

npEBEEDOB OTEpOBOEEO, E EERaS'B Se OSEAaXB^ ET06h 6paBHft 

unsTaEB, npE Boeft ESEiEHEBOOTE OBOExib HaorpoeEilt E cnpEHl^E- 
noBB>, Aomerb ao texexb yEEBETexBHiixB e EenpErxEAHHXB cpeAOXBi 
«(k)pB6H... Ho oVB onosAaEB: <8boeb» yox&imaHB 6uib oxehiboes seaeekb 



64 PTCCXOB BOriTCTBO. 

uoxoMi, Korxa o KasoMi-nfJo pasAopi MexAj Hani n Ko6iUKofi ibl& 
6iuo yxe h noMHiy... Bapoiem, i xyMaD, no Ha arot aoirt on^ 
■e xo6BXOfl 6u EH«iero m paume; Aase BpasAOBaBmie oi HaMH tjd- 
pemnie kohoboau Bpaxi jih saxorin 6zi iirfcTB bi aroiTL j^i la- 
Koro eorauKa, xan HavanoTBo... B% HaoTomyn se mhettj Jly^e- 
sapOBB AooTiTb pesyiBTatoBi coBepmeHHO npoTuynoiosEHxi rtm, 
Kauii xeJian: Kb veon ko6iubh Hysao OBasaib, hto ho Hamiocs 
opeAH sea he oabofo ^eiOBixa, BOTopHtt oraeoca 6ii (no KpallHet 
i'&p& rpoMorxaoHo) ol oonyBoiBieirL xi oTxpoBOUot ptta xauxB- 
HHRa. Berk, xanpoTHBi, OTxpsTO HeroAOBau... Ha APyi^e s^ T^po 
AeonxH HeioBixii onimlui Vh xan, qTo6u ooodnum vb noApo6xo- 
oTXXi ooAepxaxie p&^x; box TttpBMa bi biotb h oxlAyniiUe sarbirb 
AXH oTHooHJiaoB xo BO^Mi xaiTb 01 xxxxiTB TO npeyBeixHexHinii 
Bxxxaxieinb x ncTOexieMi; nepoA'B xaxx Toponnxo paBoryaaxaoB^ 
xaxi jt,pjxecKM yxH6aj[X0B, sarOBapxBau oi xaica n HBBHirb se- 
xaxiexi o6oapxtb h ycnoxoxTB... H bo Bce nooxiAyi>Qi(ee» nepexxroe^ 
xaxx Tflxexoe Bpexx xoCuixa laxxe Beia oe5x n noxosBTejaxuvB 
(SjEaropoAOTBOXi, noA^aoi riy6oKO xaoi TporaBmxirB... 

HioxoxBBO Aseft onyoTB npiixan osxAaexizA ciiokoiiuoik'e». Hw* 
sxpaTOXK 01 paxHxro yrpa ao nosAxaro xexepa yoxxexxo ttraix 
Bi aron aohl do TDpbxi, o% ooo6exxott Tn^aTexBXOOTBX) BOABopx» 
BOBAi HHOTOTy, Txmxxy x aopxAoxi, to«o 6yAT0 bb oamAaaix xa* 
xoro xx6yAB xasxaro rexepaxa. J^Boe xxx Tpoe apeoraxroBi noxaix 
Vb xapi^epi 8a rpy6ooTb. Beiepxett noxipxa sAaix xoi oi xaxpx- 
sexKHMi xK>6oiiiiTOTBoxi. Sboxoki yAxpxn xasB lo ooBoiifb xeoxx- 
Aaxxo, E apeoraxTH saKonomxixoB, toxho pott nnexi^ noTpexosBX* 
HEizi wb JMSA xxKOtt xx6yAB BxeaaiiKOfi 6iAoi. 

— Cxopie saxOTxaxxfiiriTe, nepTX, a^xboxuI— pasAxxxcBBOVAy 
xpxxK, X saEOSAaBEiie xaxepxiie orapooni go BoirB xon npoxxaxxoB 
Vb xyxxn sa qaeiTB. j^esypxuft xaASxpaTexB ButiHBaxoa m% oan, 
noAFoxaa vrb OBOxm €raBKaxBeM'B». KaTopsxnA noan BxaAxaipoB'B, 
Tose 6HBQiiS Vb 8T0 Bpeaa orapootott bi OAxoirb xsi xoxepoBi^ 
saiixyxoa o OTynexBxy rjuxBHaro xpiubi^a x bo Bocb poon paoraxyxoa 
xa mewb BxioTi oi boapoki no. KxpasxEaro itBiia xeaxootb paa- 
xxxaoB no xpiixBity mxpoxxxx noroKaicx. Ilpoxsoniio xeBoo6pa8XMoe 
saaioiaTeiLOTBo: xoxon xo6hikk oxtmxBaica oi fiftmexott 6paxBK> 
HaA8EpaTeui; e8'b xyxHE (iisaxa oi TpaxxaxH noaapa x xjriUSonesa, 
ToponaoB oxuTB X saxymeBaTB oxIau npoasBOAexxaro €6e8o6pa3ix>;. 
a cairL behobxeki oyxaioxx, MoABtabe Yrnxo, xxsxo xoTynxBX mo- 
Tai)iiKyx>oa roxosy a xoBKiaa yniB6xeEXott xorott^ xox^ysiBBO yxxu- 
xaaoB, onimxxi aaxarb oBoe xIoto bi paAaxi yse BHorpoxBinaxoa 
X Beoexo TSxaBniarb xa xero apeoraxroBi. 

— At, Aa ADAal Ckoibxo ace Te6ii 6aK0Ki leoepb oipyfian aa. 
TO, qro xaaepy 6e8i xbd ooTaaxxi? 

C% xpyAOiTb npxnuo ace vb xaAiesaoiii nopxAOVb. H eABa TOXBxa 
nopoAOK'b BOABopxxox, xaxi nooxHoiaxocb: ^JiKjnA aAyTi>I..> ■ aea^ 



KOHEm niEJUBBGBOfi TDPJUIH. 65 

tsTKXio. BopoTa paonaziiyiHOb HaorexB, h wh oonpoBoxj^eHiB Taiim 
UASKpaTeiel bohuh IIIeonriasHft s yaiffiwh eh hhu moaiifi no- 
MontHXBTi, noAnopfUR'E JIoMOBi. riasa bcAx'l larb h BnHncb bi 
lOBjD ^irypy, noiiBieHix) soxopoft npeAmeoTBOsaio otojoiKO qijxobi 
H rojobovb. $Hrypa Osvok Heo6EiSHOBeHHO BHjniHTejubHafl: pocTom 
6ABa ja He BHme oaMoro JlyqesapoBa h mspe ero bi ueqarB, J[o- 
uovh npossBOXHJTB BnenaTxtKie EeyuDSaro, Eooojianaro uejifibjifL, 
cTttBinaro Ha ah6h. Bi AOBepmenie oxoAOTBa owb He Hon, noBHffH- 
HOMy, HpoMo ffi^MATh FOiOBy, HioKOiBKo Kooo OHj^Binyi) Ha ue- 
9ar&, H oMorpljrB HonoAxo6ui ctpHm, HenpHBiuHBHirb BsrjUAOirb. 
Jla H Boe iHi^o ero, o6poom6e, ZBXh y veABiA>y BOJiooaMn, 6iuo Ra- 
Koro TO seiuHOTo-elparo i^Biia, n ^epian, ipyxHO yioBHiouiH h 
sanoHHHaeMiiiiH. 

— Oaho oiOBO, pe(iflTa, — JIohobiI — ran pesDMapoBaia hotovl 
OBOH Bne^aiiiHiJi KOfiHJoa. 

Ho ^rro, oAHaBO, oraiooB n caMHirb 6paBHi[i saiiHTaHOMi? KaEi 
HeHoxoxi ovb 6wn> na roro rpoHOBepxi^a-IOnHTepa, Ha loro «IIpo- 
MereHi, KaKHiii hbuioh bi TspBMy sa hIoeoxbko ffet nepexi btemi! 
TenepB ohi, nanpoTHBi, HOToqan h8% oeta (SxeoKi h fijiaroBOienie 
H Tiajsjkn Ha npHOHHpiBmyi)^ Ko6HiEy, BaBi xo6pHt h (SiaroxymHKt 
orei^L Ha cbohtb B08xi)6ieHHHrB x^iet; Bxoxa bi Bopora, owb Aaase 
bhXhho Rja Bcix'E yiH6HyjiOH... Hig^TB manRH orb npHKaaan hotoh 
Bi Torb se HOMeHTb, EaK!b pasAaiaoB BOManAa HaASBpaiejui oHHuaTB 
srb. no BHOiyinaHiH panopia x^sypHaro o fiiaronoxyiHoirB cooroa- 
iiH TDpBMH, OHB MHiooTHBo o6paTHiGfl vh apecTaHTavi n npRBtiy 
CTBieiTB, npHiOMi He oKasan A^se €3dopoeo, pe6HTaI», a — tadpae- 
cmayHmey 6paTi(ii»... H Korfta «6pa!iipi» oiBi^axH na aro orjiynm- 
TeiBBHicii peBOMTb: «3APpaBBiH xeuaeni, rooaoAHHi Ha^aji[BHHKi>I»— 
eiae npHBiTiHBie oruHyn hx% h oxasan, yxaBiiBafl na JIoMOBa: 

— Bon, 6paTi^H... npomy MjD6wib h saioBan HOBaro noHon^- 
EHxa! 

H, xoisHO tisiTB, eaMony 6paB0Hy sanHiaHy noKasaiooB sftcsoiBKo 
^yXHO TO, HTO osTb oBasan: OKb, xasi 6yAT0, cKOH^ysHioa h sanox- 
^an. Bnpo^en, xo6poAyniie ne noKHxaxo ero. Hto saoaeroH JonoBa, 
TO oHi OTOHn, Kara npesAO, orpoMBHft h dpHt, HenoxBHXHHt, 
KAXi craTya xonaHAopa, vicKoiBKO npHniyBi Kb seMxl obod xooyx> 
roioBy, H ToiBKo BO BpeHH HeoxHAaHHoft ptqH Ha^aiBHHKa xasi to 
HepBHo Adpnyxi od, to^iho lOHOBaa xomaAB, Koropoft HaAoiAUBM 
Mjxa eiia BApyn na hooi. 

ApeeraHTOKift xopB saalx'b yoTaHOBieHHHH hoxhtbu. JEynesapoBi 
00 Boett OBHTolt OTnpaBHxofl sa saAHie phah apeoxaExoKaro oTpoa, 
xyAa o6HXHOBeHHO yAaxaicH na BpexH irfcHifl (aoxxho 6iiTB, au 
Toro, TTofiH He xasaiooB, 6yAT0 apeoTaHTH na sero moxetoe). 

— BoTB qTO a oxasy TeGi, neTHH!K, — rpoMXO saroBopxjrB ohi, 
HM^Bafl no OKOHHakiH hoxhtbh nanaxy h ohobb bhxoaa BnepeAi»: — 
6aei TO y Te6fl, nosaxyft, h ootb, ho vb roxoai, noMmno 6utb, nyoro, 

J# 4* OTAtjrb IL ft 



66 P7CCK0B BOrATCTBO. 

tbXb vb noposHem 6o^evKb. Hon ho sEaem^ h ryxninB Tan's, r^i 
ooBoin 16 Tpe6jewal 

SaMi^aHie aro 6Bao OA'biaHo, oxnaKO, Taum Ao6poATniHinr& 
TOHon, ^no Eoe-rAi vb pfl^arb apecraHTOBi ojioBa inoposiit 6o96- 

H0K1»» BHSBaiH J^BMB lOndS OmAtB — AO TOFO HaOMiltia B06HXKa. 

droro 6uso Bnoiirb AOoraTouo, no&h Ha^annBib He ]s,tjrb Aanffkl- 
maro xoAa OBoeS pasHrpa^mefioa BeoeiooTB e npEEin Tonaoi oAep- 
saiEHt, cepBedSHft BVAl>. PaxooTEo paoxoAExaoB Eo6EUEa no eomo- 
paMi. SI BEAixA n OBoero EafiiDAaTenEaro noeia, saEi IIIeoTsrjia- 
8iit jKOJiro en^e ctoeii noojii Toro no opexEsi ABopa e Siaroxyniflo 
opaiopoTBOBan o ^exi to nepex^ oBonn cipHHi b xonaiEBHirL 
noMon^EBKOMrb. PasroBopi men, noBEAEXOMj, BnoxEi ^botehA, e 

TilTb Ee EOE'l^e JIOEOBl TO E AtlO OTABBaJll Ea^ajiBEEKy ^eoTB. Ha^- 

3EpaTeJui AopsaiECB b'b no^TETexBHom oT^aieEiE. HaEOEOi^, bca 
oBflra oTnpaBEiacB bejtpb e npoSHxa tbhi Oonnie qacy. JI ysi 
xyEan, EEKorxa e eo eoeutce era AXEEEas OEepeMOEia; ot% xoi* 
raro osEAaEia y moee paczoAEJiEOB EopBu e pasCojribaoB roioBa. 
Ho BOTB npoi^ecoifl, EaKOEei^'B, Bunua e npesxe Bcero EanpaBExaoB 
K'B Kjjxh: BnepoAE duorpo manurb, pasBtBafl nojiaiui mEEeiE, IRe 
cTEFJiasut, EioKonKo no-OAaj[B, okocekb Ea fiosi roxoBy, mejn rpys- 
Bol noxoAEOl JIoMOBi, a nosBAE orpoftEO BiiorynaxE nonapso, to]ibo 
nporjioTEBi no apmEEy, meoTB eie bocomb EaASEpaToxefi. Hsi KyxEs 
meoTBie nponuro... ki noEoBfloi saA, H laEi 6paBufl KanETaBi> 
AOJiro ^10 TO o6'BflOEEjrB EpauoMy noAnopyqiKy, KpaoEopi^EBo se* 

OTEKyXBpyfl pyEBKB; B XEEIB no Td^aTOJBEOE'B OOBEA^iejIBOTBOBaBiE 
nOEOflflOfi EMH, OVb 6HOTpO EanpaBEXCfl, EaKOEeAl, Vb 602BEflIlt. 

TyTB TOJBKO fl noKBEyjTB OBofi EOOTB E nooninuuTB Vb naiaTy. B'b 
nocjiiAHee BpoEE e seii b^ eoI eo oaeeii, a Ewkn oosETeieM^ 
craparo xoxia TKaneEEO. 

SarpoEiiE bi oiEExi ABeps, e no nojiy KoppEXopa Baoryqau 
AeoETEE oanoroBi. CiumEO 6iuo, EaKi, npE6jnxaECB B'B xoeS 
KaEopEi, JEy^esapoBii cKasarB ^to-to Bnoxrojiooa JIoxoBy. H botb Bce 
cBo6oABoe npooTpanoTBo BnepoAE EOHfl e TEa^ieEXE 6HOTpo aanoxEE- 
jooB niEEeiBD 6paBaro EanETaEa, no^E npExaBmaro moee ki Ma- 

JtOEBKOMy OTOJTESy, OTOEBOieMy KBSAy AByEE iKOfisaEE. BxOAfl B'B 
TDpeMEBUI BEMepU, BaDETaffB EEKOFAa EB CEEEaJTB 01 FOIOBU maEBE, 
B'B 60XBEE^EHE SB naXBTH, EEnpOTEB'B TOrO, EBXEJEOfl BOOrAB (TB 

o6EaseEE0ft roxoBofi; to^eo tekso nooiynajiE e EaASEpaTexB. H 
TonepB, en^e na noport Eoefi sbjcbe, obi rpaI^08EHE^ ABBseEieEi 
pyEE cBBEyjTB EBnaxy, ne no8a6EiBi Tyn se CAynyTB n sea jsakjio- 
TO nuxEEKy. JIoEOBi ocTaEOBBicfl EB noport, EaA3EpaT6JiE oTOjraa- 

XEOB B'B SOppEAOpi. A EB TJUiKblTb EB nopOFB, EO ^yBCTBOSaJTB, EBKl 
TBMl GTOflXO HTO-TO 60XBni0B, TflSBXOB E T6ES06... 

JlynesapoBii mbaxbeeo oeembji'b c^ pyEE xaflEOByi) nopqaiEy e 
sanojraflJTB EOMEaTy 6iaroyxaEieMi ooTpHxi AyxoBi, xi EOTopiiHii 
qyECTBOBBTB BoerAB npEOTpacTie. H'^okoebko KrEOBOEift ovb TMji/kjib 



KOni^ mSJUEBCKOfi TDPBYH: 67 

"Ha MeKH OBepxy mmn se to HaeHimnBHHi, He to ApyseiKCinuii 
sarMAOMi. 

— Hy-crb, SAKOBu HamH fl/^^? 

a, MOjna« nosan lue^iaiiH. yf^BV\BJ)ior^ 

— IIonpaBJueKOfl? ^P'^^crc ^ 



noHemory. W rm^:^:^'-^ 



ic 






PasroBopi HSKftKi le ueuoa, h %^iif^|SffiB^*^ TopoaiH^ 
noBepsyioa vh oropony Tsa^eHKH. ^W-*»^^^' '• ' ^ ^ - • a 4 

— Hy, a TH, crapna, hto Tyn fffeia^ 

— Xjft6i syD, roonoAHHi Ha^aiBHsirb, ff,^ ^So^ioimh^ — ^no- 
npofoBarb nomyrflTB apeoraHn, bhaa Ao6poe laoTpoeme HanajDEBHRKa. 
Ho Jly^esapoBy btotb orsiTb, bhjhuio, ho ooBcivB noHpaBHies. 

— Ara,— HaxMypHioa oro,— urtfo ayeniB? 9to-to h a, 6paTemb» 
yirlD... B-h lasapen ne xjA&b xeBaib nooTyaann, a ori 601^8- 
•HeS liuT&cji. 

— ']ifi BToro Ao6pa y koha, roonoffsvL Ha^aiLHHKi, aoboilhoI 
THu^a tejriteHeft, npocro r cqoTy nirb... Oahod onnHy naKib pas- 
xomio! 

— EypHO nozsn,— MHorosHauTeiBHO fipoosn Jly^esapoBi vh 
MOD oTopoHu I, QierKa KHBHyBi roioBot, BHtJisan Tomoi ae 
MWb naiaTH. 

KoppiAopi onaTB sarpenin on TonoTa MHororaoioHHUxi ma- 
roBi. 

— dio no-anb TaKoe SHaun €6ypH0 nossjrB>?— eoaoboibho 
o6paTU(Ui Ko mi TKa^esKO. 

a, oirUoB, oeiflOHHXB exy. XinrpHe paoKooHO rxasa orapiica 
eepAHTO safiiraiH ry^a h oD^a; &bjme 6aKeH6apAii h tojiotho yoH 
aafiaBHO Tonopn^UHCB. On ho to AitOTBBTOJiBHO ho noHHuajTB le 
TO HO xorbJTB noHBTB Moero ofiiflOHOHia. 

— Bypio?.. BooKjHi^aji'L ovb ox KOMH^eoKHirb HeroAOBaHiem:-^ 
HtTB, maJiHinb, 6paTLl HtTi, boboo jifiote HOAypHoa nosun. npaBO» 
Hexypnol Bi TDpBMy, botb, Aypao nonaiB— ^to Btpao, to Bipao. 

Ha BeqepHDD noB'i^pKy oiiApon^&n) xsa asiioa yse oxaai 
JIoMOBX. Bo Boa Bpeaa KepevoaiH oai ae npopoHHix aa cioaa. 
^exypafiiS aaxsapaTOJiB TO-a-A^io noAOKasasaiB cb BoapocaMB: cllpa- 
KasoTB to-to a to-to A^axB, roonoAaaB noHOii;aaRB?» — a oaB aa 
Boe TOjubKO yrpsao Raaan roiOBOD. Caao co6oit paayMteTca, vro a 
manoRB aa;ii&BaTB obb toso ae pasplinarB, a sofiiUKa, saaoKJiBDqe- 
aieiTB mreitarapTa a BamypoBa, bcd noBipay otb aaa&ia xo aoai^i 
npccToaia aa secTOROMB AeRaSpBCROMB aopos'b cb o6aaseaamia 
rosoBaaa. CRJioaaBx b'^crojibro aa 6orb meio, JIohobb, RasaiioeB, 
aa^ero ae saaiHaiB a AyvaxB ooBepmeaHO nooropoaaaxB aemaxx. 
ApecTaaTS pasonuaoB no aaaepaiiB, ae pacayoaBB en^e xapaarepa 
aoaaro noaon^aaaa; rto cpaaaaBaiB ero cb 6apaaoaB, a rto gb 
saTpaBieBBoaB boirobb; ao aarepeoB bb o6meaB 6ajrB B036ysAeai» 
Rpaftae ojia6uft. 

Eu^e npomenB aobb, aaoryaajia BTopaa noBipEa, aa ROTopoft 



68 P7CGK0X BOriTGTBO. 

OHHTb npHoyiGTBOBan JIovobi, h h fCHOBa » u)6oniiTOTBoinb w 
saTaeBHOfi ipeBorofi Ha6ii)Aai'& sa BoivB npoHCioABBiUHjrb. Exna. 

TOIBKO OKOH^UaOB KOJIHTBa, UKl OKI BilHjn H81 KapxaHa KOAOJI) — 

Kasi mhI nosasaiooB cna^aia sapn — h oTanpaaxaBaTbapeoTanam^ 
rpoMSO BHSHBaa evl no j^aifKiiiirB. Foiooi y Hero oKasaien rpoM- 
Kift, so 01 KaRHn-To pas^Q^asffiexBHUifb, seiUHirb paoKatoMi vb 

OKOHHaHiflX'S CXOBl. 

— llHJio-oepAOBil CtpyfiociB! Biaa-XBiiipoBi! 

BHSUBaeMHe, yHHSoHHO onHafl mansE, BHABHraincL mb cTpoa^ 
X, noAXOAfl KT> JIoMOBy, 6paiH h8% ero pysi sapiu. Orb npioiaiBHo 
BruiAEiBaiGfl Bi savi&ro, oiobho xexafl saaoH HBib $H8i0H0iriH. HafiiD- 
xaBinie BMioii eo HHOft 6oiBHfiie shbo AoraxauiCB, iro bto 6hih 
sa Kapw. 

— KbhtehI Kbetkh, pefiara, Bii^aeTB... Hao^en OTpoKoBi.... 
C6aBKH KaKOl se Bumio n? 

— ?HponI HniHi-flaoBx! Oryp-WBi! npoAOisan BHUHKan 

JIOKOBl. 

y MOHH ycuoHHo 6uoo& oepAn^Of vb oskauue HeHSCH^XHoft 

lOTOpiH. 

— niapa-^^eTAHflOBil Horaft^eB^! Baa-mypoKbl 

MaieuKift laTapisi mapa^eTABHOB'L h toiothK Horaii^eBi^ 
noonimHO sacyHyBi manxE noxMHmKH, ssiyjiBOB noiyuTb kbhtki. 
MoffBEHoft noxoxKofl men sa niffl BamypoBi, h Ha roxosi y Hero 
Topnaia sjioaoiyuafl maoKa. JIokobi, npoiflrHBaH Kb neny pyKy oi 
CyjcaxKofi, noxHaii rjiasa. 

— mamcy BaCiui ohatb. Raxi tboh ^anHiiii? 
maaxa ho cHHHaiaob. 

— manKy AOJioflll — noqii e'b BHsroMi saKpH^aiii noHon^HHK'B k 
/(BHHyxcfl El EamypoBy: — 6e8nopflAOEi!l 

OTBiTOMi 6hxo npesxee MOJiHaHie. 

— Ban ^aicEiifl? 

Hf^SHpaieib oipiioi nopfierirb e, npfliosEBi si KosupBsy 
pyxy, EasBan $aMExiD. 

— OrBeoTfl Bi xapi^epil — en^e nyn^EXi bebtoki paspasEJiofl JIo- 
xoBi fl noBepEyxoE totuoi me enEHofi. BamypoBa noBeiE vb sap- 
Qfifb. no Aoport OEi BsriEEyn eb 6oibsi^Eoe okeo e, Beoexo 
yjuiteflCL, KHBEyn xflt foiobod... Mea^y t%ei JIoxobi, noKa eba- 
BEpaieiE Ee BepEyxscB ebi xapi^epEaro ABopflxa, bi ebeomb B086ys- 
A6EiH, paoxaasEBajTB Bnepe^E apeoraETosaro oTpoa; TKaveHso ysipajTB 
Aase, HTO BEAETi, Rasi Boe xei^o ero nepeKamBBaeiOf... 

— Hy, E 310CTE se bi 6ei! 3iotb es^e nous^e UleoTErxaBara 
6yAeTB. Cynufi bojikiI roBopan e, ^[to ee boxke noxoABTB — botb no 
HoeMy E Binnjio... ^apOEX, mo roioBa eb 60x1 cRpDvesa, a bob 

BHAETB. 

Ci BOBBpan^exieE^b EaASEpaieJiei nepexiEvxa npoxoxxaiaoB, xax^ 
EE Vb HQWb Ee Chbeio. k 01 saMEpaEieirB oepAouuEi oxcExaiv 



KOHEI^ IIIEIABB€SOfi TDPbMU. 69 

<Bii80Ba niteflHrapTa.. OAHaso saRaiCB-TO ^aoh% ero KBHiKa He 
^Eaaaxoob, TaBse Basi h bbhtkobi HisoropHX'B p.^jvKrb apeoTBHTOBi, 
I ooraiBHaa ^aoTB noB^pKH npomia fijiaronojiyno. 

Ha oxiAT>)n^ee se yrpo a noKHHyjTB Jiasapers h nepemejTB bi 
'TnpBMj: pasi Ha'iaiaoB 6opB6a, kbbi 6h ohb hh 6HJia HeseJiraTeJUbia 
I xase OHimHa, a. xorijTB 6firrB oi TOBapan^aifH. IIo jKanaHiD hba- 
SHpaTexfl, Mffb npHoiJiooB noxioTHTBOfl He bb Ty KaMepy, bi KOTopofl 
HaxoAHJEOfl niTeitHrapTB. IIooiftAHit HaoiaHBarB, vrotii a HeiieAJieHHo 
BH3Baji[(« Ki JlynesapoBy a^h HeperoBopoBi. Kasi hh Tflsejm 6iua 
^la ofiasaHHOOTB, BHfopa ne HpexoTaBifliooB, laKi sasB hm&ihob 
cBiffftHiff, i^To niTefiHrapTB noiBSOBaxcfl np6HHyiD[eoTBeHHUHi nepao- 
HojioseHieM^ sanHTana, h a saaBHn x^sypHOMy o OBoeMi sejiaHiH 
BHBBaTBCfl KTi Ha^aiBHHKy TH)pBHii HO HeoTiosHOMy fiiiy. Ha pa6oTy 

Wh 8T0TB AOHB H HO 6IUB HaSHa^eVB Bl BH^y TOFO, ^0 TOlbKO ^TO 

BHUHcaioa hsti Coibhhii^h, h h±mjiA aohb npoSpoAHTb no TDpeiiHOMy 
XBopy, BoxnyaoB h HexepniJiEaBo osha^) ^n?o Bon-Bon Hena npn- 
rjraeaTB bt» Koaropy. 3a Tpa ojiEoiKOirb ro^a npe6HBaHia bi nieiai 
JlyqesapoBTi fffaoKoiBKO asGaioBan xeaa bi aroai oTHomeHia: owb 
BUBUBan Meaa HeMeAJteHHO Boaaii pasi, aaB'B a xouaAHBaJTB o 
Heo6xoAHMOCTH BH^tTBoa. Enpo^eMi, oKh Horb 6htb yaipeH^, tfo a 
BHHMaaierb ero ae aioynoTpetfjiK) a no KaRHirB-iHfio nyoraKaai ae 
BHBOBycB. Ho oeroAHa npoacxoAaJio ^o-to cTpaaaoe: ^aoH nun da 
^^aoaifa, a aeaa h ae Ayvaju BHsuBaiB. BepnymoB, Hasonei^, rop- 
HHe paficiie. 

— Hy, TTO? Kaai? — ^SHHyjioa bo aai IIlTefiHraprB. 

— Haqero. 

— Bee en^e ho BHSHBarB? 

— H*TB. 

— HTo-aPB ero sna^iTB? 

— CaMi He snai). noAOSAem en^e HeMaoro..; 

— Hy, a ^rro Baiepiani? 

H a cxan AiiHTBoa o% TOBapameMi cBtA^aiaiia, aam yoir&Ji'B 
.^o6uTB o(h> apeoToaaHaHxi. 

H Bi 8T0TB se^epi Ha noBipay onaiB aaaica jIohobi. Msi n 
niTettarapTOKi oroaia Boe apeaa vh manaaxi, ho oh'b, o^eeaAao, 
ae saKftqan tdesnopaxKa*, a Bee oooijco 6iaronoay™o. Jly^esapoBi 
en^e nctraxi xsa am ae noAasajTB HaaaKaxi npaaaasoB'B sasaa, a 
8T0 aaraaaio aaoi ae aa myray pasApasaTB... QAaaKO vb 6eciA&^'^ 
01 niTelf HrapTOHi a, aaai 6ojr6e CTapmiS a onmaiiii c^aian obohhi 
AoxroH'B no BOSMOsaocTa oxaaacAATB ero HeroAOBame h cejraioaAaaKe 
opHAaTB Boefi HOTopia nioKOJiBRO BOHH^eoKift xapasTepx. niTefiHrapTa 
ero BJouo. 

— ?To BH TyTB Boaa^aaro BHAare, a ae noaaaan! — roBopaji'B 
"08% 01 eepAi^en: — a pa3Bi, b'b Koaiii aoaitoBi, bii ae to se A^k- 

JWeie, ^TO H MH? 

— KoHono, ^^ax), ao ero ae aimaeTB aal Bayrpeaao caiaTBca 



70 P7CCK0X BOriTCTBO. 

M Hi^i 0060I. noATiiaiTe cam: UTopry mh lepaiiTB^ ooiAaTOidft^ 
crpol TepnHiTb, ^opn SHaen ^to repmunb, a lyn Bxpjn H8'b-8a' 
saKOl HB67AB ReraaoTHOft manKH aprauMoa. 

— HBavB HHKoxaeBHTB, Aa Bi^^B oxsa iBmKflii Kanu mosotb 
nepenoiHiTB ^amy tepniHifl... 

— Ho He xHmHrb oaoco6HOOTfl pasoysAaTb xomeou. CHHiiaiie 
manKH Tasafl se, vb eohi^ eoki;obi», ^opxanHooTB, Kara h boo 
ooraxBHoe. On TOBapHmeoTBa a, pasyiiieTOff, HHXorAa He ororyiiii); 

BO8KOXHO H TO, ITO, SHBH fl 8J!^0B OffBHl, 6e8l BaOl, H H TOrj|a HO- 

orynan 6h thri se, KaKi TenepB BHiort c*b BaxH. Ho, n xpyrot 

OTOpOHH, no OOBiOTH OKHXy BaMl, TTO, eon6H TOBapHHtH ptmHJIH 

UKHyTB Ha BTon Bonpooi, H He oran 6u yoHpaTbOH. 

miefiHrapTB ropH^o nporeoTOBai'B npoTHBi laKoro Bsrjuua. 

— SI riaxy ne laKi... Ho iroeMy, ^ase TtieoHoe naKaeaHie ne 
B*B TaKoS oreneHH npHBHasaen ^exoaiKa! Ho axon, opaBHHreiiBHo,. 
MaieHBKit H cMiinHOl na BanrB vbt3uijp> Bonpooi 061 o6fl8aTexBHO]rB 
cHHHaain manKH— 0, 8to ooBoiHi Apyroe plbjLOl Tyn h ho naooHBHO, 
a yse bhthbho yHHS&noB, hbi OTpaxa fl oaMi, ooticTBeHHOft pyxoio 
A'iiaK) TO, ^0 HHi Bi BHomeft OToneHH HonpiHTHO f/kEWh.., 

— SBaqHTB, A^u^Tpift HeTpoBHTB... HpocTHTe iroS Bonpoci, hcv 
noHBHTo Bu pimenie, KOTopoe npHHain vb nepBiit Bo^epi npe6uBa- 
HiH 8AtcB: <fl oxany Boe TepniTB, ^rro tojuro ho safftHen ooHOBib 
Hoero qexoBineoKarp AO0TOHHCTBa»? 8to 6£ua npooBfiai n sOTopon... 
H BH xyiKaoTe, hto lenepB y Baoi 8aAiTa oahb hsi raKHxrb oohobi? 

UlTeftHrapTB BonHXHyjrB h saiim omiTB no6jcbAHiji'B. 

— SI HOMED, KOHeUO, — OEaBaJTB OHl, H0HH8HBI rOXOOli H rpyOTHO 

onycTHBi roxoBy, — ho mbjio u, BO-nepBHii, Kasin pimeniH npHHH- 
HavTCA B'B MHHyriz yHHHiH HXH, Hao6opon, piwooTHaro noffBeMa . 

HyBOTBl. A, BO-BTOpSXX, KaKl OnpOAiUTB TOUO, FAi KOH^aeTCH H 

TAi Ha^HHaercfl KaKaH HH6yAB oonoBa? JIorHRoft xyn HH^ero ne pi- 
mnmB, 8to odiacTB HpaBCTBOHHaro ^yBoraa... 

Ho H BO MHi caKOM-B €XOrBKa» AaBHO HOX^aXa, BaHiHHB- 

mHOB ovyrofi canHxi pasBopoAsuxi MHOjreft h ^bctbi. H npex- 
Ae Bcero a 6ojiJiofl| hoaoSho IIlTefiHrapTy, ^ro Bonpooi man- 
Kaxi, xoTopafi eavB no oeOi ne hmIh ]^MR MeKH oyn^eoTBeH* 
Haro 3Ha^eHur, Mosen hbhtboh ismB nepBHHX maroHi no nyiH 
OBCTeHaTH^eoKaro npHHHseHia namero ^eiOBiqeoKaro AOOTOHHOTBa. 
Hto mecTflraaaKUTB BaAyvan i^uft CHCTeKaTH^ecKift nxani a bi vtowb 
6oxBmeH6ooHHtBaiofl.J[oiroBi ABiajioa vb STon nxaHi xbhib nooxym^ 
WBWh H yAo6HiurB opyAievi. Hio to Shio vh oanovB CpaBovB kb- 
nHTBHt, HTO, npH Bceft secTKocTH ero naTypH h TaiHHxi BosAoxlnift, irfc* 
maio eny xh^ho bsatboa sa 8to a'^o, Tynott se h rpy6o»npflHOXHHet- 
HHfi noMontHHKi, KacB HexfcSfl xynme, noAXOAHxib ki axott He6xa- 
roAapHoft poxH... H mkoxb tomx, ^xo hh HaxoAflHCS bi 6e8- 

KOHTpOXBHOS BXacXH AByXl XBKHXl ^eXOBftKl, H ^XO HBAB Hamott FO- 
XOBOfl BHCHTB, TOHHO AaMOKXOBl HOTB, €HH0XpyKI^ifl», 8HaDn^afl XBK^ 



KOHEI^ niEIAEBGKOfl TDPLMU. 71 

MBjiO rpiM^ipfi wh oHOTeMi oBoan xapi, — aia mkojib leAeuia h 
oCesBoiHBaia Kjinj... 

BamjpoBi yse ipeTBE oyru oBAiii bi Tenom upi^epi. B'l 
rjiyfosoinb fjmmsLOWh jrflereHiH bhibjih miz Be^epon sa noBipsy. 
Bopora pacTBopEnoB, h mymioi rypB6ofi, obo6oaho h Beeeio Ke^^^y 
OG6ofl pasroBapHBafl, Bomu oahh HaASHpaxexH. RofiHiKa lose pa- 

XOOTHO BOKOJniXHyjiaOB. 

— HHKaKoro, SHann, ^opxa-ABJiBOia He 67x6x1 ceroxHfll.. 
nepefti yxoAom rb oboh saHepH mh cb mxetHrapxon eme 

paSl BOXpiXEJUOB. 

— Hxo xe xenepB AiiaxB? OieBiAHO, HHKaBHxrb pasroBopoBi (tb 
saifH uixB HO sexanxi. 

Jbrj^o nixefiHrapxa o^iiajiocB oypoBim. 

— He oxaieirB vb saBxpaniHiiro aka Ha noBlpu bhxoxhxb, h 
Aiiy EOHein>I nyoKaS OHxoi bkboaaxi, ecra xoxaxil 

OAHaKO, He npoHuo h Honaoa nooii noBipsE, KaR% kjooitb vb 
Eameft mfepi OEOBa sarpeiita'B, e H^^Epaxen npEraaoEjrb MeHH 
vh Ha^ajiBSExy xnpBEH. BpaBHfi RanflxasB noASHAajiB iceEfl vb Ma- 
JieEBRoft AwypHoS ROMEaxi, npEMURaBmet Kb OAHOMy hbi xnpex- 
EHX'b soppEAopoBi. PaaexerEyxaa mEHeiB obo6oaeo pasBiBaiaoB no 
ero KoryuMx nieuirB, e nanaxa npeAynpeAExeiBso oEExa 0% iuiobh. 
Bi soEEarb, no o6uxsoBeEii), oejibeo nazio OAeROAOHOirB, a on 
lEqa s BoeS ^nrypH Jly^esapoBa Biajio, saKi BoerAa, SAopoBBOMi e 

AOBOXBCXBOM^ 

— B'b "KWb a6io?— 6Hoxpo saroBopEJTB okb, OABa xeHE yBEAaBi: — 
a 6HjrB ysaoEO Bcft 8xe ahe snEflTB, EEKasi Ee mofb... A bh yAa- 
lExecB-Ka Ea EEEyxy,— o6paxExofl owb Kb E^jumpvtejuD. 

noojrtAEifi no^cTExexBHO 6paKEyn jukuhe h eotosi, Kasi npE- 
BEAiEie. 

— B'B ^ewb me a6io?— noBxopEn 6paBiitt sanExaEib, xouo h 
E vb oanoMi Atefc He AoraAHBaaoB npauEi Moero BHSoaa. 

— Bh caxH npeKpaoEo SEaexe, bi ^eHi,— oxaiun a, 01 xpy- 
AOiTB OAepsEBaa BoxEOEie: — oeroAHH yse ^exaepxHa oyxsE nomu, 
xaR'B BH AepxExe hoa% apeoxoMi Eamero xoaapE^a. 

— fl? BamypoBa? Bh onmSaexeoB... Owb apeoxoBaHB moeei no- 

EOnfEEBOVB. 

— Aa pasBi noKon^HEK'B zoaaHH'B xnpBEu? 

— XodaES!B, pasyMiexoa, a, eo... y noEon^HEsa xoace eoxB oboe 
etiasasEooxE a oboe npaaa. H eo xory etb EapymaxB. MeI 6urb 
HpeAOxaBxesi panopxB npoEomeAmeEi, e a AOixeai 6HffB ow- 
xaxBoa (yb ^xom. 

— CiOBOiTB, BH sejiaexe yicHXB pysa? %o-si, 6hxb kosoxb, e 
apeoxaETOKB Boopysaexi npoxEBi aao'B xose kxo EH6yAB APyroi? 

— ApeoxaEXOFB? Hxo sa ^enyxal HanpoxEBi, oee meA hooxoeeeo 
anjB^Dxoa... 

BpaBHt RanaxaEi no6arpoBii'B ao KopEefi boxooi. 



72 P7CGS0B BOFATCTBO. 

— Hero Bu 0TB MOHV, HaxoHei^, xoTHre? Hhotp7ki](Ih, Boropua 
II o6fl8aB'B HonojuflTb, roBopfln et qpeBBiiqafifloft onpeAixdiHocTBio. 

— nHOTpjEItiH, KOTOpHII BH Can OOOTaBJUiU H XOTOpHrb OTOIBKO 

Arh ffo6HBaj[ioB? Mh xoTHHnb oron Majiaro, otoiBi noBujKiKOvy, sa- 
KOHHaro... 

— A flMeHHO? 

-r- Hto6u Bami nox^BHOHHufi o6pam;ajiGfl n Haini, no KpafiHeft 
Mipi, HO xyse BaoB oanxi... BHymHTB eiiy 8to Bnoini on BaoB 
saBECHTB. noAyHalTe oavH: Bon yse ^erBeprufi roffi bh ynpasiflere 
TDpBHoft E SE pasy en^e se EMijifl n EaME HEKaRHxi Eoropilt. IIo- 
^eny aro? IIoTOEy, koeo^eo, ^to bu no bosmoshoote yiiipflJiE cypo- 

BOOTB xepTBoft 6yEBH SEOTpyK^ift... 

,9 BEA'bl'B flOflO, ITO OIOBa MOE EOIiaiE B'B ^BOTBETOXBEOe lltOTO 

EanEiasa: spyrjroe lanift ero see BApyn sasooEESOOB, e roxOBa, otb 
npEXBBa saKOSEoft ropAocTE, noAEExaoB BHme oSiiKEOBessaro. 

— ^a, A&> — noonlniEX'B owb oorxacETboa, — aro xoa saoxyra, e, 

AtSOTBETeXBEO, ^OXOBtSl O^OSB yMipOEEHft... HpEBAa, 6fiIBaX)TB ES- 

EjTKf, KorAa TepaeiHB caxoofixaAaEie cb 8teme apTEoraME (oeb npo- 
TflEyxi pyxy no EanpasxeEix) Kh KaxepaEB), eo o% rbME, kto sa- 
oxysEBaerx... n xdabee npooBinieEEiiME... a yufkn 6arh eo toxbro 

EavaXBEEKOETB, EO E qOXOBi^KOMlI 

— Tasi sa^Ei me lenepB, nooxi ipexi x^tb EEpa e onoKot- 

OTBifl, nOEaA06EXEOB BXpyri BCTOpiE, OTOXKEOBeEifl? 

— PasosasETe latb^ Rasi npoEsonuo ffb^o ob arBJCB apeoTOMi>? 
SI pasoxasaxB, ooraEaBXEBaflOB bosmoxeo 6oxBme Ea noExoxoriE 

EETOxxEresTEaro ^exoBisa e noA^epKEBas to o6oT8ETexBOTBo, ^to 
OEB, JlyqesapoBi, Boerxa cmaxoE xo oexi nopB oi stoI eoexoxo 
riefi. BpaBui KanEiaEB, xaRB 6u corxamaflOB co meod, boo Bpeva 

KEBBXB rOXOBOH). 

— Hy, fl noxarai)^ ^o 6oxBme TaxEXi BOTopift bo 6yAerB, — 
CKaaaxi oeb, HaEOEOiTB, EBApyrb, EOKEoro noAyxaB'B, npE6aBBXB:— 
fl ystpesB, qro bh, EanpExipB, oTaEeie boote oeOa (SxaropaayEnie 
BamypoBa. %o ji/kUkTby saEOEi Tpefiyen EonoxEeEifl! 

IIpESSaDOB, 8T0TB BiIBOA% 6usrb J^JUL VeEE OOBOpmeEEO EOOSfl- 

xaEB: Hffk yse saiEEaxo KasaiBOE, ^to moe ECEyoEaa AHnxoMaxia 
OAepsEBaeTB no6*Ay» h IIIecTBrxasHi fotobb yoTynEXB,— e botb mbi 
onflTB o^yTEXECB, HTo HESfiiBaeTCfl, y newEl.. 

— Bii oniE6aeTecB, bh soctoko oniE6aeTecB!— BOCEXESEyxB e (tb 
ropfluocTBD: — noBOAeEie xoe be^Imb eo 6yAerb otxeutboe orB 
noBeAesk TOBapES^et. SI iohso teeso 6yAy fsetb bb xapi^epi, ec^E 
BH se nooniniETe sanperETB BameKy noMoni^EEKy eoboxeetb EEcrrpys* 
Tsjao HepesB nypB nyEEtyaxBEo! H nocx^b Toro 6yAB, ^to 6yA6TB! 

Jly^eaapoBB, fltoEoxBEO onlniEBi, EaxEypEXOE. 

— fl noAyMan,— csasaxB oeb, EanpasxEEOB ei ABepairB e xixaa 
sEaxB, ?T0 ayAiesi^iE eoe^execb: — bo boebohi cxy^ai, a noroBoptt 



KOHEipi niBlASBCKOi TDPBHU. 73 

frh nouomsnowb... SI noorapanoL ero jdijprTb, raKi Kan npHsasan 
Me mAw^ npasa. 

— A Korxa ze 67A6T1 BimjmeHi Banrypon? 

— £ro opoKTE BOH^aeTCfl sasTpa Be^epoirB... Bnpo^eirL, mosho 
H oeroxBji... ^a, Aa, fl Bern oelqao% se ero BiinjoTHTb! 

— nosBOiBTe ujA ero xoxAaTBOji. 

HaAPnpaTeu oipiioft noxertn bi sapi^epi. Jly^esapoFb, uotho 
saEyiaBniHOL n mnen, cran TopseoTBeHHO npoxasHBaxBoa n« 
KoppHXopy. Si OToan bi MonanBom oxHAaHiH. ^ Hepesi hIokoibko 
iiXETn Ha KpHiBi^ nooiHinaiHCB ToponraBHe mara, oxiiaa pjKa 
paonaxsyjia mEpoKO ab^pb, h a yBH^ajTB BaiepBaaa, xasi Boer^a 
ansHepiMOOTHaro h toine^Haro. OrouHyBinHOB 00 nHoft janfiwb ki 
nqy, ohi paspasajiofl BeoeniVB oiiixoirB h myMBo saRXD'iHJii Meix 

BTB oGBflTlif. 

— Ara, BH Tyn? BHpy^aJiH MeHfl? A a ysi cnaiB 6hjio saienb... 
BoTB oTAOXHyjTB TO npespacHoI Hy, qiio — BoeBajiH ci lUecTHrjiaBBM'B? 
A r^ xe ]l,itfiTp]A? 

H Tyn TOXBKO BaiepBavB saiiiTHZ'B bt» npoTHBonoiosHOiTB yrjiy 
KoppHAopa Beifl^ecTBeHHyi) $vrypy IIIeoTHrjraaaro... IIoojiiAHitt, vh 
OHOM'B eiiyntesiH, OTBopui AsepB h nOTExosBsy b'b Hee oKpsuioa. 
EamypoBi OHOBa sajnuoa rpoMKHirB OHixon... 



11. 
TopmecTBO AaMCKoM AHnjiOMariM. 

HOTOpiH, OAHaKO, He npespaTHIHOB. EAHHOTBeHHHirB BHAHtfHVB 

HQeMAgptBiwh 6e(r&AH xoeft ci JlyqeaapoBinrB 6hjio to, ^0 JIomob^ 
Bi Te^eHie HiexoiBKHXi ahoI He HOflBiHxoa nocrb Toro Ha Beiep- 
nxB HOBipKaxi; ho sa to, xasi 611 seJiaa BosnarpapTB oe&t sa 
aro JDuneHie, oh'b bo Bci Apyrie ^ch aha Aepsan TspBiry vb na- 
moBJOfiWh ooi^oiTB noioseaiH. Ci paHHaro yrpa ao nosAHaro aewpa 
Qjunnajioii Ha ABOpi h vh soppHAoparB ivpBHH pi^ssift cbictok^ 
HaASHpaTeu, HpeAynpesAaBmift apecraHTOBi npaxoAi^ aa^aiBCTBa: 

BTO JIOKOBfB TO H JI^O npHXOAHJTB peBHSOBaTB OBOH BUAiHUI... Ka- 

aaiooB, eny AoeraBiaio orpoHHoe naojiaacAeHie oosepi^aTB noBODAy 
lapTHHH HaBOAHxaro ero olpoft ^Hrypoft orpaxa h fiiaroroBtHia. Kasi 

TOIBKO nORaSHBaJIOfl OH'B Vb BOpOTaXl TDpBMH, TaXl BtA, ETO TOAKO 

HMijrB aeo'iaoTie nonacTB vb vtorb HOMenrB B'B noxe ero spiHui, 
HexeAieHHO bfiasHBaiHCB sacTHBaTB b^ saMeHHHXi noaaxi Ha rkrb 
tsaMuxi idoTaxi, vji/k 6hxh saoTHniyTH cbeotboitb, h, ohhb'b manEE, 
BHTsayFB pysH no maairB, ctohtb 6e8i ABEsenia ao t^xi nopi, 
nosa xpanuft HOAHopy^EKi ne cRpHBaioa hvb BEAy. HEsorAa opi 
aroiTB H noxHHy ne 6iuo tohi, ^to6h shbhh craTya nojiy^HiE 
AosBoienie noxpHTB o6HaseHHiui foeobh (Kaxaa 6h noroAa hh OToajia 



74 P7CGK0E BOFATCTBO. 

Ha ;tBOpi), HO Vb fpjTOit CTOpOHil, HepiABO H81 jCTh JIOKOBa BHpH« 

Baiofl pisKii, vb otm^wawh HepBHHir& pacKan^em, xpHKi: 

— Sxa - pa - Bal 

KpHKi aroTb iH Maio, Hnpo^em*, He ofosHaun sasoro jni6o 6ia- 
roBOxeHifl K'b Ko6maA^ Hin, owh HSxaBaioH b% HHiepeoarL Boe lofi- 
se oj6opAHHaii;ii, ran san otiasaTeiBHo aoisohb iun BHaHBaiB 
oTB^n: 

— 3AppaBBUi seiaem, rocnoxHHB noHontHHnl 

H 6on6H OTBfea aroro He noeiiAOBaxo, oetturb se 0TM0KaH<]b 
6uM'b 6h fiesHopflx&Ki h otbophiho& 6h Asepn Rap^epa•.. 

HioBomu) pa8T» b% jsfiEh o6xoAHjr& JIomob'b soppH^opH mpBiui^. 
aariflffUBarL vb oaioui KaMepH, b'b syxHi), bi nouHO^nyi) Maoiep- 
oKji), Bi 60IBHHK7, H B0i)A7 ^^^ noflBxeHUi ero apeoraHTH aojdbhu 
6buh BOEasHBaTB, BHTflTHBaTBoa Bi OTpyHKy H xpHUTB: isApasifl se- 
jiiaeMx!» EoTeoTBeHHO« ^n» hh Tpoe, epa toibso xoieran ao jmeft 
, HaASHpaieiBOxift oBHtrroK'B, TopomuHOb 8a6paT&efl b% TaEoe iri^oio, 
KyAa JIoMOBi o6HHHOBeHHO He sanaxuBan, Tan nuci Borpin oi 
HHMi He Moraa AOoraBETb ooofienHaro jAOBoibeTBiH. OxHaxo, ne onm- 
Kowb npiflna 6uxa h 8Ta Heo6xoxH][ooT& bI^iho 6ht& naoropoxi^ 
nooTOHHHo 6traTb h npaTaTBoa... OveHB oKopo HepBH Hann b% eo- 

Heill paSBHHTHIHOB, H EaXA^ MHHJTa 0B060AH0tt 0Tb pa60TB SH8HH 

6£iia AJn Haoi ooBepmeHHO orpaBiena. mietHraprb jxe He pasi 
saroeapHBan o tohi, hto npexnouTaen OHAixB wb sapi^epi, Hesen 
HrpaTB pen 6iraDnKaro otb oxornmca safl^a... a^RBH&i Bopo^eMi, 
oaHa joxopHia pasBflssy. 

OAHaxAH, B'B flOHoe BoospecHoe jxpo, lUTettKrapn oi loienoHiL 
^aiD BOSBpan^aiea, ne onima, hbi KyxHH bi obod xaMepy, luunb oo- 
BepmeHHo HeoaowaHHO saoTHinyn 6urb na eepeAHK& ABopa oriyntH- 
leiBHiiMi, TpeBoxnnrB obhotkohi: Bopoxa sarpeMiiH, h naxsHpaieiB 
npoRpH^ajTn oOHHHoe: cChhpho, maiiKH A^ioiI» Boi, kto o^yrKioH 
B'b 8Ty MHHyTy Ha ABopft, ooraHOBHXHOB, Kasi BBonaHHHe, na oahomi 
MicTb H ofiHaaouH roiOBu. OahhI toibko niTetHrapTB, yosopHBfB 
marn, npoAOxxan hath BaepeA^ » maiisoft na roxoBi. Owb }sa 
noASHHajiofl na TDpeMHoe RpujiBito, RorAa csaAH nocxHiiiaiofl 6&neH0- 

BHSrJTHBUfl KpHKB: 

— Cxo-ai! CTo-all Besao-pHAOiTbl! 

Oh^ MamHHaiBHO ooxaHOBHiofl r noAXHAan JIovoBa. 

— Kto? 

niTe&HrapTB nasBan oete. 

— Aa-JiaA manxyl.. 

— A BH Toae ee OHHKere? 

— B'b Kapi^epLl! Bi Kap-i(epx!I 

BH8rB JIoKOBa AOHxejTB AO HorepH^ecKH bhoorhx:b hoti. IIlTeftH* 
rapTB coBepmeHHO oaoKoftHO OTiipaBHJioH ox^aomi sa noAOonftBHiHKi^ 
HaASHpaTeieifi fb Kapi^ep:^, a noKOHpTHSi bopothjioh 8a Bopoxa. 
XnpBHU OO^HHflXB paHopTL HaqaiBHHBy. 



r 



KOHEI^ mSJIABBCROfi TDPBMH. 75. 

ApeoTB 8Ton BHSBajTB OEXBHyD 06Hoa^iK) opeAH HaABvpaTeieft k. 
BooOme Bvk tdp&mu. Hhkto ho sHan en^e 061 onai't, nocronneft 
niTeftHrapTa, h tojtb, ito DleoTHrxasHE'B pimeHO OKOHUTenno 
orpaKHUTB ero Meffii^EHCKyD npaKTHsy eriHaim TDpbira; Bot npo- 
XonsaiH oTHOOHTBOfl £*& Hexy (Tb 6oj[BmHirB noHTOHieici h id6obbd. 
HanpoTHBii, JIoKOBi yonijTB bosaI OBHORaTb oe6i HonpiflSHB n amc^ 
HeBEBHOTB. PascsaBHsaiB, ^TO KTO-TO p&iiBJiofl A^KO OKasaiB any no 
BOBOAy BToro apeora: 

— Hto bh offi^JiaiH, roonoAVHi noBon^HHn? B^a^ bei apecroBan 
9oeno<)t<Ka doKmopa. 

JIOMOBI, KOHOHHO, TOIBKO FjaSa BHTapan^flJTB 0TB yAHBieBifl. A 

sorAa APyrofi STO-TO aaHinjrB eiiy, ^0 vb OKpecTHooTfixi mejiaa 
cHjn»HO oBHpinoTByoTB HH(f)xy9Hi(a, H niTefiHraprB MOserB bo BOflKyi> 
MBByry noHaAo6HTB(M[ oaicoMy jiflxe Ha^ajiBSHKy, KoiopHft yse saxBo- 
pan, TO owh AftJK'b na sto no-HCTEsi saviwTeJiEBBHfi OTB'bTB: 

— Hy, TaK% wo-wi»I IIoBaAoCHTca — npaBeAeira. 

— 9to ■S'b Kap^epa-T0? 

— no^eiry se h*tb? 

— A noTOVB oQflTB Vb Kapi^opi? 

— EOIH HO BUtjffim OpOICB, TaBl OnflTB. 

OrBiTB 8T0TB nopexoAHJTB E3% yoTi B^ ycia, E BeoB meJiaitoKift 

€OBiTB» OTKpUTO HOrOAOBaJTB Ha JlOMOBa. 

^To KaoaeTGfl moea h BamypoBa^ to apeoTB TOBapHqa nponsBeJi'B 
Ha flaei OTpaniHoe BneqauiHie. Bi oHiBHoft asEiaqiE xoahjih vse 
BeeB A^HB no ABopy TnpBBEi, HeTopniiHBO norxEAKBaa sa Bopora r 
eropafl sexaflieirB caMEirB nonactB wh Kapi^epi. Ho osEAaniE Hanm 
HO o6ujiHeB: j1okobi» bt» btotb aohb 6ojnbme He noxasHBaiOE, jsjBone 
noBipEa npomjia npn oAHsn HaASHpaTeiflxii. PaHo yTpon ojlI^jsjto- 
n^ro Ana, nepoA^ yxoAoirB bi pyAHEK'B, a onaiB saaBHTB Aosyp- 
EOHy BaASHpaTOJOD xexaHin BHir&TBoa n Ha^anaHKoirB no caaoEy 
HacToaTexBHOMy A^xy... Jifivh aroTB bi pyAHEKi Taayjioa hooSskeo- 
B6HH0 MOAieHEO, KB MyqETeiBHOJTB TOBJieHiH. no BOSBpan^eRiH Vh 
nopBxy MH ysHaxH otb apToiBHaro OTapooTEi en^e HenpIaTHyK) ho- 
boctb: OlTefiEraprB oTKasaioa npaaniaTB BoaEyio nEn^y, oTooiai'B 
EasaA'b H6 TOJiEBKO xii&hy HO H BOAy^ BoxiBi cusaTB IIIeeTHnLasoMy, 
HTo ijmne yxperB, neseia noKopnica JHoaoBy. A^o npEHEaaio 
cepBesHHl oSopoTB. Ob noaon^BD JlyaBKoaa, Hnpsa e Apynix% 6ia- 
ronpiaToxett an apeoraaTOB'B, oraBmaxi aenoAaieay caa CTpeMi>» 
MH 0% BaiepBaaoMi B806paiHCB aa noAOKOHHEK'B Kapiiepa, ?To6jbz 
neperoBopETB 01 IIlTelHrapTOKB: ckbosb Harxyxo saneprHft oraBoab 
sByxH ero roiooa AoaooaxaoB ao aaoi touo ESAaxeKa, rxyxie a 
GTpaaaHe... Mh npexAe Bcero onpooaxa ero npa^aai toxoaobke. 

— npocTEie, TOO a aauuTB sto a^io, ae noooBftTOBaBmaoB paaBme 
CB Baaa, — aaun ^aaTpift: — ao bto Easi-TO oaao oo<Soft Bumxo. 
Bqepamait ffjdwb xal a ae npeAxaraxa aasaKoft nanta... A oeroAaa, 
aoFAa aaAsapaTexB noAaxi bi OBomao xxt6i, a yse xortuTB Cuxo 



76 PyCCKOB BOFATCTBO. 

BSflTB ero, Aa Bjipyn yoiHian vb Koppixopii siasoinie mara m 
jBEj[9Ljrb SBaKOMji) ^^Brypy... 

— JIoBfOBa? Heyseifl owb cairb i xirMi Bam npiHoonrb? 

— ^a, can... Hy, lyn ireHii orpamHaa flpooiB oxBaiBuia, s 
oTmBupHyjrB tA&l h oKasarL... ^ro ORasan, ho noMHD lenepB bi 
To^raocTH. Bnpo^en, a h le saiiK) lenepB 061 aton: 6htb Mosen, 
8T0 I AiftcTBiTenao xyqmee cpeAOTBO saoTaBBiB JKy^eaapoaa e JIo- 
MOBa 6htb Bnepex> ocroposite. 

^To Kacaeiofl JEoxoBa, to, paByxiercfl, saAexxa HlTeiHrapTa 6Hxa 
ooBepmeHHO Hanpaosoi. B£ioj[yniaB'& ero saflBieaie, ohi oTnpaBsioji 
TO^acB se Vb kjxsb e TavB 06'EflBHjrB noBapam h crapocrft, tto 
€8anopeTB> hxi, oojib ysHaeTbi tto ohi TaftKOBTB noAaDn apeoTO- 
BaBBOMy xii6i bir kboo. 

— n Bo;^ Toxe He oitItb noAaaaTB! IIoomotpeiii, KaR'B owy 

BUflfifVETh OBOe XBaOTOBOTB6! 

H 01 8TEBH ojiOBam JLoMOWh jjsfiLME^m. 7 Hero XBaTUO 6h, bo- 
Heuo, xyxy He ocraHOBHTBCB nepe^i oaxot Aase ipaniqeoKOt pas- 
Bfl8K0ft« HO tDeoTBTiadHit, noBBABHOMy, HHa^e BsriflHyjrL Ha ^ixo, 
noTOMy ^0 BOJrb^^ sa KaTeropBHeoKBirB saapen^eniexi noKon^BHBa 
BaAsnpaTeJTE hosj^msr npHKasi bhooth bi sapi^epi ichiut 6aKi cBi^ 
seft BOAH H 6oiBniyB) Bpanxy ,OBixeBciie?eBBaro xii6a. Bee vto 
osasaiooB OAHaKO na osijsjtymjde yTpo HerpoHyTHHi. 

noTflHyjiefl Tflseiuft pflA% AHeft, OABHit Apyroro Mpanie b tookjui- 
Bie. UlecTBriasHfi ne Topomofl BHSUBaxB veBH a^a neperoBopoBi. 
Mh crpoBXH 01 BajfepBflHOVB MBOxeoiBO njiaHOB'B, ho npn 6iHsat- 
meiTB pasoMOTpiHiB bh oabbi bsi hbxi ho BHAepsBsajn bpbtbkh. 
HBKaKoro CMHcia ho hmIxo, Hasp., na^aTb h HairB roioAOBsy: hi 
JIoHOB^, Hfl oaiTB meoTBriasiifi, kobo^ho, hh sa XBHyry ho oohh^- 
BaiBOB 6£i Bi TOKi, ^TTO, BMbf ofiiqeEie ci apeoTaHTaxH, kbi npo- 
AoisaeiTL TafisoiTB npasBjiaTB nnn^y, a nooTBHoa tojebbo a^i BHAy. 
OoraBaiooB noaroicy oabo: aoOhtbcb bo tto 6ei hb craio, Tro6B h 
naoi Tose nocaABiH vb Kapi^epi; ho Kasi sioro AofiBTBca? JIomobi, 
TOHHO Hapouo, noKasHBaiofl bi TspBicy nniB vb Ti naoH, sorAa 
MH Ohjth wb pyAHBBi, Ha HOBipKB He HBifliofl. IbaHOHEBd Bamy- 
poBTi npoAiaran, BHpoqem, o^ohb npocroi h piniBTejiBHUt caooo^: 

— A^BalTO 6btb oreua! — roBopnn owb caxuirL cepBesHHiTB to- 
Hom: — TOFAa naoi, HaBipnoe, bi Kapiiepi nooaAsn- 

Ho €6htb 0TeKJia» a ne conaniasca... Bi KOHi^'b kohi^obi hu oora- 

HOBBXBCB 6s, HO BOOi BtpOaTHDOTH, Ha OTKasl XOABTB Bl pyAHBK%, 

ecu6H He yAopsaio HaoT» oabo HeapeABHAiHHoe o6oToaTeiBOTBo. 
CTapoora ToAyBOBi (tb BeoBxa laBBOTBeBHiiirB bbaovb OTOSBajTB mohb 
paai Vb oTopoHy b nepeAarb KaKyB)-TO sannoKy (a taai a ne ysBan 
BBKorAft, KaKHWb o6pa80ifi owb pasAofiun ee). Pacne^aTaBi* ee, a 
cpasy paaiami SHaKOimft seaoBift no^epRi: cByABTO onoaoflHH, ne 
ni^Aaftre Ayzon. A canoe ruBHoe — ne Ai^aitTe Hflqero bbbo apo- 
TBBOsaKOBHaro, ho paomHpaflre Bonpoca maoKaxi BBKaKava Apy- 



KOHBl^'b mEJUBBCKOfi TDPBMH. 7Z 

Twmm TpetfoBaHiflMH. Bose Baoi ooxpuH oTsasHBaTBOfl on pa6oTi. 
yMonuo Batrb, HHa^e Bce nponaio. IIotfHHTe, ^to ApysBfl BamH 
6ojQMrrByi)Ti r A'UoTBjD'rb. IIoKa Korj csasaTB oaho — eoxB H^^esAftt 
noxj^^Bn xopomiii BicTH. noTepmrre emfi Henoro. Apyrb^. 

Kan HH roxooiOBHH 6iUH jrtnieHifl «AP7ra», saRi hh saHBHa 
taxo, noBBXHiioiiy, Ay^^aiB, ^m) oiatias, ho Hjiiion^aA SHKaKoft BiacTii 
xeiiQHHa Mosen o^iiaTb am Hamero noioaceHia 9to-xe6o ojn^eoiBes- 
Hoe (Bimyosi UlTeftHrapTa hsi Kapi^epa, KOHe^HO, Hnero laBoro ne 
npexoTaBiffiTB 6h), rkm He MOHie kh ci BaiepBUHoirb iipio6oAPH- 
MMOh: HSBioTHO, ^TO yTonasii^it sa ooioM6HKy XBaTaerofl... Ma no- 
cnimsn m vb mieltHrapTOH'B noAiiHTBCfl OBoei paAOOTBi). Ho ohi 
BHQiyman ee, KasaiooB, aobqjibho paBHOAyniHo h rtm* HicxoiBKO 
oxjuAHTB Hann mura. Bnpo^eirb, on boo6ii^6 HeoxoTHo noAXOAHrb 
xenepB Kh ossy Kapi^epa h HeoxoTHO OTBiun la Hanm 6e3?BCjieH- 
Hue Bonpoou. Boskosho, tto, roiOAan yse qeTBepnu cyisii, ohi 
HyBOTBOBan oxa6ooT&, xoth h yBipon Han, ^to HHsaBHTB oooSeHr 
BUTb orpi^aHift ho EonsTiZBaen. 

— ^&OTb, OOfiOTBeHHO, BO BTOpSIfl TOIBKO CyiSH XOTblOOB. TOFAa^ 

AUoTBHiaiBHo, 6iUH HenpiflTHiifl HHHyTH. A noTOMi anaeiHTB ooBoini^ 
Mcqeai. XoiBKO HorH no^eMy-TO Mosxan, Tas-B hto ycHyiB Aase He 

XftDTB... 

— Hy, a saa^a? . 

— nepBHe TpH nMn saxAu ooBciM'B ne 6iuo. Bh SHaeie, no 
B. nixb BOo6ii^e hbd oiohb Maio... Ho oeroAHH auu^^a HButaoB, h. 
BpeHOHaHi AMce MyuTeAHaa... KaKie ohh MHi oeroAsa cHHmoB 
HOtti), sasie ^yAHne oasEOU b% nyciiiHi! TenepB u xopomo hohjutb 
^BCTBa sapaBaHa, nyremeoiByDn^aro no ApaBin... Hy, OAHaxo, yxo- 
AHie, roenoAE* fl noApenii) HeKHoro. 

H MH OTXOAHU npou n saHHeMi Ha cepAi^. 

A ^yBCTBOBan, xasi BaRot-To HpaBCTBeHHHft 010x61^x1 nocTe- 
neHHO OBJiaAfeBaoTB hhod. HaASHpaieu, ape^raHTH, boh ospysaDii^afl 
o6oTaHOBKa h xhshb, toiho, npoBaxHBaxHOB vb Kasyio-To desAOHHyn 
H TeHHyD nyoTory, a mrh nioro saHHHan Mipi npnspaKOBi h 60- 
AftsHeHHHXi rpea-B, oKpanieHHHt bi nocroAHHiift ipaypHni nfiUn. 
CoBepmeHHO HanmHaJObHo Honoinan h boo, ^ero ipeiJoBaia otb M^esa 
xUoTBHxexBHOdTB: in, losEXoa onaiB, pafioran, oiBi^an aa sa- 
xasaeHue khA sonpooH... A^bho xa, RasaiooB, n caaHa Tasejraa 
KaayTH sasaa a oaoco6ea'B 6iin oTsioaaBaTB BCDAy OBiiiua a aaso 
M6aBBHacTOpoaH?AaBaoiao^iTan oe6a ^aiooo^oMi-croaKoai a pe- 
BOxeaAOBan xoBapan^aax yriniaTBoa ^axooo^aieoBaaa paaMHnue- 
aiaica? BeoB btotb oaHOo6xaHB pasieiixoa n OAaaib aarB. C'b aas- 
AUKB AHeai BB Ayniy aon npoaaaan ace 6oja>mSL a 6oABmii 
aeooaaaam. Hiai-TO aaoui aoaHa<B a jora^eoBa-aeaddlsBHa'B 
apcACTaBxajiooB aai, aro maaouutt aonpon aoBOAerb sa oo6oi> 
i](lmft paAB oQxoxaeail, Koropua hobmku oaoamBoa a" aan ajia 
aoaaim nosopoai, axa noxaoi ra6eiBi); APyroro aoxoAa ae 6hjio.. 



78 PyCCXOE BOTJLTCTBO. 

norH6HyTb!.. A, Jtsi^oMi ki jnii^y OTOflBmiS nepexi rnfieuK) bi tj 
nopy, KOFAa xhshb oyxua en^e snep'oAH moro osiia h paKOoret, h hb 
tijrfcpABinifl h He TpeneraBimt Tor^aiiepejrbpoKOBHirB kohi^oki, TenepK» 
itorAaiy^niiii npHMaiRH shshh 6iun HeBosBpaxEO othhtei, h Hatroflmee 
6iuo nm tokho r jwazo, a Cy^yiiiee nojnio Tasofi xoioahoS HeH3- 
BtoTHOcTHy TenepB... ar&, sa^in* OKpHBaTB 8to? Mem ysaoaia loion 
OMepiH vb saiopri, h sax^a shshh, saai^a obo5o;(u Touia ao 
HeorepnHMoft 6oxh h Myul 

H BepeHHi^ oarnixB Hpa^mun BHAi^nift npoxoAHAH uepeAo hhoS 
MeAJieHHoit noxopoHHoft npoii;eooiefi; a ho^bd pascTpoeHHoe Boo5pa- 
seme aoein^aiH eo^e 6oiie ^epnue chk. fl bha^jtb, san cauue ao- 
porie MKb iDAH, onacaiOB on ^ero-TO otoib se ysaonaro h HOHa- 
suBaevaro, HaiaraiH na oe6a pyKH h HenoABHSHO xesaxH n saspH- 
THMH rjiasaMH h cTpamnHMB npeAOHepTHUiTB xpHniHieirB bb ropit. 
SI oaMB, noAo5HO AP^BHeny KaTony, OTHpiiBan oe6i shih, h BOKpyrB 
MeHH cHAtiH CB onyqeHHHKH roioBaHH ApysBa... FiyfioKifl maxTH, 
TeHHHfl npoHaoTH, onacHHe noQirv, Hpa^Huui xasHH — TaKOBH 6hih 
TenepB HenstSisHHH leHii mohxb CHOBHA^Hit, h ne pasB, o6iHBaHCB 
AeAflHUHB HOTOMii, Aposa OB HOFB Ao FOJioBH, fl vb ysaot npooH- 
naiofl H Ha rjtasaxi obohxb omyntan aBapm oxesii... MrnoBeHHaa 
paAooTB pasjiHBajiaoB lenxorB no BciMB uenaMB^ h lor^aoB se oMi- 
HuaoB ^yBCTBOiTB riy6osoi tookh h paso^apoBanifl: BonoMHHajioa 

BOOB ysaOB AiiOTBHTaiBHOOTH, BCHOKHHaiOCB, HTO OHa HH^ilTB HO 
JDOr^e HO^HUX'B KoniMapoBB... 

Ha inecToft A^HB, oABa tojibro npomia yipenHfla HOBipsa, mz 
(^pooHJiiflOB 00 BoixB HOFb KB sapi^opy, safiHBB Aase nooiaBHTB OTpeMy. 
inxeinrapn Aoiro ho oiSHBajicfl na naniH obukh. EamypOBB hbo 
B&brb CEiB Ha^aiB 6apa6aHnTB no oraBHD: <Ai"i^piB! Av^P^^-^ 

— HT0?'-OTKIHEHyjl[0fl, HaS0Hei](B, GXafiufi rOAOCB. 

— Kasii Tu nanyraiB naoBl Mh ysB AynaiH... Hy, ^to, sasB 
TH oe6fl ^yBOTByeniB? » 

— Hnqero. FaiiDi^HaiuH npoRifliua He AaniB noKoa... Bon 

OHa, BOTB, botb! 

— KtO? HtO TBI TaMB BHABniB? 

— BoAa, Tro6B ee... 

— ToonoAa, ooiAHie ob oKHa! HaHB orporo-Ha-orporo sanpe- 
niOHoI — sajroGHHMi, no^H yMoiaDii^HMB fojiooomb saroBopHjrB BHHsy 
noAomeAniid HaAsnpaTexBi 

Ho KH eme HicROJiBKO HHHyTB npoAOisajra 6eoiAOBaTB, ho o6pa- 
n^aa Ha Hero BHHMaHia« h, no6paRHBaa iLiD^aMH h esacB otb xojtoAa, 
offB Mojria OToaiB nepeAB Eapi^epoHB, ne 3Haa, hto npoAnpHHaTB. 

Mil GnpHrnyiH, naROHei^B, ob noAOKOHHHEa. BaiepBaHB 6£ub 
62iA6HB, H Ha rjnasaxB ero APOsaiH oiesH. Ohb RptaKo oTHOHyjrb 
MOD pyKy, 

— HBaHB HHKoiaeBHTB, ^ero se hh saomb, saKB HcrysaHH 
sasie? BiA^ tekb neiBaa Ao^Bme ooraBHTB: ohb yaepeTB mosotb!.. 



EOHEI^'B mSJIAEBCKOfi TDPLIUI. 79 

MfloS oamm OBnjsjkjrb ysaoi h HeroAOBame Ha caiioro oefia. 
Eanl TosapHmi rfl6Hen Ha mohxi rjiasaxi, yraoaen crpamHofi 
K6AieHH0ft CHepr&i) sa a^o, KOiopoe BoirL nacB OAHnaKOBo 6jih8ko 
xaoaeicfl, — h sl ho moBeii) naJEbi^eMi a^a Toro, ^to6u onacTH ero, a 
^on neBOBMOSHO onaoiH, ^to xotb pasxiiHtB ero juctb? JI tojibko 
<Se8EiOAHo HOD, Ha flBj H BO oHi npsAaBaflOB 6oii8HeHH£ui'B rpesan, 
MpauHm KOHuiapam, h HH^ero, HH^ero ho x^an... H jse yny- 
^qoHo OTOEbBo APt^i^^HHaro BpeveHH, yxe HAen meoToft aohb, 
xan SHBoit h sxopoBHft qeioBtei ne ioTB h ho nBeTL, Korxa 
HBBicTHO, ^TO oAHofi HOA^iH afieojuoTHoft saxAH coBepmeHHO Aocra- 
10UO AXA Toro, TOo6u norj6HTb ^exoBi^eosii opraHHsvi? A^ ^^o 
lose xaxofl-TO oohl, KaROfi-TO ahkU Konmapi, ^rro h xhbj, Oobmojibho 
Ha Bce 9T0 ruAH} onoKoiHo AOSBAaflOB pokoboS h HOHdCisHofi pas- 
BflSEHl 8th MHoiH, KaKi Mojmifl, Dpofitsau Bi KoeMi Mosry; a 
BecB BSAPornyn e to^ho CTpflXHyn c% ee6a rHeryn^ifl ^apH rniiHOda... 
t^iioTBOBaTB! onaoaib, nosa en^e h6 nosAHo! norndHyTB oaMOxy, ho 
HonoiHHTB ]ifiJLrh ^eoTH H TOBapn^ecTBali — noTpfloeHHHe, bsbojiho^ 
BaHHue, no6isau hh ki TDpeHHHm Bopoiam, oi ibbpauitb pi- 
menieirB vh Ajnii, xoth e 663i BcaEaro onpeAlieHHaro nxaHa b^ 
roxoBft. 

— nosaxyflTe k% na^aiLOTBy!— KpHSHyn AexypHHft, paoTBopaH 
nepex^b naHH BopoTa. 

— Ara, Bon» soraTHl o6ohxx? 

— HiTB, noxaiyftte bh oahe. 

npHnameHie othoohjioob ko MHi. Boe noojiiAHee Bpena HaASEpa- 
TeiH oOpanuumoB ci naHH cb RaKo8-TO yoExeHHofi, en^e He6HBaiofi 
B&UHBOOTBi) E jno6e3HOOTBK)... KasaKii CB pysBeMii TOTHacB se no- 
Ben Mesa B-b EOHTopy. Toibko ^to nepeoTyaajTB a nepesTi nopon 

XOpOmO SHaEOHOfi HHi EOMHaTH, FAi sa nHOBHeHEUlTB CTOXOVB B08- 

eiA^un OAHH'B JlyiesapoBx (nnoapa HaxoAsiEOB wb jfpjrBTb EOMHa- 
laxii), saE'B 6paBiifi BanETani nopHBHoio Bcso^Hn na Hors. Cero* 
AEH OE'B noEasajioa MHi CjAjifiie ofiHSHOBeHHaro, BHyrpn ero bhaemo 
KioKoraio pasApaseEie^ e msa MeiaiE MOXHieHOOHHe BsnaABi. 

— Jl,a Hero xe bh AOHoraexeoB, roonoAa? — eolith saEpaqajTB ohi, 
oHnHEZHii ABEsefliexi pysE 6pooaa Ea ctojtb EaKyD-ro 6yMary, — oaME 
Atiaere i^iraft paA'B... seocroposEooTefi, saTiBaere sasie-TO... npo* 
TeoTii! rojsoAHHe 6jwml Hero se bu saoto? 3thwb bh ce6i toxbeo 
BpoAHTe, Tbm 6oiie, tto eto se BipETB eheho bi foioaobke! 

— To eoTB, saE'B bto <EHHqe>? 

— Hy, Aft noccb SToro, saKi Oedib ero? AOETopa TaHsepa, hto- 
iH... CopoKi* AHofi ^eiOBiBi rojioAaiii — b BceiaEE sebb ooTaJioal 

— CTpaHSHMi HEft saseica Kbiamb ctojeb onisae bhboah na 
ocHOBaaiE rasoTEHXi) aEesAOTOBi. 3to, BO-nepBHxi. A BO-BiopHXx, 
eeiH ysi> Ea to nonuo, TaEEepi, noHEETca hh^^, boo fipeiia cBoero 
noera ynoTpedjiaji'B BOAy. 



80 PyCCKOB BOrJLTOTBO. 

— ^a? Hy, a passi IIlTefiHraprL... pasBi ohi oepLesHO? Biff^ 
fl se Beiiii saawHft a^hb oraBHTB eiqr boat* 

— TaKX Hoyseu Bam AoiuaAHBanrb, tto osi men btj boat? 
3to Jioxb. Ohi H6 DpHTporHBaerofl n Hei! 

— TaKi cKasHie, pig^ Bora, ^to xe ui A^aiB? ?to a Korj 
aoA^iaxi)? 

— Ilpei^e Boero HeMeAieHHO bhojotetl UlTelErapTa, a sa- 
Tim... 

— BunyoTHTBl A sHaeie u bh, — rjn Jy^esapoBi noAomerE 
KG MHi BuoTB H osasajii no^TTH monoTom:— SHaoTe a bk, ^to sa 
MeHfl H 668% Toro 7S6 AOHOoi nooiasi? 

— KIM'S noojun? Kasott aohooi? 

— H7, BToro Ji B6 Kory Bam cxasaTB, sfkm, xora h SHan, so- 
HOTOO, ziwh... Ho $aKn wn, no owb jxe nooiaEi. A BunyorurE 
EamypoBa isi xapi^epa no Bcreveiui ipexi oyroKb, sorAa HasHaieia 

6IUO HXTB... 

— BaMH se oaHHin HiSHa^eioI 

— A oAiiaJTb BavB wb nooiiAHee Bpeiui spynHiui no(U[a6jieHiA» 
ROTopHXi BH He Mom, pasyn^eTOfl, He saifftTHZb... 

— Kasifl se 8to Q00Jia6ieHLi? 

— Mot noMOQHHSi He xoahtb 6oxBme na Beiepiui HOBipur, 
zoTH 8T0 eio npimafl oSisaHHooiB. 

— Hto 9T0 He npflxan ero otesaHHOOTB, AOSasuBaen Tpexjiinift 
npHHtpi ero npeAmecTBeHHHBa, KOTopsft OHAin ce6i vh KOHTopi h 
HHxoFAa He sariHAHBan amm vb TiopBMy. H 6iU0 Bce nxo h 
npespaoHO. 

— Axi, BH saTporHBaere Moe 6oiLHoe xioro! — JlynesapoBi no- 
Aomeji Kh cToiy h e% rHiBom noAfipoou'B jiesaBmyx) na hoitb 
6yMary. — IIpesHii xofi noMon(HHE% 6un TaBOBi, mo ero HeJBSii 
6hio nyoxaiB vh Tnp&My, He ynnsaH npeornsa aAMHHHCTpai9H, ho 
offb sHara, no KpaflHei Mipi, KOHToposoe a^^o. Tenepemnift... no- 
lOSHTOJiBHO Kaxaa-TO HpoHifl cyAB6u xeHH npeoitAyenl Ero Henss 
B^AB HH Bi sasofi cepBOSHoft 6yirari noAnyontB, Boe Tomo^b se 
HsraAHTi! Caicaro npoororo panopia vb aooatb erpoKi 6e8rb ABaAivm 
rpaiiaTHqeoKixi omHtem . oooraBHTB ne xosen. Bh bhaet6, boh 
pafioTa jiesHn lenepB Ha MHi oahoitb. A nojiosHtexBHo Ezuj^ewh^ 
a OEopo fifiixawb 6yAy bx nooTeu jiohb... SL ho npHBHSi rnyrB 
ooHHy 8a nHCBMeHHHm otojiohiI 

TsAvb OBiaA&TB odhtb 6paBHMi KanHTaHom, EpyriHH n^OKH ero 
nepBHo KOiHxaiHOB, H MHi oHOBa noKasaiooB^ ito ovb 6ujrh 6iiAHte 
H xyAie o6uuoBeHHaro. 

— HlHl se MH-TO BHHOBaTU, TOO BaH!b fjBkWh HOrOAKHft HOMOn^- 

HHBi)? — OEasaii fl, nojBsyflOB diaronpiflTHiuci KoneHTom. — Mnft xa- 
sercH, BuxoAi isi aioro noxosenifl oahsb: bobmosho oBopie yorpa- 
HHTB noAnopyiHsa JIoxoBa... H au Baoi oanx'B, h aia TDpBm 
aro 6yAerB bo boIxi oTHomeHiaxi noiesHO. 



SOHEI^X mUASBCROft TDPBMU. 81 

— Xa. eon6H otb sa» n Bau saBHoin Tasifl Bem^H... 
JlyqeaapoBi samypHiOH h aafiapafiasui no orojiy luaot-To 

umpm%. 

— Bo BOflKoinb cjiyui,— pimHjrb ohi,— flaxo norepniTL. BjAem 
Been nam speon ■ watb lyuiEn BpexoHi. 

— Ki coxai'&HlD, — B08pa8Bjr& a^ ropuo jOMixHyBinHOB,— lann 
6% BaMH KpecTH sepaBHot TiseoTH, I noTOMj sam SRaTL hobob- 
Hosio. Rasot HH-ia-ecT& vEnoKh jipMMidWh 6m!b lenepB se, cefl* 
«iaei se npiiATMan. HHa^e oeroxu (jxen yxiipaTB b'b Kapi^epl 
UlTetHrapTB, a saBipa e... 

— Hy, BToro e se xorin 6hI 

— OAHaso 8T0 ieH86lsflo 67AenI 

CflOBa saBflsaxofl mosat HaiiH ropji^ cnopi. On senoopeAOTBOH- 
Msrk ^axiOBi MH nepeoKaKHBajDi k'b Teopiam s npiHi^HnairB, on 
Teopift onflTB xi A'UoTBHreiBHHicB ^axTaiTb. JIjqeBapoB'L BSHBaxi 
KB xoexj fijiaropaByiiii) h npoBHUOt oAepsaEHOOTB, xoTopyn ooh- 
naA HOXBaiBMH; a, EanpoTHBi, BSsiBan ki ero rjxaHHooTH. Tor^a 
Mot oo6ertAUKB o^esB seA9T0i™c'®KH0 naiieKHyn aa bobxoxhootb 
oaxHTB oypoBHX'B penpeooift, soTopHJi mh MOxeirB Ha oete Hasu* 

KATb H MHOJIB KOTOpiIl'B npHBOAHTB erO, XaiCffraHa, Vb EeBOAIHl 

ipenen... SL OTBi^ai'B Ha arOt ^ro ho saxpuBai) nasi Ha Ojxmee, 
KG noiaraD rtxi ho Menie, ito bo bcovb h sa bob hbhtoh otbIt- 

OTBeHHHlCB OAHHl OHl, KaSl HaiiaUHHSl TDpBMil, H HOffl KOHB^B 

paaroBopa — x» npocrnn mhI fioni OxHxna sa aro, 6htb Mosen, 
seyxioTHoe paaoHnaHie oBan^eHHaro 6Hoepal— h nanoHHHii 6paBOH7 
xanHTaHy o ojxi noroMOTBa h o cPyooxot CiapHHi* XX-ro Bixa... 
nieenriaBiijEt 6urb, xasajiooB, noAaBxeHi bthmi neosHxaHHHii'B 
xanoxoiii Moero xpaonopi^. Mhojeb o tohi, vro ohl aBjuerGfl B'B 
eBoem poxi HOTopHqeoKHiTb leiOBftKom, yw^pnia eny B'B rojioBj— 
OH'B BOOB no6arpoBijrB h naAyjioH, xax'B HHstloxit niiyrB. 

— A HOAyMaD... niTetHrapTa a oeroAmi Biinyn^y... Mii lairB 

nOOMOTpHKll 

— HftTB, ovB ceft^aci, oiD HHHyry aoisbh'b 6b[tb BunyoiieHB, 
Hsaie 6yAeTB hobaho. Ob hhitb yse A^aDioH rauDi^uaipH... Uu 
HO HotAem Ha patexy, noxa bh ero ne BsnyoTHre! 

— A BHoynQT oeft^aoi xe, xax'B toaxo bh yflAore xa pa6oTy. 
dro yoioBie. 

— Bh AA^te ojeobo? 

— Aa. Ho bh aoxshh hath na patery. 

m^m% 6uxe noAXOAxn a x'b TDpBvi, rtn cHnxle onpa^ajiacB 
■ ooTHBaia xofl paAOcn. H xorAa CHoaa pacTBopHJixoB sxaxoxHa 
pimeTqaTHa Bopora, h h yBXAin nepeAi^ oo6ofi Mpauoe BAaaie h 
He xexie HpauHt ABopi, otoxbxo yxe Arh 6HBinift OBHAiieiex'B 
Boaxaro poAa o6ha'b h yEHZOHil, 8Ton orpoMHut A^opB, no xoto- 
poxy, xopqaoB on xoioab, cxoBan Tarn h caitb yrpDMHH, HoxyAa- 
ixui ^arypH, laA oiajio ouhtb xax'B ropBxo h xaxi crpaniHO sa 6j-* 

J6 4- OTA**-* I. 6 



82 P7CGK08 BOrATCTBO. 

jsjnifiel %o SHa^TTi Boi an a^eiiepEnfl h sQiipoiEiM oioboohhji 
no6iAEi, KorAft BnepexH tvpejifltowrb emfi ujbMaA pax^ WEWBurb ■ 
ysaomrb An? XBaim ju ohu ixi BinieeTH? CjivieHo is nam 
KorAa-HHtfyxB osoba jBHAiib <BOAH£ift 6iMat OBin>, rffb jidai 
ropxo H npjDfo Hocan sa nieun roiOBy, sebjtb, ho ssaji yu- 
seHit H orpaxa? 

He yoniu. mh n BaiepBflHoirb BepsyrBCfl vb axon aohb hsx 
pyAHHsa, EaKi siMtSHpaieiB, npiBEKaBmiA on sohboh apeoTaHTOBi, 
npiflTHO ooua6HBiiuioB, o&iOBwrh Ham: 

— A roonoAHffb IIlTeHrop'B .yaE:B BHDynteflHl 

— Jlip,? Tsb om,? 

— Bi fioAHHi^-oi. OqeHL, roBopim, oia6H... 

Mh TOT^aoi se no6ixaiH bx Goxmlmuj h lairb, ff&fioTBHrejiBHO, 
HamiH HlTefiHrapTa, (iii^Haro, Hoxyxaiaro, so paffocno HairB yjm- 
6aBmaroofl h noaooiaBmaro pysH. 

— EoTB npiflTHas hobootb,— CRasajrb owh. 

— %o TaKoe? 

— Mfli no oeKpery ooo6ii](Kn> oahkb si^8ipaT0jn&, tto IDeGTH- 
TJiasHfi coBoirb sanpeTunb JIoMOBy nooin^aTB TDpBiiy. 

Mh rpoMKO iHEOBaiH. JI oraJii pascsasBraaiB noxpoSHOOTH OBoeS 
yTpoHHefi 6aTajiiH. 

— A<^, BipoflTHo, H Apyn Ham's o% OBoefi oiopoHH He xpeiuerb? 

— Emfi 6h1 Hi^o 6h ki Heiry sanncouy oinpaBHTb. 

n MH norpysHucB bi oboh noBoeAHBBHHe safiOTH h HHiepeoH. 
He oMorpa Ha EaTcropHqeoKoe HSBioiie o tovl, wio JIomobi okohu* 

TOJIBHO <OTOTaBJieHl» OTb TDpBMH (ofrb aTOMl ySO H K06HlSa BCH 

enajia h fioiiajia Mexxy co6oft), noiHoft yB-lpoHHOCTH y naoi erne 
He 6h£0 h Be^epaei nosipu mh sa^ih cb odn^HHirb BoaiHeHieirL. 
Ho yAapHJTB sBOHOKi, H noABopoTHHfi AosypHsfi npoKpH^an* BHyx- 
peHHeMy HaxsHpaTejii): <noBipafiTel Hhkofo ho 6yAen». Boii^'B 
aartMi BopoTa pacnaxnyiHCB, h bi hex's cl myMovB h xoxotohi 
BBajiBiaoB Toina Apyraxx HaASHpaTeiefl. Ohh toso, o^obhaho, paAo- 

BaUCB 0B060At. 

— RoMaHAyfire la MOUTByl — saEpHUjn etoto hbi BomeAiiiHxi, 
H Eo6HiEa, He AosiA&ACB EOHaHAH Aexypnaro, aan^a, ^to Haan- 
saeroH cnpoxBaia, ToponflOB h naio aa6oTflOB o BipnooTH nanftBa. 

Ho BApyrB Bci BaAporHyu h pasoM-B noATflHynoB; niB^e na 
MTHOBeHie oioBHO nonepxHyjEHCb h sartirB na^aiH niiB, sasi cjtk- 
Ayen: noAT» BoporaiiH, HeosEAaHHO jifia, Boix'B, noHBEiaoB Mpa^naa* 
^Hrypa JIoMOBa... Mh cb BaxepBaHom nepenaHyjiHOB: <%o ze aTo 

3iaHHTl)?» 

SaMeAXHBi inarH h ohhbi npn aByxaxi HoiHTBeHHaro niEui 
inanEy, oh-b Bomen bb Aosypnyi) EOHHaiy. Mh Boi yBHAan ero 
TOT^aci y OEHa, BHXOAHBinaro na TDpeicHHfi ABOpi, — okb (tb saA- 

HOCTBK) npHBHSl EB CTOEJiy H BOOB, SaSaiOOB^ DpOBpaTHJIOH Bl CO* 

sepi^aHie... 



r 



KOHEIl'B inBJEABBCKOt TDPUfH. 83 

He cMifl ooxymaTBCfl npAMoro sanpemeHui IIIeoTHriasaro bxoahtb wh 
TnpBMj^os'B xoTiflxxoTb HSAAJ^H noMM>6oBvtbfM oiaAOOTHim ero oepAiiy 
spixin^eirB apeoraHTOKoft oySopxHsai^iH... Hso aha Vb jifiEb ma 6umm 
ei STHxi nopi OBHAiiejum see Taxot xe yxuHreJUULOt xapnHH: 
sasAHlt paai bo Bpeiia Be^epset noBipKH JLouowl saxoAUx vh 
xexypHTD xoHHaxj sa Boporaxs tdpbmh k, oraBi lan noffb osHon^ 
S8o6pasaj[% h8i oefia OTBepseHiaro. ^Hem OB'S lasse He noaBJUuoa 
toxBme Bi mpBiifi ■ bod x^Teamnb obod nepeieei bi boibeji) 
KOMaHAyt rxi orspHBan Boasaro poxa ctiesnopaxosi* s Hapymesie 
jliGi^HJUHifiL Tan niecTHrxasHl npexocraBEjn peiEBOMy noM on^HiKy 
nonyx) 0Bo6oAy xiioTBilt, h upauHfi noxnopyvK'B npoBBxaxb obox> 
BiaoTB n caicHxi^ niHpoKHX'B pasxipaxi, npHfiiraa ffiMB k'b qomohih 
poson. Gjiyxi o TkieoHuxi laxasaHiax'B vb BoiBiot xoxaHj^i to-i- 
A^o AOOTHraJi'L leaepB BamExi ymeft, lasze 6oii3HesHo xUoTBya 
la sepBu, xaxi bi 6iuoe Bpeiia, xorAa a 6un b-l niexai en^e 
OAm, a aa ' JlyqesapoBa aamxa oAaasAH noiooa waajs) oaaoAyp- 
oTBa. HpesBiraaiao xapaKrepao 6uxo au JIoMOBa, qio oai juriao 
npHoytoTBOBaii apa sasAoft r&xeoaoft pacnpasi a oaai ouTan 
uoio oTBioiaaaux'B yAapoBi. 

— Caapao! — ^pasAaaaxacB KoaaaAa 
finxaxca Kb xiory asaexyqiH aa saj] 
aianKy aoioII 

H nparoBopeaaufi ki posravB apel 
MonaxaBO osaAan jifiuaxAimETb apHxal 

— PasAlBaTBoal.. — KoaaaAOBaxi jIomobiT^ auuiiMUUV, Aposa 
Bcin TiioirBt pasAbBaxoa. Asa ADssax'B xasasa apaaaaaxaoL aa 
.^aoxe^ayx) pa6oTy, npaqeai JIohobi to-b a^io BgBasraBaji'B: 

— Qo aacToameay!.. Kaxi osbujerbl.. Besi xyxaBoiBal.. 
KoviajiaeB €pa6oTa», a oaii yAaxaioa Aoaofi crb oosaaHieai veerao 

BHaaiaeaaaro Aoxra. nepexaBaxa, aesAy apo^aai, 6yATo oai spattae 
ooacaiixB o Toai, ^to b'b IHeJiai ae aaliooB OBoero aaxa^a, a au 
aaxasaaii nxeTBaa no oyAy apeoraaroBi oioHxaia wb Axra^a. IIo- 
eilAHee 6uxo, xoaeiao, 6oxBinaa'B o^aoTBeai au Ko6£ixKa, lax'B 
aan aoAofiaui pesaaTexB saxoaaooTa, aaBipaoe, ae oAaoro npa- 
cyxAeaaaro xi nxeiaMi saraaii 6ii vb rpo6x: vkff^ asBtcrao, ^to 
a OAaoro yA^pa nxeiBD cno aaoToameay» Baoxai AooraTono aia 
Toro, ^To BHina6aTB jsjxb nn qeJioBtxa... 

Bayipa TDpBati Boi^apaxooB bo Boaxoa'L oxynl oTpaAaoe ono- 
xoflcTBie. Mbi yse aa^aaaxa AOBoxbxo xerxoaHcieaao AyMaiB, vro 
TOXBBO ^To nepesBTHft apaqanfi aepioA'B aameft SHsaa aaBoerxa 
oTomexi Vb o6xaoTB npeAaait a SoxBine ae Bepaeioa... Tixi ae- 
npiaTafte, xoae^ao, 6iixo Baesaaaoe npo6ysAeBie otb QBtoiux'B 
rpevb. OAaaa^AH yrpoai au n BamypoBBiai oo6paxaoB bahi bi^ pyA- 
aaxB aa pa6oTy (IIlTefiarapTB Bceen^e le^axi bi 6oiBaaqi, aoAxeaao 
HonpaBxaacB otb caxBaaro aepBaaro pascTpoloiBa); BApyn aaAsapa- 
TexB, ^pesBH^aftao BOTpeBoseaHuH, npoa^asoa no xoppxAopy, xpaqa: 

6* 




84 pyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

— ropflae pa6otie, orpoical Xnofi pjsol! Getiaoi noxom-^ 

Ko(Shik» noonlniHO erpouaoB bb XBopi no pb6ovbicb rpynaairb.. 
HexoyMiBBH, ornpaBBiflOB h mh be oboo iiiOTO. SaxoBi BepBsa 
n^eiKXjn^ BopoTB jrpoxannie paonaxsyiHOB— h rpysHincB, TopoiUBBo- 
ery^anqiifH maraxB JLouovb BanpaBBJioi npaifo si Bam. 

— Cxflpp-aa! manKB Aoi-iolt!— OBOMaHXOBan Hiu(8BpaTejiB. Bci 
roiOBH MOveBTaiBBo o6BaBuriioB. 

npsnoABBU OBOB maasB h mu ci BamypoBHm ■ lepesi btbo- 
Besie bbaIib an cbobb. droro toibxo b bjsbo 6iuo JIomobj. 

— Bes-Do-pBAOKb!— nocjHinaiGfl Torqaoi se BBBrjoBHt KpBXi.— 
Kto Tan? Kto bi manxi? 

Obi oqjTBioji Bosxi BamypoBa. 

— SL Bi^B Ban nouoBBicB,— o6iBOHfln BaiepLBBib, — pasBi^ 

BU Be BBABU? 

n OffB, oBBBi emfi pan maiiKj, oojiTBn ee b obobb EBAin 
Ha roxoBy. dro teio lasBn BeoiuaHHim 668nopHAK0n, ^to 
JIOMOBi ^a BioKOjf>BO oesyBxi, sasaiooB, asEoss nflDuoa b paere- 
pan B(A MHOifl. HaxoBeqi, owh Eameiofl: 

— Mu Be TOBapBom... Sxiob ae SHasoifOTBo, a toibko oy6opAB- 
Bai^l HMBBpaieiBi vh sapi^ep'B ero! 

— Apeoiyflie h MeBB Tasse, a Tose vh manxi otoDi — BHory- 
imn a Bnepexi, noAospiBaa, ^to JIomobj xo^en yxOBOiBOTBOBaTBoa 
oxaan toibxo BamypoBHXi. 

— Hy, TBKi a ero bsbtb! — ^BSBBsrayn, touo yasaieaaHl, JIo- 
xoBi a, noBepayBmaoB aa saKiyaaxi, nomen k'l BopoTam. 

Kaxan ofipason nonan okb b% bio yTpo vb TDpBiiy, aojry- 
lan n xosBoxeaie meorariasaro, an ptmflioa cbiioboibbo npo- 
aaxayTB Vb ndrepaaaHt ex^n, 06% 8Ton xh tbei a ae ysaaix 
aasorxa; Ban 6h to aa 6hjio, ho jIomobi xoctbtb* caoet i^txa » 
(SBtn, BipoBTBO, Bnoxal xoBOJieai oo6ox>. HeiBsa, anpoveai, oxa- 
saiB, no6i a a ae lyacTBOBan aixoToparo apaBcxBeaaaro yxoBie- 
TBopeaia. Tone ropa xaxaa oaajiaiaoB a Hoaxi aie^ii, xorxa xsepK 
xapi^epa saTBopaiacB aa aaxoxi, a a anepBue oiyrajioa b% xpome^- 
sot a aaseaBxoft Texaot xaHopxi, lamB oia6o ooaln^eaaolt naxaa- 
ffl BMb BgB x oppaxopa B% XBepayD ^opTOuy obItomi. Okbo, bhxoxbb- 
mee aa TnpeaaHi XBop%, soerxa fiiuo nioTao saxpsTo onyii^eHBHa'B. 
oiaBaea'B. He yonin a oo6paTBoa oib HHoian a vyBCTBaaa, xan 
m% xpyroTO xoBita xoppaxopa noemmaxca Beeexut ciri^rb BaxepBaaa. 

— HBaai HflxoxaeBB^il xaxi noxxBaere? Hto xyBBtre onpo« 
OBTB ceGi aa saBTpaxi — fia^mrexci axa pooTea^^i? 

— A, aiyTxa vb cropoay, xaxB bu xyvaere aaoierB aan^ no- 
orynHTB? 

— CxasaTB Ban npaaxy, a ae ooo6eaao xD&no 0% njenatk. 
BLexyxxon caxtTB... 

— Oao TBKi; BO, saaeie, nooxi Toro,xan DlTetarapn... 



JKOHEI^'B mSJUBBCKOfi TDPLMH. 85 

— He cam Tose sptdkn. IIoiipo67eirbl viji^ He fiora ropmsH 
^ofinraDTiil 

TaKi nepeuHsajDicB mh aoboaho aojo'o. HasoHei^'L, non'b okhomi 
. noemmajioa roiooi UlTeiHrapTa. Owb npionen hsi (Soibhu^h pas- 
tnpooHTL Han o co6HTiax'B yrpa. JIoqjA Hero kto-to APjroft nocTj- 
'^an Bi oraBeHB; 

— MnKoaiaHU, xpjnl 

SI ysHaxL rojiocx ^pKa. 

— Maoa He.xomB in? Orypi^OBi vh JlyH&KOBiurb KapayitTL, a: 
siBofi pyKot noAarB. 

Ci TpyAOM'L jtijusm a CBoero npiHTejui, ^to6i ohb aioro He 

— Jla TK He TaKx n ysi, Kasi niTeHropi, saffyMan? 

— KaKl BTO? 

— Xa TaEfB, He hotb... Hy^aKi, Bi^B saMpeniBl KaKaa noiBsa^ 
soMy HaAo! 

Ho, He AOSX&BHIHCB OTBiia Ha OBOft BOnpOOl, XOtfpBK'B OOCKOUXB 

nooniniHo oi noAOKOHHHKa, h h ojiuiian, kbbi oh-b OBoelt rpysHoft, 
soBHaiflnn^eft noxoAKofi yieneTHBarB oo Boixi non: o^eBHAHO, no- 
AavB 6aarB onrHajTB o djusKolt onaoHOOTH... 

ToHHTeiBHO noniHyxHOB qacH sa ^oaiin. BorB oposBenirB ko- 
lOKoiBUX'B Ha o6iKb. C% BeoejifiiMi roBopoMi nponm no ABopy 
BepHyBmieofl mi> ^aoxepoBix'B apecTaHTH, lopoiiflOB bi^ saiiepH 
o6txaTB H OTXHxaiB. SL HBiTBeHHo pasJiH^an roioca HiBOTopux'K 
H3i hhx'b; pasroBapHBaju Bce o Ben^ax^ nocTopoHHHTB. Y Coxbidhh- 
CTBa He 6BU0, oieBHAHO, oorparo HHTopeaa hi HameHy x^T« ^^^ 

AU HHX'B nOHHTHOHy H HOTOHy HBIO BiUHBaBHieMy OO^BOTBlfl. 

— (k^umdA a in npoAai MHi tBoe Maoo, a 601BHO hto-to spaib 
BaxorbjTB oeroAHH. 

— A OHli H rOBOpHTB HHi: <TEI, FOBOpHTB...! 

— H le&i Kaltjiy vh 6oKOBHHy sanyniy, son vb Apyroft pasi 
oxoBO laRoe yammyl 

Gi» TaKHMH pi^aMH, Kyna sa Kyuoft^ npoxoAHn apeoTaHm noA> 
samHHH oBHaMH H, HaKOHei^'B, Bee Banxio. Ha^aioa otfiA^^ a aa- 
TbvB OTAHSB. ApiejiBHHtt erapooxa, vb conpoBOZAeHiH Aexypnaro 
j[aA9HpaTexa, npHHeoi h naaib xjE[i6i^ 0% BOAoft. 

— He otfesoyABTe, HBani HHKoiaeBH^, ceroAna BaMi ropa^et 
manji He noxaraeToa, a ysi sanrpa fieanpeatHHo noAaAHirb, — xaoKOBO, 
coTTH HOKaTOJiBHO OKasaii ToAyHOBx, BOOBEia KO hhI Vb ^opTO^sy 
4SBoe apaoHoe ihi^o. 

A OTBi^aJTB, qio Bce paeno He orany HH^ero icTB. 

— 8to bh HanpaoHo, npaao, nanpaoHOt — ^bb oahtb rojiooi* saifi- 
THXH H cTapocTa H HaASHpaieiB. ^oproisa saxioanyjiaeB na saABHSKy, 
H marn chouxh. 

neperoBapHBaiBoa n BaiepBaaoMi mu Bcsopi 6pocflXH — npaxo- 
j^HxooB oieHB rpoMKo BpnqaTB, h 8to HaAO'bA&'O. HonsiTaioa a 611x0 



86 P7CCK0B BOFATCTBO. 

leHb sa KopoTxyn s seorsyi) aiaBsy, HenoABJisHO npHKpiiueHKyih 
Ki ortHi, BO Jiesatb 6iuo oinnsoirE seyxodHo, h oon ve nrejTB. 
PoioBa BHiajia b 6oiij[a on cHJiBHaro lepBHaro B0867SAeBifl; mhcxi, 
offia npjKA 6e80Bfl8flie b Hoiin'&e, BOiionnuHOb kl Mosry. A oiihtl 
BOTasaii Ha bofh, nuraioa xoahtb vsB^b h Bnepexi no xapi^epy, 
HO H xoAB6a HO ffooTaBAua HH Maiiimaro yAOBonoTBifl, tbri xasi 
0B060AHO HOXHO 6iuo CA'i^xaTB Bcero jubib ABa mara. 

CHOBa npoeBOHii'L bbohoki na pafiory, h cHOBa 01 mynoHB npo- 
HUH noA'B OHEOVB ToiHii apecTasTOBi. Repeal ^acL nooii tofo^ 
eiHniHo 6uio, fiepEyncB ropBxie pa6o4e. BE obhtb boo bbthxio, 

KaK'B B'B HOrfll'l, TOJIBKO SpOBB rpOHKO OTyiaiB FB BHOKaX!B: <TyKi»- 

TyvB-ryKiI TyKB-Tysi-TyBil* HicsoiBKO pasib B'B Te^enie pui boa* 
(Aran n oMiy IDTeftHrapn^ xoia cBiA&siH bth hi eiiy, hh bbmb 
He AOoraBJUiu oipaAH. Coo6n^HTB Apyi^ Apyry 6iuo pimHreiBBo 
Hoqero. SL BauBan, nexAy rbni, on^ynu^tB My^HieiBHui fojioak 
EaBi Ha rpiTB, noyrpy a BHrnen Ha'pafioiy, ho npiipoByBBiHOB 
HH K'B xii6y, HH Bi ^aD. BnpoieMB, bbtb y hohh en^e ne 6iuo 
ooo6eHHaro nosuBa. 3a to BaniypoBi a^bho yse saAOBaioa na cub- 
HyD sasAy^ BOTopyD yBeu^HBaio eme ooo^aotbo xapso HaroiueH' 
Hot ne^KH. UlTeSHrapTi npofioBaxi 0iiio yfilAHTB hbob ofiOHxi ho 
noApasBTB eny h hhtb, no spaftHefi Hipi BOAy, ho mu ooiaiBOB 
npH OBOOH'B pimoHifl. YAapBn, BasoHaqB, boioeoibwb'b Ha BO^ep- 
HDD noBipsy. Bb ary oanyD HBHyiy sto-to loponiBBO bobohhjtb Ha. 

nOAOKOHHHKB. 

— TocnoAal 

— 9to bh, ^HHTpii IleTpoBBq'B? 

— GeharB oiHaraiB hobootb: plmeHo, 6yAT0 6u, paacajraTB 
HacB no pasHHVB pyAHHKaH'B: CiyxB btotb hcxoahtb» Bnpo^eHB, 
OTB KO0HJIBH,— 6htb Hoxen, H BpyTB. A BOTB yrpoHB o6iniaHo 
nncBMO — BipoBTHO, OTB APyra— TOFAa Boe ysnaeHB. 

niTeflHTaprB noonlniHO ymen, h bojAa^ sarbuB nooiHmaiaob 
KOHaHAa Ha HOJEBTBy: snaqBTB, na nosipKi npHoyrerBOBan omiTB 

OAHH TOXBKO HI^3BpaT62H. 

Ho^ nponua fiesB CHa, bb TarooTHOHB TOHieBiH h HeBeoexuxs 
AynaxB. Koftsa 6£ua tbrb xopoTKa, no MOssHBmifl h 6o8b tofo 

HOFH HeBOSHOBEHO 621X0 npOTHHyiB HB HOfi, AB H BB HSFOXOBBC HO- 

qero 6hio noAxosETB. Bb npoTHBonoxoxHOOTB BamypoBy, xoiopara 
cTpamHO nparpftfiaxa oociAHBH sexiSHafl neqsa, nni finxo xoxoaho. 
Rapi^epB npeAoraBXflXB co6oft BacToamyD HaxeHBsyD HiimejioBEy, 

Vb XOTOpofl HeXBSfl 011X0 EH lOaKaiB, HE XOAETB. ToXOAEfilft ^Op- 

BHEB nepecTaxB oooaTB noAB xose^xoft, h toibko foxobb 6oxixa 

flecrepnEHl^e npesEHro, toheo co6EpaxaoB xonayrB no bo^hb niBaHB... 

KaxB 8T0 Boe rxyno, ebsb o6flABO-rxynol xaKoe noAioe noxoxe- 

Eie! — BUpHBaXCH tO-E-AlXO XpHKB E3B FpyAE, E BB 6e8CEXBE0HB 6i- 

nteBCTBi fl nBTBJicH CA&xaTB no oBoefl xxiTRi abb EonoxHiaxB mara. 
Bb Kanepl TOBapBmia 6kuo thxo. cG^cTXEBOirb, AT^n a ob sa- 



KOHEH.'b mBlABBOKOK TDPbMH. 87 

BHonD, on Mosen cnatB hho ATMaTB*!.. Toibko no^i canoe yTpo 
corHyBinxoB n Tpx norntSen, nojqrJiexa^ noxjOHflfl, saSjEuoa h a sa 
siKOTopoe Bpena Tjimiii^ OBHHiioBH]r& csomi; ho mi noKasaiooB, 
HTO xuiea aron ooai Boero ubib oaho imroBeHie: a npooHyioa, 
Apoxa Boim riiowb k ory^a 8j6aMH on HeBiiEociifaro xoiOAa, a 
BTb ymarb xohtb enie ijj^urb KaKOfi-To MeramqeoKift otsbjkx. cAra! 

•TO, XOJUEHO 6hTB, 8B0H0SI Ha HOBipHJi. Ed's KoppH](opa He 

npoHisaio eniie hh xj^a OBiia: o^bh;iho, na ;pop'£ 6hio tomho; 
HO BOTL noanunaioH mjHi rojioooBi^, tohotl Hon>, 6pHKaHBe san- 
sajiOBi H uDiet. FpoMKo sasiBajTB k BamypoBi wb KOHi^i KoppnAopa. 

rOIOffUlt lepBHE'b OOHTB BaBOBHlOfl BHyTpH. 

— KaKi nouBan, HBaHi HmsoiaeBHTB? A npexoTaBBie, tto 
MHi BOD Eou chhioqb: BeuKoxtnaUmit yxEKxI Ah^> xoiOAHaa 
-reuTHHa, bxho, ho naBEoe — Bo^a... Atb, hio 8to 6ii£a sa BOAa! 
CBisaa, npospanaa, BKjoHaa... KiHHycB Bam, a HHEorAa EHqero 
HOAo6Haro He iihi'b! A bu tto bo cni BHAin? 

— npHfilESHTeiBHO, BipOHTHO, TO SO CaHOO. 

— Xa-xa-xal Hto se aio, OAHaso, ^HHrpift AOiro ne noBasH- 
Baeroa? Ghhtb, mo n? Xotb 6h no pfAHHKaiTB nooKopie pasBesn 
naoBl A TO sa^ob otb oahoA oKynnpE nponsAeniB. 

niTetHrapTa Ham, AifloTBExeiEBHo, npniuooB Aoiro aiw^TB. 7se 
ooBciiTB pasoBiio, H apecraHTH pasomiHCB no pa6oTaMi^ KorAa no- 
oiHmajiHOB, HaKonei^, erp aiHXopaAo^HO-ToponiHBHe mam. Ho, ne 
yeniBi en^e bobohhtb na noAosoHHHKi, ohb rpoHso saspH^an: 

— 7ppal PaAyfaecB, no-fii-Aal 

— Hto oiyOTiocB? Bi TOMi AtJO? 

— JLomowb yxoAHTB... CoBoiinl Baoi cetiAVb BHoyoxaTB... 

— Xa TK He 6penieniB? 

— H napoHHo ne men paHBme, irofo AOVAt^TBca aipHHX'B 
HBBioTit. ApT^ coofin^aeTB, vro noiy^ena ceroAHH hohbd TeierpaHMa 
(n» npeinHoaHieiTB JLouobj vl AsaAi^aTB ^oTupe ^aca noKHnyTB 
meiafl H ixaTB na HOBoe xicTo. Ifo hojihi^ BaKaa-To aoixhootb... 

— BorB xaKil 8to, A^^OTBHreiBHo, hoboctbI 

— TaBl BOTB TTO SHaWO «APy8Bfl AiAOTByDTl^... 

— Hy, H xoiOAei^ se aia Anna ApsaABeBHal SHaemB ^xo, 
niTeiHraprB? Bb nepBiifl se pasi, Kaxi phahhib ee, tzi ee pao- 
qftiyt on mohh... Xopomo? 

— A naoKOAKo Bce exo, ^MHTpift nerpoBHTB, ne noAiesHTB 
eoMHiHin? 

— Al Bu H BAioB He yTpaxHiH aamero o6BraHaro OBenrHi^HSMa, 
Hnani^ HHBOJiaeBHTL? ycnoKofirecB OAnaxo. SI yse h otb naASHpa- 
TeieS exHman, hto JIoxobi ceroAHa ytesaoTB. Pane yTporB on 
yse aaxasan CTOiapy an^Hn a^b Bon^et... 

— A xoserB 6iiTB, yMnpaxB xo^eTB ci ropa — Taxi rpofo au 
ce6a? — nomyTHJTB BajiepBan. 



88 PyCCSOB BOFATCTBO. 

— Ysi He SHU). BpflRvn, Biipoqen. On, Kaseiodi, He h8«l 
TaBOBOEHXi, Tro6i AJxoHi niutaTB! 

PasroBopi nnjirh 6wPh npespa^eHi sarpeMiBmni'L vb xoppHxopi 
Bapitepa saMKorb. mTeftHrapn oKasaioa npasi, k jsfiMjpmi HaAU- 
paieiB, npiflTHO jxheuhhol bo Boe ihi^o, hbuoh ooBoSosAaiB naoi, 
a oaHoro IDTetHrapTa BoiiAi aartHi BHSBan sa Bopoia. Ohi Bep- 
HjJiGH OTTjAa ToiBEo uoa ^oposi HOlTOpa. 

— JtjHeeapoBi, hto jih, BuaHBan?— HasHHynoB hh na nero 
elite Ha oepexrai XBopa. 

— He yraAan: na npaKtHKy xojquil 

— Kasi Tasi? Saann, onaia BOHUJtaoB? 

— CoBepmeHHo h 6e8i ooraTU. H SHaeie n kx sohj xoxhtb? 
Kb xpyry- 

— Hyl pa80U8HBaATe xe Boe no nopsAKyl 

— Ahhb ApsapeBHa, oKasKBaeroa, en^e tpbtbhto ahh nojtyma 
TeierpaHMy HHOosasaTeiBHaro ooAepsaiifl, h31 KOTopoft ysnaia, mto 
Xlio 6fl BHHrpaHO^ h TDpeHHafl BapBepa JIoMOBa OKOH^eHa. Bnpo- 
^eiTB, OHa. oOiaoHflerB btotb yonixi ae oahehi toako cbohhi bjdh- 
mem; ryn x'i^ioTBOBau aoboibho oiosheu MaxHHa^iH... JifiMO wh 
TOVB, HTO H oaiTB UleciHrjUkSHft eaBaiHBaxi vh nooiiA^^o Bpena 
Ha^aiBOTBo AOHOoaHH Ha J[oHOBa: owb nasfinan hxi KonrpAOHooaHH, 
Tan KaKi noAoapiBan, tto Johobi hb Hero nooHiaen aohoch... 
A iHStHO cMeKBD, TTo H Tyn A&io He o6onuooB 6ez% miiiltiiiet Ahhu 

ApKaABeBHH. 

— A HM6HH0? 

— Mni xaseroHy ona eiynftjia BnymHTB 6paB0Hy KaHHTany TaBia 
noAOspiaia aaoqen JIoMOBa, na oaaorb se a^jA ohb, 6htb moxbt^, 
HOBHEHte rpyAHoro KiaAOHi^a fiHJTB... Biipo^eai, a ae aaoiaHBaB 
Ha OBoevB npeAHoaoaseHiH. Bo bohkovb ojiynai, oaai Toro ne shah, 
nieoTHriaBHft Hrpan hbm^ na pyKy, Aheb se ApKaA^eBHa Busasaia 
orpoMHHt AHHJioiiaTa^eoKii TaxaarB. 

— FocHOAa, HBAO eft noAHeoTH GiaroAapoTBeanHft aApeoi. 

— Hy, npoAOisaftre, Jifimp^t IleTpoBHTBl 

— O^^Hi^iasBHaa leierpaaHa o6i OToiaBKi JIohobb noiyuJtaob 
Biepa vh ABffcaaAitaTOVB ^taoy ho^h, h Jly^eaapOBi npesAO Boero 
npHfiisan ci hod ki AHHi ApsaABeBHi. 3a nocxiAHle ahh ohb 
Boofime CHXBHO onaTB noApyauuHOB... Owb eiaai, TO^ao SyAio oAep- 
auuti Beu^aamyx) b^ saaaa no6iAy, k to^ho 6yAT0 JIohobi Boace 
H He 6iijrB A^Taa^eMi ero oofioTBeaHux'B pyail OAHaso, sorAa Aaaa 
ApKaABBBHa npoAiosHJia eay HeaeAieHHo se BHnyoraTB aaoi aa 
oBo6oAy, ovB oTEioaan aio npeAiosenie: <nyoKaft npooHAan ho^, 
pi^ooTB 6yAerB noiorb oa£BHte». Oaa coua, Koae^ao, aa ay^niee 
He aaoTaasaTB. 3a to hoa^ aoaeiiti OBBAaaia eft oA^aaooB Aypso, 
OHa Ha^axa otohbtb a saiOBaTBoa Ha Baeaaiiauft npacTyai oepA^e* 
6ieaia... OrapacB-MyarB BorpeaosHioa, Jlyqeaapoei ea^e Toro nyn^e h 
Tyn se BHaaaaoa npariaoarB aeaa... Ho Aaaa ApaaABeaaa a aA^ob 



r 



KOHBI^ niBlAEBGSOfi TDPBMH. S9 

vpoflBua resiajiBHHft lasn. Et BOBce ho jiDfomiTKO 6iiio bba'^^tb 
MeHa vb npHojTOTBiH fipasaro RamraHa, x osa saaBHia, hto sin 
saoTOjiTeiBHoA Hys^H ipeBoxHTb KeEii HOUK) ^To efi oraxo ly^me, 
a HTo eoxH jrpon ousrb oxiiaeroa xjse, Torxa... Hy^ yTpou eft 
craio, pasjirleTOfl, xyse, h boti a oiyTuofl sa BopoTan. 

— A UKB otseoefl Jlouowb si OBoeft BHeaansot OTOiaBBi? He- 

BBBiOTHO? 

— Kasi HeHSBioTHOl Mysi Ahhu ApsaAbeBHH BHAin ero h 
e^BJrh HyxHHirb Bupasarb ooteiisHOBaHie. 

— Hy, H wo se omb? 

— <Boia, roBopHTi, xa^aiBOiBa, Hame ms x^Jio ho pascysi^aTs, 
a noBHHOBaxbCfli. 

— BoTL Ay^Hsal.. 

— HlTB, BaiepBnrL, owh, no Hoeiiy, xoioxei^. Ao soHi^a ooTaeioff 
ceM BipeHib. Ho a. m bob eqe pasoKasan Bam, roesoxa. Hpex- 
ciaBBTO: 41 yse oo6Hpajicfl yxoAHib, sas's BxpyrB BJieiaen... oain> 
BensoiiiDuit JlyTOsapoBil Beoen, pymiHi... Hy, h oxin AOBOJibio 
xetiesHOHHO, a OAOSOJioHOjrB Tasi s aaiuo bod KoiaaTy... Hpflxo kg 
XHi: tXjdJLtao sxpaBOTBOBaTLl KaKi HaxoAKre samy 6oiBHyD? He 
npaBAa me, osa uoMomowh oeroAHs rjUAm? Hy, a Bame KaKi sffo- 
poKbe? Ha^^CB, Tenep& se oraHere 6oxBine xBopaTb?» noortsHJia 
^pasa roBopxTQH n npiflTHfttmei jxa6soi, a BsruA^ lasB h Hipaerb. 
k, xoHeuo, OTBi^an Tose HaAesAot, hto meneph Bce notAOTi no- 
HOBOHy, no-iyHmexy, h xh ci jnotSeeioixH nouoxaxx pasoiaiEOB... 
OAxaso, a duAiEFh, tio osi OHnHO noxopmuea, Kor^a bojAa^ sa 
rhrb AxHa ApuABeBaa oxBaTHia xeaa sa pyxy, h^ckoxbro pasi 
xplnxo nosaxa ee a BHpasixa Bcxyxi paA% caxHxi Aotipsm no- 
sexaaiS xai a xoaxi TOBapaiqaxi. Bb AOBepmeaie Boero toxbko 
^TO Bepapmiiea oixyAa-TO eoayii> Tose, ae pasAyxHaaa aoxto, 
ooAftxi waA pyxy. IHeoTarxasut coBoixi (iu'b opaxeai! 

— A TenepB, roonoAa, — ^saxoavurB niTeSHrapTB,— noftAexre-xa bi 
MOD saxopxy a oinpasAxyexi o^otixBoe as6aBxeaie Tpexi 6a6ielt- 
oKXTB orpoKOBi, 6poineaaiixi wh hqjum oraeaayx), otb oxepra (leGa 
BiA^ BaxepBaaii^ Kaaxeroa, AiflcTBareiBao, noAsapaBaxa a^epa?). 
7 xeaa xoxoso ootb, saBapaxi 6aflxoBHft ^ail a oraaexi xeft^OBaiB! 

HpeAxoseaie aio 6iuo eAaaorxaoao OAo6peao, a, aeoexo oxiacB 
a rpoxKo pasroBapaaaa, xh oTopaBaxaoB bi doxBaai^y. 

(UpodoAoiceHie CAVbdyetm). 

n. Me/lbUIMHB. 



nETEPByprCKIH BJlOXHOBEHIfl. 

(OHepKt). 



Bujm TexHuft AeicatfpBCRift abeb h mopochjli xosahkb. U&ipb 
HBaHOBH^'b Jispovb vb Taxie she qjioxo pa6oTajrb, qacTO npe- 
AaBaflCB HaaoxyniHoxj ynuHiK). Borb h cerojtHH, He CMOTps sa 
Bcdft ycHjk sacraBHTB ce6fl uphhatbch sa x^o, ohi qyBCiBOBaan», 
"iTo HH^ero njTHaro h8% aroro ho BuftA^n, oa^ca h oinpaBHjica 
n npiATejiK), KOToparo bt» bth ucu Bcerxa mosho 60210 sa- 
craTb AOHa. Eorxa He pa6oTajiocb, owh He jDotfHjrB, hoaoCho 
iiHOFHiTb TOBapHn^anib no npo^ecciH, maiaTBCfl no yaHiiairB,Hnta 
cjiyqaftHux'b BCTpin h Btie^axjiiHift, a ciapajDicH saHATBCfl ^^to- 
HH6yAB He Hiri^BmHm HHqero otfn^aro ci HHcaTejiBCTBOKb. 

TenepB okl nanpaaHJiCfl kb xyAOSHHKy CHJia^eBy, <ito6ki^ 
no npocBdi oahhxi snaKoiCBixi, hphi^hhtbch Kk ero EapmHi, 
o6paTHBmeft na nocjrfiAHefl BuciaBKi oCn^ee BHBMaHie. H xoth 
OHi anan, ^to y CHjia^eBa HeHsfiisHO npHAeTca 6edlA0BaTB o 
rbxi-se cnpoKJUHTUXB Bonpocaxi TBop?ecTBa>, EOTopue TasiB 
BoanoBajiH ero, ho nepcneEiEBa ara ho nyrau JUpoBa, noToiiy 
wo CflJia^effB Okutb ^eaoB^KB bi BHa^HxeuHoft creneHH ypasHO- 
BdftmeHHBift, CB o^OHB onpoA^JieHHBiMH BosBpfiniiiiai, H Cecbffi cb 
tain BcerAa npoHSBOAHjui na Jljipoaa ycnoKaHBaBon^ee A^flCTBie. 
CHJia^esi SHjuB na OAHod hbi OTAajLennBix^ jomifi BacHJiBeBCKaro 
OcTpoBa H, ^to6h Ao6paTBCfl ao nero, HyasHO 6£uio !6xaTB ho 
KOHKaHi» OKoao ^aca. Ho JUpoBi jhoChjtb bth A^iHHmie nepe* 
isAU, noTOMy qio mosho 6ujlo cha^tb moiu h^ hh ?en ne 
Aynafly OTAuxaiB.'BcipiqH cb MHoroucxeHmniH npo^ecdonaxB- 
hbimh sHaROMBiMH SA'i^CB CujoL p&se, ^wb Ha dojiBniHxi H myM- 
HusB yjua^axi. T&i'b ne Mesiei npesAO ^toBsasHTB m4^cto bs 

KOHBi, OffB OBHHyjL'B ny6iUiBy BHEMaieAHmCB BSTMAOlTBHyCijICii 

jiHniB TorAa, sorAa yfii^AHJicH, ^to He 61140 HHRdto hbi <hoa- 
BepsceHHBix'B noroA^^, xaKB nasBiBajTB CnjEaqeBi hI^kotophx'b 
SHaKOHbixB, CB oco6eHH]iitfB osecTo^eHieiTB npojcjiHHaBniHXii ne- 
Tep6yprcKyK) noroAy h BcerAa naBOAHBrnnxB na nero TOCKy. 

Ha diorB pa8i» any ne noBeajio. He ycnii'B ohb samiTB 
MicTo, xaEB B'B BaiOHB BomejHb ero SHaEOMBift nodTB CyciH- 



nBTBPByprCKIfl B;i[OXHOBSHIfl. 91 

soBTb — H81 nopoAU cHnfyn^Hxi HOBBix'b nfT6ft>. J^ocr2kTo^no6ujio 
&brjMLTo BSTjflAft Ha yHBiajK) ero $nrypy, ^to6£i cpasy onpeji^i- 
XHTB, KaKoro poAa pasroBopoai xosao dtuno on Hero mjifLtb. 
dro 6wn ^ejioBftn Jiin rpEmmni, j^soEEut h xy^ot, kbkb 
CKaieTB, C!B SBAOBBBOt, HBcnaAaBmeft so JULe^^ meBejoopoft h 
TaKoft-se 6opoAKot, pocmeft desnopiiAo^HuiiH kjeo^bjimh. BpoBH 
ero 6iUH HaxHypenu, a 6oJiBinie Ha BUEart rjiasa HiiijiH Tpa- 
rH^ecsH-tfesHaAesHoe BHpaseme. OA^rb okb Okucl kb ajcsh- 
Boe qepHoe nanxo cb neaepHHofl b xacTopoBoe coMtfpepo, 
no ero yBipemB), npHBesennoe eiiy msi HcnasiH bi noAapoK'b 

OXHOft H» HOEJIOHHHI^ BFO TaJiaHTa. 

BofiAH Bi BaroHi, ohi lorqacb-xe noAomejrb n Jlnpoay k 
fiesMOjiBHO npoTBHyjcb eMy pyKy. Ohh aojito xpaHHjiH vojiqaHie, 
HO,BaR0Hem, CycjiHKOBB He BbiAepacajTb h npoa^AHJixcBBOsBsydu: 

— ,3^0 APilHB!.. 

JUpoBB CA&iajrB BHA'B, 6yAT0 He cjiimHrb ero saMi^aHiH, 
SHafl no onuTy, qio MajniflBUui noAAepsKa co CTopoHU .co6e- 
c^AHHEa BBisuBajia noA'i&CB bi nodrti icbaiuft hotori npaqHux'b 
HSJUiiHift; MOJi^aflie-se HsorAa oCesRypasHBajio ero, h TorAa ob'b 
«aainiKaj[Cfl vh canoirb ce6i». Ho na dron pa8i» ynoTpetfjieH- 
nuft npieiTb ne yAajicA, b CycjiBKOB'B, nocji^ n^KOTopoft naysu, 

BHOBB BaHftfHJTB: 

— SL roBopfo — APHHB ^iml He nHmeTCfl! MicTa ce6£ ne 
Baxosy!.. A lyn ente btotb Topram'B npHCiaen nacqen cth- 
xobb!.. 

— y Bacx KaKk ycjiOBiA cb peAaKTopovB?— chpochjtb JIh- 
poBB.— HeysejiH-se o^HsajiHCB KOJiHiecTBOHB crpo^eKB? 

— ^a, ooHTH ^TO TasB, xoTfl npeAynpesA&Jii^ EanajiBK), qro 

BHCaTB CTHXH — He APOBa EOJIOTB H, MOSOTB CTaTBCH, HHOrAa HH- 

^ero He nanHmeTca. Oa% corjiacBJiCH lorAa, a TenepB, boti>, 
npacraen h rposnn a^tb ucryio... 

— ^a^ 3T0 HenpiflTHO. 

— He nenpiflTHO, a ysacHo! noHHBaeTe-jui, bx rojiOBi Bce 
nycTO— HH eAHHOft bhcjih, hb eAHHaro ofipasa, a lyxi nHmH 
HSB-sa EycEa xjift6a!.. Hy, a bbi, jiapoBB, beimo, xasB paCoraexe 
BB Tasie AHH? 

— He Mory noxBacraiBCJi— njioxo! 

— Hy, soHeqHO, a lasB h snajTB, noTOMy hto bki Hacroanuft 
noan, xoTH H HHineTe nposofi. BanB, npaBO, cji['&AOBaJio-6Bi no- 
npo(k)BaTB HHcaxB cthxh... GEaacHTe, bbi ne ^yBCTByeie eb aipiiy 
npHSBania? 

H TaKB EasB Ha btotb BonpocB ne nocaiiAOBajio oiBixa, 
TO CycJiHEOB^ BHHBaTejiBHO BsrjKAHyjiB Ha JLipoBa H Cl Hi- 

KOTOpofl TpOBOroft CHpOCHJlB: 

— AVl^ VO^f BAOpOBEI-U BJbl? 

— Aa HH^ero, a wo? 



92 PyCCKOS BOrATCTBO. 

— Uin, a Tan... vsrift noKasajocB... He zoTne-Jix saftn 
Ro uab paaxBiKaTB tockj? SL KCian npo^iy nan soBoe, Touxa 
qTo BaROH^eHHoe craxoTBopeHie, HaBiflHHoe btoS ysacHoft ne- 
T6p6yprcR0ft oceH&K). Mh£ HHrepecHO 6iuO'6u ycjiumaTB Bame 
uaime OTHOCHxejiBHO BsaTaro KHoro Tosa... 

— Bi xpyroft pasi ch yAOBOjacTBieicb saflAy, ho tojibro h6 
TenepB, noroiiy ^to AOJiseHi 6kitb y osHoro SHasoifaro no xbij. 

— £'B KOMy 9T0 co6Hpae9ecB| He ei xyxosHncy-joi CHjaqeBy? 
iL 8HaK), offB SHBen bib nuTb irtciarB h bu SHaROMU cb hhitb. 

— Jlfiy Ri HeMy. 

— Hy, TasB lyHine safixHre ro msA: owb lenepB saBrpar 
KaeTB, HaBftpHoe cjierRa hbahi h eiiy He ao x&n... 

— A BBI CB hhitb, CTaiO 6kITB, SHaROXBI? 

— ^a, TasB... oqeHB icajio, qyTB-^yxB... Epaine HecHHaaiH^- 

HUft CyCieRTBl— nporOBOpHJTB CyCJIHROBl, H Ha 6e8RpOBHOirB JDU](i 

ero HOflBHjiacB nino Bpoxft pyicHHiia. 

Torsa JEjipoBi BcnoHHHorB H)HopHCTHHecRift pascRan xyxos- 

BHRa TOITB, RaKB CyCJIHROBl ABHJICH Kb HCMy Cb npOCB6ot 

BuiocTpHpoBaTB RHHSRy cTHXOTBopeHift — <IIo6jieRmift JIh- 

CTORB» H RaRB TOTB, OTRasaBHIHCB, CRaSaJl ^TO-TO O^OHB HB 

jiecTHoe Mt^ ero aBTopcRaro caiiojiioCifl. 



n. 

He CMOTpA Ha HesejiaHie JLq^oBa 6urb fb ynuioirB oiSote- 
CTB% CycjiHROBa, offB BceraRH AOJURenii tfuTB ycrynHTB ero ycH- 
jieHHBiMi^ npocBtfaiTB H saftiH K% Hexy. 

— UoHHMaeTe-JEH, JlnpOBB, — 06BflCHHJI'B CyUHROB'B CBOBO 

HacToftqHBocTB, — Hami 6parB-nodrB ne Bcerxa pipeH^B b'b rap- 
hohIh h tohA... Measxy Ti^xi Ham, noBTaiTB HOBoft mROJU, 
ipesBUHaflHO BasHO onpejitluiHTB BipnocTB xona. Binh TyrB — 
noflMHTe 9To!— He matfjiOHB, He pyTHna, a HOBue nyTH, h bch 

CHJia HMeHHO B'B BftpHOCTH ROJIOpHTa! 

— Hy, acfoser]^ — yjEBidnyBinHCB, cnpocHJTB JUpoBB.— BijB, 
RpoMJ^ ROJEopHTa, HysHa, A HOJiaraH), h noAXOA^^aa haoh, h 

AOCTOftHHft BHHXamfl CfOSeTB. 

— A nosBOJiBTe cnpocHTB BacB, ROJUiera, ^to nRoe haoh, 
Ciosen? Jlfi pasBi HAea ho octb, ho BipHOMy saM^qaHiK) no9n 

H RpHTHRa TajiajiaeBa, cyxMa Bne^aijiiHifi? 

CycjusROVB BApyrB oshbrjeca h crajB secTHRyjupoBaxB. Scho 
6ujio, ^To offB &bi% Ha OAHoro nsi cbohxi rohbrohb h ao no- 
cjiiAHefl RauH rpobh 6yAeTB OTcranBaTB cbok) €ha^id». 11 xotx 
ara chaoai, bi A&AHiflmevB cbooitb pasBHiiH, h noRasajiacB 
JInpoBy o^OHB coMHBTejiBHaro AOCTOHHCTBa, HO, BHafl ynopcTBO 
noara, ohi npoAnoiejcB ne BcrynaTB ci hhicb vb npepeRaniii. 



nSTBPBTPrCSIfl BAOXMOBBHm. d3: 

— Han, BaseTefl, sfficB cxoahtb? — cnpocHji'B ohi, BBran- 
wjwb jfb OBHO BaroHa. 

— J[fi^ BOTbf y 3Toro BpacHaro AOMa. 

Ohh noxHiucHCB no aobojibho HeonpflTHoft jbl^^thhi^, bi leT- 
Bepruk Btaxhy rfti nodrb CHHiiajrb jijA KpoxoTHua BOMHaTBH y 
BHOBU HajTBopsaro coBirHHBa A^yeBoft. Gana xosHflKa OTKpujia 
MMh xBepB, HO9 yBHAfl nocTopoHHflrOy TOT^aci-se esipuuiacB, » 
JkpoBi vb nojiyTBiri^ nepoAHeft mofb toako iiejiBKOirb saM^THTb, 
^To BAOBa AxyeBa diuia, qxo HasHBaeTCH, AftMa bi coKy, o6jia- 
AAJU nojraon diocTOirb h tfomiiiHMHifejiaHXOJiHqecKiMHrjiasaMH. 
HenpiiiTHO 6wio jmnB to, ^to on Hea xairL h passjio xyxHeft 
H XBse KaKHHi-TO AOBonHO onpeA^eHflUM'b KyxoHH&nrb saoaxoinb. 

CycjmROBi noAHfljTb rojuoBy, cjierKa noTAHyA hocoitb h sairb- 
nuTb: cGeroAHHy KaaseTCfl, 6yAen nnporb (Tb rpntfaHH. EsejiK 
yroAHO, — yroqyi... 9x0 saiii^aHie tfiiJUOCA&iaHO aobojibho rpoHEO, 
H H3i-8a nojryoTBpfiiToft AsepH TonacB-se nouBimajiacB ycno- 
K^wBdJomjBM penjiHsa rocnoacH AAyoBofl: cBu ne omH^jiHCB — 
MMeHHO cb rpH($aHH»... 

— Xopomafl seHn^raal — pacrporaHHuicb rojiocoirL saiii- 
njTb GycmcoBi. — SHaere, ^to HasuBaercH, mxaii npHCTaHB, 
Heo6xoAHMafl Hameiiy 6paTy... 

— Btt AaBHO SA^CB SHBere? — cnpocHi'b JIflpoKb, ^to6bi 
npepsaTB HOJioBKoe Moname, BOABopHBmeecfl nocjii ascnaHCHB- 
Haro npHSHaHifl noara! 

— Bon, Bcero RaK0fl-Hii6yAb nftcinvb,— ci lixE nopi EaicB^ 
Bon, losHaBOiiHjiCA CB Mapeoft CeneHOBHoft. H, BHaeie-iH, Ka- 
safl crpaHHafl BcrpibTO, xaKoe HeoduHaflfloe asaKoifCTBoI Cay^H- 
locB 8T0 Bi KOHsi... PasroBopHJEHCB. Ofla— OAHa H8^ noiExa- 
rennwnih Hoero OKpoMHaro TaoiaHTa. Hy, Aaame — dojobine... 
Bon A H nepeixaai^ kb nefl. YjpsBMTenoBLa aseHiiiHHal CKOJiBRa 
npHBflsaHHOCTH, CKOJIBRO 6e88aBd^THoft jod^bhI Tojibro pyccBafl, 
Aa, HM6HH0 TojiBKO pyccKaA senn^Hsa cnoco6Ha na nxis desKo- 
pucxHiiJi oTHomeHki He Aynia, a xpycTajiB!.. 

— HocifOTpHirB, ^To AUBme 6yAen, h6o eoh6i^ a^o XBa- 
jum,— nocjKumajiocB ^bo-to CKeimqecBoe saiiiuHle, CAijukHHoe 

HftCKOJIBKO B1» HOC!B. 

— Ax:b, Bon, KCxaM, nosHaROMHTecB cb o^ohb HHrepecHUMB 
noaroM'B-caiiopoABOirby— Bnojirojuoca CBasajTB GycuHKOBi.— Ilpe- 
TajuiHTJisBuft rocnoAHE», H6AaiH0 npidftxaBinift hs'b npoBHEiuH, 
HO eote He Bnouft OBJiaAftBinift pyccKHM'B asumwb: ohi mvi^ 
IljapcfBa HojiBCKaro. 

B'B aio Bpeiffl asi cnajieHKH GycuEOBa Bumeji'B ^jiohahhi^ 
lin 25'TH, HedojBmoro pocra, Bpyribift h BpacHon^eKift, cb Be- 
cejuiMH, HacjUHUMH rjEasKaifH, KpoxoTHOft BcnaHBOJiEofl h na- 
<j[»a6peHHii][n ycaiiH. OA%n okb Ckutb bb CB&iceHBKyio HHAsa^Hyio 
Hapy, HOCHJTB KopoTKO-crpHflceHHue BOJtocfii H 6ojiBinofl cepAOJu-^ 



94 PyCCXOS BOrATCTBO. 

KOBEifl nepcTeHB Ha JiiBoft pysi. CierKa nouoHEBniHCB JLq^oBj^ 
oa% pasBHdHO cnpocHji: 

— 3z namymeft 6paTiB? 

— Aa,— EopoTKOOTBiqajTbCycjiBKOBi.— Bon nosHaKOKBTecb: 
<$eju[eTpHCT:b JLipoBB, no9n AeHtfevb-^eMCBOBCKift. 

— OqeHB HHi npiflTHo as BaMH nosHaKoioiTBCfll Coctoh) no- 
HHTaTaneiTB Bamero Tajumia... 

H saTin, o6paTflCB Rh CycjiHKOBy, noBTb-caicopoAOKL, ycicix- 
HyBmHCB, cnpocHJTb: 

— Hy ^To, KasB HacrpoeBde pocciftcKaro Baipona? 

— BaiTb 611 Bce myxHTb, a mh^ ho ao myxoBil 

— A ^TO TaKl? 

— Jifi He pa6oTaeTCfl— BOTE qiol 3to y BacB tojibko Tasan 
€9acTjiHBaA naiypa, ^to, ne BSHpaa na norosy, MoseTe pa6o- 
TaTB. Bnpo^ieirB, y bbcb h saHpi HHoft... . 

— ?T0 BU XOTHTe BTHITb CEaSaTB? 

— JI|a TO, qTO Bain's aeaHp^B ^pHBOJiBHuft, h icpa^Hiifl CTopoHu 
acHBHH, o^eBHAHO, HC HHiepecyioTii Bac!B!— He 6en pasApaseHiH 
csasajTB CycjiHROBi. 

— $pHB0JCBHut jKanpi? CrpaHHo! A bu sadmrn hoh ajieriH? 
H xynaH), Becejiaro bi» hhxi» Majio!.. 

— 3a TO owb o^eHB cjiaCU) h hhbto ne coraamaeTca ne«ia- 

TaTB MX!b. 

— OcTaBHirb 8T0, nane, h6o jiaTKHCRaa nocjiOBHi^a roBO- 
Phtb: cDe gastibas dispntandnm non est>... ^a, botb, nocyAHie 
caMH — Bfii cBixift qejiOBisii,— o6paTHCB sb JlnpoBy, csasaji'B jIjeM- 
6eKib-AeH6EOBCKift.— H Bam npoiTy oxho CTHXOTBopeHle, emjd 
unTjsfk He HaneiaTaHHoe. Heyacean, oho Tasi cjia6o? 

H, cTaBi BB ToaTpasBHyio nosy, ohb BApyri BecB KaiCB-To 

CAyUJICH. 

— ^OJUKen, npesAe Bcero, o6^chhtb bbitb, ito djierin hoh 
HanHcana ne noTony, hto na ABOpi Cujia cjiheotb (npn btoh^b 
ovB 6pocHJi'B HpoHHqecKijB BsrjiflAib Ha GycjiHKOBa), a no noBOAy 
OAHOfl THssBOft cepAOwoft yTpaTsi, KorAa, KasaiocB, Bce Konqeno 
A^ HeHfll.. Ha^HHaeiCfl bi nereptfypri: 

Ci^pUfl T7HH BHCflTl» B8LJ11» BOflOft, 

C-JlpuH xyHH nyraiOTB rpoaofll 

MpaHHUil AyMU, 

MpaHHufl jiBna, 

MpaHHblfl T-^HH, 

MpaHHUfl niBuul.. 
Xnypa norofla, 
Majia CBoOona... 

— IIOSBOJIBTe, GTaHHCJSaHB BpOHHCJiaBOBH^'b, nOSBOJIBTel— (TB 

HeoHHAaHHBiuB pasApasenieHB npepBan ero CycusoBi* — Bu, 






nBTEPByprcKifl baoxhobbhia. 95 

TOH6IHO1 SHaere, no n HHsorfla He OTpHi^ajc& y saci s&poBa- 

Hli, HO HOflMHXe B£I, HaK0H6I^, ^TO HpeXAe BCeiO HeO($XOAHMO 

BiiyuncHi Kara cjcftAyon, pyccBOMy muKj, a to, noMnjiyftre, 
7 Baci Bce noJiOHHsiQi... Mxb aro neBOSMOSHol 

— Ara, as% pascepAMcnl — neioioro CBOH^yaHBinHCB, CBasan 
)Ifiu6eKirflfiii^mMvit. — ^to se ysHBHrejiBHaro, eseju n HHorjia 
A&iaH> omH^KH Bi pyccROKb nBBisi? HaAO-se SHaTB, OTsyxoBaa 
npiizajTbl HaAO raasHoe, HiciTB xapaBiepi, a HaraerB pyccKaro 
flsmca — dTo HycToe! IIpoftAeTB roA'b, h a 6jxj laicb oTsapHBaTb 
no-pyecfc^, Kara Hacroflcqift MOCKBHra, noroMy— a cnocoCHuft ao 

ABBHOBll.. 

— Bu-6u, roj[y6qHKB, ci btofo h Ha^ajm,— yse coBdbrb 
HflTBo nocoB^TOBara GycjiHKora, cb yAOBOJiBCXfiieirb rjiHAfl na 
(Sonmoft Kycora HHpora, npHHecoHHtifi (Kbjiio6pucoft TfxoHKoft. 

n sartm o6paTHj[Cfl ra JlnpoBy: 

— He yrocTHTB-jiH Baci nnporoHi? 

JLipora OTKasajicfl, a A^MtfeKi-^eMCKOBCKift cnpocHJix: 

— A MeHfl He acejiaere yrocTHiB? 

— Jl^a, BiAB, Bu yara, Kasexca, o6iA&™? 

— 3to nycToel Ilflpon ch rpnbaMH — tot* ropoAHH^ift, ajih 
KOToparo, no BupaseHiio nesadBenHaro Foroia, BcerAa HaftACTCH 
Micro... 

— A, Hy, ra laKOMi cjiyui— mhiocth npocHn... 
Jlnpora zoT&TB 6uso yftrH, ho CycjoiKora ynpocHra ero 

ocraTBCfl, noo6£ntaB*B uocjA saBTpaKa nosHaKOiiHTB ero cb hobhitb 
CBOHm npoHSBeAenieMi. 

— HHTepecHO, Kara BavB nonpaBETCfl tovb, o6nuft, TaK'b 

CKasaTB, ROJIOpHTB KpaCORl, — rOBOpHJUl OHB, KJiaAfl Vh pOTB 

rpoMaAHue KycKH nHpora. 2(eH66KirJ(eM6KOBCBift Tose HesiBajn, 

HTO, HOBHAHMOMy, Ht 0C06eHH0 HpaBHJIOCB XOSHHHy. 

Roi^a OHH, HaBOHeiTb, rohhhjih saBTpara, CycjiHKora CKaaajTB: 

— J(^0) BHAHTe-M, ra TOM*, ^TO CTHxoTBopeme, KOTopoe 
H cefi^acb Hpony Ban*, naB^HHo naineft cipoft npHpoAoft, h 
ocHOBHafl ero hach, Tara CKasaTB, TpareAifl coAepsaniii, to, hto 
^ejioBira, noA* BjiiflHieM* btoA ysacHOfi noroA^? BnaAaerb bb 

CHJraffB, H6. HMAh B* CyiQHOCTH Ha 3X0 HHKaKHX* JIOnPieCKHX'b 

noBOAora. Bbi nonnMaere, — xyTi hpohcxoahtb BHyTpoHHHfl 6opB6a, 
BCJE6Ac™i6co3HaHiHHeMOTHBHpoBaHHOCTH HOAotfHaro HacTpoeniH — 

CI OAHOft CTOpOHBI, CB APyroft — HeBOSMOSHOCTK HOtf^HTB 9T0 

Hacrpoeme. B^a^, corjiacHTecB, bto — i^an js^hUdL, He roBopn 
yace tomi>, ^to HeBOSMosHocTB HHcaTB ^acTo CBHsana cb Bonpo- 
coML xjiK^ HacyntHOM*... He npaqAft-JiH, hobo h opHTHHajcbHo? 

— fl 9Toro He Haxosy, — siBHyra, saiciTHjrB jiflpora. 

— 0, KbrB, HOMHjiyHTe, Kan* se ho Apanal— CMiflCB, bockjihk- 
nyn AeM6eK7^jE[eM(5£OBCKift.— 3to HacTOHn^an AP^Ha, h noAo6- 

huh APftHBI '0C06eHH0 HaCTO nep6SHBaH)TCH TiUIH AOJIHKaTHUMH 



96 P7CCK0B BOrATCTBO. 

jumouaim, cb kotopeimh xiiaeicji HcrepHKa, sorxa no exeKjqr 
uiKpa6aH)n sejdteon... 

— Bs ceroAHfl h6bo8mosho HacTpoeHnl— ci Aocanot saiit- 
ran CycjiHKOB'b.— Bootfn^e, b nojiaraio, ito Banvtiu Jiyiine 
npHCTpoHTBCfl iTb xaKoft HHtfyxB ipynafi na amuya KoxHica: 
jtyMaK), ycnftrb tfiiA-6u tiomnil, Him yenftrb Bamero cPas- 
6HTaro cepm&«»-- 

— Ho-Hol — BiQ^yn noKpacH^Bi, BocuMXHyn AeM6eicB-A6]i6- 
KOBCBift H npHHfljB nosy (SoeBOFO niiyza.— JI HHROHy H6 nosBOJDo 
roBopHTB wbA noAotiHiu Ben^Hl 

— FocnoAal— -Bvftinaicfl JlflpoBi,— ne KacatrecB jomocieft^ 
HOfOMy iTo nvb sroro Hiraero xopomaro He vsAffiTb. 

— H(HTaEil— BecB ^02sa on HeroAOBamii, comouicfl JifiM^ 
6eKb-AeM6K0BCKlft, ycrpeMHBX na CycinKOBa CBopKaioiiue rjorasa. 

fio TOTi ycniix yse buojehj^ ycnoKosnai h, laicb he vh 
HeMi> H6 tfuBajLO, noAomexB k% HHCUieHHOMy crojiy h aocuutb 
onyxa icajeHBKyH) TerpasKy. 

— Tan Bon b npoiry Bam, JUpoBi, CBoe hoboo npOHs- 
BeAeme. 

n CB naeocom CTajrb iHrarB aobojbho AJnumoe cnxoTBope- 
Hie, coAepsame Koxoparo ovjuraajiocB HOTpacaioniurB Kpe^^ 
TH8M0MI. Bi BTO Bpeiifl J[(eM($en-JS[eMtiROBCBit tiojiBniHMH maraMs 
yrpioMO xoAMi no KoimaTi* SorAa qxeflie obohhhjiocb, oh^b 
nocnftmHo cran npon^aTBCfl, ne cicasaBB hh ciOBa no noBOAy 
npouTannaro. 

— RyAa-se bki Tasi CKopo? — AotipoAymno cnpocnn ero 

CyCJIHKOBB. 

— HaAO HAU, HBAol. npon^aftre! 
KoiTKa om ymejTB, CyeuKORB CKasan: 

— rpycTHol TajanuBBBift, tfescnopno vajiaHTjmBsift cavo- 
poxoKi (b^a^ om KonqHJTB Tonso yisAHoe yqHJiHjqel), ho hAtb 
y neroycToevB h^ rjiaBHoe, Toro xyAosecTBOHHaro nyiBH, koto- 
poe noACxasuBaoTB nodiy, rn$ n bb iohi HCKaiB AP&ManHe- 
CKHZB CHxyaipft. 

H saxftm, HenHoro nonojiHaBi, cnpocBjrB: 

— Hy, iTO, HaA^iocB, bu HsirikHHjra CBoft bsfjuiab na HAeio 
Moero CTHxoTBopeHU? Boo6n^e, Kam oho BairB noHpaBHJiocB? 

— HanHcano rjnaAKO, a hto BacaercH coAepsank — a ocf aH)CB 
HpH npesnem imiHiH: Bama «HAeH> npoHSBOAHn BneuTjAme 
6ypH BB ciaEaffb boau h, npaBo-se, AeM6eBB-jl|eM6]&OBC]di 
GA&iajcB neAypnoe cpaBHenie. 

— ?T0? 9tO npOCTO BOBliyTHTeJIBHOl H 9T0 rOBOpHte BH, BU, 

JLipoB'B, KOToparo a BcerAa cuTajirB qyxKHWB h oTSUBqHBUii^ 
mcaTOjieirBl 

— nomoTe^ KaBOft a OTSuBUBiift nHcaiejiB! '— MsiMjvb 
pyiot, npoMOJiBHjrB JIflpom. 



nBTEPByprcKia B;^oxHOBBHTa. 97 

Tor^a CycjuKOVB cian AOJiro h ropaqo roBopsTB to ho- 
Buxi) nyT^xi Bi> HCKyccTBft», «o HacTOiiiiieicb Apa]ian3Mi>, a 
Tarace m o toitb, ^to, 6yAB y Hero cpeAcrea, a ociAOBaTejiBHo 
B BO3U0SH0CTB <BUHaniHBaTB» CBOH npoHSBeAOHlfl, owh noKa- 
3ajFb-6u, FB qem cmucjtb cnoBoft inKOJiBi> h Kan MoryrB tbo- 
pHTB en aftenml 

JUpoBB, yMyApeHHfiift oiniToirB, ynopno MOJi^ajTB h, bocbojib- 
soBaBiDBCB nepBoft npoAOJisHiejiBHoft naysot, pacnpocTiJicfl cb 

ZOdflHEOlTB. 



m. 

XyAOSHHKB CsjiaqeBB, saEfB h KHorie xyAOSHHKH, shji:b 
Bh nocji^ftAHeM'B 9Ta«i, qToCti hh^tb Bepxnee ocBiiqeHie. 

OflLl BaHHMajTB AOBOJIBHO npOCTOpHyK) H HOAypHO 06CTaBJ[6HHyH) 

KBapTHpy, p'isEO OTJiHiaBmyiocfl on KsapTHp^ ero TOBapHn^eft 
no HCKyccTBy liicB, ^to wh net h6 6iijio, xasB HasuBaeiiaro, 
czyAOS6CTB6HHaro 6e8nopBARa.» HcEj[K)TOHie cocraBjurjia toibbo 
ero cryAUi, KyAa seaa AonycnajiacB Bcero pasB vhnexkm, <am 
npoBSBOACTBa CTOnojiTBopeHiH BaBBJioHCBaro», BaBB, myxB, tobo- 
pHJi CHJiaieFB. H TOFAa (ecjiH eny xot&iocb pa6oTaTB) oh:b 
ropBBo sajiOBBJicfl npiBTejBiTB, HTO seaa ero cipaAaerB «MaHieft 
iHCTOTH H OTcyrcTBievB ]iaMflTH», noTOMy qfo, KaasAHft pasi 
nocii <CTOJ[noTBopeHiH>, oHib 6yATO-6ii AOJisesi HCKaiB ehcth, 
najTHTpy h spacBH wh hobbix'b nicraxi a ipaTHTB na sroMaccy 
BpeiieHH. 

JEeHBjucfl CHJia^eBi jAn TpBAx^axH qhth sa MOJioAeHBBoft h 
crpacTHO Bjiio6jeflHOt wh Hero A^BymBi, sennjicB xose no j^oCbk 
H 6hjh bbbbaho cqacxjuiBi. Oaho xojibbo otkrroHxejiBcxBO OHpa- 
Hajio ero cnacxBe— 9to oxcyxcxaie A^xefi. Biuio, Bupo^em, h eqe 
Hiixo, BHocHBmee HspiABa HaaeHBEifl pasMOJiBBfl bb icnpHoe h 
jiio6oBHoe SHXBe cynpyroBB, ho, no yBipemH) GnjiaqeBa, bxo— 
BeniB noHXB HeHsCiacHO conpoBoaBAaK)n^afljiK)6oBB: MapBfl AHApe- 
eBHa peBHOBajia CBoero Myaca h ycxpaHBajia noA^acB <(jieroHBBU 
ci^eHHt, sa ^To H nojiyqajia oxb aero HasBame «KafteHCBaro 
nepiia>. cSCsexi, ho cnoco<$cxByexi nnnteBapemioI— -CM^HCBy 
roBopBuii OH'B, R sasAut pa8i» AotfaBjiBjn: HaAO, OAHaico, uom- 
hhxb, qxo KyxHB AOJusHa pa3HOo6pa8HXBCH--HHaqe, nosajiyfi, h 
BOBce noxepaeniB annexBx%>. tHe roBopn rjiiynocxefl!» — ocxa- 
HaBJiBBajia ero sena, h npHMBpesie o6uRHOBeHHO cefl^acB-se 
B cosepmajiocB. 

JiBpoBy oTBpujia ABepB cxapan ero SHaEOMaB, BapB)ina, 
A'^BOua jkiTh BBXHaAi^axB, Heo6uEHOBeHHo npBBiiJiHBafl h Aotipo- 
AymBBB, yse abbho cjiysBBman y GBjraieBux'B. Ha BonpocB» 
AOBa-jiH X03JIBHI, OBB oxB^qajB yxBepABxejTBHO h sansajia, ito 

As 4. OxA-fejTB I. 7 



98 PyCCKOB BOrAT€TBO. 

1C03KH0 npoftra npniio n MacrepcByia, cnoTOMy ^to IlaBeorb 
^t^MorrpieBXTb mifflen naTypy bi BOCTH>]ift». Eorffi-se JIiipoBi 
HacTOHJTb, hto6h OHa BcexaKH AOJiosKJia.o Hem, to Bapioma 
vh npHnpBUKKj no&bMMSL vb cryxiK) h bi HAcKonKHTb maraxi 
on Citjia^eBa iwPTi^ spyro ocraHOBHJiacby CKonda no napxeiy. 

— ?T0} iiaxymxa, saTaeniBCfl? UojsHj HetiocB, rjiaxidft? — 
XoCpOAyniHO cnpocBjn xyxosHHRi, ci yjoiSKoS rifl;iifl Ha pacspa- 
CHiBmeecfl jaaifl a^boikh. 

Q 3aT%xi, ysHasi bi Hem xiio, cicasan: 

— Ilerpa HBanoBH^a npocH, soHeno, moseoI.. 
GKJiaqeBy 6buo Aivb no;(b-copora, h bojiocu ero yse BaiiftTH^ 

cepe6pHJiHCB, ho junto 6bijio CBisee, cb pyMHHi^eiCB bo bch) 
n^eKy, a 6oja>mie TeMHO-cfipiie rjiasa CMOTp&oi cobc^mb mojioao 

H OSHBJieHHO. OhB CbUTB CpeXHHTO pOCTa, KpinSO CKOJIO^eHB, 

ROCUTB HflrsyK) nvbTsjv) py6aiiiKy h HHAxan cipaHHaro noKpoH, 
sacxerHBaioniificH hotth ao Bopzy— hj^^ito Bpo^i BeHrepKH. Mach- 
enift, cjierKa BSAepHyrsit h Kpyomift hocb H8o6jmqajrB bb neiTB 
cjiaBHHHHa, HO He npoHSBOAHJTB HdnpiflTHaro BneqaxjiiHiH, a 
Aase, HanpoTHBB, KaEBTo yAHBHiejiBHO rapMOHHpoBan cb ero 

HHCTO pOCCiftCKHHB o6jniRO]IB. 

IIpH BZOA$ JiHpOBa, OHB yj[u6Hyjicfl H, He BcraBafl cb Hicra, 
npoTHHyjSB eny pyxy. 

— KaRB HOSHBaeTe, xpysHn^e? Bon Aaftre tojlbko hochkb 
oKOH'iHTB, a TaHB laftKy noHBeiiB h noTOiKyen. 

n sai^MB, otfpaTHCB SB noBHpoBaBoieft AftByniEli, saMinjB: 

— Pywf, pywy na Micro! ^to, yctajia? Hy, norepHHre 
HeMHoro— ceft^acB Konei^..* 

JIflpoBB, qTo6u He iiiinan xjAoasHHRy, yciicfl 3a ero chk- 
Hot H crajTB BCMaipHBancH bb en^e HeoROHieHHEiS noprpen. 
Ohb H3o6pasaaB A&BymRy, ji'^tb BoceMHaxitaTH, OA^Tyio bb CKpOH- 
Hoe, KopH^HOBoe njiane, cb AJiHHHoft pycofl Rocoft h cb 6ojib- 
mHMH rpycTHBiMB TGMHo KapHHH rjiasaiiH Ha 6jr&AH0]iB H ycra- 
jiOHB juti^i. Mnafl pyna tfiijia npHsaia n rpysH, rojiOBa cjera 
onyn^ena. IIopTpen dion cpasy-se HonpaBEjiCH JIflpOBy CTpo- 
roft BUAepsRoft ROJSopHTa h orcyTCTBieiiB bcaroS iiaHepHocn 

flHCBHa. BhAHO 6bU0, ^TO XyAOSHHSB He MyApHXB, He H8o6pi- 

TaiB cHHocRasaHifli, a npHMo iHcaiB o^ohb HpaBHBndtcA eiiy 
anoAB. H noTOMy ohb BumejrB BUAepacaHHUMB h npaBAHBiiKB. 

Cb RapTHHBi JInpoBB nepeBejTB rjiasa na nosHpoBaBinyK) 
A^ByniRy h HamejiB, ^to cxoactbo npeRpacHO yjiOBjieHo, RaRB, 
BnpoqeMB, hoith na bc^xb HopxpeiaxB CmuHeBa. Oco6eHHO 
yAaiHO Cbijio nepeAaHO ii&ioMyApeHHoe, hotth AiTORoe Btipase- 
me rjiasB, bb RoiopsxB BMicrb cb rbvh BHAna tfiua RaRaa-To 
rzy6oRaH CRop6B, CHJEBHaa h HeosHAaHHa^, RaRB nepBaHJiK)(k)BB... 
^iByniRy HOJiBdii Cujio nasBan RpacaBHi](eft, ho nsfln^HaH 
B 5e3£icRyccTBeHHaH BHimHocn h, ruBHoe, sron Ronrpacn 



HETEPBTPrCEIfl BAOXEOBEHIfl. 99 

*!BiipaseHift, KOTopBift Tan apKO CKasuBajtcs bi» es rjiasarb, 
xftjiajTb ee ^pesBUHatHO CHxnaTnHOH h npraieKaiejiBHoft. 

MHHjn Hpesi ^^ecflTB CHJia^eBx oROHun €hocek&», tipo- 

CSUTb Ha CTOJTB Vh OffiJ RyiJ OaJIHTpy H RHCTH H, UOTSrnMBCbj 

CKaaajL'B: 

— ina5anii»! oKsy BacrB, aSeHe^sa, saarpa Kb offaasfjiflfrK. 
Tojaso, ^ypi, He sanaaxuBaTB: caHH BHAHie, Kaidd aHaeeMCKie 
.^HH cioflnl 

A'tBymsa xorqacvse HanpaBHJiacB kb ABepn h, nosofiAfl kb 
Gnjia^eBj, no-HHCTHTyrcKH spHclia, saT^HB bapjtb CROH^ysH- 
MMhj noRpacHftia h, npoTHHysB eny pyRj, CRasaoia: 

— ^0 CBHxaHifly naBOA ^MHTpieBH^By fl He onoBAaiD... 
Chutobb npiHtejiBCSH nosajiB en pyny h, hb cbok> ow- 

pexB, npHctjTB: 

— flfl CBHxamfly EBreniH ^EiHaDOBEa, He saHaspiBaftie! 
H, paBCMiHBoiHCB RaRB-To oco6eHHO sapasHreuHO, bb ne- 

pexnet cnpoGHJTB bb nojirojioca: 

— He HyiBHii jiH Ban ji^eHBrH, ffieHe<iRa? Ecjn HyjRHU, to 

MOry X&TB BaMB UBJLJJO TOJEHRy. 

— HiTB, 6jiaroAapH) sacB, a noRa o6otxycB. 

— Hy, RaRB SHaeiel 

Ilocjrb yxoxa Haxypn^Hitu, JlnpoBB yciuman bb nepe^Het 
BHaROHuft rojiocB MapBH AnspeeBHu: 

— ^To sa cxpaHHan y Te6fl npHBU^Ra, IIgjib, nasuBaxB no 
HMeHH HaTypniHi](Bl T^mb 6ojiie Biy: tu, b^a^, SHaenib, no ona 
H6 npocTaji HaTypn^Hi^a, a nopAAouafl, zopomo BOCHHraHHaH 
fflByiHRa H BTO, HaBipHoe, ee moRHpyeTB.*. 

— HnqerOy npHBURHeTBl— ycHORaHBafon^e orosBaica Csia* 
qeBB. 

— Hy, HOJiosufB A&Bce, qxo npHBusHeTB — yse neHHoro 
BOjmyflCB, npoAOJusajia MapBH AnxpeeBHa. — Ho, BftsB, tu sna- 
emB, HTo Mff6 8T0 HenpiflTHO... 

— MoAUTB, RaikeHCRift nepei^B, HonaTBl Mane oahh hmo- 
xyTB, nosaiyft, ooAyHaTB, iro name ceneftHoe cuctbo bhchtb 

Ha BOJIOCRfi. 

CiiiflCB H noATajiRHBaa seny, CojiaqeBB BoniejorB cb net bb 

— Bon CMOTpH, B^AB, He AypHO, Raacercji? ^ero-SB Tetfft 
en^e?— cRasan ohb, hoaboaa een M0j[B6epTy, bhahmo aoboji^ 
Huft ceroAHAioHeft pa6oToft. 

HoBAopoBaBniHCB CB rocTeHB, MapBfl AnApeeBna BHmaTejibHo 

OCHOTpijia 9TK)A% H RanpHSHUHB TOHOHB saiT&THjia: 

— OrBpaxHTejiBHol Cxoactbo cctb, ho ona y Te6ii en 
be&a... 

— npomy no8a5oTRTBCfl o qai, npo(]^aHHzi{el H, obojih emfi 
pan yciucny aoAo5HyK) pei^ensiEo, — BusoBy na KJdXbl HoHHJia? 

7* 



100 PyCGROB BOrATGTBO. 

— Hy, A& yJKfL— myn He myn, a npHRpameHa tboh cFopor- 
vuqHafl>— dTo Te66 BMKit cKaserb! 

H, BaAyBi» ry6KH, ona Bunuia. 

— HenpaBAa-jiH, eft oneHB Kh mujj mnk OHa ceppTCB? — 
cnpocHjnb CHJia^eBiy iCEpeHEO jiofiyBCB CBoeft xopomeHBsoft sesoS. 

— Tbi MejiemB qenyxyl— cir6BCB b y6irafl, CEasajia MapBJi> 
AHxpeeBHa. 

— ?T0 9T0 sa A^BymBa?— cnpocBjrii JkpoKi, Bce eipe pas- 
CMarpHBaBinift dTioA:^.— KaBoe y Hea HHrepecHoe b... cipaHHoe^ 
jmi^o... 

— HenpaBAa-JiB?— noqn paAOCTHO BOCBJiHEHyoTb GHJia^eBi. — 
HcEpeHHOCTB BBipaseBia, orcyxcTBie BCBSOft MaHepHOCTHl Borb 
ocotieHHO no 9Toro iritera — nojiHaji, xota h CBoeotipassaH, rap- 
HOfliB,— CKasajTb ohi, aaKpuBafl pyicoft porb h noA^opoAOKb 8TB)Aa. 

— Iloqeiqr Bam co6cTBeHHO h6 HpaBHxcfl pon? 

— J(a, BBAHTe-Jiv, BfiipaaceHie ry6% KaKL-6yAT0 yas'b nepesB- 
^ypi HaHBHoe h He coBctm rapHOHHpyen cb rpycTHfiiHK ria- 
saifH. 

— 9to, nosaiyft, Bipnol — corjiacHJiCH JLipOBi, — ho bi 
MoiTb-To BiieHHO cifiineHiH BfiipaseHift h BaRjuouercH saKaa-Ta 
oco6eHBad npejiecxB. 

— BorB-Bork! 

— Kto OHa laEaH, HeyBcejui npo^eccionajiBHafl HaxypmiHna? 

— 3to, ecjra xoraxe, i^^afl Hcxoplfl, — CBasajrb CnjiaHeBB, 
yci^BniBCB vh rjiy6BHi ROMHaxu na MajieHBKofi oxxoHaHsi h sa- 
BypHBi-ii^nHpocy.— Jl^a, i^tjvaH HCiopiB h, naAO CKasaxB, neHSi 
BecejiuxT)!.. ^^o^iXoiTB, ^xo mhj^ HysHO (iiuio nanHcaxB aia 
KapxHHBi dTiOA'B acoHCsaro x!6ja, a a aojifo ne mofb naftxH nos- 
xoAiintyK) naxypy— HHxepecHyK) h, rjiaBHoe, cb KpacHBUiTB^ eie- 
pasBBBBio^HiiCB tiiocxom. Boxi KaffB-xo, Bi Bpyry xoBapHo^eft, 
H H pascsasajTB o CBoem ropift, npocA HaopaBHXB ko hhI, eaceju 
1X0 noAxoAfln](ee naflA^'iCH... He npomjio h HeA^^JTH nocji:6 xoro, 
KaKii Boxi 9xa caHan CHHBopa bbhibcb eg mh^ (tb EapxoiEoft 
HBanoBa. IlHineT^ bb AByxi cjeobbxi, ixo, mojib, noAaxenHHna 
aroft BanmcEH, noBHABMOMy, AOJUKna-tiu ueA hoaoAxh, ho xouKa 
BupasaexB coiiB:6Hie, saxoHexB-jiH ona oosBpoBaxB bi> EocxioM'i 
Ebu, noxoMy ixo ohb — HOBHieKB BB axon a^^^- H AaJiBme hh- 
mexB) ixoy esejiH-Cu ona noAomaa mi a^^ dXioAa btb Eocxioiii, 
xo 6ujLO-6u oieHB xopomo, xasB ebkb juiueo y nen HHxepecnoe 
H^ BAo6aBOKB, ona oienB HyasAaexcB. %o sa npaxia, AyMBio! 
Hyl ycBAHJiB, pacnpamHBaio, bb leifB jifhjLo. OEasuBaexcB,— ona 
AoiB HeAaBHO ynepinaro qBHOBHHxa^ GpeACXBB — HHEaEHXB, EpoMi 
rpomeBofl neeciH, a na pynaxB cxapyxa-iiaxB, y Eoxopoi eme 
ABoe shuei. Gxapmeft a'^bo^e^ 12, a luaAineMy— ceMB jiixB. EL 
BOXB dxa A'^BymEa AOJisna dujia buAxh htb nocji^AHflro Ejiacca 
HHCxHxyxa, qxo6£i EaEB-HH6yAB noAAep^sEBaxB ceuhV). ]lfl chxb^ 



IIBTBPByprCKIfl BAOIHOBEHIfl. 101 

iiopb nep66HBa2iacB rpomoBUMH ypoKanH, ho. Taxi Kasi SToro 
«e xBaxaen, to OHa h piniHJiacB nofiTH B^ naxypiqEi^Ei. Kor- 
^a A odrhHUBfunh eft, ajih xaicoro 9TH)Aa MHi Hysaa ea* 
Typa; — OHa cjobho-6u o6aaA^a: CMOTpHrb na MeHfl h, hobs- 
fMMOMjj HHqero He noHHMaerb, a noTOirb bapjf'b noKpacntjia — 
,xa Kasi!— H qyiB ne pacnJOtaKajiacB. iHiTL, roBoparb, hsbh- 
Hsxe — A aioro He Mory, nirbh H hohth Bu({isaj[a hsi kom- 
Ham. Hy, s BepnyxB ee, ycasHiTB, ycnoROHJii, Kasi mofb. H, 
no ir&pl Toro, KaKB a ci> Heft 6ecixoBaxb, jihi^o ea. uui Bce 
6oMhme H 6ojD[une HpaBHjiocB, h h Tyn*se pioinn HanHcaiB 

Cb Hee 9TH)A%. 

— A^j ipycTHaA HCTopifl! — saMfeTsn JlnpoBi h, neMHoro 
noiEOJi?aBi>, cnpocHJTB: — Hy, a Tenepb, Kan ycrpoHJiacb dia sjio- 
oojiyqHaji ceiibfl? 

— OieBHXBO, naoxo, noroMy hto jKoHfl npocHM mohh pe* 
soMeHAOBaTb ee, xairb nepenncuii^y, a nepenHCsoft, caHHSHaeTe, 
saHEMaioTCA TOJibKO Cb Topfl. y Hefl HeAypHofl noiepffb h qh- 
nieTb OHa aoboabho rpaicoTHO. fl o6%n^aji'b noxaonoTaTb, ho dTO, 
coficTBeHHo, hb HO Moeft ^acTH h, eciH upeACTaBHTCfl cjiy^aft, to 
AocTaBbTe eft pa6oTy. H, npHsaaTbCH, na Baci h paac^iHTBiBajrb* 
A BOTb H en aApeci. 

TOpoft KpyflHUHl H AOBOJIbHO KpaCjMraMb/HO^BHOJn ^^^^ 

ycraHOBHBniHHCH noiepsoM'b 6ujn»^^^s^^^^i^^^BSm^ 

VhliU Kp3CHiIbm£KGBu3c.C4ll^ 

CTyAifl CHjianeBa 6iijia yBimaHa srioAaHH, 6ojibinHHCTBO bo* 
TogHxii OTjBEHHajiocb saKOHHeHHocTbK) H pasHOotfpasieirb coxep- 
saHifl: 6ujiH rpycrnue, hoith TparH^ecEie, Apyriese, Haapo- 
THBib, Tan H AumajiH Becejiieifb h sHSHepaAocTHOCTbio. Ho, Kan 
Bi> Tin, lan h vb ApyrnxB, saHiqajiocB CTporo BUAepacaHHoe 
HacrpodHie, CBHAiTejtbCTBOBaBinee ol^i yBJue^eHia zyAoacHHKa cBoeft 
pa6oToft. M 9Ta onpeA'^JieHHOCTb, aia i](ijibHOCTb nacTpoeHifl ho- 
BOJibHo noAsynajia spHTOJUi h, n cbhsh cb xopomeft TexHHKoft, 
coQA&Jia CHJia^eBy no^renHoe hmh. 

— Ean H Ban saBHAyH), Hasen ^HHTpieBHiiI — CKasajrb 
JIflpoBi>, pascMaTpHBaa Asa pflA0xi» BsciBoiHX'b aiioAa. — KaKoe 
pasHOodpasie coAepsaniH! TpyAHO Aase, npaBO, noBtpHTb, ito 
OAHHb H Ton-ace xyAOSHun naaHcan botb aroro roJiOAHaro 
CTapH^Ka n oTpenbaxi h paAon dTOio ^panTa, o5i>flCHflK>ii^a- 
rocfl Bi aK>6BH A'i^BHi^t KyaeqecKaro o5jiHKa ci JiHQOMb SHpaoft 
rycuHH. CsaKHTo, y Baci, BtpoHXHo, oqesb p^akh vHHyrii co- 

-Hiri^Hift H HeAOBOJiBCTBa co6oft? 

— ^a OHi HHorAa HeAiMiia «e Moseib pa6oTaTb h hoi- 



102 iS»iwfo>^«r ■^: 

"uin, KaKk ytiniifl!— CKasEJia M8pBF^3^^ npuoTSBmaac^ 

Tyn-se, Ha sHBaHUBft*— IIpocTo Micxa cetift He HaxoARn, m 
TorAa vb Heny ne hoaxoxhI Mjhh, botx, BOSBven 9Ty canyici' 
HiazMaiHyK) AOCKy, Mseix na BpoaaTb, noKpoercA iny6ot h 
pasCnpaen napm— ci bhaomi ^lejioBftKa, npHroBopenHaro jsk 
CMepTH. IIpaBo! TenepB-io a ysi HpiBUKJia m aroiiy, a nna^ 
lajrift H6 SHajia, mo h AynaTB. 

— 9to BipHol — CM!6iiCL, HOA^BepAHJi'B GuiaieBi. — Bam 
HpaMo-raKH Besjio, hto bu ho sacrafiajiH MeHH vh lasom raxi. 

— Ho KaEVxe Tor^a otiiHCHHiB Ty yBipeHHOCTb h bha^P- 

SaHHOCTB TOHaJEL KOJIOpHia, KOTOpUMH OTJKHHaiOTCH HO^TH BCi 

BaniH 8TX)AU? KorAa rji^Aani^) ^asb h nyBCTByercH, ^to nncaHu 

OHH HOA'B OAHHMl I^ijULHUHl Bne^aTJoAHieMl, H Bl HHZl H6 8a- 
Hd^THO BE MyKH, HH KOJI66aHift... 

— A MezAy xiMi, Ha caHom-io A^i h oneHB t/^e ana- 

HOITB Cb BTBHH npiilTHBUiM BMOipHMH. Ho UlTyKa, BBAHTe-J[Hy h% 

Tom, ^TO a — craptiS BOpoCeft h 6epycB sa khctb juiniB Toqa^ 
BOFAa qyBCTByB) HenpeoAOJunyH) HOTpeCnocTB nncaiB, npa^eiTB 
crapaiocB ne HacHJOfiaiB CBoero HacTpoeniH: KorAa a Ba> Masop- 
HOiTb HacTpoeHlH,— H8o6paacaio cooTBiTCTByionue cioaceTu; KorAa- 
xe sHa^e HacTpoeHi,— laBTB h MHerB nanHcaTB bohi» Tasoro 
ropeMUBy-ciapBqEa... M Bon, Hosen 6mhj noaioiiy-TO kh^ 
Kofi-^TO H yAaeiCH. He AyvaflTe, oAHaEO, ^to a lacio AOBoaen'B 
CBOBHE pa6oTaMH. 0, HanpoTHBi! Ho 8X0 dBiBaen yse noion^ 
KorAa EapiHHa EOHHena, h h nyqajocB ea HeAOcraTKaiui... TorAa^ 
oqeBHAHO, usA tojuko h ocxaeTca — noKpuxBca nojiymytiKoirB h 
p£maxB maxMaxHUfl saAavi. 

— nocjiymadxe, naBejn JI^MixpieBHqi — CBaaajTB JUposTB, 
HOAHflBmHCB Gb Mtcxa H marafl no KOMnai^ — b^a^ aama 
xeopia hoatohjixb, xan cnasaxB, ciosexii hoa^b Hacxpoenie— Beii^ 
cpaftHe pBCEOBaHHaa. 8xo CBoero pOAa HaRjcoHHaa hjiockocxb^ 
ao Koxopofi, 6en pyKOBOAfln^eft BAen, mosho neyAepsHifo no- 
KaxETBca, Eoiii SHaexi KyAa! Bijif>, HacipoeHia Bcaxifl 6uBaK)x%» 
BuBaHnrB n xaKi^, HanpHMd^pi, qxo nejioBJ^Ky (Aase bhojih^^ 
cepiesHOMy) xoHeica mcojiBHHqaxB. HeysejiH h xoi^a HCKaxB 

nOAXOAflH^HXB CK)SeXOBl>? 

— By, BBi ys'B AomjiH ao EpafiHocxn! FoBopa, ^xo ho cjA- 
Ayexi HacHjiOBaxB HacTpoenie, a BOBCe ne hm^^'b vh bexj xoro^ 
HCKJiiouTejiBHaro HacipoeHia o Koxopon bh cet^aci yHOMUHyjaiE^ 
HoxoMy TTO Vb nem> Hd^xi HHqero HHTepecnaro. 

— A MeasAy T&ubj cotfjiasBTB BcexaaH Bejuisi,— corjiacHxecR 
cb 9XHHi>! — ropa^o BOspasHji'B JIapoBi.— 3a npHM^paMH xoahxs 
He AOJBiro — hxi ckojibeo yroAHO h bb ainxepaxypi, h bb shbo- 
HHCH. H npoHCxoAHXi dxo, 6evb coMHJ^Hi^, oxxoro, ^xo o^oh^ 
HHorie DHinyrB fiesi pyEOBOAaiqefl HAen, a xaKi, qxo nepaoe 
HpHAexi BB rojioBy, o ^eMi xonexca nncaxB hoa'b Bneqaxjri^mewB^ 



nETBPByprcmfl Bj^oxHOBSHifl. 103 

ijTii! noioTb ce&bj sajuiBaioTCA, saEi nxHi^u HetfecHua, nox- 
W^ULSich eAflHCTBOHHO ooTpe^HOCTH jAcuojAbislI. Bh HO cepffi- 

VeCb Ha 1f9Hfl, HO... 

GHjia^eBii AotfpoxjniHO yjuitfnyjiCH. 

— Hmnero. Msi, CaxenBEa, ne vb ahrobehky cxamMb emfi 
a He TajEoeL. HexaBHO, HaHpH]i:6pi, 6£m y MeHfl ^ojithhobi, 
H qero TOUBO He naroBopHzi oh% mh:& ho noBOAy MOHz^b sap- 
TMHi — xase cTpamHo ciajio! 

— Banu BapTHHu npeACxaBJUuiHCB MHi Bcer^a cosepsa- 
7ejiBHUMH, H4I roBOpK) BooCn^e, npHHitHniajEBHOf-^CBaaaJTB Mfon, 
KOTOpOMy HOKasajiocB, qio oni dSkfjkn npuneou cbohmh aaiii^a- 
MiHMH. — Ho, eosH xoTHte npaoss, to h acmubohb CKaaaTB, tto 
(SoiocB, xaE%-6Bi, cjAkjb Bameft leopiH, cb Te^enienb BpeiieHH 
SH He noABeprjSHCB y^iacTn HHornxi TajiaHuuBux'B ssojsfiA... 

— To ecTB, 60HT6CB, qro cneyAepsHMo noBa^ycBnoHauoH- 

MOft nJ[0CK0CTH»? 

— MiieHHol 

— IIocjiyinaflTe, rojaiydusB, — cepBesno CEaaaji'B GHJia^eBB, 

HQXeMUBUBaflCB KB HpiHTeJOO.— Mjl, OHOBHAHO, HJEOXO HOHHMaeVB 

ApyrB APyra^H bu, KaaeTca, ckaohhh npHUHCUBaTB MHfiiuicjuiy 
xoTopinrb H BOBce He coqyBCXByH). fl rofiopHU tohi, ^to ho 
ei^Ay^n nacHioBaxB CBoe HacTpoenie, t. e. nncaxB botb 
TaKoro crapiHKa, Rorsa zo^ieTCfl HanHcaiB ito nntfyAB Bpoj^i 
Moero €06iHCHeHiH>; a bu, Kaseica, orosxeciBJuieTe aro cb 

fHCKyCCTBOlCB fflSL HCKyCCTBa», CB KaKOft-TO (SeSHpHHIlHnHOCTBK), 

xoTopyH) A tiyjiio-6u peKOMeflxyK)! Cnjia bb tohb, ^to yiiy h cepAi^y 
(oco6eHHO cepmyt) mosho CKasaiB nozesHoe cjiobo bb oahomb 
TOUKO uyui^ a HMeHHO,— ecu bto cjiobo BHOjmi hcbpohho. 
HxeH zyAosecTBeHHaro HpoHSBeAenifl soJissHa sapoAUBCJi bb yuft 
zyAosHHsa h bbuutbca hsb ero cepwa.... EcjiH-se 6yAen na- 
jiftHiaH HeHCKpeHHOCTB, Majiiflmee HacHJiOBaHBe ce6fl, Torxa — 
HHHero nyxHaro ne hcah: Bamn cjioBja, Bamn odpasu 6yAyTB 
Hju fiescHjKBHUii HOTyrfl, Hjm npocToe h o^esHXHoe owyjiaHT- 
CTBo! BoTB HOdTOMy-TQ HacHJioBaTB ce($H, CB06 HacTpoeme ana-* 
UTB'He HpoHaraHAHpoBaTB, a npo^aHHpoBaiB habk)... 

— Cb^BTHMB, KOHe?HO, H6JIB3fl He COFJiaCHTBCfl, — H^CSOJIBBO 
yCHOKOHBIDMCB, SaH^bTHOTB JIflpOBB.— Ho fl BCO XaKH CRasy, ITOy 

eciH criCHflTB TBop^ecTBO He cjiiAyon, tq nanpaBJifliB ero 

HeotfxOAHMOl.. 

— HanpaBUTB— sa, ho nysno A^aiB aro cb tfojiBniHiiB 
TaKTOHB H Aaace, laKB CKasaiB, cb zyAosecTBenHBniB qyiBeMB, 

nOTOMy HTO, BBHpOTHBHOMB CAyui^) A^O CBeA6TCfl RB CT^CHe- 

HiK) HacTpoenifl, t. e. kb nojiHOMy sapisy AapoBanui... H^tb, 
Muiflmii IleipB HBanoBHHBy RaRB HeaBSH TpeCidBaiB otb xflsejo- 
Bosa, Hxo&b OHB CpajiB 6apBepH, mrb neBOBMosHO Tpe6oBaTB 
on zyAOSHHRa, ^to6u ohb HHcaAB no ^ysoft yRasRi, noAroHflH 



104 pyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

CBoe Hacipoenie noA'b ^yadii mucju, noTOMy rto, nosropflK), 

BUAjSfiTb He TBOp^eCTBO, a CHKJJIHHTCTBO!.. 

— ^a KTO BToro TpetfyeTB? 

— Ri cosajAHifo, MHorie... FoBopio noA^CBftsHiTB BoeqaiJii- 
HieiTb OAHoro paaroBopa, ^BiBmaro He AaJiBme, Kairb sqepa... Ch- 
AHTb y MeHH ^osTB&ovk. H pa6oTaiO; h mu npeBecejio tfojuaeu o 
iiCHEoft BCHiHKft. SariiTB, OHi ciaub paaciiaTpHBan moh dTioxu h, 
Korw sairbTHJn oh^l torb, ^to bhchti» npoTHBi> Baci, y OKHa, to 
pacxoxoTajiCH caMum sapasHTejiBHum o6pa80MB, nKb ^ixo ffioae 
Bapfoma, no CBoftCTBeHEOH j eft juo6onuTCTBy, npatftoajia ysHazB, 
Kb lem jsfkjio. «Hy, h ctapaeTC^ ase, roBopfln, Bami KaHajEBB — 
aseHHrbl TaKi h bhaho no pos*)^, vio cjivifOLB-ro cjoBa ohi» 
roBopBTB, a Bi> 9T0 BpeHH AyHaoTB HeBicTHHurb ja^asax'B h 
ysi> npHjKHAUBaerB 6apumH...> 

— cOqeHB paffBy roBopio, ^to BaiiB noHpaBHJCH uoft diJojKh. 
£[, MOserB 6utb, cb Hero KaprHHy HanHiny.> — c^a kto, roBO- 
pHTi, BaiTB csasajti), mo oni imi noHpaBucH?l> H BXpyrB 
TaKB cxporo BdrjuHyjuB aa mch^ h noipBCB CBoefi naipiapxaJDiB- 
Hoft 6opoAoft, qTO y MeHH WJ&e icypamEH no cnHHi saCicuH, 
npaBo! 

— cKan, roBopK), kto CKasajTB? JIja Bu-se caiiH ceftucb 

CKasajIH BamHlTB CMiXOUli H SaMi^iaHiHlfH O MOOITB 9TK)Ai>. 

— cBsxopB-CBl roBopHTB,— HH^ero onpex'&ieHHaro h ne 
CKasajTb, a CMixB uoft— nesAopoBufi, nyrpflHOft cm^xb, nocjii 
KOToparo EasAuft pasi caHOMy cob:&ctho CTanoBHTCH. RaRafl 
9A$CB HASH H ^ro 3T0 sa ciOJKerb — ^aj^h KapxHHU oco6eHHol By 
KOMy^ CKasHTe na hrjioctb, Kouy HHrepecHo, ^to Kasoft-xo xaMB 

npOXBOCTB 06BHCHHeTCfl BB J[K>6Ba Kynei](KOfi AOlBi? ^TO 810— 

HOBO, 4T0-JIH, opnrHHajiBHO? H He AyxafiTe, rOBOpHTB, H He 
cuiflTe HHcaTB KapTHHUf— pacKaTaK) bb rasexaxB! PasBi no 
HfiinimHHiiB BpeneHairB xaRie cioseTii nysHU? HuHve HecM:6iiTBCH, 
roBopHTB, a njiaicaTB nysno— botb EaKia BpeMena, a bbi 6b- 
piojiBKaiiH saHHHaeiecBl Ctjuaho, cjA&P^f ctuahoI..» H nomejiB 
KaiaiB MeuH na Bcft kopkhI 

<H H roBopK) eMy: JIja bbi, rojiy6«iHffB, aceciOKo omH^aexecB, 
Aynan, qxo OAHdk ap&ku HHTepecHBi. HHrepecna xhshb. rb en noji- 

HOMB H npaBAHBOMB HSOCpaSOHil, a BB JSH8HH ApaiCa nOCTOHHHO 

nepenieTaeTCH ab Koi(e;(ieft, noA'iacB KBoae cb ^apcoMB... Q 
ejRejiH, roBopH), cianeTe H3o5pa»aTB oah:6 jihihb Apa^o^, to, 
HaB^pnoe, Hso^pasHie He sHByio A'bficTBHTeiBHOCTB, a cosAan- 
HyH) Bamnn BoofipaxeHieiiB, pimaTeuHO hh nfiA Koro ne 
HHTepecnyH) ^aHTasiio! 3aAa^a HCsyccTBa, roBopfo^ npesAe Bcero, 
saKjiioqaeTCH bb tomx, 7To6£i f^yscTBa AO^pua 6yAHTB>, a KaKHMB 
o6pa30MB —aro a^^io xyAOsecTBenHofl cy6BeKTHBH0CTH... BorB 
eiftxB H TO MajieHBBoe HeroAOsanie, soropoe bu, noBHABHOHy, 

HCnUTBIBajIH, rJHAH Ha uoft dTfOAB, npHMO rOBOpHTB sa TO, HTO ' 



r 



nBTBPByprcKifl baoxhobehijet. 105 

OKI H6 ^JXKb 9T0ft leHXeHipH, ITO H Tpe60Baj[0CB X0Ba3aTBl A 

^»T0 jun^ roBopK), noTon, MHoroyBaacaeMiifl E[BaHi> MBftHO- 

BHTB, BCnOlCHHBl cO Bp6MeHaX<B>, BU SarOBOpHJIH H(hK9^T0WJ. 

n 9TO o^eHB xapasrepHO h ajea bbcb, h a^ xoft inROJiu, kti 

KOTOpoft BH ce6H npHqECJH6Te... 

— «A yanb, roBopHn, a Tain He SHaio,— xapasrepHo-jiH, 
HO noBTopflH): KapiHHU He HHHiHTe— pacBaiaK) vh rasexax'^! 
TenepB, (SaTioinKa, He Ti BpeHena, h t^yBciBa Aotfpiifl tfyjiHTBi 
HExo FB HHoft, 6ojiie KOHRpeiHOft ^opiii!.. Eo^e Jl, rOBOpHTB, 
aoHHJTb-dfii HOAo6HEit ciosen, ecjuitfu, HanpHic6p'b, bi pojua 
xemaa ^HrypHpoBaarb CTjxeHirb — Torxa Bama BapxHHa kochj- 
jiaeB-6fii oxHoft an coBpeMeHHBixi aawh: b^ab naina MOJioAesB, 
o£b — OX'S, Kasi najia h nojiy^HTB HpaBoy^enie eft BcerAa 
nojie8Ho!..» 

ToiT^a a crajTb o6'bjichhtb JlfijsrAo^j^ vso BOBce He HAeajiH- 
SHpyio HUfffiniHeft MOJOAesH, ho naAO BceiaKH 6utb cnpa- 
seAJniBfinrB h neiiHHTB, qio vh roioAHue roA^i axa canafl cnaA- 
niafl> MOJioxescB Tojinaioi mia na homo^s napoAy. H TaK% 
Aaflie... 

— Ha levB-ase, bi KOHi^i rohiiobi, nopizHHjni?— yjiu^nyB- 

niHCB, CnpOCflJTB JIjlpOBl. 

— Jl^a BBi pasBi He SHaexe J(ojirHHOBa! CnycTHJCH cb 

a^THHIIU H Cl HH2CHeft HJIOQ^aAKH KpH^HTb: cA Ha MOft CH^Xl 

BEHManiH He o6paiitaftTe— nesAopoBBifl, HyxpflHoft cMixi)!..! Ci 
Tiwb H ymejTb. 



y. 

ToJiBKO Ha jsBui^ yftAfl otb CnjiaHeBa, JlBpoBi bchokhhji'b, 
HTO He neperoBopHJTB ch hhui o toitb x^jA^ paAH Koioparo 8a- 
mejii ICE Heny — o6i ero RapTBHi. Ho evy ji^hb 6hjd[0 noABiMaiBCA 
no Kpyroft jrbcTEBnjb na nHiuft Braxi, h OB'S pinnurB otjioskhtb 
neperoBopu o6'b btobtb ao Apyroro pasa. Jlfl h ne tbrx BOBce 
<>ufjrB OBTb HacipoeHi xenepB. Obi ^jBCXBOBaJTB noTpe6HOCTb 

HaeAHH% nOpaSMKCJIHTB O TiXl>, RaRl CBirB CiapHXl, HO AJiA 

xyAOSHHRa B^HHO 2EuiB0Tpenentyi]](HX'B Bonpocaxi, ROTopue 6UJIH 
BaxpoHyTii Bi pasroBopi ci CHjna'ieBiiMi. 

Owb H xenepB, Raft's hohth BcerAa, yxoAfl on npijixejiji, 
HCHuiuBaji'B no OTHomeHiK) ri neny cHimanHoe "lyBCXBo yBaace- 
hIh h 8aBHCXH. HpaBAa, axo He 6HJia npo^^eccionajiBHafl sbbhcxb, 
BBBHCXB B81 sa MaxeplanBHaro ycaixa k% HecoKHiHHOHy h o6£Eie- 
npHsnaHHOMy AapOBaniK), ho Bce se axo 6ujio nexopoinee, yrne- 
xaion^ee lyBCXBo, xiirb 6001*68, hto ohi npHSHaBajii, ito CHJia- 
Heax Coraio OAapeHHaa Haxypa h hxo, RpoMi xoro, roBopn no 

COB-J^CTH, HHRTO HO KOFb ynpeRHyXB BFO Bl yrOAJIHBOCXH, BX 2^6- 



106 P7CCK0E BOrATCTBO. 

joHlH nonyjupHnaTB, tohho laExe, san hhrto ho Mon ynpes- 
HjTB ero HI 668HpaBCTBeHH0CTH TmjsfiEBiA. HanpoTHBi, KasxaSr 
eaMafl xaxe, noBSXHMoiiy, eeanpHTflsaiejiiBHafl ero BapTSHKa Bcerxa 
6yAHJia b-l spnejri «^BCTBa xo6pBiJi»... 

3a vo se co6cTBeHHO ynpexaiB ero? 3a necipoTy ciose- 
TOBi, sa 8T0 nepenjueraBie TparH^ecKaro cl KOMH^ecKHirb, koto- 
poe noA^aci suci^aeTCH y Hero bi oxHOft h loft-se KapnH^? 
Ho Ha 6e8npHCTpa€THaro spBiejifl ero RapTHHu Bcersa npoHSBo- 
WTh BHeuTJiiHle CesycJiOBHOft npaBjiu h, kxo 8Haen, 6htb mo- 
xerb, HHeHHO (karoxapji ^roft chocoChocth nojraie h mhoiocio- 
poHH^e Ha6j[H)AaTB jkhshb, oh'b h cociaBEJrb ce6% no^reHHyio 
hsb^cthoctl).. 

GHJia^eBi roBopm, hto HysHO tojibro yxiib cKaeaiB yny 
H cepmy HJiH, ApyrHifH cjioBaMH, Haftrn rapMOHlio uex,fj 
Hxeeft, ^opicoft h co^eiyuiHieirE... Ho JierRo CKaeaiB — nafirH 
rapMomiol 0, 9T0 b-j^hhsA, npoKJrflnift Boiipoci TBopnecTBa! 
Gkojulko pan, vh noncsarb sa dioft rapMOHieft, ohi xepeaioi 

COMH^HifllOl, CROJIBBO paSl yHHHTOSaJTb yJSe OIOHHeHHHfl pa60TiIf 

Haxosfly ^TO oHi— jni6o cjannKom o6ieKniBHH r 6e8i>HxeftBH, 
jib6o, Bao6opon, ^epesHypi* cydeRTHBHH, ^epesnyp'L cnponn- 
TaHii ]copaii»K)>. 

«Ho Racb xocTHrnyrb droft rapHOHlH, RaRit — cb locROft fj- 
U9a% JLipoB%. — He nacHJiOBaiB HacTpoeHiH, RasB coBiiyen Ch- 
jLmwb? Ho, BO-nepBurb, 8To CTapo, RaRi cvbrb^ a, bo BTopiazx, 
arbfja dTOMy coB^iy, moorbo vh caMom f^jrk «HORaTHT&CA no 

HaRJSOHHOft nJIOCROCTB> H «HeCTiCHeHle BaCTpoeHiH», OHeBHffHO, 
AOJtJKHO 6U7B TOXe Hd ySA^. n OnflTb TaRH, SHaHHTB, npORJIflTUft 

BonpocB rapnoBlH ociaeTCfl otrphthitliI.. 

^a HOJiHO, npBBexen jsm ki neHy-HHCyxB nyxHOicy aio cHCRa- 
Hie rapMOHiH>? nieRcnHpi, EaflpoHi, rp. ToJtcxoft, TypreneBi 
H, nosajiyft, xase CBuiaieBi — b'b JDiyHmHrb CBOxn npoHSBOX^ 
HiAxi— HaBipHoe ho HCRaju h ho H^yrb HHRaRot crapMomH*, 
noTOMy Hxo ona — BHyrpH hxi, noxoxy hxo ona cocxaBJuiex7» nrb 
cymecxbol H caiiiift $aRXi ucKanin ne ecxB an npHSBaBi 6e8- 
CBJirlfl HJDi yxi, BO BCJiRoiTb cJujTHai, npHBHaKb oxcyxcxBla na- 
cxoiiHiiaro xapoBanifl? Biji^hj botb, h ohi, h x^xe GycanucoB'L 
xose xoKJixcJi B'b HanpacHHX'b noHCRazi sa sxoft «rap]co- 
Hieft>L 

H owb ch xocRoft noxyxajTb, hxo, 6iixb xozexi, Hs6pajrb jih- 
xepaxypnyio x^xeoibHocxb no RaROMy xo cipaHHOiiy nexopasy- 
iiiHiH), npHHflBi fMaHiio nBcaxejiBCXBa> sa npHSBanie h xaiaEn! 
0, xaxe HaB^pHoe, noxoHy hto paxocxmiH HHHyxH, HspixKa 
HcnuxHBaeimfl mthy xaRi HesHanxeaibHH, xaRi RpaxROBpeMenHui, 
cpaBHHxeaibHO cb HeyxoBJiexBopoHHOcxbio h xepsaHlaioi, hocxoshho 
OTpaBJIflIo^^I]lH xyoiBBHHft OFO HORoftl Jlflk^ 8X0 6iijrb 6ii cxpaH- 
Huft xajnaHXi, b^hho R0Jie6jiiDn9ftca, bAhho colrHiBaK)^^tcfl vk 



HETEPByprcsifl baoxeobehih. 107 

eo6cTBeHHim» CHJuarb n cnoco6HEdl ceroAsa BOsneHaBHA'iTB to, 
vro B^epa nHcasocB ci TaKHK jBJie^eHieirb... 

H OHl BCnOMHHJI'b, RB,Kh TOflfk RBa TOMy HasaX^B HHiaJTB CBOft 

nepsHft pascsasi yBasaeMOMy 6ejiJieTpHCTy, Kasi totb chotp^jbtb 
Ha Hero AoCpHwi h rpycTHHMH rjiasaMHi RaKi, nocjii nepsBirb 
sairt^aHift nBcaieu, oetb Bxpyn tohho npospijrB, cosHasaii Bci 
ciafiufl CTopoHU CBoero npoHSBesoHifl, h RaR'b, yxoj^n AOMot^ 
6ajch npeHcnojraen^B cxuAa h HOHaBHCTH kb caicoicy ce6% sa cboh 
npereHBlH Ha nHcaieoacTBo. Hirb, nacioflnpH As^poBanui ne mo- 
ryn b'b Tasoft irtpi HcnHiuBaiB wi bth R0Jie6aHlH h 
vyRBl.. 

Ohi aojr'o h yHiuio xoahjtb no KoiraaTi, npoEnHHan ce6fl sa 
<ABKyK) MiicjsB» npoH^HflTB lopHABHecRyH) Kapiepy na HHcaTeja^ 
czBOy KOTopoe AOCTaBJifljio eny ho^th oahh tojibro oropnesifl. H 

9T0 fle aSTOpCRaH HHHieJIBHOCTB — Hirb, nOTOMy HTO HOHTH BCi 

ero BHaROMue, a TaRJse h pei^eHseHTH (vh jowl hhcji% h <jih- 
QenpiHiHHei), npHSHaBaa sa ero nHcamjuoi cjnrrepaTypHocTB 
i8JK)seHiH> H €Ao6piiJi HaMipesiHi, A^iajra naccy orop^HTejiB- 
Huii Ana ero aBTOpcRaro caiioJiK)6ia oroBopoRi. Ho, ne CMoipa 
Ha dTO, OHi BceTaRH 6ujrB yBipeni (ecJiH ne cwTaxB ^cobi 
«AyineBH0ft npocipai^Hi), nio bi jirrepaTypi HaftAorBCBoe «Ha* 
cioamfiQ npH8BaHie», hto ctohtb tojibro npeoAoaiTB RaRoe to 
MaoeHBRoe npenaTCTBle (RaRoe? owb h cairB dToro ne 8Hajn>), 
trofo cpasy BCTynsTB na €HacTOHI^ift nyTB» h CTaTB nojiesHBm 
TpyseHHRon. 0, TorAa osb, naB^pHoe, nan^e 611011 6u jrhbho- 
paAOCTHO Hacrpoeni, a ne iiy^HJica 6h, RaRi 3orB TonepB, ujb^ 
joam AHaMH bi tocrI h nosopHOMii CesAMcTBlH!.. 

n, nyTaacB h TepsaacB BonpocaMH h coMninlaiiH bi co6- 
crseHHiix'B CHJiarB (caiiHiiH ysacHunn s MyHHTejiBHiitfH cowsi- 

hLuIH Bl idpi!), OH^b HCnUTBtBaJDCB HyBCTBa, CI» ROTOpSniH 8Ha- 
ROITB — HeBaBHCHMO A&^B 0Tb paSMipOB'B A^pOBaHlH — BCHRift 

Majio-MajiBCRH HCRpeHHifi H Jiio6an^ift HCRyccTBO nncaTeJiB. 



YL 

JlapoBi Bepnyjicfl AOMoft, bi Me6jiHpoBaHHUfl ROMHaTiv, orojio 
nani lacoBi. R% Heny cet^SLCb se sameji'B RoppHAopHHft, Hh- 
ROJiat, HTo6ii cnpaBBTBca, moxho jih noAaBBTB oO^a^. 06£irho- 
BOHHO MOJraajOKBuft, nfuane HicROJiBRO yrpiouBill, 0Hi> Ha 9TorB pasi 
yAHBHJTB JlapoBa Becejunii, a^s^ OT^acTH pa3yxa6HCTinfi bhaoitb. 
Bnpo^eirB, a^o BCRopi pasiacHHoiocB: HnROJiaft HanoMHBJU'B, 

HTO CerOAHH OHl HMHHHHHHRl H, RpOMt TOFO, RB HOlCy HeOJRH- 

ABHHO nplixajna sena hsi jiepeBHH. IIo BTOicy cjiynaio ohi noay- 
HHJTB AByrpHBeHHHft, iTO cpasy se pacnoJiosHJio ero r:b acHJiBity 
H BUBBajio BO Bpeicfl o6iAa Apy^ecRoe npeAOCTepesenie otho- 



108 PyCCEOE BOriTCTBO. 

cHTejiBHo cyx&BA noj(L RHCJiKirB coycom: <roh6hho, ohi uokb 
coycoifB nflKaHn, — surtTHJti HHKOJiat, noAasEA JK^posy o6is7», — 
TaKE HTO cropA^a TO, nosajiyll, h h6 pa36epeTe, ho ji, oahero, 
Rymaib He covbrjiOy noTony, Rorxa RyxapRa npHHOCJia ci puH- 
Ra, — on Hero nyxi 6Hjrb»... SartirB, ohi ciajTB XBajsBTB soHy 
H ofoflCHVJTB, HTO OHd B0BC6 HO HoxosE Ha AepOBeHCRyK) 6a6y 
H HTO y HOfl tcoBcbuTb ropoACROft $acoBmR'B». 

Bi coc^AHell ROMBaii npo6HJio mecxb ^acoBi, BnepexH Chjtl 

JlJIHHHKlft H TOVHTOJIBHUfll BOHep'b, HOTOlCy ^TO He TOJIBRO pa6o- 
laTB, HO ^HiaTB H KBOie BATH Bl» Toaipib JIflpOBy He xorbjiocB. 
JlpHTOirb se, Bii oxHAaHlH roHopapa sa npHHATyio CTaieftRy, eiiy 
HyacHo 6ujro pasc^HTUfiaTB RasAuft py6jcb, hto6u ne 8aji%8TB b'b 
AOJirH, KaRi 3T0 yse ne pas'B cJiy^ajiocB cb hhitb. «?to A^arB, 
KjAa A^BaTbCfl?— ci AOcaAofl m Aa^e HiROTopmrB 08Jio6jieHiein» 
BOAyMajLi OHi. He hath se wh SHaROHHirE! ^ejioB^Rii bi TaROH'b 
HacTpoeHiH cnoco6eHi passi HarHaTB na 6jaisHHro TOCRy, Aa h 
caMOMy on aioro ne JierTO 6yAeTX»!.. 

JIjocTaBafl nopTCHrapi, JLapoB'B Hameoii b7» Rapnani sanHCRy 
Cb aApecon ^BLeneHRH, o ROTopoft, aaHATirik cbohmh mhcjumh, 
owb coBciMii H no8a6ujii. cHe safini jih kb net?— noAyMajii 
oHi. — Bee paBHO Be^epi nponajTB, a dotoitb ne co5epycB no- 
^Rajiyft^... 

H, BcnoMHHBi paacRaax CHJiaHeBa o HenpHTJUAHOMi nojioseniH 
A^ByniRH H en combH; ohi pimHorb ne OTRJiaAUBaTb aToro na- 

M^pOHla H TOTVkCb Se OTHpaBBTBCJI Kh HBlTb. Ho ITO dCOSOTb 

OHi> DpeAiiosBTb eft? Bb Rapxani y Hero hohth nycTO, Aa* Rpoiii 
Toro, HejioBRO xe npeArararb Aenbrn Bb bba% noAa^BH— Hin, 
HBAO HTO HB6yAb HpHAyMaTbl H oHb pimHJib Ha nepBuft pasi 
oTAaTb A^BymR^ HepenHcarb yse coBciMb oROH^eHHyio cTaieflRy, 
He cMOTpfl na to, ^to BcerAa cam A^jsajofb 8to. Ho, ecjiH ona 
TBRb HyjRAaeTca,— HaAO se RaRb BE6yAb homo^b eft!.. 

BcnoKHBBX ^eneHRi, ohb TOTHaci «e npeAcraBEJib ceOi 
efl cTpoflnyK) ^srypRy, eja ho^tb A'&TCRyK) rojioBRy cb T^acejioft 
Kocoft H aiH cTpaHHBie fjrasa, ROTopue cpasy xe npEROBUBajiH 
BHBMaHie* H, ^iiTB 6oJiBme AyHaj[ii> ohb o neft, rbm am Hero 
^CHibe CTanoBBJuocB, hto ona noRaaajiacB eny oieHB npBBJie- 
KaTejiBHOfl H npoBSBejia na Hero CBJiBHoe Bne'iaTJiiHie. Ho ob% 
cTapancfl He Ay vaTB o napyxHocTH A^BymRH h 8arji3rniHTb bi» ce6i 
dTO cHHCTo ^BSB^ecRoe Bne^aTJiiHie». 

CexBfl lUaiiaeBBix'B xHJua bo btopomx ABopi rpoMaAnaro Aona, 
b'b AnpaRCHHOMb nepeyjiRi. ^eopi dTorb nopaxajnb CBoeft He- 
onpflTHocTBK) H Maccoft TOJiRaBmarocii bi nem rpflsnaro h o6oa- 
paHBaro napoAa. JifiBh 6ujn> npasAHHHHHfl, h no aTouy caynaio 
Ao6pa2 nojuoBBHa o6BTaTej[iefi Aona 6HJia cbjubho BUDBBmB, TaR'B 
nTO JI^poBy He JierRO 611J10 pasucRaTB ABopHBRa, ROTopuft h yRar 
sajib HysHyK) exy RBapTBpy. « 



r 



nBTEPB yprcKifl baoxhobehui. 109' 

niaicaeBU CHHifajiH xsi He6ojiiBmifl KOMHaTU y nopyHHEa. 
EojtpflKOBa, BiirHaHHaro co cjnysCu «8a npHcipacTie Kb cmipT- 
Hmtb HanHTsaiTLi, xaKi cairE ohi He pasi cosHaBaJicji bi mh- 
Hjnru OTRpoBeHHOCTB* 9to 6tm lejEioB^Ki juin copoRa-naiE, He 
mAsmiA OHpex&neHHHX'b saHarift h o6ji3aTeJiBHO HanHBaBmifica 
KBMffA npasAHHRX. mu% a RaRi Ao6uBaji:B oH^b cpeAciBa ki> 
cyn^ecTBOBaHlK), — ociaBajiiocB ero Taftnoft; ho oqeBEAHO 6ujio, 
mo JKHJTB OHi BnporoJiosb H nHJii, ^xe HaauBaerca, ci» ropa: 
(^'b 9towb CBHAiTencTBOBaJiH ero yrpioMuft, noA^acB A&ace 

y6HTili BHAl H rb HeSOSMOHHUfl JIOXMOTBA, EOTOpUfl OHl HO- 

y BoAPflKOBa 6ujio ABoe f^relk h RpoTEaa, 6e80TBiTHaa {b'b 
Tpe^Bom BHA$) sena ci ^axoio^Htiirb jumoirL h rpycTHUMH^ 
HacTO sanjiaKaHHUiiH rjiaBaira. B% 6yAHH ona b^iho hto-to msjia, 
8apa6amBafl sajtsle rponm, a no BOCKpeceHBaic^b xoAHJia isi> 
Kywkj SHBineft no Toft-se jiActhh]t6, h BOSBpan^ajiacB oxryAa 
OHeHB Beceoioft. RorAa Mysi ea Susaji'B ipessi, ofb 8a6oTJDiHBO, 
Aase B^SHO oTHOCHJica h si neft, h jsi> A^xairb, ocofienno k'b 
crapmefl a^boir^, JLmovaA^ ROiopoft mexb ipHHaAiiiaTBift roA^ n 
EOTopafl yAHBBTejEBHo nanoiomajia MaiB. 

no Benepani, vb nanajii,— noRa BoApflROBi ne Aomejii en^e 
AO JioxMOTBeBii, — oHb OHOHL ycopAHO saHHHajica ci» neft h bco 
iiewaji'L 6jiaroAiTejrb, Eoiopull noiiicTBrb ero A^B^ypRy bi 
rBKHaslK). 9th moitu hm^h, Bnpo^eifB, H^ROTopyio peaunyio 
nowy, noTOMy no y senu ero,— H^RorAa ROHHHBmeft hhcth- 
rypb ch mH^pom, — 6h[jih bi neTep6yprt Roft-aaRie cocToaxejiB- 
hho SHaRome. Ho snaROMue, no6£EBaB:b wb ceuhi Boaphrobulx'b, 
RaRi BOAHTca, oiOHB CRopo npHHHCJiHjni dry ceHBio ri RaToropin 
<noiii6mBxi» h nepecTajiH Ay^aTb o Heft. TorAa BoApaROBi 
Bnaa'L wb onaanBe, OROHHaiejibHO onycTHJicfl h ho p^Ai^o roBO- 
pHJTb jcoh^: c^'biTB xyse, Tim jiy^me-«CRop'be HSAOXHyl.. BorL 
xub TOJiBKO Te6H, HaTama, as^ A^Teft/a to HaniejrB-6u a cpoA- 
CTBO noROHHBTB cb rHycHUH'b cyniecTBOBaHle]rbI..» 

H TenepB, RorAa onpeAiJieHHUx'B HaAesA'^ hh y Roro no^Ts 
He 6iuio (BoApaROBi HHorAa BceTaRH Mo^xaJTB o ay^meifi 6yAy- 
mfiwb) H coMBa SHaa hso Ana b:b a^hb, AyMaa tojibro o xjii6i 
HacynfHOMi a& o BOCRpecHMXB BiinHBRaxB, Be^epoia saHaiia cb 
JleHOHRofi ciaHOBHJiHCB BCO piso H piso. Ho BoApaROB^b BCe- 
se, no npesHeMy, xajiijii h a&sb rpycxHjrB o cyAB6i cBoeft 
A^BHypRH, H qacTO MOSHO 6uJio BHA^TB cjiesu na ero rjiasaxi^ 
KorAa, CHA^ Ha A^pcBaHHOMi Ta6ypeTi, y ne^RH, ohi raaAajm 
ea MHJiyR) roJSOBRy h caymajiii ea naaBHoe, yAHBExejiBHo tojlro- 
Boe HTOfile. 

He TO tfuBaao, rofab nopyHHRi bi OTCTaBRi BOSBpan^ajica 
AOMoft nBaHfinci. TorAa ohi* tojro raaABJiB A^BOHsy no rojioBRi, 
HO f^UBjTb 8T0, HOAMHrHBaa: f^aft tojibro hoapocth!— fobophjtb 



110 P7GCK0E BOrATGTBO. 

offb sent.— CjQtaBHuft 6jffin Kycoieirb! Cmotph h lenepB yss 
cTasi RaRoft! A uasa-TO rjiasal.. Hin, HaTama, sAn s^jrh 
xKjuift, He nponaKem mj cb To6oft— h Ha nameft yjiHiici 6y- 
fifiTh npa8SHHRxl..» 

H KorAa HaiajiBH nsaHOBHa ycoBin^HBajia cynpyra, oiik 
CixaJTB BB RyxHK), npHBOXHJiB OTtyxa yse cobc^mi no'nnx ui- 
nyK) HHH^eHRy, saHEMaBmyio y hhx'b yron sa nojnopa pySjs 

Wb M'&CfllVB, H rOBOpHJTB, HOXJIOnHBafl 66 HO lULQlj: 

— Hy, CMOxpn, MHpoHOBHa, CMOipH na mok) x^B^ypRy, cxa- 
pynnca Bosk! Tu, B^sb, bii cbo6 Bpeicfl loace ne Hajio noryjULxa 
ci HamHiTB epaioifb — o$HA6paMH h sHaeiHB, He6ocB, tojiri bi^ 
^nx'h Ben^axii — ckotph! mbwb ne BunLsal Hy^ RaRi nojiaraemB, 
rosHRa QjifiKb Hepesi TpH, npoRopmnrb ona ciapHROvb - ppxH- 
lejieft, acB?.. 

Ha 910 MHpoHOBHa, acejiaBmaa €co6jik)cth noJuiTHRy» h co- 
xpaHHTB xoponda OTHomenifl n HarajoBeft] IlBaHOBHoft, o6iiRHo- 
B6HH0 OTBi^aJsa: 

— BaTioaiKa, Aa loii-TO yjK7» bocbmoS aochtohokb nomejTB... 
SI ysi, npH3HaTBCfl, h sadujia, RaRie h o^Hit6pu*TO fiuBaion, 
a He TO, HTotfu cyAbeft 6utb bb BAftROMB a^%... 

— BpeniB, ^opxoBa RyRjia, BpemBi He bhjuA, a roBopK 

npflHO,— RpEHaJTb BOAP^ROBB, Bl HBaHOMB BH^i^ OTJIH'iaBmiftCfl 

cnoco6HOCTBK) RB 6HCTpoft cjAwb HacTpoenift. 

— ^To jBTb rpixa laHTB, — cMHpeHHO OTB^^ajia cTapymRa, — 
JlenoiRa pacTen RpacaBHueft, h exaiH xopomlft HejioBiRi no- 
naAOTCfl, TO, ROHe^Ho, otb eft o6hau poAHTOJiiflirL ne 6yAerB... 

— To-TO-ace! Botb npo 3to caicoe h a roBopio... 

A Ha cjiiA7^ii# A^HB, RorAa sena co cjiesaMH yRopflJia 
Bo;Q)flROBa sa HrapHjm^Hue pasroBopH bb npHcyrcTBm Aonepv, 

OHB AOJDTO He XOT^iTB B^pHTB, ^TO MOFB CRasaTB «nOA06HyiO 

rHycH0CTB>, H ASLBajn hocthoo cjiobo 6htb cAepauiHHUMB npH 
A^TaxB. Ho, cnycTH h^crojibro Aneft, noBTopflJuacB Ta-se 

HCTOpia. 

iSapoBy oTRpmia ABepB cxapymRa-Hnn^eHRa h na ero BonpocB, 
AOMa-jiH EBrenla AseRcaHApoBHa, oTBinara ho cpasy, a CHaiajia 
AOJDTO H BHHMaTeJiBHO octfaTpHBana ero: 

— Owb ymeAHiH, a MaMama hxb Aona. 

— Bee paBHo, a saftAy. 

— %o acB, ROHOHHO, esoJiH no A^Jiy... — ycic6xHyBmHCB, 
OTOSBajiacB HHn^eHRa... 

Bb 8X0 Bpeica ABepB OTRpuaacB, h bb nepoAHeft noaBHJiacB 
MajieHbRaa cxapyniRa, ji%tb naTBA^caTH. Ona Toxe BHHHaTeaBHO 
ocMOTp&ia JIapoBa. 

— Bu, exeaH ne oinH6aK)CB, cnpaBaajmcB o uoeft AO^epH?— 
cnpocHaa ona, h JIapoBy noRasaaocB, hto bb ea roaodl no*' 
xauinaaacB noAOspHTeaBHaa hotrb. 






nBTBPByprcKiii baoxhobbhia. Ill 

— fffif wA HysHO-Su DOBHxaTB EsreHiio AAORcaHxpoBHy 

no OKELOUJ Jl^. 

— Ho Kasoiiy, ecjiH nosBOjniTe cnpocHiB? 
JUapoBi oCiflCHiurb. 

— TaR'b BS roBopne, ^lo bctp^thjih ffi>6HK) y xyxosHHKa 
OuianeBa? — nepecnpocHJia OHa. — Kan ero kma h oi^eciBO h 
Korxa BU BCTpliHJiH 7 Hero moid aohb? 

H OHa BHOBL HOXOSpHTOJIbHO, HOTTH BpaSXefiHO OCMOTptfla 

JLq[K>Ba. 

— 9to 6IUII0 ceroffOfl, "laca ips Tony nasaj^. 

— CeroAHA? ^a, ceroxHfl OHa tohho nosHpoBajia y Cnjia- 
^esa... n saiiiTb, noMOJi^aBi, XHorosHa'mTejEBHO npH6aBHJia: 

— Jlfljoom CHBiaK) npoAynpeffHiB Ba(rb, hto aou moa 
■H^OTB mi eHHo TOJiBRO pa6oT£i H HHiero Apyroro... 

— 9 sai&ci H samejn, hto6u npeAiosHiB pa6oTy.. 

— A, B'b TasoiTb cjiyHai,— noacajiylTe! Ona ceftnacb AOJUSHa 
npmn Cb ypoBa on reHepajiiBiiiH MHTBopci. Bon rasera. Ho 
noBBOJEBTo, npezAO Bcero, ysnaTB, cb vAwb Hxiio ynoBOJiBCTBle 
fSeciflpBaiB? 

JUpoBi HasBajn CBOK) ^aMHJiiK), a ciapyniBa, B'b cbok) oie- 
poAB, oneBaHHJia cb '^yBCTBOM'b coCcTBOHHaro xociOBHCTBa: 

— Mapea HrHaTBOBHa IIIaiiaeBa, B^OBa KOJuescKaro co- 
siTHHKa. 

JLipOBl BHHMaTeJILHO OVMAJX^JTb CN^jmBJ IS. CwTh npiflT- 

flo yxBBJieffb ea onpflTHmrb BHAOirb h xo6poAymHiurb Biipase- 
Hieicb Jaa»j KaEi-TO bobco He rapMOHHpoBaBniHirb Cb noAOspH- 
TejEBHOCTBB) eA TOHa. KoMHaTa Tose 6ujia o^ohb onpaTHaa h 
OTJOLHaJiacB yiOTHOCTBK). B'b yrjiy, mxh dTasepsoft, y ofipasoBi, 
teniHJiiacB jiaHnasKa, s Kpyrjiiaft CTon SujTb noKpun bhojib'^ 
npHJOiHHoft CBaiepibio; na ciojii MxtLjrb antfon cb $OTorpa$n- 
^ecBBMH RapTO^KaMH, a B'b yrjiy, y ORna, Curb creBJiaHHSfft 
niKa$WB Cb aBKypaiHO-pascTaBJieHHiiXH ^p^poBHVH 6e8- 
xijnymKaHH — B'b bhjcI HesaiiftjiHBiiix'b ^irypoK'b, HamesL h nac- 
xanLHux'b jnraeR%. Tasie mRa^^HKi b% nexepSypri Teoepb 
Gojibmafl piAKOCTb, ho B'b npoBHHi^H HX'b ensfi xobojibho mhofo, 
a OHH o6uBHOBeHHO CBHAixejibCTByiorb naTpiapxajiBHoft hbhb- 
HociH H Ao6poAyniiH xosaeBi. 

^BOpb COCiAHeft BOKHaTU 6WL2k HOJiyOTRpblTa, H OTiyAa AO- 

HOCHJicfl monon A^TCsnx'b roJiocoB'b. Mapea HrHaibeBHa tot- 
Hacb-se saKpujia ee, ycijiacb npoTHBi JkpoBa B'b Bpecso, BSJiJia 
Bi pyKH BaBoe-TO BAsaflie h, BSAOxnyffb, CTajia pa6oTaTb. Jla- 

pOKb, HT06U HO CT^CHATb ee, CA'&iaJI'B BHA'b, HTO HHTaerb 

raseiy. 

MHHyrb ^epe8:b naTb pasAaJica 8B0H0R:b, h Mapea HrHaTbOB- 
fla csasajDLa: 

— 9to SCena — a ysHaio ea SBOHOs'bl 



112 P7CCK0B BOrATCTBO. 

BcjiiA'B sa Tim hsi nepeAHeft nocjuiinajicfl Becejraft rojioci^ 
AiBymRH: 

— MaMOHKa, nosApaBB 0% yxanefl: usb sanjumuiH aa iiicairb 
Bnepeflil 

OneBHAHO, OHa He SHajia, mio y shxi nociopoHHil, h b6^ 
jsajia Bi KOMHaTy, Easb Ciuia— bi najuBTO m mano^iiEi. Ona pac- 
KpacflijiacB on ^HCipoft xoa^Ch, h jihko ejat van h duo pa- 
AOCTBK). TenepB He 6hj[o h t^hh tofo rpycraaro Bupaacema ^ 
ea rjiasau, Eoiopoe o6panuo BHHMaHie h CoJEa^eBa, h JliipoBa. 

Ohi HOAyMajii: fOfia, aojisho Sbitb, o^bhb nepBHaa x^- 
BymBa: toju»ko HepBHue jhoah chocoChh tbril niHATBca hoxt* 
BnenaTJiiHieirB MHHyTii...» 

SaH^THBi rocra, AiBymica BApyn saiioJiRJia h CKOH^ysHJiacB. 
H TorAa rjiasa ea ohatb npHHajoi sHaKoicoe eiiy, rpyciHoe bu- 
pasoHie.. 

JlapoBi pacEJiaHJiJiCfl h nasBaji'B cboh) ^aiauaio. AtBynma, 
OHeBBAHO, He cpasy ysHasa ero h BOnpocHienHO Bsrunyjia na 
MaTB. TorAa Mapea HrnaiBeBHa noflCHHJia: 

— drOy SCeneua, totb rocnoAHH:B, KOToparo th scipinjia 
ceroAHfl y zyAOSHHBa CsjiaqeBa. Ob% zo^btb npeAiosHXB Te6i 
pa6oTy. 

— 0, fl 6yAy Ban o^ohb fiAaroAapna, eam bu AOcraBHTe 
UHi HTO HH6yAB noAxoAflnnee! Ho, a AOJUKna npeAynpeAHiB, iro 
He ROHUJia HHKaRoro yieCnaro saBeAenia h... y MeHJi h^tb ffixe 

CBHA'^TOJIBCTBa AOMaiHHeft yUHTOJKBHHIlil... 

FoBopa 9T0, OHa nospacHijia h MeJiBKOirB BsrjiaHyjia na ro- 
cTfl, HTo6u yBHAiTB, RaROO BHe^aTJi^Hie npoHSBejio na nero ea 
coo6a^eHie. 

JlnpoBT* saifiTBJii dion bsfjiha^ h, yjaifiHyBnniCB, CKasaJTB: 

— Hy, 8T0 He 6iAa) noToicy ^o noica a Mory npoAJiosHTB 
TOJiBKO nepenncKy. 

— 51 corjiacHal— paAOCTHO caasajia ffieHa, h sartiii cnpo- 
cHJua:— KotAa a CMory noJiyTOTB ary paSoTy? 

— Si npHHecB c:b coCoft pyRonncB. 

— 0, RaR:B s^ Ban fijiaroAapHal 

Mapea HrnaiBeBHa, bi cbok) onepeAB, Tose CTajia (SotaroAa- 
pHTB. jlapoBi nocHAiJTBCB "leTBopTB ^aca, pascnpamHBaa Ton, 
RaRoro poAa sanaTifl noAomJiH-6H JEene^, h, yxoAfl, o6in^ajnb 
npH cjiynai AOCTasHTB eft ypoKi. EorAa ohi 6ujrB yse bi ne- 
peAHeft, Mapea HrnaTBeBHa ociasoBBJia ero: 

— IIpocTHTe, a BceiaRH en^e ne snaio, Ch Kin Hxisa 
YAOBOjacTBie CeciAoaaiB? Bu, ao^sho 6bixb, HHcaTeaiB? 

— A AOHBra BorAa CyAyn ynjuo'ieHH?— cnpocHJia SSeHe^aa. 
JLapoB'B noAyHajnii: «o6cTOflTeJiBHUfl a&m£i»I.. h, coo<5niHBi^ 

TpefiyeMUfl CBiA^Hla, ymejn aomoA, ynoca CTpannoe h aoboju»ho 
HeonpeA^JieHHoe BnenaTJiiHie o hobiiIxi» cbohxi sHaRomixii. He- 



DETEPB^PrCKIfl BAOXHOBBHIfl. 113 

ozBxaHHHfl Bonpoc^b ICeneHKH o xeHBrax'b BaKi to oneHB luoxo 

BflSaJKCfl C% efl HaHBHOft SaCld^HHHBOCTBlO H CpaSJ nOCTaBHJTb JQ[a- 

poBa Bi rjroKb. Ho novoMi owh nofjMAjn, ^ro, aojusho Cmh, 
Haj^eHHaa ropBKHirb onuTom, OHa CHHiaen hbjihiiihiok) xosip- 
HMBOCTB — wmbjo He BDomi yxofiHoft, H Bon noaioMy-TO h sa- 
xaxa CBot Bonpoci... 

rn. 

6% Te^enie HicROJiBKHXib melt jJLipoKb h ho miraxcji npH- 
BuaTBCfl sa pa60T7, ^BCTByjir, hto HH^ero H8!b aToro ho buA* 
xen. Ho TenepB owh yse ne TasB nacro Tomjica cosHaHleirb 
CBoero 6e8€BJiiji, a, HanpoTBBi, BpeMeHaicB 6HJrb sase xoboj^^ho 
cnoKoeBx, BcnonHnafl cjiOBa xyAOSHBKa o tomtb, mo pa6oTaTB 
AOJiacHO JiflmB Toi^ia, Borsa on^yii](aeniB Kb TOMy HenpeoAOjniMoe 
BjeneHle. 0, ecjiB 6h tojibro cpexciBa nosBOJUBJiB eiiy cji^ao^ 
Ban 9T0B7 coBiTyl.. 

BnponeiTL, Bonpoci o BeoCxoffmocTB pa6oTaTL Bsi-saKycKa 
xjii5a npB BCBKBzi HacrpoeHlBX'b xenepB ne oco6eBHO BHiepe- 
coBaJii ero. TenepB owb xosBJi'b no BOMfiail h Ajrvaorb o ^* 
wmsb. Okb AyMajii o tohi, vo seoCxosBiio hobohb aioft xb- 
vjmKk BHfiTB Bn TBsejiaro nojioacidfliB, b% BOTopom oqa Har 
xoxBJiacB, B cnacTB ee otb HasBflraionteftcji HsnieTU. A&, o^e- 
BBIBO9 niaBaeBH ohobb b o^obl BysxaioTCfl b ho aojito coxpa- 
BBn Ty cKpoHByio, HO npBJTBnyK) odcTaHOBKy, BOTOpaXE AOJUBHa 
BanovBHaTB mcb jiy^nDBxi BpeneHax'b... 

Ho Basi noMoiB? B-^ab BacTOBii(afl-TO pa6oTHBi^a oAHa, a 
pTOBTB MHoro. IlepeiiHCKa? Ho nepe&BCRa Aaen rponiB... Cjiy- 
XBiB-se <BaTypntBK6ft vb B0CTH)irl»— npo^dB, no yfiipealH) 
GBja^OBa, o^OBB He^pnafl, laBi KSJeb wh 6ojnmBHCTB'i ciy^aoB'b 
TpeCyiOTCB Haiypnpiipi na Bcb pysB — bi boctiobaxi b 6e8^ 

BCBBBXl ROCnOMOBl.* /j^*^ 

Ho uucxh Towbj mOy vb jaoBnjb bohiiobie, JKeneHBa no- 
Serb CAi&iraTLCB lasoft HaTypnQii](eft, noHevy to BosHyntaoia ero 
B BasajnacL j»xjd oxapaiBTejiBHoft. cHItb, sirb!— AynajTb obi, 
dseprB^HO marafl no BOMHaT^,— hb sa hto! 9to aoctbbbjio 611 
et cJiBnncoH% mhofo CTpaAaBUII..» ^ 

n OBI CXaJTB paSMHmJIBTb TOMl, saKb 5il npBCtpOBTB A^* 

Bynny vb xopomeB^, tcspoMHOB^ x^Jiy> ■ BHBecTB ee na ao- 
pory. A T0| bIa^, npn ea xopomeHBBOM^b oniHBBi b, rJiaBHoe^ 

BpB TOft HBCTO-A^TCBOft HaBBHOCTfl, BOTOpOft OHa OTJUB^aJtaCB, 

AOJiro-JiiB norH6HyTBl.. 

B% 8T0 Bpeiifl cspBnByjia ABepB,B wb BOBHaiy Bomejrs sop* 
pBAopBHfl— HBBOJuaft. BoJuocH ero Ctuni BCBJiOBo^eHu, rjiasa sa- 
GDaHH, fl osB Boo6jnfi BB&rb coBcbwb Heofiu^aftHuft, pacTepjm^ 

Bilt BBA%. 

J6 4. Cyrxhjn I. 8 



114 PyCCSOB BOrATCTBO. 

Owb AOJiro H CKOH^yaseHHO Tomrascfl ea vAcrk H| HasoHeit^, 
TJiBjifi sysa-To B:b CTopony, CRasajn: 

— A a Kb Bam, Ileipa HBanoBH^'b, no Kbs[f... Bu, CKa- 
suBaioTi), saBOHH Hsy^HJiH H Bci opasa sHaete... 

— Hy, nojiosmrb, vb nem ze k^jlo? 

— GKasHie, CAiJuaftre miuioctb, octb laKOft sasoHi, HTo6ii 
Cb HyjKHHi senairb 6aJiOBaTB? 

— %o TO He npHDOMHHaio laKoro saROHa, — cuiflCB, oiBi- 
qajti JLipOBi. 

— 0<ieHB npocTO, laKoro sasoHa soBce h wbnl ^ena, Ha- 
npHMipi, xa CoHTca iiysa — Bon RaRofl BaKOHi ecib! dio r 
noni wb itepRBH HHTaen... KaKi-S8 MHi lanepH^a 6fiiTB-T0, 
easejiii xoaflftcRift cuEOKb ri eft npHcraen? IIocoBiTyftTe, cx%- 
Jiaflie MHJiocTbl.. 

— Ki Roicy DpHciaen, Kb Bameft aceei? 

— TaKb TOHffo! 

— ^a, B^A^, OHa Bcero h^crojilro AHeft, RaRi Hstb xopeBHs 
nplixajia. RorAa aro ob% jciAjeb?^. 

— ^oJiro-JiHl IIosBOJibTe Bam aojioxhtl, RaRi a^o Cujio... 
SCeHa MOJi, MOSHO CRasatB, — pacRpacaaHAay RpoBb ci ico- 
jiOROiTb, aroAa! Hy, boti, zopomo... EaRi a Kb neiBeprb, ssa* 
HHrb,.6ujrb HMflHHHHHRir-paAH a^AeJia BUQEJii pnno^Ry H npv- 
jnen 8a neperopoAR6ft BSApeiiHyxB. A MajiaHB'i-TO CBoeft ro- 
Bopio: fEseJin rocnoAaicb, roaopiOy ^to iiOHaAo6]iTCfl, ciaHyT'b 
sBOHHTb, laRi TU, roBopH), pasCyAH MeHa... — JIaAHO, hojh, 
67Ab 6jiaroHaAeseH'b, — sa Te6jE[ Bce cnpaBJuo, roBopan, a 
y rocnoAHHa CTaHOBoro ABa roAa BHCJiysHJia h 8T0 a^o sHaio... 
«Hy, AyMaio, ho sceHa,— a RJnaAiI IIpH eft Aynaio h oTAOXHyrB 
HOSHO 6yAer]b!..> Jlen. CHHTca AdpesHfl, nojifl — OAHHirb 
cjiOBOicb CRasaib — sacHyji^ HacTOJimHirb o6pa80Ki>y ?to rp%- 
xa TaHTbl Ilpocunaiocb, — Majiaai>H h^^tb. c^to sa npHT9a?» — 
AyHaio... TojiBRO cjiumy roBopB. «Ji(a, b^^a^ 8To, cueRaio, y 
Hamero-TO jioAHpa, y xosaftcRaro CBiHRa!» noAomejuB Kb AsepH. 
Gjiuniy ManaHBEHi rojuocB: BHaqajrl 6uato cepAHTUft, a noTon 
HHHaBO — CMieTCii, Aa laRi saAopHo! H CHqaci — ABepB HacTejRi^ 
H JKBHy oTxeAOBa sa rocuI.. 

— Borb HTO, HHROJiaft, bu He laKiB nocryoHJiH, BaRi zA- 
Aosajio, — CRasaJi'B JUpoBi, ROTopoicy otb Ayinn crajio asauB 6iA* 
Haro napHfl, CTOHBmaro nepeA> hhitb bi> paciepjiHHOft nosi.— 
BaTBem ropio ne noMoaRemB... Bh-6u nonpo6oBajiH KaE:b-HH- 
6yAB Ao6poMi. Ona — AepeBeHCRaa xeHHiHHa, a dTOii Banrb xo- 
s^flCRift cuHOR'B, oieBBAHO, '6ojiiBinoft HazajTB. Bu BOTB Jiynme 
TOJiROiTB nopacnpocne ee, RaRi dTO cjiyquocB, a& ofiiHCHHTe, 
RBRl BeCTH ceCfl... 

— IIOSBOJIbTe BaiTB AOJIOXHTB, IlexpiB MBaHOBH^) Ji o6i- 

JiCHfljn: <Tu, roBopK), eseooiHcnysajiacB, laRX, roBopio, ne cm'^dii- 



nBTBPByprcKia B;^oxHOBEHIa. 115 

iLOMi AOJusHa OTB^HaTB, a RpHKHyTB RapayjTb, Aft Ha BecB xoir&I 
TorAa a cH^aci sa rocnoAHHOirB OROJiojio^Hmrb: pasi-xBa npoio* 
itojTb — roTOBo! A TH, roBopio, cirtinKOM'B noA38«opiiJia moh 
«jI|aRaK'b-se, roBOpHrB, mh^ ne ciciflTBCA, exasH oetb, necB d^aicitl, 
ii^6K0thtb!..» Ba6y passi nepecaopHoiB! A a laKi nojiaraio, 
Serpi — HBaHOBHHi, Heimoro noMOJraaBi, nposoJUKan HnROJiat, — 
He HHane — npoTOROJTB npHsercfl cocraBHTB... H— neoioBiRi cjoy- 
jEanpft, noxH6BOJnbHHft, moha nomjoon syxa, — a h aojukohi 6^- 
jcaxb, a OETB Bi dTo BpeifA, Mesxy npoHHn, ciaHerb JCh eti 
upHcraBaTB cb rarynocuMH a& rocTHHi^ noxHOCHiB. il nojiaraio^ 
(SesnpeirtHHO npoTOKOjrBl 

— nojiHOTe, KaKoft npoTOKOJTBl ffieaa Bama cicifljiacB h, 
CTaj[o-6uTB, H6 CHHiajna ce6H o6HseHHOft. 

— BOTl KB TOITB-TO S TOpe MOel — BBXOXHyBl, HpOMOJI- 

BMi HHKOJEaflf. — 3rb, zk6u y neHA HacToaiiitee-TO KpecTBaH- 
CTBo! KasHCB, H Hom Moeft bi oRaHHHOiTB nnep^. He 6ujio-6fii! 
Aojsro-JDoi lyn HsfiajioBaTBCJi, He to hto 6a6i, a h Hameny 
^paiy — MyacHKy! 

— Jl^a, BtflB, seMJifl'TO y Baci ecTB? 

— EcTB, oAHa Aynia... ^a b^a^ He Bupa6oTaemB na eft h 
noAaieft-To, a ne to, ?to6u npoRopmrTBcal Mh noBropoAcsie — 
eenjEUi y naci AHKaa... 

n, 6e8HaAesHo HaznyBi pysoft, ohi> nocnimHO BBimejrb 

HSl ROMHaTII. 

A JUpoB'B AOJiro xoAHJTB H81 yTJia Bi yroxB, ^yacTByn, hto 
Ha Aym*! y nero oohtb TocEa h cjuirotb. 

Bo Bci nocji'^Ayiome ahh JlnpoBi^ HyBCTBoaairB ceSn oneHE 
HJioxo H He MorB pa6oTaTB, HaxoAfl Tucan neAOCTatKOBi b'b 
pysoHHCH, OTAaHHoft l^eneHRi wb nepenncRy. TorB canuft 
pascRasii, ROTopuft h^crojibro AHeft TOMy naaaAii Rasaaca evy 
co^ciiTB yAa^HUHi h no ^opui, h ho coAopsaHlK), TenepB 
BHBHBas'B B'B HoifB HyBCTBo HOAOBOJiBCTBa H Aase 08JI06j[eHla • 

KaRl MOrB OHl, b'b CBOeiCB CTpeHJUeniH 6uTB O&BeRTHBHUM'B, 

TaRTB neacHO, TaRi pacnjoiBqaTO B3o6pa8HTB CBoero repoal ^a 
eMy, Hero Ao6paro, naBHjRyrB emfi cHMnariH kb dTOny rocno- 
AiiHy... HiTB, OHB HH sa HTO He HanenaTaerB bi TaROirB bha^ 
CBoeft pyROHHCH! He HanenaTaen, ne CMOTpa na OAofipeaie pe- 
AaRTopa, naxoAMBmaro ee HaH5ojrie yAa^HOft hso Bcero naan- 
cannaro bitb. %o dTo sa TBop^ecTBO, Aaion^ee hoboa'^ rb hoao- 
yMiHiHin>! TsopiecTBO AOJiacHO OTJiHqaTBCfl OHpesiuieHHOCTBK) xu- 
cjiH, oneTJiHBOCTBio pHcyHRa H HE B'B RaROiTB cjiywi He AOJiaCHO 
HOAaBaTB noBOAa r'b CMyTHun TonROBamaM'B!.. c A dTO Borb snaerB 
HToI — BOJiHyacB H neroAyn, AyMaarB ohb. — 9to RaRaa-TO cnjioni^ 
Baa ^po$aHa^ia HCRyccTBa!..» Ho, rJiaBHoe, ero Mywjia neonpe- 
A:Ijii6hhoctb ochobhoA iracJiH, ROTopaa Morjia npoHSBeciH BneiaT- 
ori^Hie RaRoro*To cHeAOCToftaaro BHjiaHia.«.» HbrB, ero pascRasi 

8* 



116 P7C0X0B BOrATCTBO. 

HHxysa He roxHica h ero Haxo jBxvnmBTb sn, en^e jny^me^ 
coxpaHHTB ffls, co6cTBeHHaro HasHxamii. 

Ob 8T0ft irfuibK) OETb oTnpaBHJica Kb IIIaifaeBiiirB, RpacHia 
npM MucjiE, TOO ICenewa, nepenHCUBafl ero pyBOimcB, Mona. 
cocraBHTB ce6t o nen jspaflHe HeoiecTHoe MHime. 

VIII. 

7 niairaeBHrb eicy npHouiocB sooiro sbohhib. Bb nepexHet 
cJOiiiiBU 6ujm cirbmaEHHe iiyscKle h seHcide rojioca. Hen- 
to cnopuH, Koro-TO jB^nteBajni. HaKOHeivB, xeepB nzoHBKO npi- 
oTBopHJiacB, H BB n^eJiKy Ha JlapoBa BHrunyjia BCUOBOHOHHafl' 
rojioBa HopyHHBa EoxpflBOBa. 

no cjnynaio npasxHHBa, na neirB 6iaa Hanftia xobojibho 
onpflTHaa BinnHrafl py6aniKa h ptiacifty noHomeHHiit nHxsan. 
nopyHBK!B ChUTb saiiiTHo HaBecoJui. 

— Soro HJra Hero Bam yrojD(HO?— cnpocHn ohb, capRacn- 
HecBH rjuTAfl Ha JDEnpoBa. 

H Korxa ysHaoTb, hto totb npHmejTB no x^y s'b niaiiae- 
BmrB, TO, He BnycKan ero wb nepexHioH), npoxonuuTB xonpoci: 

— Bama ^amudn h vjhjih Bamero nocinteHU? 

— Hy, B Hojraraio, BairB coBopmeHHO HsnniHe shbtb btoI— 
bTB^HaJii JbpoBi, paBxocaAOBaHBiift naxajiBHUiiB tohoitb nopy- 
VKa. 

— Bh tbbb HOJiaraeTe? HanpacHO-ci! Ecjni-6u MHft, iihjio- 
CTHBufi rocynapB, 6hj[o-6u HSjnnnHe bto maTB, to, noBftpBTe, a 
He craJTB-fiu pascnpamHBaTB bbcb o(h> btoitb... Mr% nopyneno 
MBoroyBasaeMOft Moeft acBJiHi^eft,— baoboA KOJUiescRaro cob^t- 
HHsa rocnoseft niaicaeBoflf, ne BoycEaTB HHSoro nHane, kbri. 
tojibbo npoBOHXHpoBaB'b ocHOBarejiBHO noiBy... Uocjrk ny&raKai(iH| 
noM^HteHHOft Bi rasoTau, noflBHJiocB neiiajiOBCflKaroHapoAa. h, 
cM^ioBacByBtpHTBCJiOBOiCBpyccKaroo^Hiiepa, hto XHorieHsib no- 
ciTBTejieft npewrarajiH ho tojibko pa6oTy, o soiopoft npocHJis 
vb ny6jiHKaniH, no h roA-hto spyroe, BecBica ocRop6HTejiBHoe 
Xjui HecTH nopajioHHHxi acenn^iHi. TenepB, hbji^iocb, Bawb acho 
crano, noneiiy fl JDo6oniiTCTByK)? 

BcH) ray THpa^y EoxpjirROBi, ne CMOTpa Ha CBoe cocToanie,. 
npoH8HecB TBepxmrb tohomi h ohohb rjnasRO, — cb bhaoitb qeno- 
Bfea, yse ne pasi noBTopABmaro oxho h Tose. 

— SI paHBme 6ujrb y rocnoxH IIIaMaeBoft h xocTaBHjnb pa- 
6oTy ea xonepv,— CRaeajrb JUpoBi, cjnenca OTCTpanna nopyniRa 
H BXOAfl vb nepesHioio. 

— ^To 9T0, nacHJile?!— rpoBHO nacTynafl, cnpocunb Boxpa- 
Ron. 

Ho Bi 8T0 BpeHa Mffb codftffHeft ROHnaTu Buaeriaa ero sena 
H, BBflB'b ero sa pyKaBi, craaa onracRHBaTB on ABepn. 



nSTBFB7PrCKIfl BAOXHOBBHIA. 117 

— Qab cdetb, 6e8cteAHHKi, CKaHAaucn — ho to nosoBj 
-nojuuiiol 

Oea, BHAHVO, 6wak TOJse BuaaBma, h rjnasa ea CBepsuE 
3Heprieft H HerosoBaHleMi. 

UapyuBi spyro noBepnyjicfl bi H6ft^ ho, koi:^^ ohb eirffi 
pasi yaoKBHyjia o noJiHAiH, to ohi^ Bxpyn bbcb BaKi-ro 
CTfcexHJicfl H nocjtyniHO, fiesponoTHO nocJiiAOBajrb sa Heft. 

Torsa, BpaxTJi, cjiisjia Ch ho^bh HHn^eHsa h, s^Baa h Rpecifl 
poTb, npomaicKajia: 

— Baci, rocnoxHHib, Esremfl AaeBcanxpoBHa Bejr&iH Bny- 

CTHTB. fEseJUH, rOBOpHTb, dTOrb HOpHflBllft CB yCHSaiTB ofilflBHTCfl, 

TO Moserb, Bi cjiy^a'l Hero, noAOsxaTB»... A TeaepB, Mex^y npo- 
HHifb, HH Hxi, HI xxHeft HaHaniH Aona Htiy — oahh jfin. 
yroAHO ooAOSAaTB — noAOSXsre, noTOicy icaicaina csopo npH- 

ATH fpJDSESL,.. 

— SL noAOJKAy,— csasajTB JIapoB'B, pasAisaflCB h bxoah bi 
xoMHaiy. 

Ero BCTpivHJira A^BO^Ba Jkin ABinaAi^aTH, ((jiiABaa h zyAftH. 

— CaAHTecB, nosajiyftcTa, — csasajna ona, noABHraa eicy 
cryjrb, h tothbcb se yniJia bb coc&ahk)K) BOMHaTy. 

Gtojib 6uji% HaKpuTb oopaTHoft CRaTepTBK), H Ha Hem 6iuio 
TpH npH6opa, rpa^HHB cb BOAoft h Bpaioza xjii6a. Bb RonHaTi 
rop^a OAHa MajieHBBaa jianaoHBa h Tycuio ocBiqasa ee. Bujio 
Tas'B xoJKOAHO, HTO JIapoBB cpasy no^yBCTBOBajnB bto, ho cicoTpa 
Ha to, ?ro npHmejoTB co ABopa. OqynaB'B hohb, ohi» y66AffJica, 
HTO OHa ceroAHH ne Tonaeaa. cHeyjKeaH ao Toro yace Aoniao»y 
HOAyjcaai obtb, h pi^nnurB noroBopaiB cb A^BOHRoft, cecipoft 
£eHH. KorAa na ero CTyKB bb ^eepb oHa BUinaa, ohb cnpocHaB: 

— GRaxHTe, ecTB-aa y sacB Apoaa? O^ohb yxB sa^cb xo- 
aoAHO H, BHAHO, ceroAHa ne TonaeHO. 

— B<[epa Aposa Bsunaa, ho naica CBasaaa, hto CRopo 6y- 

KJTb. 

— Bh yHHTecB rA4-HH6yAB?— cnpocHai JlapoBB, BsraanyBi 
Jia yKHue raasa a^bohrh. 

— ^a, a ROHuaa AByxRaaccaoe ropoACRoe y^HaHn^e... 

— Bh xopomo yraancB? 

— OqeHB HOAypHO. 

— XoTiaH-6u npoAoasaTB? 

— J(a, HO, npa namaxB cpeACTBaxB, aro neBOsnosao, h npa- 
AOTca, BipoaTHO, nocTynHTB bb nopTHoxa, xotb naiia h caucnaTB 
<)6'B aioMB He xo^erB... 

H pasroBopB npoAoaacaaca bb TasoicB ace Ay^^) npH^eiTB 
.A^BOHRa OTBiiaaa, RaRB Bspocaaa— yAHBareaBHO ToasoBO h o6- 
xyvaHHO. OKasaaocB, hto ona saHHaaeica cb ceicaaiTflHffB 6pa- 
TOiTB, ROTopBift yjRo HopaAOiao ^aiaeTB h saadTB iia^pu, a 
^vb CBoSoAHoe on saaaxift Bpeica noHoraeiB xarapH BuinaBaTB 



118 PyCCKOB BOrATOTBO. 

v^TKH Ha GbMhi. BooCn^e, no Bceny bhaho 6ujd[o, ?to aia tfjiix-^ 
HBA H xyAeHBKEii A'^BOHKa paHO ysHajia HysAy h bdojuh^ coBHa- 

TeJIlHO OTHOCHJiaCL Kl DOJlOXeHiH) cekBH. 

DponiJio Ao6pHxi noji^aca, a rocnoxs lUaicaeBoft Bce eii^e- 
He 6uj[0. CeMBJiiTHift Mhta yse Asa pasa BaieropHHecEH saas- 
Jifljui), HTO OH:b lOHOTi icTB H «6ojiBnie BUAepxaTb HeMoxerb», 
Ha HTO cecipa ero OTBinaaia: «noTepnH neHHoroI GnaBa Eory, 
isnk ysi ceroAH2...» Ho lasi ebki hb npeABHA^JKOCB ROHKa 

BTHHl OXBAaHlBMl, TO MhTA BCBOpi BaHJiaKaJI'b. 

TorAa a^bohbb, RpacH&i, OTp^aJsa jeohotb xj[%6a, KpyTO 
HOCOJiHJDa ero h cnecja 6paTy: cAxi RaRoft, npaao, cjiobho kb- 
j[eHBRiflI..» 

IIoHTH BCJu^Ai saTim BBApeSeszaji'b sbohori, h BiROMHaTy 
Bomjua Mapea HrHaiBeBHa. IIoBAOpoBaBniBCB ci JiBpodum, oaa 
CRaaaJia: 

— Ohbhb paAa, ^TO bu npHmjoi! Bama leTpaARa yacenepe- 
HBcaHa. JKeHA oohtb bck) ho% CBA^Jia, hto6h rohhhtb ae. Bu 
AOXAeiecB ee, BenpaBAa-JiB? Ona ceflnacB aojushb npHAiHi iT 
saxoABJia sa nefi &i> xyAOZHBRy nac^ Tony HasaAB. y hbxi^ 
ceroABB, BipoBTHO, nocju^AHlft ceaHc:B, h noTOny OHa onosAaJia 
Kh o6iAy— Bu, B^A^, tfosere hoaobcabtb? 

— jia, RoneiHo... 

— UosajiyflcTa! y bbcb lenepB MajieHBRift APOBBHoft Rpu- 
bhcb h Ha sBBTpa HBAO 6yAerB nenpeMiHHO RymiTB apobi — xo- 
jsoAHO CTajio!.. A, sHaere, ci Bameft JierROft pyRH ^KeHewl o6i- 
H^ana nepeiiHCRa na oneHB xtponmxi ycjuosiBxi. Oahh*b rocno- 
AHHi BHepa saxoABJii h AOJDseHi npsHecTH cthxh RaRie-TO na 
^paHi^yscROMi bsurI. ^eBe^Ra b^ab vpeRpacHO BjraA^erB ^paH- 

I](y8CRBM'B BSUROlTbl.. Jlfi HTO dTO fl BBCl BCB TOJUBRO OAHBtfH 

pasroBopaMH saHBiiaK) h ho npeA'osy CTaEana RO^eio! CoHeHRa» 
6yAB xosBftRofi H nocRopie npEroroBB Hani Ro^flRy — noRa 

HTO... 

JUpoBi CTaJni OTRasuBBTicB, HO CTapymRa tbri Ao6poAymHO 
HacTaHBBJia, hto ohi, bi ROHiii ROHAOBi, AOJUKeHi 6UJII corjia— 
CHTBCB. Boo6n^e, TenepB ona 6ujiia HeysHaBaena, b% oCpamieBlH 
efl He 6ujio h tIhh noAOspHTejaHocra, Roiopaa cpasy tbri ho- 
npiBiHO nopasBJia JlBpoBa, b ohi ocHOBaTeJiBHO npoAHOJiosBJi'B^ 
HTO BTa nepeMiHa HpoHsomjia, BCJu^ACTBie otsubobii o homx Cb- 
jianeBa. 

BcRop'i BpsniJia h Mquz. Ona Cujia o^bhb 6aiAHa,.H bha^ 
y beB tiujui coBepmenno ycTajiufl. Saopobbbcb Cb nefl, JkpoBi 
HeBOJiBHo cnpocBJii: 

— SaH^Hi BU TBEi cnimBJDH CI nepeoHCRofi? MaiyniRa. 
Bama cooOn^HJia mhI, hto bu a&so h houh) pa6oTajiiH... 

Ho, cEasaBi bto, ohi BcnoMHHJi'b pasroBopi o apobbx'b h 
Toi^acB xe noHyBCTBOBBJi'B, HTO 8aAajL:B hh CB^Hin Hecoo6paB^ 



nBTBPByPrCKIfl BAOXEOBEHIfl. 119 

BUft BOnpOCb. n evy CTajIO COB^THO, HTO Oirb, HMifl HiCROJIBRO 

py6ji6ft B:b RapMaHi, He norasajicfl npeAJioacHiB hxi ;(iByniR% 

— Aa, fl npopafioTajira dohth bcio hou, — CRasaoia aKena^ 
npHcasHBaflCB ri cTOJiy. — Mh% o^ohb HenplATHO, hto HBaH'B 
HBaHOBHH:b 6ujrb HexoBOneH'b hohmi iib'^toitb jnma. OffB sase 
Bpe;QrnpexHj['B MeHJi, hto6h a xopomo BHcnajiacB nepeffb ceaH* 
com, noTOMj hto aio ohohb H6yAo6Ho f,jui xysosHHRa. Ho, 
HTO-si, Haxo CfiiJio ROH^HTB, H fl HO MOFJia. Owb MHoronepeA%' 
JsuBajii ceroAHJi... 

— ^TO-Xe, KOHHHJDH HJIH 611^6 fiyXeillB HOSHpOBaTB? — CnpO- 

Cfljia CTapymRa. 

— HilX, ROHHWH. 

Mapea HrHaiBeBHa BSAOXHyjia ii npoMOJUBHJoia: 

— He xopomo BHxoffnrB... 

— noTOMy? Bijif> H, Borb, serojiHfl nojuyny sa nepenscRy, 
a laHi Aacn Bofb HBaHT> HBaHosHTb peROMSHj^erL uena to- 
BapantaMi... He croEn yHUBaiB, Mano^Ral 

— Oxi, H paxa 6u ho yBUBaTB, na ipysHO nairb 6yserb: 
TH, B^AB, yse nojsynHJia sa ypoRi cnojma BOceHB pyCjueft sa 
dTOTB Hicj9ni... A MOH 8apa6oTRH — caHa BHaeniB, npHHOCfln rpo- 
mv. BoTB pasBi cthxh ^paHqyscRie BosBiieiiiBca nepemicuBaTB? 

H Mapea ni^aTBeBfiaBonpocHTejiiBHOBBrjoraHyjiaHaxoHB. 

— Hh sa wol 

— Ho no^eiiy-sce? 

— Tu sHaemB, naHOHRa, noHeny... 

— Axi, SCeHOHRa, ^eHOHRa! He npHxoffHTai nairb, 6iAHUM'b 
jnofflwb, TaR!B ysi paaCnpaTB, npaBol He CHMnanHHuft— Hy, h 
Bofb cb bbki, TeCfb ho A^ieft cb hhicb RpecTETBl 

— He sa vol — noBiopHJia AiBynnca. Bi rjiasax'B ea h bi^ 
Toiri 6hjio ctojebro pimHMocTH, mo Mapea HrHaTBeBHa ho CTajia 
HacrasBaTB, a tojibro cb ipeBoroft h coRpynxemeiTB nponoji- 
BHjra: 

— ArB, Bose noft, RaRi aio ho xopomo BiixoAHnt fl 6£iJiia 
ysipena, vo ni corjiacHmBCB, h Hamrcajia eny, hto6ii owh sa- 
mejii ceroffHfl. %o uni xraepB K^Jinhl 

— Ilpjiiio cRasH eiffy, hto b namjia Apyryie pa6oTy h ho 
ByxAaiocB vb ero crBxaxi. Ohi aexopomlft nejiOBiRi, h a He 
xo^y AAxe BHA^TB ero! 

B'b dTO Bpeiifl pasAaJiCB ciyRi vb ABopB, b Mapea Hrna- 
TBOBHa cb BcnyroiTB npomeniajia: 

— FocBOAB, ffk Be OBI JIB yso?! Ho RaRi bto SBOBRa ho 
611J10 cjonnBO? BoftABie!.. 

B:b ROMBaTy Bomeji'b rocnoABBiB MajneBBRaropocra, coBep- 
moBBO BJiimflBHft fl Cb MOBORseiTB Bi FJiasy. Owb 6wrb vb m,e- 
iXMiBCROft BHA^aTOoft Bapi B apRO-RpacBOMi, MOABOiTb raxcTyxi, 



120 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO, 

HOCHJTb BHpTyOBHO QaBBTlie, IiynQICTIie yCH H BOReTJDlBUB <BH- 

coHRH», Hir^JTb yTOMJieHHaft, noTTH pa8ci[a6j[6HHHft BEKb H Basyio 
TO coBepmesHO pasBEHqeHH^io, xposan^yH) hoioukj. lips BsrjEfljti 
Ha ero Tn^exymHyio ^HrypKy, Ha aiorb oSHaaceHHuft Hepem m 
Ha iiHOscecTBO spynHuzi Mopii(HHi», KOTopuMH fiiiJTB yspameHi^ 
ero J1061, KasaiocB, ^xo Hs^iero bi idpi ne Mosen yse hh- 
lepecoBaTb dToro ipEffianuiiTHflro CTapHwa. 

CjcbjuaBi o6n](ift — Jftemft, ho o^ohb rpaiiiosHuft horiohi, oh% 
€1 yjni6Rofi nanpaBucfl bi coBepmeHHO pacTepflBineftcji Xe- 

— OqeHb pswB, mademoiselle JKohh, hto sacTan Bac% 
AOMa!— Baprasfl e pacrarHBaH cjiobb, na^axii ohi, pasBjraHO 
yciBmHCB bobj[% ffiBymKH. — Muio, OHesb mhjio cb Bameft cro- 
pioHuI Bti, o^eBHA^, uoKSMKUM KeHH, HOTOny Hxo BaoiTb no- 
pyHHKi» CHff6jrb Ha JuictEHiti h hb dion pas^ il ^tait bien 
gentil avecmoi, npasol.. Hy-ci, tbei boti, msl nepBaro pasa, 
MTpaxRa cTHXOTBopeHii/ Ona npHHaAJiesHn nepy oftHoro... ny, 
CRasem, offHoro noero npiaTejifl (Bce bio ofirb npo&sHecB Tan, 
no flCHO 6iU[o, TOO TOJi&RO CKpoMHOCTB yxopsHBaeT^ ero Ha- 
BBBTB HMfl HacTOflH^aro BBTopa), npUxejifl, ROTopHt npio6pin 
yse BB CBoem Bpyry penyraaiio TajiaHTJiHBaro jnpHsa. OsarjtaB- 
jieHU cTHXOTBopeHiH (noHeny? quesais jel)o6iip]rb H]ieHem<Les 
hirondelles...» Ecjh bu, mademoiselle J9SieHH, saxoTBxe hxb BmcaiB 
BOTb Bi dTorb ajiBfioMB, TO nojiy^HTO sa joicrb no hath pyCiat 
M, KpoMi Toro, eme najieHBKift dopipm, BOTopHft, Haxtncs, 

O^eHB nOHpaBBTCfl BBHl... Hy HTO, BiAOTB? 

Bo Bceft ^Hrypi btofo aohah 6iuo- ctoako caxoyBipeHHociH 
H anji[0M6a, ^^ito JlnpoBi, nposHBmift abb ro^a bb napwi, hb- 
bojibho yjai6Hyjicfl h noxynajn^: cTpeHHpoBsa noJiosHTejibHO ne 
Aypna, h ohb fijiEBOEB ki opHTEHajny...^ 

MexAy T^iTb xiBymRa, BHa^art, beakico, coBepmeHHO pacie- 
pflBmajiCfl, BApyn noAHajiacB cb icicTa, bce HeroAyio^aH, a 
rjiasaMH hojehume raiBa EHenaBECTE: 

— H He HyacABiocB ne tojubko wb Banmrb ciopDpHsax'B, ho 
E BTb Bameft pa6ort! — hohte ncTepH^ecKE KpEKHyjia ona e bh- 
6iacaj[a esb KOEHaTu. 

jI,eHAH Tose noAHflncfl co CTyjia, ee^e npn btomb uerBa 
pacxepflHHiit BEAB. Ho aio cocTOflHie npoAOJisasocb o'ioeb Ee 

AOJDTO H, OnpaBEBmECB, OHB HpOrOBOpEJTB CBOEEB EpOTEBHO KBp- 
TBBHEB rOJlOCOMB: 

— He nOHEEBH), pimETOJIBHO He nOHHEBK)! TfTB, O^eBEAHO, 

RpoercH saKoe-xa HeAopasyMiHiel.. Hy, tto ace xasoro, hto b 
pimEJiCA npoAflosETB sa zopomift xpyAB m-lle XenE ManeHbidft 
ciopHpESB? BtAi" 3T0 BB HopEAR^ Bon^eftl XopomaE pa6oTa aojus- 
sa noon(pETBCE — yoilk tout! H, yBipaio bbcb, xyxB e^tb he- 
Hero o6EAHaro, e m-lle ^ohe coBepmeHHO nanpacHO npoAua 



r 



nBTEPsyprcKifl baoxhobehiji. 121 

IHOft CMHCJTb HOmCB CJKOBaiTb... BiffB, BOTB, V HHHOBHHROB'b Sft 

ycepAie HarpasAaion na npasxHHRaxi^, h hhkto h6 oCEsaercH, 
HHKTO He npoTecTyen,a) HaapoTHsi, bcI 6jiiaroAapHH^ Bzi xo6h- 
BaioTca dioro!.. A npesAe, bi crapiiHy, nvh np«MO xaBan cHa 
ryca». ^a, sa! bs Aynaere a my^y? — chjiacb yjrafiHyrBCH, npo 
AOJUKajni OHi. — npeAcraBBTB Te(^ aTasaro yfiijieHHaro c^AHHofl 
jd^ftCTBHTOJiBHaro ciaTCKaro coB^THHRa H BApyn — tna rycfl>!.. 

— JUa, HO, SHaeie, — 8s*cb coBc^n flpyroe x^jio... — nporo- 
BopBJia Mapea HrnaTBeBHa, cfiEraa ci lOJiKy myiJUiBuirB lo- 
Boik'b rocTJi. 

— yxoffBTe, dio-se MHHyTy yxoAffrel — spHKHyjia fflbena hsi 

COCiffHeft ROMHaTil. 

— Ho, m-Ue ffi.eHH, yB^pjiio Bacb,— Hairb Heo6xoABMo o6%- 

^CHHTBCal.. 

TOTflSk jBpOBl O^OHB RpaCHOpi^HBO BSFJIJiHyjrb HB HOFO: 

— Bu caumaJiH, Raxercal 

— Hy-xa, HO, B^AB, nolKHTO, ^To wafb hboCxoahmo o6iac- 
HHTBca H, ecjiH noTpefiyerc)!, to, noauuiyft, A&se HSBBHircBCfl... 

— y6HpaftTecB BOffb! — BultAfl hsi ce6fl, RpHRHyjm J[UpoB:b, 
BOTopoMy BApyrb cTajra CTpamHo npoiHBHa bch myTOBCRaa $h- 
rypa dioro RpeniHa. 

ToFAa Ton, c:b npoBopcTBom, ROToparo herbri nensfl 6wi% 
orb Hero osHAaiB, bucrohhjii b'b nepeAHioK), hb xoAy HBRHHyBi 
maHeJiB h, bhSaa h& JH'icTHHny, BHsrjiHBO RpHRHyorb: 

— Mil emfij MHJiociHBiift FOcyAapB, cb Baim noroBopHirb! 

— Sa^imb BKi c% hhitb tbri pisRO nociynHjra? — cb Hcny- 
roMi BOCRJiHRHyjia OROHqaiejubHO paciepflBmaBCfl Mapea Hrna- 

TBOBHa. 

— HanpoTHBi, fl OHOBB 6jD[aroAapHay hto mhI noMorom hb- 
CaBHTBca OTB BToro rocnoAHHa. B^ab ohi, iiaMOua, ysacHiiift 
HeroAflfl. paBBi th ho BHAHmBl 

— Ho OBI o6BA^Cfl, SCeae^Ra, obtb HOxerB noAHaiB hc- 

TOpiH)!.. 

— Ax'b, MBKO^Ra, aaicoHRal SbhIitb tu aejiijiaeify ophath? 

Tu BBA'bU, RBR'B OH*b BHOpa 06pan]iaJICfl CO BHOfl, RaRHBl TO- 
HOMl rOBOpHJIli ^TO SCO BH'I HOCJli dTOFO OCiaBBJIOCB A'^aiBl — 

Bce 6ojiBnie a 6oJiLme BOJmyacB, npoAOnauma Af^ByniRa. — Tii, 
B^AB, sHaemB, hto bi Te^eHle AByxi hoa'^jib, co BpeMena namett 
ny6jiHRaiiia, aaoiajiocB hIcrojibro Bon xaRarb rocnoA^B a noHTH 
RasAufl yaasaji'B a ocRopfijiajnb Hena. BIab a ho RaaeHHaa, 
MBMOHRa, a 6oaBme buhocbtb ho aoryl 

Q, Aposa RBRi vb aaxopaARi, ona BApyrb BCTepaiecRB 
paspuAS^^CB: 

— FocnoAB, ROFAa se rohoi^^ aroMy nosopy!.. 

JlapoBi ynoTpe6aai Bci ycajoda, hxo6h ycnoRoaxB A'i^BymRy, 
KOTopaa BApyPB Bupocjia bi* ero raasax'B. Oai naRBR'B ne apeA- 



122 PyCGSOB BOrATCTBO. 

nojuaraji'b, hto OHa cnocofiHa na TaROft aHeprHHecsift npoiecT^ 
B, rjiaBHoe, hto noserb Tasii rJiy6oKO HyBCiBOBaib bch) Heapv- 
rjoflAHOCTb CBoero noJioseHia. 

jEeee^Ka AOJiro ne iiorjia npHAis bi ceCn, ho, b% KOHirb- 
ROHitoBi, BcerasH ycaoROHJiacB. II He xyApeHo! Ohi roBopHJii 
jny^niHX'b BpeMBHaxi ci laROft yBipeHHOCTBH), TaR'b ropflw, 
HTO yB^peHHocTB dTa HeBOJiBHO nepenajiacB s j^lBymKi. Jifi, oh'b^ 

BipHJIl, HCRpeHHO BipHJH*, 1T0 BCe HOKHO HSM^HHTBy H AynaJTB, 

nro Ha hbm'b JiexHTB <(HpaBCTBeHHafl o6A8aHHOCTB> yaoTpe6HTB 
Bc% ycHJilH, HTo6ii RaRi HB6yaB noMO'iB HecHacTHoA ceHBt, no- 
craBJieHHoft bi TaRia Taacejiua ycjsoBia h en^e CHJtBBoieflcfl 
«yAepacaTBCfl na npescneft BUCorl», emfi He ycn^Bmeft npHn-^ 

PHTBGH Cb MHCJIBIO TOMl, HTO «6iAHUft HeJIOBiR'B AOJUKBHl BCO 
BUHOCHTB»... 

illotfOHB, HO ^iwb H KaR'B noHOHB?»— BHOBB saffaJTB OHi ce6i 
TOTB se BoapocB. ^TO»i, B'B RpafineifB cjQty^a'b ohb npHMerb 
penopTepcRifl o6fl8aHHocTH, Roropua eny yace a^bho npeAJta- 
raeTB peftaRTopi OAHoft rasem, nocTynHTB na cjiys6y hjih safi- 
MeTCH aABORaiypoft... Ho tofas— nponiiafl ne^Tiip JEHTepaTypHot 

A^aTeJUBHOCTH, ROTOpyiO, HO CKOTpa HH Ha HIO, OWb BCBTaRH 

TaRi ropano, tbri My^HieaBHO jiio6htiI.. 

K BMy BApyrB ao cjnesi ciajio san caMoro ce6a, — cbohxb 
HaAesAii, 6eBRopucTHHX'B xeHTaHift h sanpacHo noTpaneHHUx'B 
CHJiB. H^TB, HH sa HTO, HH sa HTO OHi HO coraaCHTca laRB 
MaooAymHO caoshtb opysie,--oco6eHHO TenepB, RorAa eny Bfi- 
o6xoAHMo npBBBaTB Ha notfoniiB bck) najiHHHyK) dneprlH), "itoCm 
BupyHHTB HecqacTHyio ceMBio!.. H eMy BApyrB bchohhhjiocb me- 
aoe JiBi^o A^ByniRB, Bce B'B caesaxi, ci npeRpacHHMH Hero- 
Ayio^BMH oaBaMH. cSaaipa ace npeAaosy peAaRiopy cbob 
ycayra bb RanecTBi penoprepa,— piniHax ohi. — Tyrb ne mo- 
s&eTb 6jiTh Roae6aHiftI» — ho BcaibA'B sa rtiTB ohi nonyBCTBOBaaB 
RaRyio TO BeaOBROCTB, HOHTH yrpusema cob^cth: ero craaa yrne- 
TaTB MucaB TOiTB, HTO pimenie ero aBaaerca pesyaBTaioirB 
HHCTo-dfOHCTBHecRBX'B HoCyjEAeHift. BiAi» Bon H panime eny 
Tose npBXOAHaocB CTaaRBBaiBca cb o^bhb nysRAaionpiMHca Jiroje^- 
MB, HO ohb o6uKHOBeHHO oppaHBiBBaaca OAHBiTB naaroHBHe- 
CRBtfi coautaialeMB, ^to H6 bi» cnaarB homo^b 6iAi. Ciaao Chtb, 
TeaepB ero ropa^ee ynaciie Ri cenBi UlaHaeBHxi o6'BacHaeTca 
RpaflHe npocTo: nonpaBHaacB .EeneHKa, ea HsaniHaa ^arypRa, 
ea raasRB — oh'b pacTaaaB h botb OTRyAa dxorB €aaBTpyH8n>». 

Oahbro, oh:b CRopo ycnoRonaca. B'B canoiTB A'bJt^^ b% ^^^^ 
ynpeRaeTB ohi ce6a? Owb caynaflHO nosHaROMBaca cb ceio>eft 
UlaHaeBoft, bm^'b BosMoacHocTB 6aBse npHCHOTpiTBca r'b neft, 
ysHBTB BCK) HenpHraaAHocTB ea noaosenia, h, ecTecxBeHHO, fiaaace 
opBHaa-L R'B cepAAy cyAB6y aioft ceMBH— botb b bcb! Fayno ro- 



HETEFByt^EIfl BAOXHOBEHia. 123 

naTBCH Bi CBoeft f,ynfb h, Tiiii* 6oji%8, BOJiHOBaTBCA no hoboa7 
TaRi[xi» npocraxi s ecTecTBeoHux'B no6ysA6Hift!.. 



IIpHAA AOMOft, JIjipoB'b saciajTB y ce6fl nodia CycjiHROBa, 
KOTopuft acAaJi'b ero yace orojio laca. Owb 6vLJVb oneEh Mpa^Ha 
HacTpoeHi, no CBoeny oCuRHOBeHiio HOjraa nosajii npifiTejiK) 
pyRy n, nocjui H%ROTopo9 fl&ysu, npoMOJiBiiJii'b: 

T— JI,^o xpaHB! 

JLapoBi BsrjDUiHyjii na ero jihao, h oho noRasaJiocB eny ce- 
roAHJi RaRHiTb-To ysi oh6hb TsasLMSLWb, noHTH iparH^ecRHMi. 

— He xoTHTe-jiH naio?— cnpocHjrb offb. 

— Hirb, Tyn, GaTeHBRa, ne ao ^aes'B! 

— %o TaRi, He nnraeTca? 

— nHcajrocB-6u, ne CMOTpa ji^^e na aHaeeMCRyio noroAyr 
xa acHTBfl MH*! AOHa nirbl 

— Bi ^eMi ae a^jro? 

— £a6a OAOJi'&Jia!— yrpiOMO npoMOJUBEJUi CycuHROBi^. 

— EaRafl 6a6a? 

— jD[a, snaere, la, hto Hani OTRpujia ABepB, moa xosflflRa. 
Ona oRasajiacB cobc^m'b ho to, o qen a MeHTaJH h sa hto 
npBHHJn ee BHaiajnil.. IIoRHMaeTe jih, rpyfiaa MaxepBAJiACTRa, 
cnoco6Hafl i^ijiuMn Hacaira 6peAHTB o BHHrpHmi AsyxcoTib tu- 
cji"!!* (dTO npH OAHOMi) TO BUBrpumHOMi 6nJi6Ti!), a Bi an- 
TpaRTaxi— i^ijiOBaTBCA... IIosBOJibTel Bijo>, a ne jEomaAB h ne 
Kory TaRi! Mnt h A^noifb naAO saH^TBCH^ a, CJiaroAapa xaROMy 
pesHMy, MOHH coBciifb noRHHyjio BAOXHOBenle! IIocHOTpBTe, na 
Koro n CTSCfli noxosil.. 

— Bh, A*ficTBHTejiBHO, RaRt-eyATO HeMHoro noxyAira, ho 
oco6eHHOft nepetfiHu a bi Bacb ne naxoacy, — CRasaarb JlflpoB'k, 
^To6u RaR^b BH^yAb ycnoROHTb CycjiHROBa, OTJiBHaBmaroca Rpaft- 

Heft HHHTeJIbHOCTbK). Ho HOdTl 6ViSl> CJIBmROlTb paSCTpOOHl H 

OTHeccfl CRenrnHBCRH Kh ero cjiOBaxi. 

— BoBce He ueMfuno noxydrtjiZj a cxpamno CTanyjica — sa 
nocjiiAHie ahh oco6eHHoI MeHH ho npoBOAeTe: h ceftnaci no 
njiaTbio BHsy... 

BcjtIai* saiiM'b, owb norpysHJicfl wh TOMHreJibHoe MOJiiame, 
a noTOiTb CTajTb bhjio, CoJSbme no npHBuqRiy acjiyxi He^Taib 
T^xi HeAOCTaion^x'b eny «6jiaronpuiTH£ix'b ycjioBiflX'b>, npH 
ROTopfincb oHi Mon 6u yAHBHTb Mipi CBOHiTb nepoMi. cTe- 
nepb se a HHROMy HenysBuft h cifinmoft HeyAa^HHRi, Hec^acx- 
Ban TpHnRa!»— Bi saRJiiOHeHle CRaaajfb owb h, CesHaAea^o Max- 
HyBi* pyRoft, ymejii, nosaCbiBi asurb npocTHTbCH cb xosabhoici. 

Ha dTorb pasi jRajiRaa ^Hrypa 6lAHaro GyosHROBa ne npo- 
HSBOJia na JIapoBa o6bi'iHaro/ Taacejiaro BneiaTJsiHifl. Hanpo- 
TBBi, BBAi aToro yrHexeflHaro ^eoiOB'lRa, RasaJiocb, hoa'^Bctbo- 



124 pyOCKOB BOrAT€TBO. 

fiaji^b Ha Hero o6oAPAK)n](HHi> o6pasoirB, ciobho 6h owl ijb- 

CTBOBSUH^ HHCTHHBTHBHyiO H0Tpe6H0CT& SaCTaBHTb ce6fl BBcejiift: 
TJUA^Tb Ha idpi Bosifi, HSI 60fl3HH OnyCTHTBCH, OROHqaieJIBHO 

nacTB Kjxowb h xoftiH no coctohhIh TaKoft, botb, npocTpaiiiH... 
no yzoffi GycjQiEOBa, JlapoBi cTaii npocxaTpHBan nepenscaH- 
uyK) ^He'iKoft pyKonHCB. H xota lenepB ona h hb Rasajiacii^ 
eMy TBROft ysi HHRyxa neroxHoft, Rasi bi 9th nocnixHie ahh, 
ho OE'h BceraRH HcnuTiiBaJTB nyBCTBO rjiy6oROtl HeyAOBJiexBO- 
peHHocTH. <He to, coBciirb ne to!> — xyMaji'BOHi, nepe^HTUBas 
OTA^HUH M^Ta CBoero pascRasa. 

— Hivb wb HoiTb Toro, o Hem roBopHn CnjiaqeBi: wbrh 
rapxoHiH ^pMH h coAepsamA, noTOMy hto nirb nenocpeA- 

CTBeHHOCTH, BAtL COpAI^a. Jifl, 8T0 B^pHO: HAM AOJUXHa 
8apOAHTLCH Wb JlA H BHJEHTBCfl H81» CepAZ^al.. 

Ohb AOJtro xoAHJTb no ROKHart, BoamyncB RaRHirb to hb- 
oapeAtJieHHUirb BOJiHeHleirb. IIoToirb omcRajTb aabho 3a6po- 
meHHyiOy neoROHHeHHyio pyRonHCB h cTaJTB npocMaTpHBaTB ee. 
Bb fiejai oHHCUBajiacB rpycTHaa Hcropk OAHoro naAOHlH... Ohi 
He Eoa^EjTb ee, HOTOny ^o TorAa ne mofb BHHRHyTB bi^ Ay°iy 
oHHCHBaeMaro (ho chotph na to, ito mhofo h cepBesno otfAy- 
HUBajirB CBOK) noBtcTB) H HyBCTBOBarb, HTO RpacRH ero (jrlAHM 
H MepTBeHHU. Ho TeaepB snaROMCTBo ci KeneHRoft h en ce- 
MBeft, RaaaJnocB, oTRpujio eicy rjEasa; TenepB owb SHaJiB yace, 

HTO H KAKh HHCaTB, H fiUJH yB-ipOHB, TOO HaftA^TB Bib CBOOMB 

cepAi^i HBAJieacaiipA RpacRH. 

JlflpoBi npopafioTajTB bcio hohb, hohth ne otphbbjicb. Ho 
OHB He RonajtCH yjce bi coCcTBOHHoft Aynii, ho aHajTESHpoBan 

(RaRB A^JIftn 9T0 paHBme) MHMOJUeTHHXB CBOHZB BHe^aTJliHliy 

He nyTaircH bi coMHiniBxi h npoTHsopi^xi^ h ho saAasajiCH 

MUCJIBK) tomb, HTO A0JI3RH0 HpeofijiaAaTB BB OFO HOB^THy 

«HAeftHOCTB» Hjni «o6ieRTHBHoe H8JioaceHle». Bonpoci o <rap- 
MOHiH» Toace noHOHy to ne saHHifajii ero TeaepB. Ho RorAa 
noAi yTpo oh:b nepeHHTHB&s'B naoHcaHHoe, to ne HcnuTUBaJTB 
jxe My^uiTejiBHaro nyncTBa HeyAOBJierBopeHHOCTH. HanpoTHBi 
OHi 6uji% AOBOJseHi CBoeft pa6oToft h OMy RasajnocB, ^to no- 

BiCTB ero MOXBTli npHHOCTH R0My-HH6yAB DOJEBSy HJIH, X0Ta-6li, 

HiKOTopoe ofijierneHle: b^a^ mu^ bi cyn^HOCTH, TaR^B mbjuo sna- 
eiCB H noHTH ccBciifB He HHTepecyeMCfl 6iAB0T0ft, He ycniBmeft 
^H^e AOflTH . AO JrOXHOTBeBB H HOTepjiTB ^ejiOBiiecRifi o6pa8B..* 

BjiaAHMipB HOBNKOBB. 



BeiEHKoe eepjme. 

BNGCaptOH-b rpNrOpbeBNM1> EtjIMHCKitt. 

(OpoxoiseHie) 



I. 
PaHHie roAbi *). 

BiiHHCsifi poAHJiea wb 1810 tojij, vb tojebko tto npHooeAHHeHHcfr 
Kb PocciH ^HHUHACKofi spfoocTH Cseafioprb, rj(i bi to BpeMfl Haxo- 
ffxoii Ha aK7s6'& ero ore^B FpHropifl Hhrh^opobhtb, uannnfi li- 
xapB ^oTCKaro ssHnasa. GtiHi cBfln^eHHiHRa cejia fiMMifti, HnasHeio- 
xoBCKaro 7i8AaneH8eHCK0firy6epHiH, o. HzKH^opa, FpEropifi Hhsh^o- 



*) HcTO^HHsaicH AJifl dTOTO Bepiojca shbhh B'biHHCsaro sbmbsotca: 
1) laoKeHHUKon, H. E. 3aM'bTKH AU 6iorpa<t>iH B&niHCBaro. <Mockob. 
B4c!r.» 1859 r. >a 17, CTp. 208—212; TO»e bb <Mocb. B4;^.» 1859 r., J\6 134 
K Kb co^HHeH. Jlase^HHSOBa, H8X. BoiB4»a, Cu6. 1884. t. XII. GraTbfi bhb- 
Baia Hoiensy h nonpaBSH: 2) <Mocs. Bd&CT.> 1859 r. J\& 26 h 30. UonpaBSH 
Faepymeewna h npHSHaHie JIaseHHHSOBa, hto nonpaBSH B'bpss.S) jL. Hade^m- 
dum, Uo HOBO^y CTaTbH E. H. Jlase'iHHsoBa o B. BinncKOM'b ^C.-IIeT. 
Mx-** 1859 r. J\& 162. 4) If. ^. JTaoicemuKtm^ Orvkrb r. HajceiM;HHy no noBo;cy 
ero HEfiiira Ha mod CTaTbn o BiiHHCSoirb. „Mock. Bix.'' 1859 r. ^ 202 h 
^ocs. B'^CT,* 1859 r. JI6 32, cxp. 397—420. Esi xpyx'Bxi HCTO^HHsoB'b 
paHHHn jrftTb B'faiHHCsaro, ero ceMBH h iipe6uBaHiji bb rBMHasin sacaDTCji: 
5) Uotodwn, M. K j^opoXHiiii sanHCSH, bb raserb „Pyccsifi^ 1868 r. J^ 15 
(pascKavb r-mH HQ 6) llunufa^ A. H. BtiHHCidd, ero xhshb h nepenHCBa 
2 T. Gn6. 1876. FiaBa I. 7) Xh. H. JS, Em/ajMHen^ HoBiia xaHHiuL j^ 6io- 
rpa4»iH B. T. BtiHHCsaro. «Pyc. Ct.> 1876 r. M 1 h 2. 8) E, A. ManuneiM^ 
sairibTKa o cecTp* B. r. BiiMCBaro. aPyc. Ct.« 1880 r. t. XXVni, cTp. 
144. 9) SeAcnemA^ B. U. HcTopHHecsifl O'lepB'B IleHseHCBOft 1-fi rHMH. 
vh 1804—1871. nenaa, 1889^ 10) lleHseHCsift BoppecnoHxeHXB ^GB'^Ta*' bb 
BOHint 1897 T. coodfl^AiB vh 8Ty raseTy CB'i^x'i^Hia o Haxoj^flo^Hxcfl vh sh- 
BHXB poxcTBeHHEiaxB BiiHHCKaro. diod KoppecnoHxeHiuH MH'b He yxajiocb 
BHXfbTby HO OHa 6iua nepene^xana bo MHorHzi npoBHHioaibHiix'b HSAaniflxi: 
jjO^ec. HoBOCMXB" 1897 r. J« 4171, „CapaTOB. J[hctb4« 1897 r. J\6 253, 
„BojniiHH^ 1897 r. 3« 226 h xp. 11) B. Bbiempeuum vh pjix^ nocBumeHHux's 
Hp^CTOfln(eiiy i>5Hiei> B-kuHCsaro noppecnonxeHiUJix'b, vh ^Hoboctaxb" 
B0Hi(a 1897 H 1898 r. MHoro roBopHiB o ceMbt B. h ero rHMHasHH. roxaxi, 
ho hsb BTopuxB pys'B. 12) H. 3axa^wn-JlKyuum^ BiuHCBift h J9[epM0HT0Fb 
Wb He]f6ap%, vb „Hct. Bicx.** 1898 r. J^ 3. 06% dxoft ct. cm. Ha cxtx. cxp. 



126 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

fOBEWb npH nocTyiueHH bi> ceMHHapiH) (neHseHCKyi)?) nojiy^HjrB otb 
Ha^ajncTBa ^aMHJdio EthAWiCKiu. Kvi^^^ npflHaa OTpacjrB o. Hhkh- 
<|)opa no bojA Toro-se ceuHHapcEaro Ha^ajiBCTBa nojiyqHJia BnociiA-- 
CTBis ^aMHJniD Kaumodh *). EthJuuncKUMZ no^eMy-TO ciaiTB imcaTbca 
OAHHi TOJiBKO BHccapioffB rpHTopbOBHTfc, H TO y»e Kor^^a 6uz'b CTy- 
AeHTOMT). y^EBmificfl y Hero bi> nesaeHCEofi rHMHasis BycjiaeBx snaJTB 
ero en^e noji^b ^airajueS EfbAUHCKiu **). 

Hs'L ceMHHapiH FpHropift HHKH^opoBHq^ nepemejTB b'l iie^^HKO- 
MpyprHHecKyro aKaseMuo, okohwbx Kypoi KOTopofi 6wn> onpe;^ 
jieH'b B'L 1609 roAy bo ^Rovh. Bt> Toin>-se roAy senHicfl oh-b na 
Aoiepn SHBmaro B'L KpoHinTa;]:ri ^'JioTCRaro 0(|)Hi^epa h b'l ci[iAyi>* 
n^eiTL poAHJicH BnccapiOH^. KpoM^ Bnccapiona y Hero BnocjiiACTBut 
Chjio Tpoe ;^iTefl: 2 naao yAa^iHHXL cuna KoHCTaHTHHTb ***) h Hnita- 
Hop-L H jifi^h AJIeKcaH;^pa. 



*) Cm. «Oji;eccKia Hobocth» 1897 r. J^ 4171, ^CapaxoB. JIhctokl" 
1897 r. J6 253, <BoJH[Hb> 1897 r. J^ 226 h jq^, rascTU, nepene^aTaBmlji 
ynoHAHyxyio bl npeAuxynieMi npoM'lk^. cnpasKy ncHseHCKaro soppecnoH- 

ABHTa nCBtxa" HaXOAflm^HXCfl BL XHBHZ'B pOACTBeHHHSaX'B B:kiHHciLaro. 

KpoMi AOiepH ero, Oibrn BHCcapioHOBHii EeHSH, soppecnoHAeHT'b nasu* 
BaexL CA^jijiomjujL.'b 6iHsafiinHX'b poACTBeHHnKOB'b-njreMJiHHHROB'b n niOMSH- 

HBm BsCCapiOHa rpHropbeBBHa: CXaT. cob. MHTpO(|>aH'b ROHCTaHTHHOBHTb 

£t.iHHCKifi wb MocKB'b; Oibra RoHCxaHTHHOBHa HposopoBa, ypoxAeHHaa 
B'fejHHCfiaa B'L neH3:b; soiies. cob. Basejn Khphjuobhhii KaaxoB'b B'L 
Ilefldi; CBHii^eHHHX'b EepencKaro seHcsaro Monacxupa loaHH'b KnpHJiioBHH'b 
KasTOBi. 

*♦) A. H, KupnuHHUKon BTb cxaxbi o BycjaeB-fe. „Ep0XifKO-6iorp. CiOBapb" 
BeHxepoBa, x. V, cxp. 293. 

***) H'^CBOIBKO BHXepeCHHXL CB^A^Hlfi 06'b 3X0M'b 3a6HX0M'b BJTtilOM) H 

orpoMHUM'B ceMeficxBOML 6'feAHOM'b ^HHOBHHK'b coo6ii](H£b I. SaxapbHai— 
^KyHHH^ Bi^Bcxop. Bicx.** xesynxaro ro^a. saKan^BBod no H^bKoxopuMi 
«H0BiiM'b> noApodHocxAM'b cxaxbi r. 3axapbHHa cxoHX'b csasaxb HicROXbJfio 
cioBi. HMeHHo B'L BHiy TOio, ^To Bi Hamefi sypnaiHCTHBi Hacxynaers 
xeuepb H^KoxopuMi o6pa30M'b „9noxa B'^JiHHc&aro*', ^^iHxaio noJEesHUHi 
npeAOcxepeHb xix'b, Koxopue mbjo SHaBOMu cl diorpaipieM) BiiiiHCKaro, 
Hxo cxaxbeio r. SaxapbHsa na^o noibSOBaxbca <m» BejiHHa^meK) ocxoposno- 
cxbH). r. daxapLBHi npHHaAJiesHT'b k'b HHCjry xixb, el cosai^HiD, xenepb 
o^OBb MHoroHHCJieHHuxi aBxopoB'b BCflKaro poxa ^BocnoMHsaBift'^, Eoxopue 
HHKOPAa He saAanxi ce6'b xpyxa upoBd^paxb caMHX'b ce6fl Hsy^eHieM'b npex« 
Mcxa. Ohm noj[araK)TCfl HCEJiEDHHxejbHo na CBon naHAXb b coduxiji, Koxopua 
cjyHHiHCb 30 — 40 jrbxt xoMy Hasax'b, HSJiararoxca xohho ohh upohsobuih 
BHepa, cb pasroBopaMH b-b 6eJLiexpHcxflHecEoil (fropM*. Bee, hxo aaxopy xa- 
EHX% «BOcnoMHHaHiA> pascaaxexB icaEOft HH5yAb »cxaposuiB*', sanocaxca 
cb BesH^adniefi roxoBHOcxbS), 663% Maz'l^dinefi nonHxsH npoBiipHXb pascsasi, 
jHiub*6i)i OHB 6iuB aj^eExeHB H „3aHH]iaxejieH'b^ xia iDCuxejied jeraaro 
HcxopuvccKaro ^xeaia. f. 3axapLHB'b aoxoahxl bi CBoefl cxaxb'b xo spail- 
HBX'b iipe;i;ljiOB'b xaaoro lerEOBtpiji. He sacaxcb 4>aHxacxuHec£iix'b pascaa- 
aoBi JlepMOHxoB*, saneceHBiixi r. HEynHBUM'b co ciobi EaEHXi-xo ^om- 
6apcEHX'b cxapHHEOBi IQyMCKHXL} oxMi^y, 1X0 MHoroe nab coo6n^aeMaro 
BMb CO cjoBb padHBXb jLEWb B'kraHCEOM'b, ecxb HCXHHHaa MHeoiorifl. 
B'bHiiOMb dxod MHOOiori? ABjaexcfl cueua CMepxH B'^iuHcaaro: „KorAa bb 
111 oxAfejeaiH cocxofliocb pacnopaxeHie 06'b apecxi (?) BtiHHCBarp, bb 
ero EBapTHpy) Be^epoMb^ asHjica saHAapMCKiS o(t)Bi;epb h HtcEOJbKO hhx- 



BEAHROE CBPAI^E 127 

C^HTaexcfl coBepmeHHO HenpaBHJiBHO, mo TO^Haa A^Ta juvi posc- 
.AeHia BHCcapioHa FpHropbeBH^a He ycxaqoBJieHa. Bi> nanHcaHHOfi 
AJfl KJiaccH^ecEaro xpy^a o BijinHCRoirb A. H. IIunHHa 6iorpa$H?e- 
CKOfl saiiHCEi 6jiH3Raro poAOTBeHHHEa E&iHHCEaro A. n. MsaHOBa, 
soTopafl ABJiaeTOfl rjaBHuifL hcto^hheoitb ajka HCTopiz paHnnxi sivh 
acH3HH Besmsaro EpHTHsay posA^Hie ero OTHeceHO ex ^espajao 1810 roj^a. 
9tom7 noEasamD A. H. XLanHHi npnAaerb naCTOJUbEO snaqeHia, ito 
noirtiitaeTL ero bT) xeECTL, a b'l npnir&^aHiH oh'l j^aerb Tasyio 
oroBopEj, deaycaoBHO onposepraDmyH) ;^aTy HBanoBa: 

cEWrHCEifi, EaseTOii, Qmn&3rb HHa^e Bpena OBoero posAOHiff. Bx- 
Mapil 1846 roj^a owb iraineTL e'b B. n. BoTSHHy (3a rpaHHi];y): 
«Mafl 30, a no BameMy, no 6ycypMaHCR0My, iioHa 11-ro, CTyRHert 
wafk 36 Ji-i^TB*. 

CoBepmeHHo HenoHaiHo, no^eny aioMy BnojiHi EaTeropH^ecEOMy 
saflBJieHiK) He jijoatrro Csrrb npHAano ptmaDn^aro sHa^eniH. SnaerBse 
Kaa^AHfi ^ejiOB^E'L, Eor^a OMy SBaTb npiniejiefi Ha ^enb OBoero poxji^eHiH. 

Bi 1816 r. rpHropift HHEH$opoBH«> ociaBmi'L MopcEyro cjy»6y 
H nepeoeJiHJicfl bx po^nofi neHsencEifi Epafi — yisAHuiTB jAEapeMi* b'b 
HeMfiap-L. Bi HeM6ap4 h npoTeRJiH j^iItctbo h oipoHecTBO BiJiHHCEaro, 

HcTopHEa jmrepaiypH, npHBHEraaro hphboahtb bx cbhsl j^yraeBHHffl 



BHXl HHEOBl — H BCe dTO BOpsaiOCb npiIMO B% EatiHHCT'b — CHaibHE); TA'b 

A&KBLi'by Bi> npe;(CHepTH0M'b yse dpe^y h b^ uojiHoifb OesnaMflTcxBi, yna- 
pannpfl nHcaxejOt... EiHSb ero nociejiH 6iim jHmb ero sena, nej^asHO 
cKOBHaBmaflCfl MapbA BacHJbeBna, 6HJ'b AOETopi r naieHbEaA j^o^b. H 
BOTby ejiBa TOJibso yHHpaK)iiud yBHAij-b b^ ABepaxi roioaii H'bcsoABHX'B 
saHxapMOBi, OB'S, B'b 6e3naMflTCTBi, He ysHajn hxi— u hphhai'l sa napojcb... 
EucTpo no^ABniHCb B'b nocxext, ohi onepcA jieoio pyBOD na CBoe CMepx&oe 
lose, a npaBOK) cxajEi secxHsyjiRpoBaxb— h roBopexb pi^b k% Hapo^y... Ho 
Hdi Hox^anifl h H'bMoro ymaca cbobxi HeBOibBiix'b naia^eft yHHpaipiiiifi 
saKJOOHHJi'b, qxo ero ho noHHHaexi aapo^'b... 

— MameHbsa! o6'bACHH hmi — ohh He noHHKanx'b HOHfl!... nporoBopHJii> 
B'bcBoubKO pa3% EluHHcsifi, o6paiAaACb si CBoefi, sacxuBinefl ox% ysaca, 

04)Hi;ep'b cxiiajii snaK-b saHAapMaHi— r ohr Bci BunuH HSb KOiiHaxu... 
B'b xox'b-se A6Bb, Kas'b hsb'^cxho, renepaii Jly666JibX'b xonecb, panopxoifb, 
rpa$y EeHKeHAop4>y, ^xo nHSBtcxHsid coHRHHxejib EtjtBHcdA se Horb 6uxb 
apecxoBaH'b, xaK^b xas-b na^'b HHurb coBepmaexca Cyx'b EosiJl>. 

Sasofl 94^eEXHHH pascKas'b h yBu, saK'b iiaxo B'b aeifb npaBAu! Hnsa- 
soro DpHsasa o6'b apecxi se cocxoaiocb, HHsasie saHAapKu se BpiisaiHCb 
H HHKaKie <HeBOjibHJue naja?H> ne leAOHd^H ox'b ysaca ox-b pt^H EiiHa- 
csaro E'b Hapo;^y Ciii(ificxBBxejibHO DpoHSHeceHHou), noxony ^xo oxna xojbso 
xena h npHcyrcxBOBaia npn cMepxH E-biHHCsaro, nacxynHBinefi ne BeHepoK-B, 
a vb 6-H'b ^. yxpa. H zak% nexopomo, ^xo r. 3axapbHH'b ciuaexca npn dxoH'j» 
na HepxByio MapbK) BacRAesHy j^jia noAXBepxACHia cBORX'b jy6oHHUx'b 
diteEXOB^b. B'b AaibH'i^dmeH'b HSJOxeHiR 6yAyxb coo6a(eHH A'bficxBuxejibHiiii 
noxpo6HOcxH cMepxR Ei^HHCEaro, xenepb-xe a c^ejfb ByxHUH'b BUX'^BXb 
dxoTb anHSOA'b cxaxbH r. 3axapbHHa, noxoMy hto ohb, B'fepojiXHO, co6jia3- 
HHX% He o^Horo aBxopd sacEopo cocxaBJiaoKuxb udRiedBHXb craxeesb. 
Pyccsaa xd^flcxBHxeibHocxb H3o6Rj[yex'b xaEHMR peaibHuita d$esxaMHy hxo* 

BpaBO, Hixii Ha^OdHOCXR npiidtraib E'b 3<|>eBTaU'B BUAyiiaHHHM'B... 



123 PyCCKOB BOrATGBO. 

o6iHK'B nHoaieia » tod ope^OD, hbii Koxopoft OB'S BHmen, ho mo- 

TJTh JAOBJieTBOpHTB CBiA^Hifl Od'b 06CTaH0BR'6y A&Bmeft E'blHHOSOMJ 

oepBus SHSHeHHHfl Bne^aTi^Hifl. BemEi KOErpaoTB Mea^y t&itb, tto 

XOJUKHO 6UJ10 BiltTH H31 B'&raHCEarO, H TiWbt qrO B'B A^CTBHTeib- 

MOOTH He's Hero BHnuo. JI bi j^aHHOH'b cjiyqai coBciirB ee xony 

VOBOpHTL paSHHI^'b BBTJUmfiB% H H^eaiOB'B, KOTOpafl Bl BHO^ CMtHU 

otfiii;eoTBeHHaro uipoooaepniaHijBE ctojib ofiinHa jifiXQ bi jaojiflX'b 
Bnorai OAHopoAHHxi no HpaBOTBeHHOiiy oocxaBj. JI ho omiaH), sanp.; 
xoHTpacTOiTB ipoHtD cjabGh, no KOTopoft xasi pas'L vb Tj caiiyD 
MOHb 1831 ro^a^ Kor^a fiiiHHCRiS — chh^ 6£urB HCKiDqeffb wvb 
yHHBepcHTeTa sa Tpa^e;^H), fiH^eBaBmyio flBopaHoxBo, BiiHHOKift — 
OTei][x, nojiyHEBi no 0Ji[ys6i abopahotbo, bocb nepenoiHEiofl ffBopoH- 
iKHifB qBaHCTBOiTL caHaro ^QrpHoro Toea. cB'b Bainein> AOBii, nHcajr^ 
BHocapioHj ero npiflraib, o67fljia Bcix^ o^na loirbEO Coxbwsb, no- 
xosaa Ha xojiepy h 6ojAq boIx'e CTpaa^erb tboS naneBBsa: OHa 
■SBicTHa MHi noA'b HtfeneMi miMecAaein deopmcmea. Ci hheoitk 
KOJuesoKaro acceocopa BOABopEiacL ona y BacL bx aomA*. He o^h- 
Tan a ROHrpacToirB h RopeHHyE) padHHi^y BsrjuiAOB'L MeaKAy BIuh- 
•RHifb H ero cenBei) no ijbjLO^ pa^y Kj^jnsxh nyHRTOB'B ssTeficRaro 
ROAeRca MopaiH. 9to boo bt* nopaAR^ Bereft vb moaoaoitb o6n^eoTBi, 
AyxoBHaji asHSHB ROToparo HeyAopsHMO haotl BnepsAl orpoMHHira 
maraMH, Xo^-ae s noAHepRHyrs ROHrpacTB ne BBrMAOBi, a AymeB- 
Haro ORJiraAa. Hy, nycTb-6ii y poAHHX'b BimncRaro 6hj[h MeJDsiii h 
nomjiBifl B033piHii[. BsrjiflAU A^o HasHBHoe. A Borb o^eHB yse Maio 
6ujrb noxoaTB BiiomcRifi Ha obou ceHKK) npocro <no nexoBi^ecTBy^. 
OrRyAa BSHjacE y nero BucoTa HacTpoenifl, oi* a^tcrhxi jAvk oo- 
•laBMBmaa ocHOBHyi) ^epTy ero xapaRxepa, rto nepeAaii ero AyuA 
■rt «ABEseHifl Heo6HRHOBeHH£ifl», npHcyicTBie ROTOpurb om> ^bctbo- 
BajTb Bi CBoeiTB cepA^b, RavB toilro Ha^ajrb cosnaBaTb ce6fl? 9to^ 
B^Ab, yse A^o He Hasranoe, cepAi^e naAo nojEywrb no E2LcA]SfiTBj. 
Orb MaxepH B'bmHCRiS Morb Haoj^AOBaTb toaro oh BcniUb^H- 

BOCTb H HOHCTOBOCTb, EOTOpblH, yBH, BOOI^O yXOAHJIH Ha TO, ^TO^bl 

Qpe6pani;aTb AOMamHioK) sHBHb bi HaoToanufi a^b. IlepemeAniifi vb 
oiray orpacTHizl TeMnepaiieHTT* btoS BOHHCTBOHHoft sennqmH necb 
6Burb oOpan^eni Ha apa^^h, ccopn, nonpoRH h t. a* ^^^^ uoaihhho 
H3i OAHoro H Toro se RycRa A^poBa h RpecTb h xonaia. 

no GToj cBoeHy Maxb BijcEHCRaro tfBiJia ABopsHRa, ho ceMbs, o^e- 
bhaho, 6uMdk 6iAHafl h HesnamejibHaA. ToJon^RO ^to oROH^HBmifi Rypcb 
luaAmifi JiiRapb BijamQviA oTHDAb ne npeAOTaBJUum eo6ojo crouro- 
HH(3yAb saBHAHofi €napTiH>. H ecm, Tin ne Menie, MOiOAoft liRapb 
nocjii o^oHb HOAOJiraro' snaROMCTBa *), coTAaBmHOb CfesRopKOTHO sen- 



*) KaRi-^HJHenpoAoiZHTejLbHo oho hh Chjo , TpyxBO, OAHaxose, npeAnoxo- 
XHTB, hto6h obo npoxojsaiocb MeBBnie BicROjrbKBX'b H'^cflueB's. UodTOiiy. 
eciH npHHATb BO BBHHaHie, HTO TpHropift HHRB4>opoBH^!b KOH^RAi sypci 
Vb Ha^Aii 1809 roAa, to cBaxB^ saAo OTHecTH r^b cpeAHsi Toro*xe lOAa 
H TftRHH'b oGpasoH'b BORasaBie BHCcapioBa rpBiopbeBBHa, yto oh'b poabxca 
vb va'b 1810 roAa, noxy^aeTTb en^e oaho noATBepsAeme. 



r 



BEJOIROB CBPAUK. 129 

ciOMf K0KeTCTB7>, plinucfl c^^fijEaTb tfjiaroouoHHO npHHaroe npe^io- 
seHie, TO oqeBH^BO, ^nro h CesnpHAaHHHi^a-HeBlksTa ho npeAoraBJiflJia oo6oft 
fiieexflmefi napriH. B% ceiiefiHiixx npeAaaiflX'L ho yi^ijr&ia ^ase jijbBiim^a 
^aMHidfl MapbH HBaHOBHBi BtAnflCKoe h o6i po^^cTBOHHHsax'b cb ira- 

TOpHHCKOA CTOpOHU HHEOrAa HilTb pbu B-B HHCLSiaX'B, BOCnOMHHaHlflrB 

I jffijTETh jiMmnTb ceMeflHUxi ji^ax'b BflcoapioHa FpHTopBeBBU. 

Ho CSpOMHOCTB COfiCTBOHHarO pOAOCJEOBifl H «6R7J(HHfl CpOACTBa OTO- 

mHofi cpeAKt, T^ ona BupocjoA, He irbmaiH xefA jiiKapfl-nonoBK^a 
npH oeMeflmirB cTHqKax'L 6pocaTB Myasy bx hrho ero HeABopAHCKoe 
npoHcxoasAeHie h b'b otoitb HaxoAHTb hobeiS MaiepiajTB jifiii oChjbhkx'b 
H 6681 Toro nonpeKOBi *). 

MaTB B^biHHCBaro othd^b HeiBsa 6hjio HasBaTB sjiod. He tfyxy^H 
risHOK) seHOH), OHa fflxefi no cBoeiiy ohohb JoodHJia, h nanp. nn^- 
saia BX'B CBepxi vkpu BOfl^ecRox) ^o¥>. Ho HOBiiHocHMafl oBapjra- 

BOCTb H MOJIO^HOCTB HCnOIHeHHOA €0$SI];epCROfi Oir6cH» XOdflfiRH xoKa 

Ao Toro HSMyqua AOManiHHX'B, qro Bcei) AyinoD npHBuauBaBiziificfl 
so BCflKOMy 0K02BR0-'HH6yAB HpaBHBmeMyoA evy qeJEOB^Ry BnccapiosB 
He HaxoAHJTB B'B cetUb HHKaRHX'B HisHux'B qyBCTBx no OTHOmeHiD KB 
coficTBeHHofl MaiepH. 

CvbjifjkmB. ofii* (ytui B'kiHHCKaro B'B oQnieM'B ropas^o 6ojAe 6jiaro- 
npiiiTHtf , HO e^Ba jih OTjmqaiDTCfl to^hoctbd. TaRi r-sa JH., aoboibho 
6iH3RaH poACTBeHHHi^a rparopifl HHRH^^opoBHqa, ^aJia noprperB ero, 
BT> ROTopoiTB, AyMaoTCfl, ropad^o fioJiBme seianifl o6'BflCHHTB jraxepa- 
Typnyi) a^tojibhoctb BiiHHCRaro— CHHa, qftiii ffMcTBHiejiBHHX^ qepTB 
yvcTBeHHofi ^HsioHOMik cRpoMHaro yte^Haro Jiisapfl, soctoro samH- 
6aBniarocff bhhom'b. 

c9to fiujii qeJiOBisB CB HacirbmJiHBHM'B yMOirBt, pascRasBiBaeTB 
r-acall]|. **), «6e38a6oTHU]i'B, qecTHHM'B h npaMuirB' xapaKxepoirB, qacxo 
xepTBOBaBmifi o6niecTBeHH£DfH h ceMefinsiMH BB[roAaMH CBoeiiy vmo- 
pHCTHHecROKy HanpaBieHiK), orqacTH jiH6epaiBH0My, orqacTH comb- 
HapcROjfy. OffB BBiHecB H3B msoJEBi HAOH, 3a6pomeHHB[s nepBOK) 4>paH- 
iiydCKOv peBOJiK>]i;iefi h SApaBufi B3rjijiA> na JiHTepaxypy. OTAaBaa 
AoxKHys) AasB no^remfl eBponeficRHirB TaiaHraM'B nepBofi BemqEHS, 
HaqHHafl CB niHJuepa h npoq., OHib aobojibho iiiTRO h iqafHflqecRH- 
Ao6poAymHO CMlajicfl HaA^ ropAflBmHtfCfl cbohmh 3aqepcTB'&iBiMH npoA- 
pa3cyARaifH npoBHHiuaiBHuirB o6ni;ecTBO]rB ?eM6apa... Haoh on^a 
jntbsM 6oju»moe B;BiflHie aa pejiHriodHoe h HpaBCTBOHHoe pa3BHTie 
BHCcapioBa». 

Bhxoahtb RaKOfl-TO qeM6apcRifi BoiBTcpi, HerpyAHO, OAHaRO, 
paspymHTb aro xpafiHe yrpHpoBaHHoe H8o6paseHie, oco6eHHO, ecjH 
ipHnoMHHTB, qio pa3CRa8'B r-SH m^. BosHHR'B DO HpHrjEaineHiD Iloro- 



*) JZf., Bi raserb IIoroAHHa <PyccKii» 1868 r. J\6 15 (♦eiBeTOHi). 

**) CyAH no Tony, hto r-aa m. roBopHTi o CBoeifb poahom'b cerb Bjiar 
AHRHHi, cifbAyerB npeAnoJosHTB, qio ona hbi ceMBH 6oraTaro noniniHKa 
BjaAURHBa, KOTopiifi 5ujrB seaarB Ha nievflHHHi^ FpHropiii HHRH(|»opoBHqa. 

Jfe 4. OTA-fejTb I. 9 



130 PyCGKOB BOriTCTBO. 

XHfia. IIoroAHffB, OTnpaBJiflflCB bi 1867 r. Ha napHSCKyiD BucfaBRy^ 
BCTpl^THJicfl Bi BaroHt c^ poACTBeHHfii];ei) 3HaMefiHTaro c^^eMarorat h 
BHeci Ofl pascKasi b'b oboe nyTOBHA saMi^xKH, Hane^aTaHHua hitl b'b 
rase'rt «Pyccsit'. Yse ho roBopa o tomii, tto paacRaai), xora h nscib- 

HeHHO BdJIOSeHHIilft r-^efi II(., B'bpOflTHO cpeAaKTHpoBaH^* UorO^^HEHlfb, 

HecoMHiHEO. ^To BecB pa8CKa3T> HaQEcaHi cneiiiajiBHOAJiflToro, ^ito6h 
o(h>flCHETB, oTRjAa BSfl^ocb EanpaBJeHie BtiEHCKaro, KOtopoe e IIo- 
roAEfly E r-»i IQ^. ESBicTBO TOJibKO cb Tofi CTopoHU, qro oho 6yjio 
Kpafise— <AeMarorE?ecKoe» e aHTHpejiflriosEoe. Bon* peTpocne&- 
THBHO E noA'B sesj}.«(&iHHsi]n> BJniflHieifb aBTopHieTa UoroAEEa — ^pas- 
cKasqfliia, 'Eoiropolt 6bijio 16 afbvb, Kor^a yHep'B Fpflropit HHRH^opo- 

BETB, rOBOpETli CbMOflai'L ^paHKySCROfi peB0IK)iqE. MUCJTEHO-JIE, 

qTo6u HeM^apcRafl 6apiiinHE TpEAiiaTfiHi foaobt* e j^d^e se CapumsE, 
a jo(^BO^Ra Bi 16 ji^tb, Morjra-6u E»tTh RaKoe-HECyA'B to^eoo npe^- 
craBJieEie o hoaoCeeix'b MaxepiflrB. Ho peTpocneRXEBHocTB pascRaaa 
Bcero flcflte Em> toto, tto hh IIoroAEE'B, se r-aca !!][., e6 ejc^dtb hh- 
RaRoro noHETifl o toetb, ^to <A6MaroroMi»-TO BijEHCRift cTajii no^i 
RoneiTB SESEE. He tojibro Ror^a BtjEHCRifi seji bi ^eM6api, ho 
H njbjijv) noJioBEHy CBoefi A'^ETejiBsooTE owb EH'bA'B Maio oGniaro cb 
€ciMesaME f^paHi^yscRofi poBOJiioiiiflt. A tto RacaeTca peuriosEOCTE, 

TO BtjIEECRifi npE »E3SE OTUa EERaREMl OROnTEI^ESMOM'B HO OTJlE^iaJCa 
E Ee TOJIBRO Bl DHOmeCROfi ApaMt CBOefi, EO H Bl SSaMeBETEIXl 

<JlBTepaTypHHxi Me^xaHiax'B* BocxopaeHBO roBopnii o ceAEHOMi, b4i- 
HoiTB Boi^». PexpocneRXEBHOGTB pascRasa r*»QlII|. HacxojiBRO BOiERa, 
^xo OEa sacxaBzraexi Bi^EECRaro bi 1836 — 1837 rr. BOCXopseEso 
pacD'i^BaTB Mapceju>e3y. B-b dXE roAU BtjEscRifi npaHo EeflaBE- 
A^&ETB Bce ^paHBiyscRoe e peBOJiioKioHHoe bi oco6eEsocxE. 

B% HaAJiesaniia rpanaiiiEi Bonpoci o tojtb, HacROJUKo mofb Bt- 
jniBCRifl — oreu'B oRasaxB Bjsiaflie Ea cHEa, bboaetb pyRonECflaa 6iorpa- 
4>E^ecRaa saimcRa yse pa3'B nasBasEaro A. H. HBasoBa. Ogeobh- 
BaacB Ea sefi, A. H. HBinflH'B roBopEXi: tB^b peJEEiiosEBixi npoAMe- 
Taxi rpEFopifi HHRH<{)opoBEq'B, RaRi roBopHTB, EOiBSOBajica penyxa- 
niefi rorojieBCRaro AMMOca 6eAopoBEqa b bco rpaMoiHoe nacejieBie 
ropo^a E yi3Aa o^BEEajio ero wb Gesdosia, HexoacAeniE b-b i^epROsB, 
Bi, qxefliE Boibxepa, — ci roxophm-b oei, Bapo^eirB, cooAEEajTB 9r- 
RapTcray3eHa b H)ErB-inxEJirj[Esra>. cHeAOBi^p^EBBrfi e noA03pExejn>fl£iiy 
a Birlori^ jrbHEBuit h 6e3neMflBifi, ohi pasomejica ci yisAHBiirB o6ii;e- 
ctbom'b; ae saxoAa e AOMa pasyiiEaro coqyBcxsia, owb oROHqareJiBEt 
npoAajrca nBaacxBy e Maio 3a6oxEjica o6'b ceHB'b». 

Boxi» 8X0 ooBd^iTB Apyroo A^o. Ammocb Ooaopobh^'b, no^xEiBaD - 
BXifi MECXEqecRia reexe wb nepoMesRy cb noE'l^cxaME BoiBxepa (tojbro 
noB^E ero e EirbDxca b'b nepeaoAt, a ^to6u Fpar. Her. ssan no 
j^paaii^scRE. SE isz^b qero eo beaho), soyacEBqsBBifi, nbasBifi qejioaiRB, 
HsCiraDsiifl o6n(ecxBa s noxoMy npocjuiBmifi t6e36o2KHEROH'B>— bi 
8TEXI npoAi^axi nopxpexi> MoaRerB 6£itb npssBas'B npaBAonoAo6H£i]t&. # 
Ho CB <ciMeBaME ^paHuy3CRofl peBOJiK)i^iE> lyxii se mbofo ofioiaro. 



BBIHKOB CBPJWB. 131 

En^e TOBOMi hhsb to, hto coa6maeTb o B&ihhckoitb - OTi^i Jla- 
^xe^HHKOB'L, nocbTHBinifl ?eH6api bi 1823 roA7 ^ T^oTjsfik se saBa- 
^aBmift oTHomesdfl cl BIjibhckhitl chhom'b. Jlaase^iHHKOB'B neperH- 
*6aeTi> UBLSKj bt» npoTHBoaoiosHyD cxopoH^t^m^' imiiim ou^CMaTpH- 
Baerb HSKaKofi cbash uempj A^bflienHooj^lf^^^llS^Pi'^l^ 
OTi^oBCKaro jiOMa, a npflvo G^HTaeT^yTw^jl^i^^ 
npoTBBonojioaHaro BHa^enia: ft *^°^'*^-^'^c^ei^A!y^'^^^'k 

«06meGTBa, KOTOpoe ahts BcrpfiH^^'^y '^ttffl(tejn!5g^ 

j^sapB mAn js^kzo no CBoefi aojishocth (off iiiiiypyif W^ero ho 
HaxHBaji'B). 06meeTB0 aro bha^i ohi> na pacnamsy, nacTO 3a epo- 
^eHTOiTB H nyameicb, cjfumajTB plu, Bpan^aBmiflOfl 6ojrbe Bcero okoao 
^aoTHBix'B BHTepeooBi», npanpaBJieHHBirB khhbbmomi BsaToqaHqeoTBa h 
Hep3RHxi> upoA^oR'B, BHA'bji'B Bo-o^ix) HoapaB^ity H qepnory, Heaaiiac- 
KflpoBaHHHH 6ofl8HBK) TJUiCHocTii, HeBaspameflEHii JiocKOMii oGpasoBaH- 
BOOTH, BHA^ji'B H EynieHHoo sa Be^epEO KpecTHoe i^oBaHie noHaiuxi 
H CBHA'i^TeJiiBCTBOBaHie pasHaro po^a nodooB'b h np., h np. A7^& ^^9 
Vb EOTopyK) naia cb najojri^TCTBa ncKpa Bosia, ho Morjia ho BOSMy- 
iWTBCfl npH cjiyoiaHiH btbx^ piqet, npB bba'^ pasnaro po^a OTBpa- 

TBTeJIBHilXl CI^eHl. Cl paHHHX'L JI^TB Ha&HH'bjia B'B HOB HeHaBHCTfc 

Kx oticKypaHTHBMy, Ko BCflKofl HoiipaBAi, KG Bcotfy JiosHOifyy Bi qeiTb- 
6h ohb hh npoBBJirflJEHCB, Bi oCn^ecTBi hjeh B'B xBTopaTypb. Orroro- 
to ero y6isA6Hifl nepenuui bi eru iuotb h KpoBb, cjibjuob orb ero 

XH3HilO. TOJBKO CB SHBHBI) OWb H nOKHHyJI'B WTb. IIpH6aBBTe X!L 

6e30TpaAH0My spkiBiiiy rsHJioro otfmecTBa, Koxopoe ORpysaio ero wh 
MaiojrbTCTB'ib, AOMamHoe rope, d^AHocTB, Hy»ABi, Bt^HO ero npecjitAO- 
BaBmifl, B'lHHyio 6opB6y ct> hhmh, h bu nofiMexe, OT^ero npoBBBOAe- 
Hifl ero HHorAa nepenoiiHHJfflCB xenbv>, oTqero, b% oTRpoBOHHofi 6e- 
&k^ Cb HHJTB, BBi Ha6ojitBmefi rpyAH ero bbiphbbjihcb rposHooGJiH- 
qHTOJtBHBifl p'bqH, EOTopufl, EaBBJiocB, AyniHR ero» *). 

A. n. Hbbhob'b B'B cBoefi sanHCEt nporecTyerB npoTBB'B btoI 
MpaqBoft xapaETepflCTHEH, AORasuBafl, vro FpsropiS HBRB4)opoBHtrB 
Aepzajicfl BABJiH OTB qeHSapcRaro qBHOBBBqecTBa n nojoHi^iB b cam* 
BO BCflEOBTb cjiyqa'b 6un'b 6e3yKopH3BeB6-qecTHHfl qejioB'iEi (nocji'bA- 
Hflro, BopoqeiTB, ho orpsi^aerB h JlaseqHBEOBi). Tbe-b Eas'B B'B pas- 
CKasi JIaseqHHEOBa, Boo6me, MHoro HeToqHOCTefi **), to A. H. Obi- 
miVB cEJioHeBi Vb AAHHOiTB cjiyqa'lb cxaTb na CToposy HBanoBa. A 
uesAy T'biTB npoTHBoptqie Becbua jierso npBHHpBTb, ecjiH, aa ocao- 
Baaia sanacEB canoro-se HBaaosa a paBCKasa r-sa 11^., paBfiaiB 
qeadapcEyi) sbbbb B'^JiaacKaro-OTi^a aa ab^ hojiohbbu. EI no pa3- 
CKaBy HaaaoBa buxoabtb, qro OTqy»Aeaie Fparopia HaRa^upoBaqa 



'*')J[aseqaBB0B%, Coq. esa. 1884 p., cxp. 271—72. 
**} 3x0 owh nepBufi, coiuaflCB, eABa-jia apaBaiBao, aa nosasaaie caoxpi- 
T^iA qe]i6apcKaro yqHjBuia FpeBOBa, nyctaj'b B'B o6paii(eHie coBcpmeHao 
-aeB'^pBoe 'CB'bxiJBie, iro oxeurb fiiinncaaro yposenem UojibuiH hju saoaA* 
JBMX'b ry5epfliff. 

9* 



132 FYCCKOR BOfATCTBO. 

HapooTMO nocreneHHo, ^to bi na^ast oh-b h npaKTREy xopomyiy 
HMin, H ci ofimeoTBoiTL ^eiifiapeianrb lamure h tojibko cnoeH ico- 
fi€^^ craiH pascTpaiiBaTBOfl OTHonieHia BtenicKaro-oTiia ci ^ii0ap- 
csHiTb o0iiteoTBoirB>. To, wo JaseHHHKOBi cooflmaerb, — oraocHToar 
Vh Ha^axT 20-xi roAOBi, Korja oitl nocirajrb ?eM6api; to, tto npo- 
THBonocraBiaeTi. HsaHOBi, — othoohtcs si na^aiy 30-rB foaokb, m 
HHKaKoro, cjrli^OBaTejiBHo, npoTHBopiqia lyrL h4tk. 

Ho nOHHMO 'IHCTO-^aKrHTOOKOft OTOpOHH JCiuia, B% BOCHOMHVaHiflXV 

Jlase^raHKOBa coBoim jcpyroe BasHo h HHTepecHo. ^ionycsas Aase, 
wo sa '^(aBHOCTbK) BpeMBBH owh 6ujrh HOTo^evB wb MejroqarB, hs- 
savL HeibSA jonycTHTE, ^611 om> 6urb HoroqeHi vh o6mfiwb toh*,. 
KOTOpHf HeoovHtHHo oosAaicfl Hoj^ BjdflHieirL pasroBopoBi ci 61- 

JOKHCKHJTb. JTaXCe^HHSOBX fiUTh 6XH80KB CI EijniHCKHMl H, Haiip., 

oveHB xopomo SnjrB ooBtffovjreflTE tfiaroTBopHoirL BjiiflHiH, oxasaH*^ 
HOiTL Ha. Hero y^Hrejreirb HeHseHCRofi rHMHasiH IIonoBsnrE fo n&M% 
CH. laiuneX Mstomro-is AonycTHTb, ^to BtjraHORifl, nocrapaBnnfioir 
BBacHHTB J[ase?HHK0B7 sHa^eHie. Koropoe Hir&rB au Hero IIonoBS, 
yvonajTb-fiH cotfcTBeHHOirL (ms!h? 

nopa, Boo6nie. o6paTHTbCH Kb CBHiiTejEBCTBy eaMoro Bi^HCKaro 

X2U TOrO. HT06h ptmHTB OROH^aTeJfBHO, OfiHSaHl-XH OHl "rtlTB-HHflyXB 

eepiesHim cBoeiiy oni^y. Ecjih a no chtb nop% ocraHaBJiHBajiofl na 

CBHA^TeJDEiOTBaX'L nOCTOpOHHEXl JfHI^, TO eXHHCTBeHHO nOTOKJ, ITO 

8TH OBH^reiscTBa HoryTB BBe(rrH b'b safijiyscjieHie. Tavb aBTopf 
SHHSKKH EiiHHCKoiTB vb cBiorpa^vqecRoS 6B6jrioTeici> $. 6. IlaBieH- 
xoBa->M. A. npoTononoBY nosasaioob, tto vb jtaHHoiTB cjryqat cbv 
^evtfapt paBurpaiacB h^tto Bpo^ cropa otb yiia vb MHHianopif, 
TTO «rpFropifi HHKH^opoBHTB jiflXKewb 6ujrb nopBaxB cb yiB^HHirb 

OfimeCTBOlTL BCi CBH8H, KpOirfc 0$$H1liaj[bHUX'b», nOTOHJ qTO <6ha% 

otfBHHeHB vb 6e36oa!dH h BOATepBflHeTB'b> H vro eojiH ovb €jrpn6ii% 
Kb HCTopHqeesH ooBflHieHHOiiy H BcepoccificKHiTB onHTOiTB onpaB^aH- 
sovy HeTO^HMKy yrimeHiff), t. e. <8anHjrB>, to bto hotomj, qro ohi 
6EijrB «jnrmevB nojvtepsRH>. Ho mosho-jih lonyeiHTB xoth na oxHf 
XBHyry, qToSs BTOify CTpanHOMy BOJiBTepiHHiiy. nopBaBnreMy Bci obhsh, 
spoirfc 0$4>HiiiaJiBHHX'B, RasajiocB-QH Bcero MOHte mhcjihmux'b npH boxb- 
TepiflHCTB^ H QeaCoauH, koxho-ih AonycTHTB, roBopK) a, qrodsi hi 
cnojD^epiRR'l^t, sair^HeHHofi bbhom, 0TI17 oTKasajTB-dii CTapmit ceihb? 
BncoapiOH'B nopaacaJTB obohhi paHHHVB pasBHTiem., RorAa 6u3rb ab'&- 
HaffnaTHJii-lTHHirB HaxBqHROiTB, a Arb b'b 16—17 bto 6Krb Bnoxffk 
c^pMHpoBaBnrificfl njiaMOHHufi SHTysiaorB, h hmM, jriWcTBHTexBHo, 
noxoaueHie rpHropia HnKH^opoBHia qio HHCy^t o6mee ci cropeirB 
OTB yMa> RTo, xa^-B He 6ypHiifi BHceapiovB, OEasan-Cn omy canoe 
BOOTopaeHHoe co^yBcisie? A botb BToro-To coqyBCTBia h4tb h oi%Aa, 
Kpoir6, Rone^Ho, tIx'b cxyqaeBTi, RorAa bi cToxRHOBeHiax'B FpHropifl 
HHRH^opoBHqa c% ero neBHHOCHMO - cBapiEBofi h irexoqHofi senot 
cTaftHHH CHMnaTiH BHCoapioHa* no CBE;^TexBCTBy HBanoBa, <npEHaA- 
irexaiH OTiiy». Ho cBH;^iTejn>CTBy TOfi-se r-XH m,., Roropas ctoxb. 



I 



BRIHKOB CSPfiflfi. 133 

Hejj^iHHO OTKpBua wb saoHBineM^b ees'B boakhtb buookhxi npniHH'B 
PpHToprb HH&H^opoBHqt, cctMOfla ^paai^yacKoA peaojiDiilH*, BHOca- 
pioHi, €K'B poAHOMy OTi^ 6wrb zoiofffiwh, noTOH Bpaa^efieHi^. Iloa- 
^(ffbe, lOuBiim yse rHMHasHCTOJii, fiHccaploffb A^siaMHpoBarB obod 
BeflaBHCTb STb oTiij OT^aaflflo BOOTopseHHfiiMH BosrjacaMH repo6Bi 
lUjuuepa*. GiyjieHTOM'B BaccapioH'b nHcaAi Opaxy KoHCTafliHEy. o6'b 
OTAt; <ecjH OB'S cxpi^aai h lenepB cipi^aerB — ^sro orb caicoro oe6fl; 
OHi» ecTi> iDTMimfl Bparb, icy^HreJib h THpani oanoro ceSn; ho judab, 
a caiKi> ofli BHBOsarb bo* cbobxi* Hec^aciiBX'B^ "*"). IIoJiaraK), ^rro axa 
oiv^Hxa, oAfla B3i i^'bJiaro A^oaT&a laKHX'B-se xapaKTepHCXJisfB, paa- 
OpocaHfliix'B Wb nepenBCKt B^bAHHCKaro, A^aexi» ooBepmeHHO npasA- 
HUMH Boafflfl cxapaaifl npeapaxHTB rpHropia Hekb^opobhu wb Ka- 
xyD^ro sepxBj BuooKoro cxpoA mucjue. Bi nepenHCKt BtmflOBaro 
6CTi^ He Maao M'bcxi*, rjifi owb cHMnaxH^Ho oxsuBaexca oOi oxi^ bh- 
ffkTh Wb HeiTb xopomie saAaiKH h boo6ia6 HeJiOBiKai He CMoxpa Ha 
bc'^ cboh HeAOcxax&H h ^lacxo neAocxoftHue nocxynKH, bi ochob^, Boe- 
Ta&H, nopflAOuarOi ho HHTAt he oAHHaro HaveKa wbvb na cxpaAaHie 
sa HAeD, Boxopoe bi* BHcoapioHt Haauo-6K[ ne co'iyBcxBie, ho ot- 
aByKi>, a npflMo HScxynjieHHoe BOAiHoapeuoHeHie. 

0£OH^xej[BHuM Hxbn» xoro, v^wb owb 6hULT» odasaHB oxieiiy AOMy, 
B'^AHHCBifi BupasHAii Bi nHciiM'b Kb BoxBHHy Bi 1839 r. h dxoxi 
oOnuB BUBOA'B He Hyav^aexca hh wb KasHX'B EOMMeHxapiaxt. B'biHH- 

€&lJI, B1» KOXOpOM'B nOXpeOflOCXB JIK)6BH H npHBHSaHHOCXH 6UAH Ha- 
exOJlbEO CflJUiHil, ^TO OffB HpHBHSaACfl cCUHOBHeA AI)60BbK)> Bl AOMy 

eBoero ABODpoAHaro 6paxa HBanoBa, o oofioxBenHOlt ceMb-b a^^^^ 
n&olt oxduBi>: 

«HM^xb oxi^a H Maxb aia loro, ito6u cMepxb;HX'b o^Hxaxb mohmi 
06Bo6o»AeflieM'b, cjfbAOBaxeiBHO, ne yxpaxox), a cKople npioCpiieHieii'b, 
XOTH H ropecxHiurb; Hiibxb 6paxa h ceoxpy, ttoOei ne nOHHicaxb, no- 
^eMy H msL ^ero ohh MHt 6paxi h cecxpa, h en^e 6paxa, ^xo6u 6£ixb 
iq;>HBa3aHHuirb bi Heicy KasHM'b-xo ^yncxBOirb cocxpaAama — Bce axo 
He cjuuHKOiTb yxibniHxej[bHO> '^^). 

Moryrb-dKH BaKifl-6ii-xo hh fimo oroBopsH yHH^oauLXb SHa^eniB 
-axflxi oxpaniHiix'B oiobi? Bchomhhm'b en^e, tto ohh HHcamcB sb- 
4SBU1BK0 xbrb nocii cnepxH poAHxeiefl, a ^exoBtob npn BocnoMHHa- 
Hiflx'b npoHuoM'b BcexAa cBjroHeHb nepnoe oxMexaxb h noMHHXL oaho 

TOlbEO CBiXAOe. 

H BOTb, odHaBOKHBHiHCb CO bcImh tropeoxHiiMH oGoxoflxeibcxBaMH 
Bamero HecHacxnaro ceMefloxBa», bbbi BupasHica BiiHHOBil wb 
HHCbHft K'B 6paxy KoHcxaHXHHy *^)y h npHHHBi BO BBHHBHie AymoBHoe 
HBiTosecxBo, HMeHHo AyineBHoo, a He yMcxBOHHoe, ero GpaxbOBi h 
^ectps; MH cHOBa aojqkhu ce61 nooxaBHXb Bonpoci: Ras'b Morb 



*) tPyc. Cx.> 1876 r., J6 2, cxp. 338* 
**) H u n u H ly T. I, cxp, 37. 
^ *Pyc. Cx.» T. XV, cxp. 339. 



134 PyCCKOE BOrATCTKO. 

imjfxB HS'B TaRofi cpe^u BiuHCKiS? ^aace ooBepmeHHO secooTBi^T"- 
CTBy]Diii;ee A'UcTBHreiBHOcTif npeBpanieHie FpHropm HHKH^opoBH^a^ 
vb My^eHHKa sa OBofi CEenTHiuaidM'B h spnTHveoKoe oTHomeme, ho 
ofiiflCHneTL Toro, ^0 cocTaBJUJierb rjiaBHys) cHJiy BijiHsoKaro— Bocroprb. 
H sasAT aKTHBHaro npoTHBOAtttcTBk. Kto nepe^aJTb 6My bta ochob- 
HUfl Ka^ecTBa ero Ayinn? 

Otb^ti, KaRX HHi Kaaseicfl, AaiOTB HtcROja>RO CTpoRi bi bocdo- 
MHHasiflX'b ceMbi BijuHCRaro: 

«^iAx BHcoapioHa, o. Eerh^^opi, bhpocthbx ;^Tefi, npoBejrb 

OCTaTOR'B SH8HH Wb MOJIHTB']^; Bb npeAaHiflXb CeHBH OCTaiaCb nOTTE- 

Tej[hHafl naMATb o ero 6jiaro^ecTHBofi sh8hh; ero oqETaiE npaBeAHs- 

ROMT). y^iaJtEBElEOL 0TB CBOflXb, OWb ViETh Bl> ROIB'!^ aCRei19<I6CR0I) 
JKE8HLD> *). 

BoTB dTO eacTOEmift ecto^shri xyxoBsaro ofijERa BiuHCKaro- 

UpaBe^^HER'B-Aia'B BOSpOJPJICE Wh npaBeAEERi-BEyRt, RaROb HE CTpaHHA 

CI nepBaro BsrjiflAa gbesb HesAy acReToiTB-MOEaxoHi e «pa3py]iiHTe'- 
jfeMi coTaREXuxb BtpoBaHifi». Ho 8T0 npoTEBopi^ie noBepxHooTHoe 
E HERaRoro BEyrpesEaro npoTEBop'i^^ifl Vb ce6t se saRjiDqaerL. 
Ba^RHo Ee coj^epsaEie, a oCmiH cTpofi, xymeBHuB HBWh, cieneEB bo- 
ojiymeBxesifi e xvatjxja no;^fli^a. Sanaei e CBoficTBa E^eaiESMa Bcer^a 
OKSE fl T^-se B^ qeJioB^HecTBi e ycjiosia BpeMeHH bjoeidi-b toxbro 
Ha npoEBieHifl. BBOJnoipoBEpyiDrB ^opmi, ho se cyniHooTB. ^^ji^ no- 
mejTB Bii rojibk), BflyRi ocTajicn bi Mipy e npociuji'B «CRenTERoirB>, 
HO nopuBi* Ri Toiry, b% ^eirB RasjiKA bbjs^t> caaceHBe Aynni, bi 
EEX% OAEEi E Torb-se. PasjiEqHu nyTH, no rotopbimi miH js/bjsri> w 

BHyRHb, HO HaUpaBJIEJECb OHE Kb O^EOfl fl TOfi-SO II,'6jIE— -Rb ECEOne- 
EID TOrO, ^TO RaS^blfi E8b HBXb C^ETaJTb CBJ}ni;eHH£ni'b SaBi^TOlTb. 

Jl^Xh, Rone^Ho, He SEaarb MyRb coMHiHifi, He nepesEBaji'b ffpami ho- 
ECROB'b onpej^iieEsaro EAeajia. Ha ero ffojno Bunaio c^acTie Heno- 
cpeACTBeHHOff, ECHofi Bipbi. Ho H B^pa BsyRa Bb rb MOHenrH, Ror;i;a 
OWb npHxoAEJi'b Ri onpoA'i^eHEoicy BHBOAy, 6uJi& ne Men-^e Ecna. H 
ero jiyma Bb78TE momoetu cjEa^RO saMnpaia npE cosHaHiE, vro eifj 
OTRpuBaeTCfl cHHGjrb SE8HE, E OFO Ayma EanojiHExacb ectehhomojiet- 

BeSHHlfB BOOTOprOM'B. OHb CJniBOOJ[OBHJ[b (yb HeMeHbHieD jCibsjlfiE' 

HOGTbi), qiiTb A^Ai), E BRGTas'b OFO cxaTOfi E HEceHb HO yciynajTb 

8RCTa3y MOnTBl E RaHOHOBb A^AA- 



BtiEHCRit Hay^EXCE rpanorb y ntRoefi B^inpoBCRofi, Ao^epE irfccr- 
Haro ^EHOBHERa. JIaTEiHE ero flicROJrbRO sayujib orei^, a sarbirb 

OEb HOeTyHEJTb B'b TOJIbRO-^TO OTRpUBHieeCfl vb ^OMfiapi yi^3AHoe yTO« 
JREHie, rxi 6U6TpO BBABEHyjIOE CBOEirb paSHEMb pasBETieiTB. Ho, 

ROEOTOO, Ee ^eiitfapcREirb neAaroraub, bi imcjA ROTopuxb, BnpoqeMb 
CKOTpBieiib yqEjiEHia FpoROB'b Guab ^eioB^R'b o^oflb xopomift, o6e- 

*) ITuUHEb, T. I, CXp. 7. 



It 



BEJIHKOB CKPWS- ^35 

9BWh 6jnjrb dTHMi Ei^HHCKifi. neAaroiifl 6111a canaa npHMETHBHafl) 

ei> oAHofi CTopoHH ocHOBaHHafi Ha secTOROifb jD(paHi»']^« a cbApyrofi — 

Ha npej^ocTaBjreHiH y^eHBRaifB nojraMinefi cbo6oaei. TaKx cjiy^aioob 

BT> HHiie Ji^THie jsflB^ mo j^wtQua. Vb yqeCane ^acu GpocaJiH yneHH- 

KOB'B H jcTpaHBajiH nonofiKj, a y^eHHKH i^ijiHini sjaccoirB orapaB- 

jifljuHCB KynaTBCfl. YMCTBeHHoe padBnrie E'hiHfiCRaTO mjo rjiaBHfiiirb 

p6pa30]n> noAi BJUflHieifL ^teHifl. En^e yqeHHROMi y^AHaro jmuoLmjB^ 

BkuHCKifi nepe^HTajn bcd pyccRyio mTepaTypy XYIII h Ha^ajia XIX 

B^Ea B He TOJiBRo nepe^HTaji'L, ho h npeBOcxoAHo ycBOHJrb h, RaK'B 

9T0 Bcer^a 6u6aeTi> bj* noAo6HHX'B cjiyqanx'L cTpacTHaro yBJieqeHiH 

wiwh'BuCyjih, caH^ o^eHL paHO CTajTB npo6oBaTB cboh cbsu Ha jlh- 

TepaTypHOMi» nonpHn^i. Bi pei](eH3l]i Ha njioxie othxe KonxoBa Bi- 

nHCRiJS *) BcnoMHHJiT> y^HJiHn^Hue roAu: <eni;e 6yj^qH MaiBqHROirB h 

y^OHHROiTB yisAHaro y^Hjuniia, a bi orpoMHiiH rhqu TexpaAeft ne- 

yroMHMO, j^eHHO h HomHO, H 6e3% BCORaro pa86opa, cnHcuBajn* oth- 

xoTBopeHiH EapaHSEHa, ^.MBTpieBa, CynapoROBa, ^epsaBHHa, Xepac- 

KOBa, IleTpoBa, CiaHfiBBqa, BorAaHOBHHa, MaRGHMa HoBsopoBa, Kpu- 

jroBa H jifijTjsx'by fl njnaRaJi'B, qHrafl cB'&AHyiD Jlnsyt h cMapBHHy 

Poniy> H BHiHHA'b 0661 Bi cBflHi^eHHMaiyi) o6fl3aHHOGTB 6poAHTB no 

noiHiTB npH TOBfHOM^ cBii^ Jijuu^ CB noHypHHi JiHmeM'B a la dpacTB 

HepronoioxoB'B. npHpo^a mh^ ^aia canoe ^yscTBHrejiBHoe cep^i^e a 

CAtiaia Mena lioaTOMi>, h6o, erne 6yAyqH yqeHHRoiTB yisAHaro yqa- 

MKmjBL, a nHcaJii CajiJiaAiJ ^ AyMaj'B, hto oni ae xyace 6aAJB[aAi» Sij- 

ROBCRaro, ae xyse «PaHCH[» KapaMsaaa, otb ROTopott a Tor^a cxo- 

KBTb ei yaa*. 

TaRoB yqeHHRi He mofb ne 6pocHTBca b'b nasa BcaROMy crojebro- 
BHfiyAB BHHMaTexBHOHy HadjnoAaTejK). Kor^a JlaaceHHHROB'B bx 1823 r. 
peBHSOBaj'B qeH^apcRoe y^amme, owl opasy oissnwi'b BljotaacRaro: 

<Bo BpeMH ^^aeaaro mbob) aRsaMeaa^ BucTynaji'B nepe^o mhok>, 
MBXAy npoqHHH yqeHHRaMH, HaiBqaRi JLivb 12, Roroparo napysHocrrB 
ex nepearo BBrjutAa HpaejieRjra Moe BaaHaaie. Jlo&h ero duii* npe- 
RpacBO padBBTB, B'B riasaxi CBiTaica pasya'B ae no ji^TairB; xy^eaB- 
Rii a HaJieHBRifl, ohb, Hes^y liifB, na Jiai^o aasaica cxapie, i/kwh 
HORasuBajTB ero pocTB. CMorpijrB owb cepBesao. TaRaiix BoodpaaaxB 
611 a ce(% yneaaro AORTopa Mesxy noBAatfimaiia Bannma noroHRaMa^ 
Rorxa, no npeACRasaeiairB aayaa, asaeirBqaeTB po^'B qejiOB^qecfiifi. Ha 
Bd ^aeaue eny Bonpocu oetb OTBiqairB TaRi> CRopo, lerRO, cb 
TSRon yB'bpeaaocTiD, Gy^ro aajieTairB aa aaxi, aaRi acTpefi'B aa ao- 
fiuqy (orqero a ryTB ace nposaaji'B ero acTpedaoinb), a oraiqajrB^ 
(kMCbmex) qacriD, CBoava cjiOBaaa, , ajia npB6aBiaa to, qero ae 6U20 
j^ase B'B RaseaaoiTB pyROBO^CTBt, — AORasaTOJu^cTBo, qro ob'b qaraxB 
a xaara, ae noxoseaasa b'b Rjiaccaxi. H ocoGeaao saaajica hitb, 
6poeaica cb bbm'b otb OAaoro npe^iieTy Kh Apyroay, cBasHaaa axi^ 
aenpepHBBOD i^hbid, e, npasaaiocB, ciapajica o6aTB ero. MaiB^aRi 



•) Coq. T. I, cxp. 482—33. 



136 PyCCKOS BOFATCTBO. 

Bumejcb R3% TpjAHoro HcnHraHifl ci> TopaecTBOJTb. 9to Menfl npiffrao 

HBJMHJIO, TEKXe H TO, HTO DITaTHIllt CMOTpHTOJIB (Asp. FpeSOB'B) HO 

xoH^ysHjucfl, ^To ero j^oheki roBopHTL He cjiobo b'b cjiobo no j^e6 - 

HOfl KHHSSi (KaKlk fl npHBUK'B BH^TB H CI ^iWb 6opOJ[Cfl HO M&IO 

vb spjTETb yujiHii^axi). HanpoxHBi, ni^o Ao({paro h yiraaro cico- 
rpvreiLti cbuo paffooriK), KaEi-6yj^ ohi» BHjtirL B'B stoitb TopsecTB% 
eoficTBeHHoe CBoe. H cnpocmrL ero, kto eTOTB Maib^HEi. cBnccapioffb 
BiJLEEeiaSy ciAWb 8;[[iniHflro yisAHaro mTa6i>*ji'bEapfl> cRasaJTL offB MHib. 
fl noi^oBajTB BimflCK&ro b% j[0(h», oi ;QriiieBHOK) TemoTofi npHB^T- 
OTBOBaffB ero, rjvb se norpedoBaj'B vn npoAaxHoi fiHGiioxeKH KaKyxH 
TO KHHSOHRy, Ha saTJEaBHoiTB jfHcrJ^ KOTopofi HOAUHcajii: «BflccapioHy 
EijiHHCKOHy 8a npespacHiie ycnixH vb y^eaiH* (ejol tto-to noAo6Hoe) 
OTB laKoroTo, Torji;a-To. MajEB^nKi npHHfljTL otb MeHH KHHry 668rb 
oco6eHHaro p^^ocTHaro yBJie^eHia, xaK'b jifiiamjio oe6i AaHB, fies's 

HUBKHXl nOUOHOB'b, KOTOpHlTL y^arb 6']M;HflK0Bl CI MaiOJriTCTBa* *)• 
BeCBMa B03M0SH0, ^TO Bl BTOM'B B^eETHOJTb BOCllOMHHaHiH eCTfc 

cBOfl jsflK perpocneKTHBHocTH H e;tBa-iH Bct ^jifimjOL HCTopH^ecKS 
TO^HBi. Ho o6nuft TOH'B BHOHaTjiiHifl, npoHSBOAeHHEifi Ha HsyiueHHara 
peBHdopa, floBHAHMOMy, nepoAani to^o: Bcb AaiBH&fimiH oxHomemii 
Jlase'iHHKOBa ki BimHCEOMy noKasuBaiorB, ?to oh'b xopomo sanoii- 
HHJTb «flcTpe6Ka> H noqyBCTBOBan ki neiiy HCKpeHHifi HHTepeci. 
IlflTHaAi^aTH Avh, vh 1825 r., B'&JiHHCEit aocxynHJrb vb neHseHCsyK) 

rHMHaSlK), B'B TO BpOMH COCTOHBmyi) BCOFO HBl ^OTBipeXl BUCmBXl 

uaocoBi. THMHaBifl naxo^HJiacB bt* toitb-so naTpiapxajcbHoirb nepioffb, 
saiCB H ^eiiGapcKoe yauassie. B% Hanie Bpeiifl Kasyrcfl ^itb-to 
ooBepmeHHO aHeKAOTH^HUiTB MHoriH nojQ)o6HOOTE, coodn^aeMHfl o nea- 
aeflCKoft rHMHaBin 20-rB ro^oBi Tim-se AHpeKTopoiTB neHBeHCjuncB 
y^HZHD^i H FHMHasiH Jlase^mHKOBfiiirb, BOctaoiiHHaHUi KOToparo hbis- 
UTCfl riaBHHM'B 6iorpa$H^60KH]rB MaTopiaioirb h aia rEHHaBH^eoKaro 
nepioAa shbhh BiiHHcsaro. Botb, nanp., Bne^axjAHia ero nepBaro 
HOcin^eBiH neH8eECKofi rEMHaBiH: 

cBi rHMHasiK) npHmen a Kb 10 tocobi yrpa. En^e vb nepexHel 
nocmmaiHCB mb jpiKie roiooa h Heavy hhmh kphrh: ypa! Toibko 
^iTo fl xoTijnb BofiAi'H Bi uaocHyi) KOMHaxy, Kas'B nepeffL mohitb 
HoooiTB pacnaxnyjiacB ABepB; BaTara rHMHaBHCTOBi xjuinyjia ^epesi 
Hee H OABa ho cmnfijia iceHfl ctb hofb. niKoxBHHSH necn Ha pysarB 
y^HTejuat pyccKoft cAOBecnocTH, b% saEOiTB noioiseHiH — Hosere xora* 
AaTbCfl. Hto 8T0 BBi A^aoTe? cnpocKXB H HTB.— cMeihih KOTanorpe- 
0ai)rb», OTB&qajiH ohh. — Kam irtpH hh ynoTpefiiflJTL h, nTo6u npH- 
BecTH BToro rocnoAHHa na npaB£ift nyxb, a no cbohitb cnoco6HooTHMi 
OHL BToro aacjEysHBajTB — nocemn ero noAJri^ ce6fl, npHriacKJiii paa- 
A^^Tb CO MHOD xjrl6vcoj[b, cTapaicfl bbocth bi cboA KpjXOKh — 
HH^To He noMoraio. EiiBaio, ^wb cvbrb HaKHHerb na ce6fl cBott 
AHpflBHfi cHn^eBiifl xaiarb h B'b Tyj^Jurx'b na 6ocyH) Hory (Siaorrb 

*) Jlaae^HHEOBi, CoTOHeniJi t, Xn, cip. 269—70. 



BBIBROB OEYJiflfi. 137 

jTb CTpjAMii poccificKOfi OTyHaHHBaioii^efi nnoKpeHu n noroHi 3a'l^;iaen 
STB coneHHUH orypn;aiiH. Bi jn^fyvncrb Eiaccaxi eh oahofo y^mTeia, 
mr oAHoro yieHHKa» *). 

Pascsasi Jlase^HHKOBa othochtca vb na^aiy 20-X'b foaobi. KorAa 
noerynHTb BijiHHcsifi, nopflASH B'b rHHHasiH, rjaBfflEzirB o6pa30]rB 6jiaro- 
AapAeTapaHlaMii Jlase^HHKOBa, or^iacxH yse hsm^hhihcb si j^^meHy **). 
fio, ROfieno, cKOJiBKO-HH^yAb BopeHHSxi HsirbneHift 3 — 4 roAa ci 
cofoK) npHHecTH He uoTxsL H Bii o6mein> rHMHassqecKoe npenoAaBame 
He oTpa3HiocB-6H HHvbicL cyn^ecTBeHHiUTb Ha HcropiH Ay^oBnaro 
j^asBHTia BliHHOKarOy eciH6H ope^H y^Hxejiefi He HameicH oahhi», 
BecBMa Majno noxoad^ na ocTajtbHsx'B cbohx'b lOBapHn^eft. 9to 6fim 
MOJioAoll^ HeAaBHo KOHWBmift sasancKifi ^ynHBepoHTeTi npionoAaBaTejib 
^cTecTBeHHoft HCTopiH — M. M. nonoB^. cTeneHH yBasemfl h 
fiiaroAapHOCTH, soroptjfl nHraarL si IIonoBy BiuHcsifi, mosho cyAHTb 
HO HHCbKy^ soTopoe Bt^HHCsifi HanHcaii eny yse GyAy^H cTyA6HT0irB 
Bi 1830 r. Go cBOficTBeHHOK) eiiy onoco6HOCTBD oiAaBaTbCH saacAOMy 
HacipoeHiD co bcod hoahotoid BOCTopaceHHoft aJihh CBoefi, 6iiBniit 
JHOEHS'L HHcajTb HeAaBHOiiy yuTejEK): 

«BjiaropoAHHtt qeioBisi, csasHre, ^in» f Mory Bam sacjiyasBTB? 
Orouso jiacsi, ctoibso BHHMaHifll Ecjih moh Kb BaMi npHdHaieib- 
HocTby Moe OesHpoAiibHoe yBasenie, HcspoHHee qyBCTBO ii)6bh hm^- 
i>Ti» vb riaaaxi Bannix'b xota HtsoTopyn ii;iHy, to nosBOJiBTe yfii- 
j)HXb Bacb, wo fl oHbifl 6yAy Bt^no xpaHHTb Bt jsjrsA Moefl, 6yAy 
HMH ropABTBCfl. Yutib i^'bHHTb H yBasaTb lasoro ^eJiOBtsa, sas'b sa — 
ecTb AOCTOHHCTBO; sacJiyacHTb 0TB BacB BHflMame — ecTB ciaoTie. GiposH 
-oiH He cyTB ojiiACTBie jiocth; h4tb: 9to Haoame KjmR Tponyroft, 
oepAi^a, HcnojiHeHHaro 6jiaroAapHocTH; qyBOTBa moh nenoAA'^H'ifl'- 
OHH iHCTu h fiiaropoAHU, sasi Mucja o ToirB« soicy HOOBan^aiOTCH. 
Ajul mohh HtTB HH^ero TarooTv6e, ysaoHie, sas'B 6aTB ofiflsanHHirB 
^soMy-nOo: bu j^aere hs'b oero ncsiD^eHie, h ajul mohh HH^ert 
HtTB npiflTH'be, sasi HSTtflBXHTB BaiTB mob 6iaroAapHOCtB». ***) 

OfrbQ^usie tB'b^HO xpaHHTB» qyBcxBO CJiaroAApHocxH s'b IIonoBy ho 

6huio pHTopHqecsHiTB npeyBeiH^enieirB. H ecu soe-Tro bi hhobmI 

30-ro roAa moscho othocth na chotb DHomecsoi BoctopaseHHOCTH B'fa- 

.iHHcsaro, Ha c^otb Toro, V£o cpeAH HeHBeHCSHXii €Sotob7>» h ueAan- 

TOBl nOnOB'B AOJUKOffB GiUTB BKJ HOSasaTBCA SaSHMl-TO jtyqesapHHiTB 

juueHiem, to botb rb-se qyBcxBa b'b nncBirb otb 1839 roAa. B% 
1839 roxy B'ijmHcsill yace Aepsajti b'b cboicxi pysaxi* CKHaeip'b 

pyCCKOft SpHTHSH H AOCiaTOUO HaCMOXpiJICH BOHHeCSHXB BUfifikV>iafn^QA 

^iDAOfl H riiiFb He Henie BOcnoHHHame o IIonoBi ero yiiHJuuo. «n9- 
jipocHTe r. B«v^HCJ[aBJ^eBa», nHmerB OHBEanaeBy, csacBHAtTeibCTBO- 



*) TaM'B-2e cxp. 263. 

♦*) Gp. 3 e 1 e H e u s i ft, II. n. HcTopH^ecsii owpsB neHSCHCBofl 1 rim- 
USUI cb 1804 no 1871 r. IleHsa, 1889. 
***) Jlaxe^HHBOBi, C05. T, XII, cxp. 280. 



138 PyCCKOK BOriTCTBO. 

BaTb Moe noqxeHie M. M. IIonoBy, MoeMy 6uBnieMy y^mreiiD, KOTopuir 
BO BpeMA OHO uHoro o;i^ajn> jum HOHfl h SHBaa naMflXB o KoropoirE^ 
HHRorAa HO HsrjiaAHTCfl hb'l Moero cepAi^a» *). 

Qtetl otsubob'b, B]U]D^aK)I^HX^ nonoBa vb nojo xsni'hy Hantfoji'be co- 
AMcTBOBaBinnxi AJ^oBHOMy pasBHTii) BijuHCsaro, coBopmeHHO Aocra- 
ToqHO, w[o6ji npHROBaTB R'B ce6i BHEMame HBCjrlAOBaTOJifl h bbocth ero b^ 
Kpyn jiioAet, HMena KOTopux'b HOTopifl pyceKOi KymypH KOJucHa. 
saHOCTE Ha CBOH CTpannipi cb no;](o6aH)iitei) tfjiaroAapHOCTBD. Ecjul 

KH 06paTHMCfl Bl TOMy HHCbliy, KOTOpOe nonOfil Bl* KOHIli 50-X«b 

roAOBi HanHcajTB JlaseTOHBOBy '^*) h bi soToporb oht» co6pajri» B&k 
CBOH BOcnoMHHaHifl BiiHHCK0in>-rHMHa3HCTt, TO yBHjiHMi>, TTo no- 
noBi BHOJiHi sacjiyacHJi'L BOCTopseHHyi) fixarojiapHOCTb BiflHHCKaro. 
IlHGbHo flpKO xapaKTepHsyerB ne tojebro y^oHBRa, ho h j^vtejisi. 

Co6cTBeHEO y^HJca BiJiHHCRift y IIonoBa tojibro wb 2 nociixHie 
roj^a CBoero "qeTtipeurbTHflro npefiHBaHui vb rHimadiH. Ho ^epesi 
oAHORjaccHHRa cBoero, njreMHHHBRa IIonoBa, ohh 6ih3ro nossaROMHXHCB. 
noTTE CL canaro nocTynjieHiH wb rHMHasii) BiiHHCRaro. PaHHee^ 
pasBHTie B'bjiHHCRaro cpasy 6pooHJ[ooB IIonoBy bi rjiasa h owb b'b^ 
6eciAi o*B HHMTi craji'L jiaxoAHTB HCTHHHoe yAOBOXBCTBie: 

«Oh'b fipajs'B y mohh rhhth h sypnajiu, nepeoRasiiBaix uwb npo- 
HHTaHHoe, cyAHJH h pawTB o6o BoeHi, 8aJl(aBaJ[^ MHt Bonpoci sa 
BonpocoBTB. CEopo fl noiJo6Ejrb ero. IIo jtixaifB e Tor;ianiEflin» otho- 
meHiflifB HamfliTB oh^ 6urb sepoBHnfi irai, ho ho hohed, ms)&b vb. 
TleE^fk CB RiiTB fiR6jji,b ApyrEifB H TaRi* ;^HieBHO pasroBapEBajTB, RaRs 
CB HHiTB, HayRaxi H jBETepaTypi. 

^ovanmiH fieo^AH Hamn iipo;i;ojiacajiflCB e nocji Toro, RaR% Bi- 
jiEHCRift noGTynBJTB BT) BHcmie RJsaccB[ rHMEaBifl. ^ona mi TOJEROBais 
ciOBecHOCTH; B'b rEMHasiH oHi, CB APyrHME y^BHERaME, crpnan y 

MOHfl eCTBCTBeHHyi) ECTOpiB). Ho B'B RadaECROH'B yHEBepCETeTb E meJTB 

no ^EJiojforfl^ecROiiy ^^aRyjiBToxy, e pyccRan cjoBecEocTB Boer;^a 6tura 
Moefi ECRiD^ETOJiBHofi CTpacTBK). MosROTe HpeACTaBHTB ce6i, ^TO EEor^a 
npoECxoAflito B'B Rjiacci ecTecTBesHofi ECTopis, ni nepoAi CTpaoiy 
HUMi, en^e mojioahitb b'b to bpomh, y^HTejieifB CEA'i^'B TaRofi se 

CTpaCTSUfi R'B CJKOBeCHOCTE yqOHER'B. PasyifleTCE, HaqEHaJTB fl CB 

BoojioriE, 6oTaEERE EJiE opERTorHosiE E CTapaiCE ^epacaTBCfl BToro 
fiepera, ho cb cpe;^EEH, a cjiyqajiocB e cb naqajia JORi^iE, otb Mena- 

JIE, OTB BijIEHCRarO-JIE, BorB BflaOTB, TOJDbRO eCTeCTBeHHUA HayRE 

npeBpan^aiECB y nacB. bi ToopiD BJm ECTopix) jmrepaTypu. Ot& 
Bio$$oHa— HaTypaiECTa a nepexo;iErB Kb Bro^^ony— nEcaTOJiH), otb 
FyMfioJiBTOBofi reorpa4)iE pacTenifl kb ero «KapTHHa]rB npHpoAfii», 

OTB HEX'B R'B EOdSiE paSHHXl) CTpaH'B, HOTOM'b... R'B Ii;tJI01iy idpy, R'B. 

co^EHeHiflMTi TaiiETa e HleRcnEpa, R'B noesiE B'B co^EHeHiflTB HIhi- 
Jfepa E SKyROBCRaro... A rep6apH3ai^E? BBiBaio, Ror^a ornpaBjiiooB. 



*) IlaEaeB'b, BocnoHBHauiii, no b8I. 1876 r., CTp. 868. 
**) Oho boiojo B'b cocxaBi BocnoEEHaHift Jlase^HHKOBa. 



r 



BEIHKOB CBPAIIB. 139^ 

ei T^eHHKaHH sa ropoj^i, bo bch) Aopory, noRa se jifiSji,eMT> ao saci^sH, 
Tr9 nosaznH ropoACRoro ryjuLH^, uh ao pon^, ^to sa ptRofi Ilefidofi, 
EtsHHCKitt npHcxaeTb ko hb*]^ ci BonpocanH o FeTO, BajubTep^-GKorri, 
EafipoHi, DymKHHi, o poMasTHSMi h 060 Bceifb, ^0 BoiHOBajio b%, 
TO Ao6poe BpeMfl Banm mojioaua cepA^a. 

ToTAa BiiHHGKifi, do xknwh, en^e se Mon oTpiniHTBCfl otb 
ofiaamfl nepBUxi nymKBBeKBX'L noaM'L h liejiBHX'b ctexobi. Henpn- 
BiTHO BcrpiTHjn owb ci^eny: <KeJibfl bi HyA0B0MiH0HacTHpt>. Oh^. 
H B'b TO Bpena He cKopo noAAaBaicfl na ^soe uniHie. KorAa & 
o&bBcusuPh euy BEicoRyio npojiecTB bi* npocTOT^, noBopoTB Kb cavo- 
6&THoeTH H BoapacTaflie xajiaHxa nymKHaa, ohx Ea^aJi'B rojOBOit^ 
oTnaiTOBaacfl- h roBopHjn>: «AafiTe, noAyMaD; en^e npo?Ty». Ecjih se 
d ^'bln> owh corjiamaicfl, to, 6EiBaio, oTBiqajTL cb crpamHofi jvi- 
peHHOCTBi): «coBepineHHo cnpaBeAJiHBo!* 

jKypHaJiHCTHKa Hama bi ABaAKaTuxi roAax^ BBixoAHia eb% a^t- 
cTBa. IlojireBofi nepeAaBaj[i> no «Tejierpa^y> haobi sanaAa, Bce, 7ra 
flBJuiJBiocb TaifL HOBaro Bi oCjracTH $EJ[oco4)iH, HCTOpiH, JiHTepaiypH 
H spHTHKi. HaAoyMKO (HaAea^Hi) cMOTpin EcnoAJio6Bfl, ho rjiyfiae (?X 
IIojeBoro, H BBaKOMHJii pyccsBxi CB repuaHCKoft ^mcoco^iefi. 06a 
OHH cBEvajiH MacRs CI cxapux'B H 00611X1 HamHX'b nBcaTPiefi h 
npiynaxH cyAHXB hbxi, ho noRopaflCb aBTopHxeTaMi. Bi^HCKifr 
iiHTajii> CL saAHOCTiH) TorAamflie sypHaJtu e BcactiBaji'B b'b ce6fl jfjrh 
IIoJieBoro E HaAe2RAEHa». 

B'b AaiBBifiEieiii E3Jio»eHiE MHi eme ho pa8T> npEAexcA noibso- 
BaTbCfl HefiojDBmEM'B, ho ^pesBHqafiHo K'fcHBHtf'B nECBMOM'B nonoBa^ 
Bi KOTopoMi, Bi) saM^^aTejibHo cryn^eHHOifb bea^, ^acTO b'b e'I^koa- 
REX'b cTpoKaxX) Haifb^aeTCH ocnoBHoe ooAep»aHie Boero Gojibniora 
HaEOHEBinarocE sa nocJi'i^AHie 40 jAtl MaTepiaJia BijBHCKOirb h 
ero anoxi. Tenepb' ace, co6cTBeHBo ajeh oa'^^bkh canoro IIonoBa, cnasy, 
HTo saxi E B'b cefi^acb npEBeAeHHoifb orpbiBRi, xapaRTepncTERE era 
noJiHu TOHRaro EOHEMaHifl Jiiojieli e JUBTepaTypHux'b Te^eHiS anoxH, 
ero cysRAeniH o6HapysflBaioTb xoponrift BRycb, a o6m\i TOWh. 
HCTHHHO-fiJiaropoAeH'b. B'b ero BOCTOpseHHOH'b, nanp., OTHomeHiH vb 
spysRy GTaHReBH^a 8a to, hto obx c ree'I^jtb saacAofi nosHaHifl, Aotipa 

H 'qeOTE> flCHO CJHUmeHl OTSByRl TaREXlk Se C06CTBeHHEBIX'b cTpek- 

Aemi. YAEBETejibHo-jiE, ^to TaRofl qejioBiRx, npaMO AByifH roiOBaMH 
BBime cTOflBmifi Bcero CBoero nenseHCRaro anTypaasa, ri Tony xa 
€Heo(5uRHOBeHHo TExaro e cRpoMHaro xapaRTepa» *) Ac^^^ffb 6eiji'b 



*) BocnoMHHaBiA MaRCHMOBa B'b RHHSR'i 3eieHei](Raro, Hcto- 
piji iieHseHCRofi niMHaaiH, cTp d6. B% dTHxi BOcnoMBHaHiflX'b IlonoB'b na- 
SHBaeTca MaRCHMOE'b MHxaAiOBH^eE'b, no HaneiaxaBHUfl vb xoft se RBHXKik 
rEHHasH^ecRifl iRdbAOHOCTH noAOHcanu: MHxaHJi'b IIonoB'B. Bi pexaRiuoH- 
Hofl saM'bTRik <PyccR. GTap.» t. XXXVI, CTp. 435, ohi HassaB'b MBxas- 
lOMi MaRCEMOBH^eEi. Hsi dTofl se saii'bTRH ysBaeMi, hto Hanen. bi t. X, 
<PyccR. CTap.> EBTepecBafl b o^esb MHTepaTypao BanHcaEHafl aBOBBMBaa, 
CTaTbB 060^ oTEomeHiHX'b IlymRBBa ri> in oTAiieaix) npHHaAJiesBTi M. M^ 
HoooBy. 



140 pyCCIOB BOrATGTBO. 

UpoHSBecTH CHibHoe Bne^TjAme na nuiKaro h xaaKAaBmaro bhco- 
SHxii Bne^aTjrbHifi yqenHKa? 

SaHiTOTejtbHa x&ibBifimaji Eapsepa IIonoBa. Ci* la^aia 30-rb 
TOAOBi 8T0TB ^eJioB^Ki, KOTopiit saserB vb BijLEHCfioiCB luaiia xyH- 
mETB ^BGTBHb H TaEi eo^tiSoTBOBajTB pasBHTii) ero nrepaTypBaro 
BKyca, nepe6paicfl b'b neTopdyprB e... nocTynHn :b% pacnopaseme 
^ySeiLTa. IIoTrs bcd ocTaiBHyi) ee RopoTKjD shshb — owb yvepb 
B'B 1872 r. Bi qHffb TaftHaro coB'i^THHKa— IIonoB'B npocxysHJrb oxap- 

XDHirb VHOBHHKOirb III OTJ^OHifl. BOTB H yJEOBflTO TfTB nCflZOJIOrB- 

lecKoe OAHHCTBO. Bnpo^em, nyauio-iH ocoGohho yAHBiarBCfl aroiiy 
DTpaHHOKy KOM6HHHpoBaEiK) ]ij6ejLMdk CI BijiHEeKHiTB, ecu MH 
BonoMHHiTB 611^6 6osie saMi^aTeiBHaro coBpeHeHHHsa BijuHCBaro— 
iieHsopa Hhkhtohko, ^HeiTB BecLMa ycepAHo Hcnojouramaro cbok 0611- 
^aHHOCTH, a Be^epoiTb ca^HBinarocfl 3a ahobhhk'b, b'b KoropoiTB owh 
ABJuteroH rpaa^aHEHOirb bi» Jiy^meifi cicBicii cjioBa. Jifiewb owb bi 
BHcaHiflX'B APyrHX-B HCTpefijuji'B Bce ExoHan^eecA Kb ocyasji^eHiK) ho- 
flpHrjuBAHOft ^cTBHiejiBHOcTH oopoKoBux'B FOAOBi, a BB^epoM'B, cam 
upeBpan^aacb wb nydrnprcia^ BOcnpHHHicajrB neooBepmeHCTBa pyccsoi 
XH8HH cTb ^yrsooTBH), ;^ocTOfiHO]D Jiy^mHZ'B nopiiBOBi spyassa Bins- 
<>Baro H FepaeHa. OniiUHTe-Ka o6'bejifiEas>mjde Ha^aio B'B dTon 

XByjIHROlCB flHyci, B% SOTOpOlTB, B'B UpOTHBOnOJIOSHOCTB flHycy KHOO- 

JioriH, noBHAHHOMy h cepwa-TO ABa Chjio. 

AiflTejiBHOCTH IIonoBa sa ero hoboitb ntcii ciyseaifl HH^ero ae 

KSBiCTHO. OAHaSO TOPB ^aKTB, ^TO B'bJIHHCldfi BeJTB CB HHITB APP^fiy 

fl Bi IIeTep6ypri, noKasuBaerB, ^0 hhtIitb oco6eEHO ycepAHUiTB 
^^TeAHocTB nonoBa He BupaacaxacB. Bi Ti BpeiieEa vb saflHrepe- 
t^oBassBCTB c^eparB 6ucTpo ysHaBara mjifirb ycepAOTBynnKHTb, e 
npEHaAiesE &!» eeitb IIunoB'B, B'^ieeckUI, b'b to bpome yse Boero 
Mesie noKioEEBmiflcii €;i^cTBETejiBHOCTE», SEKOEirB o6pa80irb cra- 
pBixi CBflSefi CB EEITB HO noAA^psEBaji 611. He Tasofl 6BurB Heio- 
Bis'B B&CEHCKift, ^To6£i SO BiuiosflTb co6eG£ABEsy Bce, ^rro y Hero 
Ba Aynii* IIonoB'B ynoMEEaerB ropaqExi czBaTsax'B, eo ^iecto xe- 
TepaTypaaro CBoficTBa, Koropiia cEEKorAa eo oKaEqEBaiHCB pasMOiB- 
saiiE. HEorAa mk pascTaBaiHCB, a EaxnypeHEHfi, oe^ Boomb bsboi- 
BOBaaflfiifi, ho qepes'B irlcai^, ^epes'B Asa onaTB oeb sbosejtb y moetb 
ABepefi, H a onaTB Bcrp-fc^affB ero saK'B rooia, no KoropoE'B cooEy- 
^Exca>. 

Ho ecxE E^TB npsLwaTb yEasaaifi Ea to, saE'B coBxtn^urB Ho- 
flOB% Apys6y Ar^JexbTa ex Apys^oi B'^mHOEaro, to octb npaMoe 

'CBEAtTeXBCTBO, VTO HoiIOBl B'B dEa^ETOJIBHOi CTOEeEE ooia6fljrB Aia 

yMEpaDE^iro BbiEECsaro oaeo o^oeb chibboo Bne^axxbEie, — Eorxa 
EesBiAoiro Ao cBoefi cHepTE BixEEosifi noJiyqsrB npflrjuuneEie <nosa- 
ji0BaTB» B'B III OTAixeEie A^a Toro^ ?to6b[ cno3EaEOMHTBCa» ci» 
JleoBTieirB BacBJiBeBBTOMx ^fieiBTOirB. Me4 eme npHAeToa EocEyitca 
Moro npETJianieEia b'b saEiD^ErexBHUXB riaaax'B Moero btbac^ ^ ^^' 
"voMy a Ee ocTaEaBnaaDCB Ea ffimMTb. IIoEa oxirb^ toibeo, v» 



BBJKBBOB CBPAip. Hk 

nonoBi BUKasaii tjtl HOTHHiyK) j^eiHKaTHOCTb H 8a6oT7 o AjnieB- 
Hom noKoi CBoero fiuBinaro yneHERa. H botb, noKa paspafioTKa 
apxEBOBi se pacKpoeTB Hero«HH(!yAb Apyroro o IIonoBi, 6yAeMTe no- 

MHBTL TOXBRO 8T0TI 8nH80Al> EVb HeTOpiH OFO 6XH30CTH K'B ^ySeiLTy^ 

BnoiHi cooTBiTCTByDiiuS o6fnfiMj cBH^iTejibCTBy peAasi^n <PyccK. 
GrapKHH', TTO IIonoBrb <cpaBHBTej[BHO Curb Ao6pi> h ofiflsaTexeHi, 
vh ooo6eHHOOTH Ki DHcaTeJUM'B H asypHaiHOTaiTb* *), 

KaKOBi 6ii, BnpoqeiTb, he fisui IIonoBi neTepfiyprcsifi, 8to hh 
■aio He Moserb HSMiHHTB npeAOTaBJiesie o nonoBi neHseHOKoin*, 
(SnaocTB CI KOTopim, KOHeHHO, AoxxHa 6iitb npzaHaHa Kpyneifi- 
mHiTB ^aKTopoiTb rEMHasneoKaro nepio^a shssh BiuicKaro. IIonoB'B 
H xHXopi^o^moe ao cavo3a0B6Hifl ^Teme sypHaxoBi — paaomi ci 
nsatb ocTasBHUfl neHseHcsifl BJiiflHifl HacTOJibEO hhttoshh, ^o hxi. 
esijiuerrb OTirbTHTB pasBi toibko jsfia nouoru. KaKoe BJOoflHie mofLv 
OKaaaTb na tacaAHO BcacHBaBinaro jfjrb IIoxeBoro h HaAeaiAHHa», 
oeMHgAiiaTHJiiTHAro rHMHasHcra EaK0ft-HH6yAB j^areih peTopHSH h 
jiorHKH fifiiOHCEitt, €iiisoupx H noAaHTB vb BHcmefi cTeneHH>, no 
onpexbiefiiK) Jlase^HHsoBa, npenoAaBaBmiS no <J[esaK>> t. e. no pe- 
TopEsi, cocraBJieHHoS j^ iesyETCBETL mson ^pasi^soirb Jlese. '^*> 
X n. HBaHOBi, no CBoeMy o6uKHOBeEis) BHOTaBjuiTB Bce Kacas)- 
B^eeofl paHHEZi> Avb BiiEHCBaro bi xynmeirB cBiii, 6epeTB it 
flfiioHCEaro noA'B cbod aan^Eiy. <BHHOBaTB ie btotb ycepAEsd no- 
VTaieJiB jlese b'b toitl, hto y^mi'B, Kasi yujiE ero caMoro n Rass 
noqiH noBceirbcTEO j^zjol Tor^a bi rHMflasiflX'B? HaAofiso npsnon- 
HHTB npE aroiTb, hto Vb ciaBFMmeiTB e crapittmeM'B ynEBepcsTeTt— 
MocKOBCKOJTB — B'b Ea^ajA TpEAi^aTuxi FOAOBi saHEMajTB KaeoAPy 010- 
BecHoeTE Au OTyAosTOB'B nepsaro o6n^aro Kypoa II. B. IIo6^oeoc<^ 
JUdVb^ TOuoBaBmit se lynme flfiiOHCKaro e o6i HCToqEEBax'B s3o6pi- 
TeHifl, xpiflxi opAEHapHuxi e npeBpan^esHux'B; npEnoHHETB Ea- 
Ao6ho» ^0 npecxoByraE . poTopsKa KomaECRaro, no Roiopofi yqEJTB 
fl6ji0HCRit, RpacoBajEacB vb nporpaMMaxi), BSAaEHiix'B axe nocTynaD- 

ElEX'B Vb MOCROBCKLB yHEBepOHTeTB^ OABa JLfl He AO nflTBAeCETHX'B 

roAOBi^ :***). 

MoacHO BnoJiHi conacHTBCE cb npHBeAenHOK) cefi^aci apryveHra- 
i^efi E npHSEaxB, ^o neBsescRaa rEMHaaia fiujui eo xyace ApyrEX'B 
FEifHadiS Toro BpeMeHE. Ho Bce 8to, ROHe^no, he Majio se R0xe6jieTB. 
Toro npeAnojioseHis, ^to sa BijiHSCRaro Bxissie npenoAasaHifl no 
cJIesai)' Morjio 0Tpa8ET{>ca toxbro t^mi, hto6ii ycExsTB bi boms 
OTBpanKesie Kb cxoJiacTHqecRofi cyxocTs s peiopH^ecRoft sanun^es- 

EOCTE. BeCBMa B08M0XH0, ^TO BrJbpHU E 001^0 ^tlfb J Jlase^BEROBa 



♦) nPyccR. CTap." 1882 r. t. 31; CTp. 435. 

**) k se Mori ;(OHCRaTBCfl o Rasod RHort SA'ibcb HAexi p^Hb. Hb cb 
SHeHesi* Jeoicau^ he cb EueHeM'b leoKt na pyccR. as. sHRaRoft RHiira se 

BHXOASifO. 

**♦) n u n H H "b, I, CTp. 



142 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

t)nTHMHCTHqecRifl cvbj^^Ein ^. n. HsakoBa o ApyrHxi y^Hxejuixi Bi^- 
jiHHCRaro -npenoA- MaTeMaTHKH JlanjEovb n IIpoTononoBi h jHHTei'fc 
jiaxBHCKaro asiiRa ^HMHTpeBCKOirL.. «ncTopia neHseHCEofi rBHHa3iH» 
SejBfeHei^Karo h CoioBbOBa lose 6epeTi> hxi» noAi* cbok) samHry m 
BUAopacKaMH hs'b nporpauM'B h jifjTjsvb AOKyMeHioB'B crapaeTCfl no- 
EasaTb, ^TO o6KL^Hoe npeACiaBJieHie o hhsrom'l ypoBHi rHMHasH^e- 
CRaro npenoAaBanifl 20- n> ro^oBi npeyBOJiHHeHo. Ho, noBTopflS), Bce 
BTO HE Maj[0 He irbflfleTB o6maro SHBO^a. He TaRoiB onjri^i nepeffi 
neHseHCKHMH neAaroraMfl yqeHHR'B, qTo6ii yAOBxeTBopflTbca HTb py- 
^THHHOft saypaAHOCTBD. ^ 

CaMOD jry^meK) cropoHOK) TorjtainHeft rHMHasH^ecRofi seshh 6buo 
TO, ^To yqeHHRH Bi cyn^HOCTE 6KUH npoAocTaBxeHU canBiTB ce6t. 
He 6BIJI0 H liHH Tofi cypoBoft ;(Hci^BnjiHHfi[ h oSesin^HBaHia, ROTopsa 
TenepB ricHO cBasaHBi ex npej^cxaBJieHieirb o rsMHasiarB. Ho BBipa- 
sefliK) ByciaeBa, yqnBmaroca bi neHseacRofi rHirHadia bo^te bi 
OAHO BpeMa ci B'kiHHCRHirb (1829 — 34), i^apoTBosaia RaRaa to 
«6e33a6oTHaa pacnymoHHOCTb HpaBOBi*. «Bojn>iiiyH) ?acTb BponeHH 
MU npoBOAHJEH caMH HO ce6i, TaR'B oRasaTb, no MOTOAy BsaaMHaro 
o6yqeHia, 6e3'B Ha^JLesaniaro pyROBOACXBOBaHla h Ha6xK)A6Hia co cto- 
poHH y^ETeJieS. Mh ciymaiiH, qxo o^hhi hsi aaci ^HTasi, a to h 
«aMH ^HiajiH, RasA^S npo ce6a, hjih me mo HEfiyAjb cnECUBaiE, ne- 

peBOAflJIE Cl HHOCTpaHHEIX'B aSKTROBli Ha pyCCRifi, ESrOTOBJiaJIE OBOE 

oo^EHeaia. MesAy Tini yqEiejia xoaejte bss^'b e BnepeAi no Rjiaccy 
E pasroBapflBaiE nesAy co6ok>, BcerAa ABoe: bi HESHeirB 9Taxt — 
y^TeJia nepsaro e BToporo RJiacooBi, a b'b BepxHCM'B — ^rpoTBaro e 
^eTBepTaro». KorAa memo oroei nepBux'L KiaccoBi npoxoAEJTB ah- 
pcRTopi npoTononoBi, SEBmifi Bt APF^Mi aom*, cTOT^acB ae no 
bcImi KJiaccaifB pasHOCBTca ocToposREuft monoTB: <rpEropifi Afipavo- 
BEqil FpEropifl A6pa](0BEq'L!» Ynwrejui onpoMOTLK) cn'i^maTB RasA^iS 
Ha cBoe irbcTO, yqeHERE nacRopo y6EpaH>rb co ctoxob'b BcaRifi gboS 
XJiaifB E ^EEBO pascaaREBan^a, sacTopoacEBi riasa e ynrn. ^EpeR- 
Topi>, pasyirteTCfl. saxoAETb Bce bi» EaAJieacanieirB nopaARi, nocjiy- 
inaeTB EeMBoaRo ywTejia, y Roro HE6yAb est* Haci sarMHerb vh 
RHEry HJIH Bi TOTpaARy, OAEoro norjaAETb no rojuoBRi, a APyroMy 

Ala OCTpaCTRE JlfiLCVb BUrOBOP'b. T^H'b A'i^o E ROH^aiOCb. ^EpORTOpi 

yxoAETb, E MH, yqeEBEH E yqETejE, onaTb npEEBMaeirca sa cBoe» *). 

B'LiESCRifl yqEJica o^eHb crpasEO, cb saMt^aTeJibHOK) HepasHO- 

MipBocTbi) **). BtAOMOCTE . oro «ycnixoBa»» npeACTaBjraiorb 006010 

CM'i^Cb BESmEXT) GajlOB'b — eAEEEI^'b E ABOeRlk Cb BUCmElfb B'b TO 

BpoMH Oaiou'b — ^eTBeppiHE. Xyse Bcero 0S7» y^EJica no iiaTeMaxERi, 
TaRi ce61^ no ;iaTHEE—TpH 2, naTb TpoeRi e oAHa 4, e npeBocxoAEo 



♦) ByciaoB'b, BocnoEHHaHia. «B'tcTH. EBp.> 1890 r. M 11, cTp. 27. 

**) OiM'i^TKE BtiiiHCKaro npHBOAflTCA B'b BocnoMHBaBiflxi JIaseHHHROBa 
E CI enie OojibmeK) bojihotok) bi cHcxop. OnepRt* deieseiiRaro e Co« 
jiOBbesa. 



BEJIBKOE CBPAI^E. l43 

oio HCTopiH, reorpa4)iB, ecTecTBeHBoft HCTopiH h pyccRofi cjoBecHOCtH — 
Bce HeTBepRH. HHocxpaflHHM'b flsuKau'B BijiHBCRifi coBciiTb He 067- 
naiofl. TaKi RaE'B bi» t^ BpeMesa buj^mbjuh HarpaAU 3a ycn'i^xH no 
<ynisbvwn> npeAMOTaui, to BiJiBHCKifi npz nepexo^t hsi 2 bi 3 
KjnacGi HOJiy^njrb HarpaAHyx) RHHry sa cycnlxH hsi JtorHRB h poTO- 
pHEH, HCTopiH H reorpa$iH». Bi TpeTBeMi (npeAHOCJi'i^AHeirb) Rjracoi 
OH'b ocTajiCfl Ha Biopofi roAi», HOBH^HMOMy, BCJi'bACTBie Toro, ^TO npo- 
nycRai'B ghobb MHoro ypoRoBi, a Ha nepexoAHufi SRdaHeH'B coBctBfb 
He HBHJicfl. Bi rHMHasH^ecRHXi B'&AOHOCTHXi Hexos;ieHie b'b EJ[ac(rb 
BftuHCRaro o6i>flCHeHCi ^acTBK) «corjiacieMi> poAHTejiefi>, ROTopuxi» i 
Bi noHsi TO He 6iijro, qacTbio «jrbH0CTbK)». 3Ta o^^^^Bi^iaJibHaH ot- 
MteRa HH^ero ofin^aro cb jijificTBHTejibHooTBD ho BM^Jia. He HBJiaacb wb 
KiaccB, TKb eroosHAajia cRyRa HepTBOHHaro npenoAaBaHla, BtoncRifi 
^OMa «HH oAHofi MHHyTU HO TepflJL'B A&poiTB^, HO cBHA^xeJibCTBy Hsa- 
HOBa, Bi^iHO ^TajEEi, cDHCUBajti TO, qTo eMy HpaBHJiocb, A'^a^ 3ft- 

MtTBH. Bl yHHBepCHTOT'b OH'b HBHJICfl CI HpeBOCXOAHBIlTb SHaHieMli 

iHTepaTypu, ROTopoe, KoneHHo, npio6p'kii> ho bi Riacct, a TorAa, 
ROFAa cno jiiftHOCTH> B'b RJiacci He xoahju. K% rHMHasH^ecROMy y^e- 
Hin B'bAHHCRiS en^e noTony oxjraAiJi'b, ^to saAynajiB nocTynHTb B'b 
yHHBepcHTOTb yoRopeHHHM'b nopaAROM^, no BCTynaTejibHOMy BRsaMeny, 

Fb TO BpeMfl O^eHb HOTpyAHOMy. 

KaR'b 6U TO HH 6NIO, B'b B'l^AOlfOGTH 8a ^^OBpaJIb 1829 r. $aMH- 

z\b B^^HCRaro cpoAH yqeHHROB'b 3 Riacca saqepRHyra h bi rpa- 
^^ax'b, Bii4cTo OTMiTORi o6t» ycntxax-b h noBeAeHifl, npoTHB'b ero $a- 
iiH;iiH, pyROK) ABpoRTopa IIpoTononoBa, cA^jiaHa cjA]sj¥)m,aa noM'bTRa: 
<8a HexoKAenieifb ne peROHeHA.(oBaBrb)», sarbM'b B'b AftJUbrhfimHX'b 
irtcH^iHHXi, HaqHHaH c% HapTa, hmh B'&BHHCRaro coBcbirb ne BOTpb- 
^aeTCH> *). 

nTaR^, B'kiHHCRifi 6ujrb HCRjnaHeHb hs'b rHHHasm, ho, ki ^ecTE 
rHMHasHqecRaro naqajibCTBa, ne sa <cjia6Kia Gnoco6flocTH>, RaRi> bho- 

CjrbACTBiH 6KIJI0 HOTBBHpOBaHO HCRiEDHeHle BtlHHCRarO H3X yHHBep- 

CHTeTa. HanpoTHB'b Toro, Aase nocxi Toro, RaRi OH'b ocTaica B'b 3 
Rjiaccik Ha BTopofi roA'b, B'b rHMHasH^ecRHX'b B'i^AOMOcTax'b OTM^qeHo: 
<cnoeo6HocTH h noBeAOHie— 4>. HaH6ojrbe se apRHirb npoaBieHieirb 
Toro, RaR'b ii'Ihhjio «jilHHBaro> BioporoAflHRa raiiHasH^ecRoe na^ajib- 
CTBO,Moserb cjiysHTb cJi'lAyion^ee cBHAtTejrbCTBO BycjiaeBa, coo6nieH- 
Hoe HiTb cHanaJia julb «HcTopBqecRaro o^epRa neHdencRoS rHMHasiH^ 
SeJieneuRaro, a saT^irb noBTopenHoe B'b <BocnoMBHaHiflX'b» sHaHo- 
HHTaro ^HJioJiora: 

tB'b 1829 roAy, ROrAa nocTyoHjrb a vb nepBHtt Rjraccb nenaeH- 

CRoS rHMHasiH, npesHift yqHTejb pyccRaro asuRa BuSBurb, a HOBaro 

onpeAiiHTb eme ne ycnixH. TorAa Ha H'IcROJibRo M'bcai^efi'b rHHHaaa- 

^eoRoe Ha^ajibCTBO nopy^HJio o6y?aTb naci rHMHasHcxy BirancROMy. 

^Oh'b yse roh^hjh (?) Rypcb B'b 9to Bpeiia, ho ocraBaJtca B'b IleHsi 



*) SeiCHcaRifl, HcTop. OnepKi, CTp. 47. 



1 ' 



144 P7CCK0B BOrATCTBO. 

noTOMy qTO h6 Huijii cpeACTBi ixaib wh Mocuy, r^ici^ HaMipeBajEca no- 

CTynHTB Bl 7HBB6pCHTerb> *). 

TaKoe BUCORoe ^OB^pie k% nosHaHiflirB HOAaBEflro TpeTBeKiaccHHsa. 
HeiBsa He c^nraTb ^aKToitb coBepmoHHo HouDqHreiBHHMi. H no- 
HflTHO, HTo y^eHHKaiTB 1 Kjsacca AOisKHo CujLO KasaTBOfl, HTO-fli'B o6y- 
"laeTL ^BJtOBiK'b, BO BCflKOMi GJiy^at yse <soH^HBmifl> ruMHasiH), & 
HHKaKi He HCEJiDHeHSfiifi H81 Hes 3a TO, ^To no cjri^H0CTH> He noci- 
n^an KJsaccoB'B. 

BniiuiaccHafl shshb B'&niHCKaro b'l IleHsi cxoaouiacL ci rbwb se^ 
npeo6jiaAaHieMi rayfioEoS eepbesHooTH, K0T0pa9 npoHHEajia Bce cyn^e- 
OTBO ero H cKasuBajiacb jifioae bo BHinraocTH ero, wb spyimiD^'L ^ep- 
Taxi ero ci OTpo^ecRHX'B Avb oyponaro **) jiBi^a. <B^HHCEifi bojtb 
2BH3Hi> saMKHyTO, oT^EAeHHo,, HO judChai o6n^ecTBa, ^a^axcH TOBa- 
pHn^efi» ***). noHTH npeAocTaBJieHHuft caMOMy ce6iH jsxba noinys 

B08M0SH0CTB HpOBOAHTb BpOMH RaR'B eMy yrO^HO, H0J[0A0fi rHMHaSHCTl^ 

npejuaBasca HCunqHTeJOHO saHHTUiirb yMCTBeHHUirB h amjui HHrepe- 

CaMH HCKJIIOqHTeJlLHO Ay^OBHUlCH. KOFAa CZOAHJICfl OHl CB HeMHOrEMK 

npiarejiflHH hsi ceMHHapncTOBi CTapmarb KiaccoB's, pasroBopx tot- 
^aci se nepezoAEJTb Ha Bonpocu JorrepaTypEue, SorocjroBOide h $h- 
loco^cEie. SnaROMux'L oHib ceti^ Ha6Hpaii toibko Tarax's, ci soro- 

pUMH MOSHO 6UJiO OfilfiHHBaTbCfl HHCJUEMH H CHOpHTB. Gnopi H TOr^a 

CujFh jsfiB. Hero Hacyn^HOK) noTpefinooTBio, ho ne KaKi» yMCTBeHHaa 
rHMHacTHKa h npe^JiorB fijiecHyTB yiioirB, a RaRi cpe^OTBo AofinTBca 
HCTHHU. Mbi yse SHaeiix hsx BOcnouHHanifl IIoHOBa, qro owb ut 
cAaBaiCH Ao t^^'^ nopi, nosa y Hero 6iua xotb t6hb coMvi^HiH En 
«CTpamHOS) yBipoHHooTBK) roBopHJi'B: coBepmeHHo cnpaBeAJiHBoi, sairB 
TOJiBKO ero Bi qeiTB-HHCyAB. yCH^aiH. 

GepBesHocTB 0TB;ie?eHHiix'B HHTepeooB'B BiiHHCKaro — rHMHasHcra 
H 'Arb npiflTejiefi, soropiix'B ohi oe6i noAo6pajn», BEAsa hsi nepe* 
nnoEH ****), EOTopyiDOHH BOJUL MeacAy oo6ok>, sorAa BiirHHCEift, nepoAi 
HoisAEOi Bi MocEBy, yixan b'b ?eM6ap'B. IlepenHcsa hochtb noqri 
HCEUD^HTeiBHO JiHTepaTypHHt xapaBTepi, ApysBa ]iikjajach uem^! 
co6oK> jiBTepaTypHUMH HOBBHsaMH, HO jtIehihcb nepenHcuBaTB Apyi^ 
AJur Apyra AJiBHHMniifi CTHXoTBopeHifl h jsjbxhie otpeibeh hs'b noam. 

MaTopiaJiBHaa o6cTaHOBEa shshh B'kiHHCEaro vb neHsl fiim 
Hesar&HjiHBa. IlepBHft IIonoBi otit&thji'b, hto ovb cbeahmo 6BLrB fieai 
sencEaro npnsopa, hochit niaTBe soe-sasoe, HHorAa ci HenoqHHen- 
HHiiH npop'bxaMH». no BocnoMHHaHiflirB ero rEMHasHHecEaro TOBapHnvi 
HBaHHCosa *****), tB'i^HHCEifi shji'b B'b Oonmofi 6'Iahocth; shvoH xo- 
AHJTB Bi HarojiBHOirB Tyjiynl; na RsapTHpi shjix bb caMofi ATPHoi 



*) Tair-b se h cBiCTH. EBp.> 1890 r. J^ 11, cip. 9—10. 
**) Tani se, cTp. 45 h BOcnoMHBaHiE DonoBa b% CTaiBi JEase^HBEOBa. 
***) BocnoMEHaHifl MaECHMOBa wh <£[cTop. o^epBi> SeieHcasaro. 
****) nun H HI, 1, cTp. 29. 
•♦***) *MocE. B4a.> 1861 r. J^ 135. 



BSIHSOE CBPAIP' 145 

^acTH ropoAa, BirbcTb ex ceMHHapHCTaMB; Mefiejcb hmi saiiiiuijra 
KBacHse 6oHeHKH». jSi;. H. nsaHOBi*, no cBoeMy odtiKHOBeHix) ona- 
XHBaTb HefiiaronpiflTHoe ocB'iniieHie paHHBXi» jAtl shshh cBoero 
SHaneHHTaro poACTBeHHHEa, npoiecTyeTB npoTZB'B yB^penifi HBaHH- 
coBa H o&bSHQEsiBTb nosasasie ero o <HHii^eTl» nenseHCKofi oficraHOBKH 
BkiHHOKaro r&irb, qxo HlBaHHCOB'b jipuEd^emaurb e'l 6oraTofi sy- 
ne^ecsoi cemb. Ho npeAOCTaBEMi ouhtb p-hnaiDiiiifi roioCB oaHoicy 
B&nraoBOMji soTopufi nncaJTB cbohm7> poAHxeJtaM'B bi> 1831 roffj: <Bu: 
caMH SHaere, KaKicxaAKBeiuiH jitTa Moero MJii^eHqecTBa... YqacB vb 
rsMHasiH, a acBJii» bi> G^ahocth, cKHTajEca no cKBepHUirb KBapTHpHm- 
KaiTB, HaxoAHJics wb Kpyry JHOAefi npe8piHHHXi> *). 

E^BBCTBeBHUMi pasBJie^eBleift'L asBBmaro samEHyTOio auiaBbX) 
B%jiHHcxaro 6ujrL leaTpi. HbbIgtbu BAOXBOBefisua CTpasHi^u <JIe- 
TepaxypHux'B He^aBifi>, nocBameHBHa pyccsoiiy Tearpy b BaqaBan- 
BQflca GioBaiiH: cTeaTpi, JooGBre-flH bh Teaip'B Tas%, KaRi a jooCjoo 
ero, TO 6CTB BciMH cBJiaMH Aymfl Bamefl, co bcIitl dBrysiasMoirb, co 
Bciwb B3CTyB2eHieMx, ri KOTOpoMy TOJiLKO cnoco6Ha nuiKaa moioaoctb, 
xaAHaa b CTpaciBaa ao BBe^aTJulflifi BsaiUBaro? Hjib, jqr^nie CKasaib, 
Moacere-JEH bh ho Jiio6HTb TeaTpi 6ojiBme Bcero sa oBirb, KpoMi 
6iara h bctbbh?» Ha^ajio arofi A^ficTBAreJibBO <B3CTyiueHBoS j|[id6bh» 
OTHocBTca Kb neBseBCBOuy nepio^y sbshb BijiBBCKaro. He cuorpa 
Ba HysAy b desAeaeaKie, obi^ p^ako nponyeEajrb npoAOTaBJieBia nea- 
aeHCKot Tpynnu noHin^BKa riaAEOBa. CpoAB b3B'6otbhx'b wb Jij6jaaA 

BOA^ BHOBaHB FpEBIBB, MflBIRB, JI,aBHIKB KplnOCTBHX'B aETOpOBl 

(Bce ropLKBXii BMBBi^), 6ujiB JiD^B TaiaBTJiBBH6. Oco6eBBO BBI^a- 
Baioa BiKifi TpaniBa, o^obhabo no pojB BasBaaaHfi CyAeAMaMemM^, 
vh CyiiapoBOBCKOirb c^iiBTpii CanosBasiit*. dia nseoa bi roAu 
orpo^eoTBa BacTOJibKO nospaBBuiacB BixBBCKOMy, ^o owb ee bei- 
y^BJii* B^K) uausycfm **). TaKi oT^aBajica owb cb nepBHXB MOHeBTOFB 
cosHaTeiBBaro cyn^ecTBOBasia BcaKOMy nopuBy cbobxi yBJie^eBifi! 

Ha npasABBKB b zaBKjzu B&iBBCBifi tsABjrb fb ?eM6apB h TyrB 
Ba sero bboA pas'B BanaAajm npanaAEn jiBZopaAO^BOfi bocojiootb. Owb 
ycxpaBBasi AOMaoiBie cneEiaEJBB, b'l KOTopux'b cbm-b Bcnojaumi pas- 
ana Tparn^ecKia a soHB^eoKia pojia, pasi aapaABioa crpaBBBsou'b 
B Vb lasoiTb BBA*! zoAflJTB BO AOMaiTB, saiiBajTb arpa, yBeceiesia a 
T. A. BonmeD qaoTBD, oAsaxo, OHy 6eiio ae ao Toro. HenparuAaaa 
o6oTaHOBKa poABot ceifBB, Bi^Bua, cTaaoBBBmiaca Boe aeBsraooairbe 
fl HOBHAocBMie Gcopu poABTOJiefi, saryjTB 0Tii;a, ace aro raajEO ero 
Bsi^ Aoaa a fioJiBmys) ^acTB BpeMeaa owb npoBOAKirb vb mbpbom'b 
AomA HBaBOBtizi, TAift b-b Jia^b HoioAeabKofi ao^bb HaaBOBsx'b — 
KatepaBU HeTpoaau BaxoABjii> BaBMaTeJbayK) b yHayio coeec^Aaaity. 
Bo Bpeiia cTyAea^ecTBa owb ^acTO nepenncBiBajtca ct» HaaaoBoS, ao 
poMaaB^ecKaro b% bxi oTaomeaiax'L aa^ero ae 6ujio. B&raaoBiS, 



♦) «Pyc. Ct*- 1876 r. t. XV, CTp. 79. 
*'*•) COH. T. I, CTp. 474. 
J6 . Or^tA L 10 



146 P7CGX0B BOrATCTBO. 

Boofin^e, 6uz'b He Ha'B «bji[]d6ubcixt»>. HaTypaero 6fiua ojaaasowb rjij- 
6oKa jiflSLKeTKBTOy OKoponpexoj^n^aro ^lapra. Bi ofijiacni Bossaro ^^b- 
CTsa owb zmuch lOJCbKo npjiBflsaHHOCTH cepbesEfiifl h Bcenorj[oii](aK>ii(ifl. 

Bi aBrycTi 1829 roxa, npeoj^OJ^^Bi He JierKia xeHexHsui npeoiiT- 
cTBifl, BiiHHCKifi co6paj[Cfl, HaKOHei^>, vb Mockbj, c% jsj^d nocry- 
HHTB B'b yHHJBepcHTerb Ha ^HJiojiorHqecKill hih, imeb ohi Torxa Ha- 
3UBaxcfl, ccjB[OBecHHft» (|»aKyi&TerB. 

KoH^uocB oTpoqecTBo, Ha^HHajEacL E>HOCTb. BtiHHOsii Bcrynan 
B% nee co Boex) HeoniiTHOcTbS) 9Toro BoapacTa bi* Bonpooax'B npaK- 

TE^eCKOft HH8HH, HO XapaKTOpL eit) (MTOSHIOfl OKOHHaieJtBHO. HpaB- 

cTBeHHHfi o&iHK'B 19-jrfcTHHro B^jmHCxaro he bi newb oyn^ecTBeHHO 
He EBvbHHXca Bi no3AH'i^fimie roffH. M Rpaoora 9Toro o6iEsa 6Eua 
noEETHa Ee toibko APyrsm, eo h oaMOuy BiiEECKOMy. BOeoeui co- 
3saBarB JxjkKj CBoero AymoBsaro 6oraT(5TBa. Kaxi ee fiuurb oei cspo- 
MOEi E sacrtEVBT), KaRi HE 6eijio OHy qysBAO BCESoe oaMOBOSBejiE- 
^OEie, EO flCEO nosEMafl xymeBEyx) Kpaoory bo boekomi xpyroMi* e 
asaxso JiOBE, T^ TOiBKo HoacEO, MaittmiS npofiieciTB bhcorex'b crpeii- 
jieEifl, B'bsEECRit eo mofl ase se aoEEMaTb XBEsesifi co6cTBeHHaro 
cepAES^ IIoBTOMy HejEBBE Ee cqETaTb APATO^iEfliinmirB 6iorpa$H^e- 

0KEM1» CBEffiTOJlbCTBOM'B vb OTpORE OTEOCEEUkTOCfl Kh nOpBHITB Mtcfl- 

i^aiTB npe6£iBaHiE B'b Mockbj nncBMa Kb IIonoBy, sor^a oe'b, memo- 
xoAOiTB E no APyroMy noBOAy, Tsxb cawB ce6fl xapaRiepESOBajTB: 
cHe'&d EJiaMeEHyH), cTpacTEyio jm6oBh ko Bcevy fl3En^0Hyy bhoo- 
KOMy, hmId Ayniy nBLiRyn. Bi cepAi(fa mooitb nacTO npoECxoAarB 
ABEseEia Eeo6iiREOBeHEHfl, Ayma qacTO SoBaeirB noiEa ^yBCTBaiui 
E Bne^auri^siflME oeibeume, bx yirt poa^nTCE mucu Biicosui, fiia- 
ropoAEHfl». 

ToibRO ^eiOBtel A'UcTBETeJILEO BUCOROfi AynieBflOS HEOTOTEI H 
MOrb ptniETBCE rOBOpETB Ce6i Bl TaROlfL lOWk, Vb ROTOpOlTB — ^Bil 

aro ECHO ^[yBCTByeie — mucno- xsmaaA ajieMeBTB ho nrpaerb ESKaROi 

POXH. ECTB TOJCBRO HOiaHie B£ipa3ETB BOK) HOJIEOTy A^CTBETeXBEO ]Sfl 

RpaoBi nepenoxBEDH^yi) Aynry Hacrpoesia. 

B'B c^epi EETOJieRTyajiBEOfi, fb cboexi BoaapbEiETB e BarJuwarB, 
nocTynaBEiifi fb yEEBepcErerB BiiEECRiS caMo cofion paayifierca 
AaiORo en^e Ee cjio3kej[ge« Ho to, qxo cocTaBiaeTB cyn^ocTB ero 
RpflTEHecRaro AftpoBasifl — EesaBECTB Kb Eanun^OEEocTE e ByiBrapEOCTE 
E yiri^Eie otjie^tb acTOTEqecRE — ntssce otb acrerE^eoRE — ^eh^iox* 
Earo cRaauBasocB bi newb yse h TorAa Bnoxai toheo e onpex^eHHo. 
Owb, ROTopuJI Bcero flicROiiBRO Avb Touy EaaaA'B BHy^Exi HaEaycTB 
GyMapoROBCRaro «AuHTpiE CaMoaBafli(a», lenepB^B'B nepaoiTB JOLOhiA 
Kb poAExeiEMi, oEECBTBafl yEEBepcETeTCRyD fiEfijdoTeRy, cicoRpyme' 
EieiTB aaM^HaeTB: €saiix), qro Hea^y 6iocTa]fE BeiEREX'B HEoaTOJielt 
CTOETB 610CTH HiomaABoro CyMapoROBay xoxoAsaro, EaEsmteEsaro h 
cyxoro XepacR0Ba> *). HejiBafl npEimcaTB aro RpETE^ecRoe oiEonieHie 



*) cPyccRaa CTapEBa> 1876 r. t. XV, cxp. 56. 



BBIHKOE GBPAiyC. 147 

oAHOMj TOJUiRo «Ayx7 nojieBoro H HaAesABHa», Eoiopufi BtuHCRifi — 
rRXHa^HOTi csi^^HO BUBTUBaA'B wb ce6a», no cBH^T6JU»CTBy IIonoBa. 
BnpoveiTL, ^AjTb^ to, nosajiyS, e etb 6ujib. Ho npasTHHecKie bei- 
Bo;pii npHHaAieasajEH jse qjTbiD caHoro BiiHHCKaro, hotomj qro Ha- 
^eapAHH^, saRL mu phahitl a<^6, HHeHHo b'b 1829 ro;^, oTEecca k'l 
CyjfapoKOBy BnoJiHi fijiarocKioHHO, ciaBfl era BEime potfaHTH^eosHX'b 
nHcaxaiefi *). 

PaHHee ace aorersqecRoe noHavaHie BbisHCKifi BusasajcB npH 
TasHTL oScTOffreibCTBax'B, ROTopufl BCflRaro jspjvoTo HavlpHoe sacTa- 
BHn-gBi cnoTRHyTbca. Bi ea^aJit 1830 r., ssa^irrB Bcero HioROJibRo 
iri^cffii;eBi> nocii Toro, RaRx B'i^jiHHCRifi nocTynnji'B vh yHHBepczreTb, 
OETb uosysETh qpesBHqatHO j[ecTHoe npeAJ^oseme: jSfikTb cthzjb <cBoero 
cowHeHlfl> Au aiBManaxa cIIoshhrh*, ROTopufi IIonoBi oaho speiui 
«o6Hpaiofl Hs^aBaTB BirfcoTl ot> Jlase^HHROBfiun. 3to npHrjiaineHie, 
MesKj^y npoTOifb noRas&iBaro^ee, ^to IIonoB'B j^ttcTBHTOAHO en^e na 
niROJDbHott cRaMbi ou^awb js^xobkosl ohjei CBoero y^eHSRa, ipe3BU- 
^afino B3BOJ[HOBaj[o BiiHHCRaro. H Bce se nys^TBO yBaasemfl r'b 
^XHiepaTypi h RpHTH^ecRoe qyibe Aasa no OTHomeHiD R'B caHoiiy 
ce6^ 6huiE HacTOJibRO boihrh, ^o oh^, hh MHHyra ne Roiefiuob, 
OTRasaicfl OTi JiecTHaro npeposoHui. Uo noBOjiy 8TOro-To npHrjiameHiji 
BiiHHCKiS H HaancajTb xapaRiepHCTHRy j^ymesHofi shbhh cBoefi, 
KOTopos) fl BocnoibsoBaicfl Bume. <Bain6 sej[aHie>, nEcaJii ohi 
IIonoBy, <ROToparo a, He CHOTpa Ha HJiaHeHHoe ycepffie, ho Mory hohoji- 
fiHTb— Bce 8T0 npHBeio MeHH B% Heo6HRHOBeHHoe cocToame pa;^ocTH, 
ropecTH H saai^maTeJibOTBa. Bubhih bo BTopon RJiacd raiiHaaia, a 
imcaxi CTEXH h no^HxajTb ce6a oiiacsuu'b conepHHKoirb ^yROBCRaro; 
HO Bpeuena uepeMi^HHJiHCb. Bh saaeTe, ^o bi »e3hh dhohih BcaRit 
^(Tb Baaceffb: ^eiiy oh'b B'IpHjr'b B^epa, naj^i rbirb drbeTca saBipa. 
SI yBHj^iix, qro He posAOffb 6uTb CTHXOTBopiieM'b h, ne xora hath 
Ha nepeRopi npnpojit^, a^bho yse ocTaBHJTb nncaxb cthxh. B'b cep^i^ 
Hoeifb nacTO npoHcxoAHTb ABHiRenia Heo6uRHOBeHH£ia, Ajnia HacTO 
Hojcna ^yBOTBaMH h Bne^aTJfi^HiaHH cHXbHiiHH, bi jfjJsA poa^aDTca 
MiKMH BHCORia, GiaTopoAHua— xo^y hxi BupasHTb oTHxaMH H HO Mory! 
Tn^OTHO TpyAHCb, ci Aooaitos) 6pocaR) nepo. 0HiiD niaiieHHyK), OTpa- 
^THyio jUo6oBb RO Boeay Hsan^Hony, BUCOROHy, mAio jsjmj HimyD h, 
npH Bceirb toitb, ho hit&id TaiaHTa BHpasaTb cboh ^BCTBa h mucjh 
jerRHKH, rapHOHH^ecKHMs cxaxaHH. Pneica iini ne j^mtok h, He no- 
Ropaacb, cvi^eTca E^-b hohmh ycHiiaMH; Bupasenia ne yjianuBaDTca 

BTb CTOHH* **). 

B'b 8TEXI HeHHorax'b cipoRaxi AOBETHaAi^aTHJiiTHaro K>HoniH ysRe 



*) Bib HO^aibinoft saMixRi oj^oH'b hsi ueHseECKHX'b xoBapHii^eft B^ihh- 
<;saro— HBaaiicoB-b (<Mock. Bt}(.» 18B1 r. J^ 5) nuTaeTca xoaasHBaTb, tto 
Bsycb BiiHHCRaro Bb IleHSt 6iiirb o^eHb xypeab. Ho oCn^ift tohi^ saMiTRH 
^BHx^TeibCTByerb o TasoMi yMCiBesHOH'b y6oseeTBi caMoro asTopa, hto 
HOibsOBaTbCfl ero oi^toRaHH Rpaflne pRCRoBaEHO. 

*"*") .1 a s 6 ? H H R o B b, CoHHHeHia T. xn, cxp. 279. 

10* 



148 ^ P7CCK0B BOFATGTBO. 

qyBOTByercfl bocb TKH^jAgjioinfi B'&raHCKift-KpHTEK'B, <n> ero fijiaro- 
poAHOCTpacTHUMT) CTHJieHi, fiesKOHe^HmcB jBaseHieiTb SBUTepaTypi, 

TOHKBMl BSyCOMl H flCflOCTBX) aHAJIHSa. 

11. 

MoCKOBCKiN yHNBepcNTerb KOHiva 20-xi> n HanajEa 30-xi> roAOB^ *). 

Okhok) H8i xapaRTepHMniHxi ^eprB xo^a pyccsofi o6pa80BaH- 
socTH flBJiflexcfl oToyrcTBie bi nefi KaROfi 6h to hh 6ujio paBsoirbp- 
BOOTH. IIpocB'lii^eHie y naoi BcerAa BOSHHRaio oasHoaiiH cpoAH orpoM- 
Hofi nyoTUHH Harnett Ay^oBHOfi tbhu. B^pyrB, no^eHy-jiHOo, bi oj^Hoirb^ 

irbCTi CKB03B TOlOTEZtt nOKpOBl HOKyiBTypHOCTH IipOpHBaJICfl cBisii 

Kjro^'B H 6ucTpo Boe BOKpyn sejreHi^o h pacnycRaJiocb nmnHiurK 
o^i^Toirb. Saiii^aTeiBHHfl chjih caMOfi no ce6£ CoraTifimefi no^BS 
noxy^am buxo;^ h upohbihih ce6fl b'b pnjti^ noABnroBi yiia h cepjd^a. 
Ho cnjioniB ^^ pflAOMi, ctohio TaEOMy SHBOHocHoicy kjhd'^ no riwh 
xe ciyqafiHHirb npn^HHarb saraoxeyTB, Tro6u oiUTb Rpyroirb Boi^a- 
pHJiocB 6e8M0J[Bie nycTsiHH. 

TasHMH oasHcaMH pyccKaro npocB'kQeHiH Bcero Han^e flBJiflJucB 
Bucmifl ynefiHUfl saBeAemii. H hmohho 6jiaroAapfl TOny OTcyrcTBixv 
paBHOirbpHOCTH, KOTopomb fl ceS^acB roBopsuTB, Bcasift h31 TasHxi 

AyXOBHEIX'B I^OHTpOB'B Ha BpOlffl COCpeAOTO^HBaiTb B'B COfii HOHTH eC9h 

CHXH anoxH. Tasoe i^enrpajTBHoe nojioseHie saHHMain, nanp., b'b Ha- 
waii 20-x'B roAOBii JlHi^ettoKO-IIyniKHHCKiS RpysoKi, fiucTpo saxsa- 
THBmifi CRHnoTpi UTopaTypH; bi anoxy boierhx'b pe^opirB — CTyxeH- 
qecTBo noTepfiyprcRHX'B bhcdihx^ yqefipux'B saBOAemtt, hsi cpoAK 



*) HcTo^HHRH HacToamiefi riaBu: 1) meBupeBi, HcTopui m ocbob- 
cKaro yHHB. 2) GioaapB npo4». moceob. yHHB. 2 t. 8) KoHCTaHXHHi^ 
ARcasoBi, CTyAeHqecRifl BOcnoMHHaHui bi €jD[Hi> 1862, ^J^ 89—40. 
4) roH^apoBi, H. A., Oo^HHeHUi t. IX. 5) cBuioe h xyHu>. 6) T. F 
YHEBepcHTeTCRifl BocnOMHHaHifl Bi <AHi» 1868 r. 7) EEojiesaeB'b) Gthxo- 
TBopenifl. Cn6. 1889 r. nox^'pex* H. A. E4»peM0Ba. 8) Pfl6HHHHi» Ajie- 
scaHxpi HoiesaoBi, <PyccE. Apx.» 1881 r. 74 2. 9) IlHnHHi, BiiHH- 
CKifi, T. I, Masa IL 10) n h p o r o b *&, SanncRH. Bi ^PyccR. Ct.** 1886, H 1. 
.11) IIposopoBi, B'liHHCRifi H M ocROBCRlft yHHBepcHxerB vb ero BpeiEfl. 
Hs'b cxyxeHHecRHxi^ BocnoKHHaHifl. Bi „Bh6i.. x. HTemji** 1869 r., J^ I29. 

12) H. n. B a p c y R B I, Xhbhb h TpyxH M. n. IIoroxHHa. t. 1, 2 ■ 3. 

13) BycjiaeBi, BocnoMHBaHifl. <BicT. £Bp.> 1890 r., J^ 11—12. 14) JIa- 
iHROBi, #. X, CTyxeHHecRia BocnoHEHaHiii, «Pyc. ApxHsi* 1875 r. m. 
15) SocxeHeiuufi, fl. H. BocnomiHaHifl hbi Moefi CTyxeH^ecRoft shshe. 
<Pyc. Apx.> 1887 r. I, IL 16) AptHJiaHxep'b, H. A., B. F. BtiHHCRid. 
Eai Moefi CTyxenqecRofi cs hhmi sbsbh. <Pyc. CTapHHa> 1880 r. t. XXy^^^ 
cTp. 140—143. 17) HoBHA xaHHUfl xifl 6ioTpa(t»iH B. F. B'kiHHCRaro.(1810- 
1840). Coo6mBi'b rh. H. H. EHraiuHeBi. <Pyc. CTapiiHa> 1846 r. t. XY^ 
CTp. 46—87 H 824—347. 18) YBOJEBHeme BtiHHCRaro HS'b MocROBCRaro ysH- 
BopcHxeTa. Coo6mflrh C. ILn^enRHHi. <Pye. Ct.» 1876 i. t. XY, crp. 
677—78. 19) H. c t p b— b i, H^bcRonRO ciOBi^ BiiHHCRon. <MoeR. 
BiX.> 1859r.,J« 293. 



BBIHKOB CRPfiJSfi, 149 

KOToparo BHmxH no^FH Bci^ jmrepaTypHue a^tojee GO-xi roAOBi. 
A vh Hawaii TpEKOflkTho.'h roAOBi Bci it ffto^em anoxH BiJiHHOBaro, 
KOTopHEe jifium efi cbok> o&pacBy, mdo j^ajmch vh MOCKOBCROirb ymi- 
BepoHTOTb, ih6o oaHH Bi Hem yujin. Hsi hockobcrhzi CTyAen^e- 
CKHXi» H npo$eccopcRHXi» KpysROBi TpHAi^aTUTB roAOBi Hsonura o6a 
rjiaBHurb Te^emfl hoboS pycoKofi uiucjlvl — ciaBAHO^HibCTBO h sant^- 

EH^eCTBO. 

fl yxe OTxiTiurL bi Hawaii HaoToan^aro axDAa, tto HocsoBCKifi 
yHHBepcHTeTB ChUTb oBoio 1830 r. na py6es]^ HOBofi sdoxh, Hana- 
syH^ BOspoaiPAOEifl, Korfta npHJotsi hobux'b npenoAaBaTejLCKHX'B chjtb 
H hobhS jfjs^'h cryAOHHeoTBa ooBepmeHHo jiziAebssl naTpiapzaiBHyK) 
^HSioHoioK) CTaparo yHEBepcHreTOKaro 6irra. IlepeiiiHa npoHSomia 
He BjqfjTb. IlaTpiapxajLbHiifl TpaAHQiH 6sjih en^e o^eHb OHiBHii h bi* 
Ty anoxy, o soTopoft ceS^aci 6jjffiTb pi^^b. ^la noBepxHOctflaro Ha- 
fijsDAaTeifl OHH ffase A&saiH oRpacRy Bcefi yHHBepcHTeTORofi shshh. 
Ho yse npodHBancb nepBue h o^enb apRie zfiH HOBaro oTHomeHifl 
xi» BtijJsA H st^anairB ^ejnoBtqecRaro cyn^ecTBOBamfl, Ha^HHaio bcxo- 
AHTb, no Bupaseniio KoHCTaHTHHa ARcaROBa, ccounie hothhbii. lie- 
peMiHa npoHcxoAHia oxHOBpeiieHHO h b'b CTyAeHqecxBi, h b'b npo- 
^eccopcROiTb nepcoHaii h TpyjD(Ho ci onpeAtieHHOcxBD CRasaib, rto 
Ha Roro bjdhjtb: HOBoe-XH CTyAenqecTBo na npo^eccopoB'b Hoaaro 
THna, HXH, HaoCopoTL, npo^eccopa HOBaro inna co3AaiH hoboo cry- 
AOH^ecTBO. IIpaBHXBHie Bcero 6yAerB cRasaTb, ^o xyrB npoHcxoAHio 
BsaHHOji^ficTBie. 06mfnn> se hcto^heroitb osEBJoteHifl h aih y^aspxi, 
H jufl y^an^HXOfl 6£uo XHrepaxypHoe oaoiBxeHie ROHAa 20-x'b foaob^ 
BHeceHHoe A^TexbHocTbX) UoxeBoro, xaRi OTpasemeifi ^paHiQrsoRaro 

pOHaHTHBMa, H HanXHBOlTb HSl FepMaHiH HOBHlX'b ^HXOCO^CRHXl HfteS 

IIoBTopflK), oAHaRO, nepeM^Hy He TaR'L-TO 6fiuo xenco saiiiTHTb. 
06niyD oRpacRy, Bce-raRH, AftBan yHHBepcHTerB craparo, naTpiap- 
xaibHaro BpoHeHH, lax^ xaRi hhcxo npo^eccopoB'B Hoaaro THna 
6uxo en^e ohohb HOBexHRO, a napoa^eme Hoaaro OTyxeHqeoTBa cROXbRo- 
HH6yAb apRO Biipaacaiocb toxbro bx o6pa30BaHiH HicRoxbRHX'b ne- 
6osbmnx'b RpysRoa^. 

B'b SH3HH 6oxbniHHOTBa CTyAeHTOBi 6yficTBa H cmaxooTH* BCHRaro 
poA^ BaHHMaiH nepBOHOTByDn^ee ir&CTo. ^yrb fiyfinaro oryAeHqeoTBa 
CTaparo XHna, yfiHBaBmaro uoiOAOcxb Ha Ryresz h OesodpaaiH, no- 
xy^HXb oco6eHHo apRoe BEipaaiseHie bi CRop6Hofi 6iorpa$iH IIoxesaeBa. 
HsB^bcTHa ne^axbHaa yqacTb SToro sairbqaTexbHaro A&poBaHia. KaTa- 
crpo^a, paspadHBmaaca (1826) naA^ IIoxesaeBiiMi HBi-sa ero noaioi 
«CaniRa>, aoxto Aftsaxa A^y xosnoe ocai^n^eHie. Ho xenepb, RorAa 
«CaniRa> Hane^aTana noTra i^hroitb, cb onyn^enieirB Bcero RaRHTB 

HH6yAB AByX%-TpeX!B nOXHTH^eCRH-piSRHX'B CTpORl (ROTOpUH H HO- 

BxexxH sa co6ox) oTAE^y noxesaeaa b% coJAaTu), naAo yse ota'&ihtb 
cypoBoe HaRasaaie otb canon) npoHSBeAenia. Caiia no ce6i <CaniRa» 
He npocTo-^pHBOiBHaa €niaiocTB», a RpatHe-HenparxaAHaa xapTHHa 
EHBiieHHaro cocToania MocRoacRaro cTyAenqeoTBa aa ABa-TpH roAa ao 



150 PyCCKOB BOFATCTBO. 

BcryueHlfl B'h yHHBepcHTerb x^Texefi anoxH BiiEHOsaro. Tjtl He 
<iiiajioeTn>, He cnpoRadiit, a AjmeBHaH sarpyC^ocrb h asiiiTUHa. 
Yse OAHo BCTynieHie ki cCamsii E0po6Hrb BCflKaro, kto iiphbhk'k 
upefljbOBjaTb Kb jEETepaTypi ckojebko-hhOjab Bucom TpeSoBamH. 
H)huS noan 6paBEpyeTB cbohitb hihhhsmohi: 

He xifl ciaau 
Jl^ia 8a6aBu 
fl nmny. 
Oxo6piHBa 
H npesptHBA 
He npomy. 

nyCT* KTO XOHeTl, 

Torh xoxo^eTi,— 
& H pajt'b. 
A pasBpaxeHi^, 
HenpijiTeB Tb,— 
HycTb 6paHAT&. 

SaTiu'L HAerb pfl^i 6htobeixi» KapTEHx, HanHcaHHiixi cb TbrK 
xe fipaBHpoBaHieiTb. IIopTperb cTyAeHxa: 

• • • . BOT% B% BHUMyHXBpi, 

Aepsa Bi pyxaxi 6oxbmo1t cTaBaH's, 

Chxht'b c% npiETeiem b^b TpasTBpi 

£aKofi-TO HepaeHLKifi 6yflHi^. 

BecejiBe pBjrHoe Hrpaeirs 

Bi ero saxaxncTiixi nasaxi 

H CKBepHOCiOBie jieTaeT's 

Ha niuKHX'B nHomH ycTaxi. 

Ep^^HTi... nyHmi 6iem,eTbt dpHsaaen miBo, 

rpa<pHHii, pDMBH xpe6e83KarB... 

H T. A- BCe Bl TOH'L-Se MaSOpHOITb CTHA'i^. ABTOpi* O^QBh ffiBOiBWh 

cBOHirb CRBepHocjiOBfliiiHM'B repoeMi H BKBOAHrb ero BMicrft ei kom- 
naHiefi TasHxi se repoeB'B Wb ujCiekj: 



H BHsy Bi MapBHHofi uu pomi 
BiHcxaeMi ciaBOD CBoefi. 
<^ypaxKH, BBopii H noxoxsa, 
Bee XHmeTi shshbd h noen; 
Ta6aHHiifl apoMarB h BOXBa 
PasHTb, H nzuneTi, h neceTi... 
HxeifB, xa^acB, BexH^aBO, 
H Bcb Aopory nam xaDTi, 
A x^BH BiiBO H HanpaBO 
Oti Haci CO TpeneioiTB &bryrb, 
HxeifB... H rope Te6'& xepssiA, 
BsiiiiHyBiiiifi HCKoca na Hac%l 
^Moi^aTBl" BpBHBMi, HacynacB BB^bpcsH, 
HiB Bu6heu% noTpoxa sasi pasil 
Tojna HJB xaMib, hjb xtob cthxxhbhxi 
nonaiacB bi xaBst TdbcHoft BaMi, 
I^tiyem HHieHBEHxi, cMaaiHBHxi, 
H xapKaeiix b% riasa sapraMi. 



BEJIHKOE GEPWE. 151 

SpH^HMi, noeui, xaHiiyeMi, cBHm^eM'b; 
nycTB xypaKH Ha Hac^b rjtAAAxi. 
Hani Bce paBHo, xBaiu He Hoiieii'b, 
nycTB, HTO y^o;^HO roBopjurb. 

Bi cCanncbi OGo6eHHo nopasaerB ne ctojibro ea nopHorpa^H- 
^ecKiS cioseTB {cTjjsjdwm. aTaKyioTB aomi leprnmocTH) n ea nenpH- 

CTOfiHOCTH, HH MdJIO H8 OCTpoyilHHfl, CKOJIBKO 6fl nOJEHafl H6KyJ[[BTyp- 
HOeTB H pasryil RaKHXI>-TO HHCTO-asiATCKHXl HHCTHHKTOBl/. M0SH0-J[H 
SpUCiHHTB 8IIHT6TU €niaJ[OCTH» E «npOKa3B[> Kh TaSHMl* AHEHITB HO- 

jQ)o6HocTflirB paarpoMa, npoEsseAeHHaro cTyj^eHiaMH b'b npuDrl «i(i^BX», 
syxa He nycTEJiH nBHHyio BaTary: 

Rasi JuoTufi BoxK'B CTpeiiHTca Cama 

Ha ;^4By 6iixEy£) ojtMJ 

H paciipocTepjiacfl JljE&msk, 

06Auetuuct Kpo^fo na nojty. 

KaRoe CTpamHoe CMaTeHBe, 

K XHKid BODJB, E RpHR'B, H peBl, 

H CTOH'b, H sajucoe MOienBe 
Heukodno u36ieHuuan di»». 

He cMorpa Ha Tf^^oBHntHyio rpySociB exoft «noT4xE>, HoaeasaeBx 
3asaE^EBaeii> en oimcaHie TaRsifB ;^4^flpaM6oin»: 

GRaHHTe x^Bu, npsn'^Bafl: 
BHBaT'B HamB CaniKa moxoxgub, 
A a, riaay ciD EOHnaiiy 
Csasy: efi £ory, y^axei^. 

Ha CROJiBRO B'IpHa RapTEHa, HapHCOBaHHaH HoiesaeBBUfB? 

O&b STOiTL ecTB ABa MHiHifl. Oaee yTBepaKAaK>TB, ^To vh viLn!k 
pacnymaro repoa noanu — cryj^eHra GasiRH noJiesaeBi Aasi coScTBen- 
sHt noprpeTB h ^to Boo6me noana npeACTaBJiflerb co6oid ^oxorpa- 
^H^ecRH-To^HyK) RapiBHy cTyA6H^ecRaro aRHTBfl-6BrrBfl loro BpeneHH. 
j^yrie, rjiaBfliiM'B ofipasou'B H. A. E^penoBi, graohhu AJMaTb, mo 
noiesaeBi cHanyeTHJi^t na ce6a. Hocjri^Hee, noasaiyt, h fiipHo. 
HsBiGTHO, ^0 yqaexB, nocTHrmafl HoAesaeBa, uotM'6u 6iitb en^e 
cypoBie. OT?acTH ero cnacjuo to, wro RorAa 6usi> cjslkJitkWb yHEBepcH- 
leTCROMy Ha^ajiBCTBy sanpocB RaRoro owh noBeAenifl, to nojiry^EJEca 
OTBiTB: OTJTH^Haro. Ho rbiTB Bce dTO zapaRTepflie. B'b RasAOfi anoxb 
nepeiiiinaHH caMHe pasHoofipasHHe ajreuoHTH, ecTB sa^aTRH BcirB 
THnoBi, Teqemfl h nacTpoeHifl. Ho rocnoACTBO nojiy^aerB oabo tto- 
HH6yAB, a ocTaJiBHoe ao nopsi ao BpeMBHH npflqeTGH. Bi 60-x'b h 
TO-xik ro^axi Bi> pyGGROMi CTyAeH^ecTBi hb 6hj[o HeAOCTaTRa B'B 
ajeMeHTax'B RapBepssMa, ooGJioBHaro ^BaHCTBa h nomjiOGTH BGERaro 
poAa, ho Boe aro npHTaioGB e gthjiuijiqob. HanpoTEB'B Toro, B'B dO-x'B 
E 90'Tb ro^ax'B se Cujio HeAoeiaTRa B'B lOHomaxi* BtiGORaro AymeB- 
Haro GTpofl, HO oficTOETeJiBCTBa 6BUE He6iaronpiHTHii A^a hexi h toh'e 
cTyAOHHecRofi amsHH saAaBajiE niERapE, e-ljEonoARJiaAoqHHRE h xpaRiEp- 
Hue sadAaTOJicE. Tose caMoe Cuio e wb GTyAe^qeeRie toabi Hojie- 
saoBa, ROTopHfi 6e8GQopHO Ha ee6fl €HaiiyoRaix>, ho «HaiiycRaji'B»^ 

Bl AOHHHEpyDn^eiTB TOH'i BpeMOHE. 



152 PyCCKOI BOFATOTBO. 

flcTopia nojiesKaeBa othochtce ki 1826 roAy. Hepesi 3 — 4 ro^a 
BCTynHjra btl yHHBepcHreTB repi^eHi», OrapeB'B, Bi^HOKifi, KoHcraH- 

THHl AscaSOB^ H GTaHK6BHTb. TaKHXl* rpaHAioBHHZi fiyfiCTBaX'L 

yse 6iuo Hajio cjiuidho, ho 6ojr&e neBHEBEifl npoRasH, masoeTH, npo- 
AtiKH BCflKaro poAa, noA^acB Becbva 3a6aBHUfl, 6BUH bi 6osbmowh 
noAj' TenepB ysRe eABa jh Aaxe b'b CTapnmx'b Kiaccaxi» rHMHaam beikh- 
XHBaDTB Tarn mryKH: «OAHasABi, Rorj^a o^hhi npo^eccop'B, ^HTaB- 
mt jieKiiiH no Be^epaiTL, AOVRewb 611111 npsi^H bi» ayAHTopin, cry- 
AeHTu, saKyraBiiracb b'l inHHein, safiHJiHCB no yrjuiirb ayAHTopin, ciaCio 
ocBbmeHHOfi xaimos), h KaRi tojibro owh noflBEiCA, sairbra: «ce xe- 
EHxi rpajifirb bo noJiyHon^*. Bi APyrofi pas-L, HajieRii;iK) Kb TOMy-se 
npo^eccopy npHHecjTH Bopo6Bfl h bo Bpeiui JleRI^H BtinyoTHjiH: Bopo- 
6et npHHAicfl JieraTB, a cryAeHTU, RaRi 6yAT0 vb HeroAOBaHiR Ha 
HapymoHie nopHA^a, npHHflJiHCb yoepAHO jsob^tb ero». cEABa ih ho 
na Raagi^ofi jkoriuh npo^eccopa peiopHRH IIoOiAOHoci^eBa na nepBoiTB 
Rypci noBTopflJiocB (u^Ayioiiieo. 06Biuijfi myM'B, rocnoACTBOBaBnrit 
B'L ero ayAHTopiH, ea MHHyry npeRpan^ajiCH h BOABopnacL rjiy6o?at- 
maa THmHHa; npenoAaBaieJib, oSpaAOBaHHufl Heo6iiRHOBeHH£nrB 6e3- 
MOJffiieiTB, rpoMRo HaiHHarB qHraTB ^o-HH6yAb 0. JIoMOHOCOBi, hih 
xpin npocTofi h HSBpan^eHHott; ho THmHHa 8Ta 6iiJia caMaa ROBap- 
Haa, pasAaBaiofl thxIS, MejEOAH^ecRifi oshgtb, oSuRHOBeHHO MasypRa 
Hu RaRofl-HH6yAb APyi'off TaHeii;>; no6iAOHOCK6Bi ooTaHaBXHBaiOH b^ 
HOAoyMlHiH; MysBiRa yMOJiRajiia, a sa nefi cjrfcAOBairb BspHBi pyRonie- 
cRaHifl H HOHCTOBuS TOHOTb... TpyAHO HOBipHTb, ^To noAo6Hafl npo- 
A'i^a noBTopfljiacb fiesvcxoHHoe MHosecTBO pa3i» *). 

HysHo n yAHBJiHTbca, qTo noAo6Hoe ciyAeH^ecTBO ne BHynnuo 
oco6eHHaro ysaseHiH y^HBmeMycH b'l to Bpeiui bi mocrobcroici ynn- 

BepCHTeTi JlepMOHTOBy? JlepMOHTOB'b OAHHB TOJIbRO paS'b H BCnOMHUTL 

TOBapnniax'L. Ho RaRi BcnoMHHJii? 

Xsaia Te6i, npuorb liHTfleBi **). 
BoTB H Boe, ^rro noACRasaia eiiy naHHTb npn BocnoKHHamH 

MOOROBCROlTb yHHBepOHTOTl, ROTOpHfi OVb fiOS'L BGHRarO COSarlHlH 

noRHHyjTb AU niROjnbi rBapAeficREX'B noAnpanopn^HROB'B. 

Bbuo jdlh, OAHaRo, npoRasHH^aBmee mocrobcroo ynHBopcHTOTCRoe 
DHomecTBo coBepmoHHo jimneHo 6ojri^e cepbesHux'b oTpeiueHifi? 
Othdab Htrb. BepHOMca onHTb r'b cCanrRtt, npHriHAHMca ri APy- 

FHITB nOAP06HOCTfl]irB nOdVH H MU yBHAHlTB, TTO OCJIH Bl 6yfiCTBi^ 

noxesaeBCRaro nonmGa 6buo mhofo rpyfiaro h HORyiBTypHaro, to boo- 
TaRH He 6hjio h HcnopqennocTH. Phaoitb cb TpaRTHpHtiHH 
noABHraMH, IlairesaeB'B coofin^aeTB h TasiH hoapoGhocth cbooitb 
repot: 



*) nUHBHl, BilHHCRifi, I. CTp. 63. 

**) CipORa Ha% HenonaBmaro bi co6paHie co^. JepMOHXOBa CTHZotBope- 
hIh ero, HocBiiiueHHaro hocrobcr. yHHBepcQTeTy. Otphbori esi nero npH- 
Bexeni b'l ynHBepcHreTOREX's BocHOXHHaHiiixi F. F. bi <AHt> 1863 r. 



BEIHKOB GBPAHiB. 153 

^epxH xapasTepa eio: 

CBo6ojia B'b MHCiaxi h nocTynsaxi, 

He SHaTB cy^Bex) HHsorOi 

Hh nox^HeHHOCTH ipycjUBofl, 

Hh jmieM'bpiji xaHset. 



CyxHTB piniHTeiBHO H CMilO 

yMOiTb cBOHifb Bci^zi Bes^axi, 
H jBi (t^apHceAMi B'b xoMyTaxi 
Fopd^TB Bpasxofl 3aKopeH:6jiofl. 



BipHooTb BTOfi xapaKTepHCTHKH Bnojrai nojp^BepsAaeicfl sanHCKaiiH 
SHaMeHHTaro JLiporoBa, yiHBinarocfl Bt hockobokomi jHSBepoHTert 
B'B Tojm nojuesaeBa. IlEporoBt AaerB nojQ)o6Hoe onHoame skhshh 
saseHHOsomTEux'B cxyAeHTOS'L, Koropue TorAa tbuxe wb orpoiomx'B 
o6iQHx% KOMHaTaxi>, HasHBaBmnxcfl <HOMepaiiH». nHporoBX onHca- 
BaeTB J\& 10. Bo MHoroiTb 8to t& se SesofipasHue Kyresfl h 67ficTBa, 
^0 B'B <CamEfl>. Ho oda^ se nmpoKoio BOJraoD BJiHBaiHCb h aPF^a 
crpeicieHifl moi, no TepHBHOioriH Toro BpeiieHH, <BOJibHOAyMCTBO>. 
TonoBain xyrB h o npe;Q)a3cyABax'B oCmecTBeHHHxi, h o OBo6offh 
HBcjd^j^OBaHiii H HacjiHinajECfl lyrb Uhpofob'b TasHTb Bon^efi, iro ero^ 
BociiHTaHHaro vh naTpiapxaiBHsxi uonarisrb, ccl HenpHBHqsH Mopoai 
no Koaci noAHparB». «Gthxh bi po;^ cOau Ha boibhoctb*, cK'b 
BpeMeHii](SK7» PiurloBa, tVjsjb rb, ocipoBa, 6paTipi» e t. a- xoxhjui 
so pysairb, ^iHTaiHCb ex sa^HOCTbio, nepeimoEiBaiHCB h nepe^HTHBa- 
XECB coo6ii^a npn sas^oirB yAofiHoiTB ciynai* *). KaxacTpo^a, pas- 
pasHBinaflofl h^v^'b IIojiesaeBUirB, 6HU[a BusBaHa luieHHO aioio ciopo- 
HOD noaioi, a ho ^phboibhoctbd ea. 

tfaio no naiy oTpeiueHie GamsH 

CyXHTB pr&mHTeiBHO H CMtlO 

Ymoitb cBOHxi Bcte'B Ben^axi^ 

pinrareiBHo BosofijiaAajio h oCn^aa Ay^^oBHaa ^HsioHonifl cTyAeH^ecTBa 
coBepmeHHo HsirbHaeTCE. HsB^THoe MopainsyDn^ee BJOflnie osasaxo 
ycTpotcTBO B'B yHHBepcHTeTi ^^oManauro leaipa, na rotopoitb cb 
6oiBmHirB ycnixoiTB noABHsaiHCB cTyxeHTH noA'B pyROsoAOTBoirb na- 
HEHaBmaro CTaHOBHTBCfl oqesB HSBicTHKM'B aRTopa m^emsEHa. Ho 
Bcero fiiaroTBopHie jmose EBEBmieoa saRx pesyjiBTaTB o6n(aro nox^- 
eiia JorrepaTypHue RpysRs. TaR'B bi >S 11, Ry^a nonajTB BiiEHORiS, 
«yqacTHnRH jfErepaTypEHXi Be^epoBi pascya^AaJiH o npoqEraHHOirB 
Bi> sypHaiaxii, o lORiqflX'B npo$eccopoBi> e ^Eran ooficTBeHHiie oo- 
^EHeHifl E nepoBOAEi. FjiaBHcuis yipeAETeiflMH BenepoB'B 6iuie M. B. 
^CTOROB'B, ESBi^ctHEifi BnocjFiA<^i^iB noAaroFB, H BijmHORiB. QepBUft 
nepeBOAHjTB Tor^a cb H^Hei^Raro «Teopix> Bzam^aATh EORyccTB'B* Bax- 
Mana, ROTopyx) nocBETEffB cryAOHiairB yHEBepoBrexa, h 611x1 cexpe- 
TapeiTB cBe^epoBi*; npesEAeHra bi o6n^ecTBi ne 6fiuo; ooRperapB 



*') cPyces. GrapEHa*, 1885 r., ^ 1. 



154 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

XojuBeHi 611J11 HBTaTL Bi> co6paHiflx:b npnroTOEieHHUfl coHEHeHia; 

HMOHa aBTOpOBl He HaSHBSUinCL — JlflSi CBO6OAH EpHTnKH> *). 

Ha dTHxi> TO Be^epaxi h npo^HTajTL B'&DHHCKifi cbod TpareAUO, 
sa KOTopyH) eMy npHnutocB TaKi cmiBHO nonjiaTHTbCfl. 

«yMCTBeHHaa A^aTeJiBHOCTB bi 11 'Ml HyMept>, pascKasHsaeTB *) 
oj^HH'B HSi yHHBepcHTexcKHX'b TOBapHmefi BiiHHCRaro npo3opoBi», 
cinjia 6ofiRO. Gnopi KJiaccHipaMt h poMaHTHsiii eme He npespa- 
iii;ajrca Tor^a MesA7 ii^TepaTopauH, He CHOTpa na rjnyeoROMUcieH- 
Hoe (?) H MHorocTopoHHee ptmeHie 8Toro Bonpoca HafleacjpHHMB wb ero 
j^OKTopcKOMT) pasGyx^eHiH npoHCxos;](eHiH h cyABfiaxi nod3iH poicaH- 
TH^ecRofi... H MesAj CTyj^eHraiiH 6fiUH cboh EJiaccflsE h poMaHTHRH, 
CHJIBHO paTOBaBmie Mes^y C060K) na cjroBaxi. HtROTopne h3x cTap- 
mHXi cT7;ieHT0BT», cjiyinaBniie Teopin KpacHopi^ifl h nossm Mepsja- 
ROBa E HanHTaHEKe ero nepeBOAairn eb'l rpe^ecREXi e pemcrhi'b 
nodTOBi, 6ujiH Bi BocToprI OTB ero nepeBo^a TaccoBa clepycajuiBfa* 
E oqesB HefijiarocRjioHHO OT3iiBaflE0b <BopEci Fo^yHOB^^ IlymKHHa, 

TOIBRO ^0 nOEBEBmeMCfl B% nORaTE, CB TOpaeCTBOH'B yRa3HBaji Ha 

rJiyiUEBBre Hein> otsubh bi «BicTHER']^ EBpon£i>. IlepBoroAEqHHe 
cTyAeHTu, BocnErasHHe Bt msiOA'b XyROBCRaro e nymREHa e He 
sacTaBEiie yse bi sebux'b MepsuROBa, najio co^BCTBOBain ero 
nepoBOAaui h BsaiiiH'B dToro 3Hajm HaEsycTb nicHE ero e 6o3npe- 
CTaHHO A6RJiaiiEpoBaj[E Tj,ijai& cixeHH ebi^ romo^ue FpEfioij^oBa, koto- 
pafl Tor^a eme ne fiELia HaneiaTaHa. nymREEi hpsboaejtb sacB bi* 
HeonEcasEufi socroprL. MeacAy MJia^niEME cTyAeBxaHE caMHHi) pes- 

H06THHin> no6opHERO]rL pOMaHTESMa ObIJTB BiXEECKiSi, KOTOput OTIS- 

^aicfl HeoOuRHOBeHHOiD ropa^HocTbK) Bi cnopaxi), e, RaBaiocb, fotob'b 
fiburb Bbi3BaTb Ha 6ETBy B&bTb, rto npoTEBopinEJi'b ero y6'la^efliflirb>. 
Eme 6oJiie jiecTHu otsbibh FepiieHa cboexii TOBapEmaxi: 
«MojiOAesb Gbura npeRpacHaa bi nam'b Rypcb. HMesBO bi aro 
BpoMH npo6yawaj[ECb y nacb fiojotbrne e 6ojn>me xeopeTEqecRia cTpeme- 
flia. CeHEHapcRaa Buy^oKa e nuraxeTCRaa jitoocTb paBHOEc^esaJE... IIo- 
paAO^HuS RpyPB cTyA€HT0B'b He npBSBicaji'b CojBbme nayEy sa Heo6xoAH- 

Mblfl, HO CRy^Hllfi npOCeJIOR'b, KOTOpUM'b CROpie OfilfosaBTb Bl ROI- 

jiescRie accecopn. BosHHRmie BonpocH BOBce ho oTHOCEJiECb ao xafieJiE 
paHraxi» ***)». 

PesioMEpya BJiiasie, ROTopoe oRasajio na Hero cTyAeaqecTBO, Koh- 
cTaHTaHi ARcaROB'b roBopEAi: 

<Bi> anoxy cTyAOHHeoTBa, nepBoe qxo oxBaTBisaio mojioabixi joo- 
Aefi, OTO — o6mee Becejiie mojoaoS sebhh^ 8to— ^yscTBO o6mefi cbese 
TOBapEmecTBa. Koho^ho, 8to-to e 6uio nepBHirb hotebomi cryAOH- 
^ecRot SE3HE. Ho wh TO SEC BpoMa cjibiHiaiocb, xoTa He oosnaTejiLHo, 

E TO, ^0 MOJtOAUa 8TE CEJIH C06paHEl BCe-»e BO EME HayRE, BO EME 



*) IlHnEHly I, CTp. 60. 
*♦) Bt. «Bh6i. a. ^t.. 185» r. J^ 12. 

* *) cBiuoe Hxyifii*. 




BEJTHKOB CBPXI^; 155 

BHcmaro HHTepeca ecthhh... -GsacHreJiLHu dTH TOsapHiaecm otho- 
meHifl, vh KOTopuxi cJiuniHa mojioaoctl ^ejiOB'bEa, h aiorb qejioBts'b 
3^B He apHCTOKparB h ho njie6eS, He 6oraTufi h He fitpiBifi, a 
npocTO qejiOBtmb. TaKoe ^jbotbo paBSHCTBa, bi CHjy HeaoBi^eoKaro 
HHOHH, A^ajiocb yHHBepcBTeToiTb H SBameiTB cTyae HTa... TjiaBHas 
Hosbsa xaKoro o6n^ecTBeHHaro BocnHTaHia saEJOoj 
Hot SHSHH nHomefi, bi> TOBapHnnecTB'l, 
06iiiecTBeHH0-cTyAeH?ecKaa wszuh h ofio^afl 
KasKAHfi A6HB, HEoro ABHiujiH Bnepe^^ 3Aop^ 
zarbwb AKcasoBi npHfiaBJiaerb: <IIpaBAa, 
cTaBJifleM oe jHEBepcHTeTCROfi HaynoH, cb^thjio 
HO SHBua, HenosaBjieHHHfl chibi Haxo^HJiH bi» Hefi 

SanoMHHMTe sto conocTaBJieHie m oseaj BJdAHieM'B ciyAeHqecRofi cpejtu 
H BJDHHieirb caHoS yHEBepcHrexcKOfi <HayKH». Oho HaifL cocJiysHTB 
6oahmjn cjiys6y jiak p'i^nieHifl Bonpoca o TOirb, ^'UcTBHTeiBHO-iH 
B-bjoiHOKaro mosho CHHTaTB cHeAoy^HBHiHHca cTyAenroirbi, KaKi yri- 
man ce6a xk)Ah, ynHHTOseHHsie chjiod ero capEasHOBt h HanaAemfi 
H TOJnȣo H ciyi^BHiie etl oxnapHpoBaTS TaKHiTL mhauitb apryMCH- 
ToiTb ad hominem. 

SI 6pan Ao CHX'B nopB EOBoe hockobckoo CTy;[eH?ecTBO b'b oohob- 
HHSb ero o^epTaHiflxx, coBepmeHHO noKa ocTaBJaa b'b CTopoaift ti 
j^Ba sair&^aTejrBHiix'B KpyasKa, hsi Koropiix'B Btimjia bca HOBMmaa 
pyccsaa uTepaiypa— CTaHKesHHa h repi];eHa, Kasi HBieHifl hckjek)- 

^HTeJIBHIIH. H nOHBMO HHX'B Mfil MOXeiTB HOCjA BOOFO CEaSaHHarO KOH- 

craTHpoBaxB, ^to vb foah npe6£[BaHifl B'ljBuiHCRaro bi yHEBepcHreri 
TinrB 0TyjieHTa-3a6yjBAB[rH yse He mofb c^HTaTBca rocnoACTByDn^HiTB. 
UeAieHHO, HO oHCTeMaTH^ecEH neAaBHifi fiypmi npenpaniajiCH b'b SHry- 
siaora, nononieHHaro bhchiehh cipeM^eHiflMB. EE STOtt oxopoHofi ynn- 
BepcHTOTOKaro BosAiScTBia noABSosaica, koho^lho, BcaKit cTyAeHTB, 
uesaBHOHMO OTB Toro, yAasajEocB-n euy saBepmHTB iipe6£iBaHie B'b 
yHHBepcHTeTi nojiyqeHieH'B AHOJioua Him h^tb. 

UefeS^evb TenepB kt> ApyroMy ^aKiopy yHHsepcnreTOKOfi sh3hh — 
npo^ecoopavB h nocHoipEirB, bt> KaKofi Hipi mofb nocTpaAaTB Bi- 
iHHOKifi oiTB Toro, ^0 eMy He yAasocB koh^htb ynHBepcHxeTB o$$h- 
lOaiBHo. 

Bh npo^eocoptRoiTB nepcoHaji'6 rsoEHfik 20-X'b h SO-xi roAOBi nm 
Tose cvbHa naipiapxajiBHocTH h hobutb Te^eniS, npH^eiTB Ha nep- 
BKt BsriBA^, onaTB xasH, toh'b RaEX-SyATo Aasaio ciapoe npo^eo- 
copcTBo, He o^OHB TO HanoHHHaBHiee cspei^oBH <xpaMa HayKH». Botb, 
Hanp.i najEeHBRaa RapxHHRa HpaBOBi hsi sanacoR'B CTyAenra 20-x'b 
roAOBi> JIaxHROBa. IIpHBeBJiH ero poAHieJCH bb MocRBy OTAaBaxB B'B 
yHHBepcHreTB h Cohjihcb, ^to MoryrB BCTpbiHTBca RaRia-fiH6yAB npe- 
HHTCTBia. Bi BHAy arpro, pascRasHBaoTB JlajraROBi, «yvB ne 3Hai) no- 
^eiiy, no cjqrxy-JHH o BjiiaTejiBHiix'B jiHHjax'B b'b yHHBepcHreTi nra ravB, 



♦) JifiBh, 1862 r., J439-.40. 



156 PyCCKOE BOriLTCTBO. 

E3i> ysaseHk, poAHrem pimniflOL oj^axB. bhbhtb co uhod H. H. 
CaHATHOBy h M. M. CHerHpeBy. npHnoMHsre, to 6euo Bpena CDp- 
npHBOBTL H Oh nyenMMU pynoMu ne xodMu. Maiymsa sanacJiaoL noio- 
TeHinaMH, xopomHMH, 0% BmnHBRavH n spyseBauH. nomiH onaiaia 
K'L H. H. CaHAyHOBy. Oh'b npHHU'L HacB opHTHnajibHo h no cBoeny 
jacKOBo. MaTymsa noAHOCJia rojik'otkses noJioTeHOi^. Bj[aroAapHn». 

SauiibTe, tto CaHjQTHOB'b (dphctb) 6hun> ne KT0-HH6yAi>, a ssfexa 
$aKyj[[LTeTa h Bcero yEHBepoHTexa. 

c^pyraa uojLjsfomaiei noj[OTeHen:B spyqesa 6fiua cynpyri^ M. H. 
CHerHpeBa, Koropaa HacB o^ohb o6j[acKaia, saKi h oh'b cairb». 

H CserHpeB'B 6iiurL ojsforb hsi* BHj^oifiinHX'b npeAOxaBHTeiefi ysn- 
BepcHTeTCROfl HayRH. 

A BOTL KhJSrb jrtqHJTB npO^OCCOP'B MyjQ)0Bl, 0]lfiWb Hdl nepBKX'B 

npaBTHKOB'B oBoero BpeneHH, z% AapoBaHifliTB Roioparo SHaMeHHTut 
IlHporoBi oTHOCHTCfl CB 6ojLbmBWb yBasemeiTB. Totb-so JIsukob'b 
onncuBaeTB npieuHyio MyApoBa: cea cmbwb BHci^a Ta6j[Hi^a saoreK' 
jioiTB vb paMEt, ci onaBJieHieirB, RaRHirB cBflTBnrB h otb sasofi 60- 

SiSES. AOJDBHO CJrySHTB MOie^Hfil (8T0 6bU[0 HaimcaHO KEHOBapBD) H 

saiiui) AJiHHHHfi pflA^ HasBaHifi fiojr&SHefi Ha o^Hoft noiOBHKb incTa 
E EeqncjieHie cBHTHai na AP7rofi» *). 

y^eHHfl i^eHS'B npo^eccopoBi cTaparoTHna, saHefioxBHiEMHEOUD- 
qeHiflUH, 6ujrb BocBMa uan. B'b li BpeneHa npo(j[ieccopa ho cooraB- 

JUUm CajIOGTOflTeJtBHHX'B KypOOB'B, KaKl 8TO yOTanOBEJIOOB Vh 40-X'B 

roAaxi), a WTaiE no Tony exe ApyroHy nepeBOAEOiiy yqe^HHsy. ^M- 
TaxE He oxoBocHOCTB BooOn^o, a «cxoBecHOCTB no £ypriK)», <npaBO no 
refiHeRi]iio» H T. jL. Jiflxe TaRoS HCTEHEo-y^eHiifi qexoBiETB RaK!b Ka- 
^eHOBCRiS ^ErajTB He Bceo6nQrK) Eoropii), a cBceoGn^i) Ecropii) no 
nxei^enyi. Gi nosAHittniefi toire sp'&Hifl Bce aro he^m'b ne orxvia- 
xocB OTB rEMEasiE, E BexooB npenoxaBaHie lOse no rEVHasEHeoKE. 
O^eEB qaoTo npo^eccopi . o6pan^aicfl ri oTjjifiwrj ci npocL6oE) cno- 

BTOpHTB*. 

Ho Aaace bi tIcsbix'b npe^ixax'B c^ETUBaEia no xon^eiiy yqe6- 
HERy, yBEBepcEreTCRoe npeno^aBaEie craparo TEna onxoniB a& PHXoitb 
6ku[0 boxereu'b RypBOBOiTB. nEporoBi npfluo HEmeTBy HTO sa BCbRO- 
TopuH xeRipE cryAeBTEi cofiEpaxECB RaR'B Ea cBoero po^a safiaBHufi 
cneRTaRXB: <TenepB nexBdH ce6i oocTaBETb e npHSxEBErexBHO eoee- 
Tie ToiTB rocnoxcTH]^ ROUEqecRaro dxeiiesTa, Roropst e Baorara enie 
B'B ysflBepcETeTit. Mbaere <xoaexh sa xeR^iE cBoero e jQ)yroro (jfdr- 
RyxBTeia Bepi^KO js^m noiixE. H TonepB 6e8'B oirlxa sexbSE 
ce6b npeAcraBETB Bac. Mex. KoxexbEEi^Raro, EAymaro b% saHROBUxii 
6xaEseBiix'B nrraEax'B b'b oanora (a canorn ci RECTOVRaiiE), cb syxB- 
RoiTB B'B oAsofi pyR^ E CB ^apMaROxoriei) ninpeHrexfl, nepoBOA'B 
lOBCRarOi noffB loiniROD. 3to ohi, Bao. Mex. KorexBHEipdl (nposx- 
BaBmtB Bi yHEBepcETert), eabtb yrpoiTB 01 npoBEBieD ebi OxoxBaro 



*) «Pyc. Apx.» 1875 r. m. 



BBJIBKOB CBPAI^. 157 

pjBAE Ha JieKiqjo. Ohi oiAaerB KyjieK'B cxoposy, a caE'B paHexosbKO 
yrpoMi oxnpaBJifleTca na jieKipio, caAETCfl, BUHHicaeTb mi> KapMaea 
OHBH H TafiaKopRy, Huxaerb SByqao, ci xpanoM'B Ta6aK'B n, hs^b'l 
ovH, pacKpuBaerb KHHry, cxaBHTL cai^Ky npaMo nepe;^ C0601D h 
Ha^HHaerb ^Hraib cjeobo bi cjeobo h npHioiTB cb oinH6saifH. Bac. 
Mhx. (tb noMon^K) ohkobi qirraeTb vb ^apiiaKOJioriH IIInpeHreJifl, 
cepeBO^TB loBcsaro: «Kj[6meBHHHoe Macjo, oleum ricini, — KHTaftipi 
npH^anTB exy ropBRifi BKyci>. SacnirB ua^erB KHHry, HioxaerB cb 
BOxpamiBaHieiTB lafiaKi}, h ofiiACHiierB HairB, CMHpeHHUMB ero oiy- 
inaTeiflM'B: «Borb, bhahhib ih, numauw^ npEAanrB KJiemeBHHHOny-To 
Hacjiy ropBKifi BKycBy. Mh Hea^y xiicB, cMHpeHHHe cjyinaTeJiE, ^m- 
Taen b'b TOt se KHnrb: be'^to RHTaSi];eB'B — Koofcuuu npHAanrB eiiy 
ropudt BsycBi *)• 

t TaKoiTB-se sHaniH CBoero npe^Mera CBHAiTeJBCTBynTB boohomh- 
Hamfl repii;eHa, yqHBinarocfl na ^HSHKo-MaTeHaTHqecKoirB ^asyjiBTeTi. 
npo^^ccopi ^yMaKOB'B, Hanp., €no^umHA^ ^opuyjiu ki t^m'b, Koiopua 
61UH B'B Kypci nyaHco, cb coBepmenHiflmefi CBo6oAofi noir&ni^H^Baro 
npaBa, npn6aBj[flfl, yfiaBJuiH 6yKBii, npHHHuaH EBa^axu 3a KopHH h 
X aa H8B'lcisoe». 6. 6. PeSci cHHKorxa ho ^sran xHiriH jsfiLshd 
Boxopoffa. PeltcB nonaii b'b npo^eccopa xhioh noTOMy, tto ne ohi, 
a ero jKm saHHvajiCH Rorffa-TO ei). B'B rohi^ ii;apoTBOBaHui EKaie- 
psHH crapHKa npHTJiacHJiH fb Poccin; OHy ixaiB ne xot&ioob— ohi 
OTnpaBHii BirbcTO oe6H nietfiiHHHKa...». 

PflAoiTB CB 8THMH HpflMHMH HeBia^aicHi 6iuH H 3Haion](ie, ho la- 
Kie ^a&hh, hto h hx'b leRam doiBme saCaBiajui, ^^mb HayqaiH cry- 
;^6BT0Bi. TaROBi 6uzT>, Hanp., hbi npo^eocopos'B Tepi^eHa MHHopaiorB 
A. J[. Jloseip^ifi. «y Hero 6fiuiH oosAaHu HeHsirbHHUfl py6pHRH jifla 

^pvyJUipHHX'B GHHCKOBl BaSKAaTO MHHepaia, OTB KOTOpUX'B OHB HH- 

Kor^a HO GTCTynajTB. Cjiy^aiocB, ^0 xapaKrepncTHKa hhbjx'b onpe^i^- 
JuuaoB oTpHii;aTej[BHo: RpncTauraaaipH— ne BpHOTaimayeTCH, ynoTpe6ie- 
Hie — HHKorAa ne ynoTpedraeTOH, noj&aa— BpejT^, npHHOCHUBifi opra- 

HH31iy» **)• 

Ha cjKOBecHoicB ^ItaKyjuBTerb cjiaBHJicfl obohitb nyAa^ecTBoirB 
Hpo^jtecoopx rpe^ecBot ojiOBecnooTH G. M. HBamROBcsii, oocraBHieiB 
BecBiia qlHHaro cjiOBapa. cRaKi HCTOJiROBaTOJOb y^eHiii GoKpaxa h ILia- 
Tona, OHi He uodnjTB jukh, co^HaHOBi h myioR'B, kotopbuih oru^aicji 
ero 6o6paTB, npenoAaBaTOJHB JiaxHHCKofl cthjihcthrh. OAHaxABi co6pa* 
ncB HamH y^OHue y MepaiHKOBa bb GoROJiBHHRax'B. HcroJiEOBaTeiB 
Fopai^ui H CauiDCTifl, snaa pBHHyio Haiypy CBoero co6paTa, saBejTB 
ei HHiTB Rasofi-To cnopi H BoiHH MipaMn oiapajicfl noM^psaiB jios- 
Hoe MHiHie. PeBHHTeJiB hcthhh pascepAHica h HeaaniTHO ckpeuoh. 
npoxoAHTB qaca j^aa, RaRi BApyrB jBT^jbxsL Geuena MapiNHOBH^a b'b 
OKHO, RpyoHo maraDHiaro ob ^OJuaHTOirb ho^b meihikok). BomexiHH 



♦) «Pyc GTapHHa>, 1886 r., J^ 1. 



158 PyCGKOS BOrATCTBO. 

Bl KOMHaTEI, BeOB Vb UUER H QOTy, OffB Cb TOpseCTBynmBMX BEfifiWh 

BOCKjou^aeTib, jKasuBaa Ha saMi^OHHoe MicTO paoKpHsmarooa $o- 
JdaHTa: cbotl — ffydemh '*')— CHorpHTe. B'&jib a roBopiui, hto moa 
npaBxa^. TasoB'b Seixb GeveH'L MapruHOBsqi. Hh noieirB 6nJio npo- 
maraib eny xecflTB BepcTB B3aAi» h BnepeA'B, Tro6H npHHeceHHmrb 
nsi AOHa ^ojcaHTOMi onpoBeprHyrB losHyD mhojcb, HeaaROHHO sanpc- 
nvieMyi). Ho cTy;^0HTH, Kpoirt AByrb-TpexB qejioBiKx bi Kypoi, j^h- 
moB nioxo y aroro poBHHrejifl hcthhh, SHaBmaro oboS npe^ntOTB, ho 
coBepnreHHo ho cnooo6Haro saHHrepecoBaTb hkl cbohx'b ciymaTeiet, 
H oiyxeHTH Ha JieKiiuiX'B o6fiisHOB6HH0 ciapaiHCL saroBapHBaTb ero, 
yro6u ooRpaTHTb Bpemi saHHTtB, hvb KjjKj^eiaELT>. AeKoxsL ho o6xoah- 
ncb 668% KOMHqeoKEX'B noApo6HOGTet , npH "iiyAaqecTBi npo^eccopa, 
KOTopEifi pas^qpasajicH HeBiseoTBOMb cbohxi> cj^maTeJiefi. Bcero 
HHTepeoffbe 6iuh Bonpoos ero nsi rpe^ecROt ciOBecHOOTH; on Bf- 
vmaffL, o6paii^aflCB £*& KoropoMy HH6yAb hbi cryj^eHiOB'B: €Tro Ta< 
Koe Gy^^eTB rpe^ecsafl ojioBeoHocTb?»— <noiEe, Geneffb MapniHOBH^rbi, 
rpoHKo OTB'&^ajTb Bonpomaeuifi. — «Aa, 6jjsfiTb^ 00x6, ho KaR06?>^ K 
eon cryj^eBTb ho BKpjn oiBiqajTb, to HBamKOBcsit noAXBaTmaxi' 
ex sapou-b H cKoporoBopROK): crpe^ecRafl cjhobochootb, 6yA6rb| noxe, 
H nojie o6mHpHoe, 6yAerb»... h ocTaBaica o^OHb aoboxofb TaKHMi 
onpe;c6jeHieirb> *♦). 

Ho He TOJibRo h31 qyxaROBi h MaJiocBtAyniHX'b, xoth h nf/ipo- 
Kjmuhixb uojifii oocTOHjrb npo^eccopcRiS nepcoHan cTaparo TEna. 
Beuh h BiseHOB'kiWii. Ki^HOJiy hxi* npHHa^iesarb, nanp., MaxORb, 
aBTopb BecbMa rponRofi cuaioBCRofi HCTopiH», pasHrpaBmelloa m> nop- 
Biifi roA% ciy^eHqecTBa BiisHCRaro. Bi drofi HCTopis, juDCoiiiiTHoft 
He TOJTbRo jsfiE xapaRTepHCTHRH npo^eccopoB'b CTaparo THna, ho h ji^ 
xapaRTepHOTHRH HoBaro cryAeH^eoTBa, npHHHJTb pyROBOxaniee y^acTie 
Fepi^eB'b, H noBHAHHOHy jifl H3Bi^cTHofi CToneHE 3a y^acTie B'b Hefi ^omt 
viewh 6£un> ocTaBHTb yHBBepcHreTb JlepMOHTOB'b. cMaiOB'b, pasoRasu- 
Baerb repi^eHiBi <Bfiij[oui> h ^yiiax'b*, 6ujrh <nynH8, rpy6id[ h fi6o6- 
pasoBaHHufi npo^eccop'b b% nojiHTH^eoROirb OTXtiemn. GTyxoHTH npe- 
SHpaiHero, CM^HiHOb HaAiHHirb. «GRoibRO y Bacb npo^eccopoBi vh ot- 
jsibneR\E?> cnpocHJTb RaR'b to noae^HTOib y CTyxeRra bi nojunrH^eoRott 
ay^prropiH. cBeai MaioBa jeBHTb*, OTBt^ajn'b cTy;^eHT^>. BoTbWOTbTO 
npo^eccopi), ROToparo hiu(o6ho 611x0 Bu^ecTb axa Toro, hto6% ocTaiocb 
fleBHTb, cTan 6oji[bnre h 6ojibine ;^4JlaTb ^epBOCTeft CTyjDteHTairb. Giy- 
ABHTH pimmiHCb nporaaTb ero na-b ayAHTopin. CroBopHBmHOb, ohh 
npHcxaiH wb Hame oTA^eme Asyx'b napxaMeHTepoBi, npHriamafl 

MOHH npHATH Cb BCnOMOraTBJf&HUirb BOBCROlTb. SI TOT^aCb 06lUBffiEJrb 
RlHTb n^TH BOfiHOfi Ha MaiOBa, V&OROXbRO ^eiOBiCb nOHUH CO MHOfi; 



*) jIio6RMoe ero ciobo, ROTopoe ohi roBopHib ^jtb ho sa RasxHx % cio- 
BOHb. GxyxeHTu HaSUBaiH dXO: B% npHRycRj. 

**) PascRasb coBpeMeHHHRa (M. B. HBCTXROBa?), cocxaBJieHHHft xxR Tpyxa 
A. H. nuQHsa (I, CTp. 64). 



BEJIflKOB CBPfflE. 159 

jcorxa Ku npninjut s'BnojmTHHecKyDayAHTopiK), M.M,ovb 6iasi> Hawi^o 
H BHAtn Haci. y Bcitei CTfAOHTOB'B fla m^ax'B Ceijl'b HaHHcaffB 
OAHBTB CTpaxi», Hy KasB OHi B^L 8T0Ti> jifiBh HO c^tiaerb HHEaRoro rpj- 
6aro sairi^HaHia? Gipaxi 9totl cKopo nponieJTb. ^epes'B Kpafi noraas 
ajxHTopifl fiEua HenoKO&Ha h HSAaBaia rxfxofi, c^aBJieHHiifi ryjrb. ita- 
JioFb c;i:]^ajrB KaBoe to sairb^aHie, Ha^aiocb mapsaHbe. tBu BNpasaeie 
BamH MuczH Kas'L jiomaAH HoraMH», sairlTHjrb MaioBi), BOo6pasaB- 
mift BipoflTHo, "TTO JKomaAH AyHaiDTb raionoirB h pscbS), h 6ypA no^i;- 
Hjuacb— CBHCTB, mnKaHBe, kphei> «BOffb ero, bohi ero, pereatU Ha- 
JioBi, 6A]ifasSi BaKi nojioTHO, c;^ajrb OTqaaHHoe yoBune OBiaj^ib my- 
MoiTb, a HO Morb, ciyAeHTu bceo^bjol Ha JiaBKH. MajiOB'b thxo oomen 
01 Kaeen)u b, cbesHBomcb, cxaji'B npoGHpaiBCfl Kb ABepam, ay^HTo- 
pifl sa HHirb, ero npoBOAHJU[ no yEHBepcnreTCROMy ABopy Ha yuiiy 

H fipOCHJIH BCjri^A^ 3a HHlTb KaiOQIH* *). 

PeHyraiqH MaiOBa 6uxa HaoTOJEBKO bhI onopoBi, hto, ho cmotph 
Ha cypoBOCTb anoxH, ^o j^a cTyAOHTOBi KOHWJiocb oxHOCHreibHo 
nycTflKaMH, a MajioBa yBOJiHJiH orb cjiyac6bi. 

Hz-b npo$ eccopoBi cxaparo THna na cjioBOOHOirB ^aRyibTerb npex- 
CTaBiflj^ cepbesHHfi HHTepecb opmi TOJbEO hctophei KaneHOBCKifi, ho 
ovb HHTai-b MOHOTOHHO H cyxo H pa86pacsiBaicji Ha apxeojiorHqecm He- 
JLQVR. K-b Touy »e caHOCTOflTeJibHO oHb ^mxan toj&ko pyccEyx) HCTopiD, 
Bceofimyio »e Hcxopuo Becbiia cKy^o ^Hrajrb <no IleiHiiy ». MepdjraEOBi. 
6Hjrb KorAa to cepbesHOH) yMOTBeHHon chjioe), ho bi ro^u CTyxeH^ecTBa 
BkuiHcsaro oh-b 6fiurB HacTonKO js;psjjn> (yMopi b^ 1830 r.) h TaKi 
?acTo npHfiiraJi'B K^h <Hapo9Ki», ^o p&AKO n HHxai'b. Efi^HHCRifi 
e^Ba jiH ero cjiymajii». 

SaKOHqHM'B Hanrb o63opT> npo^eccopoB'b <oTaparo cTHj[fl» xapaE- 
xepHuiTL pascKasoiTb 061 oahobtb h31 TorAamHHX'b AOKaHOBi: <EorAa 
Tpe6oBaj[OCb otl npenoAaBaTOiet, no saEOMy pyEOBOACTBy ohh 6yxyTB 
HHTaTb — no cBoeHy :iih coCciBeHHony, Hjor EaEoro-HH6yAb HSBioxHaro 
aBTopa^ owb OTBinaJi'b, ^0 <6yAeTB ^[HxaTB no IIieHEy, ^rro yuflie 
nieHEa TO He c^^^aembca, xoTb h Hatmmemb cBoe co6cTB6HHHoe». 
Korjia, OAHaa^bi, cxajiH npH hom'b xBainrb MoiOAoro npenoAaBaxeia, 
ToiBEo-HTO BOdBpaTHBmarocfl mi> HxaoiH, owb OTB^^aii: <Hy, ne 
XBaiHTe npesAO BpeueHE, nosHBerb cb Haim, xasi norjiynierb* **). 

TLocrk xasoro npHBHaHia ho noEasercH oco6eHHOH) yxpHpoBEOio 
cjrj^ynmafl BUAepsEa hsi nncbiia IlyniEHHa E'b IIoroAHEy: 

«IKaiiK), nncaJTb IlyniEHHL bt> invk 1831 r., qxo bu ne paa^;]^- 
jiajTHCb en^e cl moceobcehm'b yHHBepcnxexou^^ Eoxopafi jsjoxsaewb pane 
HIE U03AH0 HSBeprHyxb Baci hsi* cpoAu CBoefi, h6o HH^ero ^yacAaro 
He MosexTi oGxaBaxbCH he bi sasoirbxiM, a yqeaocTb, ^^xeibHocxb 
H yiTb gyay^H MOCEOBCEOMy yHHBepcHxeTy» "*). 



*) «5iuoe fl AyHH>, ^acxb 1. 
•*) nHnHH-B, I, 61—62. 
*♦*) BapcysoB'b, Sirssob h Tpy w UoroxHHa, x. HI, ctp. 308. 



160 PyCCKOB BOrATGTBO. 

GypoBi 8Torb npjsroBopi, or^acTH jsjbohq HeonpaBeAiHBi», saroHy 
^TO HiKOTopHM'B npo^eccopaiTb OTaparo THna, eanp. RaveHOBCKoicy, 

HeiB3fl 6HJI0 OTKaSaTb HH Bl> J^eHOCTH, HH B'B ^TOnHOCTH, HH B'B 

y^. 8totb npETOBopi fifone He ooBoiirb CeanpHcrpaorevB, noroicy 
irro nymKHHi 6wrb o^eHB cepxHTL «a HanaxaBinaro na Hero RaieHOB- 
cEarOy KOToparo npHpaBHHsajrb ki> TpeABflEOBCROMy. IlymKHHb 6EurB 
j^ase cepAHTb na corpyAHHKa Ka^enoBCKaro — HOJiOAoro R^emjSflBA^ 
KOToput yse Boeniio npHHaAiesai'B Kb npo^eocopcTBj HOBaro THna. 
Ho Bi> odiE^eirB, BcexaKH, otsub'b IlymKHHa 6e3yojioBHo BipoHB h 
He^ero yAHBiHTBoa Tony, ?to rauepea HOB^bsA^ h ^iiyi^aKOBi, koto- 
paa npoAe^HiHpoBaia nepoA'B naHH, Hs^ero KpoMi orpEi^aTeiBHaro 
Bne^axjri^iA Ha cJiymaTeJiefi npoHSBecTH ho Morjia. Hsi 6iorpa$in 
xase TaKoro naTOHTOBaHHaro yqeHaro, saK'B RoHcraHTEErB AKcasoBi, 

MS BHAHITB, qiO HOJIOaEHTeJIBHfilXrB SHaHifi OVb HO^H HO BKHOCl H3'B 

yHEBepcHTeTa. Owb hx'b npioGp&rb snocji^OTBiH. 

He BUHOCB HX'B B'B SojcBmeiTB KOjoriecTBi H B'binHCKifi. H bjdh- 
Hie yHHBepcHTercKaro y^emfl na Hero 6ujlo 6bi coBepmeHHO hh^ito2kho, 
miJoSu oHi HO nonai'B btb anoxy CMinii oraparo npo^eccopcEaro 
THna HOBBEiTb, Kor^a AonoronHBie MacroAOHTH h HxriosaBpH orapofi 
yHHBepcHTeTCKofi 4^opMaiUH Majio-no-Maj[y ycTynnm MicTO jaojsforb^ 

CTOHBlDHirB Ha BHCOI^ HCTHHHO-yHHBepCHTeXCKHX'B TpefiOBaHlfl. 

06'h dTofi HOMHoro^cjieHHofi, HO oHiBHOt TaiaHTaHH rpyimi ho- 
lo^^Hxi y^eHBix'B A CKaacy wb csAjsYVimfit vxsjA, b% cbhbh cb k)ho- 
mecsoD APWOE) B'^inncKaro «,2l>raTpii Kaj[HHBHB», pp ohxb nopi 
eme neoplHeHHofi no ^ocTOHHOTBy. 

{UpodoAoiceme CMihdyenvh.) 

C. BoHrepoBii. 



JBX C. POA«*^^> 



IIoSflHHH paKOCTb. 



JL'Ic'b jBHAaerB— H nasaeTL 
JbcTBeBi myMJinBiift notOKi... 
IIosAHJifl paAOCTB H6 pasyen: 
BoTb sanosAajniift UBiioK'b 
BhanKEYJVb; c^acTBeiTB cmsomfAj 
Cnfidft CM'ieTCfl rjnasoRi... 
FpycTHo rHraerb yiaipaiontift 

ClfOTpHT'L Ha 6]A}iphA HfifblOKT^ 






no8XH£fl paAOCTB He p£^erb, 
TaftHuft jramB 67AHn jKOpb. 
Tom npomajmcB— H nsMiaerb 
TflXKift TiopeuHiift saTBop'b. 
GBiia noTOKi ocjribnHTeJiBHiift 
BcnuzHyji'L na Mpa^HHX'L crtHarbi 

BoZVJTb BOpBaJICfl SHBHTeJDbHHt... 
ySHHRl BHZOSHTL, Wb CJiesaXl. 






^TO 6My cojiHi^e Becejioe, 
EpacBH H sanazi i(BiTOB'b? 
GfipomeHH i^im iflsejoifl — 
G6pocHm^jai iJixecTB roAOBi? 
GEpoemB-jra bojiocu Ciiiue, 

CHJiy BOpOTHmB-JlH BHOBB? 

CrnfijiH TOBapHn^H dribue, 
IOhoctb, oTBara, j[io6obb!.. 



n. fl. 



Ji 4. OTA-fejIT* I- 11 



(hepKH 3aK0H0KaTejn>eTBa o Tpyjt Eb 

repMamH. 



II. 

Pe^opua 1891 rtM m HUHtuiHee cocroaHie 4>a6pimHaro aaKOHOAareJbCTBa. 

1. 

MesxyHapoAHM KOH^epesipfl o samHTi pa6o«rb, saoixaBinafl Fb 
jfaprk 1890 roxa bi Bepjiasi, Bupafioiajia pajrfc MHHHMaiBHiirL ipe- 
6oBaHift Kb saKOHOAareJiBOTBan B&kvb syiLTypEiix'L HapoAon, koto- 
fjui wb sauioiBTenHoirB npoTosoil KOH^^epeHipa j^opifjiHpoBaHH vb 
wkKSV^nsfiTb noseiaHiflxi. 

Bi ropKuxx npoifuoiaxi noorenoHHO JiuiXHa 6urb saopeii^eHa 
iioxdevsafl pa6oTa A^Tefi Moioze 14 sirb (n dshhxb oipaHan mo- 
ji«se 12 An) h seHotBHi. ^to Kaoaerofl Bspooiim pa6oHHZi, to 
XBiaTeJiBHo, ^to6u B'b Tin KooarB, vb Koropuxi do KaBBirb-j[H6o 
■pHVHHan onaoHOOTb a^ shshh h BAopoBia ho Booiffb Mosen (Shtb 
yoTpaHOHa, pa6oTa 6um ooKpameHa. KasAoi OTpast npeAOoraBiaeroa 
pimiTb 8T0TI Bonpooi nyTOMi sasoHoAaTejiLBHUirB hie se oBoSoAHHirb 
AoroBopom nesAy BiaAtiBi^aMH ropHuxi npeAapiATift. 9to uoojiiABee 
aooTaBOBieHie Bupasadn TasHirB odpasonB, vto npHHi^BniajDiBHo vivb 
BoapaxeHii npoTHBi saKOBOAaTeuBaro yperyjcflpoBaHiA TpyAa Bspo- 
•KUTb pyAOBoaoBi. 

OTEooHtejiBBo BoospecBaro otauxb KOB^epesi^ifl BiiOEasHBaeToa sa 
npeAOotaBioBie pa6ouirB bb npoMunueBBooTB oahofo abb otauxb b% 
■oAlxn. XeJiaTejiBao, vto6h bto 6fiuo vb BooKpeceBBe. EoKxnveBUi 
AonyoKaDTOB otboobtoibbo npeAnpiaTii, Tpe6yK)n^flX'B no b6o6xoab- 
Kum nps^BflaiTB BeapepuBBofi pa6oTii, bjee AOoraBiUDnnnci nyfiiBsi 
Beo6xoAflMH[e npflnaoii, B3roTOBueic£ie exeABOBBO, jlme xe no oanoicy 
xapasTopy cBoero npoHBBOAOTBa pa6oTaDniEx% tojebko bi BSBioTBoe 

BpeME rOAa. OaBBKO B bo BffbXB BTBXX BOKUOqeBiBXl pa609BM'B BySEB 
JipeAOOTaBBtB XOTB ABB OBO^OABUXB BOOEpeCOBBB Bl MiCBIf'B. 

AiTOEifi TpyA'B Wb nponHnuoBBOOTE f^OMMevb AonycEaTBca toxbbo 



OVPSH 8AK0fl0AATBIBCTBA TBYJSfi B% rSPMAHIH. 163 

e% 12 jArh (wb DSKurB CTpaHaxi ci 10), cib TfiirB, oxHaso, qTo6u 
xkTH paHime jAOBieTBopHiH Tpe6oBaHum 9Jieic6HTapHaro o67q6sifl. 
JLtTi vojioxe 14 jAtl Moryn padoTaiB tojbko AHers bi (jahh 
HO 6oite 6 ucoBi Bi ojTKi. Ei'h BOBoe He cj[t;^en AonyosaTB, hih 
TOibKO (Tb oodJiDAemeirB 000611x1 rapaHrit, ki hosaopobhitl h ona- 
OHUM'B saHHTiflitb, SbOJiaTejiBHo, ^o6u Jikuoju^mtfie 14 — 16 Mhtm ne 
paOorau Houn h no npasABHKairb, Tro6u Tpy^i Hn npoxojusaicii 
HO 60Jiie 10 ^aooBi, oi nepioAH^eoBHUE nayaaiu bi IH ^aoa, h 
^o6u Wb ooo6eHBO bpoahhx'b npoHSBOAOTBaxi npHHaru 6wLn eme 
toiBmifl orpaHH^emfl. OrpaHH^eHHHi saKOHOMi naKoajcaJiBHHli pa6oHift 

A6HB, HOVHOft ■ BOCKpeOHHft OTA^Xl Heo6xOXHlfH Vb HeSXOpOBHXl UH 

BpeAHHXi saHflTUixi MOiOAUHi Jimji,fiwb vb Bospaori 16—18 xbrb. 
?T0 xaoaeroii ofceHCKaio mpyda^ to sejiaieiBHO, qiofiu soHiiuiHii h 

XtBJDIU H6 pa60TajH HOUK), Tro6£I OHi nonsOBaiHOB MaKOHMaJIB- 

vawb paCo^iMii ahoitb bi U ?acoB'B(c'B IVa-^acoBuxH naysaMH). Bi 
H3BteTHiix'B ciy^aaxi HoryTL 6uTb Aonyn^OHH HOUio^eHia. Bi 000- 
(ieeHO HesAopoBux'B h ouaoHiixi npoMuaiaxi HysHii xaiBHilimifl orpa- 
HH^eBifl. PoseHHipi Moryn AonycKaxBoa isb pa6oTairB tojebko qepesi 
4 Hej^u noojrb poAOBi. 

din noGTaHOBjreHlfl, oi hxi xHiuoMaTH^eoKHMH pasrpaHHieHiiiicH 
jresxy «A0'a8ii]rL» h cseiaTeiLHsmi, He vorjra yxoBieiBopHTB pa- 
^qHX'b, BUoraBHBOiHxi Ha Hei^yHapoAHoirB napHSOKomb KOHrpeooi 
1889 r. HeopaBHOHHo doile niBpoKiH Tpe6oBaHifl. 

repMaHOKoxy npaBHTencTBy nysno oT^aTB QnpaBeAiHBooTB: oho 
fiiijuo eAHHOTseHHoe, HeMOAieHHo npHoryaHBmee ri ooyn^eoTBJieHiD 
Tpe6oBaHii 6epj[HHOsoft soH^^epeHi^iH *). 3to, o^HaKO, en^e He6oii>inafl 
sacjyra, ocah hmItb bi BBxy, ^0 vb AnriiH, OlBeSitapiH n ABOTpin 
no rjaBHHMTi cTaTBHM'B ^a6pHuaro sasoHOAaTejiBOTBa yxe oyo^ecTBO- 
BBJiH ropasAo fiojrte nuipom nocraHOBJieHifl. KpoHi Toro, oqeBHAHO, 
qTO, eoiH Tpe6oBaHifl soH^epeHi^iH, bi naieoTB^^ MHHuyxat en^e oootb^t- 

CTBOBaJKB yOIOBillHl TaEHXl OTpaHl, KBHl HTaXill HJIH HonaHlfl, TO Vb 

crpaat ci ooTpuMi coi^iaxBHHMT> aHTaroHHSMOMi h pasBHTunib pa6o- 
qflMi Har.ejieHieHi, RaRi repuaBifl, uHHHKaiBHHXH rapaHTiHMH HHRoro 
Hejn>3fl 6ujio yAOBiOTBopHTB. Ji^ifl <BOABOpeHifl coi^iajEBHaro uBpa» 
nyxHO fiujo ptmBTBoa Ha foiie KpyiiHUfl yoTynsH pa6oqeHy uacoy. 
TepMaHosoe npaBHTCJiBOTBO bo bcbkom'b ojiyqai ne hoaabjio: vb 
xoHi^t MapTa MesAyHapoAHafl KOH^epeHiufl saKOHUjia cboh TpjAfi^, a 
Bi saqaJit mbh npaBBTOJiBOTBO yse npeACTaBHio pefliOTary o6QiHpHut 
npoeBTB pe^opMU ^6pBqHaro saKOHOAaTejiBOTBa. BojBiBme roAa aib- 
jBOB AefiaTU Vb pefixoTari n ero kommhoouix'b, nosa npoeKTB, vb oyn^e- 



*") AenyTaiairB aBrjdficKaro napianeHTa vb 1891 r. posxaH'b 6arh OT^erB 

aBTjifiCBBX'B 000108% H AHUOMaTHqecKHX'B areHTOBl, SanpOmeHHHX'B OTHO- 
OBTOIBHO M-bpi, Kasifl npHHflTU 61UH npaBHTOIBOTBaMH J^A ooyn^ecTBioHU 

nocTaeoBjeHift 6epjHHCKofl BOH<i»epesiiifr. Bo Bcbxi OT^exaxB noBTopfleTOH 
oxHa H Ta se 4)pa3a: fHasaKoe hoboo saKOHOAaieiBCTBO ho HMiio MtcTa 

Wb BTOfi CTpaHt, qT06l2 OCyil^eCTBHTB COB-bTU R0H<i»epeHi4H>. 

11* 



164 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

OTBeHHUlCH HSlliHeHiflHH H AOnOJIHeHlilK]!, Orail SaEOHOlTB 1-rO iDHS 

1891 roAa. 

€^to6h coBAaiB j^ia B^nenfUEX'b paSoiExi^ ly Hipy saROHHoft sa- 
n^Tii, KOTopaii B-B flaoTOflntee Bpena MoseTB 6utb npeAOotaBieHa 
068% yia6p6a ffjifl oxe^eoTBeHHoft npotfHmieHHocTa h BMiori ob 
HOD H jifia BHTepeooB'B oavEXi pa6o^HX'L, npHSHaHo HeoGioAHionrB 
BflOBB noABeprHyiB pasoMorpiHiD BOnpocB o bosmoshiu'b HaviHeHifli'B 
B'B npoi[uinji6EHOin» YcraBi, vb oooTsiTCTBynn^Hxi ero Haeiflxi. 3to- 
pascMOTpiflie, ups KOTopOM'b npnaflTH bo BEHuame oysAeEia MesAJHa- 
poAHofi KOE^epeEi^iE, npEBeso n pesyjiBTaxy, ito Boi npeAiceTii sasoso- 
AaTeJiBOTBa o san^BTb paSo^Exi, KOTopue 6um noABeprEyiQ oya^neHu^ 
soB^epesi^E, MoryTB 6£iTB 6o£ie ycoBepmesoTBOBaHH E B'B repicasifl>. 
TaEi EauEaDTOfl motebhe'b opaBExejiBcrBesEOMy npoesry, nocxynEB- 
meMy ^n mbe sa pascMoxpiaie pefixoxara. Oee oj[iAyH)n^in> o6pa- 
BOMi Eaifi^iDxi ocsoBEHE ^opxH pe^l^opvH: ofiesoe^eEie eocKpecnaia 
omdwca, ocEOBUBaBtnaroofl ao oex'Li nopi Ea caMiiixi> pa3soo6pa8fliix% 
nooTaEOBAeEiflXii M'boxHaro aaKOEOAaxejiiBcxBa (sa ECKJiioHeEieirb nocxa- 
E0Bi[6Bifl Bi ex. 105 n. 2 npoM. YotJ), Eya^AaexCfl B'B oAHOofipasEOMB 
peryjiEpoBafliE aul Boefi EMQepiE. OxsocExeuEO mpyda aspocMAXh^ 
pa6ofnHUHz Eeo6xoAHMO ESAaEie 6oj[te oOniEpEUX'B nooxasoBneEifi. IIo- 
CTaflOBieEifl IIpoM. Yox. o ^lhfncKOM^ mpydfb aoiseu 6iixb npESEaEH 
AoaycEaK)niBUB yiy^inesifl e EysAanE^EUflCfl B'B eexi. cHe ovoxpa 
sa xo, TTO osfl yse xenepB b% oymecxBeEsux'B qepxaxi oooxsix- 
oxByDxi ooEOBasiflMi, BsipafioxaEEJbiM'B HezAyBapoAsoi KOE(j[iepesqieii, 
E ox^aoxE Aaae iipeBHmaK)xi cxenesB saa^EXBi, Koxopaa saEJiio^aexcfl 
B% saKOEOAaxencxBax'B 6oj[BniBEcxBa eBponetoKEX'B oxpaEX, oee se 
cooxBixoxByioxi 6ojBme xpe6oBaEiflMi», Eoxopsa B'B axoiTB oxEomeEifl 
KB EBMB npeA'BEBJuiDrB cocxoflsio EyjiBxypH E o5iiieexBessoe icEiEie 
B'B repaaEiE. IIo BciM'B axEicB BonpooaM'B Eeo6xoAflEOcxL pecf^opMH 
saKOEOAaxesBCXBa yse paEBme Epasflasa pefixcxaroMB e oooxaBEJia- 
opeAaexi ooo6ux'b ero nocxasoBJieflifi». 

nps nepecMoxpi A'^SoxBysn^EX'B nocxasoBJieEift ofiEapysEJiflOB^ 
OAEEKO, E siKOxopua APjrifl noxpe6EooxE; nooxasoBJieEia wb saa^Exy 
pa6o?Exi oxB onacflocxE a^ sesee, SAopOBBa e EpaBcxBOEEOCXE sys- 
Aanxca bb AaJQ»B'bSmeM'B pasBExiE. HsAasie $a6pE?E£ixB npaafljiB 
(Arbeitsordnungen), coAificxByK)n^EX'B npeAOXBpani;eEiD cnopoBB MexAy 
xodaeBaME e pafioqEME, aojiseo cxaxB oGasaxe^rBauirB e ooAepsaEia 
Hxii xo^Eie oapeAiieEO-, spyrB npeAQpiaxifi, Ei soxopHiiB npHutEa-^ 
loxoa nooxaaoBieflia o pafioirb acean^EEB s A^Tefi, AOJiacesB 6eixb pao- 
mapeBB sa npeA^Jiu ^aSpflqEo-aaBOACKott A^ATeJibEOOxa. OxsonieEi& 
iipeAnpEEEMaxeiefi e pafio^EXB kb AoroBopy Eafiua Ea paSoxu xpe- 
6yexB 6oji:be A^fioxBaxeABEiixB rapasxift *), 



*) Aktensttick zu den Berichteu des Eeichstags. Aktenstuck J^ 4^ 
Gesetzentwarf betr. die Ab^lnderung^ der G ewerbeordnang^, Anlageband I 
CTp. 11 fl cjrfeA- 



O^BPKH 3AK0H0AATBJIBCTBA TP7A« Wh rBPMAHIH. 165 

die nosa o6iD;ifl Bupasenifl, HaMiiaiDmifl jihihb BimjKJiEie nyHKTZi 
pe^opMBT. npesAd ^iuT> npoesrb fiujii npeACTaBieni^ peftxoTary, npa- 
BHTeiLCTBO Biicijiflaio 611X6 UH^iie npyooKaro rooyAapoTBeHHaro coB&Ta 
B, Kas'B HHHEorpi Bepjenm'B jBtpflii npi n6pBoui ^T6HiH bi p6fixc- 
Tari, BHHMaT6JiBH0 npEoijinHBaiiocB r'b paaHoodpasiHH'B Tosx^wh He 
TOiBKO B'b repMaHiH, HO H sa rpaHHii6ft. Mhhhotp'b, oonapHBaflf Hanp., 
B08HOSHOOTB cefi^aoi ace BBeoxn vb TepvaHiH HopMajBBHuft pa6omH 
j^eHB sua Bspoojrax'B Mys^HHi, coujaioa Ha otshbi KaToiH^eosHrB 
pado^Hxi ooK)80Bi bb BojiBriH. cIIpaBHTejiBOTBa, — saiiiTHjrB hhhhotpb 

R'B XapaKTepHCTERi BOefi pe^OpMBI,— HaXOAflTOH Bl nOJTHOU'B COOTBiT- 

OTBiH cb npesi^e Bupa^eHHuuH seiaBiflMH h nooTaHOBJieHifliiH pefixo- 
Tara, Kacaion^nuHCfl BOCRpeonaro oxAUxa h pafioTH js/bret h seHH^HHB. 
Mu Boi xoTHM'B, iTo6u pa6o?eMy Aana 6114a boshoxhoctb oTAOxnyrB 
fl oo6paTBCfl (TB oHjiaHH, TaRB S6 RdRi Boi o^EiaeiTB HeofixoAHiniirB 

n03a6OTHTB0fl, ^T06£I AiTSM'B A^Ha 6ui9k B03M0XH00TB paSBHTBCfl 
yUCTBeHHO H $H3HTOCRH, qfOfiU BaROHOAaieJIBCTBO o6paTHio BHEHaHie 

Ha ofiflsaHHOCTH, Haiaraeutifl na nao'B 6ojiie ojiafijauB opranESMOMB 
<ReHniHHH E efl SHa^enieH'B vb oeMBi. Bb otexi Bonpocax'B h^tb 
npEHipiniajiBHaro pasHorAaoiflt. IIoojiiAHee HaqEHaeTOE Tam, r^b 
saROEOAaiejB bxoaetb bi o^^epy BsaEEEHX'B OTHomeHift nesAy xoaae- 

BBME E pa60?EME, HO E OTSOCHTeJIBEO 8TEXB nOOTaEOBieHifl MHHEOTpX 

laAieTOfl, tfo yAacToa npHATE R'B oorjiameHiio *). 

PaaoEOTpEM'B TenepB oohobehe qepTii pe$opMu, RaRB OHa npEflnTa 
tiBua pefixoraromb e oTajia saROHOMt 1 insfl 1891 r., b'b EaE6oji'&e 
JcpynHuxi cjiyiaflX'B OTMtqaa OTRJiOHeHiE saROHa otb npaBEiejiBOTBefl- 
Haro npoeRxa. Otb nopEA^ CTaxefi saROHa e o6oya;A^HiE exb b^ 
peAxorari h ROMUEOciflX'B mh OTOTynBirB xEinB EaoioiBRo, ^to BnepoA^ 
nocTaBEHB nooiaEOBJiesifl He BOORpeoEoirB OTAUxi, a a^torom'b 
H sesoRoiTB ipyAi. HoBOBBeAeHifl, Raoann^flOE BooRpecsaro oxAuxa, 
pfboTHie 6yAen pasouoxpixB bi obese cb ApyrHES nociaHOBJieHiEEE, 
HopMEpynnuiEE paOoxy Boero $a6psqEaro naceieHifl. 



]i,o pe^^opuH 1891 roAa san^nxa A^xeft e eoapooxrobi BupasaiaoB 
Bi repMaBiH B'B ojr&AynnvixB nooxaHOBieHiflXB. ^txE AOHycRanoB Ea 
$a6pERE no AOoxEseHiH 12-jrtxEEro Bospaoxa, cb xAm'b, OAsaRo, qxofia 
Aifl f!kieif fle BOsqEBEiExx Rypoa bb HapoAHofi siROxt, ooxaBaiooB bb 
ceA o6fl3axej[BHoe mRoiBEoe yvoEie He Monie S-xi naooBBB'B aohb. 
Pa6otift ABHB jsjbrei HOJiose 14 jArb eo aoisbeb 6wrb npeBHniaxB 
6 ^aooB'B. noApooxRE 14—16 jrtxB fle icorjE patSoxaxB doiie 10 ?a- 

COBl BB CyXRE, E EpHXOM'B pa60XiI RaR'B EOAPOOXROBX, XaR'B E A^TOt 

HorzE coBepmaxBCE aeeib nesAy 5Vs ^. y. h 87, ^. bo^ Bx xe^enie 



*) Stenogr. Berichte iiber die Verhandlnngen des Dentschen Eeichstagg 
8-te LegisL, 1 Session (1890-91). Bd. 1, p. 169-178. 



1^6 PyCCXOB BOrAlCTBO. 

pa6o9aro aha f/krawb jkoimxsL Gsm npeAOOTaBxem noiyucoBBU 
naysH, no;q[>ooTKaini — oMAOHHafl naysa b'b 1 ^aci h 2 uayaii bi 
nojL^aca. Bo Bpeva OT^uxa vbTflirL h noApooTKaMi^fiesjoioBHo saupe- 
u^eHO npefijoBaHie bi noHin^eHiax'B, Tjtjb aponcxoxHTL pa60Ta. Tovaa 
TaKse pa6oTa naiOJiciTHHrB He AosBOiuaob no BOOKpeoeHBain> ■ npaix- 
HEKaM'B. Houn^eHifl paspimauoL ho 6oAe Kasii Ha 4 He^iiH. 6o- 
jiie npoAOJCKHTenHHH OTorynieHui otb ysasaHHurb orpana^eHift npe^- 
yoMaTpHBaiHOB bi sasoHt js^a. npaAHJieH'B h ^afipsn oi HenpepusHoi 
Hu oesqHHoS pa6oToft, oi TiirL, oAaaKO, ^to6h ao arony noBo^y 
oooTOHAOCB HooraHOBJieHie ooDSHaro eostoa h paSo^ee Bpeiui Kbtet ne 
npeaumajio 36 i. wh He^iJiK), a noApooTSOBi— 60 ^. IIpaBHTeibOTBO, 
XoayoKafl noAo6HHH HSiATiH, aoisho 6hio bi Te^eme roxa npoAora- 
BHT& cBoe nocTaHOBJKeHie ki oBiAtmn pefixorara. Besi bohrixi oro- 
BopoKi saKOH'B HpesooTaBiim oonsHoxy coBiry BOBoe sanpoTHTK, 
orpaHH^HTL HSBioTHHHH ycjioBiiiifH HJiH HouttUTb HO^Hyi) pa6oTy 
HaioiiTHHii (h senntBHi) b'b Hisoiopfiix'B, oco6eHHo BpejiHHxi js^ms. 

BAOpOBBH npOBSBOAOTBaX'B. 

KaKi KU BHAiiHt Bi npoAOJiseHie HHorirL xtTi B'B FepiiaHiH mxa 
6opb6a sa yAiaHOHie npoAtibHaro BospaoTa AOHyn^eHia ji^ixei Ha $a* 
6pHSH cb 12 AO 14, HiH no Kpaftaei Mtpi ao 13 Jiin. nooiaHoBieHio 
peSxoiara on 1887 roAa, At^BaBmee A^Tam bosxoshootb pa6oTaTB 
Ha ^aepEKaxii jrhib orb 13 jAtLj ho floiy^Hxo oonacifl coK)3Haro co- 
B^ia. EciH Hu cnpocHiTB MOTHBaxi oTsasa, TO yoiHiDflin, ^to bItb 
oeHOBaniH ATMaiB, Tro6u a^ l2-itTHflro pe6eHKa BpoAHO 6kuo oora- 
BaTBOfl 6 vao. na ^afipHrt, vto sanpen^OHie saoaeTOH SAtcB KpyaHHxx 

HHTOpeOOBl He TOIbKO UpOHUnueHHOOTH, HO H paeO^BXl OeHeftOTBB, 

yoioBifl BOHKyppeHi^iH ne 6yAyTi> paann h, HaKoneiTB, yAaieHHua hsi 
$a6pHKB a'^th nooaAyTL vh AOMamHia npoHSBOAOTBa, B'B soTopuxi 
HXB MjifiTh emfi 6ojAe nenajiBHaa y ^botb. dra hothbu 6hxh y6iABTejKbaii 
AJui npaBHTeiBGTBa kh. BHCMapsa, ao ho a^a ero npeexBHKOBi, otbb- 
maxi aa Ty se lO^Ry spiaia, soTopyn b'b apoAoiseaie 10 ciaai- 
KOHB jAvb san^BH^aia fb peaxoiari kbeb co^iaJlB-AeHOKpaTia, xasi h 
KBToiBqeoKaa napTia, b'b nocjrfcABie roAU a CBoOoAOMucjDoiii^ie. Bos- 
Mosao, ^To npoHHnueaaooTb apeiieaao noorpaAaerb otb sanpen^eaia 
TpyAa 12-iiTaax'b, — saaeiraeTB TonepB npaaaTeAOTBO bb cbooitb 
npocKTi, HO AO caxi nopi toibko aesaauiejEBaaa ea ^acTB BRcnjioa- 
TBpoBaia A'bTOKift TpyAB; ob KasAHicB foaoicb, oAaaso, ara vaoib OTa- 
BOBBTca saaqHTejiBaie, a nopa nojiooicumt Koueitz ydetueexeHm npaua- 
eodcmea nymeM^ ucmomeniH ^fhnlCKux^ cuAh. Bipao TaKSOy qio ?acTB 
AtieS nonaAaerB bb Aoaamaia npoasBOAOTBa; ao ae bo Bcixx orpa- 
ciiaxB BOSHOxaa KoaKyppeai^ia MeMaro cb spyaaHirb dpoisboactboxb, 
a Taui, TAi Aoaamaia npoasBOAOTBa erne cymecTBynTB bb mapoaaxx 
pasaipaxB, aeofixoABMu rasia se orpaaa^eaia a totb ace aaAsopB, 
EBKB a BB ^aSpaiauxi npeAnpiaiiaxB. IIpaBETeja^oTBO Aftso aaAloToa^ 
^To, npa Bceft xpyAaooia nocjiiAaaro Boapoca, ero yAaoroa paspi- 



OHSPKH SiJ^OHOAATfACTBA TP7A^ Fb FBPHAHII. 107 

niHTB F& OaHHft KOpOTKift q>OK'B *). ^10 KaoaoTOfl HHTepeooBi poff- 
Teiefi, TO OHH noTepnflTL 7ii^ep6'B iHmb BpeiieHHHfi. 9to bo bchsoitb 
cjiy^ai seo6xo;qnfafl xepTBa, pai^H BooaHTamfl A^Teft, coxpaieiiia ixi 
cui H TKpiiueHifl Hn spaBOTBeHHOcra. 

«3aEflTifl Ha ^aSpni HeooBMioTBuv ci TpeSoBaHiflini ihkoik; 
lynmifl chih h caiioe jAoSHoe rm saHflrift speva yxoxflTB Ha ^- 
CpHBHji) pa6oT7; ooKpau^eHHHH mKOjoiBHHfl saHflTifl Bi npoAOiseme 
8 vaoOBi He AOCTHraDiTb HflKaKHXi cyH^eoTBeHHiixi pesyjibTaTOBTB* 
MesAy liiTB noojr6;iHie toru bt> mRoii oaHHO nojiesHiie bi pasBHiiH 
petieHKa. Ecjih xotati, qxcfiH niROJia AOCTsrajia cBoero HaaHa^emfl, n 
oHa ffoisHa pasA'&BuiTB BjiacTL hsa'b pe66HE0Mi TOJibKO CB ceMbei, 
HO He 01 $a6pHE0fi> . Mothbu kl saKOHonpooKTy ho orpaHH^HBanrca, 
oAaaso, oahhitb yKasaHioM'B aa Heo6xoAHHOCTB a&tb pe6eHKy 6oxle 
HaBOHHeHHoe o6pa30BaHie: ohh yKassBanrB h na ^HSH^ecKifl h npai- 
cTBeHHHfl nocjTJ^CTBifl cjEQiKOM'B paHHoft pa6oTH Ha ^adpHKaxi. 
«Be3neiHafl nrpa cb xoBapH^auH, npedEiBanie na CBisevB BosAyxi 
H Apyna npexeoTH xiTCRoft ffiesEH HcqesanTB cb BCTynienieiiB Ha 
4>a6pHKy; BHicTO hhx'b HacTynaexi coBHioTHaH pafioTa cb BspocAKioi, 
BpoAHO OTSUBann^aflCfl na HpasoTBeHHOCTH peCeHEa npn leriuiXB, a 
HHor^a H i^HHHtiHHX'B HpaBaxx Ha $a6pHEax'B>. 

Pe^opMa 1891 roAa pacjnHpBjia c^epy npHMiHeHia $a6pH^iiaB0 
saKona h HSuiHHAa npoAijfBHuft BospaciB ;^onymeHiH jijbTet kb npo- 
MucjiOBOtt pa6oTt. Ki pa6oTaHB AonyoKaDTca TenepB jbhib a^th h« 
uojiose 13 jArb h b'b tomb jihieb ciyqai, ecjiH ohh yse nponuE 
nojiHHfi KypoB B^ napoAvofi msojii^. TaK'B KaK'B bi -ioibmei naoTH 
repManiH, sa HcsjnoqeHieM'B BasapiH, nooin^enie mEoiu ofiflsaTexBHo 
Ao 14 jrbTB, TO ^asTH^ecKH Tpy^OHi ^''^TeS, He AocTHrmHX'B en^e aroro 
BospacTa, MoryTB nojiBSOBaTBCH miDB B'B MeHBmefi ^aorn cTpanu. ?V) 
Kacaeicfl c^epH npHHiHeBifl HOBaro saEona, to owb oxpaHaerB j^- 
Tefi na ^aOpHsax'B, Bep^axx, ;bb ropHoni nponuojii, EHpnnisuxi 

SaBOAaXl) OB^S^nOCTOHHHBIH'B npOHSBOACTBOHB, BB MiOTaXl JSflO. HOCTpOeKl* 

E BO BclxB MacTepGSBX'B, Bx soTopuxi cyn^ecTByiaTB nexaHHvecsie 
ABBraTOJiH **). npaB^a, OTHOCHiejiBHO QocjiiAHHX'B npaBHTOJiBOTBy npa- 
AOCTaBJiOHO 'npaBO A^aaiB BsibflriH, ho 3a-T0 npasHrejiBcrBy sa (Ck)X)3- 
HOMy ooBiry) a^ho h Apyroe npaBo: pacnpocTpaHHTB A'^oTBie sasona 
H Ha TaEiH npeAnpiflTifl, soiopHfl, nojiBsyacB HaeiiHuin» TpyxoMik, 
He npBHaAiesarB hh ei EareropiH $a6pBSB, he B'b aacTepoEHn 
ci MexaHE^ecEHHE ABBraTeiaaa, T.-e. na peueojia h AOnaniHia npo- 
HBBOACTBa, a Tasse a na CTpoHTeiBHse npoaucjiBi. Hosua nocra- 
HoBxeHia sciynaxa fb cBJiy oi l-ro aapijia 1892 r., axe A^i^oft ^>^ 



*) Jifi 1 anpiia 1893 ro;^a. Cb rbxB nopB npomeiB ae oxehb toxb, a 
HaAesAa, BupaseHHaa npaBHTejBcxBOHB, ocxaiacB aaAesAofl. 

**) Bb aacTepcKHXB cb aexaBHHecKHHH xBaraxejiaMa sasoHB nosa en^e 
He BBCAeHB. Cp. Evert, Handbuch des gewerblichen Arbeiterschntzei, 
cTp. 22 H 183 (Berlin, 1897). 



168 PyCCROB BOrATCTBO. 

H noApooTKOBi, pa60TaBiiiBrL na $a6pHKaz'B h siyiOAan ao o6iapo- 
XOBasifl HOBaro 3asoHa» — ^ihbib oi anpiifl 1894 roAa. 

^To EacaeTciE HaioiiTHErb, to ipedoBaBie, KOTopoe nooraBieHo 
6HJI0 vh petxorari,— npoAXHTB saiQHTHHfi Bospaorb ao 18 Avb^ 
KBKi 8T0 jtlbuMTb mBeii](apoKoe $a6pa«oe saBOHoxaTeiBOTBo, He no- 
lyquo ooyn^eoTBJieHifl: noAi san^HTHiiirL BOspaoToirL no npesHeiiy 
noBBMaeiGfl Bospaon 14 — 16 jAtl. HovhoS Tpyxi, mosaj 8Vi i. 
BO^. E 5^ "i. jrpa, no;Q)ooTKaii'B sanpen^en, h pa6o^ nvh jifiKh 
ooraBieBx vh npesHem pasiiipi (10 q. bx cttkh). Codshokj co- 
BiTy npeAooTaBJieHo AonycKaTB Hsifliia ajui npoAiipiflTifi oi Henpe- 
piiBHiiM'L orseiTB H Boo6n^e laKHX'B, KOTopufl, no xapaKTopy npoHS- 

BOffCTBa, JkOSSBU HOJIBSOBaTBOfl HG^HilirB TpyXOHl, H4H Bl KOTO- 
PHXI BpOHSBOXOTfiO npOAOJISaeTCfl TOILSO Vb VBEiOTHHO id^OOI^H 

roAa. Hsi npeAnpiflTit noojcixHet saToropiH KHpnn^Hue saBOAH 
Horyrb kb^xb yraiHSHpoBaTB ipyAi hoapoctkobi 14 — 16 jAtl bi 
npoAoiseHie 70 «cobi (ot. 139 a). 

8to ynymoHie bi hoboS pe^^opiii rtirB CoiBine fipooaerofl bi> 
rjiasa, vro bi ji;pjTBrb oTHomeHiaxi saKOBi BOBce He hoxoahtb 
HBi MiriHifl, 6yAT0 noApocroRii oiapme 16 Jitvh yse Bspoojoift leio- 

BlSfB. Bl TO BpOHfl, UKl JlfiE BdpOOIHXl pa6o^ SHHZEH Heo6fl3a- 

leiiHH, saKOHi sanpeniaeti HaHHMaTb HeooBepmeHHOjrtTHHX'B, t. e. 
Moiose 21 roAa, ties'B kdhsrh (ot. 107 h cjiiA-)- MajiojiiTHHMx no- 
20se> 18 Avh AOiSHa 6htb npoAOOTaBJieHa BOSMoasHOOTb nooin^aiB 
Fortbildungsschule; npeAnpEHHiiaTejiH, jiBmeHflse ooo6eHHHX'B rpaac- 
AaHOKHXi npaBi, ho hit&dti npaaa HaHHHaTB pado^axi Moxose 
18 jAvh. Boe BTO noEasHBaerb cjiiAOBaTejaso, ^o saKOH'B en^e He 
ouTaerB 16-jri6THflro pa6oTBHKa BspociiHirB qexoBteOMi, h tAitb bo 
Mesto oHi He c^en HysHUHi cyii^ecTBeHHie orpaAHTB ^o HHrepecH 

OTHOOHTeJKBHO npOAOISHTeJIBHOOTH H CBOtOTBa pa60TH *). 

SnaHeHie sasoHOAaTejiBOTBa o TpyAi HaiojitTHnxi^ OTaHOBHTOS no- 
HflTHHmb BO BceiTB CBOOMi ofiieM'b, eojuE o6paTETb BHHMaHie Ha pao- 
npocTpaneHie 8Toro rpyAa vb $&6pH?H0-3aB0A0K0ft npoMHinieHHooTH 
PepiiaHiH Ao H nocA pe^opMii 1891 r. 

AxH Bceft TepMaBiH, EpoMi dibsaca-JIOTapBHriH, Jlndesa, o6ohxi 
Jlnnne h HoEireHfiyprL-CTpejnu^a, oxaTBCTHsa A^TCEaro TpyAa h Tpy^a 
MaxojrbTHHX'B do pe^opMu BupasaeTOir wh ojL^jijBmjBX'b i^a^^paxi **): 



*) 7se Bi 4>opHaiBHOM'B OTHomeHiH 6oiLinofi HexocTaTOK'b, ^to bi m- 
wbnatem 4a6ph?hom'b saKOHOAaTeibCTB'b i^ihxi 5 EaTcropifi MaioiiTHHX'b: 
1) AO 18 lixi, EOTopiiH'b BOBce sanpeiueHO paCoTaxb na 4>&6pHsarb; 2) 
13~14-id^THie CB msoxbHHH'b CBHxiTejcbCTSOii'b, pa6oTaK>Jiiie He 6oji^ 6^a- 
coBi; 3) HoioAHe 14—16 jrferb,-Hxt pa6o«ee Bpeiia orpaHE^eno, hmi saiipe- 
mewb Ho^iHOft TpyA% h t. n.; 4) MOiojdie wah Hoiose 18 i±rb, EOTopiiH'b 
HysHo npeAOCTaBHTb bpcha nodnieHia Fortbildangsschale, h 5) Bci neco- 
BepineHHOi^THie, t. e. ao 21 roAa, o6fl3aHHHe hm'^tb pa6o?iA shhsbh h hoa- 
tHHETbCfl h TasHH!b BpeABHcaHiaHi 4^a6pH?Hiix'b npaBRrb, Eoxopua yEasii- 
BaDTb, EaE'b BCCTH ce6fl emb 4>a6pHEH. 

♦ ) BtH, East H fffeEOTOpHE HBTi CJltAf ©BIHX'B AaHHHTb TpjA* MaiO- 



O^BPSH 8AK0H0AATB1BCTBA tP7Aft Vb rEPHAHIH. 169 



Tom. 


Ji,*m 12—14 I. 


MuoiliTHie 1 


1881 


13672 


94172 


1882 


16895 


116609 


1884 


18882 


135477 


1886 


21035 


134589 


1888 


22913 


169850 


1890 


26391 


204345 



B-B 1892 r. i^H^pa A*Tet cpaay onyoKaeioa na 10,726. 9to npa- 
Moe BjdiiHie saKOHa 1891 r., saapemanmaro a'^ckiS ipjAi a Aoiiy* 
oKaDn^aro TOXbKo ESBicTaua jiBroTu j^a xosaeBi bi nepexo^Hoe 
Bpeaa. ?ro Kaoaeroa netonhmRirb Tepparopifi, ae BoinejtniHrB wb 
spHBeAeaaHa i^a^pu, to bb oxaoifb Bepxaeirb djiBsacik en^e bi 
1888 roAJ padoxaxa 1556 A^xeft MOJioxe 14 jAtl a 5,878 uaioiii- 
BHX'B OTapme 14 rkrb. Uocjii SBeAeaia $a6paiaaro saKoaOAaToiB- 
cTBa (aiBsaocRie 4)a6paRaaTH ao 1889 r. noJiBsoBaiBCb npeporaTaaolt 
ae fiuTB noA^aaeBHUua o6ii](e-repMaacEOM7 (jliafipaiaoMj saKoaoAa- 
TeiBOTBj) wojio A^ieft oraio aaAaxB: vb 1891 r. oao yxe TOjn&KO 
673, Bi 1892 r. — 315. Bt 3jiL3a(A Baiori cl JToTapaarie* bt» 
1892 r. ORaaaJBiocB 429 ;(J^Tea a 9,891 noApooTOKB. Ecia npHOoeAH- 
aaTB 8TB i^a^pH a aeaHa^HTejbaoe nacxo MaioiiTaax'B bsb Jtrofieaa, 
JIaane a MeRxeadypra rb i^H^pi 1892 r. A^a ooTaABoft BMaepia 
TO BO Bcet Fepaaaia bb 1892 r. ORaseica 11,212 a^toA a 196,844 
BOApooTRa. CoRpati^eaie AiTcaaro ipyAa saaiiiaeToa noBceatcxao, 
BO TpyAB aanojiiTBHXB CBume 14 jh^tb ae aes;^ yMeaBmajioa, aa- 
o6opoTB, BB o^eBB SHa^aTeiBBHXB rpynnaxB npovEnnieaaocTB sa- 
irb^eTca yaejuBqeHie hxb, hto a BDOJuai noaaTBO: Taax, rAt npoMHia- 
jKeaaooTB hosotb saaiaHtB A'i^TeS sean^HaaMa, oaa otb A^TORaro 
xpyAa oiapaexoi boboo oxRasaTBoa; ta^ se seaoaiB xpyAB saaqa- 
TOJiBao Aopoace bjib ae auieTca 6ojnmaro ero npeAJroseaia, npoHKm- 
jieaflBRB, paaBme noiBSOBaBOiieoa TpyAoaB 12 au 13-AlTaaro pe- 
6eaRa, TonepB 6epyn 14 — 16 Jiixaaro. 

KaRB aa aasBH oaua no oe6i a6oouoTaHa ii[B$pii,— ae ace 
paBBO, Hsaypasyroa jkb aa ^afipaaaxi 30 axa tO thoa^b a^tbII, — 
ao AU oapeAljEeaia co^iajirBBaro saa^eaia A'i^Tcaaro xpyAa bb npo- 
MiaiJieBBOCTa CTpaaH ropasAO BasH^e oxaomeaie A'^^torbfo xpyAa rb 
xpyAy Boero $a6pauaro aaceieaia. Bb nepaufi nepiOA^ $a6pa^Bot 
anoxa bb FepMaaiH, rbrb a fb Aarjria, a noaoDAy, $a6pBRa ob oco* 
6eaao£ oxoxofi aafipaoHBaiaob aa A^TORia chjiii. KaaosBi auaimHia 
ycjsoBifl? Bb 1875 roAy, npa 1V« MajxioaaxB ^aGpa^ao-saBOAORBXB 
pa(»o<iaxB, no apafijiBsaxejibaouy paso^eTy xaioi'&Taie cocxaBJiajm 
OROJio 1096 $a6paqB£ixB pafio^axB, DpaieaB orojio 22,000 ffbTeS 
6hjio aojioze 14 a oROiio 71,000 aaioir&TBax'B — oxapme 14 jrbri, 



liTBHXB, saaacTBOBaBH aaaH e3b ohobb xn^axeiBBofl rpyanHpoBRB, npHBe- 
AeflBoft OiBAeB6eproaB bb cStatistik der jngendlichen Fabrikarbeiter>, 
SchmoUer'B Jahrbnch, Bd. 18, Heft 3, p. 969— 99& 



170 



PyCCKOB BOFATCTBO. 



T. e. nepBHn 6iZJio 2Vs, BTopuxi okoio 6%. Bi BepiHHi npoi^eHn 
HaxojiiTHHXi o&hnTb BateropiS ho npeamnan na ^a6pHKarB 396, 
saio Bi reocesi^-,3,apicinTaAT6, HaapM owb aoxoahm jifi 16^ BoirB 
ocicoTplnifrB HHone&iopoirB ^aOpHsi: oahhxi A^Teft Hoiose 14 jtItb 
TaMi Sfiuo 7% Boizi paOonxi. 

Bi[aro;iapfl saKOHOAaTexbOTBy b'b san^BTy A^iet, j^acrie A'&TOKaro 
TpYAa (;i;tTet uoiose 14 i.) Tenep& Bpalne bbitoxho. Saa^eHie 
Tpy^a MaiojrbTHHX'b orapme 14 jrbn, OAaaKO, em^e otoeb BeiHKo. 
B'B CaKooflifl, Tflib npoBSBOAHTOfl j^&Tb $a6pBiHaro naceJieHifl, bi 
1883 r. OKaaaiocB Bspoomxi^aCpH^HHX'B pa6o^nrB 2149255, Aiteli 
uoJKOse 14 lirB— 8,047, MaAOiiTHHXi 14—16 x. — 20,123^ Upoi^eHT- 
Hoe OTHOineflie B'B BspooxoHj aaoeJieBin 611x0 axb fi/bmei uenie 4, 
AXfl MaioitoKBxx — 8%. J^BHseBie A'^TOsaro ipy^a b OTHomeflie ero 
Bx Tpyxy Bspooxuxi vb CasooBiH Bupasaeroa bi ojitAyB^Bp^^ 
iVB^pax'B *): 





MaioiiTHBXb. 


Bspocnixi 


xkreA 


MaioxbTB. 


Toxa. 


12-14 


14—18 


pa6o?Hxi. 




14- 16 I. 


1884 


8665 


20543 


231520 


3,2 


7,6 


1885 


9635 


22671 


253255 


3.2 


7,7 


1886 


10170 


20570 


260311 


3,4 


6,9 


1887 


11125 


24810 


279755 


3,4 


7.7 


1888 


11474 


27900 


283568 


3,4 


8,4 


1889 


11796 


27910 


301986 


3,3 


8,0 


1890 


12855 


31341 


326198 


3.4 


8,3 


1891 


11197 


81052 


330472 


2.9 


8,2 


1892 


5428 


28906 


331305 


1,4 


7.7 


1893 


1865 


32308 


361198 


0,5 


8,0 


1895 


930 


28968 


390601 


0,2 


7.4 


1896 


1268 


33247 


421887 


0,3 


7,8 



B'B BaBapiB no y^ery 1896 r. npo]],eBirB HaioxiiEBXi xocTHran 
7V9, B'b BaAOffb 8 npoi^eflTOBi, ho a^toA Moxose 14 xtTB, bbeii h 
B^ CaBcoHlH, TOiBKO 0,5Vo. Bi BtopreMSepri sa 87,143 BSpocxHXi 
$a6pHiiHSixi Bi 1893 r. OKasajiooB 10,202 MaxojrfcTHEXi; npoi^eHTi 

JlbteA BBTTOSEHft, HO HOAPOOTBOB'B HO^ITH 12%. B'B IIpyCOiH, HO OT^O- 

TaiTB $a6pH^HHX'B HHoneETopOBi sa 1893 roA%, ^hcio A'^^efi Moxose 
14 xiTB, AOGTHraBmee wh 1890 roAy 6,600, yMOHLmBJioeB noojA npi- 
MiHeBifl saBOHa ao 1,400, e B'B 1895 r. He npeBumaio 800 **). 



*) Jahres-Berichte der KOnigl. Sacheischen Grewerbe-Inspektoren, bi 
ocb6eHHOCTH sa 1895 r. (cip. 472 -74 J h 1896 r., cxp. 452-53. 

*^ KpoMt oTjdJtBHuxi^ oT^eiOB^ cp. 611(6 Amtl. Mittheilangen ans dem 
Jahresberichten, 1896, cxp. 67 h CJitx., r^t npoHcmexmee B'B 1896 r. yeMU^ 
Heuie A^Tefl o5'BflCHJieTCA &eo6HBHOBeHHO 6j[aronpijiTHoft BOHiBOHSTypofl s 
Tim TaiuKe, hto 4)a6pHsaBTK CoiBme He naxoAATi nocTaHOBxeHia daKoaa 
o6peMeHHTeji[BHiaiH. 



OqSPKH BAKOHOAATBJaOTBA TPJfi/A Vh FEPICAHII. 



171 



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o ocD SpQQQpao(ncoc9to 

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a> o^ »-< i-i i-H fH cq <M fH ol 

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172 P7CCK0B BOFATCTBO. 

noiriii^eHflafl hs oTp. 171-fi Ta6iii^a aaotb npeffOTasjieHid o toitb, 
KaRifl OTpacjiH ^a6pHqH0B npominieHHOOTH ^o paomepeHifl rooyxap- 
cTBOHHoft aan^HTU 6oj[[Bine Boero noiBsoBajiHCB tpjaomi A^ieft e fia- 
sifl eme TenepB niHpoKO nojiBBynTCJi Tpyxoirb KaxoJiiTHHX'B 14—16 x. 

Oahhi Ed's onHTHMmxi npeAiipHHBKaTeiefi repMamH, ffieajT^Th 
FosHKO, BaH-J^Tjurb (en^e ao ESAaHifl BaKOHa 1891 r.), hto npeKpame- 
Hie TpYAa ^sfkret Koiose 14 jAvb paBHOOEJiBHO saA6aBR'& H upoiieaTa 
E^ ojMKi sapaSoTEoft nJiaiH, ynia^EBaexol TenepB sa repvaECSEi'B 
$a6pflKax'& E saBOAax'L. He^ero e roBopEiB, ^to Tasyi) €sepTBy> npo 
HiiinxessooTB bb oocroflEiE npoEeoTE. CpaBsesie repMaECKHXi yoioaift 
CB asriiflcKSES noEassBaeTB, oAEaso, ^to b% FepHasiE BonpooB o a^t- 
OKOXB TpyAi nooraBieEi 6jiaronpiETEie, ^'bEB y ea KOEsyppeEiOBi* 
Yse BB o6n^eHB TpyA'6 CTpaEH, BEjuD^as oenBOKoe xobf^Sotbo e Top- 
roBJU), yqacTie jAtqA Kesie saMi^Tflo: no nepeoEOE 1882 r. jijkiE 
MOAose 15 AtTB BB TepEaHiE oocraBiEXE 2% npoueETR pa6oTEE- 
KOBB, BB AHrjdfl se 4% npoi^eETa (bb KTaiiE 6aiie 1%). ^tn npo- 

MUnUeEEOCTE BB AEFJUE E ^paEI^lE AO CflXB nopi* Ee 6HJI0 noA- 

SHXB jiaESHrB, E opaBEeEie Ee Bnoni 7ao6so, BOi^ACTBie eboae- 
saROBofi BOspaoTEofi BAaocE^EEaiuE. Bb OAHOfi Textilindustrie Aetjde 
BB 1890 r. 6uio 86,499 Atiefi Moioze 13 jiItb, bb TepxaEiH se 
Aiieft MoioKe 14 itiB — 8,525 *). Bb xjionqaTO-6yEa»Eoft npoimm- 
jKBeeocte AEFJiiE npoi^eETB A'i^TORaFO TpyAa ob 1874 no 1890 toa'b 
yMesBmflioE, npaBAa, ob 14 sa 9, so e nociiAHaa iiE^pa eme se- 
cpaBEOSEo Biime npoi^esTEaro OTHomeEifl A'i^Tefi bb repEaaia aas^ 
Ao pe^opMH ^aOpSHsaro saKOsoAaTejiBOTBa. 



TojiBKo 6iaroAApfi saROEy 1891 r., yoniEBmeEy san^ETy seECRaro 
ipyAa E BiiEyAEBmeMy no Bceft TepEaHia $a6pE^syx) EEoneRi^iiD 
noABecTE ETOFB sBEOROMy TpyAy Ea $a6pERaxB, KH TenepB ee'I^oeb 
npflfijiEBETeiBEoe npeAOTaBxeEle o pacnpooTpaneEEooTE ero wh Tep- 
MaEiE. Bb IIpyooiE bb 1892 r. vh 12,700 npeAQpiEiiaxB ORasajiooB 
256,410 BspociKXB pa6oTEBitB, EBB ROTopuxB 105^256 Wh BOBpacri 
16—21 roAa; 3 roAS^ onycTfl, Bi* zoniijb 1895 roAa, Ea 15,549 ^afipa- 
Eaxi* pa6oTajio yse 302,628 Bspocjnzx'B A^BymeRB e senniEB'B. 
TjiaBEHft ROET^EreErB sesn^EBi— Ea $a6pERaxB boxoreeoteixb bb- 

meCTBB: BB npEAEJIBEilX'B, TSai^REXB, RpaCfliCBEIIX'B,— TaET* MTb Sa- 

ouTaiE Bi noojiiAHifi pasB 6ojile 135 thoe^'b. CjiiAynn^aa rpynna— 
npoxHEueEEocTB npeAMeTOB'B BETaEifl, npeEMyn^eoTBOEEo npoEBBOA- 
CTBO Ta6aRy e oErap'B. 

B-b BaAeEi Ba 1892 r. pa6oTajiE 41,491 A'^BymeRi e seEE^ESi 
Bcixi BospaoTOBB. ^ECJio A^BymeRB Hojioace 14 jiiTB diuo ee^tosbo. 



*) PasyEteicfl, e o6]i(ee ^hcio BspocuiXB paGo^HXi vh AHiiiE 6o Jbine 
Eo AaieRo He bb TaRofl CTeneHH. 



OVPU 8AK0H0JUTB1BCTBA TPVA^ Wb rSPXABU. 173 

noApooTKOBi 14 H 15 jrtTi— 5,625, A'&BymeK'B 16 — 20-™ lirL— 13,657, 
ooraji&Hiiii 21,941— pa6oTHHi^Ei orapme 20 jAn. SaiiysHiixi k Bjsftwi — 
10,]62; 28,570 Boixi* pafioTHEi^x — orapme 16 xivh. Bi npoTiBono- 
jiosvocTb npyooiH, 6ojn>me Boero OKasaiooB xohii^h'l vb 6aAeHCK0ft 
npoMHnueHHOGTH cnpoAtfeTOBi nHTasiflH noTpe6jieHifl> — 16,623, ^0 
ofoircHfleTCfl ^esBUHatHHiTL pasBHiieirb vh Ba^eHi oHrapnaro npoHS- 
BOACTBa. TextU-industrie 0% 14,036 sesnuiHaMH saHHuajta BTopoe 
Micro, A^ite cJiiAOBaJiB: o6pa6oTKa KeTaJUOBi— 3,714, HSAiiui hbi 
6yMarE h kosh— 2,328 e j^p. Bi 1896 r. uojlo sesnprsi-pateTBsi^ 
Ea 6aAescKBX'L ^adpEsaxi jse 49,122 e oooraBuerb eohte 31 V^ 
BiAvb pafio^EX'B (bi* XBa npeAmeoTByioiiUe roxa Aftxo doite 327o). 
To^so TaKSd E B'B CaKOOBiE sa 304,299 MysoKEXi padouxi Bcbxi 
BOspacTOBi vb 1896 r. oKasaJiocB 152,103 xeEiQESi e AiBymeKi, 
pOBBO TpeTB Bcixi pa6o^Hxil *). 

Bo Bcefi FepEasifl xotebh ki npoesTy saEoaa 1891 r. c^EranrB y^a- 
OTie seEEiBsi b% <K)a6pEqEO-8aBOA0Koi npoMHnuesBOOTB paBEiiirB 287o. 
Ho oT^eraMi $a6pE^fflHxi EEoneKTopoBi» sa 1896 ro^i, Botxi sen- 
mEEirpaSoTSEi^x Ea repKaEOKEXi ^afipEsax'L Eao^ETUBaxocb 699,579, 
Bail KOTOpillT) nOJIOBEEa (335 teioevb) BI npEAEJILEilXl E APyi'HX'b 

OTpaciflXi Textil-industrie. He noAJiesETB, OAsaso, coKsisin, hto vh 
noofffcAEee A^cflTEjrbTie KOETEEreETB seEI^EE^-pa6oTES^1b yBejiB^HjuoE 
fle TonKO a6ooAX)Tso, so e OTEoosTenflO. 3to beaeo est* cpaBseEiE 
iiH^p'B ooBpeMesEOCTE 0T> i](E$paEE npoMuniiieEHofl nepenEOE 1882 r. 
Bo Bceft FepHaEiE no nepenEOE 1882 r. OKasajtoob vb npoMsnues- 
BocTE, ToproBJii E TpaHonopii Bii Kpyrjoixi i^Ejipaxi nojixopa 
MHJuiosa oaMOAlflTejbEHxi sefln^si sa eo^ts 8 MEJurioEOBi caMO- 
AtflTexBEHXi BOo6nte. IIo npo^ecoioflaibEofi se nepoDECE 1895 r., 
fla 107, XEJiJir. Bcixi oaMOAiflTeiBBuxi Bi npoMumxeEEOOTE, Top- 
roBJii E TpafloaopTi Eao^EraiE 6ojiie 2 mejuIoeobi sefln^EBi. 
B'B npominiJieBsoQTE EpoEBonuo yBeJoraesie nyx^EEi Ea 28,3, soe- 
fl^BEi — Ea 3570; Vb ToproBJii E TpaBonoprb oooraBi paGoTaDE^QXi 
(oaMooTOBTeuBo E saeMEo) Mys^Effb yBeuHEJioE sa 38,2, xeEEqiE'B 
ae— Ea 94,47o! 

OjifiWb m% nepBiixi sonpoooBi, soTopHfl BOSSEKaeT'L npE Bsy^e- 
flifl paonpooTpasesflooTE seEoxaro tpy^a, axo oiEomeEie KexAy 

npOfl3BOA0TBaHE, OCflOBaEEHHE Ea JUnflOMl TpjjAy E npOQBBOACTBaME 

CI iipeo6jiaAaK)n^EH'B EaeHEtzirb TpyAon. B'B nepBUX'B sesn^EEa eb- 
xaercfl eie oaeeokoA pafioTSEi^eft y oe6fl Ea AOEy (mBOfl), exe no- 
MOB^SEi^efi Myxa e oti^i b% pexeoxeEEHX'B e KjoiapEiix'B npoESBOA- 
oTBax'B; BO BTOpoM'B oxy^ai osa npoEMynieoTBeESO $a6pE?safl pa- 

({OTEEI^a. CpaBEOEie BTEX'B AByXl npOESBOAOTBeEEUX'B 1X0061 JlfiJLO 

Vb 80-xi roAATB oxiATDEui pesyxBTan: bo Bcefi repKaEoxofi npo- 
MHEixeEEooTE, cb ToproBiefl E nyxEHE ooofin^eflifl, npoi^esirB sesoxaro 



*) Badi8cher Bericht 1891, CTp. 21 —22; 1896, p. 27 — 28 h AmUiche 
Mittheilungen aus der Berichten etc. Jahrg. 1896, p. 180— 181. 



174 P7CCK0B BOrATGTBO. 

TPTA^i 6vun> 20,6; Bi npoHSBOAOTBan cb noTBi) h 6oiie pa6onxK, 
H6 noiB8ji)iiiflXCfl xexaHH^eoEHira XBHraTeiflira — 18t3V<^; b% npoHs- 
BOAOTBsn ci MexaHB^eoBHMi ABHraxeuini — 18, 170. Au 90-xi ro- 
ffiwb 7 HBCb en^e axoro paso^eTa bItb, ho no KeonyfiiBKOBaHHuirB xo 
OHXi nopi pesyjiBTaTairB nepeneoE 1895 r. hsi IV, XHuioEa Tpf- 
xaniHxoa xeHnpiHi b% opoHumxeHiooTH 7, MBuioHa— oaHocTOirreiB- 
HUfl H 1 HHJiiiOHi— HaeHHUfl pa6oTHai^, a 03% 579,000 pa60TaD- 
ntix'B xeHmiHi vb Toprosii h TpaHonoprl — 203,000 oaxooToa- 
TeiBHU H 376,000 XHBjn HaeMHHirL ipjAOMl. 

EoTB icbjiafl cepifl npoxuoiOBi, vh KOTopuxi y^aorie seHii(HffB 
Kpaftse HH^TOSHO. Bb ropHoil npominueHKOOTH EVb He doxbe 3^/a. 
Hin Biime nooraBieHo pafio^ee HaoeiOHie, Tin xeHBme xemiiRHB 
BB ropBHXi npoKHoxaxi. Bo Boeft BeoTjiaiia e hb Feixk boboo 
Hln xeBii(BHi-ropHopa6oTuit'B, oni BOTptqaDTOs rjiaBHuwb o6pa- 
soMi Bii GflieBlH. TaKi xe hh^toxho y^acTie xenoKaro Tpy^a n 
orpoHTeiBHHx'B npoHHOJiaxi, Bi npoMumjieHHOOTH o6pa6oTXH KBTai- 
xOBi, Ba BaBo/iaxi h xacrepoKHTb naoiHHi, HHOTpyMOBTOBi H anna- 
paTOBi H KH. xp- 9to npoHUOjni, opBHafimie npeBMyn^eoTBeHHO xa- 
paKTopi KpyaHaro npoHSBoxoTBa, ho bote erne utiuB paxi peHeoii, 
OTMqanniHXOH hihtoxhumi npoi^eHToifL xohii^hhi. 

Eqih opaBHOHie naqaxa 80-xi 01 90-mh roxaMH 6e8onopHO nox- 
TBepxxaeri^ SHauTOJiBHoe yBOAHqeHie xoHOKaro Tpyxa bi Kpymioft 
o6pa6oTUBax)ii^eft npoHumieHHOOTH, to ho hbxo, oxHaKo, 8a6iiBaTB, 
HTo Bi ceJBOKOiTB xodflflcTBl yqaoTio xeHcuaro ipyxa h TonepB enie 
SHaqflTejBBie, ^im Ha ^adpRsl. OrpaHHqaBaaoB yoioBiflMH toibko 
FepMaHiH, hu axtOB naxoAHHi HeopaBaeHao 6ojiLaie Tpyxan^Hxca xoh- 

mBHl Wh OeiBCKOM'B XOSflAOTBt, ^tWh Bl npuMUniieHHOOTH, h He 

TOJi&KO a6ooju)THO, HO H oTHocHTejibHo, H, ^To 611^0 ropasxo BaxHie, 
He TOibBo Tpyxan^HXCfl y oe6fl xoiia, bi co6oTBeHaoin» xoantoTBt, ho 
pa6omaiovJkuxh naeMuo na cmoponvb. Bi 1882 r. npojieccioHaJiBHaH 
nepenflOB cGHapyxaia, qio hsi 4.259.000 xeHii^BHi vb OeiB- 
CKOM'B xosatOTBt, npoMsmieHHooTH h ToproBiit 2.526,633 xeHmHHH 

paOOTBIH Vh OeiBOKOlTB XOSafiOTBl. HS'LBTHl'B 2,5 MBJJiioHOBB 276,817 

ooBepmeHEO oaMooroHTeiBHiJX'B* 922,838— senu, xoqepn h xpjrie 
qieHH oeHelcTsa seMjieAiJiBi^eBi, pa6oTaBiDifl BHtoxt cb xokoxoshh* 
humb, 619,858 doctohhhuxb pa6oTHHii(ii (roAoeuxii, cesoHHuxB) h 
706,213 ooxeBHO paOoTasmHXB ceiBOKHU pa6oTHHqi. Tojibko KenBinafl 
qaoTb xeHn^HB'B noojiixHefi KBTeropiH HMtioTB cbod co6oTBeHHyi) 
seMJLD. Bb TO BpeMfl, saBi BB o6pa6oTUBaK)n;eA npoioinueHHocTH Ha 
1000 paOouxB BB KOHi^t SO-XB rr. OKasajocB toabko 220 X€Hiiihhb, 
a Bi ToproBit 190, bb oeiBOKOiiB xosflficTBl HXB BB 1882 r. 61110 
312 Ha 1000. Bb 1895 r. bb cejacROHBXodHficTB'bHa 57, kbju. caxo- 
XtaxeiBHtixB MyxqiHB oKasaiooB 2% mhii. caaoxtaxeABHUXB xen- 

nniEB, H8B KOTOpUXB OXHH TOIBKO 355 TBLOHTb fiUXH BeiUBBJiaxilBI^IC 



0«PXH 8AE0tf0AATBALCTBA TPWJI!^ Vb rEPMAHIH. 175 

M xpecTBUKKH-oodoTBenniipi, 2,4 se KKuioHa BaHflManob HaexsHicB 
TpyAOiTL npeHMymeoTBOHBO *). 

HflxecilAyDn^Afl Tatfui^a xaen npexoraBJieHie o opaBEHieiBKoirb 
ynoTiH xeHosaro xpy^a vh KpynHHn npoiuuiueHHHxi orpaHaxi. 

Bee xoH- GaMOxiiiTeiBHim sohh^vhi wb Vo <^^ 

CBoe Ha- ceiBCK. xodflflcTBi, npoMumieH. mox^- 

ceieeie h ToproBii. Teja»H. 

B% TUCA- Spoirl npHCiyrH HpHCiyra Bcero ujxr 

^axi. THC. % THC. % 7, ^HHl. 

TepxaHifl .... 23,071 4,259 18,5 1,282 5,6 24,1 60,4 

ABorpiH 11,325 3,895 34,4 572 5,1 39,5 61,1 

*paBni« 18,789 2,855 20,6 1,507 8,0 28,6 59,6 

AHFJUA 6681 niOT* 

laHAlHHHpjiaBAiii 13,335 2,172 16,3 1,231 9,2 25,0 60,6 
Ck)efl. niTaTU . . 24,637 1,708 6,9 939 3,8 10,7 57,8 

9th AftHHiifl oTHooflToa K% Havftiy 80-rB ro^oBi, OTHocHreiBHO 
niBelifapiH H ETBJiiH nepeoHOB 1890 roxa yoTaHaBJiEBaen o^ohb bu- 
ooxift KOHTHBreHTB oaHOA'^flTeiiiHKX'B seHH^iHii: Bi niBefiitapiH 34,7% 
(28,4 6681 npHOJiyni)^ vb HraiiH 40,5<^/o (naKOHMyirb b% Espoat 
Boofin^e). HoBllmiH AaiHUH OTHOOHTeJiBHO AHPilH (1891 roxa) ort- 
Ayufl^ia: Ha 14,949 thobhi zeHn^BHi Boofiii^e bi npoMunueHHOCTH, 
ToproBii H oejUBOKOiTL xo8flfioTBl pafioTaDTii 2,256,000 (EpyrjiKifl u^^- 
pii) H Vb KaieropiH Domestic servants npBUOieHu 1,769,000. IIpo- 
i^oHn TpyAOBHxi s8HniHflLi> l-ol EaxeroplH noHHSHiofl o% 16,3 na 
15,1%, KOBTHHreHTi npHQiyra, Hao6opoTi, BeoBna yBexH^HJioii— oi 
9,2 Ha 11,7% Boero seHoaaro HaoexeHifl, Tan ^to h ofimifi HTon 
seHosaro ipy^a noBuoHJiofl oi 25,5 na 26,8% Boero seHOKaro naoe* 
leHiii *♦). 

He HrHopHpyfl jipyrnxx npn^Hn, BiianmHxi na donmee Hjni 
MeHBmee y^aorie seHn^HH'B vb HapoAHoirB TpyAl, mu, oxHaso, xoishh 
apBXTH Ki» BaunqeHilo, ^to pacnpooTpaHeHie xeHOKaro Tpyxa HMien 
CBoeft riaBHofl npn^HHofi ofin^ee BKOHOMH^eoKoe oooTOflaie Hapoxa. Y 
GoraTuxi HapoAOBi sean^HHa xeHLme paGoTaerb, noTOMy ^ro rpyxi 
MysuHi Bi 6ojiBniefl CToaeHH yAOBJieTBopflOTb noTpeOHooriixi oexbH. 
Ba 8T0 ysaBUBaerb b ho^th paBHOMlpHoe paonpe^ikieHie TpyABo^a- 
rooa MysoKoro HaoeieHia y Bcrbx'B RyjiBTypHuxi napoAOBi, Tor^a 

KBKl HeSAy OTHOmeHUIMH pa60TaDIIUIX% SeHH^HHl OTUOHeHifl o^evh 

BejiBKH. Bb CoeAHHeHHHXi miaTaxi % TpyAOBuxi seHii^BHi Boero 
xeHime, bi HiaiiH owb Boero 6oibme. PasyKleTOA, aro o6ii^ee no- 
jioseHie HMien oHJiy n o^evb cyn^eoTBeHHUHH oroBopKaiiH, ^to 



*) Yierteljahreshefte zar Statistik des Dentschen Eeichs, Jahrg. 1896. 
Er^nzangsheft, CTp. 7—8. 

*♦) Pierstoff, ciaTwi «Frauenarbeit und Franenfrage> bi «Handw5rter- 
bach der StaatBW.> bbio. 16-ft, p. 646 h ci. Boyal commission on Labour, 
Vol. 5 (Beport on the Labour question in Germany, p. 40). 



\ 



176 P70CK0E BOFATCTBO. 

standart of life y lapoAOBi HeoABsaKOBO, ^to oi pasBHrieirB 6oraT- 
cTsa opeAHHXi h BHonraxi BjiaocoBi yBauuBaeToii xoHtHHreETB 
seEOKoi npHcxyPB — x t. n. nepeflA^Mi xenepB ki ofisopj saROHOAa- 
TeiBOTBa. 

XiloTBOBaBmee xo 1891 r. $a6pHCToe saKOHOAaTei&cTBO Fepifa- 
HiH sHajio T02BEO ciiKTmm,ui nocraHOBieHifl o seHn^iHaii-pafioTHH- 
i^axi orapme 16 jAvh: 1) pozeHHi^u bo xoishm 6utb AonyoKaenu 
Ki pa6oTairb bi npoffOJOseKie 3 Hei(^^ nocii po^OBi (or. 135, u. 
5 Up. YcT.); 2) pa6oTHHitH He xonyoKauToa ki noAseiiHHini pate- 
Tain>, BTB ropHiixi npoHSBoxoTBaxi, Konflxi j KaMeHOioKHflX'B (154, a. 4); 
n 3) ooK)8HOMy coBiiy npeAooxaBJUieTCfl npaBo: BOBoe sanpeTBTB 
pa6oT7 sefln^iHi bi OTpaojux'B npoHSBOAOTBa, conpflzeHHUXL ci 
ouaoHOOTBD AJifl 8AopoBLfl X BpaBOTBeHHooTH, saiipeTHTb TaMi pa6oTy 
sesmEHi no HO^am, uh xe, HaKonei^i, nooxaBHii Aonyn^eHie pa- 
6oTff seHn^vB vb TaKHXi npossBOAOTBax'B Bib saBHOHxooTB or& flC- 
noAHeHifl HiKOTopuxi yoiOBiS. Ha ooHOBaHiH noorfcAvei craxbH, 
RaKi MH yse cmsajiH, bi SO-xt* rr. nooii^oBaio hIosojibko sanpe- 
niedfi H orpaHH96Hift paOon seHiiiHHi wb HeMHorHxi> HaH6ojrbe Bpex- 

BUTb npOKSBOAOTBaXl. 9tO BOe, ^TO SaROHOAaTeJQiOTBO COUO B03M0X- 

Huin> OAixaiB a^a zeHmHHi-pa6oTHHi^'B. Taxafl xHAH^^epeHTHOOtB 
rtiTB 6orie EsyMHTeiBHa, vro xoETHHreHn seHn^nvB Ha ^afipHKaxi 
nooTOflHHo yBejKHqEBaJioH, h napaueiBHO (tb arnirB yBeiHTOsauoB 
xajioSii Ha paonaAeHie ceiietHBiX'B yorooBi. cHiRoropsie ^aSpHKaH- 
TEi>,— HBTaeiTB KH B*!* HpaBHTeJiBCTBeHHOKi npoexii, — cnpeAnpHHH- 
MaiH nojDsiTKH CB o6n^aro oonaoifl orpaHHqsTB ipyA^ soEiaHHi, ho 
OHt oKasHBaiHGB BooFAa HeyAauuMH. npeAnpHHEMaTeu npHAHxeHi 
H Tsai^KHXi Wb BK)pTeif6eprfc h Ayro($yprt HonpoOoBaiH 61UO bbooth 
U-TH-qaooBOl aohb au pa60THHii[i, ho BepHyxHOB ki crapoiiy no- 
pHAKyi BoiiAOTBie HOBoaxosHooTH no6yAHTB Ri TaROMy se oHHty 4^- 
6pHRaRT0Bi Wb BaAOHi, CaROOHin h 9jB8a(rb». Eoih caMOAbsreiB- 
HOOTB $a6pHRaHT0BT» HO HMixa yoni&xa, to rim MOHie mosotb pas- 
QWTSBaTB Ha jonirb oaMOAbflTejiBHooTB oanHX'B paGo^Hxi, <h Han 
Eaao npHATH ri 8aRiK)9eHiD», — roBopHU npaBHTeiBCTBeHHuft npo- 
eRTB, — cqro noAo6Ho Tony, RaRi oto 611x0 vb AnrxiH, ooymeoTBienie 

O00TBtTCTByi)n(6ft SAOpOBBD SOHn^HffB npOAOJOKHTeiBHOOTH TpyA^ B08- 

MosHO jramB nyTeiTB otesaTenHaro nooraHOBieHifl saRonai. Bi npo- 
Aoxsenie 15 xiii bto ho nepeoraBaiH noBiopHTB vb nay^Hoit me- 
paiypi, peftxoTari, ne^aTH h napoAHHX'B cofipaniflX'B, h nopa duo, 
qTo6ii OTOJOi ynopHoe Tpe6oBaHle, EaROHOi^'B, 6ujio yoBoeno saROHOAa- 
TexBCTBOiTB. Bb oecoiio peftxorara 1887 — 88 r. (Vu idhh 1887 r.) 
orpoMHHiTB 6ojQ>iirHHCTBOMi npomeJTB BHeoeHHHfi I^eHTpOlTB SaROHO- 
npooRTi pe^opHt patenro aaROHOAaTexBCTBa, saRXD^aBmiS bi 
ce6i 8anpeni[eHie BooRpeoHaro, npasAHH^naro h Houoro TpyAa saeH- 
s^HVB-padoTHHi^'B Boodn^o, ofiasaTOjaHoe npeRpamenie pa6oTB Boixi 
seHnuDTB Bi 6 H. Bo^epa EaRaHysi npasAHHROBi, npoxienie aanpe- 
n^efliH pafiorB poxoHHi^'B oib 3 ao 4 HOAiiB nooxt poAOBi, yoiaKOB- 



OHBPKH 3AK0H0AATBJIBCTBA TTYJUh FB FEPMAHIH. 177 

JeBie coDaHBicB coB'i^TOii'b CMCRa npoHSBOxcTBi, VL KOTopHXi aaape- 
maerofl 8aHflTie 6epeMeHHnx^ seHmsn, h, laKonei^ — oto naBBtzS 
nyBETb — MancuMa/^hHtAii paSaHU dent dM eethXh saMyotenuxh oiceH^ 
u4mH%. Korxa npaBBieJUCTBo wb 1890 roxy« noojA MesAjBapoABoft 
EOH4)cp6Bi^ B OTOTassB BBOMapKa, saBBJiooB pe^opMoft $a6pB«aro 
saKOflOAatejibCTBa, obo npesAO Boero bsbxool sa btotb Biipa6oTaBBuft 
pelxoraroMi h ocTaBmiScB hoa^ ejzEOWh npoeKTB b nooiapaiooK 
corjaooBaTB ero ci nooTaHOBiOBiBMB GepxHBOKoi KOB^epesi^iB. On 
oABoro, BTopooreaeBsaro opaBBBteiBBo, nyHKra obo bobob OTsasa- 
jiooB — OTB onpeA^esifl npoBSBoxoTBi, bt* botophx'b aoisboSbite 
8aapeii](eB0 saaflTie seBniBBi b'b nepioAib 6epeMeBB00Tfl. Pao- 
npocTpaBBTB 8T0 sanpen^eBio hb bocb nepioA'^, — paaoysxaen npaBE- 
TeiBOTBesBufi npooBTB, — npexoiaBJifleTCfl EeBOsvosBUHi, pasB mh 
He HoseMi oTKasaTBCfl on ipjA^ saMyaBBn seHn^BB'B; orpaHH^uxB 
ero BO BpeMfl noojiiAHBXi M'i^ofli^eBX, npexmeoTBynn^BX'B poxairB, He- 

B08M0SB0, BOJliAOTBie TpJABOOTB KOHOTaTBpOBaTB TaKifl BBJieBiB. 3a- 

&0H0AaTejQ>cTB0 yse TenepB npeAOcraBiaen consBOHy coBiiy npaso 
sanpen^aTB pa6oTii xeBB^HBi bo BpeABuxB npoHSBOACTBaxi, b aTBM'B 
npaBOMi MOSBO niBpe nojiBaoBaxBOfl au HaiBTia seBn^BB'B bi yu- 
saHflufi nepioA^. 

3aT0 Apyrifl nooraHOBxeBifl peflxcrara noxyun vb hoboh'b aaROHi 
6oiie nojuoe ooyn^ecTBJieBie. 9to othocbtob npexA^i Boero b'b bo^- 

HOHy TpyAy. no SSCJI'lAOBaBiK), OpeAnpBBflTOMJ npaBBTeiBOTBOlCB 

BB 1884 r., BO Bcefi repMBBiB, npaBAB, oKaaajtocB tojibko 13,000 sbb- 

lOMR'h, nOOTOflHHO paSOTBBIDHX'B nO HOqam, nO^TH HCKIlDqHTeJiBBO Ha 

caxapBuxi aaBoxaxB h bb ropHuxi npoHaBOACTBaxi CHieain, ho on 
nopu Ao BpeneHB BO^floft ipjAB npBMiHfleTCfl h bo BoixB o^epax'B 
o6pa6aTKBaK)nielt npoMsmieBBooTB, Kasi bi XHMB^ecRBxi npoBSBOA- 
OTBaxB, 6yMasBiix'B, kobpobhxb b ap* ^aOpAKaxB. CocTaBBTejiB npa«^ 
BBTOJUOTBeBBaro npooBTB offpaBBAJiBBO paaoysABDn, ^o b'b Hoqaoiiy 
TpyAy soBBuiBX npeAnpEBBMBTeJirH hmIjih bo8hoxboctb npH6iraTB Be 
TOXBKO BO BpeMfl cpoqBHXB aBBaaoBB, ho H BB TixB ojEEyHaflXB, KorAa 
00066HBHO Buorynaen oipeMAeBie kb yveBBineBii) BaAepxeRB npoHs- 

BOAOTBa. MU MOZeMB B'B aTOMJ npBCOeAHBBTB H ApyrOfi HOMaJIOBaX* 

BHfi MOMOBn: oi» pacnpoorpaBemeMB axeRTpH^eosaro CBixa BoaaBRaeTB 
paoapocipaBeBie ho^bofo ipyAa bb tbrbxb apoB8BOA0TBax%, bbroto* 
puxi ero npeacA^ bo 6iiio. 

HoBuft aaROBB nocTaHOBJuen b^ ot. 137^ ^to pa6oTBi sobhibb'b 
Ha 4)a6pBRaxB aanpeni^aDTCfl icesAy 8Va ^- bo^. h 5Va ^. y^pa. Ilpa- 
BflxejBBCTBO noasiiaiooB oa'^ibtb o^obb cyn^eoTBeBBoe BaxaTie b3i 
ofin^aro npasBJia, ooTBBJiaH aa cox)3hhm'b ooBtTOKB npaao paaplmaTB 
Bo^flyK) pa6oTy pafioTBHi^ oTapme 16 lin bb EaBd^cTHuxB oTpacjuirB 
upoB3BOAciBa, BB ROTopuxB OBB oyH^eoTBOBaja AO BaABBui aaRoaa ■ 
Bi ROTopuxB oHa, HO MBiHJK) oonBBaro ooBiTB, BO oonpaaReBa 0^ 

onaCHCCTIK) A^B BAOPOBBB H HpaBCTBeHBOOlH SeHDUUl. K% cqacTBX), 

laKOP ABCEpeAHTBpyDH^ee boob aaROBi HaBaiie dmo 0TRJiCHeH(t ptbxo* 

J^ 4. OTA'^'h I. 12 



178 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

TaroHi, H ooDBHOMy ooBiry ysasaHi toibso tokeo orpaHH^eHiHi 
KpypB npoHBBOAOTBi, Vb soTopnTb owb BnpaB^^ AonyoKaTb Hoiun^e- 
Hlfl HBi o6B^aro npasua o Honoft pa6oTft seHn^raib, zxn ■ boo6- 
me uffb rxaBHBXi nooraHOBieKii sasoHa: bto $a6pHKH, pa6oTai>mia 
CB HeupepHBHUiTB orHeiTB, UK Boo6me BUHyxAeHHHii, no xapasrepy 
npoESBOAOTBa, pa6oTaTB ahbitb h houd, npoMBBOAorsa, bi soTopm'b 
fleBOBMOXHO paBxixeHie na paBHiui cm^^ih, h npoHBBOjKOTBa, pa6o- 
TaK)iE(ifl Tonso vacTb ro^a. Sa^ol H^erb ptiL ho o ojiy^afiHoirb hbih- 
tin All! OTAiiBHHX'B npoHBBOAGTBi, a o6% HosiD^eiiH 6oii6 oepbes- 
Haro oBotoTBa; o HenpHMtHeHiH Basosa ri vBBicTHiiiMi KaTeropiaiirb 
QpoMHmieHHOOTH. HHiepeoBi seHimKb-pa6oTHnq% fb bthxi npoHB- 
BOAOTBarb san^BmeHH jihiiib nooranoBJieflieirB or. 139a, no ROiopott 
o(in^afl npoAOjiZHTeibHOOTb ipy^a senniiEfirb no AOixna npeBumaib 
65 uooBi, Ha RHpnHCTBX'B BaBOAaxi — 70 ^aooBi vb HeAi2H>; no^* 
Hol TpyAB H6 iiioserb npoAoisaTBOfl 6ojrbe 10 ^oob'b b% ho?&, k 
HO^Hiui oirfcHu AOJBXHH esOHeAinHo HepeAOBaTBcn oi AKeBSHMH. 
HsitflTifl BB'B BaKona AonyoKaDiofl, o% paBp&memfl BJiraoTett, bi npo 
AOJseHie 40 Anefi b% tokj, vb rfcxi cjiy^aaxib, RorAa nponoxo- 
AHTb HpoBBHqaftHoe ORonjieEie saRaBOBi; pa6oTHEqEi otapme 16 jATb 
MoryTb TorAa pa6oTaTL ao 10 ^. Be^epa, ho o6n(aH npoAOiSHTexB- 
HOOTb Hxi TpyAa H6 AOiXHa npoBfiimaTB 13 ^aooBi vh eyrsH. TaRiH 
se HBiaxia h BpeHOHHiifl HORJiDqeHifl Aony^eHii hobuitb BaROHOirb 

AAA pa60TH A'^TOfi H HOAPOOTROB'B. 

BiaronpiflTHiiiTB au seHn^Hrb-padOTHHi^'b AofiaBJiOHiem HBifleroa, 
j^ai'le, Tpe6oBaHie BaROHa, ^toOi posoHHi^u ne AonyoRaiHCb na 4^a 
6pHRH paHBme, RaRi^ no HCTeqeniH 6 hba'^ib oo ahh poAOBX. Aony- 
n^enie ^epesi 4 hoaIah bobmoxho jhuib c'b paBpimeHia npa^a. Bh 
inBefli];apiH seHmEHU ne AonycKaiOToa ei paboTairL vb npoAOi- 
aenie 8 HOAiJib. 

Bl BOnpOCt BOORpeOEOMl OTAUXi npaBHTOJIbCTBO pfcrnvAOOb BH- 

cTynHTb CTb ofi^HiTb Banpen^oHieirb j^ilsl Boero pafio^aro naoejieHia, 
fio AJUi xeHn^HHi-padoTHHi^'b BAicb TaRse eoTb oymeoTBeHHoe AOfiaB- 
jienie: vb to Bpena RaRi MysuHBi MorjTb pa6oTaTb ao 6 ^. yrpa 
BOCRpeonaro eih npasAEH^Haro ahh^ seHn^HHSi npeRpaqasTb pa6oTy 
HaRaHyni ne nosse 5Vi ?. akh. Bb iioTHBaxi no BTony noBOAy oRa^ 
3aH0, ^0 ToibRo Bx TOKi ojipoA seHn^HHa AUoTBHTOibHo Boonon- 
syeTOH BooRpeoHfiiMx oTAuxoiTb H o6eTaBHTb ero yAoGoTBam a^^ 
CBoet ooMbH, eojoi y nea EaRaHyai tiyAorb AooraToqHO BpeiceHH a<a 
npHBeAenia bi nopaAORi xoBaiciBa. JUa koxoahxi se pafioTHHi^ 
se^epa HaRaEya']^ npasAHHROB'b eAaHCTBeHHoe apeiia, RorAa oai ko- 
ryrb BaEExaiboa pyROAiiiaHE k xoBaticTBOirb, taRi RaRX b% ooran- 
HH6 Bo^epa OHt HacTOJQiRO yoTanrb orb pafoTK, ^ro ae xosen 6jab 
piiH o6b ycntmHOirb o6y?eHiH. K% ooxaiftEin, ich h zji/keb aorpi- 
qaeaca cb doibmHKH asiaTiaini. AAMEHECTpaTHBauM'b opraaairb 
npoAootaBJieso AonyoRaTb paOoTEBi^, ae airbD^ax'b oo6(rrBeaaaro 
xoaafioTBa, npeAnpaHEMaTb ^eoTRy a t. n. pa6oTH aa ^afipaaax'b 



O^PSH 8AE0H0AATEJILGTBA. TPyfiS Kb rSFMlHIH. 179 

vocii jKaaaHHaro BpeiieHH, <rA% sto TpeSyeioa no xapasrepy npo- 

fH3B0JI6XBa>. ^ 

Cauiifl KpyiiHHfi nyHKTB se tojtbko bi OTA&ii o xoHOKOn xpyxb, 
HO H BO BoeMi> saKOHi, sauDqaeTCfl bi yoraHOBieHiH iiaKonicaibflaro 
pafo^aro aesl wh 11 ^. a^h Bcix'B seHmEffb oTapme 16 liTB. Bi 
npaBsieiBOTBeHHOMii flpoeKii, ct. 137^ 2, 3 h 4 nocTaHOBiflxa, tto 
«3aHATie pa6oTHHii(i oiapnie 16 jt^tb ho aoixho Aur&oa (Ha $a6pH- 
Har&) fiojrbe 11 ucobi wb a6hb. ^ih oQijsfik padoTHHi^aMi AOisna 
(SfiTb npexooTaBiena naysa, no spalHeft nipt, bi 1 ^aoi. Pa6oTHni^u 
CTapme 16 xitB, HHiDniui na cbohxi pynaxi xoaflftOTBO, pfiJOLEU 
6uTh OTiiycEaeMti, Kor^a oni dToro noTpefiyioTi, aa nojiuca ffl naoTy- 
nienifl ofrbjieHHoS naysu, ecia nooiiABSfl ho j^rtoh, no RpailHeft vif% 
iVt 9aoa>. MexAy nooxaHOBjieHieifi npaBHieiBOTBeHHaro saEOHonpo- 
6KTa H npooKTOirb peftxcxara, o KOTopom mh paH&nie ynoMHHaiH, 
oieHB 6ojn>maH pasHHi^a: npooRn 1891 r. h jiyqine, h xyxe oBoero 
npeAmeotBOHHEKa. Jlyqoie noTOMy, vto ohi ho orpaHnqEBaercH bbb- 
XGHieKi HasoHMaxLHaro paOo^aro xhh jifla saHysHHrb toileo sbh- 
n^HffL, a yoTaHOBXflen ero }i,JLa. bc1x% paSoiHHi^ orapme 16 jAtl. 
KamecTBeHHaa pasHHi^a Mex;^y o6ohmh uooTaHOBxeHiflicH aonie Boero 
ofiHapysHaaeTOfl HS-b Toro ^asia, qro bi» opoAHHi aBryora 1890 roj^a na 
Botx* repMaHCEHx%$a6pHKaxiHaoMTKiBaxocb toileo 130,000 saMyH- 
Hflxi seHH^HHi, Tor^a Easi en^e b-b 1887 roxy hhoio bo4xi sacipa- 

JCOBaHHUXl BT. ^JfmEMTh KaOOarB XOHHIHHI, T. e. TOIBRO pa6oT- 

.HHUt Ha (JoiBBiHX'B $a6pHEaxi, DpeBHunaao 300,000. Bi xtftoTBH- 
TeiBHOOTH pa6oTfiHi^B Ha Botxi f adpsRaxi ropas^o 6oiBnie, h moxho 
cM'fiio OKasaiB, qio npaBHTexBOTBOHHiift npoesTB no KpailHeA nipt 
BTpoe yBoxH^HBaerB o$epy npHMtaeHia MaEOHicaxBHarD pafioiaro ahh. 
€Ha SAopoBBt senosaro Hacexenifl eo^e 6oi4e hoeohtch 6y«yn^ee 

HaHiH, q:&lCB Ha SflOpOBB* MyXMHl*,— BaaBXHDTl XOTHBH El 8T0My 

nuoxaHOBjieHix); — €orpaHHqeBie pafioxH senn^HrB Heo6xoAHMO ne 
ToiBEo Bi» BHAaxi o6n(ecTBeHHaro sApaBia, ho h au noAHHtifl oeMei- 
HoH SH3HH». npaBHrexBOTBo ptfflHiooB, OAHaEO, XHHIB Ha orpaHH^o- 
^e TpyAa aceHn^HVB II-d qaoamn bi aohb, qro ne oooTaBiaerb 
AooraTo^HOlt Ban^HTH xohoshx'b ohi-b, lorAa Eas'B no npoeEiy pettxc- 
Tara npeAnoxaraioH 10-qaooBo4 a^hb, npaBAa, toibeo ajui 
BuMjsHHxi senmHi. Bospyrb Bonpooa o npoAOxxHrexBHOOTH pa6o- 
varo ASA npeHMyn^eoTBeHHO ooopeAoqEBaxacB noxeMHsa o seHOEoaci 
^pyA*^* llpoTHB'B oaMaro ycTaHOBxenia MaEOHnaiBHaro pa6oqaro aha 
MM M»um,9iWh HO 6uxo cepBoaHHx'B BOspasBHifl. Jffixe naHfioxie 
oTEpoBeHBiie npoAoraBHTexH sanHxaxa xeiaxH toxbro no6oiBnie hbbh- 
TiA: nocTOHHHHX'B H3MTi» AU npflAHxeHi, Hanp., noTOHy hto xpyA* 
xaHi OyATo oqoHB xerRitt, h €HHxepeca Hai^ioHaxBHoil npoxumxeaHO- 
-exa* H6 AonyoRamrB yiieHBnieHia pa6oxu Ha 1 qaiTB bi a^hb; Bpe- 
MeHHuxi HBMxift A^H oesoHHuxT* H i^ixaro pflAa Apymxi npona- 
BaAOXBi, uoABepxeHHUxi orbni RonxDHRxypi. Ci npoxHBonoioxHot 
cxopoHBi yRasMBaxH Ha neofixoAHHocxB orpaHHqaxB pa6oqifi abhb sea- 

12* 



180 PyCGKOS BOrATCTBO. 

msHEi FL xaKovKjifb lO-n HaoftMv. KiepHKSiH joraKH KamaBa? 
r^me saaBBJiH, 9to npHii^iniaAHo ohh sa to, );ro6Bi soHiu^BHa no- 
oreneHAO bobco 6Hia yxaieEa oi $a6pHu *)• Coipan-AeiiOKpaTifl^. 
TaExe DpHHitHniaiLHo Tpefiyfl MasoHMauHaro pafio^aro aha ajia Boixib 
Bspoanm pa6own, HaoraHBaia sa Ton, Tro6u iiaROHMaiBHuft 
jieHB AU seinuisi eh bi xaKOMib oiy^l se npeBuman 10 9a- 

OOBl **). 

Bo BCffKOMi oxyqai ll«uooBoi pafiotiB aosb aui Bspooxuxb sen- 
HiBHTi BceraKH HiKOTopHl marb snepeAi ***), ^^ Heo6xoA£ifOOTiiD 
BeAyipift Ki paoopoerpaHeHiK) lasoro se orpaHSWHiif a Ha Bspooism 
pa6o«xi-Mysun bi lixi npeAapiaxUx'L, bi KoropHXi sesoKiil 
axeveHTb otohb sHauiejieHi. OAHaKO, e bi btoA oKpovHOft ^opvi 
san^HTa xeHn^HHU ho npoBe^eEa ot> nojmol nooiixoBarejiLEOOTBD, a. 
Honop^eHa MHoroucAeHHUMH esutIehh ****). ' 

Oraeru ^afipB^Huxii EHoneKTopoBi echo xosasnBann, hto eoiH- 
6k saKOHOAtTeiBOTBO fffcficTBETenEo saAajiooB seiaflieMi o6jKemTB 
TP7A% S6Hii(SHH wh o6ii^eMi EpaBEii, a HO wh 6oiid hxe MOEie 
HOKiDnTejEbiBixi oiynaaxi Kpatneft aKonioaTaitiE, oso xoixeo 6hio 
6u npoAHKTOBaTb HO 11-TE, a, HO xpaiHei irbpi, 10-te naooBofi mx- 
OHMaxBHuI AOHB. Bi $a6pE9EHXi OT^eTEX'^ sa 1890 roAi npEBeAeHu,. 



*) Stenogr. Bericht des Beichstags, Yin Legisl., Bd* I, p. 180. 
**) Drncksachen zum stenographischen Bericht, Antrag Auer and 
Genossen. 

***) B^ TO Bpexfl, Kaxi npeACTaBHTeiH coiuan-xeMOBpaxiH wh peflxc- 
Tarb 6ed7CjiOBHO BucxasaiHCB sa orpaHH^eme xencKaro xpyxa h sa cne- 
ipaiBHHA BSiflTiH Bi ooiBsy xeH]i(HH'b-pa6oTHHi](%, npexcxaBBTeiBHHmi no- 
ciixBBxi vb iHTepaxypi h napoxHuxi co6paHiiix% CTanoBiiTCii aa xpyryi) 
TOHKy spd^Hiii. <Mu He xothmi, -- roBoparb OHi, — cneiuaiBHiirb Haiflxifl; 
saxa^efi xeBntHHH j^ojisho 6nTb to se canoe, ^to saxa^efi ]iysqHHU.> 
XapaxTepHue o6pa3i(u y Clara Zetkln, «Die Arbeiterinnen und 'Franen- 
frage der Gegenwart> OBerlin, 1891): <no hcthh± nenoHHTHO, hto ci co- 
luaiHCTH^ecKoil cxopoHs, xoTfl H pise, ^iii'b npesxe, ho Bce enie pasxa- 
DTCH Tpe6oBaHiii 061* OTM^Hi H orpaHH^eBiH seHCKaro Tpyjia... Gtoatb sa 
orpaHH^enie sencKaro Tpyxa (spoM^b HbKOTopux's HHiioii^HX's b% BHxy sjio- 
poBBe senmEHu h noTOHCTea) SHa^Hrb noBopaHHsaiB sasa^'B HCTopiK) pas- 
BBTiH H o6BapysHBaTB noiHoe HenoHHxaHie aBOHOHH^ecKHx^b ycioBifi. JiCe- 
lanie cHOBa npHBOBBTB seHB^HHy k'b Aony, b^b ceHB'b— Taxoe se 6e3yMHoe 
H 6e3iuoAHoe, xas'B soxbtb paspymeHlH HamiBi; oho hh na ioxy ne Menie 
peasi^ioHHO, ^iMi CTpeuieHifl cnaexB xeiKyx) nponHuueHHOCTB, coxpaRBTB 
cpexHee irbinaBCTBo, BOSCxaHOBEXB i(exH> (cTp. 11, 13). KasB h^b^ctho, na 
Bonrpeccb no pa6oqe]iy sasoHoxaxejiBCTBy, npoBCxoxHBnieMi b'b 1897 r. vh 
I][H>pHX'b, na xy se xo^xy spd^sin cxaiH Bci coi^iajrHcxH^ecEie j^eieraxu, 
Torxa BaBi KiepHsaxH b xpECTiaHcxie coi^iaiHCTii Bcbxi cxpani xpe6oBaiR 
yxajieHifl hb-b (jiaCpax'B senjiiHH'b, no xpaftHed Mipi aaxysuHxi seHn^HHi. 

**^^**) Taxoft yEd^peHHuil h omixHiifi vh paGo^exi^ Bonpoci AiaxejiB, xax'B 
Maxc^B rnpm'B, saflBHi'B vh pefixcxart, ^xo Hsiaxift HecpaBHeHHO 6oiBnie, 
^M-b dxo 61110 Heo6xo;(Bico B'b HHxepecax'b npoMiiniieHHOCTH: <Die Menge 
der Ausnahmebefagnisse ist so gewaltig, dass man an das Gewand der 
Penelope erinnert wird, das am Tage gewebt und in der Nacht wlederauf- 
gelost wird». 



OqSPRH 8AK0H0AATBJ[BGTBA TPTAft Bl rEPHAUIH. 181 

'XanpHMip'B, oBiA'bHiii o npo^ojiSHTeiBHOCTH TpjAa sdHmirffB bi 
oEpyrt MarAe6ypra. Kai 6,004 seHm^sn, pafioTaBmnxi Ha 288 $a6- 
pasaxi H saBOAaxi, 110 Ha 5 $a6pHsax% pa6oTajiH no 12 h 6orbe 
^aooBi, ly040 Ha 52 $a6pRKax'B paSoiaiH no 11-th ^aooBX, 3,631 
Ha 165 4^a6pHsaxi pa60TaiH no lO^aooBiH oorajiBHHfl KOHte 10 ?a* 
C081. C^ opHMiHeHieirfc HOBaro saKOHa aojishh oKasaTBOH vh BHHrpfiimft 
He 6oiie 110 sohhihhl, hih Mev&e 2^/^ Bcix% pa6oTHHqi». Bojrbe 

1^000 pa60THRI^1, HIH OKOJTO 18^^, OOTaDTOfl Kb npesHoiTb nOJBLOXe- 

Hiff, H Hm, Kan h BoftMi, pafiOTaKn^HirB yse lenepL no 10 tooobi, 
aasoHi coBepmeHHOHeHyzeHx.MH ne roBopHMi, pasyirbeTCH, TrosaKOHii 
He AOisHK sa^aBaTBoa iiiiBi) ynaqTOsatB Boninaua dioynorpe&ieHiir, 
HO comaiBHoe SHa^enie $a6pHqvaro saROHOAaTeiBOTBa 6ojn»ni6 h mnpe, 
Korxa OHO oosi^aeTB jura SBa^BTOnBHofi rpyonH Tpy^a fioiie (uiaro- 
npiflTHua ycxoBia pa6oTu h oyn^eoTBOBaHia, ^iwb rb, saKHMH osa 
noiBsyeTca reaepB. 

B'B EaAOHi orpaHH^enie pa6oqaro BpeaeHH xeHn^BHB sooHyjiccB 
npAHHynieGTBeHHo npsABiBHUxi h T&aipLBXi ^atipHSi, tbri safCB aa 
Bcixi fi,pjrzrh o^ohb piAKO paOoraxH a paHBme 6ojAe 11 laooB'B 
Bi XGHB. Bi 6oiBnrHH0TBi npHAHieaB BBOAOHie vaKoaHaiBHaro pa6o- 
uro ;iHa A^a sean^HHi osaaqaio, oxHaao, ooapan^eHie pa6oTJBi Ha 1 
^acib, B'B abKOTopux'B a Ha 2—3 qaoa. cIIotih 6eai aouDqeHia 
Bcl ACBOJiBHH npoBcmeAniHtfB HBaiaeHieai bx npoasBOAcxBt, — na- 
metB ^a6pHqHHfi HHCoeRTOpi^ — bx sojiH^eoTfii npoAjKTa hjih boboo 
HO npoHBomio asai^HeHii, hxh xe npoHsomia 3HaqHT6JiBHo aeHBrnaa 
y6iuB, qlxii oooralTOTByion^aa coKpameaiK) pa6oqaro BpeaeHH... 
MHorie B4a;^iBi^i npaAueaB a TRai^KHXi BHosasaia, ^to ohh ox 
yAOBOJiBOTBieai npHBiTOTBOBajiB 6u h cospanieHie pa6oqaro Bpeaeaa 
AO 10 HacoBx npH yeioBin, qiodBi oho 6£iio ocjn^ecTBjieHo npHHjx* 
Aenieax saaoHa, ofiaaaTexBHaro au Bctxx>. Bi» nasBaHHott npoaum- 
.4ieHHO0TH, aasx npenaynKeoTBeHHO noiBsyD^eftca xeHCKHaib TpyAoax, 
HaoTynHJio to, ^to 6xxo h bi AhfjAh nocJitACTBieai orpaaHieHia 
xeaoRaro TpyAa: Tasi Raai ^afipHKaaraa'B aeBsroABO hjih neBOdaoxHO 
pasCHBaTB pa6oqift nepooHaix Ha ayxoayK) h xeHCKyn rpynnu, to 
ayxqHHH to^ho Tan xe nojrBsyioTca 11-th qaooBEirB MasoHaaiBHiiHB 
ABOMi, Kasi H xeHniHHH. 9to Hd HOKJUoqaxo, BOHeqHO, nonsTORi 
oCxoAHTB saKovB. Ha HiaoTopEix'B $a6pHRarB ooKpan^axH nayau, 
tbkx aaiTB owb HejBierao noAABDTca Hoarpoii); ooo6eHHO qaoTO ooaep* 
HiaeToa otfxoA'B nooTaaoBxeHia saRoaa, qTo6Bi no oy66oTaxi a nasa- 
ayab npasAHHSOBx xeHoiHHH orayoBaxHOB Aoaoft ae nosxe 5Vs qa- 
ooBx AHa. 3a bto, aaai a sa aapymeaie nocTaaoBJieail, danpenukio- 
nuixx Hoqnyi) padoxy xenn^HEi, HacneauiH HooAHOspaTHO npHiOABioos 
npHBieaaTB ^fipHKaHTOBi ki oyAe6Hoft OTBiTCTBeHHocxH. CoBepmeHHO 
xepTBot GysBofi ooraerca npoAnaoaHle (ct. 137, nyaaTB 2 Gewer^ 
'beordnung), qTofiii xoh^hhh h A'^E^BymaH oxapme 16 xfiTi, eciH Ha 
Bxx pyaaxi xosaltcTBO, oTnycaajiHCB aohoB sa noxqaoa ao HaoTynie- 
Hia oMAOHHofi naysH. Tan aan axo TpefiOBanie HeoSaaaTOiBHO, a 



182 P7CCK0E BOrATGTBO. 

saBBCHTB on upeAOTasjieHifl caMBXi pa6oTBBi^i>, to npexnpiBBMaTeiB* 
DpooTo pasc^BTBBamx pa6oTBBi^'(, A^jranmBix TSKifl <npexcTaBJireBifl>; 
jia fl oABOfi yrposH pasc^oTOHi aooteto^bo, ?to6u ot6bxb y seHmQin^ 
oxoTj A^jiaTB sauBJieBiii. HEoneKiopi npnco sasiiBaerB KOBEperHse^ 
cjy^aH H roBopBTb lasse, ^o pa60THBii£i cosHanTi, ^o OHi He- 
cMinii HH^ero Tpe6oBaTB. 

Mu yKaauEazB BKme, KaKi uoAopBasa ssn^ia xeEOKaro Tpyi^a* 
VHOro^BCJieHBUMH HSifiTiflMH.B'L BaAOHi, TAi BHoneKE(ifl He ynyoRaerb 
B8X PBAa BBTepecoBx TpyAa, b*! 1,892 roAy bs'latui fiuju AonymeHsr 
Ba 162 $a6pBKaz^ oi 6,122 pa6oTHBi(a]fH, a cBepxcpo^Haii pa6oTar^ 
BioCmeMi cocTBBBia 147,089 nacoB'K. fii 1893 roAy Ha 170 $a6pK- 
Ban paGotajiH csepxi 11 ^acoBi bi^ o6mfiWk ETori 170,395 qaooBi, 
TaKX saE'B HHorifl oipaojiE npoESBOAOTBa boboo ne Tpe6oBaiH Sbton^ 
TO nocjB'tABiB paoupeA'bJrBK)Tca nesAy cpaBBHrejiBHO HedonmEVB. 
^ECiOMi npoAnpiflTifi e liwb uyscTBETeJirBBie OTpasaiOTOfl na oaboA* 
rpyoDt paCcTBBAir. Bt> ojihiwb cjy^ai 229 pa6oTHKi^, Ha ooHOBaniH 
ABBHot $a6pEBaHTy ALroTN, pafioTaiE 4 HicEi^a bi roAy no 13 ^a- 
coBi wh A^Bb (sir ooTBJimue 8 Micfli^eB'b—no 10 ^aooFb). 

4^a6pEU£iH-ycjioBifl yAEBBTexBEo HHBejxBpyx>TL oTEomeEur.HpaBH, 
npieiiH. MesAy dxhuh'e nlMiieM'B b ^saKoosiieM'B enie o^ohb 6oiBmoe 
pasjiB^ie wb ofipaai shshb, spaBaz'B, asuKi, ho ^a6pH^Hue nopsAKH^ 
coBopmeBBO oABsaKOBH. KaKi h bi BaAeni, HiKoropue oaKCOHCKie 
^afipBEBBTH CTapaioTCfl^ BBBeporaTB Ha naysaz^b toti jro6aBO^Hu9' 
^acB, KOiopufl y hbh OTHfln HaEOBMaiBHiift pa6oHit fiewb sua 

SeBDlEBl, lOTH COJIBIDBBCTfiO^ HO SBEBJieBil) CaEOOHCEBX> OT^OTOB^, 
DpBllBpEIOOB CTb EOBUlTb SaEOEOlTB, E 0Cyn(e0TBJ(6Hie OFO e% BTOft 

oTcpoBH HO npeAOTEFJiaJio TpyABOOTei. %o oipaHE^eEie TpyAa sea- 
n^BHu He npHBecJio cKOXBEO-BHfiyAB saH'^Tiaro yntep6a npoxumxeE- 

BOCTE E npOMUmJieBBEEain, ECHO AOKBSHBaiOTB AEJ^pi^ ECeEHIEH'B- 

pa60TBBm Ha caKcoHCREXi 4^a6pEKaxx: vh 1891 roAy, AO npEMiEeRift^ 
saBOBa, HXi Chjo 107,756, vh 1892 roAy— 110,222. MesAy t4ipb 
1892 roAi npEBaAiiesajLi ex qHCJiy EefijiaroEpiflTHiix'B au o6pa6aTHBaB)- 

mefl UpOHIilTJieHHOCTH, E UCJTO pa60?fll'B HySUHB 8a BTOTB roAi^ 

yyeBBffiBJBocB ci 222,716 Ba 221,083. Ha npHM*p* A'i^TCEaro TpyAa- 

MOSEO BEA^TB, ^TO, eCJUE SaKOEOAaTeXBBBIfl OrpaES^esifl CTaHOBETGff 
O^eBB ^JBOlBBTeJIBBHllE A'H ITpeAIipEBHMaTeJUI, OOOTBtTCTByDIBaE 

EBTeropifl paCo^Bxi) yEeEBmaeTCE. CaHHE 6oj»niiE saTpyAHenia b^^ 
CaBcoBiE BOTplTBJio, OAEaso, He ooyiAeGTBJieBie 11-TB-^aooBoro TpyAa^ 
a speEpsnieBie ho^bob pa60Tu; aio cco6eHBO OTHooHTra Ri npoES- 

BOACTBa]l'),B'B KOTOpBXX SBHCKlfi TpyA'B Cpecfijiajiaei'B EBAl* MySOEBMB, 

H TA^ o^eBB^acTo paCciaH)!^ ABji&a CMiBaEE. EecHOTpa sa nxoxia 
ycjKOBia c6uTa, caKcoBAH BceTBEE c^eBB mEpoEo nojiBsynTca 
H8i£TiaEE Bsi 8aE0Ba. Bb npycciH xoia ooymecTBEeHie MaKOHMaJiB- 
Earo pa6o^aro abe ae npeAOTEBjiajio EEKaEEXB saTpyAHOEitt, ho aa& 
43,594 pa6oTflflirB AonymsBa 6ujia CBepxcpo^aaa pa6oTa, oociaBEBDjaa 
BB oGnieMB ETorb 1.344,109 Ao6aBO?EBX'B hehobb bb xe^eBie 9 Mica-- 



OqSPSH SAKOHOAAiTSJirBCTBA tPYJl/h B'b rSPMAHIH. 183 

Hewh 1892 rojca *)• B*^ IIpyociH, Kan h wh CaROOHiH, EaBapiH, 

H Baxeidk, npaBO paOoriuii^'B Tpe6oBaTB flfSL oefifl en^e noraoa o6ib- 

xeHHOft naysH ooTaeiofl nepTBoi dyRBoi. SaipyAHeHui h bi npyooiH 

BH8Bajio ooynteoTBieiiie no^Horo OTA^zxa, ooo6eHHO Ha oaxapHHxs 

BaBoxax'b, FAi uoio seHmHET* BCJrtAOTBie 8Toro Aase SHa^HTenHo 

jiieHiaiiuooB. Ho^iHaii pa6oTa o^en naoro se saBHOim otb toxhh- 

^qeosaro xapaxiepa npoHSBOAOiBa, a odxacHgeroa JOLinh seiaaieirL 

sasi MOXHO HH76H0HBHie BxoiuoaTHpoBaTb nooTOHHHHfi saiiHTaxi. 

BaBapoBiS ot^otb sa 1892 foa'b npiBOAHn xapaBTepHHfi npHiiip'B ^ 

•jKOHEot $a6pHu, Ha KOTopufl BOjrtxGTfiie sanpen^eHia Houoro Tpy- 

xa seHUpiHi, j^afipBUHTy npHt&iooB saTpaTHTB en^e 3Vi MHJudoHa Ha 

sooTpoiay h (KisaBeAeHie Bxoporo sopnyca. PaHBnie ManuHH h ba^hih 

yTUHSHpoBadiixoB ^B'B TeHBHle 24 qaooBi, lenepB vh AByxi SAaHiaxi 

pa(k>Tax)n toxbeo ahbui no 11 ^acoBi. TaKie se npHHipH npHBo- 

XHTB npycoKie OT^eru oTHooETejiBHO oaxapHUX'B saBOAOBi. 

?To Kaoaerofl Biuuia ooKpao^eHui sencKOft pa6oTH Ha 8apa6oTOirB, 
TO Ha DepBHXi nopaxi oho ho BesAi 6h20 ctoa xe (SiaronpiaTHiiMx^ 
xaKi B'B BaAOHt. Bi IIpyooiH bo MHoraxi MioTarB noAOHHafl Hiara 
6iua yMOHBrneHa **), bt* BaBapiH saMi^ttJiocB n yMOHBrneHie OAi^B- 
Hofl HiaTs, KasB poByjiBTaTB yiieEBmeHiH npoAyxTa. OAnaso yxe B-h 
OTverax'B 8a 1893 roAi* ntme ynoKHHaeToa o 6ojiie fixaronpiaTHHxi 
pesyiBTaiax'B. O^obhaho, hto BiiflHie ooKpameHiA BpeneHH na hhtoh- 
OHBHOOTB TpyAa OKasaiooB ho bbsa^ OAHflaBOBo fisrorpo. 

JSn Boero npeAUAyn^aro mosho bubooth saiuD^eHie, ^o ecxa 
pe^pMy ^aGpH^Haro sasoHOAaTOJUOTBa b'b ^mi-u6o kosho yiipe- 
XHyiB, to othdab ne wb paAHxanHoft jioMKi oioacHBinHxoa OTHomeHii. 
HiMeiQde npoAnpEBEHaTen Apyn)ro MHimfl. KaKB uothhh Auisfi^ 
MHarie hbi^ bhx'b oonyBoiBynrB TeHAOHi^iaM'B saKona, HanpaBAeHHBiMii 
HI sanpni oia6iflniHX'B BxeHeHioB^ pa6o?eft xaocUt ho Kasi oo- 
oioBie OHH saniBn^aDToa otb^ noearaTeiBOTBi Ha obod iipH6Hjn>, na 
OBoe roonoAOTBo. Hxi npeAOTaBHTeu b'b pefixorarfc ycn'&ui npoAu- 
paBHTB BasoHi i^'bjioft cepiefl HOKJin^eHifi. En^e ptmHTeiBHie «h 
OTKpoBeHHfte^BHCTynanrB ToproBsa saMopH h npoMKnixeHHiiH najEaiu. 
EABa InpaBHTOJiBCTBeHHiift npooRTB nooryoHX'B vb peftxoTarB, rbk'b 
Bot npeAoraBHTenHHE y^pesAOHia Ryne^ecKaro h $a6pHKaHTosaro 
HHTopeoa yse yoTpaHBaiOTB ci'i^SAi, oo^hhhdtb nerai^H, 6bh)tb ipsBory 
B'B ne^BTH H Ha oo6paH]flrB. Sai'birB npaBHxexBOTBo oi cBoeft oroponu 
c6pan(aeTCH r'b xaiiepaHB n naxaTaH'B cb BonpocaMH, Racax>niBMH^ 

HOBOft pC^OpiOI, H 8T0'^ OHOBa AaOTB TOJ^eXl R'B aTTBRi npOTHFb 

roeyAapoTBOHHoft peraaKeHTai^iH. TIpaBo rooyAapciBa BHilrnHBaxBCH 
vh OTHcmeBifl nesAy RanHiajiOM'B h xpyAOii'B npeAoraBJuieTOfl eiae 

BeOBMa OOMHHTeiBHHHli — 8T0 HOOJll lO AiTb OOI^aiBHOft HOIHTHRH! — 



*) Jahresberichte der £5iugl. prensBischen Begiemngs nnd Gewerber&the 
and Bergbehbrden ffir 1892, p. 141—48, 208—204, 78 h xP- 
**) Jahresberichte, 291. 



184 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

npexnpHHHMaTeJuiM'B bi Taue h dp^^yprt. XPjne hxi ROJixerH Tavs 
ASJieKo He HAjTi, ho capej^ynpeaci^aDTB^ — ho npeyBeiH^HBaTB, ho 
cnimHTB, €He bu^ubwil bi paCo^Hxi xaffHOOTH>. Ohh js,BSRe He ao- 
HBKaDTi, K'B Heifj co6gtb6hho rocjAapoTBy BHHsaTB Bi AeiajiBHua 
yojioBiH $a6pH«oft sh3Hh? B'&ab rt 3ji[oyaoTpe6ieHifl, na KOTOpua 
ofiuKHOBOHHo ccEuaDTOH, TOJEbKO HouD^eHifl. BHQQBaH B^ uaooan 
npe;i;cTaBjeHie, 6yAT0 npoAnpEHHiiaTeiH CesoepAe^HHe jkah, pyso- 
BOAOTByKnUeoH tojebko oBoesopiiGTHEni'B paso^eroiTB, npaBHTeisoTBO h 
peftxoran hopthtb ycTaHOBHBmyioofl rapMOHiK oTHomeHift. CpexH 
ToproBUZx npeAoraBHTejiefi botb h MopaucTu, npHXOAaniie B'bHaro- 
AOBaHie on» Toro, ^to ^bc^ TOnepL rosflTOH aa noHyxapHOOTBi) y 
KaccTbi, H xio6HTe2H 0B060AH, BOSiiyii^aDii^ieofl nojiHi^eiOKOft onesott % 

4. 

Bo rjiaBi Bcixi nooTaHOBieHil san^Hit pa6o^Hxi 6qzi> paajiH^ia 
noAa H BospaoTa nysHO nocTaBaib o6H3aTej[BH£ifl xtpu r^ oxpaHoHiio 
»H3HH H SAopoBui Ha $a6pHRi. Pe(j[)opMa 1891 ro^a aonMiaJiacb 
noiHie ^opMyiEpoBaTB Tpe6oBaHifl, KoropuH aoxxhei 6iirB nooraBJieHM 
rocyAapoTBOHi* npeAnpHHHtfaTeJMicB; ho h ara noaHTsa jifizeKo eme 
He Aaen» yAOBiOTBopHTejiBHaro pasptmeHia o6ii^ecTBeHHoft da^a^H bi 
o6jiaGTH $a6pHqHol rHrieHii. 

npeAnpHEHMaieiH o6ji3aHu TaKi^ ycipoHTb n ooxepsaib noirtme- 
Hii A'fl pa6oTfii, HamHHBi, opy^ifl h Bci npacnocofijieHSH bi npoHSBOA- 
oTBy H TaKTb peryjcnpoBaiB canoe npoaseoi^CTBo, ?to6h pa6oq]e 6uia 
npeAOxpaHeHH on onaoHocTei ussl shbhh h saopobbh, naosojBso std 
Boo6ii^e B03MOsao no oBofioTBy pa6oT£i. Bi ^aoTHooTH xosaena AOisshi 
3a6oTHTB'cfl ToirB," ^To6u 6Biffo AooTaTOTOO OBtsaro BosjKyxa, ?to6h 
BeHTHiflAia yoTpaHHia B03HHKaK)ii^yn npH pa6oTi ubijib, Honapeabi h 
ra3Bi, H ^To6u oTfipoGU 6BIJIH yxaifleMu. To^ho Tasse aojdrhu 6htb npe- 
HflTBi Bci npeAoxpaHHTeJD&HHH Mtpu Bi orpasAeHin pa6o?Hi'B OTib 
onaoHaro npHKocHOBeniH bi KarnHHaicB h ot'b Apyraxi oaaoHOoiett 
npoH3BOAQTBa, FB oco6eHHocTH npH HaeryiueHiH nosapa. npeAQH- 
canifl nopHAEt pa60TU h noBeAeniH pado^axi Tasse aojishh HHiTB 
Bi BHAy orpasAOHie hxi shshh h 3AOPobbh. 3a araHH o6iii;hhh 
HocraHOBJieHiflMH 0JA]^^mrb npeAHHoamfl OTHooHreiBHO orpasAOHifl 

HpaBOTBOHHOOTH. TjSJb OOBHtOTHaH pafiOTa 060HX'b nOXOBl BQABTl SI 

EUpymeHiK) AofipHxi HpaaoBi, ona AOiEsna 6iiTb yorpaHOHa. Fa*! pa- 

6omLWb npiXOAHTOfl pa3A'&BaTB0H H OA^BaTBOfl, nOM^meHlfl AOJUBHH 
61ITB OTA^IBHUA ffi& nySUH'B E SeHH^HHl. Ooo6eHHaH CTaTBH (120) 

npeAiiHOBiBaerb yoHizTB TpefioBamH oTHOCHTex&HO sAopoBban HpaBOTBen- 
HOOTH Bi rtxi npeAnpiaTiax'B, Bi ROTopuxi pa^OTanti MaioitTHie 
(MOiose 18 AiTb). 



*) Die Urteile der deutschen Handelskammern iiber die Novelle zur 
Gewerbeordniing:. Conrad's Jahrb. 1892. Heft 3, p. 264—281. 



O^SPKH 3AK0H0AATEJ1BGTBA TP7A« Wb TEPMAHm. 185 

OveBHAHO, TTO eroib o6mfi ^opicyjiHpoBanEifl Tpe6oBadfl Majio 
teases no 066i AOOTHrann i^in, ecn b'b Tose Bpemi nin cnei^iajnno 
^pxysHpoBaHHuxi nooraHOBJieHit, yKasaHifl KOHspeTHBixi iiipi. 
Il3A&Hie laKHXi A^rajBHHX'B npoAiiHcaHifl npejtocraBxeHo oodshomj 
coBbtj. noRa se H Bx rtxi oiyqaaxi, BorAa TpefioBaHia xoryTi> 

KaOaTBCII T02BK0 rtCHO OrpaUHeHHUX'L BHAOB'B npOMHinJieHHOCTH, 

Baj^asie otfflsaieiBHuxi npaBHJTb npeAooraBieso otji^ibiiiIM'b npaBH 
TeiLOTBaiTb H noni^eAoKinrB yqpesAOHiflHi, KOTopufl vb 6o2LniHHOTBi 
oxy^aeBi nepe/^ann 8T0$a6paqH0l BHCiieKiUH. OAsaso, aAUBHBCTpa- 
i^iB sasoBOMi oBflSBBa no OTBomeBii) B'B npeAapiflTiBMB, oymeoTBo- 
BaBmBVb AO HSABBiB BBKOBa 1891 r.; eciB obb b yBOiB^eBfii noTOM^ 
nepeorpoftBaBB h AOorpoiKaxB, si hbbi xoryn 6htb npeA'tflBiOHu 
xBmB TBKiB Tpe6oBaBifl, KOTopEiB BcnojurBMu OB Be6oABinHMB paoxo- 
jibbb; 6oiBinifl se Tpe6oBafliB— bb tomb ibuib oiy^a'i, eoxB o6Bapy- 

SflBattTOfl 0G06eBB0 pi3Kie BOAOOTaTKB. 

CaMBfl cepBosBafl nacxB 8thxb nocTaBOBjeHifi saKiBo^aeTca bb 
CT. 120, n. 2*Mi. Bb npeAnpiflxiflXB, bb KOTopuxB cjiamKOMB npo- 
AOjnKHTeJiBBafl pa6oTa Bpe^sa jifiSL SAopoBBB pa6o^aixi, coDdHKd 
cobItb xosotb oapoA^^TB npoAoiSHT6Jn>BocTb pa6o?aro jifia, ero 
Baqajio B KOBei(B, a lasae npeAHBcaTB o6fl3aTej[LHHB naysH. 3a 
OToyrcTBioMB BopBaibBaro pa6oqaro xu, btb oiaiBfl orKpHBaeiB bos- 

MOXBOOTB OI^aBBHOBiB pafiO^afO BpOMSBB BSpOOAilXB pa6o?BXB- Byx- 
^BBB BB OTX'&KBBHXB npOBSBOACTBaXB. Ha OOBOBaBlB OB, KOHMBCCifl 

oiaTBOTBKB BpoAJiosBjia yso BBBi^ffepy orpaBBHHTB pa6o?ifi aobb bb 
neKapBBxx *), b npe^JioseBie ea 6ujio ooyn^eoTBieBO oodbhumb 

OOBiTOMB. 

B'B o630pt BOTopiB $a6pB7Baro sasoBOAaTeibCTBa bu BB^tiBt nvo 
sanpen^eaie pacniaTii ToaapaMB npaBaxiezaflO kb OTapiSmBB nocTa- 
BOBiesiflMB, KOTopoe 6ojiB]ne APyraxB AooTBraio OBoefl JiinB. b ape- 
TOBi> BBJiflxooB no^TB ei^BE0TB6BBOB cepBesfloft vipofi BB sa^flTy 
BspooJiiiXB pa6o?BXB. UpE pe^opB*]^ sasoaa bb 1891-ub r. HpaBB- 

TOnCTBO B pefiXCTarB OO^JBLB OABBRO BySHUMB AOnOJIHBTB Btpu flpo- 
TBBl paonxaTH TOBapOVB, TBRB RBRB B8B OBlA'^^ift BBRaaaBiflXB 3a 

BapymoBie ct. 115 Gewerbeordnung, saDpemanmeS €TpyRB>, ofiaapy- 
sBBaerofl, ^o paomaTa TOBapoBB en^e bb bosa'^ BO^esia. Bb 1886 r. 
repBaBOKBKB oyABMB 8a BapymeBie 8ToS oTaTBB BaxadaBO 6ujio 194 
npoAnpBBBBaTeaa, bb 1887 r.— ^172, bb 1888 r. — 179 **). KoMy 6h 
npamio bb roioBy, ^to b noTpe6BTe2BBUfl TOBapBn^eoiBa,— ROTopsixB sa- 

BOBB BO TOIBRO B'B 8T0BX OJiy^ai B6 BOFB BB^TB Bl> BBAy, RBSB CpOAOTBa 
npOTBBB pa609flXB, BO, BaoCopOTB, AOJKSeaB 6£fJIB DORpOBBTeibCIBOBaTb 

BBB, KaerB $opBi o6jrer?efiifl b yAemoBieBifl sbsbb, — TOse Moryrb 
npBBBTB lapaRTopB o6xoAa saRoaa b 8Kcaji[oaTai9B? Bb peftxcrart 6h- 



*) Cp. TaRxe TBRCTH Gewei'beordnnng, ROBBeHxapiE bb hoboS pexaxuiH 
sanp., Jlling, Die dentsche Gewerbeordnung, 1891, p, 89—92. 
**) Stenogr. Bericht, VXH Leg. 1890-.91 Bd. HI, 1661, 1663. 



186 pyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

IK npHBeAOHH npEMipH H81 CuesiH ■ PetHOBoi spoBiHipH, xosa- 

SUBaDQUe, HTO Vb HtKOTOpHX'b MiOTAX'b OliOTHHO XftBlLH K MAfaSBHEt 

TOJiBBo ^HBTHBHO HOOflTB HasBaHio CSonsumYerem'a: uesaini h sa- 
■paBKxaMB oooToan 4[)a6pHKaHn, ero poAOTBeHEBBH h saAOMOTpn^HKH, 
a pa6otie BisxjmpfiVEi noBynatb h njiaTHTB Aopose, ^"lirb vb uor- 
HHxi jiaBBazi. JtfinjTWTb Mei^Hepi npeAcraBurb 4 paao^erkHrb 
iHOTEB, wb KOTopHXi* H3% 40 — 45 MapoK'K sapafioTBa (sa ABi sej^u) 
pa6o^ HaiBqiHHiui AeHBraira noxy^ajL Boero HicsonEO n^HsroBi, 
ocTanHoe se oootobxo bsi 8a6paHHHX'B B'b Kpexan BBHiaBi^ft 
noTpe6HTei[BHHXi> TOBapHn^eoiBi. PafSouxi saoraBJUixH 6paTB xase. 
6oj[BHie, ^"birB ohh 6biih b'l cooroABiH noKynaxB ai^ oe6fl, TaRi iro. 
•EH BiiHyvAORH 6hj[h npoABBBTB «Bons>» KOHeuo, 01 norepeft '*'). 

Boiie OTspoBeHHaa e orapaai ^opiia TpyKa— (rbloTHHfl JiaBKE^ 
EOTopHxi sasoE'b KB MoseTB sanpeTETB wk TaKflxib ojiyHaflXB, sanpE- 
Mipi, KorAa sasoAi Era $a6pEKa saxoAflTca Bsi ropoAa k A^peBEE., 
Hto yse 6hjio npeAOfloaEO bx FepMasiv npoAineoTBOBaBniEirL saso- 

SOAaTeJEBOTBOlTB E TOWbo ^OpEyiflpOBaSO Bl EOBeiXfc 1891 .r., BTO— 

sanpemeEie npoAaBaiB vh oiioTSEUX JUBKaxi Aopose, lAwb no 006- 
oTBesEoft i^iEt: sa toujiebo^ ooBin^eHie,* xap^s, MeAEKaiceETH e 
Bpaqe6EyK) noMon^ xosEEsy saopenieEO BU^ETUBaTB esi 8apa6oTKa 
6oiBme, ^imb 8to «bi opeAHeirb» otoeti eicy oaicoKy. 3a KBapiEpy 
E nojDbsoBaEie seicxefi EaeMEafl i^taa se aojiseb npeBiunaTb co6h^- 
Efiixi uicTEHXii jsjbwh^. Bi Ao<SaTaxi pellxoTara yRasaEo 6suo sa 

paCTESBMOOTB E SeiOlSOCTB TaKflXl BHpaSBSift, so OEE BOOTaBE 

ooiaJiECB vh 8asoB'&. CipaHEoe pad^bieEie npEBOAeEO 6hjio, Aarte^ 
HosAy nonrryqsiiEE e noAOEEHME pa6o?EME oTEOOErexLEO qtfl'B sa - 
npeAoraBiTfleMue mn ESOTpyMeETu e icaTepiaiii: nepBHiii oee aoxs- 

HH 61ITB npeAOOTaBieEEI no GOfiOTBOEEOft OpOABeft UiksA^ CO BTOpUX'B 

se 4^a6pEKasn ejie Bynei^ (01 nomryqEHME $a6pE«H][E ypaBsesH 
E BycrapE) mosoti CpaiB e 6oxBine, so se Aopose o6£i^n[oft irbci- 
Hofl i^Ieu (ct. 115). RpoMi nepeudesEHXi npeAseroBi, xoaaeBa 
fie AoisEEi BHAasaTB pa6o^flMii SEKasBxi Apyrsxi bi kpoaetb e se 
EttiiorL npasa bi 8ros> ojiy^a'fa Ab-nan bh^otu Ed's saxoBasBE eie 
aapafioTKOBi. Boi naoTSue AoroBopu bi o6xoa'b saKosa soAi^toTBE- 
GTBETexBEBT. Pa6omft BO BOEKoe BpoME BBpasl noTpe6oBaTB, ?to6ei» 
BMicTo EesaBOEEo BHAassuxi oMy TOBapoBi, esy sanxaTsiE 
saiflqEEiME AOEBraME, E ^^afipEKaETL se nojEiy^aeTL o6paTEO oboex'b 
TOBapoBi, xoTopue nocTynaiDTb b'b pa6oHifl KacoH ejie vh 6iaroTBO- 
pETejiBsufl y^pesAesis. *) Bb Tiosoit obese 01 nooTaEOBiesiEME 
paoniarb TOBapasE aoxseu OToarB npeAnEcasifl cpoKaxi pacojiaTEi. 

FOBOpEMl dOAOICHtAy SOTOMy ^TO B'b AitOTBETeiBEOOTE E pe^OpMB 1891 T. 

Ee ycTasoBEia otiasarejiBEfiix'B opoKOBi, a npoAocxaBEia raniB 06- 
B^EBBMi fl coK>8aMi oCeiee'b noipeOoBBTB nyxeu'B uicTsaro oraTyTa 



*) Stenogr. Bericht fll. 1660. TaM^B ae OTncHaTaHH Bct pasc^eTEue jihct- 
BH npeACTaBieHue MeuHepom. 



OHEPRH 3AK0H0AATEJBCTBA TPYA^ BX rSPMAHIE. 187 

Wfl B&kvh pa6om'B hih tojueo wh H3BioTHHZ'B OTpaojuxii npoMuin- 
jievHOCTH, vro6ii HaoTHqHafl hjih oKos^aTexLHaii paoiuaTa (Lohn nnd 
Abschlagzahlungen) npoHoxo^HJia bi to^bo oJipejA^eiuaie opoRH, h& 
pise OAtoro pasa vb itboai^, h H6 ^iqe, Kasi Kas^yi) HeA^JiH). 
TbifB se MtcTHUiTB oraTyraM'b jsfiMO npaBO nocTaHOBjaTB, yto6ii sa- 
pa5oTOR'b HeooBepmeiHOJrtTHHX'B BHAaBaiofl Ha pyKH He oauHM% 
pa6oqHM'B, a Brb poxHTejuiMi bah oneKyHaicb, hie ^to6h noos'lABie 
BasAHfi pasi 6iUH HSBimaeMii, ito sapaSoTSH bua^hh sa pyKH He- 
ooBepmeHHOJrfcTHHicB pa6o^HUi. 

Ki» noiosflTenHEiiTB npiotipiTeHiflu'B Bcero pa5o?aro HaoexeBia,. 
XOTH H SHaqHTejibHO ypisaHHHicb am b8pogj[hx% Mys^HHi, npHHaA- 
lexHTB npoBOsraameHie ofiasaTeiBHOCTH BOCRpeoHaro oTAUxa. 

EABHOTBOHHoe nooTaHOBi6Hie BOCRpecHOMi TpyA*! Bx o6ni(erepMaH« 
OROMi ^aOpB^HOiTL saROHOAaTeibOTfit Ao pe^opMsi 1891 roAa saRiiD- 
^aiocB B% CT. 105 Gewerbeordnung, naoHBmeli: cIIpeAiipBHHicaTeiH 
He uoryTi ofiBsaTB pafio^HX'B pafioiaTL no BOORpeoHiuni h npasAHH?- 
Euwh AKflHi>. Pa6oTu, ROTopufl no xapaRTopy npoHSBOAOTBa ho rep- 
narB OTJiaraieiBOTBa hjeh nepepHsa, He noAnaAaDTB hoab bth nooxa- 
HOBJieHifl. KaRie ahh o^HTanTCH npasAHH^KHMH, onpeAiiflDTB uI^cthuh 
npaBHTeiBCTfia>. IIoa^ pa6o9HHH, o KOTopsTXi saI^ob HAerB pl^^ 
noHEManxca npHRas^HRH, y^enHBH h ^atSpn^Hiie pa6oqie, ROTopHxi 
zosaeBa He uoryrB o6fl8aTB, ho ROTopunii ne sanpemaeTOH «obo6oaho» 
AoroBapBBaTBCfl 061 HoaojaeHiH pa6orB no BOCRpeoeHBHM'B. SaROHi, 
eiiAOBaTSJiBHO, A^Baii hmx tojsbro 17 rapaBTii), hto ne noABOAorB. 
0TRa3a OTB BOOKpecHaro ipyAa hoa'b RaTeropiD oiRasa OTBodflsaTejiB- 
mx% noBBHHocTei HaeMnaro TpyAa, BiieRymaro sa oofiofi rpasAaHORia 
noojcbAOTBifl sa napymeHie npBHflTux'B 06a3aHH0CTefi. Mothbu ri» 
npaBBTejSBOTBeHHOHy npoeRry pe^opnu 1891 roAa ooBopmeHHo aipHo 
saMi^aioTB, ^to «npH noA^HHeHHOM'B nojEOseniH pa6oqHX'B b npa 
HORymeHiHt, JiexaniieHi [vb Ao6aBOCTOirB BooRpeoHOM-B sapafioTR'b,. 
upesBifl nocTanoBJieHiH fitiJiH coBepmeHHO HeA00TaT0<iHu, ^toSbi npcA- 
OTBpaTHTB paonpocrpaneHie BOORpeoHoi paSoTH. 9to BnoiH'b noATBep- 
SAaxocB HBOAiAOBaBieMi, npeAnpHBHTHiTB ao npoeRTa $a6pnqEoS 
pe^opMH Bi 16-TH repiiaHGRHX'B Regieningsbezirke. Oho o6HapysH;io» 
^0: a) FB Rpynnoft npoMiiniJieHHOOTH BOORpeoHuS TpyA'B cyn^eoTBo- 
BajTB B'B 49% Bc/kifb npeAnpiaxiS h ji,m 29% Boixi pafiowxi; b) fb 



*) Mu npHj^epjSHBaeM cfl sa'I^cb no bosuoshocth BHpaxenifi canoro sasoHa. 
Es'B npHBOAeBHHXB nocTanoBjenifl jicho hto, orpaHBHenie pacnjaTu xoBapauH^ 
ho HCRJDTOex'b B03110SH0CXH dKcnjoaxauiB HenocpeACTBeBHO uocx^ xoro, 
RaR% 8apa6oxoR'B BHnjaneBi h&ibhhhhh AOBBraMH. Bi pefixcxarb dBeprBHso 
Tpe6oBaiH, hto6h (i>a6pHRaBxaM'b, Verleger, hx% cjiyaRan^M'B h nox^HHeH- 
Binii Boofin^e sanpen^eBO 6ujlo xocxaBJiAXB hsb cbobx'b laBOBi xoBapu pa- 
tioHUHi, xoTfl 6h h ne bb RpexHX'L hjh wh sanex^ 3apa6oxHofl niaxH. IIpo- 
TBB% axoro npaBHxeiBCXBO h 6ojiBniBHCTBO peflxcxara oxB'&?ajo, hxo HeiLsa 
sanpen^aTB Ryni^y hjih (|)a6pHRaHxy xoproBaxB, a pa6o^eMy noRynaTB, ta^ hmb 
yroAHO. 9x0, oabbko, BHor^a BeAeTSKBTOMy,Tro pa6oHHxi nocJi'b.pacnjiaiH 
^epesB xpyrifl ABepH BnycRaKJXB bb JiaBRy xoro ae xosHHsa. 



188 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

pOHeoA'b— Bx 4796 Boin MaoiepcsHX'B cb 41, 8% pa6o?HXi»; c) b'l 
ToproBii H njiBTh ooooniieHifl — am 57, S% Botxi ciysan^Ex^ a bi» 
77 % Bciiii upoAiipiaTit. MioTHHfl nooraHOBiemfl, oyn^eoTBOBaainiH 
OTHOOHTeuHO BOOKpooHaro OTABixa B^ CaKOOHlH, EaAOHt, BupTesioepri 

H T. n., no MtTKOMJ 3aMt?aHilO npaBHTeJIBOTBeHHOfl SanHCKH, «60JIB- 

ine Ba^aBaiBCB n'tiaio — iipeAoxpaHHTb 6oroo27seflia ors BHtmHaro 
myica, ^twb xstb bosmoshootb pa(k)<iHH'b pasi bi HeAtinoTAoxajTbi. 
MesAY t^^n> H A<a lurepHKaxa, b nua. iH6epaJ!a, Kor^a ohh oTaHosflTca aa 
TO^sy spiaifl ooi^axBEofl noiHTEKH, oca6eHso Aoporo, ^To6fii pa6oqifi, 
npHKaa^BK'b h bo^ ipysesHflKH Boodn^e hh^^jih bosuoshoctb pasi b^ 
BextjBK) A'l^fioTBHTenHo oTAoxHyTB H oofipaibcfl 01 cEJiauB. B'b peflxo- 
Tart KJiepBKajiii, 8aI^Hl^a1DI^ie pa6otie HHrepecu, Tpe6oBaiH, «ito6h 
AJifl lixB En pafioqHX'L, KOTopse He HoryrB nooToasHo oTAUxatb ao 
BocRpeceHBAiTL (seitsHO-AoposHue, TpaETHpHse H T. H.)) BocspecHbiB 
oTAux'B 6uA'b saiftHeH'b GB060AHUMB AHeMi Bi 6yAafl. 

SaKOHB 189 L r., eoiH b cocTaBJUflerL marb BiiepeA^, to boo xe 
AaseRo He rapaHTBpyerL nojiiaro BocspeoHaro oTAuxa. nooraHOBieHia 
ero cji%A}K)miH. Bb ropaiix'b nposfciojiax-B, ooJieBapHflXB, saaceHo- 
jBOHHBX'B, Konflxi, Ha $a6pHKax'B, Ha Bep^flxx, a lasse bi cTpoH- 
Te:tbHHxx npeAnpiflTiflXB Bcasaro poAa pa6oiie He aoishu 6£iTb 
siaHBTbi pa6oTott no BooKpeoeHbflMi h npasASHKairb. Otahxii Aoaseffb 
npoAOJiasaTbCfl ne Menie 24 qaooB% vb RasAufi BoospecauS hjih npasA- 
Ea^HuJt A^Hb, Bi ABa se CJrbAyK)I^ie Apyn sa Apyroirb iipasAHBRa — 
Be tfeate 36-th, b-l PosAeoTBO, Uaoxy h TpoHi^y — ne Mea'i^e 48 qa- 
€OBB. BpeMfl oTAuxa oiHTaeroH oi 12 qacoBi how;, bb ABa c^'^Ayn- 
mie Ap;n> sa AP;roirb npasAHHRa oho npoAOJiacaeTCH, no RpafiHeft 
Mtpi, jsfi 6-TH qaooBi Be^epa BToporo abb. Bb rhrb npeAnpiaTiax'b, 

Bl ROTOpilXl OyDD^eCTByDTb npaBHintHHfl AOBHHH H HOUUfl cm'Ihu, 

o6fl8aTeiibHfiift no saROHy BOORpeoHiiit otauxi HaqHHaoTOfl He paste 
6'TB qaooBB Be^epa bx npeAnpasAHBRi h ne nosse 6-th ?. yipa bi 
AOHb apa3AHHRa, o% t^mx oAaaao, iTo6fii wb o6ohxb ciyqaaxi otauxb 
npoAOAsajicfl ne Menle 24 naooBi. CoioSHOicy oosiTy npoAOOTaBJieHo 
npaBO paoapooTpaHHTb saapen^eHie BOCRpeoHaro TpyAa h Ha Apyria, 
Be npeAycMOTptHBUfl sthub saROHB npoHSBOAOTBa. 

UpflRas^BRH, y^eHHRH H pa6ome vb ToproBHXx npeAnpifl'riflX'b 

HQ AOJORHU BOBCe CsiTb SaHHTBI pa60T0i B-b nepBuS AOHb PosA^OTBa. 

nacxH H TpoHD^H, BTb ooTaibBue se BOCRpeoHHe H npasABH^HBie 
.AHH — He 6oj[ie 5 ^aooBB. OSn^HRBi Moryrb OABano npHSBHatb aooTa- 
HOBieaifl, no ROTopuarb qaou ToproB&ixii saHHTift no npasABHsatfi enKe 
6ojAe ooKpan^aDToa bjib bobob saapeu^aioTGfl. IIojiBAeflCRie opranu 
Horyrb AonyoTHTb yBeia^ieHie ^noia qacoai pa6oT£i bi ToproBJit ao 
10-TH ^acoB'b wh npoAOJisenie 4-x'b neAtib ao Poxi^eoTBa, hjih se 

Bl Tt BOORpeOHHe H npaSAHH^HUe AHB, BB BOTOpne no utoTHUH'b 

yolOBiHHi oyn^eoTByioTb yoHJieHHiie ToproBbie o6opoT£i. ^acii, bb 

BOTOpHO AOBBOieHil TOpFOBHfl BaBHTiS, OnpeAblflDTOH IT&CTBEIIfH Bia- 

CTHKH. ^ifl pasiB^aHxi) orpacJiei ToproBiH Moryrb 6uTb HasHa^eHEi 



OUPKH 3AK0H0AATEJIIBCTBA TPyfl-B Vh rSPMAHIH. 189 

paaiflqHue qaetj. Apyrifl HOUDqeHifl wnyoKaDTOfl mnB bi KpaftHHxi), 
cpaBHHTeuHo pi^AKHXi oiyqaim, to^ho nepe^goiesHurB vb sasoHi. 
PasHooHaii ToproBiii h npoAasi^ TOBapoBi Ha yxHi^axi ■ ujiom^tkiifiTh 
noxwHeHa tIitb se npaBiJiairB, KOTopiui HSAaHBi oTHOOHTeiBHo 4^a6- 
pflKi, saBOAOBi H ToproBO-npoMHDueHHuxB saBexeHifi. Bi Buomefi 
oreneHH BaxHO, ^to nooraHOBJieHifl o BocKpeoHOMi oiAnxi vb ToproBit 
pacvpocTpaHeHH Tasse h Ha it ToproBHfl npexiipiitTia, vbzotopuTb. 
wiTb HaeiiHaro Tpyxa. 8tkiii AooTHraerofl ypaBHOHie maHOOB'L koh- 
KyppeH^iB H npejcynpea^aeicfl GHOTeMaTHieosift o6xoAib saxoHa. 

Bi pelxorari yxasHBaJia na to, hto ooyn^ecTBxeHie BooxpeoBara 
OTAUia Vb Towb umb oxy^zat A'bftoTBarejBHO h noxHO, eoifl otauxi 
HaqHsaeioii wb oy66oTy He nosse 5—6 qaooBi seiepa ■ axhtch ao 
yipa noHeA^iBHHsa. Goi^iaji'L-AeKOKpaTii h MHorie KJiepixaiH Tpe6o- 
BaxH, vro6u BocxpeoHHt otahxi 6HrL onpe^ibieHi noBtouy He bi 
24 naoa, a Bi 36. dro Tpe6oBaHie He BorptTHJio nouepsRH ,6oib- 
nifiHOTBa. EouD^eHia^ npeAyoMOTpiHHUH bi saxoni, oA'&xaHH ne 
TOAXO Au pa6oTb, Heo6xoAHMHX'B no npaBAHHxaicii, xaxi b^ npex- 
npiflTiflX'B TpaHcnopTHUxi, aplAHH^ax'B^ peoropaHaxi, ho h js,ia OTpa- 

Oiei npOMHDLKeHHOOTH, XOTOpHH lerRO Mom 6u ofioflTHOB 6e3B BCC ' 

xpeoHaro Tpy^a, xaxi xaapHJiipi, Taxi nasuBaeiciifl cesoHHua opo- 
HSBOAOTBa H BOi npOHBBOACTBa cAJM yAOBxeTBopeHifl esexHeBHBX'B 
noTpe6HOCTei HaceieHifl*. Mes^y rticB, npeAyonaTpHBaji npoAOJSEe- 
Bie BooxpecHuxi> pa6orB bi lanHxi opoHSBoACTBaxi, saxoHi o6fl8U- 
Baexi umB xosfleB'b xx ooBo6ox^eHiD pa6o9HX'B otb Bocxpeoxaro 
TpyAa Vb xasAoe TperBe BOcxpeceHBe, hjih se pas'B bi 2 xeAlJiHt 
e-b 6 ?• yxpa ao 6 q. Be^epa. 

Othoohtojibho pafioTHHXOBi Ha seiisHHXi AoporarB pefixoTarv> 
orpaHSVHxofl pesoJDoi^eftf npHrxamaDn^eft xaxi^iepa nosafioTBTBOfl o 
npeAc oTaBJiexiH bosmosho CoABmaro BooxpeoHaro oTAUxa ciysantHicB 
H B'B oco6eHHooTH HOBiiflTB Ha TO, hto6h nepoABHseHio rpysoBi no 
seiidHHM'B AoporaHi fb BOcspeoHHe h npasAHHiuie abh no bo3- 
MOSHooTH 6iiA0 coxpan^oHo. To, HTO pe&xcTarB SAioB oxpoMHO npo- 
cBTh npHHHTB BO BHHHaHie, yso ooymeoTBieHO bb niBefli^apiH saxo- 
HoiTB 27 ix>xfl 1890 r., npHToicB vb 6oxbe mnpoxBX'B pasMipaxi): 
He TOABKO Ha sexisHiixB Aoporaxi, ho h na novT'fc h vb napoxoA- 
oTdi nepeABHflLeHie rpysoBi, sa ROXflioqeHieirB TOBapoBi 6oABmoft 
osopocTH, BOODpen^eno. ^-p^ Kattsepi bi caoeS KHxri o 4[>a6pH?H0iii> 
saxoHOAaTeiBCTBi niB6fiii;aplH coo6ntaeTB, tto vb HaKlpsHifl niBeit- 
iiapiH BXOAHAo B036y8AeHie MesAynapoAHaro oorAameHiii wb toicb se 

CMUO^i. 

CjjrbAyD^ifi BonpocB, BXjno'ieHHuft ^aOpn^Hoft pe^opKoft vb cbod 
o4>epy, xacaeTOH ofiasaTeaiBHocTH ^adpH^nuxi npaBHii (Fabrikord- 
nungen). Jifi saxoHa 1891 r. xsAaHie ^adpn^aHxi npaBHii ae Chjlo 
npeAQHoaHO $a6pflxaHTaM'B, ho na 6oABniHXi $a6pHxaxx npaBHJoa oyn^e- 
OTBOBaix 6681 TpeSoBSHifl saaoHa. «Ha bo^xi ORrapHiixi ^afipaxaxi 



190 P7GGR0B BOrATCTBO.* 

BaiieHa, — "iHTaem uh bi HSOJd^jnoBaHm Bepnoro^epa *), — $a6pB^- 
nua npaBHJia hooatb xapaKTepi He AoroBopa, onpeA^Jiflion^aro BsaHM- 
Hufl npaBa h o6H3aHHOOTH, a oAHooropoHHuro, iSAaHHaro xosflUHom 
$a6pH?HO-noiHitefioKaro ysasa, 8aKJiK)^aDmaro, OAaaKO, B'b oeSi oveas 
oepLOSHua noGTaHOBieaia o pa6oiiflX'B. Hitfi oxapte xaRia npaaHJia, 
Ttui 6cjiBnie ohh peAaaTHpoaaHu bi xjjfb ysKaro BHTepeca zosaHHa, 
TOTjsfk Rasii HOBua npaBHia 6o3rbe BOSAepsHBaioToa otl qepesiypi 
6pooaDaiarooa bi riasa Bspaacesifl bthzi HHTepecoB'B. Bi npaaajiax'B 
OAHofi BSi OTapMmHX'L $a5pHBi 0Ka3aH0, tto pa6o^ie HiiiDT'L npaso 
npeapaTHTB pagOTj ;i[Hnib noojrb S-MH-aeAtABHaro npeAaapaTeiBHara 
daaBJieaia, xorAa Raai «^atipflKa ocTasjiaerb aa co6ok) npaao bo 
BcaBoe BpoMfl pasc^iHTaTB pafio^aro 6e3i o6i>acEeHifl npa^aBi^. Hyttao 
jia Jny^myD EiAnoTpai^iD ri* narpiapxajiBHOMy pesHMy, cocraBiiflKH 
lUeMy HAea;!^ mhoiuxi $a6pHKaHT0Bii? ^opuajiBHoe paseHOTBo Aoro- 
BapHBanii^Hxofl, npa oToyrcTBiH o6niieoTBeHHaro BMimatejiBOTBa fjih 
tSTpofiHoS opraaasaiUH pa6o?axi coK)80B'By npeBpam^aerca He loaBSo 
no ooAepsaHiio, ho a no ^oi^vk bi roonoAOXBO npoasBOJia BnaoTByK)- 

n^HX'B. 

$a6pH9HaH pe^opua ho Morira HrHopHpoBaTB xaooa h nponsBon 
B% ^aCpHqauxi npaBHiaxi, BHisBaHHaro OTOjicTsieMi Boaaaro noora- 
HOBiemfl saaoaa. npaBBxejiBOTBo npa peAaaTHpoBaaiH HOBejuiii 1891 
roAa npHHHio bi* oBoft npoeRTB oiiA7a)imfl nooTaHOBieaia: Ha aas- 
AO^ $aOpaRi o6H3aTejiBHo j^oishu oyn^eoTBoaaTB $a6pH?HKUi npaaajia, 
BUBimeEBKfl Ha bhahoitb Mtorfc h noAnHoaHHKm {^aSpaRaHTOifB. 
npaaaia oSasareiBHO aojixhh saRJiBO'iaTB bb 066i nooTaHOBxeHia a 
Haqairfe h Roai^t pa6oTiii h o naysaxi; o apeMeHH h onooo6t paoaaaTii; 
061 yoioBiaxi paoTopseHia AoroBopa HaSica, eojia ohh ho ooBna^a- 
jbTb oi> nooTaaoBieHiHHH aaaoHa opoaaxi npexBapaTejiBHaro npoAf- 
npesAOHia (Kandigung); cBoltoTBax'B a pasi^paxi niTpa^oBi h o&b 
Hxii HasHaqeaiH. TpeOya asAaaia npaBHJiii> aa aasftod 4^a6pHRt h 
yaasuBaa oOaaaTejiBHoe hx'b ooAopsaaie, saaoHonpoesTB bi to se 
BpoHH sanpentaii BRxio^aTB b'b hhxii TaRiH nooranoBJieHia mxpa- 
'^^aii, ROToptifl ooRop6j[flX)TB ^ysoTBO ^eoTH (pa6oqaro) a Aofipue 
apaBJEi, H Tpe6oBarB, ^to6u paairfcpx mxpa^OBi HHRorAa ne upeBu- 
maai aboShoS oyuicHi AaeaHoro 8apa6oTRa npooioro ?epHOpa6oiiaro. 
^to6h ho B08Bpan^aTB0H ri noojrbAveMy nooTaHOBieaii), a ceftqaoi 
sa npn6aBjuo, ^to hsx ABoflHoro 3apa6oTRa pefixoiarB OA'i^iaxx nojio- 
BHHy AaesHoro 8apa6oTRa, h bi btohi ..B^oTaepo o6i6r'9eRHoirB bha^ 
nociaHOBJieHie niTpa4»axi> BoniJio vb AiScTBf nniift aaROH'B. DlTpa^ii 
HO MoryTB 6BITB HOTo^HHRoiTB AOXOAa A^H $a6pHRaHTa, a Aonacau 
HATH B'B noiBsy paSoqaxi. IIpesAO ^u^h BoxynHTB B'B CHiy, ^afipa?- 
HBia npaaaia aojishu Cbctb npeAOtaajieHu xosaaHOiTB pa6ouirB Ha 
paaoMOTp^Hie, h xoth paOo^Hii npeAOOiaBJieH'B tojubro coBimaxeib- 



*) Die sociale Lage der Gigarrenarbeiter im Ghrossherzogthum Baden; 
herausgegeben im Anftrage d. grherzgL Minister, des Innern. Karlsruhe> 
lb90, p. 19. 



OHEPRH SAEOHOftiTBJBGTBA TPTA^ Vh JTEPMAHIH. 191 

midl rojiocB, ho TaKi> KaKi fb Te^OHie Tpexi XHet nooii HdAanifl 
npaBHJTb (|)a6pEsaHTH odaaaHii HpeAoraBHTB hxi vioTHoft aAMHiHOTpa- 
ipH, nepexann^et hxi $a6pHU0& HHoneRi^H Buiori 0% saMiqaHiaMH 
pa6o?nxi, to nooriAHHHi, laKHiTL ofipasoMi, npoAooraBJieHa HisoTO- 
paii BO8MOXH0OT& Biiflxb Ha ooAepxanie npaBHX'L. ?to6h ho osiofiBn 
:xo3fleB'B, npaBKTeiLOTBeHHHt npoeicrB/BaRi h oKOHUTejiiBHo apHHfl- 
THt peftzcraroirB sasoHi*, CAisajiH HSiaTie am Boizii orapiixii npa- 
BHJTB, H8AaHHHr& jifi BCTyiueHifl Bib OHAj saKOHa 1891 r.: 8TH ho 
AoncHH 6htb npeAoraBAeHii na yoMOTpiHie pa6oHHXL. 
r^.HeHHoriH H8% nooranoBJieHift HOBexiEi BHSBan TaKji) 6ypD vh 
opeffft npeAiipBHHiiaTejieft, sasii 8th Tpe6oBaHifl, cooTaBiflDmia Tonepb 
€0jB(6psaHie oraTeft 134 a — ^h repiiaHOKofi Gewerbeordnung. VLn noix'h 
^a6pKHHfi[xi H ToproBiix'b ropoAOBi nooHiamcB nerii^ pefixciary, 
soHewo HO OTb pate'nrrb, a orb $a6pHKaHT0Bi h 8aBH(MlI^HX^ on 
HHXi Kym^oBi, jnpaBJuiomHxii h t. n. CsflToe npaBO oo6cTBeH- 
BOOTH HapymaeToa, hhkto TonepB fioume ho xoshhhi bi> cofioTBen- 
HOMi Kksh. SaKOHi, BirtcTo Toro, mvotu coA^ftoTBOBaTb mpy, juaffrh 
jLnmh noBOAi s-b nooTOflHHiiirb oTonHOBeHiflMi mosaj ^^aSpH^HOfl 
axHHKHCTpaitleft h pafio^BMB. Bi BpatHeici ojiy^at npoAnpHHHMaTejiH 
en^e Aoii70KaK)TL, ^to roojxapoTBO Bapasi ofiasaTb hx'b HaxaBaxb 
^a6pH?HHH opaBHjia, ho ooAepsanle npaBHJd — Aofipaa hxi, (|)a6pH- 
EaHTOBi, BOJUi. UpHBeAen oahhi npHMipi hsi cothh. cn^eHTpaiB- 
Hill conai repuaHCKHXi npominiJieHHHKOBii saaBJUierB wb OBoeft 
noTHipH pefixoTary: cHMiii B:b bhaj, ^to AoroBopi» Haflna na pa6oTu — 
asTb rpasAancsaro jipaBa, saRJinHaetfHfi AoCpoBOAHO, i^eHTpajiLHfirft 
ooKtsi* Tpe6yerB, hto6i 7 xosAHHa ne 6euo othhto ero npaBo caHo- 
oroHTeiBHO joraHOBJiHTL coAepsaHie npaBHii. OcHOBHBaacb na SHaniH 
npaxTHHeoKHXii ycjioBift h naoTpoenia bi Bpyrax's pa($0HHX'B (?), uh 
BfitoBasHBaeui yfiisAonie, ^to xpeOoBaHie saKOHonposKTa^ hto6u ao 
BoryDxeHiH bi OHxy (|)a6pHUHXi npaBHjrb pafio^Hm npoAOCTaBJieHa 

6uxa BOStfOHHOOTB BUOKaSaTBOfl, HO TOABKO HO nOBOAOn Z'h yifHpo- 

TBopeHin OTHomoHii, ho nooxysHTb emfi Ri yBexH^eniK) aHraroHHSMa, 
03Jo6ieHifl H 6opB6u. Hto sacaexcfl npeAnoAoxemfi npooKxa, Bacaio- 
H^HxcH orpaHH^enifl paonopaseHift xosHnna oTHOCHreiBHO mxpa^oBii 
H noBeAOHifl.pafoiHX'B bhA $a6pHRH, to, soneqHo, saROHOAaTOZB TyrB 
OAfmeBiOHi Ao6piiMH HairbpeHiflifH, ho ri ^oHy ohh noBOAJTi? Mo- 
ryTB sanpoTHTb nrrpa^oBaTB h A^axB npoAnHcaHifl, ho HHRaRot aa- 
KOHi HO sanpeTHTB xosHHHy pasc^fflraTB pa6o?aro. Tani RaR'B a^^ 
HOAAepsaHifl nopaARa h ahci^hiiihhh xoaaHHB h6 6yAeTB HuiTB 
boame Apyi^ro opeAOTsa, to owh sa RaxAufi npocxynoRi npooTO pas- 
oqHTaeTB pa6oqaTO. Cjiy^an HpesBuiaftHaro cnpooa na pa6oTy o^ohb 
p^ASH, H noTOMy b% 6ojiBmHHOTB^ oiyiaeBi noiosenie pafio^HXi (orb 
BM'bmaT6jn»0TBa saRona) toabro yxyAniHTOfl» '*'). 



*) Verhandlungen, Mittheilnngen n. Berichte des Centralyerbandei 
deutscher Industrieller. J^ 54 (Januar 1891), p. 17—18. 



192 PirCCROB BOFATCTBO. 

DpeAcraBHTen axHrb BarjuAOBi vh peSxoTart ho ptmaiHCL npa- 
Mo oTpni^aTB npaBo rooyj^apoTBa Tpe6oBaTB, qTo6ii npaBH^a BWjifiKhi 
6HJIB o'^BsaTeJTBEo Ha KaxAofl ^a6pHKi ci 20 h 6ojrb6 pa6o- 
"ihmb; He pimaioa h sbboa^hki inrjifm, THnHuifimlt npeAoraBi- 
TeiB <$a6pHHHaro ^eoAaiBSMa*. Ero npoorpaKHaa pi^B, npn 06072R- 
AOHiE ooAepsaBifl ^^pH^HHrb npaBEXi mtpa^axi (or. 134 o. sa- 
KOHa), saKADHajia vb oe6i bbhetb - aooeHQii) BsrxaAOB'B repMan- 
oEBxi npeAnpHHiHareieft na OTHomeHifl hib kb padoHBicB. Pas- 
H:6pB yoTaHOBJieHHBixx bb aasoHi nrrpa^oBB h npHir&Hene hxiv 
xosaeBaMH tbrtb orpaHH^enu, ^to ara oraTBH AOJBtsna 6utb HpnaHa- 
Ha, no MHtBiH) niTyiaia, HaoMtniBOt sa^B npaBaiiH xoaiiHHa. 3a- 
KOHB npoBOsnamaeTB BOHei^ aBTopHTOTj xoanHa. OTAaen jih 
ceM, OAHaKo, saKOHOAatejiB (peftxcTan h npaBHreiBoiBo) onwhy 
Kb ^eMj aTo noBOAerB? «Eoxh paSo^i o6pOGHTi ob oe6fl bbtoph- 
reiB Ha $a6pHKt, to AftJ[BHiftiini]i*B nooAiMoTBieirB fijAen npeKpa- 
moHie 8BT(>pHTeTa bb rooyAapoTBib h iiepKBH. Coo[ian-AeHOKpaTifl ys& 
noBa6oTHTOfl, ^to6h seMxeBjiaAlJiBiQr xhxoob ho xjHine, ^liirB 4|)a6pH- 
KaHTy. H ecjH «no Boei xhhui» npoBOsnameHO 6yAerB npespanteHie 
aBTopHTOTa, TO HaoryiiHTB cBopo MHHyra, xorAa noAUHeoie npoKpa- 
THTCH H TaMB, Txk OHo Bcero HysHle— BB ap]fiH>. AenyrarB UlTyincrB 
coxBAfteTB, vto eicy, cKa^iajia oTHeomeiiyoa ropa^o ki ooiuaxBHHM'B 
pe4>opMa]iB,— TttRi ropflHO, ^to orb <Bot]iH ouaHH CTapaxcH o($po- 
OBTB CB ce6fl mxypy iipeAnpHHBiiaTeM» homhh toxbbo o6b ofin^HXB, 
BapoAHHXB HHTopeoaxB, — TonepB CB TflsexHin cepAiieMB npHAeroH 

DOABTB CBOfl rOIOOB npOTHBB BOOFO saKOHai. cEL 11 A'blAI) 0TO CB 

yOisAOHieifB, ^to AiftcTByi) ne KaxB npeAnpHHEMaieiB, a mkb rpas- 
AaHHHB, npoHHSHyTHft ooBHaHieifB, 9T0 BK (npaBHTeiBCTBO ■ pefixo- 
TaiB) ooAKamiBaeTe ooHOBaHiii rooyAapciBa h py6aT6 sopHH MOHap- 
xiH» *). fWeim jemals grosse Dinge klein und kleine Dinge gross dar- 
gestellt sind, so ist das hier in der Rede des Herrn Yorredner& 
geschehen!* — aaM&THX'B HascB rapmB, roBopBBmil bojIai^ sa HlTyic- 
HOUB. IIpeAOTaBHTeiH naTpiapxaxBHaro pesHMa bb oTHomeHuixB bb 
pa6oHBMB He ToiBRO He 8aii'bHaDrB» ^to hxb mjsfiRn npoTHBopiHETB 

BCbMB OOBpeMSHBHHB HOJIHTRHeOKBMB ■ COipaXBHSMB yOXOBiflMB^ HO 

3a6ufiai)rB o6b oahomb oynteoTBeHHoin nynxTfi: tto npa nacroflHiei 
opraHHsaipH npouHmxeHHooTH He Tpe6yeT0ji he aKsaneHa, bh Hpan- 
cTBeHHofi KBaJlH$BKa^iH, HH jifiosB HSBlcTHaro BoapacTa, ?to6h oraTB. 

X08HHH01IB: JlfiSL BTOFO HySHH TOIBKO AOKBrH. H TaXOft aBTOpHTOTB, — 

onpamHBaeTB Mbkcb THpinB,— rooyAapoTBO aoixho ycHXHiB?! 

Kb xapaxTepHOTHsb mhIhui, BHCKaaaHHaio npoTHBB naTpiapxajiB- 

HHXB nopHASOBB HpeAOTaBHTeXIDIH pa6onXB, npBCOeAHHHXCa H HH- 

HimBift MHHHCTpB j^HHaHOOBB Mhkoxb, cooToaBHiift TOFAa o6epB-6yp- 
roKHOTpoMT* $paH£^ypTa>Ha-MafiHi h Boa^eMB naiuoHan-XHfiepaxoBB, 
KOTopue 6ojiB]ne, \iwb BOHxaa Apyraa naprifl, rbcHo cBaBaxu cb^ 
npeAnpRHHMaTexaMH. tH oxuniaiTB otb HixoropuxB xosaeBB, ooBi- 
niaBiBHxoa ob paSouHH o6b BSAaHin npaBHXB», — osaaaiB Mheojieb 
BB peflioxarfc, — <iio ohh, kb co6oTB6HHOMy OBOOMy EsyiueHix), aoxshiz 



*) Stenograph. Berichte iiber dis Verhandlangen des Reichstags YUI 
Legislaturperiode, I Session 1890—91, Bd. lY, 2270—2276.. 



0^£PKH 8AR0H0AATBJU>CTBA TPYA^ Bl TEPMAHIH. 193 

foiH npHSHSTB, ^0 npi drowb MHoroMj HayuxHOB; pasbme hitl 
sasaiooB, ^to ohh see SHann, a h8'b neperoBopoBn» ex pa609HiiR 
BHflCHHiocB, TTO iioojiimie ^aoTO SHaioTB xjmne h Tonie Bci ycuioBiH 
^a6piqHaTo Tp7Aa... Ok apf<^A oiopoHH, opeAi oymeoTByDiiiHrb to- 
QepB ^aftpHUHxi npaBHJii ootb TaRia, soTopiu 6ujih 6h HeMUomiH^ 
eojiB6H HjsHo 6hLBio Buesjmwth pa6oiHZ'b hie npeAoraBHiB npaBHia 
Ha yoMOTptaie aAiaimiiOTpai^iH». 

Hto6h HicbTB noHHTie o tomi, KaKOBO 6uso ooAepxaHie $a6pH^-> 
HHrB npaBBJTb rawb^ tjs^ ohb oymeciBOBajiH xo HSAaHifl HOBaro saKOsa 
(offlJiaBmaro h», noBTopm), bi ot. 134 o« oeHsameAhuuMu au $a6- 
pHKB ox 20 H 6orke pa6ouiiH), xu opHBeAeirB eme HioRoxBKO npi- 
MtpoB'B, npoiptTspoBaHHuxi BO BpoMfl A^tiaTOBB $a6pHqHoirB saso- 
HOAaTeJLCTBi. UpaBHia sa saBOAaxi OpanoBi IIlTyKm vb HeftsHp- 
xeni oooTofliH bsi 50 naparpaij^OBX; h8% hbxi 36 ooAepsaiH noora- 
HOBJieHifl mrpa^ax'B ot% 50 n$. ao 10 xaposi, a 4 rposflTB 
jAajieHieii'B ci $a6pESH. TaKifl npaBua, KaRi sani^eHo 6iixo Befie- 
xexi, npeAOTaBUDTB He ooCpaHie nooraHOBieHiS o Bsaxiuaixi npasaxi 
H o6H8aHHO(rtflxi H noAAepsaHiH nopHAKa, HOoSxoAHMaro bi> Kas- 
Aomb 6oiBmoMi DpeAnpiflTiH, — oto yroioBHBfi KOAeROi, npHiAHHeiailir 

H npHBOAHXHt B'B HCnOJIH6Bie OAHOI) HSl BaHHTepeOOBaHBUX'B OTOpOffB. 

UpaBHJia fipaTBeBi UItjmm'b Vb ot. 36 nocraHOBJiflnrB: cBoim Ma- 
orepaMi h pa6oTOii sanpemeHo noAanaTB APT^k Ha Apyra saxofiH 
Bi oyA% H BCTynaTB vb SpaRi, He aasBEBi npoABapBTexBHo o oBoeirK 
HairbpeniH me^y. HapymeHia HaRasyDToa nrrpa^lioirB on 3-xib ao 

10-TB MapOR'B, a npH HaAHHHOCTH OTflriai)ni(HXl 06CT0HTeja>0TBl — 

yAaxenieMi ci 8aB0Aa». He Henle xapaRTepna ct. 42-afl rbxi se 
4>a6pH^Hiix'B apaBHii: cBoiMi naxoAflniHMCfl na 0Jiys6i y ^apiiH 
<BpaTBfl UlTyMirBi ni^aMi orporo sanpemaeroH hm^tb RaRoe-JH6o 
Apyroe Ao6aBoqHoe (ne semeA^JB^ecRoe) saHfliie, He HoiipooHBi na 
TO pa8pinieHia y ^jinpifH. Sanpemeue bto othoghtoh h ro BoiH'L 
^JieBaiTB oeuBH ojijsaiiitaro, SHBjniHirB wk oahomi oi hek'b xosaflcTBi: 
soBi, a^tbmx h poACTBeHHHRBM'B*. CxixjeTh yrposa ffiTpa4)0Mi b 
yAaxeHieMi. CaMi niTyMMii yB^pjuTB vb pefixoTarl, hto no 0TH0ineHii> 
Vb mrpa^aM'B ero npasBJira uar^e, ^iwb hb ApyrBXi sejrbsHHX'B 8a- 
BOABXi). Ha saBOAi ^Easier imd Siebert» bi BopMoi or. 3-h npaBHJTB 
npeAooTaBiflja npeAnpHHHMaTejn npaBo BOSMln^aTB hsi RaooH pa6o- 
qHXT> «Boi noBpe»iieBiji wb MarnHHaxi h HHOTpyMeHraxi, ooraBHiifloa 
He BHHOHeflHUMH. Ha dTot <j[)a6pHRi, RBRi H y niTyxHa H y Apyraxi^ 
RaasAufl paOo'dfi o6fl8aHi aohochtb MaoTepy o saxiienHox'B hhii no- 
xBH^eBifi BiH HapymemH AOBipia, bi npoTHBHOiTB oiy^ai ne Aonecmift 
ouTaeTCfl coyqacTHHRom* '"). 

?T0 npBMipH, npiiBeAeHHue wb Ae6aTaxi peflxoTara, ne npeAOTan- 
jifljiH co6oi OABBxi TOJibKO 6e8o6pa3HKX'B HORjiniieBifl, noATBepxAaoTCji 

OT^eTaMH iffVfifWiEUTb BBCneRTOpOBl, BBUneAniHMH nOOAi HSAaHlfl 

8aR0Ha 1891 roAa. HaH60Ji[le ofioTOflTenBHiiift vaTepiai'B, no o6urho- 
BeniR), HaxoABTCfl vb GaAeHCROirB OT^erb **). ^Ho^eR^iH sa^cb npn- 



*) Stenogr. Berichte iiber die Verhandlungen des Eeichstags, VIQ 
LeKiBlaturperiode, 1 Session 1890-91. Bd. IV, 98 Sitzung, p. 2278—81, 2297. 

♦*) JaLresbericht der Grossherzgl. badischen FabrifcnspectiDn fur das 
Jahr 1992. Karlsruhe, 1893, p. 66—91. Xota bbrohi 1891 roAa npeAUHCH- 

J€ 4. OTjDL-krB I. J 3 



194 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

nuooB pasoMOTp^TB 6ojrito 900 npaBUTB. SHavrreiBBnui laoxB npasHn^ 
HBAaHHuxi $a6pHKaHTaM£, Aaia noBo^B ki BiftmaTejEBOTBy h xonua 
B^ nopflAKi oteasoBaHifl ao npnoyroTBifi lio ^afipKUHm AiJnacB. 
npaMot Hu E00B6BHui o6xoAi saEOHa coBepmaeTOfl He touko or^iiB- 
flioiH xH^HOCTflKH, HO H i^iisuiH ooDsaMH npe/^npHHHMaToiefi, KaRB 
Yerein Sdddeutscher BaumwoIIinduBtrieUer, HSAaBinifi oxHHaKOBHH 
npaBHia au Boixi* npHMHKann^HX'B kb neiiy ^pHsaHTOBB. cB-b 
(omHHHOTBi ciyqaeBB»,— saHiuetB otiotb HHO^eB]^H, — cnpasHxa 

HMilH BB BHA7 TOIBKO OfiflSaHHOCTH pa($OUXB H HrHOpHpOBaiH HpH- 

Ha^iesanvfl hhb npaBa». Bojri^e om^jdeih uh HanBHHH miranoB 
HrnopHpoBaxB nooraHOBJiLeHifl saKona. SasoHB, nanp., nocraHOBiflen, 
vro paBotii, oaMOBOiBHo HapynmBmiA 6e3B npeAyopeH^teHifl AoroBopi 
fialtHa, MoaeTB 6htb noABeprkyTB Bu^ery nexbxMakVo 8apa6oT£a; a 
HtKOTopHO 6aAeH0Kie $a6pHsaHT£z BOTaBumrB bb npaBua, ^eto la- 
KOMy se HiTpa^y (fiesi npeAOTaBieHui AOKasaTeiBcrBB, 6e8B oyAal) 
uoABepraerofl h BOHHift pa6otiS, pascuTaHHafi sa Aypnoe noBeAenie 
H no ApyrHMB HOTHBaMB. 3a'6cb HHoaeKipn, pasyMietcH, HOTpyAHo 
^fiuo san^HTHTB HHTepeoii pado^HTB. f^ipjne ^6pHBaHTU miTaiHCB 
coxpaHHTB sa oofioft npaBO yMOEBmaTB sapatfoTHyi) niaiy, KorAa hitb 
^afisaropasoyAHTOH; 6HBain npHwipu, ^rro xaide $a6pHUHe ysasu 
noJiBBOBanoB Aaso o6paTHoi OHioft, t. e. paonpocTpauiiHCB h Ha Bce 
BpeuH, npeAHieoTBOBaBmee opoKy paomaTn. HHcaeKipa ohhtb bh^- 
HiHBaeTOfl h oraBHTB $a6pHKaHTaH% Ha bhab, hto HSKbHeHie yojioBiS 
AoroBopa npeAnoJiaraeiTB h npaBO AoroBapHBaDHUccoH OTRaBaTBeH otb 
HOBuzB yojioBifl, a laKi ebsb ho saROHy oiKasB aoihb6hb 6htb sa- 
HHioHi sa 14 AHei, to h bohkoo yiceHBmeHie 8apa6oTHot nxaTH 
MosoTB BOTjnHTB BB ouy HO paHBHie, saKB HO HOieqeHiH eioro 
<)poKa Hui opoKa, yoiaHOBJieHHaTO vb qacTEOMB AoroBopb. 

HeopaBHOHHO TpyAHie nojioxenie HHoneKi^H, saAaDn^efloa i^iiBD 
t)xpaHflTB npasa pafiouxB, ecjni sasoH'B BOBoe arHopHpyeiB cepBes- 
Hue nyHKTH pa6ouro AoroBopa h2h ynoMHnaerB o hhx% bb oaMux'B 
HeonpeA^ieHHuxi BupasemaxB. TasB bb ot. 134 b n. 2 npeAHpH- 
HHHaTOiifliiB sanpeni^eHO HSAasaTB nooTaHOBieHiH, «ooKop6iai)nUfl ^ys- 

OTBO ^eCTH H A06pHe HpaBiI». ^OOTB H HpaBU — paOTHSHMHH 

noHHTifl. Bb BaAoat Ha ooHOBaHin btoA oraTBH HHOHOKipeit BU<iepK- 
fljTH H8B npaBHJiB Boi HTTpa^H, nj>HHysAaK)nUe pafio^flXB koh- 
ipoAHpoBaTB H AOHOOHTB ApyrB Ha Apyra. Meffbe yoirbiuHa 6ujia 

nOnilTKa SanpOTHTB HtKCTOpiIMB $a6pHKaHTaMB ofiHOUBaTB pafio^HXB 

npH ooraBieHiH 4>a0pHKH. HHKaBoe Apyroe nooraHOBieme taxB ne 
pasApasaeTB pa6ouxB, ho oo oropOHH $a6pHBaHT0B% nociiAOBaio 
BOspaaseHie, ^to jehhihtb hxb btofo npana saROHi ne sexaen h ho 
Moasen sejiaxB, laKB RavB bb hArotophxi npoHSBOAoiBaxB, nanp., 
soJEOTBXB H oepe6pflHHXB Bereft, 8T0 SHaqnio 6h noABeprnyTB pnoRy 
oo6cTBeHHO0TB $a6pHRaHTa. MHonoRiQH naoTOHia, no Rpaineft nipt, 

fla TOMB, 1T06U Senn^HHB 06U0RHBaiH TOJIBRO XeHH^HHH. 

(OKOHHanie dydetm). 

r. lOililOCB. 



saeTB npeACTaBjenie (j»a6pH^HiixB npaBHJiB toaro Ha ycMOip^Hie axHEBii- 
CTpaiuH, HO Bi BaAeH'fa npaBsreiBCTBO nopy^HJio axo HHcneRAur. 




HA BCH) aoasHL 

PoMaH-B 3flyapja;a pcTOHbe. 

llepeeo&h ch ^panityacKCM A. AHHeHCKOti. 



^ACTB BTOPAa. 

I. 

— MOSHO BOftTH? — cnpocHJTb JIooHapj^'B. 

— dro BH?— BCRpanajia Masojiefla ^ysi.— I(ijiyio nextxio 
<He npnoAun! KaRot saSuBHHBuft! 

JleoHapni ymiSHyjicfl h saroBopHJi'b HdTsepxuicB roiocoM'B: 

— A SHaeie, Raxat Ej»Tb Aoas^? Mrt xortJiocB, hto6ii bu 
He cepABJEHCB Ha iceHfl; a CRasajrb AOiia, no yxosy; h sHaji'b, 
^0 sacTaHj BacB, h opHinBJi'b... 

Ofli» ocTaHOBVJicH 7 ABepeft. 

— Bamero Spaia vAtb soMa?— cnpocEJTb owh Cb 6e8noRot- 
^TBom. 

MaxeJieHa noRJiOHHjnicb eny cb HacMinuiHBoft yjraSKOft. 

— RasB BHAHTe, H'&rb. Ho ycnosoftrecB, ohb BepHorcH re- 
peal lOTBopTB ^aca. 

— A BH CHXiJIH SSiCB OAHB? 

— SaK'B GaHApHJKBOHa. 

— fl Bxosyl — BeceJio BcspHHajTB JleonapAB. — Ecjm aro bbcib 
CROicnpoiceTHpyen, hto xijiaTB. 

— Bc« paBHo He Haxojiro. liana soBen venfl Kb ce6i; m 
yixy Bi HeBep'B Ha 6yAyH](eft HeAijii. 

- y«e? 

— Yase... 

OhH OCiaHOBHJIHCB, KaRl 6yXT0 HHB HySHO 6lU0 C006lI](lIIB 

*pyn^ Wyry hto to oco6eHHoe. 

— HxeicB,— CRasajia ManeJieHa, Rpacnifl. 

Ona npoBOJia ero bi pa6oHift RaSHnerb JKyRa h dbm orojio 
-xamraa. 

— Hy, HTO se bu cTOHre? CaAHTecb cioxa, na eTO Rpecio. 

18* 



196 PyCCKOB BOrATGTBO. 

JleoHapA'B CHOBa yjiuSHyjiai. 

— HItb, ociaBBTe iceHji. — Mai Heo6iJRHOB6HHO npiaxEo 6h- 
BaTB zAich. SI jw&hh) bc6 pascicaTpHBaTb. 

Bi 9Ton BOHep'B, RaB'B H icHoro pas'B npesAe, ohi nyBCTBO- 
BaJii ceCa. jf^nmemuo xopoBio wb dioft raxofi BOMHart. Bi^ 
Heft 611J10 nTO TO Heo($uRHOBeHHO yioTHoe. Bi» rjiiy6HHi nepe- 
11JI6TH BHEFb pHCOBajincB cBtTJiuicH TOHRaMH Ha TeHHoft crtni. 
Me6ejrB vaccHBBaji, o6iTafl leMHoft icaiepieft, xuniajia Box^p- 
TOH'B. IleflsaJKH Eajffjro, BHctBmie Ha crfinazi, h He6oJDDbnilfl cia- 

TyBTRH CMflrqaJSH CTpOrtft CTHJIB BOMHara. 

— ToHHo BBBoe TO CBflTHJiH^e, — CB HyxB saHiTHoft yciciin- 
Kofi nporoBopvjTB JleoHapAi. — He Aocraen tojibbo CTBTyn Boc- 
nHTBHifl, TorAa Bce 611010 6u zopomo. 

— KaRi BBMi He CTUAHol — BospasHJta ManeJieHa, — sa^iii'B 

BH BiHBO CMieTeCB HBAl 6paT0Ml? 

— SI HBCROJDBBO He CMiH)CB: fl jD[io6yK)CB...— Oh'b noAomeoTB Kb 
CTOJiBBy, Ha BOTopoMi CTOJNTB 6yBeTB nojiypacnycTHBinHXCfl posi:— 

EaBOBOl — BCKpH^aS'B OHl,— I^B^TIll ToHHO y BJUOGJieHHUZl! 

MaAejnena HH^ero ne OTBi^aJDa. JleoHapA'B oComejcB spyroifB 
CTOJia, cki^'b npoTHBi vojsoAOfi AiBymBH h npHCTaoiBHO nocMOTpijn^ 
Ha nee. Ot^ es npexnaro A'&TCKaro jraHHsa ocrasHCB oahh tojibbo 
rJBAsa i^^Ta ^lajiKH. Ee nejiBaa 6ujio naasaTB xoponxeHBBoft, ho 
wb Heft tfHJio HTo TO Heo6HiRHOBeHHO npHBJTeBaTeJDBHoe. Bhaho 
61U10, ^0 OHa MoaseTi 6utb h Beceioft, h cepBesHoft, hto OHa 
cnoco6Ba h hb rjnyCoRyio npHBJisaHHOCTB, h hb AfcTCByio majio* 

BJEHBOCTB. 

— HeiTB BH saAynajDHCB? — CBpocHJia ona JleonapAa, ctI- 
CHBflCB orB ero npHCTaoiBHaro bsfjiba^* 

— fl AyMaio HOfOA:!, KaRaa ona CTpameo CRyHHaal h sl 
cjnymaH) jifi3Rjif>; xopomo npHCiymHBaTBCH rb nevy, RorAa ch- 

AHHIB, RBRl HU, UOKb Rpumeft, B% TOHJli... 

AiflCTBBTejUBHO, RaBJUH AOSKAA naABJiH CB pHTMHHecROK) paB^ 
HOifipHOCTBK). Oni CTynaoiH no orhbicb tohho ?bh to tbbh- 
CTBeHHue naJiBi^Bi. 

— ^a, Ell Heny xopomo npflcsynuiBaTBCfl) — noBTopHJua Ma- 

AeJIOHB CB HeCRpUBaeMHHX yAOBOJEBCTBieifB. 

Bi npoTHBOHOJsosHOCTB JleoHapAy ona ne oniiyn^ajia he mb- 
jrifimeft rpycTH h BnoJiBi HacJiasAaoacB ero npHcyrcTeieifB. 

BApyrB o6a ohh noHyBCTBOBaJHH, tto 6jraronpiflTHafl MHHyTa 
yjner&Jia. ^sepB OTRpujiacB; Bomejii SSyRB, CTpaxHaafl BOAy crb 
CBoero npoMORmaro HJiaTBa. 

— fl CB AofipuMH B^cTJiMH, a^th; MeHfl npHHUiaiorB Wb^ 
« Globe ». 

Oh'B 6uJl'b BHAHMO O^eHB AOBOJIOHB. BiaflHi OHl A&BHO ICOH- 
TBJTB COTpyAHEHeCTBi B'b 3T0ft PaseT^, XOTB HHROMy 9T0r0 HO 

pascRasHBaJS^B. ^ 



HA BCD snaHB. 197 

Ohi xpysecRH noaKSurb pyny Jleo&apxy n oiBiian'B noiti- 
nyeiTb Ha npit&iyt Ms^ejieHH. 

— Hy Bon>, KOfl icaneRbKaH Max'b, a n HameJU'B CBoero ko-* 
Hfll Tenepb TOJibRO npHmnopHiB erol 9 6ucTpo nov^ycB sne- 
peAi H npHBesy Te5i loro csasoiHaro npHHita, o ROTopovB th 
MeHTaemBl 

Ma](eji6Ha h Jleoeapx'B CHOsa ycinHCs no o6i CToposa Ra- 
MHHa, ^yRi cymHUB CBoe njnaTbe nepexi* orneuB. Aoaci(b npo- 
XOJiHcajifb naxarb Cb rjiyxHiiB myjioirB. 

— Bon RaRB aio see Bununo, — pascRaafiiBairb Mj&v. — 
Maji&BHJiB yse a^bho xoiiirb oiRasaTbca otb cbohxi eseaex^^ 
Hmi RpHTHHecRni ciaTeft. Oab roBopHrB, ^to ycrapin. Ero 
Bi oco6eHHocTH pasxpajRaJia H6o6xoAiuiocTb pa36HpaTB poKaHu, 
ROTopjbie saxBaTHBaioTB Bce 6ojiBine h 6oiibine xicra bb JiHTd* 
paiypi. TaRie yqenue, RaRB ohi. He juoSaTb apoHSBeieHift ^ah- 
TaslH, zoM am to npoHaaexeHia h noxroTOBJifliorb icaiepB* 
flJTB Au 6yAynt«ft HcropiH. Oxhhitb cjiobohi, ohi yionjicfl. 
ICponi Toro, poAaRitiH <(Globe> xotinocB 6ojiie coBpeMOH- 
HuxB HABft. Fasera, CTanoBHJKacB xasejioft, 6jiaroAap2 cbohhi 

CTapHHHUMl TBOpiiElCB. MaJIBBHJIB npeACTBBHJI'B ICeHH, H BC6 
^JIBAHJirOCB... 

TaRaa yxana, flBHBmaflCfl laRB npocio, npnaoAHJia MaxeJieHy 
BB BocTopn. Ofla, Bopo^eicB, naxoAHJia, hto bto BnoJiHi capa- 
BOAfflBO, no ea o6o»ieii£it 6parB Bnojiai sacjiyaRHBaerB aioro. 
JleoHapAB KOJTfaxB h o hbitb to saAyMaicH. 

— BoTB laRB TO, — nporoBopHJTB ICyRBy — HHorxa 6HBaeTB 

AOBOAHO BCTpfeHTB XOpOmarO HBJIOBiRa, H BCfl 2H8HB H^HfldTCH 

*B xyHmeujl 

Besi Hoicon^H MaJUBBHJia eny A^ft^^BOTeJiBHo npiiauiocB 6h 

AOBOJIBCTBOBaTBCH CRpOMHUHB MiCTOMB yUTeJKfl BB RaROHB HH- 

6yAb npoBHHifiaiBHOiiB JiHEiet. MaJiBBHJiiB yAepxaiB ero bb Ila- 
pax£, MajUBBHJiiB pasBiJiB ero yMB, a&^ HanpaBneHie ero BOJii. 
Ohb roBopHJiB CB HoneHieiiB h juoSobbk) o6b btomb cTapsR'^i 
ROToparo BB IlapHJci CHHrais rpy6iiiiB. Ohb apsHifH HepiaiiH 
pHCOBajiB ero yrjuoBaTyio ^Hrypy , ero CTporyio orhshb, CTpacTHoe 
CTpeifjieHie rb hcthh^, rop^Boide bb ero cepAi^^. Oob npoA- 
CTftBiajTB ero rbrhmb to anocTonoifB, CHJibHuifB H BB TO ace 
BpeMH 6e8HaAesHHirb. 

JleoHapAB nepe6HjrB ILyna. 

— 3t0 OTCTynHHRBl 

HdiiiHeHie bb peJiiriosaiiXB msIhIhxb MasbBHua bb cbos 
BpeifH npoHSBejio CRanAaJTb bb IlapHsi. HiaoTopue apoAOnsaiiH 
HasuBaTB ero npordciaHTCSHtfB Paaaaovb h bo ace ae aoroMj, 
^to6h ohb BucTaBJiajEB Ha bhab cboh coii3&aia, a apocro no- 
Yoicy, TTo OHB oTRaaaJica otb SBaala CBaa^daaasa h ^ro h^iao^h o 
611UL0 Hiith Hn6yAB yROoiOTb ero. 



198 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

— KaKoe npaao HMieniB m cyvarh o ^ejnoBiKii KOTopam' 
coBciMi He sHaeiDL? — B08pa3HJii» SHyK'b. — Heyxejni bcjibUI, sra 
He pasA^Jiflen TBOHrb y6taAeHlft, 6e8HecTHKift HejioB^Ri? Ha- 
XoCho 6uTb cnpaBexJTHBie hjhh AoCpie. 

— Eorxa A^o axen 061 Hxeax'b, Hinii^Ta vu AoCpoia, — 
OTB^Hajii JleoHapAi asecTRHirB rojiocoM'b. — Mosho homohb ne-^ 
ciacTHOMy, ho HejiLSfl onpaBXiiBaTB apeciynjeHle. 

XyRi yjiKi6Hyjiicfl ero ropAHHocra: 

— KaRi Tu nepeiiiHHJicfll HuH^e tbo< pejork, hobhah- 
MOMy, HCKJDioHaeiii MHJiocepAie. 

— B'L OKISHH Tose uiTh HHKaKoro MHJiocepAiii. 

n JleoHapA'B CHOBa saAyMajicfl. To rpyciHoe HacTpoeHle, ko- 
Topoe sacTaBHJio ero saftxH ri npiaTejuo, CHOBa OBiaA'&no HmL 
BocDOMHHaHlfl nponuoMi ocasAS^H ero. Qhi hobojilho aaro- 
BopHJii Ton, HTO Jiexajio y nero na cepAAi: 

— Axil diH HaAesAu, ROTopuji HanojiHflion nanui AllTCRiii 
AyniM H BusuBafon ctojibro sejiaHifl! 3to ofohb, csiraion^il 
cojioMy. ILsaMfl tbr'b jipRO, hto nejiiAH ne j[io6oBaTBca Hm; ho 
B0Ti» HOAHHHaerca mwb e BCROpi^, RpoM^AHMa, H$ii> HH^ero. 
Oh'l oaAunaerbj obi> jiymnLVb^ h nocoii nero HacTynaerii TBKa. 
FoBopio Te6i: shshb ne HMierb hh Maniflmaro MHjnocepAifli ona. 
yjui6aeTCfl ROMy nonajio, npeAJiaraerb, ^ro yroAHo, h HHRorAa. 
HHHero He A&erB... 

— Tu omHfiaeniBCJi: ona ffi^eii* TOity, rto yn^rb 6paTB. 
HpaBCTBeHHuft iiipi yDpaBJuercfl laROio se tohroA MexaHHRoft, 
RaRi H MaTepiaoiBHuft. Bi rbsaomi hsi hhxii HSBi^CTHua npn- 
HBEKi BJIeRyT^ HSBicTHUfl cjoflACTBifl, Bi RaxAOKi HAen Hpa- 
BHJiBBafl cMina aRi^in h peaKi^H. KaRi bi tomi, laKb h b'b 
ApyroMi — ^no6iA& Aoctaeitui DpaBHJiLHO npHJiozeBHoft chjtI, h Bce 

B'b 8T0HI Mipi HaXOAHTCii Bl» pBBHOB'iciH. 

— Tu saCuBaemb 6yAyntyK) jkhshb. 

— fl HHHero He 8a6uBaH), ho a roBopio tojibro lom, iia 

MU BHAiUfl 8AiCB, Ha ZBUJli. 

<SijK7> BCTani H npHHflJicfl xoAHTB 6ojiBmHiai maraMH. 

— Mofl ORisHB MOserB cjiysHTB AORasaiejiBCTBOM'B, — npo- 
AOJURajn. OHi, oxoBJLAACh. — H He OTRasaJiCH hh on oAHoro h8i 
CBOHXi ^ecTOJiio6BBux'B CTpeMJieHift. H A06HJICH ocyn^ecTBJieHLi 
H^ROTopuxi Hsi HBXT) H sAy ocyH^ecTBJieHiH Apyi^H^^* A HeyxejiH 
TU CTanemB otphkbtb, hto cnanajia sh8HB MOii 6um o^eHB 
THSLeJia. IIovHHmB, MaABJieHa, bi» RaRoft 6iAH0CTH mu xhjie, 

a HOCJii CMepTH MaTepH OTOAB COBCiWb OCJl^&bJL'b h hhcrojibro 

He 3a6oTHJD[ca CBoeft ToproBJui. BApyn bco nepeM^HHoiocB. 
ManBBHJiB npHHfljTB BO MHi yHacTio, h HOCiynHJii bi» HopiiajCBHyio 
niROJiy... Mosien 6utb, repeal RaRie'BH6yAB ABa roAa sl npioSpiiy 

HSB'i^CTHOCTB. Bb HeB6p% TOXO: OTei^l* HOnpaBHJICH, ToproBJia 

Hama paapocjuacB, A^HBrH hush ri neify co Bcixi CTopoHi. Hi 



HA BCD aCflSHB. 199 

nsuBAKOfiTh jAn Tepnijrb HyacAy, TenepB, sHa^iin, 67x7 15 
jArb 6j[aroxeHCTB0BaTB. IlflTHaxi^TB jAtl 9to b^ab ^eiBepTE 

XJIHHHOft HOJIOBiqeCROt S18HH! 

JleoHapAii BHsxaTejSBHO cjiymajn* ero: 

— HtO BHaHHTB OTA^BHUt ^aRTB Bl CpaBHeHlH CI PpO- 
MaAHBIMl KOJIK^eCTBOMl ^^aSTOlB, COCTaBJIIEIOIIQIZ'B CJMMy SH8- 

left. Til roBopHiDB ce6l? IIocMOTpH na iceHfl. 

Ohi» orohhhjtb Kypci Ha lopBAV^ecROMi ^aRyjiBTert, saiiirB 
CTajiii saBaMaTBCfl jiHTepaiypoft, 6iiji'b oaho Bpeiu xypHajmcTOKii. 
Ho Majio-no-MajT^ OTCiajTB otb Bcero otofo. Bcb ero xejraHifl 

nOCTOJIHHO yMSpaJH, KaR'B TOJIIBRO npHZOKHJIOCB A^JiaTB ycHJiie 

Xju npoBBAeHlfl Hzi vh »h8hb. Jtaace TenepB, Ror^a ohi pa8- 
6oraTijrB— r. Apiyci ocTaBHJTB eny Bce CBoe cocToanle — owh 
lyBCTBOBan, ^0 npescTaBJiJierB hsi ceOa OTJiH^yio vamHay, 
npeBOCXOAHO OTA^aHHyio, ho hb cnoco6HyK) hh r^b RaRoft pa- 
6ot6. npaBxa, 8a nocjiixHift roA> ohb ysjieRCfl coKlajiBHiiiiH 
yTOHLiinr. Eiiy CTpacTHO zoiIjiocb nepeco8AaTB no CBoeicy co6- 
CTBeHHOMy, ycoBepmeHCTBOBaHHOMy njiany coBpeireHHiift crpofl, 
noposAaionUft ctojibko Hec^acrifl. Ohb smjsjbjrh bi diOM'B 6ja- 
ropoAHyio jslbjcb xslwe h noTOMy BcrynHjrB bi cGobobi san^HTBi 
o6niecTBa> x comejiosi ci npeAC^A&Teoieini btofo coH)8a Ponma- 
poiTB; HO oh'b BceraRH ohohb qacTO MyHHJucfl coMHiHieirB bi^ 
TOMi, AOCTBsmiii jn ero npeAnojioseniii. 

— 3a TTO a HH 6paJiCH| a BcerAa naTURajicfl Ha npenaT- 
CTBie, OTAiJuion^ee HicTyio habk) on ocyni[ecTBJieHlH ea. fl no- 
HHicaio HAOK), HO HB Mory Ao6HTBCfl en npHMiHBHifl. Mob crpBK- 

JIBHlB OCTaBTCH HByAOBJKBTBOpBHHUM'B, a KOB pa80HapOBaHiB B03- 
pOCTaeTB. nOBpBMBHaVB H 8aBHAyH) HHHOBHHRaiTB, RpBCTBAHairB, 
JiaBOHHHRairb, BCiWh JlH)AaMl, npiHySABHHUlTB A^CTBOBaTB B'B 

onpBA^BHHHX'B paMRaxi. B'B caMoiTB jsjbjrb^ earn to paBHOB^cie, 

ROTOpOlfB TU rOBOpHmB, CyH^BCTByBTl, RaRaH SB TaHHCTBBH- 

naa cnoia yHH^osaerB Bci hoh jcbjAjb? SL hb aiy^niB h hq xyxB 
CojBmHHCTBa; a MesRAy t^itb a cAijiaji'B mohbuib h crpaAaji'B 
6osjbme Apyran! 

— GTpaHHO,— OTB^HajTB XijKby — HTO TU TaRi xopomo pas- 

6HpaBmB CBOH) 60Ai8HB H HB MOaRBHIB HaflTH CpBACTBa HpOTHBl 
HBH. Bl TB6i BCTB RaROB TO HB06'BaCHn]COB HBTBpniHiB, RaRafl TO 

HByTOJiHifafl sajRAa HBHSBicTnaro. fl HHorAa cnpaniHBaio ce6a, 
npoHCxoABn jh bto otb BposABHHaro CBoftcTBa TBoero xapaRTepa 
iJiH dTO, RaR:B roBopirB MajiBBHJSB, fOTpaSBHHuft yAapi> tbobfo 
BocHHTaHui, A^ftCTByiDn^ft Ha paacTOHHlH B HB 0CJia6lBaK)n^ c% 
roAaMH. mbvbj RpoMi cBoeo6pa8Haro CRJiaAayMa, o6ihchhtb to, hto 

TBfifl yBJIBRaiOrB HCRJmO^iHTBJIBHO ^aHTaCTHHBCRla TBOplH H HpOA- 

oplaTla? Th BorBpascRasBiBajnii Ponmapi, cCoiosi 8ani;HTu 
o6n^ecTBa». H, npaBAa, Majio BHafOHxi. Ho no tbo»ii» cJiOBairB a 
npBACTaBJUiio ceSi, ^ToaTO co6paHiBJiioAefi CRopift xopomaro Tona, 



200 P7CCS0B BOFATCTBO. 

^m piniHTejiBRaro xapasiepa, nojiyjECepaJioBi, noJiyRaTOJiHBOBi«. 

OhH CXOAflTCfl BlliCli H BO3B0AflXl» Bl SaKOHU CBOH npej(CTaB- 

jieHifl o6i o6]itecTBeHHOBnb ctpoi, nps^eMi h6 xoaycKaion ri 
ceGi nocTopoHHHXi, Rotopue mofjuh 6h ocnapaBaTB hxi Mfliou, 
H BucRasjuBaiorb am keAbIr cb Bejis'iaftaieH) yBipeaHoerbEo, 
sHaa, HTO HBRorxa ho 6ysyn np^SBaeH dpoboahtb axi bi sBsab. 
3to Bce cajtoHHiiA hibh, Roiopufl 6oflTCfl CBksaro Bosj^xa. 
GBo6oAa sasiniaHlBy BOSBpa^enie npaBa nepsopoACXBa, Boscra- 
HOBJieHie caMOCTOflieuflttX'B, 8acpfiiTK[xi> aexoBi — ace aio HHCTaa 
yionia hah npociaa nrpa yiia. fl 6oiocb non Hero: Moser'b 

6hTB, HMeHHO HeyA060HCn0JIHHV0CTB BCixi BTHXl HAeft H A^' 

jiaen hxi npEBjieRaTejuBHUXH bi tbohxii rjiasaxi? 

— Tu cyAHmB npHCipacTHo. HiiB, cCoiOdii ne orpaaH- 
HHBaarcx, RaRi tu BOo6pasaeaib, oahhhb oficysAoaien HAeft, 
t)aii CTpenHTCJi H npHMiaaiB hxi. R bi npoBHHqiH, n bi Ila- 
pHxi y ^nacb ycrponjincb ^ajdaiibaua oixiJieHtH, HacToaa^ie 
pascaAHHRH nponarasiABi: y Haci ecTB cboB sypeajn, CBonnyS- 
jrHHHUfl jieRi^iH, HHCJio ROTopux'b nocTOflHHO yaejuiuBaeTCfl. 

OaHHITB CJIOBOITB, MU XOTHMl BJSiflTB HB CBMyiO fjmj HBI^iH; 

ROFAa OHa Hacb xopoino ysHaen, ohb caiia npHAers vh nairb. 

— Mozen 6iitb,— BospasHiTB 3EyRi>,— ho RaRaa se tboh 
poJiB bo BceiHi BTOiTB? KaRyio onpeA^^eHHyK) jsjbjih npecj'bAyoniB 
TH? Moorho HaftTH TEiCHHy cnoco6oB!b saBoeBBTB ce6i nojioseoie 
Bt CBirl, HO HaAo6HO ociaHOBHTBca Ha oahohi h AepzarBca 
ero. JIioAH HocpeACTBeHHue oSuRHoaeHHO hic%k)tb Cojubme ycntxa, 

HMeHHO nOTOKy, HTO OHH He Bl COCTOflHiH HATH paSHUHH HyTaiiH, 

OHH xoTUTi Hero HH6yAB OAHoro, ho xotati* TsepAO. 

— MoH i^ijiB... — HaHan JleoHapA'B h ocTaHOBHjrcfl. — Ki 
Heny tobophtb o6i» btohtb ceroAHH?— npepBajn owh canoro ce6a. — 
Tu CRopo ysHaeniB, vh hbitb icoa nisih^ h, ocjih h eeAOCTHrny, 

TEI HBBipHO 0A06pHniB VeHHl 

— Hy, Borb BTO pasyMHaa piib! OijihhhoI Taoa 6oJi*8Hb 
lu^HHica. Moserb 6uTb, ona npoHCxoAHrb orb HSJuaiHHro hoa* 
HHHemH H%ROTopuin> BJlHHlflif'b npomnaro. 

JleoHapA'B oTpHitaTOJibHO Maxnyji'b pyaoft. 

— He roBopH o npomjioirB; oho yiiepjio a^h moha 6ojABj 
Him TU BOo6pasaemb. 

Ohh sanoJiHaJiH. MaAOOieHa noAonma Kb ORny: 

— OdiflBJUK) BaiTb, HTO HOFOAa pasryifljiacb. nocHOTpHTe, 
saRoft JfioRceicfiyprb cran apacHBuft. 

He6o npoflCHBxocb. Jlyna yAapoitb cepna paspisaaia TyHH. 
roji[f6oBaTuft CBirb osapajrb A^peBba, HHnero Heabsa 6uao pas- 
rjiaA^Tb; RpoHi sejieHn, Ara^nuxib ajuieft, noAepnyTuxi TyHaHon, 
TeMHOCBHHX'b JiysaoRi H BAajiH paAa ocBin^eHHux'b aomobi. 
MaAOJieHa yRasajna na diJioe o^jibro Tyifana, TaHyaineeca baojub 
pimeiRH. 



HA BCD SH8HB. 201 

— KaRi cipaHHol oicioAa KaseicH, touo pixa. Mai npex- 
cTaBJOTfleTCJi, HTO A Bi HeBopi. 

9to HKfl Hamjio oTsomR'b bi> nrb cepsi^axi. Bhx^b dioro th- 
zaro caA& B036ysxsurb ■ y-HHTb BOcnoMnaaHifl o poxHOMib ro- 
poii. OH:b acHO pHCOBajicH nepefti hhkh cb cbohjie tohrhki 

mOHliaiDi, CBOHKH CipijIB^aTiniH CBOAaMH, CBOHME CTapUKS JliCT- 

nfli](aiai, cnycRaBniHMHCA ki Jlyapi. 

— SaxiTHjrb jik tu, — cnpocEJTb Xtki, o6paii;aflCb Rib Jleo- 
^PS7i xo RaRoft cxeneHH cxapuft HeBepi cozpasiurb bbkl 
ApoBHHro MOHacTEipa? A RaRaa lyxHaa nniHHa na ero yjisi^axib? 
A paBHHHa sa HHirb? Ax%, aia passHHa cb csoeft cHHeBoft, ch 
CBOHMi BSJMiaMH, HocfliipuiH 6j[aroTOCTHBiia HassaHia: cMoJiHTBai^, 
cMBJioc6pAie»I EaRi Bce ato nuniHTib CTapum xpHCTlaacTsoMi! 

JleonapAiB BcnoMHHjrE cipaHHHfl HaBBasifl nepeyjiiROBi: yjiHAa 
'«roj[y6RH», yjiHAa cTpex'b iiJUTib», yjani^a cIIpeRpacHiiZ'B o?robi»; 
OHi ORpysajLH HeBep:b i](ijnun» idpoirb jiereHA^, nepesEsmHX'b 
xaace AP^BHifl 6amHH. 

— Bhaho, "1X0 bh h6 sHBere bi^ Heaepi,— CRasajia MaAe- 
JEeaa,— BH ji[K)6i[Te ero, RaRi juoSatb OTcyiCTByioii^HZ'B. 

CepAUe ea tocrjebbo cauncaioeB: oaa xyMasa o tomb, hto 
AOJisaa cRopo yizaxb. Bxpyr^ pasAaaca saoaoRib. Gayra Jleo- 
HapAa npHHecB Buy lejierpaMHy. Ero acoyrajio, «o xeaerpaif- 
jia npHmxa xaai nosAHo^ h oh'b c^ejrb sa jnynoiee AocTaaHiB ee 
HeMeAaeHHO. 

— ^aftre cioAa, — cRasajii JleoHapAi. 

Owb pasopBajn o6epTRy caerRa ApoacanuBMH pyRavB, npo- 
^ejTb H nporoBopajTB: 

— 3to orb OTi^a BepHBepa; oai coo6n^aeTB Mai, ito 6y- 

AOTB npoiSAOMB Bl IlapHSi H npOCHTB MOHfl BCTpilHTB OFt 

saarpa aa BORsajrl Ciaepaoft Aopora. 
Ha MEByxy act cmojirjih. 

— Heyacejm xu nepenacuBaenibCfl cb dxaiiB AypaRom? — 

j)i8R0 COpOCHJTB SyRB. 

— Ji;a, Mil nacajiH ApyrB Apyry. 

— Oxpaaaoe saaROMCxao! 

— IIo^eMy? 

XyR'B H caMi ae saaorB. Ero npesaafl aaxaaaxia npoAoa- 
xajnacB 6e8B acaRaxB aoauxB uoboaobb. 

— Mu COMB JiixB ae BHAaxHCB, — csasaiB JleoaapAB, — cb 
xixB nopB, RaRB BHnuiH H8i Cbbb Jlya ffi FoasarB. Hama ne- 
^enacRa aaiajnacB cb npomjiaro roAa, RorAa oaB nocxyaajiB bb 
MoaacxupB. BepaBepB nepauft aaaacauB, a exy oxBi^anB. Tu 
HaapacBO 6paaaniB ero, oaB caoiBao HSiciaaaca. 

lB»jKb nosajiB sae^aMH. 

— Ha nacBMi aaiita ae bhabo. 

Oaa yciaacB sa cxojtb. HapB noAaaMaaca En ^aftaaRa rb 



202 NCGKOB BOFATCTBO. 

soTouy. yrojiBSH BurjUAUBajiiH hsi nogb noBpuBSBmeft ex% 
sojm, TOHHO OTKpuiHe rjiaaa. Tejuerpanra npHBeia Jleonapxa. 
Bi rpycTHoe HacTpooHle. 

— BuBaion nacu, Kor^a BOCiOMHHaHlfl lan h HaxjoiHyTS 
Ha xymy,— CKaaaJTb ICyKi.— JI noneiiy to Heo6iiKHOBeHHO agho 
BcnoMHHaio oxBO Hame co6paHle Bib xoHi r-SH Hohi. Tam 6iurfc 
H BepHBepi. SL chjibho CKanxajrasoBaJKB Baci. Mu roBopHja a 
^HJioco^ii H noTOMi nonuiH Kb BenepHi bi* i(6Pkobb Bameft 
KOJiJieriH. Tboh TOBapHio[H He noHpasHJoicB mh^. A Bcerasi 
MHi xortJiocB 6u BHaib, Tgh ohh SHByrb, hto ohh noA^JUBa-^ 
ion. npexcTaBB cedi, hto ohh KasHic'B HH6yAB HyAOM<B o^yrH- 
jiHCB 6u TyrB, okojuo aioro CTOJia, h no^Maft, hto 6u ohm ^ys- 

CTBOBaJIH? ByXOTB JIH XOTB OftHHl ISl HHXl, — B HO FOBOpiO 

Eaci AByx'B, Hama spys6a pasitB^a xotb hosaho, xa npoHso — 
pasroBapHBaxB Ch Ham cbo6oxho h Sesi csyBH? H Kan ohh 
ho lioxosH xpyTB Ha xpyra! Kax'B ohh x^eso oromjui h otb 
HacBy H 07% Toro, HiiTB 6ujLR npejKx^t 

— ^To n HiMH cx^ajiOCB? BepHBepB lesynn; xpyrie... 
Jleonapxi BaHomaxB, yxHBJUuicB, Kax'B Maio HicTa bi ero 

nacTOfln^HXi npHBjisaHHOCTJixi saHHMaiorB li, ch xoTopuia ohi. 
TaR'B xoJiro SHXi o6nieio shshuo. 
Ohh nanaxH Bcixi BcnoMHHaiB. 

— Mni npexcTaBJuiercfl oxna cHinmafl $Hrypa, — csasaJTB 

SijKb — ineXeHl. ^TO Cb HHMl ciaxocB? 

— SI ero HexaBHo BCTpinurB y Ponmapa. Offb axBOsan 
6Qn x^jTb. Obi TenepB sanHMaeTCfl conlojiorieft cb lasHirB se 
ycnixoMi, cb saKiirB nncaJTb cBoi poicaHB hbb cpexBeBtooBoft; 
acnsHH. Ha CBirt CuBaiorB HeMSJieHiiniH rjnynocn. 

— A HTO JlaH^iy TBot HepasjayHHufi js^jrbl 

— Ohb cjryjcHTB uepKOMi y Hoiapiyca, xeHUiai, ne SHaio, 
Korxa H rxdft. 

— A ^ejnecTaHi, aiorb bohhb, Me^aBmift o 6nTBaxi>? 

— Offb TopryerB yxoCpenijiMH, — artacB, oTBi^aJia Maxe- 
JKena. 

— A Cepae? 

— Ohb en^e bi IlapHxi, HHHero ne x^jnaerB h Becejnrca 
Ha nponajiyio. 

IIpH BCflROiTB Bonpoci Bco Sojiie H CoJiie CHJBHaa lOCKa 
csHMajia cepxiie Jleonapxa. 0, sasi rpycTHO 6hjio nepe^HCJiHTB 
diH 6jKixHUfl, 8a6umfl HMena! Ohh BunjiHBajiH bi naiifln, cjiobho 
saKie to oGjiomeh pasCnTaro npomjiaro. Mesxy bhhh h nacroH- 

H^HMl HaCOM'B HpOmeJIB nijiuft HOTOKB XHOt H XaXX^ft HS^ 
dTHXlk XHefi yHOCHJDLl HXB BCO XUBHie H ]ifiJihme. 

— Bi cjnpocTH, — nporoBopHJii* ^yxB, — ne ctoitb pastic- 

KHBaTB BXl, H£I HaB^pHO HHROFXa Hd BCTp^THMCH Cb HHMH. 

Bci Tpoe saxjMajiHCB. 



Si. BCD SKHSHB. 203 

no cipaHHoft cJiyHaftHOCTH mucjih Bcizi Tpex!b ynecjoicB 
Ri jiaBHO npomeArnHMi* roxaMi. MaAejuena BcnoMHiuia oabhi 
jn^THifl Benepi, Borsa OHa, OAtiaa bi> 6&ioe njnaTMii^e, anJioxH- 
poBajBa KOJTJieriaTy wb Kociniii HMnepaxopa. ^yn BcnoMHHaji'b 
Ton AeHB, xorxa, yfiixaBi hbi iukojiu, owb bmIct^ cb ApymiH 
HajiBHHKaiiH paspyinm khprok) KaKyio to cTapyio crtHy: Hyx- 
Hoe Bpeiu, Kor^a noJunteflCBift Easajicfl Bcero cipaiimie Ha 
CBit%, H HOXHO 6iU[o majKHTB, HO 8a6oTflCB DtijiocTH CBoero 
nuTM. A JleoHapjQr opeACTaBJiKHJiHCB Bib Boo6paseHui cicyTHBrfl 
oHepTama jihitb t^xi TOBapH^efi, o KoropurB ohe toabo hto 
roBopuH* Ohi ho sajiijn> o ehxi, xota Bci ohh abjujuicb evy 
KB RaROiTB to HBoOuRHOBeHHo DpflBJieRaTejiBHOirB cwbA. 

EajRAUfi HSl BBTb BCnOMHHJK'B CB06 A'^TCTBO: MaAOJiieHa fiiuia 

MO'iTaTeJiBHoft H yBJioRaio^eftca a^bohroI; S&jvb sacjiasAajiica 
CBo6oAOft yjiiHHaro icajiBumRH; JleoHapAi shji'b cutbhtb, ua- 
jieHBRHiTB 6ypxya. 

— Fa^ to BpeMil,— nporoBopKJL'B ffiyRB,— RorAa a RyoHiB 
ropmeneRB iiaprapsTORi ■ uoAHecB ero oahoI A^ByniRi? 

— Fa^ to BpeHfl, RorAa a sacB yBHA^^ b^ ROCTioici rep- 
MBHCRaro BMnepatopa? — CRasajna MsweiOHa JleoHapAy* 

Obx BSAporHyjTB. UleAeHit, JIaBHy wA aTH HCHesHyBmla juita 
HanoMHHaJiH eiiy Ty MHEyxy, RorAa ohi, oxBaneHHuft rojiOBo- 
Rpyaemen, noiyacTBOBajiib HaeoiasAeHle ynpaBJuiTB cepAi^aMH. 
RaRHMi pe6fl?6CRMirB RasaJiocB eicy xenepB bto TopxecTBO roji- 
jierlaTal 

— He noHHMaio a bbci, — CRasairB ohi, BCTaBaa:— ecjni A^e 
sacTOjan^ee . h ho xopomo, to pasBi oho BcexaRH He jny^me 
npomjiaro? 

Ofii npocTHJiai ch hhmh KPjjBiejaQ6Buwbj hohti h%shum'b 
HozaTieM'B pyRi. 

— npHXOAH npOCTHTBCfl CB Heft, — rpycTHO nporoBopHJi'B 
X,jKb, — OHa lenpeiitaHO xohbtb yixaxB. 

— EorAa Bu npHAOTe ohatb? — cnpocHJia MaAeJiena. 
CxoAJi ci JiicTHHKU, JleoHapAib en^e pas'B ycjoimajii mh- 

juft rojiocoRi: 

— He TOMHO JHH BaiTB? SI cofiAy, nocB^^y? 

— H^TB, 6jiareAapio, He 6e8noRofiTecB. 

Offb BumejTB Ha jsumj Acca. IIoai npoflCHHBniHMCii neSoH^ 
RpacoBancB AepeBBfl JIioRceMtfypra. Co BcbxB cTopoHi cjrumajai 
6oft HacoBi. ToHHO Kijiufi aoza^ nacoBoro sBona naAaoi'B na 
6e3JiK)AHiift RBapTBJS'B. Jlfioxb oxBaTHJia JleoHapAa. 

Hpomjioe ne A^BaJio eiiy noROJei. CjnoBa 2CyRa: fa^ to apoM;?, 
ROFAa a noAHOCHJii A^BymRi icaprapBTRB?— npo6yAHJiH bi neifB 
HyacTBo CKpHToft rope^H. 

HanpacHO nepeCHpaji* ohi bi naHaxii Bce cBoe npomjioe: 
owh He MOFB BcnouHHTB HHHero noAo6Haro. CepAKe ero Sujuo 



204 PyCCROE BOrjLTCTBO. 

BcerAa nycro, owb BcerAa x^psajni C66fl acseTom*, Bcerxa cxporo 
EcnoJiHJsurb MOHacTupcm npaBHJia; h owl nosaBHSOBajn* loeo- 
mecROMy poMasy, KOTopuft hosho 6hjio yrasaTB H8i» ciob'b 
2S>yRa: MajieHBRift TopmoneRi npocieHBRHX'b itBiiEOBi, A^ByoiKa* 
pafioTHHi^a ci naonbitaMH, HCKOJioTuini Hrjuoft, BenepHlH CBHAaHla 
Bi TeMHux'B nepeyjiRaxi, HisHBiA jiacsH... Ot^ero oro mojio- 
AOCTB Sujia jninieHa TaEHXi cjianKHX'b nnyn? 

Ohi mwb no yjin^i Oiwcra RoHra. Csaxa Hero nocjibi- 
majuca myn maroBi h om> hbbojibho oCepHyjucii. SaHEHii mjia 
zeHn^HHa, OAiTaa vb CBiTJioe mejiKOBoe uaTBe cb mypmaii^HicK 
io6KaiiH. 

Oaa nopoBHHJuacb ci JleoHapxoifi ■ npomxa wmo, nasi 
(SyATO He BHAajia ero; ho, AOftxa ao ^OHapa, OHa bi cboio oho- 
peAB noBepnyjia roJiOBy, h .Seonapx'B saitiTHJUi, ^o ona xo- 
poma co6o]ft. 

CepAi^e ero 8a6HJiocB. B« BziJiafjb HesHaKOMRH OH:b acHO 
npoHeJTb, HTO eft nonpaBHJOLca ero crpoftHHl ciaHi, ero nssn^Eafl 
4»Hrypa. Ha OAHy coKyuAy y Hero jibbjiocb xenaHie DOAoftXH ish 
Heft, HO OH'b yAepsaJUCA. 

HesHaROMKa cA^JiaJia ^yiB saiciTHHft JcecrB neyAOBOiiBCTBlE, 
ycRopHJia marB h Hcnesjua. 

ieoHapA'B ocTaHOBHJDCH cpoAH nycTUHHOft yjiHKU. OH'B cep- 
A^JiCH caM'B Ha ceSn: no RaRoft CTpannoft dphhmh^ ohi laRi 
HO Hoxosi Ha Apyraxi? Ilo^eiiy He noAHHHHeicfl ohi oOn^eMy 
saRony? Touo RaROft-io RaueHB oiesajn y nero na eepAi^i; rjiflAS 
Ha p'inieTRy JlK)RceM6ypra, Bcb Bopota ROiopoft Cujih bi 8th 
HOHHue Hacu RpiDRo sanepTH, owb npeACTaBJifljUB ce6i, ?to ero 
JRH8HB oRpysena laRoft se rjiyxoft orpaAofi, rbrb h dTon caAi>. 

HacTaHeTi-jKH RorAa HH6yAB yipo, ROTopoe oTRpoen Asepe 
orpaAH?... 



II. 

JleoHapAi pascRasajii ICyRy coScTBeHHO tojebro BHiaiHioio 
cTopony cBoeft shshh. Ta Apaica, ROTopaa paaurpuBaJiacB b% 
rjiySHB^ ero cosHanifl, ocTasaJiacB Taftnoft. Okb BUSBaai ee b% 
CBoeft naicHTH na cJiiAyionpft aohb, nepe6Hpafl nncBMa OTAa 
BepHBepa. 

Owb CAepsajni CBoe oSin^anie: no buxoa^ hsi Cohb JlyH ffi 
FoHsaETB OH'B coxpaHBJii B'&pHOCTB XpHcty; HO evy RasajiocB, 
HTo XpHCTOci noRHHyjii ero. 

Ci caiiaro na^ajia owb nonyBciBOBajTB, no SjiaroAaiB ocia- 
BHJia ero. Owb MOJiHJica, lacycB XpHCTOcib ne oiB^ian'B eiiy. 
flanpacHO xoah^i ohb RaxAuft npasAHHKB bi itepROBB, h eta- 
paacH iponyTB HenpeRJioHHaro BupaseHiAMH CBoett AymeBHoft 



HA BCD SHSHb. 20& 

TOCRH. Hhhxo h6 HOMorajio: 6osecTBeHHuft o6pa8i 6jAKBiin>. 
HaicoHeiii, OAHasffi ohi, puaaA; sairtTurb, hto dron oSpas'b 
HCHen OBOHHaiejibHO h ycTjinm HicTO 66aiiHuoft Hxei XpHcia. 
3a 9iBin» nocjAAOBaxi neplOAi* MyuiejiBHaro 6e8noKotcTfia. 
OffB HCBaJTb cnac6HljB[ Bi CTporoiTB HcaoaHemH pejiiirlosHiix'b 
o6pjnowh. B% TO se Bpeiu cauiii npoTHBODOJiosHUfl Hacrpo- 
OHlfl paspuBaiH ero KSmj. Ohi emfi ho sHajTB xemi^HHii, a b-b. 
Boo6paseHiH pHcosaorb ce6i ccieHii pasBpara h HacjiasAajiCA 
KapiHHaifH CBoeft ((^aHTasiH. Oai nosopso nox^HJiJicfl Aonct h 
Ao5HBanc£ cboCoah cJiOBa. Bojia ero ociaBajiacb xpHcriaHCKOK)^ 
cepAi^e yAajujiocB on xpHCTiaecTBa. 

Bi dTO se BpeMfl jushb nanajia paspymaib ero ropAejiHBua. 
umthL nepBaro yneHHU. Octb tojubko hto Kosuorb lopHAHiecKift 
^axyjiLTen. Kaufl to TaHHCTBeHHaji CHJia ynopno irlmajoa ocy- 
n^ecTBJieBiio Bcirb ero njnanoBi. 

BfiesanHO HpaBCTBeHHaa fioJiisHB ero paspasHJiacB kphshcomb: 
BocnoMBHame o npisBaniB ne AaBajoo eiiy nosoa. Eicy noRasa- 
jiocB, HTO 0H% oTspujii iipHHBHy CBOEX'B HeyxaTb. Ohi He no- 
cjiymaJTB npHSUBa XpacTa, h XpscTOCi ne tojubeo yxaJiflJicji oxi 
Hero, HO H aaBpuBaJni a^^ Hero Bci nyrn jkhshh. Bi Ay^"^ ^ro 
HananacB osecToieHHaa 6opB6a. Hhcthhktb JleonapAa rpoMKO 
sajiBj[fljiii>: 

— PasraAsa HaftA^Ha, Bon mcthtb Te6%! — Pasyiii ero ot- 
BinajcB:— TBI oini6aeniBCfl! Tboo pimenle Cujuo hphhato Ao6po- 
coBicTHO M He sacjiyauiBaex'B nopiitaHb* — y6iflcTBeHHHe ahh, 
Korxa 8a6BeHle KasaaocB eiiy camiirB acejiaHHUMB CHacxBeHil 

Bl 8T0 BpeHH OHB XOAHJDTB TOJIBRO Rl HeHSBiCTHUlTB HCHO- 
B^AHHRairB, COflCB, HT06iI RaROft HH6yAB CBflQieHHHR'B HO OTRpHJSI^ 

ero laflHu. Ohi npH^an^aJicfl tojibro vb ri ahh, Rorxa axo 6iiJio 
oCflsaTOJiBHO MM Bcixi. Ohi cncTeMaTHHecRH sarjiymaii'B rojiocB 

COBiCTH, 60flJICfl CBOeft COSCTBOHHOft MUCJQI, TBOpAO pimajicH 

y6HTB BOcnoHHHanie; h na stotb pasB eicy yAaJiocB, HasoHem*^ 
sacTaBHTB saiiojiHaTB cboio jijmj. TenepB Bce bi> homb aaicepjio, 
OHB SujTB cnoRoeHB. OffB HaHOMHHajii crapBie tohojih, y roto- 
puxi ifiaa TOJSBRO OAHa Ropa; ohh ewfi 6opH)TCfl cb b^tpomb, 
HO BByrpeHBle corh yse ne oxHBJifliorb hxb; ohh cyxH BnyTpn, 

XOXa RploRH Ha BHA'^* 

JIeoHapA:B cHOBa npHHfljrca pasdHpaiB nncBica oxi^a BepsBepa, 

ROTOpBIXB SaCUJSB, yBJieRHIHCB CBOBHH lOICJIJIinr. 

Bi dTHXi HHCBMaxB TOSCO paBCRasuBajiacB AyxoBHaa shshb 

HOJIOBiRa, HO XH8HB rJIBARaH, HOHSM^HHO CHaCTJIHSafl. dXH HHCBMa 
HejIB8J9[ 6hUL0 HaSBaTB HH CB^TCRHin, HH MOHameCRHMH. Bb HHX'B 

OHHcuBajEOCB TO HBO HH6yAB HyAocHoe cnacenie, to RaRaa HB6yAB 
opiflTHafl nporyjiRa, to npasAHHRi cb. GTanHCJiaBa KocxRa. 
BpoMfl HocjiyniHH^ecTBa HsoSpasaJiocB, rbkb noaxH^ecRoe sbtbo 
cpeAH cejiBCRoft oScTanoBRH; bto 6hjio RaRoe to BocnHTanie k 



206 PyCCROB BOrJLTGTBO. 

la XsHx JEaKx Pycco, secBMa HAHJuiH«iHoe h 6en Majiiftmeft cy- 

POBOCTH. HtCROJIBRO $pa8l, CRasaHHIIXIi MHMOZOAOirB H CJUOXKOm 

noxoKHXiHa oTpuBRn e8i> npoaosiAei, offA tojibko noKasHBajni, 
saKoe BJiiJiHie na upsrL npoHSBOAim noxo6HHft oSpasi jchshh. 
JleoHapAi jcjAxbjjicsl. Tanoro posa ^y^^OBHoe cnacTie o6y- 

CJIOBJUHBaeXCfl He CJOHnROlCB TOHSO paSBHTOID BUe^aTJIHTeJI&HOCTBK): 

OFb eicy He saBHAOBairb. S, rto 8Haer&l 6mh nosers, ORi npe- 
yBejtHHHJii Ty nepeictHy, Rasaa npoHSonuia bi BepHbepi. SCyK^ 
npasAy CRasan: na nacBiii jniita ne phaho. Bi anrB hhcb- 
Maxi eicy HpaBHJiacB RaRaa to oco6eHHafl h HeosHAanHafl aj^ia 
Hero HisHOCTB... IIoApasyifiBaTB hto HH6yAb 6oJiBmee 6ujio ho- 
ocHOBarejiBHo. 

Cik secToirb, BupaxaBimiMi coMH%Hie, OTSpocwju'L ohi jthctrh 
BT> smfiKb, TAi OHH oCuRHOBeHHo jnesajiH. Ehjio nopa ixaiB 

Ha BORSaJTB, H OHl OTDpaBHJUCfl. 

Eity npuDJiocB ^a^tb Ha AO^^apssMiepi. XIpasAHH^Hafl TOJina 
HaaoJDiHajra njiai^opiiy. Ilpa bva^ paAOCTHHxi jm^i orBissas- 
marB uosho 6iijio noAynaTB, tto ohh sapanio BABrxasyrB cb^- 
xecTB AopeBencRoft aeoieHn h BecejiBe nperopoAHiixi Ra6aHR0Bi. 
JleonapAB npoxasHBajicA BsaA*^ h BiiepeA'B, norjuABiBafl Ha toji- 
RaBmificfl HapoA'B, RaRB BApyn rto to noAomejTB r% nevy: 

— RjiaHil 

— Cepse! 

— PasBi tu SHBemB ne bi Hesepi? 

' — HirB, ROHOHHO. 

GepBe o6epHyj[Cfl rb n^jwb jReHn^HHairBy ROTopufl cJiiAOBajiiK 

Sa HBMB. 

'^"^^ HAHTO CROpMI Msi XO^OTCfl nOSiaROMHTB Bacil MOK 

noApyra, ^ojhh; a bto ea noApyra, MapceoiB; bto Moft cTapuft 
TOBapun^i, JleoHapAB RjiaHi. 

Ohb nozHMaJTb pyRH JleonapAa. GepBe 6ujrB hbb ^iBCJia rbxi 
jiioAeft, ROTopue npHXOAfln bb BOCToprB, BcrpiniBB shbromua 
jQiBita, noTOMy hto bto aabtb hitb ciyiafi noroBopHTB; TOT^acB- 
«e, He ojKHAajai otb^&tdbb, ohb CTafi npeAiaraTB Boapocu: 

— Tuy sHaHiTB, nocejnuiCH bb napsxi? KaRi se 8T0 a 
Te6fl HHRorAa He BCTpi^ajTB? V/jb tu zHseniB? 

JleoHapAB, HicROJiBRO CMy^eHHuft, nepesvA&JTB, noRa ohi 
ycnoROHTCfl. Mapcen BM^majiacB bb pasroBopi: 

— & yse HM^K) yAOBOJiBCTBle snaTB BacB. 

— MoHB?— yAHBHJEca J[eoHapA>. 

— KoneHHO, Baci. Mu BeTp^«iajiHCB... RaxeTca, A&se B^epa. 
JleoHapAB BSAporny^JiB. Ohb, A^&CTBHTejiBHo, ysnajTB ee: dTO 

^KiJia xa xeHn^HHa, ROTopan nponuia mmo Hero orojio p&meTRH 
JlfORcevSypra* Ohi CA^JiajTB bhab, ^o ho hohhhtb. 

— O^eHB MoxerB 6£itb. HsBHHHTe, nooRajiyftCTa, botb haoti^ 

HOiSAB. 



XA BC» SH3Hb. 207 

— Tk pasBi SAemb Roro HB6yffb? 

— BepHBepa. 

— A! EepHMpa! Hy, laRi ■ a noxosxyl Mu coChpuhck 
"ixaiB FB EHfieHiI Bee pasHo, noixem nojiy^acoirb nosse; 
npaBxa, Biffb, $ejn? Ma% xo^eroi nocMorpin, wffiTb jlw ki 
HeMy MOHameciaa paca! 

IIoTOKB nplftxaBrnHzi vacasHpoBi WBOffisun* njiar^opicy. 
OepBe 6pocHjrcfl Bnepeit^, ho OKasanocB, ^ro aio 6ujia JiosHaa 
TpeBora. OfMWb h8i» cjiysan^n'B o6'BflCHHrB, ^o xo npHxoxa 
noisAa EVb FouaHxiK ocrajiocB emjd 5 MHHyrB. 

— OcTaHeMoi sfffccB, — npexjiojcHn Gepse. 
H, 6681 BCflRaro Bonpoca co CTopoHU JleoHapAa, oetb pascsa- 

sajn eMy cboh) shbhb. Bon yxe XBa roxa, BaKi ohh cb $ejra 
odozaiorB spyrB aPT^^* Jl^pyrHrB aaHJiTift y Hero HHsaKm H%rB. 
Ohi saroBopHJi'B o cxapHxi TOBapnqaxi. Meorie nm hhxi xo- 
g^an Ha ROH^epeHi^H): IIIeteHi, Bpioe... 

— A OTHero m se 6uBaeinB na ROH^epeHi^lH? 

— Ha KaRoft ROH^epeHi^iH? 

— Ha ROH(|^epeHi](lH OjiiBeHi y oti^obi iesyHiOBi. Mu ran 
BCTpinaeMCfl RasAoe BOCRpeceHBe sa oCiAHeft, bi 9 HacoBi 
yipa, dTO OHOHB yxoCno. 

JleoHapffB HacKimjiHBO yjiH6Hyjicfl h 7^^^^^^^^ --^moj^^- 

— 9x0 JKe? BBi Bxicrt TYRa XOJHTe? j^^ ^^ ^^ 

— ^TO ThI C% *iuni» ^BUlECTCEHHCOBPAHm 

— "^TO THI Ul *l»ejra! ^OJiy^CAnXHXljnpricrABPHK'k , 

— J^a oTHero se nirB? I TocAprmECTBA KAnu^AM^Pb i; 
*eM pacxoxorajnacB. Vilwy RfwtCMfct^xGBcJ t t ".?» 

— RaRyH) en rpmiacy coctpohjdlh oti^u i^^^^^^l;^. pd;^0^ 
Ho CepBO CTporo ocTaHOBHJTB ee. 

— Hy nojiHO, neiero ofii otoitb roBopHTB. 

— A BamH APT^^y — cnpocEJU'B JEeoHapvB y Mapcejni,— 
i:oze xoAfliTB ri paeneft o6ijifii? 

— 01 y ifOHJi HirB ipyseft, — OTBinajia ona, cMorpH eicy 
npflMO FB rjiata. 

Ohi noRpacH^jTB. Ero CMyTHJui ne cioabro OTBin, crojibro 
B^TJissbj 6ponieHHuft na Hero. B% to se Bpeiui owb saxiTHjrB, 
HTO njnoxo pasraiflx^JTB ee. Ona diusa HORpacHBa, oneHB xyno- 
niBBa, HO B'B nefl 6iuio ^ro to ssg^opHoe. Ona hoctoahho yjm- 
fiajiiacB RaROK) to HyacTBeHHOt h cyxoft yjm6R0ft. Eh G^jlokj- 
pue BOJiocu 6ujni He6pesHo CBepHyTU na wnuaeb. 

— fyAte ueA pyRy, npoiAeMCJi,— CRaaaia ona, hoaxoxa r% 
HeMy.— -fi[ ycTau ctojitb na oahoitb icicTb. 

Ohi CA^Jiajii BHXi, HTO He cJonmnrB: 

— Ha dTOTi^ pasi mu ho onn6eMCfl, — CRasan ohi. 
CnoBa HaHHHajsH bbixoahtb h8i BaroHOBi. flsHJiacB HOBa< 

TOJOia, y Bcixi b^ pyRaxi 6ujiii bbiixh. CjounajiHCB 8B7RH no- 



208 PyCCKOB BOFATCTBO. 

K^yeBi. noEasuoi oieirb BepHBepi. JleoHapsB h Ceps^ nonum 
Ha Bcrpiny eiiy, ocraBEBi* oCfbn'b seHii^iiB:^ nosanH* 

MoHExi TonacB saiiiTHjrb JleoHapxa, noAomejn h ci ce- 
pbesHUMi BHXoiTB npHsaJucfl n^OROft Bi^ ero iiieRaMi. 

— A MeHfl Tol — BCKpH^ajii Cepse, — passi tu Meea h& 
ysHaeniB? % 

Ornero aio? BcsiscTBle KOCTioiia hjdi asbho 8a6iiTaro sa- 
naxa, DOAo6Haro Tony, KOTopuft Hanojusfljrb KoxHaty on^a IIpo- 
HiaRa, HJHH BCJiiACTBie aioro CBoeo6pa8Haro i^ijiOBaHlfl, ho tojibro 
JleoHapA'b Bxpyrb nonyBCTBOBarb, hto ero ciMaam Kb Bep- 
HLepy ocTUJia. 

MapcejiB H OejiH^ ctoa wb CTopoHi, CMOTp^bra Ha hhxi cb 
yjmSKOft. 

CepBO HicROJtBKO ceKyHAi orjiBfjoBM'b Monaza co Bcixb 

CTOpOHl. 

— Hy, BHaeniB, no npaa^^ CKasaiB, paca ie6n ne RpacHTB. 
£i HiKOTopuMi OBa EJ^en^ HO TBI Bb Heft KasemBCJi hhso 
pocTom*. Th tohho CTajTB MeHBme, ^rfarb Chjii npesxe. Ilpex- 
CTaBB €66^9 RaKoft CTOCUHBuft cjiyHaft. H nplixajii doffa, co- 
SHpancji ca^BTBCJi b!b ho^a^, Bxpyn BCTpinaH) Kjiana, Rotopuft 
roBopHn, ^0 xfiffTb Te6fl. SI ceftnac^B... 

ileoHapfli nepedHJTB ero. 

— Mni OHeHL xaoiB, ho hbitb nejuaa ocTaBaiBCA sa^cb. 
BepHBepy naso topohhtbca na JIloHCRift BORsajsi, ^sto6u ne 
onosAaTB Kb noisAy. 

Ohi» noBBajDCb HSBOSHHRa, cjierRa noRJiOHEJicji Mapcejoi h 
$ejiH, HSAdJiH cjn^AOBaBmHiTB sa hbmb, h npeAJiosHjii BepHBepy 
cbcTB Bi dRHnaxi. HicROJUBRO osaAaieHHUft, Cepse npoTeciOBaJTB: 

— ^TO 8T0l RJAa BaMB TdRB TOpOnRTBCJiI 

— HeoCzoAHMO. 

— npon^aft,— CRasajiB MonaxB. 

— Hpomaft. 
Kapera noRaiHuoi. 

— RaRiH aio a&i>h 6ujlk cb BaMH?— cnpocHjrB oTeni Bep- 
HBepi;— OHi, RaseicJi, hsb nopHAO^nuxi? 

— BaojiHi nopflAOHHHfl, — oiBinajirB JleonapA'By — ho a C!b 

HEME He SHBROMB. 

SaiiMB OHH CTajiH CB jiiK)6onuTCTBOirB pasrjiflAKBaTB APyi^ 
Apyra. 

Cepse cRasaJTB npaBAy: cyiana ne nuia rb BepHBepy. A 
Me»Ay T^MB ona npeACTaBjerajiacB caicofi noAXOA^n^eft a^ui Hero 
OAesAoft. Ohb HMijDLB BHA^ HacTOJin(aro iesyHia co bc%mh xa- 
paRTepHUMH HepiaHH aioft 6paTiH: cb cyTyjiosaTOft CHHHoft, cb 
oco6oft Manepoft MeA^ieHHO noAHHHaTB b^rh rjiasB, cb rpHSHmoi 
HoiTJiini, CB riMB cneuB^HqecRHiTB saoaxoMB, KOiopuft cpasy 
HopasHjrB JleonapAa. KasajiocB, anpo^eiiB, iro BepHBopx h BcerA^ 



HA BCD aSBSHB. 309 

6iijrb TERHiTb. Ero yxe HejuBsa 6£Uto npeACiaBHTBceSiB'BHHOirb 
BHxi. 9to HenpiflTHO A^flcTBOBajio Ha JleoHapAa. Off& crapajicfl 
paseiflTb AypHoe BneianiHie. 

— RaSl 6UJ[0 MHJIO Cl TSOet CTOpOHU, 1T0 TU Mffi X^SkJTb 

8HaTb CBoeiTb npiisx'i. SI Te6i oiohb 6jiaroAapeHil 
BepHBepi yjiuSHyjica. 

— Mat caHOBiy oiesB xotIjiocb noBHAancfl cb To6ofl[. 

-- Hy, AftBafl iioTOJi[Ryei»! CRasH,. RasoBO Te6i SHBerca? 

— fl C^aCTJIHB'b. 

TaHHCTB6HHoe cjioBO, ROTopoe Bi npesHee Bpexa o6ojiiBii^ajio 
JleoHapAa, CRasajiocB mkb to caMo co6oft. 

— fl He o6x atoitb cnpamHBaio, a RyAa mjbjsfimbj hto m 
HawipeHi* A^aiB?... 

— Te6i dio HHiepecHO? fl HasHaTOffb HaASHpaTueicb bi 6e- 
saHCOHCRyio ROJuieriH). Saopobbb ho nosBOJuerb Msi 6bitb yu- 
TeneiTb. Si J BopoHeirb, sHaHHtejiBHO noopaBHJicfl wb nocja^AHee 
Bpeifa. MoHacTupcRafl jkhbhb ne tmbro ne yTOUHJia iieHa, a» 
HanpoTHBi, yRpiDHJia Moe sAopoBBe. 

rojrocB MOHaxa 6hjii OAHOSByneHi, ^pasn ero rJiaARH. Totoo 
RBRoft-TO RBTORi npoixajn flo ero Mosry h crjiaAHjrB eroMHCJOi. 
Canoe ciacTBe ero 6fiLiio RaRoe to HesHaHBTeJorBHoe. 

— TenepB tboa owpeAB oTBtnaTB,— npoAOJisajofB owb. — Th 
Bce en^e saHHiiaeaiBCfl coiiiaJiBHHMH nayRaiCH? 

JleoHapAi) CTajn xsajiHTB Ponmapa. cCoiosi saniHTu o6iite- 
CTBa» pasBEBaJuca. ICypflajTB mejn xopomo. Oh:b nasBaJii ai- 
CROJEBRHxi nojiHTB^ecRBxi A^Teji^fi, o6iii^aBmBX'B CBoe coTpyx- 

BBHeCTBO. 

— £b "leify xe Te6a Bce bto npHBeAerB?— cnpocHjnb BopHBepi. 
JleoHapAb CJierRa o6uxkjiCB, 

— & H 3a6BurB,— OTBinajii ohi, — hto th ho HOsemB no- 

HBTB BC'bX'B dTSLXb CB%TCRHX1> CTpeMJEeHlft. fl Me^BK) CTBTB py- 

ROBOAHTOJieirB JooAeft Moero BospacTa. 3to HecoKHiHHO To-xe 
anoCTOJiBCTBO, 6oJi'6e cyxoe, niici tboo, ho, rbri* a citIh) HBAi- 
aTBCJi, 6ojr6e nJiOAOTBopsoe. 

MoHaxi HHHero ne OTBi^aorB, h J[eoHapAi», noAA&BaacB se- 
jsaHlK) nycTBTB eiiy miJicB wb rjnasa, CTaJTB roBopHTB o cbohxb 
TaftHBixi HaAejRAaxi. 

— HlrBy A-sa MeHxi xhshb cocTonrB ho b'b OTpeneBlH, 6e8- 
noJiesHOM'B AJiJi ApyrBxi H Wb cyiniHocTH cjiHrnROirB JnencoMi. SI 
xoTy, BanpoTHB'B, A^ftcTBOBaTB, npHBflTB yiacTie Bi npeACTOAii^et 
coKiaJKBHofi 6opB6i, homohb npaBHJiBHOicy paspimeHlK) o6mfict' 

BOHHBIX'B BOnpOCOB^B, TaROMy pasplmeHlK), ROTOpOe nOJIOJRHTB 

RoneiTB aiofi 6opB6i. ^epesi abI hoa^h y MeHJi, MOserB 6hi^ 
6yAerB RaeeApa, yneHBRH. 

— Tu GyAemB ^HTaTb JioRi^iH?— npepaan BepHBopi cb 0610- 
xo CRpHBaeMuiTB yABBJueeieifi. 

}& 4. OTA-fejn. I. 14 



210 P7GGK0B BOFATCTBO. 

Ha ry6ax'B JHeonapxa eROJiBSHyjia ropsaa yclrlmKa. 

— Bx acHSHH BCiiKaro 6BiBaioTi HSBicTHHe lacu, npaB^a, 
oieBB piftRie, Rorxa 6wh yqacrifl "lejiOBiRa, no^ra caica co5oft 
pifliaeTCfl ero Cyxyn^HOCiB. ^asHO yse b% Goiosi^ npexnojiarajiEa 
OTBpuTE KaeeApy €06ii^ecTBeHHoft BJiaccH$HKaitlH>. Bi apomiut 
noHeA'fcJiLHHft'b PoHmapi oeiaBHJii, HasoHeiii, no oaho jraqo, 
sejraioiitee ocraibCJi HeHSBtciHUirb, npeAJiaraerb nosepiBOBaTb 
Heo6zoxHMyH) aju aroro cyMMy. GjiynalHo hjie, Moxen 6HTS, 
DO BOJri npoBHAiHla, Ksb npHmnocb Bib ion se Be^epi roBO- 
pHTfc. H yBJiescfl, fl roBopHJTb ci sapoirB, mh% CA^JiaJiH osaiiiio. 
Oahemi cJDLOBom, He sHaio noneiiy, ho a, DOBHAHMony, suHrpan 
a:6jio, TaK% RaBi na Apyroft se a^hb PoHmapi saflBHJTB, %ro 
sojiajKi 6u HopyHHTB KHi HOByH) KaeeApy. 

^ecTOJuoGle, ciiAaBinee JDLeonapAa, BasrJio ofohb bi ero rjra- 
saxi. 

— HraBi, ifojcen 6utb, lepesi HeA:iJ[io a Aociimy CBoet 
nijiH. ToFAa TH, E^Kbiocb, He SyAeniB cxtflTBCfl naAi Moeio a6- 
flTejuBHOCZBK)? IIoAyHafi: KaeeApa b:b IlapHsi, b^ab aio — okho, or- 
xpuToe Ha BecB Mipi, obho, hbi ROToparo MoacHO bo Bceyciu- 
mafiie npoBosoamaTB cboh haoh. Hxi mosho cirbjio pasSpacu- 
BaTB, RaKi (AAresb 6pocaen cboh ciMeHa, h owb AaAyn pociRH. 

— He pasyMHie jsh (Jhjio 6u,— OTBinaJiioTeip* BepHBepi,— 
AyvaTB.o cnacenlH CBoeft Ayoni) Bificro Toro, ito6u safioTHTBca 
o6i o6niecTBi, Roiopoe hh bi Hen ne nysAaercfl. 

— PasBi neoSxoAHMO cha6tb Bsanepra, hto6bi nonacTB na 
Hetfo? — pIsRO BospasHJTB JleoHapAi* 

— Hirby ROHe^HO, a He o6i stoicb roBopio, ho a Coidcb, 
Hto Bi CBoeft ropflHHocTH Tu yBJue^embCfl cb^tcrok) sbbhuo. 

— Th roBopHHib CB^Ti, RaRi cjrlneiTB. 

— fl ero OTjfflqHO SHan) no onHcaHliiMi. 

— HOBBOJIB yCOMHHTBOer. 

JleoHapAy BApyrb bchomhsjibcb noApyra Cepne, Roiopuxi 
BepHBepi XBajduiii. 06pa8i Mapcejm boshhri b'b ero naMJiTH 
6wb BcaRaro ycnoda; owb ci yAHBoreHleiii saiciTHjrB, mo aro 
any DplaiHo. 

— HpaBo, E 6010CB, — npoAOJfrxaJTB OTei^ BepHBopi, — RaRi 
6u ni He BCTyHHJTB Ha onacHuft nyiB. fl xoiin noBHAaiBCflCi 

T060ft Ha H'^CROJIBRO MBHyTB, HM6HH0 Sfla TOFO, HT06h OCTepOHB 

Te6fl. HHCBica, ROTopue tu mh^ nHcaJBi, 6£Ijih ho xpHCTiancRia 
no Kjxj. Tu CA&Jiajscfl cyeTHUirB. H yvlpen^B, no tu Oonme 
He njpHHan^aeniBca RasAoe BOCRpeceHBe. HaRoneit^, noneicy npe- 
pBajni TU Bcb CHomeniH ci HamHKH oTAaicH?. Tu b^ab ho bh- 
AaemBca cb hhvh, nenpaBAa-JiB? 

JleoHapAi no6jLijpsis!bf ho HH^ero ne OTH'^^ajm. 

— O^eHB rpycTHo, no th no8a6ujrB rbxi, rto Aara Te6i 
BOcnHTaHle, ROTopuin* tu AOJiseni fopahtbcjet. 9to Moserb no- 



HA BCD MBSHh. 211 

iipexm TBoeMy cnaceHiH). Hejubsfl coxpasHTb HacTOflo^ee tijiaro- 
HecTle, He mriA pyROBOAHrejifl; rm% ■ th... 

— Th roBopHim ace aio no nopyiealK) soro HH5yxB? — 
pisEO cnpocHJui JleoHapjTB. 

— Hin, HO By KOHOHHO, TaKi He 6e8aotLovjiCfl 6u o Te6%, 
-ecJuCH MHi He rosopBJH o rka onacHocurb, KaKHM:b la nojsr 
fiepraemica. 

— Bi TasoiTb cjiynai, ocrasHirB dron pa8roBop:b, npomy 
Tofifl. fl HociyHaK) TaKB, Raai cam CHHTaio sa Jiyiaiee. Bcaide 

^OBini ciiBeft 6h to hh 6hjio ctopoHU a CHnraio HSJiHmHHMH. 
^ ; JleoHapffB oaycnurB okho BapeTu h CA^jiaJirb BHX'b, hto cmot- 
pHn Ha npoxoaan. FjiasRlfl ij^pasii OTi^a , BepHsepa Kasi to 
<uuni co6ofl BocspemajiH Apavy, saBasaBmyiocji bi Geni JlyH ffi 
FoHsarb. HrB HaHBHaa neoiOBROCTB OTRpuBajia bosmoxhoctb ho- 
BOft 6opB6u vb 6jiB8KOirB 6yAyq;eirB. 

— Tu HJLSL TOrO B XOTtjIl MOHfl BHA^TB, HT06u CRasaTB Mfli 

Bce dTo?— CHOBa saroBopajirb JleoHapA'B. 

— ^a, BoneHHO. 

— Sea^Hrb, 6e8% aroro m ne npHCJUun 6ii uwb CBoeft to- 
JieipairMHl 9to, no RpaiHeft nipt, OTRpoaeHHo! 

Owb oosaji HJorenaMH cb saTaeHHiuTB HeroAOBanieirB. 

— MeHH yHHJH OpH BCirb MOHXl A^iCTBlaXl HirlTb Wb 

BHAy Bora. He noHHifaio, noneiiy moh nocrynRH yABBJUHon 
Te6fl?— BOspasHjii BepHBepi. 

— HcnojiHflft CBOH HopynenlA, ne npHMimBBaa ri STony 
HMeHB Boral 

Ha6osHaa AyQi& BepHBepa BosvyTHJiacB. Cjiosa JleonapAa 
xasajiBCB Buy nenpHJiB^HfiiiiH. 

Bi dTo BpeBH RapeTB ixajia no JlioHCROft yjiHi^i. UlyirB, 
CTOflBmlft Bi BosAyxi, a'^^^'^ ecTecTBeHHHiTB MOJi^aHie coSeciA- 

HBROBB* 

: i — Mai RaseTCfl,— CRasajTB, HaROHei^B, JleonapAB,— hto nocrt 
aroro naiti Henero 6ojiBme coo6niaTB Apyn Apyry. He yAHB- 
JUftcB, ecjiH a. OTRasycB otb nepenHCRH, fieanojesHoft, mosbtb 
6htb, Aase onacHoft. 

— H CBMB xorljiB Te6a 06% btomi npocHTB; ne CHOTpfl na 
Bce Moe KejraHie, ush CyAOTi TpyAHo nHcaiB Te6i. 9 6yAy o^bhb 
aanflTB na noBon ificrb. KpOMt Toro, a 6oiocb, ho npoTHBo- 
pinrB JIB 8T0 Hamevy ycTaay. HacToWft Honaxi o6fl8aHii OTRa- 
waaTBCB A&S6 on saROHHUX'B npHBasaHHOCTeft. 

— A ifejRAy Tin, noRa th 6ujrB nocjiymnBROiTB... 

— 3to coBciiTB Apyroe h^mo. HoRa mu coctohitb nocjiyin- 
HHRaMB, HaiTB A&se npHRaBUBaiorB noAAepxBBaTB Hacrua cho- 
menia cb HamBBB }s,^jshB)iM, ocTaaniBMBca bi> Mlpy. Mu aojixhh 
noHeMHory npiynaTBca pyRoaoAHTB AycnaMB. 

JleonapAi nacirbmJiHBO pacxoxoiajucH. 



212 P7C0K0B BorATcno. 

— OxHim cjioBOWhj TBOi mcLMa Ciura uaccouMH co^HHe- 
Htfln Ha saxaHHyio xeMy? 

— Axi, RaKi ni crpaHHO supaxaeniBCfl... 

— HhCKOJIBBO H6 CTpaHHO. fi OHeHb pajtl, HTO Mon 6UTh^ 

Te0i nojieBeai. ^vo ice, Rasi Haxoxvjn Moft cjion? Hrb npo* 
CTOt B&KJiiBOcn cjrtAOBaJio 6ii coo6iqBT& ubH moh oniTRi. 
Ohi OTRpHjrb SBepny; ohh npiixaoiH. 

— Hy,— CKaaarb ohi,— y ie6a h*ti 6araxa. ^ma tbm 
ciroKoflHa. He nyremecTBie, sn saBrpamHit nesh Be saiSoTan. 
Te6fl. Pacnpon^aeMoi, pan aToro TpeOyen yciaBi. Ob Moeft cto- 
poHH xase jranme 6y3en sejiaTE leOi ciacTJiBBaro nyn. 

OreifB EepHBepi, os^xaHeHHut aroft HaciiibmKot, nporoBopHiTB 
BeTBepsmci rojrocom: 

— 'Ito c% To6oflt iH, Raxercji, cepsBmBCfl... 

— CepsycB? mirb, na hto se mhI cepABTBca,— OTB%«iaji'B 
JleoHapxB M fiiiCTpo yxaJiBjrcfl. 

Cepme ero crpaniHo Cbxocb. 

OKasUBajrocB, hto bb Teqenie ceifH jh^tb sa era shshbib cji'I- 
ffura, a OHi 1 He noAoap^BajTB dToro! Bb to Bpeif^, Ror^a ohb. 
crapajiCH yBHTrosHTB canoe BocnovBHaHie o CBoeirB npHssaHiH, 
ero jHBTejM Tepn^jiBBo noxRapayjiBBajiH Ton nacB, Ror^a moxho 
0yxen bo8o6hobhtb noHHTRyl Ohh nojiyiajiB cboh CB^x^nifl o 
BeiTB sairlHaTejiBHO HCRycHiivB cdoco6omb: csiJ^& sa ero no- 
CTTTTRaira, OHH BB TO XB BpoiiH ycTpaBBajoi HOJiesHoe ynpasseHie 
Xn nocjiymHBRa. 

JleoHapxB RHotjEB HeroxoBaHlenB. ?to y bhzb sa uj^xb} He- 
yxejTH OHH Bce ente HafftioTCH cx^JiaTB bsb Hero lesyBTa? HeysejiB 
OBB cuTaioTB ero nosroTOBjreHHHMB nacTOJiBRo, ^to npa nep- 

BOMB Tpe60BaHlB OHB CHOBa nOX^BHBTCfl BMB? BxpyPB HOHpLiT- 

Hoe ^yBCTBO oxBaTHJO ero. Oh^ HcnyrajrcH nps hucjib, no, 6utb 
boxbtb, npesHee BOCDBTanie ocTaBHJio na HeMB HOHarJiaABiciift 
OTHe^aTORB. ?T0 ecJDTB HyRB CRasajiB npaBxy? Ho ohb Boaicy- 

TBJJtCH npOTBBB dToro HpeAHOJIOSeHlH. 

— k cxoxy CB yva: RBRaa CBJia bb idpi mosotb noHimaTB 
wA pacnopHsaTBCH CBoeft cyAB6oi? 

'^ — H4tB, — CB ropXOCTBH) OOAyMBJlB ohb: — fl XHBy BHOJIHi 

eoBHaTOJiBHo, cepAite voe TBopxo. 

Ohb CA^Jirajsi HaAi» coCoft ycBJiie, hto6u sacraBBiB ceCa xy- 
iraTB ApyroBB: ohb bsfohbtb bsb cBoeft naiuTH dTO yTpo, rbr'b 
BsrHajTB Bce ocTajiBHoe. ^ro ewy sa k^o ao bxb saMUCJioBB, 
pasB OHB HyBCTByoTB, HTO HeAOcaraoMB j^is hbxb. Bch cbjish ch 
nponurmfb nopBaHu, ocraeTCH oaho tojlbro fiyxyn^ee! 

JleoHapAB BepHyjrcfl rb ce6i bb RsapTBpy b BCRpRRnyjiB otb 
paAOCTs: ero oacBAaJio hbcbmo Ponmapa, h 3to oBCbMO onpeA^^ 
juuno ero 6yAyni;flOCTB; HeBSBicTHHft xepiBOBaTejib coraamajrcji, 
vo6ei JleoaapAB sanajiB Ra^eApy. PaAOCTHoe qyBCTBO OBxaAibxo 



HA BCD XH8HB. 213 

BMi. Obi CA^an yHBHiosaion^ xocrb ai ciopoHy Toro ho- 
DDpeA^eBHaro spara, Koropuft sa HicsojibKO miHyrb nepejp 
liMi BBjman eicy raRoft cxpaxi, h npomeiiTaJi'b: 

— fl yxe He hhkto, h ne hhhtoI — touo bocb idpi ym 
(Suji roTOBi noKopBTBCfl evy. 



in. 

Ha cjiifjiomfie yrpo cjiyra pastfyABn JleonapAa h hoiloxmsi^ 
vo ero oHHAaen saKoft to rocnoAHHi. JleoHapAB Bjipyn no- 
^yacTBOBaJTb, hto HeDpexBHA^HHoe BpiiBaeTCA B:b shshb. 

— Rto Tasoft? — cnpocHn ohi cb Tpeaoroft. 

— He 8HaK). 

— Xopomo; ceftnacb HAy. 

JIeoHapA!b BCTa^. OA^BaacB, owb pinuurb coo6iii[HTb o CBoem 
Ha8Ha?eHlH r-si Hohi, hb ctojibro hb'b jiio6bb kb Heft, ckouro 
j(aB TorOy hto6h o6i btomi saroBopHJiH bb Hesepi. On ^yB- 
CTBOBBJii cefifl 6oApuirb, b'b roJuoBi ero sHnftJon hucjih, ohi 6im 
Bnojiffb BOBflarpasAOHi sa pasoupoBaHiJi CBoeft iohocth. 

Ob% oTcrynHJTb Kb He|oyMiHiH, oiyTHBmHCb BApyrb jiHifom 
Vh avj Kb ineAeHoirb. 

— 3to Tfii? ^To xjd Tu He csasajn CBoero HMeHH? 

— 3to h caM'b. 

ineAeffb yjmSHyjicfl. Ha Hen 6ua'h naAftn nepauft ciopTyR'b; 
BUB6H He BopHqHeBHfl raiciyxi ci RpynHUMH xejnuia pas- 
BOABMH, ero MosHO 6iuo 6u npHHHTb no BOCTioMy aa aHTJilflcBaro 
CBflH^eHHHKa* Ob CBOHMH HJiocRHicH, npHJiHBaHHHicH, nqaiejuHo 
pasAiJieHHUMH npo6opoirb BOJiocaiiH, cb cbohich dnHsopyKHiiH 
rjUBaiCH, Cb CBOHMH RpHBUMH Ham^ucH H cnmROiCb AJiHHHUMH py- 
xaMH owh npH AHeBHom CBirt noxoAurb Ha 6e8o6pa8Haro a^P- 
ryHHHKa, y Roioparo on ciapocTH ocjtafijra mapHHpH. 

— £aRoft CHacTjmBHft cjtyHaft opHBejrb Te6a bo mh% Tan... 
seojcHAaHHo?— cnpocHJTb JleonapA'bi 

BuicTO OTB^TB IHeAeHi Bib CBOK) oiepeAb copocHii: 

— Th CBo6oAeHi ceroAHfl yTpom? 

— Aa. 

— B'b TBEOirb cjiyiai, HaA^aaft ouiiny h HAeifb. 

— HocToft, o&bHCHH, ByAa TU noBOAemb MeHH? 

— Ki OAHOMy K9jtj, KOTopoMy xoneTca noBHAanca cb 
^6oft. 

— A KaBb ero soayn? 

— OTeQb npoolaBi. 
leonapAb babb CAepsajrb KpHn. 

— Axi! pasBi OHi sAftcb? 

— RoneHHo, hto xe TyTb yABBHTenHaro? 



214 pyCCKOB BOFATCTBO. 

yjmCKa niexeHa crajta emfi nrnpe. 

— fl ero BCTpinjTb B^epa na ROH^epeHiUB OjineHii. Mti c^ 
HHifi paaroBapHBajm o Te6i, e, tan Kainb oei Te6a otohb jdck 
6Hrb, TO fl nojiju9jn>^ hto Te6i 6yserb npiflTHO, ecJH a sa To6oft- 
Baftxy. dio coBepmeHHO npocro. 

— JI|UCTBBTeJIBHO> C0B6pin6HH0 npOCTO,— MeAJHeHHO DOBTO- 

pHJsi JleoHapA'B. 

Offb CTajii Bib saAynHEBOcni xoxhtb Bsaxi h Bnepejii no 
KOMHart. B^tjiaH 6ypfl BOcnoMEHasifl BOJUHOBaJia ero xjiny* Oahofo 
HMeHH €OTeKi IIpoDlaRii», KOTopoe npoHSHocHJtH npB neiTb bs 
nepBiift pasi sa comb jr6n, AocTaio^HO Cujio, hto6u chobb pac- 
RpuTB nojrysajRHBmifl paeu. 

— H, EaB-bpHO, 8T0 ofli nocjsaJTb ledfl bo Msi? 
Bo^senle JHeosapAa yAEBJUJio nXexena. 

— Gavo co6ot pasyitteTCfl, 668t» dToro a se npBmen 6h,— 
OTBinan OBi e sarfcifB, ^oSh nosasaTB Ifcoio nposEAaieu- 
HOCTB, npOAOJisajTB: 

— SI, BnpoHeirb, ssaio, o hoitb ohtb xonen cl loSoi noro- 

BOpflTb. 

— Th BsaeniB? 

— H TaKb npoAEOJiaraio. Ofl:b AHpeinrop^b Ay^oBHiixib 6eciAS 
OoiBBefli E BipHO xoHerb, HTO&b TU npESflAi &*& flflzi yHaciie. 

JleoHapAb EpoEEHecKE ycir&xflyjica. 

— YaEBUIOCB TBOeft AOraAJIEBOCTE... 

Ohi csoBa saAyicancE. Ofli 9Toro XAajii as^bso. Paso ejd 

nOBABO OEE HeE86ijCB0 AOJISSU CUJIE BCTpiTETBCJi; 61iy EBOrA& 

Aase xoT^ocB aioft Bcrpi^E, hto6u BiJcsasaTB Bce to EeroAO- 
BBEle, KOTopoe ocTBJiocB OTB EpoEUiaro Bi ero KjuA. H BApyn,. 
no CTpaBBoi csyHafiEOCTE, emoseo ceroAEn! KoEeHEo, ohi> mo- 
sen BATE sa bto CBEAasie ci bmcoko hoaejitok) fojioboio! By- 
Ayniee npEsaAJsexajio evy e aoji^ho 6uji[o cjiysETB eiiy onpaB- 
AasieMi. Oee BcipiTflTca se RaRii otoai e ynesERi, a RaRi 
ABoe paBBKixi, ABoe OAEsaROBo cejkbeux'b e TBepAuxi jnoAet,. 
ROTopue CBOAflrB CTapue cneTii e noABOAaT:B etofe CBOExib 
npaBib. 

ILaaEii 6opB6u BoasoBaira ero. Osh o6paTflJicfl vb QleAefly 

E npOrOBOpEJTb SeCTREMT) TOflOMi: 

— O^esB xopomo. fl Toxe BecBva seaaK) noBEAaTBca ci^ 

EEEll 

— KbREHI TOSOHl TU 8T0 rOBOpEEIBl 

— Fa^ OEi XEBerb? 

— Bi jmjjjb CoBpi; tbmi e Ros^epesi^ifl. 

— Hy, TaRi EAeiTB. 

Ohe oTDpaBEUcB. Ha ymni fjjrb xoaoAHHt B^Topi. Ty- 
MaBHSt BosAyxi of^TUBani Aova e a^Pobbh. UleAeBi, se saici- 
naa MOJiqaBia JleoBapAa, roBopsorB cb CoaBoiEirB osEBiefllexi^ 



HA BCD SH8HB. 215 

— Ax'b, OTem> 6yxen oneHb pasi* Offb mh^ coo6ii^hj[i o 
TBoeiTb HasHaneHiH. 

— Ohi yxe sHairb oGl droirb? 

— K0H8HHO. Ofli OHeHB xoBOJieHi. Tu siAb npeBocxoxHO 
roBopHiDB! JI noHHMaK), HTO OETb zoTOn, HTo6u TH BcryiuurB Bl 
soH^peeiuH). Ho^eiiy m so CHZi nopi ne BCTynajTB bb nee? 
Tu, MxmffTb 6hkTby Ayiiajrb, hto dTO julj6%? HirB, coBciirb ho 
TO. 3to BOBce He Koy6ii, bto ropasAo JiyHme. npoAciaBB ce6i... 

SartiTb DOJiHJica itiiuift hotori ^pasi, hsb KOTopuxB hh 
OflHa He Tpe6oBaja oiBlTa: it^joift aosab MaJneHBRHZB cjioBe^en, 
KOTopufl Bci HuijiB i(ijiiBK) OHHcaTB KOH$epeH0[iH) TaicB SO, Rasi 
HBCBica BepHBopa onHcuBajKH shshb nocjoLyrnHHROBB. Bee bto npe- 
pHBajiocB TOJiBRo Ha BpoMH HopezoAOBib ^epesi yjuu^u, RorAa 
nieAeHi CoHJucfl hpoxoahtb MexAy BRHaaxami. 

OAHaRO, cb DOMon^BH) pasHHXi bboahux:b npeAAOseHift, do- 
npaaocB h BucoRonapHuz'B dnHieroBi iiaso-no-icaiiy BiiflCHi- 
jnocB, HTo laRoe dia ROH^epeHi^ifl. no Toft juoGbh, cb RaRoio r:b 

Heft OTHOCHJICJi meAOHB, MOSHO 6iIJI0 AOrBAaiBCfl, HTO BTO HiqiO 

OAHopoAHoe CI ROJUnerieS: bto 6uJia rbHB, csiAyioiQl&fl sa npo- 
xoJUMi, ynpeasAeHle, AaK)n^ee nojiHTHqecRoe BocQHxaHle nouii 
Toro, RBRi yse nojiy?eHO BOCDHTanie HpaBCTBOHHoe. 

CipaHHoe B Bi TO se BpeifH CTpamnoe yqpesABHiel Bb Hexib 
coeAHHAJiHCB: KOHrperajDti^ Cb. A'^bh, AeHrpajuBHuA ROHHierBRa- 
TOjraHecRoft 6jiaroTBopHTeJibHocTH, ROH^epeni^ifl Cohb BflHi^eHra^ 
noRpoBHTejiBCTBO peicecjiieHHinii y^eHHRaifB h pascaAHHRi 6jiaro- 
^ecTHBUxi cy6BeRT0B'B, uenoBB RaxojiH^ecRoft accoitiaipn $paH- 
KyscRoft MOJiOAeHH; oho BHymajno Kb ce6i TaRyio se npoAas- 
HOCTB, RaR!B CeHB JlyH jfi FoHsarB, Aepacano mucjib Bib t^xi xb 

ySRHX'B paMRaX'B H paSBHBaJIO CBOK) A'^TBJIBHOCTB HO CTOJlbRO Ha 

ocHOBaniH o^(|^HiiIaj[BHo paspimeHHaro yciaBa, crojibro Cjiaro- 

Aapfl paSHUlTB HeAOMOJUBRaiTB BToro ycTBBa. 

Caifo co6oft pasyifieTCA, laicB ne roBopHJia o nojBHTflRi; 
MesAy Tbm HCToplH— HCTopifl BiAB He A^^o napTlH— nosBOJUuia 

OHpaBAUBBTB BMHTpaHTOBl H SaflBUTB, HTO 8TH MyseCTBdBHiXe 

cjiyrH RopoJifl yABJiHJiHCB, He ctojubro ebb CTpaxa sa JiHuyK) 6e- 
sonacHocTB, crojibro hb'b oTqaflHBH, Hto He Morjm ORasaxB no- 

MO^B ROpOJieBCROft BJDaCTH. TOSB OTCyTCTBiO HapnftHOCTH HOSBO- 

Mm ocysABTB 1830 r. h nopHi^aTB nancRyio noJUHTHBy, Tpe- 
6yH B!B TO xeBpeiu BoscTanoBjieHia nancRoft catTCRoft bubcth. 
EcjiH TaiTB roBopHJiH JiHTepaTypi, to BcerAa BHCRasuBajm 
npespime ri coBpeiceHHOiiy HCRyccTay, coaepmeHHO tbrb xe, RaRi 
Bi ROJuierlH oTei^B Karypi. IIo ycTaay ace 6wio Tamb cboCoabo, 
a MesAy Tbwb ace noAneauuto Ronrpojiio. IIo naTHBiiairB bojolhcb 
6eciAu; AvpoRTopi npocvaTpHBaji'B npeABapHTejiBHO nHCBHeHauft 
pe^epaTB h pyROBOAHJTB npemaicH. H SA'bcB tbrb se, aaRib vb 

BOJUeriH BCi CTpaCTHO AOCHBaJIHCB OTJIHHHTBCfl Ha BKBaneHaxB. 



216 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

BoKi GoRi cb tROH^epeHOlefi 0jsHB6ffB> CTOflJta «BOH^epeH- 
viA JIaeHHerci*! npeAHasHa^eHHafl cneiuajibao jmn yneHflisoBi^ 

MOAHItlHU, SMaiOII^HXli nOCTyilRTb B1» HHTepHan H ySlBHTeJIIBHO 

JiOBKo nojBBBOBaBinaACJi pesyjiBTaTaMV o^Hi^iaJi&Haro oCy^enLi 
Xifl pacnpocrpaHeHifl co6cTB6HHofi cjiaBH. 

GjiymaE ineseea, JleonapAx HeBOJUHO nepeHOCHJuca b'b amo- 
c^epy npexHAro BpeiceHH. PasBi to y^eaRAenie, b% ROTopoirb 
OHTb BCTpiian oTita IIponiaRa, He 6uro noAoSiem GeH:B JKyH 
xe roHsarB, toji&ro HicROJibRo dojiie cboCoxhumiI Ta aRe nexa- 
roFBHecRafl cpexa, ra se rpyairapoBRa jHmwuovb no creaeaa 

HXl nOROpHOCTH. XapaRTOpi yJIHItl, no ROTOpHXl OHH mjiH, Toxe 

lAn^ca, H 8T0 yBejraiHBano HJU[H)8iio. Ilocjii Gem GiOHbnnca 
yjuivi crajiH yse. Go Bcirb ciopoHi BHsnijuicb otojuh ci 6jLBr 
roHecTHBUMH HaBBaHUWH, CBXTHa o6HTejiH, THXbi ofin^esRTifl: 
A66aTCTB0 Bya, ysHToe njoon^evb; Geni ToMa ao BEjiBHeBi, 
apBCTOKpara^ecRoe yOi^sHn^e, vf^ noRiOHJiiOTCfl cb. ERcneAmy, 
BAAaBBBmeHy Bopona; A^JiBnie cecipu o5n^HHu cb. ABrycrana, 

XOHaXHHH CB. AhAPOB; Ha BHipHHaXl MaraSBHOBl BUCTaBJUeHH 

tfHjn KepROBHUfl npHHaA&eaRHOCTH, bocb RaTan^ecRift IlapHarb 
RpacoBajicfl BAicb. Hobojibho BcnoHBHascji JBLeonapAy roTsnecRift 
HeBepi, nocpeAHH% ROToparo BosBiiniaeTCA Gen'b jlyn ao Foh- 
aan. Emj RasajiocB, "iro nocji^AHie roAu Ra^b to HcnapHJuacb; 
BTOpa TOJLRO ROHHUCfl cpoRi oro cyeAHHeHlfl*, OTei^ IIponiaRi 
nocjiajn sa HHH-b, h oh:b, RaRi BcerAa, HAerb ri Heiiy npocTO 
no6ec%AOBaTb. 

— Mu npBnural 

Fojiocb nieAeHa BOSBpaTHJTb JleonapAa Kb A^ciBHrejibHocni. 
Qhi noHyBCTBOBajTb BftROTopoe BOjraeHie, saTiirb orjuA^bi A^irb. 
Ha ABepaxi ne 611110 RpecTa, Ha Rpuinb ne BOSBumajiacb ro- 

JIOROJD[bHfl; MOHaCTIipb 6e8l BCaRHXl BBAHIOIXI SRaROBl MOHBr 

cnipa* 

Ohh nponuiH repeal RaoTRy, oroio ROTopoS cn^kn MonaxB, 
H Bonura Bi npieKHua ROimaTa. 

— Ohi ciDAa npHAOTb?— cnpocHJui JBLeoHapAB. 

Owb HyBCTBOBaJTb XOHOAlb Fb 811X1 BHCORHXl ROKHRTaXl CO 
CTeRJIIiiflHilMH ABepflMH, HOpOBl ROTOpUfl BCe BRAHO, BCO CUUnHO. 

IIopTpeTH OTi^OBi iesyflTOBi, sepTB:b Romcymi, yse hr noiao- 
BHHy RaHOHBSOBaHHuxi, yRpamajiH MpaHHiia crbHH« Tohho no 

RdROft TO CTpaRHOft HpOHlH, OTOITb RjIOpKb 6HJrb 1806paJReHb 

CI BCRJiOROHeHHoft 6opoAOft, HpHAaBaBmeft eiiy bha> ^OAepaucra, 
Becejuoe Jini^e on^a BeHsn HanoMHnajio repooBi Pa6ji6. 

— Hirb,— CRasajTb IU6A6hi>,— notAeirb HaBeprb, vb ROH^e- 
peniiiH Tenepb hirofo nin: ona OTRpuBaoTcir bi abr naca; ho 
OTei^b HponlaRi HaBd^pno naaepxy, bb CBoeirb Ra6HHeTi« 

npBmjiocb npofiTH Hepe8:b njionfaAKy h BSoftTs na jiicTHiiQr. 
"Bh MOBacTupi i^apBJio MOHHaBie: MOotHaHle sanepnixi ab^A, 



HI BCD »I3HB. 217 

^ooraiHie Mory^efl itepsBH, CKpHBaiooteftcji na Ba^BopKaxi, moji- 
HBBle TycBJuaro nojiycBiTa. 

TenepB, KorAa JLeoHapxi fiuji'b 6moKb ki vjkm^ ero oxbb- 

THJUI CJia60CTB. OhI 60BJICJi, "9X0 EHHOrO H6 CRaSei^b, 9T0 CJIHID- 

JcoiTb cMyTBTCfl. IIoKa nieAeHi ciy^ajTb vb sB6p& onia, OH'b npa- 
Hy^AeH'B 6ujn npHOiOHflTBCfl r% nepHJiairb Jt^THai^fii. 

— noAOSAHie, a ceft^ac:B Hxyl— Bxpyn pasAaJicji roJiocb. 
0, 8Ton rojiocb, KOTopHfi HOSHO 5ujio ysHaiB cpexH lu- 

cmsL ApyrHi'b roJiocoB'Bl IIpH BBysb ero JleoHapA^ BuapflMEJicfl, 
1K>HH0 on ysapa xjohctb: oTevb npoodaR'b noxBRMajicfl no lici- 

ilBM'k 

Ofli BBomeJi'b, saauxaBniHCB. Offb, noBHXHHOMyy lasi coi- 
nuuTb, HTO o6omejrB oduHHue npH BCtpiii non^ayvi. 

— j(oporoft Mofi niexeHi, — nporoBopHJTB ohi TOTqaci so 
jacROBUMi rojuocoiTB^— 6yABT6 so6p£i, nocaxHTo y MBHa bi ica- 
<SHHer&, Hani naxo noroBopiib. 6u ho o6HAHTec&, naA^iocb? 

OH'B BBHJi'b RjuoHH, OTBpuji:B BBJiy KOH^peHi^lH E, oponycKaa 
BnepoA'B JleoHapAa, nporoBopHJTB thxeici, Hyii> cjiumHuicB ro- 

— BoftAHTe daAEy naitb sAicb 6yAen JiyHniel 

JKeoHapA'B Boineji:B; ABepB saaepjiacb sa hhmh. HasoHevB to 
Oflx 6iaJiH OA^H! Ohh CMtpHJiH Apyn Apyra rjiasaMR. 

JleoEapAi npHTOTOBHii Bi yirt nicRoaiBKO 8ByHHux:B ^pasi. 

OhI TBOPAO pinnUTb BUCBasaib BCIO CBOID HOHaBHCTB 1 — MOJI- 

CjiHniBOitb If Horo HHieft coeAHHSJio ero ch 2rmn> ^BJLOBfbKom^ 

BOTOpUft 6biJI1> H OCTaBaaCfl ero HCaOBiAHHKOHB, KOTOpuft, CJli- 

jlOBaTejnbHO, xjmne ero canoro SHaii Bci Hsnidii, bc6 cjiia6uH 
ciopoBu ero cepAAa, KoiopoMy ohi cirijiio BBipaJTB Bce, hto 
ciiyii^aJio Hju rpflSHHJio ero Kjmy. 

'^^ Ci caifoft nepBoft lUHyTH Bocspecjio npeseee o6aflHie. Ohh 
He cpasy saroBopuui: sa hxi miHimHucH cjiobbmh MorjuH cbbo- 
MBby cjioBHO SHBua npHB^cbnlH, cjiOBa npejKHHn ahoA. 

Ohh npHciajiBHo nocMOTpin Apyn hb Apyra. 

Bb rjiasarb Monaxa eKaauBajiocb ne tojibeo SesnoRoSHoe se- 
Jianie npoHHRHyrb bi HeHSBicTHoe eiiy cocroHHle Ayoui Jleo- 
flapAB, HO H noBeiHTejuBHoe ipeSoBaHie npexHet HCRpeHHOcn. 

Bi le^eHie cbmh jArb ohh 6hjih bb HeaplHSHeHHHxi orno* 
meHiaxi w hh pasy He BCTptnajiHCB. JleoHapAi tbrb HSviHEJicA 
Ba BIO BpeKfl, HTO ero ipyAHO 6iuo ysHatB. H botb, bi wkuowb 
j(onpoci MOHaxa, nepeAi^ hhhi BoscxajiH b:b bha'& yrpoau Bci ero npes- 

Hiji MUCJDLH) BCi BFO npeSHlfl TaftHHl 

OreoB IIponiaRi nepBuft npepBaj[> Moname. Ohi npocTepi 
pyRH rbwb me neAJieHHHMi ABoaKenleifB, rbrhitb bi 6iijme roAu 
o6fiHHaji:B JleonapAa, sartirb CRasan toibro: 

— Moe MHJioe akthI 



218 PyCOKOB BOPATCTBO. 

JleoHapA'B onoMHHJiai h ormaTHyjicfl. 

— IIosajiyficTa, ociaBSTe desnoiKesmia lajiiflHlfl! 
MoHaxB yjiufiHyjicfl. 

— KaKifl ssecTsU cjiosa' Ei neiiy oxpaBJUTL ' yAOBOoiBCTBie' 
Bamero CBHAaHla? 

^TO AO Hero Kacaeicfl, owb hhcrojubko ho HSMiHSJoicfl. lE^eRB 
ero 6ujui no npesneify noRpuru rycTHKi pyiuiHiiem, rjiasa 
no npesHOicy BpeHeHami Basi fin ysjiasHfljracb cjesoft. 

JleonapA^ saroBopBJDTb cnoKoteuirb, xoia HicsojiBKO Apoasar 
npni roAocoMi: 

— H H6 sHaio, sa^iiTb bh sejian Mena bha^tb. Ecjih bu 
xoT&ui CBecTH CO MHofi CH6TU, TO 8T0 H6> TpyAHo CA'l^aTB. Bams 
njraHH oiHOCHTejiBHo mohh ho yAaxncB. Bu noTepnijiH ^iacBo. 
SI CBo6oA6H%, cjiaBa Boryl Orb Ayi™ sojuaio Tasoro se cnacTBA 

BCiWb A^TAKl, BOTOpUX'b BH BOCnHTUBaeTO. 

Moaaxi boabbjii pyRH c:b bhaomi caiiooTBepseHHaro My^e- 
HHKa H BOspasEJiii niBymtb fojiocomi: 

;. — HanpacHO bh AyMaere, miJioe AHTflMoe, noBtiCBepmun 
t:xepTHHfl rpixb, boi^aa OTRasajuHCB BCTynntb vb nami opAeffbt 

8tb cjiEOBa npHBejni JleonapAa b:b HsyiuseHle. Ofli xoiijii 
OTBi^aTB; oreifi IIponiaRi ocTanoBHJi'b ero h BSBJi'b sa o6i pysn: 

— noAOXAHTe, BucjuymaflTe neHfl cnepaa. JE(tjio ropa^o 
Dpon](6, vkwb BH ceCi npeACTaBJuaere. Ci Bameft CTopoHH 6uj[o 
HeAopasyMtaie, botb h Bce. EcjraSH bh 6hjih oiBpoBeHnie co 
MHoft, aroro no cjiyujiocB 6h. HsSftraiorb o6iflCHeHift tojibro 
BBHOBaTHe, a bh hxx HB^iraJDi. Bh ne xortju cf^hMn nepaaro 
mara, h boti noneiiy a pinmjTB npHTJiacBTB aaci... Axi, a b^a^ 
8HaK) aiy rojioayl AoGpaji, ho ropAaa! Mei 6hjiio ohohb ho- 
oplflTHO cosHaBaib) HTO y BacT> Ha cob^cth JieacHn TasecTB; a 
xoHy, AU Bamero chbctba, H86aBHTB bbci on dToft raxecTH... 

Offb npoHSHeci nocjr&AHla cjhobb h£2bhO) yaipenHHt, hto 
HonaA'B Bi 6ojiBHoe mIcto. JleonapA'B no5ji[%AHiJii>- 

— Bama noMon^B coaepmeHHO 6e8noJie8Ha, — CRasan ohi 

XOJIOAHO. — Mofl COBiCTB H6 HyBCTByerb HHRaROft TJiSeCTH. fl, 

6HTb Hoseii, noAA&ACB onacHnHi yBJie^eHlaHi; ho a bo apeiia 
OAyMajica, coaepmeHHo cnoRofino, 6e8i bcarbxi yrpHsemft co- 
b^cth. FocnoAB Bon onpaBAEJi'b iieHa. R msix) npoHMyniecTBo, 
soTopHm He Bdb Moryn noxBajniTbca^ a Mory roBopHTb OTRpnro 

B&bTb CBOHXl A^tCTBiaXl. 

B:b raasaxi OTi^a IIponiaRa 6aecHyjrb na MHHyry oroHeRi,. 
saTiH'b OHH BepHyjut CBoe AofipoAymHO-Beceaoe BHpasenle. 

— 31 pasBi a o6:b stoirb roBopioI — BOCRJUiRHyai ohi.— fl 
AyMBK) BameMi 6yAyntein>, a bh ace BOBBpan^aerecb Ri npo- 
meAmeicy, RaRi 6yAT0 saaieie o Hexil * 

JleoHapAi noAHaa'b rojioay. 

— Emfi paei noBiopaio Ban, a hh o Herb ho acajilio. Bu 



HA BCD SH8HB. 21» 

OHeHB CTpaHHO HsqHflaeTe CBoft pasroBOiyB o 6yAyii^ein>! A h&- 
jmIk), Raffb BU, HHiaTB Hes;^ cipoirb. Ecjth bh xoiHTe, ttoCh 
a noHMi BBCL, roBopne acHftel 

— JI HMeHHO BToro TO m xoHyl Hy, noJiHO, Cpocbie dion 
XBTpuft BHA'B, OWb K'h BAlTb H6 HAon. fl, oosajijA, noAyKBio^ 
HTO BH Ha HBHa cepAHTecB. A lenepB BUCJuymafiTe uefL& bhh- 
MaiejiBHO. 

PyBa, KOTopafl so chxi ^op^ yxepsHBajra Jleoflapna, nox- 
cynyjiacB noxi ero pyKy. JlerKHiTB, do^th Hesaiii^THiaii'B sBHase- 
HleiTb MOHaxi yBJioKB ero sa co6ot, h ohh na^ajiH paxom npo- 
xasiBaTBM no KOMHarb, saEi bi fiujiuifl BpeMona. ItonHaTa 
6uJia 0H6HB A^HHHafl, o6HTaa KpacBsiME o5oflifH, no KOTopun, 
Bi BHA'i yBpamenlfl, Cujih lairb h cjsmb pasBimanH BuaiHTue 
ROBpu, B8o6pasaBmie nancRHx^B sjaaoBX bb 6htb% npn naiaA, 
loaHHy A'ApsB bb AoMpeMH B XpHcra bb TepnoBoiiB Biniti. 
Bi rjiydHfii, na MpaiiopHOiiB nBOAecTajil BBAHljicfl 6ioctb oxi^i 
OJiBBena. FojiOBa ^anaTHKa h A^caoTa bbrb 6u rocnoACTBOBajia. 
naAB HeBHABHUMB co6paHieifB, B rjiaaa cb neyjioBBKUMB Bupa- 
senleHB, KasajiocB, ycTpeHJiajnicB bb xaKyio to ffisb^ isBtonyio 

HMB OABEHB. 

— BorB MBJiocepAB rb BaiiB, abth icoe,— BaroBopnjrB mo- 
naxB CB JiacKOH) bb rojioci.— CyA^ no HacToan^eMy, ohb cyjiHTB 
BaiTB OHOHB CHacTaBByio CyAyn^HOCTB. SI o^ohb AOBoaea'B dTHiiB. 
Mu nocToaHHO Hnrepecyeifca cbohkh y^eHHKaiiH, ocofienHO tb- 

KBMH A06pUllH B pasyMHUIIB, KBKB BH 6HJIH. fl HBAaJni CJI%AHJrB 

sa BBMH H cnpaBjrajica o tomb, hto bu noA'baHBaeTe. CBaToe- 
IIpoBHAlHle, noBBAHMOMy, 6jiKaronpiaTCTBOBajiio .mohmb naananB. 
^To 6h he A^Ji&JtH HamB ApysBa, A&se neOjiaroA^pHHe, ohh ho 
CTBHOBaTca Bnojmi lysBMH a^ hbcb h, TaEB HJiH Hfiane, fioia- 
roAapa Macci HenpoABBA^HHHXB o6cToaTeaBCTBB, mh HaxoAHM^ 

B08M0SH0CTB OpH6aB3HTBCa BB HHMB. OaHO H8B TBRBXl 06CT0- 

aTOJiBCTBB yRasaao UEiy RaRoft nyTB bh HsCpajm; wsA ohohb xo- 

TiJIOCB nOBApaBBTB BaCB. 

OTeitB IIponlaRB Haao-no-najiy saroBopHoiB CncTpiie. Jleo-. 
HapAi> ynopHO HOJinajiB. IXoaosaabb OAHy coRyHAy, KonaxB npo- 
AoaasaJiB: 

— SL ysHajTB ceroAHa yTpoxB, hto bh noayrajui RaedApy. 
IIpeBOcxoAHol Cb BamnifH cnoco5HOCTaMH bh auobo yflA^'o. 
AapB RpacHopinla BeasRaa cnaa, bh ok) odJiaAaeTO, rbrb a cjih- 
maaB. Kbrb xpHCTiaHHHB h ropano Bftpyionpft HeacB^RB, no6aa- 
roAapHTe Bora sa am A&pn, ohh bb cyn^HOCTH npHHaAaeacaTB 
Eny, a ne bbub. ,9 yaipeHB, mto bh hxb ynoTpe6HTe na cay^-^ 
soHle Evy. 

Ohb BSAOxnyaB cb OAsa saiiiTHHicB HeTepn^HieiiB. Moa^aHie^ 
JbonapAa CTicnaao ero. 

— Mh% XOTiaOCB HanOMHHTB BBMB 06b 8I0ft06a8aHH0CTH,--^ 



^20 P7GCS0B BOrATCTBO. 

nposojUKEJii OH^,— fl ysipeHi, hto bu cosflaeie ly oiBiTciBeH- 
^ocTB, xsRyK) 6ep6Te sa ce6H, h no bu ciyici^eTe OTKasaiBoi 
'OT'b j^KOTopuxi npeyBBJOiHeHift, on HiRoropoft ESJiHniHeft ro- 
paHHocra, CBoflcTBOHfloJI Bameiiy Bospaciy) ho £[eyAo6HOft XJia 
npenoAEBaTeJua. RaeeApa, xase CB^TCRoft HayaH, ecn anocTOJa* 
CTBO. Bu, RaseTca, cbmh bto saaBJiajiiv... bbxhto, Ram xopomo a 
BHaio Bce, HTO Ao Bacb aacaeica; Bayaa, tbri se aaai pejiHiia, 
He AOJUKHa mArb epeniROBi. 

OflH OCTaHOBHJIHCB Bl ROHIt% ROKHaTU UOKh caifiUi:B 6r)- 

CTOMi OTi^a OjiBBOHa. Fjiasa hxi oxHOBpeiieHHo ynajui na ab- 
Bisi ROHij^epeflaiH, H8o5pax6HHiifi aojiOTHHH CyRBaiiH: Fortes in 
fide, diligatis invicent. 

Moflaz'B yRasaji'b na Hero naJiBiteMi: 

— dio ^yAHua cjhobb, sanoMHSTe hxi h o6AyicaftT6 xopo- 
4neHBRo. CHiiBHaa Bipa, coiosi bi jik)6bh. 

Saiiirb OHB aaifOJi^aJi'B, pimHamHc^, HaROHeipB, AOXAatBca 
OTBiia. 

— Ecjm a xopomo Bac:B noHajm, — caasan, HaaoHeitB, Jleo- 
flapxB CB HacninuiHBoS yjiufiROfi,— 8to ^pnajiBHoe Tpe6oBaHie. 
Bu sejiaere, hto6u noJioBHaa kobxi ypoROBi npHHaA^iesajia aam. 

OTeiTB nponlaai naxHyjii pyRoft ci neAOBOJiBmiirb bhaoitb. 

— OnaTB BH roBopHTe cjioaa, ROTopua Boace ne sAyrB ri 
A^y. Hin, Raaoe se Tan TpeCoaaHie, aro npocio coatrB, co- 
B%n Bamero ciaparo AyxoBHHKa, ROTopst npoAOJiasaerB 8a6o- 
THTBca cnaceHlH aamefi AyniH, xoTa bh ero 6pocHJiH. Heyacejni 
^ AoaacoHB BaitB noBTopaiB to, no bh h caiiH ohohb xopomo 
BHaeTe: no HciHHa oahb h Hirlen lOJiBio oahhi bhab. SaSjiyaa- 
XdHie, HanpoTiBB, BiiieTB Tucany bhaobi. Eaai pasCHioe aep- 
Raao, OHO HoaReiB ocjiinHTejiBHo 6jirHCTaTB, HoaaerB npimucaTB 

^HHHHy HCTHHU, HO OHO HHROFAa HO 6yAen HCTHHOft. SI 60K)CB, 

vo6u Bama HeoauTHOCTB ne yajoLORJia aaeB HHorAa bi cropoay 
fleocToposHux'B KHtHiS, H H Bad Hpomy o6i oahoii:b: qHiaftie 
^BOH jieaiUH, RaRB Heioaiai Ao6pocoBicTHiift h ((jiaropaayifHuft. 

Majio-Ho-Majny Hsir hoab TyMana cjiofb BiiCTynHJTB nacToan^it 
cmicjrB p%?H. JIeoHapAi» CJiymairBy nacaaxAaacB anirB hobhmb 
pacnpeAiineHleirb pojieft. Bqepa ero hhrto ne SHaiB; ceroAna cb 
BMUt yase c^HTajracB a saacRHBaJiH ero cox)8a. 

Ohb npHTBopHJBca HaHBHHicB H cnpocHjn: 

— Ho RTO JRO yRaxen mh^, ho yBJieaaiocB aa a, aaRi bh 
roBopHie, HeocTopoacHHifH HffbHlaira? 

MonaxB KoaetSaaca, ciapaacB yr^aiB ero mhosb. 

— Pasai BH He snaeie, Moe naaoe Ana^ no a BcerAS ro- 

*TOBl paSBaCHETB BBHl BC% BamH COMH%Hia? He 6ofiTecB H«xo- 

icti Msi. Ecaa HOHa ho CyAOTB ba^cb, naftAyrca M$jtl% roto- 
pne, 8Haa moid aK)6oBB rb bbmb, cb yAOBoaBCTaieM'B npHMf tb 
«aci. 3x0, Roaeuo, oiaiTCTBeHHOCTB... 



HA BCD XH3HB. 221 

— Ho HHKaRaa OTBiicTBeHHocTB He nyraen saci,— npoAOJi- 
jcaJDi JKeoHapffii cb HaciAniKoft, — a aro otjihhho sHaiol 

MoHaxi ocTaHOBHJDicji Ha noJicJiOBi. 

— OhbtbI 

OhH 06lrtHflJIHCB BUSUBaiOn^HlCH BSTJLIA&MH. 

— ?T0 BHa^Hrb aia ^pasa? oS'MCHHTecBl H TepniiB He icorf 

SeAOMOJIBOBl! 

JleoHapA'B yjra5Hyjica. 

— fl BToro He BHajti... Tim He iceH%e otohb Bavi 6jiaro- 
xapeffb sa Bamy onpoBeHHOCTB h, ecjn bh npHRasuBaere) h na 
nee OTBi^y wkok) se OTRpoBeHHOCTBio. 

Obi> ocBo6oAHai cbok) pysy on pysn oma nponlasa h npo- 
Aojuuuix: 

— Bami yroxHO 6uilo bi npeasHle rosu saviTEXb, "no h 
npeACraBJUiK) HiRordpuS yMCTBeHHuft RanHTajii. Bh Auce hm^jth 
HaiiipeHle ascnjioaTHpoBaTb arori KanHran n cbok) nojibey h 
aaiii aio hohth yAajtocB. Bi Hacroan^ee BpeHa o6cTOflTejibCTB& 
onpaBAUBaioT'B BamH opoAHOJioseHiH. BecBica BipoaiHO, ^ro h 
vb cRopoMi BpeiieHH npio6piTy bosmojkhoctb bjiihtb na hojio- 
KOTb juiOAet Hoero Bospacia. IIoTepjiBi ciynaft aKcnioaTHpoBaTs, 
Mean, bu sejiaeTe CA^JiaTBCH hohmi soiniaBioHOMi. fl noHHicaK), 
HacROJiBico TaRaH B0H6HHa]tifl BBiroAHa a^ BacB. Ki cosajiiHiio^ 
H yse He pe6eH0KB. CoioBa yace 6oj[ie ne oHBAHHiorB iceHH. fl 

CBOfiOAeHl H XOHy OCTaiBCH CBOtfOAHUltB. 

FyC&i OTita nponiaRa saAposajur. 

— fl He HairbpeHi ocraHaBJiHBaTBCH na toitb, hto b:b Bamsn 
cjnoBazB HecnpaBBAJUHBO h ocRopfiHrejuBHO. SI ne seiaio, noAOtSna 

Baii:B, B08BpaH](aTBCH KB SafiUTUll'B 06CT0JiTeJIBCTBaHl. 

— 3tO HOTOtfy, HTO BU 06jliaA&6Te JierKOK) COBiCTBIO. 

— 6u saGuBaeTB, hto Bama coBtcTB HHi zopomo HSBicTHa. 

— HaapacHo HanoMHHaeTe. SI Aoporo sanjoarajTb sa aro. 

8th 4>P&8^ t&k:^ HCRpeHHO BupasajiH hx*b nyBCTBa, hto 
6BiCTpo, fiesociaHOBOHHO cjniAOBajsH OAHa sa Apyroft> ^cho noKa- 
suBSfl, RaRaa rpoMaAHaa nponacTB pasA^ujia co6eciAHHROBT>. 

Ohh saMOJu^aJor, o6a yABBJteHHue. TaRan ropaHHocTB fiHJra 
BeoOuiHOK) jiJia Monaxa^ Ohi noRa^ajri rojsoBoft ci bhahmuitb 
CHynteHieiTB. JleoHapA'B BApyrB npHHiun paBHOAymnufl bhab h 
CTaJHB orjiHAUBaiBCfl no CToponairb. 

Oram IIponiaRB nepBufi BosBpaTHjn ce6i cnoRoficTBie. 

— Mu o6a He npaBu, ahm Moe, noTOMy hto mm cepAHMca,— 
aaroBopHJi'B ohi> poBHuici rojuocom.— H noaroMy-TO a 8a6ttjrB 
CKasaxB Baiii rjiaBHoe. 

— Ax'b, Bu en^e ne Bce cnasajiH? 

— npocToe saH^HaHie; oho JnyHme BcaRHSB cnopoBi aorb-* 
seiB BBMB BCK) HeJiinocTB Bamaxib ynpeROBB: RaKaa jiHHHaH 
BuroA^ Mosen sacTaBJUflTB iceHH AstBaTB BaMi> cob^tu, RorAa b'b 



222 PyCCKOB BOFATCTBO. 

cynfHOCTB MH pascysxaeiTb) hczoaa hsi osHoro tojibro npe^no- 
Jiosenifl? Bu roBopHTe o RaKOUVTO sypci, KOTopHft CyxeTe he- 
TaiB, BJiiflHlH, saBoe xothto npiofipicTH ■ t. aoA- Ho pasai 
Bce OTO B%pHO? EyAyn^ee vb pyican Bora, a ho HejiOB^Ra. 

— 9to yrposa? 

— Yrposal 

Monan noffosxajt'b ceByHAy, ci yrpcomiicb bhaomi nosro- 

PHJTB OTO CJKOBO H SaT^Hl Bl CBOK) OHOpOAb yJUfisyJICfl. 

— KaKib nory a rpoamrB BairB? B%ab bh se cetiacb jvb- 
pajra, HTo AOCTHFJifl CBoeft ujbjoi fien bcaroA noifon^E cl Moeft 
CTopoHH? ByABTO uocsAfpMrejLLEa... moa ciapaa onmHOCTb xo- 
TOn TOJIBRO npeAOCTepoHB Baci npoTHBi pasoiapoBaBiA h hh- 
Hero 6ojiiBme. 

— nOBipBTB UB% ABTfl KOO, BU HaopaCHO AyPHO HCTOJIKO- 

BHBaere HamH HairlpeHifl, — npH6aBHjrB ohi, noAHepRVBaa Raac- 
Aoe cjioBO,— BH CTpoHTO CBOH pascHeiu 6681 Bora, Roroput pac- 
BOJUiraerB jiioabmh. 

JleonapAi OTB^^aJii cb ABHseHlem npespiHia: 

— a pascHHTUBaio na Bora h na ce6fll 

— 3to ohohb ropAUfl cjioBat 

— JlycTB BoFB cyAHn uqeb no CBoett npasAi. 

— IIpaBAa Boslfl CRasHBaeica bi b^hhocth, bto AJnrHHHfi 

CpORl. 

— A BU BOOfipaxaoTe, hto noMoraeie eS? 

— fl He Boo6pasaK), ahta moo, a bi aroitB yaipeHB. 
y JleoHapAa BupBajicA rperi HeroAOBaHia: 

— H^TB, wb caMOtf:B jijisiy bu Hrpaere vb OTBpanTOJiBHjK) 
Hrpy! 

OffB He Mon CAepsaTB CBoero raiBa: 

— I^ijnuft HacB BU BOAere ceSa laRi, RaRi CyATO a aama 
€05cTBeHH0CTB, yRpaAOHHaa y bbcb, h ROTopyio bu sejiaeie no- 
jtiyHHTB o6paTHo. Bu roBopBTe ABycMucaoHHua ^pasu, bu Mona 
juiCRaeTe, bu mh^ rposHTe, bu TOJiRyere o icoeft jijmi^o icoeirB 
cnaceBlH. IIoHeify ciHTaeie bu, hto uMiere RaRia-io npaBa Ha 
MOHa? Moacen 6utb noTOMy, qio a coraacoaca npsATH cioAa 
ceroAHa? Ho b^^a^ a npHinea'B— neyseaH bu aroro ne yraAaas— 
ToaBRo noTony, hto comb ain... 

MoHaxi cxBaraai JKeoHapAa sa pysy. 

— OcTBHOBHTeCBy APyi*^ l^Oft, HHROrAB HO HaAOfiHO HpOHBHO- 

CHTB HenonpaBHMux'B caoBi. 

— SI snaio ToaBRO oaho HenonpaBHMoe ffiao, aame nacHaie 

BdkKh MOeK) A^TCROK) COB^CTBlOl 

Oienub IIponlaR'B CTpamno no5aiAH^^* 

— Axi»| BU AoaacHu BsaiB bto HflSRoe oSBHHeHie, a eroro 
Tcpe6yio. 

— fl[ He Kory yHH'iTOsiiTB cboh) naifaTB! 



HA BCD aDB8H&. 223 

Tjiasa JleoHapxa BcnHXHyjtH: 

— Bu xyiraJiH, tto HaftAete bo icHi npesHsro peSeHsaL. Bh 
scrpiHaere HysiHHy, h 3T0 saMi He no Bsycyl . 

MoHaxi OTBi^ajTB, yBasHBaa na sBopB: 

— YxoAHTe! BH xoRasaiH uwb^ KaBoft auuiKlft CBjm^eHHn'b 
BHmeJiik 6u Hsi aaci. 

— HsBEBHie, a 8a6ujrL, tfo a y aacb bi fpiA... 
JleoHapAib noRJioHHACJi, nepemejrb ROMHaiy h hchosi. 
meAOHi, npHBxeHOHHHft myifoirB fojiocobi, Bumejn* hb^b xa- 

(iiBeTa OTita. Ohi bha^jh, kbri npoxoxui JeoHapAi. 

— Bose uot, oiem, — o6paTHiicji ohi» bi oti^ IIponlaBy, 

ioTOpUfl Bl» CBOH) OHOpOAB BUXOAHJITb H8:B SBJUI, — HTO dTO SB 

mym? 

Owb ypaAUBajTB, hto npoHsomjuo nino cepBesHoe, h 6ofljica, 
xaBi> 6ti ero ho sauiniajui vb jsjbjio. 

Orei^ IIponiaKb yjnbi6Hyjrca, sartvB oiBi^aji'B, to^ho ho 

BDOJDHi COBHaBBB, HTO rOBOpHTli: 

— HBKOFAa HO HBAO OTHajiBaTBCii Bi safijiyAinHxca obivixi, 

XBTfl MOe. Bl BamBXl BOCBHTareJiKBHHXl 8aB6A6HiBX'b HU TBB'B 

HanBTHBaeiTB yqeaHBOBi pejiBiieft, ^to, paso hjih bobaho, xoia 
6u Ha cHepTHOHi onpk^ ohh HSBepraion ee, noAo6HO hjioxo ne- 

peBapOHHOft HBHU'I* 



IV. 

BuftAB Ha yjonQT) JleoHapAi* cbo6oaho BBAOxnyjii. Owh ne 
nyBCTBoaajTb 6oJiBme bh Maji^lniaro rH%Ba. 9to o6iBCHeHle ci> 
OTKOMi nponlaBOMi 0CB060ABJ10 ero Ayniy on naRonHBoieftcB 
Bi net H AymHBmefl ero rope^H. Mosho 6ujio noAyMaib, hto 
ci 8TBMH cjhobbmb: tfl pasc^HTHBaio Ha Bora h na ce6B», ohi 
cCpocHJii BCK) TflxecTB cTapuxi o6HA'b. Hh^to He CBflBUBajio ero 
Sojnme, obi ^yBCTBOBan JierBOCTb vb jiyuA h Heo6HKHOBeHHyB> 
CoApocTB BO Bcem rtjsi. 

Ofli BomejTB Bi cBBepi okojio BoHi) Mapme. Tam Brpaju 
OiAHO OA^TUfl A^TH. Ohh RpBHajuH, AP&AHCB, nepecBaRHBajiH re- 
peal cBaMeftBH. Bopo6BB, HBpHBaBmle na jryry, saaaJiocB, 6hijm 

iHBl OAHOfi CeMBH C% HBMH H ClfiJIO JieiaJIH BOSpyTB HHXl. 

Bi nepBuft pasi npamjio fb roAOBy JIoonapAy, hto Aynia 
HapoAa He BcnopHena. Owb npeACTaBJiBjrB €06%, hto ohb aojoshb 
6btb npocTa, Seai bcbbbto ROBapcTaa, cnocofina orspoBeHHO joo- 

6hTB H OTKpOBeBHO HeHaBHAiTB. 

BApyrB, o6epHyBmBCB nasaAii owb CHOBa yBHAiiTB aoitb 
on^oBi leayHTOBi. BecejiocTB aroro aeceHHaro yTpa npHAaaajia 
-eMy 6ojrbe o6BiRHOBeHBaro yrpioiuift bhab, TenHHfl osna ero 6hjih 

AO HOJOBBBU aaspHTH OiorilMH nOJIOTHBHBIHH SaHaB^MH, Vb 



224 PyCCKOB BOFATCTBO. 

CTeRJiaxi ETh oTpasancB CTeua MarasHHa Bohi Mapme, h u- 
sajiocB, TOHHO sa sroft rojioft crtHoft CRpuBaerca rose icaRot la 
6oJiBniofi ToproBuft jipwb. 

QroTh BHAB 6u;iii HenplAreirb JKeoHapxy; owb noBepnyiTB wh 
CeBpcsyio ymnj h HaopaBHJica kj> JboRceiiCypry. CoioBa, cica- 
saHHUfl OTnowb IIpoiiiaEOitb, CHOBa BOCRpecn vh ero naniiTH^ 
cjioBa ^(OBOJiBHO onpoAineHHUH, He cHOTpH Ha oCHHHuft cnoco6i> 
BiopaseaiA MOHaza. CMUCJrL hxi Chjcb mewb: aro 6hjb[o o&hm- 
jaenle BOftHU. 

Ho no^eMy se, bi caHom A'bJii? PasBi ohi ne HirbrB npasa 
ocraBaTBCfl CBoCoAHiaitb h setb, KaEi» zortn? GeicH jrtn My- 
HHTeJKBHO HeonpeA'ibjieHHaro noiosenlii 6buio mn Mano, ohh xo- 
rkiB, ttoCh OHi noRopHJiCfl, ohh eiiy rposHJiH Mecrbio! H no 
rposHJTB? GBflnteHHHR:bl Sra HyAOBHn^Hafl MciHreJiLHOCTb npERpH- 
BajiacB BMenetf'B XpHcta! Bci pejiHrlosHiia HyscTBa JleonapAa 
B08ifj?n^ajiHCB. Eiry CTajio san, ^lo wb pasroBopi c% otuoitb 
IIponlaROirB ohx HOAOCTaroHHO BupasHJm Bce npespiHie, nanoji- 
HJiBmee ero xymy. 

BApyrb oEi ocraHOBHJicfl wb ysaci. Ohi nonnn, Rasoft Bas- 
HuS nepeBopon npoHsomejii b% ero cosnaHlH: yaasenle ri cna- 
H^eHHocjiysHTejDK) yiiepjio wb jijmi ero. 

9to hujTb nepBuft man ri orpHuaHlio, sa hhmi norjra ho- 
cjaixoBaTB Apyrie. A iiesAy ^m — ^aRi ohi jiio6HjrB, ho^th 6o- 
roTBopHjEi) 8Ty HepHyio OAesAy^ snaRi cJiyseHiH Boryl B'b Geni^ 
JlyH Ae FoHsarB bo apoMa Bcero AliTCiBa ohi> noRJiOHfljicji ne 
CTOJURO Bory, crojitbro ero cjiysHTejiio, RoropHi Rasajica eHy 
BonjEOQ^eHieifB Xpncra: HacToanUt SHBofi hxojtb, aron npexcTa- 
BHTejiB 6osecTBa, npHBJieRajrb Kb ce&b lacTb Toro oSosanla, ro- 
Topoe aojurho 61U10 npHHaAJiexaTb sceuijio Bory. 

Offb BcerAa pncoBajica eicy Cesynpeuo wcnnrb, neAOcarae- 
MuiTb fifiSi seMHurb CTpacTefi, ffiH seiiHoft 6opb6h, aan^EinieHHiiicB 
CBoefi cyiaHoft on Bcet seiiHoft rpasn; ohi BocxHH^ajiCA ero v^- 
jiOMyApieHi AiBCTBOHHERa, H paAH Hero CHHTaniiy hto Bucmefr 
coBepmencTBo aRBSHH coctohtb bi yicepn^BJieHlH jtidCbh... H aon 
saB'bca pasoApajiacB, RaRB bt> 6fiiJioe BpeHa saBica zpaMa lepy- 
caJSHMCRaro, BosB^n^aa, RaRB lorAa, na^ano HOBOft pejiariH. dron 
CBan^eHHocjryxHTejiB cTaHOBHJica oCuRHOBenHHirB HeJcoB^ROifi. 

Bevb coMHi§Hlji IIponlaKB— JleoHapA'B yse ho HasuBajni ero 
foteupb nponiaRi»,— nponiaRi HCRJuoHeme. Ho pasBi MoryiB 
SfiiTB BCRflioHefiifl cpeAH npeACTasETejieft Bora? Bon ne Hosei-B 
6mb ci TiiiB^RTO ero 6e8CjiaBHrb. Pasi corpirnHjn oarhi, ana- 

HBn H BCi HeAOCTOSHU. 

FfliBi JleoHapAa crazB. PaapuBi aroft caaaH ycnoROHBaiTB 
ero HeroAOBanie. HpespiHie Kb CBaoieHHHRy 6iuio bi ero rjia- 
sax'E xaRHMi cepBesHuiTB A^oiTB, HTO yAOBJEEOTBopaJio ero se- 



HA BCD aCHBHB. 225 

jiasie MCTHTB. Eiiy 6wio crpaHHO, ^ro owb laKi Kajno crp^wn 
orb dToro, jvaae^ noaRajiyft, HjBCTByerB ce5H jiyHme. 

Korxa HC^esaen Hame jBaxeHle ki ^eny HH6yAB OAHOMy, 
HaiTB oOHKHOBeHHO EasoTCfl, HTO livL CEJUBH^ BospacTaeTb yBa- 
aceflie bi spyroMy. MoserB 6utb, ohi sootipasan, hto, noAofiHO 
XpHCiy, Hsrnaji'B h8x xpana tojibbo loprameft. Bo scflROirB cjiy- 
^ai ero pejrarifl noRaaajuacB eny *6ojEAe HHcroft, HsCaBJteHHofi on 
nocTopoHHHX'B npHH^oft. Ohii RaKi 6yffT0 npHfijmsiiJicfl ibi» Eory 
n npomenrajTb: 

— FocnoAHl Kb Te6i, bi osHOny Tefii, oCpa^aiocb! 

H Focnoffb TOHHO 6yAT0 ycJiumaJi'B ero npHsuBi: no cipaHRoft 
cjiyHaftHOCTH 8T0 yipo, BOCEpecHBmee ajdui Hero npomjioe, oTEpiuo 
eMy pasHHe nyTR wia Cyxyn^aro h npeAocraBHJio CA&iaTB Bii6opi. 

Ohi Bomeji'B b'b JlfORceiffiyprcKift cax'b. 

BoRpyn> Hero i^uft jiici toh^hxi AepoBBeBi 6hirb noqiuTB 
HlaKHUlIH HOHRaHH, HaHHHaBmHMH pacBpHBaiBCfl. Hn noAB Hop- 
lUHHHCTOft Ropu HpoCHBajiBCB CB%xie coKH. CojiHe^Hue JiyHH, 
npo6HpaflCB crbosb b^^tbh, cjierRa sojiothjih CHHeBaiue RycTu. 
AauBme HenoxBHSHan BOAa 6acceftHa OTpaxaia ero MpaMopHua 
CTiHRH, a sa ajiJieeft ojiaTaHOBi bhahIjich nenaJUBBHtt ABopei(i. 

dio 611011 TorB canBift caA'B, b'b RoropoiTB vb nponuiyK) cy6- 
6oTy JleoHapA^ no^yBCiBOBajTB BOJiHOHie ctpaciH, bchoichhbi sa- 
npeTHHfl paAOCTH jik>6bh. 

H BApyn, Kb AOBepmenlK) hjdtjiiosIh, rojioci, ROTopst ovb 
TOTqaci ysHajn, ORJiHRHyji^B ero npH noBoport bl OA^y mi> ajuneS. 

— RaRi 8T0 JnoCesHo! BHnpoxoAHTeMHMOH HeBHAHie neHfl. 
MapcejiB noAXOAHJua Kb neuj cb TOft yjmfiRoft, ROiopan ero 

TaEi CTpaHHO CMyn^ajia. 

— SL CHj^jia OAHa na CRaMeftR%,— npoAOJisana osa, — ho xo- 
THTe n BMicrt noryjiHTB? 

FoJiocB efl noxoAHJH na cepeCpncToe sypqaHBe ropHaro py- 
HefiRa. 

JleoHapAi ocTanoBHJicjf. Bi napRi hhrofo ho Cujio. lEojiHafl 
THmHHa pacnojiarajia r'b hhthkhoA Sec^A^. 

— Ob yAOBOJacTBieiTB,— OTBi^ajTB ohi,— mh^ HORyAa cirt- 

mHTB. 

Ohh crajiH xoahtb pflAOMi, ho ho hoa'b pyRy, h 6ojiTaTB o 
pasHnxi pasHOCTflxi. Ohh npomjiH mhho ciaTyft RopoJiOBB, h 
no KOJiHajniBfiiirB aorjieAM^B BepnyaniCB na Teppacy; oCjiOROTacB na 
nepKJia, ohh pascnaTpHBaJiH pacxeHlfl h itBiTHHRrB. 

JleoHapAa yABBjorajiH npHJiH^Hua MaHepu h npaBHUBHiiift bu- 
roBopi MapcejTH. Ohi cobc^mi HHa^e npeACTaBjmjii €06*6 roro- 

TORI. 0CB060AHBmHCB OTB CBOOft SacrtH^HBOCTH, OH*B CaiTb CiaJTB 
rOBOpHTB Cb HeofiUHHOK) J^HB HCFO paSBflSHOCTBK): 

— Bu JnofiHTe axon caA'B?— cnpocHJTB ohi, RorAa ohh yae 
COCHpaJIHCB pasoSiHCB. 

J« 4. OTA*Jn. I. 15 



226 P7CCK0I BOTATGTBO. 

— SaniiTb BH 8T0 cnpamHBaeTe? 

— He HanoHHHaen JtH obi aam H6ro-HE6yxB? 
MapcejiB cjierKa noRpacntjia. 

— Mosen Cutb, mh cb aaiiH npocro cxoffiiccfl so si^caxi. 
PasBi 8T0 He xopomo? 

Ona cTapanacB noHpaBHTBCJi eify. Owb aro zMAmrb no ea 
BsrjuiAftirb, no H^HOiiy BHpa:tfeHlio ea rojioca, no Tim iieji- 
RHm neyjiOBBiniirb npHSHaRairb, BOTopHa noKasHBaion, tto sen- 
npma zonerb jik)6htb. 

JleoHapxi He OTBinn Ha Bonpoci Mapcejor, ho npoKOJusairb 
■OJiyniyTjniBo: 

— HaBftpno, Banrb spyn SHsen rxfi HH6yxB no coc^a- 
cray. 

— H yse BBMi CKasana, "no a hhrofo ne jno6a]o. — ^Jleo- 
HtpxB yci^XHyjuca. 

— JKea[qHHa acerAa jnotian Roro HH6yAB nan hto HHCyxB, 
XMa 6ii caoK) cofiaRy. 

— Bh peaHHBU? — CMiao nociaaHaa oaa aonpoci. 

— Si ROHy se, FocnoAHl H no RaROMy npaay? Tiirb ay^me 
AU aacB, ecjfl Bame cepAite cboSoahoI 

— A BU HcnuTaan aro yAoaoabcrale? 

— no Moeicy, 8T0 caHoe 6oaBmoe cqacile. 

MapceaB OTaepnyaacB h craaa ROH^iRom soHTHRa ^epTBib 
^HrypH na necRi. 

— Bu vbffi^ noicHHTca, o6in^aaH np^A^H ro icni,— CRasaaa 
dBa HaRoneiTB. 

JleonapA'B yanfiHyaca. 

— Bu omHfiaerecB, a ff^xB ne sHaio aamero aApeca. 

— TaRi noftAOiTb co icHCfi, a Bam noRasy. 

Ohh otiifiHaaHCB aaraaAaiiH: bocb hxi^ npeAmecTBOBaandft 
pasroBop'B BHiai A^aBio npHaecTH HiieHHO Kb aTHm caoaairb. 
leoHapAB noqyacTBOBajTb bi» cepAi^ oni(yni(eHie xoaoAa n otb^- 
vuTb HaciiiinaHBo: 

— SI TopntTB He Mory xoahtb bt> focth no yrpam. 

— Bu ayqme aio6Hie ae^epoici? Hy, hto se, noauuiyt, 
RorAa a Aona... 

Ohi RoaeSaaca. 

— RiTbj noaoaRHieaLHO, ay^nne ho SAne Mena. fl h no 
BOHepairb easy y ce6a. 

MapceaB pascvlaaacB HepBHUici cirlxoirB. 

— Bu fioate poGsH, h^mi a aoofipasaaa! 
Ona npHcraiBHo nocMOTpiaa na Hero: 

— TenepB yse a cnimy h yxosy, — CRasaaa ona, noA^ep- 
Kiaaa caosa. 

JleonapA'B caerRa nosaai naenaiiH: 

— He cepAHiecB^ nosajiyflcTa. 



HA BCD SKHSHB. 227 

— GepxETBca? 8a hto se? sa to, hto bu ho Joo^Hre xoxhb 

Vb rOCTH? 

Osa ynuia. Otch He nuTajtoi ysepsHBaTB ee. On BpeiceHH 
so BpeMOHH, OHa noBopauBajia roJtOBy, h obi yraffiBajTB, tso 
oHa CKorpHn Ba nero Cb sacifiinBOft h cb TaftHUMi paso^apo- 
^BaaieMi. 

Eor^a oea cRpiuiacB, ohi oSjiorotuca na nepua. B'b bhc- 
ican 7 Hero CTynajuo, ho ohi ho ABHHyjtca ci irbcTa. 

— El qoMy? nosyHajTb ohb. — nposaaiQafl seHntHHal 

Ohi ocTajicfl BipoHB ce5i: ohb nociOflHHO sejiajrb rpixo- 
Ha^eHiii h Bcerxa ocraHaBJUHBaJicfl wb pbrnaiejiBHyK) KHHyry. 
Ilepeffi rjiasaHH ero pHCOBajiHCB mnpoEifl h oxHOofipasHSfl ajueH 
^BtTHHRa. Hin, ohi nojosHTejiiBHO npeimoHHTaerb hate rkm 
DyTOMi, KOTopufi Hoxoacb Ha arn aueH: hIcbojubbo yHUjmirb, 

ho npflHBIM'b H OTSpUTUMl. 

Oa% Bumejii H8i caAa, yABBJUACB, xaBB icajio chjiu boah 
7pe6yeTCJ9, hto6h 6opoTBCfl ch noAofinuMH icayoieHlHifH... 
noAxoAfl Ki cBoeny AOMy, on% BCTpiTHJi'b SCyaa. 

— H mejiii Kb TeCi. 

— Otjihhho, HosaBTpaRaeMi siiicTi. 

Ohi TOTqaci ace cooCh^bjtb SSiJkj o CBoeirb HasHa^eHlH. Syn 
BHAHHO oGpaAoaajicfl h nosApaBEjn ero. 

— TaBi BOTL HeMi Tu ne^TajiB h ho xor&jrb npHSHaTBOi! 
CorjiacHCB se, HaKoneirB, hto paHO hjih hobaho asHSHB pacojia- 
HBBaercH cb nami no sacjiyram. 

He CKOTpfl Ha Becejnift tor's ero cjiobi, bhaho 6hjio, tto 

OH!B Him TO 08a60HeH1>. 

3a CTOJioMi JleoHapAB pascRasajrb o CBoen CBHAaHlH cb 
OT]]loirb [IponlaROirb. SCyKi BHHuaTejiBHO oiymaji'B ero; 

— GTpauHO, — CRasajTb ohi,— hto cairae ynHue jiioah cho- 
co6Hti A^aTB rjiynocTii. HeyxejiH tu ho QOHHicajrB, Kasoft onac- 
hocth HOABepraeoiB cefiA? 

— Bb rjiySHHi nameft vjmm TaaTCfl nyBCTsa, ROTopuxi mu 
<Afa He SHaeiTB,— saAyHHHBo OTBiqani JleoHapA'B. 

— OieHB BaSHO He 60flTBCH OCBiTHTB Taidfl HyaCTBa,— B08- 

pasHjfii SCyKB. — H Blfe^HO ffia Toro h npainejrB &% Te6'& ce- 
roAHii. 

JleoHapAB noAHflJTB rojioay: 

— Hto dTo SHaHHTB? fl Te6fl He HOHHMaK).— ^yai Ha<iajiB 
HicROJiBKo CHyn^eHHO. Ohi saroBopHJiB HXB AaBHEQiHeft npjiBJii. 
OcofieHHo nocjii^ bctp'^hh wb Q^pHst ohh JtK>6HJiH ApyrB Apyra 

TOHHO SpaTBB. 06£IRH0BeHB0 SH8HB paspymaorB DpHBflSaHHOCTH, 

a HXB Apy^fiy OHa tojibro capiaHJia. ?tMB CTapme ohh ctbho- 
BHTCH, tIitb Soirle noHHHaroTB, RaRoe bto aejiHRoe 6jiaro. IIo- 
dTOMy JleoHapAB He jiflUMBWb yAHSJiflTbCH Tony, ^To ohb caaseTB, 
a^ oaBHoe, ne aojurohb oSHsaTBca. EorAa a'^^o haotb o caiioiTB 

16* 



228 PyCOSOI BOriTCTBO, 

AoporoiTB AJia Haci cyn^ecTBi, npHJiEHia aojeshu OKrjmfth ne- 
peni 6o3Lie BaxHUMH cooSpaxeHiflMH. 

Ero pi^B, ofiuRHOBeHHo cyxo pascyAO^Haff, craHOBHJiacB Hi«- 
Hot. BcTpeBoseHHHft JleoHapxB nepeeajni erO: 

— FoBopa CRopM! ^ro cJny^HJiocB? 

— MaAeJieHa yissaen sasTpa, — OTB^^^aorB S&jvb s saicoji- 
najTb, npHCTajDEBHO rMAfl Ha JleoHapAa. 

— Oea B^AB 8T0 mhA csasajia en^e bi cyCfioiy. PasBi^ A^a 
TBoero OTi^a HAyn njioxo? 

— Hin, HanpoTHBi. Ki c^acTBio, AOMa Bce oCctohtb fijia- 
ronojiyHHO. ToproBJU pacnrapaercH. Meaji fiesnoROHTB He oreifB, 
a MaAeneHa. 

H OH!B npoAOJEsajTB CB BOJDHeHiein>: 

— MaAMena icni Bce paBHO, hto aohb, tu b%ab dio sna- 
eaiB: oiei^'B ohohb Majio safioTHicH o neftl Bb ea hchuxb rjia- 
saxB fl TOTaio Bct est ickcjuh. H botb cb wiKOTOpUTb Hopi 
3TH rjiasa nepeMimiJincB. Hxb osEBJUieTB ne npesHflji fiessa- 
CoTHan BeceJiocTB h, mh^ saaKeiCH, h yraAajm... A^t, Rone^Ho, a 
Be omH6aK)CB. Oaa j[io6htb hjth totobhtch hojiioShtb. 

TenepB h JleonapAB AoraAaJici?. 

— H botb,— npoAOJUKauB ^yRB APoaca^eiTB roJiocoHB,— a 
upHmejiB RB T^6i. EcJiH Ts Toxe ee aioShoib, hto mosbtb 6utb 
opon^e? Th CBo6oAeHBy ona coBpeMeHeMB SyAen fioraia, cyAfl 
no TOMy, RaRB HAyiB A^jna orntk. Hhhto ne paajiyHaeTB HacB, 
MU 6yA6irB CHacTJEHBu Bcb ipoe. Ecjra tu ho jEio6HinBy Bce 
TaRaRe yctpoHTCH ohohb opocio. fl nociapaiocB, ^0611 MaAejiena 
ne npHBHSHBajnacB rb Rec6moHRum> Me^TaiiB. MoseTB Gutb, 
BpeHfl emfi ne ynuio, h aro ofiBHcneHle H86aBHTB ee otb nesa- 
cjiyseHHaro CTpaAama. 

Ohb ocTaHOBHJicH: ero APyrB uojpmn^ bto 6wio aocteto^- 
HHMB OTBiTOMB; i^ycTHaH T^HB JneTJEB Ha JiHiio ero. ^eoHapAB 
onycTHJBtB roJiOBy. 

MaAeJiena juioChtb ero! Botb ohb, totb npaicoft nyrB, no ro- 
TopoMy eny tojibro hto xorljiocB hath. Ona aactb eicy jdoCobb 
lecTHyio H HCRpeHHioio. Crojsbro pasB MeqTajiB ohb o6b btomb! 
Ho^K), Jiesa na CBoeft oahhoroA hoctojih, crojibro pa8i» to- 
MHJicH OHB sejianieifB TaRoft jih)6bhI H BApyrB ciacTBe caMO 
npHmjio RB HOHy. Gtohjuo npoTHnyTB pyRy h otb^thtb: a^* 

— a He snaK), hto caasaTB, — npoSopMOiajTB ohb, — a he- 
KorAa ne Ay Ma jib senHTBOt. 

— Bb TaROHB cjny^ai,— CRasauB ^yRi cb jterROft Hiutes- 
Aoft,— a OHOHB paAB, qro HaseJiB Te6a na aiy mhcjib. 

Ohb osHAajDLB, hto caoBa ero 6yAyTB npHnaTU HHa^e; ho, 
])a8B JleoHapAB ne OTRasuBaaca, BOsnoacHO, «o MaAoaena en^e 
CyAOTB cnacTaHBa. 

BoaisHeHHaa xocKa CAaBHJia cepAi^e JleonapAa. JKyRi ne 



HA BCD SH3HB. 229 

^nycKajTb ci Hero rjiasi. IIpoAOJUKBTejiBHoe HOJU^ame npifliejifl 
yrHerajio ero. RorAa co6ecisaEv:h ne xonen BscRasaTbca or- 
EpoBCHHO, HeBOJiBHO 6oHmBCfl CRasaTB TTO hhCjab jmnHee hjih 
^eanoJieBHoe. HaEoeei^'b, ohi ne BusepaRajn: 

— KaEi so Tu pimaemB?— cnpocHJui ohi. 

JleoHapx^ B8;y)orHyjrb, Ksuvb 6yAT0 ero BHeaaiiHO pasfiyffum, 
H nporoBopHJii MeAoeHflo: 

— fl AyM^aiOy ^TO fl HBKorffa ho seHiocB. 

Ha dTorb pasi pimHiejiBHoe cjiobo 6ujio npoHSHeceno. MjKb 
He icoFB yAepsancfl on ropecTHaro BOCKJUHitaHifl. 

— KaRi 8T0 HecnpaBeAJiHBO, hto npHXOAHTca CTpaAan ne- 

QHEHUlfEl 

— A! Bon bhahhib! th h caMi ne sipHniB vh capaeeA^H- 
BOCTB seMHOt aRBSHH! — rpycTHO OTB^^^aJii JleoHapAi- 

— OciasB CBOH co^HBMul— BCKpH^ajiB S&yK'b.—Jifijiio cjrain- 
KOiTB cepbesHO, Henero saHHicaTBCfl oycToft Hrpoio yiia. BsBi- 

CSLJL'h JOL TU XOpomeHBKO TOTb OTB^n, ROTOpHft }l,SJL% MHA? Jifi- 

can HHHjrb lOHy nasaAB xu npHSHaBaiCH, hto HHRorAa ne Ay- 
Majii s6HHTB6i; TenepB tu OTRasHBaemBCH, HH^ero ne ofiAy- 
BfaBi. ByAB OTKpoBeneffB, CRasH, na hoitb ocHOBano iBoe pi- 
meeie? H xony sHaxB, hto HHeHHO ociaBaBJiBBaeTB reSfl? Th ho 
uuijL'b npaBa OBJiaA^TB cepAueirB MaAeJienii h hotomb otrbsu- 

BBTBCfl! 

— Ha ^eifi ocHoaaHB? & kjukso^ y MeHfl bctb ocHOBaHifl, 
TOJiBRo fl He Kory hcho BucRasaiB hxi. 

^yR:B iipoAOJiisajiB, pasApasaacB: 

— TaROft HOJIOBiRB, RaRB TU, He KOSeiB HH Ha HTO p%- 

niHTBCfl 6e8i npH^HBU. EcjuH MaAeJiena ne HpaBBjiacB Te6i, tu 

He fpJLTRQWb 6hUl'b TaRB ^BCTO DpHXOAHTB Rl Heft. HOXHTHTB 

cepAi^e, ROTopoe HairB ne nysHO, b^ab bto npectynjieHiel Tu, 
MoserB 6uTB, 6oHmBCH, qro y nea h^^tb coctoahIh? Hjih rop- 
AOCTB He nosBOJuerB TeCi senHTBCH na AO^epH Ryni^a? yicojuiio 
Te6H, roBopnl CRa;RH Mwb bck) npaBAy, ne 6oflCB ocrop6htb Menal 
Crbsh uwb BCK) npaBAyl 

— H*TB, BTO He TO, BTO COBCtWb APyrOB... 

HacToftuBOCTB ^yRa ne yAHBJtajia ero; ho ohi ^yncTBO- 

BBJUl, HTO CHaCTBe CTyHHTCH Rl HBlCy Bl ABBpB H HTO RBRafl TO 

HenpeoAOJiHMafl CHJia irbmaeTB eny otrputb 8Ty ABopB. 

— HoHEHaio, — BCRpH^ajiB Sijjcb, — y Te6fl bctb jnofioBEHi^a, 
H Til He xoHemB 6pocHTB eel 

— y HeHJi! JU060BHHI^kl 

JleoHapA'B npoHBHecB bth ciOBa Cb TaRHm BiipasemeirB, 
^TO Sijjsiy CHOBa HOTepflJTB HBAexAy* 

— Ah safiHJiBl Tu ^apHceft ne tooibro na uoBaxii ho h 
:Ha A^jri. 

JLeoHap;^^ chobb saroBopHJTB nocjii RopoTRaro MOJi^aHiA. 



230 PyCCKOB BOFATCTBO. 

— nOBTOpBK) Te6%, 8T0 BCB H6 TO... A npOCTO ^yOCTByiO^ 

TTO He Mory wtb aiceHa^Hi cnacTM s hto cairB 6jnj cipaniHO 

CTpaxaib. SL 6010CB JEHOIHTBCfl CBO6OAU, noTepflTB boshoshoctb 
pafioTaTB. noHOMy aro Tam? fl He SHaio. SI 6oidcb; botb h Bce^. 
Ha dTo HenpeoAoiHMo. 

E,jKb ropBKO ycHixHyjica: 

— H Ts CMiemB roBopBT 061 o6A3aHHOcrax:B, m, koto- 
puft OTKasuBaemBCJi HcnojiHHrB o^Hy h8:b nepBuzi ofiflaaHHOCTeft 
HeJioB^Kat 

— El cnacTlB),— o^HseHHHitB rojuocoMi OTBi^HajTB JleoHaps^b^ 
— BX^CB He Hosen 6utb pi« o5i oCflsaHHocTHxi. 

— A HTO se TaRoe no TBoeiiy o6ji8aHHOCTB, eciH ocHOBasie 
cexBH He o6fl3aHHOCTB? EaKyso Apyryio itija xhshh bhxhhib ra? 
BcA idpoBaji HamHHa cyn^ecTByerb tojibro paxH BocnpoESBeAeHifl. 
CaMafl CHepTB pasyiifla touko bi toicb cjnynat, ecjiH ona hh- 
Taerb hobua cyn^ecTBOBaHia: bchrIB ipyxi, Bcasift cosHaieJiBHuft 
nocrynoEi, BCflRoe ecTecTBennoe no6yxAeHle BHt aiofi vhm cia- 

HOBHTCfl ypOAJIBBUMH. Tu HpBSHaeniB HBB^CTHHft HpaBCTBeHHHft 

KOseRCi, TU MBHTaeniB ipefioBaTB on spyrnn nox^HHeHifl euy, 
H ra se BOBCTaemb npoTHBi BceoCn^aro saRona. ElpexHyBCTBiflV 
roBOpHHiB TU, HO TU BiffB AaHO He Bi coctoahIh npeACTasHTB 
ce&b Toro chbctbji, oti ROTOparo tu oTRasuBaeniBCH. PasBi tu 
anaeniB jrhbhb? Tu yBJieEaembca nycTUMH cjioBaMH. Tu iipHBa- 
auBaeniBCA Ri MOHTairb, vk cboGoa^, ho cyn^ecTByion^eft na ca* 
hoItb A^i, Kb qecT0JSK>5HBUM:b HJiaHaifB, ROTopue nepesx ao- 
CflTB Mirb noRaacyTCH Te6i peCa'iecTBOM'B! Axi, bhaho, hto tu 
HBROFAa He jmofiHJii! 

3to 6ujio JiyneifB CB^Ta au JleoHapAa. 

— Tu HameJTb pasraARy, ROTopyio a nanpacHO acRajTB, — 
iieA:ireHHo nporoBopHJTB ohi.— Jl HHRorAa ne jhoChjtb, sl ho iiory 
jik)5htb. 

HaRoneiTB, Bce CTajio a^ Hero hcho. 3th cjioBa o6%ACB23im 
npoTHBop%Hie icesAy TpeCoBaHifliiH ero hjioth h ero acRern^e- 
CROH) shshIk), o6i»hch4J[h ero npespinle jpb rbwb senn^HHairb, 

ROTOpue HCRBJIH OFO, H TO yAOBOJIBCTBie, RBROO 0H% HCHUTUBaJTb^ 

BHAJi, ?T0 ero HH^yTl. 

aCjRi saiiiTHjrb Bupasenie rpycTH bi ero rjEasaxi. 

— Hy, nojrao, a ne npaB^,— jracROBOsaroBopHJi'BOHx,— mh* 
He HysHO 6ujio roBopHTB ToGi 061 oGflsaHHOCTflXi: Tyrb jijbJLO 
HAOTB He o&h o6A8aHHOCTflX'B, HO saROH'^, a Ton cuctIh^ 
RaRoe Aaerb nairb jiio6obb. Tu ho SHaeniB, tu ho MosemB pi- 
mHTBCH, xopomo, HO Ror^a HH6yAB tu ysHaemB!.. J[k)6obb ca- 
Muft JDy^nilft y^HTeJiB. Ona ABJuercfl neoxHAaHHo, bto Bospos- 

AeBle, 8T0 SH8HB, ROTOpaH, HaR0Hei](1b, CTanOBHTCH COSHBTeJIBHOIO. 

Ohb ropflHHJUCHy TaRi RaRi Bci 8TH cJnoBa cjrHmRon njioxa 
pEcoBajm TO 6jiiaseHCTB0, ROTopoe ohi xoTiju'b H8o6pa8HTB; e^j 



HA BCD aCHBHB. 231 

KasanocB, tohho owl saBepTHBaerb npejiecTHyio CTaiyarKy vb 
rpj6yK) 6yu9LJj h, noKasuBaa ee bi sroft o6ojiiohk%, Tpe6yen, 
HTo6u eio BocxantajiHCB. Ho JleoHapx'B nepe6BJi'B ero: 

— He HaciaHBaft, ne ciapatca sase AoraAUBaTBca. Moa 60- 
jiisHB cepBesHie, iH^a th MoxemB noAOspiaaTB. 

tL BApyrB eiiy BcnoMHiuiocB ero MHHMoe npHSBaHie, pft^E 
onta npomaaa, ero nocieneHHoe yAajieme on BcirB h sto 
cyeaipHoe noHHTanle qijioMyAplfl, BOTopoe h ao chx^b nopi shm 
Bi HOM'B. ^ificTBHTejuBHO, Bce 8JI0 6uJDo B'B aioiTB: cepAAO ero 
6hUL0 aHecTesHpoaaHo, tojibro nyAO Morjio pa86yAHTB ero. 

Sijjvb nocMOTp'ljii npflMO B'B raasa JleoHapAy. 

— ^a, a 6ujiB HenpaBi. 
On'b AyMajTb MaAejieHi. 

— Tu Heea fpuxiewb sajiiTB,— caasaji'B JleoHapxi. 

— Tu nojiBsyemBca rbMCh CHacrieiTB, aaicoe sacjuysHBaeinB, — 
cyxo OTBiqaJii ^yai. 

BuxoAfl Hsi KOHHara, owb ho MorB CAepxaTB CBoero Hero- 
AOBama h nporoBopHJiii», ae noAOsp^Baa na ckojibro cnpaaeA- 
jiHBU ero CJiOBa: 

— Th MoseniB BepnyTBca ri caoeicy Hponlaay^ y Te6i 
Ayma laaaa se, saa'B y Hero. 

JleonapAi samaTajica. 

— Tu yraAaJTB: uwk HHorAa KasoTca, nio y Mesa AyiQs^ 
MOHaxa. 

Ho Siyvh yse ymeoii h ho cjiumajiB ero oxBiia. 

B'B KOUHart BonapajiocB rpo6oBoe MOJUHanle. Bo aiopoft pas^B 
p'bmHJS'B JleoaapA'B cbok) cyAB6y. Eicy npeACTaaajmcB cHHie 
rjiasa MaAOJieHU, ea fojiocb, Htoaaa rpaitla ea ABHxeHlft, h» 
oai He HOHyBCTBOBajirB hh Maji'bflinaro coxajiiHia. 

Owb OTKpujirB ORHO H ciaJTB rjuA^TB Ha napHX'B. 

Hs^B ero KOMHatu ne bhaho 6iuio HH^ero, apoirt nicBOXB- 
KHX'B apycoBii Kpumi h Tpy6i, hsi ROTopuxx buxoahxh 10- 
m^ia CTpyflRH AUMa. KasajiocB, ^0 sto Baaaa to ipoMaAHaa 
paBHHHa CB pasBaJiHHaMH ohohb APGBHaro ropoAa. Ha ji^bo bm- 
cTynaa'B yeAHneHHuft CBsj&rb HaHTeona, to^ho saaoft to jb^- 
ji'bBnilft xpan, a sejueHBia aepxyniRH AepeBBOB'B, BHAaiBmiaca 
Tam n cairB, HsoCpasajiH Tonpe aycTU, ROTopue rosu o6rjiia- 
AuaaioT'B cpeAH Raimefl pasBajiHH'B. 

HopuBi xoxoAHaro B'bTpa noAHajii saHaaicH. 

— HeysejiH a Suji'b ne npaBi>? — npomenTajTB JleoHapA'B. 
H owb iq)aHHO aepeyjica Kb caoeicy paCo^euy CTOJiy. 

Oh'b HyBCTBoaaji'B noTpe6floeTB oTAOxayrB, 8a6iiTBca sa yic- 

CTBeHHUlTB TpyAOMl. 



232 P7C0K0B BOrATGTBO; 



«^oporoli[ KjiaETb! Bu Bcersa ciaBHJiH HHrepecL Hamero jijiMd^ 
Bume jm^H£ixT> coo6paxeflift. HaA'biocB, hto h na sTon pasi* 
fl He omH6aH)C£, pascHHTBiBafl na Bamy npeAaHHOCTB HannuTB 
HAeajiaiTB h Ha Bame BejiHROAymie. 

tllo npHHEHam uwb HeBSBicTHUicb, n^eAptift sepiBOBaTejiB, 
ROTopuft o6eBneHHJii> HamH KypcH, oiRasaJicH orb CBoero nepBo- 
HanajiBHaro MH^HiA h ipeCyerB, hto6£I BxicTO Baci a npHrjia- 
cEJTb niBoero IIIeseHa. SL ero Maxo sHaio, ho ohi Bam npia- 
reshj H dTo h^ckojibko ycnoKOHBaerb mohh. 

cjl HCRpeHHO cosajsiio o6'b dTOMi noBopoTi x^a, tbei KaKi 
offB jmmaerb naci Bamero coTpyAHH^ecTBa bi nacToan^ee Bpeicfl; 
6yxBTe yB^fipenu, hto bi cjiiiiyioniift pasx, ecjiH Mena He crb- 
cHarb Bi» Bu6op% JseRTopa, BaeeApa 6yAerB sa BaifH». 

5Si. PoHmapi. 

JleoHapA'b BupoHHJTb H8i pyBi hhcbmo h He cpasy noH^jnr, 
HTO TaBoe cJiyHHJiocB. 

nieAeHi HasHaneHi! A Messy Tbwb bto m%cto ff^m. b%a^ 
eicy, JleoHapAy Rjianyl Ha CTOJii jiexajTb EoncaeKn ero nep- 

BOft JieRAlH. OlKpUTUa EHBFH, pasOpOCaHHHe JIHCTRH, CIipaBOH- 

Hue sypHajiu, HaRHAaHHue, RaRi nonajio, Bce noRasuBaAO, ^to 
BTa RaeoApa 6ujia ero neoneBfJieMafl co6cTBeHHOCTB... 

nieAeHi! EaRaa HejrInocTBl dioro myra— BuicTO Hero! BIa^ 
offb xyse HiifB AypHOfl HejiOB^Ri, ohi nojinoe HHHTOseeTBo! 
IQeAeHiI Mosen jih 6htb? 

QhI nOAHJUTB HHCBKO H OFJIflA!^^ 6^0) He AOSipjifl G06CTBeH • 

EKWb rjnasaiTb. Oho 6ujiio necoMH^HHO orb Ponmapa. Oh^ ysHaji'B 
no^epRi, sarojuoBOR'b 6y]cani. Ohi en^e pas^B BHniiaTejiBHO ne- 
penejii ero, BSBiniHBafl RazRAoe cjdlobo: cTpeCyerb, hto6u BicicTO 
BacB a npHTJiacHJirb H^Roero IIIeAeHa...» 

BApyr!b OHi rpoMRO BCRpHRHyjn: eicy Bce ciajio acHO. 

3a dTHMH cjcoBaMH CRpuBaaca IXponlaRi! 

Hmi OBJiaAiJio hto to bi poA^ 6peAa. Mucjuh BHxpeicb Rpy- 
THJUHCB wb rojioBi OFO, copAAe ero nepeciaBajio 6HTBca, eny xo- 
TijiocB yiiepeTB. 

Oaho tojebro BneTOTJiiHle cb hojihoh) acHociBio cioojlo wb 
Mosry ero: ohi hhhto! KaRi bto cjiyiHJiocB? KaRoe npoHcme- 
cTBie BKisBajno 8T0 necqacTie? Oh^b o6b BTOWb ne AyMajn»: IIpo- 
niaRfB HJiH RTO jra6o Kpyvoik BHHOBHHRiBTOflpasBasKn,— euy Bce 

paBHO. Owb COSHBBaJI'B TOJIBRO OAHO*. OHTb HHHTOl 

EoHeiti Me^iaicb, rohoi^'l 6yAyiitH0CTH, ROiopyio ohi ho^th 
AepsaJii vb pyRaxi! Ohi» cJiumHTi, JsxR'b bi HeBepi loaRy- 
ion: — Bi ero foah h ohi hb^to, hbhto! — Fouocb BepHBepa 
pasAanajica bi ymaxi ero: «%o se a^^ Te6i xhshb? ta'^ tboo 



HA BCX) SE3Hb. 233 

anocTOUCTBO? tu HH^ero ne AOCTHnl* — KaKi pimHTCfl owb 
nofliH Ky^a mi6yj!f»?Euj HaAo6HO Cyxen roBopsTB Bcbin> sHa- 
KOMiim: He 668noRoflTecb, a He Cjsy HHTaiB jieRAift. Jl pa3- 
c^HTUsajTb, no 6yA7 HHraiBy ho oniR6cfl. — 3to 6ujio h nesib- 
poflTHO, H CMiniHO, 310 6£iJia H Heyna^a^ h yxapi ajia ero rop- 

SOCH. 

no M^pi TOrO, KaEl 0H1» npHXOAHJTB B'B ce6H, 60JII%8HeHHOe 

omy^eHie otb o6pyniBBnieflcH na Hero KatacTpo^u CTanoBHoiocB 
Bce ocipie. \[to A^aiB? bi KaKyio cropony o6paTBT&cji? Ohi 
cTajii npHHOHHMaTB CBOH) lOHOCTB H syMaxL Heft. Ctojilko 
6opB6u, TaRoe ynopciBo bb Tpysiy comb ji^tb ycHJieHHoft 
paSoTU, H Bce dio He npHBOJio hh kb TOMy. Ohi nepe6pajrB 

BCX) CBOK) JKH8HB FOAB 8a rOAOKB H BCK) 60 npORJUUIB. Bo HOp- 

BuxB— BHxoAi H8B EOJunerlH, o6MaHHHBaa sapa, KorAa ero jko- 
jianie ynocHJiocB 8a npexijiu BoeMosnaro. SarlirB HsyneHie 
opaBa— KepTBue nacu, HanojineHHue 8ayHHBaHieMB cny^iHHX'b 

TeKCTOBB H paSO^apOBBHieii'B BB COSCTBeHHUXB CHJiaXB. He AOJUKBHl 

jiH owb 6ujrb noHATB TOFAa xe, hto cJniAyerB 0TKa8aTBCJi otb 
^ecT0JiH)6HBiizB CTpeMJieHifl? Bh^cto dToro, rJiyneKB, ohb B^pHii'B 
BB caMoro ce6fll Ohb He Sujtb sypnaJiHCTOU'B, owb ne 6hiJL'b jir- 
TepaTopoiTB; ohi 8a Bce Cpajicii h bco OTBeprjso ero. ^^mb abjib- 
me owb mejii, rticB 6ojAe saCjiyxAaJicii. BpeHA npoxoABJto. 
KasAuft AGHB BHyipeHHle rojioca RpHqaJiH eiiy: cOciaBB 60PB67, 
TU HH^ero HO Ao6BeniBCJi». A oh'b, ho CMorpa na aio, ynop- 
cTBOBajTb. AxB, noneify ne nocjuymajTB owb oraxi tojiocobi. 
Bijp> OHH roBopHJiH npaBAy: ohb HHHero ne aoChjucjs, ohi bh- 
HTO, 0H% neyAaHHHKB! 

JleoHapA'B noBTopajTB, nacjiasAaflCB caMo6HHeBaBieMB: — He- 

yABHHHK'B, HOyAa^HHSB! 

En^e ecJiHCu owb HHane shjib. Ohb 6ujrB 6orarB, mojioab, 

CHJieH'B, OWb MOFB 6UTB CHaCTJIHB'B. 3a HeHMiHieilX A^JiTOJIBHO- 
CTH, OHB AOJUXOH'B ChUTh^ HO Rpaftfleft Mipi, HaCJUaSAaTBCJi CKOT- 

CKHiTB 6jiarococToaHleifi. Ho h^tb, orl xhjtb acReTon, mohb- 
xoMB, cepAKO ero cocTapHJiocB, hh pa8y chjibho ho 8a6HBniHCB, 

H OHB HHROFAa HO 611011 HOXOSCB Ha APyrHXB, HBROFAa HO 6bIJII'B 

HH npocTmrB, hb saopobhitb nejuoBtRoirB. 

ILocjA ynuHifl hub OBJiaA:bJiB npnnaAOR'B apocTH. 

— HOAyHBTB TOJBBRO: 3T0 CA^JiaJIB 0W», B^HHO OUZl 

Ohb bctbjib; mucjih oO^b yeiftcTBt npoHOCSJOiHCB bi M08ry ero. 
EcjibCu HponlBRB 6ujrB Tyn, ohb y6HJi'B 6bi ero. Ohb HaHajn» 

KpHHaiB, pBBTB CBOH TBTpBAH, pasCpaCUBBTB RHHIH HB HOJll. 

$R8HHecRoe ABHxeHie ycnoROHJio ero. Eiiy Ra8ajiocB HyAOBHn^- 
HUMBy HTO TBEoe B^pojiotfCTBO Moson cyn^ecTBOBBTB Ha sevjui. 
noHBMy ze BoFB He HaRa8iaBaeTB ero? Kb neiiy nocjii btofo 
HpoBHA'teie, saROHu, HpaBCTBennocTB? Ha catrt niiB HHHero, 
KpoMi secTOROCTH H HecnpaBBAJiBBOCTH. Caeaii nojmjiHCB hs'b 



234 PFCCXOB BOriTGTBO. 

nasi eroy cepme ero paspuBaiiocis ohi judJVb na cryonb h pas- 
puxajECfi. 

RaKi OHi oxHHOiTbl Hhrto HHRorxa ero He nowepsHBan. 

JboXH, KOTOpue ffOJISHU 6ll aBBTLCfl ero pyROBOXHTeUMH, HSici- 

HHJiH eicy, ofinaHyjiH ero. y Hero He 6ujio hh orita, he icaTepH, 
HH xpjBeft. r. Aiyci yicepi); ^yn He npHxeKHn si neicy no- 
cjii orbisxa MaxeJieHu bi HeBepi; r-sa Hobi 62ua Tasi xo- 
jiOAHa, Hio npH Heft BCAKaa zajioSa saciUBajia na ry6arb. Ob% 
coBci^m He HcnuTaj[i» cJiasocTH co^BCiBial 
Bi OTHaflHlH OHi noAHHJBTB pyEH: 

— Boxe Mofl, Boxe Mofil sa hto noRHHyjrb Ta Meoil Boxe 

MOft, TTO H Te6i CJC^JiaJHI)! — Ch TOCBOK) HOBTOpflJrB 0H&. 

Ohi npHSHBajsi XpHCTa, loro XpHcra, Koioparo Tan jik)- 

6HJirb, KOTOpOMy nSVb HBCTO MOJUJICfl B'b A^TCTBi, H KOTOpuft 

CTOJiLKO pan yiimaji'B ero, nocujian euy 6jiaseHCTB0. 

— 0, iHcyce, iHcyce! IIonuiH mh^ cicepTb hjih nycTB moa 
npaBAa no6i^jifiTbl 

CrpaAaHlJi chobb npeBpaTHJiH ero B'b pe6eHsa. On ynan 
Ha BOJiiHH. Ohi JIHXOpaAOHHO, saAuxaio^BMCfl rOJIOCOlTb TBep' 

AHJnb CJlOBa MOJEHTBl. 

— 0, iHcycel y jceHfl hhrofo nin, tu Moe npHfiimn^e, 
Mon san^HTa! Korsa tu necB CBOft Rpecrb HaFoJiroey, leCi no- 
MoraoiH, aa hto ase tu ocTaBBii h 8a6ujiii mohb? 

Mano no icajiy bth xajiio6u o6jier^BJiH ero. ^ajiocTB vb ca- 
MOMy ce6ft paaiuirHHJiia ero cepwe h bi to se BpeicH ero oxbb- 
TJUL'b pejKHiiodHuft aRCTasi. JD^aBHO yse ne HcnuruBajirb ohi 
HHiero noso6Haro. Ohi shbo nyBCTBOBaiii npHcyTCTBie (Soace- 
CTBa; eicy Ras&socB, ^to Bucmee Cyn^ecTBO ycnoROHBaen ero 
HyAHUiin CJiOBaKH: 

— 9to fl, roBopHJio BHA'iHie. SL npHneci r^A nacToan^ee 
cHacTie bm^cto cyerAHXi HigiezA>« A nyTB, a ncTHHa, a 

JleonapAi noBTopHonb: 

— Jla, TU nyTB, tu BCTHHa, tu jkbbhl... 

H OHi BCTaai ci roji%hi», noHiH ycnoRoennuft. 

Ob Tixi nopi, RBRi nHCBMO Ponmapa jsesajto y nero na 
cTOjrb, npomjio ne 6ojibnie naca, a eicy RasaoiocB, ^o ohi cxpa- 
AajTB yxe ujbjsuA roA'B. 

JleonapAB iceAJKeHHuini maranH noAomeoTB kb CBoeft 6H6jiiio- 
TeRi H CTajTB pascMaTpHBaTB RHHiv. TenepB ohi 6wn> paB- 
HOAymeffB rb hhmb. BojuBmBHCTBO nanoicHHajio eicy noni6- 
mia HBAesAU. Ohi norJiaAHJTB nbROTopua hbi hexi pyROft, ne 
rjiaAa Aase na sarjiiaBia; ho oahbi CTapuft nepenjierB npHBaoR'b 
ero BHrncaHle, ohi Bsajni RHBry, Bepnyaca Kb CBoeHy CToay h 
pacRpuai ee. 9to 6uao eBanreaie. 

MoFB-an OHB HB6paTB ayTOiyK) RHHry bi ary BpHTH^e- 



HA BCD SH8HL. 235 

CKJfK) MEHyiy? Bl HOft SaSJIBpH&JIIHCL rt BOJIHRiA CJIOBa, ROTOpHH 

Bi TeneHie croJiiTift idp'B noBTopaen cpeAn CBonn CRop6efl[, 
ROTopufl saRJuoHaion wb ce6i HeHSCARaeifuft hctowhbl yrt- 
meHJbi. 

9to HeB^poflTHO, HO JleoHapjTb HHSorAa He UTajTb eBanre- 
jAs. GHHTanocB, mo b% Cewb Jlyn ge FoHsarL shbhb npoHHR- 
HjTa eBanrejiBCKHX'E Ayxom, ho otiiu Tn^aiejiBHO jAajum cba- 
n^eHHyH) KHsry on yneHHROBi. Bi Tpe6HHRi noirfintajrca jiatHH- 
cidft nepecRasi BOCKpecHuxi esaHrejiift, ho ji^hoctb irfimajia yne- 
HHRaicb nepeBOABTB leRcn. HaRony RaRB to H6 npBxoxHJio se- 
jiania nponecTB Bcbzi Herupezi eBanrainiCTOBi b% o6n^eft cbjisb. 

]lfi H sa^^Mi 6ujiio HHiaTB? EHHra 6ujiia mn> nesHaROiia 
H RasajiacB rkwb eoJiie BanHRoft. Ohh snajm XpHCia mJiiocepA- 
Haro, Hisnaro, cb MaiepHHCRHH'B y^aciieirB ciiAHBmaro sa BcticH 
co6uTiflMH B'b ROJoeriH. Ohh cjnuxajnH, hto BCTopiH dToro XpH- 
cia pascRasuBaeiCH B'b oBanrejilH. %eHle ne a^uio 6bi hitb hh- 
qero 6ojiBmaro. Snaji uajio, ohh sjutuiBj no snaiOT'B Bce, h ao- 
hojihajdh HOHSBicTHoe CBOHiTB Boo6paz6BieicB. Am JleonapAa, 
RaR'B H jiflB Bctei ero lOBapBn^eft, esaBrejle Cujuo RHHroK) RHHn>, 
niwb 10 HexocTyHHUjcB, HCTopieft, CTOfln^efl BH'b m Bume BCflROft 
HCTopiH. Bi aioMB BAOXHOBOHHOirB pascRast RasAoe Hspeienie 
saRJuo^aJio wb cee*! noy^eHie h ncTHHy, RaaRAoe cjiobo 6bliio 
BoxiHiTB cjioBOKi, BMy MOXHO 6ujio HORJioHaiBOi, hoao6ho TOHy, 
RaRi HORJioHAiDTCfl Rpeciy. 

JleonapAi^ otrpujtb eBanreJiife; ero rjoasa cnyqaftno ynanH na 
CJiiAyio^ift CTHXi orB MaToeji: <H npHSBajii Incycb oipoRa, 
HociaBHJi'B cpeAH HHX'B H CRasaJni: bo ncTHny roBopio Bam, ecJiH 
He oCpaTHiecB h ho 6yAeTe, RaR'B a^th, ho BoftAeie b'b i^apcTBo 
He68CHoe». 

^CTO npH JIeoHapA'6 hphboahjih 8th cjioBa Xpncra. H boti 
HHOHHO B'B xaRyio MHHyTy HonaJiHCB OHH eMy Ha rjiasa; bto ho- 
RasajiocB eny RaRHn-TO HyAOirB. 3to Cbuii totb otbItb, RaRoro 

OHl HCSaJUBl 

Owb onycTHJirB roJiOBy h s^AyvajiCH. 

FopAocTB 6HJia oTJiH^HTeJiBHoft qepTofl ero xapaRiepa, rjraB- 
Hmi'B KOTHBOiTB Bctxi oro HOCTyHROBB. H BoFB HORapaJTB ero 
B'B 8T0li[ ropAOCTH; dTO 6uJL0 cnpaBOAJiHBO. HaAofiHO 6wio CHOBa 
cjsjbufiThCs, pe6eHR0M'B. 

KaKaa qyAHaa nodsin bi dthx'b cjiOBaxi... 

OxaaqeHHoe CMaTenieMi, cepAife ero npiJiinJiHJiocB rb Tony 
oCpasy Xpncia, RoiopBift HHRorAa ne noRHAajn* ero. Ohi bh- 
A^JK'B npeA'B co6oft arorB o6pa8'B shbuitb, xoth noAepHyTUMi 
TynanoiTB. BesB nero Bci ero nocTynRH, Bci CTpeMaenifl, bc% 
jROJiaHla 6ujiH 6u CescMucJiHi^eft. Oh'b Cujtb eiiy hooCxoahitb. 
Oaho tojubro HCRymeHle icorjuo na MHHyTy oHpa^HTB ero. 

^a, Rone^HO, bio 6ujio HCRymeeie. Botib yse oho HCiesaerB. 



236 P7CCE0E BOFATCTBO. 

JleoHapA'B npoiepi rorasa pyKOio, rer'b hbjiob'Irii, soTopuft tojebro 
qTO oisjjica on cna n xohotb nporaaTb MjHHTeJibHUfl BHA^Hifl. 
Ofli BSAOXHyjTb nojmoK) ipyA^K), AyMaa, hto bco npomjio. Ho 
rorasa ero CHOBa ynajiH Ha eBaHrejde, OTspiiToe Ha Toft ace 

CTpaHHOti... 

CoMHinle He yiiojTRajio. JIeoHapAi» otjiojrhjtb KHHry. Ohi 
6iin% 6jAjifiti'b^ ho He HyBCTBOBaJTB ce6fl CooibHiairB, ne 6peAHJii». 
FojuoBa ero He noiepiiJia cnoco6HOCTH pascysAaTB. 

H BApyrb owb BcnouEEjrby hto cobc&mi ho snaerB TeRCia 
cBJi^eHHaro nBcasla. 9to 6UJI0 CTpannoe, nenoHflTHoe nesnaHle. 
Moserb 6£iTB) IIponlarB b Apyrie ottxvl, saHHMaBinieca noxsn^e- 
Hieicx A^teft, HapoHHO noAAepsBsajiH dTo HeseaHiey ^To6hl sar^iy- 

mHTB AyXl HSCJD'iAOBaBifl. Gl BXI CTOpOHH BCe B08M0XH0. 

JleoHapAi* CHOBa cxsaTHJi^B eBanrejile. 

— HaAO Bce nponecTB! OTCioAa HAexi cBiTx! 

Ob acaAHOCTBK) nosBpaJi'B ohb cipaHHi^y sa cxpaHBiteft, ho 
dTO ^Tenie ne ycnoROBBajoto ero. 

JleoHapA'B noS'lsaJni k^ ABepa. Oh'b 6isajnb on cBoeft roh- 
HaTu. Axi) yftiB RyAa 6fii to hb 6hjio, ne AyMaTB, OTRasaTBoi oti> 
cBoero pasyia! HaAo6HO 6ixaTB! HaBipno bi CBirt ecTB RaRofl- 
flH6yAB jroioKhj rfib ne npBxoABTCJi buhocbtb laRBxi My^eHiA. 
A ecjiB h6tb, to jiyHme TOT^acB se 6pocHTBca Cb MOCTa bi» 
Azy B oTAOXHyTB na b^ksl. 

Bi Ty MBHyry, RorAa ohb buxoabjtb, pasAajiBCB sByRHROJuo- 

KOJDOB'B I^epRBB CeHl ClOJlBnBCl. Hxi SBOBl, paSHOCBHUft Bi- 

TpoMi, KBHyTauB HORpusajTB BecB 01711% IlapBsa. 

OfiuRHOBeHHO ropoA'B HOAXBaTHBaerB na JieTy aiH fijiaroHe- 
cTBBue sByRB B pacTBopflerB Bxi B'B o6ii](eirB vjjvb cBoeft seyMOJi - 
Kaion^eft jrbbhb; ho bi axon a^hb, no cxpasHOft cJnyHaflnocTB, 
SByRB ROJioROJia cJnumajiBCB acHO; ohb oxaaTBJiB JleonapAa. 

3tH SByRB T0p3B«CTB0BaJIH B%py npOCTUXl, CMBpeHHHrB, 

HeyneHBixi, Ty B:6py, ROTopafl OAHa tojibro BOAeTi ri> cnaceniio; 

OHB rOBOpBJIB MOJIBTBt - dTOITB JliRapCTB^ OTl BC^Xl 60J[i8Heft, 

OHB npBsuBajiB Kb BeiepHBiTB «aye», HanoJiHJiion^BM'BCBaTBJiBaie 
doaoCho posaui. 

JleoHapA'B npBCJiymajicji. Pasai ohb ho npaau, 8tb rojuoca? 
U^epROBB ecTB yCixBH^e, HaAo6HO 6isaTB TyAft* 

Osb 6ucTpo caycTBJicfl cb jsicTHflitu. ToJUBRO Ha yjiHiti sa- 

MiTBJTB OHB, HTO BCO OH^O A^pSBrB B'B pyRft HBCBMO POHOiapa. 

Axi, HTO ffiB Hero snaiBTi TenepB sto hbcbmo! Oai pi^sRBic'B 
A^BsenieM'B pasopaaai'B ero bb vejiRie RycRB, 6pocHJiB na sescjno 
B nomeji'B j^^SLjame no TeicHOft yaBA^. 



HA BCD SHBHB.^ 237 



VI. 



Hai noA'b MpaHHuxx cboaobi cnycKajuHcs lOJiCTHfl rojiohhH) 
noRpuTUA p%8B6oft. Ilepejrb sasAOft mn ehx^b ropijua Jiaiinaxa* 
TpeneiHuft cvkn bthxi orainiaA'B ckojibshi'l no npecTairB, yspa- 
maBmHifL k^ohhu^ aaraflffUBajTB bo bcI BnaAHHU KaMHOft n, 
yciamaft, cnycsajicfl bhhs'b, naxaa na iiiiiue pflxu CesiiOiiBHUxi 
cryneneft. 

3to 6£uia iiepROBB. 

B'B Heft HHSoro ho 6iijio bhaho: Benepoirb IlapHS'BsaSuBaerB CBoe 
yipeHHee CjiaroHeciie. Bi 6okobiixi npHTBopaxi KyHRH hhii^hxi, 
coSpaBHiHCB BORpyrb ne^eft, thxo menHyTCir. DoBpeMenairB ohh 
ciioTpflTB Ha ajirapB h yjoiCaioTca eiiy. KaRi owb 6JiecTiiTi! 
KaRoft owh B6iiHqecTBeHHHft, icaccHBHuft; i^ijiafl ropa soJiOTal Hh 
ojpiHi> itBitoRi tie 0CJiia6jiiAerB BnenaTJutHlH. IIpecTOjrB, ciyneHH, 
oRepTBeHHHRi— Bce Meiajirji. 

JleoHaps'B HaapaBHJiai 6HCTp2nrB maroirB vb caRpBCiiio. 

— Mh% HyacHo CBaii](eHHiiRa, ^o6£i mcnowifiXTbCBl • 
U^epROBHuft cToposi noAHfljs'B rojEOBy, ci TpyxoiTB orpuBaacB 

oTb HHTepecHaro HTeniji c Petit Journal >. 

— Hani Au 6oj[BHoro? 

t^jifl 6ojiBHoro!» OrB aioro npocioro cjiosa JEeonapAi ejie 
yAepxajiCJi na Horaxi. 

— H'brB, jiflu ueua. 

— Bki onosAajiH. 

IlocJi'i mecTH ucobi npeRpa^aiica npleicx aipyion^HX'B. 

— Mh$ Hysem ceanteHHHR'B, — HacTofl^HBO noBTopnorB Jleo- 
HapA>.— BfiiBOBBTo BBi ceMHsapiH, OTRyAa xonre... 

— ^a Bon, ecjiH xoTHTe» phshh^. 

I(epR0BHuft cTopojKi yRasaJTi H66pexHUirB soctoitb na pns- 
HHHaro, y6HpaBmaro i^epROBB. 

— Mh$ Bce paBHO, xotb dTOTB, xoTB Apyroft. 
Ciopox'B nomeniajicji ci a66aT0icB, h totb noAomejTB: 

— Bu sejiaeTe HcnoB'bA&TBca? UpofiAHTe ciOAa... Ebg(o ne- 
HHOSRO nocToaiBy ceftnacB Ha^HeTca noBeneple. 

Owb BBejui JleonapAa bi cociAHioH) ROMnaTy ci AepeBflnnoK) 
pdteB6oH) no crtnaK'B, nocraBHJi'B ero orojio anaoioa h sasui^, 

HaRJIOHHBl CBOH) C^AyH) TOJIOBy, Cb HOROpHHlCB BHAOITB HOJIOBiRa, 

roTOBaro AoCpocoBiciHO hchojihhtb CRy^Hyio oCflsaHHOCTB. 

— Bu roBijuH nepeA^B Ilacxoft? 9to xopomo, xopomo, ^to 
ace npHBeao Bac:B ciOAa ceroAHa? 

GBan^eHHHffB, ozHAaBmlft ycaHmaiB npHsname b^b MeaROirB 
rpiniRi, ROTopuft ChiJLo aerRO oTnycTHTB, Bcnaecnya'B pyRan. 

— Fochoah! — BOSMoacHO as dTo! 

Bi 8Ty MHHyTy paAon pasAaaca ciiix'B n^Buxi) npHmoA- 
niHxi na noseneple. 



238 P7CCK0B BOriTCTBO. 

TpeBora pHSHH^aro hhcthhktsbho BOBpocia npH MHCjm^ 
TTO eiry Hejnsa npncBcoTp^TB sa hhhh. 

RoJiOKOii'B, DpHdUBaBmift Kb Haiajiy coiysCu, npepsajii ero. 

Ofll> BSSOXHyJI'B, H SaROfl'tHJrB TOpOnJDHBUMX rojiocoicb: 

— II He noHHMaio, ja&Kh Moseie bk saKpuBaTB csot yn 
on cBiia HCTHBfii. 06iii^aflT6 kh%, hto nocTapaerecB qa 6yAy- 
mfie BpeHJi OTroHaiB orb ce6a HCKymeme. fl ynasy * Ban cpex- 
CTBO, ROTopoe noMOxen Bain wb diuMi. RazAoe yrpo b% le- 
HOHle HOA^H npoHSHOCHTe jificaih HoiBTBi no HOTKam H npo- 

CHTe CB. X^BJ... 

— Bourne bu HH^ero ne Mosere CRasaiB mh^? 

— fl jsjBLWb Bam OTnyn^eale. 

He CM OTpji Ha to, hto nuia cjirys6a, i^epROBB 6uiia nycra. IliBiie 
nijiH npaBBJiBHO, ho 6e8i BCflRaro nyacTBa, RaRi jiioah, sa jtenBrH 
McnoJB[HJiK)ii;ie BSBicTHyio o&isaHHOCTB; MaieHBRie RjiepomaHe ne- 
pecM^BBajuHCB; cB^n^eHEniR'B oiysHJii bajio b pasciaHHO. Jleo- 
Hapxy noRasajiocB, hto ace bto CorocJuyzReme coBepmaexcfl tojtbro 
AJifl ^opim B jnimeHO BHyrpeHH^ro coAepxaBia. 

— Bee, Bce nponajio! — npomeoraji'B obi h y6isajrB bbi 
i^epRBB Taai ace, KaRi yO'lrajTb bsi CBoero AOHa. 

Owb nomejTB no yjiBi^t, He o6pan](aH BHBiiaHia hb Ha hto 
oKpysaion^ee. Ohi co8HaBajn> oaho, ^to to OAHsoiecTBO, na ro- 
Topoe osB JKajEOBajotcfl, CTajoto emfi CBJiBH'be. HesBABHoe cyn^e- 
CTBO, conyTCTByK)ntee ^ejioBiRy— HasoBBTe ero anrejioMi xpa- 
HBTejieirB, hbctok) cob'Ictbk) bjib BesA'bcyniBirB, ace paBHO, — aTO 
cyn^ecTBO noRBHyjuo ero Ayniy. Oho ocTasBJio sa co6oft neao- 
o6pa8BiryK) nycTOTy. BorB 6bijii> tok) OABBBi^eK), ROTopaa npB- 
Aaaajsa oapeAiJiKeHHoe SHaneBie ero npaacTBedHOfi jrbshb: pasi 
eABHBua BCHesjua, ara sbbhb npeBpaTBJuacB bb Hyjib, bi hb'ito. 

IlapBSi T02Re BC^esajTB. Ero OKyTUsajiB TyvaHB, bx roto- 
poKB xepajicfl CB^TB ^onapefi, myirb, OHepTaeifl npeAtfeTOBi^ 
CaBoe He6o CTano aaRBBi to npaspaROBB. HiBB 6jiBiRe rx 
Ceni, T^Mi Tymfi CTanoBBJuacB saBica; crbosb nee crbEU Rasa- 
joacB jierRBMB, npeACTaajiajiocB, to^iho Aona roTOBU noAHJiTBca, b 
To^HO Ropa6jiB HJEueyTB no oSjiaRaBB. B^pyrB seBJifl BC^iesjia. 
^OMOBi HBrAi He 6uJio bbaho. KpyroBi pasciBJiaJiacB nycTOTa. 

JleoHapAB CMyTHo paann^Bjii pimeTicy paAOMB cb coSoft. 
Ohi ofijioROTBJKca na Hee. 

— EcjiB a CpomycB bb BOAy,-^noAyBaji'B oni, — hbrto btofo 
He BaMiTBTB. Bco 6yAeTB ROHHeno... 

— KoHHCHo! a saxtMB?.. 

Ohb BSApornyjii* XojiOAHuft BosAyxi npoHBSUBaiB ero ao 

ROCTefl. 

— SaiiMB? HBHero... 

Ohi ciajTb noApo6H0 npeACTaaJiaTB ce6i caoe caBoy6iftcTBO. Cna- 
lajia OHB noHyBCTByoTB JiOAanoe npBRocBoaeHle boau; hotoitb 



HJl BCD amsHB. 239 

Haraercfl nimo ysacHoe: owb 6yBfiTb saAHxaTBOi, MHHyry, mo- 
acerb 6inB h iceHBine... aro nocjniAHAa 6opB6a shbhh co cicep- 
TBK)... HaBOHei^y naAOHie wb HeHSBicTHoe, Koneiti coMH$HlairB: 
Hjm B%?Huft cowb wjos. aA'b. 

JleoHapA^ vb ysaci oTciynHjn. KaRi aro okl bb Te^eHle 
Bcero AHA HH pasy ne noAyiiajKi o6i aA'i? H oetl ctojuh, no- 
AaBJseHHufty HcnyraHHut. 

Ax'B/dTon ani Haaojmiui'b, mosho CKasan, bcio ero jehbhb. 
G'BBaRHirb TntaTejfltBHHiTB CTapaHieirb oancuBajiH ero omu GeHi 
Jlyn ffi ToHsarB, ara Bipnue yieHHRa Jloflojiul Kan npao H8o6pa- 

a»JIIH OHH KpHRHy8JI0B0Hle,BCiaACRkMyBB[IBce0CTajn»H0e MorJio 

HcnesHyTB noA'b BJnaHieirB coMHiHia, aAi ocraBajicfi AtflCTBH- 

TQJJhEO Cy^eCTByiOIIlHMl, BDOJIHi peaJDBHUM'B M^CTOMl nfi(TRH. 

JleoHapA'B HHBOFAa He MeHrajii o pai; oh^b naxe He npoA- 
CTaBJUHJiB ceSi, hto laBoe paflcsafl shshb; sa to Bci ero no- 
CTynsH coBepmaJiBCB doa'b BjnlafiieMi crpaxa aACKHxi MyRi. Bee 
ero peoiHrlosHoe nyacTBO cboahjiocb Kb OAHOicy cjioay: cnacTHCB! 

En^e ecJiH6u stoti ba*^ bbjobjicji eiiy bi bha^ MicTa npaa- 
CTBeHHUx'B CTpaAanift, ohi moitb 6u nepeHecrn DpeAcraajieHle o 
HHXi; HO OHi HSHeMorajii npn Mucjm o ^HSHHecsoM'B crpaAanlH, 
nuTsi, nopasaioiiiefl rocth h Hepau. 9to TepsaHte na KycEH 
T&na, dTOTB oroHB, on oahoA HCKpu ROToparo cb. Tepesa no- 
TepBjia coBHaHie, sacTaBJifljiH coAporaTBCA ero Aymy. IlepoAB 
TaRofl 6yAyn^H0CTBK) Henero pascyxAaTB, He«iero AHieTaHTCTBOBaiB; 

HaA06H0 6hlJlO BipHTB, B^pHTB BO HTO 6ll TO HH CTaSO; 

JleoHapqB noBTOpAJTB, rbr'b CeayHHuft: 

— BipHTB, B XO^y BipHTBl 

AojiacHO cyn^ecTBOBBTB Raaoe HHfiyAB ciobo, RBRoe HH6yAB 
BspeHeHie, cnoco6Hoe bocrpochtb ycBjamyiD aipy. Bofb ne CRa- 
sajBLi eMy btofo cjioaa, ohi» cTaHOTB hcbbtb ero y JiioAeft. 

Ohb chobb nomejfB AaJii>nie« KaRBA to HenpeoAOJUHiiafl chjib 
ueRJsa ero. Osub HyBCTBOBajn hotpoShoctb HaflTH A'^TOJiBHyio 
HUCJUB, cepAite HejioBiaa, ROiopoe co^yacTBeHHO OTOsaajiocb 6u 
Ha ero CTpaAanle; ohb sHani, hto naflAerb to h Apyroe y SSyRa^ 
H HanpaBHJiCH k^b Heny. 

^yRi» camii OTRpujii OHy ABopB. 

— ATby RBRi A CobjicbI— BCRpHnajn JleonapAB,— A Ayii&^> 
^To toCb, noaRBJiyft, ntrb aomb. 

Ero TOJiocb Aposajii. XyRi hoahajhi JuaHny h saHiTEA'B 
ero pascTpoeHHuft bhax* 

— %o HH6yAb CJiyOTJiocB? 

— Aa. 

^- BXOAH CRopift. 

npH HSB'bcTlH Hec^aciiH ad cTapue c^otu 6ujib M6uTbiy 
Apys6a BCTynHJia bb cboh npaaa. 

Bi RBapTBpi 2£yRa itapHJia MOHacTupcKaa THmsHa. Coy- 



240 P7CGR0E BOrATCTBO. 

n^oHHUfl saHaBicu ota'62jijo[h ee on> yjUHHoft TeHHoni; Bosxyxi 
Cujii HpoHHTaH'b npiaTHoft Tenjioroft. JEeonapsi MOJinajTb; bho- 
sannafl cjiafiocTB irimajia eicy Ha^aiB pascRasi ofe dToiTB ysac- 
aoMi AHi. 

— Hy, Bi TOiTB se A%Jio? roBops CRopifi!— cnpocHon JSysi 
Herepn^jiHBO. 

— IIosajiyficTa, ocTaBs MOHa; ecjiH tu 6yAeiiiB npepuBaiB, 
A HyBCTByio, HTO He AoroBopH) so EOHI^a. 

— 9x0 HTO HH6yAB OHeHB BaxHoe? 

— ^a, ceroAHfl yrpovB a noTepajni Micro. 

— Tboh jreBi^iH oiifiHeHU? 

— Oh^ nepeAafiii APJ^'Ovy. 

— Th GpeAHmB! 

— Wbrb, He 6pesy, axo HCTZHHaa npaBAa. 

— Ho Bijp> HyseHi se RaRoft HH6yAB hoboa^, KaRaa hh- 
tiyAi^ npHTOHa? 

— SI oTRasaJH ieayHiy, ROiopuft xortjii cvljiaTb Mona loxe 
iesyHTOMi. Ohii Mcran. 3to ero npaso. Hy, a& ^to nycraRH. 
y Mena rope wb cto pasi CoJUBoiee. 

— Hto ace TaEoe? Yicepi rto HH6yAB? 

— Yifepi? Aa ero npaBAa, yifepil 
PuAftBia DpepBaaH caoBa Ji[eoHapAa. 

— Axi, 8T0 yacacHol— BOCKJiHi(aai ohi. — Bort ABa naca, 
RaRi a nepeciaai b^phtb... 

Ofli saMoa^ajTB, HSipvb npoianyai pyRH m ci HixcHOCTBio 
MaiepB npHxaai JleoHapAa Kb rpyAH CBoet. IIponBi aroro 
ropa y Hero He fiuao yitineHia. 

— B^AHufl CTapH'iHHa, 6iAH£ift CTapH^HHal 9to aoisho 6uao 
cayHHTBca. 

JleonapAib noAHaaca, pasApaseHHuft aiHia noca^AHHMH 
caoaaMH. 

— Bhaho, ^to tu HHHero ne noHHMaeniB! EcaH6u zh 6Hai 
TaRoft se Bipyron^lft, KaRi a, ecaH6u iBoa shbhb, TaR'B ace, 
RaRi Moa, 6ujia nocBan^eHa Bory, Cyn^ecTBy... 

Ohi npoBeJii no a6y pyROfl, CTapaacB npornaTB bochomh- 
HaHia npomaoiCB. Ero MHCiEmHsirB CA^aai noari^AHee cyAO- 
poacHoe ycaaie BospoAHiBca, 

— Jta CRaacH ace, hto a ary! — saRpHHaai owb tohho 3% 
6peAy.— PasBi tu ne bhahhib, hto a Aoaaceni b^phtb, hto a 
xoHj cnacTHCBl 

— Tu caHmROMi B086yacAeHi», — HiacHuifB roaocom saroBO- 
paai ^yRi. — ycnoROfica, npeacAe Bcero ycnoROftca. A ne Mory 
Te6i noMO^B, pasi tu 6onniBca npHSHaTBca canoMy ce6i, nero 
Te6i xoHOTca. 

— HaAoSHo npeacAe Bcero, — npoAoaacaa^ ohi, snaAaa bb 
CBoft ofiuqHuft TOHi HoaoacHTeaBHaTO MucaBTeaa, — ycTanoBHTB 



HA BCD SH8HB. 241 

iffBXTbj pa806paTB €10, kZ'^iU'b paSCfSAAIB. HeJBOBiBl, KOTopufi 

uoMWb o6cyxHTB sojioxefile, jze oBMSfckjk'b bm'b. Hiiift iiyze- 
CTBO OTHectHCB BpBiH^ecBH Bi caMOMy ce6i. PascBaai uui 

SeCB XOA'l CB0B21 BHUeft fieSBpBGTpaCTHO, TBBl, BBR^b 6yAT0 

A^BO Hxen BOMi BH6yAB fpyrom; sotomi mh 6yxeH'b pas- 
cyB^aTb. 

— A^^TH opaB'B. HaxofiHO Cun chjibbuiiI; bi btoh'l Bce ffijo. 
JleoHapKB BBAOZByii soarHoio ipyvK) h, maraB Bsaffb b 

Biiep^)(b no KOMHaii, noBNTaJca nepexaiB Sysy ace, hto nepe- 
AyicaKB sa dron xaHK. 

— Bce Bunuo ohohb npocio h vnosRi jsorHiHo. Eorxa b 
ysHaxB, Tto PoHmapi OTBasaBCB on CBoero cbobb, URi sr 
nepByB) lorayTy npexcraBKBOCB, ^to seiuui now moft npo- 
BamBaercfl. Tu Jterso Mosena Boo6pa8HiB Moe BOBi^n^enie, 
Moe HoroxoBaBie, oiBpanTeiBHoe cosnaHie 668CHjia, n/bn, wsfi 
xyse: coananle Kascm) to axoro poxa, Koioput npecjriAyen h 
Qo6HBaen iceHfl. Ei Koicy otfpanTbca? 7 Koro ncsatb noKomi? 
y M6Ha HBRoro He (Shbo, vfioiA Bora. SI BaaJTb etanrejile. 

— Yuojuod ie6fl,— npei»ajE!b ero SysB, — ne yBieKaftca, co- 
o6infdk oxHH tobbbo ^^zh. 

JleonapAB, BasaxocB, HHHero ne cjonnajTB. 

— S HanaBi ^nraxB. Bce xaB&me, xuBme... norom b 
Bjtpyrb noHyBCTBOBaBi, HTO na MenB naxBHraeicB Kaiacipo^a. SL 
BipHBi wh OAHO eBaHreflie... to, Koropoe BeBsaio nep^o mhob), 
6wLo cmcbwh xpyroe. SI ne uon mneTO j^kMTb, b 6e8y]iCTB0- 
BBBi. BidbcTO MeHB BBHBOCB BBBoe jfpjToe cyn(8GiB0, Boiopoe 
y6HBaB0 MOB) nponuyB) xhbhb, nepeBepniBaBO Bci moh no- 
hbtU, 6poGajD[o vb rpBSB Bce, neiiy b noKBOHBJiCBl TenepB b 
xomejn xo Toro, no HHHero ne muo, bo bcoicb coMHtBancBl 
Mab xoieiCB CpoenrBca na xobIhh n EaarBCB bb CBoem 6oro- 
xyBBCTBi, a nepen mnyTy b cxtocB naxB cboob) rjiynociBB)! 

OffB ynajTB na cryjEB. 

— OcTaaaBOCB oxHo:|^caMoy6iftcTBO. Ho b ne p&nsjica yiie- 
peiB, B 6oflBCB axal 

— Bce cjioBa, oxra cbobbI— cnoaa npepsajTB ero SEijvh. Obb 
HHxorxa ne ncioiTajcB nsHero noxofinaro, h 6opB6a, npoBczoxD*- 
mafl B% xym^ npiBTOBB, nponsBoxua na Hero cipaHHoe Bnew- 
B^e: OHa KasaiacB eiiy n pe(iunecBoft, n kb To-se Bpena Tpani- 

HeCEOK). 

— OcBoCoxHiTB ^asis on loft peTopun, soTopoK) m hzb 
npucp^aaeniB,— xoBoipo CBaraJTB ohb. — Tu XP cnxinopi shjtb 
CBinoB) BipoK). BcBixciBie CKBBHaro HpaBciBeHHaro noipBceniB, 
dra Bipa noBOJie6BeBa. Te6i thbcobo. 9to snoBni ecieciBeHHO. 
Ho bmIcto xoro, ^to6h cji^no noxxasaiBCB bsbwbIjo cq^xw, ne 
xyime bh bbb^chtb pascyxRon rb ocHOBBHiB, na kotopkcb 

XOBXHa nOBOHTBCB B^pa... i 

J6 4. OTAtjn I. 16 



242 PFCCROB BOriTCTBO. 

— PascyxBomI— BCRpnaJTL Jleonapffb.— 8 h to Bce speiui 
pascyssaio cb caicaro yrpa. Ho Kb neicy aio? PasBi r jBipee'E, 
^To Moft pasjMX Moserb ito HH6yAb xoKasaTb mh%? RaRoe yrt- 
moHie sacTb offb metI? 

— To yrfameHie, no ni npE6jiH8BJicfl ri nosHaHleo hcthhju 
H pacnmpHjnb CBoft ym HOBioni noHATlflMH. 

— OqeHb 910 MHi HyxHol Till roBopHmb, RaRi xuoTaHrb! 
Moserb 6uTb, npiflTHO iirpaTb HXOflBCH, Rorxa aiH VMflw ho 

HM^lOn HHRaROft peaJUbHOft nOAKJiaAKH, ho 8A%Cb A^JIIO BJlfiTb 

Moeft ZH8HH. HeysojiH tu pHCRHemb sesbIio Hsv-sa chhbo- 
joisifa? 

— ^CeshuoI nojiHOI MHorie roBopan to xe bi RpHTne- 

CKLi MHHyTH H BCOTaRH OCTaiOTCfl XHBill 

— BceK) Moeio seshIh), roBopio Te6tl Snaenib jm tu, Ra* 
ROBo 6HJII0 Moe A'i^TCTBO? SL SHBO noMHK) jon^o noRoftHaro OTi(a, 
ROToparo KOHfl sacTaBJtfljni noi^^OBaTb. Msb 6wio TorAa Boceicb 
juirb. SL BsrjiflHyjrb Ha dTo bocroboo wmo, na 8Ty ^Hrypy, bi 
ROTopoft He 6ujio raraero nejioB'i'iecRaro, h orb ysaca ynaji'b B-b 
o6]copoR:b. SI H6 HyBCTBOBaanb ropa: moha nopasHJio oaho— CTpaxi 
CMepTH... ObTbTb nopiaBCiOAy BHAiiTbee. SyAa6u a hh meirb, 
ona BdOAy cjriAOBajia sa mhoh): II BHA^iTb ee na cr^Harb, na no- 
CTOJii, Ha HepHOHi HJiaTbi r-ZH HoHi, Bi RBapTHpi Ha yjiffqi 
PoROJiib. HnorAa no BenepaMi, npsroTOBJiaiicbsacHyTb, h BApyn 
BCRBRKBara, Aposa OTi> CTpaxa: mb Rasajiocb, ^to a nepecTaH) 
AumaTb, HTO a yMHpaio! TaRib npoAOJUxaxocb Tpn rofta, Tpi roAa 
Bce BOspacTaBmaro yacaca nepeAi» HeHSB^THUifb, oaRHAaion^Hin* 
Haci Tam... Ho boti HacTajrb BOJiHRift Aenb, A^Hb Moero nep- 
Baro npnnacTlfl. HpHroTOBJuia Mena vb neuy, mh^ cyjnuni paft- 
CRoe 6jiaseHCTB0. Ha canoirb jsjkirb bsoudlo en^e Jiy^nie. IIohh- 
iiaemb jih tu? XpHCTOci 6Hirb bo mh^, caul XpHCTOCi Bomejn* 
Bi MOH) QJioTb H HpHHoci MH^ ycHOROome. BjiaroAapfl eiiy, 
cMepTb nepecTaBajna 6iiTb CTpanxHOio, ctouo TOJibRO SETb no 
ero sanoB^AflVb, h osa OTRpoerb ABepH Kb 6jiaKeHCTBy. Pbah 
oAHoro dToro a CTajrb npoAaHHUH'b pa6oirb ero! Rpoiii^ Toro, bi 
KOJDieriH Bce 61110 nomo Hirb. BcaRlft roBopHJirb usk neirb, 
HpocaaBJiajTb ero, BocRpenuuii ero oSpasi nepoAO mhoh). XpH- 
CTocb CiuTb BcerAa cb naicH, orojdio Hacb. SL aioSHjrb ero, ,jiio- 
6Hn Ao 6e8yiiia. 3a nero a roTOKb 6iurb npoaraaTb RpoBb, 
TepniTb HCTasanla. Pbah Hero a 0TRa8i2Baxca orb BcaRaro yAO- 
BoabCTBia. H RorAa loByaTi CRaeajii imfc <Bi2 wuio j^mk^ bu 
AoasBU OTAarb canoro ceSa!»— a nameaidTO BnoaHi ecTecTBOH- 
Hmrb. SL H 6e8:b Toro yse OTAaanb XpHCTy Bce, hto y Mesa 
Oiuro, usb He TpyAHO 6iuio nocaiAOBaTF atOHy coBiTy. 

JleoHap^b saCujrb SyRa h roBopHn km% 6u cairb ci 
co6oio« 

— BApyri, a nepwynajTb. TLomemj? ne Bce m paBHo? 7 



HA 3CD SHSHjb. 243 

MeHfl 5mai ocHOBaHia. H piaoLorb He oTAasaTB scero ceCfl, ho, 

KpOKi 9T0r0, HTO SO HSUiHHJOCb? A MBXAy xilTB... IlOCJli dTOFO 

paft nflSL MeHfl saBpiucfl. 

Onib Gucrpo cicaxHyjii cjnesu, RaTHBinUcfl no n^esairb ero. 

— %0 Se TU MOJTHHniB? — 06paTHJ[Cfl OHIb Rl MjfSJj — lU 

Bce en^e jsjuMmhj no ato nycTUfl cjiOBa. 

SyKi onycTHJH rojiosy. IlepeAi hhitb OTspuBajiCfl hobuA 
idp'b. ]ifl CHxi nopi OHi npHBURi^ Ha Bce cmotp^tb ci paitfo- 
HancTH^iecRoft tohbh spimfl n HsiiipflTB shshb reoMerpHHe- 
csHMH ^opMyjuaicH. KjiaccHHecRoe BocmiTaHle yKpimuio ero no- 
BETHBHBirB. JBLlcKOJiBKo MHHyrb TOMy Hasaffi sasau SHBHB^ Kasa- 
JUCB eMy cTporo* orpaHH^eHHuirH, noAAaion^HicHCfl pimenlflMi, 
KOTopufl xaen sHanle. Ho npHSHaHie Jleonapxa nepeBepnyjio 
Bci ero CTpoftHHfl TeopiE. Owb 6wrb chjibho BSBOorapBaHb. Eny 
xase xorijiocb BepnyTB APyry ero Btpy, hto6u HsCaBHiB ero 
OTB aiExi CTpaxamft. 

— Tu xopomo cxiJiajTb, hto BucKasajicfl,— nporoBopsjrB ohi, 
HaKOHeit'B.— Bes^B dioro y MOHfl ho 6ujio AaHHHxi>, hioCu cysHTB 
cmjA Tofl 6ypH, KOTopaa Gymyen bi TBoen cepsqi. Bi 
TeGJk SHByrB XBa ^eJiOBiBa: ichcthk'b h paqioHajmcn. Ohh 6o- 
piOTCA Apyn.ci ApyroiTB. HaAo6Ho npeKpaiHTB dry 6opB6y. 

JleoHapjTB CA^aJii> yiBepAHTejiBHut SHasib roJioBoft. 

— no MoeMy, B08M0XH0 ABapioieHifl,— MOAJieHHOsaroBopnjrB 
^yKB. — Thi coMH^BaeniBCfl, xopomo. ^yBCXByeniB jih ra b'b ce&k 

auy SHTB cb 8TH1I-B coHHimeiTB, ssaTB noBa Bpeiifl nocieaeHHO 
yHnrojKHTB ero^ Kasi ynHiToxaen esexHOBHO GoiAe acHBy^ifl 
MyBCiBa? HaftseTCfl Juiy leCa CHfa hobtopatb GesnpecTaHHO lo, 
HTO m CKasaanb ceftnaci: cH xony b^phtb! SI aojurohi b^phtb!* 
EcjiH 8T0 Tasi, to HdtijieHie npHxerb HeH86isHO, tboa B%pa 

BepHOTCfl KB Te6i. 

JleoHapvB He OTBi^ajTB MHHyru ABi, ipH. 

— A jq[)yroe pimenle? — cnpocHJirB ohib saTliirB. 

— JD(pyroe saKJuo^aercfl vb ton, ^Te6u ofipaniBCfl sa ot- 
BiioirB KB Haysi. 9fo nyrB ffisriA h TpyAHiift. Ebu(o6HO Hsy- 
"iHXB leojioriio, jmnrBHCTHKy, HCTopiio pejomrift. 

— HH^ero Apyroro tu ne MoxemB mh& CRasaiB?— cnpocHn 

JleoHapAi CB jmxopaAOHHiiirB 6jiecR0Mii wb rjiasaxi. 
ICyKi MOJi^an. 

— Bi TaKOiTB cjiyui, npon^aft. 

OffB BcrajTB H Bi 8HaKB opon^aHBfl KpioKO noxajTB pysy npifl- 
TOU.XyR'B Hcnyrajicfl. JleoHapA'BAoraAajicfl, hio ero TpoBOSHn. 

— He 6oftcfly — cRasajTB ohi, ecn bi SyAyn^em Hftn hh- 

Hero, TO HaAo6HO xhtb HacTOfln^HirB, m a, 6yAy xhtb! 
Oob yAaxHJiCfl HeiopoojEHBUMH maraioi. 
{IIpodoAaceHie CMhdyemi). 

le* 



HA (MEPh. 

IIOXI mdon M6PTB6HH0 CBrnQOBUlTB. 

yrpioMO MepRHerb bimhU xohb; 
H Bin KOHO[a jrtcam cocHOBiorb, 
H wuieso so xop^MH^ •* 

OxBB'b TyMam MOXOHHO-CHHtt, 

RftRi qKfl-TO xpoTKafl ne^nJEB, 
HaAi dToft CHiauoio nycmaeft 
Ciur^adn cyiipauyio xan... 

Mb. EyHNHift. 



CejibCKia Timejih. 



HoAaBHo nepesHTiie rojiOAHue h xoiepme foa^ tski HaruAvo 
ajUDorpHpoBajTO Bonpoci o napoAHoirB ofipasoBaiiH KpauKn, oan- 
HOAitcTByiomHMH, ASMe Ha npHBuuaro leiOBiKa, KapTHHaMfr, ^ro 
TenepB spHHipiaiajnHaro no 8TOM7 Bonpooy pasHoriEaoiii, saxeToa, 
6htb He MOxeTL. T&Ma BeJiHsa. HaAO 01 neft 6opoTBoa. Bon noio- 
xeHifl, noA^B KorcpuMH, HaBipHO, BcaKit noAnnmeTOfl. Jy^miHirB, hciih- 

TaHHHlTb HpOBOAHflKOMl SHaHift, T. 6. npOTHBHESOlTb TbHSI, flBIfleTOa 

KHHra — oilAOBaTeiBHo, npesAe Boero HjsHa ipaMOTaooTB. 

Bhboai 6un flceffB h no Boeft PoooiH Ha^an noAHSMaTBoa bo- 
npooi Bceo6ii^eirB ofiy^eHiv. Ho owh, kohohho, jsfjieso ho HO^ep- 
HHBan Boero Bonpooa o HapoAHoifB o6pa30BaHiH h, KaKi tojelro noa- 
BHJiaoB HaAesAa^ ^to npaKTH^eou owh MoserB 6uxb ooymeoTBJieKB, 
Ha o^epoAB BuoTynHAH jifMiBiikme A^TaiBHue Bonpocu napoAHaro 
o6pa80BaHifl: o pacmnpeBdH nporpamni napoAHOft msoiu, o Bwh- 
msoABHOMi HapoAHOifB o6pa80BaHiH, o6x yBOAH^eHiH BHanift opexH 
ynreiet r 7. n,^ k t. a. 

HaaCoAle thoh^hoA napoAHoft niRoioft wh Poooii ojoAAyerL ohh- 
TaTb oAHOuaooHoe yqiAHn^e. 

cIIpeAifeTaifH y^e6Haro Kypoa OAHOuaooHHxi yuJunTB OAysan: 
38X011 Bosifi (KpaiKift KaTeusHOi h OBan^eHHaa HOiopLi); HTeide 
no KHHraM'B rpasAaHORofl h i^epKOBHoS neiaTH; mio&ifo; nepBHfl 4 

AifiOTBlfl apEeM6THKH» *). 

Ci'MoBaiejiBHO, HapoAHaa msoxa o^^HiyaiBHo ABerb toibxo rpa* 
MOTHooTb. Bi AittoTBHTejLbHOOTi oHa HHOFAa BHxoAHn sa opeAtiH 
ysasaHHott nporpamcu h ooofiniaerB eme Koe sasifl HaynHHa ob^a^ 
HiH, HO, Tasi san ohh Moryn HO^epnaiBOH toibko nvb sHHrB au 
uaooHaro ^iTeHia, to ofin^a SHaniH, BUHeoeHHHa hs^ OAHOuaocnaro 
yHHuma, 6yAjrB BceraRH BeoBMa Majm. 

KpOMi TOrO, <...lfOSHO 01 HSBiCXHOn AOOTOBlpHOOTBD yCiaHOBHTb, 

HTO % Boero iHOia ofiyvaDnpixofl wh PoooiH a^toA (haotb pi^L toibko 
HaiajELBHUX'B msoiaxi) ofiy^aeroa ne 601^ 2 xbrh (t. e. snicb), 



*) tBMzmuL yHetfHHJi 8aBeAeHiji>. Hsm(* Mhh. Hap. Up. m% HHseiopoAOKoft 
BHCTaBsi 1896 roAa. 

J« 4. OrAiun IL 1 



2 P7CCK0E BOFATCTBO. 

Tperift roil npoAOimaeTB oBoe ofiyieaie ToatKO Vi« — V» ^aoTB, a 
xanme 3 JLirb ymcii oiohb HesHawTeJiBHoe KOiH<iecTBo jsjkret. 

QWTh ^aRTB HeJIBSfl He npHSHaXB BOOBMa npHCKOpfiHUMl, xaKi: RaKi 

vb Te^eme abjxi Hjni xpezi shvl, yRopa^BBaD^HXoa no yojiOBiflMi 
KpeeTBflHCKaro xosaflcTBa jifl noiyroAa Kas^t^) B6CBMa daipyAHBTeiBHo 
say^HTBCfl rpaMOTt Tasi, qrofiu SHaiB ee, SHaxB TsepAo h He sa- 
6htb> ♦). 

Sa^ob aBTopi ipmpyeMoft 6poiirK)pii, A. Oorporoposifl, ysoMHHaerB 
001 o6y^aioniHxofl jifijAe xpezi shm-b, HMtH vh BB^y AByiSJiacoHiiH 
ywjni^a. Htsri, js^^me ysKafl nporpaHHa oAHOuaocHaro ywEma ne 
AOCTHrHyTa vb i^iiOMi o&heui jim 757o boIii o6y^ai)]i^HXOfl vb Ha- 
^annuxB inKOJtaxi. CSi yBejinqeHiejii qHOjra mKOx^ yBOJiH^HTcfl hxi 
AooryaHooTB, oiiAOBaiejBHo axoTB npoi^enrB HtoKOiBXO noHHSHTOH, 
HO CHJiBHo ynaoTB OHi He Moxen, sa aro hI^i'l HHKasHXi as^hhhxi, 
EojiH ox BBeAeHiem Boeofin^aro o6y^eHifl snaqETeiBHuft npoi](eHTB 
o6y^aiDmHXCfl SyAen ho bt> oooToaHiH npoojuymaTB noiEul Rypoi 
OAHORiaccHaro y^HJiH^a h 6yAerB yxo^HTB h3x mzosa. noiyrpavoT- 
HUiTB, MOSHo 2H TOFxa c^BTaTB Bonpooi mROiBEOtfL ofipasoBaHiH 
jAauo paapimeBHUM'B? jyiiaerca, iro wkn. A Mes^y npouMB no- 
AofiHui pesyiBiarB BeoBna bosmosohi. B% xaRoirB ojiy^at cb ooofien- 

HOfi CHJIOfi ffOSXeHli BHCTyaSTB BOnpOCTB BaimEOJnbHOft'B fiapOAHOM'B 

o6pa80BaHiH. 

^0 cHxi nopi Bi 8T0& ofijiaoTH y HaoB oAtiaao ohohb naio. Botb 
nporpaMMa eABHCTBesHaro o6pa30BaTejiBHaro yqpesAeniii, Afl^HHaa b% 
i^pRyjBpl oASoro m'b BHoneRTOpoBi BapoAHuxi yuiHiaB. Bb boo- 
EpeoHOfi mROJii fROHe^HBH ntjib o6y^eHia aoashb 3aEAK)^aTBCH Bi 
TOMi, qT06u Hay^HTB yHanmxoa cossaTejiBHo moxhtboh Bory, Mexa- 

HH^eCRH UTBTB HO RBHraMl rpaSAAHCROtt H I^epROBHO-CiaBflHOROE 

neqaTH, Haio-MaxBORH nHoaxB h c^HTaTB, no bo3hoshooth, ao 1000 >. 
«3a HeBcnojiHeHie cero,— roBopHToa bi aauuoqeBie lurpRyMpa, — yia- 
n^ie fiyxyxB noAxesaxB oxporofi oxBixoxBeHHOcxH, a Riaoos, irpn aep- 
BOMx o6HapyseHiH oxoiyiueHifl on. chxb npaBHJTB, 6yAyxT> 8aRpHxu» **), 

MosEO BcspasHXB, ^0 Bi HameMi 3aROHOAaxenoxB'& hIxb noAo6- 
Haro orpaHHqeHui bi npio6ptxeHiH sapoAOHB SHanift, ?to oaihi. iiHp- 
Eyup'B oAHoro hsi BHoneRTopoBi> HE^ero eni^e se AORasuBaexi. Ho 
Xiio xo Bi xom, ^T0 noAo6HHe i^apRyiapu o^ohb piASO nonaAaDXB 
wb ne^axB, a Boo6n;e UEoaEHiie e ycxEiie KkAQiBjioTb nooxoaHso h 
iipeAoxaBjiaioxi ofiHuoe aBieaie. 

yRasaHEaa nporpaMMa BOORpecHoS mxoiH eni^e yse nporpaMMU 
OAHORJiaooHaro yunma. Bb BOoapecHOft maoit SuBanxB h a^xe, 
HeEameAmifl oeGi Mioxa vb eseAEeBHofi msoii, exe saEaxaa b% 
6yAHH pa6pxoS na ^a6pERaxx, b% MaoxepoREXi e npo^., eo rjiaBEHft 
KOHXEEreflxib yun^Bxoa — Bspocjiue, Ea Eoxopuxx bi oyn^HooxE h 



•) Ibid. cxp. 12. 
*^) cXpoEHxa BsyxpeEsefl sh3ee>. Pyccx. Borax. 2-a sh. 1897 r. 



GUIBCKlft yqHTBJEL. 3 

pasonniBaeTi) BocKpeciafl niEOJia. Beiboa% nodtony noxy^aeiGfl seoBMa 
ne^asBHuS: sa BspocxBiirb HaoejieHieirB npESHaeroa npaBO toibko Ha 
rpaHOTHOOTB; nonuTJsa buItb sa npeA^^H rpaHOTHOOTB KapaeToa ah- 
meHieiTB b aioro npaBa — mxoia saKpnBaeToa. 

A^Jrte AHTHpyeMaii Sponmpa Mhh. nap. up. OTMiqaerB Bospa- 
oraDmift' opexn HaoejOHui HHtepecB kb oGpasoBaHuo. Ho eoAB bto 
laKB, eojiH HHTepecib AiSoTBHTeiBHo paoT&TB, HeooMHiEHO Haceienie 
H6 nosejiaerB orpaHEqaTBOii orpaEHBHH paMKaMH, Hatfj^qeHEHMH b% 
ipipKyjiBpi r-Ha HfioaesTopa; oho no&AerB Aa^Bine, 6yA6TB Eaorofl^HBo 
flcxaTB BuioAa Hdi OBoero HeHopuaxBHaro noioseHifl. 

?T0 Se BCTp^THTB OHO Ha GBOeMl OyTH Kli BHaHII)? 

Ha HapoAHfiia qreHlfl h HapoAHHii 6H6£iOTeKH-qHTajiBHH ceftqiacrB 
HeiBaa pasoqHiHBaTB, TaRi) KaKB h rt h APyna Haxo^flTOfl y Haoi 
en^e bi^ 8H6pioHaxBHOirB cooroflHiH. Mosotb Chtb bb ey^yn^eMB OHi 
pasoBBDToii Bi rpaHAi03HBa yiipesA^fliH, ho noKa hxb poiB BecBMa 
HesHa^aTejiiBHa. 

Cjc&AOBaTejnbHOi b'b HacToan^ee apena aame msoJiBHoe a BainiKoiB- 
Hoe o6pa30BaHie botb hh^to naoe, aaKii coo6n^6Hie OAHOft tojibko 

rpaHOTHOOTB. 

Saaaia, BOTopHa buhoohtb yqeaasi hjih Bspooanifi h8b o6pa80- 
BaTejBHaro y^pexAeaia, aaxoAAToa Kb npaMoft saBaoHMOOTi otb: 1) npo* 
rpaniiu saaflTift, 2) eOpasoBaaia oanoro jqaTsra a 3) ero OTaomeaia 
Kb A'bJiy; ocTajiBBBLXB upanaai BacaTBoa ae CyAoai, ^o6£i ae ocjdlos- 
aaTB Bonpooa. 

CjiiAOBaTeiBHo, eojui saftAOTB pi% o6b yBOia^eaiB aaaaift opoAB 
aaoejieaia nepeai noopcACTBO cyn^eoTByDOiiax'B odpasOBaTeJiBauxi 
y^esAOfliit, to npaAOToa pa8o6paTB yaaaaaaua npa^aaH. GToaeaB 
saBacHifooTa otb btbxb npa'iHBB saaaifi, npio6p'bTaeaux'B yianwKOfl) 
aaAO nojiaraTB, acaa, TasB ^to aama saAa^a CBeAeica tojibko rb bk- 
aoaeaiD yEaaaaauxB npH^aai. Ob o^^ai^aiiBaoft nporpaaaoi o6pa- 
BOBaaia A'^TCKaro Bspoojiaro aaceieaia mu yse saaKoau. 

EcjiH6ii norpeOoBajiooB paomapaiB fflBonayio sporpaaMy, aiipa- 
60TaTB apHMiaaTejiBHO bb ae& 6oiie mapoKyx) a cepBeaayi) aia 
BBpooiaro aacejieaia — ace aro BunoiaaTB TeopoTaqeoKH ae xpyAao. 
Ho apoBOOTa axB B'B sbshb a^xo aecBMa ae xeraoe; tbrb Basi 
yAauoe axi Bunoxaeaie saBacBTB, bb obod o^iepeAB, apoai paaiaq- 
HBLXi npauai, en^e otb Asyxi yaoaaayTuxi: o6pa80Baaia yqaxexa 
a ero oTHomeaia xi A^y. 

CaadaTB mo aadyAB onpeA'&iieBaoe ofo o6pa30BaaiB ceiBOKaro 
yuToia BecBua TpyAao, dry aojisbootb saaaiiaBTB xai^a ci> oaMoS 
pasianoft noAroTOBKoft *): oi AOMaaiaHMi o6pa80Baaieinr, bbi aas- 
aiaxi yqe6auxB BaBeAoaift, aeoaoa^aBmie a oRoaaaBBiie opcAHia a 
a BHoaiia yqe6aiia saBeAoaia; aocxiAHHX'B, aoae^ao, Boero MeaBme. 



*) Ga. «&B BOBpocy o nojioseaia ynas^axB bb aapoABoii BiB0ii>» Pyc. 
•Mhc, Idbb 1897 I. 

1* 



4 P7CCR0B BOrATCTBO. 

(y^HTeiBHRm vBviMarh ve 6yAen, ynoMiraeirB toibro, ^to sa^ 
OTOTT0TBieirB jrjfl sevmHiTB Aooryna ko Mfforam npo^eooifliTL 7 Hac^ 
Bi> oenosiir y^HreiBHHiiH «Aen ^aoiB Jiy^ineft uoxowre). 

nooiroTpinr]^, Kasifl nosHasiff onranTcii jsjovthro^wsanL xu oeiB- 
GKaro y^rreiflr, t. e. noBvasonMOJi n nporpavMOt yqirenoRoft oe- 
KvwapiH, roTOBflmeft oneniaiBHO y^irreseft jria oAHORxaocHim yn- 
Mmsch. 4>npeweni npevoAaBaHia bi oeMiHapliixi ortitynniie: 3aK0Hi 
Boadfl, raaBraifl oovoBaHui nexaroniRH, pyooRift i KepROBHO-cxaBas- 
oRit ffBHRH, apHeveTHRa, naBEcifl ooHOBaHia reoMerpiH, seHxeiripie, 
jDraetHoe ^epvenie, pyooRaa loropifl, npH npenoj^aBasis Roropot 00- 
otfmanTos h viROTopHa noHjnlii 061 HCTopiH Boeo6meft, RpaTRai 
M6o6m»M H 6orie iroApo0Hafl pyooRas reorpa^^iv, rjiaBHiia OBtiri^sbi, 
■eoOxoramifl am noHHwaiifl arBJieHil npHpoxH, VHOTonHoaHie h nt- 
Hie. GBepxi Toro, BoonRraHHERH ofiyqanTea peMeoxam, no BEi6opy 
ooBi^Ta, H rHVHaoTHRi, a TaRxe oropoxRR^dOTBy h caji;oBOACTBy, no 

Ob vrmn ssaiiiffifH y^sreib flBJifleroii bi AepeBno, RaRT> npex- 
oraBHTen nyRR, npeioraBHTen RyxBTypH. Boero rpn ro^a Tovy va- 
Miri» ovh oavB OROHUJTL oeJiBCRyD mROJiy (AByxRJiaooHyK), a Hiorxa 

■ oiRORiaooHyn); sa bto Bpeira, npi osibho orpaHH^eHHom Raiaiori 
ynreiBOROi cemHapiH^ 6oxbmarb exeAHeBHiiTB cpoiiHHX'B pa6oTar& 

■ SV8HT B'B ^eraperii orlEarB, owh se mofb ysHaTB mhoto HOBaro, 
a ^0 Moserii jrarb oaira oeMHHapifl, biaho hbi nporpamni, pa86H' 
paTB ROTOpyn iftTi HaAodHooTH— oia roBopHn oaMa sa oetia. 

YnreiB h no OROHusiH oemHapiH ho Mosen nonojisirb oBoe^ 
oSpaaoBavie: OB'S opasy oonaAaen bi (SesrpaMOTHyi), reuvpo ope^y 

■ ooraeTCff TaiTB own, 6e8i Rnn, 6effh BOBRaro oSmenui 01 6oxie 
lyji&TypHuini qiojimb o6me<rrBa. Eoxh TaRoS yureiB h Bsmoiuen 
lenepL nporpavvy OAHORxaooHaro y^Hnni^a, 8to en;e ho 8Ha?m» 
^nro owh onpaBKToa h bi toitl oxyvat, Ror^a oHa SyAon pacmipesa, 

H KOSHO SaB^pHO ORaBBTB, TTO BaHHTifl 01 nOApOOTRaXH H BSpOOXKKH 

fiynyn eiiy He noxb ouy. A He oeroxHfl — BaBrpa 8th samiTifl no- 
TpeOyirroa. RnHra npovERaerB TenepB wh AepeBHu; Tan oHa oRopo 

VHBOBeTB MaOOy HOBHXl MEiexefi, HOBHXl BpnpoooBi, Ha ROTOpHe 

ueeienie xexaerb noiyqnTB xoth RaROfi HH6yAB oTBin. Byxen BnoxBi 
eoreeTBeHHo, eon oho o6paTHT0fl 8a novon^Bi) n oyn^eoTBynn^eHy 
Vh AepeBvfc npeAoraBHTen) nayRH, hi yuTexD. Butb tfosen bho- 
ertflOTBlH Bi ero o6fl8aHHOOTH He 6yAerB bxoahtb yAOBieTsopeme 
xyxoBHHXi Hysff^ jBdpooxaro HaoeieHiB, ho eoj» ohi TenepB oca- 
seroH He bi oootohhIh OTRiHRHyTBoa na sanpoou a^pobhq, eon ohb 
(iyxeTB He Bnepejni ABHseHin, a noiHHeTOH sa HBWb, hih ooBotMi 
OToraHeni — ohi ho bhcoihhti cBoet npaMot oSflsaHHooTH. Hoibbh 
He nosexaTb noeroiiy, htoSu 0Qe^iaIBHIu y^eOHiui BaBeAeuH finay- 



*) R A. MaBpHmdft. «C6opHHRi npaBiui h noxpo6&HX'B nporpaMM^ xul^ 
BQCTyoieHiji vb y^eOniia saBexeHiA*. 



CBibGRiS jmnEXb. 5 

i)Kaa THHTeiet n 6oiie bhcokhki o6paBOBaTeibHUMi ypoBiem; 
JLO ptm 8Toro HiTB, Tasi Tim 6ojile seodzoAKMH Kasu HH6yAb 
.KtpH, nosBQUioilpa yuTexn noaoiHHTB oboh SHamfl. He plffo bh- 
OKasHBaeTOii ooBtn yureiD saHai&oa oaMoofipasoBaHien. CoBfen 
npeKpaoHult. Ho Kasi ero BHnoAHHTb npH oToyToiBiH khstb, ho 

XMta HB OAHOft TOUH COapiKOOHOBeHlA (Tb I^HBBlHSOBaHHIUTb lOpOMl^. 

MosHo in» yRbpeHHooTUo oKasaxb, tto noxa 8ti yoxoBiM Ojpjrb oy- 
meoTBOBaiB, pooTb SHamt vb yuTeooKoft ope^ He JtoseTi San 
o6e8iieqeHi». * 

OiHomeHie y^Hreu Kb gkiLj eoT& npoH8BOAHafl ero oOasaHHOcrelt, 

SEaHifl, SOTOpUXl MH yxe rOBOpnU, HHABBHAyaABKHn OBOftOXBl, 

npaBx, yoiOBift xfl8HH h npo^. O6fl8aHH00TH yurejia, vh oxHOit 
HHnoiHeHia yKasaHHOft nporpaicMH, He oooCohho ojioxHii, ho on 
XOBODbHO QKywEi, Tasi sasi Boe OBOAHTOfl VL npio6pbTeHiD h Hsoa^- 
peniD HOKasHott oTopomi, na Koiopyi) ynreiB oGuMWb o6panvti& 
ooofeHHoe BHHMaHie nox& orpaxoirB ' norepH irlMSTa. Caiia no oeftb 
pa6oTa vb mKOJii He MVb lersHX'b*). CexbosiA yqareii fiuBaen 
aaHfln bi aohb no BoobMH, ^^eoHTH h fljd^n ab^uaiv^™ <iaeOBib. 
^ipoirb OHB noMMBWb HanpflFaTB Boe CBoe BHHMaHie, ^ttoGh IVb— 2 
^aoa saHflTil, npHxoAHn^HXoa Ha jifMO Eai^aro OTA^enifl oi hhm%, 
He nponaiH xapoMi; bi to xe Bpenn ohi aojukohi hoioihtb o AByx'B 
XPjTBTb OTAtieHiflii, paOoTann^HZi oaMooTOHTOAHo, rfffc nooroAHHO 
JCOxeTi noTpeOoBaibOH ero noMon^b. Be^epoirb, eojiH eoTb yioHHiui 

H8l OOCtAHHX'b AepeBOHB, OOTaDIlUeQfl HOTOBBTb Vb HIBOJCfcy Offb BH- 

HHMaerca ci hhmh; Kpont Toro, naxo npoeitOTplTb cAtiaHHHfl 8a 
^OHb yaeHH^ecKiH pa6oTH, na^o h caMOity noxroTOBHTbOH si osAfjth 
n^exy ahd. 8toti> Tpy^i BeoBva uoto oaiauBaeTOH HHTTOXHUirb 
BosHarpaxAeHien **), h npHHuiaDnMloH ea Hero Moxerb pascuTH- 
BaTb ooraTbOH noAi oiapocTb na jnn^ m Oesi KyoKa zjitfia. SamnlH 
HOHTopn^HKOBi, HHcapeft, npuasuKOBb onia^HBaDTOH cpaBHHTeiuio 
ly^me h ho TpeOyuTb Tasoro nocTOHHHaro HanpflxeHifl cub, Ban 
fluu)jibHoe A^o. Ha 8thxi MtoTan moxho XHTb bi hhoA oOoraHOBS!!, 
se MepsHyrb eHitolt, ne xpHanytb orb neoSioAHitooTH roBopnTb ufiiM 

AHH Wb QHpOlTb, XOlOAHOlTb HOlftnteHiH, 06EI?H0irb y HaOX ^i^ niEOAH, 

Be BauTbCH saxAiif abhb vb HBHOMOxeHiH Hooit saHflTiJt, Kan are 
HpHxoAHTOH ceibOBOMy j^soejoo. Ilto me oco6eHHaro vb yuTeibOBoft 
X^TexbHooTH, no^eMy ona h4kotopecli npHBieBaoTi k^b oeto? Bevb 

^OMffbHiH, OTAtabHHMH XHUOOTHMH pyEOBOAHTb BOCbHa paSlHUUe 
HOTHBH. fllBOTOpHXl MOm npHBXeU HB yOTeibCByiO AOIHUIOOTb 
BOBJfOXHOOTb o60TaBHTb OBOD XHSHb HOVTH TBUMH XO yOXOBlHKH, Vb 
laKflXl XHBen OeXbOKOe AyXOBOHOTBO, T. e. BOSMOXHOOTb HOnOXHHTb 



*) Cm. <nexaronraecBiB CTaTbH> JL H. ToicToro. tCencxaa niBOxa* 
<i. A. PaHHECxaro. 

**) Cm. <£i Bonpocy ofo dKoHOMH^ecsoMi noioxeHiH jHan^Hxi wb hb- 
lN>AHiix% ]iExoxax'b>. Hob. Ciobo, coht. 97 r. 



6 PyCGKOB BOrATCTBO. 

oBoe xsJOBaHBe aoSpoxothumh npiHomeHiflifH poAneJiell yqenHSOBx^ 
Ho, ATMaeiofl, laKixi CJiyqaoBi ho Mfioro. VLvuvh npiBOJio xeiaHie* 
BoonoiBSOBaTBoa nroTot no 0T6HBaHii) BovHOKoft hobhhhooth. A^m 
jsfjTBX'b npHUHoft BH6opa saHATitt Morjio 6STL noJiosoHie ymeu, 
KOTopoe BoerasH BHme o6meoTBeHHaro noioseHui nooapfl* KOHTop- 
iQHEia H npoq. Hkhb Moru npoxBOTBTBOfl jrfcTHefi aasai^iefi, Kor^a, 
nojiy^aa sasoBaH&e, ohh Moryn shtb r^i xothtb. h saHHvaTbca ?tn 
yroj^Ho. Bhtl moxotb y ota^hhxi is^EOOTett Hatjiyroa en^e saidfl 
HH6yAB npaETHHOORifl ooo6pas6Hiji, so ohh ozBaTBBaiorb HMeno s& 
Bcirb y^HTeiei; ecTB MHoro Tauxi, soTopuMH pyROsoffHia npn bh- 
6opi samTifi haoh, Maio HanoMEHaidH^as toxbico ^to nepe^HcieHHHH. 
Mil He OHiHfieMoa, eoxH 0Ras6Mi|- ^to wvb npHBexo bi msoiy crpoH- 
i6Hie OTAaTbOfl npoHSBOAHreiBHOJiy rpyxy, seiaHie nopafioraTb na 
noiBsy HapoAa, homoib eiiy vb 6opB6i n tbmoS. TasHxi y«iHTexei 
He MajBO. TaKHiTb ofipasoirB mosho onasaTb, qro OARa ^aoTb yqRre- 
Jieft saHflia oboh Miora, pyKOBOA'aob tox&ro npaRTHHeoRHMH ooo6paxe- 
HiHMR, y APyrot 6iUH h HAeaxBHiui oTpeiueHifl. 

Ci TaRHMH BsruiAaMH OHH apHHflucB 8a pa6oTy; nocMOTpHMi, 

RaROBil OHH TOnepB. BOTB XapaRTepHOTHRa THQOBl y^HTOieft, AI^HHafl 

n. r. J[y66Hi^oirB Ha neAarorn^ecRHrB Rypcaxix oapatOBORaro ry- 
OepHCKaro soHOTBa vh 1897 roAy. 

1) Bespasu^HErit y^Hieju. 9to yureiob ^^lerna, OTHooan^iloH h 
vh niROjrfc H Ri ofimecTBy (Seapasuno; bi OBoe a&^o ohi ho bho- 
OHTb HHRaRoro BooAymeBJieHiH h norovy HHRorAa He npio6piTaerB. 
oo^iyBbTBiH. Bi R0H^i oHii BcerAa noiyuerB c^asiojiorH^eoRoe oinpa- 
nieBie» ri OBoet A^xenHooTH. 

2) YqHTeiB— <Ao6p£it Manit>. OAtTB $paHTOin>, HHorAa js^mb 
wb iiHiflHApi.- Ko wfhwh ovb AotipoAymeHi, boIitb npiHTeHi... Ha- 
poA^B HasKBaeTB TaRHXB y^HTOjieA <naHH^mfH» h «6apiimHflMH>... 

XzB mROJOI OHH Vh HBBiOTHOft Hipi HOieBHEI... 

3) y^HTOiB — ORyneiTB (IlnoniRHHi)... Cbod oRynooTB laRie yu- 
Tejui nepeHOOHTB h wb mROjrf h AposarB HaAi RaxA^mr jiHotoqROMnb. 
6yHarH, hbai RaxA^M'^ oSiomroitb rpn^u... Eojih eicy yAacroa xotb 
HOMHoro CKOHHTB A^Herb, owb ROHuen rtM!B, TOO npeBpan^aerofi 
Bi> cexBORyD niHBRy, oTARBaa cRoiueHHoe vb poon vyxHRaiii... 
MyxHRv Ri HOMy noTOHTeuHu. 

5) y^HTeJiB — ^xobhhvb; caMui paoopoorpaHeHHult nni vb saiiaA* . 
HOMi Rpai; BlqRHl XHonoTyvB: mnojiy MoerB h 61xHn, DonpaBuerB 
Ha Hei Tpy6y, 8a6oTXHBO othochtoh kb mRoiBHOMy eaAHRy; CBoe 
Atio BOAeTB yoHimno... Otb laRoro y^Hren Boi bi Bocroprt: b 
Ha^axBOTBO, H A^TH^ H RpeoTBHHe... Owb roeieapiHMeHi h ofintHre- 

5) yureJiB— HAoaiROTB. 8ro idah, nepeffB ROTopmcH xo^eToa 
npoRjioHHTBOfl, HO Bi xapaRiepi H noBOAeHiH htb HHOrAa Borptu- 

DTCH yxaOHHe ROKTpaCTfi[ H Vb 60XBmHHCTBi OHH dROI^eHTpH'lHU; 

HonepeMiHHo BnaAaDn to bi Rpaftuft ohthmhsmi, to b% aecoHMHsin; 



CBIbCKlfi J^ATESb. 7 

Ha oAHOiH) irfecii pi^so yxHBaioTOfl no AOJiry... Ho oojih laRoS HAoa- 
iHon osHBOTOfl 00 DiKOJioll H OTb HapoAOMi, TO 8T0 npeAaHHllmit 
131 Boixi y^HTOJiei; TaKofi jHirrexB sa obod niKOiy na boo noisfiTh. 
H sorjKa on, no^eiiy n6o, ooTaBxaen oBoe nioio, to B036ysAaeTb 
rjiy6oRyK> rpyciB n vb yqeHHsan, h bi speoTi'flHax'b h se p^ASo 
Bu;^iBiiBBaerb ojcesy ^axe hsi nasi oypoBaro MysHRa... KoH^aerB 
OHi 6o2i)i]ie rbiTB, tto BoyTaeToa ho vb CBoe a^io h ojiomhti oe6i 
meK). Ho ecu oSshbotoh, to HiTi ^lejiOBiKa 6oile o^aoTiBBaro, 
6oJcte xo6poAyinHaro; owb boob b% oiKOJii,— ci Hen cMieTOfl, cb Hen 
H njia^eTB... 

6) Thdi yqHTeJva toibko hto HaposAanmittofl. 8to toti, KOTopHft 

SaHBtfaeTOH n^eiOBOAOTBOHl, OropOXHEqeCTBOVB, 06JKB0BHHX XOSflt- 

cTBOMi an KBRHiTB eh6ja^ pyqEUtfT) TpyxoMi: caaosHHqaeTB, cto- 
jflpHK^aeTB, KyeTB h t. n. Boe dro, no HHfcHin lesTopa, He fioiBme, 
Kasi oAHa nyoTaa 3aT6fl, orB KOTOpofl e^Ba u moxho oseaatb ^ero- 
jiH6o niOAOTBopHaro *). 

drfl mecTB thqobii TaKxe mosho pasjrfcJiHTB na ABi saTeropin, bi 
nepByn nofiAyri nepBue Tpn THna, bo Bropyn ooraiBHue. 

TenepB oxiAOBaio 6u bhhchhtb HpaBa oeiBCKaro yqHTeia, ho 
exiuiaTB 8to aoboibho ipyAHo. Mh ho fiyACMi opTanaBiEBaTBGH Ha 

SaBHCBMOOTH yVHieifl Bl SB8HH OTB BCHKarO HaqaiBOTBynfl^^ro JOLUfk 

wb AopoBBi, Ha^EHaH n ypHAHEKa, erapniHiaz h ROHqaa npexBOAH- 

TeieMl ABOpanOTBa, ho HeoSxOAHHO OTHiTHtB, ^TO y^HTOJIB H Wb 

e^ept CBoeft A'&flTeJi&HOOTH HBJifleTCfl jihikohi Bnoini 6e3npaBHHMii. 
TpyxHO npeAOTaBHTB oeM aooTynoRi y^Hiejiff, BuxoAflniii sa npexiiH 
ero ofiasaHHOGTeS, KOTopHt, npH xeianiH, hojibsh 6iuo 6h nocTaBRTB 
eny wh BHHy. Eou 6ii yqRTOJiB aoacexaiB paomapHTB Hporpavvy 
oBoet niKOJni, yoTpoHTB BeqepHia hih BOcspeoHiia saaaTia a^ aspoo- 
j£iX'B an noApocTKOBi, yorpoHTB, xoth ho peryupnua, Hieaia h 
npo^ — sa Boe bto ohb MoacoTX ohjbho nonaaTHTBoa, ne cMorpa aa 
TO, vo wb o6mfirb HH0TpyK^iax'B AHpeaTopoBi yuTeiB nepiAKO npn- 
suBaoTea si noAofiaol x^TexBHOCTH. yuTOiB nepaoft aaTeropm, 
6htb mosotb, xerao bphmbphtoh cb OBoen y^aoTBn — oxysarB toxbko 
BHimaooTa, ho Kaaii ce6a SyAOT'B ^botbobbtb y^arexB aropot saTO- 
ropia, eoxH ohb na RaacAOHi mary SyAeTB oosaaaaTB, tto oai He 
BfiKHoxaaerB aaiiiqeHHofi si^an, ?to owh j[/kEtsrb ooaoiHi ne to, 
VTo HaAo, H He HMierB jidoae npaaa BHcaasaTB oaoe Maiaie. HanrB 
oejiBCKit yvTOXB toxbko TOpaopa6o^ npa oiosaol namaHi, nasii- 
BaeMolt caoTeHot aapoxaaro odpasoBania, qepaopafio^, MoxerB 6htb, 
H o'leHB Ao6poooBloTHuft, HO HO HMtnotit HpaBH, Hxa ae yHbon^t 
BooDOJiBSOBaTBoa BolHH OH AooTOHHGTBaHH, yoTpaHBTB oa aeAocTaTU. 
Ob npaBaaa ^epaopafio^aro oa%, Koaeuo, ae moscotb mhofo cAiiaTB. 
Bi oTcyTCTHlH npaai y yqaTexa aexBTi, hbao noxaraTB, oxaa hsi 
BpynHJftllmHXii omaficxi bi opraaasaipa aapoABOl msoxii. Bi yu- 



*) Ch. <GapaT0Bcxaa Seacxaa Hex'^a> xa. J^ 32, 1897 i. 



8 P7CCS0B BOrATCTBO. 

TeuoKoiTL j^iii H6 npHMtHHirii Biioui npiHi^iirL pasjitieHifl Tpy^a: 
offsi nyoTb yuBiiBaen, a APyrofi tojoko Hoaoiuen. 

Ymnesh HMten p!kMO £6 ci 6esKjmEuith varepiaJioirb, a ox qeio- 
BiqeoRHM'B oyn^eoTBOirii, a^ ome oi pe5eHR0M%. CHoteMa mrpa^a, 
saoiaBJunmafl pa6o«ro BBmaTeJiBHie oTHocHTBCii kb MaTepiaiy, sxtoB 
H6 npHMlHHJia, Tas'b sax'B oTiomeHie j^srea ki js^j e ki y^- 
miMOfl He nojWkeTCSL ToiHOMy KOjrrpoiD, e, oiiAOBaTeJiBHO, ara oh- 
GieMa He rapaHTHpyen qeioBiqecsaro OTHomeHiH yureJiH, a ten 
Hero mxoia HemiiJUMa, oHa ne A^orB HHKasHX'B peByxBiaTOBi. OToyr- 
oTBie npaBi y y^Hreu aBueTCfl ruBHoi npH'iHHoft o(k)co6ieHHooTi 
mROJiu. 

npeAiioiarai>TB, tfo, SxaroAapa i^ipKyjupy, yuieia BizaorasnTB 
osHHi o6iipi niaHB, H^yrB sx oahoI i^iu; rasHirir ofipasoitB Maooa 
mxojTB npeAoraBJuen cipofiHoe i^iioe, cnooo5Hoe nrpaTB BasHyio pon 
VB HapoAHOft XH8HH. Ho TTO TenopB oO^aro MesAy mKOMMH? IIpo- 
rpavva, yqediHKH. Ecu i^iiB mKOJni BHimHOOTB h EoraTB coo6meHie 
noxyrpaiioTHOCTH, TorAa, MoserB 6utb, oh! h o6ieAHHeHu; ho eoia — 
HiTTO Apyroe^ TorAa OHi ctohtb ooeepmeHHO oco6fiiiKOM'B. 

I(iiB oTA^Hoft msojoi BHpasaeTOH bb orpeiueHiarB yMiexa. 
Ki qeMy xe orpexflTOfl, wol, npome cKasaiB, Tbni BamiTu y^ffrexfl? 
Oaihi hbotb, APyroft Topryen oiHOMB, ipeiift nm^erB HeBiory ob 
npHXOAoiTb, "lexBepTBil saHHMaeroH nieioBOAOTBOiTB, nflTsR ntaievB, 
meoToft HmeTB Hicra bb axqErt h t. a. v« HasoHeipi, noci^AHift cTpe- 
MHToa <CAOMaTB oe6i ]neD», no BspaxeHis T. T. JlyfieHi^a. 7ahbb- 
TeiBHaH ooiHAapHOOTB vb oipevjieHiHX'Bl HeBOJiBHO HanpaniHBaeTCfl 
cpaBHOHie namflxi HapoAHHZ'B micojrB n HSopBaHHOi) hxb HeAOKOH- 
^HHon i^iiiBi). TonKO no HaHBHocTH MoxHo curatB ee onooo6HOft 
yAepsATB HapoAHoe neBiseoTBOi noAopBaiB ero 6eBrpaHH«yD BiacTB. 
Erne noAiexHTB 6ojiBmoMy ooMHiHilD, AOOTaTono n npo^rai ota:&ib- 
HHfl 8BeHBfl-*inEojui» HO ruBHoe — OHi He ooeAHHenu MesAy oo6oft. 
HoBiaKecTBO, TBxa lerno npoxoAHTB bi npoMesyTsi MesAy heme h, 

CBOtiOAHO A'fcftOTByH Ha npOOTOpi, nOAUHEBTB Ce6& A^OflTKH Miuio- 

HOBi JTOAoi, HaoMixaflOB hba^ Boin yenixaiiE i^EBAjrasai^H. 

A mBoia cTOErB Boe lasse oABHOKaa e ymeiB no npexHOMy 
vh oAHHOuy nooHiaeiOE na 6opB6y oi obohkb MoryqtirB Bparom. 
EoiH owb He ycTOETB, ero saiiiHflBTB apF'^^i ^ toxbeo, —Kan 6yATo 
Bee OAiiaHo, npnuHH yorpaHeHii. 

Pa60Ta BB OAEHOUy CHIBHO BpOAHTb A^- A eoiH HH KB o6o- 

oodieHHOOTE mKOjTH npflooeAHHEEB en^e njiozk sHasia ymeieil, 
oTeyroTBie bobmoshooth caMOodpasoBasui, OToyroTBie coodqeHiE m 
ipDEiHsoBaflHinrB Hipon, oTcyrcTBie y yurexH npaBi 6opoTB0E ei 
BTHKE He6iaronpiETHiuiH yojioBiflHH E oToyroTBie npaBB pacnnipatB 
CBOK) fffaiTeiBHOCTB — TOFAa Hoiy^aTOE TasiE yoiOBiE, EOTopHE Aanra 
noiHoe ooHOBaHie npeAnoiosniB, tto TpyxB y^aTeia, kb aaKOft to 
KaieroplH osi hh npEHaAxesMi», ne mosotb Shtb ooo6eHHO npoHS- 
BOAHTejreHi. 



CBILCElfi TUTBIb. 9 

TpjA'B yuieu nepBoft KaieropiB He npeAoraBiflerB js,na Hero 

HHEaROrO HHTepeoa, aBUeTOa TOJIBRO OK]^^HOft 06HSaHH0GTBK), KOTOpjI) 

niwh oBopte o6Bm ci pysi, rbMi lyqme. Cnei^iaiBHuft rohtpojoi- 
Hfiil opraHi>, HHoneRTopi, ne wh oocTOflEiH OA^iaiB evo pafiory npo- 
j^yRTHBHie Vb mBpoROiTL omhojA cAOBa, OKI Mosen ao6htboii toaro 
BiROTopuxi yjiy^meHift bo BffbmHOOTH. Ho aecbiia bosmosho, tto 7 
MHorHU y^HTOJiel nepBofl Rareropis zBaiuo 6u oui Ha pa6oTy 
6ojrbe npoAyRTBBHyx) h npH hhklxi ycxoBiflZ'B Morio-6H noflBHTBoa 
xejiaaie hcdoxhhtb ee. Eon ohh Teuepb pa6oTaDn niozo, TaRii ho 
noTOMy, ^TO Hsa^e He Moryn pa6oTaTb, a no o^eHB npocToi npH^Hst: 
OHH He oiiixaii 0611 HHOMi OTHomeHiH Ri AiJiy, He BHAaxH ero, ne 
BHauTi 8aTbin>-6u oho vorao noHMo6HTBOfl, laRi RaRi ne noHHicann 
Boefi BasHooTH fiibidL napoAHaro oSpasoBaHia. HaAo noiaraTB, tto 
yRasaHHUfl yojiOBifl ohibho cnooo6cTByjOTi> BToiiy HesHaHiv) h hoho- 
HHMaHii). difl ycjioBui He tojibro Bpe^aTi bi Haoroiia^ee Bpeiia, ohh 

BIlflDTB H Ha 6yAyiIiee. IIpH HZI HaHH^HOOTH HeHUCJEHJIB BOo6ii;e 

nporpeooi m> hikojibhom'b niAj HOBOBMosHa A*se ^aornnaa yrH»- 
aaipa rpoMaAHolt HHepTHot MaocH y^Hieiefi nepBolt aaTeropiH. 

Tise yoioBifl noHHxaDn npoAyRTHBHOoiB ipyxa y^HTeiefi BTopofi 
RaieropiH. HepiARO y^nren, npHmeAniifl BiniRoiy vh oamiMH lyimHiiH 
HaifipeHifltfH, ^epe3% nioROJiBRo jLin npeBpamaeroa bi zaRot to 
aBTuMaiH^eoRift MezaEHSM'B hm npioSpiTaeiii npaao 6htb naitfeHTOMi 
RiHHHRH HepBHo-6oABHuzii. KoFAa TO, xejTaH OTAaTBca aazBaTUBao- 
ni^eMy xpyAy, owb cm&io RBHyrB busobi ne nHriiei), ho npHspauoicj 
HpoTHBHHRy, a HapoAHoft TBkft. MomHOOTB Bpara He orpamua ero, ho 
OHi He ofipaTHJTB BHHManiH Ha yojioBifl,.Bi» RaRHZi> evy npHAoroH pa- 
6oTaTB. nponuo h&oeojibro i^tb h TenepB ohi> eie THHerB naxoiB- 
myn eny xHMRy. B'b Rxaooi y nero i^apBTB aamiiw^ THmHHa. 
Hhrto He meiozHOTOH, hhrto ne orjuHeToa. ^Ba OTAiieniH paOoianrB 
eaMocreflTeiBHO, ciumeffB toibro lerRit ORpHSi nepbOBi Aft rpn^e- 
let. Hsi OTAiieniH, ci RoiopHjii sanHMaeTOH ohi oaMi, aohoohtch 
pofiRifl, o6pBBai>nuloa on BoxHeHia roiocB 8a6HTaT0 MaxB^HRa, sa- 
nyraHHOlt, safiHTot ff&BOUH. HepBHHft, pasApaxeHHuft hih aaaiH?- 
HHt, oHib fiesTOJDLOBO, MOHOTOHHo BOAen ypoRi, npoRiHHaa Bi Aynrb 
H mRoxy* H oetey h Boe na evbrk. HaorAa ohi imoieHHO oropBeicH 
OTB CBoero KaieHBRaro iiipRa, orhhotb bbopoitb dojiie mnpoRifl ro- 
pHBOHTB, cpaBHHrB CBOD A^uiTexBHooTB (Tb iipexHet Menoft H ony- 
OTHTOH OTB Tflseiaro, ropBRaro ooBHamH HeBHnoueHHoft aaAau. Bi 
HiRoii craHOBHTCH en^e nme h en^e TOORUBle. 

6yAymeMi yareMJb sj^uae He BonoMHHaTB. Bqysft oraHOBHTOH 
sa Hero xyTRO. Bo hhh ^ero oTAaBaxB oboh chih, obod xhshb mROJch? 
KpoMi BHiniHooTH, HH'iero aoGhtbch hoibbh. Bo uto se fitpHiB, ^ero 
auATB? Mono n lyrB roBopnib o&b oSHBaHHOoni, Aoirt^? He 
KyApeHo, iTO y nero oiiycRaR)TOH pyRH. Ho botb. oiyvaftno eny no*- 
naiaoB RHHra hu BCTp-knurB ohi» Roro-HH6yAB hbi i^HBHiHsoBaHHaro 
t6nieoTBa h Bona, npuertBmaH hbi Apyroro idpa, 6HBmaro» 6htb 



10 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO, 

uoserL, Rorjia to ero oo6cTBeEHHirB isipoHi, noj^xsaTHAa, oorpiia ero.. 
ToFAa AAH HCKjuaDTL nposaOaHie i^iiBixi HOAiiB. OsaBmaii niKoia, 
saseToa, HBKorAa 6oii>ine ho BepHeToa ki» OBoeity npesHeiiy cocroa- 
HiD. Ho npoxoAHTB Micfli^'B, MBxkJui^ a SHorAa ^ase oahhi> aohb h 
niKOJia onflTii saciinaoTB, obbtb Hexoia nieTyTcii TjAa A'krE, oiutk 
OL npouflTiflMH Bi> jijaA npxHHMaeTOfl 8a js^jlo yiHieiB. 

TpyAHo npe^nojioxHTB, hto6h npH^HHSi, BHSusaDn^ia 8to neiaxB- 

HOe flBIOHie, HaXOAHlHOB TOILED Bl> OaHOlTL yqflTeJll EM Vb JtiTflXl, 
^TO 01 BpBHHHaMH 8THHH HOJKBafl 6opOTB0fl. EOilH BU BOTptTHTO Ha 
yjlHI^i HIH Wh OeMBi inKOJIBHflKOBl», TO Bl XHBOJTb BacaTSt, B'B BO- 

ceaofi, 6olKoft Mami bu BHsorAa ho ysHaere BaoiJiifl Rosjuoaa b 
MapBD napatfOHOBy, Koiopsie ^aoi Tony Ea8a;rb vb mKOit ho mofjih 
OTBiTHtB Ha caMHfi npooToS Bonpoo'B, H6 MorjiH yoBOETB cavclt npo- 
CToi Hiioifl. Sa^ob ohh cb yBJie^eHiBHi paaoKassiBavyri obohitb to- 
BapantairB ooAopxaHie npouxaHHofl khhskh, mItro o^ep^EBaa xa- 
pasrepi AtfioTBynn^BXii iei^'b. Eojis bh BcrpftTHTe yuxeiE eo B'B 
mKoxi, E nossaiyfi a^^so eo fb A^P^Bfli — y Baci oooTaBHToa o hoitb 
npeAoraBieEie, KaBi» o nopaAO^EOlt, cEMnaTEUofi ieveoots e, mo- 
SBTB 6bitb, KdjL'b xopomoKii, SEann^eMi y^ETeii^, BasoB'b ohi ootb 
no npapoAi. He oahem'b ABKxeHieMi oai) se EaaoMEBTB bbe'l tofo 
yuTOJUi, ao6opEflRa tbeieeiiI e AHoqEnxEEU, ROToparo bu bha^ie 

FB niROli. MOXOTB IE npfl TBREXl yOIOBiflX'B- EIKOia 60p0TB0fl CB 

HeBiseGTBom, mosotl ie oeb yMOEBniETB npoDacTB, oTAbABDnqri) 
opflBBjuerEpoBaHEue RiaooH on Hapoxa? 

HpaBAa, eoTB mROJOi, rgk eaoti eebe sessb. Ho ho ofo eexb 
Tpiihj Aa E MEoro u sxx. KpoMt Toro, E6ib8e eo nosaxiTB, itck 

rpOMBAEHE OBIH EXl pyROBOABTOielt (a OEE HeOOMEilSEO BOJIERE^ 

eoifl jforyrb «ito SESyAB cAbcaxB aa^kb npa cyn^eoTByDD^ETL yoio- 
BiBX^) paexoAyDTCfl lenepB EenpoESBOAETonHO, pasHOREBaa paau^- 
aue ^aoTEue ciy^aE ffla. CBoero npsiitseBia. 

Ho noHOMy yurejui onyoxEiECB? BiA^ eitb caaflai 6iUo 6h Jierae, 
eciE6ii OEE EEa^e othoobjihcb ri a^; xorAa oeh ssaifl 60, saqiirB^ 
osE sEByrB vb rpasEoS, roioABoft A^P^BymRt, on Roxopott oxe to- 
nepB oTCToaTB tbrii aubko^ RBRi 6yAT0 OBE noMiniaiOToa aa Apyrot 
luaEorb. Hponi^e Boero 6iuo 611 OBajrETB, kbri bto eo ptAso A^ftOToa^ 
aa npEoyni^ji), eroOu, pycoRoay HaiejiJiBreBTy oiiooo6eootb yaae- 
xaTBoa OBMofi Eec6fiiT0U0lt xevrot, 6paTLca sa Raaoe yroAHO fioiBoiofr 
Aiio, ao BOB 8T0 AO nopBoft BCTpiu erb AiBorBBTOJiiBBOOTBi), RorAa y 
aoro cpasy onyeRaUToa pyaa, a oai> esi ^BioBtaa, oayxoTBopBEEaro 
apRaaa, aAeaJiBaHMa OTpoxiBEiaiiE, npoapaaiaBTca vb yaaaro opaa- 
THKa, ajia aaRyAa se rOAsaro SosTOuoaaro pafioiEERa. 

BOOOMEEM'B yCJIOBia SE3EE y^BIBJUi; JfOaceTB 6HTB, oai HB TtK'B^ 

BaaoaaTX, aoacBrL 6sm, npa bbux'b ycjioaiaxx oai Ohjtb 6h vb 00- 
OToaaia oobtb npaaaTB qoioBi^BORift ofiaaai. 

OAEy irtpy npoAiaranrb aobojibeo ^aoio: aaAo yBon^BTB roEO- 
papi y^ETBJiBlr) TorAa Ea y^ETBiBoaia aioTa nofiAen aiBKoan fioaift 



CEJIBCEIH y^HTBJIb. 11 

noAroTOBneHHui h niEOJia Gyxen Rs^amh HHue pesyjubiaTu. HaAo no- 
juaran, tto bi pfl^y KpjVETb ]iiponpiiiTi& yBenwHie roHopapa no- 
sen npHHeoTH HSBioTHyio noji&sy; lenepB, EaapEMip'L, isi bhofo 
. yqiiejiBOEaro saiOBaHBfl toibko nyreiii ycajieHHun rojioAOBOK^b 
MOSHO BUEpoHTB HeofixoAHMyE) oyMMy Ha rasery, sypHajrL uh EHsrH, 
T. e. aoSmtb cpeACTsa ooo6ii^eHifl cb i(BBBJiH30BaHHuii'B Mipom. Ha 
»Ta Mipa, npoBeAeHHan OAHa, He AaoTB nysHUX'B pesyiBTaTOB^, 
TaEi KaEi oEa saTporsBaeTB o^Hy hsi hph^hhi, TopMOBfln^ETB pas- 
BHiie msoJiBHaro A^a, cOBoiMi ne EaoaaoB ocTaiBHHXii— fiojile Bax- 

HoBue ywTejui, Eoropue noflBHTOfl o% yBejia^eHieM'B yuTejubOEara 
roHopapa, bx SHaHia e paoiiojioxeHie EOTOpfim ei j^xy hosho Bi- 
pHTB, 8TH yqeieifl hoa'b BJiiflHieiTB npesHixi, h6 HSMiHBBmHxoH yoio- 
Bill nooieneHHO dy^yrB onyoEaiBOfl see HHse h, naEOHei^y OEaxyioa 
Ha oAHOMi ypoBHt (n> HamHHH oexBcsHiiH ywreiuaui. jipjroTO pe- 
syiBiaia Tpy^Ho oxHAatB. 

O^eBHAHo, HyxHHHHyfl Mtpu; H niwb CEOpte owb 6yAyTB oape- 
XiieHK, Tkwb Jiy^me^ laEi saEi jsjkso He s^eri. MipH 8th aoabhb 
onooo6oTBOBaTB npex^e Boero jsexmeBW AooTyaHOon hieoih, pac- 
HiHpeHin efl nporpavMsi h noBHmeHiD npoAysTHBHooTH y^HreaBCEaro 
Tpyfla. 

JlerEO B03H0XH0, ^TO MHoriH npHCTHtt, Mi^IaD^^fl pasBHxii) hieoib- 
Haro A^Jia, yoEOAsnyjiH otb namero BHHHaHia. Ci leqenievB BpeveHH 
OAHi npH^HHu SyAyTB cojiafiftBaTB h oobo^mi npoQaAyn; Apyria, 
nanpoTHB'B, MoryrB yoBJiHTBca; uorjTh noHBHTBOs hobeu, rasB ^Ta 
sapiHsa nojioxenifl mEoiBHaro a'^a, cooraBxeEHafl a^h AaHHaro mo- 
iceHTa H AaHHaro pattona, Aaxe abi^ohi xopomo ooBiAotfieHHiiirB^ 
6yAeTB HMiTB HSBi^oTHyn qtHHOOTB TOi[Bso BeoBva EopoTSiK npoMe- 
xyroEi BpeMOHH. 

SnaHiH, paoapooTpaneHHUfl bi Macoi, nrpanrB TaEjn cyn^eoTBeH- 
Hyn pojiB bi> XH8HH HapoAa, tto npH onpeAbJieHin hiii EOiHieoTsa 
He ojiiAyerB nojiaraiBOH na ojiy^aitHHA pa6oTU ^aornHxii jihi^'b, hih 
Ha cyiie HHHHOTepoEie oneTH, EOTopiie no caMOMy cymeoTBy oBoeMf 
He jforyTB AaTB BipHaro noHaTifl o sbshh hieosu, o noioxeniH Ha- 
poAHaro oOpasoBaHifl bi otpaHi h noBTOMy ne voryrB AaTB jsipeH- 

HOCTH Bl He06X0AHM0eTH TOt HXH HHOft KbpU. HyXeffB SEHBOft Op- 

ranl, fiHcrpo h to^ho OTHtqanniift Bot HsirbHeHifl b!b Atjrb HapoAHaro 
o6pa80Baflifl. TaEEirB opranoMi, naAo noxaraTB, Jtoru 6u 6htb oo- 
6paHiH ywTejiel He6oxBHiHX'B pattoHOBi, laEi sani ny^^H hiboah 
xyqme soero HSBicTHu, EOKeuo, yUTeuirB. Aoboxbho BipEaa 
EapTHHa HoxerB noiywrBCfl hbi hxi aHCBifeKHHXi> OTBiTOFB, EaBi 
BTO 6UI0 npeAnpHHHTO Mooeobokhitb KojfHTeroii'B rpavoTHOOTH. Ho 
H6 noAiesHTi> eoMHteiD, qro ona BHHrpaJia 6u wb oHii, EpaoEaxi 
H ausHeHHooTH, eou6u: BHpa6aiHBaiacB na o6o(hxi codpanoxv 

TA^^ JfUCJKB JIHqHOOTH MOXerB EpHCraXJIHSOBaTBCfl Wb EOUeETHBHOM^ 

MHtHia H BUBOA'B SyAOTB BBxaiBOfl pesyjiBiaTOMi pafiom qftAaro oo^ 



12 P7GCE0B BOFATCTBO. 

<SpaHifl. 9tk co6paHifl h oaiiH no oe6i— noMHKO aoHot KapniH 
noiosenifl HapoAHoi mKoxu h ea SHaqeiiifl, npH EaoToaiqHX'B 7010- 
BiBTb^ B% ;i;ijit lapoAHaro otipasoBaHifl— MoryrL ;iaTB e^e KHoro 
i^^HHaro. EoibSu na 8thxi oo6paHuixi> hosho 6ujlo otajwij^^th npHH- 
^HniaiBHue BOtrpoou no HapoAHOHj ofipasoBaHiio, BuacsflTB syxAsr 
mKOjni^ BHpafiaTHBaTb HOBHt thqi efl, eobhh noiosoHiH, lor^a ynK- 
leiB, ooTaBasoB b'b inROJr& patio^HMi, mopb 6u 6htb bi to ase bp'omh 
pyKOBOAHxejierb o6maro jfins^^ hto noKorxo 611 eiiy .ooBHaTOJiBHie 

OTHOOHTBOfl Kl OBOOll pa60T6, nOSBOIBIO 6£I 8a6ST& MOUHX'B H6- 

yAo6cTBax'b, 01 KoropiiiiH OBasaaa ero xiflTejiBHOOTB, ROTopHa, ho- 
ocBlmeHHBui TonepB OMHCJioirb, BuoTynanrB Ha nepBuS luarB ■ 
ToibRo TaroTiiTB ero. GoSpaHia Moryn onocoficTBOBaTB yBeiH^eHin 
BHaHift opexH y^axeieft, tari KaEi, Ses'B coMHiHiff, la mn 6yAerB 
paapimeH'B Bonpooi AooTaBJiOHia yqETOJiflirB bosvoxhooth saHiiTBOii 
oaKooCpasoBameiTL. Eojih Ha oo6paHiaxi> buhohhtoh, tto y^sreM 

flySA&H)TCfl bo BpeMOHEHXl RypcaXl, 6UTL MOXerB OHH 06paTIIT0H 

si> KHHHOTepoTBy OX npoo£6oft Q&b y^pesAeidH Hxib. Sth Rypou, 
oTRpiiBaflOB no Tbwb npeAHeram h bi TaKoirB o6xeMi, Kame Syxyn 
yRasaHH h RaRie Handoiie Heo6xoABiQii npHHeoyrB ropasAo 6oibnie 
II02B8H, ^iTb yorpaHBaeMHB lenepB. 

y^encEifl oo6paHiji mh ho cqnraeirB yHEBopoaiBHoi Mtpofi on 

BOixi SOJI'b H fi^AOTBifi, HO AyMaOITB, TTO OHK MOFXH 6h HOIOXHTB 

sa^aio nporpeccy bx j^kiA Hapoxnaro o6pa30BaHiH, o6e8neTOTB ero 
^yAyn^HocTB. 

HaiTB Moryn saiiiTHTB, qro mh HioKojE&Ro eanosAaxH cb yqH- 
TeucKHKH oo6paHifli[H, ^0 OHH vb PocoiH AABHO cymecTBynn, 
<roiBKo noAi HMeHem noBTopHienHHX'B RypooBi h yurejncRHX'B 
oiisAOBX. JIfil ycTpaHBaioTOfl yuTeiLORie RypoH, 6waL h oxteAS* 
MaROBicyn RypcoBi 6un fb 1872 roAy — 29; wtiath vto uoio na- 
AaoTB H AocTHraerB minimum'a bi 1894 roAy otb 1—3 (to^huxi 
ipi^pi He HMieiTL). TIoojA 1894 roAa noio RypcoBi ohhtb nau- 
saen pooTH. UepBiift oifeA^ y^HieJieft 6un OTRpsin vb 1881 roAy» 
HOcxiABift BanpiiTB vb 1885 roAy* 

KaaaiooB 6h, hto eon o6n;eoTBo AOBipnio ynHreJuim o6pa80Ba- 
Hie H BOouHTaHie noApooraDn^aro noKorbHiH, tbeb^ fiesi ooMHiHuiy 

OHO MOXerb nOSBOIHTb HVB Co6HpaTB0H AU BHHCHeHifl BOBHHRniflXlb 

BonpocoBii. Oahsro, BToro Htn. 

HoTopifl H BHaneHie yvHTeiBORHXi RypeoBi h oiIsaobi BeoBHa 
t)6oTOflTeuHo pa306paHH vh craTBt H. A. ^eiHRooBa: «neAarorHqe- 
«Kie Rypcu k yuTeuoRie (yh^9m> *h 

Ki net MH OTOHiaoMi HHTepeoyDni;HXOH bthm'b BonpocoMi, a to- 
nepb BsriHHewB, RaROBa opraHHsai^ coBpeMeHHBai RypooBi. 

€...rpoMaAHoe sna^eBie RypooBi nepiAso BOCBMa ongrrHreiBHO 
napausyeTOH ^opnaiBHOcrflMH, aaBHoanqiMH otb BpeMOHHBCX'B npa< 



*) Pyc. Mhc. 1896 r. IX-XI bh. 



CEJIbCKlfi y^ETBlB. 13l 

BiurB sypoax'B, oocraBJieKHfia'b xirb 20 Hasaffi h HacioSqBBO ipe- 
6jJom,MTb xopeHHoft nepepa6oTKB, Bi Hama ash, Kor^a h oaMo npa- 
BHiexBOTBO, HBce ofimecTBO TaKi riydoKO sauTepeooBaHH vh mflposoMs 
pacapooTpaHeRlB HapoAHaro odpasoBamn h uqaocTH y«Teu, BoaKifl 
npenflTCTfiifl Kb yoTpoficiBj KypooBi... sasaiocL 6u Boero ueiAe mofjib 
HU'bTb MioTo; HO $aKTu, BHAiHHue HaMH Bi aBryori vh Moosrt, 
o^HapyxHBaDrb o^eHB ne^auHHfl yoioBifl, on Koropoxii cipaniHo 
crpaxaen shbo6 a'^o» *). 

Aarie aBTopi pasoKaauBaeTi, vro bcakui ooo6inieHiii oo CTopoHH 
oaMHrb yHHTOJielt, wb cbsj oyiaeoTByio^BX'B npaBHjTB, 6iuh csaiero-^ 
pH^eoKB BOonpemesH, h He Mono 6fSLTb A03BoieHo ji^hmb Kaoaibca 
Ha Kypcaxi pasCopa warn aju KjraooHaro HTeHui». Hsi 120 yuTe- 
left, HaM'lqeKHiix'B senoTBoirL, pasp'^meHo 6iijio apHHHMaib yqaorie 
Wh 6e<rbAftX'B toj&ro 60, a ooTaAbHEie 60, «h to yxe vh bhaI som- 
npoMHooa, Mom npHoyTOTBOBaiB ihidl wh ica^ecTBi nooropoHHHX'b 
oiyniaT6Jiefi». Kpoiii coo6ii^eHit pysoBOAHTeiei sypooB^b, samiTia sa- 

XW^aJEHCB Vb TOMl, «qTO yHHTOJUI OaMH AABaJEfl HpoSHHO ypoRH, Aa 

eme no rbMi oTAtJiairB, soropue nwb o^eHB zopomo hsb^^othu... h 
Bci npofiHse ypoKH y^HTOJiefi npiodpin bha'b Kasoro to nyfiuqaaro 
8R8aMeHa noortAHaxi^. 

GTaTifl sasaH^BBaeTOfl ojc&AyDmHMH oioBavB: <C!b1»AH y^flreib-^ 
oHie H xypcH — a^jio HaoToaTeiBHoft, HaspiBmet 8io6ei a^h, h neoo- 
MBi^HBafl nousa on> hbxi h BexB^aAmee bxi dBaTOHie a^h npo* 
OBtn^eHur pyccsaro yuTOU h napoAa... CyAyTi t^itb 8HaqBTeAbH'6e». 
^/kwb 6ojiie Aoaipui h cbo6oau hitb fiyAen npeA00TaBieH0». 

TaKOBa Ai^AcTBHTeJCbHOOTB **). Ona-TO b ffien Hani npaBo Ka- 
oaTbOfl Bonpoea o6'b yuTOJiBOKHX'B oo6paHiHXi. KypoH, yoTpaHBaoHue 
TonepB, o6paii^ai)TB rAaBHoe BHBMaHie hb neAarorH^eosie npioMH. 

nOBHaSOHBTBOfl OX HBMH A^U y^HTOIB, KOBe^HO, BBSBO, HO B^A^ H6 

Bi neAarorB?eoKHXi npieMaxi bob oyrB a^jla napoABaro o6pa80BaBifl. 
TeaepB Ba Kypoaxi sbshb .BOBMoacEa toibro npH OToryiiJieBiH otb 
npaann. 

y^HTOJiBOKiH eo6paHifl jifismxa h Moryrb a^bbtb heho p68yiLTaTii, 

HO OHH AOCTBSHHH, KOHO^HO, HO npH BOBKHXl yOIOBiflXl ***). EoxH. 

ooclntoHie oo6paHifl SyAon ofiflBBTexBHO, eoiB npoAotAftxexB SyAOTB 
He Bu6paHHiifi» a HasHaqeHBHi, eou npacyroTByDiaee naqaibOTBO 
6yAeTB nojQ>30BaTBOfl 6ojibniHHi npaBon rojiooa, ^wb yqBTejra, eciH 
oo6paB]H 6yAyTi> ne ny6jiBqHH, Kpyn lAwb orporo orpaBBqeni h pac- 
HiEpeHie ero ne fiyAerb saBBoiTB otl eaMoro cofipanifl, tofab lyqme 

HX1 OOBOtMl He OTKpUBBTB, TBK'L UKl A^O HBHipHO HO HOiAOTB. 



*) cHoBOCTfl> 1897 r. 16-to ceHTa6pB, J^ 255. B. OcTporopcKiJt 
**) Eorbe noApo6HiiB cB'bx'i^Hia o sypcaxi Mochob. ry6. Sen. 1897 r. 
noMimeHii wb cHob. Ciob.> 1897 r. kh. X. 

***) Cm. o6i cAHepHKaHCKOH'B HHCTHTyrb o6pa80BaHifl^, o <'?OTOKCBOft 
accoipaiiiH> h npoi. bi CTBTLi Ji^ n. <H'lKOTopuB qepTK HapoAHaro o6pa-> 
soBBHiii vb CoeAHHeHHux'B mTaTazi). Ca6. 1895 r. 



14 P7G0K0B BOrATCTBO. 

yosiiiflifi! oaMBX-b y^HTeiefi bth oo6paHifl He Moryn oosASTbOfl. 
%o6u B036y;^nTB zo;(aTaltcTBO 061 oTRpuTiH yq^reibORHXii cofipanift, 
HeofixoAHvo npeABapHTeJTBHoe otfoysAeBie yoTasa mb nporpairMH 
8TBXX co6paHift, a oho a^h yqHTeseft HeMuoxHHo, tbki EaBi HHRa 
Bifl ofiopHH^a yiHTeJuavb He AOSBOjraDTOH. CjiiAOBaTBJTLHO bth ooSpaHifl 
KoryrL B03HHRHyTfc tojibbo npH ooJilftoTBiB o6nieoTBa h He^aTB, r^i 
sapaHie Moserb Cinb BKHCHena HeoSxoABMOOTb oo6paHift h Biipafio- 
TBEa ETb 6jiBsa&niaa nporpaicMa. 

?T0 AAAyn BTH co6paHifl Bi 6yffyniieHi— ysaseTB Bpeioi. 5utb 

MOXeTB, COOTOHTCfl 06l>eAHH6Hie COSpaEifi MeiRHX'B patoHOBi; Bll60P' 

HUB Hxi npeAoraBHTejuH OjAyTx nocujiaTBOH Ha o6jiiacTHH6 cn^'toi^i, 
KOTopue vb OBOK) o^epoAb AaAyn qjreHOBi y^pexAOHiD, pyROBOAfl- 
D^eiiy flapoAEHHii o6pa30BaHieM'B Bcett OTpaHN.- Ha^o noiaraib, 9to 
nojio6Hafl oHoreMa jperyiBpOBaHiii napoAHaro o6pa80BaHiH 6HAa 6u 
pai^oHfljrbH'be oymecTByBon^eft. 3a bto roBopHTb ea sBsneHHooTb, ea 
onocoCROGTb BBOJ[ioi;iOBHpoBaTb BHioit (Tb ofiii^eoTBon, ^Wb OHa 
pfeRO oTAHHaerofl orb oyn^ecTByK)iiiefi CHOTeiiH, oonoBaHHofi na HORyo- 
CTBeHHHXi Ha^aAarb. Ho, noBTopaeM'b, Bce bto a^o fiyAyniaro. 

HiaRi, ecjTH sa&Aerb pi^b 061 yBexH^eHiH snaHifi opeAH aaoe- 
jienia nyTeni* cyn^ecTsyioniflX'b ofipasoBaTejibHux'b yqpesAeBiS, TorAft 
npesAO Boero npaAOToa oCpaTHTb BEBvaHie na yqaTejibORyK) opeAy n 
HsoaiAOBaxb, nacROJibRO ona cnoooGna BunojiHHTb nair&qeHHyi) saAa^y. 
EoxH OHa oRaseToa opraHH^ecRH Heo[iOGo6Hoit— TorAa EHEaRia MaTe- 
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1,8 
2.7 
3,9 


0,2 
0,3 
0,3 


paciert BMic-rt ci 
Hifl, seacKafl xe He 


noAHHTiem. 
xaeTB npa- 



20 



PyCCKOB BOFATCIBO. 



25 JffiO. Ha ABOpi>, HO Vb TO BpeUfl ZBKb % rpaMOTHUX'B H y^an^HxcA 

seHCKaro nojia see BpeiiA npasHiBHo BOspaoiaeTB c% yBejui^eHieirL 
Hi^^a, % rpaicoTHHX'B H y^an^Hxcfl MyscK. nouBi cpeAHHn» rpyn- 
naxL ocTaeicfl coBepnieHHOo;^HHi» h totl se (sa Hosjuo^emeirB 4-i 
rpynna). 

V« rpaifOTEHxi H yqan^HZCH. 
M. n. & n. 



BesHtv^^Hiie 


15,5 


5,3 


PTvtom. Ao 5 Aoc. 


20,5 


5,9 


» 5—10 » 


20,5 


6,1 


» 10—15 » 


19,8 


6,3 


» 15—25 . 


20,5 


6,7 


» >25 > 


21,0 


7,8 



^ Ha Ty se cBflSB veai^y Esy^aeiaiicH flBJiemHicH yKasHBanTL h 
Koiefiamfl % y^an^HXOA no jifijwb ybsxavB KypoKoi ry6epHiH: 



B« oCnpniaxb, mrtn- 


V. 


jvuBfaca 


mfx% Ha XBopi: 


IlyTHBl. J. 


FiuBCE. y. 


^0 3-xi flecai. 


0,96 


1,51 


3— 6 > 


1,33 


J, 87 


6— 9 » 


.2,33 


2,36 


9—12 . 


2,73 


8,76 


>12 » 


3,47 


l.I*) 



Ob HeHeHbmett oqeBH^HocTbH) si. TOHy se canoMy BUBOffy npu- 
BOAflTB HacB H jiflosua, no GanapcKofi ry6epHiH (6 y^s^OB'B). 





Vo rpaMOTH. 


V, y^amHxca 


V. 
ipaM. H y?. 




H. n. 


s. n. 


X. n. 


s. n. 


otfoero n. 


iiomie < 1 flee. 


'6,0 


•0,3 


1,1 


0,2 


3,7 


» 1— 5 » 


7,5 


1,0 


2.2 


0.3 


5,5 


> 5—10 » 


8,3 


1,1 


2,4 


0,4 


6,1 


» 10—20 > 


9,1 


1,3 


2,8 


0,5 


7,1 


» 20—30 » 


12,5 


1,9 


2,8 


1,0 


9,1 


» ZOnCoi. D 


2,9 


0.2 


0,5 


0,2 


1,8 



^M HHKOJiaeBCKaro Jh HOBoyaeHcsaro yia^^oB-B m£I momh eme 
BocnojEbsoBaTLca rpyannpoBEofi specTKHHGSHrB ;!(BopoBi» no zojume- 
CTBy cKoxa (na ABopi) ci» BHfffeieHieirL eeaaeMeibHHXTb wh ooofiyH) 
rpynny. 



*) HecopasMibpHo HHSsift 7« rpaMOTHuxrb b% dxoft ipynni sypcRie cTa- 

THCTHKH 06'BflCaflH)T% JUdsmQU'i HHCTO Ciy^afiHHXl nOCTOpOHHHXl npHUHl, 

TESi sas'b ona BKin^aerb b-b ce6fl lenib 414 xoshSctb'B (27. bcj^xb xo3. 



GBfl3b rPAMOTflOCTH Cb BIATOCOGTOflHIElCl. 21 

Vo rp&M. H y^am. o6oeTo noxa. 

Hhkox. y. HoBoyseHCB. y. 

BeB% pafioHaro cKora 9,2 13,7 

C^ 1 mT. pa6. > 9,7 11,8 

» 2— 3 niT. pa6. CKora 9,1 12,7 

> 4 > » » 9,7 13,7 

> 5—10 » » » 10,8 17,3 
1 10—20 » » » 11,9 20,4 
» 20h6ojl > > » l/,2 56,6 

BesseHejiBHHe 14,5 22,6 

3a ojiMEWL secBMa HesHa^xejiBHiaM'B HCKJUD^emeirb yBejra^eniK) 
ROiH^ecTBa pa6o?aro csoTa (Ha ABopii) Be8;r& cooTB'l^TCTByerb h yse- 
jumeme % rpaMOTHUx'L h ynan^xcfl. ?to KaoaoTca ooo6hakom% 
cTOfln^efi rpynnn fiesseHeju^HKix'B, to ona aa^tl cpaBHETejcbHO o^eHB 
BHOOKii % rpaMOTHKX'L, ycrynafl bi stom'b oTHomefliH juimb nocjrb;^- 
Hei rpynn'b ooTaJibHHx^ ;^opoBi. 

noAo6HKifl se E0Jie6aHifl % rpaMOTHUXi e y^an^ixcfl HaxoAHM'L 
UH H B^B 6 yisAaxi) CapaTOBOKofi ry6., cl tod juhbib pasHBiieJB, ^o 
SA'bcB rpaMOTHOCTB desHaA'i^BBux'B, xoTfl H npeBHinaerB co6oh) rpa- 
MOTHOCTB cjriiAyromefi rpynnn, Hiiiron^HX'B ao 2,5 ;teo., ho ctohtb 

HBSe ^ilTB Bib OCTaJIBHHX'B XpOXX. 





Vfl rpaMOTHHX'B. 


Vo y^amHxcji. 


7, rpaii. li y^, 




M. D. 


s. n. 


u. n. s. n. 


o6oero no.ia 


Be3H2^'&Q»HHe 


14,1 


• 2,4 


3,5 0,4 


9,5 


His'&Dn^. ;(o 2,5 js,. 


11,9 


1,5 


2,5 0,3 


7,7 


» 2,5 — 5,0 » 


14,5 


3,5 


3.3 1,1 


10,8 


* 5 —10 » 


14,8 


4,8 


4,4 1,7 


12,6 


» > 10 » 


21,8 


6,5 


7,6 3,7 


20,2 



Bi Maxepiajiax'B no TaMfiOBCKOJB ry6. mu Ehio]^LWb tojibro rpyn- 
HHpoBEy o6n;BHi» no EOiE^ecTBy Ha^'i^BBofi seifJiH na peBHSCKyD fljmj. 
noiBsyacB BTofi rpynnnpoBKoft h coeAHHaa ntcKOJiBKo rpynn-B b-b 
OAHy, Tro6Bi H36'kRaTB Apo6AeHifl HacejieHifl na ^epes^ypi* fiojiBmoe 
^HCJio rpynni, mh noJiyiBMi) cjatflyioniyH) Ta6j[Hi^y: 

rpynnii o6mHH'B ci CpeAH. koj. jiec. Hajj. 7o rpa^. 7o y^am. **/„ rp. h y?. 
Haxd^.HapeB.Ayiny. aa najH^. xyniy*) e. n. s. n. m. n. s. n. o6. nojia. 

Bi, — 4 Aec. 0,3—1,2 7,3 0,3 2,3 0,1 4,8 

• 4 - 7 :^ 1,7—2,2 6,2 0,4 2,5 0,1 4,6 

> 7 —10 » 2,4—3,0 9,6 0,4 1,8 0,1 5,9 

> 10 H 603L. » 3,7 15,6 2,1 4,6 2,2 12,2 

KaK'B BHAHT'B qHTaxeJiB, H 3A^CB o6ni;ee HanpaBJieHie E0J[e6aHifi 



*)B'B3Tofi rpa4>'bA&HU K0Jie6aBi£ cpex- KOJHHecTBa saX' seiuBHaBaiH'iH 
Aymy o6oero noia no rpyn. o6iiihbi, ycTaBOBjreBBUiirb b-b ctbt. icaTepiaj: 
no TaiifioB. i. h bxoabbibm'b 3*5 cocxasB ycTasoBJieBBuxi bbiih rpynn'B. 



22 P70GR0B BOriTCTBO. 

rpaMOTHOCTH Tose caMoe, ?to h b% upejs^iBjijmjsTb npHMipaxi: nepBas 
rpynna o6ii](hhi», naHiceH'&e o6e3ne9eHHaa seuJiefi, ji,3,eTb h^ckoibko 
fioiLinifi, ^fkwb cjrlA7K)niafl % rpaMOTHUX'B (ho ho y^an^HXca); wb 
ocTajiBHBix'B CL pocTOMii seHOJibHaro o6e8ne^eHui paoxerB e rpaMOT- 
HOCTB. OrB BToro npaBHJia yKioHflOTCA xhihb % yqaiUHXCA bt^ 3-efi 
rpyniii. GirbjijeTb oTirfeTHTB a^tcB eme to oficToaieJiBCTBo, ^to KOJie- 
6aHifl seHCKOfi rpaMOTHOOTH BecBMa HesHaqHTeJiBHii h ZHmb bt. 
nocjriAHefi rpynirl /laioTB saM'i^THoe noBHineHie. 

HsuiHeHifl % rpaHOTEBncB h yqan^HXca no rpynnam* ABopoB'B bi 
i'Tb jisjifiLTb OpjiOBCKofi ry6. npeACTasjieHEi ciij^ynniieft Tafijmi^efi: 

% rpaii. % y^aju. 

BesseMeiBHHe 9,2 1,3 

Hirtiomie J^o 5 ^ec. 6,0 1,4 

1 5-10 > 6,2 1,7 

> 10—15 1 7,3 2,0 

> > 15 » 8,3 2,4 

S^icB iLSkJi6o3ifbe rpaHOTHofi rpyanoS ABiAiDTCfl GesseHejKBHBce, xora 
% y^aniHxca, Ha^o danrbTHTBy y nisx'b MOHBine^ ^vb y Bctx'B ocxaJiB- 
HBEx-B. Bi* qeTBipexi se rpynnaxi) KpecTBAHCRHX'B abopob'b, ofiiaj^aio- 
^ mjsx'h seMJiefi, rpaiiOTHOCTB BOspocxaerB coBepmeHHO npaBUBHO Bxtcxi 
CB yBeJiH^eHleiTB ROJonecTBa scmjih, npExoAffn^aroca na ABopi. Kpovl 
xoro no ^Byirb yt3J^aM•B (ejiei^KOMy h xpyfiqeBCROMy) mke Moaein. co- 
nocxaBHTB cxenoHB rpauoxHOcxH saceJieHifl cb HaA^^eHHOCxBio jiouis^mh 
H pafio^HMH pyKaMH. ConocxaBJieHie axo ein;e pasi j^aexB sairB bos- 

MOSfcHeCTB' yfi'i^i^HTBCfl Bl) HOIOSHXeilBHOirB BJdflHiH SaaUITO^IHOCXH 

KpecxVifcEaro HacejieHiH aa ero rpaMoxHocxB. 

v^ ^/irpaM. H y<[. % rpaM. h y^. 

BesjioniaAHBie 6,6 Besi pa6oxEHEa 5,1 

Hni^nin.' 1. jnom. 6,1 Ci> 1 pa6oxEHR. 5,6 

» 2—3 » 6,7 » 2 > 6,7 

> >3» 7,6 >3h 6oji. pa6. 8,4 

MHoro ofin^aro ci> OpioBCRon r. HMt6xi» BopoHeacoRaa. IIoAc^erB 
AaHHBix'B no Aeaaxa yidAam noRasaxB, qxo aaaSoJii^e rpaMoxaofi 
rpynnofi aajranxca CesseMejtBHfiie, saxiMii % rpaMOxaux'B noanxaexoa 
H flocxaraexi cBoero MHHHMyMa b-b cpe^Hefi rpynn* (5—15 a) J^aaie 
HaqanaeTi noBHmaxBca. Koj[e6aHia % rpanoxHBix'B a yqan^axoa ». n. 
ae noj!^aaaK)xca exoHy npaBEJiy: Bcero Bume 3toxi» % y 6e33eMejiB- 
Bux'B, aaa^axejQiEo Moai^e y akiiontaxi jtfl 5 a6c. a en^e uewke n 
coBepmeaao oAaaaROB'B y acix'B ocxaABBKrx'B. 

% rpaa. a 'jtoiu. 

M. n. X. n. 

Be33eiiej[BaBce 20,6 7,9 

HMiBDH^. AO 5 JifiO. 15,1 1,1 

» 5—15 p 13,5 0,7 

» 15—25 > 14,4 0,7 

> > 25 » 16,0 0,7 



GSaSB rPAMOTHOCIE CI BIArOCOCTOflHIKMl. 



23 





•/, rp. H y?, 


BeBJiomaffH. 


4,8 


Ci. ■ 1 flom. 


4,2 


> 2—3 » 


4,4 


» 4 H 6oa. aom. 


7,1 



ConocTaBJieHie rpaMOTHocxH Hacejiema ct APy^HMH (KpoMi kojih- 
HeoTBa 3eMj[H) npH3Hd£aMH ero xosaficTBeHHaro SjiarooocToaHifl yKa- 
SBiBaiorBy noBHj^HMOMj, Ha coBepmeHHO npaBHJbHoe nojiosBrreJibHoe 
BiiflHie nocfliftHflro. 

7o rp. H y^ 
Ci HaHHM-cfl BT» SatpaKH 6,6 

BeS'B HaHHM'CH Bl) 6aTp. 

H 6e3i> HaHHT£IX^ 6aTpaK. 7,5 

Cii HaHflTUMH 6aTpaKaMH 11,7 

To oTHocHTeiBHo niHpoEoe pacnpocTpaHOHie rpaHOiHocTH^ Roiopoe 
Mu Ha6jiK)AajiH cpe^H SesdeifeJUbHaro Hacejenifl OpjiOBCRofi, BopoHes- 
CKOJB M CaMapcKofl ryfiepnift, HaciojiLKO EHxepecHoe aBJieme, ^to 
sacjiyaHBaJio 6h, KOHe^iHO, dojrhe noApofiearo HscjiiAOBaHifl. Kt co- 
jsajT^miD, MU He pacnoJiaraeifL AOCTaTO^HEiBTB s,jisl xaKoro nscjrbAOBa- 
hIh MaiepiajioH'L h BiiHysA^HKi orpanH^uiTLGfl t^uh HeMHoro^HcieH- 

HUHE yEaSaHiHHH, KasiH MOFJIH HSBJie^b HSTk A^kHHUXt BOpOHeSOEOfi 
E OpJIOBCKOfi CTaXECTESE. 

IIo TpeMii yisAaMi. OpaoBCKofl ryfi. (Cojixobck., eaeiiiKOsiy b Tpy6- 
qoBCK.) oeaseHejibHBie osasajiHCb noApasAtseHEbiaiH Ha cjitAyB}ii;ifl 
4 rpynEH: 1) dHBmnx'L ABopoBbrxt, 2) HHKOiaeBCSHX'B coJiAarb h 
KaHTOHHCTOB'b, 3) JiHfflHBinHXca . HaA'6ibHofl aeiwH H4jjaaajg^ Cjii- 
AyH>maH Ta6j[Hi^a noRasuBaerb HaHi rpaifOTHj)«fC{^%WKA^^^H?'^ 
noftrpymrb b^ OTAtibHOCTE. /oBiii:rcTcrHH <*o5PAHI^ 

BHBmie ABoposue 

Pa3Hbie 

JlHIHEBni. HaA. seHJiE 

HhK. COJA. E KaHTOH. 

HSTk HCfl MU BEAEMX, ^TO HOBUmeHie rpaMOTHOOTE cp9A3 6e33e- 
MeibHUXTk HaAO OTHOCTH Ha AOJIK) rJiaBHUMli oSpaSOMl) 6UBniEX'b ABO- 

poBUXi) E pa3Huxi 6e33eMej[bHux'B;HaE6oj[ieMaj[orpaMOTHU HEKOJiaeBOKie 

COJIAaiU H KaHTOHECTbl, E HOMHOrO BUUIO EXTb CTOHTl BL 8T0M1» OTHO- 

memn cjiEiuEBiniecH HaA^jibHOfi 3eMJiH». Bi nocitAHioio rpynny boeijeh xo- 
SHOBa^ HpoAaBmie HaA'l^ibHyD somjik), OTomeAoiie 693i> seMAHnpn ceMOH- 
BOWb pa3A^jii, He nojiyqEBmie seuJiE npH HOBMiEEXi nepeA'bsax'b na 
HdJo^HUfl Ayinn, 0TKa3aBmiecfl orb somie bi* noibsy o6nieGTBi>, ?ep- 
HHqRE, asEBynufl oxA^JiBHUfl xo3flficTBaME, E npoq. TasHM^ oSpasoMx 
o6e33eMej[HBaHie seMjeA^bqecRaro HacejEeHifl, noBEAHMOMy, ne oRasu- 
Baerb 3aMiTHaro BJiiflHifl Ha noBumenie % rpaMoxHuxi. Bo bchrom'b 
csy^ai He neAaBHo oGesseMeiEBmiflca xosaficxBa abjuudxca ofijiaAa- 
xeJiaMB xoro sucoRaro % rpaMoxHux'b, Roxopufi mu HafiiiDAaJiiE bI) 
rpynnt 6e33eMej[bHux'b, a xi xosaflcxBa, RoxopbiH HERorAa HaA^^bHofi 
seMJieJB He o6j[aAai[E, x. e. o'b caMaro Ha^ajta fiujsa nooxaBJienu vb 
coBepmeHHO hhuh ycjiosifl n msfksE AOcxaxo^Ho BpeMeHs, Tro6u r^ 




V. rpwi. 


H yiam. 


M. n. 


s. a. 


37,8 


10,7 


22,7 


7,4 


1,5 


0,7 



24 pyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

HHirb npHcnocofiHTbCfl. KpoMi Toro, loi He jlojoleu satfiiBaTB, qxo 
npEcyrcTie nepHmeKi sirpynni cjiHnraBinnxcfl HafflibHOfi 3eMi[H» snan- 
TejDbHO noBHmaen ea rpaHOTHOCTB, a 6e3'B aioro oea 6BU[a 6bi en^e 
HHse. Tas'B vb ejiei^KOMi fbQjsjb % rpaHOTHuxi h yqanutxcs bi> 
rpynni «j[EnmBiiiHxcA Ha^. 8eHjn[» = 12,5, a ecjm BBisJooqBTB hb'b 
Hea ^epHiraeiTB, to ovb noHH3HTGfl ao 9,1%. 

BoiAe o6cTOflTej[BHua conocTaBieHia boshoshei ji^s 8 yisAOB'b 

'BopoHescKoS ry6. TaKi, ec^n mh pasoSBOMi Boi 6e33eMejiBHiiA xo- 

sflJICTBa Ha 3 rpynnu: na x03flficTBa ci HaHfliUMH 6aTpaKai[H, Ha 

X03HfiCTBa 6681 HaHflTKXl 6aTpaK0Bl» H 6631> HaHHMaDHIiHXCH B'B 

6aTpa]U[, H Ha xosaficTBa Cb HanHMaion^HMHOA B'B tiaxpaEH, to rpa- 
MOTHOCTB saag^ofl h3'l rpynni BEipasHTCH cjA^orK^noiMH i^H^paHH: 



XosaficTBa ci HaHflT. 6aTpaR. 
Xo3Ba 6e3'L (SaTp. h 663% HaHEM-ca 
» ci HaHHM-ca Bi» 6aTpaKH 

OKasBiBaeTca, ^to h bi cpe^i 6e38eMejiLHux'B rpaMOTHocTk pas- 

BHTa JIEHIB Bl CeMSfiCTBaX'L dKGHOMH^eCEH HaOTOJlBEO CBJbHBTX'B, ^TO 

OHE HJiH caMH MoryTB HaHBMaTB 6aTpaE0B'B, HiH, no Kpafinefi nipt, 
He BBiHyaBAGHU npE6iraTB Kb 6aTpaB[K0My npouHCJiy. 9th xosaficTBa 
no cBoefi sasHTo^HocTH MoryTB, koho^ho, h ho ycTynaTB x03aficTBa]rB 
;(ase xopomo o6e3ne^6HHH]rB sBMJiefi. rpaicoTHOCTb-se to0 qacTE 
6e83eMejrBHHX'i> xosaficTBi, aoropua 3auuMaE)Tca 6aTpaiiKHtf'B npo- 
MBicjoiTB H npeffcraBJiaDTB h3'b ce6a HacToan^fi ceJiBCEifi npojreTa- 
piarB, CTOETB TaRib hesro, EaKTi HE B'B oAHOfi E81 ApyrHXi rpymrB 
KpecTBancEaro HaceJieBia BopoHescKofi ry6. 

PoBDHEpya Bce BtunecKasaHHoe, mbt jipjimau npHATE &% cjtbpjD- 
mjarb BUBOAaM'B: 

1) B'B 6oji[BmEHCTBi pascMOTpisHuxi HaMH iri^cTHocTefi specTBan* 
csaa rpaMOTHocTB coBepmeHHo npaBEj[BHO B03pacTajra napaiueiBHo 
yBejiH^eniK) 3asETo^mocTE. Tojibko b% E0J[e6aHiaxx % rpaicoTHuxi) 
E yqanpxca sencRaro n. B'B 6oj[BmEHCTBi^ cjiyqaeB'B ne Ha6jnoAaj[OCB 

HEKaKOfi npaBHJIBHOCTE. 

2) B'B H'j^KOTOpHX'B ry6epHiarB (TaM6oBCR., GapaTOBCB.) saiii^a- 
JEOCB 6o3Lie mnpoKoe pacnpocTpaneHie rpaicoTHOCTH cpej^E 6e33eMeja»- 
HHXX, H^vb cpeAE cociAHEX'B MajioseMezBHux'B rpynm, a B'B h^eo- 
Topux'B (BoponescE., OpjiOBCE. h oT^acTE GaHapoEoS) 6e38eMe£BHU6 
no rpaHOisocTE croajm BBrme bo'I^x'b ocTajEBHBtX'B. 

3) HscjiiAOBame aroro aBJienia noEa3a20, ?to BBicoEifi % rpauoT- 
HHX'B ope^H 6e83eMej[BHHXi o6ycj[OBJ[HBa6Tca cyn^ecTBOBaHieirb TaKEX'B 
ABopoB-B, EOTopwe, HO nojTy^aa Ha^'tJira, ne yrpaTEJiH cBoefi xosaflcTBen- 

HOfi CaMOGTOaTeJEBHOCTE, npECnOC06EJ[EGB S^B 0G06eHHHirB yCJIOBiaiCB 

cBoero cyni;ecTBOBaHia n no saacETO^HooTE e^Ba-JiE ycTynaK)rB xosafi- 
cTDaiTB, nojry^anni^irB HaAi^Hyi) seHJOo. 



HOBlIfl KHHTH. 25 

4) TaKHMi o6pa80M'b, HecoHHisHO OAHO, ^0 paonpocTpaseHie rpa- 

MOTHOOTH Cpe^H 36MieA&EB?6GKarO HaceJieHifl CTOHTB Wb CaMOS TiCHOfi 

CBASE CO cToneHBH) ero sassro^iHOCTH. ^'I^h'b sasHTO^Hie RpecTLHH- 
CKoe HacejieHie, hAitb ycToftqHBie ero xosaficTBO, Tinrt Jierqe pacnpo 
CTpaHAerca Kb ero ope^i rpaMOTHOcxb. 

npOTHBHERH 8T0r0 B3rjlflA& JUo6flTL CC&IJiaTBCfl Ha TO otfCTOflTeJIIB- 

CT60, ^TO Hapfl;[y cl nporpeccHBHUH'B o6iAHeHiein> KpecTiflHCKaro 
HacejieHia bo BpeMesH saMi^aeTca oAHaKO Bit ero ope;^ pejur^eHie 
% rpaMOTHnxi. £cj[h6u cyn^ecTBOBaia BuineyKasaHHafl saBHcmiocTb 
MoasAy KOjm^ecTBOirB rpaHoxHHX'B h saxnroHHOCTJbK) KpecTbflHOTBa, 
yTBepacAawTB ohh, to HeBOSMoaeH'B 6iiurL 6u h pocTL rpaMornocTH 
(TB Te^emeiTB BpeMOHH. Ho ohs sadHsaDTb o toitb, ^o EpecTBAHcsaH 

rpaMOTHOCTb SaBHCHTB He OTX OAHO0 SaaSHTO^HOCTH, OHa CKJiaAHBaeTCH 
nOAl» BJQHHieH'B MHOrHXl* CaMUXl pa8H006pa3HHXl $aETOpOBl>, HsBi- 

CTHO, KaEoe BJiiHHie OEasuBaerB na rpanoTHOCTB EpecTLHHCKaro na- 
cejieHia Cjihsoctb eikojiu *). Eh npncyrcTBie B'b ceJieniH sHaHHTejcbHO 
noAHHMaerB % rpaMOTHHxi. Bhojeh* hohhtho noBTOMy, mo ffiaTeiB- 
HocTb EamEXib 3eMCTBi», HanpaBieHHafl wb yjiyqinemK) h yBejH'ieHiio 
mKOJEbHOfi c^TH, K'B yjiyHHieHiK) ;^a naqaiBHaro napoj^aro o6pa- 
30BaHia Boo6me, HBJuieTCH oahhm'b h3'b BjiiflreJiLH'bSmHX'L $aKTopoBi> 
B'b jsjbsfk pacnpocTpaneHia rpaMoxHooTH cpeAH ceiBCKaro Haceiema h 
ofiesneHBBaerEi ea pocTL cb TeqemeM'L BpeiieHH. 

8. Ahhghmobi. 



HOBHfl KHHrH. 

A. BynpHHx. MHHiaTH>pn. (O^epsH h pascsasu). KieB's. 1897. 

B'b OAHofi ia3i> ^MHHiaTiopit'' r. KynpHea, osarjiaBJieHHofi 
^CipaHHUfi cjiy^afl**, ^so6pA^eBi» uojiOAOtL nHcarejiB CofliiaHOB'B. 
BecB paacKasit cocxoHrb h3i> pasroBopa dxoro canaro CofliiaHO- 
Ba ci» Hi§Koefl HHHoft ApKaAbeeHofl, na anHJiora B'b h^^ckojibko 
cxpoKrb, coo6maK}maro o CMepxH CofiMaHOBa. HeHa ApKajibeBHa 
Ha3UBaexi» cBoero co6ec'iAHBKa MTajiafixjiBBUMi. uojionuurh nnca- 
xejiCMi** H ^MajicHLKHMi. MonaccaHOM'b*'. IIoseMy, coCcxBeHHo, 
0H% MonaccaH'B, xoxa 611I h MaJieHbKifi, — HeH3Bi&cxHo. MoTaceTb 
6uTb noxoMy, hxo DHmexi* niioBeJiJihi^ ^ xo ecxb MaJienbKie pas- 
CKasu, Ha Koxopue Cujib xaicofl Macxep'b Monaccaa-b HacxoamiS^ 
6oJibinofl; a MOiKexi* 6uxb noxoMy, hxo y Hero bi» caifOMi* xa- 



*) H. Bhikobi. <rpaM0TH0CTB ceiBCK. HacejieH.* «DpH;^. B4cth.* 90 r. 
iiojB— aBrycTTb. 



26 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

paKTep^ H conep)KaHiH xBopiecxBa ecri. Hi&^To o6mee cb hc- 
cHacTHUMi* ^psLBnjBCKBWh nHcaTeJieMi>. 6i» nepBOMi* cjiynai^ Cofi- 
iiaHOBi* ecTB ojXHH-b Q3ii uhothxtm aarnHxi* lASLJitRhKax-h Monao- 
caHOBTi: 3a uocji^^Hie Tonn to h a^jio Buxojiarb c6opMHica 
MajieHBKHx-B oHepKOBis H pasoKasoBiB, kib HBCJiy KOTopuxiB npH- 
HajiJie)KaTi> b ^MBBiariopu** r. KyapBea. Ho U3i» SToro eme He 
cn^jxyeTb, hto CoflMaHOB-B ecib MaieHbKifi MonaccaHii bb apy- 
roM-B, 6on^e 3HaiHTe;iBH0iiB h cepBe3H0MB C)fLic;i^. 

BC'^ 8TH c6opHHKH MaJieHBKBXB OHCpKOBB H paSCKaSOBl* npCA* 

cTaBJisnoTB co6ofo, KoeeHHo, Bvionn^ daicoHHufi poAB Jiarepa- 
xypH. JliojiB, ci&Tyjomie Ha ocKyjxeHie coBpeMCBHOft 6e;iJieTpH- 

CTHKH, KB CO^aJl'^&HilO, BO MHOFOMB CJIBQIiCOMB HpaBLI. HO OBH 

He npaBUy Korjia cKop6flT'B o BurilcHeHiH poMaaa bb ctojib- 
KHXB TO HacTxx'B pasHUMB „MHHiaTK>paxB*'. MajiCHbKa^ pu5Ka 
jiynme 6ojiBnioro TapasiHa, h BonpocB He bi> paaii^pi^ 6ejiJie- 
TpacTHiecKaro npOHSBejxeHia. TypreaeBCKia „3anHCKH oxoTHHRa" 
TO)ice B^jih „MHHiaT]!opu*% KaKB H ceBacTOHOJibCKie pascKasu 
TojicToro, H onepKH Tji. YcneHCKaro, h ^J^i&xcKia Tifena" r. Ma- 
MHHa. TaKiJi KOJUieKuiH MBHiaTiopB cnoco6HBi, He xy>Ke poMaaa 

B-h SeCliTH HaCTHXB CB SasflSKOK) H pa3BS[3S0K>, B^ci&CTHTB BBa- 

HHTCJiBHoe conep^Kanie h 0Tpa3aTb b-b €66-6 sHaqaxejibHoe tmc- 
Hie 3K1I8HH. Ho AJiii axoro, KpoM-]&, pa3yM-]&eTcs[, TaJiaHra, ny^KHO, 
^To6bi 8T0 6u;iH He co6paHifl MOMeHTanbHUXi> $3Torpa(|)id ch 
>KHTeftcKHXi> sBJieHifl, cJiynaflHo noABepnyBniBxcfl aBTopy, h qro- 
6u Ha HHX-B jiexcajia o^BeAHHHioaxafl ue<iaTb aBTopcKofl jibhhocth, 
aBTopcKaro h ct> ero cKJiaAOMB yua, Te&fnepaMeHTOMB, Tpe6oaa- 

HiflMH OTB 3KH3HH. TOJIBKO TaKHMB HyTCMB 6e3iaC;ieaH0e MHO- 

3icecTBo npoxoASQXHX'B nepem> naMH ^HTefl:KHXB siBJitBii yno- 
pujloqHBaeTCM, KpHCTaJiJiHsyeTca bb THnHiecKie oOpasui h Kap- 
THHu. PoMaHB HpejicTaBJifleTB AJifl BToro 6oj[binifl BH']&inHix 
yjlo6cTBa, ho necaTejib cb apKO BupaHceHHOio HH^HBaayaJib- 

HOCTbK) CByMi^eTB H BB pHH^ Ha HepBLlfi BSVJISlJS.'h OTpUBOIHUX'B 
KapTBHOKlt OTpa3HTb U'^yiO nOJIOCy 3KH3HH. TaKOB'B HBieHHO H 

6BIJ1B MonaccaHi>, MaJienbKie pa3CKa3bi KOToparo iipne pHcyiOTrb 
coBpeMeHHyio $paHay3CKyio }KH3Hb, niwh ero »ce 6ojibniie po- 
Manu. He TaKOBo GoJibmsHCTBO naniHX'B ^MaJieabKHXit Moaac- 
canoB'B**, xoTii MesKAy naMH ectb Jiioixa TaJxaHiJiBBbie. £biB ue- 
AOCTaeTB KpacTaJiJiH3yK)Qiefi chjiu, hxb cGophhkh npe^cTaBJiaioTB 
co6oK) psiKh cjiynafiauxB $3Torpa({>ifl bjih aaeKAOTOB'B, BHoraa 
saHHMaTejibHUXB, HHor^a JiaoieHauxB a sal^oiHefi 3aHaMaTeJib- 

HOCTH, HO He CKOBaHHUX'B aBTOpCKOK) JIH^HOCTbK) BB H-l^HTO TH- 

HHHecKoe. KaKOK) to pacnymeHHOCTbio B'^^eirB otb hxb tbop- 
HecTBa. 

r. KynpHHB, HMfl KOTOparO H^CKOJIbKO H3B^CTH0 ^HTaTenaMi* 

„PyccKaro BoraTCTBa**, He;iOB£K'B HecoMni^HHo o<ieHb raJiaHTjiH- 
Bufl, HO, BUCTyaaa b'b c6ophhk% „MaHiaTiopu^ Bi* KanecTBi^ 



HOBfiia EHflrn. 27 

TO^e CBoero po^a uajieHbicaro Moaaccaea, oh-b HasoAHT-B ^m- 
TaTenfl Ba HeBecejiLiJi mucjih oS*!* ynoTpeGjieniH, KOTopoe ohi* 
jli^jiaerb h3'i> CBoero Tajianra. Ero, no^Kajiyfi, mo^kho cpaBBHTb 
cii MonaccaflOMi* eme h no tomy neccBMBCTHHecKoify tohYi ko- 
Topawh npoBHKByTu ero pascKasu. Obi. oco6eBBo oxotho h30- 

Cpa^KaeTls Mpa<IBU5I CTOPOHU 3KB3BB, HCBBOTBUfl CTpaCTB, HBU^RJy 

KOBapcTBo, JiancM'Spie. Boti>, naapHM^pi*, pascKaax ,,HaTajiLH 
AaBu^0BHa*^ FepoBsa, HarajiBfl AaBbijioBfla, 6yjiyHa raecxBaji- 
aaxb jii&TB KJiaccaofl jxaiioii bi N — ckomt, HBCTHxyrt 6;iaropofl 
Huxib A'^^BBi^'b, cjiy3KBJia o6pa3iiOM'i> CTporocTB HpaBOBis B upe- 
aaBBocTB CBocMy n%Jiy. H snpyri. oKasajiocb, hto oaa snpo- 
Aoji^eaifl BTBX'b mecTBazmaTB ji^Th npejiasajiacb caMOMy rpfl3- 
BOMy pasBpaTy. BpeM^ otb BpeueHB, pasi* bb ^iBa-Tpa ui^c^ma, 
oBa oTnpaniHBajiacb y Ba<iaJibBBm>i BBCTBryra naB^OTBTb cbok) 
6yOT0 6fci GojibByio xeTKy b nepeHOieBatb y nesi; Ba cauou'b ^e 
jy^^ OBa GpoflHjia no yjiBuaMi>, ama nojcxojciflmaro „caima'', 
yBOHBJia ero bi. xaKyio BaOyflb rpasHyio rocTBBaixy aa Kpaio 
ropojxa a raM'b npej^aaajiacb Beo6y3AaBBOMy pa3BpaTy, a aa 
yrpo TaflKOMB yxojiBjia otb ceoero cjiynaflBaro jiK)6oBBBKa, 3a- 
njiaTHBi> Bc^ BO^Bue pacxojXH. OjXHa3K;nbi ae MOJioflOfl a oieab 
TOJicTuft cojinaxi., c-b KOTopuMiy OBa npoBOUBJia BOHb, BHesanao 
yuep-b y uesi aa rpy^a, b oaa, onpaBBBmacb OTb nepsaro ac* 
nyra, caMUMi* naaBHBUMi> o6pa30Mi» pa3CKa3ajia cyjie6B0My cji^- 
aoBaxeJiK) o cbobxi. noxo)Kjieaiaxi». Oaa oe-bflcaajia CMy, hxo 
aifeaHO npoxaBop-fenie MOKny ea noBejxeBieMTb a Cesynpenaoio 
peiiyxanieio a jiocxaBJiajio efi ,,cxpamBoe yjioBOJibcxBie*'. — B;ia- 
roponaua nepTU p']&jxKO nejibKaiox'b bi* pascKasax-b r. Kynpaaa, 
aa a xo, aanpaii^p'b, b-b pa3CKa3l^ „J[ojiJia" axi. o6aapy3KBBaex'B 
cjioBT>, a B-B pa3CKa3l& ,,TeKB'* — BflioxB. BooCnie asHaBKa 
^a3Ba a nejioB-l&^ecKofl Aynia noHxa acKJiioHBxejiBHO 3aaflMaexi> 
r, Kynpaaa b-b „MBaiaxiopax"B**. Sxbmt. oai., no^ajiyfi, aanoMa- 
aaexT. 6oJibnioro Monaccaaa, ao pasaaua b-b xom-b, hxo bst. 
MejiKBx-B pascKasoBis Monaccaaa cjiaraexcfl nijih^sm Kapxaaa 
^paaayscKaro o6nxecxBa aii fl3B']&cxB0M'B, xoxii a oABocxopoHaeuB 
ocB'Smenia, xorjxa KAK-h bs'b MaaiaxiopB r. Kynpaaa aanero i^'l&jiBaaro 
cjioxcaxBBejiB35i: cjiamKOMity^eacKJiiOHaxejibau HnoJlo^eBifl6o;Ib- 
^IaacTBa ero Ji1& ficxByionxBxi> jibu'b, a axi* ncaxoJiorin.B'b pascKad'fe 
,,5IcB^' ecxB xa Kaa $pa3a: „:KecxoKifi onuxi> ynaxi* ueaa 3ar/[Hjiu- 
Baxb BO BceMi» a aa asaaBKy". 3xo ae 6i&fla, kobmbo, b-b ocoOea • 
Hocxa ecjia bm-IIxb b-b BBAy coiosi. u: a aa asaaaKy, — saa^ax-B a aa 
-Jiaixo. Ho r. Kynpaai. ae oapaBaHBaex-B axoro Mpanaaro asraa- 
Aa CBoauB MaaiaxiopaMa. HaxaJiba JOtaBuiiOBaa B03M0^aa, ao 
axo acKJiioHeflie, cyCBCKxrb ncaxiaxpaiecKift. T. Kynpaa-b JiK>6axi> 
roBopaxb o ,,xom'b cxpaaaoM-B oqapoaaaia, Koxopoe 0BJiajx'feBaexi> 
lejioB'l&KOM'B, sacMOxp'^BniaMCB aa GjiecxBuiifi npeAiiexi*'' (1^3); 
jfCxpaaaoM-B, aenpiiixBOMrbB cjio^aoMB HyscxB^y KOxopoe acer- 



28 PyCCEOE BOrATCTBO. 

j;a oxBSLTUB^tTb MeHfl, KOFAE fl nepexo^Kj 6ojiBmi5i HesaKpuTiiisi 
npocTpancTBa: nojis, roponcKifl nsomaw h na^Ke a^thhehh aajiu'* 
(185); HyBCTBaxi yKpoTHxejifl 3B']&pefi bo Bpeifii tfite-a-tfite co 
jibBowh Bi> KJiiTK^ (237) H T. n. AyMaercji, hto r. KynpHH'b h 

CJiamKOMlt 3AOpOB'B, H HeSOCTarOHHO CHJICH'B, HT06u nOAHATB 
aTH BCKJUOHHTeJIBBIiIil, 60J1^3HeHHId[fl HyBCTBd JXO TOfl BUCOTU 

o6maro HHrepeca, no KOToparo uorh hxi> noAHHMaTL AocToeB- 
cKifi. K-h BTOMy Ha;^o eme npH6aBHTx> oieHB pHCKOBaHHyio jie- 
TaoiBHocTb onHcaHifi napy^HOCTH ji'ilficTByiomHx^ jihix'b. Hanpn- 
m'^&P'b: ^JIhuo y hch 6ujio TaKoe 6l&noe — HueHHO ne 6ji1&AHoe h 
He ifaTOBoe, a 61&jioe — h Bce KaiCB 6yflTO 6fci bi» paMK']& num- 
Hux-h BOJioch — By, KAK-h 6u B&wh cKasaTB — iXB^Ta puHceBararo 
co6ojisr. Ko«a B&n-h tn ToaKHMH, ho nyniHcriiiMH 6poB5iiCH cjierica 
po30B&ia, T01BO TaK»ce KaKrb h Kpas JiajioHB, — npaanaKii, roBO- 
puTB, HepBHoA HaTypu. Fjiaaa reiiHO-icapie, Toro OTT'^Hica, koto- 
pufi HilKOTopue aOByrB pu^hmti^ a Apyrie BOJioruwh^ JiacKOBue 
H AepaKie. A ry6Li! hmchho bi* ry6axi» h aasjiioiajiocb Bce oia- 
poBaHie efl jiHua. 9 HHKorAa noToni Bib ^scHaHH He BHAani* TaKHXi> 
ryG-B: KapMEHHUx-b, npeKpacHO H3orHyTJbixi>, cjierica npHnyxmHxi>, 
To^Ho on. AOJirHXT* noa"£jiyeBi»** (251). Hah Bors onncaHie 
Toro y,caMiia*', KOToparo HaTajiLJi AaeioAOBHa HCKajia na yAn- 
iiaxrb: ,,J[aBHifi onkin» h 6e3oniH6oHHi)ifi hhcthhkti» raflnofi pas- 
BpaTHHau yKaauBajiH eft cpeAH coTeHi> o6pameHHUX'B Ha nee 
c% B03KAejii^HieMi» Jiam* to, KOTopoe eft 6uao eytscbo. Bo BarjisA^^ 

B-B XEHIHOMI. npO(S>EJl'£ HH^Hefl HeAIOCTH, BB HAOTOflAHOfi JJIUCk^ 

uejucRx-h H 6^Jihix'B ayGoBi*, bt. hoxoak'§ 8Ta MeccaJiHHa yana- 
BaAa HepTu cTpacTHaro, nenacHTHaro h neyTOMHifaro caMiia, h 
BuCnpaAa ero" (139). 

np03Haeiics[, Mil HHKorAa He cjiuxaAH o rjiaaaxi. ,,pfci}icafo 
OTTi^HKa'' H pi^oiHTeABHO Hc noHHMaeM-B CBaaH lie^KAy ,,Me;iiCBMH 
H 6^jiyLUB 3y6aMH^' h HepTaMH cTpacTHaro caMiia. Bce axo xa- 
^exca HaMi* npoHaaoJiBHUMi, H3UCKaHHbiM'B, h naMB xcajiB r. Kyn- 
pHHa, }K JIB ero TajiaHTa, 



M. J[. SjiaTBOBCBlft. JlfSOH'B BjjiB BOHiJ^a fidbKa. noiHTH'iecKaji 
TparHKOMCAifl bi naxH sapxHHax'b. Cn6. 1898. 

r. SjiaTKOBCKifi HaauBaerB cbohx'b iHTaTeAefl MYBasKaeMUMH 

IHTaTOAilMH*', HO AepJKHTCE He 0C06eHH0 BBICOXaTO MH^HiH 06'b 

BX'h AoraAJiHBocTH H noToiiy cHHTaeT-B ny^KHUM-b npeAynpeAHTB, 
HTO OHi> HHcaAOb CBOK) MnoAHTHiecKyio TparHKOMeAiio^ He AAg 
ciieHLi. Oh-b „H36paji'B ApanaTHiecKyio $opiiy eAHHCTBenno aah 
TorOy ^ToOu, ycTaMH caMExi* aHrjiH<!aH'B, BUCKa3aTB hxb hojih- 
TB^ecKoe profession de foi". IIo^eMy sto oco6eHHO yAoCno cAi^AaTB 
BiieHHO Bi> ApaMaTBHecKofl $opMil, — Be cobc^mb iiCHO. Ho 3a to 
BoojiHi^ iiCHBi HaM'fipeHifi asTopa. Obi fobophti*: ^OTAaBan noA- 



HOBSff KHHrE. 29 

Hyio AaHb EHrjilficKofl KyJihrypi, sHepriH, naTpioTHSMy h ceiiefi- 
Huinb jio6poniTtJiMU'h SLUTJimajBChy n wh Toyfce Bpeiui HEKaKi* He 
liory npHMHpHTbca cb hxi> ne^ziyHaponHOio noJUTHKOio, ocho- 

BaHHOIO HE arOH3]ii&, liaKiaBejIHBM^ H 6e3"ieJI0B'%HH0CTH ko 

BC^Mib npoHfliTb HapoAam 3eifH6ro mapa*'. 

Jlops'fc Jlxowh BjJih — ropflHifi narpIoTii, Bume bc%xi> cbohx'b 
jiHHHUxii n-^^jieft craBfln^itt 6jiaroneHCTBie poahbu. Ho ero poHHHa 
ecTB yyKoBapBufl Ajih6iowb**, a noTOiiy eii 6/iaroneBCTBie ne mo- 
MtTh 6uTh ycTpoeno HHa'ie, xaicb ujiewh HHTpHrb, nonxynoB'B, 
noci^Ba ciryrb bi» 6;ih3Khx'b b AaJiBHHKi> CTpaHaxi*. JIopAi> 
JX^oHii ByjiB npennpHHHMaeirb nyTcmecTBle Ha jiajiBHift Bocroxib 

HIieBHO Ch TOK> n^JlhlO, ^T06lI BC^MH 8THMH CpCACTBaifH yCTpOHTB 

6jiaroAeHCTBie AnrjiiH. Obi* 6jiecTflme HcnoJiHfler'b cboio mhccIk) 
Bib KHTa%, lieH'^e yAanso bi» ilnoHiH h coBci&Mii aeyjiaiHO b-b 
TypniR. Szcl^CB Koca Jiop^a JJjkobb, Byjui HaTUKaercfl na KaiieHB 
A6AyJii>-nainH, h jnopAi* no3opHo C^^xchtb bi* AHrJiiio, paspa- 
saacB npoKJiflxi^MH: v,A6iiyjii>-nania, tu neHfl eme npHnoMBHoiBl. 
npHnoMHHmB H Tu, He6jiaro;(apHafl cTpanal.. IIotokh kpobh 
npojibiOTCfl Ha Boc^op'B h napcTBy 0CMaHjiHC0Bi> npopo^y si ko- 
Hen-Bl* 

TaxHiTb o6pa80Mi> aBTopib ^oTAaexi nojmyio AaHB asrjiiftcKoft 
KjJihTYp% BHepriH, naTpioTH3iiy aHrjiHiaH'B", bo bi» to ace speiifl 
xapaerB hxii Me^KAynapoAHyio noJiHTHxy^ 

OcTaiOTCJi eme ^ceMeflHiiifl iio6poji1&Tem^ aHrjiH^anii. JIopab 
A^oHx ByjiB He OAHHii nyTemecTByerB no BocTOKy. Eroconpo- 
BOKAaerB mbcci> Khcmhkbhki*. 3to aKTpHca, CeBynHO BJiio6jieB. 
sax Bi> JiopAa, KOTopufl Bi» CBOK) oiepeAB HJiaMeHHo jiio6hti» ee. 

B-h nepBOfl BapTHH% MQOABTHieCKOft TparBKOMeAiH^ JI0PA1> JX^OH-b 

Byjib sKAeTB Ho^bio mhcci> Khcmhkbhki: oea AOJDKHa, nocji']^ 
MacKapaAa, ^eedaii^TBO otb cbohxi* noKJiOHHHKOBi*'' y^xaTB hsb 
Tearpa h ocqacTjiHBHTb nopAa. Ho jiopAi>i xota h oJiaMeHHO 
B;iio6jieHHiiifl, AyMaeTtB bi» bto Bpeux o tomi*, Kax'B 6u npncno- 
co6BTb npeKpacHyio mhccb Khcmhkbhicb ki» CBoefl mhccIh na 
BocTOK'fi. JleHen. y Bero mhofo, „Hy, a ta* bojioto ne CAi&JiaerB 
A^a, TaMi>... Taiii* cA^Jiaiorb jiino rjiaBXH Hamefi KpacaBBou h 
HenoApa}icaeMBifi TajiasTrbBeAHKoftapTHCTKH''. Mhccb Khcmhkbhki>, 
nocji*]^^ H-^Kotoparo KOJiedaBin, corjiamaeTCs npeABoiaTb co6oio 
KHTafliieB'B, jinonaeBB, Typoxi^, hto h HcnojiHfleT'B ch ycn'l^xoMB. 
BorB, Hanpaif^pii, KaKi. Oec^Ayex-B oHa cib MaHAapHBOiiii Hh- 
HyH-^a: *'Bu xotse h yneHuft MaHAapHHii, ho h ouacHufi $epjia- 
Kyp-B... O, KaKofl }Ke bu JiK)6e3HHKBf 51 Boo6pa^ajia^ hto yieHufi 
liaHJiapHH'B He cnoco6eHi» 6uTb AaMCKHMi> KaBaJiepoMB^\ Bpe- 

MeSaMH MHCCB KaClfHKBHK-B HaAO^AaeTb n^TR Hrpa CB HyBCTBeH- 

HOCTbK) My^HHHB paAH KaKOFo TO d$eMepHaro 6jiara Hamefi BpH- 
TaniH. HpaBo — tobophtb ona — bto 0CK0p6AfleT'B nyncTBO neAo- 

B%HeCICarO AOCTOHHCTSa^ AOCTOHHCTSa DOpflAOIHOfl ^KeHnXHHU**. 



3* P7GCK0B BOrATCTBO. 

Ho jiopR-h JlTKOB-b ByjiB yM'^^en yjiemaTB cbok) BOSJiioGjieHHyia 
MHCOii, noKa HEKOHemi nojiHTHHecKie nyTemecTBeHHHKH He na- 
TajiKHBaK>TC5i Ha BHepriio h xhtpoctb ACAyjii^-nainH. YsjieHeH- 
Hufi HapaiiB MHCCi> Kbcmbkbhkti, nama ycTpaHsaerib ji^Jia TaKi», 
HTO Jiopwh JlyKOB'h Byjib npeAarejiBCKH ycTynaeri* eiiy npeKpac- 
Hyio Mflcc-b H caiii» C^Acnrh^ a npeKpacHas mhcci> Cpocaexcii bi» 

BOAy H TOHOrB... 

TaKHMii o6pa30Mii r. 3jiaTB0BCKifi ^OTAaexib noJiHyio AaHb^ 
H „ceMefiBUM'fc noCpojsfkrtJisiu'h^*' aHrjiH<iaHi>. 



r. 9. JteeGHHn. UaTaHi^ Mjjsj^uA* IlepeBo^cib neipa BetB6epra. 
HsAaHie <IIocpexHHBa> aie HBTejUHreHTBiix'b ^HTaxejiefi. Mocftsa. 1897. 

0(3pamaeMi» BEHMaeie HHTaTejiefi na bto nsnaHie ^Ilocpe^i- 
HHKa": nepcBOfli. MHaTana^, HaneHaiaHHHft ba^cb, He ycxyaacxi. 
pa6oTaMib IT. KpiiiJioBa h JlaxaneBa, a n^na ero (70 k.) 
ropaa^o BH^e uinu HBffaHift r. Mapicca (6 p.) h r. Tonne, 
(2 p.), Bs-b KOTopux-b noc;i']&jiHee ho MOJiceTi> jia^ice cocjiaxBc^ 

Ha KaKifl HH6ynB OCOGeHHUS BHi^mHifl SOCTOBHCTBa. 

nepeBoau r. BefinCepra bsb'IIcthu CBoefl tohhoctbio, 6jib- 
30CTB10 K-B ayxy nojCJiHHHHKa h nacxo — ^xynoacecTBeHHOCTBio. 
Hhcjio ero nepeBOAOBi* ohchb bcjibko h noxoMy ne 'MyapeHo, 
1T0 cpeAH HHx-b nonaAaioxcsi noAiacB h MeH']&e yjia^Hue, bo 
KpynHUH xyAoxcecxBeHBUx npoBSBeAeHiB bi» ero nepeAaH']^ xe- 
pxiOTB HeifHoro. IlepeBOAi* „HaxaHa MyAparo^ mo)kho cm'^jio 
oxaecxH k'b HHCJiy ero JiyirnHX-B pa6oxi». Mo^ho HHorAa He 
corjiacHXBC5i cb ero noHHMaaieM'B xoro hjih hhofo M'i&cxa, mookho 
oxM^XHXB Bi> ero nepeBOfl^ Kofl KaKis bojibhocxh, iiBHo oxcxy- 
naiomifl oxi> cMHCJia noAJiHHHHKa. Hanp. ^Geai roJioBu hobhh- 
uofiM — „olme Basse''; ,,MOHexHufl cAumoKb^' — xaMi>, vjxjb Haxan-B 
roBopHXTi ,,MllQze'^ npimo npoxHBonoJioraa neKaHeHByio MOHexy 
onpeA'fiAeHHofl ix'^hhocxh cxappft 6e3$opifeHHofi ifonexi^, xoxopyio 
apHHHMaioxi> He no ciexy, a no B'^^cy; „KaKofi pejiHiiefl, KaKHirB 

SBJCOBOWb paSyMls XBOfl npOCB'^XJieHli HaHCHJlBH-^fl^'— CJIEmKOlTB 

AOCJioBHO H noxoKy HCB'SpHo. CaAaj^HHTi npocxo cnpamBBaexx: 
„KaKas peJiHrifl KaicexcB xe6^ Jiyiniefi''; xaK-B noHHMaJiH axo 
u^CTO Apyrie nepeBOZiHHKH. Ho oGoxee Boe^iaxji'^Hie, ocxaBJiaeMoe 
pa6oxofi r. BeflHOepra, canoe 6jiaronpiBXHoe. 

HepeBOAU xo}ice f^BMi^iox-B cboh cyjibOu^^ Hepe^rnxuBaa nepe- 
BOA'B r. BefiH6epra, mu bchombbjib, hxo nnepBue ohis 6u;iii na- 
neiaxaHi» — Jil&vh naxHaAuaxB naaaAB — bi> „Ha6;iioAaxeJi'£^^ koxo- 
pufl xenepB h31> Bcero „HaxaHa*' homehx-b h xBepAHxit OAHy 
xojiBKo $pa3y: ,,Thut nichtsl Der Jude wird verbranntl" 



HOBKLfl EHHPH. 3 I 

Jlappa. OCn^eeTBeHHue o^iepBu HenaHiH. i832 — 1837. HepeBox'B 
ch HcnaHCsaro M. B. BaTcoH's. HsxaHie JL $. nasToiteBa. Cn6. 1897. 

Hiifl JIappu Be boboctl jijia pyccKofl HHTaiomefl ny6;iHKB; 
HO, no BOJi% cyAe6i>, efi npHmjiocB npesKAe Bcero noBHaKOBiHTBCfl 
ch T^MH ero npoH3BeAeHijiMHf bi» KOTopuxi> OBi» coBepnieHHO Be 
noBHBeHi: ci> ero cTHxoTBopeHiflMH bi. nepeBOA']^ HeKpacosa, — 
ZOTM BcnaucKifl caTHpHiCi> ctexobi* HHKorAa Be necaji'B. Koraa 
HeKpacoBa cnpamBBaJiB, hto 3Ha<iflTi» aa h'Skotopux'b ero cte- 

XOTBOpesiflXl), HOCiimHXl* HBHUfl OTne<iaTOKl> pyccKofl ^khshb, 
HaADHCL „H31» JlappH**, HOBTIb Ch yCM'^^IUKOfi OTB^HSLjrh, ^TO 9TO 

CB ero CTopoHLi OAHa cTpaiareiia b BB<iero 6oJibme: ,,bi> npe>ic- 
Bee BpeMfl, roBopajii* ob'b, bblis mob cTBXOTBopeBis we nponuiB- 
6hi, ecj[B6'fc X Be Btmajii. bxis aa nepeBOAi* cb KaKoro-BB6yAB 
MaJiOBBB^cTBaro usuKa; a Biiii Jlappu TaKoe 3By^Boe b noata- 
HecKoe: jicfko noB-^parB, hto oh-b nacaJii* ctbxb'' (CxaxoiBope- 
Bifl, T. IV, cxp. XVI). Bbijib h npyrie motbbiiI — ropaa^o 6oJii&e 
rjiy6oKie u BBxepecBue: axa BanaacB „H3i» Jlappu^' BBii^exc^ 
TaiUKe Ba xaBOMi. ny^AOM-B BCBKaro nojiBTBiecKaro xapaKxepa 

B BB BLlCmefi CXeneHB JIHHBOM'B CXBXOTBOpeBiB, KaKi> ,,H 3a xo 

rjiyCoKO npeBBpaio ce6ji^\ Ha SKseunjisip^ noaxa ki> axoMy 3a- 
rojiOBKy CA'^jiaBO ami* npflM^naHie: „HenpaBfla. IIpflnBcaBo 
Jlapp^ no cxpaBBocxE conep^asiB. HcKpesBee...^' Bi* axoMi> 
HeBBa^flxejiBBOM'B 8nfl30ji% — 6e3ABa xapaKxepaaro una axoro npo- 
xBBop'^HBBaro, 3araAOHBaro b CTUAJiBBaro xapaKxepa. Ho ni^o 
Be vh HeKpacoBi^, a Bib Jlapp']^. 

HxaK'B, uu nu^twh xenepB Hacxoanxaro, senojuxi^BBaro JIappy 
B nojiyicBU npB3BaTB*BnojiB'^ yjxaiHofl mhcjib nepeaecxB aa pyccKid 
siBUK'B npoBSBejieaia nepaaro acnaacKaro nj6;ianBCTa axoro 
B-^Ka. JXaaao y^Ke, 6oJi^t ABaAixaxa ji'^tb Ba3aAi»i nepeBOAiaixa 
nuxajiacB bi> ue6ojiBmofi cxaxB"^ no3BaKOMBXB aaci cb ^kbbbbio 
a JiaxepaxypauMi. o6jiaKoai> JIappu *); xenepB oaa saexB naxa- 
xejisH'B BosBioxcaocxB cyABXB o Kewh 6ojr^e oaMocxoaxejiBBO. 

JIappy aaBuaajia naM(|);iexacxoM'B, ao aTO ae anojiB'^^ Bl&pao — 
OBx Chiji-h cKop'^e oaxapaKOMi*; onpeA'^Jieaaue $aKxu a oxaI^jil- 
HUfl JiBHHOcxB He 6lijib npejiMexoMi> ero aanaAeHifl. „U'ilJiB aa- 
mero B3AaBiA, — roBopBJii> ohi> bt* ojiuowh b3'b „nBceMi> 6%n- 
aaro ^oBopyHa'^ — yxasuaaxB aa nopoKB a speAQUS cxpeaJieaiJi 
oGmecxaa; mu BM']&eMi> b-b aa^y He JiflHHHfl aanaziKa, a o6me- 
cxBeHHyjo caxBpy^^ Bb oraxii nacBMaxi* oai> Jiaxce CuJirB no 
npeBMymecxay aopa^acxoMB; ohb aanaAaji'B aa CeaaKycie a Ges- 
TaKxaocxB acnaaaeBi* aapasH'^^ ch cacxeaofi npoxexixifl, ch ae- 
npaBocynieMi. ajiBKajiijxa; enxe ae yM-^ o6o6n(BXB paBpoBaeaausi 



*) Em,e paBbDie, b'b <CoBpexeHHHK']^> sa 1848 r., x. yill,6iua Boaime- 
Ha nepesoAHaa cxaxba o jiappi; 6hxb uosex'B, dxo h HaxoiKHyjio HespacoBa 
aa MHcib npHEpuTbca UMeBea'B JIappu- 



32 P7CCE0E BOFATCTBO. 

npOflBJKeHifl OTpOH, 0H% HJTh He AOGpOAyniHO TpyHHU'fc BSLJl-h. 

HCKOHHUMH HeAocTiiTKaMH HcnaHCKaro oGmecTBa — ero iia^iofl 

KyjIBTypBOCTBK), CyeTBOCTBK), ZaH^eCTBOM'fc. Ho 0H1» CKOPO B03- 
BUCHJICSI BBJlJh 3THMB JieFKHMH yKOJiailH, KOTOpue, OAHaKO, He- 

CMOTpfl Ha cuep^aHHocTB, HaxaJiKHBajiHCb na CHJibHoe npoTHBO- 
AlftcTBie. ,,roBopyH'fc^' 6ujii> BunysKAeHii ocTanoBHTbCA na Herup- 
HaAuaTOM-B BHayoc^y h m3js,ajtJtb ero^ nepefljifl bi» e^KeAHeBHyio 
rasery, BucxynHJii* na apeny noJiHTunecKoft JiBxepaTypu. TjiyCo- 
Kas HecTHOCTB, npiDioft BBTJismh Ha BemH, dAecTumift lOMop'fc, 
xopomas mKOJia — see coenHHUJiocB bi» mojioaom^ nEcaTeJi'6: 
Jlapp"^ He 6ujio eme ABaAVaxH naxa Jii^iii — hxo6u cA^naxb ero 
caiiuii'fc nonyjinpHUM'B ny6jiHUHcxoM'B CBoero speifeHH. 3to speicji 
npoHaBOAHJio Ha nero yspy^aiomee BneHaxji'fiHie; ohi nasuBaJii* 
ero „BpeMeHeM'fc aioBi»**; oaho cjiobo KasajiocB eiiy BJiacxByio- 
ixuiMi» Hani> MipoM-b— cjiOBo quasi; h bi> ero poAHoft crpani^ Bce 
He HacToxmee, Bce noAA'^^^Hoe, Bce quasi: .,yipe>iCAeHifl quasi — 
naiuoHajLbHu, Aecnoxu quasi — ^nonyjinpHu, BciOAy h BesA'^aoAO- 
xaA cepeAHHa, x. e. He hxo HHoe, KaKi> ahhil oaho BejiHKoe h 
Qjioxo aaiiacicBpoBaHHoe «, Quasi'' (oxp. 336). H yAapu ero ecxe- 
CTBeHBUMi* oSpaaoMi* nanpaBHAHCB bi> ixeHxpi> axHxi> quasi — 
yHpe)iCAeHift — bi» AHxteM^pHue ,,Cxaxyxu*^ 1834 r. HcnanlH He 
BesAo Bi» HaHan^ axoro Btoa: xo Ha HepaaBBBcaiflcH napoA^ 
HaBaAHBaAH cTpofi, AO Koxoparo OHi» He Aopocb, xo y AiOAefl, 
y^e BOcnHxaHHi)ixi» bi> rapaHxiflxi* npaBa h cbo6oau oxHuiaAB 
BCflKoe noAo6ie aaKOHHocxH. IIo ocxpoyMHOicy cpaBHeHiio JIappu, 
HcnaHixeBi* psahah bi> MyHAHpi>, KorAa ohh 6liah a^xbmh, h 
KyxaioTi> Bi> neAeHKH, KorAa ohh BupocAH (cxp. 364). A ohi* 
OhLJii* npoxHBHHKOMi> BCfiKHZ'B ,,neAeHOKi>'% BCflKaro rnexa, oxi* 
KOro*6Li owh HH HCzoAHAx: ,,0XKa3UBaffCB yiacxBOBaxB Bi» opraH%, 
coHyBcxByiomeiii» MHHHCTepcxBy quand-mdme, a xohho xaKxce oxKa- 
aaACfl 6hi H 0X1* ynacxifl bi* opraH'^ cAi^aoft onaosHiilH quand- 
m6me'\ nHnrexr* ohi. pcAaKXopy ,,3cnaHB0Aa" (cxp. 379). 

CaxHpHHecKie npieMBi Jlappu — o6uHHufi ueroR-h hoboA caxapiii: 
reductio ad absurdum. TpyAHo npeAcxaBHXB ce6£ hxo ah6o 6on^t 
flAOBHxoe H B-h xo^e BpeiiH 6oAi&e 3a6aBHoe, ^iu-h ero paacyxc- 
Aenifl, KorAa onib cxanoBEXcs Ha xo^Ky ap^niji npoxHBHHKOBii 
HAH CTapaexcs nafixH noAO^HxeziBHUfl cxopoHu b-b ^aKxazi h 
Ml^ponpi5ixi2X']», Biy KoxopLixiv, CB ero xohkh ap^niiar, eABa-AH 
HaflAexcsi hxo ah6o yx-l^mnxeABHoe; iio^kho He corAamaxBCH ci» 

BXOfi XOHKOfi ap^Hisi, HO, KOHeHHO, HeBOaMO^HO He yBAeHBCA 
8XBM-b BapUBOHTi Ji3BBXeABHUZl> C006pa»CeHifi, HaMeKOB^b, yKO- 

AOBi*. MaxB KapAHCxa Ka6pepi>i nonaAa B-h pyKH npoxHBHoft cxo- 
poHu; ee paaoxp'^^A^AH. JIappa BnoAH*^ nonaMaexii, hxo xaKi* h 
cAi&AOBaAo: „CKa^y Te6i oaho: BcerAa cji^jueriM AOHCKHBaxBca 
nepBHHHofi npHHBHiii nen^eft, AOKonaxBCH ao KopHS, a ne ooxa- 
HaBAHBaXBCH Ha OAHBZ'B B'^XKaXl*. A xaKis-KaKi*, HanpHii'6pi», 



HOBUfl KHHTH. 33 

nepBoio npHHHHOK) xoro, ixo cymecxByiOTii MflxeacHUKH, Jiejisnoxcs 
iiaxepH, pojiBBmifl hxi», xo, HCxpeCJisii iiaxepefi, mli yhh'ixoxchmib 
Bii'icxi& ci» riu-h H nepBHHHyio npH^HBy peBOJUonifi. B%jib h 6o- 
rocjioBu 06'BJiCHHjiH Haii-b: „sublata causa, toUitur e£PectU8'^ (c-b 
yHH^xo3KeHieMi> npHHHHH ycxpaHHCxcH h cji^jicxBie). Oaho AOcajiHO, 
^xo 6a6yinKH y^e ynepjiH, a xo 6ujio-6u eme Jiynme; H^ir& 
6jiH}Ke noAUMaeniBCH ki> caMOMy BcxoHHHKyy x'£mi> ysapi* nona- 
R&erh Bi^pHi^e. OAHaKO, 6yjieirB AOBOjiBcxBOBaxBCH BaxepsMB*^ 
(cxp. 388). ycBaflBasi ce6']& nojinneflcKoe MipoBoaap^Hie cxaparo 
pe>KHua, caxapHKi) namex-B noxBaJiBHoe cJoroBo nacnopXHoft CHcxeM'6. 
AoBOAu ero, npaBiia, ne oneflb noKasaxejiBHu, bo yGi^saxejiBBo 
OAymeBJienie naaerHpEcxa. ,,llii%5i nacnopxi>, bh H^ere cb hbh-b 
BCJOAy, KyAa noiKQjiaeTe h Kyjia Baoi» nycKaioxi>. Bu njiaxaxe 
Hxo c* Bac% cji'fenyexi» h 3Haexe, hxo y sacb ecxB nacnopxi> . 
...HejiBss ce6^ npejucxaBiiXB^ icaiCB bosmo^ho Cujio-Su nepeHa- 
»axB H37> oflHoro Bficxa bi. jipyroe 6e3'B nacnopxa; 6e3i» xopo- 
niHX'B nyxefl coo6meBifl, AoporB, KaaajiOB-B, 6e3i» 8KHna:Keft h 
nocxofljiux'B HBopoBT* — 8X0 BHHcro, HO 6e3i» nacnopxoB'B, hcbos- 

M03KH0I nOdXOMy, XOXS, BdSBinH nacnOpXl*, Stl, cb OAHOft cxo- 

poHu, H pacxoAyexe ABa pea;ia, ho nyxcHO hii^xb b-b BH^y h xo 
o6cxoaxe;iBciBo, hxo ccjih y aaci. yCyflyxx axa aaa peajia, xo 
apyrofl hxi> nojiyiaxi*. TaicHM^ o6pa30M'B— JiJia dXHXi» nocji-feji- 
Haxi, Bi* oco6eHHOcxH — nacnopxHaA cacxeaa o^ienB xopomaa 
BemB, xaxaa ^e xopomaa, xax-B xoxa 6bi rbsl peajia "ibcxumh 
j[ieHBraMB^* (cxp. 288). Tox'B-sKe itaHeap'B yxpapoBsa ^y;iCoro 
cxajia jieacBT-B bi* ocHOBaaiB Jiynmaro 8iiH30Aa 831* ,,XyHxu 
lUcxeJLTio BpaHKo^^ — ^sjioBaxoft napoAia Ba ,,npaBBxeJiBCXBO*^ npe- 
xeHAenxa aohb Kap/ioca a ero ^neicpexH". PyccKaro naxaxejia 
He pasi* yAHBaxi> bi> dxax-B AeKpexaxi} cxoacxbo cb npieMaMB 
HX^Kpaaa. 3a^cb h xpe6oBaHie doa'b yrposofi caepiHoft KadHa 
,>Bceo6maro aocxopra a Ao6poBOJiBHofi a acKpeaaeft paaocxa^^ — 
KaKOBua HyBcxBOBaaifl ,,aM^iox7> npoAOJiacaTBca SeanpepuBHO 
a CeaocxaaoBo^Ho xpa ahe, Hanaaaa ci> mecxa nacoB'B yxpa 
nepaaro ao Aecaxa nacoai* senepa xpexBaro Ana, KorAa paspi- 
maexca Ka»CAoay ycnoKoaxBca chom-b"; a HCOAoCpcaie ,,H3;ia- 
mecxaa ocB'^meHia, BBeAenaaro cb H^KOXoptixi* nopi* Biy Hcna- 
Bia*'; BCJi-fcACXBie Hero BepxoBHufi cob*xi> „oxM'£Haexi> a cnaxaerB 
HecymecxBOBaBmaHa bc!^ ajiJiiOMaHania, yysie co^xceHHua a 
BM-feiomia 6uTB co^K^eHHbiMH'' a X. A. (PyccK. nep. cxp. I7l). 
Xopoma cxaxBa III, vji^ xyaxa, ,,y6'£AaBOiBCB bi. xomi>, hxo 
iHKOAu aBJiaioxi* C06010 TOABKO upaxoHU myMa a KpaKa^S no- 
cxaHOBJiaexB, nxoGu bc^^ uikojiu (Shab aaKpuxuB'B xeneHie xpexi* 
Aaefl a „hxo6u Bcaxift 'AoCpufl acnaaeiCB aenpea^HHO saCuAii- 
6u xo MaAoe bab MBoroe, neay oh-b ycn'£Ai» xairB aaynaxBca, 
noAi» cxpaxoMi> 6uxb Buay^KAeHBUMi* ki» xoBiy }ice, ao bi> neai^e 
npiaxBofi aah aero oGcxaaoBK^''; cxaxBa IV 06% aMaacxia cxo* 
J« 4- OTA*jn» U. 3 



34 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

pOBHHKOB-b KOpOJieBU pereHTDIH Ch OrOBOpKOfl, ^TO xyHTa npH 

8T0Mi> coxpaHHeTii 3a co6od npaBo ^HaKaaars no CBoeMy ycMOT- 
p'^Hiio sa:Kaaro h3'b noA^iHHHBoiHxcfl noAsaHBUxii, OTji'^&JibHO 
HJiH BC^x'h rypTOMi*^' H T. u. He TpynHO, npHHflBi> Bi» coo6pa- 
aceHie ^panixyacKoe BocnHTaHie JIappu, saii'l^THTb bi> tohI^ bthx^b 
HacM'^meK'b BJiiaaie n. JI. Kypte. Bbijib HHraTeoiB, BaxojiHBniie 
Bii caTHpaxi* yneHHKa sa^Ke h-Ikotopua npeaiiymecTBa; ^^B-h 
HHXi> w^Th HBUCKaHHaro HB^mecTBa naM^JieroB'B Kypse, roBO- 
pHTB dArapi* Kaae, bo JIappa aa to erne »HB'£e, eme npome h 
eme eapoAH'^e''. 

B* pafly flpyrHx-B CBponeflcicHxi* jiaxepaxypTj HcnaHCKaa, 
6mtb Mo^en>, HaHMCB-fee noayjiapHa y Haci. Ohho BpeMS »yp- 
Hajiu KaK-b 6yjno HHiepecoBajiBCb hoboA acnajacKoQ JiHTeparypofi: 
eft nocBHmea"B Cmjix psin-h cTatefl — /tenerpH, B. B. JfleceoHHa, 
noTOMi» noKoJBHaro lOpbeBa, M. M. KoBajieBCKaro; bi» HcypHa- 
jiaxi> nepefiOffBjifl to nHcarejiefl samero b^ksl — dcnpoHceny, 
TajiBAoca, IlapAo BaaaHi*, to KJiaccHKOBi» — otb npaiii. Jlone zie 
BerH AO y.JIadapHJiBO^' MeH^OBu. nepeseAeHU h ;iBa coahabux-b 
xpyjxa no HCTopin HcnancKoft jiBTcpaTypu— -TBKBOpa h TiodCapa, 
Ho ona Bce ocTaeTcx Baiii* KaK'B-TO ny^Aofl; mu Jienco Haxo- 

ABMl* BB Ce6i6 CMOBHOCTB KB HTaJlBflHCKOMy „BepH3My^', Mbl 

oxoTHo OTM'^Haeii'B eeacrpamie peaJiHdMa y cKaHflHBaBCKHX'B na- 
caTeJiefl h hxi» ckjiohhoctb kb MBCTenHSMy, KaKi 6yflT0 poflBa- 
myio Haci> ci> hbmb. H mu eme serqe Ba6LiBaeM'B o Toft TOHKi& 
conpHKocHoaeHiB, KOTopyio mhmoxoaomb otm'^tbjib Bokjib h ko- 

TOpaB A0Jl}KHa6B[3aCTaBBTBHaCl> nOBHTepeCOBaTBCBy3HaTB,HTOni&- 

jiaeTCB B'B HcoaHCKofi JiBTepaTyp^. 3ra TOiKa conpHKocHOBeHifl — 
H^KOTopoe cxoACTBO KyjiBTypHbixi* yc/ioBifl. Mu flaJieKH opb 
HcnaaaeBi* no Bceiiy: ,,orB KpeMJia Jio AJiBraM6pH'' — xoflBiaa 
Vh EBpoa'fi aHTHTesa, ho ubi ctohmi* dohth pajiOMi* npyrB.CB 
ApyroMli, HanpHM^pB, no npoiieHTy GearpaMOTHuxB, ecTB h Apy- 
rie nyHKTu cxojicTBa. H noTOMy jierKO npeAnoJiOMCHTB, ^to bi* 
npoHSBeAeHiBx-B HcnancKaro naoaxejiH, a oco6eHHO ny6nHiiHCTa, 
pyccKifi HHTaTejiB HaftAerB noAHaci* hto HH(3yAi> noy^iHTCJiBHoe, 
HTO HB6yAB TaKoe« hto noKa^KeTca esdy, no Kpaftneft iii^pi^, CTOJibKo- 
}Ke 6jib3kbm'b, ckojibko a mbctbiihbmb cKaaAHHaBOBB. Hpo^HTaBi* 
JIappy, Bi. BTOM-B He TpyAHo yGi^AHTBCH. 



TepfiepTB CneneepB. IIpOHexoaRAeHle nayKH. nepenoxi ci> 
BBudflcjEEaro. H;. 90 b. Cn6. 1898 r. Hsxasie 0. H. IIoaoBoil. 

CiaTBB Cnencepa «The genesis of Science* noBBBJiacB nepno- 
HanajiBHo Bi» British Quarterly Review, sa iiojiB 1864 roaa. Ha 
pyccidft siBUK'h OHa y^e nepeseACHa bb 1866 roAy h aaxaHa 
TH6AeH0]ii» B-h „OnuTaxi»*' Cnencepa. TaKHiTB o6pa30Mi> ea. 
coAepscanie abbho y»e bsb'&ctho nydJiHic^, HHiepecyionieftCA 



HOBtlfl KHHrH. 35 

^ayiHo-$HJioco^cKHiiH BonpocaMH. OcHOBHa^ MucjiB CTaTBH aa* 
KJiioqaeTcs Bii yTBep^acHiB, ^to ,HayKa He eoTB hto jih6o ot* 
jifliHoe orb oGuAeHHaro sHaHiJi; oHa tojibko paspocmeecji 
oGuAeHHoe aHame, pacniHpeHHoe npn nocpencTB^ MumJieHia. 
tCojiHHecTBeHHOCTB cocTaBJiJien 6oji^e cneuB$H<iecKH xapaxrep- 
Hyio ^epiy HayHHHXi* npeaBHA^Hifi. Sthmi* nocJii&aHia otjih- 

HaiOTCil OTh npejlBBK^Bift HeKyjIBTypHOfl MUCJIH; OAHaKO MU BM- 

RBWh^ mo dxa zapaKTepHas lepra aposiBjifljiacb o^HHaKOBO KaK-b 
cpH HaHaji&Hux'B, TaK'b H npH Bc^x-b nooji'i^AyfomBX'b maraxii 
BayxH. Mfj npBBejiH (|>aKTH h noJio)KeBifl, oTBepraicniiii yxBep* 
OKAeeie o tomi>, hto BayKB, xaxi* ch JiorHHecxofi, raxi* h cii 
HCTopH^ecKofi TO^^KH sp^Bifl, cji^AyioTb OAHa sa npyroK) bi* qo- 
pflAK-fe yGuBaioiqeft o6mHOCTH. Mbi bb btom-b cnjia,^ nojiEcp'ln- 
jinjiH HamB nojio^eaiji h ^slktu nojiuiHeBUhkuu HauH npHMi^- 
paMR^ BB-h KOTopuxii OKaaaJSOCB, HTO GoJi'^e o6ma« HayKa 6u- 
Baeri* sacTOJiBKO ^e o65i3aHa cbohm'b pa3BBTieMi> bslyk^ 6oJi^e 
cneixiajiBHofl, BoaSyAHBoieft HOBue Bonpocu, HacxoJiBKo h (5o;i^e 
cneiiiajiBHLifl nayxH oGBaanu cbohmb ycn'^xaMH p'llmeHiHic'b, ko- 
Topufl HaxoABrB Goji'^e oGmaa Hayxa. Bcfi Hama npHM'l&pu kjio- 
HHjiHCB Ki* noKasareJiBCTBy roro, hto ycn-^xi* HayxH osBHaxoBo 
BAexB oT-b HacTBaro kim o6meMy, h oti* o6maro ki> HacTHOiry** 
<cTp. 85). 

BTopax noJiOBHHa npHBCAeHBOfl buqbckh, vax-b HBTarejiB, 
BilpoBTHO) y}Ke aaM-^TflJii., HanpaBJieea npoTHB^b xjiaccB^axaiiiH 
Hayxik OriocTa KoHxa. Hmchho 6opB(5a cb btoio xjiaccB^BKaaieio 
H cocTaBji5ierB rjiaBHoe ooaep^canie paacMaTpflsaeMOft 6poinfopu. 
CneHcepi> MHoroHHCJieHHUiiH npBMi^paMH AOxaauBaeri*, mto nayxB 
He cji-^^AOBajiH B-B cBoeMB paaBHTiH orb o6maro ki* nacTHOMy h 
OTh npocToro ki» cjio^HOMy. J^oxaaaTB aro CBoe nojio^xeHie eMy 
Bno;iH'fi yAajiocB h, OAHaKO, KJiaccH$HKauifl HayKi> Onocxa KoHxa 
ox-B axoro bh j«aJio He nocxpajxajia, JJ^^jio bi. xoiii>, hxo xjiac- 
CH$Dxauifl Hayxi* ne oCnaaHa CHHxaxbCfl ci. HcxopmecKHMi* xo- 
flOMi Hx-B paaBHxifl. KoHx-b, KOHeiHo, oma6aJic5i, xoraa yxBep- 
^Aajii>, mo ero KJiaccH^HKaaiH noAAep^DsaexcH h HcxopH^ie- 
CKH]ii» xoAOM-B paasHxiH HayKi>; xoxx h nejiBaa ne oxii'j&XHXb 
xoro oCcxoflxejiJbcxBa, hxo Kohx* oxjihiho Bmjifkji'b, Kaxi* mhofo 
HCKjiioieHiA npexoflHxcji bi» nsLKBOWh cjiyna* nonycxHXB, oj^naKo, 
MLi corjiacHU, hxo oR-b A^flcxBHxejibHO Bi* BxoM-B OTHomeaiH 
GfaiJi-B He npaai), h ixo aoboau CaeHcepa coBepineaHO paapy- 
mHJiH HJUiioaiK) napajiJiejiHaiia iieHcjiy BCxope'iecKHM^ xoRowh 
paaBBxifl Hayxi} h KJiaccH(|>HKaaieft Oriocxa Konxa. OAHaxo, caica 
dxa KJiaccH^HKauiji, noBxopBeM-B, ocxajiacb HeauOJieMOio. A'^^o 
Bi> xoiii», Hxo Kjiacc]tj)BKaaiH nayxB Oriocxa Konxa ecxb bm'&cx'^ 
ci» x-^^Mi* H KJiaccB$HKaaia ABJiemfl; oaa bi o6iiieii'B cooxBilx- 
cxByexB BoueHHOMy nojio^euiio Hayxi*, x. e., xaxoMy hxi» noJio- 
oKeuiio, KOFiia OH'b cxanyxi* xcHHuii'b h b'^^phum-b HSoCpaaceBieMi* 

3* 



S6 , P7CCK0B BOrATCTBO. 

J|%fiCTBHTe;iBHOCTH. Ho, UpnOJlBXBSlCh Bl 8T0My CBoeiiy nojio)Ke-^ 
hIK) (oC'h OKOHiaTeJIBHOMl> flOCTH^eHlH KOTOparO MU B-B HaCTOH- 

mee BpeiiJi He CMi^eMi> a iieHxaTb), HayxH HcnuTUBaiorB BJiijiHie 

CTOJIB pa3H006pa8HUX'I> ^aKTOpOBl*, HTO HX1» XOJll» H6 UOlKtTh 

6htb BupaiKeH-b HHKaKoio ^opMyjioK). TaKi», Hanp., nporpeccii 
XHifiH (h H'^KOTopux'B ApyrBxi* BayKi>) jio3BOJiHJii> TenepB ynoTpe6- 
JUTB Taide TenecKonu, nps KOTopuxi> coBpeiieHHue acTpoHOMu 
110177% p%maTi» aasaHH, HejiocTynHUJi ajia npexcHHxi. acTpoHo- 
MOBi»;. cJii&AOBaTejibHo, HcropHHecKa nporpeccb acTpoHOMiH sasH- 
CHrfc B on nporpecca xHitin; ho xorjia acTpoHOMi> oTKpoen* 
npH noifonxH CBoero xnifieio ycoBepmeHCTBOBaHHaro TejiecKona. 
HOBoe He6ecBoe sBJieHie, to eiiy kjis DOHHMaHifl aroro JiBJieHis 
H%Ti» HBKaKoft HaAo6HOCTH 3HaTi> o Ti&xi» XBiiHHecKHxi* opoixec- 
caz%, npH noMomH BOTopuxii cjii^JiaHi* ero TejiecKoni>. Bca- 
Koe HayHHoe oTKpurie siBJisieTCsi pesyjEBTaxoMii cjio^naro npo- 
necca, Bi> cocTaBii KOToparo Bxowrh canue pa3Hoo(5pa3Hue 
JElaicTopfil; ho oaho n^o ^axTopiii, cnocn^mecTByiomie bjih sa* 
sepxcHBaioniie amxprnmie HSBtcxHaro jiBjieniH, a npyroe n^no- 
4^aKTopu, o6ycjioBJiHBaK)mie caMoe cymecTBOBaHie aroro jsEBJieHi^. 
HcTopHHecKift xoni* nay^Hux'B orKptirift oOycJioBjiBBaercfl $aKTo- 
paMH nepBofl xareropiH, a KJiaccH$HKanui HayKi> nojixcna coo6pa- 
BOBaTBOB ucKMOHtimeMfHo CB (|)aKTopaMH BTopoft KaTeropiH. Taic:B, 
Hanp., cocTaBi» 3eMHoft aTiioc^epu, bjiIbb Ha etiduMoe nojioBccHi^ 
aeCecHHX'B r£jii>, HrpaJii» pojiB bi> HCTopHnecKoicB xoa*^ pasBH- 
vIb acTpoHOMia; ho TaK7> kslicb owh hh iiaJio He BJiiBerB Ha 3a- 
XOHU, ynpaBJiBioniie caMHiiH BBJieniBMH neCecHOfi MexaHHKH, to 
acTpoHOMia, fcofr^ affempoMmnaji nayna, h Ao;i»cHa ciHTaTBCH ne* 

BBBtlCHMOlO OTB $H3HK0-XHMH<]eCXHX'B CBOfiCTBl* SeMHOfl aTMO- 

c4E»epu. 



Chuoeo^ifl HyBeTBa h Biipn bb ea OTHomeHiax'B kb juTepa* 
vypt H pai^iOHaAHSHy XTIDL Btsa h bb BpaTHHeeBOft $hjio- 
eo|lH. B. A. BosseBHBBOBa. "lacTL I. M. 1897 r. IJ. 2 p. 

Bi* acTopiflXB ^aaoco^ia o6uicH0BeHH0 oneaB Maao otboabti» 
irtcxa riwh yneHiBMi*, KOTopua moxcho oGosHanaTB oCmaMi* na- 
SBanieMB ^ajioco^ia lyBCTsa b Bi^pti. HpaHBHy nono6Haro otbo- 
meHia, roBopHTi> r. Ko»ceBHBBOBB, ^mu bhjibm'b b-b npoiHO ycTa- 
BOBBBmeMca npeny6']&xcAeHiB OTHOCBTejiBHO Hecnoco5HocTH BTOft 
$BJioco$iB K-h cBCTeMaTBiecKOMy HayHHoay padBariio^ (cTp. 3). 
nPasA'^jiaa (roaopaTB jislji^^ aBTopB) do uaethcmHOii cmenenu no- 
CJi%jiHee MH'I^Hie, uu ne jLyaaeMi*, onaaKo, htoCu oho flaaano 
npaBo npeHe6peraTB ucmopuHeeKUMZ SHaneHiiMh $aJioco$iB HyBcraa^ 
Ba Ham'B B3rjiaiiB, SHaieaieiii* onenB Ba»CBUMi>^. 

HcxoAB H3B BToro B033p%Hiflr, Ham'B aarop-B p^maji'B nonoji- 
BBTB cymecTByiooxift, no ero MH'^Hiio, npoG^jvh BdAaaieii'B oGmap'^ 



EOfiUfl KHHrH. 37 

vofi MOHorpa$iH, nocBsmeBHofi h^b-tihco^Ih hjbctbsl h s^pu*. 
Bumejiniaji bi HacTosimee Bpeiis nepBaJi nacvb aaKJiiOHaeT-B b% 
ce6i& cjd^Ayiomie otjc^jiu: 

1) ^IIoAroTOBKa B o6mee KyjiBTypHo-BCTopHHecKoe sBaneBie 
4>BJioco(|>iH HyBCTBa'\ Cxp, 9—46; 2) „<&. reMCiepriOH— *hjio- 
co^ifl HyBCTsa n en onuTax'B cor;ianieBiji Ch ceacyajiBSMOitii h 
pa^ioBaJIfl3llOll'b XVIII Bi^sa*". Crp. 46 — 132; 3) ^L T. Ta- 
]iaBBi>. — <taJioco$iji HyBCTBa h B'&pu bi* es noJieiiH<iecKHX% 
OTBomeHiflX'fc K'b jiBxeparyp^ h paixioBaJifl3My XVIII B'&Ka**. 
Crp. 138—757. 

y^e OAHHl* BT0T1> oGmifl 0630pi» COAep}iCaHifl BHBrH A03B0- 

Jiflerb npeAyranuBaTb, hto asTopi* seapaBHJibHo noBflJii* cbok) 
saAany. Bi> cauoMi* a'^ji'^, ecjiH6u obii jicbo co3BaBaJii» h 

TBepAO nOMHBJIl>, HTO HyBCTfiO MOXCeTB TOJIbKO CTaBHTb BOnpOCU, 

BO Be Moxcerfc Aasarb otb^tobi*; ecjiB6u obi», Kpoul^ xoro^ no- 

BBliaJHi, HTO BCe, HTO COTS ^B3fleHHarO Bl> m4^B''I0C0$^^ HyBCTBa 

■ b^Ph", npBBaA^ejKflrb tojibko oflBOMy HyacxBy; ecjiB6H, 
OABBM-b cjioBoii'B^ oBi» 3Hajii> fl notfaflJiii, HTO 3ac;iyra dToro 
BanpaBjieaiB aaicnioHaeTCH ae b% ea' hbcto-^bjioco^ckom-b bjic- 
Mear^ (x. e. ae bi» no3BaBaTeABBofi ea pojia), a' b*l BACMeBrt 
KyjiBTypao-BCTopHHecKOM^k; — xor^ia conep^icaHie ero KBBra Be 
aaxjiioHajio Ou rofl CTpaaaofl jiacaponopiiifl, npa KOTOpoft Fa- 
Maaay otboabtcb orpoMaaa rjiaaa, a o Pycco e^Ba roBopaxca 
BO BBeseaia. Hxo 3xa aaonaJiia ae aajiiiexcB pe3yjiLxaxoMi> KaKax* 
BBCjRh aocxopoBBBxi* coo(5pa^eBift (apoai, aanp., xoro, hto 
Pycco a Ges'h axoro xopomo B3B%cTeB'B ny6jiaKi), a BHxeKaeti* 
B3i» caifaro ooHflMaaia r. Ko)iceBBBKOBUMi> caoeft 3aAaHfl, bbabo 
xoxa-6u B31. cji'^&Ayiomaro oxauaa aamero aaxopa o Pyccoi 
yfBpaBBJiBBo Cyner-h aadaaxB ero Be yHaxejieuii ^ajioco^ia npaa- 
cxBeaaaro nyacxBa, a ea opaxopoiii*, BAOxaoBeaBHMi» npoB03BS» 
oxBBKOMi* xoro Ba^aJia, Koxopoay npeACXoajio bi> CKopoM* ape- 
MCBB o6jie«iLca ai. aeaoaxBHecKyK), ao Ooji-fee aoKa3axeJiBByio 
$opMy... Ho Oflaa 6e3A0Ka3axeJibH0CTS eme ae acHepoHaacx* 
aecoaepmeacxBa Pycco, KaKi> aaiaaaxeAfl peaKuia bt» cxopoay 
HyBcxaa. 4xo6u ABBiKeaie axo npasecAo Bcife haoau, Koxopwe 
OHO cnoco6ao 6ujio AaxB CB'^xcKofi ryMaaacxBHecKoft xyjibxyp^, 
aeoCxoABMo 6ujio ae xojibko coo6niaxi> eicy GoJiBtnyio $baoco$- 
CKyio yCi^ABxeJiBaooxB, ao a pacmapaxb ero o6pa30BaxejiBaoe 
aaaieaie AajieKO sa t& npeAi^Au, icaKBMfl oao orpaaaiBJiocB y 
Pycco, X. e., aaAO 6uao, ae orpaaaHaaaa ^yscTaa oabbm-b xojibko 
HpaacxaeaaHMi^ aadaaieaieMi^, eoaeecmu eio eu4e u eh nosHoeameMt' 
^^e naHOAO (Kypcae-b aamii) bi> n^knoA o6AacxB BaBcai^ftmax^b 
npaKXBHecKBXi. bcxhb^, 6e3i> Hero oao HaxorAa ae iiorAo ao- 
cxarayxB Aocxaxonaoft cxeaeaa caMOCxoiixeABaocxB a aeaaaaca- 
MocxH OPB HBcxo-pascyAOiaaro aanaAa, ae xoabko nepaeacxaa 
aaAT. aaMi», KaKi> axo oabbko xpe(5oBajii» Pycco" (cxp. 17 — 18). 



33 PyCCROB BOrATGTBO. 

9Ta „TpyflHaH saflana", roBopHrb naji^e asTop-B, Otijia paapi^- 
meHa Mesicny npoHHinb j^nocpejiCTBOMi* BoaB&imeHiH eanajia Hpas- 
CTBOHHaro jio SHaHeHiii Ha^ajia peJiHrioaHaro, t. e. TaKoro, koto- 
poe npHMBpaerb bi> ceOi^ TpeGoeaHiji nosHaBaTejiBHoft TBop^ecKoft 
CTopoHu HCJioB^HecKofl Haiypti est nf^snenhuoK) (npaKXH^iecKoio) 
CTopoHOK), — cnoco6i», H36paHHufi, TaKi> HasbiBaekuMH ,,$bjiooo- 
$ayH B-fepH'*, TaMaHHOii-b h Hko6h" (cxp. 18). 

TaKBiix o6pa30M'by BBHa Pycco, no iiHi&Hiio r. Ko»ceBHHKOBa» 
aaKiiiOMajiacb bi> tomi», hto ohi> He jlot^ji-b cui^JiaTbcsi cxojia- 

CTHE0M1> qySOTBa, KaKOBUMH 6UJIH FaiiaHH'b H HK06h, $HJ10C0$ift 

KOTopuxii CBojiflJiacB Bi> KOHiiil^ KouKOBi> Bce K7> Toiiy-^e credo 
lit intelligam. 

TaKOBi* ocHOBHofl HejiocTaTOKi* Bscji^jioBaHiji r. KoxceBHH- 
Kosa. Ha-B aroro-Hce HeAOcraTKa BiiTeKaiOT7» h Hpyri« cjia6uji 
cTopoHu ero khbfh, vjiSLBBUWh o6pa30Mi>, HeBHTepecHOCTb ero 
HaaooKeHifl, oTcyTCXBie pejibe^HocxH h aarpoMo^neHie iiejioHaMH. 
$BJioco$iio B^pu HCJibafl Bajiaraxb xaKi», KaK-b o6uKHOBeBHo H8Jia« 
raioxb Bacxojimyio $BJioco$iio, Korjia oxapaioxcji oxBf^^xHXb Ka^nyio 
Mucjib HaJiaraeMaro $HJioco$a, npHBecxa Bci& npeAJiaraeiius bm% 
pi^meHifl BonpocoBii. B-b ^hjioco^Ih »ce Bi^pu Ba)iCHU ne oxai^xu, 
a Boapocu; Ba)KHU He bach $BJioco$a, a ero HacxpoeHie; bcaI^a- 
cTBie Hero HCxopBK-b an^cb jioji^eHi. 6i>ixb npoK^e Bcero xyaoac- 
UBK0Mi>, OHi> AOJixceHTk jiaxb o6myio KapxHHy, xapaKxepHayiomyio 
HacxpoeHie AaHHaro $BJiooo$a, ne 3a6oxflCb o xom'b, KaxoBU 
5ujiH ero sarjiBjiu no pasjiHHHUM'b HacxHUM'b BonpocaMi>, npe»CAe 
Bcero y^e no xoMy oAHOMy, qxo bxh Barjiflnu nacxo 6e3HaAe^HO 
npoxHBoptiaxi. flpyn flpyry. 

reMCxepriOHci» {tslkslsl xpancKpHniiifl roJiJianncKaro HMeHH npa-^ 
BHJibH^e npHBflxofl aBxopoMx: FeiicxepriOH) 6ii1Jii> acxexHKOM'b^ 
GoAbmBM'b 3HaxoKOMi> HCKyccxBa H KOJUieKKtoHepoM'b; Fexe 
BucoKO a^BHjiii ero ^,cBoeo6pa3Hoe ooxpoyuBoe B3finiecxB0, ero 
HeycxaHHoe cxpeiiJieHie K-b AyxoBHO-npaBcxBeHHOMy h kb nya- 
cxBeHHO-xyflOMcecxBeHHOMy" (cxp. 60). „3xo b-b nojiHoii-b cmucjiII 
xyAO)KecTBeHHafl naxypa; ^oui* HacxoJibKo-Jice apxBCXi>, KaKi> h 
<|)BJioco$'b, ecJiH enie He 6oJi^t^^ (ixaxaxa Bs-b TpyKepa); owh 
xopomo pHcoBaAB (BHHbexKB, yKpamaiooiiH HSAanie Meft6oMa^ 
ero paGoxa), Ouai* 6oJiLmaMi> saaxoKOM-b cKyjibnxypu, Koxopyio 
cxaBHJi-b Bbime Bci^xi. B3o6pa3axejibHux'b ncKyccxBi* h Koxopoft 
nocBiiQieHLi ero nepBus npoBaBeAeaifl; y Hero 6ujia npesocxoA- 
Has KOJiaeKiiiB anxaHHuxi. p'i&sHuxii KaMHefl, h bt» axofi o6jiacxB 
HCKyccxBa aaxopHxexi* ,ero, xaKi. 3HaxoKa h ii'i&HflxeJifl, cxoajib 
oneHb BUCOKO He xoJibKO Bb ToJuiaHAiB, ho h bi> HxaAia^^ (cxp. 
50—1). 

Ho ,,$HJioco$ifl'^ ero oxjianajiacb xaKHMH Ka'iecxBaMH, hxo 
no npH3BauiK) caiioro r. Ko^eBBBKOBa, „HeB03Mo;KHO oxpaiiaxb. 
xoro, "1X0... oxnyxcAenie oxi> FeMcxeprjOH 6ujio BUseaHo ne 



HOBUfl KHEFH. 39 

oAHHM-b HepacnojiosKeHieMi* oGmecTBeHHofl mucjih kii Hssi^cTHaro 
pojia yC^yicneBiBWh^ ho h bi> SHaHHTejiBHofl creneHE HeHCnpaBH- 
MOK> Heonpeji'l&JieHHOCTBio caiioro yieHifl. Oaa ao Toro BejiBKa, 
HTO HdyiaBmie FeMCTeprioH p']&3K0 pacxoAflTca bo nH^HiflXii, ki> 
KaKoft (|)HJioco$CKofl niKosI^ ero npHiacjiHTB^^ (oxp. 55). CaMi» 
reiicTepnoHCTt roBopHX-Bi ,,moh $ajioco$ia — $HJioco$ia fl-fexeft" 
(cxp. 66), H cnpaBeAJiHBOCxb 8xhxi» cj]obi> mu He cxaneMi* ocna- 
pHBaxB... 

Hto Kacaexcfl TaiiaHHa, axoro ,,ci&BepHaro Mara'% „HynaKa", 
KaKi> ero HasuBann coBpeBieHHHKH, xo xapaKxepuMmeEO ero 
Hepxoio 6HJia Hecnoco6HOCti> kx CHCxeMaxHiecKOMy MumJieHiio, 
"■ixo co3HaBa;ii> h ohi» caMi*, crHxaH axo, finpoHeuii, nyxb ne aa 
AOCXOHHCXBO, h60 B'b $BJIOCO$iH OHl} oco6eHHO HeaaBHAi&Ji'& 
,,cHCxeMy'^ FaMaHH-B 6uji'h jihhho bi> npiaxe^BCKHx-b oxHome- 

BlflXl* CB KaHXOMl», HO BCi^Ml» HSB'^CXHO, HXO KaHlTB, XaKl> BhL' 

COKO iii&HBBmifi Pycco, hhh'§mi> He o6s3aHi> JiHHHO'SHaKOMOiiy 
TaMaHHy. CaMi> r. Ko:KeBHnKOB7» xapaKxepH3yexi> ero cjiI&tljiO' 
niRM-B o6pa30M'B: ,,Xopoino co3HaBa5i BejiocxaxKH CHCxeMB, Ta- 

MaH'B, O^eBHJlHO, He nOBBHajI'B HX:b Heo6xOAHMOCXB H nOJIBBBI. 

Bi» H^Koxopuxi) npoHcxoAHBoilixi* oxciOAa HejtocxaxKaxB oh-b, 
Bnpo^eM'B, C03HaBaJic», HanpBM']&pi>, e^ moMb^ unto y nexo ca- 
MO%o Hi^fm Memoda (nam'B KypcHBii) h mKOJiBHofl BunpaBKH, ko- 
xopaa, oAHaKO, b'b BBiciueA cxenenB Hy>KHa. Ho dio ero e^Ba 
jiH cepBe3H0 oropiaJio. Toihooxb h nocji-^HOBaxejiBHOCxB b'b xom-b 
CMUCJi']^, KaKB HXi* ii^HBJia EUKOJia, CB ero XO^KH Bpi^Hijj, He AO- 
poro cxoHX-B. 3to bbaho h3'b ero oxHomeHia ki> MaxeMaxanecKO- 
iiycnoco6y A0Ka3axeJiBCTBa. „Bb flymil oh'b He noa'i&pKexB ciapoMy 
npejipa3cyAKy k-b MaxeMaxaicfe^^ noJiaraa, hxo ^cb HacaaMa, KaK% 
a CO cJiOBaiiB, mohcho fl-fejiaTB Bce, ^xo yroflHO*' (cxp. 179—80). 

EcJia FaifaHHii CHHTaJiB, hto cb Hacjiaua moskho fl-ifejia/i-B Bce, 
Hxo yroflHO, xo mo}kho npe;5CxaBaTB €66*6, ixo ohb A'^Jian-B co 
cJioaaMB... 

Ec;ih6u r. Ko»eBHaKOBi> BMi&cxo orpoMHaro xoMa, H3Jiaraio- 
maro ,,BAea^' jiioAefl, aeyir^ioaxax'B cacxeiiaxaHecKB MucJiaxB, 
najiT. o^Kaxoe h xyfloacecTBeaaoe asoCpasKenie nacmpoemH bxhxi» 
jiiOAefi, xo Mu VMhJiB 6hL aaxepecHyio Knary no acxopia KyjiB- 
xypu, HO flJiii Bxoro aaxopi* aoji^kcbI) 6Li;i'B-6jbi caMi> 6uxb Kpyn- 

HUM-B XyAO^aaKOMB... 



rarieaa Tpy^a, yacTBeHHuft tpja^^, nepeyxoHJieHle. Tpa onepsa 
X-pa daajifl BpeneAHaa, npo4>eccopa ncHxiaxpiH b'b redxeutfeprcsom 
yEHBepcHTexd^. DepesoA'B cb s'l^aeiucaro. I('bHa 80 a. Cn6. 1898. 

IlepeyTOMJieHle yHan^axca A^Teft. (£ro cyiAHOcxb, npH^Hs h m^ph 
6opb6h cb hhm'b} A-pa H. SaiTB. M. 1897. 

,,TpyAi. ecxB daKOH'B npapoAH...*' xaxyio ajia noAoCayio 



40 PyCCKOK BOrATCTBO. 

$pa3y M03KH0 OHeHB HaCTO BCTpi&THTL J COBpeMeHHUXIb MopaJis- 
CT0B1>. H Ai&flCTBHTeJIbHO, eCJIH MK, Jia^e OCTaBHBmH 6e31» BHH- 

Manifl 8TBHecKyK) Toiicy spi^Hiji, B3rji5EHeMi» na TpyAi> cb hhcto 

6iOJIOrHHeCK0fl CTOpOHU, TO H TOrfla JierKO SaM-^THTB, HTO :iCH3BI> 
E A'^JITeJIBHOCTL flBJISlOTCJI AByilJf nOHTH BKBEBaJieHTHUMH nOHii- 

TiiiMH. Ho ec;iB 6e3JiisiTejibuocTh KaKoro jih6o opraea jarBjiiieTCii 
ycjioBieui* ero axpo^iH, to, ci» jipyroft oTopoHu, He tojibko Hpe3* 
M'^^peaH ji^ATejiBHocTB BeneT-B ki* poKOBOMy HcxoAy, ho na^e h 
BCflKBH yii^peHHaJi jr^flxejiBHOCTB saKaHHHBaeTCfl yTOMjieHieM-b, 
yKasuBaiomHM'B aa to, hto padoiax caoco6Ho.cTB jxaHHaro oprana 
HaHHHaeTii HcnepnuBaTBCfl. lieyscMj riwh^ He CMorpA Ha ocHOBHyio 
pojiB Tpyzia Bit }KH3HH HCJiOBi&iecTBa, THrieHa rpyjixa pa3pa6oTaBa 
secBBia cjiaGo. ^^rHrieHa (copaBeiuiHBO saM'i&HaerB KpenejuiH-B 
Ha cTp. 3) npeAHHcuBaerB BSiWh no Me/iBHafloiHX'B noApoGnocTefi, 
KaKii HaMi> OA^BaTBCJi H DBTaTBCfl, KaR-B ycTpaHBaTB noMa H 
ropoAa, npeAynpe^AaTB 3apa3RUJi 6oji'&3Hb; ho ona HHHero He 

FOBOpHTIb O TOMX, KaKyiO M'&py yMCTBeHHOft H $H3BHeCK0ft pa60TU 
MBI Bl> COCTOflHlH BEIHOCHTB, Tn% Ha<IHHaiOTCfl OnaCHOCTH Uepe- 

yTOMJieHiji H H^wh uu MOSceMi} npejiynpeAHTB hxt***. 

Aaxce ocHOBHofl Bonpoc-B rHrieHu Tpy^a: BonpocB o npH^HHi^ 
yTOMJienifl eoie He nnojiHi^ BU^CHeHi>. „Hto TaKoe yxoifjieHle, 
roBopHT-B KpeaejiHHii na cxp. 4, en^e ne bhojih^ BUflCHeno, on* 
HaKO iiH BM'^eMi* ocHOBaaie hphhjitb, hto npn HeMi» coBepmaioTCH 
jtBa napaJiJiejiBHUxi* npouecca. BcJiKaii pa60Ta b'b BanieMi> T'&i'fe 

COCTOHTB Bl} pa3JI0>KeHiH CJI0KHUX1» BCmeCTBl* Ha HX1> COCTaB- 

Busi HacTH; HOBTOuy BCiiKifl pesyjiBTaTi* paGoTu rojiOBHoro M03ra 
■JiH uycKyjioB^ cooTBi^TCTByerB noTpeGjieniio danacoBi* chjiu, 
KOTopue M03KH0 cpaBBHTB ci» TopioHHME MaTcpiajiaMH, co^KHFae- 
MUMH BO BpeMU pa6oTU napoBUMH MamHHaMH. HtoOh pa(5oTa 
Morjia coBepmaTBCfl bi> Tenenie npoAOJi^HTeJiBnaro BpeMenH, jiJisi 
BToro Beo6xoABiio B03id&nieHie noTpe6;ieHHaro BemecTBa, Hnane 
noABepraeTCH onacnocTH caiia pa6oTaiomafl TxanB, hjih, no MeHB- 
meft Mi^p*!^, yca-l^niHocTB en pa6oTu HaAOJiro 3HaHBTeJiBH6 nonn- 
SHTCfl. 3aT%Hi>, Hi^KOTopue H3'B npoAyKTOBi* pa3;iO}KeHifl BeniecTBi>, 
BU3UBaeMaro pa60T0fi, A'^flcTByiorB na TKann namero Ti^a, KaK-B 
HjtUi Hdii'^HiiiOT'B HX-B H dTBiTB yifeHBHiaiorB Hxi* pa(5oHyio CHJiy. 
3th nponyKTLi paano^KeniJi OT^acTH pa3pyinaK)TCfl hi. caiioft pa- 
6oTaiomefl TKanH, oTnacTH-^e ynocHTCfl tokoiii» kpobh bt. oco6ufl 
irficTa Bi) HauieMi* rl^ji'k^ rn^ ohh oCesBpe^HBaiOTCJi. IIpH sisb^- 
OTHHXi» o6cT05iTe/iBCTBaxi> jpi9, ycTpaHenifl aToro OTpaBJieaix 
AOCTaTOHHO jiaTB iiycKfjiy KopoTKift oTAUxi HJiH nponycTHTB 
Hepe3'B Hero pacTBopi» noBapenHofl co;ih. Boji^e 3HaHHTejn>Hofl 
CTeneHH oho nociHraerB jiehib Toraa, Kor^a Hanpa>KeBHaji a^sk- 

TeJIBHOCTB np0H3B0AHTl> CTOJIB GOJIBQIOe KOJIHqeCTBO npOAyKTOBl* 

pa3Jio^eHiii, HTo ohh ne MoryrB Cutb yHHHTO^eHiJ hjjh yjiaJieHU 
C7> AocTaTo^Hofi CHCTpoTofl. IIono6HLiM'B ^e odpasoM-B H noTpe5- 



HOBHfl KHHrS. 41 

jieHie 3anacoBi> chjiu jihdib Toma npHBeAeTi» ki» yMenBineHiio 
pa6oToonoco6HocTHy Koraa BOsiiilnieHie ero, jiocTaBJiHeMoe tokomi» 
xpOBH, oKaxcercji dHaiHTenBHo HHxce HeoCxosHMaro KOJiHHecrea**. 

He AOCxaTOHHO BUSicntBrh xaKxce h Bonpon o tomi>, yroM- 
JineTCJi-JiH Ka^Aan «iacTi» aamero r&Jia oxA'^jibuo HjiH->Ke paCora 
xajKAofi HacTH cnoco^na BuasaTb yToiiJieHie Bcero opraHHana. 

Cy6T»eKTHBHU]ii> uoKABATtnewh jToujiemu flBJiflercsi nyfiCTBo 
ycTaiiocTH; ho cx^JiyeTh ocxeperaxi^cfl AyicaTb, hto yroMJieHie h 
HyBCTBo ycraJiocTH cosepmeHHo napajiJiejibHu jupyrb Apyry. YsKe 
TOTi» (|)aicrb, HTo HyBCTBO ycTaaocTH moscho BHyniHTB nyieMi* 
FHnHOsa, noKaauBaer-by hto ue^Knj 8Thmi» HyBCTfioiii» h omynxe- 
Biewh yxoifJieHis n^i-h HepaapueHofi cbash. 3aT'§Mi>, cymecTsyerb 
He Majio ;iiOAeft, koTopue hmchho yrpoMi*, nocjii^ npody^ACHiti 
OTb cHa, HCQUTUBaiOT'b lyBCTBo yoxaJiocTH, KOTopoe HCHesaeii* 
TOJihKo nocji^ Toro, KaKi» ohh BTXHyTCs Bi> pa6oTy. Ci> Apyroft 

CTOpOHU, UpH HdB-fiCTHOMl. B036y>KAeHiH BHOFAa HyRCTBa yCTaJIOOTH 

He HcniiiTUBaeTai Aa»ce uocjii AOAPoft h ycBJieHHofl pa6oTLi. 

Ha B&yKB^Ami^ ms-h npaKTHHecKBXii sonpocoB-b, na Bonpoc-b 
o iipoAOji^HTe;ibHocTH e)iceAHeBHofl paCoTti, KpeneJiHH'b He Aaerb 
Bno;iBi& onpeAi^AeHHaro otb^ta. ynoMSiHyBniH o 6opb6'i& CTopoH- 
HHKOB-b H DpoTHBHHKOKb BocbMHHacoBoro pa6oHaro AHJi, Kpene- 
JiBH-B roBoparb: ^Ki* co)ica;i']&Hiio, bi> stoA 6opb6% B3r;isiAOBi> h 
xceAaaift Bayxa ne b'b cocTOflHin npoH3HecTb pl^maiomee caobo 

C-h KaK0I0-Afl60 TOHHOCTbK).** (CXp. 21). OaHO H31» rAaBBHXl. co- 

o6pa)iceHifl, npHBOAHMUxi* hmi* no aroMy noBOAy> tekobo: nllpo- 

AOA^HTCAbHOCTb pa60TLI, KOTOpyiO MO^CTl BUHOCBTb CHAbHUft, 

Tpe3Bufl, cnoKoflHHfi pa(5oHift, busobcti* xpoHHHecKoe nepeyTOM- 
AeBie y HepBHaro, oAa6ocHAbHaro, CKAOHHaro ki» H3AHaiecTBaMi>^ 
(cip. 21). BcA']^ACTBie Hero ohi» onacaeTcn, hto npn HopuHpoBK-fe 
pa6oHaro ahji OABa rpynna pa6oHHXi> GyAerb 3aBaAeHa Heno- 
CBAbHUMii TpyAOMi>, ^jf^pjtasL'Me rpynna pa6oiHX'b 6yAeTi» ah- 
mena bosmoikhocth noAb30BaTbai cBoeio paConeio chaoio bi» 
noAHofl M-fep-fe" (cxp. 21). 3x0 cooCpaacenie, kohchho, HeAb3x 
npHSHarb ocHOBareAbHiiiiii* y»ce noTOMy, hto 6e3'b aaKOHOAaxe/ib- 
HOfi HopiiHpoBiCH nepeyTOMjieHiio 6yAyTb noABeprarbcii He TOAbKo 
CAa6ocHAbHue pa6oHie, ho h pa6o<iie HopicaJibHofl chau. Kpe- 
neAHHy, ki» co»caA*Hiio, noBBAHMOMy, ne B3Bi&CTHa ocrpoyMHaa 
nonuTKa r. C'^ienoBa onpeA^^ABTb HopuaAbHuft paCoiift AeHb, 
(5ep« 3a o5pa3eirb paCory iiycKyAOBi* cepnaa. r. CtieH0Bi»» 
HcxoAfl H3'b Toft HACH, HTO pa6oTa cepAaa> aBTOMaxHiecKH pery- 
AHpyeMaji caMBMi opraHH3MOM%, AOA>iCHa npeACxaBAAXb co6oio 
o6pa3em> paBHOBi^cia xpaxu h B08CxaHOBAeHi5i, h BuiHCABBmH 

KOAHHeCXBO BXOft pa60XU, npHEieA* K* 3aiCA10HCHiiO, HTO BOCbMH- 

naooBofi pa6oHifl ACHb ccxb xa Hopna, npa KOTopoft xpyA* aocxh- 
Taerb HaaCoAbniefi npoHSsoAHxeAbHocxH, ne Hcxomaa upra- 

BH3lia. 



42 pyCCEOE BOFATCTBO. 

Ilepexoflfl OT-B Tpyna Boo6me ki yMCTBeHHOuy rpyAj bi» na- 

CTHOCTH, MU AOJUKHU Ope^Jie BCeFO OTM'i^THTB TOTb ^EKTb, HTO^ 

BonpeKH o6menpHHi[TOMy BBrjixny, ^asBHecKlfl TpyAi» He Mo^iceT^ 
cjiyxcHTb OTAiiixoMi» oTh Tpyzia yMCTBeHHaro. KpeneJiHHi» roBo- 
PHTib no dTOMy noBony; j^uht 6ujiw, ae iiaJio HayiiJieHu, KorAa. 
OQUTU noKaaajiH HaMi}, hto ^ByxHacoBaji nporyjiKa aacTOJiBKo- 
Hce yueHBinaerB ycni^meocTb yMCTBCHHaro Tpyjia, KSJCh h cjio- 
^icenie HBcejn> bi» re^eHie oahofo ^aca'^ (cxp. 28). KaK-B oahh'b 

Hai» npaKTHHeCKHXl» BUBOSOB'b H31» 8TOro, CJl^JljeTh OTU^TETb^ 

TO o(ScTosTea[i>CTBO, HTO Bi» mKOJiSiX'h THMHacTflKa H py^Hoft Tpym» 
He Moryrx» cjiy^HTB orauxoM^ oti» rpyjia yifCTseHHaro; xota, 

KOHeHHO, HS'B 8TOrO HeJIB3fl n^JIATh flOBOIia HpOTHBl* THMHaCTHKH 

H (|»H3HHecKaro rpyna bi» mxcJiaxB. YcraHOBHTB Hopny yucTBeH- 
Haro xpyaa eme Mea^e Jierxo, niwh ycTanoBHTB Hopny xpyaa. 
$B3HHecKaro. OnHaxo, nO^m^MB pe3yjiBTaT0M'B bc^x'b npoHSBe- 
seHHux'B no CHxi* nopi», npaBjia, see eme cjiemKoirB iiajiOHH* 

CJieHHUX'B H3CJI'£A0BaHifl OtHOCHTeJIBHO yTOMJIfleMOCTH A'^Teft 

mKOJiBHaro Bospacra flBJiflexcji totb 6e3CCiopHiiifl 4>aktb, hto 
Tpe6oBaHifl, npeAitJiBJisEeuHJi mKOJioio k-b yMCTBeHHofl pa6oTocno- 
C06HOCTH, naJieKo npeBumaiorB ry li'ipy, Koxopyx) mo^kho 6ujio- 
6u nonycTEXB**. (KpenejiHHBf cxp. 47). j^K-h cqacxiio j^jisi nameft 
noApacxaiomeft ifOJiOAevcB, 6jiaroA'6xe;iBHafl npHpoAa Aajia eft 
npeaoxpaHHxejiBHuft KJianaHB, BasKBocxB Koxoparo xpyjmo h on^- 
HBXB no AocxoHHCXBy: axoxik npenoxpaHExejiBHufl KJianaHB ecxB 
HeeHUMameAhHOcmh*^ (cxp. 49). »H3i> axoro BuxeKaexi* Heo»CHAaH- 
Koe 3aKJiK)HeHie, 1x0 npH BUH^niHeft npoAOJDiCBxejiBHocxH yqeHiB 
cicyHHue y«iBxejiB npflMo-xaKH Beo6xoAHMu. Bcjib(5u bc^ y^H- 
xeju yni^JiH B036yj(HXB y cbohxi* ynesHKOBi* aaxBaxusaiOQiifl 
BHxepecB KTk CBOHifB npfAtfexaMB, xo A'l^xH, He cMoxpfl Ha 6ucxpo 
Bospacxaiomee yxoBCJiesie, npsmjiH-QLi kt* npoAOJDKBxejiBHOMy 
HanpH^eHiK) yMCXBeHHux'B chji-b, nocji'l^Acxaifi xoxoparo mu h 
npeACKaaaxB He bb cocxobhIh^ (cxp.. 50). 

BooGme GponiEopa KpenejiHHa, ne npeACxaBJisa, bb cymnocxB^ 
HBqero snoJin-fi Hoaaro, a ne upaxona B'B oxoHHaxejiBHoiiy p%- 
meniio pascMaxpaBaeaaro aonpoca, aajiaexca acexaKB npeKpac- 
Bbku-h OMepKoaii coBpeaeHHaro nojio^eaia aonpoca o xpyn% h 
uepeyxoajieaia. 

Hxo Kacaexca Gponiiopbi A-pa Sasa, xo noJiBsyacB x'i&aa-ace 
aaxepiajiaaa, mo a Kpenejiaa-B (noJiB3yHCB xaaace a xpy^oiiB 
caaoro KpeneJiaaa), oei* npaxoztaxB ki» xaKBMi»-^e BuaoAaa-B,. 
KaaikBrefiAejiBdeprcKift npo$eccopi>, ixobbahohs-b cji'&Ayioniaz'b 
saKjiioHHxejiBBux'B cxpoKB ero 6pomiopu: 

«HTorB HS'b Bcero HaaH cica8aHHaio aosexi^ 6mh Bupasea^ bi ciixyi>- 
mjsTh noioseHiflxi: 

1) IlepeyToaieHie aosra ecxb zpoHH^ecsoe OTpaBieaie ero, a xasse 
Bcero opraHHsaa, npoxysxaaH, o6pa30BaBDiHaHCfl apH yMexBeHHoft pa6oTt^ 



HOBUfl KHHTH. 43. 

2] npBHHHiii 3Toro nepeyTOiue&iJi MoryTi 6£itl sasi BH'b j^aHHaro opra- 

HH31ia, TaK'b H BHyTpH 610. 

8) Ha6jiK)jieHifl noKasuBaDTi, hto sepeyroMieHie Mosra BCTpi^aexca 
HepixKo cpeAH ynamuxcji. 

4) Bopb6a cb dTHMi 6a[i3HeHHiat'& cocTOflnieirB j^oiSHa BecTHCB h bi 
msoi'^, H BS!& efi (rHrioHtt yMCTBeHHaro Tpy^a h pax^ioHaiBHoe (i>H3HqecKoe 
B0cnHTaHi6)>. 



A. BorAaHOBi. EpaTKift sypci dBOHOHHHecsoft HaysH. H3Aa- 
Hie BHHSHaro CKiaj^a A. M. MypHHOBofl. M. 1898. 

TpyjXT. r. BornaHoBa hochti. HaasaHie, Tpe6yK)mee nifeKOTo- 
paro noHCHeaiH. noAi> M^KOHOMEHecKoft aayKofi^ mh npHBUKjm 

HOHHMaTb Bl> CjmHOCIH H'l^CKOJIbKO HayKb, Hi^CKOJIBKO Hay^HUSl* 

Rucn^uJiuBiM. Ciozia oTHOcflTB, upeyKjie acero, „noJiciTH«iecKyK>. 

BKOHOmIK)'* Bl* CO6CTBeHH0Ml> ClfUCJI-ll, T. 6. 8EC090MHHeCK7lO Te O- 
pifOf SSLT^li'h ^HCTOpifO nOJlUTHHeCKOft 8KOBOIliH," T. 6. HCTOpH- 

lecKifi o^iepKis BKOHOMHiecKoft TeopiH; HaKOHem>, bi. cocTaBi> Bce 
Tod jace „3KOHOMHHecKoft HayKH'' BXOAari* aKOHouH^ecKafl bcto« 
piB — T. e. HCTopifl afcoHOMHHecKaro OEira. IIpH Bcefl Gahsoctb h 
i<3aHM03aBflCBM0CTH o3HaieHHuxi> cocTaBHUx'B Hacreft HayKH, bi> 
n^jisix-h HayHHaro pasrpaHH^eHiii Marepiajia BOSHHKJia noTpe6- 
HOCTB usoJiHpoBaHiji STHxi* HacTed, npeAcraBJifliOQXHX'B Ka>KAafl 
oaMa no ce6i& rpoifaAHyio oGnacTB. H onHaKO, Bci^ bth rpH nacTH 
coBui^meHLi bi> KHB}KKi^ T. BoFsaHOBa, 3aicjiioqaK)mefl b-b ce6^ 
290 OTpaHHm> He6oJii>inoro cj:)optfaTa h aobojibho Kpynearo 
mp«$ra. IIpB raKOM-B ^KeJianiH aaropa bi> ue6ojihmoM'h xpyj^^ 
^o6i>BTfc HeoO-bHTHoe" ecxecTBeHHo nojiyiHJioct to, hto, roBopM 
cjioBasda caMaro aBTopa, MKHara BTa He sisnsieTCsi nojiHK[iii> aa- 
KOHHeHHtiMTi pyKOBojicTBOMii HO flaHHOMy npcflMCTy; axo, co6- 

CTSeHHO rOBOpB, KOHCaeKT-b. H'llKOTOpaH OyXOCTB H3J10»CeHifl... 

aaBHOHTx... Bi> aaaHHTejiBHofi creaeHH otb aroft KOHcnesraBHoft 
(|)opMu^. T']&Mi> He iieai^e aarop-b Bupa]icaeTi> naziejKAy^ hto ero 
„pa6oTa 0Ra)iceTCH hc jianiHeio bb namefi^ jiajicKO ne 6oraToft, 
;iBTepaTyp'& pyKOBOACTBii no noJiHTasecKoft aKoaoMia^. A'^ft- 
CTBBTeJibHO, TpyAB T. BorjiaHOBa siBJisitTCSi AaJiCKO He JiHniHaMi» 
H o6jiajiaeTB Hi^KOTopuMa kIehbimh jiocToaHCTBaMH. 

Becb ^KpaTKifi Kypcb" a'^jihtcb aa Tpa HepasHUxi* no 
o6'beMy OTA'l^Jia. Bb nepaoMb aajio^Keaju ^oOmisL noH«Tia^ no;iH- 
THiecKofi dKoaoMia. S^'^cb aejibaa ae ocTaaoBaTbcs aa caMOM-b 
OiipeA'^jieaia noJiHTHHecKofl aKoaoMia. Hto Taaoe noJiBTa(iecKa« 
BfvOdOMiji? KaKB aa ajieMeaTapao npocTB a KaKi> aa Ba>KeH'b 
aiorb BonpocB, AaneKo ae bz^ npescTaBaxejia aayica AaiOTi» aa 
aero npaBajibauA orai^TB. OduKaoseaao aa aero 0TB']&<iai0Ti». 
TaKi>: nojiaiaqecKaa dKOBOiiia ecTb aayKa o napodnOMh xosHUcmetb. 
B'b dTOMB onpeA'^^ieaia sHAaaayTB jiamb oabbb ajieMeaxb: no- 
Hjiiie o aapoABOMi* xoaBdcTB']^, KaKi» o aajieaia npoTHBonoJio)ic-^ 



44 PyCCSOB BOrATGTBO. 

floicB xoaafiCTBy nacTHOMy^ HHAHBHAyajifcHoyy. KoeeHHO, nojiH- 
THHecKoft 8KOHOMiH, KaKi* HayK*^ o6mecTBeHHofl, coiiiaJiBHofl) He 
npaxoAHTCfl H36HpaTb o6i>eKToiii> CBoero nacJi^noBRBiK hhahbh- 
AyajrbHUJi, lacTuo-xoBsflcTBeHHus eAHHsmj, hjih B']&pH']&e — noJiH- 

THHeCKaJI BKOHOMisi AOJIJKHa BHajIHSHpOBaTB dTH HHABBHAyaJIBHUil 

SBjieBin c-b o6mecTBefiHofl, v,HapoAHo-xo3flAcTBeHHofl^ tohkh ap'6- 
Hifl. HajiH^HOCTb H HeoGxoflHMOCTb STofi TOHKH spi^Bix H Bupa- 
sicaeTCfl Bi> HasBaHiH nojiBTHHecKoft BKOHOMin HayKoft o sapOA- 

HOITB X03BfiCTBi&. Ho 8T0 OnpeA^^JieHie Hey^OBJieTBOpBTeJIBHO B'h 

npyrowh oTHomeHiH. XosbActbo Mo>icerb 6hnh Hsyqaeiio cb paa- 
JiHHHHX'B TOHCKii 3p']&Hi5i: TaKi>, TexHaiecKiji HayKH (MexaisHKa, 
TexHOJiorifl) pa3ciiaTpHBaiorB ero Ch tohkh spl&nisi li^x-B rexea- 
HecKBxit npieuoBit, kotopumb pyKOBOACTByeTcsi nenos^K'h bi» 
CBoeA xosflflcTBeHHofl A'^STejiBHOCTH. BoTb noHeay aKoeoMBOTH, 
npeA^araiomie npHBeseHHoe onpe^'^jieHie HayKH, hjih Heapa- 
BHJibHO onpeii']^;iBK)T'b nooJi'^AHioiOy hjih }ftce BUHy^KjieBu (Sf>iBax)n» 
QpaGaBBTb K-B onpeAl^JieHiio oroBopKy o pa3JiHqiH mexHUuecKM h 

^KOHOMUHeCKOi rOieK'h ap'i&HlH npH H3CJI'fiZ(0BaHiH X035lflCTBeHHIsIXl> 

HBjieHiA. r. BorAaHOBB pa3cy>icjiaeTi» *cjii&iiyioniHHi> o6pa30Mi». 
Bi» cBoeft xoBBftcTBeHHoft A'l^flTeJiBHOCTH, BB Hpoaeccj^ npOHSBOA- 
CTBa H HenocpeACTBeHHo o% hbmb cBaaaHHaro pacnpes'l^JieHisi 
6jiari> (XOT5I noHCMy to r. BoraaHOBB He ynoMBHaex-B sxi'i&CB o 
npoKeccI^ o6M'£Ba) Hy»cHO paajiHiaTB ffB'l cropoHu: TexHHHeckyio 

H BKOHOHflHeCKyiO. TeXEHKH HpOHSBOJlCTBa 8TO cyiiMa TeXHHie- 

CKHxik npieiioBi> xosaAcTByiomaro cyCBexra, Bupa^aiomaa cre- 
neHB BJiacTH "lejioBi^Ka Bani> npHpoAoft, omnotueHie ueAoethKa m 
npupodfb. dKOHOMHKa — aro t^ oOmecTBeBHUB ofnuoiueHM, b-b ko- 
Topufl jnoflH BCTynaioTB dpyiz tn dpyty bb npoiieccl npoasBOA- 
CTBa (h pacapeA'^jieHiB). 3th o6mecTBeHHUsi oxHomeHiB jiiOAeft 
-cymecTBeHHo HSM'^HaioTCfl bb npoKecd HCTopHqecKaro pasBHTiB: 
BCBKaa BCTopHHecKas aaoxa oTjiHHaeTCB oco6ofl xosBftcTBeHHofi 
opraHH3auieft, BBJiBioaieftca <Jt>opMofl oco6uxb o6aiecTBeHHbixi> 
OTBomeHifl npoHSBosHTejieft. VL botb ^noJiHTHHecicaB BKOHoaU 
ecTB HayKa, aay^iaioaiaH oStmcmeeuHhiH omnotueHiH iipoHSBOACTBa 
H pacnpeAi^JieHifl b-b tixh paaeumiu^. (Crp. 3, Kypc. HaoiB). 3to 
onpeA'^jieHie, yua^HO oxMi^qaiomee offy/^ecmeeHHUu a ucmopuHecidA 
xapaKxepB HayKH, BBjiBeTca najiexo ne cjiyiafiaBiMB y r. £or- 
jiaHOBa^ OHO pyKOBOHBTB HMB Ha BceMB npoTflHceniH „kypca'\ 
Ota'I^jib II, cocTa8JiBK)aii& npeo6;iaziaK)myK) hbctb KHnrn (CTp. 
20 — 234), HOCHTB Hasaaaie „upoueccB 8KOHOMH<iecKaro pasan- 
Tia^, HO cojiepsanie ero ainpe Toro, hto moikho 6faiJio o^cHAaTB 
OTi> Hero no sarJiaaiK). 3zi'fecB aaropB 3aAa;ica cM'^jiofl hoobit- 
Koft npeACTaBHTB xpaTKift oiepKB HCTopia 8KOHOMH<iecKaro Cuxa 

BB^CBa3H CB H3J10XCeHi61IB dKOHOMH^ieCKOfl TCOplH, npHFOABOfl 

aJiB oGBBCHeHia aajieHifi btofo 6i>iTa bb paajiHiHue ifoiieaTu ero 
'Hocji'^AOBaTejiBHaro pasBHTia. Abtopb npocji'^^acaaaeTB acxopa- 



HOBfiia KHHrH. 4& 

^ecKH CM'^^HY o6mecTfieHHux7> oTHomeHifl npoBSBoncTsa orx» ne- 
piona nepBo6uTHaro poAOsoro KOMMyHHSBia, npesii anoxy pa6- 
CTBa, ^eojiajiBHaro h ixexoBaro crpoH, BnJion* no KanHxajiHSMa 
Bi* MaHy$aKTypH£ift h, HaKOHeni*^ MamHHHufl nepioA^ ero. Ila- 
paJUiejiBHO asTop'B seserb aHanH3i> aKOHOiiHHecKHn» Kareropift 

OnflTB TaRH Bl> HX1» HCTOpHHeCKOUl. paSBHTiH IipHli']&HHTeJIbHO Kl». 

pasJiHHBUM'b CTyneHflMii aKOHOMSHecKaro 6uTa. TaKHMi* o6pa- 
soBfii, y Hero n^vh orn^kjihuofi rjiaBu, naap. o Ml^eoBoft niu- 
HOCTH, BAH 3apa6oTHofl HJiaTl^. Oh% paacMarpHBaerB ota^^alho. 

irfiHHOCTb ^eOAaABHO-IieXOBOrO CTpOSI, IxtHHOCTB npH MaHy- 

^aKTypHoin KanHTaAH3Mi&, ni&HHOCTL wb anoxy MamnHRaro Ka- 
nHTaAB3Ma h t. a. dKOHOMH^ecKifl KareropiH BCioAy npHM-j&HiiioTCii 
uu-h Ki> aKOHOMHHecKOMy 6uTy AaHBaro nepioAa, h noAHTHHecKaji 
aKOHoifiii, xpaKTya BciOAy o6i» o6mecTBeHHiiix7> OTBomeuisiX'h 
npoHSBOACTfia, o6iii&Ha h pacnpeA'^AeHia, nbAyqaerb npH aroii'b 
BQOAH'^ HCTopHHecBoe nocTpoeHie. OAHaKO, HeAB3H CKaaaTB, 
HTo6a TpynHoe a^ao, npeAnpHHSToe r. £orAaHOBUMi>, BnoAH'6 
CMy yAaAocB. SKeAanie ^od^TB Heo6i>flTHoe** Aaerb ce6fl Hys- 
CTBOBaTB Ha Ka)KAOMi» mary. XapaKTepHCTHKH ota^^abhuxi* mo- 

MeHTOBl* BKOHOMBHeCKarO (3UTa nOpOK) CAHinKOlfB KpaTKH H 

^cyxH**, aHaAH3i> aK0H0ifH'>iecKHX7> Kareropift, pa3cfi^eHHux']» na 
«iacTH H sarepjiHHUX'B bi* pa8AH<iHUxi» yroAKax-b aicoHoiCHHecicoA' 

HCTOpiH, nopOK) CTaHOBHTCJI AO TOFO OTpUBOHeH'B, HTO HpCACTaB- 
JlSitTh CepBe3HUJl TpyAHOCTH AAA y^CHeHifl. IIpHTOII'B 3Ke aBTop-b 

He Bi» if^py ycAO^Hflexi. cboio 3aAaHy, KorAa Hap^Ay cb aKo- 
HOMHHecKofl HCTopiefi noA*iacB p^maercs Ha pHCKOBaHHLui dKCKyp-^ 
cin B-h libera aoboabho OTAaAenntifl h BOBce eny He doab^^- 
AoiiCTBeHHus: „noABTBHecKa5i ^HBHB^ ApeBHAFO iiipa, mQoabth- 

HeCKift CTpofl ApeBHBXl* Bi&KOBB^, ^yilCTBeHHUfi SaCTOfl CpeABHXlk. 

Bi&KOB'B** — aTH H Apyriii TAaBu y^e coBepmeHHo nanpacHO ne- 
cTpflTB coHHHeHie r. BorAaHOBa. 3a Boi&Mi> t^Im-b h bi* aroirb 

OTA^Ai^ 3a SLBTQ-pOWh mu'klOTOSL daCAyPH. BCAB OTp'i&mHTBCSI OTh. 
Hpe3M-£pH0fi OTpUBOHHOCTH H HC C0BC%M1> yA06H0fl CHCTeMaTHSa- 

iliH MaTepiaAa, ecAH co6paTB oTAi^ABHue kaoirh BoeAHHO, Ta 
noAyHHTCJi HHTepecHoe H3AO)KeHie noAHTH^ecKoft BKOHOiiiH, npo- 
HHKH3rrofl onpeA'S&AeHHoft, nocA-J^AOBareABHo npoaeAeHHoft rpy- 
AOBOfl TOHKofi 3pi^Hifl. HsAO^CHie aBTopa He 6AenieTi> opHra- 

HaABHOCTBK); OHl) He BHOCHTB HEKaKHXli HOHpaBOKlk B% TpyAO- 

Byio TeopiK). Ho obi* npocTo h nonyAflpHO H3AaraerB ee, bi>. 
HeifB h CA^AyeTii bhaI^tb saAany aAeMenrapHaro ynedBBKa. 



n. H. Meceapomi. ^HHJiflHAifl— rocy;^apcTBO h4h pyeeRas 
OBpaHHa? — SHa^enie oco6hx'b yqpesxemil <^hhjuhackojI ORpaHHH Poccifi- 
CKofi HifnepiH. Cn6. 1897. 

Haii-B He npHXOABAOCB paH'le BCTp'^naTB bi> neiaTB BMii r. Mec-^ 



46 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

capoma b tojibko h3i> ero xce KHHre mu yseajiH, hto ohi* h ho 
eji noflBJieeifl Chuii. y^e w&Koropuu'h o6pa80M% nps'iacTeH'b ki* 
jiHTeparypi^, nanHcaB-B BMeHHo, bi» 1896 r., KoppecnoHAeHUiio 
H3i> r. CepnoCoJisi b7> ,HoBoe BpeMs^, KOTopyio, Bnpoieirb, ara 
rasera, no ero cjioBaMi>, pi^niHJiacB Hane«iaTaTb Jinmh ch Koe- 
KaKHMH cnur^ieHlflMB (c. 194)« BiiiTB Moserb, oh7> nacajiii b eme 

HTO-HB6y;ib, BO BtkWh, nOBTOpBeifli, Be npBIUJIOCB OSBaKOMBTbCa 
BB CB KaKBMB eFO npOBBBejieHiflliB, KpOMi^ BaSBanflOfl KBBFB. H 
T'^^Ml* Be MCB'^e, HBTaB nOCJI^JlBIOlO, MU AOJirO Be MOrJIB OTBfl' 

aaTBCsi OTi» BDenaTJi'^&BiB nero-To AaBBo yxce ssaKOMaro. B% kob - 
ttb KOBiiOBii, Mu noranaJiBcb, onaaKO, hto a&io se bi> caiioirb 
r. Meccapom^, a b-b Toft nik^B^, Kaxaa cocTaBJiaerb cyxb ero 
KBAFB. TL^CBSi 8Ta TJiry^aB, OABOo6pa3flafl, nyrb jib Be bca no- 
CTpoeBBas Ba OABoft B Tofi 3ice, 6e3KOBe^BO pacTurBBaeMofl Boxi^ 
By irl^flCTBBTejibBo, jtaBBo jio npecunieBifl BBaKOMaa. Bapoieiix, 
nycTB cYJtBTh caiTb HBTaxeAB. 

IIpoBCzo^AeBie BassaBBofl kbbfb bi» Bucmeft creneBB npo- 
CTO. Ti Meccapoma oneBL o6e3noKOBJio to oCcTOBrejibCTBo, hto 
B-b TO BpeMii, i^KorAa pyccKBX-B AiOAeft npaBBiiaiOTii ci» pacnpo- 
cTepTUMB oG'BsrTifliiB Aa)Ke bi> TaKoiii* OTAaneBBOui* jrojiKi Hh- 
AOCTaaa, xaKi* ManeBBKifl ropoAosi* Mas, b bb necTB bxi* pac- 
n'^^BaiOTi pyccKifl BapoABufl raMBi* na pyccKOM'b b3uk% b yKpa- 
maiorB copoAi» pyccKBua $;iaraMB, b% canofl PoccIb cyoiecTBy- 
eTi* Kpaft, Bi> KOTopoMB opraBu pyccKofl ixeBTpaJibBofl sjiacTB 
Be BU'iiOTii SBa^enifl^ (c. 2). Hcxoas b3i> ctojub ecTecTBeuHaro 
B saKOBBaro OeanoKoftcTBa, r. Meccaponi% nocTeneaao npameJiii 
B Ki> OTKupuTiio npBHBBii yKEsaBBaro BMi> neqajiBsaio <|>aKTa. 
Owh uoTJiB. 6u 6hkTh BaflAeau b flpyrsMB, ecnaCu ae M^majio 
TO ycJiOBie, hto, kb co^aji'^^aiio, „no aacTOBniaro BpeMeaa Ba 
pyccKOifi. si3UK^ ae (5lijio jiaao oT^eTa o Kpafiae noHTeBBom> 
Tpyn^ r. EaeaeBa ^Les pretentions des s^paratistes finlandais'' b 
panauii'B o6pa30Mi» bbkto b3i» rocnom pyccKflXi> lopBCTOB'b ae 
BAmen'h By^xauM-B aaui'^jioBaTB Bonpoci», aacKOJiLKo aeoCzoAB- 
MO B-h BHTepecax-B ae toabko Poccia, ao b caMoro aacejieaisr 
^BBJiBBAiB coxpaaeaie oco6uxi> y^ipe^Aeaifi aroft OKpaaau Poc- 
cificKaro rocyAapcTBa". F. Meccapomi* p^mBJVh noaoHB Taicoft 
6i&ni. ^CosaaBaB bboab']^ c;ia6ocTk cbobxb CBm, — saaBJiserb 
ofli>— MU nonuTaeMCB nonojiaaTb 8toti> upo6ijn»*^ (c. 3). nCjia- 
<SocTb CBJii*^ r. Meccapoma, kobchbo, Jiamb CBoero po^a Mera- 
$opa, ynoTpeGjieaaafl bsb aaTopcKoft ckpomboctb. IIpaBna, obb 
Be daaeTiii noBBABMOMy, bb maeACKaro, aa ^aaacicaro flsuKa, 
<:i» BCTopieio ^taajuiaAiB 3aaK0Mi> aeAOCTOTO'iao, a ea jiaxepaTypa 
BSB'i^^THa eay jianiL no aacjiunxK-i^, bsb BTopuxi* pyK'b. Ho sh 
TO OB-B aa npoTJi^eaia AaaAuarn bbtb Ji^Th ABa^KAU noCuBaJi-b 
bib Biii6oprcKoft ryGepaia, npoHBTaJii> aasBaaayio Bume (t>paa- 
nyscKyio KBBXxy r. EAeaesa b a-i^CKOAbico pyccKHXi» Kaan* h 



HOBUfl RHEni. 47 

• 

'CTETefl o OHHJixHKiH H npomTyAHpoBajiii KoppecnoH/ieHiiiH h37> 
STofl CTpaHfci, ne<iaTaBiniscs aa aoojii&aHie roau B-b „HoBOir& 
BpeiieHH** H ^MocKOBCKHX'b B'^noMOCTjixii^. CaMo co6ok), see 
8T0 naeri* BnoxrH^ jiocTaTOHuufl MaTepiaji'b jijia aBTopHTeTHaro 
cysKAenifl o npomjiofi h nacTOflmefi skhshh n^jiaro napona n no- 
TOMy r. Meccapomii BnojiHi^ peaoHHo 3a6biBaeT3> bt» TeKCT*]^ cbo- 
efi KHHrH o HeyM^CTHofi ckpomhocth, npoxBJieHHOfi nirb bi» npe- 
.ABCJioBiH, H, He noMRHafl 6oji%t o cbohxi> cjia6iaxi> CHJiaxi>, 
npoHBHOCBTi* BecBMa p'^mHTejibHue nparoBopH najcb (|)BHJisiHa« 
CKBMH ynpeiKjieHijiMBi Bi* uepBUXi» HCTupexi* rjiaBaxi^ CBoed 
KHflFH oHi> pa3CKa3UBaen» BCTopiio „cenapaTHCTCKoft napTin^' b-b 
'OBHJiflHAiH CB 1803 r. flo nacTOflmaro bpcmchh hjih, xoiH-fee ro- 
BopH, AaeTB H3Jio:iceHie KBHrB r. EjieHesa, upb6slbji^a otb ce6fl 
Jiamb cepiiHTjbifl HoraaiH no anpecy ^BBJixHAneBTi, yBJieKaiomnx- 
cfl ^xjiecraKOBmBHofi^, nponoB%jiyioniBxi> ,,3aB'%jioiiyio jioKb^^ He 

Hli'^lOmBX'b HH TaKTa, HH BOCnHTaHi^I, HH JiaXCe „npHMHTBBHOfi 

'recTHOCTH" (cc. 13, 19 — 20, 28). T. Meccaporaib CjiHcraTejiBHO AO- 
Ka3UBaeTi>, hto OaHJiHHAifl flBJiacTca no-npocxy noKopeHHOfl npo- 
BBHQiefl, He BM'lioniefl BHKaKoro npasa Ha KaKix-JinGo otjibhIsi bi* 
CBoeMii rocyAapOTBeHHOMi* crpo^, h ropxHO DOJieMHSBpyeTi* c-b 
iiep)KamBMHcsi npoTBBonojioxcHaro mh^^hIb (|)HHJiBHACKHiiH y<ieHu« 
ifH, JlaHiejibCOHOMi*, MexejiBHUMi* h repiiaHCOHOM'b, npoHaBeneHi:? 

KOTOpUXl Bl» 60JIBniaHCTB^, Bnp0HeMl>, H3Bi&CTHU eify TOJlbKO CO 

cji0Bi> Bce Toro xce r. EneneBa. IIocA^AHee o6cToaTCJibCTBO, co* 
BepmeBHO MajioBasiCHoe^ Konenno, hhckojuko He Mi^maeTii r. Mec- 
capomy rpoMHTb nasBaHHux'b yieHux-b 3a hxi> HeBi^>KecTBO, ne- 
AoCpocoB'^CTHocTb H Apyrifl Hexopomifl KanecTBa, euy caiioMy 
coBepmeHHo Hy^AUB. Ci^ KSLKmwh 6jitCK0M'h owh BeAen> cboiq 
nod-feaoHocHyio KaiinaHiio h nacKOJiBKo coKpymnTeJibHU ero ap- 
ryiieHTu, mokho y6']&aHTLcs H3'b cjii^jiyiomaro npHii'^pa. noiiHi^- 
Biio r. JDtaHiejibCOHa, yTBepxcAenie Hmh. AjieKcaHApoMi II cefl- 
MOBaro ycxana Aira OnHJisiHAiH bb 1869 r. Ha ocHosaHiB npaBi, 
npeAOCTaBJieHHUxii Monapxy M<I^opMofl npaBJiemfl^ 21 anr. 1772 r. 
H mAktomb coeAHHenia h oxpaneHia** 21 ^enp. h 3 anp. 1789 r., 
BBAaeTca HeonpoBep:KHMi>iM7> A0Ka3aTejiBCTB0M% opHSHaHia pyc- 

CKOK) BJiaCTbK) CHAU yUOMaHyTUXB 3aKOHOBl» H, CJOri^AOBareAbHO, 

rocyAapcTBeHHUxii OTJiHHifl <[>HHAaHAiH. Ho r. J];aHieAi>coH% 

6UJl'h CAHmKOlfB HHBKarO MH^Hia O Ca0C06H0CTaXl» H'l^KOTOpUX'b 

ny6ABnHCT0Bi» h hxi» npHAHHecKHXii noanaHiaxii. F. Mecca- 
pomi* myra copaBAaerca cb TaKHMii npenaTCTBieid'b. ^^IIpoTHBi* 
caMoro ycTEBa, saaBAaerb ohi>, uu ne CM'l^eM'b HH^ero roBopsTb, 
3T0 3aK0Hi», H3AaHHLifl rocyAapeMi» h o6a3aTeAbHi>ifi bo Bce spe- 
Bia ero A^flCTBia aas KasKAaro pyccKaro noAAaHsaro. IIpBBHaTb 
jKe BTOTii ycTaB'b xaKB (aa?) AOKa3aTeAbCTBO joro, hto PyccKift 
^TocyAapb, bb KaHecTB'J^ BejiHKaro Kaada OaHAaHACKaro, kohcth- 
TyAioBBufi MOBapxi... eABa-AH CyAen JiorHHHO B b^PHO*" (c. 30). 



48 P7CGK0E BOFATCTBO. 

EcJiH Bi) $opMyji^ yiBep^iCAeHiH ceflMOBaro yoTaea h mu^tTcm 
npsMaii ccujiKa aa ^^opMy npasJieHU'' 1772 r. h ,,AKrb coe- 
AHHeHia^^ 1789 r., to TaKasi ccujiica eme HHiero He AOKasu* 
Baerb. T. Meccapomi» 3aiiaerbce6i& BonpocB, snsLjrh nm bmh. Ajie- 
KcaHApi. II 8TH aaKOHu, H p^m&tr-h ero yBigpeHieMii, hto, no' 
ero MH^Hiio, HMnepaxop'b He iion> hh sHarB hxi>, hh conyBCTBo- 
BaTB Bin. Cji^AOBarejiBHo, ^,noflBJieHie ccujikh Ha 9tb aaKOHu 

B03M0»H0 OCliJICHBTb JimVOh T^^M'b, HTO npH JlOKJlSiJl/h BMi^CTa 
U^^CTBJnejlhBUH'b mBCACKHXli KOHCTHTyaiOHHU[Xl» SaKOHOBl 1772 

H 1789 rr. rp. ApM$e;iBAi» (TorffamHifl mbbhctpi* CTaTci»-ceKpe- 
TapB OHHJiflHJiin). AOJioxcHJi'B HAinepaTopy Kaxie-TO Apyrie, bu- 
Miiim;ieHHue saKOHu, coHHHeHHue hmi* h ero cnoABH>KHHKaMH» 

KOTOpUe (saKOHU HJIH CnOABHXCHRKH?) He npOTBBOp^HHJIH OpHB- 

UHnaMi* caMOAepxcaBHot BJiacTB^ (c. 40 — 41). HraKii, AjiescaHJipi* 
II ccuuiajicfl Ha KaKie-To necymecTByioniie saKOHU, a He Ha Ti, 
o KOTopuxit HAerit p^^h Bii ero yTBepsKJieHiH cefiMOBaro ycxa- 
Ba, H nocfliflHie ocraiOTCfl HenpHSHaHHiiiMn co CTopoHU nepxoB- 
Bofl BJiacTH. no6^jia r. Meccapoma HecoiiB^HBa, xota nyTb^ 
KaKHMii oHa nocTHrnyTa, n moxcho, no)KaJiyft, HasBaTB h^^ckojibko 
pBCKOBaHHUMTi. Bi* cdMOMii A^Ji'^, HAfl vhwh ysct HyxeMi* npeA- 
nojioxcenift o cB^iii§Hijix'i> h Han'ipeHisx'L HOCHTeJix sepxoBHoft 
BJiacTH, npennojioseHifl, 6e3i> nocpeacTBa xaKHXi) 6iii to he 
6ujio aarpyiiRiiioniHX'B ji'^jio AOKaaaTejiBCTBi*, odpamaeMEixi. bi» 
^a,KTu H npoTHBonocTaBJifleMUX3> TOHHOMy CMUcJiy saKOHa, moxc- 
bo Bi^jib OyjierB yHHHTo^HTB CHJiy Jiio6oro aaKOHOAaxejiBHaro 
aKTa. BapoHeiTB, no6i&jiHTejix He cyABTB. Ki* Tony xce neycTpa* 
niHMas JiorHKa r. Meccapoma HjierB h jiaJiBme. Ha yxaaaHie 
T; JlaaieJiBCOHa, hto MaHH^ecrb Hmh. AjieKoanjipa III on 2 — 
14 iiapra 1881 r. nojCTBepjKjiaji'B „0CH0BHue saKOHu^' ^S^rhjiue- 
mm, OHi» B03pa^aeT3> TaKi»: hm^^b btm bbjiy o6cTOBTejiBCTBa roro 

BpeneHH, ,,BCBKift 6e3npHCTpaCTHHft BCTOpBKli COrJiaCBTCB Clb 

BaMfl, HTO aroro MaHH$ecTa rocyxiapB jihhho He pejiaKTBpoBajnb 
B He cocTaBJiiJii> ero, ^to ohi> 6un'h oocTaBJieai* hjih mhhh- 
CTpoMit CTaTCB-ceKperapeMi* <I>flHJiBHniB, bjib ic£iii»-jib6o b8i»> 
npH6jiH)KeBHi>ix'B JiBixT* TocyjiapB*' (c. 50 — 51). ,,£e3npHCTpacT- 
Huft HCTopHBi>'S noMscajiyfl, corjiacHTCB h ct> t^mti, hto MaHH^e- 
CTU Boo6nie oneBB p^jiKo cocTaBji^jiHCB caMBMi» MOBapxoiiiiy a 
(SeaDpBCTpacTBuft iopBCTi» Be yBBflarB arb BTOMtb o6cTOBTejiBCTBi& 
*noBOAa K'h OTpHiiaHix) cbjiul 3a axib BUpaxceHiBiiH, ho Kaxoe, 
coCcTBOHHO, K^no Ro BTOFO T. Meccapomy? EMy naJio ji^Jia, na^e 
AO ero xce co6cTBeHHiiixi> yTaep^CAeHifl, Koraa ohb M^maiorb 
BBmmeMy nocpaiijieHiio ^BBjiBHAnealb. BHCKa3aB'B, Kaxii iih bh- 
AiljiB, aa cTp. 30 CBoet xaarH aobojibho onpeA^JieaHufl BsrjiBjrB. 
Ba dBa^eaie ceflMosaro ycxaaa 1869 r., ohi» nepesii 108 cipa- 
BBn-B, Kor^a eiiy hoboaoCbjiocb ABCKpeABTHpoaaTB btotb 3a- 
KOB-B, coo6niaerB ^miaTtJin cji'l^Ayiomee: ,,npoHBTaB'B aaBiia* 



HOBiia KHHTH. 49 

TcjiikHO naparpa$i 3a naparpa$oirb BecB ycraB'^, Btsojihuo npH- 

XOABM-b Kl» SaKJIIOHeHlK), HTO B-b OEHJISHAiH POCCiflCBift HMHe- 

paTopi», B^fc KanecTBi^ BeJiHKaro Khssx, KOBCTHTyKioHHufi rocy- 
jiapB** (o. 138). OHHJiflHACKflm, Aa, cic^eMi* AyiiaTb, h pyocKBin. 
j^tEuwh lopHcraMii, naneKO ao TaKoro BCKyccrsa bi» TOJiKOBa- 
BiH aaKOHOBiy Aaiomaro sosMOxcBOCTb bt> oAHHib b xoTib xce aa- 
KOBOAarejiBBufl axrb bjioskhtb, cmotpb no HaAo6BOCTH, juoOoe 
3HaHeBie« 

AoKaaaB'^ TaxBHi* nyTein. OTCyrcTBie npaBOBOfi ochobu y 
cymecTsyiomflx-b bi» <DHHJixHJiiE nopujocoB-b, r. Meccapom BCKpu- 
BaeT% earfiMii, bi» cjii^jiyionxHxib rjiaBaxi* CBoet khhih, hcthh- 
Hoe SHaneBie 8Tflxi> nopaAKOBi*. OKaaHBaeTCx, hto wh Obkuib- 
js,\m y)Ke oKOJio CTOJi'^Tix cymecTByen^ h aanpaBjmerb BC%irb 
xoAOMtb n'bn'h napTU cenapaTflCTOBi») cooxaBBBinag rpoifaffHufl 
aaroBoprb Cb ai^jiLio oTTopsKeHin axoro Kpax orb Poccin nyxeirb 
BOscraHiji. P. Meccaponrb cTOflTib OABaKo aa crpa^Ki^ h eeycTaH- 
HO o6JiBHaerb bth KOBapsue aaicucjiu. Ohi» SHaerb Taflnufl mu- 
OJiH ^HHJiBHiiOKHXx yHaoTHHKOBi* KOMMHccifl DO nepecMOTpy npo- 
eKTa ocHOBHuxii 3aKOHOBi> BejiHKaro KH5i}KecTBa h ero TaMo- 
xeHHaro ycTaBa (c. 62), euj hbb'^cthiiI h ne Mcn^e saAHiA njuu 
^HHJuiHACKHxtb AenyTaTOBib B-b cefiM']^ (c. 82), OHi* ne Hiri&erb 
CB^A'^Hift o xapaKTep'^ npenoAaBaHis bi* $HHJiflHACKHxi> nnco- 
Jiaxi», HO T&wh He MCH^e anaeTi, hto bi» hrxi. BeAexca Bpa^ic- 
AeGnaji npaBHTeJibCTBy nponaraHAa (c. 147). IIoai* ero KpacHo- 
pi^BBUMib nepoMi* npaBo $BHju[HACBaro cenaxa pasp^maTb 
6paiCH Bii BocnpemeHHuxi* CTeneniix'b poACTBa h CBoftcTBa o6pa- 
maeTCfl bi* npaBO paap^meHiH 6paK0B'b ^Cpara h cecTpu, oTiia 
ci» AOHepbK), cuHa cb Marepbio'' (a B^jih tskIsi a^smi^ — na- 
TeTHHecKH BOCKJiHnaeTib oHi^—no aaKOHani* Bcero Mipa HMeny- 
lorcfl MnpecTynJieHieMtb KpoBOCiii&meHia^, c. 90), HeBHHHue n^- 
ceHHue npasAHHKH npeo6pa3yiOTai B'b peBOAioaioBHua cCopama, 
npeABi^cTHHKH OTKpuTaro BoacTanifl (c. 194 — 200)^ cspoMHoe 
5,000-Hoe $HHCKoe boAcko paapocTaeTCii ao pa3ic%poB'b 80,000 -Hofi 
apMiH (c. 68), npHHeni* aBTop'b aaKJiBHaerb pyccKHx-b BoeHHux'b 
cneiiiajiHCTOBi* bo hms ^hxi CBSToro AOAra nepeAi* poAHHofl** 
o6AyiiaTb HCHopMaAbHOCTb cymecTBOBaHix axofl apMie (c. 113). 
OncBHAHO, Cb cepbeaHUMH 3HaHi»iH h HeoGuKHOBeaHoio cnoco6- 
HOCTbK) K'b lopHAHHecKOMy aHajiHsy r. Meccapom'b coeAHHseTi. 
H p^AKyK) no CBoeft chjt]& $aHTa3iio. nocji^ABflfl noAynaeTi* 
TOAbKo y Hero H'^CKOAbKo 6oA^3HeHHoe pasBHTie. Ohi> yAHB- 
AeH%, HTO ocM'£jiHBaK>miecfl He corAamaTbcx Cb Bnwb bo mhI^- 
Hiiixi* rr. JDtaHiejibcoHi> h PepMaHCOHi> „ao chxi* nop-b cocTosTii 
npo^eccopaMH rejibCHBr^opcKaro yHEBepcHTexa^ (c. 144), h yB%- 
pserb, HTO npaBBTeAbCTBO, ocTaBJUH noAoGHUX'b AiOAeft na ynn- 
BepcBTeTCKHX'b KaeeApaxi*, caMo bhhobho B'b noompeniH npe- 
cT3rnHofl nponaraHAU (c. 137); owh oropHeHi t^mi, hto B'b cep- 

J« 4. Ota*jl II. 4 



50 PyOCBOB BOriTCTBO. 

iio6ojii>cKofi ceMHHapiH cBflmeHHHK'b C. OKjjioB'h npenosaBajii* 
Sekohi. Bo^ifi yneHRKaM'B-KopeJiaM'B He Ha pyccKOui* aauK-J^ 
(c. 165) H, 67^7 *iH nodTOMi*, ne nepeBejiii na $HHCKifi ashki* 
pyccKaro Haponnaro reiiHa (c. 198); OHii, naKOHeirb, nyreM-b 

JlOBOJIbHO HaHBHULXli MaHBHyjUEmift Cb KajieHjicapiiMH H306p'6TaeT'b 
CB-I^Jl^Hie, HTO Bli <I>HHJUiHAiH He OpaSJlHyiOTCfl AHH BOoapeHisi 

pyccKHXtb rooyjiapefl (c. 205 — 6). Bi BBjiy Boero axoro r. Mec- 
caponTB, Ka^eTCfl, HdJiHOiHe CBpoMeH'B, roBopn o ce6t: ^uu He 
KacaeMCfl nacTHHX'B jinm, uu ne nHmeMii aohocob'b^ (c. 116). 
AoKasuBan HeHopnajiBHOCTB cymecTByiomaro nonoiKeHifl nj^n-h 
Bi* <]>BHJijiHj[iH, r. MeccapoQn HairSnaerB h cpencTBa ajia ycrpa- 
Heniji BToft HeHopMajubHocTH, cnoco6Hfi[fl bi KopH% noAopBaxb 
KOBapHue saMUCJiLi ^HHJixHAiieB'B. TaKit KSLK'h „jinsi saB^AUBa- 
His BCi&MH A^HaMH OHHJIBHAiH Bl» HMHepiH cymecTByBOTb rOTO- 

BhUL BHOJiHi^ KOMnereHTHHJT yHpcBCflCHiji'* (c. 97), TO H cji-feAye-nb 
yHHHTosKHTb ^HHJUTHflCKift CTaTCb-oeKpeTapiaTi» H ceHarib, aepe- 
nsisrh Hxi* A^jia Bi* B'^s^Hie o6meHMnepcKHxii aeHTpanBHUxii 
ynpeiKAeHifi, a cefliii» oOpaTHTB bt» ry6epHCKoe aeiicKoe co6pa- 
Hie. Oco6yio $HHjiBHACKyio apMiio raKiice cjrtjiyeTib yHHHToxcHTb, 
pacnpen'&TiHBrb ({)hhckhxi» cojiaarib bi» pyccKie hojikh, crosniie 
Btb OHHiUHAiH, TaK-fc, HTo6u Ha KATKRavo $HHa npHxoABJiocb no 
ABa pyccicHxi», h HaanaHafl b% bth hojckh o$HiiepaifB hckjiio^ih- 
TejibHo pyccKBXi» ypoxenneBx. PaBHUMi» o6pa30Mi» AOJi^na 
6uTh ynHHTOxena h oco6asi ^HHCKas MOHera, h ^HHJiBHACKaH 
TaMoiKHs (o pyccKofl TaMOxcHl^ Ha $HH/iJiHACKofi rpaHHii^ r. Mec- 
capomii roBopHrb ne ch Taxoio onpeA^JieHBocTBio). Jlaji^e, 

HyXHO BSeCTH pyCCKtft SiBUK'b Bli A^JIOnpOH3BOACTBO BCi&X'B TO- 

cyAapcTBeHHHX'b h odmecTBeHHULXi* yHpeiKAenit xpaa h ycra- 
HOBHTB npenoAaBanie bo bc^xx y^edHHXii saBeAeHiiiX'b, oti» 
HapoAHux'B mKOJiii no yHHBepcHTeTa, na pyccKOMi* see xaurfe, 
npHHeM-b jijia nojiHaro BBeseHin aroft Hocjii^nneft pe^opMU co- 
BepmeHHO AOCTaroHHo Herupexji'^THBro cpoxa. B'b u'^^jiflxtb Bma- 
Hifl Ha HaceJieHie nyreiii. nenaTH xopomo 611IJ10 6u cosAarb oco- 
6hA cy6cHAHpoBaHHUfl opran^ y^uoji-h peAaKaiefl JiHaa, npeAan- 
Haro pyccKHMi» HHTepecaMi.'' (c. 192). npH^aBHifi oxii ce6fl, 
HTO TaxHMi* jiHKOiiii uorh 6u XBHTBCJi H caiTb T. Meccapom'B . 
Owh HeAOBOJieHi* h coBpeMeHHUMa A^flTeAHMH npaBOCAaBHoA 

IiepKBH B!b OHHJIflHAiH H peKOMCBAyeTIb ,,Ha Mi^cxa CBxmeaHH 
KOBl* B'b 8TOMl> KpE'fe HaBHaHaXb KOpeHHUXl* pyCdCBXli AlOKefl, 

npeAaHHuxi. PoccIh, xoxopue cjiyxHAH 611 He toabko Ai^y 
npaBOCJiaBin, ho h A'^y cniBHifl xpaa Ch HMnepieft'^ (c. 167). 
CaMi> 0Hi> cxopoHHHKi* HOAHoft peAHrio3Hoft CB060AU (c. 318) H 
noxoiiy He M03icexi> noHxxB, ^bi* cHAy KaKHxi» 3aK0B0Bi» hab 
KaKHxii coo6paxceHifl, ,,$HHAaHACKoe npaBHxeAbcxBo'^ paapi^ma- 
erii paSHUirii ceKxanxaMtb pacnpocxpaHflXB cboh yqealB^' (c. 210), 
H coB'^&xyex'b pyccKHMi* npaBHxeAbcxBeHHUMi* opraHaii% „o6pa- 



HOBUfl KHHnr. 51 

«TBTB CBoe BHHMaHie Ha 8T7 cBo6oAHO-pe;iHrio3H7io crpaHy h yca- 
aaTB, HTO jiJisi cBOAOJiio6HBux'B $HHJixHACKBx% opjioBi* eme 
flii^DTOfl rocyAapcTBeHHUfl h nepicoBaufl kjiI^tkh h hto oh% ao- 
CTaTOHBO Kp'l^niCH'* (c. 2U). IIpHycjiOBiH BuaojiHeHifl BToro npo- 
-eKTa BO Bci&xtb ero nacTaxi*, <^flHJiflHAlfl Heco&iH'l^HHO npoiXBi^- 
TeTT» H Bi» Heft BOABopHTCH CTOJiB 7Kt CjiaroHaneacQoe HacTpoe- 
Hie, Kax-b BB HHAocTaHil. Bee bto npeKpacao h nac-b CMymaeri* 
TojiBKo ohho iiajieHbKoe o(5cTOflTe;ibCTBo: sin bb HHnocTaH'i, 
H Bii HacTHOCTH Bii ^louieHbKOMii TopoflK^ Maa'^ erne ne 6ujii>, 
-Kaxcercsi, ocymecTBjieHb npoexn r. Meccapoma, Tasii hto rjsfk 
JKe rapaHTifl ycoilxa aroro npoexTa? 

O jUTepaTypHOifib npoaaBeAeHia TaKoro Bucoicaro pa86opa, 
4caKib KHHra r. Meccapoma, He ctohxo 611I rsach mhofo paaroBa- 
piBaTb, ecjiHOu oho He cnyxcHJio nBmh oahhm'b h3i» npoxBjie- 
Hift Tofl icaiiaaHiH hpothbb <]>aHXflHAiH h (|)HH/iflHAaeBB, KaKasi 
BejieTCH HeiiajioK) lacTbio Hameft npeccu. Fi Meccapom% tojii>ko 
HeMHoro oTKpoeeHH^e h naHSH^e jipyrnxi* cbohxi* coTOBapH- 
meft no aroft xaiiaaHiH, ho bth ero oco6eHH0CTH jr&naK>T% sna- 
KOMCTBO CK RHiTB eme jnoSoQUTHi^e, nouorafl npoHHKHyrb bi* 
<:yTi> CTpeifJienift BOHHCTByiomax-b nyGaHUHCTOBii. IIpaiCTaiecKafl 
'CyflBea ero apoeKTOBii, no Bceft Bi^poJiTHOcra, dyser-b ra )s:e 
cauafl, HTo ■ npoeKTOBii CajiTUKOBCKaro KaaHTana TepnaOi^Ao- 
Ba B'B ,,6jiaroHaiiiftpeHHUxi» piHBxi^*\ KOToparo, ki» CJioay cxa- 
BBTb, OHi» cHJibHo HanoMHHaerb, HO noci^Bu nejioailKOHeHaBBCT- 

HHHeCTBa B'B HapOAHOfl JKBSHB p%AKO npOXOAflrb COBOpmeHHO 

^eaiuioxiHiiMH. 



H. nepe^iepBOBH^'E. TaJiMyA*^, ero HCTopU a coxepxaaie. ^acn 
nepBafl. Mamaa. Gb6. 1897. 

3Ta KHHra npejicTaBJiaeTi* colSoio, xaK-h CKasaib, BBexeHie ich 
o6mHpROJiy rpyjiy, npenapHHaTOiiy aBTopoirb: nojiHOiiy kphth- 
necKOMy nepeBOAy TanMyjia. Beajina HeAopaayiitHift, ckohhb- 
maaca Boxpynb aroro npoHaaeneHia, c/iyBcamaro tsocb nacTo 
npenMeroiTb o6cy;icAeHia JiioAeft, HHKoraa ero B'B rjiaaa He bh- 
jiaBHiHxi, oHeBHAHo, He paaci^erca jlo tivh nopi», noxa xa^ic- 
AOMy He 6yiierb nana bobmoshoctb neaocpeACTBeHHO oana- 
KOMBTbca c% ero coAepxcaaieirb. ^Cb oAHoft CTopoHu axa SHHra 
craBHTca HpedBUHaflHO bucoko bi» Mopa;ii»Hoifib oTHomeHiH h 
ffasKe oKpyscena opeojiouB cbbtoctb, a ch Apyroft — ona ^e 
BucTaBJiaeTca rH^snoMtb BcaxHxii npeBpaTHuxB yHeHift**. 

PaapilmeHiK) aTHXtb npoTaBop^HBBHxtb caopoBi h BBiacaeHiK) 
HCTHHiii jiojiTKtwh caoco6cTBOBaTb HepeBOAB, noKa orpaHHHHBaio- 
miflca ocHOBHOft HacTbX) TaJinyAa, — Mamaoft. Ho h nepeaoAB 
KHara, bb Teqeaie MHoraxB b'IIkobb cocraBJiaBineflca mbj* yoT- 
r^Es^'h TpaAaaift a TOAKOBaaifl, npanaAAe^KamaxB MBoraMB cor- 

4* 



52 PyOGKOB BOrATGTBO. 

Bsiwh jvnwh^ eABa-JiH Moacerb 6UT& noHsni Haiuie^ammn o6pa- 
sowh HHTaTejieMiiy KOTopufl BesBaKOMtb cb TOft nyxoBHofi o6cTa-> 
BOBKot, Bii KOTopofl cosflaBajiocB aaKOHOflaTejncTBO Tajmyjia* 
Bbccth Bib BTj o6cTaBOBKy, naTB npcACTaBJieHie o&h o6mecTBeH» 
BOWh H nojiHTHnecKoitb 6ur£, aa no^iBil KOToparo 6hum Bupa- 
GoTaBU aaKOBonoJioxeBiB Mbidbu — TaKOBa ii&d» Jiexcameft ne- 
pejvb saifB KHHra. CoAepxcaHie eji nocBBmeno bctopIh h cocraBr 
ocBOBBoro HApa TajiMyAa h poACTBeBHUX% exy c6ophhkob%^ 
Giorpa^ifliTB h zapaKTiepBCTBKaiiii aBTopHTCTOBtb Mhidhu h t&h* 
npieMaMOa TOUVOBaBifl £B6jiiH, uyreii^ KOTopuxtb pacKpuBaJicx 
est coKposeHHuft ciiucjni. Otji&ibhuji r;iaBu nocBflmenu reorpa- 
$iH H HCTopiB najiecTHHu wh anoxy coasaHia h Kono^HKaiiiii' 
ocHOBBHxi» noTioxceBift TajiiiyAa (I — II Bi&xa no P. X.)»noJiBTH- 
HecKOMy B xyji&TypBOiiy cTpoio crpaHu, ea pejnrii ■ npoMu- 
cjiam — aeifJieAilJiiio, ToproBJi'^, peMecJiaMrb. Bi» paMxi^ araxi* 
npeflBapHTeJi&HUX'B CB%fli§Hift Teuuusi m xaayHCTEHBua pasoys- 
jieBia jipeBHaro xoAexca nojiynarb cMucjrb e onpejii&JieHHoe 
fiCTopanecKoe BsaneBie bi* rjiasaxtb HBTaieJia; nepecTaneni 6uti» 
acyne^iom* osaa asii rix'h KHarb, HenocrynHOCTbio xoTopuxrb 
nojiBsyioTca raicii nacTO AJia HSBpameHia o6mecTBeHHaro cosHa- 
Hia. Orb BToro, KOee^Ho, erne OeaxoHeHHO Aajiexo ao pilineBia 
Toro Bonpoca, acayi) nooraHOBxy KOToparo TopMoaHTii hmchho 
Tbiia, oxyTaBmaa coBpeMeHayio o6mecTBeBByi> Mucnb. Hejibsa 
He nojicejiaTb chj» h ycn^xa ttwh^ xoTopue CTapaK>Tca npojurs 
xoTb Kanejibxy ck^ta bi* TeMBoe iiapcTBO npenpaacyAxoBi h 
HenoB^KOBeHaBHCTHHHecTBa. 



A. A* HeycrpoeBX. BapraHHaa. nuuiepefl nxnepaTopeBaro^ 
dpHHTaaBa. nsxasie E^posa. Gn6. 1896. 

Ktb T^Mtb 6e3cnopHUMi» BCTHBaiTb^ KOTopiiUi Bx noBcejcHeB* 
HOMrb DpBiii&BeBiH o6pamaioTca cib coBepmeHHo H3BpameHHUMi» 
sHa^eHieMii, HecoMSilHHO, Moxcerb 6uti> oTHeceHO uojioyscenie^ 
rjiacamee, hto BCTBHBoe npoaaBejieHie HcxyccTBa roBoparb caMo 
aa^ ce6fl. Bcjib6u b% o0BxoAi& B-b aero BXJiaAUBaJiB jiHmb totk 
cMUCJi-b, HTO HCKJiiOHHTejibHbift a3UK!b xyAO^KHaxa — ero npoHaaeAe- 
Bie, aaxoHneHHoe h caMOCToarejibHoe irlJioe, KOTopoe aojixcho 6i>iTb. 
DOBflTHO B 6e3i» ero AonojiHeHifl h noacHeHift, to c;ii&AOBajio-6u 
TOJ)bKO DOXcejiaTb mapoxaro pacnpocTpaaeHia sroft npocToft hcte- 
H%. Ho B'h Bee BKjiaAi)iBaiOT7i Apyrofi cvucjiii — 6oflTca Bcaxaro 
npeABapBTeJiBHaro aBaxoycTBa ctb xyAOxecTBesHUMib npoHase- 
AeHleM'b, 6oaTca oc;ia6HTb CBJiy aneiarAi^Hia aHaaieMii rfixi» 
ycjioBifi, Ba BOMB'S xoTopuxtb Bupocno npoHaaeAeHie BCxyccTBa. 
K% co^aJi^Hix), He ace onraCKa bii qtowb npeApaacyAX^: bi» 
Hem ecTb AOJia nenajibHoft hcthhu, h npoHcxosKAenie ero no- 
HXTHO. CaMaa rJiyCBBa aainero aeB'&xcecTBa cnoco6cTByerb o6p^T- 



HOBHX KBHTH. S3 

iHOMy BQeiaTjii&HiK): Hamn aaanifl uoMBJi^fOT-h uslcb Htfeaao no< 

TOMJ, HTO OHH CK7AaU. Mu He MOlKem pa306paTbCfl B7b HKZ1>, 

•craTB Bume hx%, ohh eani AaBaTi> — ^h earn Kancercfl, 6yATO 
MU 3HaeMi» CJIHEDKOMB MHoro. nepBo6£>iTHaa cBi^^eoTb H Heao- 
cpencTBeHHOCTb BaenaTJilBift, 6uTb MO)icerB, h npexaoHTHTeJiB* 
H^e BToro 6peMeHH noJiyaHaHbi. Ho kto OBJiasi^Ai obohmh aaa- 
HiaMH, TOiiy obh He Mi^oiaiorb caHOCTOflTejibHO AyMarB h HyBCTBO- 
saTB; KTO, CTOfl nepem» KapTHHoio, anaeTi HCTopiio skhshh xyno^K- 
HHKa h ero BpeMeaH, toti^, paayMl^ercfl, BECJianuaaeTi bi^ ero 
npoH3BeAeHie 6oJi^t SHa^HrejibHoe conepiKaHie. Ki. TOMy jkc 
HCKyccTBoitb HHTepecyioTCJi TeaepB He to;ii>ko paAH aero caicoro: 
HCKyccTBo-— oflHO HBi* HaH6ojii&e spfCHXi» BupaxceHift zoAa xyjib- 
Typaaro pasBHTia, h eto H3y<iaiOTi>, KaKi» 6oraTl6flinift MaTepiani> 
jvisi HCTopiH Jiyxa. Bi^ cbxsh ci> bthmi» naiitaHJiCA xapaKrepi> 
xyAO)KecTBefiHHxi> co6paHifl. On MeaeaaTOBii ohh nepeouiH ki* 
rocyjiapcTBaifib; hx% h^hhti t% bto paHBcne HrHopHpoaani, h 
«cjiH B'b eBpoaeftcKOirb napjianeHTi^ paaAaercH tojiocb, Tpe6yio- 
mlft yaejiHqeHia 6iOA)KeTa h pacmnpeHia AOOTyanocTH MyaeeBi*^ 
TO 8TO HaB^pHoe rojiocb cjiilBa. FopAOOTb coapeMeHHofl xapTHH- 
flofl raJinepeH He jiBa^Tpn eAHHCTBeHHUXii bi^ CBoeinb poA*^ 
TBopenia, ho nojiHora KOJUiexiiiH, bii Koropoft nocilTHTejib nafi- 
flerb caMOCTOHTCJibHue odpaaau bc^xi* HaapaB/ieaift, cm%- 
HHBmnx'B Apyn Apyra bip HCTopaqecKoft )kb3hh HcxyccTBa. Co- 
BpoMeHHUft Myaefl Hmen» ne acTera^ecKHXii BocroprosB, aaoTe- 
THHecxaro paaBHTia, noHHMaHiH, anaHifl; noaroMy oa-b h pacnpe- 
A'^aeT'b cboh coKpoBHma ne no Ta6enH o panraxib, a bi» ch- 
CTeiiaTHHecKOM^ nop9AK% mKon-h h HanpasAeHift. H coBpeneH- 
Hbifi noc^THTeAb A0A)KeH3i 6hL xoABTb B'b 3pMHTaxci» He aar^M-b, 
HTo6bi no6uBaTb TaMtb, ho Hro6u noy^HTbca. Ana aroro rAa- 
ai^Tb Hc roAHTca: ny^Ho noHHMame HCTopanecKoft o6cTaHOBKH, 
B'b KOTopofi coaAaao xyAOxcecTBeHHoe npoasBeAeHie, acHoe npeA- 
CTaBAeaie o m%ct%, xoTopoe oao aaHHiiaeTi* B'b acTopia HCKyc- 
CTBa H ^h3hh; HyxHo noci^iaaTb raAaepeio cTapaaHuxii KapraHi* 
Cb pyKOBOACTBoifb nocAoscHi^e KaTaAora. OnuTb raKoro pyKo- 
BOACTBa, oCiieAHHaiomaro b% KpaTKot h coAep^icaTeAbHoA ^opni^ 
cneuiaAbHue TpyAu A^> ynoTpeSAenia 6oAbmoft ny6AaKa, mu 
Hifi^eM'b B'b pa6or£ r. HeycTpoeaa. Ci cacTeMaTHHecKofl ^opMoft 
HaAo^enia ona coeAHHaerb HCTopn^ecKoe coAep}KaHie, pacnoAo- 
xeHHoe no oTA'^AbHUMi HapoAHOCTHM'b. CyoiecTByKiniie HyTeao- 
AHTeAH no dpMHTaxcy, ne CHHTaa ycTapi^Bmaft h 6i&rjiofl mIIpo- 
ryjiKH^ rpHropoBH<ia, CAaniKOMi o6mHpHEii h cneaiaAbHu; o$$a- 
ixiaAbHaro o6nxeAOCTynHaro yxaaareAa, apoA^^ nanp., ApeaAea- 
Cicaro, yHaci» ai^rb, h notouf yAo5ao HSAanaaa h xopomo co- 
cTaBAeHHaa Kaaacaa r. HeycTpoeaa Cyntr-h HeSeanoAeana jinsi 
nod^THTeAefl namefl Ayimeft KOAAeicaia npoaaaeAeaiA OBponeft- 
caaro acicyccTBa. ScreTaHecKia oai^BKa, aa6ilrByTb KOTopiaxi» 



54 P7GCK0B BOFATCTBO* 

cocTasHTejib Be Bameji'b bosmoxchuitb, Ka»cyTCfl Haiiii wh KHHr&. 
no DpcBM^niecTB)' cDpaso'^iBaro zapaKTepaBSJiHmBBiiB; bi* oCcyxc- 
jxeaie hxi> ocHOBaTej]LBocTB uu Be BoflAeMtb. HJiJiiocTpaniH bi» 
TCKCTi^ BBBTB MoryTii cjiyxMTb pasB'j^ jiHOiB jiJia Toro, HTOGU 
yKaaaiB, o icaKofl HMeHHo KapxHH^ roBopHTib cocTasBTeJiB: hxi 
HcnojXHeHie jiHmaerb flzi> h t^^hh caicocTOHTejiBsaro xyAOJice- 
OTBeBBaro aHaneBifl. 



HOBMH KHHrH^nocTynHBinlfl B^B pe^aKiUH). 

C. C. lOamKOBii. Co6paHie coHHHeHift. Bi 2-x'& Toirax's. Ha^^anie 
0. H. nonoBofi. CnB. 98. H. 4 p. 

CovHBeBui 8pBiAaBa-II]aTpl8Ha. Bi Asyx^ Toiaxi. EdAasie $. 
nasieHSOBa. GIIB. 98. H;. 3 p. 

M. H. SarocBBBii. IIojBoe co6paBie co^iBBeBii^. T. I. BsxaBie 
TOBapsn^ecTBa M. 0. Boib4>%. CUB. 9B. II. no noAOBCui Ba 10 tomob^ 
15 py6. 

HaTas'B Myxpufi. JlpaMaTB^ecKoe cTBxoTBopeBie F. E. JleccHBra^ 
IlepeBojCb IleTpa BefiB^epra. EsAasie «nocpeABBKa». M. 97. U. 70 s. 

^I^epCM^b K. ABEcepoMrb. Becejua EapTBBSH. IlepeBOA'b ch ami. 

CUB. 98. n;. 1. 

UoB'bcTH H pascBasB H. B. HBOBJieBofi. HsAasie $. IlaBJeBKOBa^ 
CnB. 9& U,. 1 p. 25 K. 

KysBKa BopxoBcsift Cofb. IIoBicTL flsi BeTopiB lopAOBCsaro sapoxa. 
K... HBSBid HoBropoxi 98. I^. 1 p. 

H. A. CaJiOBrb. A'^ia XBTeiicsiji. OnepKB, pascsasu h noBicTH. Ha- 
xaBie 0. K. EyiiaBBBofi. M. 98. I^. 1 p. 50 b. 

M. JI. SjiBTKOBOKlfl. J^xoBi ByiL KOBQa B^^xa. noiHTBiecBaji Tpara- 
Koxexifl B% naiH BaprHHaxrb. CUB. 98. I(. 1. 

HjiDCTpBpoBaBBaa ciaso^Baa 6B6jioTeEa $. IlaBjeHKOBa. 

^ 83. HopBescsifl csaaxB. IlepeBOX'^-B. A. IIoposoBCKod. It 10 k. 

^ 84. AsrxificBifl cxassH. BepesoA^ M. A. XnHnniapeBoft. H. 15 k. 

^ 85. ABnificxia cxasss. UepeBOA^ M« A. UlBmiiapeBofi. H, 15. k. 

Ji 86. ABnifiCBifl cxasxB. JlepeBOx^ M. A. niflmxapeBofi. S;. 15 b. 
CIIB. 98. 

By^ymee HeiOBi^ecTBa. (6C0O-fi loi'b). Co^iaJlBafl ^aHiaaia npo4>. 
naoso MaBTeraima. BepeBOA's a BTajBaBcs, C% 20 pbc. bi lexoii* 
HsAaHie «. IlaBJieBxoBa. CUB. 98. I][. 40 x. 

CTCJija. AcTpoBoxB^ecxid poMaBi KaxflBjiJia C^naiAMaplOBa. Be- 
peBOA* E. A, BpeATeHeBCKaro. HawBie ^. BaBjeBKOsa. CBB. 98. B[. 80x. 

MBOsecTBeBBOCTB BacejieBBBi's xipoB^b h ycjioBia o6HTaeBOCTfl Be6ec- 

HHX% SeMOJIb Cb TOHKH Spixifl aCTpOBOXiH, 4>B3iOIOriH H eCTeCTBOBBOft 

4>HJOco4)iB. KaXAB/iJia C>jiaBAMaplOBa. BepeBOAi £. A. BpeATe^excxaro.. 
HsAaaie <►. BaBieaxoBa. CBB. 98. I][. 1 p 



HOBiUI KHBni. 55 

noja» flCaHe. npoHSBoiBHoe saposAeme h npespaiiieHie bhxob'b. lie- 
peBOXi c% <)>paH^. CIIB. 98. If. 40 s. 

A. B. JlipBnep'B. CoH*& H CMepTB. Cn£. 98. If. 20 K. 

BiiflHie cpexH Ha opraHBSMH. Jit KeHO. IlepeBOA'B cb <)>paHK. boa'b 
pexaEiuefl B. K. Ara4>0H0Ba. HsAaaie $. UaBJieHKOBa. CIIB. 98. S;. 40 k. 

06]iieA0CTynHaA anaToiiiji h <)>H8ioi0riji neioB'bBa h shbothiizi. 8. 
Pexepepa. Ci 380 nojiBTBoasaMH b'l xescxi h 6 orxixBHHicH pacRpameH- 
HUMU pHcyHsaHH. nepeBOA'B Cb 4>pftHK. r. A. IlanepHa. Hsxame ^. IlaBieH- 
KOBa. GBB. 98. D[. 2. 

Ghih h saxoHH npHpoxH. A-P& AHTOHa Jlaiina. IlepeBoxi c% wbn. 
r. A. nanepHa. Gi 45 pHcyHKaMH. HsxaHie ^. HaBiensoBa. CIIB. 98. H> 1 p. 

XH]iHR'b-JUD6HTeiB. DpasTHHecEoe snaKOMCTBO Cb xHBiei nocpexcTBOM'b 
pflxa npocTHxi H HHTepecHHZ'b oouTOBi, He Tpe67i)mHx% 60^1101x1 pacxo- 
XOBi. CocTaBHj'b O. Odji^o. Gi 125 pHC. b«b xeBCi^. IlepeBOX'b c% (j^panni. 
B. 06peHM0Ba. HsxaHie $. IlaBJieHKOBa. CIIB. 98. I(. 1 p. 

^HSHHecsie napaxoRcu h co4»h8iui. IIoco6ie xifl y^eHHSOB'b h npenoxa- 
Baieied cpexHHxi yiie6Bux'b BasexeHlfi. C'b 30 pHcyHxaira. B. A. BOJi- 
HCHHH. HsxaHie ^. BasieHsoBa. GHB. 98. B;. 25 s. 

C6opHHB'b CTaTed bi noxonib caMoo6pa80BaHix) no iiaTeMaTHS'b, 4>u3HS'b, 
XHKiH H acTpoHOHiH, cocTaBJeHHuxi BpysKOiTb npenoxaBaxeJieft. HsxaHieii'b 
saB^xyerb npusaT'b-xoiieH'rb MocKOBCsaro ynaBepcHTeTa A. H. Pej^opnaT- 
caifi. Bho. II. (C'b 5 aopTpeTaMH h 118 ^epTeiBami). M. 98. 1 p. 20 r. 

H. H. HHKOjiaeB'B. JI^paMaTH^ecRifl Teatp'b bi r. SieB^. HcTopHHe- 
CRifi oiepR'b (1803-1893 r.). HsxaHie H^ B— ro h H. II— Ba.KleB'b. 98. H> 
1 p. 50 R. 

Hb. HaaHOBrb. HcTopla pyccRod rphthrh. ^acTH nepBua h BTopaa. 
Haxame sypnaxa <Mip% BosiA>« CIIB. 98. I^ 2 p. 

Hb. HBaHOBrb. JLidjsm h (|)aRTH sanaxnod ayiBTypu. lepoft ooBpeiieH- 
Hofl xerenxu. CoBiexb vb HciopiH oxHoi shshh. M. 98. I[. 1. p. 

A^OHrb Mopneft. BocnHTaTeibHoe sna^enie iHrepaxypii. IlepeBOxi 
ci aHii. roibXMepniTedH'b. GIIB. 98. ![. 15 r. 

MaKcrb Hopji^ay. jHTepaTypnoe Boo6paseHie. BepeBox^ Craparo 
npo4»eccopa H. IL-Ba. Hsxanie H. SHH^enRO. GUB. 98. H. 25 r. 

Htofh XIX B'bRa. A. Hopj^eHa. Ilepeaeia ci h^m. 3x. 3aydpi. Hsxa- 
Hie ^. HaBJieBROBa. CIIB. 98. If. 40 r. 

KaiUDcrb FepoKHb. HxiDSiH h Hxeani. IlepeBox'b cb 6-ro H'bMeiuLaro 
HsxaBiR c% npexHCxoBievb B. H. CBB. 98. H 30 r. 

CHacTb'b. H. A. JlyzMaHOBoft. Hsxanie n. B. CoftRHna. CHB. 
98. H, 1 p. 

dTBRa (Yqenie HpascTBeHHOCTH). AaeoHa C. MaKeHSH. BepeBox'B 
C'b anri. HsxaHie ^. BaBieHROBa. CUB. 98. I[. 1 p. 

AJI0H31» PHJOLB, r. SHMMeJIB. ^pHXpHX'b Hflmue. I. XyXOSHHR'b H 

MHCXHTeib. n. 9THRO-<|)HJOco4)CRiA CHxysT'b. nepeBOXi C'b Bin. H. DSHHa. 
Oxecca 9a !][. 60 R. 

MysiHHa H seHHiHua. 3tk)x% btophhhux'b hosobuxi npHSsaBaxi y 
HeioB^bRa. reBAOKHb 8iiJiHCoa. nepesox?* cb anri. A. HaRoiaeBa h H. 
niHypjio. Hsxanie ^. HaBieHROBa. CUB. 98. I^ 1 p. 

YcTOH ceiiLH. rHrieHH^ecRia h ncHXHiorHHecRia yrjicBia CpaBa. CocTa- 
Buxi JI. A. SoflOTapeBTb. 2-e HSxanie. M. 98. II. 80 r. 

JlH^rajL H o6iuecTBeHHaa 6opb6a c% pasapaTOMi. CoHHHeHie JI. A. 8ou 
JDLOTapeBa. Hsxanie aBTopa. M. 97. I][. 30 r. 



56 F7GCK0B BOFATCTBO. 

npecTynieHifl h npocTHTyiufl* sasi coioaiBBiui 6ojrl3HH. n. FKpma. 
nepeBoxi ci vhM. Hsxame <K IlaBJieHKOBa. CIIB. 98. H;. 30 s. 

FepO^eprrb Cnenoep'B. dTHsa hoiobhxi oTHomeHiil. UepeBen ci^ 
asTJi. JL. roiBXMeporreftH'B. CUB. 96. II. 35 k. 

FepOepTB Cneaoep'B. Hpasa seHiiiKa'&. HepeBojCb cb aHu. 1. 
roAxnepmretHi. GII5. 98. H. 15 b. 

HuoDCTpHpoBaHHaa HCTopiB peiErifl, cocTaBieHHaa J(. IL maHTeHH- 
^e-JQEH Cocoeft. nepeBOA'b ci H:bx. noxi pexasiuefl B. H. J[hhx%. Bun. 
2-ft. Hs^^anie iiaiasHHa «EHHSHoe x^o>. M. 98. 

C. C. ApHOJiB^i^H. Saxa^H fiOHHHafliit HctopiH. npoeBT-B BBexesLi b% 
HayneHie dBoifOKiB HeiOBtq«CKofi mhcih. Hsxanie M. KoBaieBCsaro. M. 98. 
B[.2p. 

O. nomiORrb. HcTopUnojuiTH^ecBHrb y^eHit. IlepeBoxi ci aHU. M. 
9a Ii;. 40 b. 

P. Asgi^epooH'B. ScTopU BUMepinHx% onBimsaKift BocTOEa. Ilepe- 
BOXh cb aHTi. Ci 4-iifl BapraicB h pHcyHjsaxH. HsxaHie SHHSHaro xarasHEa 
«KHHSHoe x&[0>. M. 98. !(. 50 k. 

ajQDB Gopes'B. ELcTopui HxaiiH oti> 1815 r. xo CMeprH BsBTopa dx- 
MaHyEia. IlepeBoxi ci (i>paHi(. M. ^enHHCBOft. IIpHioseHie: OiepBi uocrb- 
xynnuirb codtnid xo HaoiHxi x^eA, GocTaBEn B. B. Boxobosobi. Hsxasde 
0. H. BonoBOd. CIIB. 98. I](. 1 p. 50 b. 

HcTopifl cexBH. K). Jlnnnepra. IlepeBOX'B 0% wbn. H. UlaTepHHBOBa. 
HsxaBie $. UaBieHsoBa. GHB. 97. I[. 60 b. 

A. Topcoe. HcTopia naraero cTOxiTui. 1815—1890 r. T, I. IlepeBOX^ 
ci xBTcsaro M. B. JlyvHUKoft nox% pexa&iiieft npo<i». H. B. JEyHEKsaro. Esxa- 
Hie C. B. KyiBxeHBO. SieBi 98. I^. 1 p. 75 b. 

8. Meftep'B. 3]£OHOMH?ecBoe pasBHTie xpeBHsro idpa. IlepeBOXi nox^ 
pexaKi^iefi M. 0. FepnieBSOBa. Hsxaoie M. H. BoxobosoboA. CUB. ^98. 
I1;.60k. 

ApH. ToftH6H. UpoMunueHHiift nepeBoporb nit ABriiii bi 18-n cto- 
liTiH. nepeBOXi Cb asri., ci npexaciosiexi npo(i>. A. E. ^yuposa. M. 98. 
II. 50 s. 

B. O. 3ajrb00Kl£. ynesie o npoHCxosxeniH iiph6iuh sa BanHTan. 
Otx^ii 2-fi. Bun. I. HacTB ECTopHBO-BpBTHiecBaH. Bun. n. ^acTB xoma- 
TH^ecBBA. RasaHB 96. I^ sa o6a BsnycBa 3 p. 

KanHran. SpHTSEa noisTHiecBoft dsoBOMiH. Co^HBeHie Kapjia Map- 
KOa. BTopoe Bsxasie. T. I* Hpoi^eccB npoH3BOXCTBa BanHxaia. CIIB. 98. 

EL 03epOBrb. UoxoxoxHnft najiorb b% AHTiiH. dBOBOXHHecBiB h 
o6niecTBeEHUJi ycioBiB ero cyniecTBOBaHifl. M. 98. I^. 2 p. 50 b. 

Bn. lljiaHAOBCRlft. HapoxBaA nepenHcs. CIIB. 98. I^. 2 p. 50 b. 

Teopifl H npasTBBa seitsHoxoposBaro npaBa no nepeBosBi rpysoB'bp 
5arasa b naccasHpoBi. H. M. PaOaHOaa^a. Edxasie BTopoe, HcnpaB- 
lesBoe B xonoxseBHoe. CIIB. 98. H;. 4 p. 

Msi dBOHOMH^eCBOfi SH3HE SanaXHOft EBpOIIH. G6opHHB'& CTBTeft. Butt. I. 

IlepeBei'b Cb kIm. A. CaHHSi. HsxaBie H. Fapaaa. GHB. 98. I^. 75 b. 

dBOBOBB^ecBoe y^eflie Kapia Mapsca. HaioseHie h BpBTB^ecsift pas- 
6op% JI. CjiOHHMOKaro. CnB. 98. H. 1 p. 25 B. 

B. O. BpaH^TB. HaocTpaBBiie BaaHTaui. Hxi BiuiHie sa 8boho- 
xHHecBoe pasBHTie cTpaau. ^bctb I. CDB. 98. I^. 2 p. 

M. Tyras'B-BapaHOBOKift. Pyccaaa 4>a5paBa bi npoBuon b aa- 



HOBIia KHHFH. 57 

CTOJintex'b. HcTopHKO-dKOHOMH^ecKoe HSCii^AOBaHie. T. L HsAame JI. 4^. 
naHTerbeBa. CUB. 98. If. S p. 

no 6^-CBiTy. O^epKH h sapxHEH hsi nyremecTBifl no Tpem ^acTium 
CTtparo CBiTa. A. B. BjinorbeBa. C% KUDCTpaipjiME. HaxaHie IL n. 
Cofcmra. T. IV. CHB. 98. II. 3 p. 

lepHxoH'b) lopxaHi H MepTBoe nope. (reorpa4»UHecjuft^o^epK'b). ^xeaie 
mz Hapoxa. CocTaBHn npo4>. H. K). 3orpa<^ib. HsxaHie MocKOBCsoft 

SOKHCCiH HapOXHHXIb ^TeHifi. M. 98. I][. 8 K« 

reHHcapercsoe osepo h nyu si sexy. (FeorpailiHHeoJufi o^eps'b). ^Te- 
Hie juLSL Hapoxa. CocxaBHii iipo4». H. H>. ^orpa<^ib. Hsxanie MocsoBCsoft 

KOMHCCiH HapOXHHZ'b "ITefilfi.* M. v98. !(. 7 K. , 

HiC. BopH;oro<^ep'&. OdpasoBaxe^BHoe nyremecTBie. aKHBOiracHHe 
o^epiCH OTxaieHHux'b CTpaH-B.^IIepeBOA^ ci h^^h. B. H. IlHcapeBOfi. 0% 78 
pscyHsaxH bi Te£CTi.| 3-e nsxaHie ^.^IlaBieHKOBa. CHB. 98. I^. 1 p. 
^^^Othbti nojKojiaHXHpoBK'fa Ha^^epcHXCKift saiHBi (vh BeHxep%-A66aci) 
Kb^897 r. Bpa^a Ceprl^H MapKa. CaB. 98. 
i'12A. H. MaftROB'b. BiorpaifiHiecBiA ^lepBi. CocTaBieni M. A» 33iaT" 

KOBOKaM'B. HsxaHJe 2-e^ QHB.jQS.^ 1 p. -,..«^_ 

^ Tjrnacfepi, ero SHSHB h Halr^Haa^X'bkTei&HOCTB. Biorpacj^H^ecBift o^epn 
M. A. darejiBrapATa. Ci .nopxpeTon nacxepa. iHaxaBie ^. HaBieH- 
itOBa.;CnB. 98. H;. 25 K. 

n. M. JLyroBOKoft. Ha nojio^b x^tami. Hic£oibBO\;iaicieft no 
imtoiLHOMy Bonpocy. HoBropox'b 98. D[. 60 %.'} 

B. fipMHUOBlb. Bi 6opbSi ci pyxBHoft. M. 96. I^. 1 p. 50 B. 

MuciH BtiHHCifiaTO BocnHxaHiH. JI. C. CIIB. 98. £[. 25. 

H. n. fiopHOOB'B. Peayibxaxii BHnycBHHxi BcmixaHifl bi oxho- 
BiaccHHxib seMCKBX'b fflsoiax'b XepcoucBoft ry6. vh 1897 r. Hsxaaie Xep- 
coHCBofi ry6epacBoft seiiCBoft yxpaBii. XepcoH'b 98. 

06pa30Baxej[BHo-BociiHxaxeiBBiiB y^eav^eEdji xu pa6o«x'b h opraHB- 
saqiii o6iaexocxyBEHx% pasBieieEiil B'b MocKBi. ^oBiaxH x-pa A^ B. Ilo- 
roaLeea, npo(|». A. H. ^ynpoBa, T. H. HojEnepa, H. A. IIonoBa h Bi. H. 
HeMBpoBH^a^^aH^eHKO. SsxaHie E. B. JEaspoBOft b H. IIonoBa b% noiuy 
4»0Hxa o6jiiexocxynBin:'b pasBJce^eHift xib pa6o'UiX'b bi Mockb^^. M. 98. I(. 50 k. 

Oxqexik BopoBescKofi ny6iBHEofi 6B6iioxeEH b ea oxxibieaift bkohh 
A. B. KoiBi^oBa B H. G. HBKuxBBa bi Boposesi b oxxiieBiB bi rop. 
BoiJpoB* 8a 1897 r. BopoBeai 98. 

OxHOTi no RapoxBHMi ixeBiAB'b wb r. Caicapdb. Caiiapa. 98. 

Oxiexi CBM6BpcBoft 6e8iLiaxHofl 6B5iioxeBB--YBxaiBBB wb naiu[T& K 
A. FoB^apoBB sa 1897 r. GHx6BpcB'b 98. 

Oxiexi (j^fliiaiLBaro oxxiioBifl Boposescxoft ny6iE^Hofi 6B5iioxeBB 
BiceBB H. C. Hbbbxbbb sa 1897 r. BopoBesi 98. 

Ox^iexi OxeccBoft ropoxcBOfl ny6iB^raoft 6B6iioxeKB sa 1897 r. Oxecca 98. 

noixaBCBaa kommbccU sapoxBiiz'b ^ixesift. Ox^exi sa 1897 r. IIoi- 
xaBa 98. 

Oxqexi FopoxeuBaro xysea BoiuBCBOft ry6. 6opoHa 6. P. mxeiHren. 
3a nepBHft rox'B Cb 25 bob6pb 1896 r. no 25 B0Ji6p|[ 1897. BapmaBa 98. 

noioseaie sapoxBaro odpasoBaniB B'b CapaxoBCBofi ry0. sa Bpexa cysie- 
cxBOBBBiB Bi Bofi soxcBBXi y^pesxenifi no 1895 r. BimycB'b IL IlexpoBCBift 
rtexib. CapaxoBb 97. 



58 PyCCKOE BOfATCTBO. 

Ana nocimeHifl ch a^tbiih TpeiiiflsoBCKOfi rauepeH. CocTaBJUua O. n. 
OpicOBa. M. 98. U,. 25 B. 

C. H. II10XOp^b-TpOI^Cifi: MeTOAHEB apHexeTEBB. HaCTB I, AJB JTO- 

Teiefi oxBOBiaccBHXi BaiaiBBuxi niBOii. Hsxaaie 5-e. GIIB. 98. n;. 80 b. 

ApHOMeTHHecBifl saxaHEBBi jub yuTeied. Bhb. II (aib yie^BHX'B sa- 
Be^eBifi, Bi BOTopiiX'b flpoxoABTCB nojrBufi sypci apaexeTSBB). CocTaBBjTB 
C. IIIoxop^b-Tpo^Klft. CDB. 98. II. 76 k. 

ApflexeTHHecEift saAa^BBB'b xjb yHeaHBOBi. Bun. n (aib yHe6HHZ'b 
saBe^esifl, b'b BOTopux'b npoxoxHTca noiBiid Bypci apfleveTBBH). CocTa- 
BBii C. nioxoprb-Tpoi^KlA^ CnB. 98. H. 35 b. 

CoBpeneBBaB 6opB6a BsriBAOB'b 3a b npoTBB^ cyxa bpbcbsbhxi b 
pe<i>opMaTopcEifl bobhteb b'b 9Toft o0juu;tb. M. n. 4y 6HHOKaro. RieB% 97. 

06iiiaB xapasTepBCTBBa bobxixi y^enift b'b yroioBBon'B npaBdb. BcTysB- 
TejiBsaB leBiuB. npBBaTi-xoueBxa ysBBepcBTeTa cb. BiaxBxipa M. n. 
HyCHHCKsro. RieB'B 98. 

IIoflyiBpfio-DpBXHHecBaB 6B&doTeBa, BBxaBaexaa $. IlaBieBBOBmfB. 
J\& 5. Baem, saajaA^ b saiorb. CocTaBBrB H. B. ACpaMOBHb. CIIB. 98. 
H. 25 B. 

TeOjffOp'B FepiiiJiB. EBpeficBoe rocyxapcTBo. OnuT«B BOBiimaro paa- 
pimeBiB eBpeftcBBTO BOBpoca. IlepeBOX'^ BeB'B-3eeBa. 2-e Bsxaaie A. X. 
niepiiafla. OAecca. 98. !{. 40 e. 

A. A. CanofiCHHKOBT». IIflOB'jbp^H B BBOsennu B'b PocciB (Hrb 
npaBa b OTBOBieBiA b'b BopeBBuvi sbt&ibm'b). CIIB. 98. 

A. C. OpeHKeJiB. CpexcTBa ajb 6opb6h cb pa86oeM% sa EaBBas'Jb. 
HsxaBie KaBKascBaro DpflABHecsaro OOfl^ecTBa. TE^smc'b 98. Il.'75 k. 

Toioci SB3BB specTBBBCBOM'b BeycxpoftcTB'b. K. SL Typa. CnB. 98- 
It. 75 B. 

naBflTBaB BBBSKB EBBceficBofi ry6. CB axpecB-saieflxapeH'B. Uoxh 
pexBBuiefi cespeTapB CTaTBCTB^ecBoro BonBTOTa. RpacBOBpcBi 97. 

CaMoy^BTejiB 4>oTorpa(i»iB b npBroTOBjeflie bbptbb'b ajb Bojanedaaro 
<|K)BapB. CocTBBBi'B M. KpyROBOKlfi. Hsx- 0. H. UoBOBod. CIIB. 9a 

n;. 60 K. 

IIpaBTB^BUt, BCBHTaBBIld CBOCO61 yCTpofiCTBa npOB'bTpBBaBiB CBOT- 
BHXl XBOpOB'B. CoCTaBBlB H. B. VT^XBHrb. C'B 10 pBC HSABflie BHBaBB. 

Mar. <Ji;ep6BBB> CIIB. 9a H. 10 b. 

IIpoeBTB xi^BB AJ[B xpyflflaro CBOfa. C'B ^epTesex'B b pac b'b TeBcrb. 
CocTaBBJi H. K). Maflep^. Hsxasie bb. xar. <AepeBBB> GIIB. 98. 1][. 40 b. 

IIpoeBT'B xByxB xoio^SHX'B. Ci ^epTCsexi B 12 pflC. B% TeBCTi. Co- 
cTaBBJTB B. O. XapaaMOBi». HsxaBie bb. xar. «^epeBBB». CIIB. 98. 
II. 40 B. 

H. HCeAeHOBHb. Orypmi, bbbi obb pacryrB b bbbi* BX'BcaxaTB. Bo- 
co6ie XJifl semex'&iB^ecBBX'B BpiDTOB-B it ceiBcsBxi msorb. C'B 13 pac CnB-^ 
98. H. 15 E. 

H. TKejsjBiLonrb. EpaTBiB cv^^eib. no oropoAflB^ecisy. IIoco5ie a^b 
seiuex'&jBHecBBX'B bpIdtob'b b ceucBBXi mBojn. Ci 4 pBc. CUB. 98. II. 15. 

HuudcipBpoBaBBaB . ceiBCBo-xosaJfcTBeBBafl cflpaBO^Baa bbbsbb. C<h 
ciaBi. uoMjh pe^^BKieft n. H. EiarBBa spa y^aeTiB csemaiBCTOBi. Co 
MBor. PBC. CnB. 97. H;. 40 B. 

GeACBBB reoxesiB, o6niej|ocTynBoe pysoBoxcTBO bi spoBSBOxcTBy sex* 



BHBjQOrPA*Eq£GKAfl SAMATKA. 59 

lexipHHxrb H xeseBUZ'b pa6orb. 0% 25 pHC h ^epresaMH. CocTaBHn A. 
n. nonoBib. Hsxanie khhsh. MarasHHa «AepeBHfl>. CIIB. 98. H- 25 s. 

Kh. Ceprlft VpyooBrb, KoHepasBexeHie. npasTH^ecKoe pysoBox- 
CTBO. Hsxanie khhsh. Mar. c^epeBHA*. CIIB. II. 30. 

Principes d'^conomie politiqae. Par. Charles Gide. 6-me Edition. 
Paris 98, Pr. 6 £r. 

Analyse da troisi^me livre da Capital de Marx. Par. N. Slepzoff. 
Paris 98. 



OBUiECTEEHKCOBPAHWr^ 

J'OJiy^KAIimX'B npH <l>ABPHK'kl 
T06APH1UECTBA MAHUMCTIPV 

BHOjnorpaoHHeT 

(IIpo4>. EdMi-BaBepKi. Teopia Kapia Mapsca h ea RpHTHsa. IlepeBoxi 
nox'B pexaEiiieft h ci npexHCJioBiem iipo<i>. FeoprieBCsaro). 

Co BpeMeHB ony6iHROBafiifl Tperbiro TOMa «RanHTaxa» vh vbiiei^- 
Koi UTepaTjpi onarb oshbhioa sarbHeHHuft 61110 pasjuraHHMs le^e- 
HiflMH HuojiH onopi TeopiH Tpy;^oBOt i^Hflocni, ooo6eHHO bi Ton 
BuijA ea, Kasot ona npiHaia bi pyKaxi MapKoa. lipoTHBoptnie aroft 
TeopiH, onpeAiuDn^et irbHOByiD otohmootb BOflsaro TOBapa bi aasHOH- 
Moora orb coTKpHoraJiJiHBOBaiHaro vb Hen someoTBa TpyAa», ci 

TiXl HenOOpeffOTBOHHO AaHHEIMl Bl AiSCTBHTeiBHOOTH ^aSTOlTB, TCO 

npH0HjiB Bi pasjrauHX'B c^^pax'B KanHTanoTH«ieoRaro npoHSBOACTBa 
oTpeMHTCfl vb oAHOMy ypoBHi), — 9T0 npoTHBopt^io AOisHo Ohio nalTH 
oefift paapimeHie bi TperbevB Toirb. 

Bon Vh HeMHorHxi ojioBaxi cyn^ooTb btofo paspfbrneHiH. AHan- 
aapys 6iHse ly Kompemutfio ^pny, bi soiopoS npoHBineTOfl Ha 
ywoA MinoBafl otohmoctl npoHSBOAeHHaro RaaHranoTHqieonirB ny* 

TOITb TOBapa, MU BHAHMl, ^0 OHft H6 COBnaAaOTB ItiXHKOMl 01 

ycTaHOBieHHHirb wh nepBovi Tovb TpyxoBHitb npHHipinoirb otoh* 
Moeni; hih, npaBHiBHie, coBnaAeme bobmoxho Tonso x" rtxi uTe- 
ropifi TOBapa, au KOTopurB norpefiieHHiift KauHran HMfterB Tasol 
xe opraHH^eoKlS cooraBi (hoa'b noojrbAHHirb nOHHHaeTOH oTHomeiie 
nooTOflHHofi qacTH KaaHTaia ki nepeiri^ioft), Kasot HMierb cobo- 
KynHuS HaiuoBaiLHjuft saiiHTaJii; km. Bcixi xe ooraiBHUxi xaToropit 
TOBapoBi piiHO^Haa $opiia{npoiiBi6Hifl Mtaojoft ctohmocth ho coBna- 
Aaen 01 ctohmoctbd, saKi ona 6Bua onpeAiieHa bi npoHSBOAOTBen- 
HOiTb Hpoi^eooi; nepBan 6HBaeTB to Biime, to hhxo nooiiAHeft, vh 
saBieHMOCTH otb Toro, Bi UKyx) OTopoHy yuoHiieTOfl opraHH«ieoKift 
cooiftBi KanBTaia, opaBHHTeiBHO n ^^edfrnjuih cocTaBOMi ero. H bto 

yUOHOHle HiMU OTB CTOHMOOTfl, HSMtpflOMOS , JKOiH^eCTBOITB BOUO- 

H^eHHaro vb TOBapl TpyAa, o6yoiOBjuiBaeTOH Heo6xoAHMooTbD ypaB- 
HeHla Hopmi npH6iUH bo wAvb oTpaoun nponsBOAOTBa, noAnaB-^ 



60 P7CC&0B BOFATCTBO. 

mnn KanHiajiHOTB^eeKOicy pesHiiy. cEoib TOBapH, roBopan HapB<r& 
(Bas Eapital, orp. 175 — 176), npoAanroa no bxi oroHMOonnrb (t. e. 
oopasMipHo Bonxon^enoiiy bi TOBapaxi ipyAT), to BOSHEKann, Kan 
(Sbuo jKasaBo, pauBuua Bopm npvLtuJLE wb pasiHiBHXii orpaojuin 
npoHSBOAOTBa, vb saBBOHMooTH OTL pauBqBaro opraBEie(»aro oociaBa 
BioxeBBHn vh ZBMjifiWb OTxiiBBon oiyvat iiaoci KaiiBTaia. Ho 
KanBTan jorpeiufleTOfl bobi m% oj^pu oi BBSEot Bopxoft npfltfiUB 
H BanpaBXJieTca vb o^epy, Koropafl xaon Bsomyn Bopiij. 9TBirb 

nOOTOflBBHM'B BepeZOAOlTB TJAB H CD^a, OIOBOITL — OBOBITB paOHpext- 

leBiem vh paaxH^BKX'B c^epaxB, no Mipt noBBseHifl HopiiH nps- 
(Sub Vb oABOMi utort b noBumeBia ea bii jspjrowbf Kamian 
o67oxoBraBadrb TaEoe oTBOBieBie oiipooa ri npexioseaiD, ^no opoA- 
BBB npB6iUB Vb paajnmHn> orpaoiaxi npoBSBOAOTBa oraBOBBiea 
OABBBKOBoft, B BO8TOM7 cmouMOCmu offpat^aiomcJi e^ uimu npaussod - 
cmea (Prodaetioiisprei8)>. 

HiaEi, piiBO^BHft, peaiBBut o6BtBT» TOBapoBi ooBepfliaeTOfl hb 
no saKOHj oTOBMocTei, a no saKOBj js;kwb npoBSBOAOTBa. UooitAKiB 
npoAoraBJiaDTB ojmmj ooAepsan^arooa vb TOBapl onjiaqeBsaro ipjAa 
(t. e., no TepHBBOxoriB Mapsoa, vfMu otobmoote (Eostpreis) bib 
BSAepsBKi npoflSBOACTBa juaovb onpeA^essoe kouiootbo MeoniaHeB- 
naro ipjAa, uesoMcuMoe on TOft oipaoxB npossBOAOTBa, o Koropot 
BAen f^HB Bi KasLAom otjs/kshEowb oiyqat (lb. oip. 144), t. e. 
BeaaBECBBoe on paaiitpa oosAaEBoft bi> Bei se npsdaaouoft qfts- 
BOOTE. UfiBB npoBBBOAOTBa TOBBpa pasBB h+kp\ FAt k eoTB i^sa 
OTOEEOOTE, a |>' 6CTb o6^afl Bopiia npE6HLn. ToBapu o6EftBEBaimui 
no aiflE'b i^ftBaEi npoBSBOAOTBa, a ae no otoemocteei, BHpaane- 
MHEHb ^opMjiot k+m, FAi m o6o3Eauen npBSaBoqEjn i^iEEocTb. 
GzaraeEHE m n hp" paBBU APjrb APJi'y touko au onpeAiiesEot 
KBTeropiB TOBapoBi, npoBSBeAeEEHZi BanBraiaKB onpeAixeEBaro oo- 
craea, b bm6bbo oooraBa, ooBnaAaDU^aro vb oociaBOirL Boero o6n(e- 
oTB6flBaro KanETajia; au apF^^^ >^ TOBapoBi hp' fiioaen to 
OoiBme, TO MeEBme, niwb «h, e nodioiiy oeb npa o6iiiEft npoAaDiOE 

TO BHme, TO BBSe BaUUDMeEEOft Vb EBXl OTOBMOOTE. B% V^VJ EpO- 

ESBOAOTBa, KOTopaa OTEUK& EBxaeTOE MipEXOMi peai&EHXi iciEOBim 
OA^OEi, BKJiB)qeBa opeABjui npE6HXB; oeb TasEirb ofipaaoEi <oob- 
naAaen oi rbm, ^o» Aa. Ciuin EasiiBaen natural priee, Pekbpao 
EBBUBaen price of production, a ^ESioBpaTU o6o3EaqaDn EneEeEi 
priz n6cessaire> (ib. OTp. 178). 

91mi se OAEBKo onpeAtiBeTCfl o6flUks bib opeAEEE Eopaa npn- 

6lUE jp*? Ee EaXOAETOfl IB OEB Vb UpEMOft SaBEOEKOCTE On SaBOEB 

qftBEooiB? MapRci oTBliaen yrBepAETexbEo eb BTon Bonpooi e 
TBBflHi ofipasoEi Ayicaen yBpinETb no^By, na BOTopoft nocTpoeEi 

BBBOKb oIeEOCTB. CpeAEEE EOpMB EpEfiaXE, UO 61*0 EEftEiO, OUpO- 

Atiaerofl onmammeMi coeoKgnmi npuSaeoHHoa uHbUHopmu exe, ^ro 
TO sBy ooBosynEoft npE6iUfl, EpoESBeAeEEott b% Basofi u6o oTpaflft, 
Kh eoeoKynHOMy oSuneemeeHHOMy Konuma^f. RasAHft BanETanon npa 



BHBjnOrPA«HqB€KAfl 8AM«TKA. 61 

npoxaxi oBoero TOBapa Bupy^aen oiojmco npidiuH, okojelko ea npr- 

XOXlTCfl EVb OOBOKJItHOt IipH6aB09H0ft I](bHHOOTH, npH paBHOMtpHOlTb 

paenpeAiieiiH ea Ha OTAijBHBfe saiiBTam, nponopiUoHanHO boih^ 
^aoA wTb. Uonouj ■ HaAfiasRa b% BHAt jiph6hu si v/ksA otoe- 
MOeTH (t. e« Ki HSAepssaMi npoHSBOAciBa) ho saBHCETb orb loft 
eneipauHoS c^pii npoBSBOACTBa, b% xoiopoft TOBapi upoHSBOAeffb 
(ib. orp. 137), t. e. He saBHonn otb oosAaanofi bi> Hefi npHSaBoi- 
Hoft i^tnoon. — BoTL npeAiaraeicoe MapRoon paspimeHie npoTHBO- 
p&9ia MeoiAy aasoHOiTb otohmooth k saKOHOMi paBHOHifl iipH6fiuefi, 
paapiineHie, soropoe, hjsho BBMifnob^ noimi Kb rivh se BHpase- 

mSTb 6iU0 AAHO H AO BHXOAa Vb OBftn TpeTbflFO TOHa KoHpaAOHi 
QIiUATOMi Vh 1889 rOAT* 

OAHaKo paspimeHie ra 8to? He eorb n aro CRopie ^^opicaxuioe 
npHBHaiiie HecoeroflTejobHooTB npoojiaBieHHaro saROHa ctohhoots, ro- 
TopHt Tpe6oBan, ^to6u TOBapn o6iiiHraaiH0& no BoiuomeHHHirb bi 
HHn» jROunecTBaiTb TpjAa? Mnorie brohombctsi tbri h saRUoquH. 
Jlopia, Hanp.^ noontniHn saflBHTB, qio Bvicro pimesifl MapRoi Aan 
noTH^^HRaiMi), ^TO Tpexift tomi ABJiiieToa ajul tpjaoboS TeopiH «Ha- 
jOHirB oaMoy6UloTBO]Cb». K'b may TaRHxi 8ROhomhctob% oTHOosTOfl 
H BSm-BaBepRi. Bi OBOeS noHorpa^iH «Teopu[ Kapia MapRoa h 
eii KpiTHRa», nepeBeAesHofi Ha pjocRift hbhri hoai peAaRi^et npo^. 
PeoprieBOKaro^ ohi» roBopEn: cne Hory He npHsnaTB, ^to b'b dtoih, 
(t. e. Vh coriaooBaniH aaRona otohhooth vb HainnocTbD o6maro 
ypoBHfl iiph6iuh) a He BHsy HHRaRoro o6iflCHeHifl h npHHHpema 
HpoTHBopi^, HO OAHO qioToe npoTHBopitio. Tpexlt TOHi MapRoa 
oopoBepraerb nepBHft. TeopiH opeAHet Hopnii iipH6iUH h i^ffb npo- 
naBOAOTBa ne mhphtoh ci Teopieft i^hhooth> (orp. 24). A TaRi RaRii 
yRaaaHHoe npoiHBopl^e naxoAHTCH bi nepaapiiBHoft obhbh cb o6- 
HiHirB aROHOMH^eoRHirB y^enieMi MapRca, oBOAHmnrb i^tHHoorb Ra- 
Roro n6o 6iara na aaun^eHHiit vb uewb TpyA^, to BOni-BaBepRi 
H BHBOAHrb oTcDAft, ^^ «7 OHCTeMH MapRoa eoTB npomioe h Ha- 
oioaniee, ho Birb HHRaRoro npo^flaro 6yAynutro. Bi o6iaoTH eoie- 
oTBeHHuxi HayRi Vb HacTOHHiee BpeHa noHBioHie co^HHeHiH, noAo6- 
Haro couHOHiD MapRca, fiiuo in npHHO neBoanosHO, TorAa RaRiL vb 
ofiiacTH eme oqens MOiOAHrB coipaiBHHX'B HayRi> oho mofio npio- 
6pioTH BJriHHie, npHTOiTL BOOBMa ({oiBinoe, h yrpaqHsaTB 6yAeTB ero 
TOIBRO BeOBMa H BOOBMa HeAieHHO» (OTp. 125). BOHii-BaBepRi opaBHH- 
Baen MapRca ci TereievB. <06a, roBopHTB ohi, 6iuh remaiBHsncH 
midHieJiflHH. 06a, RasAHt bi oBoeS o6j[aoTH, upio6pira rpoMi^Hoe 
BjriflHie Ha Hunuenie h na ^yncTBa i^nixi noROJiiHift^ AAse, moxho 
cRasaTB, na jtjrb BpeveHH. Ho opHrHHaxBHoe TeopoTHqeoRoe oouHenie 
y RasRA&i^ BBx BHXi npeAcraBjuuo co6oft vb BUomeS oToneHH HCRyoHO 
ai^yHaHHuft, npn noHon^H oRasoTHoS cbjui ri» ROH6HHHpoBaHii> ci 
CesHHCieHHUHH aiasaicH Hueiefl BHerpoenHHS— KopmovMttil dojmi^. 

npnrOBOP'By RaR'B BHAHTe, He VLVb 0C06eHH0 HflrRHXl, HO HeiBsa 

cRaaaTb, mo6u BOvi-BaBepRy yAajiooB o6ooHOBaTB noiHyn iipaBHib- 



62 P7CCK0B BOrATCTBO. 

HOCTL ero. Mu, KoneiHO, se MoaEen Vb 61riot BftirfcTBi scTOpnftTB 
Boft npoTHBooraBiaeicHfl BOn-b-BaBepKom BospaseHiH. SaiiiTKirb 
1!0JQ»K0, HTO no SoiBBieft ?aOTH OHH o6HapysHBaDTB BHa^areiBHjD 
oorpoTj yiia h ph^KOe, oo cropoHs upothbhhkovb uacoH^ecKofl aso- 
Hoidv, 6e8iipHOTpacTie. OoTaHOBiMoa Ha h%kotophx'b ib'b Km. 

Oahimi HBi apryMeHTOBii, RoropuirB MapKOx AyvaerB onpaeffaT^ 
SHaqeHie OBoero saKOHa QfcHHOorel, hjxho OHHraTb, no MsiniD BOin> • 
BaBepsa, oiiATKn^Ul: xota mlbtkhj oofiofi orgbsbweie TOBapH npoxa- 
DTOfl BHme uH Else OBoefl i^hhooth, ho 8th OTCTynjieHiH o'b o(tt- 
«L% oTopoHt BsaHMHo yHHTTOsaDTOfl, H vb o6n^eoTBft, HB ero 1^1- 
lovB, — ^pascHarpHBaH ooBOKyaHOCTb OTpaojiet Boero npoHSBOAOTBa, — 
cyMMa ttftm npuaeodcmea ecemoKH ocmaemcR pamoA cyMMth ux^ 
uwmo&nefi. BOlfB-BaBepKb o^HTaerb aiOTB apryMOHTi mmh iobkbiti. . 
yRioHeHieH'B on Bonpooa o irbHOBom OTHomeniB (yrjsjbsbwurh TOBa • 
poBi Meoicdy eoSou h nyoToft, HH^ero ne Bapaxann^et oo6ot TaBTO- 
lorieft, H BOTT» no^exy. cBIab, sasi Boasifl BKonoiiHon BHaerrb, 
npojtyiBTEar oSwbHHBaiyrofl OKOs^aTeiBHo BoeTaRs na npo^yBTH, eoH 
emmpirb ckbobb $opify AeHesaaro o6panieHiir, oKpnBann^aro ero oyT&. 
BeflKi&, Borynannpit wh otufbwh TOBapi flBiaetoH ci oxHot oiopoiH 

TOBaporb, HO CB KPJTOii OTOpOHH HBUeTOJI BXtOTb OB TtWb H IfftHOt 

Toro TOBapa, na KOTopHft ohi nftHHerofl. Cyxiia lOBapoBB ^xeHTH^Ha, 
TauiTB o5pa80]r£, ot oyxxot ynia^eHHim sa hhxi qtei. Ha: 
i^a Boero nai^OHaiBHaro npoffyxna bi ifiioxi npeffoiaBuen HHqro 
HHoe, URB caxB Bai^ioHaxbHHft npoAyKTL. HpH xaRHrB yoiOBiflX'B, 
KOHe^HOi enoAHib efbpno tfmeqpotademej nmo eyjima ^nH^^ ynAaKeHH^MX^ 
e» o6vjbeiA cAoaicHoemu aa eech Haij^ioHOAhnmil npodyKmZj enoAm^ eoena- 
daemz cz HpucmoAjyusoeanwyA na caMOMZ dthMh eh hcmz eyMMOfi unn- 
Hdemu UM mpyda> (oTp. 31). IIpHSHaTbOfl, TaKoe yTBepsfteHie say- 
^HTb orpaHHO vh yoTarB Bdxi-BaBepaa; h nanpaoHO ohb xyiKMn, 

ITO BOOKiit Ol WSWh COriaCHTOH. Bot npOTEBHHKH SXaOOHTOOSOft 8R0- 

HoxiH HxeHHO H HO AonyosaDTB Toro, HTOtiu BOBXosHa tvLJOk $opxyn: 
oyxxa i^Hi, ynia^eEHBixB sa bocb HaqioHaiBrat npoAyxTB, paBuaiCH 
orapHOTaiXHsoBaHHOHy bb hoxb ipy^y. RasoBB oxiion dToft ^p- 
xyiH? A TOTB, ^0 saRB 5u HE ofixiHHBajiHOB Wdrnj^ oo6ot OTAilB- 
Hue npoAyRTU, RaRB 6u he fiuxa RanpHSHa xtEOBaE oi^HRa bxb oo 
CTopoHu norpefiBTejui (bb aaBHCHXooTH otb p^akoote, noiesHocm, 
jAOBOJSBCTBifl, yojiyrE e t. aO> KaRofi 6h ^[yi^o^^loTBeHHoi OHiofl he 
odiaAaia ROERyppeni^ifl bb yoTaEOBiesiE pasxtpoBB xlEOBoft i^e- 

HOOTE,— COBORyaEOOTB XtEOBUXB CfltlORB EO XOXOTB BHtTE SB np6- 

ffhiH yRasaHHOt ^opxyxu, Roropaa a&otb oxexy xiEOBoro npoi^eooa, 
Ea^axBEiifi E EOxoAHiit nyERTB ero. Moseo a EasBaTb nyoroit 
TaBTOxoriefl TaRyD ^opxyjiy e no($iAOEooEo yRasHBaiB eb oe desoo- 
AepsaTejuBHOOTB? HiiB, ^esbrb sEaeiB totb RpyaEHit marb BsepexB, 
ROTopnt osB ffiiaeTB, Ror^a exy yAaeioa yotaEOBHTB Ea^aiBHsarfl x 
soEeuHtt xoxeHTH RaRoro ieSo senpepuBHaro $H8H?eoRaro npo- 
Keooa; OEB orpexETCE oxaaTETB oxexy, bb ROTopyn npoi^eocB yRia- 



6H5JI0rPA«HVGKAfl SAHftTKA. 63 

AHBaercfl. dioft oxeim owh ^oxoraeTOfl, RorAa Hn^dT'B Mezan^eoRiS 
dKBHBaieHTL TOiuoTU Hm OAesTpH^eoRofl dHepriH. Owb roBopHn, ^rro 
ooBepmaeMafl pa5oTa, saRifl 6h MOAH^ffKai^iH hh apoHoxoAHXH ot* 
Heft Ha nyiH, He Hosen ButtTE sa npefftm Ha^ianHOfl h soHeiHOH 
TemiepaTjpH hih Ha?aiBHaro h ROHe^Haro noTeHi^iaia TOft coBORya- 
•HOCTH TtJTb, ROTopaa uojs^iemBTb pasoxoTpiHii), T. e. ^ro ona ne vo 
serB BiiftTH 8a HpeffiiH npooToro MaieMaTneoRaro paBeHOTsa. Pas'!* 
saROHi (UH, ecjiH yro^^o, ranoTeaa), no RoropoKy cymia tmm, ynia- 
^leHHHxi sa BOOB BaqioHajiBRul npoj^yRn, BRossby RaRi aio yTBeps- 
j^aen BaBopRfB, ooBnaAaen> ob RpHorainaoBaHHOfi vb leirB la oa- 
MoiTb ji^iii oyMHOft i^iHHOCTH H2H Tpy^a, pasi OTOrB SaROHl ecTB 
TaBTOJioriff, TO BB TaRoiTB ciyqai h b'b TaRoirB me CMHort eoTB laB- 
Toiorifl H saROHi (UH, eoAH yro^HO, rHOOTesa) ooxpaHemfl 8HepriH: 
b1a& h ovb yTBopvffaerB nmB to, mo RaoRo^Ro bi oahoitb Odiy^at 
^HepriB npsSaBifleTOfl, saoTOXBRo se wbjsipjTowh oiy^ai ySaBiflorofl, 
H ^nro Bi otin^eiTB HTori bth pasjiHqifl ApyrB APyrtt ROMoeHOHpyDTB 

1 TaRHlTB OfipaSOlTB HO BJOflDTB Ha OOBORyHHOOTB BHOpriE, BUpasaD- 

n^eftcfl onpe^^eHHOt BeAH^HHOft. Bi^ BOHRift $h8hr%, oRasen mu, 
nepe^pasHpyfl oioBa BaBepRa, SHaerb, tto dnepiifl o^Horo rbia oroh- 
HaTeiBHo BcerAa oSH'&HBBaeTCH na dHepiin ^pyroro rfcia, ecu or- 
BjtenoH OTB coapoBosi^aDii^aro btotb o6wbwb xaTepiaiBHaro H8irt- 
HemH; HO HHRaROft $H8HRl HO ORaSOTB, ^TO saROHi coxpaHeHiii dHep- 
riH ecTB nycrafl TaBioiorui. H saROHi otohmooth TonapoBib, bi ^p- 
MyiBpoBRi BOHB-BaBepsa, o6HHHax>n(el bod ooBORynHOCTB Hai^OHaiB* 
Haro npo;iyKTa, ne eoTB, Ronerao, TaBTOiorifl. Ohi mosotb 6htb He- 

BbpHUlTB, He nOIHHMB, HO HH B'B ROeMl OJTpuA HO TaBTOIOrH^eCRHlTB, 

H m ATHaeMi, qTo peaiBHaa ROHsperHOCTB BToro saRona eme ne 
(iiua AORasana. 

yTBeps;^eHie BaBepRa o mjihomz coBnasemH n/bwb TOBapoBi <ei 
BasinqeHHoit b'b hhx'b cyMMoi tWHHOcmu eme mpyda^ t6vb 6orte 
orpaHHa, ^o oho ne hrphtoh o% ero o6n;eit rphthroA uracoH^eoRaro 
saROHa i^iHHocTH. Ohi hkohho ATMaeTB, tto HinoBoe oTHomenie or- 
K^xbEUTb npoAyRTOBi (hxh 5xaTB) He paspimaeTOH enoMm vb oj^hhi 
Tpy^i. «Aui xtHOBox'B OTHomeHift HtRoTopsxi 6iarB (noiesHOCTeft), 
RaROBHT^ Banp., CTBOJOf oraparo Ay6a, yrozBHHH rooh, seMenHse 
yuoTRH,— TpyAi, Rone^Ho, ne oooTaBueTi o6'BeRTHBHO BasHtftmaro 
oScTOHTencTBa h, eojiH npoTHBonoiosRHoe mosho AoayoTHTB othooh- 
TOXBHo 6o2BHiHH0TBa TOBapoBi, TO AOMCHO RaTeropHqecRH yRasaTB, 
^ETO H Apyrie, Ha paj^y ox TpyAoiTB onpefftiflnotie $aRTopu ORasuBa- 

DTb 0T02B CHJIBHOe BJtiflHie, TTO MtHOBUfl OTHOOieHifl ^aRTH^OCRH SHa- 
^HTOJIBHO yAaiHDTOfl OTB TOfl JIHUE, ROTOpafl OOOTB'&TOTBOBaJia 6u 

oAHOMy Boaion^eHHOHy TpyAy» (cTp. 116). <HeH36isHiiS aoJinift ana- 

mai 8THXI XOTHBOFB (ROTOpUO OpH wbHOBUXl OA^VRaXl /^fiCTByDTB 

«noAi» ^xarovB ROHRyppeHqiH>) BU^BBHynfiH nampeffumejubHyfo tmf^ 
Hoomh TOBapoBB HenpentHHO OHjiBHie na aepBuft niavB, HesexH hofb 
AonycTHTB MapRO'B> (cTp. 95). TaRHHi oSpaeorB, no MHini) BOmi- 



64 pyOGROB BOFATCTBO. 

BasepKa, jDD6oe MisoBoe OTHomeHie a}6uTh jiBjvb fiian onpejii- 
ifleTOfl He oAHHm mnB MOKeHTom TpjAft, ho eme h KSKOft HH67AB 

nOTpe6BTeiBHOft 0005eHH00TBI> HXB, ptAKOCtbD HXl H T. H., T. 6. 

ciaraoTCJi no KpatHefi Mtpb hsi wyrB oxaraexHrt, nn kotophxl 
TOiBKO 0^0 eoT& TP7AI. Ho pasi BaBepsi npHsnaen, ^o oymf a uituh^ 
ymaneHHHX'B sa Hai](iOHaiBHHft upoATKn, enojuMfb ooBnaxaen n 
spHOTamsoBaEHoft bi hohii cymcoi mpyda^ to ohobhaho, ^rro bi 
coBOsyiiHooTH iT&HOBHX'L OAiioKi Bot Hpo^, sa HOKJOo^eHieirL Tpyxa^ 
cnraeMHfl HOTOsann, hto noTpefiHreJUHiifl oco6eHHoon TOBapoBi^ 
Hxi piAKocTB, noiesHOOTB V T. A. Apyn Apyi^ HeftTpansyDTb. C'e 
noMoniBio Basoro MoxaHHSiia ooBepmaeToa ora JED6onuTHa8 soKiieH- 
eai^, vb HTort Roropot oyMMa ^tffB ooBnajiaerb vb cyicMofl Tpy^a? 
&iaroAapH KaKOicy oScTomeacTBy, Tpy^oBoft npHHipun. onaib bosbo- 
pfleTGH Ha npesneiTL H'tort? BOiCb-BaBeprb, ki coacaffbHii), ne Aaen 
HHKaMYB Ha aroTB o^OTB ysasamft. 

HHBpHMHHHpyexoe MapEoy yTBepxAOHie ne ecTb tojdbko, npOAOJi- 
xaen kphthbi, TaBTOxoriH, ho oho h ho Moacen ciysBTb npoBtp- 
sot npaBHJEBHOQTH SToro MHHHaro saKOHa, wso (Siara HiHaDTca vh 
oTHomeHiH si Bon^onteHHoiiy wh hhx'b Tpysy. <BiAB TaRHirb nyreiTB 
MosHO 6BU0 6hio\ 6n AOKasaxB b^phoctb ii)6oro sasoHa, hoxoshitb, 
saxoHa, TTO finra MiHanrofl vh OTHomeHiH hh cnetius/SuHecKato meal 

XOTfl OAHHl ^yHTl SOIOTa, KaK'B <OTXi^II»HElt> TOBapi^ He 06MtHH- 

BaeToa na odum 4>yHTb sejrbsa, a na 40,000 ^ynTOBi, ho BoeiaKH 
cyMMa ^im^, ynjiaqeHHafl sa 1 ^ynn soiora h 40,000 $yHT. se- 
Jitsa emfhemfb, QpefforaBiflen ne toxbe h ne Menie, Kasi 40,000 
ij^yHT. seitoa h 1 ijfjETh soioia. HTaicrb, ofiodfi Btci cyicioi nfkwb — 
40,001 $• — Vb touocth oooTBl^TCTByeirB o6meMy B'&ey, Bonion^eHHOMy 
Bi oyMM^ TOBapoBi H cooTOHH^exy Toae hsi 40,001 $., h, on^xOBa- 
TeiEHO, etbCh eoTb HcuHHHft MaonrraCii, KOTopiirb peryupynTefl ni- 
HOBiia OTHomeHiH TOBapoBi?!) (orp. 31). 

npHMlpB HeiBBH OTHOOTH Kl VCiy JJlVIXUTb. IIpeXAe BCOFO 

<Biei>» npe/^craBxaeTi oboIctbo Ben^a, diesam^ee Bni qexoBft^eouro 
Ha Hero BOSfffcftoTBui, a MtHOBaa c;ci^ua eoTB HBienie ofimecTBennoe^ 
■SHibHflnn^eeofl no BpeMeHH n xtoTy. OSniHHBaexHfl bohih xapasTe- 
pnsyDTOfl HHirHMH ^HBH^eoKHHH OBofteTBaMH, KpoHt Btoa; OHisaHH- 
xamrB BSBicTHoe npoorpaHOTBo, o6ia;i^ax>T!b BKyooMi, KsiTOMi h npo^., 
H HrB xoxHo, KOHe«o, ExacoH^HipipoBaTB no OTHm npHBHaKaxi. Ho 
BO qTo o6paniaeTOH Tor^a Kb noiHTH^eoKofi aKonoMlH nana o i^hho- 

OTH? SeiHiWb, KaK'B oOlflOHHTB COtit, HTO OOFOAHH 1 $. SOJIOTa mA- 

HHOTOH Ha 40,000 $. sejdsa, a saBipa xon xe ^ynn soiora o6ici' 
HHBaeTOH Ha 50,000 ijf. sexbsa? O^eBHXHo, ne oneipi^BqeoKHjii Bi- 

COMl, BOTOput Vb odOETb CSJ^MTb OCTaACH OAHBITL H TtiTb Xe H 

KOTopHHi ofiHlHHBaeMHa T^jia o6iaAaJiH en^e h bi to bpomh, Kor^a 
•HH jLeasau Vb niffparb seMu h hh bi BaKiH m'^hobha OTHomemH 
He BorynaxH. BffvB-BaBepK'B BosBpan^aeToa k% Tony xe npHMipy, 

XOTH Bl hIcKOUKO BHOft ^Opill, H Ha CTp. 87 — 88, Owb EMlhJS,9L&n^ 



BHBJIIOrPA«H^BCSAH SAM^TRA. 65 

Ha noHflTie <apooTofl opeAiefi pa(k)TH», KoropyD Mosen npoflBm 
BoaRii o6HRHOBeHHiift qeiOBiE'B, 6en ooo6eHHaro pasBHiifl, h hs 
KOTopyn OBOj^VToa TpyA^ <RBaiH$Hi9ipoBaHHiill». <C% novon^bio co- 
BepmeHHO laKofl se apryMeKiaiUH, roBopHTL BaBepKi>, Bnojuri^ bob- 

MOXHO 6U10 6U JTBepSAaTB, TTO OOHOBaHie H OAHHHipi MipH MiHO- 

Boli i^iHHOOTH saKiDiaeTOi B-b eeu^cmetb TOBapoBi, h vto TOBapH 
o6iilHiBai)T0fl Bi oTHomeHiH Bonion^eaHHTB b% hhtb Kou^eerBi 
Ben^eoTBa. Jifloarh suorpaiocoBi Ben^ecTBa bi oahoih bha^ TOBapa 
nooTOfliHO o5]fiHHBai>T(ui Ha a^ohtb se EHiorpaHHOVB BemeoTBa bi 
Xpyrom TOBapHOMi bh^I. Eou5h npoTHsi aroro noioseHlH Bospik 

SlUfl, ^TO OHO O^eBHffHO lOXHO, b5o 10 RIP. BOIOTa 06irbHHBai)T(UI 

HO Ha 10 se, a na 40,000 Rir. sejriksa h eoKe na 6oibmee rojoro- 
OTBO jrjKH, Tomr, ho npoKlpy MapRca, OTBiiBiH 5h: npn yoranoB- 
jieniH i^Ihhooth oAxjerb ouTaTBoa oi ooAepsanieirB npoemato cped- 
HJito eemecmea. 9to noojcfcAHee oiysnTB eAHHH]](eft irbpH. Ksaia^l^B- 
i^HpoBaHHHH Buomifl Aoporifl BemecTBa cHumawmen zsmh noTOHipi- 

pOBaHHfilHH BJIH stpHle HOMHOSeHHHHH HpOOTHHH BBII^OTBaHH, TaVB 

qro MOHBinee Rou^eoTBo RBaiH$HqHpoBaKHaro BonieoTBa paBHo 6oib- 
meicy RomiiecTBy npoGToro». IIpoTHBi npeftJiftraeHOfi BaBepRoirL, ro- 

XeUO, Vh HpOHH^eOROMl TOKt, HOBOft OABHHipi VbpH XiHOBOft I](tH- 

HOOTH onopHTB TpyAHO» a oyAHTb ea npHroAKOorn a Toro xpyxaie, 
TaR^b RaR'B MU H6 BHaoai^ npeAoraBxaen la «iipoeToe opoAaee b6- 
ni60TB0> Fiberphantasie BOai-BaBepRa, hih se 8to eon h'&TO) pe- 
aoaoe,— npasaaaa aioro «BeH^eoTBa» aaM'B ne yaasaHu. Eojia6H 
BaBopKB o6o8Hanjr& oth npasnaRH, eo2H6u exy yxaioob cBeora bb- 
HieoTBo B6ixi» ToaapoBi na «npooToe Ben;eoTBO», HaopHaipi, boxo- 
poxa HJia, eme lyime, aproaa, 6uTb Mosen, ero aipaxo a oaasa- 
lOCB 6h DparoxHKHx. KoHono, h bi nocjrbxaeai oiynal Taaoe, RaRi 
iiD6arL Biipasanoa BaaepRi, «6j[aro», aaai saaaa pa6o^aa oaxa 
(Biipo^eHi, 8Te bIx^ a anpax'b c6jiaro»), Roxopaa Ha pHHRi i^Ry- 
upyeTB HapaBHt vh xpyraaa BemeoTBeaauaa fiiaraaa, ae Mono 6h 
BEipasHT&oa vh BOBofl exHHHi^t; HO npHOUocB n 6h xuL aero ocia- 
BBTB npesaee xipaio? YBjie^eHHEifl CBoaic^E npaaipoMi BOai-Ba- 
BepRi no8a6Hn, no noxi <opexaefi pa6oToi>, fiuBaDH^ef TOBmne, 
10 HBse, oSyoiOBioHHOt, aesxy npoHBHi, cooroaHieMi npoHSBOxneiB- 
B£ixi> oan, MapRoi pasyatji ae ^BRi^iio, a aiqro owa& peaiLaoe, 
Mh ae Mosea^ ROcayiBca aaoraxi aaTepeoaHXB nyaRTOBi apry- 
aaaTaqia Bdai-BaaepRa, aama saMtoRa h tbri yse paspooJU^oL. Haai 
npaxoxBToa noeioay orpaaauTbca lamB aloKOusaaa en^e 6ftriiiaa sa- 
Mluaiaaa. Bi bhooroA oreaeaa B^bpauai aaseToa aaai yaaeaaie 
BaaepRa aa aeo5zoxaaooTB ncuxoAoiuHecKoA opoBipaa yiBepsxaeaiin 
B&oaoaiefi noioseaifl. cMosao, roBopan oai, npa noaon^a ooexa- 
aeaia aaxyRiaBaaro a xexyKTBBaaro aeioxa, npooilxHTB rt MoxaBHi 
ROTopue pyaoBoxan anxBaa ci oxaofi oropoau npa ooBepmeaia xop- 
roBiiu exiiORi a npa aasaa^eaia ateoaux'B i^-bai, ci xpyi^S oto« 
poau — npa y^aoria axi b'b npoaBBOXCTBi; aai CBoftcrax araxB ao- 

Ha. Ota-Ltl II. 6 



66 P7CCR0B BOFATCTBO. 

THBOBi MOXHO CA^JiATb BHBOAK OTHOOXTonHo tnunu^iecKato o6paaa 

IDAOKHX'B A'^BOTBit, Bpi^eMl B08JI0SH0, ^TO BUflCHHiaOB 6U eSMdi^ 

m&mKj o6HKioBeHHO AaBaeMHMH i TpeSyeMHiui i^HaMH TOBapoBi r 
KOAH^eoTBOM'B TpjAa, Heo5xOAnMHiii jiflB m npoH3BOAOTBa> (erp. 66); 
H HaiTB HMesKO xaseTOfl, ^TO K% TaxoMj munusecKOMy oSpasy juox- 

OKHXl A^SOTBlfi, o6yOX0BJieiH01l7 Hrpofi MOTraOBl, H BJMRO OTHeOTH 

€Tp7A0Byi» oi^tHKj iDABMH (Siarb, gtohbiuhx'l ewl rpyxa: Mu co 
BepmeHHO ooraaoHH oi ysasaHieirL BdirE-BaBepRa Ha to, ^ao cHeiBSA 
oxHAatB 8aKCHOooo6pa3HooTHB'BAiSoTBiax'B (BHtmHHxi) fiesi sasoKO- 

OOOfipaSHOOTH Bl MOTHBaX'B», HTO <AIfl XOSflflOTBeHHOft O^epU, Bl KO- 

Topot B^Ab MH ndoHi A^o npeHMyn^eoTBeHHO oi coanameAhHo pas- 

OlHTaHHMMl AfttOTBiflMH, 06xeKnBHOTHqeOKiS HOTO^HHB'L nosHaiiJi... 

Aaen seAOoraTo^iiyK) wgtb oOm^aro AOonisHicaro ssaHlA^ (orp. 122), 
H ^To 8Ton iCTOuaKi (t. e. noBHaHie ofoesiEBsuu saBHOfliiooTeS) 
noBTOMy AOisefi'B 6htb AononeHi nosHaHieiTB oy6'BeKTHBEnx'B npo- 
KexyTonnxi sBeHBeBi, KOTopuifi yciaHaBJiHBaeTCJi npiUHHaa cbhsb. 
n Harb onflTB-Tasi Kaxerofl, ^fo nossaHie biexi cyfiiieKTaBHiixi 

8BeHB6Bl A0JI3KH0 IipHBeOTH K'B UpEBHaHil) nCHXOJKOrHHeCKOfi npasHiB- 

HOOTfl «TpyAOBoM> oi^iBxa, soHe^io, caeteris paribus. IIoqTE TaK'B 
apryiiesnpyeTB h $p. dnrejoMnb (om. ero oTani) cSaKOHi i^iHHOCTX 
H ypoBOHB npH6uju[»), KOFAa, VB npoTHBoaojiexHOOTB 3oM6apTy, yoMa- 
TpHBaen vh i^%hhhooth ho oxhhi uanb «j[omeoKifi», ho h hotoph- 
vecKift $axTB. Ki 8aEOHOooo6pa8HOOTH BHyrpeBHefl MOTHBamH aone- 
upyeTB dareibo^ H lorAa, KorAa roBopRn, ^o ^npednaMibpeHHoe to- 
snamMtHoe OTpeMioHie Kym^oBi (uuhb toako 8apoAHJ[aoB npH6£uiB) 
6ujio HanpaBieHo Ha to, Tro6n otfesneiHTB BciMi y^aoTHHKairL oah- 
HaKOBBfi ypoBOHB HpH6iiiH». IIpaBAa, Moryrb BaxiTSTB, tto hohorh 
8a npoHesyTO^HHME bbohbhmh hphboaatb jihiiib Kh Tony, ^to b'b 
dKOHOHH^ecKyH) AV<^i^Hn2HHy BKpaAHBaercii Htooropuft, KaKi roBopnrb 
BdMB-BaBepsi, <oy6x6STHBH3]i'B», OBOAflII^fi HHoroe na noisy nenxo- 
lOriH; 8AtcB ase Taxofi <cy6'LeKTHBH3]n>» xpafine HoseJiaTexeH'Bi Tan 
Kaxi dKOHOMHEa-Ae Bn^erb o6ieKTHBHHXi> ^axTopoBi, dKOHOHHqeeKixi 
yoxoBity ROTopue ne BasHOflrB orb boih oTAtiBRaro iHi^a. Ho nam 
AyMaerctf, vto bi AaHHoirb ojiyiai o €oy6'beRTHBH8Hi», rotophmi cb 
HOAaBHiiro BpeMOHH oraiH nyraTB h Bspooiuxi, h MaioiiTHExi hb- 
TaTOJieft, BHioTOfl HO coBoiHi Touoe opoAOTaBieHie, pasHO Raxi^ b 
o6i ero aHTHnoA%'05ieRTHBH8H%; nodioMy to nepBuft h pHoyeTca bi 
TaRHXi oTnyrHBaDni^HXi Boo6paseHi6 $opMax%, a BTopoS HBJUieTCfl 
B'b BEAt nocjiymHaro, RpoTxaro arnica. Ho otohtb na o6a cMorpiTb 

6631 yBeJTElHTeiBHHX'b OTOROn, m06u yOiABTbOfl BI BXI HOTEHHHX'B 

pastfipaxi H Bi Tofi Aoii yiaorifl, ROTopyi) npHHHHaerb xasAHft 
H8'b HHxi ffb iipiofipftTeHiH Hay^Haro sHaHis. 

Eme OAHO saHliaHie. TpoTift tomi «KanHTajia» HecoMHibHHO bho- 

OHTb HSMtHOHie B'b 4>OpMyjIHpOBRy SaROHa mIhOBUX^ OTOHHOOTefl, A&H' 
HyH) B'b I'Wb TOHi; HO H SA^Ob, H TaiTb HeHSMtHBUMl OOTaOTCH 

yTBepxAOHie, vto HOToiHHR'b npHfiiiiH H, BHi^cTi o'b rbMi, npoMfiini' 



CAMOyBlftCTBO E BFO IIPH7HHU. 67 

jieHHaro Kanimuia Rpoerofl vb opsdaBonoft OTOHMoetH, vb seonia- 
^eHioiTb TpTAi; eon tto h bskIihoob, tski 0to paonpeAtienie 
4»Toi npnCaBoiHot otoxmooth xeasAT paMHUHiin ueHaxH saatraiK- 
oTH^eoKaro o6mecTBa. IIoaTOKy, Ban Kaxeroa oihhikoh'b oirtiHn 
yTBepsAOHie r. reoprieBOsaro, ?to na sanaj^ «Ha7?Haii Heoooroa- 
^eiBHOOTB TeopiH MapKoa o6ii;enpH8HaHa, h Hin hh oahofo okoibso 
»fl6yAB HBBloTHaro yqeHaro, KOTopiifl npoAOisajTB 6ii AopaaTBOs er6 
TeopiH >. KoHB^HO, nooiiAHflfl se noiBsyeTOfl TaKoM se ofin^eiipHBHai- 
HOOT&K), Kasoft nuiLsyeTCfl Baufl Hn6yA^ nepAO yciaiOBxeHHafl leo- 
pia $H8HqeoKafl hih (SioxomeoKaa; ho b^ab a HHRaiuui SKOBOMi^e- 
cEaH Teopifl se Mosera noxBaoraTBoa Tasoft o6iiienpHBHasHO0TBD, hh 
Aaase Teopia EdHii-EaBepKa. ?to KaoaeToa ooiukh na «x8BicTHHrB 
yqeHHXB>, TO vk]if> ohh 6HBaDTB pasHHO; oahh ^npHSHaDTB Teopin 
MapKoa, Apyrie— Hi&TB. T. reoprieBOEifi, Koneno, .opHHaAienrB kb 
^Bcjiy aoortAHHXi, nna^e okb ne osasarB 5h, ^o <y Baoi, vb Poo- 
^)H, Kh eooKOMbUhiOt A^o dTOHTB HHa^e>, T. e. ^0 HamH npexera- 
BBTeiH dKOHOHH^eoKOft HayRH flauDTCfl nponoBiAHHKaMH ipyxoBoft 
TeopiH ifbHHooTH. YicioTHO 2H, OAHaso, baIob ccsaiinie? E^sa n, 
xoTfl 6u yxe no TOKy 'OAHOMy, tto, roBopa eioBaHH BOMi-BaBepsa, 
^esoHOMHqeoKaH leopiH oGflsaHa gbohh*b HecoMunuHUJin ooBixemeirB 

«H6HH0 BHOiynieHiD TaKHXl ieopeTHKOBx>. 



CaMoydiflcTBO h ero npwnmu. 

(IIhcbmo hsb <^aH]pH). 

H noBBOxn oe6i Ha^aTB bto hhobho erb u^aro BooaoxHHaHiH. 
JlyqesapHuft iDHBOKifi aohb BpuBaiOH apuHH nojiooanH OBiia h 
BecejiuMi myMOH'B xoahoI yjiHipi b% paoTBOpeHHiiH oKna oahofo hbi 

MHOro^HCXeHHHX'B OTAiXOHift BHaMeHHTOS HBAaTQJBOKOft ^HpMH. TpH- 

^erupe toBapun^a no pa6oi'b, npHOTerHyxiie xtb OAHOMy hsi koiocb 
rHraHTCKofl EanvraJiHOTHqeoKofi MaxHHU, OTpHBaiHCB BpexH otb Bpe- 

irein OTB UpHBU^Haro KiJLtk H OfiM'bHHBaJlHOB HapHSOKHMH hobo- 

0TH18H... BApyrB— cTyKi Vb ABopB, H Ha nopori noHBHJicfl HanrB o6mjA 
npiflieiB, pafioxaBmift bi oooiAHeirB oiAl^xeHiv. cCiuinajiH, rooaoAa, 

^eppaH'B TOJUBKOVtO 3a0TpiJIHJI0B!..» *). Mil nOBOBaKaiH GB XtOTB H 

oficxyiiHAH npHiaeAinaro c^ pasnpooaHH h BoouHi^aHiflHH. Ile^auHaH 



*) & AftH) BUMHOueHHyK) j^axHUD caxoy6ifii(ii: npecca riyxo OTOssaiacB 

^B 9T0MB npOQCmeCTBiHi H a HO C^HTaK) HySHUMB, KBKB rOBOpATb (|»paH- 

i^ysuy CTaBHTB TO^H BBAB 1. JET. jr. 

5* 



68 PyCGKOB BOrATGTBO. 

HOBOOTb npoiBBeia he sam noTpacaDiqee ;tifiOTBie, rbn 6orte, ?to 
nesHo $eppan, uo Hameiiy oOmeiiy MHtHin, msijrb we noxoxu'B 
Ha xavx>UiaTa fb oaMoyOUipi. Mh xaBHO SHau ero, h ^to laei 
nopasaio wb hoitb, tan sto KaKi pasi ero TpaBHOBimeiHooTB h 
o6pa8i^QBafl TpesBocTB E iHSiceHHOOTB ero OTpeiuesit. To 6sn nin. 
xopomo noAKOBanaro xu 6opb6H sa oyn^eoitiOBasie xap&epHcra. 
Ofli> paEo norepfln OTaa, ohoptb soToparo aoKtmaia eny soaHSTb 
Kypoi B'B FHiniasiB; ho era saTaorpo^ ne oeesKjpasoJtt Manuaa^ 
H 01 rpfcxoiTL nonoiaMi BHxepsaBi oahhi hsi nepBOHauin^Huxi 
SKsaxeHOBi h noiyiHBi URot-TO HOBasuBfi XKnxoiTb (Kaserofl, 
T^HieJU HapoAioS ihkojih), ohi noorapajioa nooxopie npHoipoHTBca 
n xjr&6HQii7 saHHTix). Iloork HioEoxbuxi HeyAAUHxi noonTOBi 
OHi noxyun xtoTO BTOpocieneHHaro KoppeKTopa y Kpynaaro HSAa- 
TexH, seHHAoii, ofeaBOxoii ff&TbXH H TBepAo ptnim bhSth wb xdah. 

Bi yHOTBOHHom OTHomeHii ohi Siui At^exo ho open; 8a to 
npnpoAa cHa6AKxa ero rpoMaffHHm npaKTH^eoKurb CMHCJioirb, yiiiHbeirb 
spHcxysHBaT&ea si xoueBairfc h onspaTb TOBapnoieS. Tan omi 
^lyrb 6iuo se norepon Mtora, BsxyiiaBi ci yeepAien ne no-paayiiy 
nonpaBUTb na ooBpexeHHsifl Jiwh BeuKoxiaHuft flsusib XYI-ro 
Bisa vh uonyxflpHom HSAAHia MoHieHfl, npeAnpHHiiToirB ero xosae- 
BaMH; HO yAepsaxofl i xase yiy^nnm cBoe aoioseHle, noAorasHB^ 
Hosxy OAHCJiy hsi crapniHXi KoppesropoBi. Moxeie npeAoiaBHTb 
oe6i, Basi XH 6euk Bci yAHSJiena ^HHaioin ^eppaHOBosofi aa- 
p&epul.. 

Hsi pasonpocoBi OKasaioob, ^to bi ary ypaBHOBtmeHHyi), 5uh- 
XHpoBaHHyD npoTHBi yaie^eHit narypy nepsaa mhcu o caMoydiftoTBt 
Bonua vepesTi ABep& npo^eocioHaiLaaro HecTOJUofiia. Xoaaeaa, oi^- 
xHBmie ero ycepAto h nyAKryaiLHOOTB, ho 6oflBinieofl ero noABHroei 
no ueiH HcupaBieflui BenxHX'B HaorepoHB oiora, xfjm exy patery 
KaRi paa'B oooTB'fcTCTBOBaBmyi) ero TaiaHTam h HaKxoHHocnm: f^kno 
mxo ^lOTO oneayxflTHBHoft onpaao^Hott UHrt, on Koropoft Tpe6o- 
BaiaoL jiHniB to^hoctb npasTH^eouxi CBiA^Hifi. ^eppaffb noiy^His 
noBumeHie, yenieHHiifi ouaxib sajiOBaH&a h BiaoTJb hba^ qtiUK'b 

HITaTOM% 11010X1 ROppOKTOpOBl, KOTOpUXl OHl HeHHJIOCepAHO rtOHKX'L 

npH BTofi pa6oTb. Hu, ynul Harni xapBepHon ne pasourarb cbohxi 
can, HaAopBaicii h hojtb aoaemi onlniHaro HSxaHia tan yoraiii^ 
^To nporxaxii'B h'^ohojuko mean o^eab aasHHxi one^aton B'B 
onpaBOUol sHHrb, omi6osi vb axpeoaxi h t. n. ouomHooTefl. 
BMtoTo Aftttxtfimaro noBumeHiH ^eppaay rpodHJTB Haroaflfi on na- 
TpOHOBi, H BTa MUOiB oHy RasaxacB HecTepnHico&. Ha 66Ay ero Ht- 
OKOJIBSO xai^i*, saaeoeaHHXi vh KHiry, noiyHHB'B ee h aaiAs bi 
Hei HeTOHHHH cBiAiHiH HHXi, yxo o6paTHXHGB KB ^apxt CB 
upocB6oft icnpaBHTB npH ejiiAy^n^exB HBAania bth hoto^hooih. dra 
KanjKfl nepenoiEHia qamy ropeoiH, KOTopyx) npHroroBxaxoa HonHTB 
<^ppaHi: nepeyTOMHBmaoB xaAB pa5oTOfl, ohi yipaTHn OBoft o6uq- 
xut npaKTH^eoaiit ohhoxi. Ki ^eoTOXi>6HBoxy pasowpoBaniii ero 



CAMOyBlftCTfiO H ETO HPHIHHBL 69l 

aroicn^eosoil atihh npiooeAiHBioii yse uoxo 6ojcfc8fieHHiift MeMeHn 
vh iffOjiiA HeoOnKiOBeno KOHsqHOil oaRTimeHTaiBHofi cRop6H heji^ 
y^acTBi) caMoft ^apMH: eiiy sasaxooB, bvahtO'JIh, ^to Bot Tucau 
4>a6pHxaHTOB'B 1 np., aji^eetk kotophx'b 6uxe hoto^ho orne^aiaHu 
vb KBxAy B^HHflTb mjifiMittm HORib sa npoTopH H 76HTJU1, noHe- 
^HHiie on HeBipmx'B aApeooBi, h oiasHafl $Hpxa npHHysjieHa 
•CjfifiTb OTAaiB BtA CBOH RaiiHTaxii B'B BHA^ Dupa^oBi noojAy. Ha- 
KaayHi oaMoyfiiftcTBa ^ppaHi> npasaajica oAHoiiy hsi obohxi saa- 

KOMUXliy ^TO OH'B 16 VSiWTb JLOMETh ffO TaKOrO HOSOpa, RaKl pa8- 

t^opesie Moryn^eoTBesKoft AHHaoriH: Ha ortATDnUA AOhb osb yuan oi 
npooTpiieHHoft roxoBoft Ha BooSpasaoMHX'B — saHixBTe dioi — pasBa- 
jiHsaxii 4>HPMU, noAo6Ho TOMy, saKi BlpHHft neci yMHpaerB na 
rpo6i OBoero rocnojuiHa. 0?6hb BHaKeHaiei&Ho a^ aioro ^eiOBiaa, 
BOD SH8HL BpoBOAinaro Bib HeyoraHHoa 6opB6t sa oy^eoTBOBanie h 
rpHSHl 0% KOHKyppeHTaMH, ^To eAHHOTBOHHoe aiBTpyHe!nraeoKoe 
^yBCTBO, KOTopoe owb icnuTan vb cBoeft shbhh h ophtohi wh 
ooBepmeBHo fiojrlsBeHHOM'B oooroflHiH, 6hj[0 bshto hsi unHramoTH- 
^eoKott e^epa h o5paH^eHO Ha xosfleBi... 

UoA'B OBisHMi BneuTJiiHieMi ororo npOHomeAniaro no^H na xo- 
MTh rjiasaxi oaHoy6iltcTBa — js/Imo Ceulo wh nponuoHi roAy— fl TorAase 
xoTtob A&TB uraTejix) o6iiiyi> cTaTBio no aroMy noBOAy. Ho, otbio- 

^OHHHft HtHl to Bl CTOpOHy, it OTKiaAEUaJTb STOTl UaHl 01 X'bofll^ 

Ha Hi^ou^iy a saibrB h npooro sadan: si3hb vb HapHsl saiuiAu- 
B^en Baoi laKox) Maooox) 6iiOTpo H'&Hflnnpuoa Bne^aTiiaifi, hto ho- 
pon OTOHB TpyAHo 6HBaeTB vh &Towb BOAOBopori co5iiTifi ho otrxo* 
HHTBCfl OTB sapaHio HanlqeHHaro uana. EponuHli roAi 6un^ npaBAa, 
Heo6iisHOBeHHo 5oraTB TparH^eouKH h npHsroHi KOJuesTHBHiucH 
oaMoyfiiftoTBaHH. HasorAa eo^e ne^an hb saHHHaxaoB wb Taaoit cre- 
noHH BonpoooHi 06'B yBeiH^OHlH ^Hcia caiioyfiUIOTBi, o npHuni 
BToro HB^ajcbHaro flBxeHia h o cpeAGTBaxi npeAynpoAHTB hxh oojia- 
<$BTB no spafineft Mlpb ary anHAeMix). H ynoHaay vb o5nuixi ^ep- 
Taxi em,e o hIokoibkhx'b nponuoroAHHXi oaHoy6ifloTBaxi, soropiui 

HHTepeOHH TiMl, TtO BOKpUBaiOTB paSJUUHH OTOpOHII (H6 FOBOpt), 

ocHOBHua npHHHHB) BTofi, KasaxooB 6ei, GxpaHHOfi sasAH OHOpXH. 

BcKopi nooil saTaoTpo$u oi mohhi» aaasoHUMi, raaeiH aaroBo- 
pHn oaHoy6iioTBft ^eTHpexi SHxeroraHi^'B na yxHi^ Faubourg 
Poissonnitee (8-ro iDia). MoxOAua xeEn^HHH (oTapmeft 6hxo 25 xIti) 
noKOHnjui CTB oo6ofi uaoon^eoKHMi cnooofioHi, oooSohho ohaho 
paonpooTpaHeHHBUTB wb seaoKon* HaoexeHia Hapasa: paaaexH mh- 
poBHD, aaKynopuH Boi n^em h yropkm Boi BvioTi. Mothbomi oaMO- 
yOificTBa 6uia oipaa a HenpariaAHaa vb a^^^KTaaaoHi chhoxj^ 
SH8HB xepTBi: y oahoA Myaci comen ci yaa, Apyryi) ocTaaajn^ joh 
6oBaan, TperBa npaaaHaia y^aone vb TOCBJosfiiMB aaoTpoeniH 
oeoTpH, a aoTBopTaa y6Bxa ce6a oa KOMnaaini. Kaawaa ooraBaia 
naoBHa ki> poahhmi, a Boft bh&otI o6niyi) aannosy, cKptnieHayn 
^empBHa noAnaoaaa: €Hh yaapaexi AoCpoBOXBao a 6en oosaii- 



70 P7CCS0B BOFATCTBO. 

Bifl>. no (UEOBftxi cooixeA, oaxo76iti(fii nootiiA^u BMtcrt h 6ujiHr 
BOoCn^e oneHB Beoem; noxi xoReon^ Beqepa KjnuH jriefl h 6jruuif 
npma, saaepmoB, noro pasroBapHBaiH, oMiknoB, a saTiuByvoJiK- 
ZH,— oioBOiTB, OTnpaBHXHCB Ha TOTB cBiiB lasi se cnoKotao, Kasi* 

Ha mSHHE'B. 

Bi ceHTfl6pi (28-ro) OTpaBHJiGfl noarb hiv, Bipnie, hostek'b 
JIaTBHOKaro KBapTaia, Eijsii Pena Jleuepi, EOTopoHj oiei^i, npoBiH- 
niaxBEuft ^HHOBHHRi, HepeOTajTB hIokojiebko KtoBi^eBi TOMj HasaicB 
BHOiiJiaTB AOKBrs Ha oOAepxaflie, sexaa roiOAoirB no6yjiiHTB oiiH& 

6pO0HTB pHOMOIUeTOIBO H BpOAOXSaTB RypOl Bl MOAHI^HCKOft mROHt. 

JleKiep'L HameJiB 6hj[0 saHHiie npH oahoA pexaKiiiiH, ho npaBHjnbHaji 
H Meisafl pa6oTa 6Hxa iipoTiBHa eny: obii bob na^'buoa na oboh 

OTHXH. A KOFAa 8TH MO^TH HB JAaXHOB, H OHl BVkffiASiaJL'h SB KBBp- 

tHpy xoBflHHy, TO ero bsuo oiBpan^eHie K'b shshh: «xeHfl xotbtl. 
BHHiBHpHyTL HB jiMSsjl Hy, fl OBVB paHBHie yfij^T^ — fl ymejTb on 
ani8HH.«. 

O^OHB vHoro myMy ' Haxiiaxo obohhh TparH^eosHHi xetauHH 
caHoy6ifiOTBO (19-ro oKTflfipfl) oiecTBAecflTnjitTHAro orapHKa Ahoabh 
MaoBeHa, 6HBmaro Kaocnpa vh tozhmowh ToproBOMi aomI. CoOoTBeR- 
Haa 6oxft3HB h cxepTB xenu h oHHa BHynuuH exy OT^aaHHyn huo2}- 
ose<iB oete, h saAyxanHHt niaHi 6urh BunomoHi mn cb p^AKoft 
BHeprieft H npH ooBepmeHHO horxd^btbibhuxi yoiOBiax'b. CrapHRi* 
ozosHn oaH% oeOi He6oiBmot ousori opoAB ROxnaTEi, nafiHix ero 
yroxBBMH, pasBejTb ofohb h xerB cuhhoh K'b nexy, otob^bokh Biaoca 
»T0 MBAieHHoe orapaHie h saiiHOiiBafl cboh npeAOxepTHUH on^yniteHia 
Ha XHOTKi 6yxani, ROTopidt h 6un naftAOHB Bosii ero oOropiiaro 
Tpyaa. CtpoRH, Ha6pooaHH]ifl Ao6poBOJDbHHxi xyqeHHROKb, naoTOURO 
xapasTopHii AU ero HOHXOJioriH, hto h npsBOsy hxi i^txHRoxi: 

<GaM076iftcTBO — Ben^b AeiHsaTHafl: xypaRb Toxb, rto 76HBaeT'b ce6fl^ 
H yB&ICHb TOT%, RTO ]ipoMaxHBaeTCfl> '*'). roBopATib, 67ATO y6HTb ce5B Tpy- 
cocTb. £ se yTBepsKAaio npoTHBHoe; bbao HKtTb HBoro xysecTBa, ^to5h 
caMOMy npusBaTb k% ce6ib cxepTb h CM0Tp:bTb efi npAHO bi ihao, Rorxa 
OHB npHSiBsaeTCA, ae ycxynHB^ HeyAopsHMOMy seiaBin nporHBTb ee..^ 
Ho osa sacxaBxaeTi tbrh SAaTb ce6a; OARHHaAuaTb lacoBi Beiepa: Borb 
yse ABB HBca, rbri a sxy ee, a osa He npaxoAHTb. H oabbbo unik xa- 
seTCfl, HTO MOH rojLOBa TAseiterb, h pyaa yse se tbr'b TnepAa; to, mo- 
zerb 5uTb, npHdiHsaexca HS^aBieaie. & HyBCTByi), Raa^b tfbK>TCfl hoh bhcrh^ 
bo 6oK)Cb, RBBi 6u Hena ho cnaciH paBbme, HtHi a ycniK) saAOXHyTbca.... 
H'bvb, wbrh^ a yvpy paHbme, eciH se saAOXHyBiOHCb, to cropiB'b. SL lyB- 
CTByK), RBRi aaapBTca mob Ji^Baa pyaa h je^bba aora, aaB^b xpen^Ti haco..^ 
Bee CHJbHie h csibBie 6bK)TCA bbcrh, a HH^iero ho bbzj, a^. 

PoBHo xeA'iua) cnyon (26-ro OKTflSpa) Ee6oMhmoe xiireiRo noAnb- 
napnacexi, HasHBaexoe inyasHig-Fya, 6hio leaipoxi meoirepHoro 
oaxoy6UloTBa. Cxysanpt na ^epennuoxi saaoAi h sena ero yxepr-^ 



*) GtPORH Bib RaBUHRBX'b COCTOATl HO (|»paHIiy8CRB B3% AByCTHBliA. 

JET. j:. 



CAMOyBlBCTBO H EFO nPHMHH. 71 

BHiB oetfii H ^eTupexi oeoHrb jfiTeft yrapom, paaiosHBi bi kok- 
Hart Henipe xapoBEs. Cynpyra 6wa idah nosuiie; Mysi Sun 
semn bi ipeTifi pasi, xena BBnua savysi bq BTopofi; y hhx'b 
on passHX'B fipaKOBi 6hxo Boero OAHHHaAii;aTL ^eiOBftRi Aixel, ho 
.oenepo 6iUH pasHin^oHu no ^sjmuwb jnojuKm^ ooTaJD[BHHX'& se ^eiH- 
pex'B soHa, HOTHHHaii Merepa, no cjoEOBan eo&bjsfii^ BoaneoEH Hy^ua 
H HGTflsaia, a vysa Adpsaia noA'B 5amiiaK0irB. IIoBOAOirB s'b cauo- 
y6iScTBy noaiyxBxa jrposa noiHi^efiosaro soiiMHoapa nosBaiB Ha cyji^ 
6e8«[ei0BiuyD MaTb, na KOTopyD AOHeojra oocAah. jKena HonyrajiaoB 
HaKasaHiH h yroBopHJia Mysa udihtb oefia sftSHE BMioii cl Heio h 

CB ffbTBMH, KOTOpHX'B OHa Hpe^BapHTeJIBHO HanOHia HBHHUMH. flbeHa 

se ooTaBHia aaiiHOKy lasoro ooAepxaHia: fiasojio 6htb BiiHysABH- 
HOlt noKOHqHTB 01b co6ofi cai[oy6ifioTBOK'B, ho fl EasoHeB[% CBusiaoB 
n BToft mioiii), h yiiHpai) no npH^Hsi ^ypHHixi oocihjifii^. 

IIocjriAOBaBniee nom BOjAj^-b sa dTHMi (bb hoib ob 6 ro Ha 
7-6 HOfltfpa) HOBoe sojueKTHBHoe caHoy6ifloTBo nepoHooETB HacB yse 
BB ooBepmeHHo HHyi> o6cTaHOBsy, BB.cpexy AonesHOfi apHoiOKpaTui. 
Gi^ena j^vma — npApaonafl KBaprapa na avenue Marceau, OAHoi 
B8B ^nieoHB6aiBHHX'B yxHi^B npaBoGepesnaro IlapHxa, pacxoAfln^nxoH 
3BteAot OT^ TpiyH^aiBHofi apsH. AticTBynnufl ui^a — 6aHKHpB 8pMaHB 
Apefl^yo'B CB soHofl, o6a eBpeftcKaro npoHOxosAenifl, ofo en^e moio- 

AU6 XDAH, H TpH EXB HaxeHBKifl AO^OpB, AOBHTH, BOOBMH H HHTH 

jATk. KaKB 6HBaerB no 6ojiBniei ^aoTH npn KOiflOKTHBuiXB oaHO- 
y6ilcTBaxx, opyAieMB 6hi'b yrapi. HHHiiiaTEBa bb AftHHOMB ojiy^ai 
npHHaAxexaia Myxy, nny HeBponaxa, npHBURmaro kb pooKomHofi 
SB8HH (y ero oTi^a 5hio dojiie noTHAeoaTH mhuIohobb) h npn Ma- 
zifimoMB yMeHBrnoHiH dDAxeia pimHsmaroos HosaTB yonoKoeHia bb 
OHepTH: roBopaTB, ^o orb nocAiAHoe BpeMH necqacuHBo arpajiB na 
6Hpxi, 10 Bo BoaKOMB oiy^ai h nocii btofo oTHOOHxeiBHaro neo^a- 
oiia y Hero ocTasajHCB cpeAorsa, kotophxb 5ii XBatuio jifia, 6e86iA- 
Haro oyn^eoTBOBaHia AOcaTxa opoAHHXB ceHoS. MHUriOHepB, craBmift 
npooTHMB cocToaTeABHHMB ^eioBiKoiTB, BO BOHKoiTB ojiy^ai HO Ha- 
meiB HH^ero ijHniaro, KaKB paonpooriTBoa coBoiMB cb SH8HiK>; a 
KorAa xeia ysnaia o ero HaHipeniH, to oet^iaoB se pftnuixa conyr- 
oTBOBaiB CBoeHy — ^ropa^o jODfiHHOiiy, saKB roBopaiB — Mysy bb a^ib- 
HDD orpany, hbb Koxopofi hhbto en^e ne B03Bpan];axcai a no Aoport 
BaxBanxB h HH^ero ne noAosplBaBniHXB 6iAHuxB A^^o^eKB. BsHsaft- 
mia npnHHH aroro oaHoy6iftcTBa lasB, Enpo^eiiB, h ocTancB ne 

BHOiai BHaOHeHHHMH... 

A npHBon, pasyiritoToa, ramB nicROXBKO BHAannpixoa oiyqaoBB 
oa][oy6ificTBB, KOTopne B086yAUH khofo toiI^obb bb nema h ro- 
poAi, noevbAOBaBi oahhb sa spjvEWb bb Te^eaie Boero KaicHXB-HH- 
6yAB AByxB-ipexB KioaiteBB. Ho xasoBa me AOixHa 6vah nojuaa 
Kouexiqa oaicoydiftoTBB HSB-sa rojioAa, Hee^aoTHOfl aD6BH, norepE 
finsuxB iDAet, H T. n.| Koropiia Bib laKOMB otiuiH coBepmaDTca 
no Bcel <&paH^iH, a hb ooo6eHHOoni bb IlapHsi, h uoio.kotophx'b 



72 F7GCK0E BOFATCTBO. 

POOTOTB CB KESpm rOAOlTB H afioOXDTHO, H OTHOOHTOlBHO! Bo BOfl- 

KOMI oiyui, H86Bpa8 TeMofi 8T0M oraTBH oaicojfiUtoTBO e ootaho- 

BEBBIHOB Ha HiOKOJCBRHXl HaifiOlie flpKHZl npHMtpaTB, fl OTHDAB 
He AyVaD 0TH60TH0B El BTOMJ nO^aiBHOMy flBieHlD Cfb TiWb ^axB- 

niHBiiirB Booiqni^eHieirB, sasoe zapasTepaBjeTi pasHHXi IIIoneHray- 
spoBi H moneHrayapHKOBi, npooiaBiHDD^Hxi Ham oiaAOoni Cjj^aE" 
ctoKaro <BuxoAa hbi idpa shbhh {sansara) h norpyseHifl Bi (Sea* 
cosHaieiBHooTB (mrvattoA)!, a npH Maxifnieft oheohooth o5paii^aD- 
nqixofl wb canoe orpeMHrexLHoe fiiroTBO, Kasi sio oiy^HJiooBi Bnpo- 
^eiTB, H CTb oaHHVB poAOHaHaiBHHROVB coBpeMeHsaro neooHHHSHa bo 
BpeMfl 6epjiHH0KO& xoiepii 1831 r. TflseiHfl sa^THHH, KOTopiuL a 
HocTaBUTB Ha MHHjTy nepoA'B riasaMH ^HTaTejui, ne aojishei bbo- 
AHTB ero vb 8a6i7SAeHie OTHOOHiejOiHo xapaxxepa btoI oraTBE: iceHH, 
HeHonpaBHMaro onTHmora, oni noCysxaiorB jliiiib, sHpasaflCB Hi- 

OKOIBRO TOpseCTBeHHO, BOOHilB BOCTOpSeHHHl THMFB XB8HH H 00- 

anaHii) xsAefi, BTOMy ooxHi^y h spacort BoeioHHOt. ^raieiB yBH- 
XHTB, vh KOHi^l KOHi^oBi, VTO H8y9eHie BOnpOOB CaM0y6i&0TBft Bl 
cooTOHHiH iHHiB B03BH0HTB Bi HamHXi riaBBxi qtHy ^eioBi^eoKoft 
X98HH H iHmHii pa8i noA^epKHyib seiaTOiBHOCTB OHpaBeAnBHxi h 
ooxHj^apHUxx ^opMi o6n^esHTiH. 9 BoonoiBsynoB npn btoki Hsy^e- 
HiH riaBHiim o6pa80Hi» HiKOTopiucH BUBOxaiii, KoiopHe Aaen hbhi 
HOAaBHit BTDXi no oaicoy6iioTBy, npHHaj^iexanut dMHXD jl^DpKreiify, 
dTOHy HHOiflmeiiy, xoth b'b hhhx'b onomeHiflx^ oxHooropoHHeMy, a 
nopoi) H npHMO napaAOKoaxBHOMy coi^oiory *). 



Biime fl ynoMHHyxrB o 6iiOTpovB pooii oaKoy6iflcm, soTopnfi 
nopaa»eTB oco6eHHO bo ^pani^, r^t HaceieHie yBexHUBaoTca 

O^eHB MeXXeHHO. AiiCTBHTOXBHQ^ a600XX)TH0e H OTHOCHTeXBHOe UOfiO 

oaMoy6iftoTB'B BOspaoraerB oi Bajil^aTexBHofi npaBHXBHooTii) h nopa- 
xaDD^eft fiHOTpoTofi, Eaxi bhaho h31 HB»ecxiAyx)meft Ta6xHi^ii (hbs 
EOTopoB HOEiDieHU ^Ba roxa norpoMa 1870—1871 rr.): 

Cpe^Hee lOxoBoe hhcio caH076iicTB'B. 
r A H. 





A6cauoTHoe. 


Ha 1 vuiioB'b 
BaceieHix. 


1827 — 1830 


1739 


54 


1831 — 1835 


2119 


64 


1836 -- 1840 


2574 


76 


1841 — 1845 


2952 


85 


1846 — 1850 


3446 


97 


1851 — 1855 


3639 


100 


1856 — 1860 


•4002 


110 



*) Emile Darkheim, «Le suicide. Etnde de sociologio; IlapHSi, 1697. 



CAHOyBlftCTBO H BFO HPH^BHU. 73 



1861 — 1865 


4661 


124 


1866 — 1869 


5207 


135 


1872 — 1875 


5471 


150 


1876 — 1880 


6250 


168 


1881 — 1885 


7299 


193 


1886 — 1890 


8286 


216 



Huosei^ no oamiirb nooi^AHHirb jwBMuwh^ Ha KOTOpcixi oora* 
HaBanmaeroa o$4»Hii[iaji>Bafl oranoTiiKai vb 1891 r. HanqHTHaaxi 
8884 oaif076itoTBi,UB 232 m muuion xvr6ieft« ■ Vh 1892 r., la 
9285, HIE 242 Ha MHudon *). He^ero yAiBiflT&OH, hto Taaoe nooroflHHoe 
H npaBBjDUio nporpeooHpynmee flBxeme aojdkho 6hjio ooraHOBHTb na 
oeM BHBMaHie $paHi^0Bi, y kotophxi, j^UoiBHTejibio, nTeparypa 
HO oaxoyCiSoTBy OAHa rbi obmhx'b noApobfloixi B'b EBpont. Ho aron' 
Bonpooib pasoMaTpHBaioa s^toB jsfl ohxi nopi riaBHHirb oOpasoirb 
JDUDB ffb ^moTO oranoTHqeoKOfi uh se ci MeABianioKOt h MopaiH- 
SHpynmefl touh spiniH. Jlfo^Kretnj npHHaxiexin saoiyra noora- 
BHTb HsyqeHie BToro HBJieHia na coi^oiorH^ecEyn hu, eon xothto, 
o6nieoTB0HHo-$Hiooo^oByi> Touy apima. ^UoTBireiBHo, cb aBTO- 
pOM'B HoxHo HO conamaTBOfl bo uoncxi oTHomeHiHX'B. Ho eiiy HexLSfl 
oTBasaTB vb yHiHBH H BacTol^HBOon, 01 KaRHiui owb orapaerofl h 
npH HsoiixoBaBiH oaicoy6illGTBa biihohhtb pimaDQ^ee BHaqoHie oo- 
I^axBHa^o aieMOHTa b^b npoTHBonoiosHOOTB laKi HasuBaoMHirii koomb- 

^eOKHlTB, paOOBHlTB ■ ^HSiOIOriWORH-HHXHBHAyaiBHHirB HpHUHairB. 

H BTHMi ^pKrefiVB BiiroAHO oTjaqaoTOii otb teiunnoTBa ooBpe- 
MOHHIIXI OO^i010^0Bl, OXBaqOHHUX'B BOnoD npOTBBoo6nieoTBeHHoil 

peaKiUH, a noToiiy intyn^Hxi ochobi ooI^OJlo^|qecJUlXl oBieHift BKb 
oaMoro o6n;eoTBa, t. e. hjih vk ^epesiypi ofin^HX'b npoiieooaxi* idpo- 
BABBui, EXE Vb qepesqypi qacTHUxi npoi^eooaxi OAHH^HOfl noEXo- 
loriE. 

Sanity ba^ob KoraiE, rso ofimeoTBeHEafl lO^Ka splHUi, MaroHEo- 
XBE HSi ooi^oxoriE, 8X0 MOTETB SE TaKOO npeHeCpeseflie h, xorxa 
66 BurosEDn Vb ABepB Bos% E81 EayRH, BxexaeTB Bi> OREO, EO yxe 
Vb ECKasesEoin* e KappExaTypEOEi bea^. Ben^B, Aocro&Eafl bee- 

MEHiE: Vb TO BpOME, KEE'L MOAEBE TOUOpB BO <&paEI^iE HIBOXa GOI^O- 

xoroBi aETponoxoraqeoKaro nomE6a ropjqiTOfl Eay^Eox) ofi^eKTEBEOOTBD 
OBOEXi BHB040BI, B'b Eot Ea oanoiTL TO jsjbMi saEiqaercfl OTpaseEie 
moBEESBMa Vb ero 6oxi8EeEEHMi npeyBexEqeEioMi* poxE Eaoifl e 
pacu. HEaqe niM%^ RaKi eo btoS TeEAOB^iet, moseo o<h»flOEETB yBxe- 
^eEie, EOTopoe saEiqaeTCE Vb aA^niEei EETexxEr6ETE0ft hoxoaose 



*) 3tb noxpodHSA ]^4^pu CBEoyOiflcTB'B no extbx^tuie'b e sa nocxM- 
eie roAu OTHacxH (kohhax 1875 i.) bsath ebod y Jlerya (ce. A. Legojty 
<Le Buicide ancien et modeme>: IlapHSi, I88I1 cTp. 131—132), a oxqacTH 
(HaqEHaa cb 1876 r.) BH^BCieHU do cooTBibTCTByniREEi toebe^ o^wsiar 
xBHaro tAnnuaire 8tati8tiqne>. 7 j^DpsreftEa Tasax o6max e noAPo6Ea& 
Ta^iHua pocTa caEoy6iflcTB% ao noci'bj^xro BpeEOEH orcyTCTByen. 



74 P70CK0B BOFATCTBO. 

(n ooofiesiooTH xesAj AOKTopaMi) xota 6h no oTHomeHiD k*b ta- 
KHM'B AtTOKH-nOBepXHOOTHHMX, HO npoTeHqiosHHiTB pMcya^eHunTL, 
KaRia npenoj^HooKTb Ham noTreHHHt t. TyoTaB'B JleCon^ onpexi 
jiflDn^it xapaKTep-B «i^HBHJiH8aQii» xapaxrepoirB pacoBoft AjniH, a 
KiDqi Ki aiot AJint OTBouBaDn^ifi bib mKa^y oi xouesiuei le* 
peiioBi? HiH ^0 HHoe, kbri ho 6e3003HaTej[bHHit otsbjki 6oiBHOro 
AXfl $paHii[y80Bi> Bonpoca o sbshh h cvepTH Hai^H ojniniHTOH bii 
^peHOJionneoKHX'B pasoysffeHiHX'b Jlanysa o cfiiioKypot ;(oxh- 
xoite^aiH^eoKoM paot», Koropan, Mon, Boe 6oiie h 6ojAe ho- 
^esaen bo ^pani^in, ho npoAOxsaen rocnoxoTBOBaTB bi dHopnra- 
Hofl H KOJiOHHsaTOpoKOfi Ahfjoh? A 6eueTpHCTH^eosafl coi^oioria 
Bypse, KOTopaS bhahti bi paoi o^bj h3i ipexi icoryn^ecTBeHHHX^ 
napn, BunpHxaDmHTL oyxbfiy qeioBivecTBa (wb npoAiojiOBiH k-b 
nyremeoTBii) b'b AiiepHKy)? A- OyxaHsiroKai <{^Hioco$ifl Mopnoa Bap* 
peoa (ho to DopTyraxBOKaro, ne to BiBsaocKaro OBpea), soToputt 
oTpBi^aen c^paHi^yscKyi) ;[yiny» bi Som, ho sa to cHHiaerb oe6a 
oaMHiTB uoAUHHiiirB rauoMib H yBlpfleTB Haoi, vro, BocmiTtiBatca 
OHB cTb caHaro A^TOTBa vh sHTatoKOft oeni, owb BceTasH Hpo^oi' 
san 6h hhoihtl na ^paniQrsGBifl xa^i? A HOAaBHiH bohhibha hb- 
MipeHifl, npoHSBBxeHHHfl oahhitb aHTponoxororB-AueraHTOirL nax^ 
rnnooBUMx oxinKOVL n foxobh BnEiopa Fnro, n qtiBH) xosasaTB 
xaHHHHH BpaHiOMOTpiH HoaTH^ecKit renit snaveHHTaro pOMaHTHBa, 
qTO, B'B oJioBy OBaaaTb, niosoiBKo hoxoahtb hb nonsiTRy onpexkinB 
no ^opiii H o6ie][y 6yTflUH saqeoTBo AP^roi^HHaro bbbb, soTopoe 

HaXOAHJIOOL KOrXa-TO B'B H6ft? 

AnpareflirB ne noBHHevB bi btoA oqi9axBHofi ^peHoxoriH h na* 
o6oporB o^BHB y6txHTexBHo BHHOHfleTB Ha npHirtpft oaMoyOiioTBa ne- 
poBie-B oSmeoTBeHHHXi npH^HHx naxi BoiHH npouHH h, nosers 
611TB, Xftse saxoxBTL no HteoTopmrB hbothbhs BonpooaM'B Hopes* 
Hyps nt^eKO Bi eroMS HanpaBxeniH. HHrepeoHO, hto yse bs cbhoms 
HaHail HdcrtxoBaHiH, a HMenno npn onpex&ieHiH TepMHHa «caM0* 
y6iftoTBo», 9Ta oSn^eevBeHHafl tghkb spitadH x&gts oefin shbtb ohohb 
on^yTHTexBHo. ABTops HBirfcHHerB o6HHHoe noHHrie caxoy5itoTBi^ 
roBopa: 

CanoydificTBOH'B HasiiBaeTCji BCAKift cij^at CMepTH, npAxo hih koc- 
BeHHO BHTesaiQiiufi HS'B noioasHTejiLHaro hih oxpHi^aTeiBHaro asTa, soTopiift 
coBepmeH'B cbmoA zepTBOfi h othochtcilho soToparo ona sHaja, ^xo ohs 
XOizeH^b 6urb npoHSBOCTH btoxi pesjATars*). 

Cs oxHoft CTopoHH xaBoe oHpexfaieHie sacTaBjuieTi hbos bhsxk)* 
HHTB H8S SBTeropiH oaicoy6iftoTB% oxepTB HOioBisa, npoEcniexaiyi>> 
noxHXo ero oosHaHlH, nanp., bb ooeioflHii noiiftmaTeiBOTBa* Cs xpy- 
rot oHO nosBOJueTB nans, Hao6opoTS, pascMaTpHBaiB noxB py6pHKoi 
oaicoy6iloTBs xaiie eiynaH ovepTH^ rx* HirB npaxoro HaMApeHia 
yOHTB oe6H, ho Tffi HexoBiss ptmaeroH Ha KaB0&-HH6yxB repoHHe* 



*) Le ■nlcide, p. 5. 



CAMOYBlfiCTBO H EFO nPH^HHU. 75 

cRifi ftETB, BeAyn^iS sa 00601) ero radeiB. Abtopb npHucnerB K:b 
caHoyfiifiiiairB 

HyqeHHKa, KOTopud yiiEpaet'B sa cbod Btpy, hih MaiB, KOTopa^ sepT-^ 
Byeii co6ofi aja pe6eHKa) EyAewjiE mu npsHEMaTB CMepTB jHnib kb.k% 
nenaiBHoe, ho Heo6xoAHMoe yciOBie j^ia j^ocTHseHui i^tiii, si KOTopod 
CTpeiiHMCii, HiH 26 OjjifiWb onpe^^kieHHO sejiaTb h HcsaTB cvepTu f,Jis. nea. 
caifofi, H B'& Towb H Bi ju>yroH'b ciyna'b mu OTBasiiBaeMCA oti cyn^ecTBOBaBiA^ 
H pasjiH^HHe cnoco6H SToro oTsasa voryri 6iitb inmb pasHOBHABOCTAMS 
o^HoroH Toro 3te Kjacca ABieeijSi. Mes^y hhmh saMiiaeTCA cjnmEOU'b uHoro 
cyn^ecTBeHHaro cxo^^cxBa, ^toCh ho coej(HHHTb hxi boxb oj^hhmi h rl^m 2» 

POKOBHM'B BHpasenieM'E, CB T^MI, HT06iI paSIHlHTB nOTOM^ BBJ^ Bli ycTa- 
HOBieHHOlfB TaSHMB 06pa30X'B pOX^ *). 

Hhso mu yBHAHiTL, UKoe SHaqeaie foAen TaKoe onpeAiienia 
Aifl uaooH^HKai^i oa][oy6iftOTB'B. IIoRa cb san AooTaTo^ao otk^- 

THTB TO nOOTOflHOTBO, (TB KaKllTB ADpETeflMl BBOAATB COIUaUHHfi 

4)aKTop'B vb BOupooi oa][oy6iftoTBi. IIpHOTyaafl ki uoTflooiHirB 
BBojiixoBaHiff, aBTopi npeABapHTOXBHo xoHCTaTHpyorib HHrepeoHuft 
$aKrb, a ineHHo oqenB onpeA^ieHiyi) h ycioluByi) ^poaop^iI) oa- 
MoySiicTBii vb uxAomb ofin^eoTBi Vb j^^wEult MOMeHTB ero pasBH- 
Tin. Hsi Ta6jiHi^ii, npHBexeHioft nii Ha cip. 12 » h iiocitAyi>nuu'L 
pasoysAeHift OKasHBaeroa, ^rro xora oaMoy6illoTBO pooTen, Kasi ku 

CaKHBHJCiJIE, 6HOTpO E IIOOTOflHHO, T^Wb HO MeHie KOietfaHifl E31» roAf 

Bi roffi Bi o6xaoTH laKoro unpESEaro, noBBAHifoicy, aBioHifi Heaaa- 

UTeABSH E BO BOflKOlTB Oiy^ai HO OTOIB piSRB, RaXl K0J[e6aHiA 

o6iiREOBeEHofi OMepTEooTH, saBECEE^efi, RasaxocB 6ii, on 6oite 

npOUHX'B E 06%eRTHBHHX'B npEqSHl. Cl ApyrOt CTOpOEH, 'Ha6ll0- 

Aaeiofl, ^TO vb TO BpeMa, rbri opeAUfl omopteootb vb 6oj[bniHH0TBi 
BBponeficRErB orpaH^ HSir&HHeTOfl cpaBEHTeiBso iiaio npE nepexoA'i^ 
orB oAHoro norpaEEHEaro 0Toi6a Kb APyi'oiiy a 01 Te^esieMi Bpe- 
MeHH Boe 6oiBme e 6oiBme TaroTftoTB k-b OAHony o6iii6Ky ypoBED *'^)^ 
oaxoySificTBO ROAefiieToa oTb OTpaEH ao cTpaEH vb ABOftsoft, TpoM- 
Eoft, ^BTBepEofl H 6oiie nponoplUE, rbri noaasHBaerB Ta6iHi];a» 
npEBeAeEEafl ffopzretMowb Ha OTp. 14 e Aann^aa a'a 1874 —1878 r. 
eseroxayi) nponopi^i) 38 caMoy6iloTBi (aa 1 MEXJOEioHi seto- 



*) L. c, cTp. 4—5. 

**) Ji;aate onepHpyA naAi CTapmiH AaHHHMH (1840—1870) — 3to o6^^ift 
HeAOCxaxoK'B CTaTucTH^ecRaro Maxepiaia ^DpRrefiMa — aBiopi aaxoAuxB, 
^TO Bi 9T0T% nepioxi eseroAsaA caepTBOCTB paBHAiacB 23 na 1000 bo 
$paH^iv, 22 Ea 1000 Vb AHriiH, 20 sa lOOO vb AaHiHy OROio 31 sa 1000 bs 
HTaiiH H tioa-be 32 na 1000 bi AbctpIh, t. e. saaHBTi, Roie6aiacB orB cxpa- 
EH AO CTpaHu jramB b% nponopKls 1 : IVi- Ho eh SHaeMi, hto Vb nociixeee 
BpoMA CEepxHOCTB, BOHHaHBiBHCB noBCK)xy, a B'B oco5eHHOcxH Bi cxpaHaxB 
HE'ibBmHX'B npesAe ohohb HediaronpiAXBiia rHrieaHHecRiA yciOBiA, E0Ae6* 
jOTca orB cxpaHH ao cxpaHH enie B'B ropasAO 6oxf^e irbcBHxi npeA^iaxi. 
1:1^, AOCXHraA bi 1894 — 1895 r. 22,6 aa 1000 bo ^paauiH (cm. «An-- 
nnaire statistiqne de la France, 1896, cxp. 12), 25,2 Ea 1000 Bb HxaHH 
(CM. Annaario statistico italiano, 1896, cxp. 48), 27, 46 na 1000 bi AacxpiH 
(cm. cOesterreichisches Btatistlsches Handbnch; 1897, cxp. 19). 



76 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

jefi) wh HTaiiH, 69 caxoyGilOTBx vb Ahtiui, 130 bi ABorpiH, 160 
BO $paH]];iH, 255 vh AaHiv, 334 bi GaKOOEii. IIpi btomi sairh- 
^aeTOfl eme to o6oToaTejn>cTBo, hto pasiamni orpaHH, nporpeooH* 
pyfl (nenaiBHuft nporpec(n>!) bi> ^loxl oaiEoy6iftoTB%, coxpaHflnn 
Tiwh He MeHte Kaigiafl npHfinsKreaiBHO oBoe npesnee m'^cto bi 
BTOKi TaHKi oMepn *). OrosAa j!(DpKrefirb bhbo;^htb to sauD^e- 
Hie, ^0 TeHAeH^ifl KajsAaro o6ii;60TBa k% oanoyfiitoTBy ABxiieTCA 
oqeHB yoTofiuBincB h xapaKTepHOTB^HHirb au Hero npiSHasoMi, 
KOTopuMi Bi xaHHHfl xoHeHTB OHO OTiH^aeTOfl oTB xpjTwrh o6inwm. 
Torb ofin^ecTBeHHBfi $aRn, EoropHfi asrop'B HasHBaert <oo- 
i^iajiBHoft nponopqieit eaHoy6iitoTBX» (taux social des suicides), hih 
60JIH xoTHTe €HopMOfl>f H AO'xeHi ooTaHaBiHBaTb BHHHaHie coalo- 
lora, H saxaqeit ero cTaHOBirofl Hspienie npHUHi, soTopua x^t- 
CTBynn 

He Ha HHJtHBHXyyMOBl, B3ATUZ'& B% OTXtlbHOCTH, HO Ha rpyHHy HTB. 

OiiAOBaxeiBHO, HCSAy pasjiHiHHMH 4^aKTopaxH caHoy6iflcTBa ero KacaDTca 
Tb, KOTopue npoABiADTi cBoe x'bficTBie Ha K^xoe o6iiiecTBO. IIponopiuH 
caMoyi^iflCTB'B ecxB npo^yHrb neHHo ^thx^ (|»aBTopoB'B **). 

HicBOJiBBO BHHie aBTopi Atuae npsvo saaBXHen, ^to hhckoxbro 
He HaM'&pevB <oooTaBuiTB B03Hono HoxHuft HHBeccTapB Boixi yoio- 

Bill, BXOABH^Xrb Bl reHOSHOli OTAtlBHUXl OaHOyfiiftCTB'B*, HO sat- 

MeTOH xHmB otmjBiw npH^HHaMH, oopefftxanniHMH oHxy TeHxeni^iH 
El caKoy6iioTBy Bib Ai^KHom odn^exHTix. 

YoTaHOBHBi 8Ton MOTOxi HBGitAOBaHiH, aBTopB xo^OTB yoTpa- 

HHTB BOBpaXenifl npOTHBl OBOel HCUnHHTeXBHO COI^ioIOFH^eCKOtt 

TO^KH spiHifl H nepByn tpotb EHnra nooBan^aeTB AOxasaTeiBOTBy 
BlpnooTH OBoero BsriHAa otb npoTHBHaro: owb nepe6HpaeTB hi ot- 
nMi cBHt-o6nieoTBeHHiiX'b ^axropaxi* oaMoySiicTBi pasxHUHH 
npHHHHH, KOTopHfl HO xoryT'B 6eitb BixD^eHH vh KaTeropli) co6- 
cTBeHHo ooQioxornqeoEHX'B sxeneHTOB^B, ho ROTopsxa npexHie HBOxi- 
ji^OBaTexH oGiHCHflXH caMoy6ifiOTBO, ■ nepeSpaBi hx'b, hphxoxhtb bi 
saKJiDqeHii), ^to bto odiaoHeHie ho BHxepsHBaen kphthbh. Bni- 
o6ii;eGTBeHHue ^axTopB pasxtiflDTOH JI^DpxreftMOM'B na jawk rxaBHHa 
KaTeropiH: opraHnqeoRH-ncHXH^eosoe npexpaoaoxoxeHie HHAHBHxy- 
yaa h oKpysannoa ^HSHqeoxia yoiOBia. Ha^Haaa HsofffcAOBanie nep* 
Boft KaTeropiH, asTopi oOpanuteToa npesxe Boero K'b paaxH^HHH'B 
4>opHairB uGHXH^eoKaro padGxpoftcxfia (Hpaaoicy noMimaTexBCTBy, ae- 
BpacTeHiH, axKoroiHBMy) h HBiraeToa AOKasaTB, ^to iiexjiy pacnpo- 

OTpaHeHHOOTBX) 8THX1» COJ^^SHeHHUXl COCTOaHift Bt AAKHOlCli ofin^eoTBt 

H ero cGOi^aiBHoS nponopi^ieli oaHoy6iioTB'B» h^tb HHsaBoro npa- 
BHiBHaro H nocToaHHaro OTHomema. A ne 6yAy BAaBaTBca bi hoa- 



*) & noxbsyiocb 9thm-b o6cTOJiTexBCTBOH'b, hto6h noAHOBHTb w^T^u Adpb- 
reflaa: vh 1887—1893 r., exeroxHoe vhcio caHoy6ificTB'b sa 1 HHJuioH'B sh- 
Tejefi pasHAiocB yse 54 bi HiaiiH, 82 wh AnrjiiH, 162 Bi ABCTpin, 206 vk 
TepMaHiH, 226 bo ^paaiUH, h t. a* 
*♦) Lc, CTp. 15. 



CAMOTBlACTfiO H SFO QPH^HHU. 77 

po6iui pasfiopi T&n opaBHSTejEBHO-oraTHOTHieoKHn npieiiOB'B, so- 
ToptfMH ^np&reftiTb xjMt^wh nojsjsjAuETh aro coMHHreiBHoe noxose- 
Hie (vh npoTHBonoJiosHOOTB BBrjuAftMi xoTfl 6u TaKoro oepBesHaro 
aBTopa, sasi HtajrEaHei^ Mopoeu). dro Boo6ii^e oooTaBiaoTB oiaSull 
nyuTL ero RnrH, rbirb 6ojiie, %ro ^DpsretMy apaxoAHTOfl A^iatB 
sHa^HTeiBHHfl oroBopKH Bi poAt, Haap.> Toro, %T0, croBopa Boofin^e^ 
rani FAt eoTb 6oxBine oyMaome^mnxi* h eaIotobi^ botb 6oxbme h 
oaHoyGifii^) h o6paTHO» (orp. 43), hxh hto cBupoaKAOHie bi ero pas- 
xmEUTh ^opiiaxi npeAoraBxaen oo6oft noExoiorHqeoKyn no^By, 
B% BHomett OTeoeHH 6jiaroiipiflTHyD jima AifioTBia t&x-b npawE'L, so* 
TopiiM Motyn no6yAHTB qe^ovhsa Ha caMoy6ifloTBO» (oTp. 53). 3a- 
v&qy amby vro a He BHsy Heo6xoAHVooTH, noiOMy AnpsreftMi, otoh 
Ha ooqioiorH^ecHoS Towb spiHia, olel^ HysHUMi oxpHi^aTB BHme- 
ynoMjiHyryi) obhbl MexAy OojrbaHeHHHiiH ncHXHqeoHHHH npoi^eooaMH, 
paonpoorpaHeHHUHH bi AAHHOicb ofiDj^eoTBi^ h oaiioy6iAcTBom. Ha- 
oOopon, HMeHHo oi» coi^ioAorH^ecxoi to^kh aptniH hosho 6iuo 6u 
HOKasaTB^ saKi» HHAHBHAyyim sasHOHnBi oBonx'BATnieBHHxi oooroa- 
Hiarb H npHBBraaax'b on ouaAa o6mecTBa, h KaKi* ci HaMtseHieMii 
xapasTepa nooiftAHaro irbHaeTOfl uojio cyMaomeAoiBXi, HeapacTeHH- 
KOBl H II£HHHI|>. A OTODAa BHXOAHXO 6h, ^to oaMoy6iftOTBa, BHpo- 
orannUfl na lasol GoxteHOHHoft hohbI, hbihatoa xiHi ne venld 
BHpaacenieM'B oonjiaiBHaro oTpoH h nrpH ero oohobhuxi ^MknopoBi* 
CavB, Bopo^eMii, aaiopi diHSHO hoaxoahx'b (ho ho aoAomen 
ooBObi'b) K^b TaKoft nooTaHOBKt Bonpoca na rtxi orpaHHi^axi, vp^^ 
npoHSHooa b'b sbKOTopoHi poA'b HaHerHpHKi HeBpaoreEHKam, owh 
Biipasajcfl TaRi: 

Gana no ce6r& HSBpacTeHifl ecTB ohohb o6niee npsApacnojoseHie, so- 
Topoe He BieneTi* sa co6ok) H6o5xoAH]fo HHaaKoro onpextieHHaro asTa, bo 
Moserb, cuoTpa no o6cTOflTeiBCTBaM'B, npHHunaTb caHiui pasiH^iHiui 4k>phh. 
dro no^sa, aa soTopoit HoryrB BOSHiiKHyTb o^eHB paaiH^HHa TCHAeHiUH, 
coo6pa3Ho Cb T^MB 000606011%, icaaHHB noHsa mosbtb 6htb ouoAOTBopeHa 
coiaaji>BHMH iipH«iHHaHu. y cTaparo h cdHBinaroca cb nyxH aapojia lerao 
nycTflTB pocTKH OTBpaiaeHie bb shbhh, naccHBHaa iiejaHxoiU co Bcd^HH 

BHTOSaDIUHMH H3B HOA BeHaiBHUMU Cl^ACTBiiiJIH; HanpOTHBB, BB HOlOAOlfb 

ofin^ecTB'fe pasoBBDTcfl npeBMymecTBeHHO niusifl HxeaiHSMi, 6iaropoAHuft 
npo8eiHTH3MB, A'^ToiBHoe caMOOTBepseaie. Ecih BBposAanniiaca xhtoocth 
pasMHoaukUTCfl bb dnoxa ynaAaa, to, cb Apyrofi ctopobu, 8th se ihuocth 
co8HAaK)TB rocyAapcTBa, h bb hxb cpe^i Bep6yK)Tca bc± BeiHKie pe4K)pHa- 
Topii. TaKofi HeonpeA^OHBO A'bficxBy jon^eft (ambigaS) chai ne AOcxaTO^mo, 

Cl'faAOBaTeibHO, HT06U 06BaCHHTB CTOJIB onpeAticHHHHfi COIUaibHIlft 4»aBTB> 

aasB nponopuifl caHoy6iflcTBB *). 

n aBTop^ npoAOisaeTB bb npaiii^aHiH, xoTopoe HiileTB osoft 
HHiepecB A^H pyocKaro ^HTaTexa: 

PasHTeiBBHd npHM'bpB dTofi BeonpeA'bieHHocTH saaJDo^aeTca bb cxoa ^ 
CTBii u BOHTpacTaxB coBpeiieHHofi 4>P&Biiy3CKoA juTepaTypu cb iHTepaxy- 
pofi pyccBofi. Ta cflnnaTia, cb aoTopofl hh BCxp'bxHiH aocjiABX>i)| noisasii- 



*) 1. c, cxp. 45—46, < 



78 _ P7C0K0S BOPATCTBO. 

BaerB, ^to oda ho 6es'b poxcTBOHHHX'b ^eg^b cb Hameft. H, x^ficTBHreiBHO^ 
7 HHcaTeied o6±ex% Hauift ^yBCTByeToa 6oji3HeHHai[ xej^saTHOcxB HepB- 

HOfi CHCTeMU, HSBiCTHOe OTCyTCTBiO yMCTBeHHaiO H HpaBCTBOHHarO paBHO- 

Bicifl. Ho KaK'b dTO oxHHasoBoe cocTOnoie, h 6ioj[orE^ecKoe h ncHxoiorH- 
^ecKoe BM'i&CT'fa, upohsboxhtb pasiiraHHa coiuaiBHHa socrbxcTBia! Bi to 
BpeMA, KaK'b pyccKaa jHrepaTypa OTiH^aeTca ^peairbpHun HxeaiHSMom, 
B% TO BpeMK, Kasi MeiaHxoiifl, KOTopoft ona npoBHRHyTa, nwhsL CBoeft npn- 
9Hnod ^^TOibHoe co^yBCTBie fxi ^eiOB'i^^ecKHM'b cxpi^aHijim, uBiaeTca 
oxHoft fls'b (^opifB Toi sxopoBofi flO^ajiH, KOTopaa B036yxjiaerB Btpy h tox- 
KaeT'b Ki x'bftcTBiK), Hama jHTepaTypa ropxHTca t'I^itb, ?to BHpasaerB 
XBmh HyBCTBa iipavHaro oTqaflaia h OTpasaoT'B onacHoe cocToaide noxaB- 
xeHHoctH. BoTi KaRHMi o6pa80]f'b oxHO H Tose opraHH^ecKoe cocTOflBde 
xoser&ciysaTb no^TH npaMo npoTHBonoiosHUirb o6ii(ecTBeHHiui'b x^iiaHi *). 

UeBpaoTeHHKH Boo6iae^ a pyooKie bi ^aoiHooTH, Moryn, koho^ho, 
6uTb 6iaroAapHii aBTopy sa noKpoBirexBOTBo, soiopoe on osaaii- 
BaerBHrbfOToyTOTBiDyxoTBeHHaroH HpaBCTBOHHaro paBHOBioui>. Ho, 
corxamasicb n ADpsrelicoirb bi Ton, tto uxh xlnTexBHOOTB no- 
sen HOCBTb paaxHUiit xapaRTopi, oMoxpfl no oocTOflHin OKpysaD- 
n^aro stb o6nieGTBa, xpyxHO 6jffidTb bo BOflKom oiy^ai saspHBaiB 
rjasa la toti ^asn, ^tro bto bo BOflKoirb oxy^ai 6oxBHiie xdah> b 
^To, no nooioBHi^ rx'b tohko, taitb h pBOtoa^ meHHo Ha atixib se- 
HopMaxbinun xnxarb A^Bxenie ofin^eoTBenaro OTpofl 6jffiTh ORasu- 
BaTBOii ooo6eiuio ovxbso, sanaoTyi) BiitaiKHBafl wrh sa xBepB shseh, 
coBnaHii h noadin 6opB6u: 

Taopei^ nvh lyHnaro aenpa 

Concax^ skbeu orpyHii vx'b; 

On He oosxaHH xu iripa, 

EaRi idpi 6an oosxaanb ne x<s haxi. 
He roBopHTb xh oam astopi: 

MoBLHO xonycTHTb, ^0 nps oxBHaxbaHxi o6cTOATej[bCTBari» BnposxaD- 
nuflcx HHXHBHxyyK'b y6jKBaeTb ce6a jei^e, hAwb axopoBiid TOXOBtei; ho 
owb He y6aBaeTib ce6£ neo^xoxmo bi CHjy CBoero cocxoxHix. Bosmoz- 
HOCTb ca]ioy6ificTBa, ROTopaa BaRsn^aeTca b% Hen, nepexoxHTi bi x'^^* 

CTBHTeXbHOCTb JHBIb BOX'b BliflHleifb XPyrHXl 4>aRTOpOB'b, **) 

Rl ROTOpHlTB aBTOp'b H nepeXOAHTb SaT&lTB. Ho BiX^ BTO OBO- 

XRTOfl xo HiROTopoft OToneHH Ri npooToS Hrpi cxoBaicH. EoxH xpyrie 
^^RRTopii npeBpan^aDTB au hhhxi xDxeS boshoshootb oaxoy6iioTBa 

Bl X:6t0TBHTeXBH0GTb, XaRl XHHIB HOTOMy, TTO y TaRHXl XHUOOTOft 

yse oymeoTBOBaxi H8BicTHUt nmoi, HSBJunrHoe nrortnie buSth 
H3X oBoero HeycrotuBaro paBHOBtcifl, n BHimniH o5oTOflTexBCTBa yoH- 
XHXH ero, cxosHBi vh HHitB CBOK) BexHHHHy. TaR'B, eoxH npexoiaBHTB 
oe61 «coqiaxBHyK) nponopqiD ca]coydiftoTB'B» Bib BHxi ynpyraro raaa, 
xasan^aro na otKhkh cooyxa, to nooroHHOTBo BToro xaBxenia bx HSBtoT- 
HOMi o6nteoTBt h bb HSBtcTHuft nepioxib hhgroxbro ho HCRiA^aerB 
Toro, ?To OHxa yapyroom npoHBHTL cBoe paspyoiHTexbHoe ^^ficxBie 



*) Ibid., npHM. 1. 
**) 1. c, CTp. 53. 



CAMOTBltCTBO H BFO HPHUHU. 79 

irb oTopoHj HaHveHBinaro oonpoxsBJieHiH, h HeypaBHOBimeEHui qeio- 
Bisi 67Aeiii osopie HopxauHaro BHiiiH6ieH'B hbi pa^oB^ sHBymsxi. 
B% ynomiHjTon Bdruxi JUopsreftJia Ha OToyrcTBie cbabh Kosxy 
aoHXH^eoun oooroflideii'B HHAHBExyyiia x ero ckiohiootbd jki caxo- 
yfiitcTBy oKasEuaeTOfl ximmlt pasi to npexe6peseHie xi rapxoHX- 
qeoKoxy pasBxriD Bcero ^eiOBisa x ci ero xycKyxaxx x oi ero 
xepBaxx, KOTopoe xapasrepxsyen ooBpexexxyn i^xBKixBaqjiD, ooxo- 
BaxHyVi xexxy npoixxi, xa oxxox^b xsi oaxHrb ^xoBnmxHZ'B 
pasA^eHil Tpy^a: a pasyxii) oTfffciexie yxoTBOxxaro xpy^a on Tpy- 
js,dk ^flSK^eoxaro. Mh o^exb ozotxo roBopxxi lexepB o6i a^^opxsxi 
;Q)eBXKxi» tsAopoBiiS jwh vh SAopOBOx^B Tiift>, KO en^e ozoTxie sa- 
6uBBibWb xpaEix^eoExn BHBoxan xn 8Toro noxosexix. SaucTyn 
J ooBpexexxHzi Taxi xasinBaexBizi yiexiirfc (bxxotb ao ^hbIoio- 
roB%, saxixxxi aio xix xypBesa) npoKXjpiBaeiex Atanej xaxib pas'B 
Hao6opoTB, Bipa vb ^aTanxyi) npoTXBOxoAOsxooTB xesAy oxiott 
xyosyjioBi x xosroBot ^^itoreAHOCTii). Mexjty rtxi, sa xexHorxxx xo- 
snoqexixxx O^a X TO xet ximaxo 6u zoponrexBKo npxoxaTpKBaxBcx 
Kx TaEXKi xosmvexlxxi), eoix j^xax^eoxit padoTXXKi xamero xpe- 
Mexx crpaAaeTB otl oxypxDmaro xxoro xexaxx^eoxaro Tpy^ft^ to 
yxoTBexxiit pa6oTXXKi xoromaerB obod xepxxyD oxoTOxy Gesnpe- 
exaxxHXi nuexBexi xa tbeoxi xeAHxaTXCxi XxoTpyxexrb, saxi 
MOsrB. Ho K'b Hxoiy napaAOscoBi ^npsreftxa x otxooxtox, xasi xs- 
Biorxo, xe toako BoxoTaxxpoBaxie o6ii^eoTBexxaro paaxiiexix xpyxa 
wh xa^eoxBi ^^axxa, xo BOSBexexie ero xa oxenexb xpaftxe seia- 
xejaxaro x nporpeooxBxaro XBiexix wh ooifiojiorix. He BHpasaexi* 
XX owi Bi cBoex% xpyxif oneifiaiBxo nooBxn^exxovB axoxy xonpooy, 
onacexift, ixo 

ecix iDXH nojT^axi xpHBH^xy K'b iuhpokhxb ropBSOHXax'b, b^ uiiBHHX's 
BSiiAAaxi, vh BejtHXorbnHxx'B 060646x111x1, to ohx yse xe nosBOiArs 
Tepar&iHBO saxiDHaTB ce6fl bi yssut rpaHBi(H cnei(iaiBHaro A'i^a. Tasoe 
cpeACTBO (npoTBBi OTcyrcTBifl o6varo o6pa80BaBix y TexBH^ecBB BXApec- 
cHpoBaHBuz'B pa6owxi) cx'&iaJio 611 cnei^iaiHsaiui) 6e8BpexHod, ixmb cxi- 
jiaB-b ee HeBSHOCHxcfi, a cjid^xoBaTeuxo 6ojie bix ueu±e xeBoaxosHoft '*'}• 

H xaotiopoxi, xe Bammaexi ax aBxop% x ffiMQ xe nponaraxxx- 
pyerB xx tBOSxosxo oneitiaiBxol, bobxosxo oxxoo6pa3xoS x'bxxeiB- 
fiooTx>, xoxi yoiOBiex^b, hxo6u sepxBft, npxBxaaxxoft x'b exoxy xo- 
•Boxy KOieoy HEOioxa, noxaaaix oxxidxb xe coGmipxHx lacxH co- 
i^laiBxaro ropx8oxxa», xo ahbib, xaxi axasaxB, xio^oxi roiy6(Mro Ke6a 
xB'b ORxa ero npo^eccioxaiBxoS xexxxi^, hto6u owh Bxxtxi, ixo 
ero «AifloTBix xxlvxi cbod qtiB bx& oaxHZ'B oe6x» **). 

noBTOxy xesx xkoeoxlso xe yxniflerb la oxpaoxxaa saioxTa 
j^Dpxreftxox'B Hxxejuxrexxxaro xeBpaorexxsa, wh xoxopoxi xBXopii 
BXABTi A&se oneipaiBxoe «opyAio nporpecca»: 



*) Emile Durkheim, <De la division du travail »ocial>; napHSi, 1893, 
€Tp. 417. 
**) Ibid. 



80 PyCCKOB BOFATCTBO. 

ECJH CTOlBHOBeHiil HHTepeCOB'E H CTpaCTOfl dHmBOlfb 67PHII H CIHIH- 

xoifb cusbnaKUL Tasoro AO^BsaTHaro opraHHaiia, to 3a to owl cosxaai 
AiB Toro, ^to6h HacjaasAaTBCfl bo Bcei noiHOTi^ 6ojie thzhmh pi^ocTJUCH 
HuciH. Ero MycKjibHafl cia6ocTb, ero npesirbpHaji ^yBCTBHTeiBHocTB, t^ 
lannuB ero HeroxHuiii xui asTiiBHOft x'^aTeibHocTH, JopejCBasBa^anTi era 

Hao6opOTl XIA JMCTBeHBUZl <|»7HBIUfl, KOTOpUB B'b CBOH) O^OpeXb TpO^yVTS 

noxxoxBo^Bxi opraHOBi *). 

H O^eHB BflaifeBaTeibHO, ^TO HtOEOl&SflMB OTpOEaVB BHme BBtopi^ 

o^eBHABo desooBBBTeiBHo Aifl cavoro oetia pHojen Ham o6cTasoBBy 
He TOJiBBo npooTo HHTexBHreHTHaro BeBpacTeHHBS npHBHierHpoBBH- 
Haro, Horymaro obbtb ee6i yinrHoe raiiBXuinKo bxbih on 6ypb 00- 
BpeMeHHoft 6opii6ii ta ey^eciBOBaHie: 

HeBpacTeHiB Hosers npexpacnoxaraTB s% ca]ioy6iftcTBy, ho ohb He 
Bie^erB sa co6oi Beo6xoxHMO 8Toro oocitxcTBui. Bea^ coMH6Hifl^ BOBpa- 
creBHK'E BO^B BeB86±SHO o6peHeH% Ha CTpaxanifl, eciB om ^epes^jps 
6xv8KO conpHKacaoTCB cb asTSBHoft sasHbK), HO eny BeBOSMOsno yxaiBTBca 
OTB HOB, ^to6h BecTfl cyiuecTBOBaHie, 6oM±b caei](iaxBHO cosepipiTeiBHoe. 

Pei^enrL, KOBeiHo, xoponii aah rbxi, kotophx'b oy^BSa sarpa- 
ABia AoeTaToqHHM'B soiRqeoTBom «BC6otin^ftro 8BBHBajieHTa», t. e. 
xenen, BHpooraDB^HX'B hhohho hsi oGnieoTBeHHaro pasfffcxeHUi Tpyxa. 
Ho Kasi 6BITB rtirb «x6^HKaTflun opraHB3icaifi», KoropHe h& 
BHiDTb BOBMOSHOOTB yxaBBTBOfl nox> tIibb cmokobhbi^h, b o6pe^eHH 
upHBHuaxB x'^TeiBHoe y^acTie vb BOftsi Bo&n npoTBBi Boixi? He 
BOHO JIB, ^To npB ooBpeHeHHuxi yoxoBiflXi OHH paHBHie KpjnTh yo- 
Tax)Tb B'B 8T0I 6opb61 H yxoABTB 01 HOiB opasoBiB iposi Ty fvpaq- 
Hyx) H siOBiniyB) XBopb, bod 3a6piii8raBHyx> EpoBBD h 01 bbsxhitb 
ABeiTL Bce 6ojAe h 6ojiie pa3XBHrax)aiyD0B>, ci BOTopoi HiicemKift 

MOp&BBCTb-OTaTBOTBB'B HpOOUarO BtKB (3B)OOHHJIBXX) CpaBBBBaTB 

caMoyfiiicTBo? 

Jtfi KasoS oreneHH 8totb 6oxi3EeHHHt raHHOTHSirL oxeprn, BJiesy* 
mi iDxeft BB ea ^epByn naons oSHapyasBBaercB lasi hju HHaqe 
B'B xyiD^ BHTeixBreBTBaro lexoBtxa Bamero BpeiieHH, HsypoxoBaKHaro 
oxHOGTopoKHel pa6oToS Mosra, mosbo bbxAtb hb npHvlpi O'^eEK 
MBorHXi BHXBB)n^BX0fl coBpeHeflHBKGBi. BoBbMHTe x^se TaKoro KpyH- 
Haro H OHMaaTB^Baro HBoaTeiB, Basi HapKi rnfto, wb 19 itrB na- 
nHoaBmaro OBoe nepBoe $Bxooo$oEoe oouBesie (0 Mopain doBsypaX 
B-h 33 roxa yHepmaro oti» ^bxotrb, KOTopan o6ooTpHxaoB nox% 
BiiBBieirb BenoMtpaaro yMOTBeBBaro Tpyxa (xeooTB KHHrB bi T6EeHi»' 
14 itTB, H KHflri. no doiBmelt ^acTB |8aic1i«aTeiBHHXi!). OfipaxHTe 
BEBMBHie Ha tBoopooi raHJi6Ta» Bi ero €^hxooo$obhx'b cthxotbo> 

p6HiBXl», — B H%M> SXtCB dXy HBeoy HO^H I^tXHSOlTB: 

Hrpafl, SL BSfljn bb pysa xiQBHoe h TOEsoe ocTpie utEpiyjui; hsb id- 
6oBHTCTBa— Tro6ii oocEOTpiTb— fl ciersa naxHEaiB aa rpyxB 6iecTflii(HMi» 
cTaiBBUMB BOHUOEB. MH'b 6iuo TOFxa nflTHa^iiaTB jrbTB; fl 61UB en^e ibboxb* 
HBXOMB. a BcnuTfiiBaiB Kasoo TO ^apfDo^ee BOifleHiei' ciymaa, xasB 6hiocb> 
Hoe cepxii^e bojib dTHMB opysioEB h bb 6e3noBofiCTB'b ycBopBJio cBoe Hts- 



*) Le BBicide, CTp. 45. 



CAMOyBltCTBO H BFO UPHUHH. 81 

Hoe TpeneTanie: Tyr'b napflmaa ciiepTb, a noxh Heft Tenjaii h uoioxafl 

SH3HB. yMepOTB, fiJUdLl'b A, 3Qa^[HT1b nOSHaTB. A HTO, eCJ[H6'b A saxoTiii 

aroro? ^hshb sa rpoGoifB Ta hih HHaA bosmoshoctb, bca ^paHj^03HaA He- 
HSB^CTBOCTBy BOTOpyH) A HHOFAa npe^^yBaTByiol.. He uorL-jm 6u a. xo6£[tb 
Bce dxo, HaxaBBBi* dTO lessee kohqom'b naibiieB'b? K'b neify 8to CTpaHHoe 
HeTepn'bHie, BOTopoe OTxaiAeTB otb nacB ^acb SHania? Bi cjikhocth shshb 
HjflerB sHa^enie, nocsojiBKy XAeoiB Hero-HH6yAB, h bck) cboio iribHy H3Bie- 
EaerB hs'b xpasHBiuaro nacB seiaHifl. To canoe, ?to BBJueToa en onpaB- 
xanieifBy ABiflexcA h My^eaieifB oa. ?to se? no^eiiy 6ii He coKpaTHTB 9to 
oZH^aHie? B(yh mu, n±iuLSL&ch sa spaA nponacTH, bb ^esnoBoftcTB*]^ npoBo- 
AHMB BCA) Hamy shshb bb tomb, ?to HBM^pBeMB 6e3AHy nasaMH: hto eciH, 
orrojBHyBDiHCB Horoft otb spai), a, 6oJi'i^e HeycTpaniHMuft i.±wh j^pyrie, pn- 

HyiCA 6il AOClijlHHliB npiUKKOMB BB HyCTOC HpOCTpaHCTBO? E JBUJsM'b 6u, 

A ysHaiB 6uy h cmcptb pascsasaia 6u MH'fa Ty rayfioByi) Taftny, KOTopaA 
ycKOiBsaexB otb mcha npn shshh. snaTB, 6irrB yB'i^peHHHMB, bb btomb 
Bce! 3th mhcxh, botopha BOSHHsain bo MH'fa CHyrnoft Tojnoft, sacTaBJAXH 
MeHA TpeneTBTB otb tockh h c^acTiA. BesEOHe^noe sananie npo6ysx&iocB 
BB HoeMB cepjq^'i^, sejoiHie cmcpth, BOTopaA BasepmaeTB HeHSBicxHocTB, bb 
oj(HHB jifiRb pasp'faniaerB coMHiniA h KOTopaA, cbocd rpy6ox) pyBOD, otbph- 
bbotb HaMB ropHSOHTB HJB HaBcerxa saMUBaeTB ero. GnepTB! a aisaiB h 
sasiaiB eA, a moihib ee! Qotomb Bxpyn a CBasaiB 0^6'^: Ho BTosHaexB, 
OTspoBCHHa-iH caica ciiepTB, h nixB jh h y hoa hobpobobb h paspimaeTB 
IB oaa BCAKift BonpocB. Ecih sbtb sHa^axB HCsaTB, a Haftxy-iB, yjcBpaa? 
H He TBBB se IB BejLHBa Bt^HaA TafiHa au t^xb, soTopue lesaTB bb rpo5y, 

KBKB H JUA T^XB, KOTOpue CTOATB HB HOraXB? YSHaiO JDS. A CMCpTB, ffiJ/LB 

BOCHyBmHCb cA naimeMB? A ^to eciH h cnepTB ne 6yAeTB HCTBHoft, cj^- 
KHMB ycnoBoeHieMB otb BCAsaro 6e8nosoftcTBa? ?to eciH h sa hck) ne- 
yaoBBMBA npapoxa chobb nocTBBBT'B HensB^i^cTHOCTb, chobb buabbhctb sa- 
rs^sy?... H bb pasAyMbH, a hoahajica e, hto6ii CBopie CTpAxnyTb cb ce6A 
ipesu, no6'lsaiB nrpaib bb cbab *)... 

BtAHUfi, 6iAHUfl ICaAb^BBIb, 60AbH0e AHTB 601l>H0it I^HBHlESai^H! 

Eny 6vL npooTO HaoAaocAaTBoa shshId, a oh'b wb naTHaAoiaTb Jtirb 
lepsaeTOfl orpaHHOB) iieTa^HsnecKOB) sasAon sarpofifiaro noBHaHin 
H, eon ocraHaBAEBaeTOfl bi* obohx'b atkbxi* nepoAi* caMoyOifioTBOirL, 
TO AHmB noTOMy, mto fioHTOfl H Ba ToiTb cBiTi npocHyTBOfl TiMi se 
naTHaAnjaTHjrbTHBiTB raMAeToirb, y KOToparo pisBiia hofh cavH 6iryr& 
cHrpaTb Bi oaA'B> vh to bpoma, bbki Mosrb h sairapaeTB otb oTpaza, 
E fiAaseHCTByerb otb MHCTHqeoKaro osHAaEiH Ha spaB) npaspa^HoS 
oponacTH!.. RorAa BAyniiBaeniBGfl b% 8Ty ^HAOooj^cKyn HcnoBiA^ noAy- 
peOeHsa, noAy-K)HO]nH, hoboabho ho saKosy KOHTpacia wb roAOBi npo- 
xoAHTL npoi^eccifl saAHTUxi coAHi^eMi H oqaoTieici» BOceiHX'B, SHSEe- 
paAOOTHHxi B>HomeS Biibah, otoabko thhobi KOTopuzi OOraBHA'b 
HEiTb HenoApasaeiciit ApaMaTyprb-4»HA000$i: fl roBops) o HiaioHi h 
ero AiaAoraxi, bthxi BooxHTHTeABHiix'b AiaAeETB^ecRHxi AHi^eA^bft* 
oTBaxi. Bote Bairb h TAaBKi, h dAvicaHrb, h npespaoHbiS Rasi ora- 
Tyfl XapMHAi H, HaK0Hem>, noApooTaB)n(ii ABottHHBi» CospaTa, 6edTer&, 
6yA7iiufi repoft, noKpuTutt paHavH fl 6opB6i aa oTe^ecTBo, a nou 
fiAeoTflQift o6pa8ei(L bhth^hoS voAOAesH, h MyaceoTBeHHufl, h baym- 



*) M. Guyau «VerB d'un philOBophie»j HapHatB, 1896 (BTopoe aohoi- 
HeHHoe HSAame), cxp. 53—66. 

>6 4 OxAtJiB II. 6 



82 P7CGK0B BOFATCTBO. 

^HBHlt, E oHiKifi dHTysiaon Hxei, h sapKii souTexb Eornral... 

Bob 8TH DHOniH, O^OBSAHO OpHOOBaHHHe (TL XiftOTBlTOIBHOCTH (HO 
CpiOOBaBHHe 80JI0T0D RHOTBD XyXOXHHEa-^HIOOO^ft), HO xjse coBpe- 

iieHEHxi HeBponaioBi aauiiaikoB cyHOTBOiuaDfH ^yaxqifliiHt, otoxb 
AoporHn oepAiiy A^psrefliia, ho oBopx'b Toro ohh 6iUH AilbHuiiH 

nOAbMB, BOTOpHO OTpaOTHO Jno6HIH SB8HB, XOTB H HO 60flUOB OMepTH« 

xoTopBie He 61UH BiuiyaAeHH hob7ootb6hho otaBHTB oe6sL noKb xpy- 
craiBHHt soinainb, ^10611 ho pasSnTB obohx'b txeAHKaTHHXi opra- 

HB8M0Bl>, KOTOpHXl HeOTpHSHMO BXeKJIB K'B 0661 SHBBfl KbiOUBE" 
TeJDbHOCTB, BETHBHaa 6opi»6a, BCflXii aBTb AH^HOft H SOUeBTHBHOt 

BKepriH. He yAHBAflflTeoB sroHy: pa6oBjia;ritt9eoBoe o6meoTBO aP6b- 
HHTO Hipa noHHHaJio rpoHaiKHoe SHa^eHie MHineuaro Tpyxa h Biipa- 
6oTaj[o Ao HSBioTHoft oTeneHH cypporarB eiiy n't niMaaoTHKfl h axie- 
THiecKHxi Hrpaxi, BBe^a vb aro ynpaxHeme MyosyioBi totb oaimH 
aiOMeBTB HaoiasxeHiH, KOTopufi $ypBe naxoAHTB n cnpsBieEaieib- 
sOHi Tpyxi*. 3x0 ly^mift otbIti hb pi^oyxx^Hui anoxoroTa aoBpa- 
GTeHEBOBi s on60aiH8ai^ui saHaiifil... 



3a TO o^oHL yxana y ^^DpErefliia cpaBHarenHo BopoTKaa riaBa 
BRa^oHiH paoH s HaoiixoTBeHHooTK vb Bonpoei o oaMoyGiftoTBt. 
yoTasoBHBi ooBepmeHHO npaBHiBHO totb ^MVh jpuL EapoiiH, vio 

ci oxHoft CTopoHH nepBOHa^auHHfl pacH npexcTaBJUiDTi pasBi naie- 
OHTOiorR^ecBift HHTepecb, a ci^ xpyrofi t& 6oiie yssix rpynaHpoBBH, eoto- 
piui BasHBaioTCii axHHi HMCHeMi, flBXflDTCfl iBoiB HapoxaMH HIE o5ii(eauK 
TUMH BapoxoBi, T. 8. 6paTLaiiH no ^HBHIE8a^iH 6ojrfae, ^±n no kpobh *), 

BBTopi TbHi HO HOHie x^aeTb BpeMeHflytt yoTynsy iiHoaTeuirB bi 
poAt MopoejuH, pasiHunmHMi vh EBponl HOTiipe paooBHTL THoa, 
repiiaHOBii, ReiBTO-poMaHOBit, ojiaBiiHGKit s ypaio-aiTaloKil* h npo- 
6yen npooiixHTB la cTanoTBEi oaicoy6iflcTBi BJriflide TBim^eoEaro 
npoHoxosAeHifl. Ho ^to xe osasiiBaeTOfl? ?to iieBCA7 pasiH'lHHME 
noxHTH^eoKflVH AiieHuuni oxHOft KaK0fi-tH6yAB Kpyimoft paooBolt 
rpynnu pasBHi^a bi nponopipa caiioy6iftoTBib HacioiBKO SHa^irexBHa, 
qro npoBiimaeTB pasHHi^ vb Biot nponopi^i Mexxy BapoxHocmiB, 
npHBaAiesamBMH sx pasHHBTL pacairb. Tbri, oiaBJiHe BooOn^e otu- 
laKTca MeHbmet okiohhootbd K'l caiioyfiiftoTBy, ^tin> xpynfl paoH. 
Ho H opexH GjiaBflHi ROJie(SaHifl vh paonpoorpaHeHHOOTH oaiioySittOTBi 
spaflHO SHaHHTeAHH: sanp., Vh BoreiriH y6HBaeTb cefia eseroxKo 
ISS^^eaioBiK'B aa mhjmIoh'l sHTOiteft, a vb jlaJlMa^iH Boero 14 lejio- 
bIkx, t. e. Bi 11 pasi veHie. Ob xpyroft cTopoHH, Moaxy seuTO- 
povaHCRHMH HapoABMH BMBJiHTyAa ROieGaHifl He MOH^e o6niBpHa: vh 
HonaBlH Hao^HTKBaDTB 24 caico}6ilcTBa na XHXxioHi, Bi HTaiiH 54, 
BO ^paHipi 225 (BxtoB, KaKi h bo MHorHX'B xpyraxi oiyqaaxL, h 
BaKbHHD yoTapiiHH xbhheui ^DpareftHa 6ojiie cbIshhh, no GoiuneS 



♦) 1. c, CTp. 58. 



CAMoysiitcTBo s Bro npnHHU. 83 

^aoTH OTHoofln^HMHOfl SI oevii^Tii) 1887 — 1893). SiH oSpanTO bu- 
naiie Ha rpynny repMaHOKHTb sapoxovB: vb to Bpeim, KaKi y 
^lanaiqmeBi nponopipa paBHaeTOii 59 Ha hhjuIohi, y HopBeaqeBi^ 
^65, y aHriH^aHi 82, ona noAHHMaeTOfl ao 125 wb niBeiiiHy jsfl 206 
Bh repMaaiH, xo 251 wb flfism. O^eHB SHaMeHaieiBHo, ^iro Mea^ 
TpeMfl oKaHAHHaBOSHMH HapoAaxH sairbueroa KaKx pasi lasaa pis- 
saa pasHHi^a, Koropaa npeBHinaen pasjiHqie Mesxy 6oxbe okxlho 
.paoioAffn^HHHOfl BtTBHMH o6n^6-repvaHORaro oTBOja. 

Mosho noanuiyft ooiaHOBHTBoa na OHJibHoi ouohhooth si oaMO- 
yOilcTBy Hlm^eBi. Ho Tyrb x^jio Hxen bi ropaamo 6oiBineft oreneHH 
o npHHaAxeaRHOOTH Kb HSBicTHOiiy nonTHHeosoMy liiy, vkwb o npx- 
HaxieauooTH ei paoi, sasi noKasHBaen xHiepteHaa Ta&iHi^ai bbh- 
Taa A^pRrefiHOinb y MopoejiJiH m Aiuon^aa napajueiBio nponopi(i» 
c&Moy6iitoTBi b% paaia^Huxi apoBHaqiaxi ABcrpia a nponopipx) wk- 
uenjokvo Baoeieaia wb araxi xe nponopnian. Kasaioofc 6h^ hto eon 
repvaaoKyi) paoy ooo6eHHO TaaoTB ki oaaoy6itoTBy, to, npaainm- 
fiaaob, aanp., ki ropasxo iteate OKioaaiurb ki Toay oiaBaaam, oia 
AOMXMU 6fiiia 6h npaBHiBHO noBHinaTB nponopi^ oaHoy6iltoTBi wb 
Tirb ir&OTan, tji^ oaa 6ojiBine paonpocTpaaeaa. Ho aaeaao btofo 
TO npaaajiBaaro a nooToiaaaro oTaomeaia a ae Baai^aeioa: Taai ai 
Boreaia aia^eBi ouiaeToa (a aaaiaav orapua Aa^^pH Mopoaua 
ipij^paifH nooiiAael nepenaca 1890 r.) 37,2%, vb Mopaaia 29,4%, 
Bi> ByaoBaai 20,8%, ao cpoAaee uojio oaaoydiltoTBi bi BTax^b Tpexi 
apoBHaqiax'b paaaaeToa 140 aa aajuioai; aea^ Tiai vb Kapaaria 
aiaei^Koe aaceieaie cooTaaiaeTi 71,5%, vb nXiapia 67,8%, n Ca- 
leaia 47,8%, a cpexaee ^lacjio oaMoyGiioTBi ^u sthxi TpexB npo- 
Baai^t ae apeaHinaeTB 125. Bi noraooTa ooo6eaao aaTepeoao oo- 
nooraBieaie Kapaaria a Caiesia: bi nepaoS apoi^eaTaoe oTBomeaie 
B:faM^eBi RO Boeay aacexeaii) wb aojiTopa pasa 6ojrbe, vbM% bo bto- 
poi; aacOopoTB, nponopi^a oaaoyCiioTB'B 6oifte nian bi xsa pasa 
Bizme BO BTopofi, lim wb nepaoft. OTosxa BHXOAarb, ?to aiaeqib aai 
npexlioBi repaaacRoft aaaepia ae tojbro ae oriauieToa ooo6oft 
o&ioaaocTBD Kb cai[oy6iJloTBy, ao xioiaaa aaRi 6yAT0 awko yoTy- 
naerb bi dToai OTaomeaia ojiasaaam... 

Hto RaoaoToa ao aaoxiAOTBeaaoora, to aBTopi npaxaerB ei laaib 
Biiaaie aa nepe^a^y o6n^aro fiojriteaeaaaro oooToaaia, ao ae conpe- 
A'bieBaofl a aaToaaTa^eoRofl TeaAea]^B» r'b oaxoy6ittoTBy; a OTODxa 
BHBOAan aa ooaoaaaia pasoysxeaii, oi ROTopHaa mh yse noaaa- 
RoxaiacB Biune^ oTcyroTBie oaasa xesxy cooipaibaoS nponopqiel 
oaaoy6iloTB'B» a yaaoiixoBaaauMa aaxaaaxyyaoai u^auaa npex- 
paonoioseaiaxa. OTaooaTeABao btofo njaRTa a aaai ae ooTaerea 
aaqero 6oxBme, aaRi otoojutb UTaTeia Kb aameS apaTaaft aepexaa- 
THBanaiaro ai btomi aanpaaAoaia aaTopa. CxixyerB, aapoiea^b, oaa- 
BaTB, ^To a BxioB AvpRrettM'B f!kJiMTb aioRoxBRo BtpaHXi saaiu- 
aiS, aanp., xacaTOXBao npanaoHBaaia aiiaaix) aaoxixcTBeaaoora 
vacTuxi exyueai oaaoyOiflcTBi vb asBioTaHXi ceaBaxi, ^to aoseT%» 

6* 



84 P7CCK0B BOFATCTBO. 

no MHtHiD aBTopa, vb wmvseshnoi oreneiu ofiiaoHflTBos noApasa- 
liem. 



ADpsreftMi ooTaHaBnBaen Ha Hixoropoe BpeMa oBoe BHEnaHie 
H Ha rasi HasuBaeHHX'b KooHH^eoKHXi iipn^HHan, ho ihiiib sartMx, 
^T06ii yorpaHHTb hxi h pao^BotHn nouy a^a ooi^ojiomecKaro 
ofiiHOHeHifl. TaRi MopeeuH nHTajiofl nootaBHTB paonpoorpaHeHHOOTs 

OaV076iflOTBl Vb SaBHOHMOOTb OTB UHMaTa H Bl qaOTHOOTH on TOO- 

rpa^H^eoKOt mspoTH. HaoiiATa xapTj Ebpoqh, ohb namen, vro 
oai[076ifloTBa ^anie Boero npoHoxoAan MexA7 47-irB h 57- hi q)aA7- 
ooHi> mnpoTU h 20-hi h 40-n rpaxyoon tfiiumi (on $eppo), 
T. e. sHa^Hn bi Boni, ornqann^eftiui 7HipeHHHHi KXHHaTOHi. Ho 
ujbiat pHAi ooo6paseHil roBopnn npoTHBi 8Tot A^ficTBHTei&HO ne- 
noHBTHoS CBH8H. IloJioca HaHfiojrto qacTfixi oaH076ilcTBi ho Bowxa 
saHHHaia 7iiOHaH7Toe reorpa<j[)H9ecK06 nojEosenie: ooBpeneHHafl Hiaiifl 
epaBSHTeiBHO naio orpajiaen on aroft aaHAeHiH, a HesA7 tiwh 
OHa cBHpinoTBOBaia vb PhhI BpenoHB i^esapeft. Cauaa ^opna bohki 
eaH076iloTB'b . ho npeAoraBiHon 0AH0o6pa3Hot h cmomBol hoiooh, 
K(m>p7D HOXHo 6hjio 6h iipi7poqHTB n 7MipeHH0H7 KiHHaT7: 
Hao({opon, OHa ojiaraeiofl hsi Asyxi OTAtnHux'B naooi, ooBDaAaDn^sx'B 
oAHa (TB napflxOH'b h osp7saK)flpnra ero AonapTaneHTaHH, AP7rafl 
n CaKooHiet h np7ooieS, t. e. oi» ab7mh rjiaBHUHH i^eHrpaHB z^a- 
BHjrasai^ Ha eBpoaelosoH'b KOflTHHeHrt. HHrepeoHO, ^to, HauHaa 
n 1870 r., T. e. n npHooeAHHeHifl naiioKHX'B BiaA^i^iit KiHTaxBgH- 
eB0M7 RopoAeBOTB7, OToiHi^eA ROTOparo oraii Phhi, bohb caH076iAoTB& 
FB HTaxiH nepoABBraiacB noHeHHor7 gt> ciBopa na mn h wb 

HaCTOH^ee BpOHH OOTaHOBHXaCL Bl I^BHTpi^ TAi n71B0X 8R0H0Hfi9e0R0fi, 

nouTH'^eoKOl h Ha7?Hofl xhshh Obbtoh Boero oHiBHie. 

FopasAO flOHie b pisne npoRBAHBaeica Bmnie BpenevB roAa na 

OaH076ifl6TBO. Bb npOTRBOnOIOXHOCTB 06u^UIOH7 HHinil) O BliflBiH 

xoxoAHOt H HpaqnoS noroAH Ha 7CHieHie oTBpao^eBiH r-b xhshb, 
evaTHOTHRa 70TaBOBHJia aih bc^xi orpaHi EBponH ion HHrepeoHUt 
$aRn, ^TO, Ha^HHafl ctb aHBapa h no Idhb HioHDi'B, npoaopipa oaHo- 
76itoTBi BOB Bospaexaen h Boapaoraen, a HauHaa oi Idhh naAaen 
AO ROHi^a roAa. BpeHesa roAa pacnojiraraDTOfl (aa Heana^HTexBHHHH 
HCRinqeHiHHH) wh HBoxoAHiiieMi HopflARi eaH076iftOTB'B oiiA7i>n(HH% 
oSpaaoMi: Aio, Beoaa, ooohb, sHMa. Ehho HBcaieJiH A7Ha^a Aaxe, 
Hao6opon, noRaaatB aaRonoMipBooTB BToro HBJieBifl BJniaHieH'B aRapaoft 
TeHnepaT7pu, ROTopaa, hovb, pacmaTHBaen nepBHyx) cHoreHjr h 
flpoApacnoJiaraen ^OAOBiaa r^ caH076ifloTB7. Ho 6ojLte To^aoe 
HafinDABHie 0BBA'bTejiiBGTB7en, hto Tasoro napajueiHaHa Htn: tbh- 
ABHipH Ri caH076ifioTB7 AOOTHraen Buonrefi oteneHH nanpaseHHOOTH 
He vh inxi h aBryorh (aoTopue aBiavTCH HaB6ojiie xapRHHH nioa- 
i^kHHB'B 7HipeHHoft noAOoi EapoBH), a HioROiBKo paHBmOf 7HeBBinaH0B 
7se Vb iDfli no opaBHenii) cb npeAmeoiBOBaBinHHi Hioai^eHi h 



CAMOyBlftCTBO H BFO nPHHHHK. 85 

^^eHB (HCTpo naAM hi aaryori h t. a- G'b ffpyroi OTopom, HHsmil 
ypoB6HB oaMoyfiiflcTBi npHXOAHTOfl He Ha HSBapB C&aKB oaniii 
xoJioAHHft icbofli^ Bi roAy), a na AeKa6p&, h boj^a^ sa rbn 6hotpo 
noAHHMaerofl. CAOBOirb, marb sa maroMi, opaBHHBaa roAOBoe XBHseme 
MHoySiloTBi H TexnepaTypa, AupKrefticib npHxoAHTb vb saunieHii), 

^ro MOSXy AByMH 9THHH, TaSl OKasaib, KpHBHMH HO 3aMiU6T0H 

npaBHiBHaro n nooTOHHHaro oTHomemfl. 3a to owh oiKpHBaen 
pasHieiBHoe oooTBiicTBie nexAy aibhoS abh h KOJiH^eoiBOMx oano- 
yOifloTB'B Bi HSBlcTHue Bpeiffl roAa, h aion buboa^ ycHiHBaetOH 
emjd Tiwb coo6paxeHi8irB, hto h bo BoaKoe BpeMa roAa ^hojio ahob- 
hhh caxoy6UloTBi oneHB SHa^ExejiiBHo npeBumaerb ugjeo hoihux'b. 

Mfli He^ero BAaaaTBOH bb noApoSHooTH drexB HsarbAOBaHifi. 
.^ooTaTouo oeraHOBHTB BHHMaHie nTaieJui Ha TOHii ofin^eMB sasiD- 
HeHiH, soTopoe ADpKreftMB A^aen Ha ooHOBaHlH aHauaa i^^pB h 
xoTopoe MosHo peauMEpoBaTB TaKi: oa]ioy6iftoTfia TbHB ^an^e, vbn 
nynoi o6H^Hofi KoixeKTBBHoft shshh 6b6T(UI OHiBHie H npoAoiSH- 
lesbwhBy a aio ukb pasi* h GiiBaeiB bb opaBHHTexBHo Tenxoe Bpena 
roAa, KorAa noBCDAy bhhhtb paOoia (naBHHMB o6pa80irB bb nouxB) 
H sorAa BHiori cb liicB a^obhh h npooro oGHteoTBeHHBa OTHonieHiii 
8axBaTEiBaDT<B Oonmee KOXH^ecTBO ^EraooBB bb oyixH, ^iMB aaifot. 
TaxHMi oGpasoHB aBiopB hphboahtb nacB oHOBa kb ooi9aiBHUMB 
4>aKTopaMB. 

Ho npesAe ^^hb nepelxH kb HSfieHiK) A^KcTBifl bthxb ^aETopoBi, 
aBTopB BcxynaeTB bb o^ohb osHBjeHHyK) noxeMHxy ob ooAioxoraMH, 
KOTopHO npHAauTB noApasaHin ^pesntpHO fioiBmyi), ^to6h ho 
c&aaaiB oAHHCTBeHHyi), poA bb oGn^eoTBeHHOi shshh. MhI nenero 
HaaoHHHaiB qaiaTejii), hto ^lopxreftMB HMterb sa^ob bb BHAy rxas- 
HHMB ofipasoMB TapAa. JKhbootb noxeMHRH (ne roBopD piSKocTB, 
xoTopoft aBTop'B Tn^aiejBHO HsMraeiB) o6BHCHfleTog oi^aotH tAhb, 
^To TapAB AOBoxBHo HeonpaBeAXHBo othoooh kb npeAmeoTBOBaBniHiiB 
ipyAaHB jl(K)pKrefiHa, odsHHaa hxb bb €OXoiaoTH^eoKO]rB» xapasiept. 
^^HuojTB BospaseniH ^npRrefiMa npoTHBB npeyBexHienifl noApasaHia 
TasoBB: noApasanie eoiB ucto iiOHXOJiorH^eoKoe, a hb ooAiaiBHoe 
HBjenie; ^eioBtKB noApasaoTB ApyroMy bi tomb hih apJ^i^ Abh- 
mofliH, A'^ficTBiH h t. h., Aftxo ho 6yAyu hhokoxbko oBflsaHB ob 
BTHMB ApyrHMB ^exoBtKOHB HaoTOfl^HiiH o6n^eoTBeHHiiHH ysavB, 
lanpHM^bpB, npHHiM^esHOOTBX) ki HSBfloiHoft ooipaxBHoS rpynal. Qo- 
siOHy, eoiHfiii 6iuo AOKaaano, hto noApasaiexbHOOTB npoaBxaeTci 

laXl CHXBHO BB OaHOyOlfiCTBaXls ^0 Vb COOTOHHiH A^Se HSlCkHflTB 

cuoqiaxBHyD EponopiUK)» hxb wb AaHHOHB o6n;eoTBl, to bthhb oamuiB 
611I10 6h npHSHano Bxianie HHAHBHAyaiBHiix'B ^axTopoBB na oako- 
yOifloTBO. Ho Touo xh TaxB oHXBna poiB noApasaniH AP^e h bb 

^BTOft OGiaOTH, B-B KOTOpoft, KBEB HpHSHaOTB OaMB ^lOpKrettllB, 816- 

MOHTB noApasaTOXBHOOTH o6HapysHBaeTB OBoe A'UoTBie 6oiie, ^mb 
BB RaROfi-xHfio Apyroft c^epi ooipaxBHHXB HBxeHifl? nyiOHB anaxHsa 
irtsoTopuxB oTaxHOTH^eoKflrB Ta6xHi(<B (noxasHBann^HX'B, Hanp., oia. 



86 I^yCCKOB BOTATGTBO. 

6oe BXiflHie KpynHaro ropoxosoro i^enrpa Ha OKpysann^ifl MierHooTK 
H T. n.) asTop'B npHXOAnn si sauDqeHiK), «?ToeoiH oaiioyfiiftcTBo sa- 
pasHTenHo npH oTHomeHiarb OTxt^Haro lOAOB^Ka n xpyrony (d'indi- 
yidu k indiyidu), to UKorAa He hphxoahtca BHjri^Tb, qTo6H noApa- 
xasie paonpoctpaHfliooB bdjiotb fifl ESirbHeHifl coi^anHoS npoHopKlH 
oaMoy6iftcTBi>. Tjn, weA xaxeroH, AvpsrefiHi, xeJiag BiinpaifiTE 
naisy, ^epes^pi neperH6aen ee vb Apyryn oTopoHy. SHaHeHaTexBHo^. 
^0 owh nmb B0K0JIB8B ynoMHHaerB o nopasHreiBHHxi ojiy^aaxi 
no;ipasaHiH vb oaxoyCilcTBi h oTAijniBaeTCfl oxHoft-AByHH orpanH?* 
san Bi Bonpoci o caMoy6iicTB6HHHrL aiiHAeiiiaxi *). KoueKTHB- 
HBU xe oa]ioy6ifioTBa, ROTopiui Ha^HHaDii n saxAiiHi» foaovb HrpaTB 
Boe 6ojiLmyK) h GojmnyD pojiB, y Hero ooBoftm oToyroTBynTL. 

Bi oyn^BOOTH, AnpEreliTB HanpacHo or^paeroa o^ohb CBysHn. 
poiB noxpasaHifl, aoboibho npoHSBooHo bhah bi hoitb jihiiib ?hoto- 
HHAHBHAyajiBHHl HOEXOJiorH^eoKii npoi^eooi. MosHo He npEHaAiexaTB 
Bi mwsi TapAa h bi to xe Bpeiui cHOTpiTB na noApaxaHie, sas^ 
Ha BaxEHft coAiaxBHuS ^aKTopi, soTopHft wb Aanuft MOMeHTi na- 
erpaHBaeTi ooo6kvb o6pa8orb noHiojiorin HHAHBHAyyva h npnono- 
eofiuen ee bi> TaKot orenoHH ki noHXOAOriH ero oooiAot, vro npe- 
BpamaerB pasounaioiiiyDOfl Macoy aTonoBi — ^jiH^nooTofl wb OBflSHoe^ 
HO^H opraHH^eoKoe i^iJioe. ^onyoTH ero ^npKreSHi, eny ne naxo 
6hio 6h otoa OHJn>HO BOopyaRaTBoa npoTHB% BJiiflHifl noApaxaTexB- 

HOGTH Ha TOVB OCHOBaHlH, TTO 8T0, UOJTb^ JIHIHB HHAHBHAyaiBHUft H 

ysKifl irpoi^eoci. Ho saxoAfl ^epes^ypi* AaJieso wb btoh'b HanpaBieniH, 
JlvpKreflMi KkJUkBTb nonyrno aobojibho HHTepecHoe pasjiHqeHie MexAy 
OTAi^nHimH poAaMH noApaxaHifl, pasovaTpHBaeMaro o6fiiRHOBeHHa- 
Kan OAHO i^oe, h 8thmi npieMOHi> MoxerL BusBaTb noxeanyB 
npoBipKy TeopiH noApaxanifl. A hmohho aBTopi pasxH^aerB Tpn ojiy- 
^fl: nepBHt, sorAa HxeHH OAHot h xot xe rpynoH, noABepraaoB. 
BxiflHii) Tot xe oanoS npn^HHH, AyvauTi, ^yBOTBynrB h A^fioTByDrB 
oAHHasoBo; BTopof , KorAa Hxeai TaKoft rpynnu HonuTJEiBaerb noTpe6- 

HOCTB npHBeOTH OBOH OTAilBHBTH ^BOTBa H KHOXH Vb rapMOHiV (TB 

o6mecTBeHHHH% HHiHieHT» Toro iiixaro, Vb KoropoMy ohb npHHaAie- 
xhtb; h TpoTift, sorAa a^io HAerb ahhib o BooiipoHSBeAeHiH aRTa^ 
AomeAHiaro ao namero oosHanifl h BusiiBaDii^aro wb naoi noro aBTO- 
MaTH^eoRyx) orxohhoctb ri noApaxanix). droft RaTeropiH $aRTOBi 
^pRreftHi H xoT^xi 6u toxbro npHAaxB HassaHle noApaxanifl. 
KaKi 6h hh AyMaxH 061 eroiTB aHaxasl asTopa, ero nooHTRi 

HeXBBH OTRaSaTB HH Vb HBBiOTHOl XOrHlHOOTH, HH Wb HBBiOTHOl 

CHxi pasxHieHifl, TivB 6oxile, hto ci stoI touh spiHifl aBTopi 
HpnxoAHTB R^b npaRTHqeoRBHi 8aRXK)^eHiflM^, ROTopiifl ropasAo 6ojrte 



*) Cp., Hao6opOTl, HHTepeCHyK) CBOHHI HCXOpH^eCRHHl H CTaXHCTH^e- 

CRHH'b MaTepiaioMi RHHXsy Jlerya, RoxopyD a i^HXHpoBai^ Biinie h bi xo- 
Topofi ecTB i^^aa naBa 061 dioaib npeAHerb <£pid6mie8 de siiicidefl>y, 
CTp. 223—286. 



CAVOyBlfiCTBO H IFO nPH^HHU. 87 

exoffnofl ei ysasaHuiMH Tpessaro h ryiiaHHaro BarxHAa Ha Bon^, 
^wh n ApaKOHOBORHMH Tpe6oBaHiflVB Esavb ysKm^i npHCTOBi h 
saEOHOAaToieft. 06paTHTe BHHMaHie Ha cx'bAyDmui pasoyxAeHifl oo- 
iqoiora: 

HiKOTopue aBTopH, npHnHCHBaa noApasaniK) CHJiy, JcoTopoft oho ho 
o6iaAaerB, BucsasiiBajH Tpe6oBaHie, v£o6u raseiaM'b 6uao sanpen^eHO ro- 
BopB[jB caMoydificTBax'b h npecTynieHiflZ'B. Bosmosho, hto Tasoe sanpe- 
moHie ycirbio 6ii yiieHBnraTB aa h'^ckoibko exHHHii'b roxoBod htofb 9Tsa% 
pasiHHHim asTOBi. Ho o^ohb coKHHTesBHO, Tro6H oho Mono HSMiHHTB 
couiaiLHyK) nponopipjo hxi. HanpaseHHOCTB KOJuesTHBHaro CTpemeHui 
ocTaiacb 6ii Toi se can od, h6o HpaBCTBOHHoe cocTOflHie rpynni ho usm^hh- 
jiOGB 6h ^es'B dTO. IIodTOMy ecjm conocTaBHTb npo6ieuaTHHHyK), o^ohb cj[a5yD 
BiiroAy» soTopyK) Morjia 6u xan dTa ifkpa, cb cepBosEHMii Heyxo6cTBa]fH, 
KOTopufl BHSBBJEO 6u yHH^TosoHie BCflsofl cyxe5Hofl nacHocTH, TO leuo 
MOSHO HOHATB, Ho^eiiy sasoHOAaTOiB soje6ieTca b% HSBicTHoft cxenoHH 
nociixoBaTB BTOMy coB'faTy cneiqlajHCTOB'B *). 

rjTfc HOBaH RHHSKa ^pRreftva OTaHOBHTOa O^OHB HHTOpeOHOfi 

H MHcieSy/^iii^efi, laRi bto na OTpanHi^ax'B (149 — 312), nocBan^eH- 
woTb Moryn^eoTBeHHOMy BJdflHiR ooi9aiBHUx'B ^aaTopoBi aa paonpo- 
crpaHeHHooTL pasu^Haro po^a caMoy6ilicTBX. BmIoto Toro, ito6u 
fwapejs^MTb oaMoydiflojTBa no Q6uwKhiwb Mjimwb py6pHKair& npn- 
^BWh (H2H, Bipnte, noBOAOBi), k% KOTopum naoi npiyuia o$$h- 
ipa|[BHafl OTaTHCTHKa, EaaoBu, nanp., noiepii HMymeoTBa, BeHBjrtqHMaH 
(ioflisflB, HOo^aoTHaa jooOobb h t. n., aaiopi OBOAHtrb oaMoy6iSoTBo 

Vh TpeiTB OGHOBHHITB OOHXH^eOKHMl THHaiTB: arOHOTH^OGKOHy, aiB- 

TpyHOTHqeoKOMy H aHOMH^ieoKOHy. droHOTHqeoKoa caMoy6iflcTBo bhto- 
EaeTB HS'B qpesMipHaro pasBHxifl ju^HiirB HasioHHooTeft, ^bctbi h 
HHTepeooBi H ooBepmaeTOii TorAa, sorffa laqHoors, ho oraBanvai 
oe6l HHKaKHZ'B otiH^eoTBeHHHZ'b i^ei H Bi Toxe BpeHfl He Boer^a 
yjioueTBopflioiiiaaofl vb shbhh ^laoTHHira i^lxflMH, npeAno^HTaen 
yiTH ooBciiTB HBi ^HOTO ^opuajiBHaro ofimeoTBeHHaro ooDsa, bi 
soTopoHy oHa BHimHHM'B odpasoiCB npHHaAiesBTB. ApeHOt xaaoro 
caHoy6ii6TBa aajueroA otin^eoTBO, o6HapyxHBaDii^ee ojia6yD HHierpa- 
iiiD OBOBzi HaoTol. (Hanp.^ o6ii^eoTBO eoBpeiieHHoe). AiBTpyflOTH<[6osoe 
oanoyfiificTBO ooBepmaeTca, HaoGopoTL, jnraHOOTBi), wb aoTopoft onm- 
KOiTb cjiatio pasBHTEi HHAHBHAyanHHfl orpemeHifl h ROTopaa npHii;aeTB 
ce6i TaRi Maio SHaqeHia vh cpaBHeHiH n ROueRTHBHUMH HarepeoaiiH 
o6ii^esHTifl, qio npH MaiiflnieirB npaifOH'B HJn ROOBeHHoirb oAo6pe- 
HiH ORpysann^eft ee rpynioi pasoraeToa oi shshbd, noff^aci jffisne 
(TB aBHHHi dHTysiasiioirB. 8Ton poAi oaMoy6iftoTBa xapaRiepHsyerB 
ofin^ecTBa, oinqann^Ofl chubhod HarerpaiitieD laorel (Hanp. o6n^eoTBa 
nepBo6HTHBfl). HaROHeqi, aaoMEqeoRoe oaMoyGifloTBO aBiaerea y;^- 
Jiom aH^raocreft, Roropmi ho npHSHauTB HHRaaoft AHCuanaaHH hhxh- 
BHxyaiLHHXib crpacrefi h sejiaaifi, OTpeMaToa Kb aaHofi rHneprpo^Ui 
GBoero a bi toitb HanpaaieHiH, r^ ae HazoAHTB Kb Tony npeoaTOTail, 



*) 1. c. CTp. 186. 



88 PyCCBOB BOfATGTBO. 

a npH uBAimewb oTnopi BHimHixi otkytOEiexhvrvb HaoixBOTBeKEO 

06pUBai)Tl H|TIIH7TEIfl HHTH HenOMipHO-BrOHOTHWOfi SH8HH. CuiO- 

y6ilicTBa »Toro po^^a qaora bi nepioxu paaxHnim o6iqeoTBeHHiix'b 
spiisirooB'b H RpynHofi iomu joraEOBHBniHXOfl oTSomeEift; vb ooBpe- 
MeHHoiTB se oOiqeoTBi ara 6oi±9Ub npeBpaTHJiao& hsi ocipot b% 
xpoHnecsyi) vh o^epi ToproBiH h npoxHinxeHHOOTH. 

A He BBsy 00060ft noiBBH bi pasiEqeiiH oavoyfiiloTBa eroHOTH- 
^ecKaro h oavoydiftcTBa sHOMnecKaro. Ton ■ jg[>yroft po;^ flBJuaDToa 
npooTEiMH pasHOBHAHooTaMH 8roHCTH<ieoKaro oaMoyfiifiOTBa, h naBHoe 
OMHHie Mea«y hhmh, KaRi uwb KaaeTca, sauD^aeTOfl bi toitl, ^to 
oAHa H81 vsETh $opMTi xapasTepHsyeTB aroHOTa wh HopiraiLHOMi 
oooTOflHiH, Apyraa so bi> HHnynoiBHorL h HeypaBHOB'bineHHOir& Ha- 
oipoeHiH jiyniH. jItnpKreftMy noKaBaiocB HeotixoAHMiiM'b HaoraHBaTB Ha 
ynoMaHyTOHi pas^i^eHiH, npH^erb aHOMH^ecRoe oaHoy6ificTBo, o^evh 
Kosen 6irrB, 6u20 yoTanoBioHo hhi bi pendant R% ero TeopiH 
. aHOMHqeoRaro se (HeyperyiBpoeaHHaro) pasfftxeHiH Tpy^a, ROTopovy 
OHi oTBeJTL niiyD rjiaey b'l gboohi nepBon GoiBmoHi rpy^t, 
otiuoHflfl BToft HOHOpMaiBHofi ^opHoft oneitiaiH8ai9B TaaiH flBJieHiH, 
RaRi npoMunueHHiie rphshoh, 6opB6y ipy^a n RanHTaioirB h np. '*' 
Bo BOHROHi ciyi[ai, mobcho na btotb overb ho ooriamaT&ofl oi 
aBTopoiTb, noJiaraTB, vro ohi npeysaiHTHii Baasoors yHOMflHyraro 
pasjiHHemfl, h b-b to se Bpexfl npHsnaTB oepBesHoe coi^oJiorn^eoRoe 
SHaneHie sa ero RIaocB$HRa^ieft aroHOTHqecRaro h aiBTpyHOTHieoRaro 
THHOB'B oaHoy6ittGTBa. 

AnaiHSi HtROTOpEKi OTaiiOTHHeoRHx^ AaHHHxi, pasoHaTpHBae- 
usTb aBTopoMi n aroft to^re sptHia, o^ohb noy^HTeieHi», ooo6eHHO 
Tam, r^i a^o H^en 4)aRTopax'B, OTHoesnacxGi ri> o6iacTH aroH- 
oTHqecRaro oaHoy6iftoTBa. He BAaBaaoB n noApo6HO0TH atoro anaxHsa, 
fl ynoMHHy nmi. HaH6ojrfce HHrepeoHHxi cooGpaseHiflxi Hamero 
oo^ioxo^a. OraTHCTHRH, Hanp., AaBHO otmIthxh totb $aRTB, ^to 
pasxH^Hiifl BtpoHonoBti^aHiH xann AaieRO He oAHHaROByD npoaopi^io 
oaMoy6iiii;^. ^oRTop^ niairep'B, i^HnpyeHHl Jlerya, BucuTan, tto 

Vb ABOTpiH Ha MHJUiOH'B SBTOXeft q^eTHpeXl rxaBHUXl B^pOHOIIOBt- 

AtmA npaxoABTOfl 642 oaMoy6iftCTBa MesjKy npoTeoTaHTavH, 590 Mea^ 
npaBocjiaBHHMH, 524 Mesjty RaioxHRaMH h 159 Mes^y eBpeaaH '^*). 
^DpRrefiMX 01 OBoeft oTopoHH AaoTB (orp. 149 — 154) hIorox&ro 
TaSjiH]^, yRaaiiBan^Hxi na noji,o6Koe we HBienie bi Apynixi orpa- 
Haii (no MopoejMH, Bamepy, IIpHHiprHry, h t. aO ■ oTHtqaen, 

HeSAy npo^HMT, TOTB HHTepeOHSft ^BRTB, HTO Bl IIlBeSi(apiH RaTO- 

jBH^eoRie EaHTOHU Aanrb vb neTupe hxh hhtb pasi HeaBine oavo- 
yGificTBi, "iiwb npoTeoTaHTORie, vh Rasoft 6h pact hh npHHaAxeauAO 
BTh HaceieHie ***). 



♦) Ch. <De la division du travail social, CTp. 396—418. 
**) Legoyt, Le suicide, exp. 202. 

***) HrcrojdiRo He xyaaa ocnapHBaxB b'e o6mfiVL'b 9to HOioseme, a sa- 
ainy o^^HaKO, hto CTaTHCTBRH ntcROiBRO npeyaejiHqffBaDTib ynoaaHyTyn 



CAVOTBlflCTBO H SrO IIFHHHHU. 89 

Ksvh se o6^acHfle'rb Ji,K)pKreKirB bto HepaBeHCTBo paara^HHrb 
BipoHOnoKiAaHiA nepOA^ caMoySifiorBoirb? yKasaHieMi sa HeoAHHa- 
soByi) OTenoHB HHTerpHpoBaHifl bi paamBHix i^epRBax'B. Bb oaMom 
xixi, roBopHTi aBTopi, Boi ynoMflHyxfirfl HaiCH peamriH OAHHaKOBO 
ocysAaDTb oaifoy6ii(rrBO (no RpafiHeft Mipi 0% MopajiBvoH cTOponii); 
HO iiepROBB, KaK!B ]ijLOBEH& ooDSib BipyDn^Bxi, SojAe ouJioqeHa H 

npO^H'&e OOHOBBHa Ha SOJUeiCTHBHHX'B Tpa^HI^iHX'B y KaiOIHKOBl, ^tm 

y npoTeoraHTOBi, opexH KOtopiix'B HHAHBirnyaiBHoe HOTOJEEOBame 
AorHaTOB'b H Jtyxi oBo6oAHaro Hsoji^bAOBaHin jijMffirb ropasAO 6oiBniit 
npooTopB AH^Hoiiy yfiixAeHin h jiH^HOMy noBeAeHin. CoboIitb se Ha 
npoTHBonoxosHOiTB nojiiobi noHin^aeroa iyAeftcxBo, xoropoe 

ciaKl BCb HHSndjI peiHIlH, COCTOBT'L CyiDieCTBeHHHMl 06pa80H'B HSl cBoxa 

npaxTHiecKHX'B npexBHcaHifi, perjiaHeHTHpyioiiiHX'b xo HeJB^aftniHX'b noApo6- 
HocTefi Bcb o6cTOJiTejrBCTBa shshh h ocTaauuoouix'b Maio MicTa hh^hbh- 
j(yajH>HOMy cyaBmeHiio *). 

Ha dioi-TO ao^,B% fioiBOiaro hjih neHBinaro ooBo6osAeaifl jsh^hooth 
on AABJieHifl KoiJieKTHBHaro utiaro ^t. e. bb pasoicaTpEBaeMOifl noxa 

HaMH QJLJ^sA OTB pOJlHriOSHaTO OODSa) H paSBHBaiOTOH npH HSBiOT- 

HUXB oOoTOHTeiBCTBaxi pocTKH BroHOTH^eosaro oaMoy6iScTBa, — pasBii- 
BaDToa fiuorple h oHXBaie xaiCB, r^t oBHSb HHAHBHxyyMa cb kox- 
.^exTHBHocTBi) yso paofflaraHa, HeAxeHHte h oia61e xaHB, r^t btb 
4SBfl8B en^e apoua. He yAHBHTeiBHO nodTovy, tto Boero iceH-be o6Ha- 
pysHBaeiB osiohhooth kb caHoy6iioTBy sptaxo omoqeHHaa h xpa 
AHiuoBHaa cpe^a oBpeoBi (Aepsan^Hxcfl, spoirb Toro, APyi'B sa^pyra 
noAB BjiiflBioMB roHeHift h Henpiflsan oo oxopoHH HapoAHooxeS, MesAy 

XOXOpHMH OHH SHByXB); XOFAa BaXB 8Xa CKjIOHEOCXB HaH6oi[te pisKO 

npoflBjuiexGfl opoAH npoxeoxaaxoBB, yse SHa^HxejiBHO HEAHBHAyajiHSH- 
poBaBinaxcfl ApyrB oxb Apyra bb OMHOii o6ii](hxb pexHiioBHUXB 
xpaAHAift. AaxopB bhahxb, MeasAy npouiiB, noAXBepi^eflie cBoeft 



pasHHay nesAY npoxecxaHxaHH h KaxoiHxaMH. Ji^'hio bb xomb, ?xo poxHue 
H BBasoMiie caMoy6iSi](B-BaxoiHKOBB BCA^ecxH cxapaDTCA BUAaBaxB caMo- 
76idcTBa sa Hec^acxHyBO ciynadHOcxL, xasB saxB Raxom^ecKafl AepKOBb 
oxKaauBaer'b bb norpedeniB noROHHHBmHM'B ctv co6ofi; y npoxecTanxoBB se 
xaxoro AyxoBHaro HaRasaHia h:&xb, h sejuknie cxpuxB caMoy6ifiGXBo ho cxoib 
CBiBHO. HHane aaRB oGbaghexb cj:&Ayx>n(ifl HHxepecHufi (f^aaxB, BoncxaxH- 
poBaBHud HSBicxEHMB iiiBefiKapcKBMB cxaxHCXHROMB rflJBfioMOHB(Gaillaame): 

B-b XO BpeHfl, RaRB BB HpOXeCXaHXCREXB RBEXOHaXB BaaAXCROMB H HeBffla- 

xejiBCROH'b eseroAHaa iiponopiaa caMoy6iflcxBB paBsaiacB, bb AecaxHiixie 
1885—1894, 4 HJiH 5 Ha 100,000, a oiyHaiftHafl CMepxB hotth 5 aa 100,000, 
bb RaTOw^ecRHXB RBExoBaxB— BajuBcci) 7pH h Thhbho nponopuifl caMO- 
y6iflcTB'b He AOCXHraia Aase 1 na 100,000, ho sa xo npooopAia ciyvaflmix'B 
cMepxefi AoxoxHia ao 9 na 100,000. H b-b xomb h bi xpyroMB eiy^at o6ui,slsl 
nponopAia caMoy6iflcxBB h CMepxed oxb Hec^acxHiix'B ciynaftHOcxefl xaRB 
pasB oABa H xa se (10 aa 100,000), h MiHaexca ihidb pacnpeA'i^eHie axoro 
o6fl(aro Hxora xesAy AByMa ciaraeMUMH, — coBnaAeme no MeaBmed m±\i^ 
xobojibho cxpaHHoe. 

*) 1. c, cxp. 160. 3aM*&^y RCxaxH, ?xo Jl^topareftMB caxB eBped; cuu'b 

paBBBHa, OHB rOXOBHJICa BB CBOK) O^epOAB RB paBBHHCXBy, HO OTAibJUaiCa OTlk 

pejmriosHux'B xpaxHipfi. 



90 P7CCK0B BOFATCTBO. 

ranoreaH vh Kasymeloa aHOMaiiH, upeACTaBJuenofi Airjueft, KOTopaa^ 
6jjsj^E npoTeoTasTOKofi orpaHOH), rbm ne Meiie' oTJisweToa cpaBHH* 
TOJi&Ho (U[a6oft nponopi^eS caMoyfilfiOTB'B. 8to HHeHHO noTOMy, roBO* 
psn ^DpKreftirB^ hto sh bi oAHot npoTeoTairroKofi orpasi roonoA- 
cTByniuafl i^epROBB ho mA&rb TaKOft HHrerpHpoBasflol e texke 00- 
xoAflmeft Ha KaTonqecEyi) i^epKOBB op^aHE8aI^E, Kasi enxoxonan- 
Has qepKOBB AhmIh *). 

HHTaTeiB, Bnpo^eirb, oiini6GJi 6u, ecn6H Ha ooHOBamH Hpexme- 
0TBjDmHXi» pasoyxAeHiS npn^HOJifln ^npHreftira si npoTHBHHEairL 
oBotioAHaro aHauBa h Bam^HTHHEaiTL TpaAHi^fl bo qTo6ii to hh oiaio. 
Ohi, Hao6opoTiy roBOpHTi, iTO oaMa noTpe6HooTB vb anaiHsi supo- 
oraen jihiub Tor^a, KorAa npesHift ohaho oiEHrerpHpoBaHHiift pe- 
iHrioBHiifi covBi yse paonaAaerofl, h TpaAHnioHHtiH ^opicyjra shbhe 
TepHDTB OBOD o6H8aTejiibHocTB; oaHoy6iftoTBo se HBifleTOfl JumB no- 
KasaTOAeiTB BospaorannQ^TO o6ooo6jieHifl h HSiHmHeft HHAHBHAyausa- 
^iH HesAy ooofiaira. BiAft ho bi toitb, ^to pasBHiie jih^hooth ua- 
jffiTb soHei^ HpesHHifi ^opifaHib o6n;eoTBeHHoS cbhsh, a hb toitb^ 
HTO Ha icioTO TpapmioHHiixi Hopm noBOAeHlH bi ooBpeHOHHOirfc 
o6iitecTBi emfi ho Bupoojio cosHanie HOBoft 6oiie pai^ioHaiBHaro ■ 
HO Monte OHiTBHaro oousa. 

Bi BTOiTb se cHucJii oi^AyerB noHHMaTB nonHTKy asropa yoTa- 
HOBHTB napajuieiHSHi vb ycueHiH oaMoytiificTB'B h wb poorl napoA- 
Haro o6pa30BaHifl: nooxfeAfiee flBiaexGH ho npnuHofi yBejiBqema 
oTspan^eHifl Kb shshh, a noRasaTeJieM'B Toro oooiOflHia o6n^eoTBa, 
npH KOTopoxi paspymeHie KpbnBaro pejiHriosHaro ooDsa BusBaxo pa- 
8o6n^eHHOGTB HesAy idabmh Ha no^Bi BipoBanifi h aceJiaHie Hoora- 

BHTB qT0-HH6yAB Ha MtCTO HOEesaDDUm TpaAHiqt. ABTOpi rOBOpHTB 

Aase Hao6opoT'b: 

SHaHie HO toibko ho ABiJieTCfl HCTO^HHitOMi 3ja, HO npeACTaBiaers 
exHHCTBeEHoe jri^KapcTBO npoTHBi Hero. Pasi ycTaHOBHamiflCA BipoBama 
61UH yHecenu TeneHieirb Ben^efi, hxi jse naibSJi BOsctaHOBEXb HCKyccTBen- 
Ho; ocTaeTCA ihhib pasmniueHie, ROiopoe mosoti homou Hani b'b pyso* 

BOACTB'b SH3HU0. PaSl 06lUeCTBeHH0fi HHCTHHET% npHTyHBJICfl, pascjAOKi 
ABIfleTCA eAHHCTBeHHHlfB pySOBOAHTeieM'B, KOTOpsft 0CTa6TCfl HaMl, H Mil 

XoiSHH npH noMon^H ero nepejtopMHpoBaTB naniy coBdbcTL **). 



*) EcTB HteoTopue 4>aBTH, Hxyn^ie h^^cbojibko vl paspisi ctb btoA 
Teopieft. B'B moTiaHxiH caHoy6ificTB'b HeHBme, a nezxy ^mi TaxmepioB* 
Han opraHHsaiufl 6orie AeMOspaTH^raa (npecBHrepiaHCTBO). Bi FouaHiiH 
HponopiuH caMoy6ificTB'b AOCTHraex'B MHHHKyMa MO&Ay He-BaToiH^ecsHMii 
erpaHaMH, Torxa Kas's ecxa TaM'b h cviTaeTCH 6oid^e TpeTH saTOJHiOBi 
(1.696,482 veiOB'&K'B na 4.611,415 SHieiefi no nocitxHefl nepenHCK 1889 r.), 

TO OCTaiBHHH ASi TpOTH COCTOflTB Vh FpOMaAHOMl 601BIDHHCTBt Ciy^aOB'B 

HS'B peit^opHaTOBi, HMtoniHX'B cpaBHHTeiBHo cj[a6yD KepBOBHyD <HHTerpa- 
iux». Op. o4M])HiaaxBHyx) cTaTHCTHKy B'B Jaarc^jfers Binnenland; Fara, 1896^ 
CTp. 7. 

♦*) 1. c, CTp. 171. 



GAMOyfilftCTBO H SFO IIPfl?HHH. 9i 

npexnieoTBOBaBiint aHaiHsi iipHBejii asTOpa n tomj saun^e-^ 
Kii), HTo paiHriosHiiS godsi npe^oxpaflflerb uwoorb oti oaMO- 
76ifioTBi HO noTOHy, mso ohi npeAnoiaraen onpeA^toeEHHS Biposa^ 
Hifl, a noTOMj, HTO OHi ecTL npesA6 Boero oonsi, t. e. npoHHaa 
$opica o6meHifl hosat <»AX>hh, HesaBHCflMO on ero ooAepsaHia. Tor^a, 
eoTeoTBOHHO BosHSRaeTB BonpocTB, He TaKoe-xs xe npe/KoxpaHBrexBHoe 
AiflcTBie OKasBBauTb Ha HH^iHBHATTica h APjrifl ^opMH oonsa, nanp., 
001)31 oeMofiHHfl H nojiHTHieoKift. ABTop^b oco6eHHo noApoGHO oora- 
HasjuHBaeTCfl na paatiopi oraTHOTH^eoRHX'B TaGm^i, a^d^hi'l OTHOn 
eHTeiiHjD nponopi^iD oaxoyfiiftOTBi Mes;i(y xoitoeTHMH h aseHaTHMH, 
MesA7 Ces^iTHHifH h Hiiiioii^HHH Kbtelt oyapyraMH, BAOBi^aHH h bao-. 
BaHB, pasBeAeHHSHH MysBflMH H soHaMH. k orpaHH^ycB JiHmb oa-^ 
hhhh oSn^HMH BHBOAaicv. AnpRreiMi, noAo6HO ApyrnirB aBTopaxi, 
8aHHKaBinHM(Mi vnitb BonpoooirL, noATBepsAaeTi j^asrb 6ojAq cia6oft 
TOHxeHi^iii Ell oavoyfiificTBy nexAy SHBymEiiH b'l GpaKi. Ho aBTopy 
yxaxooB noABeprayTB HHTepeoHoicy aHaiHsy stotb HSBioTHuft $aRT%, 
pasxH^afl ABi oropoHH Bonpooa: cofioTBeHHO 6pa?Hoe ooxHTencTBo^ 
T. e. OTHomeHie HosAy Mysem h sohoS, h objsbb MesAy poAHre- 
jiflMH H A^tBHH. ORasuBaeioH, ^nro b'b to BpeMfl sasi npoAoxpaHH- 
Temoe AMoTBie 6paKa (coefficient de preservation, no TepMEHOxoriK 
^npsrefiva) npoflBJuerofl o^ohb on^yiHTeiBHo npH oyni^eoTsoBaHiH a^-v 
Teft,— H npH BTOMi Aftse npsMO nponopqiOHajiBHO BexH^HHi cenBH; — 
BTO 6xaroA'6T6j[BHoe BiiflHie yse ropasAO Menie saiiiTHo Ha desAii- 
HFX<B napaxi. Maxo Toro, Tn^aTOJiBHo npoBipeHHsifl GraTHOTH^eoRiff 
AaHHHH seAyTx Aase ri Tovy saRjoo^eHii), ^to ocjih seHn^HHH bo- 
ofinte nooraBJUDTB ropasAO xoHBine oaHoy6illi^'B, ^wb MysqEHH, to 
saMysHifl 6e3AiTHUfl senn^EHH j6nBaDTB oefifl (no Rpafinefi Mipb,, 
BO $paHi](iE) B^b noiTopa pasa ^an^e, ^fkwb HesaifysHia aR6Hn^EH» 
Toro se BospaoTa. He Menbe EHrepeoeH'B totb bhboa:b, ^to cpaBHH*. 
tejTBEoe yBexHqeflie orjiobhoote r'b oaicoy6iftOTBy y baobhxb npo- 
EBJSfleTOfl MesAy seHn^EEaxE ropasAO oiia6ie, niwb uemjsj Mysv- 
HaME. Bhxoaetx, iTo Vb OBoeS ooBpeMeEHoi $opMt GpaRi ropasAa 
6oj[ie npEHOCETB noflBSu Mys^EEi, niwb sesmHsi; ogjih bbetb 6e8- 
A&THHa napH, to seHn^Hsi oHib cRopie apeAETB, Haxarafl, o^eBEAEo^ 
Ha nee ofiasasHOOTH, rotopbutb ho cooTBiTCTByerB yBeiE^eflie npaai 

fl yAOfiOTB'B. 

Otb Bxiflsifl oeMeftHaro ESTerpEpoBamfl aBiop'B nepexoAETB ri 
BAiflEiK) EKTerpflpoBaHifl nojiBTE^eoRaro, npEBOAfl HtoROXBRO EHTepec- 
HHX'b ooofipaseHifl b'b nojiBsy TOft Teopia, oorxacHO Roropoft— ^h'b 
nojiHTEqecRafl obesb nesAy rpasAasavE cjraMe qyBOTByexoa bt» am- 
EOHi ofimeoTBl, tbwh cEXBH'fce ofinapysEBaeTOfl EaRioHHocTB ri caiio- 
y6i8cTBy. ^npRrefiiTB^ Bnpo^eirB, JumB bb KboROiBREX'B oxoBaxi yno- 
icHHaeTi o6b HOTopfl^ecREX'B OBEA'bTeucTBax'B, roBopanonL'B vh noAsy 
BToro o^esB npaBAonoAofiHaro npeAnojoseHifl, Haap., o pasBfliiH oaiio- 
y6ifloTBa bb paonaAaDn^efioE FpeitiB^ bi PHHi Bpeiiefli Qlesapel, bo 
^pasqiE HaRaHyHi BexHRoS Pobojidipe e t. n. Bi aroin cmoxi. 



'92 PyOCKOB BOFATCTBO. 

xopomHirB AoaoraeHieiTb voserb cjtjsbtb nara Jlerya, Koiopaa ho 
OTH^aeTOH rjiy6raoft h ^axooo^cKot npo;^yMaraocTBK), ho «aeTL si 
nepsoft GBoet non Kasi aobojkbho VHoro^HOJieHHue HCiopH^ecxie 
^aKTET, Bacannueoff oai(076i8oTBi» y pasHuxt HapoxoBi h Vb pasHiiA 
BpeveHa, tbei h pesDMe MHiBift no 8TOM7 Bonpocy pasuuBxi $1- 

JIOG04»0Bl H HHOXHTexefi *). 

3a TO Jl^npsrettirb HaoraHBaeTL hb oTpHi^aTeABHHxi xoBasaTexB- 
OTBan BdfiflBifl nojHTH^eoKot omo^eHHocTH hb npoaopi^iD oavo- 
yOiltcTBi. OffB npHAaen 6oihmoe SHa^GHie KOHoraTHpoBaHHOHy yse 

HisOTOpHME BBTOpaVH (HBIip. MopOGlJIH) yHCHbineBiK) GaKOyfiifiGTB'b 

BO Bpevfl pGBOjDixift H Boo6me vh nepioA'B HanpaseBifl nojuiTHqeoROft 

<S0p&6u E nOJIHTH^eOBHl'L BJIH HBI^iOHaJEBHUX'B OTpaOTBH. KaSBlOGb 6h, 
SpynHHft rOGyAapGTBGHHUfi SpHSHOl, KOiefijIflmiH BOi OGHOBH GTpOfl, 
XOJDSeH'b GKOpie BKBOABTb HSl paBHOBicifl H OTA^JIBHIIX'B UGHOBl 

c6n^eoTBa; oi> APyrofl oTopoHH, boIeb, Hecyn^aii sa Go6oi otoibko 
6^A0TBit, AOJKSHa, KasaxoGB Oh, pasBBBaTb oiBpan^eflie Vb ssshi. 
He rjTb TO 6hxo: roAU spynHHX'B rpasAaHOKHXi h MesAyHapoAHUXi 
noTpfloesiS OTJOL^aDToa aaiciTEHM'B naAOHieii'B Gai[oy6itoTB'B. TaKOBi, 
Hanp., pesyiBTBTL bo ^paiipH rOAOBt iDiBGSoi (1830) h ^oBpajiB- 

t5K0ft (1848) peBOlDipft, $paHKO-npyGGKOfi BOftHH E KOMMyHa (1870 — 

1871), napjiaEGHTapHaro coup d'Etat 16 mbe (1877), 6yjitaHXHGT0K0t 
acHTai^iH (1889); bo Bceft EBpoai, roAOBi o6maro peBOXDAioHHaro 
KpBSHca (1848—1849); Bi fljakEiw, maeBBHroKoft BaKaaniH (1864); vb 

ABGTpiH H HTBJliE, BOftSlI 1866 F.; B'b repEBBiE (E ^paHI^iB, RBBl 

MH yae BH^kiE) foaob-s naTpioTH^ecxaFO HaopEseBifl (1870 — 1871). 

HaoSopOTL, AmOTE^GGBifl BOilHH, KBROBH, HBEp., AU $paHO[iE KpiiH- 

cKafl H ETajujiEOKafl BBMnaHiH, xaxo saTpoHyBmiE vaooH, eg osasajEH 
AtioTBifl E Ea yEGHBineBie caHoy6iSoTBi. Ci tove spiBia Ax)pK- 
reSva, bto Biiont noEETEo: \ 

BoJHKifl 06lI(GCTBeSHIIB nOTpflCGBifl, BBB'b H B&IHBifl HapOXHUfl BOftHH, 

osHBiiLDT'B KOJieKTHBHHfl ^jBCTBa, BOsOysAauTi napriflHHfi xyxi, pasHO 
sBKi naTpioTH3E%, nojHTH^ecBys), paBBO sas's BaaiosajTBHyH) B^bpy h, koh- 
i^GBTpspyir Bci ycHxiA na oxHOfl mi^iir, oupeA'hjaiDVb, no spaiHefl Etpt, 
BpoEGBBO, 6oiie CHXbByn HBTerpaiuK) o6ii^6CTBa. Biarox^TBJLBBoe BiiBEie, 
ysasaHBoe naMH, saBBCHTi ne ovb caEoro spHSBca, a ot'b toA 6opb6ii, ko- 
Topyn OB'S BssuBaGTb. H tbe'e sas'b axa 6opb6a npEByaLAaoT'E idagA c6ih- 
saTBCB, cb T'^E'b, ?To6ii BM^CTdk HXTE iipoTflB'B o6iued onacBocTH, to hbah- 
BBAyyE'B MGH^bo AyEaorb o CG6'b e 601:60 06'b o6ii^GE'b A'^t**). 



AsaiEdi aibTpyEOTE^eoKaFo caEoy6iftoTBa MCEie ja^jlob, no ko- 
exy HMEis, asropy, ^±wb evo HsojitAOBaHie xapasTepi e npEU- 
saxi 8FOE0TE?6CKaFo caMoy6iftcTBa. OOiACBaeTOE oro, no Bcefi aipOET- 
EOOTE, rbMii, ?To ^upKreftirb FAasHUM'b o6pa30Mi> a6cTpaKTHbift ooAio- 



*) CE. BGCb HGpBUfi OTX'^'b SHHrfl, BOCBBllift 06lU6G BEdBaBiG cEsquiSSG 

■^'UDG histoiro du suicido (1. c, 1—111). 
**) 1. c., CTp. 222. 



CAMOyBlftCTfiO H BFO nPZHHHEI. 9% 

xor%, BoxoAfln^ift h3x HisoTopuxx, nopoD o^ohl jAa^Biixi^ nopoD. 
pHGKOBaHHUix oTBie^eHHHZi HojioseHifi; Ki onHoaiexBHOft se e 
^aRTH^ecKoft ooiUoxoriH 7 Hero, BaKi RaseTos, ho ooBciHB jiesHTB 
oepAi^e. Ho anTpjEOTH^eoRoe caEoydiftoiBO, RaRi roBopHn oaE-B aerop'b, 
opoflBifleTOE rxaBEiiKi otipasoE'B Bi nepBoSuTHuxi o6iiteoTfiaxi>; ji^u. 
Hsy^eiifl se TaRHXi ofin^eoTfi'L, otojib oiiiHqaKniiaxoa otl ooBpeMes- 
Haro, EeAOOTaTO^Ho BUTflriiBaHifl AornveoRHXi sETet hbii oiBJie^eE- 
EHXi npEHi^EiiOBB, npeAOTaBAflio^axi apeHMynteoTBeHao o(k)6ii^eHie 
npaRTHRff samet shshe. Tynb, Haofiopon, HaAo6o2Binoe SHaROHOTBo 
(n» ^BGTo BTHorpa^H^ec&HH'B MaTepiaioMi». A aroro-ro BHaROMOTBa h 
He.BEABmB, npocMaTpEBaa to 61rioe BBeAesie, RoTopoe ^DpRreftEB 
nooBan^aer'B oaEoydilcTfij 7 nepBo6uTEHX'b (abrhx'b hjee BapBap-^ 

ORRXl) HapOAOBX. AeOATORl OTpafEI^l, EOOBfllE^aHHHX'B 8TOM7 BBOAO- 

Hin, BaRjnoiaeTB eeHaiio ochiori sa scto«hrs; ho Bce 8T0, no 6ojib- 
mefl ^aoTH, ochire hbi BTopuxi p7R'b hie se 7Ra3aHifl na OTAiiB- 
HUfl oTaTBE E AO HiROTopoft OTonesH (U[7^aflHue BTDAH. HsB oepBes^ 
fluxi o6ii^Exi Tp7A0B'b no ooipojioriH h aHTponoJioriH asropii, Rasi 
Raserofl, toibro h eaaerb, hto co^EHeEifl Bafii^a e CneHcepa; nps- 
ooeAssETe ri 8TOE7 EBBioTsufi oSopEHR'B jieresAi ^pasepa, rpyiiaE- 
P7K)npixofl B0Rp7rB iBOJroTot BiTBH> (Golden Bough), AaoAHO-ABa n7- 
TemecTBifl anrjiE^aH'L — botb Bani BeoB*BTflojiorflfeGRifi 6arasB aBTopa,. 

HTO, ROSOHEO, He HimaeTL OOTaBBTBOfl eE7 MUOJSflntHEli H OepBOBEHHl 

HBoiiAOBaTejieEi, eo ci>7SHBaerb to ^aRTH^eoRoe ocHOBanie, sa ro- 

TOpOVl OHTL AOASeEB OTpOHIB 817 ^aOTB GBOOS TOOpiE. 

PaHBme A^pRrefiEi pasoMaTpEBaji'B oaH076itGTBa, BicreRalon^ui 
mn> ?epe8q7p'L CHibsoS HEAHBEA7aj[E8ai4H jiH^EOctH, se ^7botb7io- 
D^eft OBESE 01 paonaAaK)n](EEOfl rojuortebehe'l ooDaoEx; TenepB OHtb 
nepexoAHTB rti oaE076iftGTBaHii, npHuna RoropHxi aoseti bi eo- 

AOOTETO^HOft EHAflBflA7aiE8aiUH U^WOOTE, 7T0aaDn^eft Vb TiOEO OOJIO^ 
HeEHOMX nepB06uTE0Ml ofin^eSETiH. ABTOpi CBOAETL 8TE a2bTp7E0TE- 

qecRifl oaHoy6iflcTBa Ri ab7Mi» TEnani, oaM076ifioTB7 o6fl3aTejiBEOM7 
E oaE075ifioTB7 seo6E8aTeiBSOM7. Ki nepBony TEa7 ohi othooetb 
Vb oBon o^epoAB xpE ci7q[afl: eaM076iBeTB0 orapax'B ejih eojEBEiixs 
uoeobx oSn^esHTifl, oTanoBaniBXCfl thsootbr) a'h nJieMOBE; oano- 
yfiiloTBo BAOBX Ea EorBii M7sefi; oanoyeiMoTBo RjiieETOfii bjib o^f- 
SBTexett Ea Eorajit roonoAflaa. BTopofi Tan's OEi beaetx b% ^aoTHXi 
flRo6u oaMoyfiiMoTBaxi no n70TflRaini, oAoSpEeMuxi bo <EHorHX'B ees- 
niBXi oen^ecTBaxi* e BusuBaeEHX'B, sanp., oaMUMx iierREMi ooRop- 
6jieHieMi, oeMeftHOfl BoniimRofi t. n.; hjib se vh oaE076iSoTBaxi» pe-^ 

XEriOBEHX'B ^aHBTEROB-B, ROTOpUO OOBOpmaiOTB BTOTB aRrb nOA'B BJQB- 
SieEl B00TOpseEEE2X'B nOXSaJTB EXl Bip^D^EXl OOHiieMeEHHROBl. 

Oil HeEE Aaiieaa khlcjib npEAapaiBOE ri noApo6EooTaMi BiiOTa- 

BieEEHX'B aBTOpOH'B ^BRTOBli. Ho RaRl EO SaMlTHTB, ETO, Aase H 

npB3BaBafl aobojibeo BEa^ExexBEyK)^ aoxd hotheu, saRXD^eHEofi b'k 

npBBOABHUXl ^DpRreflEOE'B EJUDOXpai^iflX'B cOEJIBEO OBHETOrpEpOBaa- 

Haro CTpofl>, — isxfL'h Ee saEitaxB, ^to oaeh esi btex'b npEEtpoB:B 



94 pyCGKOB BOFATCTBO. 

fie ooBOiiTb TO^HH, Apjrie Moryn 6htb iHa^e HOTOxxoBaHH. CaMO- 
.76iSoTBO oTapnoBib ijih 6oibHHxi — Hanfioiie JJ^MxaA bbi ynoMfl- 
HjTiixi oiy^eBi. Ho yxe Ao6poBoiBHa8 cvepTB xeBU Ha MorExi 

Jtysa BpflA1-U MOSdTb ofoaOHflTBOlI OHIBHOI) 0IUO^eHHO0T£I> o6mfi' 

<;TBeHBaro ooDsa: Haiip.» oaMooosseHie b^ob^, npasTHSOBaBineeGfl en^e 
vh arom OTOffbiiH vh Ehaib (nooxlAHifl oiy^aS, eon ho oniB6aDOB, 
"turb Vh 1862 r.), bobuko vb o6ii^ai opaBiHTejoso nosxHo, doal 
BJDJiBieirL nponaraBAK[ 6paM:HH0Bi bi ofin^eoTBi, ropasxo 6ojrte pao- 
^xeHeHHOKi Ha ebotu h ropas^o Mesie <oi»HBTerpHpoBaHHOMi>, ifkwb 
ApoBHee HHAyooKoe oSn^esflrie, oipasHBineeofl vh pHrb-Bexi. CaMO- 
y6ift0TB0 oiysBTOJieft na rpo6i roonoAHHa saqaoTyn npeAnoiaraen 
cymeeTBOBame Kiaoca pa60Bi, stropHe npflHO BiiHysAairrofl k'b BTOHy 
poffy oHopTH, a TBKoe A'l^eHie Ha oooioBifl oBopie roBopHTi o ab^ 
^^epoHipai^H, qiMib o6i HHTorpaiuH^oSmeoTBa. IIo OTHomeHW vb pe- 
jiario8HBiMi> oaMoy6ifiCTBaMi npHXOAHTOfl oiutb oa^jbatb oroBopBy: h, 
OKOHe^HO, He oipBi^aK) oaMoro ^asTa, ho sanity, ^ro aBTopi Hirben 
TiaBHHHi o6pa8oxii vb BflAy HsAiD, a HHeHHo oTaBinyi) no ero ojio- 
BBMi KJiaooHTOORofl iHOTOpuo ^aHHTBXOBi, 6pooai)iiiHxoa Toinam 
BOAB KOieoa BAOJta ^arepHayra* (orp. 242), h Kb to xe BpeMH ifH- 
THpyen — HeooMBiHHo hsi BTopHxi pyKi— EBBi pasi Toro asTopa 
fl Ha TOft CTpaHHi^t (Stirling "Asiatic Researehes, XV, 324), hso^ ko- 
Toparo H na KOTopoS ohx Morb 6u ysnaTb, tto laBie npHMipH caHo- 
yfiifloTBa He tojibko <piABH», ho npflvo npoiBBopi^an €6e8BpoBHOHy> 
KyjibTy 6oxeoTBa h ooBepmaDTCH HeoiaoTHHMH h SoibBHiiH jkdaimh, 
Bn^ynpiMH bi CMeprH Hd6aBxeHia on uTOHX'b 64A'b. SHaiOKH HhaIh 

npHMO O^BHHHDTb aHrilfiOKHX'b HHCaTeJieft B-b TOHb, ^TO OHH OOHH- 

'Han BOD aiy «KJiacoHqeoKyi) HcroplD MaocoBuxb oaMoy6ifioTBi> Ha 
npasAHHRi ^l^repHayia h nonuia ohb ryuib no BoeMy i^HBHiHSOBan- 
HOMy Hipy^ noAo6HO MHOsecTBy Apyrnxi HenponipeHHUx'b lerenAB *)• 
HaBOHe^b, iTo Eaoaeicfl ao 6yAT0 6u Heo6HKHOBeHHolt lersooTH, ofb 
BaBoll ueHH HepBo6HTHaro oSn^ecTea y6HBai)Tb oete npH Harti- 
meMi» BSAopHOHi ojiyqai^ to ho Mtmajio Oh npoTHBonociaBHTb aioMy 
yTBepsAOBiK) cyn^ecTBOBaaie— HkeHHo Bb tbrohi odn^eoTBi — i^aro 
pHAa HaEasaHifi, BOTopiiHH nieMeHHoS godsi rposHTi noEyniai>nte- 
jfjofl Ha oaMoy6ilcTBo. A nosBoin ce6i ocTanoBHTb BHHHaHie ura- 
Teu Ha cjiiAyK>n^eH'b, noiTH BOAOBBibHOMi noKaaaBlH oahofo nyreme- 
oTBOHHHKa KBpi, nocTHrann^efl ho toibbo caHoy6iBi^'b, ho JiDAeft 
HenaaHHO npB^HHBBoiHxi ce6i nopaHOHie. ^iio HAorb o ABxarb 
roaxHpaxi, SHBynpx'b b-b npoA^iaxi KojiyH6iScEoll peony6iHKH: 

EciH Hsxieicb dToro ueiieHH He^aiiHHo nopiseTb ce6fl, cicaxeHb cbo- 
HH^ HosoHiy HiH (^OHaoTb ce6^ sasoft jratio iieHb, hih npH^HHHTb ce6i 
KaKyK) iHtio Apyryi) pany, to ero cewM cb jtaTepHHcsod CTopoHH HenexieH- 
HO xe Tpe6yeTb spoBHaro niTpa4»a (blood-money). TaBb Basb-xe OHb oahoB 



*) Ch. o6iBjg) CTaTbK) o6b UhaIh Bb YI Toifb XBa^i^aTHTOHHaro reorpa- 
4»HqecKaio cioBapfl FdHTepa (W.-W. Hunter, <The Imperial Gazetteer of 
India>; JEoBAOHb, 1886, 2-e hsa.), ocotieBHO CTp. 224—226. 



CAHOyBlfiCTBO H BFO nPHHHHU. $5 

'^'h Hen spoBH, TO BMy He nosBoifleTCfl pacTonaTB sxy spoBB, He yniaTHBi 
ea Hee. PoxcTBenHHSH no oTiiy bi cbod o^epexB Tpe6y]orb cjesHaro iDTpaJMi 
<tear-money)T zoth h ho vh TaKom sojunecTBi. npHcyTCTBynmie xpysbfl 
Tpe6yK>'rb BOSHarpasxenifl sa rope, npH^HHeBHoe HifB bhaohi nocTpaxaBinaro 
;Q>yra. Ecih KT0-HH6yAB hbi npHcyTCTByniUHZ'b moxot'l' saxBaTHTB HHCTpy- 
xoHTi, npHUHHBmifl nec^acTie, to owh npHCBOHBaerb ero ce6i. IIlTpaij^ 
nponopiuoHaieH'b paH'k iEerKifi noptsi nauAa osia^HBaeTca He6oiBiiiHK'B 
xojraHecTBOMi HaHca, KOSJieHsoM'b hih Tony iiojlo6bmusi neBasBHUH BemaiiH. 
CKiBHufi nopbs'B Tpe6yerb no neHLmefi iiipi bosh hih obuu xa en^e ch npn- 
6aBBofl ^ero BH6yxB. Bo Bcizi rbxi cxyHajixi, sorxa nocTpaAanniift nHxiei(% 
Be HH'iberB cpexcTBi pasxtiaTLcn co cbohkh Bpe^HTopaMn, ohi Hxerb no- 
^^HpaTBCfl Bpyrom, nosa ho BacoOepenb Tpe6yeiiaro *). 

Boo6iiie SB MOXHO, nosaiyft, osasaxB, ^ro a^ nepBo6HTHux'B 
o6n^eoTBaz'B aiLTpyHomecBoe caicoj6iiGTBO cboahtoa b-b Tin He- 
MHorHifB eiyqaairii, sorxa AttoTBHTeiBHHe bjih ^hbthbhhb HHTepeou 
Bcero o6mesHTifl ipeSynTL aiofi sepTBH otb u^ihooth (oaif076ii- 
HSTBo 6e8noie8flHxi» ^161081 lueiiesHi KoueKTHBHoe GaK076iitoTBO 
peiiriosHuxx ^aHaTHBOBi, h t. n.); 8roHOTn?eoBoe se caKoySitcxBo 
oiporo DpeojiiAyoTCfl o6meGTBeHHuirB MH^HieilrL, BpHorauBaoBaBniHMOJi 
Bi» o6u^att. Bo BCflBOicB Oiiyqal haob ^psreSifa orporo pasiH^aib 
MesAj 8TBICH ABjiu poAftKB oaMoyfiiflcTBa Morjia 6u nosecTH ki» o^ohb 
HBTepecBuiTB ofijiBseHuiirB H npoTHBOHOioaBeHuiini, e(U[H6u asrop'b 
ooraHOBHJioa gtoib xe noApo6HO h oCoTOffrexBHO Ha BTopoi ^both 

HBOrtAOBBflifl, BBKl H HB nOpBOt. Ho OWb XHHIL HaMATHJTB HanpBB- 

JieHie, B'b BBBOiTb AoiBCHO 6HJI0 6h bbgthob 8T0 HSOjrlxoBaHie. Tasi, 
nepexoAfl ki ajiBTpyHCTH^eoKOMy caMoy6UlcTBy vh ooBpeMOHHOHi 06- 
meoTBl, BBTopi orpaHHUBaeiofl HOKJin^HTeJiLHO oxaTBOTBEOt caifo- 
76iftcTBi» Bi BofioKaxi, npeyBejifl^eHHO bhah bi khxi npoflBieme 

qyBOTBl CaMOnOSepTBOBaHifl, CBOftCTBeflHarO, MOXl, 8T0ft 6HXBH0 
OXHBTerpBpOBaBHOfi 0p^aHB3B^iH. MOSHO, KOHeqHO, OOnaOHTBOB C% BB- 

rofowh, iTo AHCi^flnAHHa^ oOesiHUBaa KaxA&i^ ooJiAftTa, npiyqaen 
ero AOBOJiHo paBBOAymHo cvoTpiiB Ha HoqesHOBeme Toro hih Apy- 
roro OABHaKOBaro bbhthkb vb niraHTOKoft MaoiHHt, t. e. 8Hamn> Ha 

OBOn C060TBeHHyD OMepTB, KBEl HB GXepTB OBOHXl TOBBpHHiet. Ho 

paBBl 8T0 ooj[a6i[eHi6 HHABBHAyajoiBaQiH He ysHBaeioa 01 i^nirb 

PBAOMl nCBXB^eOKBZ'B MOTHBOBl, BT» 60J[BniHH0TBi BOTOpUX'b Wktb 

HHHero, 9T0 AOKaaHBBJio 6ii oaKonoseprBOBaaie? nocxymafiTe caMoro 
BBTopa: 

noAi BiiflHieH'b 8Toro npexpacnoJioxeHiii (tbhii nasiiBaeMaro BOOHHaro 
xyxa) coiABTi y6HBaerb ce6B npn Mai:bftniefi HenpinTBOCTH, uoa'b caMUMi 
nycTUM'b npeAJioroBi, hs'b sa OTBasa b'b OTnycKi, H3%-8a BuroBopa, necnpa- 
BeAiHBaro HasasaniA, octbhobkh bi bob HmeHin, ns'B-sa BaKoro-HH6yAB bo- 
npoca point d'honneor, HS'B-sa BpeneHHaro npnnaABa pobhocth h t. a. **)• 



*) F.-A.-A. Simons, <An Exploration of the GK)aJira Peninsnla, U. S. 
^f Columbia>; b-b Proceed, of the Eoyal Oeogr. Soc, jIohaohi, 18^ cTp. 
^781—796, oco6enHO se CTp. 790. 
**) L c., CTp. 260. 



95 P7CCK0B BOTATCTBO. 

GorjiaoHTecb oaMff, ^o noRTH B&k nepeqECJioHEHe asTopoirB uo- 
THBH Eoofin aroEOTHqHHft H Aftse MeiRO-aroHCTH^Hufi xapasiep'E. 
EoTB vexAT HHVH OAHSi MOTBBi 6ojAe Bucmaro nopiiAB^ a hic6EEo 
oosEasie EeonpaseffiflBO nperepaiEsaro EaKasasifl; eo e kb btoh'e 
ojrfcAyen bha'I^tb BOSKymeaie zote e sxopoBaro, eo EEAB9HAyAiflOTE- 
ReoKaro ^jbcteb npoTEBi» jiOEaDn^ei ae^eootb AHoi^EiiiHteH. Boo6nie 
se aBTopx EaxoAETOfl Ea btexi OTpasEi^azi noAi> 6e3003EaTejQ»EU]t'K 
BiiflBieMi Toro kjibtb apEia, KOTopHft OBEpinoTByeTi uqtkjij ooBpe- 
KessHEE ((ipaEqysaME. BpooBie obmhA tiirjuift B8riEAi> sa conae- 
fliE, iiHTannpflOfl npoTEBOAiflCTBOBaiB ESjiEinEeHy kjjlitj mejiete- 
pEBEa. *) E Bs ysEAETe, KEKifl npeyBeu^oEiE cKpHBanTCfl sa o6h9- 

EKMfl BOOZBaJKBEiEEE apEiH, KaSl cniBOIU JSpjLVh^ ^60TE E aiB- 

TpyE8Ea>!.. 

XaiB, ^TO, OCTaEOBEBIDEOB EB aiBTpyEOTE^eosoiTL caEoy6itoTBt 
BL BOflOSaXl, BBTOpi OTA'l^aACfl lEIIIB EiOKOJIBKEME OTpOKBEE OTb 

Bonpooa 061 aiBTpyflOTEieoKBZi oaMoaoxepTBOBaEisx'B BHooBaro te- 

aa, npOEBJIHlDIIlSXOfl E B'B OOBpOEeEEUX'B OOn^eCTBaX'B E EEeEEO 

oi> TO^BE splsifl AnpKreilEa EXOAflntExi b% KaTeropin axBTpyflOTE- 
^eoEEX'b oaHoy6iSGTBi, BBKOBa, Eaap., OEoptB vy^eEEKa sa yGto- 

AOEIE, KOTOpuS EABTL EB B^pEyB) FESoIB BO EJCfl E8BiGTEarO 06me- 

OTBOBEaro EAeaia. 



A yse paEBme osaaai'L, mro eb BExy 00060 A npEqEBU OTAiiETB. 
asoHflqeoKoe oaMoyfiiAoTBO otl aroEOTE^eoKaro. HErepeoi rJiaBU, no- 

OBEEieESOit ADpsreftEOH'b 8T0i paSEOBBAEOOTE, aaKIKUeTCfl riBB- 
KUWb 06pa80E'B Vh TOEl, HTO HTeKlQ Ofl EaBOAETB EB EHOJU» o6l 06- 

n^eft EeyoTOfi^EBOCTE coBpeHeEEaro orpoa, eo ooo6eEEO npoEBiEB- 
o^etoE B% dBOEOEE^eoKoA o^pi. n^E^pH, pa36EpaeEHE BBTopoin^ 
yKasflBaDTB eb OEiBEyn aaBscEMOOTB oaEoy6iltoTBa aToro teeb on 
npoKHnuieEEHX'B KpaxoBi E Boofime xpoEE^ecKflxi E oorpuxx 60- 
lisEeft coBpeEessoft EEAycipiE e loproBU. TpDEAepoKifi KpEaEOB 
Bi repEBElE, noQiiAOBBBiniS 3a $paEKo-iipyooBoS Boftsoft e ycsjieE- 
BHft nflTE-vflJiJiiapAEoft KOEipEfiyi^eft, 6pomeEsoft vb o^py oneBy- 
jibi^e; BiECRilt KpflSEOii 1873 — 1874; ^paEi^ysoKift Bpax^ kbtojieto- 
oKaro 6aflKa BoBiy Vb 1882 r. e t. Am Boi 8te npoEUOueEEHa 
QOTpEoeEiB GonpoBosA*AHOB 6£i0Tpiiji^ noBHmeHieE[!b ypoBEE oaEO- 
yOifioTBB. Ci Apyrofl cropoEn oKasHBaerofl, mo no Kpattaefi 
Ml^pi B'B EaoTOfln^ee BpeiiE 8TorL npEiEBi aoSpoboibbhx'b cEepret 
aooTBraerB eo otoabro gbehe CiAHiifl crpasH e B'B eexi cbmue ee- 
n^eEORifl ?aoTE EaoeieEifl, groibro crpaEH dROEOME^ecRE Horyn](eoTBeE- 

EHE E RJiaOGii, BO BOEROMl Oiy^B^^ EO EaXOAEEUoCfl Wb OBEOEl EESy 

oon^iaiLBoft jiicTEflipi, T. e. se roBopa yse RanETaiEoraxi, bho- 



*) Cm., Hanp., Lucien Descaves, cLes BouB-offs*; A. Hamon, tPsycho-^ 
logie da militaire professionnehi h t. n. 



CAMOVBlfiqTBO H EFO UPmBShl. 97 

ma H cpeAHia BaTeropiHpa6o^n[rB. J(tio Hj^en, ksr'b bhahto, ho otoibko 
6ojihmem> bjih veHBnreirL adoojuoTBOiCb fijrarooooroflHiir HieHOBi b 
o6meoTBa, osojobso o HeyoToi^HBOoTH btofo 6jiarooocTOiisifl vb saiiB- 
TancTHqecxomb oipot oi ero boctohhehme KpHdHcaMji. TanirB 

OOpaSOMl, qTO BBUeTOfl BO TepXHHOIOriB aBTOpa aHOME^eOKBlUb, 663- 

nopBAOUHiTB ^HOveHOiTb, Ha oaiioirb jrbJit BBrpaacaerB nooTOBEHyn 
saKOHHyD TeHAeHQbD ooBpeiieflBaro o6niexHTUi, tenjifivnia), Boropaa 
HO^esHen ubil npn peryupoBaHiB o6fl^eoTBeHHaro upoBSBoxoTBa. 
n 01 8Toi TOiKB spiHifl aHOME^eoKoe oaKoy6ifiOTBO se 6ojr&e aao- 
HB^BO, ^fkwb cai[oy6itQTBo eroHOTH^ecBoe: toilko vb oaboitl ciy- 
qaft fffcso BAeTb o6% o6iiKHOBeHBoirB GO^ialbHO]n> ABHSOHiB o6nie- 

XBTIB, Vb JSiPJVOK'b Se O&b JSJlOBUTb^ Tasi OBasaTB, TOHKaXl BTOru 
KBHSeHlfl. 

YBOiuiBy, saKaH^EBaa dTon oT^^ln, o toitb oftiHseBiE, soTopoe 
JI^KpKreSM'B js^BffTh uexjsj caMOjdifioTBOirB pasopEBmarooE npoinim- 
jieEHHsa H oaMoyCiioTBoiTB pasBeAeEEurB cyapyrOBi. ^la H6Efl Be 

OTOJDbSO EHTepeOEO OavO 8T0 GfilESOHie (B TO, HOll, E ApyrOB OBEO- 

yfiitcTBO aEOME^HH, noTOMy ^0 opeAnoxaraDrb CesEopaAo^soe pas- 
BETie eroEOTE^ecKErb CTBHyjiOBx, b^b oaeoki oiyHai EanpaajieEEiiX'b 
Ea yAOBieTBOpeHie 6e8Hi^pEo paomEpflnn^Exofl xaiepiaiiBEux'b noTpe6- 
Bocrefl, vb Apyron eb yAOBieiBopeEie pasEysAaEEsxi boeobuxi 
orpaoreS). Bi 8T0H!b paropESEi OKasHBaeioa jno6ETeiB o6fli[eGTBeEEofl 
perjnMeETaipE bo Boin o^paxi (BonoKEflie jibbib pon noAOXErejn- 
Earo Bpaaa, bbki KpETepia oSn^eoTBeHEot ooaeai^PHoote bi pa6oTi 
^pKreSEBO cpasAluEesiE TpyAa>). Ho SBaEeEaTejiBEo, ^oeeo btok; 
EOBOAy ADpsretEi npEByacAOEi eobtoprtb, eto ooBpeH6BEut 6paKi 
eoTB yqpesAeEie, yoTaEOBieEEoe no^ra EOBJinnreJiBEo b% BHroAt 
MyxTEEii: no HBiHii) aaropa, HepaspHBEKft 6paEEui oonsi, eciE e 
KyxeEii AABi Koro^ tbki eeobeo au EyS^EEEI, BOTOpufi EEa^e 

EOnopTEJB 6il OBOD OOlUaiBEyn ^yEKipK) y^aOTEBSa BI 06lIt60TBeEEOft 
SB8BE, rOBEGB 8a EOBUEfl E EOBUEE BEeUTJliBiaME E Oniyfl](6EiaEE 

Bi noioBoft G$epi; A'fl seEE^ES se OeapasBOAEsift Gpaai ootb ae- 
GOMEiEEoe 8JI0. HoAapoiTB, 6iaroAiTeiBEoe BxiaEie oo6oTBeEEO 6paKa 
aa xeEDiEEi omyTETeiBEO naiB Tavb, rAi oyn^eoTByen pasBOAi. 
A B0K0iB8b uTMliEai) 8Ty HuoiB BBTopa, EO ooiaaaBJiflBaEOB Ea pas- 
6oph npEHEET, ^0 MeEH sasejio 6ki Aft^eso. 

3a TO ae Miniaen aoABeprayiB KpaT&oll oi^tEBi o6n4ft ooiuoao- 
FEqeoKifl BiiBOAi>^ OAiiaEEuft BBTopoEi ESI pasflooTopoEEaro E8CXi- 
AOBaaifl caMoy6itoTBX. Buboa^ 8T0Tb mosbo pesnEapoBaTB tbbi: 
nooTOEEOTBO coiiiajiBSofl nponopiiiE oaEoySiltoTBi e Biiaaie eokjidve- 
TOXBEO o6meoTBesEuxi ^aKTopoBi aa aajteaie AofipoBoiBEoi OEopTE 
ysasHBBDi'L saT0,?T0 B% o6nieoTBt ootb oco6sa <Te<ieEia, npoasBOAanda 
caMoy6ificTBO» (courants suieidog^nes), ocofiHE coiuaibaua ceih, 
BtneKanmia esi KOJiJieBTBBBaro cosEaaia JiioAett, eo A'^ttoTayDn^ia Ea 
RasAaro EEAflBEAyyica ESBE'k, bbki nooTopoEEija o6xeKTEBEafl oaia. 
PasBEBaa 8Ty hucal, asTopi aedaaiTao nepexoAHTb vb paAH copra- 

H 4. OrjL'^jrh II. 7 



98 PyCOKOS BOFATCTBO. 

HBGTOB'B>. II60, XOTfl Wh OaKOlTK Ha^iaii CBOeft KHSFH OH'B BHpaSVJTb 

TBepAoe sejiftHie se npBSffaBaTB OTAtobnaro cyn^eoTBOBasifl soiies- 
TRBHaro oosHaHia vh oSn^eoTBt (hypostasler la conscience coUectiye; 
CH. ErpHtf. Ki orp. 14— 15), ovb oepEeaHO roBopoTL (on. orp. 352 

B OHijS,.) <KOJUeKTHBHH[rBnpej^GTaBieBiflX'L>,0 <aCR)UI9eCS0ft SH8HV 

o6ii^eoTBa», b6o nocjilAHde uoivb^ He oiaraeiofl XHmb nai ooaHasLa 
HHAHBHATyMOBii, a, 01 oxHoS oTopoHH, H8i> MaTepiaflBKHrB Ben;ety wh 
Koropuxi* EpHcrauHsyeTCfl o6nieoTBeBHoe oosHaiiie, 01 APjroft me, 
£8i> Toro TeKy^aro, HeoTBep;^Bmaro ooraTKa aroro oosHaidiiy soropoe 
ecTB wbmo 6oiBmee, ^iwb upooiafl oymca HHAHBBiAT^&Hiirb cosHaHift. 
Ho ^To se 8T0 sa ocTaiOKi, r uki ohi Koxen oyn^eoTBOBaTB BKb 
XHBsrB jiD^^eii? He ecTB-n bto oahb hsi rtr& <coi^ioxonraecKEX'B 
MeTa$opii», ROTopBifl Hai^iaiH ctoibko 6iKb bx o6niecTB8Hsoft HayKt 
H KOTopiifl B036ysAaiOT'B onpaBex^tHBoe onaoeRie xota 6H b^ raoroHt 
PHm&pt, aBTopt o^eHB xBaxe6Haro oiBsiBa noojiiAHoS KHRrfc J^nps- 
relica wb HaqaBmeirb bhxoxhtb no^i peAasiqeft se ^psretiia tCo- 
uioiorH^eoROH'b eseroAHHK'&»? *) 

fl nonponiy no8BOJreHiii y UTareu npRdiriyTB zi OAROvy koh 
KpeiHOMy opaBHeRiK). HiosoJibKO qejoBiK-K bshircb Butorb e neoyrb 
6peBH0, KOToparo hbkto n8T» bex% ota^jtbro BSflTiii ne mofb 6k 
oABRHyTB H Ha AeoBTB maroBii. Botb Bam apRfttpi* npooToro 00- 
TpyAHRieoTBa, aJteMeHrapHoit KOOiiepaiiiR, oTHOORxejibHo KoropoS aso- 
ROMHGTU OAHaso QpHBUKiH roBopRTB, TTO yso Bta ^^opMa Tpy^a 
HaoTOJaEO BHTOARa, vro npoidBeAeHauit en pesyxBTan npeeuoiaeTi^ 
npocTyn oyHRy ycRJdft, OEaxeMi:, iirtr qejioBiici, neoyn^RXi 6peBH0. 
H oAHatLO 8T0TB pesyibTaTi ac^otor xriiib KOMtfHHai^efi hate oT^tiB 
Hiixi cRn, Bwb BOTopizx^ He oyn^eoTByeTi, ROHe^HO, meoroi box- 
xesTHBHott OHiH, h6o nooxlAHRR OOTB HRTTo RHoe« sasi Hama a6- 
oTpaRi^ifl. HooTsyAa se BceraKR 6epeTCfl aia, tbr^ oRasaTs, varR^ieoKafl 
MmBflfl ORxa RoxjieRTHBHaro ipy^a? Hn RoonepaipH, ROTopas BsroARo 
npRnpflraerB ri OARoft i^biH urtb nRARBRAyaibREin orxi, yueHb- 
maoTL qacxo BpeARHxi yoniifi r noBumaeTb nyrecb oopeBHOBaRiR 
R oo8HaHifl coiRAapHoS pafiora KoxH^eoTso agepriR, ROTopyx) onooo- 

6eHl> paSBBTb HSOXHpOBaBHUtt HexoBiRi **). 

To se oaHoe npoRoxoAHTb r npn iipoQ[ecot TaR-b HasuBaeuro 
o6n(eoTBeBHaro ooasaHifl. Muoxa, ^BCTsa, i^xh RenssxRHH BRt 
Mosra SRBEixi xK)Aeft, h Rpovt atRxi naAHBHAyaxbHuxb coaaaHlft bu 
HRHoro He OTunieTe bi o6ii^ecTBeHsofl pa6oTb cosHaHiR. Koxe^RO, 
ooaHBHie ApyrRxi XDxet Buiaerb hb iceRfl RBSHt; ho, Rpoifi BxiHHiR 
i^ixaro pRAa OTA'bxbREix'b cosHaHiK sa Hoe oodRanie, r voero cosHa- 
Hia Ha am oTAlxbHtui oosHaHifl, he oarhi^ ooi^iaxbHHfl axiRHRKi ne 
HaiAerb hr RpynRHRR ocofiaro axeHeHra npR anaxRat RoxxeBTRBRoft 

H&IOXE. H OAHBRO fl, RBRl UOffb 06li;eCTBa, ]IJUBM} H HyBOTByP 



*) L*ann6e sociolo^que 1897; HapHSi, 1898 (roAi nepBuft), cxp. 405. 
**) Cp. Marx. Le capital, CTp. 141—142 (jjpaan. h3a. 1-ro tOMa. 



CAHOyBliCTBO H EFO DPHqHflU. 99 

nHaTO, Hitfi a, KaKi HdOAEpoBasHGift ^ejoBiKi. Ho noTOMj? IIoTOtfy, 
qro a osjiBHie BiCpHpyK) noA'B Bj[iflBieir& BH6paiqfi kohxi oooij^eft, 
Bi GBOK) o^iepeAb HoauTUBann^sn btotb npoi^eocL noBimidHia nca- 
xff^eoKOft, Tan cusaTb, TOAaiLHooTH noAi BjaasieKi hohxi 006- 
oTBeasuxi BH6pai^ift. Rohohbo, bu npasH, roBopa, no cyaiia qjBciB'b 
H auaiefi Botii ueaoBi A&aaaro o6iiteoTBa, aaaTEirb no oahho«ik1, 
BO ji^^erh Baai en^e ^jbgtbi e uHCJiefl bx% ofin^eft ncHxa^ecRoft 
Koonepai^iH. Ho vro axo saa^HTL? JIbbib to, vro bi o6Q^60TBt sasABifi 
SBBofi Bfl/^BBBj^yjiTB BpoaBXflerB fioxBmyi) (bjib eojiH xotbto flayio) 
saepriD OBoero qyBOTBa a vfiioiB. CjOBOtfb, ^opKreflai aorb 6hi 
npeEpaoBo roBopiTB BJEiada oozxiaiBEHXi ^asTopoBi aa OTAiii*- 
aaro ^ejiOBisa, aBosoxBSO ae oosAaaaa ooo6ofi ROJuasTBBaofl obau 
ooaaaaia a oeo6uxB KOjrAesTBBaHX'L TO^eaifi, utab^bxi obob BoiBhi 
noBBao BBABBBiiyaABBtixi cipyft. 



npasTB^eoKia nooibAotBia, BUBOAsasia aaxopoai asi ero Ao6po- 
coBirraaro BTioAa oaaoy6i&0TBdb, aeaa ae ooo6eaao aaTepeoynrb, 
a &i ero pei^enry Jiiqeaia, cooToanteiiy wb ycTpoeaia npo^ecoioaaiB- 
Buxi £opDopaii;l& 01 peryiapoBaaajaai paBAtieBieai Tpyxt, a otbo- 
niyob ooBepmeaao CBeaTa^eosa, fl6o aoS a^ean — ae yBisoBiieflie 
•8Toro pasAiJieaia, a^ aao5opoTB, ero B03MoxBoe ocia6xeaie (oomiDOB 
Ba (IfopujAj nporpeooa H. K. MaxaftACBOKaro). Mat 6h, Bao6o- 
pon>, xoT&ioob noA^epsayTB Kott-xaBia coo6paseaia, BUTexasoiQiJi 
asi aoBOfi Kaara uuojiaii^aro coi^iojiora. Mgi BBAtxR, aro npaao aia 
BooBeaBo (T. e. BAiaa yse aa noaxa^eosia npeApaoauxoseaia xaqao- 
ciefi) oaaoy6iflOTBO aBnaeToa BasauaB noKasaTeJiea-B B^opoBba o6n{e- 
oTBeaaaro opraaBsaa, oaaiiToaoa^ pa8ii'bA&»ni(Hxi ero 6or63aefi. 
CHOTpa no xapaKTopy oaaoro opraaBsaa, a 6ajii8aa btb MoryTi fisixb 
padiia^au. H eojua 01 TO^sa sptaia oojiBAapaocTa ooBpeaeaaoe o6ii^e- 
cFBO yoTynaerL sBsaeaaoorbK) aepBoSuTaoay, to, aaoOoporb, ci towb 
sptaia BBABBBAyaJiBflaro pasBBTia ^seaoBX oSn^eoTaa aepBo6£iTaoe 
o6n(ecTBo ropas^o aase a oiiafi^e ooBpeaeaaaro. HaoToanpfi CTpofi 
TOJisaeTii uo^eS Ri oaaoy6iftoTBy, t. e. Kb ne^aiBaoft ApoHapoBSt 
cfljii. qeiOBiieoTBa, oyreaB fioitsaeBBaro pasBBTia aaABABBBAyajiB- 
Buxi noTpe6BooT6fi; ao a BBsniifi o6nieGTBeBflHtt CTpoft TOXKaeii 
jifOAofi Bi caaoy6iftoTBy uyreai Hpesaipaaro ycaieaia soxjieBTflB- 
unvb oTpeaieBiB. Kasi pasptooraTb bto npoTBBoptaie, saKii ycraao- 
BBTB aaAJiesan^yio To^sy Aia paaaoBtoifl jib^beui a o6n](eoTBeaauxi 
j^tflefi, a6o, ^To aa roBopaie, a Bat sbbbxi* JDAoft o5ii](e3TfiO ae- 
Muojiaao, BBBi SBBue XDAB aeaaoiiflau noaaao o6n(eoTBa? SI AyvaB), 
era aaTBaoBia pimaeioa oaaoA nocTaaoBBOft Boapooa. KaxBH'B ae 
Ayrovi, roBopa ex o6n(8ft col^)JIO^a9eoKOfi to^bb sptaia, OTpaAa^io 
nepBo5i:iTB08 o6n^eoTBo? FocaoAOTBoa'B sceaoryn^aro BOJueETBBaaro 
^(fHHas, noAaBJBtaBDiaro paBBane, 6jieoB'b b spaooTy xaaaoi aaaiua- 
TBBBr. A qiai cxpaAaexb coBpeaeBBoe? FanepTpo^iett xa^Baro unme- 

7* 



100 P7CCK0E BOrATGTBO. 

peca^ HpHBOAflniet OTAinHHXB jnojtei n sadBeHin e npfliiOKj paspy- 
meHiio EOuesTiBHaro oonsa. Bhxoaoitb h8i aroro DpoTHBoprl^ia^ 
OHHToaom BTHXi Gopnn^vxofl TevxeHiiiS Moxen flsiTBOfl jiimB lop- 
seoTBO jfifnoicdeHiH, oosHaTOiLHO HanpaBJunon^aro bcd h^ihtd BHopim 
mEjmBBXTP^^ Ha ooyn^eoiBxesie ofinieoTBeHHHrB i^eS, npnem. 
-sasAHH men ooi»a bvahti pasBHiie h o^aorie OBoefi jih^hooth vh 
pasBvriH b cqaoriH fpjTMirb JDAet. Ho Tasaa laHob ocymeoTBHMa 

HMOHHO TOl&RO HpH BOeOTOpOHHOt BIipa60T]S6 EHJ^EBEATyXa, EOUD- 

^sDmeft coBpeiceHEoe pasAtiesie TpjAa. 

Sivth noxHOK) SESEii) Au oefifl, xebe axa APjrEn— Bon ypon^ 
KOTopHft At^en Earn ne^anBHt Taseqi Ao6poBoiBEoft oeoptb!.. 

H. K. 



r,v\S^nOTEH4 

JjQTWiiUHaP-i^ 

I. EcnaHo-aEepHBaBCBoe 6Tt!ife|^|gg||Sffi paspsB'B.— Ky6a h* 

ea sBa'ieHie.— HcTopHHecBifi onepK'b Ky6H.— CoBpeueHEoe cocToanie.— 
IIpesHifl BoscTaBifl.— Jonem.— RBe8axa.~GTaTLfl 1876 roAa.— MapTHHeii'L 
KaMHocb.— n. IIocjrbAEee BoscTasie.— Befiiepi h FoMeAi.— HacToamee bo- 
josenie sa ocTpoBd^— IIociixBia ycTynKH.—BxiniaTeibcxBO CoeABBeHEsm 
ITlTaTOBi.—IIpesBBfl noiBTHBa fflTaTOBi.— rH6eiB Maine'a.— nociasie npe- 
SBACBTa.— PesoiDiUE KOErpecca.— Ha^aio BoftBH.~in. BoeBBO-HopcKia b 
BoeBEO-cyzonyrsiui cbih CTopoEi>.~9soBOMHHecsiE OTpazesiii Bodau.— Boa- 
MOSEiu noci:bi(CTBui.— TeKjnuE eBponeftcBiE A^a. 



TeierpaMMOD es-b BamEErroEa otb 8 (20) anpiu ipiBEJiESOBas^ 
Eijfi vipii 6HjrL onoB'bniefl'b, tto «MaE'L-KflEkefi bi 11 qacoBi 20 me- 
EjTb yrpa noAiiEcajrB pesojnoiuH) KOErpecca. Konia ci aMepEKaECKara 
yibTEMaryifa Bpyqesa EcnaEOKOMy nocjiry, Roropfiifl OTB-bTEn fla bto 
Tbirb, ^0 noTpe6oBaji'b cboe naciiopTa». Bi Aonoafleflie ri droiiy 
TeaerpaMMa otb tofo ace ^ECJca esb ^ Hm-IopKa cooGmBaa, ?to bi. 
ya&TEMaTyMi, 06'BHBaeEEOirB BcnascROiry nocay, €Tpe6yeTCE o^[En](esi& 
Ky6u E A&eTCE HcnaEifl cpoKi», ECTeRannicifi bi cy66oTy, bi 6 qa- 
coBib yrpa no MaAPHACROMy BpeMeflE». OAsaRO, se oacEAaa aroro cpoRa, 
EcnaECRit nocoaib Eapflada noTpe6oBaai> y BaniEsrTOECRaro npaBE- 
TeaLCTBa cboe BipEreaLSHfl rpaEOTu. ^EnaoHaxE^ecRifi paspuBi cxai^ 

(t^aRTOlTB, E, BipOflTEO, OTRpiITie BOeSBUZX ;^CTBift flO SaCTaBETB 

ce6fl Aoiro e^a&tl. KorAa bte cTpoRE AofiAyT7> AO ^TaxeaE, B'^poarso, 
yae CyAyn rpeMiib nymRB e b^ AiaaBTEqecRoirB, b bi Tbxoitb 
oReaEaxB... CBoeBpeHOEEO noaroMy dyAerL OREsyTb renepB 6oai^e 
BEEMaTeaBEHiTB BsraflAoiTB noae npeACToan^eS 6opB6u, ea nps^ESBL 
H maECEi, ea BosMOSEoe e BipoaxBoe ECTopEqecRoe 3EaqeHie. 



nOJUHTHKA. 101 

<^MqyaKHHa» BecTB-HflmiH, ocxpoM Ky6a 6uil% oiKpHTb Xpn- 

<)T04H)pOM1» K0JLJu60Wb R CB Tix% HOpii HeHSlfbHHO npHHaAxesHTB 

Mcnamfl, xoth h aHrjraqaHe^ h ^paHi^ysH, 9 roj[JiaH;(n;u HeoAHOKpaTHo 
HBiTajincB oTHflTB J HCDaHH.eB'B BTOTh 6orarbfimift h CjiaroAaTHMmifi 

HS'B OCTpOBOFB BeCTB-HHAlH. AHFJEH^aHe SaBJiaAtaH H JTBOpAHJIHCb Ha 

SImsAbA, TpHHHAa^'l, Bap6aAoci h i^tjiofi njieflX"^ mojirhx'b ocxpoBOB'B, 

HX'B 0Kpj2KaK)mHXl». $paHI^8H, OTHABmie CUJLO BTOpoft IIO BOiBHqHHi^ 

ocTpoBi BecTL-HHAiH, FaHTH, sartiPL caMH noTepaiH ero, ho coxpa- 
HHJffl MapxHHHKy H iBaAejiyny. TojuiaH^i^H BJia^niroii Kiopaco h co- 
cijsfisam iiejirKHjiH. HcnaHia hs'b Bcero 8Toro coxpaHiua TOJibso KyOy 
H IIopto-Phko, ho TbiTb ct 6oJu»niei) omroi) ftepaurrca 3a era nocA;(- 
Hie 06J10MKH H4Kor;^a neofi'MTHofi KOJOHiaibHofi HMnepin. CopoKi-Eaib 

HHJLDdOHOBX HCQaHI^eB'B H HO HBIHI HaCOAfiDTb BDflCHyH) H I]^6HTpaib- 

HyD AMepHKy, ho axn poAHHO CMHOBba McnaHiz ^aBHO en norepHHBi, 
oxmaTHyjiHCb on ea A^cnoTH^ecKofl h paaopHreibHofi onesH h asHByrb 
o6oco6jieHHOK) bctoph^ockoh) sHSfibX). Mnoro boau yre&so cb t^tl 
nopi, Kasi> B% Hawaii droro hhhI^ yse soH^aDn^arocH cTOiriTiflf aHe- 
pHKaHcide HcnaHiQi cb opysioMB bi> pyKaxx bi» npoAOjUKHxejEbHoft h 
spoBonpojiHTHofi 6opb6i OTJLOSEXHCb 0TB iieTponoJtiH. Mnoroe HSict- 
HJuocb c% T^Tb nop-b KT» jHLyHHieMy H Ha nHpHHeficKOMB nojiyocxpoBi, 
HO nporpeccB bx cucTQvk KOJiOHiajibHaro ynpaBJienia CKasajicfl na- 
cTOJibEo HesHa^HxeJEbHO, ^TO H Bi KOHii;^ XIX BiRa, KaKB H B'b ero 
fla^ajit, HcnaHCKifi HapoA'B bh^htb CBOHxib saaTjaHTH^ecKHXi CpaibeB'B, 
noj^HHMaiDrnHX'b npoTHB-b Hero opysie, h Moaerb onacaxbca noxepH 
nooitAHHxi CBOHXB KOJioHiaibHbix'b Bj[a;i[:bHifi. Ji^ijio Haunaexca hsi 
3a Ky6H, ho, oAHas^bi BosropiBniHCb, BoSna aaxponexi h IIopxo-Phko, 
H ^HMOirnHH, H KanapH... Ky6a, BnponeMi, caiia no ce(Ji, eABa-an 
He BasH'i^e h i^HHte bcI^xb ocxajibHsix'B ncnafiCKHX'b KoioHifi, Bid^ci^ 

B3HXbIXl. 

Ky6a Jieamrb bb xpoiiH?eoKOM'b uoad, na caiiofi ero rpaHHiri^, 
Kacaflcb cbohmh ciBepnuMH MucaicH 23^ c. m. OcxpoBB npeAcxaBJu- 
exB ;^MHHylo aeHxy, HH3MeHHy» Ha sana^i h BosBHmaiomyjBOca 
B'b BocxoKy. KaKi» oaepejtbOM'B, ohx OKpyaenB nrnpoKHirB kojib- 
^0lrb KopajuioBHX'b ph$obb, A'^aioniiHXB ^ocxyni kl ocxpoBy bob- 
MosHHiTb JiHiub BB opaBHflxejibHO HeMHorHxi Mtcxaxi*. 3a ose- 
pejEbeMi) RopajuEOBBix'b pn^OBB GjAjij&rb CHapysH xaKoe se bxo- 

poe OSepeJIbe MOJIKHX'b OCXpOBOBB, OG06eHHO CKOHJUUDH^HXOfl H Ha 

i^teepHOfi cxopoH-b, h na dskhoS npoxHBi cpe^Heft <iacxH Ky6u. Bb 
losfloMB apxHoeJEari^ Hirbexcfl oahhi aobojibho sna^HxejEBHafi ocxpoBi 
IIhhoci, oqoHB yAo6HHfi, KaKB onopnuft nyHKrb a^h S'McxBia $jioxa, 
BpasA66fiaro KyG*!. Boo6n^e, ocjith KOJEbi^o RopaiiosHxi pn^oBii ofijter- 
'^aexT) o6opoHy Ky6H, xo ofiHJrie MejuKHxi ooxpoBOBB, ee nRpyagj^mtufry'^ 
HanpoxHBB xoro, ofijierqaexB HanaAenie. 3a ocxpoBaMH BOKpyrb nope, 
rjiyfioKoe h Hfls. MaBama yAofinoe. Oho oxAijraexB Ky6y otb oKpy- 
aaiDH^XB ee co Bcix^ cxopoffb senejib: oxb ooxpoBa PanxH na bo- 

CXOKB npOJ[HBOHl» BB AOBflHOCXO KHJIOMexpOBB, OPb OCXpOBa HliafiKH Ha 



102 P7CCK0E BOrATCTBO. 

lOPL — 145 KHJi., 0TB nojiyocTpoaa lOKaiaHa (MexHKaHCBoe BiaAtHie) 
Ha 3ana;i;i>~ 200 khjit. h ovh nojryocTpoBa ^jio^Bjm Ha c^Bep'B (GoeA- 
mTaTu)— 230 EHJiOMeTpoB'B. 3a TaHTH jibshtl HcnancKitt octpobtk 
nopTO-PHKo. FaHTH nojirHTHqecKH pasj^evB nesAJ ABJhh nesaBHCH- 
HUMH pecn76jrHEaMH, nerpnTHHCKofi CaHi-^oiniHro h ifjjiaTCROfi FanrH. 
AiiepHKaHABi pascqETUBaDTB nojibsoBaTbCH rafiaHHiin bthxi pecny6jiHK'L^ 
KaKi onopHHVL njHKTOirB. 

KaKi OKasoqnaa i^apoBHa, ospysHBi) 6e6fl kojod^hitb jAcowb so- 
pajuoBi, Ky6a o^enb upnatTJUiBa jujlsl Toro, kto CT>yicierB npoHHR- 
HyTb CKBOSb 8X0 saKOiAOBaHHoe Koshnf). Bepera KyfiBi nna ci^BopiH 
Ha K)r& H3o6HJi[yK)TB npeRpacHUMH 6yxTaMH h 6e8onacHiinfH CTOAHKaMH^ 
BexEKOjAnnufl nopTL TaBaHH, 6tojihii;ei ooTpoBa, pacnoioseHL Ha cisepo- 
dSJiajsib. npeKpacHH laKse nopTa MaHTaaacbCHaclB. HOAaJieKOorbra* 
BaHBi) H GaHTii-flro (na bogtok']^). HejiBsa He otitIthtb, KaKB npeKpacHUJi 
cTOflHKH, a cjriAOBaTejiBHO H BosMOSHue o6i»eRTHBBi HanaAeHifl, 6yxTu: h& 
ciBept— Hhitl h HyBHiacb, na lort— rBaHranaMa, ^en^yrocBHEpoa. 
HyfiHTaci> H ?ieH<j[)yrocx cojhaho yRpiiuteHU, a TaRi »e FaBana h CaHTB- 
Aro. HMiiH)TCfl MopcKifl ysptnjieHifl h vb ueuie ana^HrejiBHHX'B 6yx- 
Tax'B PeveAioca, GarHBiHTpHHHAaAa. OcTaABHUfl, noBBAHHOvy, otspbitbi,. 
eoJiH Bi caHoe nocji'l^Anee Bpena ne npHHaxu iiipii k'b hxi o6opoH']b. 

fl yxe ynoHflHyjTB, ^to sanaAnaa ?acTB ocTpoBa HHSHeHHa. 
S^tcB cocpeAOTo^HBaexcH raaBHoe CoraicTBO ocTpoBa, ero ana- 
MeHHTUfl Ta6aqHHfl nj[aHTaii;iH ci cbohmh neHHlion^HMH conepHHKOBi> 
CHrapaMH. dxa se sanaAHaa qacxB ocTpoBa oTjraqaeTca H3o6HJdeH'B 
Bctxi AapoBTt npEpoABi. 3A'i^CB se coopeAOToqeHa 6oj[Bniafl ^acTB na- 
cejienifl h BJiacTB HcnaniH b^ HacTOflmee speMa HEK'birB He oonapn- 
Baeica. BocTO^Haa ropncTaA qacTb ocTpoBa, 6o2tke CKy^Haa h najro- 
AOCTynnaa, e aBJureica o^aroiTB B03CTaHia. E{>afiHe jrJ^CHCTaa, CBipaa 
H HeBosAtjiaHHaa, dia m'j^cthoctb OTJiH«iaeTca oco6ok> BpeAOHOCHOCTBi> 
jpa eBponefii^eB'B h A^ficTBynnUa 3A'i^B HcnaHcsia BoficKa TepnaTB 
rpoHaAHua noiepH otb MaiapiH, nopasaDH^efl snawTeiBHUfi npoi^eHTB 
He DpHBbi^Hux'B Ki KJiHMaTy npHHiejUii^eB'B. Ty3eMixB[ se, xora h 
noTOMJKH eBponeficRHX'B nepeceAeHHjeBB, yse ycn'&iH xopomo npncno- 
co6nTBoa Ei oco6eHHOCTaH'B RjiniraTa h ne CTpaAaE)TB Majiapiefl. Ane* 
pERaHi^aiTB, Bnpo^eiTB, Tose eABa-jm 6yAerB nojBLesHO pHCROBaxB h'h 
Biy qacTB ocipoBa. B'ibpoaTHO, nodroMy, ohh orpaHH^aTca nofiepeiRBeM'B 
BocToqHoS Ky6ii, a oboh ycHJiia cocpeAoro^arB na sanaAHofi, rAt 
HHoroB'&ROBaH RyjiBTypa yse yco'bu osaopobhtb m^cthoctb h CAtiaiB 
ee AOCTynnoD a^^h sh3hh enponefiiieBi. 

KorAa KoJLju6'h 28 ORTaCpa 1492 roAa BnepBBie npHcxajTB ri 
depery Ky6£i, ero sa^cb bctp'^thio icBpHoe h npnB'lTiHBoe Baceieme, 
oTHecmeecfl o^obb 6AarocRj[OHHO rx HOB'lAOMUirB npHmejiBi^kirB. Stotb 
napoAi), npHHsguiesaBmit Kb aMepHKaHCRofi RpacHORosefl paci^, Ha- 
BHBai^ ce6a Apasaxu h saHHMajrB bocb ocxpoBi. ABTopBTOTHBie hgto?- 
HHRH onpeA'i^JUiUTi* ero ucjienHocTB bt* bto BpeMfl bi 200—400 tbi- 
csjvh Aym'B. HiROTopHe EC^HCJianTB Aft^Re ao MHiJiiioHa. KoiyM&B ho 



HOJUTTHKA. 103 

OKRynHpoBaJi'L ocTpoB%. Ohi yse ocHOBajii> «cnaHCKyio kojuohIh) Ha 
cociAHeM'L rasTE, a cHomeHifl oi Kyfion ajhoje^ orpaHH^HTL mhphod 
ToproBJieiD. C'b TOD se mzphok) ii;^lh) owl btoph^ho nodTHJi'L apa- 
BaKOB'b B'b 1502 ro;i(y, npoAOJisafl npnHHMaTb hxi 3eMJiio 3a ^acTb 
HaTepHRa TOfi HhaIh, OHomeHifl cl KoxopoK) j^ojishh o6oraTnTb odjiaro- 
A'i^TejiBCTBOBaHHiiix'L HiTB BcnaHqeBi. BcKopi, OAHaEO, BejiHKifi renya- 
seiTb 6ujn» OTosBaH'b h hobhc HcnaHCKie HaidcTHHRH nocMOTpijus Ha 
j^ijio HHa^e. B'B 1511 roAy Hcnanipi Buca^UHjra na Ey6y oxpa;^ BoficEa 
H 6£icTpo npHBejo Ri noRopHOCTH Hapo;n> apaBaROBi. BirtcTi c^ 
BofiCROiTb BucaAHjmcB H nepBBie ncnaecRie KOJiOHflCTu-niiaHTaTopia. 
ApapaRH 6nj[H o6panieHH B'B neBOJiBHBROB'B h cxaAH 6HCTpo buhh- 
paTb iiO]5,T> HenpnBEi^HLiM'L nroMi> asecTORaro pa6cTBa. MaJiMmee 
HenoBHHOBeme no^aBJiflJiocB secTORO h 6e3aon^a;^o. HaccjieHie cxajo 
TajiTB CB 6BICTP0T0K), Hopasaiofl^es) OBOHiTB ysacoH'B ;^a»6 nepes'B 
noJTTHcaqejniTie. y»e bt* 1524 ro^y, ^epe3'B TpHHa^aTB ji4tb nocji 
nopa6onieHifl apasaROBB, paCoBi* CTajro He xBaiaxB ncnaHCKHM'B njian- 
TaxopaMi ocxpoBa. B'B aroM'B ro^y npHBesena fima na Ey6y nepBaa 
napTia HerpoB-B h3'b A(j[)pHRH, Roxopwe 6HCTpo saMinmiH necnocofi- 
HHX-B R-B paficTBy TyseMi^eB-B. E^^e uepesi ojiiHHHaTOaTB jdAtb, B'B 1533 
ro^y y^acTB 9mTb nec^acTHBix'B dujira p'i^meHa OROH^aTOJirbHO. B&b 
apaBaRH-Hys^HHu (tto to ocxaBaJiocB orojio U tuc. jijjsrb) Gbuh 
nooaseHU Ha cy^a e OTHpaBJieHH B'B HcnaHiK), tjj,% oAHHORie, na 
cjiys6'& y cbohxi neMHJiocepAHuxi rocuojipb h BHiiepm nocreneHHo, 
He ocTaBHB% cjukjs^B.^ KpoyA ne^ajiBHfiix'B oxpaHHi^'B coBpeMeHHux'B xpo- 

HHRB. ^KeHH^HBT fiUJIH OOTaBieHH Ha OCTpOBi H 6Brj[H pa306paHH B'B 

ycjiryseHie HcnancRHMH HJiaHTaTopaMH, ROTopbie ho Haxo^HiH fi6o6xo- 
AHMBiirB co6jis)AaTB no OTHomeHiio R^ HeBOJiBHHAaM'B cenBifyD sano- 
B^AB. BjiaroAapa Biony, 9th nociiABifl npeACTaBHTeiBHnAbi apaBaR- 
GRaro HapoAa ocTaBHJiH hotouctbo HHAOHcnaHCRHX'B mothcob'b, cyn^e- 
CTByDH^HXi B^ He3Ha^HTe;iiBH0M'B qncii na ocipoB*]^ h jsficexk. TaRi 
6e3CJiaBH0 h xecTORO 6b[jih 3ary6ji[eHU bth Mnpnue a'^th 6jiaroAaTHot 
npEpoAu. ^TEM^ npecTynareHieflTB naqaiacB HCTopia Ky6K[. 

ApaBaROB'B 3aM'lHBjiH nerpH. JI,o caMaro Roai^a XYIII BiRa nua 
osHBJieHHaH ToproBJifl dTHVi ^epHUM'B tIjiomi>. Othochcb h r'b qep- 
Bunrb HeB0UHHii;a]rB TaRi »e jinfiepajBHo, RaR'BH r'b RpacHuarB, Hcnan- 
cRie njiaHTaiopBi cos^ajiH na ocrpoBt o6mHpHBifi ROHTHHrenrB Myjia- 
TOBi, ROTopBix'B Ha Ky6i jsfioie 6ojiBme, nesejiH qHCTORpoBHtiXB Her- 
poBx. GaMH HcnaHCRie rojiohectu rose pasMHOxajmcB, JierRo o6e3ne' 
HEBaa ce6'b aobojibctbo b-b dioH-B seMHOirB napaAES'lb. OAHaRO, HHRa- 
Rifl 6jiaroAaTH£[fl ycjioBia, HERaRoe aobojibctbo ho Morjm AOJiro BUTpa- 
betb ri BaBiiH asecToROcTB e BapBapcTBa, ROTopiie BocHExajiH 
B'B ce&b nepBHfl noROJitHifl rujiohectob'b. HerpH ch'^hejie apanaROBi, 
HiiaHTaTopBi nojiy^EJiE hobbiS ROBTHnreHrB pa6oB'B, ho pa6cTB0 ne 
h3M']^hbjio CBoero cypoBaro e secxoRaro xapaRxepa. OicioAa is^snA 

paA'B RpOBOnpOJIETHUX'B HerpHTaHCREX'B BOdCTamfi, OTB BpeifeHH AO 

BpeMOHE noTpacaBniEX'B e onycTomaBmHX'B ocipoB'B. Ho e rojiohscth 



104 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

He lijffkm ocHOBaHifl Cbitb o^eHb AOBOJiBHBiiir cBOHifb noJiosemeM'B. 
npnpoAa mrb Bce A^Bajia, ho juj^h y hexi* Bce.OTflHMajiH. Hcnop- 
HeHHafl H TpeSoBaTeAbHaa ajj^BCHHECTpai^ia; HeoGysAaHHoe, pastfofiHHqBe 
BoficEo; HenpeKpan^aion^iacfl iipecj[tji(OBaHui hhkbhshi^h; Tffisojrae, hh 
CT> HiMii HO coo6paseHHEie HajoEorH; h ko Bceny B;(o6aBOSfB sanpenj^e- 
Hie ToproBj[H cb lAwb jm6o, Epoid Heiponom (au 6a oGoran^eHia), 

BCe 8T0 B03CTaH0BJflJ[[0 KOJIOHHCTOBli OpOTHBl HOTponOJaH H BBISBIBaiO 

Bce BoapacTaioniee HeyAOBOiiLCTBie. Yme wb 1717 roAy oho csaaaiocb 

MflTeX0M7>. 603CTaHie nOBTOpEIOCb B'B 1812 ro^yi ABIflHOb OTSBySOlTB 

o6niaro BOscTaHlfl BcixT> aMepHKaHCSHXi KOjBLOHifi HcaaniH. GnoBa no- 

JiaBiieHHOe, ABHSCeme 60306HOBHJIOCb Cb HOBOD CHjIOH) Bl ipEAI^aTEIX'b 

roAax'L. Bt> 9to BpoMfl bi. caHofi HonamH BjacTB nepenuia 6wlo wh 
pyRH 6oJLte iipocB'6n];eHHfi[X'b h ryMaHHKix'b JUD^efi. KojuohIh noiiy^iHjUi 
cepbesHbifl o6in](aHifl h ptmajiHCb s^aTb. KpoBonojrarHoe BoacTaHie 
HerpoBi B'B 1844 roAy Toace coA^cxBOBaio npHMEpeHin kojiohhctob^ 
cb BJEacTbH) MeTponoJOH. OAHaRO, peaKii;ifl BOCTopsecxBOBajra vb Ms^- 
pHii'b H ofiin^aHifl 6fiUH aaOuTBi. Bce ocTajiocb no oxapoiiy. Ta se 
nojKHafl Koppyiiii;ifl aAiiHHHCTpai^iH, xa ace pasHysAaHHaa coJiAaxquHa, 
it «6 Hecoo6pa3Hbie HajorH, xa me CHCXOMa dEciuoaxai^iH KoiofliH 
3% nojibay Mexponojne. Boscxasie cxaio oiiaxb HeHsGtsHfiiH'b nocjii^- 
cxBleiTB HeBbiHocEMaro cocxoflHifl fijiarocJtOBeHHOfi cxpaHu. Ha 8toxi» 
pasi) BO rjiast ji^BEmeuis cxajii Jloneu'b, JLPiHOCXb aHeprE^Haa h 6jia- 
ropoAHaa, cbyifiBniafl BnepBue BosfiyAHXb BHsifaHie i^HBHiHSOBaHEaro 
Mipa KT) cyAb6airb ^yAecnaro ocxpoBa. 

Jlonen'b He 6burB yposeHi];e]rb Ky6Bi. Owb fiwrb BeHeii;ydjn>OKHifb 
HcnaHi^eirb, no He opasaioa cb Mexponojuefi 3a cBo6oAyoBoefiHcnaHO- 
auepHRaHCKofi poahhu. Ohi, nanpoxHB'b xoro, b^ caMoft HcnaHin cpa- 
acaicH noAi> sHaMeneirb dcnapxepo sa OBofio^y h JEy^myio 6yAyn^H0CTb 
Bcero HcnaHCKaro napoAa. OxcK>Aa-se, bo Bpeiia KpaxKOBpeiieHHaro 
xopsseoTBa Mapmajia dcnapxepo h ero APyseS-ryMaHHcxoB'b, Jlonei^i 
duR-b KOMaHAHpoBaHi Ha K.y6y cb i^i^io Hdy^HXb ycaoBifl ocxpoBa, 
cocxaBHXb nporpaMMy Heo6xoAHMEix'b pe^opvi h yMHpoxBopHXb rAy6oKO 
oasecTo^eHHoe nacejieffle. Uo anoxa ryMaHH3Ma bi MaApn^t Oncxpo 
oxaB-bia H Jlonei^i ycir&i'b xoibso b^ oAHOirb, bi noApo6HOMi osna- 
KOMJEemH G% HOJioseHieM'b Ha ocxpoBi. Owb se Morb ne npHSsaxb ero 

HeBUHOOHMKElTb H, HOOlt AOJBLrHrb H XH^eXHUX'b yCHAitt y6iAHXb B'b TOWb 

peaRiuoHHoe npaBHxejibOTBo MaApnAa h acaAHuxi npaBHxejiefi FaBaHfii, 
p^HJi'b noAHHXb 3HaMA BOScxaHifl. B'b 1848 roAy oh-b BBicxyaHJn» B'b 
nojie, HO noxepir&i'b HeyAaqy h jis>sxewb Chlai, 6tsaxb B'b CoeAEHen- 
Hue mxaxH, Tji,'k BCKop'b noAHfliTb arExaipBQ bi aan^Exy yrEexeHHaro 
HacejireHiE cociAHflro ocxposa. B'b loxHUX'b inxaiax-b, rjifi bi> o6iHX'b 
^JiopEAax'b, Ajia6aMt e JlyEsiaHt poHaHCKaE paca, Eonasii^u e ^pan- 
i^SBi, cocxaBJEflexb o^eHb sHaqaxejibHEift KOHTEHreEx:b, npoEarasAa 
Jonei^a HirbAa rponaAHufi ycntxi, so ctBepE&ie mxaxu oxHOCEJECb 
o^eHb xojiOAHO, no^E BpasAe6Ho s'b abes6hl]o loisaHib. ^tJEO B'b xoirb 
qxo xorAa, aa nojixopa AecaxEJitxiE ao uesAoyco6Hofi BofiHU, yse CKa- 



nOJIETHKA. 105 

3iiBaji[Cfl TJiryxott asTaroHHSH'B MesAJ c'i^BepoM'B h coroiTB h npacoeAE- 
Heme pa6oBj[SMi;^HecRo& Ky6£i homo toj&ko ycHJiHTb SHa^eme h BJda- 
Hie pa6oBJ[a^L^ecKaro lora. T±wb ne neffbe, Jlonei]^, npH nouoni^H 

CBOHX'L JQ)736fl HSl DSH£IX1> SITaTOB'L, CHapaAHJlli Bl 1850 T. dECne- 

jqn^iio^ HO cHOfia noxepn'&rB neyAaqy, nonan b'b nxlHi e 6^jO'l saa- 
HOBTB. Ohi>, oAHaKo, odpaxHJTL Bceo6m6e BHHMame na nojioaceHie Ky6M 
M CL sToro Bpeuenn h bi EBponi h AHepnK'b CTajiH BHHBcaTeJibHie 
iipHrj[flAB[BaTi>cfl KT> nopfl^Kaicb Ha ocTpoBt h Kb Touy rHOTy, soTopufl 
npoAOJQKaji'L TflTOTlTb Haffi» ero HaceJuemeMi. 

JI,BHseHie, noAHHToe .Honei^OMi^, ne nponuio 6e8Cj[iAH0. Or^jiBHiiUi 
BcnumKH iipoaBju[S)TCfl to Tan to 3A'i^c& b'l Te^enie naTHAecflTEix'B 
roji^oBx. 06ii(ee osecToqeHie Gijuaro naceJieHix pocjio hs'b roA& bi> roA^. 

POCJIO H y61a^eHie B'B Heo6xOAHMOCTE AoGbITB H63aBHCHM0CTB. JiBHoe 

cTpejueflie Staaro HacejieHifl Kh OTJoaceniK) nofiyAHio reHepajrb-ry6ep- 
Haxopa KoHxy nonHraxLca onepoTLca na i^BixHoe Haceieme. Eujih 
H3AaHBi saKOHH B'B orpa^esie HeB0Ju>HHK0Bi> otb asecTOKocTH rocnoAi). 
Bujio npeAooTaBJieHo Ea»AOHy HOBOABHHKy npano BusynaTbCfl na 
cBo6oji^ 3a 2500 $paHK0Bi> h BUKynaTb MajroJii^TflHX'L ^Tefl sa 150 
$paHR0Bi>. KoHxa oqeHb noKpoBirrejibCTBOBaji'b TanoMy ocBo6o«AeHiK) 
nerpoBi, A^aa noMomb BHKyny. Hs-l exHX'b, tojw>ko ^o ocBo6o»ReH- 

HKXl pa60B7> OH'B ^OpUHpOSajI'b OTpjIAIiI) npH nOUOniH SOTOpfilXl 663- 

noma^HO pacnpaBJiajicfl cb dijoio onaosHnieK) Kpaa. 3Ta nojiSTHKa 
BoopyHema i^txHoro naceJieHia npoTHBi 6'i^aro cHosa BcipeBOSHJia 
cocl^Hie HeBOAbHHqibH niTaTbi CtBepaofi AnepHKH. Uoji.'b hxi Aaejie- 
meiTB aMepHKaacRaa ^HnjuoMaTia jifionQ Haqajia neperoBopu cb Hcna- 
met npoAasi Ky6£i. Ha^pioe h pacTo^HTejuBHoe npaBirreJEbCTBO ko- 
pojieBH Il3a6ejiJ(bi, ChOb Moserb, a npo^^axo 6u dTy «aKeH^SHHy> 
acnaacEofi Eopoau, ao rjiyxoe npoTaao^^cTBie clBepaHX'B mTaTOB'B 
TopMOSHJio neperoBopBi, a acsopt sarbMii yse aa losaaaui, aadae- 
paaaMi ae cTajo aa apeifeaa, aa oxotbi saaaMaTBca dTaiii a'^oitb. 
Ha^aaaiacb rposaaa 6opb6a sa acxopaqeoEoe pyKOBO^aTeJibCTBO cyAb- 
6aMa HoBaro CB'i^Ta. Ky6a 6£iJia oaaTb npeAocxaajieaa cBoaici caiaM'B 
a CBoaiTb yraeTaTejtaiTB. ^iuio OEoaqaJiocB aoBiufB BOdCTaaieiTB sjio- 
nojiyqaaro ocTpoaa. 

Bo3CTaaie Bcnuxayjto bi 1868 ro^y a cb objeox), jifiTosH emjd an 
pasy ae npoaajreaaos); oao aM'i^o Tasofi ycaix'B, ^o si aaqajiy 
1869 ro^a 6o£bmaa nacTB ocxpoaa gbiJia bi pyKaxi aacypreaTOBx. 
ncnaBn.br BJiaAiJia tojibso aicKOiibEHifa ysp'kuieaaBiHa nyasTaiia ^s^ 
6ep6raMa, aaxoAaBmaMaca B'B ape^^kiax'B A'^AcTBia ^oTa. 10 anp'kia 
1869 roAa co6paj[ca napiaMearb ocTpoBa a 6BLia apoBOsriiameaa pec- 
ny6j[aEa a aesaBHCBMocxB. ^ecnoAecB 61m B86paaB npe3aAeaT0M'B 
pecnyOjiaKa, a pjiaBHOEOMaaAyioii^LM'B TajiaaTjmBufi Boeaoaa^ajiibaaE'B 
KaesaAa. Bi dTO Bpeva, o^aaEO, a ai Mcnaaia naio npaBaxeJiibCTBo 
EopojieBu n8a6e£ir£i, a aoaoe npaaaTejirbCTBo npeAflosajio Ky6t Mapi* 
a pe^opMH. Ky6aai](b[ OTseprjia npeAJsoseaie a npoAOAsaJia 6opB6y. 
Tp66ya coBepmeaaofi aesaBacaHocTa. IIocToaaaHa HesAoyco6ia bi> 



106 PyCGKOB BOrATCTBO. 

Heiponojiin M'i^inajiH dHeprHqecEoiry no^aBjieHiio. KpaTEOBpeMOHHafl 
pecny6jiHKa b^ McnaHiH npe^JioisBJia Ey6HHii;aM'L asTOHOMiK), ho h oto 
6kijb:o oTBeprHyro. BonapHJCfl Mes^y Thwb Aj[l4)0hcx XII, chSR'b Hsa- 
6eM.u, H na^ajiacb bx HcnaHia nocJi^AHflfl KapincTCRafl Boflaa, oTBjie- 
EaBmafl h chjiu h BHHiraHie otb BecrB-HHAiH, r^'b Bofina npoAOJBsa- 
jiacL jijOBOJiLHO Bfljio. TojiBKo uocjA OROHqaTejLBHaro noAaBJieHiA Kap- 
mcTCRaro BoscTaeifl^ Ma;Q)HACKoe upaBHTejibCTBo Morjo OTnpaBHTb sna- 
iHTej[bH£ifl cHjra sa OKeaHi. TajiaHTJHBsifi noJiKOBOAewb h ryHaHHHfi 
aAMHHHCTpaTop'b, MapTHHeA'b KannocB 6£ijrB nocTaBieHi bo riiaBt 
nonaHCEHxi» boohhuxx cHJi'b na ocipost. HcKycHBiMH bobhhbimh a^- 
cTBiflMH eiiy cKopo y^ajiocb aobocth ao noEopaociE HaceJieHie, hgtoh- 
jieHHoe BocbHEJi'bTHeK) pa3opHTej[BHOR) boHhok). Jlviia nojiHyn bos- 
MOSHocTb jifiCwri^csL 6e3ycJi0BH0fi noEopHocTH, MapTHHOiTb Kavnoc^ npe^- 
noqeji'b saEJiioqHTb cb ocTaTEaiiH HHcyppeEi]tioHHUxi» OTpa^oB^ uepby 
no EOTopoMy CbiJiH ycJiOBjieHu Heo6xoAHMHfl pe^opMbi, Kicrnoe cano- 
ynpaBJieme, owtHa HeBOibHH^ecTBa, csofioAa ToproBm ci HHOCTpan- 
HHMH rocyAapcTBavH, npeo6pa30BaHie naJioroB'b, cBoGu^a ne^aiH h np. 
MapTHHOii^ Kaimoo'b aooTynnji'b fijiaropoAHO h fijiaropasyMHO, ho bo3- 
dyAHJii) HeyAOBOiiBCTBie b-b MaApn^i^. Ero narpaAEJU, ho 0T03Bajm. 
MajD^pHACEoe npaBBTeJibCTBO yiBepAHJio toibeo h^eotopbih hs'b Bume^ 
HcqHCJieHHHX'B ciaTefi, iio6yAHB'b iiaApHACEie sopiecbi OTEasaxb wb 
yTBopsAeHiH jijpjvisj.'b. 06e8CHJieHHbifl h pasopeHHufi ocipoBi. hoko- 

pHJICH. TaEl OEOH^HJlOCb 8T0 CaH06 ynOpHOO H npOAOJISCHTOJIbHOe B03 

cTaHie KyCu, noAHHToe B'b 1868 rojiy h noAasjieHHoe iHinb b'b 1876 r. 
^BaAAaxB jAtb ocTpoBi fiun cnoEoen'b. HcnaHi^iifiednpenaTCTBeHHo 

X03flfiHHqaJD[H. OhH OCBO6OAHJIH HOBOJIbHnSOBli B'B 1880 rO^T H OTSpUJIK 

AJiJi HHOCTpaHHofl ToproBJin nopTa FaBaEH, MaiaHsaca h Canrb-Hro. 
nepBoe noBJiesjio et> sfla^nreJiBHOMy BBOsy ]ifl& pa6oTu na niaxaH- 
niiflx'b KBTaJBcEHXi> EyjiH, a BTOpoe oos^aio, HaEOHen^, na ooipoB^ Tb 
HHocTpaHHEie HHTepecu, EOTopbie H flBHJiHCb B'B HacToaiE^ee BpeHfl 
jmmHHM'b noBOAOiTb a^h BirJ^maxeJirbCTBa. Mea^y rbwh ocTaibEbia o6i- 
istaflifl HcnojiHeHH ne 6fiUH. A^iiHHHCTpaaiH ocTaiacb Tase, "^ysAafl 
RpaK), saAHafl, HeBisecTBeHHaa, ne SHann^aa y3ABi cBooMy upoHS- 
BOJiy. M'IcTHUX'b yqpesA6Hifi caMoynpaBJieHia cosAaao h6 dfiuio, hh 
Aoporb, HE mEOJi'b, HH jiH^Hofi H HvyniecTBeEHofl 6e3onacH0CTH. He 
MyApeHO, ec;iH bi 1895 roAy cHOBa BCHsixHyjio BOSOTame^ EOTOpoe, 
upH HOBOM-B cocToaaiH HCTopnqecEaro Mipa, npHBeio yse ei MeasAy- 

HapOAHOMy CTOJIEHOBORiK). SaEOH'lHTB OFO TaKTi, SaSX 6um 3aE0H?eHbI 

B03CTaHia 1717, 1812, 1848 — 50, 1868 — 76 roAOBi, ORasHBaercayace 

HeBOSMOSKHBrifB. 

CoBpeMeHHoe aROHOUH^ecRoe cocxoame KyGu onpeA'i^eTca cxb- 
AyK)npMH ii;H$paMH: 

HaceAenie: 6^111x1, TyaeiiueB'B 977,500 Ajm'b 

> > HHOCTpaHi^eB'b .... 10,500 > 
UBi^TEKxi BerpoBi 11 MyiaTOB'E 490,000 • 

> > RHiaftiieB'b 43,b00 » 

HToro: 1.521,800 



nOJTHTHKA. 107 

Jloxovi — 116,395,500 (JpaHKOB'B. 
PacxoAH — 114,402,15 > * 
l/<63,350 » * 

JI^OITL — 930 MUIJliOHOB'b 4)paHB0B'b. 

HsTi ropoAOB'L OAHa TaBaHa HHiberB osoao 200 tuca^'b auaxejiefi; 
MaxaHsacB — 90 tbjc. CaHTL-flro — 70 thc. Bi MaiaHsaci npoaHBaerB 
H BeAen A^a 8HaiHTeju>Hoe ^hcjio rpaa^A&H'L CoeAHHeHHuxi) niia- 
TOB-B. Brb CaffTL-JIro ocfiOBaiHCb npeHMjmecTBeHHO ^paai^yau. TaKOBH 
cymecTBeHHHfl Hepiu HcxopiH h coBpeMCHHaro cocToaHia oiofi Kyfia, 
Hsit 8a KOTopofi ABa i^HBHiHSOBaHHux'L HapoAa Ha^HHanrB EpoBaBys) 
6opB6y. 

II. 

CoBpeMeHHoe BosciaHie Kydu oxuH^aeTCfl otb npeA^AyiQHX'B liirb, 
MTo B'B EQWb npHHfljio yqaciie ne tojubko &kjLoe HaceJieHie, ho h ?acTB 

UjB'i^THOrO, BMeHHO HiROTOpaa naCTB MyJBaTOBl, ROTOpue CO BpeMOHH 

ETb ocBo6osAeHifl cocxaBEJin uaccB MejiKflX'B ^epuepoBi). HerpBi ocxa- 
jiHCB ^epHopa6o?HMB, npoAno'^HxaDiiJ^HMn, BiipoqeH'B, npasAHOCxB xpyxy. 
3xH ETb npeAHO^xeHifl h BHHyAHJm bboshxb KHxafinteB'B. Myjiaxu ro- 
pasAO xpyAOJuodHBie h npeAnpiflM^HBie. 9acxB hsi rutl h npHHJUia 
A'itoxeJiBHoe ynacxie B'B Maxesi. Jifijrojo oxiH^qiaxeJiBHoio ocoCohhocxbh) 
HOBaro Boscxa&ia aBJiaexca oxHocHxeJiBHoe paBHOAymie doraxuxi Kpeo- 
jQ[OBi sanaAHOfi naoxn ocxpoBa^ soxopne npesA^ ^buih Aynioio peBOJin- 
lUt. BiiXB Mosexi, HMeHHo 8XH A^a o6cxoaxej[BcxBa, aey^acxie 6ojrle 
RyjubxypHKX'B cJioeB'B sanaAa h y^acxie nyjiaxoBi, cosAaio h apfJ^ 
oco6eHHocxB, ?pe8BUHafiHyio socxokocxb 6opb6e[. 

B'B Hawaii 6opb6b[ 6ujlt> cnoBa ROMaHAHpoBaai Mapxaaeiii Ran- 
nocB, HO cRopo oxosBanx*. He sa eeyAa^H, oAHaRO, a sa ckjiobhocxb 

KOHHHXB A'^0 MBpOMl H EOMnpOMBCCOM'B CB BOSCXaBQIBlTB HaceJieHiOM'B 

BocxoqHot TOCXH Rpaa. Ha ero iiicxo fisiagb HasHaneHi renepaji'B Befi- 
jEopi uapRHSi) A6Jib TeaepH^o. Ho ero xpe6oBaHiK), B'B ero pyRaxi 
6UJI0 cocpeAOxoHeao saaqaxejiBHoe boScro, AOXoAHBniee ao 185,000^ 
K0M6axaHX0FB. TaRofi rposaofi chjih 6ujio coBepmoHHo Aocxaxoqao, 
qxo6u cRopo sacxaBHXB o^hcxhxb nojre. Ky6a Cujia saxiu'B ue^eyb- 
Sana nonepeK'B cb dBepa aa lorB AsyMa chjbhuhh BoeaauMH Rop- 
Aoaaiin aa xpa ^acxB; sanaAayio, cnoRofiayBO a yMHpoxBopeaayH)^ cpeA- 
BioK), aoAospaxejEBHyio; a Bocxo^ayio, CRpusaioniyK) aacypreaxoB'B B'B 
CBOBX'B ropaux'B xaepAuaax'B. HcAaoe npeRpan^eaie coodn^eaia MeacAy 
xpeMa nacxaMH noBJieRJoio rpoHaAHBie yCuxRa, a aiRoxopyn qacxB aa- 
cejieaia nocxasBJio B'B caMoe saxpyAaBxejSBBoe nojioseaie, rpaaaqaniee 
CB rojiOAOiTB. Apyraa uipa, npaaaxaa reaepaJiOM'B BefijiepoiTB, 6Buia 
emfi naryOa'le. Ob'b 6j[ORBpoBaj[i> njioxaHMB BoeaaKHa BopAoaaMH 
oapeA'i^eaaHe pafioBBi, RyAa aepeBOAflA'B b3i MicTB, oxBa^eaaHxi 
Boscxaaieiii bjib sanoAospibaaBix'B B'B co^yscxBia a coaMcxbIb aacyp- 
reaxaM'B, Bce aacejreaie. Bxo aasuBaJBOCB cocpeAOxoqeaieii'B, a ae- 



108 pyCCKOB BOrjLTCTBO. 

o^acTHue, noABeprsyTBie dTOHj aaTo^emio, nojry^iHiH HasBasde cocpe- 
domoHeHHuxz^ reconcentrados. TaKHZ'b saTOHeHHHXi 6hjio CBfiime 300 
T&ica^'L, T. e. Cosbme oahoS nsTOfi aaoejiesui. JlHineHLfl, 6oit3HH, npa- 
Maa roJiOAOBKa 8thxi» reconcentrados pasBHJiH bi nxi cpeAt ysacan- 

JJSJKi CMepTHOCTb. IIo HtKOTOpUH'L OB^JX^ElEWb, BTb JSXmUJ XOSflflHH^a- 

Hia itapKHsa TeHepn4>cRaro BHicepjiro cBiinie 100 TUcaqT> reconcen- 
trados. Bet arn secTOROCTH tmiLii^ OAHaKo, GesoHJbHU yciaipHTii rop- 
ii.eBi> BocTORa, KOTopue noA'B ynpaBJiemeMi npesHAenTa Mai^eo h 
nojx:b iipeABo;^HTej[bCTBOM'& BoeHOHaqaj[BHHKOBi» roiceii;a h FapclH npo- 
^oswijOTh H jsfioejA HepaBHyx) 6opb6y, Buiten^aa ra6ejib cbohxi> npn- 
Bepsem^OB'B secTOKocTflMH Ha^ mhphbutl nacejieHieirB, ne BoscTax)- 
mflwb npoTHBi> HcnaHii;eB'B. BiaroAapa btbitl yABoeEHbiirb acecxoKocTflH^ 
BelbiepaHroMeii;anojio»eHie HaceJueHlH cxaHOBEjiocb npaMo OT^aaHHEiiTL, 
a MaiepiaiBHBie yfiuTKH ne tojllko xyseMOieB'b, Ao h HHOCTpaHii^eB'b 
0Ka3UBajo[CB 6e3H£u^esHo flenoiipaBHKUMH. HeyAOBOJibCTBie soctoeok) 
noJitHTHEOK) KOHcepBaTHBHaro uHHiicTepcTBa KaHOBOca nfiih KacTHXbo 
H ero HaMtcTHHsa BetJiepa a^jib TeHepn^o pocjio He tojlko na Kyfil, 
HO H wb AuGi^RKb H B'B canofi HcnaHiH. 

BTopaa noioBHHa 1896 ro^a HanojineHa fiiuia myManuH napoA- 
HBiKH AeMOHCTpaa,iaMH no scoMy IlHpefleficEOHy noJuyocxpoBy. Aomoh- 
cTpaHTH noBceM^CTHo Tpe6oBaj[H yMHpoTBopeHifl ocTpoBa ycxynsaicH 
H pe<])opMatfH, npeKpan^eHifl boohhuxt* A'^BcxBifi na Ky6i h oTOBBa- 
Hifl secTORaro MapsHsa. OmpaBRa hobbixx nojuiRpinJieHifi BiisuBaia 
KaxjifiA pa3i» uibjane bbphbkt HapoAHaro neroAOBaHia. Bi AaAaiysia 
H UaBapp*]^ npaBRTejibCTBo cepbesao onacaiocb js^ane BoscTaaia as'b 
3a Biaxx oinpaBORi. 8to fiiaropoAHoe, hcthbbo aaxpioTH^ecKoe abh- 
scoBie B'B cpeA*]^ acaaacRaro aapoAa ae nponiio 6e30JitABo a, KorAa 
BT> aaqajor]^ 1897 roAa cRoaqaica MaaacTp'b-npesaAeaTb Kaaonaci, 
noAbdOBaBinifica JLn^Ehiwb Biiaaiejrb npa ABopt EopojueBLi-pereamia 
H 3BaqHTe;[baoH) nonyjiapaocTbiD bi> cxpaat, yqacTb RoacepBaTasaaro 
aaaacTepcTBa Moacao ouio c^niaTb p'i^meaaofi. HoBue Boawi roh- 
cepBaiasaofi napxia CaiibBejia a Poaepo a'OCjioao yse ae uovsn co- 
Bis^aTb CO Bce pocTyn^OK) aenonyjiapHOCTbBD MHaacTepcRofi noiBTaRa. 
IlepBue npasaaRa aaepaRaacRaro BsrlmaxeJibCTBa, cpasy 3aA'&Bniie 
ropAoe aaii;ioaaibaoe qyaciBO acnaau.eB'b, ycntjia, npaBAa, npeRpaiarb 
aapoABBia AdMoacTpai^iH, ao Batcri cb riwb noaorjia 6ojAq ryaaa- 
Euwb coB'i^TBHKaa'b RopoJieBEi oRJioaaTb ee yBoiaxb aeaonyjapaoe B'B 
cxpaat ROBcepBaxasaoe aaaacxepcxBO, caocofiaoe, OAaaao, bobaohb 
cxpaay B'B onacabia MeasAyaapoAaua ocjiosaeaia. Kopo^ieBa-pereaxma 
yBOJuua, aaRoaei^'b, RoacepBaxopoBi oxi> BJiacxa a aopy^aia cocxaa- 
j[eaie aoaaro aaaacxepcxBa riaBt Jiadepajibaofi A^Hacxa^ecRofi onao- 
3ai^ia, CaracrL Ci axoro Moaeaxa aauaaexca apa caatixi mapo- 
aaxi* ycxynoR'b a pe^opai* aa Ey6i, tto, oAaaRO, ae xoju»ro ae 
ycxpaaaerb aaocxpaaaaro BaimaxeJibcxBa, ao RaRi 6k[ B036ysAa6Xi 
ero. 

Jl^apoaaaie Ky6i (Rcxaxa, a IIopxo-PaRo) aaxoaoaia ex oxA'feab- 



nOIHTHKA. 109 

HiiH'B napjiaMeHToirb h ocoCuwh MHHHCTepcTBO]ii>; npeAOCTasjieHie 
Biii6HpaTb upeACTaBHTeiefi bi Ma^pEjoicEie EopTecu; oToaBaHie MapKHsa 
Befij[epa j^eJih TenepE^o; BosBpameme peKOHi^eHTpaAocoB'L na irbcTa 
ETb nocTOflHHaro acHxeJiBCTBa; accHPHOBaHie sna'iHTejiBHfiiX'B cyion> 
Hb noMomb peEOHAeHTpaAOGairB h ApyrHMi) nocTpaAaBniHMi> otb Kpy- 
THxi M'bp'b OTosBaHHaro HapsHsa; aMHHCTia h HenocpeACTBeHBue nepe- 
roBopu ci HHcypreHiaMH oG'b ycjEOBiaxi yMnpoTBopoHifl, — TaROBi* 

;i;jraHH£lfl CHHCOK'L Vbpi>, npHHflTEIX'B J[H6epaj[IiHKlMl> HHHHCTepCTBOlTB 

cb i^bK) yHHpoTBopeHifl Ky6H. 3ana;iHafl, 6oibinaa nacTb ocxpoBa 
oxoTHo npHSHaia hobhS nopHAOR'b, ii36pajfa napjiatfeHTb h o6pa8o- 
Bajra HOBoe aBTOHOMHoe npaBHTeACTBO, ei EoiopoHy h nepemjio 
ynpaBJioHie rpasi^aBCEOD ^acTbD, ocTaBEBi Jimnb BoeHHoe yppasjie- 
Hie Bi pyEaxi HaH'kTHHEa, reHepajia Bjuiheo, EOToptifi saMiHEn^ 
Befijiepa. OsjioCjieHHoe aojifox) 6opb6oD n nepeHeceHHbiHn secroEo- 

CTflMH, OfiHaAeseHHOe aMepBEaHCEHMl BVimB,TeShCTBOVl> H nOCTOflHHO 

no^epaRHBaevoe aHepHEaHCEHHn $iH6ycTbepaMH, CHa6saBinHMn ero 
opysieiTb h npHnacaifn, naceieBie BOCToqnofi qacTH Ky6fi[ OTBeprjio 
aBTOHOMiiOy HacxaHBafl Ha nojuHofi HesaBHCHMOCTH ocTpona. IIonuTsa 
noBaro aBTOHOMHaro npaBETeiibCTBa FaBaHn csjioHHTb Mai^eo h Fo- 
Mei^a Kb MHpy Ha nanaiax'b aBTOHoidH He y^aiacb h Measj^oycoGHaa 
Boflna Ha ocrpoB*! ;^ase ne npiocTaHOBEjacb, xoth conpflseHHUH (yb 
Hen dij^cTBifl 6wia sHa^ieibHO CMHr^eHU OTMtHoio EpyrBisb wlpi 
npesHflro HaMicTHHsa. Bi TasoMi bha:^ 6ujlo a'&io yHnpoTBopeHifl, 
RorjKa EaTacTpo<{)a ci> aMepHEaHCSHirb fiponeHOci^eirb Maine'oirb, npo- 
ECI^ej^^afl na peSA*^ FaBaHu, oGocxpHJia noAOsenie h A^^a hobbiS 
Tonesi BTi ToiTb ne^aibHOiTb HanpaBgieHiH, soTopoe vb hoboS, 6ojr&e 
yacacHofl h spoBonpojiHTHoS boSh6 Hnxerb cpeACTBO yiiHpoTBopeHiH. 

nornfimifi bi ynoMflHyrofi EaTacTpo<{)i Mata 6ujlo o^eHb CHibHoe 
cyAHO HOBaro inna h npEHaAie»ajio Kb Tony paspsAy coBpeMeHHux'b 
BoeHHUx'b cyAOBi, EOTopiifi HOCHTb HasBame 6poHeHOci^eB'b dCRaApen- 
naro 6ob h cooTBiicTByerb no panry npesHEM'b jiHHefiHHtf'b Eopa6- 
jflMi). BoeBoe sna^enie Mana onpoA'i^fleTCfl cjr&AyioniHMH a&ehuhb: 
6,315 TOHi BOAOHSM'ki^eHifl, 8,000 napoBbix'b CHjrb, 16 ysJioB'b xoAa, 
OEOJEO 300 HeioB^E'b dEHna«a no MHpHOMy BpoHeHH h BOopyseHie 
HBi) 2 ABi^naAiiaTHAnfiMOBHX'b h 6 mecTAAiofiHOBbix'b a&2^ho6o&hux'b 
opyAifi, HecqBTaaMeiEHX'bopyAifiHMHHi). 9to i^'kirafl Mory^aa njiOByqaa 
Kpi^nocTb (norH6mifi pyccKifi roHtytm tarkn 6,600 toh'b BOAOHSMtmeHiH). 
BamHHTTOHCEoe npaBHTeJbCTBo HasHa^HJuo ero craHiaoHepoirb bi FaBany, 
XOTH o6HEHOBeHHO DpHHHTO CTaHi^iOHepaMH HasHa^aTb MOuiH cyAa; 6b[jra 
cjiyxn, npoHHsmie vb ne^aTb, mo MaAPHAcsoe npaBHxeJibCTBO A^axo 
Bi BamHHrroHi Apyxecsifl npeACTaBJieHiH npoTHBi hocujieh xaEoro 
opHrBHajibHaro CTaniiioHepa, cnoco6Haro noM'IpflTbCfl cb naHJiyinnHirb 
cyxonyTHHMT* (jJopiOMi. B'b BanrHHrroHt oiBiTHJiH, 6yATo 6h, ^tto 
319HZ He 6ojiie, saEi Epeficepi», h bhojih']^ oTB^^aerb npHHHTOMy 
paHpy CTaHuioHepoB'b. B'b loqHocTH neHSB^cTHO, npoHcxoAHn ih 
dTO'Tb o6vihwb jrio6e3BocTefi nesAJ Ra^nneTaHH BanmHrroHCSHirb k 



no PyCCKOK BOrATCTBO. 

MaipHj^CKHiTB, HO fl6C0MHiHH0, HTO o6iiiecTBeHH06 ifHiHie wb HcnaHis 
6iiiiio' o^eHb B086ys;ieHo dmvch HapymeHieiTB co CTopoHU aMepHRaH- 
AeBi npHHaxaro MesA7HapoAHaro o6£i^afl. He 663'b ocHOBaHia BHxtiH 
ncnaHn,u[ bx KOMaHAHpoBaHiH Msna bi boau Ky6&i nooiapeHie HHcyp- 
pesiiiH H caHO ynopcTBO roMeii;a ckjohhu 6ujaiL npHUHCHBarb npEi- 
<5yTCTBi» Bt nopri TaBaHbi BToro BHymHrejnbHaro noompema. Ct 
Apyrofi CTopoHU, bi AMepHKi bto HacTpoeaie HcnaaoKaro o6iiieoTBa 
He 6UJI0 cespeTOHx h MHoro^HCJEenHue ctopohhhkh HHcypreHTOB'K 
Kj6u bh;^^ bt> KOHaHAHpoBamH Msna KocBeHHoe npHSHame CBoero 
npaBHTaibCTBa bi* co^yBCXBiH hx-l H^^eairB. Ilpn TaKOiTL BsaHMHOirii 
HacTpoeniH npoHSonuia 8Ta necqacTHaa EaracTpo^^a. Ha rja3axi> y 
Boero wpo^a h Bcix% cyjuoBi nopra npoHaomejTB BspuBi h M9m 
Bi HicKOAbKO HHHyTL Hcqes'B Bi BOJiHarB sajosBa. CBume AByxoon. 
naTEAecaTH qej[OBiKi> dKHnasa norpysHiacb, BMicrt cb Kopa6jieirB, 
fla AHo raBancRaro nopra. RaRaa npnqaHa Morjia 6hr£b btoS norpa- 
oaDH^efi RaxacTpo^Bi? Epaqnaa Mona 6EiTb BHyxpeHHaa, BapHBi 
KOTJia HiH RpiDfiTB-RaMepu Ha cyAHt, HO Morjia 6uTb H BHtniHaa, 
noABoj^eaie TopneAU noAi cy^HO. ^Bt HasHaqeHHuxii o6oHMa saHare- 
pecoBaaHUHH npaBarejibCTBaMa EouicncciH npamo ri npaMO nporaBy- 
nojEosBHiTB 3aRj[K)qeHiflMi». HcHaHCRaa ROHMaccia npasnajia, Ha ocho- 
Bania ocMoxpa octobb noTOHyBmaro 6poHeHocii;a^ qTO BspuBi npoHso- 
mejLiy BHyrpn cy^aa. AHepaRaacKaa ROMMaocia, Hao6opoTL, aanua, Ha 
ooHOBaaia Taaoro se ocMOTpa, qro Ropa6jiB norH6i otl BnimaeS 
npaqaabr, otl mhhu, BdopBaaaofl hoa'b Enwh. BamaarroHCRoe a Max- 
pa^CRoe npaBHiejibCTBa o6M'laaj[HCb coo6n;eHieii[^ BsaaMHO BUBOffOB'b 
AByxi cjiiACTBeHHEix'L Roaaaccifi. AaepaRaacRoe o6[aecTBeBHoe Mai- 
Hie 6wL0, ROHeqno, jsfi RpafiaocTa B036ysAeH0 saRJiioqeHiaMa aMepa- 
RaacRofi ROMHHCCia, ho npHAaaaa B'bpbi acnaHCRoay AORJiaAy. MaA- 
paACRoe npaBaTOJUbCTBO, sejiaa aafiTa noqsy jifiB 6e3o6aAHaro paapi- 
meaia btofo neqajibaaro a oaacHaro pasHop'lqia, oGpaiajiocb wb Ba- 
niaaiToai) cb npeAioxeaieM'B o6pa30BaTb MesATHapoAHyio cjrbACTBeHHyn 
EOHMEcciK) asx ynojiHOMoqeHHBiXT» Hcnania, AHepaRa a bojihrbx'b 
Aepsae'B Eaponu a BOSJiosaib aa dTy nocpeAaaqecRyio ROMaacciio 
ORoaqaiejibHoe BHacaeaie cnopnaro Bonpoca, anepeAt noAqanaacb ea 
iiparoBopy. Bt> BamaHrroat ae coqjia yAo6aHin> npaaaxb dto npeA- 
Jioseaie a npeAnoqjra Bnoiai AoatpaTbca BUBOAaai cBoefi ROHiiaccia. 
npeaaAearb MaKi-Kanjiefi, at cBoeat nocjiaHia rt* Ronrpeccy no 
Bonpocy rafiejia Msua, cqejrb BOSMoacaHirB npaao yraepaKAaTb, qxo 
npaqaaoH) Shjtb B3pEiBi a3BBi, ao npa dToai* ae o6BBHajn> acnaa- 
cRoe npaBHiejibCTBO bt> stom'b npecxy meaia , aaxoAa tojlbro, qro oao 
AORasaio cboh) HecocToaTejbaocTb bi> orpasAeaia desonacaocTH aao- 
CTpaaaHiTj cyAoa^ bt> ero BOAaxx. He apeAcxaBJiaeTca anoaat ne- 
AonycxaMMMT,, qxo aaKie-aaSyAb acnaacRie naxpioxH, 6e3i BcaRaro 
B^AOMa BJiacxefi, npoaaaeia axoxx bsphb-b, ho B^ xaROMi cjiyqai, 
aaqiiTb 6hiio oxRionaib noepeAaaqecRoe cJitAcxBie? BoaSyKAenie, ro- 
Heqao, njoxofl ooatxaaRi a sxo oxajioaeaie Bnojai Aocxofiaaro bcxoaa* 



noJiaTHKA. Ill 

npeAnoseHHaro HcnaHieS, ABjflexcfl o^hhh'b 23i> HaH6oj[[ie oTBix- 
CTBeHQUX'L maroB'L aMepnEaHOKaro npaBHTeJibcxBa wh aiofi ne^ajibHofi 
Ji'i^ToiiHcn 6EICTP0 HaABHraBinarocfl KpoBonpojiHTifl. 

OiBeprHyBT. nocpeAHH^ecTBO no A^Jiy M9Ha h npHSHaBt ero tht 
^enb A^oMi £cnaHCRHXi pysi, npaBHreibCTBO GoeAHHOHHHX'b nixa- 
TOBt 6HCTpo noffljio no nyiH Kb paspHBy. Oho nopyrajio CBoeMy Maji- 
pHftCROMy nocjiaHHHEy ByA<])opAy npeA^io^HTB HcnaHitaHi> saKJifioqETb 
CB HHcypreHTavH nepeuflpie. TaEoe odpan^esie, flBiflacb BirlmaTeJib- 
cTBoifB Bo BHyTpeHHiH A'^a HosaBHCHMaro rocyAapcTBa, npoTHBopi^- 
^UTJio HeacAynapoAHOHy npasy. HcnauiA 6uj[a 6ii bt> cbooitb npaB']^, 
ecAHfiu npflMO OTKasaia CoeAHHeHHbiirb IIlTaTaiix. Ilpn HseicTHOtt 
ropAOCTH HcnaHn.eB'L h npn laRoirB cooTHomemH BoesHiix'b CHjn>, npH 
KOTopoM'b HcnaHUH BOBce He MoryTL c^HTaTb OTKpHTyi) 6opb6y 6e3- 
HaAesHOH), mosho 6b[j[0 onacaTbCH, qio HueHHo xaKOBi h 6yAeTi> 
oTBirb m-b Ms^pHAa. K^b ^ecTH Ka6HHeTa CaracTH, owb cbyMixr* 
no6iAHTB aiy noHaiHyH) ^^e^eTHJu>Hoc'^> h npeAciaBHJi'b HOBoe aom- 
aaiejEbCTBO MHpoj[H)6ifl. AMepHKaniiiaM'b 6uilo oTB'i^^eno, ^to HciiaHiH 
oxoTHO Aapyerb HHoypreHxaM'b nepoMnpie, ecjiH ohh HatHBHTt ae- 
jianie ero noay^HTb, h oxotho npHMerb ApyaecKoe coAiflcxBie Ambphkh 
Bi ji^M Hcc^'biieHifl pani, naHeceHHux'L ocxpony He»Aoyco6ieMx. 
Bb BaniHHrxoHi, oAHaKO, ne yAOBjsexBopHjmcb 8xhmi> JiK)6e3HHM'B 
oxB'J^xoM'L H HacxaHBajiH Ha HeHeAAOHHOiTB nepeMHplH. Oxsasi Kasaioa 
HeHsfitsHHiTL, a GJiiAOBaxejibHo H Bofina. BirbmaxeJibcxBO pHMCKaro 
nanu en^e pa3i> oxcpo^HJoto Kaxacxpo$y. JEobb XIII npeAJiosHJii cxo- 
ponaicB iiocpeAHFqecxBo, ho npn axoirb ynasai'L naAPHACEOMy Ea6H- 
Hexy, ^xo xaEoe nocpeAHHiecxBo ci ero cxopoHH, EaEt j^jlobbslto 
jiHi^a, MKicjiHHo ;iHniB npH npespanieHiH EpoBonpojiHxiH. To, ^^ero 
HcnancEafl ropAOcxb ne Morjia ycxynnxB xpedoBaniio nocTopoHHeil 
jrposaioiii;efi a^P^^bu, ona Morjia jifinb hh^^^icl, EpoMi CBoero cana, 
He BoopyseHHOMy enncEony PflMa. Bi BdmimrTowh, oAnaEO, ptnia- 
TOJibHo oxEJiOHHiH nocpoAHH^ecxBO pHMCEaro nanu, ne nojibsyfoma- 
rocfl nonyjiHpHOcxbiD cpoAH npoxeoxanxcEaro 6oj[BHiflHCTBa atfepHEan- 
CEaro HapoAa. TorAa BiicxynHJiH Ha ci^eny Bemsia A6pxaBb[ EBponu. 
IIpeAcxaBHxejiH mecxH BejiHEHXB AepsaBB cA^aiH oAHOBpeneHHo 
ApyaecEie AOMapmn bb BamnnrxoHi^ n MaApHAi, B3KBafl Kb njB- 
€XBaHB ryMaHHocxH H E'B HHxepeGa)ii> ii;HBHJ[]Z3aii;iH h Mnpa. Bb Ba- 
niHHITOH'l OXB'i^XHJIH O^eHb JIX)6e3HO, HO Bl) BBipaseHiHXi, He ocxaB- 
jiHBniHxi) coMH'ibHifl, Hxo aHepHEancEoe npaBHieJibcxBo beahxi^ a'^^^o 

ryMaHHOOXH, I^HBHIHSai^H H UHpa, bo Htffl EOXOpUXB BOdBHCBJIH CBOfi 

roioct eBponeficEia AepaaBw, ho xaMi, ta* x4 xorkiH 6u. Bi> MaA- 
pHA^ ae cA^jiaJiH en^e ycxynsy h oo'bhbhjiih Aops&BaHi, hxo, BHHHan 
Hx% APyaocEOMy npHSHBy, Hcnania Aapyexb nepeMHpie HHcypren- 
xaicb Ky6bi, o ^ewb h nocujiaexB sMtcxi cb T^wb pacnopflsenie na* 
iiicxHHKy ocxpoBa renepajiy EjaHEO h anxoHOHHony EyfinHCEOHy Mit- 
HHCxepcxBy. «Mh ne mopih ycxynnxb yrposaMB AMepHEH», CKasaAL 
no dxoMy noBOAy ncnaHCRlfi BoeHHiifi mhhecxp'b, «ho mu oxuxho 



112 PyCCKOE BOrATCTBO. 

HcnojiHHJiiH seJiaHie eBpone&cKHX'B jiepsaB^, o6paTHBniHxcfl cb aP7- 
jKecKHHH nyBCTBaMH». KaKi 6u TO HE 6wL0 H KOMy 6e[ hh ycryiiHJia 
HcnaHifl, OHa ycrynHia bo boakom^ cjiyqai, h TpefioBame GooAHHeH- 
Hfini niTaTOB'L npoBOsnameHiH nepevHpifl HcnoneHO fiesi* KaKHxi 
6u TO HE 6hiJLo orpaHH^eHifl h oroBopoEi>. TiirB ne Meste, HMeHHO 
B'B 8T0 BpeMfl B'B BamHHrTOHi cfftjiajrH totb fimKTesbRuA marL, 
EOTopufi HeHHHyeHO AOJrseHi 6kijiii» npsBecTfl ri* paspBisy h ojiHOMy 
ESI cauHxi neqaibEKncL BoeHHIlIx^ cTojiEHOBesifi Eamero BpeHOHE. 
Bt» cyfifioTy 9 anpiaa (28 MapTa) HcnaniE npoBoaraacEJia nepe- 
MEpie, CTOJIB 6JJSX0 6u aceiaeMoe BamEErroscEEirb npaBErejibCTBOirB, 
a Bi> noseAtuBEK'L 11 anp*]^ (30 iiapTa) bi o6inaj[aTK[ Kosrpecca 
BTo npaBETOJEBCTBo BHOcjo EocjiaHie npesEAeETa MaRi>-RESj[6E, Ecnpa- 
lEHBaBmee y ROflrpecca noJisoMOHie ynoTpeCsTb bi ciy^at EaAoSnooTE 
cEJiy jpLs. yvEpoTBopoEifl Kyfiu e ycTaeoBJieBifl Tani sopicajasaro 
nojroseEifl Bemefi. 3to ffJiEHHoe npesEAeETCKoe nocjiasie aBEiocb k£- 

JiWth OfiBESETeJEBEUlTB aRTOlTL HpOTEBl ECnaECRarO EpaBHTeibCTBa. 

Iloojiasie Ha^EEaeTCE cb yRasaHJa, qTO EfiEimsee peBOJiDiiiossoe 
ABEseeie sa Ky&k ebjeotce noBTopeEieiTB ApyrExi, yse seoAso- 
KpaTso noTpacaBmflX'B ocTpoBX. Kas^oe BOSCTasie naHocEJio cepbes- 
Hbifl MaTepbfljibEUfl noTopE Coe;i^EHeHHfi[H% IIlTaTaM'L e TpeSoBajo 3Ea- 
qETejibsuxi ycEJiifi jsfi& coCjuoAesdE EefirpajraTeTa, ireasAy tj^itb RaR^ 
secTORafl, BapBapcRaa e Bnojifli seRyjuTypsaa npaRTERa ycMEpeEis 
ocRopfijflia ^BCTBo ryMassocTE aMepERascKaro Eapo^a. Jl^ajrfae npe- 
3EAeHrb yEasHsaerb cneiiiajibEO sa nocji'iMiCTBifl EHEimsAro Boscra- 
sifl fl Ea 6e8GEJ[ie scnafliieB'b c% EEirb capaBETbCfl Aaase npE eohoe^s 
«peROE]](esTpaiiiE>. Ofiosp'j^B'b npexHifl CesycnlmEHE ycBJdfl avepE- 
RaflCROfi j^njioHaTiE Bo^cTaflOBETb sa octpoB*]^ Msp'by nociiasie npsxo- 
AETB El* saRJuioqesiK), ^To 6opb6a Moacerb RosqETbcs JtEnib oosepnieE- 
suiTb EGTpe6j[eBieMi BOSCTasmaro saceiesifl. Bi* BE^y aroro, npess- 
jiewrj RasoTCE ero spaBCTBessEiicb AOJiroirb ctojebro se no oTSome- 
BiH) Kb Ecnasmairb, CEOJibso s oTSocsTeJorbso Eyfissi^eB'b, ssbiCRaTb 
cpoACTsa R'b seMeAieflBOMy oRos^asiK) y6iflcTBessofi boSes. OcTasa- 
BiEBascB saiiiTb sa Bonpoct, se 6£ijio jlhl 6u i^i^ecoofipasso bi» 
BTEX'b BEjiaxx npsBsaTb cTaRi sa3UBaeMyH)» Ry6ESCRyK) pecnyOisRy, 
npesEAOSTb saxoAErb 8to no Msorsirb npE^ssaH'b sey/coGsborb. 
OcTaoTCfl cjAAOBaTOJUbEO npflMoe BHimaTeJEbCTBo, ejee B'b RanecTB*]^ 
nocpoAEERa, suri^ioniaro npeAJrosEXb o6fl3aT6Jibstifi romepomeccb oGisirb 
BpasA7K>np]rb cToposaMi, eie se B'b Ra?ecTB'& coK)3SERa Toft esb 
Apyrofi CTopoEH. TaEoe BMibmaTejubCTBO Coe^j^Esesssixx IIlTaTOBi o'b 
iX'bjn>K) npespaTETb Bofisy onpaB^BiBaeTCE, no Msisiio npesEAeflra, 
MSoro^ECJieEsuME cooCpaacesiflME, TpedoBasisMs ryuassocTs, npaBOM'b 
H o6fl3asEOCTbio sanpmaTb aMepEsaBCREXii rpaacAasT* sa Ky6i^, cepbes- 
EUME y6£iTRaME asepsRaBCRofi ToproBU orb senpeRpan^aDn^arooE 
Me»Aoyco6iE, BaROBeii;i>, T^irb ^asToirb, ^o sHsimsee seBOSHossoe 
cocTOSBie coc4;tsaro ocTpoBa EBJiaeTca nocToaBsoH) yrposoio Mspy s 
TpeCyerb SBaqsTejibBbix'b senpoBSBOAETeJibSHX'b saTparb co CTopoBH 



nOJIHTHlUL. lis 

anepHRaHCKaro npasHTejibCTBa. Hauy^nneS luuDCTpaiiiefi bthtb ona- 
«aooTelt H noTopB mosotb cjrrsHTb rH6eju» fipoHOHOoi^a Mamt^ B'b 
nopri FaBaHKE. IIoojsaHie CHOBa noBTopnerB BRpaTii;t AOKiaAi aMopH- 
KaHCKofi cjrbACTBeHHoS KOMMncciH, noxpodso HSJioseHHfiifi bi* npoAHWy- 
meu'b (same ynoMflHyrou'L) npesHAeHTCROirb nocjiaHiH. MaK^ KHHJiett 

H6 OOMHiBaeTCfl, ^TO npHTOHOD rH^eJUT 6SX1» BSpHBl* nOABOAHOfi MHHH. 

XoTfl, no cjioBavB noojiaHifl, OTBixcTBeHHOCTb sa aro npeoTynJieme en^e 
lie onpeA^eea bi to^hocth, OAHaKo ero BosMOSHOOTb flBiaeTCfl Jiy^- 
iHHiTb AOKasarejibOTBOirB nojosoHui, soropoe jifijAe TepnHMO fisiTb ee 
HoseTb. HcnaHifl abho h6 mosotb onpaBHTbca oi» saAa^ex). IIodTOKy, 
BO Hiffl ryiiaHHocTH H i];HBHJiH3ai9H H AU yAOBieifiopeHifl HecoMsiH- 
fiEix'b oGmnpHux'b HHTopecoBi CoeABHeHH£ixi mTaTOBi, Boflna Ha 
Ky6i AOiORHa 6£iTb npoKpan^esa. Ilq Bctirb aiBirb coo6paseHifl]rB« 
nocjiaHie HcnparnHBaerb y Konrpecca Heo6xoAHMUfl nojraoHO^^ ^o6ii 
npHHflTb MipBi ma, odesne^eHlfl HeicexieHBaro b coBepmeHHaro npespa- 
u^BHia HeapiflsaeHHKEX'b A^ftcTBifi aa Kyfii a ajia ycTaaoBieaia Tairs 
qipoHHaro npaBHTOjibCTBa. ^la 8Toi i^ia npesBAeaTb npocBTL ynoi- 
HOHOWTb ero ynorpefiaTb, ecxa noaaAofiarca, Boeaao-cyxoayrasa a 
Boeaao-Hopcsia oaidi CooAaaeaatix'b miaTOBi. AaepaKaacKoe npa- 
^BTQJibCTBO HCTon^aJBLO Bct ycBiia Ri ycTpaaoalK) aeorepnaiiaro noio- 
^eaia, cjiobo lenepb npaaaAiesan Roarpeccy. B'b 8aR2H)Heaie^ MaRfb- 
KaajieS ynoaaaaeTb o ToibRo ^to Aftpoaaaaoirb nepeaapia a BHpa- 
sRaerb yabpeaaooTb, ^to Roarpeocb npaaeirb bi coo6paaceme boskos- 
«[Eiia aocAtACTBia dioro ^aRia, ecjia oai caocofiea'b npaaecTa R'b se- 
jiaaaott ^&ih. 

8to aoRycaoe a RpacaopiqaBoe BOCJiaaie avierb oAaai tojlbro^ 
«o o^eab cyn^ecTBeaaul aeAocxaxoR'b. Kavb aRTb ryaaaaocTa a i^a- 
BBJUiaai^ia, oao oaosAaiio ao Rpafiaefi irtpt aa nojroAa. KorAa aa 
ocrpoBt csap'ibacTBOBaji'b aapRas'b AOJib-Teaepa^o; Rorxa peaRi^ioaaoe 
flpasaieJibcTBo Kaaoaaca OTRaabiBaio B'b pe^opaazi; RorAa Tfiioa^xa 
BHMHpajia coraaaabie co Bcbrb cTopoai peRoai^eaTpt^oou, a ociajiB- 
Hoe aaoejieaie noRopaxocb lOJibRo cajrl, npasizBaa ocBofioAHTeJiefl, 
TorAa laRoe nociaaie apasaAeaTa miaTOBi 61U0-6U BCTpi^eao Bcim 
iVWBiaaoBaaaturb Mipoirb, RaR% BonROAymaoe sacTynaa^ecTBO sa 
yraeTeaafiixi, aaR'b saciyra aepeAi& nojiOB'i^qeoTBOMi, i^aBaiasaipefi a 
TyaaaaocTbH). TorAa, OAaaRO, BamaarroacRoe npaBareibCTBO Hoiqaio: 
H)CTpoB'b a 6631 Toro aaao yoR02b3arb as'b pyR'b seciORaro a aeyirb- 
jiaro npaBareJibCTBa. HaAo 6fiuo TOXbRO SA^Tb a oospismee afixoRO 
^aao OBaxajsoob-Gu R'b aoraai Tepniiaaaro oooiA&« 3a aooxiA^ie 
noxroAa aoxoseaie, OAaaRo, cya^ecTBeaao aaiciaaxocb. ^apoaaaa aia- 
poRaa noxHTB^ecRaa aBToaoaia, ROTopyio apaaaxa a ROTopyD Booaoxbso- 
saxacb 6oxbuiafl qacib aacexeaia. Bapaapcaia aipu BeSxepa OTiciaeaii. 
DLocTpaAaBniBM'b osaauBaeTca aocaxbaaa noMon^b. EEaoypreaTaai a&- 
poaaao aopeaapie. lEo A^y Mana apeAxosevb acxoA^, AocTofiabift 
coBpeaeaaaro cocToaaia ABBaxadOBaaaaro aipa. Bexaaa rpiia Hcaa- 
Mim nepoA'b KySoS a aexbsa xaGepaxbauiia a ryaaaafiiim aipaiiE 

Jfi 4. OTA-fejTfc IL 8 



114 PyCOKOB BOrATGTBO. 

opasy Hsrjia^pnTB niojipEi b'Irobhx'b npHrbcHenit h secTOEOcret. HpjiaH- 
j^ ]ifi cHzi nopi He MoxeTB npocTHTB AHTJdH efl npoDLiuxi Tose 
BexHRHX'B rpixoB'B. OAHaKo, 8a HpiaH^iK) AMepEBa He cofiHpaeTca 
BoeBaTB... Bhtb MoserB, bi* BamnHrroHi He ^^oB^paiorB npo^HocxK 
HOBaro rjMaHHaro noBopoTa HcnaHCKofi hojihthkh? Bhtb Moserb, bi> 
BamHHrroHi^ laADTb Kb Tony B'l^cm ocHosaHiA... Tiin> He veHie^ 
Tepn&raBO cosepi^afl ^kxaa AOcaTHjrlTifl HonaHCRaro rneja na Ky6i» 
HeJDbSfl onoj[^aTBCfl na btotb rnerB HMenHO Torxa, EorAa c^iiaHa ca- 
MHMH HcnaHEtaHH nomiTKa ero chatb h otm^hhtb. ArpeccHBHocTb ane- 
pHKaHCKoJI nojKHT^KH oTHiTb BUHCHfleTCfl caMa C06010. HesejiaHie npH- 
anaTb nesaBHCHHOCTB Ky6HHCBoJI pecnyGjiHKH, BUCRasaHHoe npesHAeHT- 
oREiTB nocJtaHieHX, yKadUBaerb Ha TOse oanoe. 

Yse ynoHflHyro Biinie, ?to 8to HCTopH^iecKoe nocxanie MaKi»< 
KEHJiefl 6uzo npo^orraHo bi» Konrpecct bi> noHeAto»HHKrb 11 anplis 
(30 Mapra). Oho BCTpb^eno 6wio fiypHHHH amuioAHCMeHTaMH na 
6KaMBflxi pecny62HRaHCEofi napriH h rpo6oB£iirB HOi^aHieirb y ^eMo- 
spaTOBi*. CenaTB h najuTa ero HeMeAienHo nepe^ain bi BOMicEcciio. 
Yse B'b cpoAy 13 (1) anptjrH 06']^ RoicHHOcin bhooih bi> KOHrpeccB 
OBOH pesojiDi^iH. PesojnDAifl, BHpa6oTaHHafl 6oibinHHCTBO]rb cenaTCSoft 
KOMVHCoiH^ rjiacHJia, qro napoAi* Ky6H HirbeTB npano Gbitl cbo6oa- 
HuiTB, ^To HcnaHifl AOJisHa OTRasaTBCfl otb BJiacTH HaAi» ootpobovb 
H yAaiHTB OTxyjia cboh Boficsa h (ffnovb h ^0 npesHxeHTB pecnyOiHKff 
ynojraoHO^HBaeTCfl, jgm AOCTHseHifl aroft ii!bm, ynorpedsTb vb js/hjio sci 

BOeHHO'CyXOnyTHUfl H BOeHHOMOpCKiH CEJni GoeAHHeHHHX'B mTaTOBi. 
Pe30JID^iH MOTHBHpOBaHa OfiniHpHBIM'B AOKJaAOlCL O^eHB BOHHCTBeHHara 

GOAepsanifl, npH^eiTB HCHancKoe npaBHTOJibCTBo npaMO ofiBEHflercH 
vb BspuB^ M9Ha, MeHLinHHCTBO ceHaTCKofi KOMMHcciH npeAioaouo 
HOspaBRy, Tpe6yK)myE> npexBapHreiBHaro npHSHanifl HesaBHCHMOCTE 
RyfiHHCRofi pecny6i[HKE. noojrl H^ROToparo ofiMina MHtniS^ oenarK 
OTiosHJi'B rojiocoBame pesojwi^iH xo cjrbAyH)n^aro saolA&HiH. 

Pe30JiK)i4fl, BBipa6oTaHHafl ROHMHCciefi najiaTU npeACTaBHrexefi^ 
OTjra^aexcH jiaROHH^HOCTBD. Ona RopoTRo h hcho npHTJianiaeTb npe- 
8HA6HTa Biri^maTLCfl b'b pacnpio na Ky6i h noxosRHTb efi p'bmHrexb- 
Hbifl Ronen^B, x^ ^ero iipe8H;(eHTL ynoiHOMO^HBaeTCH ynoTpe6HTb bcL 
OHJiH mTaTOBi). ^OMORpaTEqecRoe MeHbmHHCTBo naJiaTCRofi RomiHcciH 
Tose npeAJiosHJ[o nonpaBRy, ipeGyion^yK) npe;^BapHTej[bHaro npHSHamfl 
HesaBHCHMOCTH Ky6HHCRofi peciiy6mRH. Ilocarb 6ypHKx% npemfi, vjsjk 
AeMORpaiu h pecny6j[HRaHi^u oOMinajmcB AaJiORo ne napjaMOHTCRHirH 
j!K)6e8H0CT£MH, naiata 6ojLbmHHCTBOirb 191 rojioca upoxEBi 150 
OTBepna npHSHaHie HesaBHOHMOciH (sa npHSHaHie HesaBHCHMocTH no- 
AajiH rojuocb ACMORpaTBi h 14 pecny6j[HKaHi^eBi) h saTiirb npHEfl;[& 
pe30J[K)iiiio Bi pejQiaRi^n, npeA^oseHHofi 6ojtbiiiHHCTBOirb h Bunie HaMH 
yse npHBeAeHHofi. 

IlajiaTa noRon^HJia cb Bonpocoirb BOb o^ho sacbj^anie. Genarb Ha» 
npoTHBi Toro nocBflTHJTb eMy ^OTBipe sacij^aHis. H'i^cROJibRo opaiopoBib. 
spacHopiuBO sam^HH^ajm napi. ^yrie HacTanBajm Ha npoABapHie Jb'- 



nOlHTHKA. Hi 

HoiTb npHSsaHifl HesaBHCHHOCTH Kjf6Ki, qro AOKasaio 6h Mipy fiesso- 
piioTie CoeAHHeHHUX'b IIlTaTOBi h o6j[ermjiO'6u HcnaHlH nofirn sa 
yciynKH. Tojibko 17 (5) anpijw cenaTB npacTyniurB kt* rojiocoBaHiK). 

noapaBKa MOHbinBHCTBa KOMMECCiH SpESHaHlH HesaBBGHHOCTH Ky6H, 

iiociaBJieHHafl Ha fiaji^iOTHpoBKy, 6iijia npHHaxa 6oju>mHHCTBOH'L 51 
roioca npoTflBi 37. Peaojiioi^fl 6oj[i>niflHCTBa (ci> BOTnpoBaHHOK) no- 
npaBEOK)) 611 Jia saTiifL OAo6peHa eojtBmHHCTBOirb 67 npoiEB'B 21 ro- 
Jioca. npesEAeHTi) noiy^ajn>, TaKHM'L oepasoHi), saTpedoBaHHHa nojiHO- 
Mo^fl, HO Ha ycjKOBiH npHsnaHifl HedaBHCHMOCTH Ky6Bi, ycjioBin, koto- 
poe npesHAeHTCKoe nocjiaHie npH3HaBaxo HeyAo6HK[tt'B, a najiaTa npe^- 
cTaBHxejiefi EaTeropH^ecKH oiseprjia. BjiacTH aMepHEaHCRofi peonyO- 
jiHKH oKasaiHCb B'B cepBesHoiTB pasHopi^ MesK^y co6oid, a no koh- 
cTHTyiiiH ][fia. ofiiiJiBJieHifl boAhu ipefioBajrocb hxi nojEoe corjiacie. 

Pesoiiioi^iH cenaTa nocTynnjsa bi naaaxy 18 (6) anp'lJifl. UaiiaTa 
corjLacHJiacL spsHaTb pesojiioi^iK) wb peAasnjiH, o;(o6peHHofi ceHaioirB, 
HO BU'iepEHyjia AonojuHHTeJUBHuft ^exsepTul nyHKTb pesojoBoi^iH npH- 
SHaHiH HeaaBHCHMocTH Ry6u. dxo oxEJEEOHeme ceHaxcEob nonpaBSH npH- 

BHTO B-B naiaxi 60J[bniHHCTB0MT> 179 npOTHBl 155 rOJIOCOB'B. HeM6A- 

jieHHO Toro se 18 (6) anpiiuar, bi noneA'&JiBHHE'L, pe3o;lK)^iH BOSBpa- 
THJiacB Bi oeHaTi», Eoxopufi HO corjaoHAca cb naiaxofi h Boscxaao- 
BEJLi, xpe6oBaHie npESHaHiH HesaBECHMOcxH 6oi[bHisHcxBOU'i» 43 npo- 
TEBi 34 rojtocoBx. Owb oTEjfOHEJTb xaEi SO npej[(JioseHie Ha8Ha?e- 
Hia coBM^cxaa^^o saci^^ania EOMiiHCcifi cenaxa h najiaxu. Ceaaxi ei 
Tony se BOXEpoBasi oco6o pesojooiqH) ^dBEca, saaBJiaDn^yio, ^xo 
CooAEHeHHue nXxaxu oxpEii;aK)Ti» HanipeHie npacBoaxb ceO'b aep- 
xoBHua npaaa aaA'b Ky6ofi. Bxopa^ao BOSBpameHaaa b*^ najiaxy, oe- 
aaxcEaa pesonoiUa Bxopa^Ho naiaxoH) oxBeprayxa GojibmaHCXBOiCb 
172 npoxEBi 142 roiocoBi. Uajtaxa npoAJiosEJia ceaaxy co6paxbEOM- 
kaccia wb coBiflcxHoe saciAs^Hie. KoMiiaccia, EdGpaaaaa 06'bEMH na- 
jiaxaHH, co6paj[acb wb coBU'kxaoe sac^As^aie, ao A6Jieraii;iH ceaaxa h 
najiaxbi ocxaiECb Eas^afl npa cboom'b Ma'baia, a ceaaxi 6oibmfla- 
cxBOMi 40 npoxEBi> 39 rojrocoBi oxej[[Ohejli npeAioseme sairbaaxB 
ceaaxGEyio AeJieraii,iK) hobok). Tasi Koaqaiica A^ab 18 (6) aapbia a 
xaETi nocxeneaao xaajia fijiaropoptaa o^^o8EI^a ceaaxa arpeccBBHofi 
nojraxEKi npesEAeaxa a naiaxH. IlepBoe roioooBaaie ceaaxa a^jlo sa 
aesaBECEHOCXB Ry6u 51 rojioci a GoJibmEBCXBO 14 roiocoB'b; Bxopoe 
roJiocoBaaie coeAaaajio 43 roioca npa 6ojn>mEacxBi 9 roiocoBi; aa- 
KOHeA'B, xpexbe cofipaxo yse xojcbEO 40 rojiocoai npa 6ojibmEacxBi 
Bcero Bi odum roJiocL. 

19 (7) anpijia caoBa co6pajiacb coej^aeaaaa EOMMaccia ceaaxa a 
najiiaxH. CxaJio aesAy t^mi* asBicxao, ^xo npesaAeaxi aairl^peai ae 
iioAnacbiBaxb pesojiiDi^ia cbnonpaBEOE) aesaBECEMocxa/ecjmgKE jsfiane 
iiajiaxa ycxynajia ceaaxy. MsBicxao, ^xo bI) xaEOMi* cjy^a'i^ pesojuo- 
i^ia B03Bpan;aexca bi EoarpeccL a Moacexb cxaxb ofiasaxejibBofi jifis. 
JipesEAeaxa jianib bi> cjiyqa*]^ npaaaxia a b'l ^ceaaxi a b'l najiaxi 
6ojibmEacxBOMi> jifijTb xpexefi rojiocoBX. xomi, qxo6u iiosao 6wio 

8^ 



116 PyCCKOS BOrATCTBO. 

co6paTb TaEoe wcio roiocoB'B sa 6e8sop£iCTie, eoho^ho, h MO^xaTB 
6SLII0 HeB03M03RHO, a BostfysAOHHoe o6ii^ecTBeHHoe HHtnie TpefioBaic 
BMimaTeJUiCTBa. EcTecTBeHHo nocjrl aroro, ecjiH lejierpaHHa hs'e Ba- 
mEHTTOHa OTb 19 (7) anpiifl coodnputa Mipy, tio c^JteHu coeAHseHkofi 
EOMMHcciH ceHaia i najiaiu npe^cTaBHTejiefi npHHflJiH b'l 1 ^aci aha 
pe30jiiiDii;iE cenaxa, sa HCK£K)?eHieHT> npHSHaHifl HesaBscHMOCTH Ky6HH- 
CKofi peciiy6j[HKE. C6Han> sarbM'L 42 rojiocaMH npoTHBi> 35, a najsaia 
npeAoxaBHTeiiefl 310 raiocaHH npoTHBi> 6 npHHfljuH cooTB'lTCTBeHHufi 
AOKjaA'B*. IIpHBflTafl TaiHM'B o6pa30in» TOSA^cTBeHHafl pesojmiufl xoro 
se uiciBk nepe^aHa H3t> Konrpecca npesBA^Hxy. Ha cjn^AyH^u^iS A^Hh 
yxpoHi MaKi-KEHJuefi noAiiHcai'B pe30JllK)I^H) KOHrpecca h ona cxajia 
o6fl3axej[LHa ri HcnoJiHeHiD. Toro se 20 (8) anptjtfl Konia ct> nea 
o^^HAiaiBHo cooGiaoHa HcnaHCKOMy nocjiaHHHKy B'L BamBHrxoErB, so- 
xopufi HeHeAieflHo noxpefioBaji'BCBOH B'i^pnxejiLflHfl rpaMOxu, a bi» ceMb 
^acoBT> Beqepa xoro se jiflE b£[6£ijii> co bcImi cocxaBOMi nocojn»cxBa 
BSii cxoiEAK aHepHKaHCEofi pecny6iEEH. AicepHsaHCRifi nocjiaHSHEi bi 
MaftpHfli, ByA$opAX noiiyqBjrL no xejrerpa(j[)y yjiBXHSiaxyMi. jifia nepe- 
Aa^B MaApBACKOHy safiHEexy se^epoMi xoro se 20 (8) anp'&ifl. Yjib- 
TBMaxyiTb 3aEjo[]D^aexi xo^Byn nepeAany pe30JLE)n,iH Eonrpecca, coo6- 
n^eHie, ^xo axa pesojiioi^fl nBn», npesHAeExoirb, noABHcaHa, h xpe6oBa - 
Hie, HxoCu HcnaHifl yAaJuua ci Ky6Bi h Ed% ea boai* cyxonyxHUH 
BOflcEa H (ffAOTb. «Ecj[H Ao cy66ox£i 23 (1 1) anp&Dui, riacHXi> bi* 3aEJ[iD^e- 
Hie aMepBEaHCEifi yjn»xBMaxyHT», ae fiyAexi noiyqeno yAOBJiexBopHxeJiB- 
Haro oxBixa, xo npe3HAeflxi» BeiieAJieHHO npHseAexi pesojuoiiiK) bi eciiojii- 
Heflie.» 21 (9) anpkua ByA^opA'B AOisefl'B 6bu'l Bpyqaxb EcnaBCEOMy me- 
HECxpy EBOCxpaflSBiX'L Ai^'B yjiBTEifaxyirB BanmErxoscEaro spaBExejiB- 
cxBa.OxBixT» Gbiii yse npeAP'i^niesi» eb xojibEo oxi'&SAOM'b Bapsafid es'b 
BamEETxofla, eo en^e 6ojiie xoro xpossoH) pk^bjo EopojieBu-peresxEiE 
npE oxEpuxiE EopxecoBi) 20 (8) anpiu, x. e. b'l a^eb noAEEca- 
Eia MaEi-KEEJieeH'B pe30J^o^iE e EaEasyEi yjibXEHaxyna. Kopo- 
i6Ba BT> xpoEEOfi "pi^E EpeAycHaxpEBaoxi B'i^poEXflocxii yxBepsAOEiA 
flpesEAefixoMi pe30J[K)I^fi e saxoAEXB, ^xo bt> xaEOMx* cjiy^ai nojo- 
sesie cxaEexB EeBBiBOCEMUM'B a^^e Eai],ioEaj[BEaro AOcxoEEcxpa Hcna- 
EiE E BUEyAErb ee npepBaxb csomeEia cb CoeAEEessbiEE lUxaxaHE. 
Bi 3aEJ[]DqeBie xpoEEofi pt^E sopoJieBa cEasajia: ceyAynnia saxpyAse- 
Eia Ee npeBUcaxi* CEjrb e SEepiiE cxpaEu. 0% AofiiecxEbiH'b ^joxoH'b 
H apidefi, npE eAEseEiE sapoAa e ci noMonibK) Bora, uu, noAofiEO 
samEM'b npoAEaiTb, ci* ^ecxbio BbifiAeirb esi EpssEca, 6e3npEqflssaro 
E EecnpaBeAJ[EBaro». TejierpaHna npEdaBJuaexb, ^xo cceaaxopbi e a6- 
nyxaxH Bcix'b napxifl ptniBJiBOb SBeprEqEo oxBeprayxb npexeEsiio Coe- 
AEEeEEHXi) nixaxoB'b Epa3pi^mEXb ji,ia. boSbh seofixoAEMue EpeAEX£i». 
0$$Ei^iajn>Ebifi oxBixi> sa aMepEEaECEifi yjoibXEMaxy&rb aBJiajica nocA 
axoro npocxoK) $opMaJibBocxbH). Bonpoci fiwjrb xojibEO b^ xomt*, oxb*- 
XEXi SSL HcnaEia npaMo 06'baBJieBieM'b Bofiau ejie npeAocxaBEXi axo 
ne^aJEbfloe npaso cboem'b npoxEBSEEairb, orpaEEqflBmECb saxeropE- 
qecEEMx oxEa30M'b AHnjuoMaxE^ecEEM'b paspuBOMi. To ejie eeoo p&- 



nOMTHKA. 117 

mesie hofjio saBHci^TB orb cieneHH totobhocte kb 6ojo cl o6^nrb 
cTopoHi): BurojiHO IE en^e BBiHrpaTb ABa-TpH ahh, ejih se HeHeAJieHHO 
HaHecTH yAapi>? HcnaHia OTBiiMa "rtMi, qxo ys'kj^OMHJia Byjt^opffa o 
AHnJiOMaTHHecROMib pa3pHB£, npeAynpeAHBi, ^to HHEaKHTB AOEyMen- 
TOBX oTb Hero He npEMOTL. TaKt ByA^opA'B h ne BpyTOa-B BOBce 
yjLTBMaTyMa. MeaKJ^y rkwh, TeaerpaMMa on 22 (10) anpijia hs-b 
HbK)-IopKa coo6ii;aeTB, qio aiiepHKaHCRafl aoKaApa yse BBimjia wh 
Mope HSi) KH-BecTa, r^i 6Buia cocpsAOTO^eHa^ j^jolh HeMe^eHHoft 6j[0- 
KaAH KySii. cAifepBKaHi^H ^e cqHTaiorL BofiHj $aKTn?ecEH Haqas- 
meH)Cfl>. Apyrafl leierpaMMa coofin^aerb o6'l onA^ji,^ By^^op^a e31> 
Ma;ipEjia. Orb Toro se 22 (10) anpijifl nojiy^eHa xejerpaHMa o sa- 
XBaTi aMepHKasuaMB ^Byxi HcnaHCRnx'b ToproBurb cyAOB'b. TaEEirb 
oGpasoHi, BoeHHUfl A'^^ficTBia otkpbith aMepHKaHi];aHE 6^3% o6'bflB- 
jnesifl BofiHH. Ha 8tom^ 0EaH^BaH)TCfl ssB'i^cTifl bi Ty MEsyry, Eor^a 
MH nEmeirb ste cipoEE. 

III. 

no caMOHy cymecTBy cBoeny, Ha^mHaioniaflCfl Bofiea 6yAerB no 
npeEMymecTBy boAhoio MopcEoio. ^joth piraarb cnopi b lOJibEO 
nocjii xaEoro pimcHia Ha Mopi HacxynETb oqepejb cyxonyrHHirb 
apMiflUi, ecjiH no6'b»AeBHafl na Mopi CTopona Cy^erb CTojtb ynpflna, 
iTO noacejaerb npoAOJiaHTb (5opb6y nocjrl noxepH Mopa. B% BE^y la- 
Koro nepBOSJiaccnaro SHa^enia HopcEofi 6opb6fii A^a pimema EcnaHo- 
aiffepEEaHOEaro cTOJiEHOBenia, nojiesHO CjjifiTb xenepb se osHaEOMETbca 
Cb cooTHomesieirb MopcEflrb CEi'b ofiiflX'b Aep^saBi, BCTy^EB^Iflx^ b^b 
poEOByio 6opb6y. 

npeacHie $jiotu, hhoio pasi EcnuTanHKre b% iropcEOVb 6oh), 
nvfkjLz cy^a APyroro TEna, HesRem coBpeMeHHbia, xora s 6£ijie npe^- 
HasHaqeHH js^a AOCTEsenia rbirb me ^eTbipexi rjiaBHbix'b uj^eH, ro- 
Topua HOCTaBJieHbi sa^a^aME e coBpeHenHOMy ^Jioiy, eniie He echei- 
TaHHOMy Bi> cepbesHux'b MopcRsx'b cpaseniax'b. Hobume cy^aHE Boe- 
BajiE nepy e ?ejie, ho nepeBicb ^EJdfiaeB'b aa Mop*!^ Cujl'l cb ca- 
Maro Ha^aiia cjTEinRoirb SHa^ETeJieH^. BoenajiH saTiirb flnoaia e Ke- 
Tat, HO EETafli],bi He yH^JiE yapaBJueiTb cboeme mopceehe ^AOBEn^anE. 
B% nponrjEOM-b ro^y, bo Bpeica rpeEo-Typen;Rofi boAhh, Type^Rift (ffjioTb 
He pimEJica BufiTE esi ^apAaaejiJi'b e noM'IpaTbca cb rpenecEEirb. 
GepbesHbifi onuTb A&eTb Hacxoan^aa EcnaHo-aMepERaHCRaa Bofiaa. G'b 
dTofl TOHEE spiHia OHa npeAciaBJiaerb rpoMaAHHfi EErepecb se jifio. 
offEEX'b 6opDniExca CTopoax, ho ji^e Bcbxi* MopcREXi AepssaBi. 

^exbipe sa^aw, soropua cxaBEJiECb npe^RSEHi ^jioTairb e CHOsa 
ciaBETca nacToaniEMi, cyrb: acRaApeHHHfi 6oft, RpeflcepcTBO, 6epero- 
Baa cjKys6a e paspymeaie MopcRErb rEraHTOBi 00060 npEonooofiiea- 
HKME jgra Toro HejiREME cyAanE. ^Jia soRaApeHHaro 60a, A^a airaRE 
npanopcREXi Rptoocxefi, jifla 6oM6apAEpoBaHia npEMopcREXi ropo- 
<^0Bi, Boo6nie jsfia. MopcRoro 60a bx ero hojihoicb pasBEiiE cjiysREJOiE 



118 pyCGKOK BOrATGTBO. 

npeasjie, TaiTL HasuBaeHEie, ^HHefiHse KopafiiH. Bto 6waL rpoMa^iprae 
Mopcsie THraHTH oCuKHOBeHHo cb TpeMfl HapysHuim naiyfiaira OAsa 
HajTB jipyroD (TpexjueTOue, KaRii hxti sasfiiBaiH), na Koropiiixi ycra- 
HasjcBBajiocB 200 — 300 Tflsemix'B opy^qfl, bi TpH apyca rpoiuiBniHrB 
npoTHBHHEa. Bi> HacTOflii^ee Bpeiui noaBieBle 6poHH s HsroroBJieHie 
opy^nfi, no csurl h tasocte 6e3K0He?H0 npeBSomej^nmx'B npesma^ 
caMUfl CHiBHEifl, sacTaBHiH HSMiHHTB thih AHHeflHaro Kopa6jifl. Ta- 
Rie se rnraHTii, EaKi h npesjie, oth Coe^ua oyj^a no npeHnyn^ecTBy 
(Battleships, Kasi htb odtiKHOBesHO HasBiBanrB aHm^aHe) nospu- 
JiflCB TflsejniMH naHaiipflMH, oesaBencb rpoMa;iHofi CEsa ManmHaMH^ 

AOCTHTJIE 8Ha^HTeJ[bH0& CuGTpOThl XO^a, BOOpySEffleb HOCJEUXaHHarO 

sajiH6pa opyjxiflMH, ho bi naTbAeoflTb, bi> mecTbAecarb pasi ooRpa- 

THJIH HX^ HHCJfO. drOTb TEWb fiOOBHX'b cy^OBi*, saifi^HEBniifi CO6OID 

npesHie JiEHeftEse Ropa6i[E, HasHBaeTca y sacb ffpoHenocuaMu eem- 
i^peunaxo 6oh. Hixh Bi* noMonib Bii 6ok> HOBMmafl cyAOOTpoEreJCbHafl 
ToxHERa H8o6pi^ia SHa^ETeJibHC HeHbinaro pasMipa 6poHeHooHHE h 
noj[y6poHeEOCHHfl Mopexodnwi Aodm, Tose BOopysRaeHUE ^AOBEnt- 
HOK) apTEJuepiefi sOBaro TEna. Hxb ycBOEjni en^e se Bcb ^jeotbi. 

BTopoK) sftAa^ex) Boa^ecRaro ^^JiiOTa, npesHflro h coBpeHeHHaro, 
EBiEeTCE RpeficepcTBO E 6j[0RaAa. drofi n;^ cjiyxEJiE (j^peraTu s 
RopseTH, oTJtfl^aBniiecfl ueTSijsj co6oh) jiEnib pasiflpoirb cyAna e ^R- 
GsoiTb opyAilt. Hxi saMiHEm bi HOB^fimeirb ^JiOTfc Kpeiic^pu lull 
piXHton. $peraTu 6um Bcer^a Mesbme jHHefiHHX'b Ropadjiefi. CoBpe- 
uesHHe RpeflcepH I pasra ctpok>tce eie o^EHaROBoS BeiE^raHU ti^ 
6poHeHoc]^aME acRaApeHnaro 6oe, ejui ^ase dojibme. KpeficepH I 
paHra TOse noRpuBaroxcE 6poHe]D, bo 6ojrbe lerROK). Boopyseflde HX'b 
Tose jnerie. 3a to flirb A&eTca dHCTpora xo^a, en^e HeAaBHo cqEraB- 
mancE jiereHAapHOH), OTb 20 — 25 ysjioBi b'b qacb. BpoEesocHEie 
Rpeficepu I pasra ebjieiotce BMicrb (yh liirb nepBORjaccHbiME cy- 
AaME E A^fl dCRaApeHsaro 6oe. Onurb AOJiseHi* noRasaib, Eiri^ioTb-JiE 
B'b caMomb A"^ nepoA^ heme oepbesnoe npeEMyi]](ecTB0 Tasejibie h 
Taaejo BOopyaeHHbie rBraHiH ecRaApeHBaro 6oa? IIoroHa 3a 6HCTpo- 
TDK) xoAa fljifl RpeficepoBi npEBOJia k^ BAet eme ofijierqEXb 6poHi), 
ocTaBHB'b ee TojibEO Ha caMKX'b TyecTBHTeibHHXx BficTaxi cyAHa. Y 
sacb BToro THua cyAa sa3biBaK)TCfl noAyffponeHOCHfAMu RpeficepaME, 
$paHny3H hxx Ha3biBaiorb samumufAMu (proteges). He ycTynaa B'b 
RpeflcepcTBi^ 6poEeHocHbiMi» RpeJScepairb, oee ho ciojib cEJibHbi a^ 
BCRaApennaro 6oe. Hto RacaeTca EpeficepoBx 11 panra, to hx^ ho 
npEHETO noRpHBaTb 6poHeK), EJiH se He noJiHOH) E jierRoio. Oee go- 
BepmeHHO cooTBiTCTByiorb npeacHEM'b RopBexaM-b. 

Tpeibfl saAa^a: o6opoHa fieperoB-b e nanaAeme ea 6epera. IIpejKAe 
AJEfl 8Toro cyn^ecTBOBajiH RaHonepRE, MOirRo CEAflnniE He6oj[bniifl cyAa, 
BoopyacesHHE apTEJurepieio. KaHonepKH coxpaHHiECb e ao CEX'b nopi. 

H'feROTOpHM'b HB-b HHX'b JSJdLViTb 6p0HK). Rzi> BTOrO CTpeMJieHiE 6p0HE- 

poBaTb RaHOHepRy Maio no Majiy BiipocjiE csaqajia moeetoph, mojiro- 
cEAEn](iH nani^bipHbifl cyAa (yb 6poHEpoBaEHOH) 6aniEeio, B'b ROTopot 



UOJLVlERk. 119 

noictiaaDTGfl opy;^, a sarbirB b% HoortAHee Bpeiui laKi HasiiBaeioie 
6jx>Henoet4u Cepetoeatl o6opwim^ soTopEie no GpoHeBOft 8aii(HTb h osirb 
;apTHjij[epiH OTBi^aDTB sa 6p(meH0C¥fi9h ecKadpeuHato 6oh^ ho Maio 
iipHTOAHH A2fl njaBanifl wh otsphtoitb Mopb. Ohh Moryrb npHEflib 
yqaoTie Bi acKaApeBHOiTB 6oi), ho toibso 7 poahbitb 6eperoB%. Ha- 
«0H6i^, ^OTBepiyK) HBi BHmenepe^HCjieHHiirb saA^^^ npesAO bu- 
nojiHBjm 6paH;i;epK[, t. e. CHafiseHHue ropD^Eia Ben^ecTBaicH saiepa 

H 6OTU, Ha KOTOpHX'b OTBaSHUe JOOAH pHOKOBaXH nOAIUUBaTb Kl 

jiHHefiHHMi rnraHTaHi h noASHraiB hxi. Bi HacToan^ee Bpenfl hxi 
aan^HHjrb HHHOHOcHudi ({Mion, MUHMocHme KpeHoepvi^ muhohochu u 

MUHOHOCKU. TaKOBl* COCTaBl COBpOHeHHEIXl ^JtOTOBl. TonOpB HO- 
CMOTpHlTb Ha OTHOOHTOJIBHTI) OHIJ BODDnpiXTi CTpaHB. 

EcjH 4>^0TiJ Ahtjoh h ^paHipH npHSHaTL xaiaoiiHiiH hjtb HasBame 

iiepBOEJiaCCHilX'L HOpCKHXl* J^QfTRBB'hj TO ^JIOTfil OCTaiBHUXl* BeJOI- 

luoL'h AopsaBi* HacTOJEbKO cia6i^e, tto hx^ HaffO nasBaTB mopcrhmh 
^epsaBaMH BTopocTeneHHHiiH, vb toitb ^Hcjr& h PoccId. H, OAHano, 
pyccsifi 4^j[oirb HecoHsiiipHMO CHAnie h aiiepHKaHOEaro h HcnaHcsaro. 
EciH MS HCKJiioqHirB cyAa 6eperoBOBot o6opoH£i, . KoropiiiiH oco6eHHO 
MsofiHJvyerb pyccKifi fiairificKit ^jiotb, a TaKse MHHOHOCHufi ^jiotb, 
ji,m Hc^HCJieHifl ROToparo y Haci cefi^aci ne mrbeTCH noA% pyROD 
AaHHUxii, TO ocTaxLHiie paspflAH cy^oBib, npeACTaBJUuoocie co6od 
ocHOBHyx) OHJiy (ffjiOTS, H 8090 OTO HacTynaTeJLbHyD CHJiy, OKasoBaioTca 
Bi cjrbAynnieM'b qncjii: 

BpoHeHocmi. Poccifl. AMepmsa. HcnaHiA. 

dcEa^p. 6ofl 16 5 3 

Kpeflcepu I p. • • • 12 5 7 

KpeflcepHlIp 12 i 

MopcEifl jeroAKH .... 18 { 



21 13 



Bra MaieHbRaa cpaBHHrejibHafl TafijTHqKa nosassBaerB, ?to o6i 
8ox)K)nufl CTopoHH jffiJixsa 6uTi> npHSHaHfii HopcKHHH AGpsaBaiiH 
TpeTBecTeneHHUMH. HMnpoBHSHpoBaTB HOB'i^Bmie ^aotel HeBOSMosRHO. 
UysHH roAa jh^jisl nocTpofiRH cyAOBi*, a ezi> ROMMopqeoRHXi cyAOB'B 
.MOffiHo Ha^i^aTb JiHinb RpeficepoB'b, onacHHXb jifla. oesopysHEixi Ry- 
oe^ecRHX'b cy^oB'b, ho HeroAHux'b ]i;jul BCTptqH ^ase ot> MaieHbRHMH 
BoeHHHMH cyAaMH. .CjOBOiTb, npHAeicH piniHTB cnopi t4mh cMaiiH, 
KOTopBiMH cTopoHii pacHOJiaraioTB B'B HacToan^ee Bpena. IIpeACTaB- 
jioHHafl Ta6jLHqRa jifikerh ntoOTopoe noHHTie cooTHomeHiH aTEXb 

«BJ['b, HO AOBOJlbHO nOBepXHOCTHOe. HoSHaROlCHMCH ffh COCTaBOlTB 

<t)j[OTa aHepHRaHCRaro h HcnaHORaro noApo6H']^e. AnepHRa pacnojar 

raOTL HflTbK) dCRaApOHHHMH 6pOHeHOCIiaMH. Ha-B HEXl Texcich — ^ABOft- 

fiiRi norH6maro Mena. B'B HacToan^ee BpeHfl ohi naxoAHTCH B'B hbd- 
iopRCRoiTB AOR'b H B'B Haqajii RaHnaHin mosotb ho hphhatb yqaoiiH. 
OcTaJiBHue 6poHeHOcim — AUoeuj Hndiana, Maccanyaemch H Opeumh. 
3to cyAa oaMofl HOBiflmefl nocTpoflRH, CHJiBHte Texaca\ bc4 Boopy- 
acoHHue nj[aBax)TB, roTOBse ri 6010; Opeiofn 6injn> vh THXomb 



120 pyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

OKeaH'% H oniniBTL bt> AwaHTB^ecKifl; npn fijraronpkTHoirB cre^eHiH 
oficToaTejiBCTB'B MoaerB nocBiib ki na^ajiy fienpiasHeBHHxii j^tfloTBift. 

npCTBB'B 8TBXI aMepEEaHCEBX'B 6pOH6HOCIteB'L ETcuaBifl MOSeT'L 

npoTBBOUOCTaBBTi) TOJibKO ipH, IleAauo, EyManuifo u Bummtypm. Hst 
HKCb nepBHfl— cHjttHoe cyAHO HOBMmaro TBna, toilko wo orpeMOH- 
THpoBaHHoe H coopyaeHHoe, bt* HanajA anptaa bhidjio no hbhsb*- 
cTHOMy HasHa'ieHiiD hbi KapTaremi. HyMaHuis h Bummopin—6oi^e 
CTapaa h fiojiie ciafiua cy^a. Ho HiKOTopHMt CBi^iHiant ohh na- 
xo«HJiHOL Bt Maprt y fieperoBi, IIopTO PoKa, ho sartirB ymra. Ta- 
KHMi oCpaaoM-L, ecjfflfiH y^acTB Coa pimajracB o;ihbmh BCKa;Q)eHHHMH 
(SpoHeHOGAaifH, TO aHepHKaniiifii hm'&xh 6h 6ojDi»inie maHoii cRoparo 
ycnixa. O^HaKO, 6poHeHocHHe Kpeficepa 1 panra Moryn npHHHTt 
paBHonpaBHoe y^aciie vb piniHTejrBHOMTb 6oh). Hbi dath aMepHKan- 
cKHX-b KpeflcepoBi I paHra tojilko ABa, Hhfo-lopm h EpyKAum, — 
6poHeHOCHHe; 0CTaJU>HHe ipn, Oj^uMniji, KoAymdiH h MuneanoAuch — 
noJiyfipoHeHOCHHe, npn 'ioitl OAumnui MaBaerb b-b Thxoitb OKeant. 
?To KacaeTCfl cenB HcnaHCKHX'B speficepoBi I panra, to bcI ohh — 
6poHeHOCAH HOBifimet KOHCTpyKi;iH: Oneendo, Mapin-Tepesa, KapA% F, 
Eucnatijiy Xpucino6aAh-KaM>m^ IIpuHuecca AcmypiiieKaji u Kapdu^ 
Hojiib lucp€po€%. Hna^e roBopa, npoTHB-B ccmh fiooBHxi eaHHHUi 
nepBaro panra, kotophmh MoserB pacnojiaraTB j^is. acKaApeHHaro (Sos 
AMopHKa (cTOTaa h poMOHTHpyiomiflcfl Texach^ h csijsjfomMi hb-b Th- 
xaro OKeaHa Opeiom\ HcnaHifl BH'i^erB AecflTB 6oeBnxx eAHHHH'B. a 
He cwias ycTap'kux'B EyMauuiu u Bummopiu, BCOTaKH bocomb. IIo- 
BB^HMOMy, OAHaKO, HcnaHCKifl ^jLOTb eme ho ycnijii cocpe^OTO^BTBCH, 
Tor^a Kasi* aMepHKaflCKifi yse chjiothjich bi> ab^ dCKa^pu bt. ATJian- 
TH'iecEOM'B oKeaHt h bt. TpeTBH) jiflo. THxaro oKeana. 3to ^aerB 6ojib- 
moe npoHHyn^ecTBO aHepEKani^aM'b, ecjiH ohh c'ByM'l^iOTB hitb bochojolb- 
BOBaTBca. Hto KacaoTca jspjvErh paapaAOBB boohhhx'b cy;^0B^, to 
fl,m 6eperoBO& ofiopoHu HonaniH pacHOjataraeTB y Ky6£i HeTBipnaAi^aTbeo 
KanoHepKaMH, cTapBiHH h cjlsl6uue cjjifiMH. AnepBBa BM-j^eTii 6 6po- 
HeHoci^eBi 6eperoBofi ofiopoHu, aoboj[bho ceibhux'b cy^OBB, h 8 ctb- 

pBDL'B MOHHTOpOBB, COXpaHHBmBXCfl CO BpeMOfl'B MOSAOyCOfiHOfi BOflHBl 
H BHHi MBJIO npHFOAHBIX'B. MBHOflOCHBlfl ^JLOVh AMOpHKH COCTOBT'B 

nz% 17 HHHOHOCBieB'B. HcnaniCBi se pacnojiaraiorb 18 uhhhkmh Kpen- 
cepaMH H 20 MHHOHoci^aMn. 3to caHoe OojuBmoe npoBMyniecTBO Hcna- 

HiH, HO AOCTaBHTB dTy iffJlOTWLijD ^OpOSl OEOaHB HO TaKl TO JIOrKO H^ 

ecjra aMepHKaHi^Er noBOAyTB jijbjio dHeprn^ecKH, mosotb cjiy^HTBca^ 
iTO HcnaHi^aM'B ne yAacTca hsbjio^ Bcefi hojibsei esi CBoero npen- 
MymeoTBa. 

fl^ SejraiOBpX'B 06CT0flT6JU>H0 CJH^^AHTB Sa XO^OVl MOpCKOfl BOfiHU 

igefljaraK) GJitA7V)nUfl A^i Ta6jiiH?KH rxaBHUxi MopcKHXii chjtb Aiie- 
pHEH H HcnaHiH. (Bi* onacRaxi o6ohx'l ^'jeotobi octb mhofo apji^^*^ 
cyAOBx, ho, no MHiniK) cneipajracTOB's, ho ctodh^bxi BHHMaHifl). 



nOJIHTHKA. 



121 



L AHepHsaHCKift ^ioti: 



1. BpoHeHocmi 
dcsaxp. 6ofl: 


BOXOBB- 


Boopysenie. 


napoB. 

CUl. 


Cbo- 

pOCTb. 


AfloBa 


. 11410 


4 op. 12 X., 
8-8«. B 6— 4 a. 


11000 


16 




Hnjuasa .... 


. 10280 


ao 


9730 


iH 


MaccanyaeTCb. 


. 10280 


4 op. 13 A; 


10400 


16 




OperoH'b. . . . 


. 10280 


8-8 A. H 4-6 A. 


11100 


IH 


TexacB. .... 


6315 


2 op. 12 X. 
H 6-6 X. 


8000 


16 


PeMOHT. 


2. EpoHeHOC. Kpefi- 










cepH I p. 












HBD-Iopsi. . . 


8200 


6 op. 8 x- H 
12-4 A. 


17400 


21 




BpyuBHi • . • 


9250 


8 op. 8 X. H 
12-6 A. 


18800 


22 




3. KojqrtfpoHeHOC- 










HHO Kpeflcepu I p. 










Roi7if6iii • . . 


737B J 


no 


18500 


22i 






1 op. 8 X., 






• 


MHHeanojorci. . 


73751 


2-6X.H8-4X. 


20800 


23 




OiEMniA .... 


5800 


4-8*. 10-5 X. 


17800 


31-)- THz.oseaB%. 


4. Kpeficepu II p 






' 






BanTHMopa . • 


4400 


4-8 x- 6-6 X. 


10000 


20 


Thz. OKoaH 


HHsaro .... 


4500 


4-8 X- 8-6* 


6100 


16 


PeMOHT. 


HeBapsi . . . 


4100 


12 op. 6x- 


8860 


19 


> 


$HJiaxeiB<^iji . . 


4300 


13 op. 6x. 


8810 


19-j 


> 


C.-$paHi^Hcso . 


4100 


12 op. ex. 


9910 


19- 


• 


AuaHTa • . 


3000 


2—8 X. 6—6 X. 


4030 


15- 


> 


BOCTOH* .... 


3000 


2-8 X. 6-6 X. 


4030 


15i 


- Thz. OKeaHi. 


^apJBCTOffB . . 


3730 


2—8 X. 6—6 X. 


6660 


18 


POMOHT. 


I^HimHBaTH. . • 


8180 


1-6 X. 10-8 X. 


lOOCO 


19 




Paiefi 


8180 


1-6 X. 10- 8 X. 


10000 


19 


Thz. OKoaai. 


lerpofiTi .... 
Map6j[BT9A'b . • . 


2080 


9-6X. 


6220 


18^ 
18. 


[ 


2100 


9-6X. 


5460 


r 


MoHroMepH . . . 


2100 


9-6X. 


6680 


19 




HBD-OpieaHi • . 


8600 


6-6 X. 4-4 X. 


7500 


20 




AjBfiaHH 


3600 


6-6 X. 4-4 X. 


7500 


20 


POMOHT. 


BeHHHrTOH'B . . . 


1700 


6-«X. 


3430 


17^ 


I- Thz. OKoaHi. 


KOHKOPX'B .... 


1700 


6-6X. 


8400 


17 


» 


lOpSTOH'B .... 


1700 


6-6X. 


3400 


16 


PeMOHT. 


HamBHiB . , • • 


1370 


8-4X. 


1750 


14 




Bhumbhttoh'b . . 


1370 


8-4X. 


1600 


18 




Eiena 


1370 


8-4 J. 


1600 


13 




5. BpoHeHocim 6€ 


>- 










peroBofi otiopoHH. 












Ax4>HTpHTa . . . 


4060 


? 


? 


12 




MianTOHOMOZ'B . • 


4050 


? 


? 


10 




MonaExozi . . . 


4060 


? 


? 


14 




Teppopi . . • • 


4060 


? 


? 


12 




llypHTaHHKB • • • 


6150 


? 


? 


12 




MoHTepe • . • • 


4200 


? 


? 


16 


Thz OKeaHi. 


6. BoceHB MOHHTa 












POKB 


? 


? 


? 


9-11 


Q 


7. CexHajmaTb me 


. 










HOHOCI^eB'B • . 


? 


Mhbh. 


? i 


io-a 






122 



P7CCK0B BOFATCTBO. 



n. HonasoKiS $jioti. 



1. BpOHeHOCmi 8CB. 

6oji: 
neiafto 

HyiiaHiuii .... 

BHTTOpU .... 

2. BpoHeBOCHiie 

Bpeflcepii I p. 

Kapn y 



RapxHB. HH3ipepoc%< 
DpHBKecca AcTn>. 

AXMHp. 0KB6BX0 

BHCKafia .... 
Mapiji-Tepesa . . 

XpBCTOO.-KoiOBl 

3. RpeftcepH n p. 

AuciioBCB xm • • 

JlenaHTO 

Aj&4>obciXQ . . 
KopoieB. XpneTBHa 
KoHxe-xe-Beaa- 

XHTO. ..... 

JHoHi AbtobIo xe 
Fioa. 

Rowh XyaB'B . . . 

Maa66jut 

Hsafieiall . . . 

9iiceflaxa .... 

Ky6a 

JLdsoh'e 

fiopoiesa Mepce- 
xeci 

4. BoceMBajpiaTL 

MHHHUXl Kpeft- 

cepoBi .... 

6. ABBJUiaTB MBBO- 
BOCUeBl .... 

6. ABaxuaTB xaBo- 

BnpOB'E .... 



9900 2-12x2-11 Jl. 

H 9-5i M. 
7300 ? 
7260 ? 



9260 

7000 
7000 
7000 
7000 
7000 
6600 



2- 11 x. 
6 - 5i X. 

no 2 op. 11 

H no 10— 6-J- Jt 

2— 10X.10-6X. 
H 6-5 X. 



6000 4-8 I. 6-4 Jt 

4820 4-8 X. 6 4 x- 
3060 6 - 6 X. 
8020 6 — 6x. 



1130 

1180 
1130 
1180 
1180 
1030 
1030 
1080 

8010 



4- 5x. 



— 6 

— 5 

— 5 

— 5 

— 5 

— 6 

— 6 



6-6x. 



9000 Mbhh. 
? Uhhh. 
? ? 



8000 16 



9 
10 



18600 20 

16000 20 

16000 20 

15000 20 

16000 20 

15000 20 

14000 20 



11000 20 

12000 20 

4800 17 

4000 I5i 

1600 14 

1600 14 

1600 14 

1600 14 

1600 14 

1600 15 

2200 16 

220O 16 

3700 15 



? 20-80 
? 20-30 
? ? 



Thx. OKeaH%. 



06iiue HTorH bthxi TafijcHi^, cBexeHHue no rjiaBHBorB aJteueHrairB 
BoeHBo-MopcKofi cEJiBi, jifixyTb csfkjijviTnxe opaBHHTejDbHue pesyjibTaiH: 



AMepHBa. 
BoxoHSMin^eBie. ..«••:.• 180,755 
napoBuxi cHi'B 262,260 



Opyxffl: 



10 — 13 ADfiMOBHn . 

6—8 
3—5 > 



10 
178 
127 



HcnaEui. 

1U,840 

165,000 



18 

112 

50 



Bioro TBsejESZ'b 

CpeXHflfl CKOpOCTB . 



315 

17 



180 
16i 



nOJIHTHKA. ] 23 

E3% dToro qHCJia sanjiTO fb Thx^itb oReaH'6 y Hcnani^eB'B ojijswh 
Rpeficep'L (1030 TOH^, 4 opjAifl, 2200 CHJTb), a y aMepHKaHn;eB'b 6 
KpeftcepoBi (18780 tohi, 57 opyaift h 48430 chjtb) h 1 CpoHOHO- 
«ei^ 6eperoBofi o6opoHH (4200 tohh'b BOAOzsMiii^eHifl). Bn^iHraff 
8TH THxo-oEeaHCKifl CHjiH, a TaK'b se cyAa 6eperoBofi o6opoH£i (Bcero 
26550 TOHH'B BOAOHSvinieHifl), julb. axjaHTH^ecsHrB ^jhotob'b, hm&d- 
msx'L cpasHTBCfl, ociaeTOfl HicEOJUbKo HHoe oooTHOHieHie: 

AMepHKa. HcnaHiH. JSR*^^ 

BHAOHSMiii^eHie 125,424 110,810 14,615 

napoBmcB CHi% .... 218,830 162,800 51,030 

. Opywft 268 176 82 

GpeAHflx cKopocTL ... 18 15Vi 2-}- 

3th ohi£I h plmaTB y^acTB MopcKofi boShh. AnepHKa onjiBHie, 
no He nacToiBKo, ^To6iz MCKyccTBO, nysecTBo hjih o^acTinBafl cjiy- 
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ORoe cpasenie, a BunrpaHHoe renepaiBHoe cpaasenie, npn tomi He- 
^oiBmoiTB sanaoi cesi, kotophitb pacnoiaraDTB o6i cTopoHU, osna- 
^aen noraoe xopsecTBO Ha Mopb. 

Ha cymi cooTHomeHie chjtb coBciirB HHoe. AMepHsa paonanaraerB 
scero Ha Bcero TpnxAaTBD Tucfl^anH peryjuipHaro BofioKa. HonaHU 
«e Ha oAHofi Ky6i HM^erB bi> HacToan^ee Bpeiffl 150 tbichtb, na 
UopTO-PEso — 20 THC, Ha EanapcKHX'B ooTpoBaxi» — 6000, na 
^jmiHHarB — 12000 f 350 tuchtb b'b HonaniH. AuepHKa npe;t- 
nojraraeTB necTH BOfiny BoiOHTepaiin h KonrpeocB yxe Borapo- 
BajTB o^opMHpoBaHie j^ByxcoTB-TBiCflHHofi apidH BoioHTepoBB. Boen- 
HBie aBTopHTeTH Ebpohh oqHTanrB TasyK) apMin Maio toahoid jsflR 
•fiopBfiu CB peryju[pHUHH BoficKaHH H npe;Q>eRaK)TB aMepHEani^aM'B 
XHoro paao^apoBaHift na 8tomi nyTH. OnuTB MesAoyco6Hofi boShu, 
no hxx MH'bHiiD, He moxotb 6b[tb npHsnaFB AORaaaTejtBHEDrB, noioMy 
qxo Tor^a BOJOHTepu cpaxajHCB cb BOJioHTepaMH. H B'B btobtb otho- 
meHiH onHTB HcnaHO-aMepHRaHcsaro CTOJRHOBemfl o6in^aeTB 6t2TB 

B'B BUGOROfi GTenOHH noy^HTeJUBHUlTB. 

HacTOfln^afl Bofina AOJisna riyCoRO orpasHTbca na sROHOMH^ecRHX'B 
OTEomeHiflX'B coBpeMeHHaro ipBHjrasoBaHHaro Mipa, ctojb ocjoshhb- 
mnxcfl h ctojib qyBCTBHiejiBHEix'B R'B MajiifimeHy HapymeHiD ycrano- 
fiHBmarocfl paBHOBtcia dROHOMHqecRHX'B chju. HcnaHia coCHpaeroH 
BKOTaBHTB RanepoB'B jsflSL npecjri^AOBaHifl aMepHRancRaro ROMMep^ecRaro 
^JOTa. He OAHH Hcnani^u, ho h MHorie APyne MopaRH co6HpaK)Tca 
nosHBHTBca npH noMoniH RanepcTBa y 6oraTBix'B aHRH. dxa pa36ofi- 
HHHBa Bo^Ha uoserB HaHecTE rpoMaAHne yfiBrrRH Ahophr']^ h mosotb 
E fies'B 6jioRaAH napajiHSOBaTB A'^HTejiBHocTB MHoro^HCJieHHaro aMepa- 
KaHCRaro ROMMep^ecRaro ^JioTa. HecoMHiHHO, sto npaHecerB buvoa^ 

KOMMCp^eCRHMB ^lOTaMl HOBTpaJIBHHX'B AOpxaB'B, aHrJin^aHaiTB, H'bM- 

xiaH'B, ^paHAysaM-B, rojuaHAniaifB, HopBesn;airB... B'B HaoToaa^ee Bpena 
naccaacapoRoe a no^TOBoe ooo6n^eHie mqtrjsj EaponoK) h CiaepHoio 



124 PyCCKOK BOrATCTBO. 

AMepHKoio noAAepsHBaiocb napoxoAHHMH KOHnasiflMH, aHriificRot, 
(j^pasiiyscKofi, aMepHEaHCsofi h repMancKofi. AMepnsaHOKafl KOMnaHia 
yate o6'LflBHjia, ^to npeKpan^aerL TpaHcaTjaHTH^ecEie peficu, noToiry 
4T0 BQ^ CBOH rpoMa^Hue H 6EiCTpoxoAH&e napoxoAH nepe^aia aMe- 
pHKaHCEOMj npaBHTejibCTBy jsfiR npeBpan^eHifl hx'b bi BoeHHue Tpanc- 
nopTu H jierKie Kpeflcepn. C% btok) se i^^jkbd aHepHKaHCKoe npaBH-^ 
TeiBCTBo KjUEJLO H'i^cROJiBKO TpaHcaxjiaHTH^eoKHxi napoxoAOBi> y raM- 
6yprcKofi KOMnaHin, KOTopaa ;^Ba ;[pyrEX'B, caMEixi 6bictpoxo;(hsix'b» 
QpoAajna EcnaBii;aM'B. IIocji']^ bthx'b upoA^sas^ h repMaHCRie peficBi h& 
GRopo B03o6HOBflTGfl BTi npesfleiTb ROJiH^ecTBt H Cb nposHeiD npa- 
BHJibsocTBK). $aRTE^ecRH ^paHuysu H aHrjiH^aHe oTaHOBflTca uoHono* 
lECTaHH naocasHpcRaro h no^xoBaro cooGn^eHifl c% C^BepflOE) Aice- 
pHEOK). Tose caMoe h cb K)shos) Ambphrok), r;^ nacoaaospoRoe r 
no^TOBoe oootioi^eflie no^uepsHBajia, RpoMi ^pani^soB^ h aHrm^avB, 
TOJbRo HcnaHCRaa ROiinaHifl TpaHcaxjiaHTHqecRaro napoxo^cTBa; Bci 
efl cyica yse Tose nepeAaHu bi pacnopaseme HcnaHCEaro upaBH- 
TeJBCTBa. 

EcjiH ojmsoio Bce, tojibro ^o Hc?Ecj[eHHoe, o6iiii[a6TB xopomi& 
fiapiunn HefiipajUBEBiirB npEaTJiaHTE^ecEEirB saiiiflirB, to HiROTopua 
HS'B HEXi OMOTpaTB cb TpoBoroD Ha BipoflTHoe BSAoposaHie XJl'b6a. 
3aTpyj(HeHui bi cnomeEiflX'B cb Ambperok), 8tok) rjiaBHOE) nocTaBn^- 
qoK) xjrbfia, coBnajiH B;^o6aBOE'B cb HesnaqHTeJiBHuifH sanacaHH xjri^6a 
Bi PocciE, fijiaroAapa 6iACTBeHH0My Hoyposai) npomiaro rofta. IIpH 
dTHxi yoiOBiax'B, ecjmfiu EcnaEHjBi BHHrpaiH Mopcsyi) 6ETBy e 061- 
JiBfliH 6h saitirB 6jioEaAy aTJtaHTE^ecRaro nofiepeacBa AuepERE, — dm 
Morjo Cm BHSBaiB TaRia ropecTHua 6iACTBia bi AarjiiH, tto OABa-jm 
asrjiH^aHe tujun-Cu wb cocToaHifl AOirro nepeaooETB laRoft HefirpaiB- 
T&Th. npE TenepemHeiTB HeyoTofi^EBOirB noJiETE^ecROMi paBHOB'i^oiB 
EBponu, Tpy^Ho npe^BEA'^TB Bci Tb ne^aiBHBia nocji'lACTBia, rotopeih 
MoacBTB BusBaTB xaRofi o6opoxi BCTopiE. Boo6ii]^e Ha^EHaDn^aaca Bofiaa^ 
B'bpoaTHo, npEHecBTB aaiTB ctojbro cnpnpEsoB'B, crojibro a^bho h& 
BEAajTB Mipi E CR0J[BR0 npoTepni^TB CjjifiTb eMy o^eHB Taseio. MoasHo 
CRa3aTB TOJEBRO OAHO yxe H TenepB, ?to Jio6^]ifiL IIlTaTOB'B e saxBarB 
Him EcnaHCREX^ Roiosifi MOserB noBie^ TOse pasBExie BoeHHaro 
Moryn^ecxBa aHepEsaHCEoS pecnyCiESE, Roxopoe bi ropohb aapyniflxi^ 
HBiH'bmHee nojEEXfl^ecRoe paBsosMe e coBepmoHHO npeo6pa3ETi» co- 
BpeMeHHoe cooxEomenie noJiHXflqecREXx cejtb Bcero Mipa. Ob Apyroft 
cxopoHBi, nojiHoe xopasecxBO HcnaHiE (ropasAO Mesie BipoaxHoe^ ro- 
ne^Ho) MoacexTi vb RopesB sapymEXB aROHOME^eoRia cooxHomeHia sa- 
mero BpetfenE, a bospoahb'b HcnaHin bi poJiE cbabmoS bojieroS a^P- 
saBU EBponu, noBidaxB e na oooxHomesia nojiExa^ecREXi CEn. 9xk 
o6nua npeABEAisia MoryrB o6Jie^Bca, OAHaRo, b% xaRia HeosEAaHHEia 
(f)opMii, jifikTb cxoiBRo oxnpuoROBx Bi pasHBia cxopoEu, saxBaxflXB no 
Aopori cxoABRO nocxopoBHaro MaxepBajEa^ 1x0 oaxH oyxia ^opHyjoz^ 
Haiffl npeAycMaxpsBaeHEia, CjjijTb coBepmesHO sacjioHeHU apRooxBK) 
II HeosBAaHHocxBD axflxi BonjionieHifl, oxepbicrob'b e BRCRypcifi. Bo- 



nOJItHTIIKA. 125 

ji%6, ^iTB BipoflTHo, ^TO 6opB6a 6j]ifiTh jnopHafl, nojiHafl TparHdHa 
if ysaca, h ^to aMepsRaHipi HanpaoHO o'b TaKHin* jierKHirB cepmeirb, 
cTOJiib Heo6;i7MaHHo ee BusBaiH co scbiiH efl ropeoTHHicH nepHneiiflicE 

H CiACTBeHHUUH nOCjAACTfiiflMH. 

FpoMa^BS HHTepeoi h sasHoe HCTopH^ecKoe SHa^eme jipsMa^ 
EOTopafl Ha^HHaeTca Ha BOAan AxjitaHTH^eoKaro ORoaHa, noneBOJi^ 
:8acTaBHj[H HacB noApo6H'6e ocTaHOBHTBoa Ha HsioseHin npojtora STOft 

JipaHU H OTSeCTH 0TOM7 HBJEOSeHiK) OTOJCBRO ictcxa, ^TO erO He OOTaeTCH 

B*^ HameiTB paonopasemH jifla apji'hx^ co6iiTill HCTesmaro Hicflii;a. 
KoTaiH, Hxi 6kuo ho oco6eHHo MHoro h He ocofieHHo flpsHXi. Ilepe- 
^iHOjQurb, no KpaftHefi Mipi, BasnifimiH. 

YcTyiiKa Befi'Xa-Bea aHTjmqaHaiirB RHTaftii;aiiH Haffbiajia HaH6o- 
3rke myiia. GrpaTern^ecRoe SHa^enie BeS-Xa-Bea ne nQAiesnrb co- 
Mff&Hifio, ecjiH npcAnoJitaraTL BoeHHoe BosposAeme RnraScRoS HMnepin. 
^10 se Racaeicfl BHa^eHifl STofi nosHipH bt> beji^ npoTHBOB'&ca PocciH, 
TO Bijsjb He s^i^Gb, He Me»Ay nopTB-ApiypoMi^ h Befi-Xa-BeeirB, pl- 
fimrcfl yqacTL anrato-pyccRaro oTOJiRHOBeHifl, ecin RorAa-HHfiyAb HipB 
yBHj(HTB ocyo^ecTBHBmHKCfl 8T0 ysacHOo CTOIRHOBenie. Bi> BH^y 
aioro, B'b BHAy HeBipoHTHOOTH BoeHHaro BOsposAeniH KHraa h wb 
BHAy OTcyTCTBifl sa Beft-Xa-BeeiTB cepBesnaro ToproBaro SHa^eHla, 
dTO npiodpixeiiie anrjH^aH'B e^Ba-jiH ctohio Toro myMa, ROTopoe oho 
flaxBopHiio. XoAHTb jifixe ciyxn, ^to AHrjiia jifioae pasAyMaia saHHuaTB 
Befi-Xa-Befi h ocxaBHTB ero flnoHii;airB. 8to c6eperio-6u anriH^aHaif^ 
a'bcROJiBRO MEJUOHOBi, ROTopBEO HHa^o 6jjijrh ynoTpofijiteHU Ha yRp'b- 
uieme h Boopyaseme BeS-Xa-Bea. 

TopasAo cepBesHie ycnbx'B aHriHHaHB wh Hy6iE, r;^ na 6eperax'B 
ATfiapa Ha rojioBy pa36HTa anrato-erHnTflHaMH apMia MaxAHCTOB'B. IIo- 
sopenie Bcefi Hy6in h Bocxowaro CyAana aBiaeTCH nocJii 9Toro jramB 
BonpocoHii BpeuoHH, H He o^ieHB A&i6Raro BpeMenn. 9to cejibho 
jRpiiLSfleTB noioseme aHrjinqaHi bi ErHori h OABa-jra ho cjriAyerB 
yae cMOTpd^TB na ErEnerb, RasB na neoneiueMoe BjaAinie CpHian- 
ORoS EMnepia. 

Bi Efiponi ^paHiqH, repManifl h BeJUBria AiaTej^Ho roTOBHToa 
^'h o6mfiVb BufiopaiTB, ho OTCDAa, HSAaJieRa, TpyAHO opieHTHpoBaTBcn 
wb dTofi oseotOHOHHofi 6opB6i, ROTopaa oxBaTHJia 8th CTpana. B'l 
BHAy p'bmHTeJitbHaro OTOxyiueHia MOHapxHciOB'B, i^eHxp'b TasecTE h8(Sh- 
paTOJiBHofi 6opB6u BO ^paHi^E — B'B oTHOCETeJCbHHX'B HiaHcaxi no6iAu 
jsfipeHHBix'B pecayfijiHRaHKeBii, aaxoAan^Hxca wawh npa BJiacxE n 
paAHRasBHofi onnosEiiiE. HafinpaTejtBHBia ooo6paseHia saciaBJuiDTB 
^paHi^scRoe HpaBHTej[BCTBO sararflBaTB h corxameHie cb aHrmqaHaME 
o c^epaxi BJiaA^Hia na GpeAHOMi Hsrepi. ycxyiiRH Morjot^Gu, ro- 

fle^HO, nOBpOAETB MHHHCTepCTBy H OFO HapTlE. 3a TO yCniXE, B'B 

nocj[iAHee BpeHa AooTsrHyrHe B'B KEiai, ROTopue ^paai^ysaH'B jsfkSK 
npEMopcRifl ropoA'B e noprb, afiiifliOTca xopoinHH'B HsSflpaTejsbEbiM'B 
aprytfeHTOirB. Ti^-se E36EpaTejiBHHM'B ooo6paseHiaMi noAWHeno 
<}hjio e pi^meme o npeAamH diauus. Sou BTopH^Hony cyAy n aasna- 



126 pyCCSOK BOFATCTBO. 

MeHiK) cpoEa aioro cy^a, KOTopufi, noBHAHHOMy, o6cTaBJieHi& en^e cb 
HeHbmHMH rapaHTiflMH npaBOcyjua. BnpoqeiTB, dTOMy HeHopuaiBHOiqr 
rocno;^CTBy H36HpaTeju»HUX'L coo6pa8eHifi cKopo 6^jsfiTb nojosen'b ko- 
Heii;!). 26 anp'kfl no Hameiiy cHHCieHiio npoHsoSjtyrb Bu6opii e Hama 
6j}s;jjnfiA fied^Aa^ b'j^poatho, 6y;^erL npeHMyn^ecxBeHHo nocBfln^eHa 
aTOMy co6HTiio. 

B'B ABCTpiH npoAOflsaoTCfl oaKecTo^eHHaa 6opi»6a HaiuoHajrbHocTefi h 
ESBAK'b He MosoTB cooTOflTbCfl H0B06 coFJianieHie 01 BeHTpieS. SOGiueft 
npecTaptiaro HicaepaTopa saoTaBUOTi OTcranBaxb BOflideTafiie marn, 
KOTopue Morj[H 6u en^e 6ojAe OMpa^HTB npaaAHOCTBa. PimnrejiBHuxb- 

C06lITifl HOSHO SAaTB TOJtBKO nOCJTfc D6EJiefl. ^OGTOShO OTlfbTHTB 6016^ 

^TO H ABCTpifl BBicTynaerB cb KaKHME-TO iLiaHaME na cqexB KHiaa. Jlno- 
Hifl Tose ;io6HBaeTCfl £aRoH-To EOM^eHca^ifl. Xopomee aio cjiobo 
<KOMneHcaii;iE». ^uJOMaiu ero ynoTpe^AflnrB nepixKO BirksTo ojiobsl 
«pa86oH»... 3ro, sone^o, npflJiE^ie. 

C. lOwaKOBB. 



IIponoBOJibeTBeHHHH HecTpoeHifl. 

(IIucbMO ush KaMfiu). 
Ci TflsejTuirB qyBCTBOMi npHXOAETOfl HafijDDAaTejDD odn^ecTBOB- 

HOfi aKH3EH rOBOpETB HamHXl npOAOBOJUbCTBeEHHTB Heypflj^Ei^ax'Br 

3te HeypflAHi^ — Hama €06£iSHOBeHafl EOTopifl». ^aKTBi noBTopaiDTCs 
CB uyqsTeJiBHUMi oAHOoCpasieiTb; HSirbHaeTCfl, h to cjenca, TOJiBEa 
o6cTaHOBRa, m^cto A^ficTBia^ oymjEOCTB ;Se ocraeTca HeESirbHHOfl. 
OnHCBCBaxB bth ^aKiu— bto hovte rose caiioe, ^to padosasuBaTs 
cRa3Ky npo 6ij[aro 6uHKa, Koiopaa 6e3K0HeqHa, ho bi soTopoft cpe- 
AEHa E KOHeii;^ hobtopeiotb Hanaio. 9to yroHErejiBHO, ho e HOjraaTb* 

H6J(b3fl. npOAOBOlBCTBeHUfl HeypflAni],H JLOTBATOSL TaSEMl TflSeJUUlTB 

opeMeneirL Ha poAHofl napoA'B, BJieKyrB sa co6ox) Tasyio icaccy HysAH 
H ropa, cEasHBasoTCfl xaKHirB pasopemeirb h laKofi MaccoK) HaiipacEa 
3ary6jieHHiixi SE3Hefi, ?to coBicTB ho nosBOuerB Moji^iaTB o toitb, 

HTO BHAHHIB, He rOBOpSTB TOITB, TTO SHaeHIB. Ob 8T03 CTOpOHU, 

HamE npoAOBOJiBGTBeHHUfl jsjbJia — yase He cEasKa, a xa noAiEHEaa 
npaBAa sesbe, Eoxopyn Bci^BfB HysHO 3HaTB, soxopyD Bobn'b wpBEO 

nOMBETB, SOXOpOH) BCiMl) HySHO MyWXBCfl. 

Hcxopia npoAOBOiiBCTBeHEofi EaiinafliE xesyn^aro ro^a bi Kaiys- 
cKofi ry6epHiE, axo — oxpufiOK'L e3'b xo3 se 6e3EOHeuoH csasKE^ 
Mu H8JiosHMi> ee ECR2H)?Hxejn»Ho no 0(t)4^^^iaIBEIlIMl> AOEytfefl' 
xaHT). KaKi HE cjx!h EaHi],eji[flpcKifi esuex, Easx* he MHoro nyxABi 



IlP0X0B02BCTBBHHiUI HECTPOBHIfl. 127 

JL ropa ocTaeTCfl bh^ B'lA'^Hifl saHii;ej[Apifi, KaRi hh 4^opMaiBHO-npH- 
jLsnshi Bci 8TH AOiuaAU, OTHomeHm, npe^cTaBJieHifl, iipe;^j[OseHifly 
saKi HE rjraAKO j^fioTBjeTB EaHn;ejiiflpcEas MamHHa, aEKypaTHo no- 
ni^afl Bci 6yMarH Bxo^mHun h HcxoAon^Hiin HOMepauH, oAHaKO, 
npoAOBOJibCTBeHHoe HOOTpoeHie naoToiBKo cesbho, hto oho ho mosotl 
61ZTB BcbMi vnsxb saTymoBaHO. HeypH^Hiia, ci oahoS otopohh, 
Hys^a n rope^-CL APyroH — BEjsjm h H8'b o$$Hi(iaja»Hfiirb aokj- 

MeHTOB'B. 

Bi» HHOJii rydepnifi, chjibho nocTpaAaBnmx'B otb He^opoAa mhhjb- 
marp ro;ia, KaiyscKan ryCepHia sanHMaerb, xoth h ho nepBoe, ho 
AajieEo H HO nocjriAHee irlcTO. Rpoirb SHa^mreJCBHaro HeAo6opa wiy 
osHioixi xjii^axii, ee nocxHTb ho^th nojiHufi neyposat apoBUX'B h 
3Ha?HTejiBHiiS HOAopoA^ cina. IIo pasc^eTaHi uicTHUX'B somckex's 

GTaTHCTHKOB'L KpOCTMEHCKOe HaCOJieHie HOAOnOJEy^miO Vb dtOWb TOJSJ 

opaBHHTejiLHo CB npeAHAyHpurB, Tose A&^eso He6j[aroHpifiTHUMi» 
naTEJiiTieiTb: 

SepHOBHTL npojiysTOB'L H Kapro^ejifl na 7.666,000 py6. 

JlbHflHoro BOiOKHa 9 nesBKH ...» 1.238,000 » 

CojiOMU > 2.313000 > 

C*Ha » 2.227,000 > 

HToro . Ha 13.444,000 py6. 

He^ero h roBopHTb, hto ototb xpynHBifi HeAofiopHb ho mofb npofiTR 
6escjA]ifiO BT> oKyAHOM'B 6E);pEeTi vbcTBaro speciBflHOTBa, peccypcu 
soToparo snaqHreJitbHo yse 6uzr noAopBanii AsyMH npeAHAyninvB 
MajioyposaSHUMH roAaiiH. IIo nlpi Toro, KaKi BUflOHflJurcL pasMipa 
neyposafl, BosHHKajiH Boe 6ojrbe h 6oj[ie cHJUiHHfl onacemH sa 6jiaro- 
nojiy^HBifi HcxoAB npoACTOflBniaro npoAOBOJibOTBOHHaro ro^a. IlepBuirE 
OTBJHKHyiocb Ha 8TH oHaceHifl aLHBAPHHCRoe yisAHoe setfCKoe co- 
6paHie, ROTopoe b'b aBrycTOBOKofl qpesBuqaSHofi oecciH npHSHaio ho- 
ofixoAHMBUfL xoAaxaficTBOBaTb o6'b oTnycsi hsi* HMnepcsaro npo^o- 
BOJbcTBeHHaro KanHraJia ccyAH bi paBHip*]^ 500.000 py6. bi Ao6aB* 
AOHie B'B 100.000 py6., HM^BinHMCfl y ytsAHaro soMCTBa, h B'b vhirh 
AeHesHbUTb n naTypajiBHHirb sanaoaH'B, soTopbiME pacnojiarajiE oojeb- 
CEifl o6n^ecTBa. nsBicriH, npHxoAHBmifl B'b bto BpeHH e8i» jsjfjvwa'h 
yisAOB'b, HOCEjm TOse ipeBosHuft xapasTopi. Ha 15-6 ceHTEGpa 
6iuLo cosBano qpesBH^aSnoe ryCepHcsoe coGpanie, KOTopoe, onnpaflOb 
Ha coo6nieHiH yiBAHHX'b yapaBi, nooTanoBEJio HeMOAiteHHo B036y- 
AHTb xoAaTafiCTBo ofiii ornycK'b esi HMnepcKaro KaHHraia 1.000.000 
py6jiefi E noHEseHiE seji'i^HOAoposHaro Tapn^a Ha nepoBOdRy 
xjii6a E RopMa, saRynaeiiaro bohctbomI). 

TaR0Bi> fiujTb nepBOHa^aibHufi pascqeTb npoACTOflBmefi npo^o- 
BOJibCTBeHHofi E ciMOHHOfi HyscA^. BTOTb paBoqoTB HO 6wn> E He MOrK 
6HTb oKOHqaTeJibHHM'b. HtKOTopHH ytsAHKia ynpaBH, xoTH E npoA- 

BEA'i^ilE HySAJ) OAHaKO ho C^EraiH BOSMOSHHH'b yRasaTb B'b TO BpOMH 



128 PyOCKOB BOrATGTBO. 

ea pasirlpn; Apyria ynpaBM bobco He AOCTaBHiH OB'lA^Hift k'b rydepn- 
cKOMj co6paHi]D. Kt> 6oite TO^HOMy BSflOHeHiK) pasir&poB'B Heo6xo- 
AHMofi ccyAH H K-B pacnpe^bJiteHiH) nesAy yisAanH nepBaro MHJJiioHa 
py6j[e3 ryfiepncKoe cofipasie hi^^jeoob Bepnyrboa bi» OBoefi Aeiuk6p&- 
cKofi o^epeAHofi ceccm. 

Ho... Bii Te^eeie ipexB iri^cai^eB'L, rotophhh (Suih pasA&ieHEi 
^pesBu^afiHaa b oqepeAHaa oeociH, mhopo boau yreKJio. Ghjebhkui Bne- 
qaTi'bHifl otb noAopoAa ycir&iH noSjiiAai^Tb. BBisseHHue noia h Jiyra, 
Ha ROTopuxi Ao nosAHeft oceHH He npofiHJiacB hh OAHa seJieHafl xpaBKa, 
noRpuuGB cHtroMii. HsroJiOAaBinificH sa jt&to KpecTBflHCRifi ckotb He 
uoBOJiHjrB y»e 6oiBine rjiasi: oh'l Hcqes'B hsb A^peBHH, Tro6u HafiTH 
ce6i^ saEyH) 6bi to hh 6wlo ontHRy Ha ropoACROMi pBiHRi, hjih 6wn> 
sarnaHi* bi cTottJia, ^Tofiu HomrraTB eiii;e 6o!rte TasejiyiD rojtOAOBRy, 

qtM'L KaRyi) OH'L HOHEITaJIl* JFLtOITB. BoSBpaTHBmieCH EWb 8apa60TEOBT» 
npOMBimAeHHHRH H npHHeoeHHUff HMH AOHLrn H'bOROJIBRO OSHBHIH, XOTfl 

B He Ha AOJ^ro, ynaBmia at^ohi. AepoByniRH. IIoHBHJiHCb h OKpiom 
HOBHie BsriHABi Ha DpeACTOflBmyio npoAOBOiBCTBeHHyio RaMnaHin, B'b 
ROTopiix'B yse ne fiujto hh aHrysiasiia, hh OTSUB^HBofi npeAycMOTpH- 

TOJIBHOCTH, HO Bl ROTOptlXli 6UJL0 MHOrO AOMOpon^OHHOfl HOJIHTHRH H 

CBoeRopHCTHbix'B pa3c?eT0B'B. BuiE oo6paHEi «6ojr6e touuh» Aan- 
HUfl pasMipax'B HyasAH... 

yae AO CBiA'i^Hifl ^pesBuqafiHaro ryfiepncRaro cofipania hoo^^^h- 
^iaJII>HfiIM'b nyroMB 6hUL0 AOfieAOHo, ^to no A&aHHirB, co6paHHUirB ry- 
CepHaTopoiTb ^pesi bokcrhxi^ HaqaiBHHROBi, pasuipi hooGxoahmlix'b 
Hoco6ift HcqnoiaeTca ranib b'b 400 tbic. py^Jtefi, a ne bi MHJudoffB, 
KaR:B onpeA:bj(a2H aya^ y&SAHHa ynpaBu. 3to HSBicTie, RaRi Mti 
BHAlra, He noBJdajio aa nocTaHOBienie co6paHia h ero xoAaTaBciBC 
061 oxnyoRi 1.000,000 pyCxefi, RaaaiocB 6u, aojisho 6isulo HeneA- 
jieHHO AoftTH AO OBJ^A^Hia lixi, orB ROTopuxi saBHckio ero yAOBie- 
TBopenie. Ho oho ho aohuo, ho aohuo, ho Rpafineft Mtpi, B-b^opici 
xoAaiattcTBa. Ho iJ^HpRyiapaoMy pacnopaaceaiio MHHHCTepcTBa BHyTpen- 
BflXB A^B, xoAaxattcTBO coOpania, npesAe ero npoACTaBJieHia buo- 
mejiy npaBHTeibCTBy, aojesho 6uj[0 6biTB paaoKOTpiHO bb oco6oirB co- 
BlD^aHia, co6HpaeMoirB ry6epHaTopoMi hoa^ obohh'b npeAcbAaTejTB- 
cTBOifB. 9to coBin^anie 6wlo cosBaHO toibro qepesii Asa ii'lbcfli^a 
nocjB'b dRCTpeHHoS cecoin ry6epH0Raro oo6paHia. GosBaiB ero paate, 
RaR'B o6BacHHj['B Ha^ajibHHfi'B ry6epHiH oaMoay ooBin^aHiio, ne npeA- 
cTaBHJioob B03M0SH0CTH, TaRi RdK'B B'b ROHi^t ceHTa6pa H B'B Hawaii 
0RTa6pa npeAcbAaiejur ybsAHuxi ynpaBB h npeABOAHieiHABopaHCTBa 
6waL sanaTu B'B o^epoAHHX'B seiicRHX'B cecoiax'B, a bb Roai^'b oRTaGpa 
H Bii Ha^afl'b Hoa6pa noojiiAaie npeAcbAft'TOJUbCTBOBajLH Bii npacyiCTBi- 

aX'B no BOHHCROfi nOBHHHOCTH. 

JI,Ba HtGaii,a nomia na cofinpame cBiA'i^Hift padutpax'B nysA^* 
GoGapaAH axi h soHCRia ynpaBK, a seuoRie na^aiBHHRH^ h noAaTHue 
HHoneRTopa, h nojian^. Msi ne 6yAeHi> ocTanaBJiHBaTbca na rbrb npie- 
Max'Bi ROTopue ynoTpeSiajKHOB npH 8T0mb. RaR'B Bbiacaaiocb jloca^^ 



nPOj^OBOJIBCTBEHHHa HBCTPOEHIfl. 129 

B^ jifiSEOwh cjLj^dA ropasAo 6oju>niee 3Ha^eHie hm&th HaoxpooHie h 
BsrjBUEiAn HscjAAOBaTeiei, ^h'b npieuH nzojAjifiBdiEiE, Bi HiROToptix'L 
ciyqaflxi cbxeul 6j[fl8Rifl Mesniy cofioio y^pesAOHifl pisEO pasoiiuiHCB 
B'B oiipe;^taeHiH pasM'bpoB'B bjtrjsju. Mocaj[bCKoe y^jptoe co6paHie, 
HanpHM'ip'L, nocjrk aoitexi h ropfl^mx'B npoHifi npHaaajio, ^to sace- 
leHie He Hja^aeTca wb ccyj^arL, a liocaiLCKafl yisAHaa yapasa ao- 
CTaBHja Bi> rySepHCRyK) RpecTBflHCKHX'B npHroBopOB'B o ccy^axii Ha 
100 T. py(SjieS. Men^oBGKoe co6paHie hc?hcjihji[o pa3Htp'L nysHEizi 
Hoco6ifi wb 150.000 py6., a Men^OBCKaa ynpasa sypnaiLHEiMi onpe- 
A^emeM'L, cocToaBnmHCfl BCKop*]^ nocii saEpBrrU coSpaHia, yneHBrnHJia 
aTy iiH^py ao 20.000. Oahh yisAEi xoAaxaficTBOBam o cothhxi TUcaTL 
py^*) APyrie, He MOH^e nocTpaAaBmie, onpeAiJiflJtH obok) nya^ cor- 
HflMH py6jieft HJEH BOBce OTKasuBaiHCb OTb ccyA'B. GaHO Haceieme, 

KasajIOCB, B'B paSJBEHHHBIX'B MtCTaXl TaSSe paSJIH^HO GMOTp'klO Ha H6- 

o6xojp[MOCTB noMon^: bi to speina, EaKi b^ hhbix^ uicTaxi oho 
saaBJUBuro ce6a hohth hofoiobho nysAaioni^aHca, bt> ^'pjviia.'b — bi n^- 
jiuxi BOJiocTaMi H jifioie y^acTKaxi— oho bobco* OTRasuBaJiocB otb 
iioco6ifi. Gi) APyrofi OTopoHu, nesAy pa3JiH?HBiMH yqpea^eHiaMH, ho 
CHOTpa Ha pasHOoGpasie npaKTHSoBaBniHxca hmh npieifOBi HsciiAO- 
BOHia, Ha6j[i)AaflOCB HHorAa noJiHoe corjiacie bi onpeA^jreniH npefl- 
cTOHBmefi nymjsaa. TaKoe iporaTeJObHoe corjiaoie odnapysHJiooB, Hanpa- 
H'i^p'B, Mea^ SH3APHHCK0E) yisAHofi ynpaBofi h jbhsaphhgkhmh seM^ 
CKHHH HaqajiBHHKaMH. Ho CMOipa Ha xoAaxaficTBO aKCxpeHHaro yisA- 
Haro co6paHia o ccyAi^ B'B 500.000 p., o ^ewh jme 6sueo ynoMaEyro 
Bume, SHSApHHGKaa ynpasa no CBiA^HiaATB, AOCTaBioHnnirB bi KOHii;t 
0KTa6pa, ciHiajia aeofixoAHMOfi ccyAy Bcero tojibro fb 111.000 py(S. 
Uo^OMy ynpaBa laKi chjtbho jneHBHiHJia nepBOHa^aiBHyK) ii,H$py h 
Hoqeny nosAHbfimia h3i> AOciaBJieHHBix'B en csiA^mfi laR'B 6j[H3K0 
€OBnaj[H ox noKa3aHia]CH 3eKCKHxii aa^aiBHHKOB'B, BuacaajiocBTOJiBEO 
HHoro no3AHie. 10 ^eapajia, sorAa cana shshb Ha^aia BizacHarB 
pasMipii aysAu, SH3APHHCRaa ynpaaa nacaia B'B ry6epHCEyi), ^o 

OHa <B'B OBOK) O^epOAB HAFksa CJiyqatt CBOeBpeMOHHO npoBipHTB A^- 

CTBHTOJiBHyK) Hysi^ HacoJieHia, npa qem no ea yd'^SAe^iK) aya^a bi 
oficbMeHOHia EpecTBaHCEax'B nojiaS necpaBHeaHO npeBHoiaerB npocH- 
Moe EOJiiaqecTBO, saEoe 6ujlo noEasano B'B AocTaBJuenaBixi CBlAi^aiax'B, 
Eo fnaK^ nam %%. seMcnie HanaAhHUKu jHodu ^Aunfce npouuKHyemie 
nyoKsdy Kpecmhnm^ to nodToay jmniB yi3AHaa ynpaaa ueeoAhHO AOJisaa 
fiBua npHcoeAnaaTBca E'b araiTB cofipaaHSM'B CBtA^niaiTB, EaffB6oJiie 

COOTBi^TCTByBOn^HlTB HCTHHHOfi (?) Hy^A^^, H T^m> CaHMlTB yMOHBDiaTB 

ipi^py noTpe6aaro soJia^ecTBa ciMaa'B npoTHB'B Tofi, soxopaa ncnpa- 
mHBajiacB B'B AosjiaAi^ ea qpe3BB[qafiHoay cofipaaiK) 7 aar. 1897 r. 
H AOJiosena B'B caoe apeaa qpesBH^afiaoiiy ry6epHCE0My co5paHiK)». 
B'B BHAy Epafinefi pa3Hopi^BocTH, cb oahoA cTopoBH, a Heo6o- 
caoBaaaocTE, cb APyi*oS, nociynaBniEX'B CBtA^aifi, ryfiepncEaa ynpaaa 
wh Eoaii,'! 0ETa6pa nopy^njia cBoeiiy CTaTECTH^ecEOMy oTA^jeauo noA- 
BeprayTB HM'i^Bniieca B'B aeifB aaTepiam no npoAOBOJiBCTBeaaoMy ao- 

J€ 4- OTA-feJTL 11. 9 



130 PyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

npocy craTHOTH^ecRofi paspafioTsb ffb nj^iaxi BEiflCHOHiii KaE'B o6mjsTh 
pasirtpoBi HysAU, lasi h cpaBHETeuHaro noJtosemA OT;i^HHm> 
ytsAOBi. GTaTBcmeoKie pascqeTH beuichuh, ^to Bcb yis^i^ii o^eab 
cHJibHO nocrpaffajra otb Heyposaa e Boi aojdkhh 6£itb npHSHaHU 
RpafiHe Hya^^aioniinHHCfl bo BH'bniHeft noMon^v; bi oco6eHHO se /Kh- 
jieHHofi noKonp HjasAaDTOfl DroBooio^Hue, Menie npoiHicjiOBiie h 
6oiie saHHTopeooBaHHue bi> KononxflHofi KyiBTyp*]^ yisAH ry6epHiE. 
Bi oen^eifB, jsfiane ecm npEHflib bo BHHMaflie coKpamenie sapoAHaro 
noTpe6xeHifl, EpeoTEfiHCKOHy HaeexemD ho xBaTHTL Ha yAOBieTBopeme 
HOOTAosEHXi xoeflicTBeHHUXi H noTpe6HTeJBDbHHrB nyai^ CBumre 
4.000,000 py6xeS, saKOBue oho aoxsho 6JJ^eTb noEpuTb Edrb dKcrpa- 

OpAHHapHUXl> BCTO^HHKOB'B. ECffl IipHHflTB BO BHHMaHie Hi^KOTOpHO 

H3% nociixHHxi>, a TaEse rpynnnpoBEy HacexeHin no creneHE sasH- 
TO^HOCTH, TO H 8aT&M:b HacexeHiD H6 iB^THTL OROJito 2.000,000 py6., 
ROTopue OHO, ecjra ho 6jjsfiTb ORasaHa cBoeBpeneHHafl noMoniB, aoxsho 
6yA6TB noRptiTB EflH pacnpoAaseS HeofixpAHMaro xosaficTBeHHaro Hvy- 
n^ecTBa, hih HaRonieHieirb xoxroBi h HeAOHMORi, hxh ]i,dabfAimswb^ 
Rpafine onacHuifb coRpan^emeHX CBoero norpefijiteHia. 

8 H0fl6pH, sa XBa aha ao OTRpurifl ooBin^aHia hoa'b npeAC'&AaTeiBCTBOM'B 
ry6epHaTopa^ ryfiepHCRas ynpana oosBaia ciisAB npeAciA^Texefi yisA- 
warb ynpaBi, Ha pascMOTpime ROTopMXX 6h[ih npeACTaBxeHU, RaR'b 
cB'i^Hiff, nocTynHBmifl hs'b ybs^oBi, TaR'B h paso^eTSi, BHnoxHeHHue 
cTaTHCTHqecRHM'B OT^i^eHieMi. Ha cbisA^ MHiHifl pasA^^JiHXHCb. Bosb- 
mHHCTBo noxaraxo, tto somctbo ho aoxsho HaBHSHBaTBca cb nocofiiflMs 
H noTOMy Bi* ocHOBy pasc^eiOBi aoxshu 6£itb noxoaceHU aaoBiieHia 
caMoro HacexeHifl o ccyAaxi. Ha btoitb ocHOBaniH pasirlpi Heo6xo- 
AHHaro nosaHHCTBOBaHiH hsi HMnepcRaro RanHTaxa HC^HcxeH'B ciAz]iflWb 
B'B 770 T£io. pyCxefl. MeHBmHHCTBO se npeAdAATexeS h vb tomi 
vbcjA npeAciA^TOXB ry6epHCRofi ynpasa, ocTaBmiflcfl sar^Mi npn oco- 
6oarB M^HiH, noxaraio, ^to somctbo ho tojtbro no $opMi, ho h no 
cyn^ecTBy aoxsho BuaoranTB xesan^ys) na homi HpaBCTBOHHyio o6h- 
saHHOCTB npHATH Ha noMon^ HacexeniiD B'B Tflsej[yK) roAHHy h tto, 
mAsL Bi BHAy onEHTB npesHExi neyposafiHEix'B toaobi, HexBsa pyRO- 

BOAOTBOBaXBCH OOeHHHUH SaflBXeniflMH RpeCTbflffB, TaR'B RaRl> KT> BeCH^, 

no wbpk Toro, RaRi 6yAerb ycHJtHBaTBCfl nysA^ xoAaTaScxBa o ccy- 
Aaxi HoryrB npoBBicHTB Bci oceHHie pasc^eTH h saflBxemn. 

10 H0fl6pfl 6euo cosBano, HaROHen;^, ry6epHaTopoirB coBinnanie 
HS'B npoABopHTexeft ABopflHciBa, npeAci^aTOxeH seMCRHi'B ynpaBi* n 
npoACTaBHTexefi pasxnqHux'B BiAOMCTBi. Hsi bc^tb pascqeTOBi h 
AaHHUfB, npoACTaBxeHSBix'B aiOMy coBin^aniio, no Bonpooy o pasui* 
paxi Heo6xoAHMLix'B noco6ifi ota^bhuhi yiaAaiTB^ bo bctIx'b cxy^aax'B 

OHO BK[6HpaJ[0 XHmB HHHHMaXBHUe. TaRX, HOOaXBCRifi yiSAB — OAEfS'B 

HS'B caHBix'B 6tAHMinHX'B B'B ry6epHiH — duxi npHsnaH'B HeHya^aio- 
n^HCH, noTOtfy qio soMCRoe cofipanie 3Toro yisAa cqnraxo HSXHinHHH'B 
BUA&^y ocyAi* naceJiCHii), xota y&SAHaa yupasa, RaRi ynoMHHaxocB 
yse, npoACiaBExa RpecTBAHCREXi xoAaiaficTB'B na cyMMy oroxo 100,000 



nPOAOBOABCTBBHHiZfl HBCTPOBBIJi. 131 

Pf5. no He^OBCKOMy ylsAy, Hao6oporB, h6 cmotpa Ha to, ?to sen- 
<;Koe co6paHie onpeAtjBLBio pasicipi Hyagiff bi 150,000 py6., tfEua 
fipHHflTa JifL^ipdk yisAHoi ynpaBH — Bcero tojibko 20,000 P76. IIo Hi- 
KOTopuMi yid^tjaifb iiH^pa 6wai yMOHbrneHEi hphmo na rjasi: lasi no 
KosacbOKOHy fkzjij, ne cmotph na npoxecTB ero npeAOiaBHTeiefi, BiriicTO 
HcnpamHBaBinHXCfl 109,000 py6. coBin^anie HasHa^Hio tojibko 40,000, 
no nepeMHniJtLCKOMy BMicio 74,000 THca^t— 35,000 p., no jhxbhh- 
-cicoMy yfe^y BiiicTO 100,000 p. tojilko 15,000. Ho Bcefi ryCepmn 
pasMtpi Heo6xoAHtfaro EpoAHia hsi HMnepcsaro KanHxajia coB-b^ame 
RCWCJiHJio Bi 306,400 py6., npH^ieMi h cb btoS cyMMH jsfiSL Baspyr- 
jieHifl cji^ajo cEHjiEy b'b 6,400 py6. Kpovi Toro, oho cqHiaio Heo6- 
lOAHMuiTb xo;i;aTaficTBOBaTL: 1) o6i> ycTaHOBieHln npo^asH xj[i6a na 
Bctxi) CTaHii;iflX'B sejrlsHHX^ AoporL no saroroBHrejubHoS i^int; 2) o&b 
yAemeBieHiH lapH^a na nepeB03Ky dasynaeiiaro seMCTBoifB ni6a h 
3) pascpo^Rt RpecTLflHCKOMy HacejOHiK) ry6epHiH roAOBoro oui^a 
BURynHfiTxi njiareaEefi. Hc^HCJieHHue coBtmameirB 300,000 py6., o6'b 
oTaycEt EOTopEixi B'B AonoJiHOHie si» aanacaMX, nuiiDn^iicfl y seiccTB'B 
H oOn^ecTBi, nocTaHOBjeHO xoAaTaficTBOBaxb, 6euo npHsnaHO hooCxo- 
AHMHiTb BKE^aTb B'B ccy^y HacejOHiK) Ha oficineHeHie noiefi. Bi npo- 
j^OBOJibOTBeHHOifB SO OTHomeBiH coBin^anie npssHajio Haceateme ry- 
^epniH eno.%Hfb ofiesne^eHHKEHi. 

Tpy;^Ho cKaaaiB, ^in> pysoBoji^HiooB coBi^anie, npHHHMafl mh- 
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nya^Ei. Jlaqno hei buhbcjih Bne^aTjrlHie, ^to HantioJiBniee Biianie 
oKasaio B'b AaHHOM'b cilj^bA npeAynpesAeme npeAdAafejiBCTBOBaB- 
niaro B'b coBi^niaHin ryGepBaiopa, ^to, b^ BHj^y nefiojibniHxi paBirl- 
poB^ HMnepcKaro Eannrajia, ccy^a 6yAe'rb paapimoHa B'B caicoirB 
orpaHHqeHHOvb pasMtpl. Bosmosho, tto H^EOTopue, no EpaSneS 
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Hie jupYVEWb npoeETHpoBaHHEUTB M'Ipairb h b'b oco6eHHOCTH pasopo^Efc 
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flaapHMipi, npoHAO Bcero ocBlAOMEjiGfl, 6yAerb jds oEasano noco6ie 
H37> HBrnepesaro EannTajra h apf^^^* Epoirb EpeoTbaffb, cociOBisirB, 
a noojrb pas'bacHeHiH npeAci^A^'^ejifl, tto HMnepcEiS sanHTan, Eas'B 

COCJrOBHBlfi, MOXOTb CUTh paCXOAyOlTb T0JU>E0 Ha HySAU EpeCTbHffb E 

M'bn](aHi>, saflBHJi'b, ^to oh'b B'b TaEOirb ciyqai c^nraerb cbood 

HpaBCTBOHHOH) 06fl3aHH0CTbH) CTpeMHTbOfl BO ^TO 6u TO HH CTaiO 

R^ yveHbmeHiH) HcnpamnBaeMofi ccyAU. HeofixoAHMo saMiTHTb, ^to 
npoTOEOJi'b .coBismaHia 6ujrb BUCAani ryfiepncEofi ynpaBb, noci']^ ho- 
oABOEpaTHux'b npeAcraBJieHifi ea, toj^beo B'b EOHq;'^ vapTa. 

CoBin^aHieu'b saEonqajica nepBuS ^asHCb npoAOBOJibCTBeHHofi Eau- 
naHlH—onpeA'l^eHie pasH'i^poB'b npoAOBOibCTBeHHoS HysA^* Bi oqe- 
pe^Hoe ry6epHCKoe aoMCEoe coCpanie, OTKpHBmeeca 10 AeEaOpa, ry- 
6epHCEaa ynpasa Beecjia TpeBoacHuS AOKjiaA^, bi eotopobtb npocnjia 
cofipame boSth B'b o6cyaA6Hie AOCTaio^HOCTH Mtp-b, ^npoeRTHpoBan- 

0* 



132 PFCGROK BOrATCTBO. 

BHXi coBin^aHieiTb noA> iipeAciA&»Tejn>cTBOM'B rydepnaTopa, npH<ie]r& 
yKasHBasa Ha bo3moshoctb KpynHuxi 8aTpyAH6Hifi B7> npoAOBOJCB- 
cTBeHHOHi> js^. Ho co6paHie, HanCoji'i^e BJnflrejBHas ^aoTb uchobi^ 
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npeACTasHTeiefi RoseJUbCKaro yisAa saHecjo bt> npoToliaiii, tto no^ 
BHOBB co6paHHB[irB CBtA'^HifliTB j^jifl oRasaHifl noHO^H Haceji[eHiH>^ 
BToro yfej^a noTpefiyeica cBBime 220,000 py6. h tto 40,000 tbic. 
py6ji6fi, ROTopBie HasHaqeHU coBin^ameirBf 6j]ifiTb cjiHrnROifB He^o- 
CXaXOHHO JM BToro. 

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nocJuiAHflfl BBicjiaAa h ynoJiHOHO^eHHaro a^h npioKRH xjrb6a. Ho... 
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xoiBRO 400 nyA., A^ h xi eiiy oxRaBamcB BUAaTB. 9x0 HOAopasyirb- 
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cyxoRi)), CB npenpoBosAGHiCM'B nHCBMa ynpaBunn^aro Aoporofi. Hs'k 
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Chxb erne RynJteH'B h ?xo ii.'bHBi na Hero xenepB yRasaxB HeuBSH. 



UPOAOBOIBCTBEHHHfl HBCTPOBfllfl. 133 

Bnpo^eiTB, jnpaBJiflniipfi Aoporofi conamaercfl OTnycTHTB o^wh BaroETb 
BT» KpeffBTb no;^ cbood jra^raoD OTBiTOTBeBnocTbD... 

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jyttmeifB OTnyosb h BTopsx'B 150,000 py6. Hepesi Asi He^!^ oHa 
fiaoBb Bonua cb npexciaBJieHieirb no TOMy se npe^MeTy. 21 AHBapfl 
TyfiepHaTopi yBiAOMBjrb ynpasy, ?to fAonojKHHTeJKBHafl cyHMa hs'b 
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A'bJTB, oAHaxo cb ycjioBieiTb, 7ro6£i oHa 6uba BiiAaBaoMa no vApb 
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OfiXOAHMOCTH HeMeAJIieHHOfi BBIAa^H nOJIHOGTBfiO npocHEofi ccyAu». 

Haqajiacb yoHJieHHaa nepenncKa bi ujbjiaTb noj^^ema stbx'b €60- 
jiie TO^HUxi i^H^poBSX'B H HHuxi* A&HHHXib». ry6epHCKafl ynpasa 
f^psyjiflpauH Tpe6yerb OEopMmaro AOOTaBienifl hxx otl yisAEHXi 
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AOCiaBBJin cBoeBpoMesHO h APyrnxx eo co6Hpain; ^0 BysA& ycEJiE- 
Baeica n a&ogko npoBSomjia Bci nepBOEa^ajDbEue pascqeTu; ^to ynpaBEi 
^aBaJieEu npHroBopaMs ccyAaxi; qio lenepB EOKorAa coGHpaxB Aas-. 
ABIE, a Ey»Ho cnimHTL co cRopiflmefi saKynsofi xjiiea. 9th OTBixu, 
no Mtp]^ Hxi noiy^eEifl, ry6epECKaE ynpaBa npenpoBos^^a BanajEB- 
EHKy ry6